Special Conditions: Airbus Model A350-900 Airplanes; Isolation or Protection of the Aircraft Electronic System Security From Unauthorized Internal Access, 43239-43240 [2014-17576]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 143 / Friday, July 25, 2014 / Rules and Regulations 2. Maintenance of Acceptable Acceleration and Loads Experienced by the Occupants DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION The applicant must show that the impact response characteristics of the Airbus Model A350–900 airplane, specifically the vertical acceleration levels experienced at the seat/floor interface, and loads experienced by the occupants during the impact events, are consistent with those found in § 25.562(b), or with levels expected for a previously certificated wide-body transport-category airplane for the conditions stated above. 14 CFR Part 25 3. Maintenance of a Survivable Volume For the conditions stated above, the applicant must show that all areas of the airplane occupied for takeoff and landing provide a survivable volume comparable to that of previously certificated wide-body transportcategory airplanes of similar size during and after the impact event. This means that structural deformation will not result in infringement of the occupants’ normal living space, so that passenger survivability will not be significantly affected. 4. Maintenance of Occupant Emergency Egress Paths The evacuation of occupants must be comparable to that from a previously certificated wide-body transportcategory airplane of similar size. To show this, the applicant must show that the suitability of the egress paths, as determined following the verticalimpact events, is comparable to the suitability of the egress paths of a comparable, certificated, wide-body transport-category airplane, as determined following the same verticalimpact events. Issued in Renton, Washington, on July 9, 2014. Jeffrey E. Duven, Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2014–17574 Filed 7–24–14; 8:45 am] rmajette on DSK2TPTVN1PROD with RULES BILLING CODE 4910–13–P VerDate Mar<15>2010 15:26 Jul 24, 2014 Jkt 232001 Federal Aviation Administration [Docket No. FAA–2013–0910; Special Conditions No. 25–534–SC] Special Conditions: Airbus Model A350–900 Airplanes; Isolation or Protection of the Aircraft Electronic System Security From Unauthorized Internal Access Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final special conditions. AGENCY: These special conditions are issued for Airbus Model A350–900 airplanes. These airplanes will have a novel or unusual design feature associated with airplane electronic system security protection or isolation from unauthorized internal access. The applicable airworthiness regulations do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for this design feature. These special conditions contain the additional safety standards that the Administrator considers necessary to establish a level of safety equivalent to that established by the existing airworthiness standards. DATES: Effective Date: August 25, 2014. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Varun Khanna, FAA, Airplane and Flightcrew Interface Branch, ANM–111, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, Washington, 98057–3356; telephone (425) 227–1298; facsimile (425) 227–1320. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: Background On August 25, 2008, Airbus applied for a type certificate for their new Model A350–900 airplane. Later, Airbus requested, and the FAA approved, an extension to the application for FAA type certification to November 15, 2009. The Model A350–900 airplane has a conventional layout with twin wingmounted Rolls-Royce Trent XWB engines. It features a twin-aisle, 9abreast, economy-class layout, and accommodates side-by-side placement of LD–3 containers in the cargo compartment. The basic Model A350– 900 airplane configuration accommodates 315 passengers in a standard two-class arrangement. The design cruise speed is Mach 0.85 with a maximum take-off weight of 602,000 lbs. Contemporary transport-category airplanes have both safety-related and PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 43239 non-safety-related electronic system networks for many operational functions. However, electronic system network security considerations and functions have played a relatively minor role in the certification of such systems because of the isolation, protection mechanisms, and limited connectivity between the different networks. Type Certification Basis Under Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) 21.17, Airbus must show that the Model A350–900 airplane meets the applicable provisions of 14 CFR part 25, as amended by Amendments 25–1 through 25–129. If the Administrator finds that the applicable airworthiness regulations (i.e., 14 CFR part 25) do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for the Model A350–900 airplane because of a novel or unusual design feature, special conditions are prescribed under § 21.16. Special conditions are initially applicable to the model for which they are issued. Should the type certificate for that model be amended later to include any other model that incorporates the same novel or unusual design feature, the special conditions would also apply to the other model under § 21.101. In addition to the applicable airworthiness regulations and special conditions, the Model A350–900 airplane must comply with the fuel-vent and exhaust-emission requirements of 14 CFR part 34, and the noisecertification requirements of 14 CFR part 36. The FAA must issue a finding of regulatory adequacy under section 611 of Public Law 92–574, the ‘‘Noise Control Act of 1972.’’ The FAA issues special conditions, as defined in 14 CFR 11.19, under § 11.38, and they become part of the typecertification basis under § 21.17(a)(2). Novel or Unusual Design Features The Airbus Model A350–900 airplane will incorporate the following novel or unusual design feature: An electronics network system architecture that is novel or unusual for commercial transport airplanes, and that introduces potential security risks and vulnerabilities not addressed in current regulations and airplane-level or system-level safety assessment methods. Discussion The Airbus Model A350–900 airplane architecture is novel or unusual for commercial transport airplanes because it allows connection to previously isolated data networks connected to systems that perform functions required E:\FR\FM\25JYR1.SGM 25JYR1 43240 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 143 / Friday, July 25, 2014 / Rules and Regulations for the safe operation of the airplane. This data network-and-design integration may result in security vulnerabilities from intentional or unintentional corruption of data and systems critical to the safety and maintenance of the airplane. The existing regulations and guidance material did not anticipate this type of system architecture or electronic access to airplane systems. Furthermore, 14 CFR regulations, and current systemsafety assessment policy and techniques, do not address potential security vulnerabilities, which could be exploited by unauthorized access to airplane networks and servers. Therefore, these special conditions are to ensure that the security of airplane systems and networks is not compromised by unauthorized wired or wireless internal access. These special conditions contain the additional safety standards that the Administrator considers necessary to establish a level of safety equivalent to that established by the existing airworthiness standards. Discussion of Comments certification basis for Airbus Model A350–900 airplanes. Isolation of the Airplane Electronic System Security Protection from Unauthorized Internal Access 1. The applicant must ensure that the design provides isolation from, or airplane electronic system security protection against, access by unauthorized sources internal to the airplane. The design must prevent inadvertent and malicious changes to, and all adverse impacts upon, airplane equipment, systems, networks, or other assets required for safe flight and operations. 2. The applicant must establish appropriate procedures to allow the operator to ensure that continued airworthiness of the airplane is maintained, including all post-typecertification modifications that may have an impact on the approved electronic system security safeguards. Issued in Renton, Washington, on July 9, 2014. Jeffrey E. Duven, Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service. Notice of proposed special conditions no. 25–13–20–SC for Airbus Model A350–900 airplanes was published in the Federal Register on December 17, 2013 (78 FR 76252). No comments were received, and the special conditions are adopted as proposed. [FR Doc. 2014–17576 Filed 7–24–14; 8:45 am] Applicability 14 CFR Part 91 As discussed above, these special conditions are applicable to Airbus Model A350–900 airplanes. Should Airbus apply later for a change to the type certificate to include another model incorporating the same novel or unusual design feature, the special conditions would apply to that model as well. [Docket No. FAA–2014–0396] Conclusion List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 25 Aircraft, Aviation safety, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. The authority citation for these special conditions is as follows: rmajette on DSK2TPTVN1PROD with RULES DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration Interpretation of the Special Rule for Model Aircraft Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of interpretation with request for comment; Extension of comment period. AGENCY: The FAA is extending the comment period on its Interpretation of the Special Rule for Model Aircraft that was published on June 25, 2014. DATES: The comment period for the notice of interpretation published June 25, 2014 (79 FR 36172), is extended. Comments must be received on or before September 23, 2014. ADDRESSES: You may send comments identified by docket number FAA– 2014–0396 using any of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov and follow the online instructions for sending your comments electronically. • Mail: Send comments to Docket Operations, M–30; U.S. Department of SUMMARY: This action affects only certain novel or unusual design features on Airbus Model A350–900 airplanes. It is not a rule of general applicability. Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701, 44702, 44704. The Special Conditions Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the following special conditions are issued as part of the type- VerDate Mar<15>2010 BILLING CODE 4910–13–P 15:26 Jul 24, 2014 Jkt 232001 PO 00000 Frm 00010 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 9990 Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, West Building Ground Floor, Washington, DC 20590– 0001. • Hand Delivery: Take comments to Docket Operations in Room W12–140 of the West Building Ground Floor at 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. • Fax: (202) 493–2251. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dean E. Griffith, Attorney, International Law, Legislation, and Regulations Division, Office of the Chief Counsel, Federal Aviation Administration, 800 Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20591; telephone (202) 267–3073; email: dean.griffith@faa.gov. The FAA published a notice of interpretation with request for comment in the Federal Register on June 25, 2014 (79 FR 36172) that discussed the FAA’s interpretation of the Special Rule for Model Aircraft established in section 336 of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012. The notice requested that interested parties submit written comments by July 25, 2014. On July 16, 2014, the Academy of Model Aeronautics submitted a request to extend the comment period by 60 days, citing the need to ‘‘educate the aeromodeling community, clarify the issues, and respond to questions regarding the impact that the interpretive rule has on various aspects of the modeling activity.’’ The FAA agrees that additional time for the submission of comments would be helpful, and therefore has decided to extend the comment period until September 23, 2014. The FAA expects that the additional time for comments will allow the affected community to prepare meaningful comments which will help the FAA to determine what clarifications to the interpretation may be necessary. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Issued in Washington, DC, on July 22, 2014. Mark W. Bury, Assistant Chief Counsel for International Law, Legislation, and Regulations. [FR Doc. 2014–17528 Filed 7–24–14; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P E:\FR\FM\25JYR1.SGM 25JYR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 79, Number 143 (Friday, July 25, 2014)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 43239-43240]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2014-17576]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 25

[Docket No. FAA-2013-0910; Special Conditions No. 25-534-SC]


Special Conditions: Airbus Model A350-900 Airplanes; Isolation or 
Protection of the Aircraft Electronic System Security From Unauthorized 
Internal Access

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Final special conditions.

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SUMMARY: These special conditions are issued for Airbus Model A350-900 
airplanes. These airplanes will have a novel or unusual design feature 
associated with airplane electronic system security protection or 
isolation from unauthorized internal access. The applicable 
airworthiness regulations do not contain adequate or appropriate safety 
standards for this design feature. These special conditions contain the 
additional safety standards that the Administrator considers necessary 
to establish a level of safety equivalent to that established by the 
existing airworthiness standards.

DATES: Effective Date: August 25, 2014.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Varun Khanna, FAA, Airplane and 
Flightcrew Interface Branch, ANM-111, Transport Airplane Directorate, 
Aircraft Certification Service, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, 
Washington, 98057-3356; telephone (425) 227-1298; facsimile (425) 227-
1320.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

    On August 25, 2008, Airbus applied for a type certificate for their 
new Model A350-900 airplane. Later, Airbus requested, and the FAA 
approved, an extension to the application for FAA type certification to 
November 15, 2009. The Model A350-900 airplane has a conventional 
layout with twin wing-mounted Rolls-Royce Trent XWB engines. It 
features a twin-aisle, 9-abreast, economy-class layout, and 
accommodates side-by-side placement of LD-3 containers in the cargo 
compartment. The basic Model A350-900 airplane configuration 
accommodates 315 passengers in a standard two-class arrangement. The 
design cruise speed is Mach 0.85 with a maximum take-off weight of 
602,000 lbs.
    Contemporary transport-category airplanes have both safety-related 
and non-safety-related electronic system networks for many operational 
functions. However, electronic system network security considerations 
and functions have played a relatively minor role in the certification 
of such systems because of the isolation, protection mechanisms, and 
limited connectivity between the different networks.

Type Certification Basis

    Under Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) 21.17, Airbus 
must show that the Model A350-900 airplane meets the applicable 
provisions of 14 CFR part 25, as amended by Amendments 25-1 through 25-
129.
    If the Administrator finds that the applicable airworthiness 
regulations (i.e., 14 CFR part 25) do not contain adequate or 
appropriate safety standards for the Model A350-900 airplane because of 
a novel or unusual design feature, special conditions are prescribed 
under Sec.  21.16.
    Special conditions are initially applicable to the model for which 
they are issued. Should the type certificate for that model be amended 
later to include any other model that incorporates the same novel or 
unusual design feature, the special conditions would also apply to the 
other model under Sec.  21.101.
    In addition to the applicable airworthiness regulations and special 
conditions, the Model A350-900 airplane must comply with the fuel-vent 
and exhaust-emission requirements of 14 CFR part 34, and the noise-
certification requirements of 14 CFR part 36. The FAA must issue a 
finding of regulatory adequacy under section 611 of Public Law 92-574, 
the ``Noise Control Act of 1972.''
    The FAA issues special conditions, as defined in 14 CFR 11.19, 
under Sec.  11.38, and they become part of the type-certification basis 
under Sec.  21.17(a)(2).

Novel or Unusual Design Features

    The Airbus Model A350-900 airplane will incorporate the following 
novel or unusual design feature: An electronics network system 
architecture that is novel or unusual for commercial transport 
airplanes, and that introduces potential security risks and 
vulnerabilities not addressed in current regulations and airplane-level 
or system-level safety assessment methods.

Discussion

    The Airbus Model A350-900 airplane architecture is novel or unusual 
for commercial transport airplanes because it allows connection to 
previously isolated data networks connected to systems that perform 
functions required

[[Page 43240]]

for the safe operation of the airplane. This data network-and-design 
integration may result in security vulnerabilities from intentional or 
unintentional corruption of data and systems critical to the safety and 
maintenance of the airplane. The existing regulations and guidance 
material did not anticipate this type of system architecture or 
electronic access to airplane systems. Furthermore, 14 CFR regulations, 
and current system-safety assessment policy and techniques, do not 
address potential security vulnerabilities, which could be exploited by 
unauthorized access to airplane networks and servers. Therefore, these 
special conditions are to ensure that the security of airplane systems 
and networks is not compromised by unauthorized wired or wireless 
internal access.
    These special conditions contain the additional safety standards 
that the Administrator considers necessary to establish a level of 
safety equivalent to that established by the existing airworthiness 
standards.

Discussion of Comments

    Notice of proposed special conditions no. 25-13-20-SC for Airbus 
Model A350-900 airplanes was published in the Federal Register on 
December 17, 2013 (78 FR 76252). No comments were received, and the 
special conditions are adopted as proposed.

Applicability

    As discussed above, these special conditions are applicable to 
Airbus Model A350-900 airplanes. Should Airbus apply later for a change 
to the type certificate to include another model incorporating the same 
novel or unusual design feature, the special conditions would apply to 
that model as well.

Conclusion

    This action affects only certain novel or unusual design features 
on Airbus Model A350-900 airplanes. It is not a rule of general 
applicability.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 25

    Aircraft, Aviation safety, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements.
    The authority citation for these special conditions is as follows:

    Authority:  49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701, 44702, 44704.

The Special Conditions

    Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me by the 
Administrator, the following special conditions are issued as part of 
the type-certification basis for Airbus Model A350-900 airplanes.

Isolation of the Airplane Electronic System Security Protection from 
Unauthorized Internal Access

    1. The applicant must ensure that the design provides isolation 
from, or airplane electronic system security protection against, access 
by unauthorized sources internal to the airplane. The design must 
prevent inadvertent and malicious changes to, and all adverse impacts 
upon, airplane equipment, systems, networks, or other assets required 
for safe flight and operations.
    2. The applicant must establish appropriate procedures to allow the 
operator to ensure that continued airworthiness of the airplane is 
maintained, including all post-type-certification modifications that 
may have an impact on the approved electronic system security 
safeguards.

    Issued in Renton, Washington, on July 9, 2014.
Jeffrey E. Duven,
Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification 
Service.
[FR Doc. 2014-17576 Filed 7-24-14; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-13-P