Migratory Bird Hunting; Migratory Bird Hunting Regulations on Certain Federal Indian Reservations and Ceded Lands for the 2014-15 Early Season, 52226-52238 [2014-20841]

Download as PDF 52226 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 170 / Wednesday, September 3, 2014 / Rules and Regulations Federal Communications Commission. Peter H. Doyle, Chief, Audio Division, Media Bureau. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 97 Radio. For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Federal Communications Commission amends 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73—RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Federal Communications Commission. Marlene H. Dortch, Secretary. Accordingly, 47 CFR part 97 is corrected by making the following correcting amendments: PART 97—AMATEUR RADIO SERVICE 1. The authority citation for part 73 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 47 U.S.C. 154, 303, 334, 336 and 339. § 73.202 1. The authority citation for part 97 continues to read as follows: ■ [Amended] 2. Section 73.202(b), the Table of FM allotments under Michigan, is amended by adding Lexington, Channel *256A. ■ [FR Doc. 2014–20961 Filed 9–2–14; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6712–01–P Authority: 48 Stat. 1066, 1082, as amended; 47 U.S.C. 154, 303. Interpret or apply 48 Stat. 1064–1068, 1081–1105, as amended; 47 U.S.C. 151–155, 301–609, unless otherwise noted. 2. Amend § 97.507 by adding paragraphs (a)(1) and (2) to read as follows: ■ § 97.507 Preparing an examination. (a) * * * (1) Element 3: Advanced Class operator. (2) Element 2: Advanced or General class operators. * * * * * FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 97 [WT Docket No. 12–283; FCC 14–74] [FR Doc. 2014–20872 Filed 9–2–14; 8:45 am] Amateur Service Rules BILLING CODE 6712–01–P Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Correcting amendments. AGENCY: DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR This document contains a correction to the final regulations of the Commission’s rules, which were published in the Federal Register on Friday, June 20, 2014, 79 FR 35290. The final regulations address the rules for the Amateur Radio Service. DATES: Effective September 3, 2014. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: William T. Cross, Mobility Division, Wireless Telecommunications Bureau, at (202) 418–0680, or TTY (202) 418– 7233. SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission published a document amending 47 CFR Part 97 in the Federal Register of June 20, 2014, (79 FR 35290). The amended rules are necessary for modifying the qualifying examination system to grant partial examination credit for certain expired amateur operator licenses, permits examinations to be administered remotely, and allows amateur stations to transmit certain additional emission types. wreier-aviles on DSK5TPTVN1PROD with RULES SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Need for Correction As published, the final regulations inadvertently deleted two subparagraphs of § 97.507(a) and needs to be corrected accordingly. VerDate Mar<15>2010 14:42 Sep 02, 2014 Jkt 232001 Fish and Wildlife Service 50 CFR Part 20 [Docket No. FWS–HQ–MB–2014–0017; FF09M21200–134–FXMB1231099BPP0] RIN 1018–AZ80 Migratory Bird Hunting; Migratory Bird Hunting Regulations on Certain Federal Indian Reservations and Ceded Lands for the 2014–15 Early Season Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: This rule prescribes special early-season migratory bird hunting regulations for certain tribes on Federal Indian reservations, off-reservation trust lands, and ceded lands. This rule responds to tribal requests for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (hereinafter Service or we) recognition of tribal authority to regulate hunting under established guidelines. This rule allows the establishment of season bag limits and, thus, harvest, at levels compatible with populations and habitat conditions. DATES: This rule takes effect on September 1, 2014. SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00062 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 You may inspect comments received on the special hunting regulations and tribal proposals during normal business hours U.S. Fish & Wildlife Headquarters, MS: BPHC, 5275 Leesburg Pike, Falls Church, VA 22041– 3803, or at http://www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS–HQ–MB–2014– 0017. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ron W. Kokel, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior, MS: MB, 5275 Leesburg Pike, Falls Church, VA 22041–3803; (703) 358–1967. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA) of July 3, 1918 (40 Stat. 755; 16 U.S.C. 703 et seq.), authorizes and directs the Secretary of the Department of the Interior, having due regard for the zones of temperature and for the distribution, abundance, economic value, breeding habits, and times and lines of flight of migratory game birds, to determine when, to what extent, and by what means such birds or any part, nest, or egg thereof may be taken, hunted, captured, killed, possessed, sold, purchased, shipped, carried, exported, or transported. In the August 11, 2014, Federal Register (79 FR 46940), we proposed special migratory bird hunting regulations for the 2014–15 hunting season for certain Indian tribes, under the guidelines described in the June 4, 1985, Federal Register (50 FR 23467). The guidelines respond to tribal requests for Service recognition of their reserved hunting rights, and for some tribes, recognition of their authority to regulate hunting by both tribal members and nonmembers on their reservations. The guidelines include possibilities for: (1) On-reservation hunting by both tribal members and nonmembers, with hunting by nontribal members on some reservations to take place within Federal frameworks but on dates different from those selected by the surrounding State(s); (2) On-reservation hunting by tribal members only, outside of usual Federal frameworks for season dates and length, and for daily bag and possession limits; and (3) Off-reservation hunting by tribal members on ceded lands, outside of usual framework dates and season length, with some added flexibility in daily bag and possession limits. In all cases, the regulations established under the guidelines must be consistent with the March 10– September 1 closed season mandated by the 1916 Migratory Bird Treaty with Canada. We have successfully used the guidelines since the 1985–86 hunting ADDRESSES: E:\FR\FM\03SER1.SGM 03SER1 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 170 / Wednesday, September 3, 2014 / Rules and Regulations season. We finalized the guidelines beginning with the 1988–89 hunting season (August 18, 1988, Federal Register [53 FR 31612]). In the April 30, 2014, Federal Register (79 FR 24512), we requested that tribes desiring special hunting regulations in the 2014–15 hunting season submit a proposal for our review. No action is required if a tribe wishes to observe the hunting regulations established by the State(s) in which an Indian reservation is located. On August 11, 2014, we published a proposed rule (79 FR 46940) that included special migratory bird hunting regulations for 31 Indian tribes, based on the input we received in response to the April 30, 2014, proposed rule and previous rules. All the regulations contained in this final rule were either submitted by the tribes or approved by the tribes and follow our proposals in the August 11 proposed rule. Although the August 11 proposed rule included generalized regulations for both early- and late-season hunting, this rulemaking addresses only the earlyseason proposals. Therefore, it includes information for only 24 tribes. The letter designations for the paragraphs pertaining to each tribe in this rule are discontinuous because they follow the letter designations for the 31 tribes discussed in the August 11 proposed rule, which set forth paragraphs (a) through (ee). Late-season hunting will be addressed in late September. As a general rule, early seasons begin during September each year and have a primary emphasis on such species as mourning and white-winged doves. Late seasons begin about October 1 or later each year and have a primary emphasis on waterfowl. wreier-aviles on DSK5TPTVN1PROD with RULES Population Status and Harvest Information on the status of waterfowl and information on the status and harvest of migratory shore and upland game birds, including detailed information on methodologies and results, is available at the address indicated under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT or from our Web site at http://www.fws.gov/ migratorybirds/ NewsPublicationsReports.html. Comments and Issues Concerning Tribal Proposals For the 2014–15 migratory bird hunting season, we proposed regulations for 31 tribes and/or Indian groups that followed the 1985 guidelines. Only 24 tribes were considered appropriate for this final rulemaking because we did not receive proposals from five of the tribes for VerDate Mar<15>2010 14:42 Sep 02, 2014 Jkt 232001 whom we had proposed regulations. Some of the tribal proposals had both early- and late-season elements. However, as noted earlier, only those with early-season proposals are included in this final rulemaking; 24 tribes have proposals with early seasons. The comment period for the proposed rule, published on August 11, 2014, closed on August 21, 2014. Because of the necessary brief comment period, we will respond to any comments on the proposed rule and/or these regulations postmarked by August 21, but not received prior to final action by us, in the September late-season final rule. At this time, we have received two comments. Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission’s (GLIFWC) Proposal We received comments on GLIFWC’s initial proposal from the Mississippi Flyway Council. The Mississippi Flyway Council recommended denial of GLIFWC’s waterfowl hunting season requests regarding the use of electronic calls and extending shooting hours to 40 minutes before sunrise and after sunset. The Council recognized that tundra swans are a federally approved game species with a flyway management plan but are not hunted in this region of Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan. In concept, the Council did not oppose a hunting season on swans but requested the tribal proposal follow the current management plan for the eastern population of tundra swans and that additional biological evaluation and harvest planning be conducted in cooperation with the State wildlife agencies and the Service. Service Response: The GLIFWC 2014 proposal has several significant changes from regulations approved last season. In the 1837 and 1842 Treaty Areas, the GLIFWC proposal would allow the use of electronic calls; would extend shooting hours to 40 minutes before sunrise and after sunset in the 1837 and 1842 ceded territories; would allow the first hunting season of swans; and would remove restrictions on the use and placement of (non-living) decoys in Wisconsin. GLIFWC states that the regulatory changes are intended to provide tribal members a harvest opportunity within the scope of rights reserved in their various treaties and increase tribal subsistence harvest opportunities, while protecting migratory bird populations. Under the GLIFWC’s proposed regulations, GLIFWC expects total ceded territory harvest to be approximately 1,650 ducks, 375 geese, 20 sandhill cranes, and 20 swans, which is roughly similar to anticipated levels in previous PO 00000 Frm 00063 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 52227 years for those species for which seasons were established. GLIWFC further anticipates that tribal harvest will remain low given the small number of tribal hunters and the limited opportunity to harvest more than a small number of birds on most hunting trips. Recent GLIFWC harvest surveys (1996–98, 2001, 2004, 2007–08, 2011, and 2012) indicate that tribal offreservation waterfowl harvest has averaged fewer than 1,100 ducks and 250 geese annually. In the latest survey year for which we have specific results (2012), an estimated 86 hunters took an estimated 1,090 trips and harvested 1,799 ducks (1.7 ducks per trip) and 822 geese. Analysis of hunter survey data over 1996–2012 indicates a general downward trend in both harvest and hunter participation. While we acknowledge that tribal harvest and participation has declined in recent years, we do not believe that some of the GLIFWC’s proposal for tribal waterfowl seasons on ceded lands in Wisconsin, Michigan, and Minnesota for the 2014– 15 season is in the best interest of the conservation of migratory birds. While we acknowledge that tribal harvest and participation has declined in recent years, we do not believe that some of the GLIFWC’s proposal for tribal waterfowl seasons on ceded lands in Wisconsin, Michigan, and Minnesota for the 2014– 15 season is in the best interest of the conservation of migratory birds. More specific discussion follows below. Allowing Electronic Calls As we have stated the last three-years (76 FR 54676, September 1, 2011; 77 FR 54451, September 5, 2012; 78 FR 53218, August 28, 2013), the issue of allowing electronic calls and other electronic devices for migratory game bird hunting has been highly debated and highly controversial over the last 40 years, similar to other prohibited hunting methods such as baiting. Electronic calls, i.e., the use or aid of recorded or electronic amplified bird calls or sounds, or recorded or electrically amplified imitations of bird calls or sounds to lure or attract migratory game birds to hunters, was Federally prohibited in 1957, because of their effectiveness in attracting and aiding the harvest of ducks and geese and are generally not considered a legitimate component of hunting. In 1999, after much debate, the migratory bird regulations were revised to allow the use of electronic calls for the take of light geese (lesser snow geese and Ross geese) during a light-goose-only season when all other waterfowl and crane hunting seasons, excluding falconry, E:\FR\FM\03SER1.SGM 03SER1 wreier-aviles on DSK5TPTVN1PROD with RULES 52228 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 170 / Wednesday, September 3, 2014 / Rules and Regulations were closed (64 FR 7507, February 16, 1999; 64 FR 71236, December 20, 1999; 73 FR 65926, November 5, 2008). The regulations were also changed in 2006, to allow the use of electronic calls for the take of resident Canada geese during Canada-goose-only September seasons when all other waterfowl and crane seasons, excluding falconry, were closed (71 FR 45964, August 10, 2006). In both instances, these changes were made in order to significantly increase the take of these species due to serious population overabundance, depredation issues, public health and safety issues, or a combination of these. Available information from the use of additional hunting methods, such as electronic calls, during the special lightgoose seasons indicate that total harvest increased approximately 50 to 69 percent. On specific days when lightgoose special regulations were in effect, the mean light goose harvest increased 244 percent. One research study found that lesser snow goose flocks were 5.0 times more likely to fly within gun range (≤50 meters) in response to electronic calls than to traditional calls, and the mean number of snow geese killed per hour per hunter averaged 9.1 times greater for electronic calls than for traditional calls. While these results are only directly applicable to light geese, we believe these results are applicable to most waterfowl species, and indicative of some likely adverse harvest impacts on other geese and ducks. Removal of the electronic call prohibition would be inconsistent with our long-standing conservation concerns. Given available evidence on the effectiveness of electronic calls, and the large biological uncertainty surrounding any widespread use of electronic calls, we believe the potential for overharvest could contribute to longterm population declines. Further, migratory patterns could be affected, and it is possible that hunter participation could increase beyond GLIFWC’s estimates (50 percent) and could result in additional conservation impacts, particularly on locally breeding populations. Thus, we continue to not support allowing the use of electronic calls in the 1837 and 1842 Treaty Areas. Additionally, given the fact that tribal waterfowl hunting covered by this proposal would occur on ceded lands that are not in the ownership of the Tribes, we believe the use of electronic calls to take waterfowl would lead to confusion on the part of the public, wildlife-management agencies, and law enforcement officials in implementing the requirements of 50 CFR part 20. Further, similar to the impacts of VerDate Mar<15>2010 14:42 Sep 02, 2014 Jkt 232001 baiting, uncertainties concerning the zone of influence attributed to the use of electronic calls could potentially increase harvest from nontribal hunters operating within areas electronic calls are being used during the dates of the general hunt, thereby posing risks to the migratory patterns and distribution of migratory waterfowl. Lastly, we remind GLIFWC that electronic calls generally are permitted for the take of resident Canada geese during Canada-goose-only September seasons when all other waterfowl and crane seasons are closed (generally September 1–15 in the areas in question). However, in the case of GLIFWC’s proposed seasons, electronic calls could be not used since GLIFWC has elected a September 1 duck season opener. This specific regulatory change was implemented in 2006, in order to significantly control resident Canada geese due to widespread population overabundance, depredation issues, and public health and safety issues. Expanded Shooting Hours Normally, shooting hours for migratory game birds are one-half hour before sunrise to sunset. A number of reasons and concerns have been cited for extending shooting hours past sunset. Potential impacts to some locally breeding populations (e.g., wood ducks), hunter safety, difficulty of identifying birds, retrieval of downed birds, and impacts on law enforcement are some of the normal concerns raised when discussing potential expansions of shooting hours. However, despite these concerns, in 2007, we supported the expansion of shooting hours by 15 minutes after sunset in the 1837, 1842, and 1836 Treaty Areas (72 FR 58452, October 15, 2007). We had previously supported this expansion in other tribal areas and have not been made aware of any wide-scale problems. Further, at that time, we believed that the continuation of a specific species restriction within the daily bag limit for mallards, and the implementation of a species restriction within the daily bag limit for wood ducks, would allay potential conservation concerns for these species. We supported the increase with the understanding that the Tribe and we would closely monitor tribal harvest. In 2012, in deference to tribal traditions and in the interest of cooperation, and in spite of our previously identified concerns regarding species identification, species conservation of locally breeding populations, retrieval of downed birds, hunter safety, and law enforcement impacts, we approved shooting 30 PO 00000 Frm 00064 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 minutes after sunset (an extension of 15 minutes from the then-current 15 minutes after sunset) (77 FR 54451, September 5, 2012). This was consistent with other Tribes in the general area (Fond du Lac, Leech Lake, Oneida, Sault Ste Marie, and White Earth). Extending shooting hours on both the front end and the back end of the day to 40 minutes before sunrise and 40 minutes after sunset as GLIWFC has proposed would be contrary to public safety and only heightens our previously identified concerns. We see no viable remedies to allay our concerns. Shooting this early or late would also significantly increase the potential take of non-game birds. Thus, we cannot support increasing the shooting hours by an additional 10 minutes in the 1837 and 1842 Treaty Areas (to 40 minutes before sunrise and 40 minutes after sunset). Swan Season As we stated the last two years (77 FR 54451, September 5, 2012; 78 FR 53218, August 28, 2013), we are not opposed to the establishment of a tundra swan season in Wisconsin. Further, we are not conceptually opposed to the establishment of a general swan season. However, before the establishment of such a season in the ceded territory areas in question, we stated that there were several significant concerns and special considerations. We believe that GLIFWC has addressed those concerns with their current proposal. First, the proposed areas in question are home to significant numbers of trumpeter swans. While the GLIFWC’s proposed season is for both tundra and trumpeter swans, there are important differences that require careful consideration. Many cooperators, including GLIFWC, worked together to reestablish a breeding trumpeter swan population in the Great Lakes. These efforts have been largely successful with the removal of this species from Wisconsin’s endangered species list in 2009. After a 25-year recovery program, there are currently about 200 breeding pairs in Wisconsin. Further, within Wisconsin, the northern ceded territory is an area of high trumpeter swan use containing over 80 percent of the breeding pairs. We believe it is best to avoid such areas with significant concentrations of trumpeter swans, and to focus hunting efforts in primary tundra swan migration and staging areas. Most such trumpeter swan areas are located outside of the ceded territories of northern Wisconsin. To address concerns about the potential harvest of trumpeter swans by tribal hunters hunting during a general swan season, GLIFWC has proposed two E:\FR\FM\03SER1.SGM 03SER1 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 170 / Wednesday, September 3, 2014 / Rules and Regulations wreier-aviles on DSK5TPTVN1PROD with RULES significant conditions. First, all harvested swans would have to be registered by presenting the fullyfeathered carcass to a tribal registration station or GLIFWC warden. This requirement would allow the harvested bird to be identified to species. And secondly, that if the total number of trumpeter swans harvested reaches 10, the swan season would be closed by emergency tribal rule. Hunters would be expected to check GLIFWC’s Web site each day they hunt to determine the current season status. We believe both of these proposed restrictions will significantly limit any potential impacts to trumpeter swans. Further, GLIWFC’s proposal to not open the season until November 1, when they state that migrant swans have typically arrived into the ceded areas in appreciable numbers, contributes to alleviating our concerns regarding the potential take of trumpeter swans. GLIFWC anticipates a total swan harvest of less than 20 birds. For these reasons, we believe that a tribal swan hunting season in the ceded territory should be implemented this year. Remove Restrictions on Decoy Use in Wisconsin In Wisconsin, State law requires that decoys may not be placed more than an hour before legal shooting hours or left out more than 20 minutes after legal shooting hours. As we stated in 2011 concerning a similar decoy restriction in Michigan (76 FR 54676, September 1, 2011), and in 2012 concerning this restriction (77 FR 54451, September 5, 2012), while we believe that there may be safety concerns with elimination of such a restriction, we take no position on the relative need or lack of need for such a restriction. Other than regulations on National Wildlife Refuges and other Federal lands, there are no Federal restrictions requiring the removal of unattended decoys. Additionally, given the fact that tribal waterfowl hunting covered by this rule would occur on ceded lands that are not in the ownership of the Tribes, we believe the use of unattended decoys to ‘‘reserve’’ hunting areas in public waters (i.e., those lands in the ceded territories outside of lands directly controlled by the Tribes) could lead to confusion and frustration on the part of the general public, hunters, wildlife-management agencies, and law enforcement officials due to the inherent difficulties of different sets of hunting regulations for different areas and groups of hunters. While we included GLIFWC’s proposed language regarding the restriction in their General Conditions portion of their proposed regulations as a courtesy in VerDate Mar<15>2010 14:42 Sep 02, 2014 Jkt 232001 the August 11 proposed rule, we view this issue as a Tribal–State issue. Thus, the Service takes no position on this issue and we have removed GLIFWC’s proposed language from this final rule. Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin’s (Oneida) Proposal We received one comment on the Oneida’s proposal from the Village of Hobart, Wisconsin (Village) and one response to the Village’s comments from the Oneida. The Village requested that the entire section regarding the Oneida’s proposed regulations be removed, as applied to tribal members or non-tribal members upon fee lands within the Village of Hobart, since there is no Oneida ‘‘reservation’’ eligible for consideration of special migratory bird hunting regulations. The Village asserts that the Service does not have the power to overrule binding federal court decisions respecting the discontinuance of the former Oneida Reservation. The Village also asserts potential safety problems with hunting on Austin Straubel International Airport property. Service Response: We have approved of Oneida’s proposed regulations, or regulations similar to those proposed, since 1991. To our knowledge, this is the first time that the Village has opposed these special migratory bird hunting regulations. Also, to our knowledge, there have been no indications of conflicts (e.g., arrests for trespass, etc.) on these lands during Oneida’s hunting season since their inception in 1991. Similarly, we note that the Airport property is a fenced and secured facility so potential conflict is unlikely. Lastly, we disagree with the Village’s assertions that the Oneida Reservation has been disestablished or diminished. Our position is consistent with the Department calling an election for the Oneida under Section 18 of the Indian Reorganization Act (‘‘IRA’’) and the Department’s subsequent approval of its constitution under the IRA in 1936. For these reasons, we have decided to finalize Oneida’s regulations as proposed. We encourage both the Village and Oneida to meet with us before special tribal regulations for the 2015–16 season are proposed in early 2015 if they still have questions related to the status of Oneida reservation and treaty rights; and to address any perceived conflicts with Oneida’s hunting activity. National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) The programmatic document, ‘‘Second Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement: Issuance of Annual Regulations PO 00000 Frm 00065 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 52229 Permitting the Sport Hunting of Migratory Birds (EIS 20130139),’’ filed with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on May 24, 2013, addresses NEPA compliance by the Service for issuance of the annual framework regulations for hunting of migratory game bird species. We published a notice of availability in the Federal Register on May 31, 2013 (78 FR 32686), and our Record of Decision on July 26, 2013 (78 FR 45376). We also address NEPA compliance for waterfowl hunting frameworks through the annual preparation of separate environmental assessments, the most recent being ‘‘Duck Hunting Regulations for 2014– 15,’’ with its corresponding August 2014, finding of no significant impact. In addition, an August 1985 environmental assessment entitled ‘‘Guidelines for Migratory Bird Hunting Regulations on Federal Indian Reservations and Ceded Lands’’ is available from the person indicated under the caption FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. Endangered Species Act Consideration Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), provides that, ‘‘The Secretary shall review other programs administered by him and utilize such programs in furtherance of the purposes of this Act’’ (and) shall ‘‘insure that any action authorized, funded, or carried out . . . is not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of any endangered species or threatened species or result in the destruction or adverse modification of [critical] habitat. . . .’’ Consequently, we conducted formal consultations to ensure that actions resulting from these regulations would not likely jeopardize the continued existence of endangered or threatened species or result in the destruction or adverse modification of their critical habitat. Findings from these consultations are included in a biological opinion, which concluded that the regulations are not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of any endangered or threatened species. Additionally, these findings may have caused modification of some regulatory measures previously proposed, and the final frameworks reflect any such modifications. Our biological opinions resulting from this section 7 consultation are public documents available for public inspection at the address indicated under ADDRESSES. Regulatory Planning and Review (Executive Orders 12866 and 13563) Executive Order 12866 provides that the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) will review all significant E:\FR\FM\03SER1.SGM 03SER1 52230 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 170 / Wednesday, September 3, 2014 / Rules and Regulations wreier-aviles on DSK5TPTVN1PROD with RULES rules. OIRA has reviewed this rule and has determined that this rule is significant because it would have an annual effect of $100 million or more on the economy. Executive Order 13563 reaffirms the principles of E.O. 12866 while calling for improvements in the nation’s regulatory system to promote predictability, to reduce uncertainty, and to use the best, most innovative, and least burdensome tools for achieving regulatory ends. The executive order directs agencies to consider regulatory approaches that reduce burdens and maintain flexibility and freedom of choice for the public where these approaches are relevant, feasible, and consistent with regulatory objectives. E.O. 13563 emphasizes further that regulations must be based on the best available science and that the rulemaking process must allow for public participation and an open exchange of ideas. We have developed this rule in a manner consistent with these requirements. An updated economic analysis was prepared for the 2013–14 season. This analysis was based on data from the 2011 National Hunting and Fishing Survey, the most recent year for which data are available (see discussion in Regulatory Flexibility Act section below). This analysis estimated consumer surplus for three alternatives for duck hunting (estimates for other species are not quantified due to lack of data). The alternatives were: (1) Issue restrictive regulations allowing fewer days than those issued during the 2012– 13 season, (2) issue moderate regulations allowing more days than those in alternative 1, and (3) issue liberal regulations identical to the regulations in the 2012–13 season. For the 2013–14 season, we chose Alternative 3, with an estimated consumer surplus across all flyways of $317.8–$416.8 million. For the 2014–15 season, we have also chosen alternative 3. We also chose alternative 3 for the 2009–10, the 2010–11, the 2011–12, and the 2012–13 seasons. The 2013–14 analysis is part of the record for this rule and is available at http:// www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS–HQ–MB–2014–0017. Regulatory Flexibility Act The annual migratory bird hunting regulations have a significant economic impact on substantial numbers of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). We analyzed the economic impacts of the annual hunting regulations on small business entities in detail as part of the 1981 costbenefit analysis. This analysis was VerDate Mar<15>2010 14:42 Sep 02, 2014 Jkt 232001 revised annually from 1990–95. In 1995, the Service issued a Small Entity Flexibility Analysis (Analysis), which was subsequently updated in 1996, 1998, 2004, 2008, and 2013. The primary source of information about hunter expenditures for migratory game bird hunting is the National Hunting and Fishing Survey, which is conducted at 5-year intervals. The 2013 Analysis was based on the 2011 National Hunting and Fishing Survey and the U.S. Department of Commerce’s County Business Patterns, from which it was estimated that migratory bird hunters would spend approximately $1.2 billion at small businesses in 2013. Copies of the Analysis are available upon request from the Division of Migratory Bird Management (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT) or from our Web site at http://www.fws.gov/ migratorybirds/ NewReportsPublications/SpecialTopics/ SpecialTopics.html#HuntingRegs or at http://www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS–HQ–MB–2014–0017. Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act This rule is a major rule under 5 U.S.C. 804(2), the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act. For the reasons outlined above, this rule will have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more. However, because this rule establishes hunting seasons, we are not deferring the effective date under the exemption contained in 5 U.S.C. 808(1). Paperwork Reduction Act This final rule does not contain any new information collection that requires approval under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). We may not conduct or sponsor and you are not required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid Office of Management and Budget (OMB) control number. OMB has reviewed and approved the information collection requirements associated with migratory bird surveys and assigned the following OMB control numbers: • 1018–0010—Mourning Dove Call Count Survey (discontinued 7/29/2014). • 1018–0019—North American Woodcock Singing Ground Survey (expires 4/30/2015). • 1018–0023—Migratory Bird Surveys (expires 6/30/2017). Includes Migratory Bird Harvest Information Program, Migratory Bird Hunter Surveys, Sandhill Crane Survey, and Parts Collection Survey. PO 00000 Frm 00066 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Unfunded Mandates Reform Act We have determined and certify, in compliance with the requirements of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act, 2 U.S.C. 1502 et seq., that this rulemaking will not impose a cost of $100 million or more in any given year on local or State government or private entities. Therefore, this rule is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act. Civil Justice Reform—Executive Order 12988 The Department, in promulgating this rule, has determined that this rule will not unduly burden the judicial system and that it meets the requirements of sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988. Takings Implication Assessment In accordance with Executive Order 12630, this rule, authorized by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (16 U.S.C. 703–711), does not have significant takings implications and does not affect any constitutionally protected property rights. This rule will not result in the physical occupancy of property, the physical invasion of property, or the regulatory taking of any property. In fact, this rule allows hunters to exercise otherwise unavailable privileges and, therefore, reduce restrictions on the use of private and public property. Energy Effects—Executive Order 13211 Executive Order 13211 requires agencies to prepare Statements of Energy Effects when undertaking certain actions. While this rule is a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866, it is not expected to adversely affect energy supplies, distribution, or use. Therefore, this action is not a significant energy action and no Statement of Energy Effects is required. Government-to-Government Relationship With Tribes In accordance with the President’s memorandum of April 29, 1994, ‘‘Government-to-Government Relations with Native American Tribal Governments’’ (59 FR 22951), Executive Order 13175, and 512 DM 2, we have evaluated possible effects on Federally recognized Indian tribes and have determined that there are no effects on Indian trust resources. However, in the April 30 Federal Register, we solicited proposals for special migratory bird hunting regulations for certain Tribes on Federal Indian reservations, offreservation trust lands, and ceded lands for the 2014–15 migratory bird hunting season. The resulting proposals were contained in a separate August 11, 2014, E:\FR\FM\03SER1.SGM 03SER1 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 170 / Wednesday, September 3, 2014 / Rules and Regulations proposed rule (79 FR 46940). By virtue of these actions, we have consulted with Tribes affected by this rule. wreier-aviles on DSK5TPTVN1PROD with RULES Federalism Effects Due to the migratory nature of certain species of birds, the Federal Government has been given responsibility over these species by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. We annually prescribe frameworks from which the States make selections regarding the hunting of migratory birds, and we employ guidelines to establish special regulations on Federal Indian reservations and ceded lands. This process preserves the ability of the States and tribes to determine which seasons meet their individual needs. Any State or Indian tribe may be more restrictive than the Federal frameworks at any time. The frameworks are developed in a cooperative process with the States and the Flyway Councils. This process allows States to participate in the development of frameworks from which they will make selections, thereby having an influence on their own regulations. These rules do not have a substantial direct effect on fiscal capacity, change the roles or responsibilities of Federal or State governments, or intrude on State policy or administration. Therefore, in accordance with Executive Order 13132, these regulations do not have significant federalism effects and do not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a federalism summary impact statement. Regulations Promulgation The rulemaking process for migratory game bird hunting must, by its nature, operate under severe time constraints. However, we intend that the public be given the greatest possible opportunity to comment. Thus, when the preliminary proposed rulemaking was published, we established what we believed were the longest periods possible for public comment. In doing this, we recognized that when the comment period closed, time would be of the essence. That is, if there were a delay in the effective date of these regulations after this final rulemaking, States and Tribes would have insufficient time to select season dates and limits; to communicate those selections to us; and to establish and publicize the necessary regulations and procedures to implement their decisions. We therefore find that ‘‘good cause’’ exists, within the terms of 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3) of the Administrative Procedure Act, and these seasons will, therefore, take effect less than 30 days after the date of publication. VerDate Mar<15>2010 14:42 Sep 02, 2014 Jkt 232001 52231 Accordingly, with each participating Tribe having had an opportunity to participate in selecting the hunting seasons desired for its reservation or ceded territory on those species of migratory birds for which open seasons are now prescribed, and consideration having been given to all other relevant matters presented, certain sections of title 50, chapter I, subchapter B, part 20, subpart K, are hereby amended as set forth below. Colorado River Indian Reservation must have a valid transport declaration form. Other tribal regulations apply, and may be obtained at the Fish and Game Office in Parker, Arizona. The early season will be open from one-half hour before sunrise until noon. For the late season, shooting hours are from one-half hour before sunrise to sunset. (b) Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes, Flathead Indian Reservation, Pablo, Montana (Tribal Hunters). List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 20 Exports, Hunting, Imports, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Transportation, Wildlife. Accordingly, part 20, subchapter B, chapter I of title 50 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows: Tribal Members Only PART 20—[AMENDED] 1. The authority citation for part 20 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: Migratory Bird Treaty Act, 40 Stat. 755, 16 U.S.C. 703–712; Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956, 16 U.S.C. 742a–j; Pub. L. 106–108, 113 Stat. 1491, Note Following 16 U.S.C. 703. Note: The following hunting regulations provided for by 50 CFR 20.110 will not appear in the Code of Federal Regulations because of their seasonal nature. 2. Section 20.110 is revised to read as follows: ■ § 20.110 Seasons, limits, and other regulations for certain Federal Indian reservations, Indian Territory, and ceded lands. Unless specifically provided for below, all of the regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20 apply to the seasons listed herein. (a) Colorado River Indian Tribes, Colorado River Indian Reservation, Parker, Arizona (Tribal Members and Nontribal Hunters). Doves Season Dates: Open September 1 through 15, 2014; then open November 8 through December 22, 2014. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: For the early season, daily bag limit is 10 mourning or white-winged doves, singly, or in the aggregate. For the late season, the daily bag limit is 10 mourning doves. Possession limits are twice the daily bag limits after the first day of the season. General Conditions: All persons 14 years and older must be in possession of a valid Colorado River Indian Reservation hunting permit before taking any wildlife on tribal lands. Any person transporting game birds off the PO 00000 Frm 00067 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Ducks (Including Mergansers) Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through March 9, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: The Tribe does not have specific bag and possession restrictions for Tribal members. The season on harlequin duck is closed. Coots Season Dates: Same as ducks. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Same as ducks. Geese Season Dates: Same as ducks. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Same as ducks. General Conditions: Tribal and nontribal hunters must comply with all basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20 regarding manner of taking. In addition, shooting hours are sunrise to sunset, and each waterfowl hunter 16 years of age or older must carry on his/her person a valid Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp (Duck Stamp) signed in ink across the stamp face. Special regulations established by the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes also apply on the reservation. (c) Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians, Cloquet, Minnesota (Tribal Members Only). Ducks 1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories: Season Dates: Begin September 13 and end November 30, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 18 ducks, including no more than 12 mallards (only 3 of which may be hens), 9 black ducks, 9 scaup, 9 wood ducks, 9 redheads, 9 pintails, and 9 canvasbacks. Reservation: Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 24, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 12 ducks, including no more than 8 mallards (only 2 of which may be hens), 6 black ducks, 6 scaup, 6 redheads, 6 pintails, 6 wood ducks, and 6 canvasbacks. Mergansers 1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories: E:\FR\FM\03SER1.SGM 03SER1 52232 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 170 / Wednesday, September 3, 2014 / Rules and Regulations Season Dates: Begin September 13 and end November 30, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 15 mergansers, including no more than 6 hooded mergansers. Reservation: Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 24, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 10 mergansers, including no more than 4 hooded mergansers. Canada Geese 1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories: Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 20 geese. Reservation: Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 24, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 20 geese. Coots and Common Moorhens (Common Gallinules) 1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories: Season Dates: Begin September 13 and end November 30, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 20 coots and common moorhens, singly or in the aggregate. Reservation: Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 24, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 20 coots and common moorhens, singly or in the aggregate. Sandhill Cranes 1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories: Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: One sandhill crane. Crane carcass tags are required prior to hunting. Sora and Virginia Rails 1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories: Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 25 sora and Virginia rails, singly or in the aggregate. Reservation: Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 24, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 25 sora and Virginia rails, singly or in the aggregate. wreier-aviles on DSK5TPTVN1PROD with RULES Common Snipe 1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories: Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: Eight common snipe. Reservation: Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 24, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: Eight common snipe. Woodcock 1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories: VerDate Mar<15>2010 14:42 Sep 02, 2014 Jkt 232001 Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: Three woodcock. Reservation: Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 25, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: Three woodcock. Mourning Doves 1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories: Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 30 mourning doves. Reservation: Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end October 30, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 30 mourning doves. General Conditions 1. While hunting waterfowl, a tribal member must carry on his/her person a valid tribal waterfowl hunting permit. 2. Except as otherwise noted, tribal members will be required to comply with tribal codes that will be no less restrictive than the provisions of Chapter 10 of the Model Off-Reservation Code. These regulations parallel Federal requirements in 50 CFR part 20 as to hunting methods, transportation, sale, exportation, and other conditions generally applicable to migratory bird hunting. 3. Band members in each zone will comply with State regulations providing for closed and restricted waterfowl hunting areas. 4. There are no possession limits on any species, unless otherwise noted above. For purposes of enforcing bag and possession limits, all migratory birds in the possession or custody of band members on ceded lands will be considered to have been taken on those lands unless tagged by a tribal or State conservation warden as having been taken on-reservation. All migratory birds that fall on reservation lands will not count as part of any off-reservation bag or possession limit. 5. Shooting hours for migratory birds are one-half hour before sunrise to onehalf hour after sunset. (d) Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Suttons Bay, Michigan (Tribal Members Only). Ducks Season Dates: Open September 15, 2014, through January 15, 2015. Daily Bag Limit: 20 ducks, which may include no more than 5 pintail, 3 canvasback, 5 black ducks, 1 hooded merganser, 5 wood ducks, 3 redheads, and 9 mallards (only 4 of which may be hens). Canada and Snow Geese Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 30, 2014; and open PO 00000 Frm 00068 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 January 1, 2015, through February 8, 2015. Daily Bag Limit: 10 geese. Other Geese (White-Fronted Geese and Brant) Season Dates: Open September 20 through November 30, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: Five geese. Sora Rails, Common Snipe, and Woodcock Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 14, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 10 rails, 10 snipe, and 5 woodcock. Mourning Doves Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 14, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 10 mourning doves. General Conditions: A valid Grand Traverse Band Tribal license is required and must be in possession before taking any wildlife. Shooting hours for migratory birds are one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset. All other basic regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20 are valid. Other tribal regulations apply, and may be obtained at the tribal office in Suttons Bay, Michigan. (e) Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission, Odanah, Wisconsin (Tribal Members Only). The 2014–15 waterfowl hunting season regulations apply to all treaty areas (except where noted): Ducks Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 1837 and 1842 Ceded Territories: 50 ducks. 1836 Ceded Territory: 30 ducks. Mergansers Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 10 mergansers. Geese Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2014. In addition, any portion of the ceded territory that is open to State-licensed hunters for goose hunting after December 31 will also be open concurrently for tribal members. Daily Bag Limit: 20 geese in aggregate. Other Migratory Birds Coots and Common Moorhens (Common Gallinules) Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 20 coots and common moorhens (common gallinules), singly or in the aggregate. E:\FR\FM\03SER1.SGM 03SER1 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 170 / Wednesday, September 3, 2014 / Rules and Regulations Sora and Virginia Rails Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2014. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 20 sora and Virginia rails, singly or in the aggregate, 25. Common Snipe Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 16 common snipe. Woodcock Season Dates: Begin September 2 and end December 31, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 10 woodcock. Mourning Doves 1837 and 1842 Ceded Territories: Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 9, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 15 doves. Sandhill Cranes 1837 and 1842 Ceded Territories Only: Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 2 cranes. wreier-aviles on DSK5TPTVN1PROD with RULES Swans 1837 and 1842 Ceded Territories Only: Season Dates: Begin November 1 and end December 31, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 2 swans. Additional Restrictions: All harvested swans must be registered by presenting the fully-feathered carcass to a tribal registration station or GLIFWC warden. If the total number of trumpeter swans harvested reaches 10, the swan season will close by emergency tribal rule. General Conditions A. All tribal members are required to obtain a valid tribal waterfowl hunting permit. B. Except as otherwise noted, tribal members are required to comply with tribal codes that are no less restrictive than the model ceded territory conservation codes approved by Federal courts in the Lac Courte Oreilles v. State of Wisconsin (Voigt) and Mille Lacs Band v. State of Minnesota cases. Chapter 10 in each of these model codes regulates ceded territory migratory bird hunting. Both versions of Chapter 10 parallel Federal requirements as to hunting methods, transportation, sale, exportation, and other conditions generally applicable to migratory bird hunting. They also automatically incorporate by reference the Federal migratory bird regulations C. Particular regulations of note include: 1. Nontoxic shot is required for all waterfowl hunting by tribal members. VerDate Mar<15>2010 14:42 Sep 02, 2014 Jkt 232001 2. Tribal members in each zone must comply with tribal regulations providing for closed and restricted waterfowl hunting areas. These regulations generally incorporate the same restrictions contained in parallel State regulations. 3. There are no possession limits, with the exception of 2 swans (in the aggregate) and 25 rails (in the aggregate). For purposes of enforcing bag limits, all migratory birds in the possession and custody of tribal members on ceded lands are considered to have been taken on those lands unless tagged by a tribal or State conservation warden as taken on reservation lands. All migratory birds that fall on reservation lands do not count as part of any off-reservation bag or possession limit. 4. The baiting restrictions included in the respective section 10.05(2)(h) of the model ceded territory conservation codes will be amended to include language which parallels that in place for nontribal members as published at 64 FR 29799, June 3, 1999. 5. The shell limit restrictions included in the respective section 10.05(2)(b) of the model ceded territory conservation codes will be removed. 6. Hunting hours are from one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset. (f) [Reserved.] (g) Kalispel Tribe, Kalispel Reservation, Usk, Washington (Tribal Members and Nontribal Hunters). Nontribal Hunters on Reservation Geese Season Dates: Open September 6 through September 14, 2014, for the early-season, and open October 1, 2014, through January 20, 2015, for the lateseason. During this period, days to be hunted are specified by the Kalispel Tribe. Nontribal hunters should contact the Tribe for more detail on hunting days. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 5 Canada geese for the early season, and 3 light geese and 4 dark geese, for the late season. The daily bag limit is 2 brant (when the State’s season is open) and is in addition to dark goose limits for the late-season. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. 52233 mallards, 2 pintail, 1 canvasback, 3 scaup, and 2 redheads. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. Tribal Hunters Within Kalispel Ceded Lands Ducks Season Dates: Open September 20, 2014, through January 20, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 7 ducks, including no more than 2 female mallards, 2 pintail, 1 canvasback, 3 scaup, and 2 redheads. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. Geese Season Dates: Open September 6, 2014, through January 20, 2015. Daily Bag Limit: 6 light geese and 4 dark geese. The daily bag limit is 2 brant and is in addition to dark goose limits. General: Tribal members must possess a validated Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp and a tribal ceded lands permit. (h) [Reserved.] (i) Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe, Cass Lake, Minnesota (Tribal Members Only). Ducks Season Dates: Open September 13 through December 31, 2014. Daily Bag Limits: 10 ducks, including no more than 5 pintail, 5 canvasback, and 5 black ducks. Geese Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2014. Daily Bag Limits: 10 geese. General: Possession limits are twice the daily bag limits. Shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset. Nontoxic shot is required. Use of live decoys, bait, and commercial use of migratory birds are prohibited. Waterfowl may not be pursued or taken while using motorized craft. (j) Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, Manistee, Michigan (Tribal Members Only). 1836 Ceded Territory and Tribal Reservation: Ducks Ducks Season Dates: Open September 20, through September 22, 2014, and open September 27 through September 29, 2014, for the early-season, and open October 1, 2014, through January 20, 2015, for the late-season. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 7 ducks, including no more than 2 female Season Dates: Open September 12, 2014, through January 25, 2015. Daily Bag Limits: 12 ducks, including no more than 6 mallards (2 of which may be hens), 3 black ducks, 3 redheads, 3 wood ducks, 2 pintail, 1 hooded merganser, and 2 canvasback. Canada Geese PO 00000 Frm 00069 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through February 8, 2015. Daily Bag Limit: Five. E:\FR\FM\03SER1.SGM 03SER1 52234 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 170 / Wednesday, September 3, 2014 / Rules and Regulations White-Fronted Geese, Brant, and Snow Geese Season Dates: Open September 19 through November 30, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: Five. Tribal Members Woodcock, Mourning Doves, Snipe, and Sora and Virginia Rails Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 14, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 5 woodcock and 10 each of the other species. General: Possession limits are twice the daily bag limits. (k) The Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Petoskey, Michigan (Tribal Members Only). Ducks Season Dates: Open September 15, 2014, through January 31, 2015. Daily Bag Limits: 20 ducks, including no more than 5 hen mallards, 5 black ducks, 5 redheads, 5 wood ducks, 5 pintail, 5 scaup, and 5 canvasback. Mergansers Season Dates: Open September 15, 2014, through January 31, 2015. Daily Bag Limits: 10 mergansers, including no more than 5 hooded mergansers. Coots and Gallinules Season Dates: Open September 15 through December 31, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 20. Canada Geese Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through February 8, 2015. Daily Bag Limit: 20 in the aggregate. Sora and Virginia Rails Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 20. Snipe Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 16. Mourning Doves Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 14, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 15. wreier-aviles on DSK5TPTVN1PROD with RULES Woodcock Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 1, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 10. Sandhill Cranes Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 1, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 1. General: Possession limits are twice the daily bag limits. VerDate Mar<15>2010 14:42 Sep 02, 2014 Jkt 232001 (l) Lower Brule Sioux Tribe, Lower Brule Reservation, Lower Brule, South Dakota (Tribal Members and Nontribal Hunters). Ducks, Mergansers, and Coots Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through March 10, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Six ducks, including no more five mallards (only two of which may be hens), three scaup, one mottled duck, two redheads, three wood ducks, two canvasback, and two pintail. Coot daily bag limit is 15. Merganser daily bag limit is five, including no more than two hooded mergansers. The possession limit is three times the daily bag limit. Canada Geese Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through March 10, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 6 and 18, respectively. White-Fronted Geese Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through March 10, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Two and six, respectively. Light Geese Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through March 10, 2015. Daily Bag Limit: 20. General Conditions: All hunters must comply with the basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR part 20, including the use of steel shot. Nontribal hunters must possess a validated Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp. The Lower Brule Sioux Tribe has an official Conservation Code that hunters must adhere to when hunting in areas subject to control by the Tribe. (m) Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe, Port Angeles, Washington (Tribal Members Only). Ducks Season Dates: Open September 13, 2014, through January 4, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Seven ducks, including no more than two hen mallards, one pintail, one canvasback, and two redheads. Possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. Bag and possession limits for harlequin ducks is one per season. Geese Season Dates: Open September 13, 2014, through January 4, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Four geese, and may include no more than three light geese. The seasons on Aleutian Canada geese and brant are PO 00000 Frm 00070 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 closed. Possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. Coots Season Dates: Open September 13, 2014, through January 4, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 25 and 50 coots, respectively. Mourning Doves Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through January 11, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 10 and 20 doves, respectively. Snipe Season Dates: Open September 13, 2014, through January 4, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 8 and 16 snipe, respectively. Band-Tailed Pigeons Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through January 11, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 2 and 4 pigeons, respectively. General: Tribal members must possess a tribal hunting permit from the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe pursuant to tribal law. Hunters must observe all basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR part 20. (n) Makah Indian Tribe, Neah Bay, Washington (Tribal Members). Band-Tailed Pigeons Season Dates: Open September 13 through October 26, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: Two band-tailed pigeons. Ducks and Coots Season Dates: Open September 27, 2014, through January 25, 2015. Daily Bag Limit: Seven ducks including no more than five mallards (only two of which can be a hen), one redhead, one pintail, three scaup, and one canvasback. The seasons on wood duck and harlequin are closed. Geese Season Dates: Open September 27, 2014, through January 25, 2015. Daily Bag Limit: Four, including no more than one brant. The seasons on Aleutian and dusky Canada geese are closed. General All other Federal regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20 apply. The following restrictions also apply: (1) As per Makah Ordinance 44, only shotguns may be used to hunt any species of waterfowl. Additionally, shotguns must not be discharged within 0.25 miles of an occupied area. (2) Hunters must be eligible, enrolled Makah tribal members and must carry E:\FR\FM\03SER1.SGM 03SER1 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 170 / Wednesday, September 3, 2014 / Rules and Regulations their Indian Treaty Fishing and Hunting Identification Card while hunting. No tags or permits are required to hunt waterfowl. (3) The Cape Flattery area is open to waterfowl hunting, except in designated wilderness areas, or within 1 mile of Cape Flattery Trail, or in any area that is closed to hunting by another ordinance or regulation. (4) The use of live decoys and/or baiting to pursue any species of waterfowl is prohibited. (5) Steel or bismuth shot only for waterfowl is allowed; the use of lead shot is prohibited. (6) The use of dogs is permitted to hunt waterfowl. (7) Shooting hours for all species of waterfowl are one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset. (8) Open hunting areas are: GMUs 601 (Hoko), a portion of the 602 (Dickey) encompassing the area north of a line between Norwegian Memorial and east to Highway 101, and 603 (Pysht). (o) Navajo Nation, Navajo Indian Reservation, Window Rock, Arizona (Tribal Members and Nontribal Hunters). Band-Tailed Pigeons Season Dates: Open September 1 through 30, 2014. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 5 and 10 pigeons, respectively. Mourning Doves Season Dates: Open September 1 through 30, 2014. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 10 and 20 doves, respectively. General Conditions: Tribal and nontribal hunters will comply with all basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR part 20, regarding shooting hours and manner of taking. In addition, each waterfowl hunter 16 years of age or over must carry on his/ her person a valid Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp (Duck Stamp) signed in ink across the face. Special regulations established by the Navajo Nation also apply on the reservation. (p) Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin, Oneida, Wisconsin (Tribal Members Only). wreier-aviles on DSK5TPTVN1PROD with RULES Ducks (Including Mergansers) Season Dates: Open September 20 through November 21, 2014, and open December 1 through December 7, 2014. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Six, including no more than six mallards (three hen mallards), six wood ducks, one redhead, two pintail, and one hooded merganser. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. VerDate Mar<15>2010 14:42 Sep 02, 2014 Jkt 232001 Geese Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 21, 2014; and open December 1 through December 31, 2014. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 5 and 10 Canada geese, respectively, from September 1 through November 21, 2014, and December 1 through 31, 2014. Hunters will be issued five tribal tags for geese in order to monitor goose harvest. An additional five tags will be issued each time birds are registered. A seasonal quota of 500 birds is adopted. If the quota is reached before the season concludes, the season will be closed at that time. Woodcock Season Dates: Open September 6 through November 2, 2014. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Two and four woodcock, respectively. Doves Season Dates: Open September 6 through November 2, 2014. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 10 and 20 doves, respectively. General Conditions: Tribal member shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset. Nontribal members hunting on the Reservation or on lands under the jurisdiction of the Tribe must comply with all State of Wisconsin regulations, including season dates, shooting hours, and bag limits, which differ from tribal member seasons. Tribal members and nontribal members hunting on the Reservation or on lands under the jurisdiction of the Tribe will observe all basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations found in 50 CFR part 20, with the following exceptions: Tribal members are exempt from the purchase of the Migratory Waterfowl Hunting and Conservation Stamp (Duck Stamp); and shotgun capacity is not limited to three shells. (q) Point No Point Treaty Council, Kingston, Washington (Tribal Members Only). Jamestown S’Klallam Tribe Ducks Season Dates: Open September 13, 2014, through February 1, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Seven ducks, including no more than two hen mallards, one pintail, one canvasback, four scoters, and two redheads. Possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. Bag and possession limits for harlequin ducks is one per season. Geese Season Dates: Open September 9, 2014, through March 10, 2015. PO 00000 Frm 00071 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 52235 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Four geese, and may include no more than three light geese. The season on cackling Canada geese is closed. Possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. Brant Season Dates: Open January 10 through January 25, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Two and four, respectively. Coots Season Dates: Open September 13, 2014, through February 1, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 25 and 50 coots, respectively. Mourning Doves Season Dates: Open September 13, 2014, through January 18, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 10 and 20 doves, respectively. Snipe Season Dates: Open September 13, 2014, through March 10, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 8 and 16 snipe, respectively. Band-Tailed Pigeons Season Dates: Open September 13, 2014, through January 18, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 2 and 4 pigeons, respectively. Port Gamble S’Klallam Tribe Ducks Season Dates: Open September 2, 2014, through January 31, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Seven ducks, including no more than two hen mallards, one pintail, one canvasback, four scoters, and two redheads. Possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. Bag and possession limits for harlequin ducks is one per season. Geese Season Dates: Open September 14, 2014, through March 9, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Four geese, and may include no more than three light geese. The season on cackling Canada geese is closed. Possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. Brant Season Dates: Open November 9, 2014, through January 31, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 2 and 4, respectively. Coots Season Dates: Open September 2, 2014, through January 31, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 25 and 50 coots, respectively. E:\FR\FM\03SER1.SGM 03SER1 52236 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 170 / Wednesday, September 3, 2014 / Rules and Regulations Mourning Doves Season Dates: Open September 2, 2014, through January 31, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 10 and 20 doves, respectively. Snipe Season Dates: Open September 2, 2014, through March 10, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 8 and 16 snipe, respectively. Band-Tailed Pigeons Season Dates: Open September 2, 2014, through March 9, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 2 and 4 pigeons, respectively. General: Tribal members must possess a tribal hunting permit from the Point No Point Tribal Council pursuant to tribal law. Hunting hours are from onehalf hour before sunrise to sunset. Hunters must observe all other basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR part 20. (r) The Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan, Isabella Reservation, Mt. Pleasant, Michigan (Tribal Members Only) Mourning Doves Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through January 31, 2015. Daily Bag Limit: 25 doves. Ducks Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through January 31, 2015. Daily Bag Limits: 20, including no more than five hen, 5 canvasback, 5 black duck, and 5 wood duck. Mergansers Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through January 31, 2015. Daily Bag Limit: 10 in the aggregate. Canada Geese Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through January 31, 2015. Daily Bag Limit: 20 in the aggregate. Coots and Gallinule Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through January 31, 2015. Daily Bag Limit: 20 in the aggregate. wreier-aviles on DSK5TPTVN1PROD with RULES Woodcock Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through January 31, 2015. Daily Bag Limits: 10. Common Snipe Season Dates: Open September 15, 2014, through December 31, 2014. Daily Bag Limits: 16. Sora and Virginia Rails Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through January 31, 2015. VerDate Mar<15>2010 14:42 Sep 02, 2014 Jkt 232001 Daily Bag Limits: 20 in the aggregate. General: Possession limits are twice the daily bag limits except for rails, of which the possession limit equals the daily bag limit (20). Tribal members must possess a tribal hunting permit from the Sault Ste. Marie Tribe pursuant to tribal law. Shooting hours are onehalf hour before sunrise until one-half hour after sunset. Hunters must observe all other basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR part 20. (s) Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians, Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan (Tribal Members Only). Mourning Doves Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 14, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 10 doves. Ducks Season Dates: Open September 15 through December 31, 2014. Daily Bag Limits: 20, including no more than 10 mallards (only 5 of which may be hens), 5 canvasback, 5 black duck, and 5 wood duck. Mergansers Season Dates: Open September 15 through December 31, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 10 in the aggregate. Geese Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 20 in the aggregate. Coots and Gallinule Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 20 in the aggregate. Woodcock Season Dates: Open September 2 through December 1, 2014. Daily Bag Limits: 10. Common Snipe Season Dates: Open September 15 through December 31, 2014. Daily Bag Limits: 16. Sora and Virginia Rails Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2014. Daily Bag Limits: 20 in the aggregate. General: Possession limits are twice the daily bag limits except for rails, of which the possession limit equals the daily bag limit (20). Tribal members must possess a tribal hunting permit from the Sault Ste. Marie Tribe pursuant to tribal law. Shooting hours are onehalf hour before sunrise until one-half hour after sunset. Hunters must observe all other basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR part 20. PO 00000 Frm 00072 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 (t) [Reserved.] (u) [Reserved.] (v) Spokane Tribe of Indians, Spokane Indian Reservation and Ceded Lands, Wellpinit, Washington (Tribal Members Only). Ducks Season Dates: Open September 2, 2014, through January 31, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Seven ducks, including no more than two hen mallards, two pintail, one canvasback, three scaup, and two redheads. Possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. Geese Season Dates: Open September 2, 2014, through January 31, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Four dark geese and six light geese. Possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. General Conditions: All tribal hunters must have a valid Tribal identification card on his or her person while hunting. Shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to sunset, and steel shot is required for all migratory bird hunting. Hunters must observe all other basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR part 20. (w) Squaxin Island Tribe, Squaxin Island Reservation, Shelton, Washington (Tribal Members Only) Ducks Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through January 15, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Five ducks, which may include only one canvasback. The season on harlequin ducks is closed. Possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. Geese Season Dates: Open September 15, 2014, through January 15, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Four geese, and may include no more than two snow geese. The season on Aleutian and cackling Canada geese is closed. Possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. Brant Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2014. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Two and four brant, respectively. Coots Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through January 15, 2015. Daily Bag Limits: 25 coots. Snipe Season Dates: Open September 15, 2014, and through January 15, 2015. E:\FR\FM\03SER1.SGM 03SER1 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 170 / Wednesday, September 3, 2014 / Rules and Regulations 52237 Brant Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 8 and 16 snipe, respectively. Band-Tailed Pigeons Season Dates: Open September 1, through December 31, 2014. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 5 and 10 pigeons, respectively. General Conditions: All tribal hunters must obtain a Tribal Hunting Tag and Permit from the Tribe’s Natural Resources Department and must have the permit, along with the member’s treaty enrollment card, on his or her person while hunting. Shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to onehalf hour after sunset, and steel shot is required for all migratory bird hunting. Other special regulations are available at the tribal office in Shelton, Washington. Hunters must observe all other basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR part 20. (x) Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians, Arlington, Washington (Tribal Members Only). Snipe Season Dates: Open September 3, 2014, through February 28, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Two and four brant, respectively. Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 13, 2014. Daily Bag Limits: Eight snipe. General Conditions: Shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to sunset. Nontoxic shot is required. All other basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20 will be observed. (cc) White Earth Band of Ojibwe, White Earth, Minnesota (Tribal Members Only). Coots Season Dates: Open September 3, 2014, through February 28, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 25 and 25 coots, respectively. Snipe Season Dates: Open September 1 through October 31, 2014. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Four and eight, respectively. Season Dates: Open September 3, 2014, through February 28, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 8 and 16 snipe, respectively. General Conditions: All tribal hunters must have a valid Tribal identification card on his or her person while hunting. All nontribal hunters must obtain and possess while hunting a valid Tulalip Tribe hunting permit and be accompanied by a Tulalip Tribal member. Shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to sunset, and steel shot is required for all migratory bird hunting. Hunters must observe all other basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR part 20. (aa) Upper Skagit Indian Tribe, Sedro Woolley, Washington (Tribal Members Only). Mourning Doves Mourning Doves Coots Season Dates: Open September 1 through October 31, 2014. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 10 and 20, respectively. Tribal members hunting on lands will observe all basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations found in 50 CFR part 20, which will be enforced by the Stillaguamish Tribal Law Enforcement. Tribal members are required to use steel shot or a nontoxic shot as required by Federal regulations. (y) [Reserved.] (z) The Tulalip Tribes of Washington, Tulalip Indian Reservation, Marysville, Washington (Tribal Members Only). Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2014. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 12 and 15 mourning doves, respectively. Tribal members must have the tribal identification and harvest report card on their person to hunt. Tribal members hunting on the Reservation will observe all basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations found in 50 CFR part 20, except shooting hours would be onehalf hour before official sunrise to onehalf hour after official sunset. (bb) Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head, Aquinnah, Massachusetts (Tribal Members Only). Season Dates: Open September 13 through December 14, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: 20 coots. General Conditions: Shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to onehalf hour after sunset. Nontoxic shot is required. All other basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20 will be observed. (dd) White Mountain Apache Tribe, Fort Apache Indian Reservation, Whiteriver, Arizona (Tribal Members and Nontribal Hunters). Ducks and Mergansers Canada Geese Season Dates: Open September 3, 2014, through February 28, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Seven ducks, including no more than two hen mallards, two pintail, one canvasback, three scaup, and two redheads. Possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. Season Dates: Open September 3 through 20, 2014, and open October 27, 2014, through February 21, 2015. Daily Bag Limits: Eight Canada geese. wreier-aviles on DSK5TPTVN1PROD with RULES Band-Tailed Pigeons Geese Season Dates: Open September 3, 2014, through February 28, 2015. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Seven geese. Possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. VerDate Mar<15>2010 14:42 Sep 02, 2014 Jkt 232001 Snow Geese Season Dates: Open September 3 through 20, 2014, and open November 24, 2014, through February 21, 2015. Daily Bag Limits: 15 snow geese. Sora and Virginia Rails Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 10, 2014. Daily Bag Limits: 5 sora and 10 Virginia Rails. PO 00000 Frm 00073 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Ducks Season Dates: Open September 13 through December 14, 2014. Daily Bag Limit for Ducks: 10 ducks, including no more than 2 female mallards, 1 pintail, and 1 canvasback. Mergansers Season Dates: Open September 13 through December 14, 2014. Daily Bag Limit for Mergansers: Five mergansers, including no more than two hooded mergansers. Geese Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 14, 2014. Daily Bag Limit: Eight geese through September 21 and five thereafter. Band-Tailed Pigeons (Wildlife Management Unit 10 and Areas South of Y–70 and Y–10 in Wildlife Management Unit 7, Only) Season Dates: Open September 1 through 15, 2014. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Three and six pigeons, respectively. Mourning Doves (Wildlife Management Unit 10 and Areas South of Y–70 and Y–10 in Wildlife Management Unit 7, only) Season Dates: Open September 1 through 15, 2014. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 10 and 20 doves, respectively. General Conditions: All nontribal hunters hunting band-tailed pigeons E:\FR\FM\03SER1.SGM 03SER1 52238 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 170 / Wednesday, September 3, 2014 / Rules and Regulations wreier-aviles on DSK5TPTVN1PROD with RULES and mourning doves on Reservation lands shall have in their possession a valid White Mountain Apache Daily or Yearly Small Game Permit. In addition to a small game permit, all nontribal hunters hunting band-tailed pigeons must have in their possession a White Mountain Special Band-tailed Pigeon VerDate Mar<15>2010 14:42 Sep 02, 2014 Jkt 232001 Permit. Other special regulations established by the White Mountain Apache Tribe apply on the reservation. Tribal and nontribal hunters will comply with all basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR Part 20 regarding shooting hours and manner of taking. PO 00000 Frm 00074 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 9990 (ee) [Reserved.] Dated: August 26, 2014. Michael J. Bean, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife and Parks. [FR Doc. 2014–20841 Filed 8–28–14; 11:15 am] BILLING CODE 4310–55–P E:\FR\FM\03SER1.SGM 03SER1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 79, Number 170 (Wednesday, September 3, 2014)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 52226-52238]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2014-20841]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Fish and Wildlife Service

50 CFR Part 20

[Docket No. FWS-HQ-MB-2014-0017; FF09M21200-134-FXMB1231099BPP0]
RIN 1018-AZ80


Migratory Bird Hunting; Migratory Bird Hunting Regulations on 
Certain Federal Indian Reservations and Ceded Lands for the 2014-15 
Early Season

AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: This rule prescribes special early-season migratory bird 
hunting regulations for certain tribes on Federal Indian reservations, 
off-reservation trust lands, and ceded lands. This rule responds to 
tribal requests for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (hereinafter Service 
or we) recognition of tribal authority to regulate hunting under 
established guidelines. This rule allows the establishment of season 
bag limits and, thus, harvest, at levels compatible with populations 
and habitat conditions.

DATES: This rule takes effect on September 1, 2014.

ADDRESSES: You may inspect comments received on the special hunting 
regulations and tribal proposals during normal business hours U.S. Fish 
& Wildlife Headquarters, MS: BPHC, 5275 Leesburg Pike, Falls Church, VA 
22041-3803, or at http://www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS-HQ-MB-
2014-0017.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ron W. Kokel, U.S. Fish and Wildlife 
Service, Department of the Interior, MS: MB, 5275 Leesburg Pike, Falls 
Church, VA 22041-3803; (703) 358-1967.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA) of July 
3, 1918 (40 Stat. 755; 16 U.S.C. 703 et seq.), authorizes and directs 
the Secretary of the Department of the Interior, having due regard for 
the zones of temperature and for the distribution, abundance, economic 
value, breeding habits, and times and lines of flight of migratory game 
birds, to determine when, to what extent, and by what means such birds 
or any part, nest, or egg thereof may be taken, hunted, captured, 
killed, possessed, sold, purchased, shipped, carried, exported, or 
transported.
    In the August 11, 2014, Federal Register (79 FR 46940), we proposed 
special migratory bird hunting regulations for the 2014-15 hunting 
season for certain Indian tribes, under the guidelines described in the 
June 4, 1985, Federal Register (50 FR 23467). The guidelines respond to 
tribal requests for Service recognition of their reserved hunting 
rights, and for some tribes, recognition of their authority to regulate 
hunting by both tribal members and nonmembers on their reservations. 
The guidelines include possibilities for:
    (1) On-reservation hunting by both tribal members and nonmembers, 
with hunting by nontribal members on some reservations to take place 
within Federal frameworks but on dates different from those selected by 
the surrounding State(s);
    (2) On-reservation hunting by tribal members only, outside of usual 
Federal frameworks for season dates and length, and for daily bag and 
possession limits; and
    (3) Off-reservation hunting by tribal members on ceded lands, 
outside of usual framework dates and season length, with some added 
flexibility in daily bag and possession limits.
    In all cases, the regulations established under the guidelines must 
be consistent with the March 10-September 1 closed season mandated by 
the 1916 Migratory Bird Treaty with Canada. We have successfully used 
the guidelines since the 1985-86 hunting

[[Page 52227]]

season. We finalized the guidelines beginning with the 1988-89 hunting 
season (August 18, 1988, Federal Register [53 FR 31612]). In the April 
30, 2014, Federal Register (79 FR 24512), we requested that tribes 
desiring special hunting regulations in the 2014-15 hunting season 
submit a proposal for our review.
    No action is required if a tribe wishes to observe the hunting 
regulations established by the State(s) in which an Indian reservation 
is located. On August 11, 2014, we published a proposed rule (79 FR 
46940) that included special migratory bird hunting regulations for 31 
Indian tribes, based on the input we received in response to the April 
30, 2014, proposed rule and previous rules. All the regulations 
contained in this final rule were either submitted by the tribes or 
approved by the tribes and follow our proposals in the August 11 
proposed rule.
    Although the August 11 proposed rule included generalized 
regulations for both early- and late-season hunting, this rulemaking 
addresses only the early-season proposals. Therefore, it includes 
information for only 24 tribes. The letter designations for the 
paragraphs pertaining to each tribe in this rule are discontinuous 
because they follow the letter designations for the 31 tribes discussed 
in the August 11 proposed rule, which set forth paragraphs (a) through 
(ee). Late-season hunting will be addressed in late September. As a 
general rule, early seasons begin during September each year and have a 
primary emphasis on such species as mourning and white-winged doves. 
Late seasons begin about October 1 or later each year and have a 
primary emphasis on waterfowl.

Population Status and Harvest

    Information on the status of waterfowl and information on the 
status and harvest of migratory shore and upland game birds, including 
detailed information on methodologies and results, is available at the 
address indicated under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT or from our Web 
site at http://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/NewsPublicationsReports.html.

Comments and Issues Concerning Tribal Proposals

    For the 2014-15 migratory bird hunting season, we proposed 
regulations for 31 tribes and/or Indian groups that followed the 1985 
guidelines. Only 24 tribes were considered appropriate for this final 
rulemaking because we did not receive proposals from five of the tribes 
for whom we had proposed regulations. Some of the tribal proposals had 
both early- and late-season elements. However, as noted earlier, only 
those with early-season proposals are included in this final 
rulemaking; 24 tribes have proposals with early seasons. The comment 
period for the proposed rule, published on August 11, 2014, closed on 
August 21, 2014. Because of the necessary brief comment period, we will 
respond to any comments on the proposed rule and/or these regulations 
postmarked by August 21, but not received prior to final action by us, 
in the September late-season final rule. At this time, we have received 
two comments.

Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission's (GLIFWC) Proposal

    We received comments on GLIFWC's initial proposal from the 
Mississippi Flyway Council. The Mississippi Flyway Council recommended 
denial of GLIFWC's waterfowl hunting season requests regarding the use 
of electronic calls and extending shooting hours to 40 minutes before 
sunrise and after sunset. The Council recognized that tundra swans are 
a federally approved game species with a flyway management plan but are 
not hunted in this region of Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan. In 
concept, the Council did not oppose a hunting season on swans but 
requested the tribal proposal follow the current management plan for 
the eastern population of tundra swans and that additional biological 
evaluation and harvest planning be conducted in cooperation with the 
State wildlife agencies and the Service.
    Service Response: The GLIFWC 2014 proposal has several significant 
changes from regulations approved last season. In the 1837 and 1842 
Treaty Areas, the GLIFWC proposal would allow the use of electronic 
calls; would extend shooting hours to 40 minutes before sunrise and 
after sunset in the 1837 and 1842 ceded territories; would allow the 
first hunting season of swans; and would remove restrictions on the use 
and placement of (non-living) decoys in Wisconsin.
    GLIFWC states that the regulatory changes are intended to provide 
tribal members a harvest opportunity within the scope of rights 
reserved in their various treaties and increase tribal subsistence 
harvest opportunities, while protecting migratory bird populations. 
Under the GLIFWC's proposed regulations, GLIFWC expects total ceded 
territory harvest to be approximately 1,650 ducks, 375 geese, 20 
sandhill cranes, and 20 swans, which is roughly similar to anticipated 
levels in previous years for those species for which seasons were 
established. GLIWFC further anticipates that tribal harvest will remain 
low given the small number of tribal hunters and the limited 
opportunity to harvest more than a small number of birds on most 
hunting trips.
    Recent GLIFWC harvest surveys (1996-98, 2001, 2004, 2007-08, 2011, 
and 2012) indicate that tribal off-reservation waterfowl harvest has 
averaged fewer than 1,100 ducks and 250 geese annually. In the latest 
survey year for which we have specific results (2012), an estimated 86 
hunters took an estimated 1,090 trips and harvested 1,799 ducks (1.7 
ducks per trip) and 822 geese. Analysis of hunter survey data over 
1996-2012 indicates a general downward trend in both harvest and hunter 
participation. While we acknowledge that tribal harvest and 
participation has declined in recent years, we do not believe that some 
of the GLIFWC's proposal for tribal waterfowl seasons on ceded lands in 
Wisconsin, Michigan, and Minnesota for the 2014-15 season is in the 
best interest of the conservation of migratory birds. While we 
acknowledge that tribal harvest and participation has declined in 
recent years, we do not believe that some of the GLIFWC's proposal for 
tribal waterfowl seasons on ceded lands in Wisconsin, Michigan, and 
Minnesota for the 2014-15 season is in the best interest of the 
conservation of migratory birds. More specific discussion follows 
below.
Allowing Electronic Calls
    As we have stated the last three-years (76 FR 54676, September 1, 
2011; 77 FR 54451, September 5, 2012; 78 FR 53218, August 28, 2013), 
the issue of allowing electronic calls and other electronic devices for 
migratory game bird hunting has been highly debated and highly 
controversial over the last 40 years, similar to other prohibited 
hunting methods such as baiting. Electronic calls, i.e., the use or aid 
of recorded or electronic amplified bird calls or sounds, or recorded 
or electrically amplified imitations of bird calls or sounds to lure or 
attract migratory game birds to hunters, was Federally prohibited in 
1957, because of their effectiveness in attracting and aiding the 
harvest of ducks and geese and are generally not considered a 
legitimate component of hunting. In 1999, after much debate, the 
migratory bird regulations were revised to allow the use of electronic 
calls for the take of light geese (lesser snow geese and Ross geese) 
during a light-goose-only season when all other waterfowl and crane 
hunting seasons, excluding falconry,

[[Page 52228]]

were closed (64 FR 7507, February 16, 1999; 64 FR 71236, December 20, 
1999; 73 FR 65926, November 5, 2008). The regulations were also changed 
in 2006, to allow the use of electronic calls for the take of resident 
Canada geese during Canada-goose-only September seasons when all other 
waterfowl and crane seasons, excluding falconry, were closed (71 FR 
45964, August 10, 2006). In both instances, these changes were made in 
order to significantly increase the take of these species due to 
serious population overabundance, depredation issues, public health and 
safety issues, or a combination of these.
    Available information from the use of additional hunting methods, 
such as electronic calls, during the special light-goose seasons 
indicate that total harvest increased approximately 50 to 69 percent. 
On specific days when light-goose special regulations were in effect, 
the mean light goose harvest increased 244 percent. One research study 
found that lesser snow goose flocks were 5.0 times more likely to fly 
within gun range (<=50 meters) in response to electronic calls than to 
traditional calls, and the mean number of snow geese killed per hour 
per hunter averaged 9.1 times greater for electronic calls than for 
traditional calls. While these results are only directly applicable to 
light geese, we believe these results are applicable to most waterfowl 
species, and indicative of some likely adverse harvest impacts on other 
geese and ducks.
    Removal of the electronic call prohibition would be inconsistent 
with our long-standing conservation concerns. Given available evidence 
on the effectiveness of electronic calls, and the large biological 
uncertainty surrounding any widespread use of electronic calls, we 
believe the potential for overharvest could contribute to long-term 
population declines. Further, migratory patterns could be affected, and 
it is possible that hunter participation could increase beyond GLIFWC's 
estimates (50 percent) and could result in additional conservation 
impacts, particularly on locally breeding populations. Thus, we 
continue to not support allowing the use of electronic calls in the 
1837 and 1842 Treaty Areas.
    Additionally, given the fact that tribal waterfowl hunting covered 
by this proposal would occur on ceded lands that are not in the 
ownership of the Tribes, we believe the use of electronic calls to take 
waterfowl would lead to confusion on the part of the public, wildlife-
management agencies, and law enforcement officials in implementing the 
requirements of 50 CFR part 20. Further, similar to the impacts of 
baiting, uncertainties concerning the zone of influence attributed to 
the use of electronic calls could potentially increase harvest from 
nontribal hunters operating within areas electronic calls are being 
used during the dates of the general hunt, thereby posing risks to the 
migratory patterns and distribution of migratory waterfowl.
    Lastly, we remind GLIFWC that electronic calls generally are 
permitted for the take of resident Canada geese during Canada-goose-
only September seasons when all other waterfowl and crane seasons are 
closed (generally September 1-15 in the areas in question). However, in 
the case of GLIFWC's proposed seasons, electronic calls could be not 
used since GLIFWC has elected a September 1 duck season opener. This 
specific regulatory change was implemented in 2006, in order to 
significantly control resident Canada geese due to widespread 
population overabundance, depredation issues, and public health and 
safety issues.
Expanded Shooting Hours
    Normally, shooting hours for migratory game birds are one-half hour 
before sunrise to sunset. A number of reasons and concerns have been 
cited for extending shooting hours past sunset. Potential impacts to 
some locally breeding populations (e.g., wood ducks), hunter safety, 
difficulty of identifying birds, retrieval of downed birds, and impacts 
on law enforcement are some of the normal concerns raised when 
discussing potential expansions of shooting hours. However, despite 
these concerns, in 2007, we supported the expansion of shooting hours 
by 15 minutes after sunset in the 1837, 1842, and 1836 Treaty Areas (72 
FR 58452, October 15, 2007). We had previously supported this expansion 
in other tribal areas and have not been made aware of any wide-scale 
problems. Further, at that time, we believed that the continuation of a 
specific species restriction within the daily bag limit for mallards, 
and the implementation of a species restriction within the daily bag 
limit for wood ducks, would allay potential conservation concerns for 
these species. We supported the increase with the understanding that 
the Tribe and we would closely monitor tribal harvest.
    In 2012, in deference to tribal traditions and in the interest of 
cooperation, and in spite of our previously identified concerns 
regarding species identification, species conservation of locally 
breeding populations, retrieval of downed birds, hunter safety, and law 
enforcement impacts, we approved shooting 30 minutes after sunset (an 
extension of 15 minutes from the then-current 15 minutes after sunset) 
(77 FR 54451, September 5, 2012). This was consistent with other Tribes 
in the general area (Fond du Lac, Leech Lake, Oneida, Sault Ste Marie, 
and White Earth). Extending shooting hours on both the front end and 
the back end of the day to 40 minutes before sunrise and 40 minutes 
after sunset as GLIWFC has proposed would be contrary to public safety 
and only heightens our previously identified concerns. We see no viable 
remedies to allay our concerns. Shooting this early or late would also 
significantly increase the potential take of non-game birds. Thus, we 
cannot support increasing the shooting hours by an additional 10 
minutes in the 1837 and 1842 Treaty Areas (to 40 minutes before sunrise 
and 40 minutes after sunset).
Swan Season
    As we stated the last two years (77 FR 54451, September 5, 2012; 78 
FR 53218, August 28, 2013), we are not opposed to the establishment of 
a tundra swan season in Wisconsin. Further, we are not conceptually 
opposed to the establishment of a general swan season. However, before 
the establishment of such a season in the ceded territory areas in 
question, we stated that there were several significant concerns and 
special considerations. We believe that GLIFWC has addressed those 
concerns with their current proposal.
    First, the proposed areas in question are home to significant 
numbers of trumpeter swans. While the GLIFWC's proposed season is for 
both tundra and trumpeter swans, there are important differences that 
require careful consideration. Many cooperators, including GLIFWC, 
worked together to reestablish a breeding trumpeter swan population in 
the Great Lakes. These efforts have been largely successful with the 
removal of this species from Wisconsin's endangered species list in 
2009. After a 25-year recovery program, there are currently about 200 
breeding pairs in Wisconsin. Further, within Wisconsin, the northern 
ceded territory is an area of high trumpeter swan use containing over 
80 percent of the breeding pairs. We believe it is best to avoid such 
areas with significant concentrations of trumpeter swans, and to focus 
hunting efforts in primary tundra swan migration and staging areas. 
Most such trumpeter swan areas are located outside of the ceded 
territories of northern Wisconsin.
    To address concerns about the potential harvest of trumpeter swans 
by tribal hunters hunting during a general swan season, GLIFWC has 
proposed two

[[Page 52229]]

significant conditions. First, all harvested swans would have to be 
registered by presenting the fully-feathered carcass to a tribal 
registration station or GLIFWC warden. This requirement would allow the 
harvested bird to be identified to species. And secondly, that if the 
total number of trumpeter swans harvested reaches 10, the swan season 
would be closed by emergency tribal rule. Hunters would be expected to 
check GLIFWC's Web site each day they hunt to determine the current 
season status. We believe both of these proposed restrictions will 
significantly limit any potential impacts to trumpeter swans. Further, 
GLIWFC's proposal to not open the season until November 1, when they 
state that migrant swans have typically arrived into the ceded areas in 
appreciable numbers, contributes to alleviating our concerns regarding 
the potential take of trumpeter swans. GLIFWC anticipates a total swan 
harvest of less than 20 birds.
    For these reasons, we believe that a tribal swan hunting season in 
the ceded territory should be implemented this year.
Remove Restrictions on Decoy Use in Wisconsin
    In Wisconsin, State law requires that decoys may not be placed more 
than an hour before legal shooting hours or left out more than 20 
minutes after legal shooting hours. As we stated in 2011 concerning a 
similar decoy restriction in Michigan (76 FR 54676, September 1, 2011), 
and in 2012 concerning this restriction (77 FR 54451, September 5, 
2012), while we believe that there may be safety concerns with 
elimination of such a restriction, we take no position on the relative 
need or lack of need for such a restriction. Other than regulations on 
National Wildlife Refuges and other Federal lands, there are no Federal 
restrictions requiring the removal of unattended decoys.
    Additionally, given the fact that tribal waterfowl hunting covered 
by this rule would occur on ceded lands that are not in the ownership 
of the Tribes, we believe the use of unattended decoys to ``reserve'' 
hunting areas in public waters (i.e., those lands in the ceded 
territories outside of lands directly controlled by the Tribes) could 
lead to confusion and frustration on the part of the general public, 
hunters, wildlife-management agencies, and law enforcement officials 
due to the inherent difficulties of different sets of hunting 
regulations for different areas and groups of hunters. While we 
included GLIFWC's proposed language regarding the restriction in their 
General Conditions portion of their proposed regulations as a courtesy 
in the August 11 proposed rule, we view this issue as a Tribal-State 
issue. Thus, the Service takes no position on this issue and we have 
removed GLIFWC's proposed language from this final rule.

Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin's (Oneida) Proposal

    We received one comment on the Oneida's proposal from the Village 
of Hobart, Wisconsin (Village) and one response to the Village's 
comments from the Oneida. The Village requested that the entire section 
regarding the Oneida's proposed regulations be removed, as applied to 
tribal members or non-tribal members upon fee lands within the Village 
of Hobart, since there is no Oneida ``reservation'' eligible for 
consideration of special migratory bird hunting regulations. The 
Village asserts that the Service does not have the power to overrule 
binding federal court decisions respecting the discontinuance of the 
former Oneida Reservation. The Village also asserts potential safety 
problems with hunting on Austin Straubel International Airport 
property.
    Service Response: We have approved of Oneida's proposed 
regulations, or regulations similar to those proposed, since 1991. To 
our knowledge, this is the first time that the Village has opposed 
these special migratory bird hunting regulations. Also, to our 
knowledge, there have been no indications of conflicts (e.g., arrests 
for trespass, etc.) on these lands during Oneida's hunting season since 
their inception in 1991. Similarly, we note that the Airport property 
is a fenced and secured facility so potential conflict is unlikely. 
Lastly, we disagree with the Village's assertions that the Oneida 
Reservation has been disestablished or diminished. Our position is 
consistent with the Department calling an election for the Oneida under 
Section 18 of the Indian Reorganization Act (``IRA'') and the 
Department's subsequent approval of its constitution under the IRA in 
1936. For these reasons, we have decided to finalize Oneida's 
regulations as proposed. We encourage both the Village and Oneida to 
meet with us before special tribal regulations for the 2015-16 season 
are proposed in early 2015 if they still have questions related to the 
status of Oneida reservation and treaty rights; and to address any 
perceived conflicts with Oneida's hunting activity.

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)

    The programmatic document, ``Second Final Supplemental 
Environmental Impact Statement: Issuance of Annual Regulations 
Permitting the Sport Hunting of Migratory Birds (EIS 20130139),'' filed 
with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on May 24, 2013, 
addresses NEPA compliance by the Service for issuance of the annual 
framework regulations for hunting of migratory game bird species. We 
published a notice of availability in the Federal Register on May 31, 
2013 (78 FR 32686), and our Record of Decision on July 26, 2013 (78 FR 
45376). We also address NEPA compliance for waterfowl hunting 
frameworks through the annual preparation of separate environmental 
assessments, the most recent being ``Duck Hunting Regulations for 2014-
15,'' with its corresponding August 2014, finding of no significant 
impact. In addition, an August 1985 environmental assessment entitled 
``Guidelines for Migratory Bird Hunting Regulations on Federal Indian 
Reservations and Ceded Lands'' is available from the person indicated 
under the caption FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT.

Endangered Species Act Consideration

    Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 
U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), provides that, ``The Secretary shall review other 
programs administered by him and utilize such programs in furtherance 
of the purposes of this Act'' (and) shall ``insure that any action 
authorized, funded, or carried out . . . is not likely to jeopardize 
the continued existence of any endangered species or threatened species 
or result in the destruction or adverse modification of [critical] 
habitat. . . .'' Consequently, we conducted formal consultations to 
ensure that actions resulting from these regulations would not likely 
jeopardize the continued existence of endangered or threatened species 
or result in the destruction or adverse modification of their critical 
habitat. Findings from these consultations are included in a biological 
opinion, which concluded that the regulations are not likely to 
jeopardize the continued existence of any endangered or threatened 
species. Additionally, these findings may have caused modification of 
some regulatory measures previously proposed, and the final frameworks 
reflect any such modifications. Our biological opinions resulting from 
this section 7 consultation are public documents available for public 
inspection at the address indicated under ADDRESSES.

Regulatory Planning and Review (Executive Orders 12866 and 13563)

    Executive Order 12866 provides that the Office of Information and 
Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) will review all significant

[[Page 52230]]

rules. OIRA has reviewed this rule and has determined that this rule is 
significant because it would have an annual effect of $100 million or 
more on the economy.
    Executive Order 13563 reaffirms the principles of E.O. 12866 while 
calling for improvements in the nation's regulatory system to promote 
predictability, to reduce uncertainty, and to use the best, most 
innovative, and least burdensome tools for achieving regulatory ends. 
The executive order directs agencies to consider regulatory approaches 
that reduce burdens and maintain flexibility and freedom of choice for 
the public where these approaches are relevant, feasible, and 
consistent with regulatory objectives. E.O. 13563 emphasizes further 
that regulations must be based on the best available science and that 
the rulemaking process must allow for public participation and an open 
exchange of ideas. We have developed this rule in a manner consistent 
with these requirements.
    An updated economic analysis was prepared for the 2013-14 season. 
This analysis was based on data from the 2011 National Hunting and 
Fishing Survey, the most recent year for which data are available (see 
discussion in Regulatory Flexibility Act section below). This analysis 
estimated consumer surplus for three alternatives for duck hunting 
(estimates for other species are not quantified due to lack of data). 
The alternatives were: (1) Issue restrictive regulations allowing fewer 
days than those issued during the 2012-13 season, (2) issue moderate 
regulations allowing more days than those in alternative 1, and (3) 
issue liberal regulations identical to the regulations in the 2012-13 
season. For the 2013-14 season, we chose Alternative 3, with an 
estimated consumer surplus across all flyways of $317.8-$416.8 million. 
For the 2014-15 season, we have also chosen alternative 3. We also 
chose alternative 3 for the 2009-10, the 2010-11, the 2011-12, and the 
2012-13 seasons. The 2013-14 analysis is part of the record for this 
rule and is available at http://www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS-
HQ-MB-2014-0017.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

    The annual migratory bird hunting regulations have a significant 
economic impact on substantial numbers of small entities under the 
Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). We analyzed the 
economic impacts of the annual hunting regulations on small business 
entities in detail as part of the 1981 cost-benefit analysis. This 
analysis was revised annually from 1990-95. In 1995, the Service issued 
a Small Entity Flexibility Analysis (Analysis), which was subsequently 
updated in 1996, 1998, 2004, 2008, and 2013. The primary source of 
information about hunter expenditures for migratory game bird hunting 
is the National Hunting and Fishing Survey, which is conducted at 5-
year intervals. The 2013 Analysis was based on the 2011 National 
Hunting and Fishing Survey and the U.S. Department of Commerce's County 
Business Patterns, from which it was estimated that migratory bird 
hunters would spend approximately $1.2 billion at small businesses in 
2013. Copies of the Analysis are available upon request from the 
Division of Migratory Bird Management (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION 
CONTACT) or from our Web site at http://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/NewReportsPublications/SpecialTopics/SpecialTopics.html#HuntingRegs or 
at http://www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS-HQ-MB-2014-0017.

Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act

    This rule is a major rule under 5 U.S.C. 804(2), the Small Business 
Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act. For the reasons outlined above, 
this rule will have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or 
more. However, because this rule establishes hunting seasons, we are 
not deferring the effective date under the exemption contained in 5 
U.S.C. 808(1).

Paperwork Reduction Act

    This final rule does not contain any new information collection 
that requires approval under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 
U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). We may not conduct or sponsor and you are not 
required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a 
currently valid Office of Management and Budget (OMB) control number. 
OMB has reviewed and approved the information collection requirements 
associated with migratory bird surveys and assigned the following OMB 
control numbers:
     1018-0010--Mourning Dove Call Count Survey (discontinued 
7/29/2014).
     1018-0019--North American Woodcock Singing Ground Survey 
(expires 4/30/2015).
     1018-0023--Migratory Bird Surveys (expires 6/30/2017). 
Includes Migratory Bird Harvest Information Program, Migratory Bird 
Hunter Surveys, Sandhill Crane Survey, and Parts Collection Survey.

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

    We have determined and certify, in compliance with the requirements 
of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act, 2 U.S.C. 1502 et seq., that this 
rulemaking will not impose a cost of $100 million or more in any given 
year on local or State government or private entities. Therefore, this 
rule is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under the Unfunded 
Mandates Reform Act.

Civil Justice Reform--Executive Order 12988

    The Department, in promulgating this rule, has determined that this 
rule will not unduly burden the judicial system and that it meets the 
requirements of sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988.

Takings Implication Assessment

    In accordance with Executive Order 12630, this rule, authorized by 
the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (16 U.S.C. 703-711), does not have 
significant takings implications and does not affect any 
constitutionally protected property rights. This rule will not result 
in the physical occupancy of property, the physical invasion of 
property, or the regulatory taking of any property. In fact, this rule 
allows hunters to exercise otherwise unavailable privileges and, 
therefore, reduce restrictions on the use of private and public 
property.

Energy Effects--Executive Order 13211

    Executive Order 13211 requires agencies to prepare Statements of 
Energy Effects when undertaking certain actions. While this rule is a 
significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866, it is not 
expected to adversely affect energy supplies, distribution, or use. 
Therefore, this action is not a significant energy action and no 
Statement of Energy Effects is required.

Government-to-Government Relationship With Tribes

    In accordance with the President's memorandum of April 29, 1994, 
``Government-to-Government Relations with Native American Tribal 
Governments'' (59 FR 22951), Executive Order 13175, and 512 DM 2, we 
have evaluated possible effects on Federally recognized Indian tribes 
and have determined that there are no effects on Indian trust 
resources. However, in the April 30 Federal Register, we solicited 
proposals for special migratory bird hunting regulations for certain 
Tribes on Federal Indian reservations, off-reservation trust lands, and 
ceded lands for the 2014-15 migratory bird hunting season. The 
resulting proposals were contained in a separate August 11, 2014,

[[Page 52231]]

proposed rule (79 FR 46940). By virtue of these actions, we have 
consulted with Tribes affected by this rule.

Federalism Effects

    Due to the migratory nature of certain species of birds, the 
Federal Government has been given responsibility over these species by 
the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. We annually prescribe frameworks from 
which the States make selections regarding the hunting of migratory 
birds, and we employ guidelines to establish special regulations on 
Federal Indian reservations and ceded lands. This process preserves the 
ability of the States and tribes to determine which seasons meet their 
individual needs. Any State or Indian tribe may be more restrictive 
than the Federal frameworks at any time. The frameworks are developed 
in a cooperative process with the States and the Flyway Councils. This 
process allows States to participate in the development of frameworks 
from which they will make selections, thereby having an influence on 
their own regulations. These rules do not have a substantial direct 
effect on fiscal capacity, change the roles or responsibilities of 
Federal or State governments, or intrude on State policy or 
administration. Therefore, in accordance with Executive Order 13132, 
these regulations do not have significant federalism effects and do not 
have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a 
federalism summary impact statement.

Regulations Promulgation

    The rulemaking process for migratory game bird hunting must, by its 
nature, operate under severe time constraints. However, we intend that 
the public be given the greatest possible opportunity to comment. Thus, 
when the preliminary proposed rulemaking was published, we established 
what we believed were the longest periods possible for public comment. 
In doing this, we recognized that when the comment period closed, time 
would be of the essence. That is, if there were a delay in the 
effective date of these regulations after this final rulemaking, States 
and Tribes would have insufficient time to select season dates and 
limits; to communicate those selections to us; and to establish and 
publicize the necessary regulations and procedures to implement their 
decisions. We therefore find that ``good cause'' exists, within the 
terms of 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3) of the Administrative Procedure Act, and 
these seasons will, therefore, take effect less than 30 days after the 
date of publication.
    Accordingly, with each participating Tribe having had an 
opportunity to participate in selecting the hunting seasons desired for 
its reservation or ceded territory on those species of migratory birds 
for which open seasons are now prescribed, and consideration having 
been given to all other relevant matters presented, certain sections of 
title 50, chapter I, subchapter B, part 20, subpart K, are hereby 
amended as set forth below.

List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 20

    Exports, Hunting, Imports, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements, Transportation, Wildlife.

    Accordingly, part 20, subchapter B, chapter I of title 50 of the 
Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:

PART 20--[AMENDED]

0
1. The authority citation for part 20 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: Migratory Bird Treaty Act, 40 Stat. 755, 16 U.S.C. 
703-712; Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956, 16 U.S.C. 742a-j; Pub. L. 
106-108, 113 Stat. 1491, Note Following 16 U.S.C. 703.

    Note:  The following hunting regulations provided for by 50 CFR 
20.110 will not appear in the Code of Federal Regulations because of 
their seasonal nature.


0
2. Section 20.110 is revised to read as follows:


Sec.  20.110  Seasons, limits, and other regulations for certain 
Federal Indian reservations, Indian Territory, and ceded lands.

    Unless specifically provided for below, all of the regulations 
contained in 50 CFR part 20 apply to the seasons listed herein.
    (a) Colorado River Indian Tribes, Colorado River Indian 
Reservation, Parker, Arizona (Tribal Members and Nontribal Hunters).

Doves

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through 15, 2014; then open November 
8 through December 22, 2014.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: For the early season, daily bag 
limit is 10 mourning or white-winged doves, singly, or in the 
aggregate. For the late season, the daily bag limit is 10 mourning 
doves. Possession limits are twice the daily bag limits after the first 
day of the season.
    General Conditions: All persons 14 years and older must be in 
possession of a valid Colorado River Indian Reservation hunting permit 
before taking any wildlife on tribal lands. Any person transporting 
game birds off the Colorado River Indian Reservation must have a valid 
transport declaration form. Other tribal regulations apply, and may be 
obtained at the Fish and Game Office in Parker, Arizona. The early 
season will be open from one-half hour before sunrise until noon. For 
the late season, shooting hours are from one-half hour before sunrise 
to sunset.
    (b) Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes, Flathead Indian 
Reservation, Pablo, Montana (Tribal Hunters).

Tribal Members Only

Ducks (Including Mergansers)

    Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through March 9, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: The Tribe does not have specific 
bag and possession restrictions for Tribal members. The season on 
harlequin duck is closed.

Coots

    Season Dates: Same as ducks.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Same as ducks.

Geese

    Season Dates: Same as ducks.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Same as ducks.
    General Conditions: Tribal and nontribal hunters must comply with 
all basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations contained in 50 
CFR part 20 regarding manner of taking. In addition, shooting hours are 
sunrise to sunset, and each waterfowl hunter 16 years of age or older 
must carry on his/her person a valid Migratory Bird Hunting and 
Conservation Stamp (Duck Stamp) signed in ink across the stamp face. 
Special regulations established by the Confederated Salish and Kootenai 
Tribes also apply on the reservation.
    (c) Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians, Cloquet, 
Minnesota (Tribal Members Only).

Ducks

    1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories:
    Season Dates: Begin September 13 and end November 30, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 18 ducks, including no more than 12 mallards (only 
3 of which may be hens), 9 black ducks, 9 scaup, 9 wood ducks, 9 
redheads, 9 pintails, and 9 canvasbacks.
    Reservation:
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 24, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 12 ducks, including no more than 8 mallards (only 
2 of which may be hens), 6 black ducks, 6 scaup, 6 redheads, 6 
pintails, 6 wood ducks, and 6 canvasbacks.

Mergansers

    1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories:

[[Page 52232]]

    Season Dates: Begin September 13 and end November 30, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 15 mergansers, including no more than 6 hooded 
mergansers.
    Reservation:
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 24, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 10 mergansers, including no more than 4 hooded 
mergansers.

Canada Geese

    1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories:
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 20 geese.
    Reservation:
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 24, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 20 geese.

Coots and Common Moorhens (Common Gallinules)

    1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories:
    Season Dates: Begin September 13 and end November 30, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 20 coots and common moorhens, singly or in the 
aggregate.
    Reservation:
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 24, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 20 coots and common moorhens, singly or in the 
aggregate.

Sandhill Cranes

    1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories:
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: One sandhill crane. Crane carcass tags are 
required prior to hunting.

Sora and Virginia Rails

    1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories:
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 25 sora and Virginia rails, singly or in the 
aggregate.
    Reservation:
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 24, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 25 sora and Virginia rails, singly or in the 
aggregate.

Common Snipe

    1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories:
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: Eight common snipe.
    Reservation:
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 24, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: Eight common snipe.

Woodcock

    1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories:
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: Three woodcock.
    Reservation:
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 25, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: Three woodcock.

Mourning Doves

    1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories:
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 30 mourning doves.
    Reservation:
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end October 30, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 30 mourning doves.

General Conditions

    1. While hunting waterfowl, a tribal member must carry on his/her 
person a valid tribal waterfowl hunting permit.
    2. Except as otherwise noted, tribal members will be required to 
comply with tribal codes that will be no less restrictive than the 
provisions of Chapter 10 of the Model Off-Reservation Code. These 
regulations parallel Federal requirements in 50 CFR part 20 as to 
hunting methods, transportation, sale, exportation, and other 
conditions generally applicable to migratory bird hunting.
    3. Band members in each zone will comply with State regulations 
providing for closed and restricted waterfowl hunting areas.
    4. There are no possession limits on any species, unless otherwise 
noted above. For purposes of enforcing bag and possession limits, all 
migratory birds in the possession or custody of band members on ceded 
lands will be considered to have been taken on those lands unless 
tagged by a tribal or State conservation warden as having been taken 
on-reservation. All migratory birds that fall on reservation lands will 
not count as part of any off-reservation bag or possession limit.
    5. Shooting hours for migratory birds are one-half hour before 
sunrise to one-half hour after sunset.
    (d) Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Suttons 
Bay, Michigan (Tribal Members Only).

Ducks

    Season Dates: Open September 15, 2014, through January 15, 2015.
    Daily Bag Limit: 20 ducks, which may include no more than 5 
pintail, 3 canvasback, 5 black ducks, 1 hooded merganser, 5 wood ducks, 
3 redheads, and 9 mallards (only 4 of which may be hens).

Canada and Snow Geese

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 30, 2014; and open 
January 1, 2015, through February 8, 2015.
    Daily Bag Limit: 10 geese.

Other Geese (White-Fronted Geese and Brant)

    Season Dates: Open September 20 through November 30, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: Five geese.

Sora Rails, Common Snipe, and Woodcock

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 14, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 10 rails, 10 snipe, and 5 woodcock.

Mourning Doves

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 14, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 10 mourning doves.
    General Conditions: A valid Grand Traverse Band Tribal license is 
required and must be in possession before taking any wildlife. Shooting 
hours for migratory birds are one-half hour before sunrise to one-half 
hour after sunset. All other basic regulations contained in 50 CFR part 
20 are valid. Other tribal regulations apply, and may be obtained at 
the tribal office in Suttons Bay, Michigan.
    (e) Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission, Odanah, 
Wisconsin (Tribal Members Only).
    The 2014-15 waterfowl hunting season regulations apply to all 
treaty areas (except where noted):

Ducks

    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 1837 and 1842 Ceded Territories: 50 ducks.
    1836 Ceded Territory: 30 ducks.

Mergansers

    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 10 mergansers.

Geese

    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2014. In 
addition, any portion of the ceded territory that is open to State-
licensed hunters for goose hunting after December 31 will also be open 
concurrently for tribal members.
    Daily Bag Limit: 20 geese in aggregate.

Other Migratory Birds

Coots and Common Moorhens (Common Gallinules)

    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 20 coots and common moorhens (common gallinules), 
singly or in the aggregate.

[[Page 52233]]

Sora and Virginia Rails

    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 20 sora and Virginia rails, singly 
or in the aggregate, 25.

Common Snipe

    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 16 common snipe.

Woodcock

    Season Dates: Begin September 2 and end December 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 10 woodcock.

Mourning Doves

    1837 and 1842 Ceded Territories:
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 9, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 15 doves.

Sandhill Cranes

    1837 and 1842 Ceded Territories Only:
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 2 cranes.

Swans

    1837 and 1842 Ceded Territories Only:
    Season Dates: Begin November 1 and end December 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 2 swans.
    Additional Restrictions: All harvested swans must be registered by 
presenting the fully-feathered carcass to a tribal registration station 
or GLIFWC warden. If the total number of trumpeter swans harvested 
reaches 10, the swan season will close by emergency tribal rule.

General Conditions

    A. All tribal members are required to obtain a valid tribal 
waterfowl hunting permit.
    B. Except as otherwise noted, tribal members are required to comply 
with tribal codes that are no less restrictive than the model ceded 
territory conservation codes approved by Federal courts in the Lac 
Courte Oreilles v. State of Wisconsin (Voigt) and Mille Lacs Band v. 
State of Minnesota cases. Chapter 10 in each of these model codes 
regulates ceded territory migratory bird hunting. Both versions of 
Chapter 10 parallel Federal requirements as to hunting methods, 
transportation, sale, exportation, and other conditions generally 
applicable to migratory bird hunting. They also automatically 
incorporate by reference the Federal migratory bird regulations
    C. Particular regulations of note include:
    1. Nontoxic shot is required for all waterfowl hunting by tribal 
members.
    2. Tribal members in each zone must comply with tribal regulations 
providing for closed and restricted waterfowl hunting areas. These 
regulations generally incorporate the same restrictions contained in 
parallel State regulations.
    3. There are no possession limits, with the exception of 2 swans 
(in the aggregate) and 25 rails (in the aggregate). For purposes of 
enforcing bag limits, all migratory birds in the possession and custody 
of tribal members on ceded lands are considered to have been taken on 
those lands unless tagged by a tribal or State conservation warden as 
taken on reservation lands. All migratory birds that fall on 
reservation lands do not count as part of any off-reservation bag or 
possession limit.
    4. The baiting restrictions included in the respective section 
10.05(2)(h) of the model ceded territory conservation codes will be 
amended to include language which parallels that in place for nontribal 
members as published at 64 FR 29799, June 3, 1999.
    5. The shell limit restrictions included in the respective section 
10.05(2)(b) of the model ceded territory conservation codes will be 
removed.
    6. Hunting hours are from one-half hour before sunrise to one-half 
hour after sunset.
    (f) [Reserved.]
    (g) Kalispel Tribe, Kalispel Reservation, Usk, Washington (Tribal 
Members and Nontribal Hunters).

Nontribal Hunters on Reservation

Geese

    Season Dates: Open September 6 through September 14, 2014, for the 
early-season, and open October 1, 2014, through January 20, 2015, for 
the late-season. During this period, days to be hunted are specified by 
the Kalispel Tribe. Nontribal hunters should contact the Tribe for more 
detail on hunting days.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 5 Canada geese for the early 
season, and 3 light geese and 4 dark geese, for the late season. The 
daily bag limit is 2 brant (when the State's season is open) and is in 
addition to dark goose limits for the late-season. The possession limit 
is twice the daily bag limit.

Ducks

    Season Dates: Open September 20, through September 22, 2014, and 
open September 27 through September 29, 2014, for the early-season, and 
open October 1, 2014, through January 20, 2015, for the late-season.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 7 ducks, including no more than 2 
female mallards, 2 pintail, 1 canvasback, 3 scaup, and 2 redheads. The 
possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.

Tribal Hunters Within Kalispel Ceded Lands

Ducks

    Season Dates: Open September 20, 2014, through January 20, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 7 ducks, including no more than 2 
female mallards, 2 pintail, 1 canvasback, 3 scaup, and 2 redheads. The 
possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.

Geese

    Season Dates: Open September 6, 2014, through January 20, 2015.
    Daily Bag Limit: 6 light geese and 4 dark geese. The daily bag 
limit is 2 brant and is in addition to dark goose limits.
    General: Tribal members must possess a validated Migratory Bird 
Hunting and Conservation Stamp and a tribal ceded lands permit.
    (h) [Reserved.]
    (i) Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe, Cass Lake, Minnesota (Tribal Members 
Only).

Ducks

    Season Dates: Open September 13 through December 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limits: 10 ducks, including no more than 5 pintail, 5 
canvasback, and 5 black ducks.

Geese

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limits: 10 geese.
    General: Possession limits are twice the daily bag limits. Shooting 
hours are one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset. 
Nontoxic shot is required. Use of live decoys, bait, and commercial use 
of migratory birds are prohibited. Waterfowl may not be pursued or 
taken while using motorized craft.
    (j) Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, Manistee, Michigan (Tribal 
Members Only).
    1836 Ceded Territory and Tribal Reservation:

Ducks

    Season Dates: Open September 12, 2014, through January 25, 2015.
    Daily Bag Limits: 12 ducks, including no more than 6 mallards (2 of 
which may be hens), 3 black ducks, 3 redheads, 3 wood ducks, 2 pintail, 
1 hooded merganser, and 2 canvasback.

Canada Geese

    Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through February 8, 2015.
    Daily Bag Limit: Five.

[[Page 52234]]

White-Fronted Geese, Brant, and Snow Geese

    Season Dates: Open September 19 through November 30, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: Five.

Woodcock, Mourning Doves, Snipe, and Sora and Virginia Rails

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 14, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 5 woodcock and 10 each of the other species.
    General: Possession limits are twice the daily bag limits.
    (k) The Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Petoskey, 
Michigan (Tribal Members Only).

Ducks

    Season Dates: Open September 15, 2014, through January 31, 2015.
    Daily Bag Limits: 20 ducks, including no more than 5 hen mallards, 
5 black ducks, 5 redheads, 5 wood ducks, 5 pintail, 5 scaup, and 5 
canvasback.

Mergansers

    Season Dates: Open September 15, 2014, through January 31, 2015.
    Daily Bag Limits: 10 mergansers, including no more than 5 hooded 
mergansers.

Coots and Gallinules

    Season Dates: Open September 15 through December 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 20.

Canada Geese

    Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through February 8, 2015.
    Daily Bag Limit: 20 in the aggregate.

Sora and Virginia Rails

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 20.

Snipe

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 16.

Mourning Doves

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 14, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 15.

Woodcock

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 1, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 10.

Sandhill Cranes

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 1, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 1.
    General: Possession limits are twice the daily bag limits.
    (l) Lower Brule Sioux Tribe, Lower Brule Reservation, Lower Brule, 
South Dakota (Tribal Members and Nontribal Hunters).

Tribal Members

Ducks, Mergansers, and Coots

    Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through March 10, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Six ducks, including no more five 
mallards (only two of which may be hens), three scaup, one mottled 
duck, two redheads, three wood ducks, two canvasback, and two pintail. 
Coot daily bag limit is 15. Merganser daily bag limit is five, 
including no more than two hooded mergansers. The possession limit is 
three times the daily bag limit.

Canada Geese

    Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through March 10, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 6 and 18, respectively.

White-Fronted Geese

    Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through March 10, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Two and six, respectively.

Light Geese

    Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through March 10, 2015.
    Daily Bag Limit: 20.
    General Conditions: All hunters must comply with the basic Federal 
migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR part 20, including the use 
of steel shot. Nontribal hunters must possess a validated Migratory 
Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp. The Lower Brule Sioux Tribe has an 
official Conservation Code that hunters must adhere to when hunting in 
areas subject to control by the Tribe.
    (m) Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe, Port Angeles, Washington (Tribal 
Members Only).

Ducks

    Season Dates: Open September 13, 2014, through January 4, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Seven ducks, including no more 
than two hen mallards, one pintail, one canvasback, and two redheads. 
Possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. Bag and possession 
limits for harlequin ducks is one per season.

Geese

    Season Dates: Open September 13, 2014, through January 4, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Four geese, and may include no 
more than three light geese. The seasons on Aleutian Canada geese and 
brant are closed. Possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.

Coots

    Season Dates: Open September 13, 2014, through January 4, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 25 and 50 coots, respectively.

Mourning Doves

    Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through January 11, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 10 and 20 doves, respectively.

Snipe

    Season Dates: Open September 13, 2014, through January 4, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 8 and 16 snipe, respectively.

Band-Tailed Pigeons

    Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through January 11, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 2 and 4 pigeons, respectively.
    General: Tribal members must possess a tribal hunting permit from 
the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe pursuant to tribal law. Hunters must 
observe all basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR 
part 20.
    (n) Makah Indian Tribe, Neah Bay, Washington (Tribal Members).

Band-Tailed Pigeons

    Season Dates: Open September 13 through October 26, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: Two band-tailed pigeons.

Ducks and Coots

    Season Dates: Open September 27, 2014, through January 25, 2015.
    Daily Bag Limit: Seven ducks including no more than five mallards 
(only two of which can be a hen), one redhead, one pintail, three 
scaup, and one canvasback. The seasons on wood duck and harlequin are 
closed.

Geese

    Season Dates: Open September 27, 2014, through January 25, 2015.
    Daily Bag Limit: Four, including no more than one brant. The 
seasons on Aleutian and dusky Canada geese are closed.

General

    All other Federal regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20 apply. 
The following restrictions also apply:
    (1) As per Makah Ordinance 44, only shotguns may be used to hunt 
any species of waterfowl. Additionally, shotguns must not be discharged 
within 0.25 miles of an occupied area.
    (2) Hunters must be eligible, enrolled Makah tribal members and 
must carry

[[Page 52235]]

their Indian Treaty Fishing and Hunting Identification Card while 
hunting. No tags or permits are required to hunt waterfowl.
    (3) The Cape Flattery area is open to waterfowl hunting, except in 
designated wilderness areas, or within 1 mile of Cape Flattery Trail, 
or in any area that is closed to hunting by another ordinance or 
regulation.
    (4) The use of live decoys and/or baiting to pursue any species of 
waterfowl is prohibited.
    (5) Steel or bismuth shot only for waterfowl is allowed; the use of 
lead shot is prohibited.
    (6) The use of dogs is permitted to hunt waterfowl.
    (7) Shooting hours for all species of waterfowl are one-half hour 
before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset.
    (8) Open hunting areas are: GMUs 601 (Hoko), a portion of the 602 
(Dickey) encompassing the area north of a line between Norwegian 
Memorial and east to Highway 101, and 603 (Pysht).
    (o) Navajo Nation, Navajo Indian Reservation, Window Rock, Arizona 
(Tribal Members and Nontribal Hunters).

Band-Tailed Pigeons

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through 30, 2014.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 5 and 10 pigeons, respectively.

Mourning Doves

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through 30, 2014.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 10 and 20 doves, respectively.
    General Conditions: Tribal and nontribal hunters will comply with 
all basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR part 20, 
regarding shooting hours and manner of taking. In addition, each 
waterfowl hunter 16 years of age or over must carry on his/her person a 
valid Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp (Duck Stamp) signed 
in ink across the face. Special regulations established by the Navajo 
Nation also apply on the reservation.
    (p) Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin, Oneida, Wisconsin (Tribal 
Members Only).

Ducks (Including Mergansers)

    Season Dates: Open September 20 through November 21, 2014, and open 
December 1 through December 7, 2014.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Six, including no more than six 
mallards (three hen mallards), six wood ducks, one redhead, two 
pintail, and one hooded merganser. The possession limit is twice the 
daily bag limit.

Geese

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 21, 2014; and open 
December 1 through December 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 5 and 10 Canada geese, 
respectively, from September 1 through November 21, 2014, and December 
1 through 31, 2014. Hunters will be issued five tribal tags for geese 
in order to monitor goose harvest. An additional five tags will be 
issued each time birds are registered. A seasonal quota of 500 birds is 
adopted. If the quota is reached before the season concludes, the 
season will be closed at that time.

Woodcock

    Season Dates: Open September 6 through November 2, 2014.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Two and four woodcock, 
respectively.

Doves

    Season Dates: Open September 6 through November 2, 2014.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 10 and 20 doves, respectively.
    General Conditions: Tribal member shooting hours are one-half hour 
before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset. Nontribal members hunting 
on the Reservation or on lands under the jurisdiction of the Tribe must 
comply with all State of Wisconsin regulations, including season dates, 
shooting hours, and bag limits, which differ from tribal member 
seasons. Tribal members and nontribal members hunting on the 
Reservation or on lands under the jurisdiction of the Tribe will 
observe all basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations found in 
50 CFR part 20, with the following exceptions: Tribal members are 
exempt from the purchase of the Migratory Waterfowl Hunting and 
Conservation Stamp (Duck Stamp); and shotgun capacity is not limited to 
three shells.
    (q) Point No Point Treaty Council, Kingston, Washington (Tribal 
Members Only).

Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe

Ducks

    Season Dates: Open September 13, 2014, through February 1, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Seven ducks, including no more 
than two hen mallards, one pintail, one canvasback, four scoters, and 
two redheads. Possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. Bag and 
possession limits for harlequin ducks is one per season.

Geese

    Season Dates: Open September 9, 2014, through March 10, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Four geese, and may include no 
more than three light geese. The season on cackling Canada geese is 
closed. Possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.

Brant

    Season Dates: Open January 10 through January 25, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Two and four, respectively.

Coots

    Season Dates: Open September 13, 2014, through February 1, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 25 and 50 coots, respectively.

Mourning Doves

    Season Dates: Open September 13, 2014, through January 18, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 10 and 20 doves, respectively.

Snipe

    Season Dates: Open September 13, 2014, through March 10, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 8 and 16 snipe, respectively.

Band-Tailed Pigeons

    Season Dates: Open September 13, 2014, through January 18, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 2 and 4 pigeons, respectively.

Port Gamble S'Klallam Tribe

Ducks

    Season Dates: Open September 2, 2014, through January 31, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Seven ducks, including no more 
than two hen mallards, one pintail, one canvasback, four scoters, and 
two redheads. Possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. Bag and 
possession limits for harlequin ducks is one per season.

Geese

    Season Dates: Open September 14, 2014, through March 9, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Four geese, and may include no 
more than three light geese. The season on cackling Canada geese is 
closed. Possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.

Brant

    Season Dates: Open November 9, 2014, through January 31, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 2 and 4, respectively.

Coots

    Season Dates: Open September 2, 2014, through January 31, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 25 and 50 coots, respectively.

[[Page 52236]]

Mourning Doves

    Season Dates: Open September 2, 2014, through January 31, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 10 and 20 doves, respectively.

Snipe

    Season Dates: Open September 2, 2014, through March 10, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 8 and 16 snipe, respectively.

Band-Tailed Pigeons

    Season Dates: Open September 2, 2014, through March 9, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 2 and 4 pigeons, respectively.
    General: Tribal members must possess a tribal hunting permit from 
the Point No Point Tribal Council pursuant to tribal law. Hunting hours 
are from one-half hour before sunrise to sunset. Hunters must observe 
all other basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR 
part 20.
    (r) The Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan, Isabella 
Reservation, Mt. Pleasant, Michigan (Tribal Members Only)

Mourning Doves

    Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through January 31, 2015.
    Daily Bag Limit: 25 doves.

Ducks

    Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through January 31, 2015.
    Daily Bag Limits: 20, including no more than five hen, 5 
canvasback, 5 black duck, and 5 wood duck.

Mergansers

    Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through January 31, 2015.
    Daily Bag Limit: 10 in the aggregate.

Canada Geese

    Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through January 31, 2015.
    Daily Bag Limit: 20 in the aggregate.

Coots and Gallinule

    Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through January 31, 2015.
    Daily Bag Limit: 20 in the aggregate.

Woodcock

    Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through January 31, 2015.
    Daily Bag Limits: 10.

Common Snipe

    Season Dates: Open September 15, 2014, through December 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limits: 16.

Sora and Virginia Rails

    Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through January 31, 2015.
    Daily Bag Limits: 20 in the aggregate.
    General: Possession limits are twice the daily bag limits except 
for rails, of which the possession limit equals the daily bag limit 
(20). Tribal members must possess a tribal hunting permit from the 
Sault Ste. Marie Tribe pursuant to tribal law. Shooting hours are one-
half hour before sunrise until one-half hour after sunset. Hunters must 
observe all other basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 
50 CFR part 20.
    (s) Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians, Sault Ste. Marie, 
Michigan (Tribal Members Only).

Mourning Doves

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 14, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 10 doves.

Ducks

    Season Dates: Open September 15 through December 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limits: 20, including no more than 10 mallards (only 5 of 
which may be hens), 5 canvasback, 5 black duck, and 5 wood duck.

Mergansers

    Season Dates: Open September 15 through December 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 10 in the aggregate.

Geese

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 20 in the aggregate.

Coots and Gallinule

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 20 in the aggregate.

Woodcock

    Season Dates: Open September 2 through December 1, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limits: 10.

Common Snipe

    Season Dates: Open September 15 through December 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limits: 16.

Sora and Virginia Rails

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limits: 20 in the aggregate.
    General: Possession limits are twice the daily bag limits except 
for rails, of which the possession limit equals the daily bag limit 
(20). Tribal members must possess a tribal hunting permit from the 
Sault Ste. Marie Tribe pursuant to tribal law. Shooting hours are one-
half hour before sunrise until one-half hour after sunset. Hunters must 
observe all other basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 
50 CFR part 20.
    (t) [Reserved.]
    (u) [Reserved.]
    (v) Spokane Tribe of Indians, Spokane Indian Reservation and Ceded 
Lands, Wellpinit, Washington (Tribal Members Only).

Ducks

    Season Dates: Open September 2, 2014, through January 31, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Seven ducks, including no more 
than two hen mallards, two pintail, one canvasback, three scaup, and 
two redheads. Possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.

Geese

    Season Dates: Open September 2, 2014, through January 31, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Four dark geese and six light 
geese. Possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.
    General Conditions: All tribal hunters must have a valid Tribal 
identification card on his or her person while hunting. Shooting hours 
are one-half hour before sunrise to sunset, and steel shot is required 
for all migratory bird hunting. Hunters must observe all other basic 
Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR part 20.
    (w) Squaxin Island Tribe, Squaxin Island Reservation, Shelton, 
Washington (Tribal Members Only)

Ducks

    Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through January 15, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Five ducks, which may include only 
one canvasback. The season on harlequin ducks is closed. Possession 
limit is twice the daily bag limit.

Geese

    Season Dates: Open September 15, 2014, through January 15, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Four geese, and may include no 
more than two snow geese. The season on Aleutian and cackling Canada 
geese is closed. Possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.

Brant

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Two and four brant, respectively.

Coots

    Season Dates: Open September 1, 2014, through January 15, 2015.
    Daily Bag Limits: 25 coots.

Snipe

    Season Dates: Open September 15, 2014, and through January 15, 
2015.

[[Page 52237]]

    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 8 and 16 snipe, respectively.

Band-Tailed Pigeons

    Season Dates: Open September 1, through December 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 5 and 10 pigeons, respectively.
    General Conditions: All tribal hunters must obtain a Tribal Hunting 
Tag and Permit from the Tribe's Natural Resources Department and must 
have the permit, along with the member's treaty enrollment card, on his 
or her person while hunting. Shooting hours are one-half hour before 
sunrise to one-half hour after sunset, and steel shot is required for 
all migratory bird hunting. Other special regulations are available at 
the tribal office in Shelton, Washington. Hunters must observe all 
other basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR part 
20.
    (x) Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians, Arlington, Washington (Tribal 
Members Only).

Band-Tailed Pigeons

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through October 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Four and eight, respectively.

Mourning Doves

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through October 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 10 and 20, respectively.
    Tribal members hunting on lands will observe all basic Federal 
migratory bird hunting regulations found in 50 CFR part 20, which will 
be enforced by the Stillaguamish Tribal Law Enforcement. Tribal members 
are required to use steel shot or a nontoxic shot as required by 
Federal regulations.
    (y) [Reserved.]
    (z) The Tulalip Tribes of Washington, Tulalip Indian Reservation, 
Marysville, Washington (Tribal Members Only).

Ducks and Mergansers

    Season Dates: Open September 3, 2014, through February 28, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Seven ducks, including no more 
than two hen mallards, two pintail, one canvasback, three scaup, and 
two redheads. Possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.

Geese

    Season Dates: Open September 3, 2014, through February 28, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Seven geese. Possession limit is 
twice the daily bag limit.

Brant

    Season Dates: Open September 3, 2014, through February 28, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Two and four brant, respectively.

Coots

    Season Dates: Open September 3, 2014, through February 28, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 25 and 25 coots, respectively.

Snipe

    Season Dates: Open September 3, 2014, through February 28, 2015.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 8 and 16 snipe, respectively.
    General Conditions: All tribal hunters must have a valid Tribal 
identification card on his or her person while hunting. All nontribal 
hunters must obtain and possess while hunting a valid Tulalip Tribe 
hunting permit and be accompanied by a Tulalip Tribal member. Shooting 
hours are one-half hour before sunrise to sunset, and steel shot is 
required for all migratory bird hunting. Hunters must observe all other 
basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR part 20.
    (aa) Upper Skagit Indian Tribe, Sedro Woolley, Washington (Tribal 
Members Only).

Mourning Doves

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2014.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 12 and 15 mourning doves, 
respectively.
    Tribal members must have the tribal identification and harvest 
report card on their person to hunt. Tribal members hunting on the 
Reservation will observe all basic Federal migratory bird hunting 
regulations found in 50 CFR part 20, except shooting hours would be 
one-half hour before official sunrise to one-half hour after official 
sunset.
    (bb) Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head, Aquinnah, Massachusetts (Tribal 
Members Only).

Canada Geese

    Season Dates: Open September 3 through 20, 2014, and open October 
27, 2014, through February 21, 2015.
    Daily Bag Limits: Eight Canada geese.

Snow Geese

    Season Dates: Open September 3 through 20, 2014, and open November 
24, 2014, through February 21, 2015.
    Daily Bag Limits: 15 snow geese.

Sora and Virginia Rails

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 10, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limits: 5 sora and 10 Virginia Rails.

Snipe

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 13, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limits: Eight snipe.
    General Conditions: Shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise 
to sunset. Nontoxic shot is required. All other basic Federal migratory 
bird hunting regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20 will be observed.
    (cc) White Earth Band of Ojibwe, White Earth, Minnesota (Tribal 
Members Only).

Ducks

    Season Dates: Open September 13 through December 14, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit for Ducks: 10 ducks, including no more than 2 
female mallards, 1 pintail, and 1 canvasback.

Mergansers

    Season Dates: Open September 13 through December 14, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit for Mergansers: Five mergansers, including no more 
than two hooded mergansers.

Geese

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 14, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: Eight geese through September 21 and five 
thereafter.

Coots

    Season Dates: Open September 13 through December 14, 2014.
    Daily Bag Limit: 20 coots.
    General Conditions: Shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise 
to one-half hour after sunset. Nontoxic shot is required. All other 
basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations contained in 50 CFR 
part 20 will be observed.
    (dd) White Mountain Apache Tribe, Fort Apache Indian Reservation, 
Whiteriver, Arizona (Tribal Members and Nontribal Hunters).

Band-Tailed Pigeons (Wildlife Management Unit 10 and Areas South of Y-
70 and Y-10 in Wildlife Management Unit 7, Only)

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through 15, 2014.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Three and six pigeons, 
respectively.

Mourning Doves (Wildlife Management Unit 10 and Areas South of Y-70 and 
Y-10 in Wildlife Management Unit 7, only)

    Season Dates: Open September 1 through 15, 2014.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 10 and 20 doves, respectively.
    General Conditions: All nontribal hunters hunting band-tailed 
pigeons

[[Page 52238]]

and mourning doves on Reservation lands shall have in their possession 
a valid White Mountain Apache Daily or Yearly Small Game Permit. In 
addition to a small game permit, all nontribal hunters hunting band-
tailed pigeons must have in their possession a White Mountain Special 
Band-tailed Pigeon Permit. Other special regulations established by the 
White Mountain Apache Tribe apply on the reservation. Tribal and 
nontribal hunters will comply with all basic Federal migratory bird 
hunting regulations in 50 CFR Part 20 regarding shooting hours and 
manner of taking.
    (ee) [Reserved.]

    Dated: August 26, 2014.
Michael J. Bean,
Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife and Parks.
[FR Doc. 2014-20841 Filed 8-28-14; 11:15 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-55-P