Classified National Security Information, 44093-44101 [2014-17836]

Download as PDF 44093 Rules and Regulations Federal Register Vol. 79, No. 146 Wednesday, July 30, 2014 This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains regulatory documents having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed to and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations, which is published under 50 titles pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 1510. The Code of Federal Regulations is sold by the Superintendent of Documents. Prices of new books are listed in the first FEDERAL REGISTER issue of each week. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Office of the Secretary 6 CFR Part 7 Federal Emergency Management Agency 44 CFR Part 8 [DHS Docket No. DHS–2012–0067] RIN 1601–AA68 Classified National Security Information Office of the Secretary and Federal Emergency Management Agency, DHS. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is revising its procedures for managing classified national security information. DHS is updating its regulations to incorporate new and revised procedures pursuant to Executive Order 13526, ‘‘Classified National Security Information.’’ Further, DHS is delegating to the Chief Security Officer of DHS the responsibility of serving as the ‘‘Senior Agency Official’’ pursuant to Executive Order 13526. The Chief Security Officer acted in this capacity under the predecessor Executive Order as well. Finally, DHS is also removing outdated regulations dealing with classified national security information at 44 CFR part 8. DATES: This final rule is effective July 30, 2014. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: John Steele, Chief Policy Advisor, Office of the Chief Security Officer, Department of Homeland Security, (202) 447–0833 (not a toll-free number); Scott Ackiss, Chief, Administrative Security Division, Office of the Chief Security Officer, pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with RULES SUMMARY: VerDate Mar<15>2010 14:55 Jul 29, 2014 Jkt 232001 Department of Homeland Security, (202) 447–5341 (not a toll-free number). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background On December 29, 2009, the President issued Executive Order (E.O.) 13526, prescribing a uniform system for classifying, safeguarding, and declassifying national security information, including information relating to defense against transnational terrorism. 75 FR 707 (Jan. 5, 2010). E.O. 13526 replaced Executive Order 12958, 60 FR 19825 (Apr. 20, 1995), which had last been amended by E.O. 13292, 68 FR 15315 (Mar. 28, 2003). DHS is amending its regulations to implement the revised requirements of E.O. 13526. The relevant changes relate to classification, safeguarding, and declassification of national security information. This rule is consistent with similar rules of other Executive Branch agencies relating to the classification, safeguarding, and declassification of classified national security information. DHS is issuing this rule as a final rule without prior notice of proposed rulemaking because the procedures implemented under this final rule are largely mandated by Executive Order. Moreover, this rule, like similar rules of other Executive Branch agencies, is a rule of agency management, interpretation, or procedure. Such rules are exempt from prior notice and public comment under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA). 5 U.S.C. 553(a)(2), (b)(A). Consistent with its predecessor final rule implementing Executive Orders 12958 and 13292, see 70 FR 61211 (Oct. 21, 2005), DHS has concluded that prior notice and opportunity for comment are therefore unnecessary. This rule is therefore effective upon publication. E.O. 13526 requires that DHS make a number of technical changes to its regulations, including, for instance, removing references to outdated executive orders. In the interest of brevity, DHS is including in the discussion below only the most significant changes made in the regulations. II. Analysis of This Final Rule This final rule establishes the procedures necessary for DHS to fulfill its obligations under E.O. 13526, ‘‘Classified National Security PO 00000 Frm 00001 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Information.’’ This final rule does not address the Department’s obligations under Executive Orders 13311, Homeland Security Information Sharing, 68 FR 45149 (July 31, 2003), or 13388, Further Strengthening the Sharing of Terrorism Information to Protect Americans, 70 FR 62023 (Oct. 25, 2005), which deal with a related, but different, subject matter. A. Subpart A—Administration Revised subpart A continues to delegate responsibility for administration of the DHS classification management program to the Chief Security Officer. Just as the Chief Security Officer acted in the capacity of ‘‘Senior Agency Official’’ under E.O. 12958, as amended, the Chief Security Officer will act as the Senior Agency Official under E.O. 13526. Similarly, subpart A continues to require components to designate a security officer/security liaison to implement and oversee the program at each component. Subpart A also sets forth potential administrative sanctions that may be imposed pursuant to E.O. 13526. See revised section 7.10(b)(11), 7.12(b). These provisions, which mirror provisions in the 2005 rule, are independent of criminal penalties that the Department of Justice may prosecute. See, e.g., 18 U.S.C. 371, 792– 798, 1001; 50 U.S.C. 783; 50 U.S.C. 421. DHS is amending Subpart A to explicitly include in the delegation to the Chief Security Officer (1) responsibility for implementing and managing mandatory training for officials who hold original classification authority or perform derivative classification actions, and suspending classification authority of individuals who fail to attend such training, revised section 7.10(c)(3); (2) responsibility for reviewing and correcting classification decisions, revised section 7.10(c)(4); (3) authority to establish a secure capability to receive information, allegations, or complaints regarding over-classification or incorrect classification, revised section 7.10(c)(10); (4) authority to establish and maintain a means to appoint, track, and train Department officials who do or will perform original and derivative classification actions, revised section 7.10(e); and (5) authority to implement, manage, and oversee a program providing access to and safeguarding classified information E:\FR\FM\30JYR1.SGM 30JYR1 44094 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 146 / Wednesday, July 30, 2014 / Rules and Regulations pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with RULES provided to non-federal entities, revised section 7.10(f). DHS is also making technical amendments to other portions of sections 7.11 and 7.12, consistent with the Executive Order. B. Subpart B—Classified Information Revised subpart B continues to provide DHS policy on the classification and declassification of national security information, including authority for the release of classified information to uncleared persons in an emergency. See, e.g., revised section 7.23. Subpart B also continues to provide the DHS processes for how to challenge the classification of information, including information classified by another agency, and how the public can submit a request for a mandatory review of classified information for declassification and public release. See revised sections 7.31, 7.32. Revised subpart B implements new standards for granting officials original classification authority, consistent with E.O. 13526. In revised section 7.20(a) and (b), DHS provides, consistent with section 1.3(c) of the Executive Order and predecessor executive orders, that neither the Secretary nor the Chief Security Officer may delegate original classification authority to any official who lacks a demonstrable and continuing need to exercise such authority. Consistent with sections 1.3(d) and 2.1(d) of E.O. 13526, and as noted above in connection with the Chief Security Officer’s authority under revised subpart A, revised subpart B implements new training requirements for original and derivative classifiers. Under revised section 7.20(c), DHS specifically requires officials delegated original classification authority to attend mandatory classification training within 60 days of the date of the delegation, and annually thereafter. Under revised section 7.26(d), those who perform derivative classification actions must attend mandatory derivative classification training before performing any derivative classification, and once every two years thereafter. The Chief Security Officer will suspend the classification authority of an official who does not complete the mandatory training, although the Chief Security Officer—or for cases involving the Inspector General, the Secretary or Deputy Secretary—may waive the suspension in exigent circumstances. Changes under this subpart also implement the Executive Order’s standards relating to whether and to what level DHS will classify information. In revised section VerDate Mar<15>2010 14:55 Jul 29, 2014 Jkt 232001 7.21(a)(4), DHS incorporates the explicit requirement in section 1.4 of E.O. 13526, which provides that information shall not be considered for classification unless, inter alia, its unauthorized disclosure could reasonably be expected to cause identifiable or describable damage to the national security. Moreover, in revised section 7.21(c), DHS incorporates the new classification standards at section 1.1(b)–(c) of E.O. 13526. DHS clarifies, consistent with the Executive Order, that it will not classify information if there is significant doubt about the need to classify the information. If there is significant doubt about the appropriate level of classification, DHS will classify the information at the lower level. Finally, in revised section 7.21(e), DHS implements section 2.2(d)–(f) of the Executive Order, which requires agencies to incorporate original classification decisions into classification guides on a timely basis. DHS is requiring components to coordinate guides through the Chief Security Officer prior to approval and publication. Changes to this subpart also implement new standards under which DHS will reclassify information. In revised section 7.21(g), the rule provides, consistent with section 1.7(c) of E.O. 13526, that information may not be reclassified after it has been declassified and released to the public under proper authority, unless, inter alia, the reclassification is approved in writing by the Secretary, based on a document-by-document determination that the reclassification of the information is required to prevent significant and demonstrable damage to the national security. This rule also includes a number of new provisions relating to declassification. In revised section 7.20(e), DHS clarifies, consistent with section 3.1(b) of E.O. 13526, which officials may exercise declassification authority. Revised section 7.29 ` addresses DHS’s role vis-a-vis the National Declassification Center, which the President established under section 3.7 of the Executive Order. In new section 7.32 (which in many respects duplicates former section 7.31), consistent with section 3.5(g) of E.O. 13526, DHS now clarifies the mandatory declassification review process by defining who may request declassification review under the Executive Order. Proper requesters do not include foreign government entities or any representative thereof. New section 7.32 also clarifies that in general, DHS will deny requests for declassification review of overly broad PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 categories of information, entire file series, and other similarly non-specific target information. Consistent with section 3.5(g) of E.O. 13526, new section 7.32 also now provides that mandatory declassification review does not apply to documents required to be submitted for prepublication review or other administrative process pursuant to an approved non-disclosure agreement. This would include, for instance, memoirs by current or former DHS employees, if a non-disclosure agreement applies. DHS notes that the public’s ability to request declassification of information under this rule is fully consistent with declassification provisions cited in EO 13526. Finally, DHS is also making technical amendments to other portions of subpart B not referenced in this preamble, consistent with the Executive Order. C. 44 CFR part 8 In this action, DHS is also removing outdated regulations dealing with the same subject matter at 44 CFR part 8. III. Statutory and Regulatory Reviews A. Administrative Procedure Act DHS finds good cause to issue this rule without advance notice and public comment because such procedures are unnecessary. 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(B). As noted above, this rulemaking incorporates into existing DHS regulations the provisions of E.O. 13526 without significant change. Further, this rule generally parallels the procedures currently used by other agencies to fulfill their obligations under Executive Order 13526. Moreover, although this rulemaking includes certain delegations of authority not mandated by Executive Order 13526—such as, for instance, the delegation to the DHS Chief Security Officer in particular—such provisions plainly involve matters of internal DHS management and organization, i.e., DHS internal procedures for the classification and handling of classified national security information. See, e.g., 75 FR 37254 (June 28, 2010) (National Archives and Records Administration final rule); 76 FR 59031 (Sept. 23, 2011) (Central Intelligence Agency final rule). These provisions, as well as the remainder of the rule, are exempt from the APA’s notice-and-comment requirements under 5 U.S.C. 553(a)(2). For the same reasons, the Department has determined that this final rule should be issued without a delayed effective date pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3). E:\FR\FM\30JYR1.SGM 30JYR1 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 146 / Wednesday, July 30, 2014 / Rules and Regulations B. Regulatory Flexibility Act A Regulatory Flexibility Analysis is not required for this final rule because DHS is not required to publish a general notice of proposed rulemaking for this matter. C. Executive Order 12866 Executive Orders 13563 and 12866 direct agencies to assess the costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, if regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public health and safety effects, distributive impacts, and equity). Executive Order 13563 emphasizes the importance of quantifying both costs and benefits, of reducing costs, of harmonizing rules, and of promoting flexibility. This rule has been designated a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ although not economically significant, under section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866. Accordingly, the rule has been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget. This rule incorporates into existing DHS regulations the requirements of Executive Order 13526 and also certain internal delegations of authority not mandated by Executive Order 13526. The rule’s qualitative benefits include additional clarity for the public and DHS personnel with respect to Executive Order 13526’s effect on DHS regulations. This rule imposes no additional costs on the public or the government. D. Executive Order 12988 This regulation meets the applicable standards set forth in sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with RULES E. Executive Order 13132 This rule will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Therefore, in accordance with Executive Order 13132, DHS has determined that this rule does not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a federalism summary impact statement. F. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 This rule will not result in the expenditure by State, local, and tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100 million or more in any one year, and it will not VerDate Mar<15>2010 14:55 Jul 29, 2014 Jkt 232001 significantly or uniquely affect small governments. Therefore, no actions are necessary under the provisions of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995, 2 U.S.C. 1501 et seq. G. Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 This rule is not a major rule as defined by section 251 of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 (SBREFA), 5 U.S.C. 804. This rule will not result in an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more, a major increase in costs or prices, or significant adverse effects on competition, employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or the ability of United States-based enterprises to compete with foreignbased enterprises in domestic and export markets. H. National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 DHS has reviewed this action under Department of Homeland Security Management Directive 023–01, which guides the Department in complying with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), and has concluded that this action is one of a category of actions that do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment. Because this action involves administrative processing and document review functions, and because this action merely implements preexisting requirements, we have determined that it qualifies for, inter alia, categorical exclusions A1 and A3 of the Management Directive. I. Paperwork Reduction Act This rule does not contain any information collection requirements subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). J. Executive Order 13526 This final rule has been reviewed by the Information Security Oversight Office of the National Archives and Records Administration pursuant to Executive Order 13526. List of Subjects 6 CFR Part 7 Classified information, Organization, functions, and authority delegations. 44 CFR Part 8 Classified information. Accordingly, for the reasons set forth above, DHS amends 6 CFR chapter I, part 7, and 44 CFR chapter I, part 8, as follows: PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 44095 Title 6—Domestic Security Chapter I—Department of Homeland Security, Office of the Secretary 1. In Chapter I, revise part 7 to read as follows: ■ PART 7—CLASSIFIED NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION Section 7.1 Purpose. 7.2 Scope. 7.3 Definitions. Subpart A—Administration 7.10 Authority of the DHS Chief Security Officer. 7.11 Component responsibilities. 7.12 Violations of classified information requirements. 7.13 Judicial proceedings. Subpart B—Classified Information 7.20 Classification and declassification authority. 7.21 Classification of information, limitations. 7.22 Classification pending review. 7.23 Emergency release of classified information. 7.24 Duration of classification. 7.25 Identification and markings. 7.26 Derivative classification. 7.27 Declassification and downgrading. 7.28 Automatic declassification. 7.29 National Declassification Center. 7.30 Documents of permanent historical value. 7.31 Classification challenges. 7.32 Mandatory declassification review. Authority: 5 U.S.C. 301; Pub. L. 107–296; E.O. 13526; 3 CFR, 1995 Comp., p. 333; E.O. 13142, 64 FR 66089, 3 CFR, 1999 Comp., p. 236; 32 CFR part 2001. § 7.1 Purpose. The purpose of this part is to ensure that information within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) relating to the national security is classified, safeguarded, and declassified pursuant to the provisions of Executive Order 13526, and implementing directives from the Information Security Oversight Office (ISOO) of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). § 7.2 Scope. (a) This part applies to all employees, detailees, and non-contractor personnel inside and outside the Executive Branch who are granted access to classified information by the DHS, in accordance with the standards in Executive Order 13526, and its implementing directives, and Executive Order 13549, ‘‘Classified National Security Information Program for State, Local, Tribal, and Private Sector Entities,’’ and its implementing directives. (b) This part does not apply to contractors, grantees and other E:\FR\FM\30JYR1.SGM 30JYR1 44096 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 146 / Wednesday, July 30, 2014 / Rules and Regulations categories of personnel falling under the purview of Executive Order 12829, National Industrial Security Program, as amended, and its implementing directives. (c) This part is independent of and does not affect any classification procedures or requirements of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended (42 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.). (d) This part does not, and is not intended to, create any right to judicial review, or any other right or benefit or trust responsibility, substantive or procedural, enforceable by a party against the United States, its agencies or instrumentalities, its officers or employees, or any other person. This part creates limited rights to administrative review of decisions. This part does not, and is not intended to, create any right to judicial review of administrative action. § 7.3 Definitions. The terms defined or used in Executive Order 13526, and the implementing directives in 32 CFR part 2001 and 2004 are applicable to this part. Subpart A—Administration pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with RULES § 7.10 Authority of the DHS Chief Security Officer. (a) The DHS Chief Security Officer (hereafter ‘‘Chief Security Officer’’) is designated as the Senior Agency Official as required by section 5.4(d) of Executive Order 13526, and, except as specifically provided elsewhere in this part, is authorized to administer the DHS Classified National Security Information program pursuant to Executive Order 13526. (b) To the extent that 32 CFR part 2001 refers to the agency head or ‘‘designee,’’ the Chief Security Officer is such designee unless determined otherwise by the Secretary. The Chief Security Officer may further delegate the associated authorities. (c) The Chief Security Officer shall, among other actions: (1) Oversee and administer the DHS’s program established under Executive Order 13526; (2) Promulgate implementing regulations; (3) Establish and maintain DHS-wide security education and training programs, to include implementation and management of mandatory training for DHS officials who have been delegated original classification authority and those who perform derivative classification actions and suspension of such authority for failure to attend such training; VerDate Mar<15>2010 14:55 Jul 29, 2014 Jkt 232001 (4) Establish and maintain an ongoing self-inspection program that shall include regularly reviewing representative samples of DHS’s original and derivative classification actions, correcting instances of misclassification, and reporting annually to the Director of ISOO on the DHS self-inspection program; (5) Establish procedures to prevent unnecessary access to classified information, including procedures that: (i) Require that a need for access to classified information is established before initiating administrative procedures to grant access; and (ii) Ensure that the number of persons granted access to classified information is limited to the minimum necessary for operational and security requirements and needs; (6) Develop special contingency plans for the safeguarding of classified information used in or near hostile or potentially hostile areas; (7) Coordinate with the DHS Chief Human Capital Officer, as appropriate, to ensure that the performance contract or other system used to rate personnel performance includes the management of classified information as a critical element or item to be evaluated in the rating of: (i) Original classification authorities; (ii) Security managers or security specialists; and (iii) All other personnel whose duties significantly involve the creation or handling of classified information, including persons who apply derivative classification markings; (8) Account for the costs associated with implementing this part and report the cost to the Director of ISOO; (9) Assign in a prompt manner personnel to respond to any request, appeal, challenge, complaint, or suggestion concerning Executive Order 13526, that pertains to classified information that originated in a DHS component that no longer exists and for which there is no clear successor in function; (10) Establish a secure capability to receive information, allegations, or complaints regarding over-classification or incorrect classification and to provide a ready source for guidance on proper classification; (11) Report violations, take corrective measures and assess appropriate sanctions as warranted, in accordance with Executive Order 13526; (12) Oversee DHS creation and participation in special access programs authorized under Executive Order 13526; (13) Direct and administer DHS’s personnel security program in PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 accordance with Executive Order 12968 and other applicable law; (14) Direct and administer DHS implementation and compliance with the National Industrial Security Program in accordance with Executive Order 12829 and other applicable guidance; and (15) Perform any other duties as the Secretary may designate. (d) The Chief Security Officer shall maintain a current list of all officials authorized pursuant to this part to originally classify or declassify documents. (e) The Chief Security Officer shall establish and maintain a means for appointing, tracking, and training DHS officials who do or will perform original and derivative classification actions. (f) The Chief Security Officer shall administer a program for the implementation, management, and oversight of access to and safeguarding of classified information provided to state, local, tribal, and private sector personnel pursuant to Executive Order 13549, ‘‘Classified National Security Information Program for State, Local, Tribal, and Private Sector Entities,’’ and its implementing directives. (g) Nothing in this part will be interpreted to abrogate or affect the responsibilities of the Director of National Intelligence under the National Security Act of 1947, Public Law 235 (1947), as amended, and E.O. 12333, United States Intelligence Activities (1981), as amended, or any responsibilities of the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis conferred by presidential or intelligence community directive implicating those authorities, insofar as those authorities concern classified sources, methods, and activities, classified national intelligence, or sensitive compartmented information and are executed consistent with delegations or designations of authority issued pursuant to the statutory authority of the Secretary. § 7.11 Components’ responsibilities. Each DHS component shall appoint a security officer or security liaison to implement this part. The security officer/security liaison shall: (a) Implement, observe, and enforce security regulations or procedures within their component with respect to the classification, declassification, safeguarding, handling, and storage of classified national security information; (b) Report violations of the provisions of this part to the Chief Security Officer committed by employees of their component, as required by implementing directives; E:\FR\FM\30JYR1.SGM 30JYR1 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 146 / Wednesday, July 30, 2014 / Rules and Regulations (c) Ensure that employees of their component attend mandatory security education and training, as required by the DHS classified information security procedures, to include those component officials delegated the authority to classify information originally and those who perform derivative classification actions; (d) Continuously review the requirements for personnel access to classified information as a part of the continuous need-to-know evaluation, and initiate action to administratively withdraw or reduce the level of access authorized, as appropriate; and (e) Cooperate fully with any request from the Chief Security Officer for assistance in the implementation of this part. pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with RULES § 7.12 Violations of classified information requirements. (a) Any person who suspects or has knowledge of a violation of this part, including the known or suspected loss or compromise of classified information, shall promptly report such violations or possible violations, pursuant to requirements set forth in DHS directives. (b) DHS employees and detailees may be reprimanded, suspended without pay, terminated from classification authority, suspended from or denied access to classified information, or subject to other sanctions in accordance with applicable law and DHS regulations or directives if they: (1) Knowingly, willfully, or negligently disclose to unauthorized persons information properly classified under Executive Order 13526, or its predecessor orders; (2) Knowingly, willfully, or negligently classify or continue the classification of information in violation of Executive Order 13526, or its implementing directives; or (3) Knowingly, willfully, or negligently create or continue a special access program contrary to the requirements of Executive Order 13526; or, (4) Knowingly, willfully, or negligently violate any other provision of Executive Order 13526, or DHS implementing directives, or; (5) Knowingly, willfully, or negligently grant eligibility for, or allow access to, classified information in violation of Executive Order 13526, or its implementing directives, this part, or DHS implementing directives promulgated by the Chief Security Officer. § 7.13 Judicial proceedings. (a) Any DHS official or organization, except for the Office of Inspector VerDate Mar<15>2010 14:55 Jul 29, 2014 Jkt 232001 General in matters involving the Office of Inspector General only, receiving an order or subpoena from a federal or state court, or an administrative subpoena from a federal agency, to produce classified information (see 6 CFR 5.41 through 5.49), required to submit classified information for official DHS litigation purposes, or receiving classified information from another organization for production of such in litigation, shall notify the Office of the General Counsel, unless the demand for production is made by the Office of the General Counsel, and immediately determine from the agency originating the classified information whether the information can be declassified. If declassification is not possible, DHS representatives will take appropriate action to protect such information, pursuant to the provisions of this section. (b) If a determination is made under paragraph (a) of this section to produce classified information in a judicial proceeding in any manner, the DHS General Counsel attorney, or the Office of Inspector General attorney, if the matter involves the Office of Inspector General only, in conjunction with the Department of Justice, shall take appropriate steps to protect classified information in judicial proceedings and retrieve the information when the information is no longer required in such judicial proceedings, in accordance with the Department of Justice procedures, and in Federal criminal cases, pursuant to the requirements of Classified Information Procedures Act (CIPA), Public Law 96– 456, 94 Stat. 2025, (18 U.S.C. App.), and the ‘‘Security Procedures Established Pursuant to Public Law 96–456, 94 Stat. 2025, by the Chief Justice of the United States for the Protection of Classified Information,’’ and other applicable authorities. Subpart B—Classified Information § 7.20 Classification and declassification authority. (a) Top Secret original classification authority may only be exercised by the Secretary and by officials with a demonstrable and continuing need to exercise such authority and to whom such authority is delegated in writing by the Secretary. The Chief Security Officer, as the Senior Agency Official, is delegated authority to originally classify information up to and including Top Secret. No official who is delegated Top Secret original classification authority by the Secretary may further delegate such authority. PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 44097 (b) The Chief Security Officer may delegate Secret and Confidential original classification authority to other officials with a demonstrable and continuing need to exercise such authority. No official who is delegated original classification authority by the Secretary or the Chief Security Officer may further delegate such authority. (c) Persons who are delegated original classification authority shall attend mandatory classification training within 60 days of the delegation, and annually thereafter. Persons who fail to attend mandatory training shall have such authority suspended until such time as the training occurs. (1) Except for suspensions of the Inspector General’s classification authority, the Chief Security Officer may waive a suspension of authority for no longer than 60 days following the due date of the training when unavoidable circumstances exist that prevent the person from attending the training. (2) For cases involving suspension of the Inspector General’s classification authority under paragraph (c) of this section, only the Secretary or Deputy Secretary may waive such a suspension. (d) Officials authorized to classify information at a specified level are also authorized to classify information at a lower level. In the absence of an official authorized to exercise classification authority, the person designated to act in lieu of such official may exercise the official’s classification authority. (e) Declassification authority may be exercised by the official who authorized the original classification, if that official is still serving in the same position and has original classification authority; the originator’s current successor in function, if that individual has original classification authority; a supervisory official of either the originator or his or her successor in function, if the supervisory official has original classification authority; or officials delegated declassification authority by the Secretary or the Chief Security Officer. § 7.21 Classification of information, limitations. (a) Information may be originally classified only if all of the following standards are met: (1) An original classification authority is classifying the information; (2) The information is owned by, produced by or for, or is under the control of the United States Government; (3) The information falls within one or more of the categories of information E:\FR\FM\30JYR1.SGM 30JYR1 pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with RULES 44098 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 146 / Wednesday, July 30, 2014 / Rules and Regulations specified in section 1.4 of Executive Order 13526; and (4) The original classification authority determines that the unauthorized disclosure of the information reasonably could be expected to cause identifiable and describable damage to the national security. (b) Information shall be classified as Top Secret, Secret, or Confidential in accordance with and in compliance with the standards and criteria in Executive Order 13526. No other terms shall be used to identify United States classified information except as otherwise provided by statute. (c) If there is significant doubt about the need to classify information it shall not be classified. If classification is warranted but there is significant doubt about the appropriate level of classification it shall be classified at the lower level. (d) Original classification decisions made by a DHS original classification authority shall be incorporated into a security classification guide in a timely manner but no later than one year from the date of the original decision. Such decisions shall be reported to the Office of the Chief Security Officer, Administrative Security Division, within thirty days following the original classification decision. (e) All DHS security classification guides shall be coordinated through and receive the concurrence of the Office of the Chief Security Officer, Administrative Security Division, prior to approval and publication by an original classification authority. (f) Information shall not be classified in order to: (1) Conceal inefficiency, violations of law, or administrative error; (2) Prevent embarrassment to a person, organization, or agency; (3) Restrain competition; (4) Prevent or delay release of information that does not require protection in the interest of national security. (g) Information may not be reclassified after it has been declassified and released to the public under proper authority unless: (1) The reclassification is approved in writing by the Secretary based on a document-by-document determination that the reclassification of the information is required to prevent significant and demonstrable damage to the national security; (2) The reclassification of the information meets the standards and criteria for classification pursuant to Executive Order 13526; VerDate Mar<15>2010 14:55 Jul 29, 2014 Jkt 232001 (3) The information may be reasonably recovered without bringing undue attention to the information; and (4) The reclassification action is reported promptly to the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs (National Security Advisor) and the Director of ISOO. (5) For documents in the physical and legal custody of the National Archives and Records Administration that have previously been made available for public use and determined to warrant reclassification per paragraphs (g)(1) through (4) of this section, the Secretary shall notify the Archivist of the United States, who shall suspend public access pending approval by the Director of ISOO. Any such decision made by the Director of ISOO may be appealed by the Secretary to the President through the National Security Advisor. (h) Information that has not previously been disclosed to the public under proper authority may be classified or reclassified after DHS has received a request for it under the Freedom of Information Act (5 U.S.C. 552), the Presidential Records Act, 44 U.S.C. 2204(c)(1), the Privacy Act of 1974 (5 U.S.C. 552a), or the mandatory review provisions of Executive Order 13526, section 3.5. When it is necessary to classify or reclassify such information, it shall be done so on a document-by-document basis with the personal participation of and under the direction of the Secretary or Deputy Secretary. § 7.22 Classification pending review. (a) Whenever persons who do not have original classification authority originate or develop information that they believe requires immediate classification and safeguarding, and no authorized original classifier is available, that person shall: (1) Safeguard the information in a manner appropriate for the classification level they believe it to be; (2) Apply the appropriate overall classification markings; and (3) Within five working days, securely transmit the information to the organization that has appropriate subject matter interest and original classification authority. (b) When it is not clear which component would be the appropriate original classifier, the information shall be sent to the Office of the Chief Security Officer, Administrative Security Division, to determine the appropriate organization. (c) The applicable original classification authority shall decide within 30 days of receipt whether the information warrants classification PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 pursuant to Executive Order 13526 and shall render such decision in writing. § 7.23 Emergency release of classified information. (a) The DHS Undersecretary for Management has delegated to certain DHS employees the authority to disclose classified information to an individual or individuals not otherwise eligible for access in emergency situations when there is an imminent threat to life or in defense of the homeland. (b) In exercising this authority, the delegees shall adhere to the following conditions: (1) Limit the amount of classified information disclosed to a minimum to achieve the intended purpose; (2) Limit the number of individuals who receive it to only those persons with a specific need-to-know; (3) Transmit the classified information through approved communication channels by the most secure and expeditious method possible, or by other means deemed necessary in exigent circumstances; (4) Provide instructions about what specific information is classified and how it should be safeguarded. Physical custody of classified information must remain with an authorized Federal Government entity, in all but the most extraordinary circumstances as determined by the delegated official; (5) Provide appropriate briefings to the recipients on their responsibilities not to disclose the information and obtain from the recipients a signed DHS Emergency Release of Classified Information Non-disclosure Form. In emergency situations requiring immediate verbal release of information, the signed nondisclosure agreement memorializing the briefing may be received after the emergency abates; (6) Within 72 hours of the disclosure of classified information, or the earliest opportunity that the emergency permits, but no later than 7 days after the release, the disclosing authority must notify the DHS Office of the Chief Security Officer, Administrative Security Division, and the originating agency of the information disclosed. A copy of the signed nondisclosure agreements should be forwarded with the notification, or as soon thereafter as practical. (7) Release of information pursuant to this authority does not constitute declassification of the information. (8) Authority to disclose classified information under the above conditions may not be further delegated. § 7.24 Duration of classification. (a) At the time of original classification, original classification E:\FR\FM\30JYR1.SGM 30JYR1 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 146 / Wednesday, July 30, 2014 / Rules and Regulations authorities shall apply a date or event in which the information will be automatically declassified. (b) The original classification authority shall attempt to establish a specific date or event that is not more than 10 years from the date of origination in which the information will be automatically declassified. If the original classification authority cannot determine an earlier specific date or event it shall be marked for automatic declassification 10 years from the date of origination. (c) If the original classification authority determines that the sensitivity of the information requires classification beyond 10 years, it may be marked for automatic declassification for up to 25 years from the date of the original classification decision. (d) Original classification authorities do not have the authority to classify or retain the classification of information beyond 25 years from the date of origination. The only exceptions to this rule are information that would clearly and demonstrably be expected to reveal the identity of a confidential human source or human intelligence source, or, key design concepts of weapons of mass destruction. In these instances, the information shall be marked for declassification based on implementing directives issued pursuant to Executive Order 13526. In all other instances, classification beyond 25 years shall only be authorized in accordance with § 7.28 and Executive Order 13526. pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with RULES § 7.25 Identification and markings. (a) Classified information, in all forms, must be marked in a manner that is immediately apparent pursuant to the standards set forth in section 1.6 of Executive Order 13526; 32 CFR part 2001, subpart B; and internal DHS guidance approved and distributed by the Office of the Chief Security Officer. (b) Foreign government information shall retain its original classification markings or be assigned a U.S. classification that provides a degree of protection at least equivalent to that required by the entity that furnished the information. (c) Information assigned a level of classification under predecessor Executive Orders shall remain classified at that level of classification, except as otherwise provided herein, i.e., the information is reclassified or declassified. § 7.26 Derivative classification. (a) Derivative classification is defined as the incorporating, paraphrasing, restating, or generating in a new form information that is already classified, VerDate Mar<15>2010 14:55 Jul 29, 2014 Jkt 232001 and marking the newly developed material consistent with the classification markings that apply to the source information. Information is also derivatively classified when classification is based on instructions provided in a security classification guide. (b) Persons need not possess original classification authority to derivatively classify information based on source documents or classification guides. (c) Persons who perform derivative classification actions shall be designated as authorized derivative classifiers as specified in directives published by the Office of the Chief Security Officer. (d) Persons who are designated as authorized derivative classifiers shall attend mandatory classification training before performing derivative classification actions, and once every two years thereafter. Persons who fail to attend mandatory training shall have such authority suspended until such time as the training occurs. (1) Except for suspensions of the Office of Inspector General’s classification authority, the Chief Security Officer may waive the suspension of authority for no longer than 60 days following the due date of the training when unavoidable circumstances exist that prevent the person from attending the training. (2) For cases involving suspension of the Office of Inspector General’s classification authority under paragraph (d) of this section, only the Secretary or Deputy Secretary may waive such a suspension. (e) Persons who apply derivative classification markings shall observe original classification decisions and carry forward to any newly created documents the pertinent classification markings. (f) Information classified derivatively from other classified information shall be classified and marked in accordance with the standards set forth in sections 2.1 and 2.2 of Executive Order 13526, 32 CFR part 2001, and internal DHS guidance provided by the Office of the Chief Security Officer. § 7.27 Declassification and downgrading. (a) Classified information shall be declassified as soon as it no longer meets the standards for classification. Declassification and downgrading is governed by part 3 of Executive Order 13526, implementing ISOO directives at 32 CFR part 2001, subpart C, and applicable internal DHS direction provided by the Office of the Chief Security Officer. (b) Information shall be declassified or downgraded by the official who PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 44099 authorized the original classification if that official is still serving in the same position and has original classification authority, the originator’s successor if that position has original classification authority, or a supervisory official of either if that position has original classification authority, or, by officials delegated such authority in writing by the Secretary or the Chief Security Officer, or, pursuant to section 3.1.(e) of Executive Order 13526, the Director of the Information Security Oversight Office. (c) It is presumed that information that continues to meet the classification requirements under Executive Order 13526 requires continued protection. In some exceptional cases during declassification reviews, the need to protect classified information may be outweighed by the public interest in disclosure of the information, and in these cases the information should be declassified. If it appears that the public interest in disclosure of the information may outweigh the need to protect the information, the declassification reviewing official shall refer the information with a recommendation for decision to the Chief Security Officer. The Chief Security Officer shall review the information and after consulting with the applicable original classification authority and other components and agencies with equities, make a recommendation to the Secretary on whether the public interest in disclosure outweighs the damage to national security that might reasonably be expected from disclosure. The Secretary shall decide whether to declassify the information. The decision of the Secretary shall be final. This provision does not amplify or modify the substantive criteria or procedures for classification or create any substantive or procedural rights subject to judicial review. (d) Each component shall develop schedules for declassification of records in the National Archives. § 7.28 Automatic declassification. (a) Subject to paragraph (b) of this section and paragraphs 3.3(b)–(d) and (g)–(j) of Executive Order 13526, all classified information contained in records that are more than 25 years old that have been determined to have permanent historical value shall be declassified automatically on December 31st of the year that is 25 years from the date of origin. (b) At least one year before information is declassified automatically under this section, the Chief Security Officer shall notify the ISOO of any specific information that E:\FR\FM\30JYR1.SGM 30JYR1 44100 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 146 / Wednesday, July 30, 2014 / Rules and Regulations DHS proposes to exempt from automatic declassification. The notification shall include: (1) A description of the information; (2) An explanation of why the information is exempt from automatic declassification and must remain classified for a longer period of time; and (3) A specific date or event for declassification of the information whenever the information exempted does not identify a confidential human source or human intelligence source, or, key design concepts of weapons of mass destruction. (c) Proposed exemptions under this section shall be forwarded to the Chief Security Officer. When the Chief Security Officer determines the exemption request is consistent with this section, he or she will submit the exemption request to the Executive Secretary of the Interagency Security Classification Appeals Panel (ISCAP) for approval. (d) Declassification guides that narrowly and precisely define exempted information may be used to exempt information from automatic declassification. Declassification guides must include the exemption notification information detailed in paragraph (b) of this section, and be approved pursuant to paragraph (c) of this section. The creation of declassification guides to cite proposed or ISCAP-approved DHS exemptions shall be coordinated through and processed by the Office of the Chief Security Officer, Administrative Security Division. pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with RULES § 7.29 National Declassification Center. (a) The Chief Security Officer and applicable components will support the NARA, National Declassification Center (NDC), which was established to streamline declassification processes, facilitate quality-assurance measures, and implement standardized training regarding the declassification of records determined to have permanent historical value. The Chief Security Officer will assign DHS personnel on an as-needed basis to address declassification matters and priorities containing DHS equities. (b) The Office of the Chief Security Officer shall provide the NDC with all DHS classification and declassification guides that include ISCAP-approved exemptions from automatic declassification. (c) The Chief Security Officer, or his designee, shall oversee DHS-wide support to the NDC, including representing DHS in consultations with the NDC Director. VerDate Mar<15>2010 14:55 Jul 29, 2014 Jkt 232001 § 7.30 Documents of permanent historical value. The original classification authority, to the greatest extent possible, shall declassify classified information contained in records determined to have permanent historical value under 44 U.S.C. 2107 before they are accessioned into the National Archives. § 7.31 Classification challenges. (a) Authorized holders of information classified by DHS or any other agency who, in good faith, believe that specific information is improperly or unnecessarily classified are encouraged and expected to challenge the classification status of that information pursuant to section 1.8 of Executive Order 13526. Authorized holders may submit classification challenges in writing to the original classification authority with jurisdiction over the information in question. If an original classification authority cannot be determined, the challenge shall be submitted to the Office of the Chief Security Officer, Administrative Security Division. The challenge need not be more specific than a question as to why the information is or is not classified, or is classified at a certain level. (b) If anonymity of the challenger is requested, the challenger may submit the challenge to the Office of the Chief Security Officer, Administrative Security Division. The Administrative Security Division will act as an agent for the challenger and the identity of the challenger will be redacted. (c) The original classification authority shall no later than 60 days from receipt of the challenge, provide a written response to the submitter. The original classification authority may classify or declassify the information subject to the challenge and, if applicable, state specific reasons why the original classification determination was proper. If the original classification authority is not able to respond within 60 days, he or she shall inform the individual who filed the challenge in writing of that fact, and the anticipated determination date. (d) The individual challenging the classification will be notified of the determination made by the original classification authority and that the individual may appeal this determination to the Chief Security Officer, or in cases involving appeals by Office of Inspector General employees, the Secretary or Deputy Secretary. Upon receipt of such appeals, the Chief Security Officer, or in cases involving appeals by Office of Inspector General employees, the Secretary or Deputy PO 00000 Frm 00008 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Secretary, shall convene a DHS Classification Appeals Panel (DHS/ CAP). The DHS/CAP shall, at a minimum, consist of representatives from the Office of the Chief Security Officer, the Office of General Counsel, and a representative from the component having jurisdiction over the information. Additional members may be added as determined by the Chief Security Officer. The DHS/CAP shall be chaired by the Chief Security Officer. (e) If the requester files an appeal through the DHS/CAP, and the appeal is denied, the requester shall be notified of the right to appeal the denial to the Interagency Security Classification Appeals Panel (ISCAP) pursuant to section 5.3 of Executive Order 13526, and the rules issued by the ISCAP pursuant to section 5.3 of Executive Order 13526. (f) Any individual who challenges a classification and believes that any action has been taken against him or her in retaliation or retribution because of that challenge may report the facts to the Office of Inspector General via its Hotline or Web site, or other appropriate office. (g) Nothing in this section shall prohibit a person from informally challenging the classified status of information directly to the original classification authority. (h) Classification challenge provisions are not applicable to documents required to be submitted for prepublication review or other administrative process pursuant to an approved non-disclosure agreement. (i) Requests for review of classified material for declassification by persons other than authorized holders are governed by § 7.32. § 7.32 Mandatory declassification review. (a) Any individual, as ‘‘individual’’ is defined by 5 U.S.C. 552a(a)(2) (with the exception of a foreign government entity or any representative thereof), may request that classified information be reviewed for declassification pursuant to the mandatory declassification review provisions of section 3.5 of Executive Order 13526. Such requests must be sent to the Departmental Disclosure Officer, Privacy Office, 245 Murray Lane SW., Building 410, Washington, DC 20528. (b) The request must describe the document or material with enough specificity to allow it to be located by the component with a reasonable amount of effort. Components will generally consider deficient any requests for declassification review of, for instance, broad categories of E:\FR\FM\30JYR1.SGM 30JYR1 pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with RULES Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 146 / Wednesday, July 30, 2014 / Rules and Regulations information, entire file series of records, or similar non-specific requests. (1) When the description of the information in the request is deficient, the component shall solicit as much additional identifying information as possible from the requester. (2) If the information or material requested cannot be obtained with a reasonable amount of effort, the component shall provide the requester, through the DHS Disclosure Officer, with written notification of the reasons why no action will be taken and of the requester’s right to appeal. (c) Requests for review of information that has been subjected to a declassification review request within the preceding two years shall not be processed. The DHS Disclosure Officer will notify the requester of such denial. (d) Mandatory Declassification Review provisions are not applicable to documents required to be submitted for prepublication review or other administrative process pursuant to an approved non-disclosure agreement. (e) Requests for information exempted from search or review under sections 701, 702, or 703 of the National Security Act of 1947, as added and amended (50 U.S.C. 431–433), or other provisions of law, shall not be processed. The DHS Disclosure Officer will notify the requester of such denial. (f) If documents or material being reviewed for declassification under this section contain information that has been originally classified by another government agency, the reviewing authority shall notify the DHS Disclosure Officer. Unless the association of that organization with the requested information is itself classified, the DHS Disclosure Officer will then notify the requester of the referral. (g) A DHS component may refuse to confirm or deny the existence, or nonexistence, of requested information when its existence or non-existence, is properly classified. (h) DHS components shall make a final determination on the request as soon as practicable but within one year from receipt. When information cannot be declassified in its entirety, components shall make reasonable efforts to redact those portions that still meet the standards for classification and release those declassified portions of the requested information that constitute a coherent segment. (i) DHS components shall notify the DHS Disclosure Officer of the determination made in the processing of a mandatory review request. Such notification shall include the number of pages declassified in full; the number of pages declassified in part; and the VerDate Mar<15>2010 14:55 Jul 29, 2014 Jkt 232001 number of pages where declassification was denied. (j) The DHS Disclosure Officer shall maintain a record of all mandatory review actions for reporting in accordance with applicable Federal requirements. (k) The mandatory declassification review system shall provide for administrative appeal in cases where the review results in the information remaining classified. The requester shall be notified of the results of the review and of the right to appeal the denial of declassification. To address such appeals, the DHS Disclosure Office shall convene a DHS Classification Appeals Panel (DHS/CAP). The DHS/CAP shall, at a minimum, consist of representatives from the Disclosure Office, the Office of the Chief Security Officer, the Office of General Counsel, and a representative from the component having jurisdiction over the information. Additional members may be added as determined by the DHS Disclosure Officer. The DHS/CAP shall be chaired by the DHS Disclosure Officer. (l) If the requester files an appeal through the DHS/CAP, and the appeal is denied, the requester shall be notified of the right to appeal the denial to the ISCAP pursuant to section 5.3 of Executive Order 13526, and the rules issued by the ISCAP pursuant to section 5.3 of Executive Order 13526. Title 44—Emergency Management and Assistance Chapter I—Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security PART 8—[REMOVED AND RESERVED] 2. Under the authority of 5 U.S.C. 301 and E.O. 13526, remove and reserve part 8, consisting of §§ 8.1 through 8.4. ■ Jeh Charles Johnson, Secretary. [FR Doc. 2014–17836 Filed 7–29–14; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 9110–9B–P PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 44101 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Office of the Secretary 7 CFR Parts 1 and 2 Rural Utilities Service 7 CFR Part 1700 World Agricultural Outlook Board 7 CFR Part 3800 RIN 0503–AA56 Revision of Delegations of Authority Office of the Secretary, Rural Utilities Service, World Agricultural Outlook Board, USDA. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCIES: This document revises the delegations of authority from the Secretary of Agriculture and general officers of the Department of Agriculture (USDA) to reflect changes and additions to the delegations required by the Agricultural Act of 2014, Public Law 113–79. Other additions, deletions, and changes are made as summarized below. DATES: Effective July 30, 2014. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Adam J. Hermann, Office of the General Counsel, USDA, 3311-South Bldg., 1400 Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20250, (202) 720–9425, adam.hermann@ogc.usda.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: Agricultural Act of 2014 The Secretary of Agriculture (Secretary) previously delegated authorities under the Agricultural Act of 2014 (Act), Public Law 113–79, in Secretary’s Memorandum (SM) 1076– 005 (March 6, 2014), available at http:// www.ocio.usda.gov/document/ secretarys-memorandum-1076–005. This rule codifies those delegations and makes other changes to existing delegations required by the Act, as follows. Note that delegations of authority made by SM 1076–005 to conduct or prepare a one-time study, report, economic analysis, or similar activity remain in effect until such study, report, economic analysis, or similar activity is completed and, thus, are not reflected in this rulemaking. Title I of the Act provides several authorities that do not fit within existing delegations. The following provisions of title I are being delegated to the Under Secretary for Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services (FFAS) in 7 CFR 2.16 and the Administrator of the Farm Service Agency (FSA) in 7 CFR E:\FR\FM\30JYR1.SGM 30JYR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 79, Number 146 (Wednesday, July 30, 2014)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 44093-44101]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2014-17836]



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Rules and Regulations
                                                Federal Register
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Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 146 / Wednesday, July 30, 2014 / 
Rules and Regulations

[[Page 44093]]



DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

Office of the Secretary

6 CFR Part 7

Federal Emergency Management Agency

44 CFR Part 8

[DHS Docket No. DHS-2012-0067]
RIN 1601-AA68


Classified National Security Information

AGENCY: Office of the Secretary and Federal Emergency Management 
Agency, DHS.

ACTION: Final rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is revising its 
procedures for managing classified national security information. DHS 
is updating its regulations to incorporate new and revised procedures 
pursuant to Executive Order 13526, ``Classified National Security 
Information.'' Further, DHS is delegating to the Chief Security Officer 
of DHS the responsibility of serving as the ``Senior Agency Official'' 
pursuant to Executive Order 13526. The Chief Security Officer acted in 
this capacity under the predecessor Executive Order as well. Finally, 
DHS is also removing outdated regulations dealing with classified 
national security information at 44 CFR part 8.

DATES: This final rule is effective July 30, 2014.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: John Steele, Chief Policy Advisor, 
Office of the Chief Security Officer, Department of Homeland Security, 
(202) 447-0833 (not a toll-free number); Scott Ackiss, Chief, 
Administrative Security Division, Office of the Chief Security Officer, 
Department of Homeland Security, (202) 447-5341 (not a toll-free 
number).

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Background

    On December 29, 2009, the President issued Executive Order (E.O.) 
13526, prescribing a uniform system for classifying, safeguarding, and 
declassifying national security information, including information 
relating to defense against transnational terrorism. 75 FR 707 (Jan. 5, 
2010). E.O. 13526 replaced Executive Order 12958, 60 FR 19825 (Apr. 20, 
1995), which had last been amended by E.O. 13292, 68 FR 15315 (Mar. 28, 
2003).
    DHS is amending its regulations to implement the revised 
requirements of E.O. 13526. The relevant changes relate to 
classification, safeguarding, and declassification of national security 
information. This rule is consistent with similar rules of other 
Executive Branch agencies relating to the classification, safeguarding, 
and declassification of classified national security information.
    DHS is issuing this rule as a final rule without prior notice of 
proposed rulemaking because the procedures implemented under this final 
rule are largely mandated by Executive Order. Moreover, this rule, like 
similar rules of other Executive Branch agencies, is a rule of agency 
management, interpretation, or procedure. Such rules are exempt from 
prior notice and public comment under the Administrative Procedure Act 
(APA). 5 U.S.C. 553(a)(2), (b)(A). Consistent with its predecessor 
final rule implementing Executive Orders 12958 and 13292, see 70 FR 
61211 (Oct. 21, 2005), DHS has concluded that prior notice and 
opportunity for comment are therefore unnecessary. This rule is 
therefore effective upon publication.
    E.O. 13526 requires that DHS make a number of technical changes to 
its regulations, including, for instance, removing references to 
outdated executive orders. In the interest of brevity, DHS is including 
in the discussion below only the most significant changes made in the 
regulations.

II. Analysis of This Final Rule

    This final rule establishes the procedures necessary for DHS to 
fulfill its obligations under E.O. 13526, ``Classified National 
Security Information.'' This final rule does not address the 
Department's obligations under Executive Orders 13311, Homeland 
Security Information Sharing, 68 FR 45149 (July 31, 2003), or 13388, 
Further Strengthening the Sharing of Terrorism Information to Protect 
Americans, 70 FR 62023 (Oct. 25, 2005), which deal with a related, but 
different, subject matter.

A. Subpart A--Administration

    Revised subpart A continues to delegate responsibility for 
administration of the DHS classification management program to the 
Chief Security Officer. Just as the Chief Security Officer acted in the 
capacity of ``Senior Agency Official'' under E.O. 12958, as amended, 
the Chief Security Officer will act as the Senior Agency Official under 
E.O. 13526. Similarly, subpart A continues to require components to 
designate a security officer/security liaison to implement and oversee 
the program at each component. Subpart A also sets forth potential 
administrative sanctions that may be imposed pursuant to E.O. 13526. 
See revised section 7.10(b)(11), 7.12(b). These provisions, which 
mirror provisions in the 2005 rule, are independent of criminal 
penalties that the Department of Justice may prosecute. See, e.g., 18 
U.S.C. 371, 792-798, 1001; 50 U.S.C. 783; 50 U.S.C. 421.
    DHS is amending Subpart A to explicitly include in the delegation 
to the Chief Security Officer (1) responsibility for implementing and 
managing mandatory training for officials who hold original 
classification authority or perform derivative classification actions, 
and suspending classification authority of individuals who fail to 
attend such training, revised section 7.10(c)(3); (2) responsibility 
for reviewing and correcting classification decisions, revised section 
7.10(c)(4); (3) authority to establish a secure capability to receive 
information, allegations, or complaints regarding over-classification 
or incorrect classification, revised section 7.10(c)(10); (4) authority 
to establish and maintain a means to appoint, track, and train 
Department officials who do or will perform original and derivative 
classification actions, revised section 7.10(e); and (5) authority to 
implement, manage, and oversee a program providing access to and 
safeguarding classified information

[[Page 44094]]

provided to non-federal entities, revised section 7.10(f).
    DHS is also making technical amendments to other portions of 
sections 7.11 and 7.12, consistent with the Executive Order.

B. Subpart B--Classified Information

    Revised subpart B continues to provide DHS policy on the 
classification and declassification of national security information, 
including authority for the release of classified information to 
uncleared persons in an emergency. See, e.g., revised section 7.23. 
Subpart B also continues to provide the DHS processes for how to 
challenge the classification of information, including information 
classified by another agency, and how the public can submit a request 
for a mandatory review of classified information for declassification 
and public release. See revised sections 7.31, 7.32.
    Revised subpart B implements new standards for granting officials 
original classification authority, consistent with E.O. 13526. In 
revised section 7.20(a) and (b), DHS provides, consistent with section 
1.3(c) of the Executive Order and predecessor executive orders, that 
neither the Secretary nor the Chief Security Officer may delegate 
original classification authority to any official who lacks a 
demonstrable and continuing need to exercise such authority.
    Consistent with sections 1.3(d) and 2.1(d) of E.O. 13526, and as 
noted above in connection with the Chief Security Officer's authority 
under revised subpart A, revised subpart B implements new training 
requirements for original and derivative classifiers. Under revised 
section 7.20(c), DHS specifically requires officials delegated original 
classification authority to attend mandatory classification training 
within 60 days of the date of the delegation, and annually thereafter. 
Under revised section 7.26(d), those who perform derivative 
classification actions must attend mandatory derivative classification 
training before performing any derivative classification, and once 
every two years thereafter. The Chief Security Officer will suspend the 
classification authority of an official who does not complete the 
mandatory training, although the Chief Security Officer--or for cases 
involving the Inspector General, the Secretary or Deputy Secretary--may 
waive the suspension in exigent circumstances.
    Changes under this subpart also implement the Executive Order's 
standards relating to whether and to what level DHS will classify 
information. In revised section 7.21(a)(4), DHS incorporates the 
explicit requirement in section 1.4 of E.O. 13526, which provides that 
information shall not be considered for classification unless, inter 
alia, its unauthorized disclosure could reasonably be expected to cause 
identifiable or describable damage to the national security. Moreover, 
in revised section 7.21(c), DHS incorporates the new classification 
standards at section 1.1(b)-(c) of E.O. 13526. DHS clarifies, 
consistent with the Executive Order, that it will not classify 
information if there is significant doubt about the need to classify 
the information. If there is significant doubt about the appropriate 
level of classification, DHS will classify the information at the lower 
level. Finally, in revised section 7.21(e), DHS implements section 
2.2(d)-(f) of the Executive Order, which requires agencies to 
incorporate original classification decisions into classification 
guides on a timely basis. DHS is requiring components to coordinate 
guides through the Chief Security Officer prior to approval and 
publication.
    Changes to this subpart also implement new standards under which 
DHS will reclassify information. In revised section 7.21(g), the rule 
provides, consistent with section 1.7(c) of E.O. 13526, that 
information may not be reclassified after it has been declassified and 
released to the public under proper authority, unless, inter alia, the 
reclassification is approved in writing by the Secretary, based on a 
document-by-document determination that the reclassification of the 
information is required to prevent significant and demonstrable damage 
to the national security.
    This rule also includes a number of new provisions relating to 
declassification. In revised section 7.20(e), DHS clarifies, consistent 
with section 3.1(b) of E.O. 13526, which officials may exercise 
declassification authority. Revised section 7.29 addresses DHS's role 
vis-[agrave]-vis the National Declassification Center, which the 
President established under section 3.7 of the Executive Order.
    In new section 7.32 (which in many respects duplicates former 
section 7.31), consistent with section 3.5(g) of E.O. 13526, DHS now 
clarifies the mandatory declassification review process by defining who 
may request declassification review under the Executive Order. Proper 
requesters do not include foreign government entities or any 
representative thereof. New section 7.32 also clarifies that in 
general, DHS will deny requests for declassification review of overly 
broad categories of information, entire file series, and other 
similarly non-specific target information. Consistent with section 
3.5(g) of E.O. 13526, new section 7.32 also now provides that mandatory 
declassification review does not apply to documents required to be 
submitted for prepublication review or other administrative process 
pursuant to an approved non-disclosure agreement. This would include, 
for instance, memoirs by current or former DHS employees, if a non-
disclosure agreement applies.
    DHS notes that the public's ability to request declassification of 
information under this rule is fully consistent with declassification 
provisions cited in EO 13526.
    Finally, DHS is also making technical amendments to other portions 
of subpart B not referenced in this preamble, consistent with the 
Executive Order.

C. 44 CFR part 8

    In this action, DHS is also removing outdated regulations dealing 
with the same subject matter at 44 CFR part 8.

III. Statutory and Regulatory Reviews

A. Administrative Procedure Act

    DHS finds good cause to issue this rule without advance notice and 
public comment because such procedures are unnecessary. 5 U.S.C. 
553(b)(B). As noted above, this rulemaking incorporates into existing 
DHS regulations the provisions of E.O. 13526 without significant 
change. Further, this rule generally parallels the procedures currently 
used by other agencies to fulfill their obligations under Executive 
Order 13526.
    Moreover, although this rulemaking includes certain delegations of 
authority not mandated by Executive Order 13526--such as, for instance, 
the delegation to the DHS Chief Security Officer in particular--such 
provisions plainly involve matters of internal DHS management and 
organization, i.e., DHS internal procedures for the classification and 
handling of classified national security information. See, e.g., 75 FR 
37254 (June 28, 2010) (National Archives and Records Administration 
final rule); 76 FR 59031 (Sept. 23, 2011) (Central Intelligence Agency 
final rule). These provisions, as well as the remainder of the rule, 
are exempt from the APA's notice-and-comment requirements under 5 
U.S.C. 553(a)(2).
    For the same reasons, the Department has determined that this final 
rule should be issued without a delayed effective date pursuant to 5 
U.S.C. 553(d)(3).

[[Page 44095]]

B. Regulatory Flexibility Act

    A Regulatory Flexibility Analysis is not required for this final 
rule because DHS is not required to publish a general notice of 
proposed rulemaking for this matter.

C. Executive Order 12866

    Executive Orders 13563 and 12866 direct agencies to assess the 
costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, if 
regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize 
net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public 
health and safety effects, distributive impacts, and equity). Executive 
Order 13563 emphasizes the importance of quantifying both costs and 
benefits, of reducing costs, of harmonizing rules, and of promoting 
flexibility. This rule has been designated a ``significant regulatory 
action'' although not economically significant, under section 3(f) of 
Executive Order 12866. Accordingly, the rule has been reviewed by the 
Office of Management and Budget. This rule incorporates into existing 
DHS regulations the requirements of Executive Order 13526 and also 
certain internal delegations of authority not mandated by Executive 
Order 13526. The rule's qualitative benefits include additional clarity 
for the public and DHS personnel with respect to Executive Order 
13526's effect on DHS regulations. This rule imposes no additional 
costs on the public or the government.

D. Executive Order 12988

    This regulation meets the applicable standards set forth in 
sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice 
Reform.

E. Executive Order 13132

    This rule will not have substantial direct effects on the States, 
on the relationship between the national government and the States, or 
on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various 
levels of government. Therefore, in accordance with Executive Order 
13132, DHS has determined that this rule does not have sufficient 
federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a federalism 
summary impact statement.

F. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995

    This rule will not result in the expenditure by State, local, and 
tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100 
million or more in any one year, and it will not significantly or 
uniquely affect small governments. Therefore, no actions are necessary 
under the provisions of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995, 2 
U.S.C. 1501 et seq.

G. Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996

    This rule is not a major rule as defined by section 251 of the 
Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 (SBREFA), 5 
U.S.C. 804. This rule will not result in an annual effect on the 
economy of $100 million or more, a major increase in costs or prices, 
or significant adverse effects on competition, employment, investment, 
productivity, innovation, or the ability of United States-based 
enterprises to compete with foreign-based enterprises in domestic and 
export markets.

H. National Environmental Policy Act of 1969

    DHS has reviewed this action under Department of Homeland Security 
Management Directive 023-01, which guides the Department in complying 
with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) (42 U.S.C. 
4321 et seq.), and has concluded that this action is one of a category 
of actions that do not individually or cumulatively have a significant 
effect on the human environment. Because this action involves 
administrative processing and document review functions, and because 
this action merely implements preexisting requirements, we have 
determined that it qualifies for, inter alia, categorical exclusions A1 
and A3 of the Management Directive.

I. Paperwork Reduction Act

    This rule does not contain any information collection requirements 
subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et 
seq.).

J. Executive Order 13526

    This final rule has been reviewed by the Information Security 
Oversight Office of the National Archives and Records Administration 
pursuant to Executive Order 13526.

List of Subjects

6 CFR Part 7

    Classified information, Organization, functions, and authority 
delegations.

44 CFR Part 8

    Classified information.

    Accordingly, for the reasons set forth above, DHS amends 6 CFR 
chapter I, part 7, and 44 CFR chapter I, part 8, as follows:

Title 6--Domestic Security

Chapter I--Department of Homeland Security, Office of the Secretary

0
1. In Chapter I, revise part 7 to read as follows:

PART 7--CLASSIFIED NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION

Section
7.1 Purpose.
7.2 Scope.
7.3 Definitions.
Subpart A--Administration
7.10 Authority of the DHS Chief Security Officer.
7.11 Component responsibilities.
7.12 Violations of classified information requirements.
7.13 Judicial proceedings.
Subpart B--Classified Information
7.20 Classification and declassification authority.
7.21 Classification of information, limitations.
7.22 Classification pending review.
7.23 Emergency release of classified information.
7.24 Duration of classification.
7.25 Identification and markings.
7.26 Derivative classification.
7.27 Declassification and downgrading.
7.28 Automatic declassification.
7.29 National Declassification Center.
7.30 Documents of permanent historical value.
7.31 Classification challenges.
7.32 Mandatory declassification review.

    Authority: 5 U.S.C. 301; Pub. L. 107-296; E.O. 13526; 3 CFR, 
1995 Comp., p. 333; E.O. 13142, 64 FR 66089, 3 CFR, 1999 Comp., p. 
236; 32 CFR part 2001.


Sec.  7.1  Purpose.

    The purpose of this part is to ensure that information within the 
Department of Homeland Security (DHS) relating to the national security 
is classified, safeguarded, and declassified pursuant to the provisions 
of Executive Order 13526, and implementing directives from the 
Information Security Oversight Office (ISOO) of the National Archives 
and Records Administration (NARA).


Sec.  7.2  Scope.

    (a) This part applies to all employees, detailees, and non-
contractor personnel inside and outside the Executive Branch who are 
granted access to classified information by the DHS, in accordance with 
the standards in Executive Order 13526, and its implementing 
directives, and Executive Order 13549, ``Classified National Security 
Information Program for State, Local, Tribal, and Private Sector 
Entities,'' and its implementing directives.
    (b) This part does not apply to contractors, grantees and other

[[Page 44096]]

categories of personnel falling under the purview of Executive Order 
12829, National Industrial Security Program, as amended, and its 
implementing directives.
    (c) This part is independent of and does not affect any 
classification procedures or requirements of the Atomic Energy Act of 
1954, as amended (42 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.).
    (d) This part does not, and is not intended to, create any right to 
judicial review, or any other right or benefit or trust responsibility, 
substantive or procedural, enforceable by a party against the United 
States, its agencies or instrumentalities, its officers or employees, 
or any other person. This part creates limited rights to administrative 
review of decisions. This part does not, and is not intended to, create 
any right to judicial review of administrative action.


Sec.  7.3  Definitions.

    The terms defined or used in Executive Order 13526, and the 
implementing directives in 32 CFR part 2001 and 2004 are applicable to 
this part.

Subpart A--Administration


Sec.  7.10  Authority of the DHS Chief Security Officer.

    (a) The DHS Chief Security Officer (hereafter ``Chief Security 
Officer'') is designated as the Senior Agency Official as required by 
section 5.4(d) of Executive Order 13526, and, except as specifically 
provided elsewhere in this part, is authorized to administer the DHS 
Classified National Security Information program pursuant to Executive 
Order 13526.
    (b) To the extent that 32 CFR part 2001 refers to the agency head 
or ``designee,'' the Chief Security Officer is such designee unless 
determined otherwise by the Secretary. The Chief Security Officer may 
further delegate the associated authorities.
    (c) The Chief Security Officer shall, among other actions:
    (1) Oversee and administer the DHS's program established under 
Executive Order 13526;
    (2) Promulgate implementing regulations;
    (3) Establish and maintain DHS-wide security education and training 
programs, to include implementation and management of mandatory 
training for DHS officials who have been delegated original 
classification authority and those who perform derivative 
classification actions and suspension of such authority for failure to 
attend such training;
    (4) Establish and maintain an ongoing self-inspection program that 
shall include regularly reviewing representative samples of DHS's 
original and derivative classification actions, correcting instances of 
misclassification, and reporting annually to the Director of ISOO on 
the DHS self-inspection program;
    (5) Establish procedures to prevent unnecessary access to 
classified information, including procedures that:
    (i) Require that a need for access to classified information is 
established before initiating administrative procedures to grant 
access; and
    (ii) Ensure that the number of persons granted access to classified 
information is limited to the minimum necessary for operational and 
security requirements and needs;
    (6) Develop special contingency plans for the safeguarding of 
classified information used in or near hostile or potentially hostile 
areas;
    (7) Coordinate with the DHS Chief Human Capital Officer, as 
appropriate, to ensure that the performance contract or other system 
used to rate personnel performance includes the management of 
classified information as a critical element or item to be evaluated in 
the rating of:
    (i) Original classification authorities;
    (ii) Security managers or security specialists; and
    (iii) All other personnel whose duties significantly involve the 
creation or handling of classified information, including persons who 
apply derivative classification markings;
    (8) Account for the costs associated with implementing this part 
and report the cost to the Director of ISOO;
    (9) Assign in a prompt manner personnel to respond to any request, 
appeal, challenge, complaint, or suggestion concerning Executive Order 
13526, that pertains to classified information that originated in a DHS 
component that no longer exists and for which there is no clear 
successor in function;
    (10) Establish a secure capability to receive information, 
allegations, or complaints regarding over-classification or incorrect 
classification and to provide a ready source for guidance on proper 
classification;
    (11) Report violations, take corrective measures and assess 
appropriate sanctions as warranted, in accordance with Executive Order 
13526;
    (12) Oversee DHS creation and participation in special access 
programs authorized under Executive Order 13526;
    (13) Direct and administer DHS's personnel security program in 
accordance with Executive Order 12968 and other applicable law;
    (14) Direct and administer DHS implementation and compliance with 
the National Industrial Security Program in accordance with Executive 
Order 12829 and other applicable guidance; and
    (15) Perform any other duties as the Secretary may designate.
    (d) The Chief Security Officer shall maintain a current list of all 
officials authorized pursuant to this part to originally classify or 
declassify documents.
    (e) The Chief Security Officer shall establish and maintain a means 
for appointing, tracking, and training DHS officials who do or will 
perform original and derivative classification actions.
    (f) The Chief Security Officer shall administer a program for the 
implementation, management, and oversight of access to and safeguarding 
of classified information provided to state, local, tribal, and private 
sector personnel pursuant to Executive Order 13549, ``Classified 
National Security Information Program for State, Local, Tribal, and 
Private Sector Entities,'' and its implementing directives.
    (g) Nothing in this part will be interpreted to abrogate or affect 
the responsibilities of the Director of National Intelligence under the 
National Security Act of 1947, Public Law 235 (1947), as amended, and 
E.O. 12333, United States Intelligence Activities (1981), as amended, 
or any responsibilities of the Under Secretary for Intelligence and 
Analysis conferred by presidential or intelligence community directive 
implicating those authorities, insofar as those authorities concern 
classified sources, methods, and activities, classified national 
intelligence, or sensitive compartmented information and are executed 
consistent with delegations or designations of authority issued 
pursuant to the statutory authority of the Secretary.


Sec.  7.11  Components' responsibilities.

    Each DHS component shall appoint a security officer or security 
liaison to implement this part. The security officer/security liaison 
shall:
    (a) Implement, observe, and enforce security regulations or 
procedures within their component with respect to the classification, 
declassification, safeguarding, handling, and storage of classified 
national security information;
    (b) Report violations of the provisions of this part to the Chief 
Security Officer committed by employees of their component, as required 
by implementing directives;

[[Page 44097]]

    (c) Ensure that employees of their component attend mandatory 
security education and training, as required by the DHS classified 
information security procedures, to include those component officials 
delegated the authority to classify information originally and those 
who perform derivative classification actions;
    (d) Continuously review the requirements for personnel access to 
classified information as a part of the continuous need-to-know 
evaluation, and initiate action to administratively withdraw or reduce 
the level of access authorized, as appropriate; and
    (e) Cooperate fully with any request from the Chief Security 
Officer for assistance in the implementation of this part.


Sec.  7.12  Violations of classified information requirements.

    (a) Any person who suspects or has knowledge of a violation of this 
part, including the known or suspected loss or compromise of classified 
information, shall promptly report such violations or possible 
violations, pursuant to requirements set forth in DHS directives.
    (b) DHS employees and detailees may be reprimanded, suspended 
without pay, terminated from classification authority, suspended from 
or denied access to classified information, or subject to other 
sanctions in accordance with applicable law and DHS regulations or 
directives if they:
    (1) Knowingly, willfully, or negligently disclose to unauthorized 
persons information properly classified under Executive Order 13526, or 
its predecessor orders;
    (2) Knowingly, willfully, or negligently classify or continue the 
classification of information in violation of Executive Order 13526, or 
its implementing directives; or
    (3) Knowingly, willfully, or negligently create or continue a 
special access program contrary to the requirements of Executive Order 
13526; or,
    (4) Knowingly, willfully, or negligently violate any other 
provision of Executive Order 13526, or DHS implementing directives, or;
    (5) Knowingly, willfully, or negligently grant eligibility for, or 
allow access to, classified information in violation of Executive Order 
13526, or its implementing directives, this part, or DHS implementing 
directives promulgated by the Chief Security Officer.


Sec.  7.13  Judicial proceedings.

    (a) Any DHS official or organization, except for the Office of 
Inspector General in matters involving the Office of Inspector General 
only, receiving an order or subpoena from a federal or state court, or 
an administrative subpoena from a federal agency, to produce classified 
information (see 6 CFR 5.41 through 5.49), required to submit 
classified information for official DHS litigation purposes, or 
receiving classified information from another organization for 
production of such in litigation, shall notify the Office of the 
General Counsel, unless the demand for production is made by the Office 
of the General Counsel, and immediately determine from the agency 
originating the classified information whether the information can be 
declassified. If declassification is not possible, DHS representatives 
will take appropriate action to protect such information, pursuant to 
the provisions of this section.
    (b) If a determination is made under paragraph (a) of this section 
to produce classified information in a judicial proceeding in any 
manner, the DHS General Counsel attorney, or the Office of Inspector 
General attorney, if the matter involves the Office of Inspector 
General only, in conjunction with the Department of Justice, shall take 
appropriate steps to protect classified information in judicial 
proceedings and retrieve the information when the information is no 
longer required in such judicial proceedings, in accordance with the 
Department of Justice procedures, and in Federal criminal cases, 
pursuant to the requirements of Classified Information Procedures Act 
(CIPA), Public Law 96-456, 94 Stat. 2025, (18 U.S.C. App.), and the 
``Security Procedures Established Pursuant to Public Law 96-456, 94 
Stat. 2025, by the Chief Justice of the United States for the 
Protection of Classified Information,'' and other applicable 
authorities.

Subpart B--Classified Information


Sec.  7.20  Classification and declassification authority.

    (a) Top Secret original classification authority may only be 
exercised by the Secretary and by officials with a demonstrable and 
continuing need to exercise such authority and to whom such authority 
is delegated in writing by the Secretary. The Chief Security Officer, 
as the Senior Agency Official, is delegated authority to originally 
classify information up to and including Top Secret. No official who is 
delegated Top Secret original classification authority by the Secretary 
may further delegate such authority.
    (b) The Chief Security Officer may delegate Secret and Confidential 
original classification authority to other officials with a 
demonstrable and continuing need to exercise such authority. No 
official who is delegated original classification authority by the 
Secretary or the Chief Security Officer may further delegate such 
authority.
    (c) Persons who are delegated original classification authority 
shall attend mandatory classification training within 60 days of the 
delegation, and annually thereafter. Persons who fail to attend 
mandatory training shall have such authority suspended until such time 
as the training occurs.
    (1) Except for suspensions of the Inspector General's 
classification authority, the Chief Security Officer may waive a 
suspension of authority for no longer than 60 days following the due 
date of the training when unavoidable circumstances exist that prevent 
the person from attending the training.
    (2) For cases involving suspension of the Inspector General's 
classification authority under paragraph (c) of this section, only the 
Secretary or Deputy Secretary may waive such a suspension.
    (d) Officials authorized to classify information at a specified 
level are also authorized to classify information at a lower level. In 
the absence of an official authorized to exercise classification 
authority, the person designated to act in lieu of such official may 
exercise the official's classification authority.
    (e) Declassification authority may be exercised by the official who 
authorized the original classification, if that official is still 
serving in the same position and has original classification authority; 
the originator's current successor in function, if that individual has 
original classification authority; a supervisory official of either the 
originator or his or her successor in function, if the supervisory 
official has original classification authority; or officials delegated 
declassification authority by the Secretary or the Chief Security 
Officer.


Sec.  7.21  Classification of information, limitations.

    (a) Information may be originally classified only if all of the 
following standards are met:
    (1) An original classification authority is classifying the 
information;
    (2) The information is owned by, produced by or for, or is under 
the control of the United States Government;
    (3) The information falls within one or more of the categories of 
information

[[Page 44098]]

specified in section 1.4 of Executive Order 13526; and
    (4) The original classification authority determines that the 
unauthorized disclosure of the information reasonably could be expected 
to cause identifiable and describable damage to the national security.
    (b) Information shall be classified as Top Secret, Secret, or 
Confidential in accordance with and in compliance with the standards 
and criteria in Executive Order 13526. No other terms shall be used to 
identify United States classified information except as otherwise 
provided by statute.
    (c) If there is significant doubt about the need to classify 
information it shall not be classified. If classification is warranted 
but there is significant doubt about the appropriate level of 
classification it shall be classified at the lower level.
    (d) Original classification decisions made by a DHS original 
classification authority shall be incorporated into a security 
classification guide in a timely manner but no later than one year from 
the date of the original decision. Such decisions shall be reported to 
the Office of the Chief Security Officer, Administrative Security 
Division, within thirty days following the original classification 
decision.
    (e) All DHS security classification guides shall be coordinated 
through and receive the concurrence of the Office of the Chief Security 
Officer, Administrative Security Division, prior to approval and 
publication by an original classification authority.
    (f) Information shall not be classified in order to:
    (1) Conceal inefficiency, violations of law, or administrative 
error;
    (2) Prevent embarrassment to a person, organization, or agency;
    (3) Restrain competition;
    (4) Prevent or delay release of information that does not require 
protection in the interest of national security.
    (g) Information may not be reclassified after it has been 
declassified and released to the public under proper authority unless:
    (1) The reclassification is approved in writing by the Secretary 
based on a document-by-document determination that the reclassification 
of the information is required to prevent significant and demonstrable 
damage to the national security;
    (2) The reclassification of the information meets the standards and 
criteria for classification pursuant to Executive Order 13526;
    (3) The information may be reasonably recovered without bringing 
undue attention to the information; and
    (4) The reclassification action is reported promptly to the 
Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs (National 
Security Advisor) and the Director of ISOO.
    (5) For documents in the physical and legal custody of the National 
Archives and Records Administration that have previously been made 
available for public use and determined to warrant reclassification per 
paragraphs (g)(1) through (4) of this section, the Secretary shall 
notify the Archivist of the United States, who shall suspend public 
access pending approval by the Director of ISOO. Any such decision made 
by the Director of ISOO may be appealed by the Secretary to the 
President through the National Security Advisor.
    (h) Information that has not previously been disclosed to the 
public under proper authority may be classified or reclassified after 
DHS has received a request for it under the Freedom of Information Act 
(5 U.S.C. 552), the Presidential Records Act, 44 U.S.C. 2204(c)(1), the 
Privacy Act of 1974 (5 U.S.C. 552a), or the mandatory review provisions 
of Executive Order 13526, section 3.5. When it is necessary to classify 
or reclassify such information, it shall be done so on a document-by-
document basis with the personal participation of and under the 
direction of the Secretary or Deputy Secretary.


Sec.  7.22  Classification pending review.

    (a) Whenever persons who do not have original classification 
authority originate or develop information that they believe requires 
immediate classification and safeguarding, and no authorized original 
classifier is available, that person shall:
    (1) Safeguard the information in a manner appropriate for the 
classification level they believe it to be;
    (2) Apply the appropriate overall classification markings; and
    (3) Within five working days, securely transmit the information to 
the organization that has appropriate subject matter interest and 
original classification authority.
    (b) When it is not clear which component would be the appropriate 
original classifier, the information shall be sent to the Office of the 
Chief Security Officer, Administrative Security Division, to determine 
the appropriate organization.
    (c) The applicable original classification authority shall decide 
within 30 days of receipt whether the information warrants 
classification pursuant to Executive Order 13526 and shall render such 
decision in writing.


Sec.  7.23  Emergency release of classified information.

    (a) The DHS Undersecretary for Management has delegated to certain 
DHS employees the authority to disclose classified information to an 
individual or individuals not otherwise eligible for access in 
emergency situations when there is an imminent threat to life or in 
defense of the homeland.
    (b) In exercising this authority, the delegees shall adhere to the 
following conditions:
    (1) Limit the amount of classified information disclosed to a 
minimum to achieve the intended purpose;
    (2) Limit the number of individuals who receive it to only those 
persons with a specific need-to-know;
    (3) Transmit the classified information through approved 
communication channels by the most secure and expeditious method 
possible, or by other means deemed necessary in exigent circumstances;
    (4) Provide instructions about what specific information is 
classified and how it should be safeguarded. Physical custody of 
classified information must remain with an authorized Federal 
Government entity, in all but the most extraordinary circumstances as 
determined by the delegated official;
    (5) Provide appropriate briefings to the recipients on their 
responsibilities not to disclose the information and obtain from the 
recipients a signed DHS Emergency Release of Classified Information 
Non-disclosure Form. In emergency situations requiring immediate verbal 
release of information, the signed nondisclosure agreement 
memorializing the briefing may be received after the emergency abates;
    (6) Within 72 hours of the disclosure of classified information, or 
the earliest opportunity that the emergency permits, but no later than 
7 days after the release, the disclosing authority must notify the DHS 
Office of the Chief Security Officer, Administrative Security Division, 
and the originating agency of the information disclosed. A copy of the 
signed nondisclosure agreements should be forwarded with the 
notification, or as soon thereafter as practical.
    (7) Release of information pursuant to this authority does not 
constitute declassification of the information.
    (8) Authority to disclose classified information under the above 
conditions may not be further delegated.


Sec.  7.24  Duration of classification.

    (a) At the time of original classification, original classification

[[Page 44099]]

authorities shall apply a date or event in which the information will 
be automatically declassified.
    (b) The original classification authority shall attempt to 
establish a specific date or event that is not more than 10 years from 
the date of origination in which the information will be automatically 
declassified. If the original classification authority cannot determine 
an earlier specific date or event it shall be marked for automatic 
declassification 10 years from the date of origination.
    (c) If the original classification authority determines that the 
sensitivity of the information requires classification beyond 10 years, 
it may be marked for automatic declassification for up to 25 years from 
the date of the original classification decision.
    (d) Original classification authorities do not have the authority 
to classify or retain the classification of information beyond 25 years 
from the date of origination. The only exceptions to this rule are 
information that would clearly and demonstrably be expected to reveal 
the identity of a confidential human source or human intelligence 
source, or, key design concepts of weapons of mass destruction. In 
these instances, the information shall be marked for declassification 
based on implementing directives issued pursuant to Executive Order 
13526. In all other instances, classification beyond 25 years shall 
only be authorized in accordance with Sec.  7.28 and Executive Order 
13526.


Sec.  7.25  Identification and markings.

    (a) Classified information, in all forms, must be marked in a 
manner that is immediately apparent pursuant to the standards set forth 
in section 1.6 of Executive Order 13526; 32 CFR part 2001, subpart B; 
and internal DHS guidance approved and distributed by the Office of the 
Chief Security Officer.
    (b) Foreign government information shall retain its original 
classification markings or be assigned a U.S. classification that 
provides a degree of protection at least equivalent to that required by 
the entity that furnished the information.
    (c) Information assigned a level of classification under 
predecessor Executive Orders shall remain classified at that level of 
classification, except as otherwise provided herein, i.e., the 
information is reclassified or declassified.


Sec.  7.26  Derivative classification.

    (a) Derivative classification is defined as the incorporating, 
paraphrasing, restating, or generating in a new form information that 
is already classified, and marking the newly developed material 
consistent with the classification markings that apply to the source 
information. Information is also derivatively classified when 
classification is based on instructions provided in a security 
classification guide.
    (b) Persons need not possess original classification authority to 
derivatively classify information based on source documents or 
classification guides.
    (c) Persons who perform derivative classification actions shall be 
designated as authorized derivative classifiers as specified in 
directives published by the Office of the Chief Security Officer.
    (d) Persons who are designated as authorized derivative classifiers 
shall attend mandatory classification training before performing 
derivative classification actions, and once every two years thereafter. 
Persons who fail to attend mandatory training shall have such authority 
suspended until such time as the training occurs.
    (1) Except for suspensions of the Office of Inspector General's 
classification authority, the Chief Security Officer may waive the 
suspension of authority for no longer than 60 days following the due 
date of the training when unavoidable circumstances exist that prevent 
the person from attending the training.
    (2) For cases involving suspension of the Office of Inspector 
General's classification authority under paragraph (d) of this section, 
only the Secretary or Deputy Secretary may waive such a suspension.
    (e) Persons who apply derivative classification markings shall 
observe original classification decisions and carry forward to any 
newly created documents the pertinent classification markings.
    (f) Information classified derivatively from other classified 
information shall be classified and marked in accordance with the 
standards set forth in sections 2.1 and 2.2 of Executive Order 13526, 
32 CFR part 2001, and internal DHS guidance provided by the Office of 
the Chief Security Officer.


Sec.  7.27  Declassification and downgrading.

    (a) Classified information shall be declassified as soon as it no 
longer meets the standards for classification. Declassification and 
downgrading is governed by part 3 of Executive Order 13526, 
implementing ISOO directives at 32 CFR part 2001, subpart C, and 
applicable internal DHS direction provided by the Office of the Chief 
Security Officer.
    (b) Information shall be declassified or downgraded by the official 
who authorized the original classification if that official is still 
serving in the same position and has original classification authority, 
the originator's successor if that position has original classification 
authority, or a supervisory official of either if that position has 
original classification authority, or, by officials delegated such 
authority in writing by the Secretary or the Chief Security Officer, 
or, pursuant to section 3.1.(e) of Executive Order 13526, the Director 
of the Information Security Oversight Office.
    (c) It is presumed that information that continues to meet the 
classification requirements under Executive Order 13526 requires 
continued protection. In some exceptional cases during declassification 
reviews, the need to protect classified information may be outweighed 
by the public interest in disclosure of the information, and in these 
cases the information should be declassified. If it appears that the 
public interest in disclosure of the information may outweigh the need 
to protect the information, the declassification reviewing official 
shall refer the information with a recommendation for decision to the 
Chief Security Officer. The Chief Security Officer shall review the 
information and after consulting with the applicable original 
classification authority and other components and agencies with 
equities, make a recommendation to the Secretary on whether the public 
interest in disclosure outweighs the damage to national security that 
might reasonably be expected from disclosure. The Secretary shall 
decide whether to declassify the information. The decision of the 
Secretary shall be final. This provision does not amplify or modify the 
substantive criteria or procedures for classification or create any 
substantive or procedural rights subject to judicial review.
    (d) Each component shall develop schedules for declassification of 
records in the National Archives.


Sec.  7.28  Automatic declassification.

    (a) Subject to paragraph (b) of this section and paragraphs 3.3(b)-
(d) and (g)-(j) of Executive Order 13526, all classified information 
contained in records that are more than 25 years old that have been 
determined to have permanent historical value shall be declassified 
automatically on December 31st of the year that is 25 years from the 
date of origin.
    (b) At least one year before information is declassified 
automatically under this section, the Chief Security Officer shall 
notify the ISOO of any specific information that

[[Page 44100]]

DHS proposes to exempt from automatic declassification. The 
notification shall include:
    (1) A description of the information;
    (2) An explanation of why the information is exempt from automatic 
declassification and must remain classified for a longer period of 
time; and
    (3) A specific date or event for declassification of the 
information whenever the information exempted does not identify a 
confidential human source or human intelligence source, or, key design 
concepts of weapons of mass destruction.
    (c) Proposed exemptions under this section shall be forwarded to 
the Chief Security Officer. When the Chief Security Officer determines 
the exemption request is consistent with this section, he or she will 
submit the exemption request to the Executive Secretary of the 
Interagency Security Classification Appeals Panel (ISCAP) for approval.
    (d) Declassification guides that narrowly and precisely define 
exempted information may be used to exempt information from automatic 
declassification. Declassification guides must include the exemption 
notification information detailed in paragraph (b) of this section, and 
be approved pursuant to paragraph (c) of this section. The creation of 
declassification guides to cite proposed or ISCAP-approved DHS 
exemptions shall be coordinated through and processed by the Office of 
the Chief Security Officer, Administrative Security Division.


Sec.  7.29  National Declassification Center.

    (a) The Chief Security Officer and applicable components will 
support the NARA, National Declassification Center (NDC), which was 
established to streamline declassification processes, facilitate 
quality-assurance measures, and implement standardized training 
regarding the declassification of records determined to have permanent 
historical value. The Chief Security Officer will assign DHS personnel 
on an as-needed basis to address declassification matters and 
priorities containing DHS equities.
    (b) The Office of the Chief Security Officer shall provide the NDC 
with all DHS classification and declassification guides that include 
ISCAP-approved exemptions from automatic declassification.
    (c) The Chief Security Officer, or his designee, shall oversee DHS-
wide support to the NDC, including representing DHS in consultations 
with the NDC Director.


Sec.  7.30  Documents of permanent historical value.

    The original classification authority, to the greatest extent 
possible, shall declassify classified information contained in records 
determined to have permanent historical value under 44 U.S.C. 2107 
before they are accessioned into the National Archives.


Sec.  7.31  Classification challenges.

    (a) Authorized holders of information classified by DHS or any 
other agency who, in good faith, believe that specific information is 
improperly or unnecessarily classified are encouraged and expected to 
challenge the classification status of that information pursuant to 
section 1.8 of Executive Order 13526. Authorized holders may submit 
classification challenges in writing to the original classification 
authority with jurisdiction over the information in question. If an 
original classification authority cannot be determined, the challenge 
shall be submitted to the Office of the Chief Security Officer, 
Administrative Security Division. The challenge need not be more 
specific than a question as to why the information is or is not 
classified, or is classified at a certain level.
    (b) If anonymity of the challenger is requested, the challenger may 
submit the challenge to the Office of the Chief Security Officer, 
Administrative Security Division. The Administrative Security Division 
will act as an agent for the challenger and the identity of the 
challenger will be redacted.
    (c) The original classification authority shall no later than 60 
days from receipt of the challenge, provide a written response to the 
submitter. The original classification authority may classify or 
declassify the information subject to the challenge and, if applicable, 
state specific reasons why the original classification determination 
was proper. If the original classification authority is not able to 
respond within 60 days, he or she shall inform the individual who filed 
the challenge in writing of that fact, and the anticipated 
determination date.
    (d) The individual challenging the classification will be notified 
of the determination made by the original classification authority and 
that the individual may appeal this determination to the Chief Security 
Officer, or in cases involving appeals by Office of Inspector General 
employees, the Secretary or Deputy Secretary. Upon receipt of such 
appeals, the Chief Security Officer, or in cases involving appeals by 
Office of Inspector General employees, the Secretary or Deputy 
Secretary, shall convene a DHS Classification Appeals Panel (DHS/CAP). 
The DHS/CAP shall, at a minimum, consist of representatives from the 
Office of the Chief Security Officer, the Office of General Counsel, 
and a representative from the component having jurisdiction over the 
information. Additional members may be added as determined by the Chief 
Security Officer. The DHS/CAP shall be chaired by the Chief Security 
Officer.
    (e) If the requester files an appeal through the DHS/CAP, and the 
appeal is denied, the requester shall be notified of the right to 
appeal the denial to the Interagency Security Classification Appeals 
Panel (ISCAP) pursuant to section 5.3 of Executive Order 13526, and the 
rules issued by the ISCAP pursuant to section 5.3 of Executive Order 
13526.
    (f) Any individual who challenges a classification and believes 
that any action has been taken against him or her in retaliation or 
retribution because of that challenge may report the facts to the 
Office of Inspector General via its Hotline or Web site, or other 
appropriate office.
    (g) Nothing in this section shall prohibit a person from informally 
challenging the classified status of information directly to the 
original classification authority.
    (h) Classification challenge provisions are not applicable to 
documents required to be submitted for prepublication review or other 
administrative process pursuant to an approved non-disclosure 
agreement.
    (i) Requests for review of classified material for declassification 
by persons other than authorized holders are governed by Sec.  7.32.


Sec.  7.32  Mandatory declassification review.

    (a) Any individual, as ``individual'' is defined by 5 U.S.C. 
552a(a)(2) (with the exception of a foreign government entity or any 
representative thereof), may request that classified information be 
reviewed for declassification pursuant to the mandatory 
declassification review provisions of section 3.5 of Executive Order 
13526. Such requests must be sent to the Departmental Disclosure 
Officer, Privacy Office, 245 Murray Lane SW., Building 410, Washington, 
DC 20528.
    (b) The request must describe the document or material with enough 
specificity to allow it to be located by the component with a 
reasonable amount of effort. Components will generally consider 
deficient any requests for declassification review of, for instance, 
broad categories of

[[Page 44101]]

information, entire file series of records, or similar non-specific 
requests.
    (1) When the description of the information in the request is 
deficient, the component shall solicit as much additional identifying 
information as possible from the requester.
    (2) If the information or material requested cannot be obtained 
with a reasonable amount of effort, the component shall provide the 
requester, through the DHS Disclosure Officer, with written 
notification of the reasons why no action will be taken and of the 
requester's right to appeal.
    (c) Requests for review of information that has been subjected to a 
declassification review request within the preceding two years shall 
not be processed. The DHS Disclosure Officer will notify the requester 
of such denial.
    (d) Mandatory Declassification Review provisions are not applicable 
to documents required to be submitted for prepublication review or 
other administrative process pursuant to an approved non-disclosure 
agreement.
    (e) Requests for information exempted from search or review under 
sections 701, 702, or 703 of the National Security Act of 1947, as 
added and amended (50 U.S.C. 431-433), or other provisions of law, 
shall not be processed. The DHS Disclosure Officer will notify the 
requester of such denial.
    (f) If documents or material being reviewed for declassification 
under this section contain information that has been originally 
classified by another government agency, the reviewing authority shall 
notify the DHS Disclosure Officer. Unless the association of that 
organization with the requested information is itself classified, the 
DHS Disclosure Officer will then notify the requester of the referral.
    (g) A DHS component may refuse to confirm or deny the existence, or 
non-existence, of requested information when its existence or non-
existence, is properly classified.
    (h) DHS components shall make a final determination on the request 
as soon as practicable but within one year from receipt. When 
information cannot be declassified in its entirety, components shall 
make reasonable efforts to redact those portions that still meet the 
standards for classification and release those declassified portions of 
the requested information that constitute a coherent segment.
    (i) DHS components shall notify the DHS Disclosure Officer of the 
determination made in the processing of a mandatory review request. 
Such notification shall include the number of pages declassified in 
full; the number of pages declassified in part; and the number of pages 
where declassification was denied.
    (j) The DHS Disclosure Officer shall maintain a record of all 
mandatory review actions for reporting in accordance with applicable 
Federal requirements.
    (k) The mandatory declassification review system shall provide for 
administrative appeal in cases where the review results in the 
information remaining classified. The requester shall be notified of 
the results of the review and of the right to appeal the denial of 
declassification. To address such appeals, the DHS Disclosure Office 
shall convene a DHS Classification Appeals Panel (DHS/CAP). The DHS/CAP 
shall, at a minimum, consist of representatives from the Disclosure 
Office, the Office of the Chief Security Officer, the Office of General 
Counsel, and a representative from the component having jurisdiction 
over the information. Additional members may be added as determined by 
the DHS Disclosure Officer. The DHS/CAP shall be chaired by the DHS 
Disclosure Officer.
    (l) If the requester files an appeal through the DHS/CAP, and the 
appeal is denied, the requester shall be notified of the right to 
appeal the denial to the ISCAP pursuant to section 5.3 of Executive 
Order 13526, and the rules issued by the ISCAP pursuant to section 5.3 
of Executive Order 13526.

Title 44--Emergency Management and Assistance

Chapter I--Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland 
Security

PART 8--[REMOVED AND RESERVED]

0
2. Under the authority of 5 U.S.C. 301 and E.O. 13526, remove and 
reserve part 8, consisting of Sec. Sec.  8.1 through 8.4.

Jeh Charles Johnson,
Secretary.
[FR Doc. 2014-17836 Filed 7-29-14; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 9110-9B-P