Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Oakland Museum of California, 18063-18064 [2014-07147]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 61 / Monday, March 31, 2014 / Notices tkelley on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES agency that has control of the Native American cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. History and Description of the Cultural Item(s) In 1951 to 1953, unassociated funerary objects and objects of cultural patrimony were removed from the sites of Birnirk, Nuvuk, and the Brower Grave site near Point Barrow in North Slope Borough, AK. The objects were recovered during archeological excavations authorized under an Antiquities Act permit and directed by Wilbert Carter of the Peabody Museum, Harvard University. The collections were returned to the Peabody Museum, were transferred for a time to Tufts University, and were returned to the Peabody Museum by Mr. Carter in 1984. The archeological collections were transferred to a Department of the Navy contract facility in Conshohocken, PA in 2006, and in 2011, the objects were transferred to the Museum of the North, University of Alaska at Fairbanks. The four unassociated funerary objects were retrieved from the ‘‘Brower Grave Site, Barrow,’’ and include three pottery sherds and one antler arrow point. The four objects from the Brower Grave Site were evidently recovered from the surface, as there is no indication that the grave was excavated. Two objects of cultural patrimony (a wooden mask from Mound 5 and an ivory drum handle with an effigy end from Midden H) were removed in July 1952 from the Nuvuk site on Point Barrow. One object of cultural patrimony (a small wooden mask from Mound Q) was removed in 1951 at the Birnirk site near Point Barrow. All three objects were evaluated during the NAGPRA consultation process and determined to be objects of cultural patrimony. The wooden mask from Nuvuk Mound 5 was considered during the consultation to have reflected dance ceremonies probably within a karigi, a nexus of whale hunting activity and broader social interaction. Robert Spencer (The North Alaskan Eskimo, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 171 (1959), pages 293–294) discussed masks as follows: ‘‘These were never too important in the North Alaskan Eskimo areas . . . . The masks which were used were principally dance masks. There may have been a concept of supernatural impersonation but certainly, it is not well developed. A suggestion of this appears in the dances associated with the whaling feasts . . . . The mask was a simple wooden face mask with slits for eyes and mouth. VerDate Mar<15>2010 18:10 Mar 28, 2014 Jkt 232001 . . .’’ The mask from Nuvuk Mound 5 conforms very closely to this description. Spencer noted that John Murdoch (Ethnological Results of the Point Barrow Expedition, Ninth Annual Report of the Bureau for Ethnology (1892), pages 366–369) had observed and illustrated such masks in use in the Point Barrow area. The ivory drum handle with an effigy end from Nuvuk Midden H was considered to be associated with dance celebrations that continue to be practiced on various occasions by modern inhabitants of the region. This continuity was emphasized by Wilbert Carter (Masterpieces of the Peabody Museum (1978), page 19): ‘‘Eskimos were also known to carve a lifelike human face on one end of a drum handle, the end obscured from view under the tambourine-type drumhead. Even modern Eskimos immediately interpret this and see no contradiction in the amount of artistic effort exerted to produce a visage that is hidden from view. The hidden head is the ‘‘voice’’ of the drum!’’ The small wooden mask from Birnirk Mound Q was recovered from an archeological context that suggested association with the early Birnirk period, dating to between A.D. 500 and 700. Such small masks may have served in shamanistic practices or amulet uses; they may also have been masks of ‘‘little people.’’ Determinations Made by the U.S. Department of Defense, Department of Navy Officials of the U.S. Department of Defense, Department of Navy have determined that: • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(B), the four objects from the Brower Grave Site are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance of the evidence, to have been removed from a specific burial site of a Native American individual. • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(D), the three objects discussed above that were excavated from the Birnirk and Nuvuk sites have ongoing historical, traditional, or cultural importance central to the Native Village of Barrow Inupiat Traditional Government. • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the unassociated funerary objects and objects of cultural patrimony and Native Village of Barrow Inupiat Traditional Government. PO 00000 Frm 00060 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 18063 Additional Requestors and Disposition Representatives of any Indian tribe not identified in this notice that wish to claim these cultural items should submit a written request with information in support of the claim to Dave M. Grant, Department of the Navy, NAVFAC NW., 1101 Tautog Circle, Suite 102, Silverdale, WA 98315–1101, telephone (360) 396–0919, email dave.m.grant@navy.mil, by April 30, 2014. After that date, if no additional claimants have come forward, transfer of control of the unassociated funerary objects and objects of cultural patrimony to the Native Village of Barrow Inupiat Traditional Government may proceed. The U.S. Department of Defense, Department of the Navy is responsible for notifying the Native Village of Barrow Inupiat Traditional Government that this notice has been published. Dated: March 10, 2014. Sherry Hutt, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. 2014–07137 Filed 3–28–14; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–50–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service [NPS–WASO–NAGPRA–15181; PPWOCRADN0–PCU00RP14.R50000] Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Oakland Museum of California National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: ACTION: The Oakland Museum of California, in consultation with the appropriate Indian tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations, has determined that the cultural item listed in this notice meets the definition of a sacred object and an object of cultural patrimony. Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to claim this cultural item should submit a written request to the Oakland Museum of California. If no additional claimants come forward, transfer of control of the cultural item to the lineal descendants, Indian tribes, or Native Hawaiian organizations stated in this notice may proceed. DATES: Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to claim this cultural item should submit a written request with information in support of the claim to the Oakland SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\31MRN1.SGM 31MRN1 18064 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 61 / Monday, March 31, 2014 / Notices tkelley on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES Museum of California at the address in this notice by April 30, 2014. ADDRESSES: Lori Fogarty, Director, Oakland Museum of California, 1000 Oak Street, Oakland, CA 94607, (510) 318–8400, email lfogarty@museumca.org. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate a cultural item under the control of the Oakland Museum of California, Oakland, CA that meets the definition of a sacred object and an object of cultural patrimony under 25 U.S.C. 3001. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native American cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. History and Description of the Cultural Item(s) Between 1897 and 1928, one cultural item was removed from Wrangell, AK, by Fred W. Carlyon, a local shop owner. Carlyon and his sister, Anna Vaughn, collected the Shtax’ Heen Kwaan Kaachadi Frog Hat during their time in Wrangell in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Later, the hat passed from the collectors to Dorothy K. Haberman, who was Miss Vaughn’s daughter. Mrs. Haberman donated the hat to the Oakland Museum of California in 1959. The sacred object/object of cultural patrimony is a clan crest hat in the shape of a frog carved from wood and with copper overlay on formline. The eyes are overlaid with abalone and the hat is topped with five woven spruce root rings. Oral traditions say that the Tlingit Indians have inhabited Southeast Alaska since time immemorial. They share an identity as a tribe and trace that identity to multiple ancestral groups. ´ ´ ´ The Khaach.adi clan of Xhıxhch’i Hıt ´ (Frog House) of the Shtax Heen Khwaan (‘‘Wrangell People’’) have origin stories ´ tracing the group from the Naas Heeni ´ (Naas River) to the Shtax Heen (Stikine River). An ancestress of the clan obtained rights to the Frog crest on the ´ Shtaxh Heen. The Frog Hat is considered a sacred object/object of cultural patrimony because of its status ´ as at.oow—a clan owned object brought out in ceremonies by a clan appointed caretaker and an object that could not be alienated without the consent of the VerDate Mar<15>2010 18:10 Mar 28, 2014 Jkt 232001 entire clan. The Frog Hat, as clan property, is needed for the present-day clan members to participate in ongoing ceremonies. Determinations Made by the Oakland Museum of California Officials of the Oakland Museum of California have determined that: • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(C), the cultural item described above is a specific ceremonial object needed by traditional Native American religious leaders for the practice of traditional Native American religions by their present-day adherents. • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(D), the cultural item described above has ongoing historical, traditional, or cultural importance central to the Native American group or culture itself, rather than property owned by an individual. • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the sacred object/object of cultural patrimony and the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes. Additional Requestors and Disposition Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to claim this cultural item should submit a written request with information in support of the claim to Lori Fogarty, Director, Oakland Museum of California, 1000 Oak Street, Oakland, CA 94607, (510) 318–8400, email lfogarty@museumca.org, by April 30, 2014. After that date, if no additional claimants have come forward, transfer of control of the sacred object/object of cultural patrimony to the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes may proceed. The Oakland Museum of California is responsible for notifying the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes that this notice has been published. Dated: March 4, 2014. Sherry Hutt, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. 2014–07147 Filed 3–28–14; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–50–P PO 00000 DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service [NPS–WASO–NAGPRA–15187; PPWOCRADN0–PCU00RP14.R50000] Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Museum of Northern Arizona, Flagstaff, AZ National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: ACTION: The Museum of Northern Arizona, in consultation with the appropriate Indian tribes, has determined that the cultural items listed in this notice meet the definition of unassociated funerary objects. Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to claim these cultural items should submit a written request to the Museum of Northern Arizona. If no additional claimants come forward, transfer of control of the cultural items to the Indian tribes stated in this notice may proceed. DATES: Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to claim these cultural items should submit a written request with information in support of the claim to the Museum of Northern Arizona at the address in this notice by April 30, 2014. ADDRESSES: Elaine Hughes, Collection Manager, Museum of Northern Arizona, 3103 North Fort Valley Road, Flagstaff, AZ 86001, telephone (928) 774–5211 email ehughes@mna.mus.az.us. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate cultural items under the control of the Museum of Northern Arizona, Flagstaff, AZ, that meet the definition of unassociated funerary objects under 25 U.S.C. 3001. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native American cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. SUMMARY: History and Description of the Cultural Items All of the cultural objects described below were removed from private or state-owned lands in Coconino County, Frm 00061 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\31MRN1.SGM 31MRN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 79, Number 61 (Monday, March 31, 2014)]
[Notices]
[Pages 18063-18064]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2014-07147]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

[NPS-WASO-NAGPRA-15181; PPWOCRADN0-PCU00RP14.R50000]


Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Oakland Museum of 
California

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The Oakland Museum of California, in consultation with the 
appropriate Indian tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations, has 
determined that the cultural item listed in this notice meets the 
definition of a sacred object and an object of cultural patrimony. 
Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian tribe or Native 
Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to claim 
this cultural item should submit a written request to the Oakland 
Museum of California. If no additional claimants come forward, transfer 
of control of the cultural item to the lineal descendants, Indian 
tribes, or Native Hawaiian organizations stated in this notice may 
proceed.

DATES: Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian tribe or 
Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to 
claim this cultural item should submit a written request with 
information in support of the claim to the Oakland

[[Page 18064]]

Museum of California at the address in this notice by April 30, 2014.

ADDRESSES: Lori Fogarty, Director, Oakland Museum of California, 1000 
Oak Street, Oakland, CA 94607, (510) 318-8400, email 
lfogarty@museumca.org.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the 
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 
U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate a cultural item under the 
control of the Oakland Museum of California, Oakland, CA that meets the 
definition of a sacred object and an object of cultural patrimony under 
25 U.S.C. 3001.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The 
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native 
American cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible 
for the determinations in this notice.

History and Description of the Cultural Item(s)

    Between 1897 and 1928, one cultural item was removed from Wrangell, 
AK, by Fred W. Carlyon, a local shop owner. Carlyon and his sister, 
Anna Vaughn, collected the Shtax' Heen Kwaan Kaachadi Frog Hat during 
their time in Wrangell in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. 
Later, the hat passed from the collectors to Dorothy K. Haberman, who 
was Miss Vaughn's daughter. Mrs. Haberman donated the hat to the 
Oakland Museum of California in 1959. The sacred object/object of 
cultural patrimony is a clan crest hat in the shape of a frog carved 
from wood and with copper overlay on formline. The eyes are overlaid 
with abalone and the hat is topped with five woven spruce root rings.
    Oral traditions say that the Tlingit Indians have inhabited 
Southeast Alaska since time immemorial. They share an identity as a 
tribe and trace that identity to multiple ancestral groups. The 
Khaach.[aacute]di clan of Xh[iacute]xhch'i H[iacute]t (Frog House) of 
the Shtax H[eacute]en Khwaan (``Wrangell People'') have origin stories 
tracing the group from the Naas H[eacute]eni (Naas River) to the Shtax 
H[eacute]en (Stikine River). An ancestress of the clan obtained rights 
to the Frog crest on the Shtaxh H[eacute]en. The Frog Hat is considered 
a sacred object/object of cultural patrimony because of its status as 
at.[oacute]ow--a clan owned object brought out in ceremonies by a clan 
appointed caretaker and an object that could not be alienated without 
the consent of the entire clan. The Frog Hat, as clan property, is 
needed for the present-day clan members to participate in ongoing 
ceremonies.

Determinations Made by the Oakland Museum of California

    Officials of the Oakland Museum of California have determined that:
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(C), the cultural item 
described above is a specific ceremonial object needed by traditional 
Native American religious leaders for the practice of traditional 
Native American religions by their present-day adherents.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(D), the cultural item 
described above has ongoing historical, traditional, or cultural 
importance central to the Native American group or culture itself, 
rather than property owned by an individual.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of 
shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the sacred 
object/object of cultural patrimony and the Central Council of the 
Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes.

Additional Requestors and Disposition

    Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian tribe or Native 
Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to claim 
this cultural item should submit a written request with information in 
support of the claim to Lori Fogarty, Director, Oakland Museum of 
California, 1000 Oak Street, Oakland, CA 94607, (510) 318-8400, email 
lfogarty@museumca.org, by April 30, 2014. After that date, if no 
additional claimants have come forward, transfer of control of the 
sacred object/object of cultural patrimony to the Central Council of 
the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes may proceed.
    The Oakland Museum of California is responsible for notifying the 
Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes that this notice 
has been published.

    Dated: March 4, 2014.
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2014-07147 Filed 3-28-14; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-P