Airworthiness Directives; The Boeing Company Airplanes, 71989-71992 [2013-28616]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 231 / Monday, December 2, 2013 / Rules and Regulations 71989 adjudicatory officers in the Federal service. OPM wishes to clarify that this rule only concerns the licensure status of incumbent ALJs (including reemployed annuitants) who, as noted above, are employed in the competitive service subject to uniform qualification standards. Members of the administrative judiciary who are not ALJs typically are classified as attorneys, and as such are appointed in the excepted service. See 5 CFR 302.101(c)(9). The excepted service by its nature consists of positions where qualification requirements may differ based on the requirements of each agency. A final concern involved the integrity and objectivity of the administrative judiciary. The commenter believes that without an ‘‘active’’ license to practice law, ALJs would abandon their integrity and objectivity when certain parties appear before them. The commenter did not provide evidence of a causal link between active bar licensure and the ability to impartially and objectively adjudicate cases under the Administrative Procedure Act. OPM believes that the risk described by the commenter is speculative and remote. 5372, 7521, and E.O. 10577, 3 CFR, 1954– 1958 Comp., p. 219. and consequent loss of control of the airplane. 2. Revise § 930.204(b) to read as follows: DATES: Executive Order 13563 and Executive Order 12866 The Office of Management and Budget has reviewed this rule in accordance with E.O. 13563 and 12866. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Regulatory Flexibility Act I certify that these regulations would not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities (including small businesses, small organizational units, and small governmental jurisdictions) because they would affect only Federal agencies and employees. [Docket No. FAA–2013–0976; Directorate Identifier 2013–NM–198–AD; Amendment 39–17686; AD 2013–24–12] List of Subjects in 5 CFR Part 930 Administrative practice and procedure, Computer technology, Government employees, Motor vehicles. U.S. Office of Personnel Management. Katherine Archuleta, Director. Accordingly, OPM is revising 5 CFR part 930 as follows: sroberts on DSK5SPTVN1PROD with RULES PART 930—PROGRAMS FOR SPECIFIC POSITIONS AND EXAMINATIONS (MISCELLANEOUS) Subpart B—Administrative Law Judge Program 1. The authority citation for subpart B continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 5 U.S.C. 1104(a), 1302(a), 1305, 3105, 3301, 3304, 3323(b), 3344, 4301(2)(D), VerDate Mar<15>2010 19:14 Nov 29, 2013 Jkt 232001 ■ § 930.204 Appointments and conditions of employment. * * * * * (b) Licensure. At the time of application and any new appointment, the individual must possess a professional license to practice law and be authorized to practice law under the laws of a State, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or any territorial court established under the United States Constitution. Judicial status is acceptable in lieu of ‘‘active’’ status in States that prohibit sitting judges from maintaining ‘‘active’’ status to practice law. Being in ‘‘good standing’’ is also acceptable in lieu of ‘‘active’’ status in States where the licensing authority considers ‘‘good standing’’ as having a current license to practice law. * * * * * [FR Doc. 2013–28289 Filed 11–29–13; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE P Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; The Boeing Company Airplanes Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule; request for comments. This AD is effective December 17, 2013. The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference of a certain publication listed in this AD as of December 17, 2013. We must receive comments on this AD by January 16, 2014. ADDRESSES: You may send comments, using the procedures found in 14 CFR 11.43 and 11.45, by any of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments. • Fax: 202–493–2251. • Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M– 30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590. • Hand Delivery: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M– 30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. For service information identified in this AD, contact Boeing Commercial Airplanes, Attention: Data & Services Management, P. O. Box 3707, MC 2H– 65, Seattle, WA 98124–2207; telephone 206–544–5000, extension 1; fax 206– 766–5680; Internet https:// www.myboeingfleet.com. You may view this referenced service information at the FAA, Transport Airplane Directorate, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, Washington. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 425–227–1221. AGENCY: Examining the AD Docket We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all The Boeing Company Model 747–8 and 747– 8F series airplanes. This AD requires repetitive ultrasonic or dye penetrant inspections for cracking of the barrel nuts and bolts, as applicable, on each forward engine mount, and related investigative and corrective actions if necessary. This AD was prompted by a report of cracked barrel nuts found on a forward engine mount. We are issuing this AD to detect and correct cracked barrel nuts on a forward engine mount, which could result in reduced load capacity of the forward engine mount, and could result in separation of an engine under power from the airplane, You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http:// www.regulations.gov; or in person at the Docket Management Facility between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this AD, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The street address for the Docket Office (phone: 800–647– 5527) is in the ADDRESSES section. Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after receipt. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Bill Ashforth, Aerospace Engineer, Airframe Branch, ANM–120S, FAA, Seattle Aircraft Certification Office, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA 98057–3356; phone: (425) 917–6432; fax: (425) 917– 6590; email: bill.ashforth@faa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\02DER1.SGM 02DER1 71990 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 231 / Monday, December 2, 2013 / Rules and Regulations Discussion We received a report that during the replacement of the No. 2 engine, an operator conducted a non-destructive test (NDT) inspection of the barrel nuts on the forward engine mount and found cracks on two of the four barrel nuts. The operator also discovered one cracked barrel nut on the No. 1 engine. Boeing did a NDT on the No. 2 engine of a flight test airplane and discovered two barrel nuts with cracks. The barrel nuts are located at the forward end of the strut box and are used to fasten the forward engine mount to the strut. A barrel nut with a crack on one side is still able to carry ultimate load. A crack on both sides of a barrel nut will cause complete failure of the barrel nut. Complete failure of two or more barrel nuts on the same forward engine mount reduces the load capacity of the forward engine mount and could result in separation of an engine from the airplane. Cracked barrel nuts on a forward engine mount, if not detected and corrected, could result in reduced load capacity of the forward engine mount, and could result in separation of an engine under power from the airplane, and consequent loss of control of the airplane. Relevant Service Information We reviewed Boeing Alert Service Bulletin 747–71A2329, dated September 27, 2013. For information on the procedures and compliance times, see this service information at http:// www.regulations.gov by searching for Docket No. FAA–2013–0976. FAA’s Determination We are issuing this AD because we evaluated all the relevant information and determined the unsafe condition described previously is likely to exist or develop in other products of the same type design. sroberts on DSK5SPTVN1PROD with RULES AD Requirements This AD requires accomplishing the actions specified in the service information described previously. This AD also requires sending the inspection results and any cracked bolts and barrel nuts to the manufacturer. The root cause of the cracking has not been determined and inspection data from the fleet needs to be gathered and analyzed. The FAA worked in conjunction with industry, under the Airworthiness Directives Implementation Aviation Rulemaking Committee, to enhance the AD system. One enhancement was a new process for annotating which steps in the service information are required for compliance with an AD. Differentiating these steps from other tasks in the service information is expected to improve an owner’s/ operator’s understanding of crucial AD requirements and help provide consistent judgment in AD compliance. The actions specified in the service information described previously include steps that are labeled as ‘‘RC’’ (required for compliance) because these steps have a direct effect on detecting, preventing, resolving, or eliminating an identified unsafe condition. As noted in the specified service information, steps labeled as ‘‘RC’’ must be done to comply with the AD. However, steps that are not labeled as ‘‘RC’’ are recommended. Those steps that are not labeled as ‘‘RC’’ may be deviated from, done as part of other actions, or done using accepted methods different from those identified in the service information without obtaining approval of an alternative method of compliance (AMOC), provided the steps labeled as ‘‘RC’’ can be done and the airplane can be put back in a serviceable condition. Any substitutions or changes to steps labeled as ‘‘RC’’ will require approval of an AMOC. The phrase ‘‘related investigative actions’’ is used in this AD. ‘‘Related investigative actions’’ are follow-on actions that (1) are related to the primary actions, and (2) further investigate the nature of any condition found. Related investigative actions in an AD could include, for example, inspections. In addition, the phrase ‘‘corrective actions’’ is used in this AD. ‘‘Corrective actions’’ are actions that correct or address any condition found. Corrective actions in an AD could include, for example, repairs. Interim Action This AD is considered to be interim action. The inspection reports and return of cracked parts that are required by this AD will enable the manufacturer to obtain better insight into the nature, cause, and extent of the cracking, and eventually to develop final action to address the unsafe condition. Once final action has been identified, we might consider further rulemaking. FAA’s Justification and Determination of the Effective Date An unsafe condition exists that requires the immediate adoption of this AD. The FAA has found that the risk to the flying public justifies waiving notice and comment prior to adoption of this rule because cracked barrel nuts on a forward engine mount could result in reduced load capacity of the forward engine mount, and could result in separation of an engine under power from the airplane and consequent loss of the control of the airplane. Therefore, we find that notice and opportunity for prior public comment are impracticable and that good cause exists for making this amendment effective in less than 30 days. Comments Invited This AD is a final rule that involves requirements affecting flight safety and was not preceded by notice and an opportunity for public comment. However, we invite you to send any written data, views, or arguments about this AD. Send your comments to an address listed under the ADDRESSES section. Include the docket number FAA–2013–0976 and Directorate Identifier 2013–NM–198–AD at the beginning of your comments. We specifically invite comments on the overall regulatory, economic, environmental, and energy aspects of this AD. We will consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend this AD because of those comments. We will post all comments we receive, without change, to http:// www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you provide. We will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal contact we receive about this AD. Costs of Compliance We estimate that this AD affects 8 airplanes of U.S. registry. We estimate the following costs to comply with this AD: ESTIMATED COSTS Action Labor cost Parts cost Inspections ................. Up to 24 work-hours × $85 per hour = $2,040 per inspection cycle. None .......................... VerDate Mar<15>2010 19:14 Nov 29, 2013 Jkt 232001 PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Cost per product Up to $2,040 per inspection cycle. E:\FR\FM\02DER1.SGM 02DER1 Cost on U.S. operators Up to $16,320 per inspection cycle. Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 231 / Monday, December 2, 2013 / Rules and Regulations We estimate the following costs to do any necessary replacements that would be required based on the results of the inspection. We have no way of 71991 determining the number of aircraft that might need these replacements: ON-CONDITION COSTS Action Labor cost Parts cost Replacement of barrel nuts and bolts. 16 × $85 per hour = $1,360 .......................................... Up to $480 ......................... According to the manufacturer, some of the costs of this AD may be covered under warranty, thereby reducing the cost impact on affected individuals. We do not control warranty coverage for affected individuals. As a result, we have included all costs in our cost estimate. sroberts on DSK5SPTVN1PROD with RULES Paperwork Reduction Act A federal agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, nor shall a person be subject to penalty for failure to comply with a collection of information subject to the requirements of the Paperwork Reduction Act unless that collection of information displays a current valid OMB control number. The control number for the collection of information required by this AD is 2120–0056. The paperwork cost associated with this AD has been detailed in the Costs of Compliance section of this document and includes time for reviewing instructions, as well as completing and reviewing the collection of information. Therefore, all reporting associated with this AD is mandatory. Comments concerning the accuracy of this burden and suggestions for reducing the burden should be directed to the FAA at 800 Independence Ave. SW., Washington, DC 20591. ATTN: Information Collection Clearance Officer, AES–200. Authority for This Rulemaking Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA’s authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. ‘‘Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs’’ describes in more detail the scope of the Agency’s authority. We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: ‘‘General requirements.’’ Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or develop on VerDate Mar<15>2010 19:14 Nov 29, 2013 Jkt 232001 products identified in this rulemaking action. Regulatory Findings This AD will not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. This AD will not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this AD: (1) Is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ under Executive Order 12866, (2) Is not a ‘‘significant rule’’ under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska, and (4) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39 Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by reference, Safety. Adoption of the Amendment Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the FAA amends 14 CFR part 39 as follows: PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES 1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701. § 39.13 [Amended] 2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive (AD): ■ 2013–24–12 The Boeing Company: Amendment 39–17686; Docket No. FAA–2013–0976; Directorate Identifier 2013–NM–198–AD. (a) Effective Date This AD is effective December 17, 2013. (b) Affected ADs None. PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Cost per product Up to $1,840. (c) Applicability This AD applies to all The Boeing Company Model 747–8 and 747–8F series airplanes, certificated in any category. (d) Subject Joint Aircraft System Component (JASC)/ Air Transport Association (ATA) of America Code 71, Powerplant. (e) Unsafe Condition This AD was prompted by a report of cracked barrel nuts found on a forward engine mount. We are issuing this AD to detect and correct cracked barrel nuts on a forward engine mount, which could result in reduced load capacity of the forward engine mount, and could result in separation of an engine under power from the airplane, and consequent loss of control of the airplane. (f) Compliance Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, unless already done. (g) Repetitive Inspections and Corrective Actions Except as required by paragraph (h)(1) of this AD, at the time specified in paragraph 1.E., ‘‘Compliance,’’ of Boeing Alert Service Bulletin 747–71A2329, dated September 27, 2013: Do the inspection specified in paragraph (g)(1) or (g)(2) of this AD, and do all applicable related investigative and corrective actions, in accordance with the Accomplishment Instructions of Boeing Alert Service Bulletin 747–71A2329, dated September 27, 2013. Do all applicable related investigative and corrective actions before further flight. Repeat the inspection thereafter at the times specified in paragraph 1.E., ‘‘Compliance,’’ of Boeing Alert Service Bulletin 747–71A2329, dated September 27, 2013. (1) Ultrasonic inspection for cracking of the barrel nuts on each forward engine mount, except as required by paragraph (h)(2) of this AD. (2) Dye penetrant inspection for cracking of the bolts and barrel nuts. Whenever a dye penetrant inspection is done, all the bolts and barrel nuts on that engine mount must be removed and replaced with new or serviceable parts. (h) Exceptions to Service Information Specifications (1) Where Boeing Alert Service Bulletin 747–71A2329, dated September 27, 2013, specifies a compliance time ‘‘after the original issue date of this service bulletin,’’ this AD requires compliance within the specified compliance time after the effective date of this AD. E:\FR\FM\02DER1.SGM 02DER1 71992 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 231 / Monday, December 2, 2013 / Rules and Regulations (2) Where Appendix B of Boeing Alert Service Bulletin 747–71A2329, dated September 27, 2013, states alternate instruments and transducers can be used, this AD requires that only equivalent instruments and transducers can be used. (3) Where Appendix A of Boeing Alert Service Bulletin 747–71A2329, dated September 27, 2013, states to record flight hours and flight cycles, record the flight hours and flight cycles on the airplane and the flight hours and flight cycles for each engine since change or removal. instructions, completing and reviewing the collection of information. All responses to this collection of information are mandatory. Comments concerning the accuracy of this burden and suggestions for reducing the burden should be directed to the FAA at: 800 Independence Ave. SW., Washington, DC 20591, Attn: Information Collection Clearance Officer, AES–200. sroberts on DSK5SPTVN1PROD with RULES (i) Reporting and Sending Parts After any inspection required by paragraph (g) of this AD: Submit a report of the inspection results (both positive and negative), and return all cracked bolts and barrel nuts, at the applicable time specified in paragraph (i)(1) or (i)(2) of this AD. The report must include the information requested in Appendix A of Boeing Alert Service Bulletin 747–71A2329, dated September 27, 2013, except as required by paragraph (h)(3) of this AD. Both the report and all cracked bolts and barrel nuts must be sent to the address specified in Appendix A of Boeing Alert Service Bulletin 747– 71A2329, dated September 27, 2013. (1) For airplanes on which an ultrasonic inspection was done and no cracking was found, do the required actions at the time specified in paragraph (i)(1)(i) or (i)(1)(ii) of this AD, as applicable. (i) If the inspection was done on or after the effective date of this AD: Submit the report within 10 days after the inspection. (ii) If the inspection was done before the effective date of this AD: Submit the report within 10 days after the effective date of this AD. (2) For airplanes on which a dye penetrant inspection was done, do the required actions at the time specified in paragraph (i)(2)(i) or (i)(2)(ii) of this AD, as applicable. (i) If the inspection was done on or after the effective date of this AD: Submit the report and return all cracked bolts and barrel nuts within 10 days after replacing the bolts and barrel nuts with new or serviceable bolt and barrel nuts in accordance with Part 2 of the Accomplishment Instructions of Boeing Alert Service Bulletin 747–71A2329, dated September 27, 2013. (ii) If the inspection was done before the effective date of this AD: Submit the report and return all cracked bolts and barrel nuts within 10 days after the effective date of this AD. (j) Paperwork Reduction Act Burden Statement A federal agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, nor shall a person be subject to a penalty for failure to comply with a collection of information subject to the requirements of the Paperwork Reduction Act unless that collection of information displays a current valid OMB Control Number. The OMB Control Number for this information collection is 2120–0056. Public reporting for this collection of information is estimated to be approximately 5 minutes per response, including the time for reviewing VerDate Mar<15>2010 19:14 Nov 29, 2013 Jkt 232001 (k) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs) (1) The Manager, Seattle Aircraft Certification Office (ACO), FAA, has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19, send your request to your principal inspector or local Flight Standards District Office, as appropriate. If sending information directly to the manager of the ACO, send it to the attention of the person identified in paragraph (l) of this AD. Information may be emailed to: 9-ANM-Seattle-ACO-AMOCRequests@faa.gov. (2) Before using any approved AMOC, notify your appropriate principal inspector, or lacking a principal inspector, the manager of the local flight standards district office/ certificate holding district office. (3) An AMOC that provides an acceptable level of safety may be used for any repair required by this AD if it is approved by the Boeing Commercial Airplanes Organization Designation Authorization (ODA) that has been authorized by the Manager, Seattle ACO, to make those findings. For a repair method to be approved, the repair must meet the certification basis of the airplane and the approval must specifically refer to this AD. (4) If the service information contains steps that are labeled as ‘‘RC’’ (Required for Compliance), those steps must be done to comply with this AD; any steps that are not labeled as ‘‘RC’’ are recommended. Those steps that are not labeled as ‘‘RC’’ may be deviated from, done as part of other actions, or done using accepted methods different from those identified in the specified service information without obtaining approval of an AMOC, provided the steps labeled as ‘‘RC’’ can be done and the airplane can be put back in a serviceable condition. Any substitutions or changes to steps labeled as ‘‘RC’’ require approval of an AMOC. (l) Related Information For more information about this AD, contact Bill Ashforth, Aerospace Engineer, Airframe Branch, ANM–120S, FAA, Seattle Aircraft Certification Office, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA 98057–3356; phone: (425) 917–6432; fax: (425) 917–6590; email: bill.ashforth@faa.gov. (m) Material Incorporated by Reference (1) The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference (IBR) of the service information listed in this paragraph under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (2) You must use this service information as applicable to do the actions required by this AD, unless the AD specifies otherwise. (i) Boeing Alert Service Bulletin 747– 71A2329, dated September 27, 2013. (ii) Reserved. PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 (3) For service information identified in this AD, contact Boeing Commercial Airplanes, Attention: Data & Services Management, P. O. Box 3707, MC 2H–65, Seattle, WA 98124–2207; telephone 206– 544–5000, extension 1; fax 206–766–5680; Internet https://www.myboeingfleet.com. (4) You may view this service information at FAA, Transport Airplane Directorate, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, Washington. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 425–227–1221. (5) You may view this service information that is incorporated by reference at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202–741–6030, or go to: http:// www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibrlocations.html. Issued in Renton, Washington, on November 19, 2013. Jeffrey E. Duven, Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2013–28616 Filed 11–29–13; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA–2013–0698; Directorate Identifier 2012–NM–136–AD; Amendment 39–17682; AD 2013–24–08] RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: We are superseding airworthiness directive (AD) 2006–06– 14 for certain Airbus Model A318–100 and A319–100 series airplanes, A320– 111 airplanes, A320–200 series airplanes, and A321–100 and A321–200 series airplanes. AD 2006–06–14 required operators to review the airplane’s maintenance records to determine the part numbers of the magnetic fuel level indicators (MFLIs) of the wing fuel tanks, and perform related investigative and corrective actions if necessary. This new AD also requires an inspection (improved method) to determine the part numbers of the MFLIs, and, if necessary, replacement of the MFLI or repair. This AD was prompted by information that the related investigative actions of AD 2006–06–14 are not fully effective and that an affected MFLI could still be installed on airplanes on which the SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\02DER1.SGM 02DER1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 78, Number 231 (Monday, December 2, 2013)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 71989-71992]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2013-28616]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 39

[Docket No. FAA-2013-0976; Directorate Identifier 2013-NM-198-AD; 
Amendment 39-17686; AD 2013-24-12]
RIN 2120-AA64


Airworthiness Directives; The Boeing Company Airplanes

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Final rule; request for comments.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all The 
Boeing Company Model 747-8 and 747-8F series airplanes. This AD 
requires repetitive ultrasonic or dye penetrant inspections for 
cracking of the barrel nuts and bolts, as applicable, on each forward 
engine mount, and related investigative and corrective actions if 
necessary. This AD was prompted by a report of cracked barrel nuts 
found on a forward engine mount. We are issuing this AD to detect and 
correct cracked barrel nuts on a forward engine mount, which could 
result in reduced load capacity of the forward engine mount, and could 
result in separation of an engine under power from the airplane, and 
consequent loss of control of the airplane.

DATES: This AD is effective December 17, 2013.
    The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by 
reference of a certain publication listed in this AD as of December 17, 
2013.
    We must receive comments on this AD by January 16, 2014.

ADDRESSES: You may send comments, using the procedures found in 14 CFR 
11.43 and 11.45, by any of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
     Fax: 202-493-2251.
     Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket 
Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New 
Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590.
     Hand Delivery: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket 
Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New 
Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., 
Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.
    For service information identified in this AD, contact Boeing 
Commercial Airplanes, Attention: Data & Services Management, P. O. Box 
3707, MC 2H-65, Seattle, WA 98124-2207; telephone 206-544-5000, 
extension 1; fax 206-766-5680; Internet https://www.myboeingfleet.com. 
You may view this referenced service information at the FAA, Transport 
Airplane Directorate, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, Washington. For 
information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 425-
227-1221.

Examining the AD Docket

    You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov; or in person at the Docket Management Facility 
between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal 
holidays. The AD docket contains this AD, the regulatory evaluation, 
any comments received, and other information. The street address for 
the Docket Office (phone: 800-647-5527) is in the ADDRESSES section. 
Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after receipt.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Bill Ashforth, Aerospace Engineer, 
Airframe Branch, ANM-120S, FAA, Seattle Aircraft Certification Office, 
1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA 98057-3356; phone: (425) 917-6432; 
fax: (425) 917-6590; email: bill.ashforth@faa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

[[Page 71990]]

Discussion

    We received a report that during the replacement of the No. 2 
engine, an operator conducted a non-destructive test (NDT) inspection 
of the barrel nuts on the forward engine mount and found cracks on two 
of the four barrel nuts. The operator also discovered one cracked 
barrel nut on the No. 1 engine. Boeing did a NDT on the No. 2 engine of 
a flight test airplane and discovered two barrel nuts with cracks. The 
barrel nuts are located at the forward end of the strut box and are 
used to fasten the forward engine mount to the strut. A barrel nut with 
a crack on one side is still able to carry ultimate load. A crack on 
both sides of a barrel nut will cause complete failure of the barrel 
nut. Complete failure of two or more barrel nuts on the same forward 
engine mount reduces the load capacity of the forward engine mount and 
could result in separation of an engine from the airplane. Cracked 
barrel nuts on a forward engine mount, if not detected and corrected, 
could result in reduced load capacity of the forward engine mount, and 
could result in separation of an engine under power from the airplane, 
and consequent loss of control of the airplane.

Relevant Service Information

    We reviewed Boeing Alert Service Bulletin 747-71A2329, dated 
September 27, 2013. For information on the procedures and compliance 
times, see this service information at http://www.regulations.gov by 
searching for Docket No. FAA-2013-0976.

FAA's Determination

    We are issuing this AD because we evaluated all the relevant 
information and determined the unsafe condition described previously is 
likely to exist or develop in other products of the same type design.

AD Requirements

    This AD requires accomplishing the actions specified in the service 
information described previously. This AD also requires sending the 
inspection results and any cracked bolts and barrel nuts to the 
manufacturer. The root cause of the cracking has not been determined 
and inspection data from the fleet needs to be gathered and analyzed.
    The FAA worked in conjunction with industry, under the 
Airworthiness Directives Implementation Aviation Rulemaking Committee, 
to enhance the AD system. One enhancement was a new process for 
annotating which steps in the service information are required for 
compliance with an AD. Differentiating these steps from other tasks in 
the service information is expected to improve an owner's/operator's 
understanding of crucial AD requirements and help provide consistent 
judgment in AD compliance. The actions specified in the service 
information described previously include steps that are labeled as 
``RC'' (required for compliance) because these steps have a direct 
effect on detecting, preventing, resolving, or eliminating an 
identified unsafe condition.
    As noted in the specified service information, steps labeled as 
``RC'' must be done to comply with the AD. However, steps that are not 
labeled as ``RC'' are recommended. Those steps that are not labeled as 
``RC'' may be deviated from, done as part of other actions, or done 
using accepted methods different from those identified in the service 
information without obtaining approval of an alternative method of 
compliance (AMOC), provided the steps labeled as ``RC'' can be done and 
the airplane can be put back in a serviceable condition. Any 
substitutions or changes to steps labeled as ``RC'' will require 
approval of an AMOC.
    The phrase ``related investigative actions'' is used in this AD. 
``Related investigative actions'' are follow-on actions that (1) are 
related to the primary actions, and (2) further investigate the nature 
of any condition found. Related investigative actions in an AD could 
include, for example, inspections.
    In addition, the phrase ``corrective actions'' is used in this AD. 
``Corrective actions'' are actions that correct or address any 
condition found. Corrective actions in an AD could include, for 
example, repairs.

Interim Action

    This AD is considered to be interim action. The inspection reports 
and return of cracked parts that are required by this AD will enable 
the manufacturer to obtain better insight into the nature, cause, and 
extent of the cracking, and eventually to develop final action to 
address the unsafe condition. Once final action has been identified, we 
might consider further rulemaking.

FAA's Justification and Determination of the Effective Date

    An unsafe condition exists that requires the immediate adoption of 
this AD. The FAA has found that the risk to the flying public justifies 
waiving notice and comment prior to adoption of this rule because 
cracked barrel nuts on a forward engine mount could result in reduced 
load capacity of the forward engine mount, and could result in 
separation of an engine under power from the airplane and consequent 
loss of the control of the airplane. Therefore, we find that notice and 
opportunity for prior public comment are impracticable and that good 
cause exists for making this amendment effective in less than 30 days.

Comments Invited

    This AD is a final rule that involves requirements affecting flight 
safety and was not preceded by notice and an opportunity for public 
comment. However, we invite you to send any written data, views, or 
arguments about this AD. Send your comments to an address listed under 
the ADDRESSES section. Include the docket number FAA-2013-0976 and 
Directorate Identifier 2013-NM-198-AD at the beginning of your 
comments. We specifically invite comments on the overall regulatory, 
economic, environmental, and energy aspects of this AD. We will 
consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend this 
AD because of those comments.
    We will post all comments we receive, without change, to http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you provide. We 
will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal contact we 
receive about this AD.

Costs of Compliance

    We estimate that this AD affects 8 airplanes of U.S. registry.
    We estimate the following costs to comply with this AD:

                                                 Estimated Costs
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                  Cost on U.S.
             Action                    Labor cost            Parts cost     Cost  per product      operators
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Inspections....................  Up to 24 work-hours x   None.............  Up to $2,040 per   Up to $16,320 per
                                  $85 per hour = $2,040                      inspection cycle.  inspection
                                  per inspection cycle.                                         cycle.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 71991]]

    We estimate the following costs to do any necessary replacements 
that would be required based on the results of the inspection. We have 
no way of determining the number of aircraft that might need these 
replacements:

                                               On-Condition Costs
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               Action                         Labor cost                Parts cost           Cost per product
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Replacement of barrel nuts and       16 x $85 per hour = $1,360.  Up to $480............  Up to $1,840.
 bolts.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    According to the manufacturer, some of the costs of this AD may be 
covered under warranty, thereby reducing the cost impact on affected 
individuals. We do not control warranty coverage for affected 
individuals. As a result, we have included all costs in our cost 
estimate.

Paperwork Reduction Act

    A federal agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not 
required to respond to, nor shall a person be subject to penalty for 
failure to comply with a collection of information subject to the 
requirements of the Paperwork Reduction Act unless that collection of 
information displays a current valid OMB control number. The control 
number for the collection of information required by this AD is 2120-
0056. The paperwork cost associated with this AD has been detailed in 
the Costs of Compliance section of this document and includes time for 
reviewing instructions, as well as completing and reviewing the 
collection of information. Therefore, all reporting associated with 
this AD is mandatory. Comments concerning the accuracy of this burden 
and suggestions for reducing the burden should be directed to the FAA 
at 800 Independence Ave. SW., Washington, DC 20591. ATTN: Information 
Collection Clearance Officer, AES-200.

Authority for This Rulemaking

    Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to 
issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the 
authority of the FAA Administrator. ``Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs'' 
describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.
    We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in 
Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: ``General 
requirements.'' Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with 
promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing 
regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator 
finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within 
the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition 
that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this 
rulemaking action.

Regulatory Findings

    This AD will not have federalism implications under Executive Order 
13132. This AD will not have a substantial direct effect on the States, 
on the relationship between the national government and the States, or 
on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various 
levels of government.
    For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this AD:
    (1) Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under Executive 
Order 12866,
    (2) Is not a ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and 
Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979),
    (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska, and
    (4) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or 
negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria 
of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

    Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by 
reference, Safety.

Adoption of the Amendment

    Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the 
Administrator, the FAA amends 14 CFR part 39 as follows:

PART 39--AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

0
1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.


Sec.  39.13  [Amended]

0
2. The FAA amends Sec.  39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness 
directive (AD):

2013-24-12 The Boeing Company: Amendment 39-17686; Docket No. FAA-
2013-0976; Directorate Identifier 2013-NM-198-AD.

(a) Effective Date

    This AD is effective December 17, 2013.

(b) Affected ADs

    None.

(c) Applicability

    This AD applies to all The Boeing Company Model 747-8 and 747-8F 
series airplanes, certificated in any category.

(d) Subject

    Joint Aircraft System Component (JASC)/Air Transport Association 
(ATA) of America Code 71, Powerplant.

(e) Unsafe Condition

    This AD was prompted by a report of cracked barrel nuts found on 
a forward engine mount. We are issuing this AD to detect and correct 
cracked barrel nuts on a forward engine mount, which could result in 
reduced load capacity of the forward engine mount, and could result 
in separation of an engine under power from the airplane, and 
consequent loss of control of the airplane.

(f) Compliance

    Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, 
unless already done.

(g) Repetitive Inspections and Corrective Actions

    Except as required by paragraph (h)(1) of this AD, at the time 
specified in paragraph 1.E., ``Compliance,'' of Boeing Alert Service 
Bulletin 747-71A2329, dated September 27, 2013: Do the inspection 
specified in paragraph (g)(1) or (g)(2) of this AD, and do all 
applicable related investigative and corrective actions, in 
accordance with the Accomplishment Instructions of Boeing Alert 
Service Bulletin 747-71A2329, dated September 27, 2013. Do all 
applicable related investigative and corrective actions before 
further flight. Repeat the inspection thereafter at the times 
specified in paragraph 1.E., ``Compliance,'' of Boeing Alert Service 
Bulletin 747-71A2329, dated September 27, 2013.
    (1) Ultrasonic inspection for cracking of the barrel nuts on 
each forward engine mount, except as required by paragraph (h)(2) of 
this AD.
    (2) Dye penetrant inspection for cracking of the bolts and 
barrel nuts. Whenever a dye penetrant inspection is done, all the 
bolts and barrel nuts on that engine mount must be removed and 
replaced with new or serviceable parts.

(h) Exceptions to Service Information Specifications

    (1) Where Boeing Alert Service Bulletin 747-71A2329, dated 
September 27, 2013, specifies a compliance time ``after the original 
issue date of this service bulletin,'' this AD requires compliance 
within the specified compliance time after the effective date of 
this AD.

[[Page 71992]]

    (2) Where Appendix B of Boeing Alert Service Bulletin 747-
71A2329, dated September 27, 2013, states alternate instruments and 
transducers can be used, this AD requires that only equivalent 
instruments and transducers can be used.
    (3) Where Appendix A of Boeing Alert Service Bulletin 747-
71A2329, dated September 27, 2013, states to record flight hours and 
flight cycles, record the flight hours and flight cycles on the 
airplane and the flight hours and flight cycles for each engine 
since change or removal.

(i) Reporting and Sending Parts

    After any inspection required by paragraph (g) of this AD: 
Submit a report of the inspection results (both positive and 
negative), and return all cracked bolts and barrel nuts, at the 
applicable time specified in paragraph (i)(1) or (i)(2) of this AD. 
The report must include the information requested in Appendix A of 
Boeing Alert Service Bulletin 747-71A2329, dated September 27, 2013, 
except as required by paragraph (h)(3) of this AD. Both the report 
and all cracked bolts and barrel nuts must be sent to the address 
specified in Appendix A of Boeing Alert Service Bulletin 747-
71A2329, dated September 27, 2013.
    (1) For airplanes on which an ultrasonic inspection was done and 
no cracking was found, do the required actions at the time specified 
in paragraph (i)(1)(i) or (i)(1)(ii) of this AD, as applicable.
    (i) If the inspection was done on or after the effective date of 
this AD: Submit the report within 10 days after the inspection.
    (ii) If the inspection was done before the effective date of 
this AD: Submit the report within 10 days after the effective date 
of this AD.
    (2) For airplanes on which a dye penetrant inspection was done, 
do the required actions at the time specified in paragraph (i)(2)(i) 
or (i)(2)(ii) of this AD, as applicable.
    (i) If the inspection was done on or after the effective date of 
this AD: Submit the report and return all cracked bolts and barrel 
nuts within 10 days after replacing the bolts and barrel nuts with 
new or serviceable bolt and barrel nuts in accordance with Part 2 of 
the Accomplishment Instructions of Boeing Alert Service Bulletin 
747-71A2329, dated September 27, 2013.
    (ii) If the inspection was done before the effective date of 
this AD: Submit the report and return all cracked bolts and barrel 
nuts within 10 days after the effective date of this AD.

(j) Paperwork Reduction Act Burden Statement

    A federal agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not 
required to respond to, nor shall a person be subject to a penalty 
for failure to comply with a collection of information subject to 
the requirements of the Paperwork Reduction Act unless that 
collection of information displays a current valid OMB Control 
Number. The OMB Control Number for this information collection is 
2120-0056. Public reporting for this collection of information is 
estimated to be approximately 5 minutes per response, including the 
time for reviewing instructions, completing and reviewing the 
collection of information. All responses to this collection of 
information are mandatory. Comments concerning the accuracy of this 
burden and suggestions for reducing the burden should be directed to 
the FAA at: 800 Independence Ave. SW., Washington, DC 20591, Attn: 
Information Collection Clearance Officer, AES-200.

(k) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs)

    (1) The Manager, Seattle Aircraft Certification Office (ACO), 
FAA, has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested 
using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 
CFR 39.19, send your request to your principal inspector or local 
Flight Standards District Office, as appropriate. If sending 
information directly to the manager of the ACO, send it to the 
attention of the person identified in paragraph (l) of this AD. 
Information may be emailed to: 9-ANM-Seattle-ACO-AMOC-Requests@faa.gov.
    (2) Before using any approved AMOC, notify your appropriate 
principal inspector, or lacking a principal inspector, the manager 
of the local flight standards district office/certificate holding 
district office.
    (3) An AMOC that provides an acceptable level of safety may be 
used for any repair required by this AD if it is approved by the 
Boeing Commercial Airplanes Organization Designation Authorization 
(ODA) that has been authorized by the Manager, Seattle ACO, to make 
those findings. For a repair method to be approved, the repair must 
meet the certification basis of the airplane and the approval must 
specifically refer to this AD.
    (4) If the service information contains steps that are labeled 
as ``RC'' (Required for Compliance), those steps must be done to 
comply with this AD; any steps that are not labeled as ``RC'' are 
recommended. Those steps that are not labeled as ``RC'' may be 
deviated from, done as part of other actions, or done using accepted 
methods different from those identified in the specified service 
information without obtaining approval of an AMOC, provided the 
steps labeled as ``RC'' can be done and the airplane can be put back 
in a serviceable condition. Any substitutions or changes to steps 
labeled as ``RC'' require approval of an AMOC.

(l) Related Information

    For more information about this AD, contact Bill Ashforth, 
Aerospace Engineer, Airframe Branch, ANM-120S, FAA, Seattle Aircraft 
Certification Office, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA 98057-3356; 
phone: (425) 917-6432; fax: (425) 917-6590; email: 
bill.ashforth@faa.gov.

(m) Material Incorporated by Reference

    (1) The Director of the Federal Register approved the 
incorporation by reference (IBR) of the service information listed 
in this paragraph under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51.
    (2) You must use this service information as applicable to do 
the actions required by this AD, unless the AD specifies otherwise.
    (i) Boeing Alert Service Bulletin 747-71A2329, dated September 
27, 2013.
    (ii) Reserved.
    (3) For service information identified in this AD, contact 
Boeing Commercial Airplanes, Attention: Data & Services Management, 
P. O. Box 3707, MC 2H-65, Seattle, WA 98124-2207; telephone 206-544-
5000, extension 1; fax 206-766-5680; Internet https://www.myboeingfleet.com.
    (4) You may view this service information at FAA, Transport 
Airplane Directorate, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, Washington. For 
information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 
425-227-1221.
    (5) You may view this service information that is incorporated 
by reference at the National Archives and Records Administration 
(NARA). For information on the availability of this material at 
NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html.

    Issued in Renton, Washington, on November 19, 2013.
Jeffrey E. Duven,
Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification 
Service.
[FR Doc. 2013-28616 Filed 11-29-13; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-13-P