Evaluation of Established Plant Pests for Action at Ports of Entry, 68020-68021 [2013-27132]

Download as PDF 68020 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 219 / Wednesday, November 13, 2013 / Notices Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services Gutter, Karis T.; Scuse, Michael; Taylor, Alexis; Vetter, Darci. Foreign Agricultural Service Foster, Christian; Karsting, Philip; Nuzum, Janet; Palmieri, Suzanne; Quick, Bryce; Riemenschneider, Robert; Sheikh, Patricia. Farm Service Agency Beyerhelm, Christopher; Dean, Telora T.; Diephouse, Gregory; Garcia, Juan M.; Gwinn, James; Harwood, Joy; Monahan, James; Rucker, Mark A.; Schmidt, John M.; Stephenson, Robert; Thompson, Candace; Trimm, Alan; Ward, Bruce Edward; Ware, Heidi Grace. Risk Management Agency Alston, Michael; Hand, Michael; Nelson, Leiann H.; Willis, Brandon C.; Witt, Timothy; Worth, Thomas W. Food, Nutrition and Consumer Services (FNCS) Arena-DeRosa, James; Arnette, Donald; Bailey Jr., Robin David; Barnes, Darlene; Burr, David Glenn; Christenson, Daniel Richa; Concannon, Kevin; Dombroski, Patricia; English, Timothy D.; Jackson, Yvette S.; Kane, Deborah J.; Ludwig, William; Mande, Jerold; Post, Robert C.; Rowe, Audrey; Shahin, Jessica; Thornton, Jane; Tribiano, Jeffrey. Rural Development (RD) Ferguson, Katherine; Kunesh, Patrice; O’Brien, Doug. Rural Business Service Hadjy, Pandor; Parker, Chadwick O. Rural Housing Service Allen, Joyce; Banegas, Ronald; Davis, Richard A.; Glendenning, Roger; Hannah, Thomas; Hooper, Bryan; Primrose, Edna; Ross, Robert H.; Salguero, Francisco. Rural Utilities Service Ackerman, Kenneth; Adams, Keith; Adelstein, Jonathan S.; Bojes, Gary; Elgohary, Nivin; Padalino, John C.; Ponti-Lazaruk, Jacqueline; Zufolo, Jessica. Natural Resources and Environment sroberts on DSK5SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES Blazer, Arthur; Bonnie, Robert Farrell; Harrell, Meryl; Mills, Ann C. Forest Service Agpaoa, Elizabeth; Atkinson, Kathleen; Bedwell, James; Blount, Emilee; Brown, Thomas C.; Bryant, Arthur; Bytnerowicz, Andrzej; Christiansen, Victoria; Cleaves, David A.; Cohen, Warren Bruce; Coleman, VerDate Mar<15>2010 17:14 Nov 12, 2013 Jkt 232001 Angela V.; Connaughton, Kent P.; Cordell, Harold K.; Cullen, Daniel; DeCoster, Timothy P.; Dixon, Antione; Doudrick, Robert; Ferguson, Tony; Ferrell, David L.; Foster, George S.; Friend, Alexander L.; Grant, Gordon E.; Guldin, Richard; Gutman, Theodore H.; Hammel, Kenneth E.; Harbour, Thomas C.; Hubbard, James E.; Iverson, Louis R.; Jiron, Daniel J.; Joyner, Calvin N.; Krueger, Faye L.; Lago, Jacquelyn L.; Lemly, A. 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Wayne; Jordan, Leonard; Kramer, Anthony; Kunze, Stephen; Laur, Michele; Perry, Janet; Reed, Lesia; Salinas, Salvador; Sims, Richard; Smith, David W.; Suarez Oliva, Carlos; Weller, Jason; Wilkes, Homer L. Research, Education and Economics Abebe, Yeshimebet; Bartuska, Ann; Onwulata, Charles; Ramaswamy, Gita; Woteki, Catherine. Agricultural Research Service Ahuja, Lajpat R.; Allen, Lindsay; Arnold, Jeffrey G.; Baldus, Lisa; Brennan, Deborah; Brenner, Richard; Bretting, Peter K.; Chandler, Laurence; Cleveland, Thomas; Cregan, Perry B.; Erhan, Sevin; Fayer, Ronald; Gay, Cyril G.; Gibson, Paul; Gottwald, Timothy R.; Hackett, Kevin J.; Hammond, Andrew; Harris, Ellen; Hatfield, Jerry L.; Hefferan, Colien; Huber, Steven C.; Hunt, Patrick G.; Jackson, Thomas J.; Jacobs-Young, Chavonda; Jenkins, Johnie Norton; Kappes, Steven; King, Jr., Edgar; Klesius, Phillip Harry; Kochian, Leon V.; Kunickis, Sheryl; Lillehoj, Hyun S.; Lindsay, James A.; Liu, Simon; Loper, Joyce E.; Magill, Robert; Marshall, David; Matteri, Robert; Mattoo, Autar K.; McGuire, Michael; McMurtry, John; Nackman, Ronald J.; PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Ort, Donald R.; Pollak, Emil; Rango, Albert; Rexroad, Jr., Caird; Riley, Ronald T.; Sebesta, Paul; Shafer, Steven; Simmons, Mary W.; Smith, Timothy P.; Spence, Joseph; Suarez, David Lee; Swietlik, Dariusz; Teal, Peter; Upchurch, Dan; Vogel, Kenneth P.; Whalen, Maureen; Willett, Julious L.; Yates, Allison; Zhang, Howard. Economic Research Service Bianchi, Ronald; Bohman, Mary; Munisamy, Gopinath; Pompelli, Gregory K.; Variyam, Jayachandran N.; Weinberg, Marca J. National Agricultural Statistics Service Barnes, Kevin L.; Bass, Robert; Bennett, Norman; Clark, Cynthia; Hamer, Jr., Hubert; Harris, James Mark; Parsons, Joseph L.; Picanso, Robin; Prusacki, Joseph; Reilly, Joseph; Valivullah, Michael. National Institute of Food and Agriculture Broussard, Meryl; Desbois, Michel; Holland, Robert E.; Montgomery, Cynthia R.; Otto, Ralph; Qureshi, Muquarrab A.; Ramaswamy, Sony; Sheely, Deborah. DATES: Effective October 24, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: William Milton, Director, Office of Human Resources Management, telephone: (202) 690–2139, email: william.milton@dm.usda.gov.or Patricia Moore, Director, Executive Resources Management Division, telephone: (202) 720–8629, email: patty.moore@ dm.usda.gov. Dated: November 1, 2013. Thomas J. Vilsack, Secretary. [FR Doc. 2013–27124 Filed 11–12–13; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–96–P DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service [Docket No. APHIS–2013–0048] Evaluation of Established Plant Pests for Action at Ports of Entry Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: We are advising the public that we have been and are assessing certain plant pests that are present in the United States to determine whether we should take action to mitigate the risk posed by those pests when they are found in consignments of imported SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\13NON1.SGM 13NON1 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 219 / Wednesday, November 13, 2013 / Notices goods at ports of entry into the United States. We have determined that it is no longer appropriate or necessary to take such action on some plant pests on which we had been taking action at ports of entry because we are not taking any regulatory action on those same pests when we find them in interstate movement, due to our scientific determination that we do not need to mitigate their pest risk. This process relieves restrictions that are no longer needed and ensures that actions taken on plant pests found in imported goods are consistent with the actions we take on those same pests when they appear in interstate commerce. Mr. David B. Lamb, Regulatory Policy Specialist, RPM, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 133, Riverdale, MD 20737–1231; (301) 851–2018; or Ms. Diane L. Schuble, National Coordinator for Official Control, Pest Detection and Emergency Programs, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 133, Riverdale, MD 20737–1237; (301) 851–2334. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Under the Plant Protection Act, as amended (PPA, 7 U.S.C. 7701 et seq.), the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to take such actions as may be necessary to prevent the introduction and spread of plant pests within the United States. The Secretary has delegated this responsibility to the Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). Pursuant to the PPA, when the Secretary considers it necessary to prevent the dissemination of a plant pest that is new to or not known to be widely prevalent or distributed within and throughout the United States, the Secretary may hold, seize, quarantine, treat, apply other remedial measures to, destroy, or otherwise dispose of any plant, plant pest, noxious weed, biological control organism, plant product, article, or means of conveyance that, among other things, is moving into the United States and that the Secretary has reason to believe is infested with a plant pest at the time of the movement. Under this PPA authority, consignments of imported articles are inspected at the port of entry to determine whether plant pests are associated with them and, if so, prescribe remedial measures as described in the Act. APHIS typically refers to prescribing measures to address the pest risk as ‘‘taking action’’ at the port of entry to prevent a plant pest from being introduced into or further disseminated within the United States. Pests that are subject to such actions are referred to as ‘‘actionable pests.’’ sroberts on DSK5SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: VerDate Mar<15>2010 17:14 Nov 12, 2013 Jkt 232001 APHIS determines whether a pest is actionable based on its novelty and known prevalence or distribution within and throughout the United States, its potential harm to U.S. agricultural, environmental, or other resources, and the need to mitigate its pest risk, if any. However, after APHIS determines that a pest is actionable, circumstances may change, and it may no longer be necessary or be an effective use of resources to take action on the pest at ports of entry. For example, a bacterium could cause disease in a plant, but also could have become widespread in the United States, making any future control efforts ineffective and a waste of limited resources. We may lack effective control methods for an insect pest that is present in the United States, which would result in taking action that will likely not prevent the pest from causing damage but will continue to expend limited resources. Or, for example, a mealybug could damage certain plants, but additional experience with the pest may reveal that the damage is not of sufficient plant pest risk or economic importance to merit action at the port of entry. These circumstances often mean that no restrictions are placed on the interstate movement of articles infested with these pests when the articles are moved interstate. It is important to make the actions we take at the port of entry consistent with the actions taken in interstate movement, to maintain a uniform and consistent pest risk safeguarding and trade policy. To ensure that we are taking action at the ports of entry only when such action is warranted, APHIS has started to assess currently actionable plant pests that are present in the United States to determine which specific pests we should continue to take action on at the port of entry. The assessment is based on a number of factors, including: • The extent of the pest’s distribution in the United States; • The pest’s impacts on the economy (including its potential impacts on export markets), agricultural production, and the environment; • The scientific knowledge we have about the pest and the risk it poses; and • The availability and effectiveness of control or eradication tools for the pest. After we have completed our assessment, we share the information with the National Plant Board, a group of State plant health agencies. The States conduct their own reviews and provide additional information to help inform APHIS’ decisionmaking. For example, States may have additional information on the presence or distribution of a pest in their States, on PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 68021 the damage that pest causes, or potential control tools. After reviewing the information provided by the States, APHIS makes a decision on whether to continue taking action at ports of entry to mitigate the risk associated with a specific plant pest. Data leading to the decisions are documented in letters that are available on the Web at https:// www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/ plant_pest_info/frsmp/non-regpests.shtml. As of September 2013, APHIS has determined that 71 pests on which we had been taking action at ports of entry to address their risk no longer qualify under the PPA as requiring such action. Done in Washington, DC, this 6th day of November 2013. Kevin Shea, Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. [FR Doc. 2013–27132 Filed 11–12–13; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–34–P DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service [Docket No. APHIS–2013–0007] Notice of Affirmation of Addition of a Treatment Schedule for Methyl Bromide Fumigation of Blueberries Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: We are affirming our earlier determination that it was necessary to immediately add to the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual a treatment schedule for methyl bromide fumigation of blueberries for Mediterranean fruit fly and South American fruit fly. In a previous notice, we made available to the public for review and comment a treatment evaluation document that described the new treatment schedule and explained why we have determined that it is effective at neutralizing these fruit flies. DATES: Effective Date: Effective on November 13, 2013, we are affirming the addition to the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual of the treatment described in the notice published at 78 FR 36507–36508 on June 18, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dr. Inder P.S. Gadh, Senior Risk Manager– Treatments, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 133, Riverdale, MD 20737; (301) 851–2018. SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\13NON1.SGM 13NON1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 78, Number 219 (Wednesday, November 13, 2013)]
[Notices]
[Pages 68020-68021]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2013-27132]


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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

[Docket No. APHIS-2013-0048]


Evaluation of Established Plant Pests for Action at Ports of 
Entry

AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.

ACTION: Notice.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We are advising the public that we have been and are assessing 
certain plant pests that are present in the United States to determine 
whether we should take action to mitigate the risk posed by those pests 
when they are found in consignments of imported

[[Page 68021]]

goods at ports of entry into the United States. We have determined that 
it is no longer appropriate or necessary to take such action on some 
plant pests on which we had been taking action at ports of entry 
because we are not taking any regulatory action on those same pests 
when we find them in interstate movement, due to our scientific 
determination that we do not need to mitigate their pest risk. This 
process relieves restrictions that are no longer needed and ensures 
that actions taken on plant pests found in imported goods are 
consistent with the actions we take on those same pests when they 
appear in interstate commerce.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. David B. Lamb, Regulatory Policy 
Specialist, RPM, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 133, Riverdale, MD 
20737-1231; (301) 851-2018; or Ms. Diane L. Schuble, National 
Coordinator for Official Control, Pest Detection and Emergency 
Programs, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 133, Riverdale, MD 20737-
1237; (301) 851-2334.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under the Plant Protection Act, as amended 
(PPA, 7 U.S.C. 7701 et seq.), the Secretary of Agriculture is 
authorized to take such actions as may be necessary to prevent the 
introduction and spread of plant pests within the United States. The 
Secretary has delegated this responsibility to the Administrator of the 
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS).
    Pursuant to the PPA, when the Secretary considers it necessary to 
prevent the dissemination of a plant pest that is new to or not known 
to be widely prevalent or distributed within and throughout the United 
States, the Secretary may hold, seize, quarantine, treat, apply other 
remedial measures to, destroy, or otherwise dispose of any plant, plant 
pest, noxious weed, biological control organism, plant product, 
article, or means of conveyance that, among other things, is moving 
into the United States and that the Secretary has reason to believe is 
infested with a plant pest at the time of the movement. Under this PPA 
authority, consignments of imported articles are inspected at the port 
of entry to determine whether plant pests are associated with them and, 
if so, prescribe remedial measures as described in the Act. APHIS 
typically refers to prescribing measures to address the pest risk as 
``taking action'' at the port of entry to prevent a plant pest from 
being introduced into or further disseminated within the United States. 
Pests that are subject to such actions are referred to as ``actionable 
pests.''
    APHIS determines whether a pest is actionable based on its novelty 
and known prevalence or distribution within and throughout the United 
States, its potential harm to U.S. agricultural, environmental, or 
other resources, and the need to mitigate its pest risk, if any. 
However, after APHIS determines that a pest is actionable, 
circumstances may change, and it may no longer be necessary or be an 
effective use of resources to take action on the pest at ports of 
entry. For example, a bacterium could cause disease in a plant, but 
also could have become widespread in the United States, making any 
future control efforts ineffective and a waste of limited resources. We 
may lack effective control methods for an insect pest that is present 
in the United States, which would result in taking action that will 
likely not prevent the pest from causing damage but will continue to 
expend limited resources. Or, for example, a mealybug could damage 
certain plants, but additional experience with the pest may reveal that 
the damage is not of sufficient plant pest risk or economic importance 
to merit action at the port of entry. These circumstances often mean 
that no restrictions are placed on the interstate movement of articles 
infested with these pests when the articles are moved interstate. It is 
important to make the actions we take at the port of entry consistent 
with the actions taken in interstate movement, to maintain a uniform 
and consistent pest risk safeguarding and trade policy.
    To ensure that we are taking action at the ports of entry only when 
such action is warranted, APHIS has started to assess currently 
actionable plant pests that are present in the United States to 
determine which specific pests we should continue to take action on at 
the port of entry. The assessment is based on a number of factors, 
including:
     The extent of the pest's distribution in the United 
States;
     The pest's impacts on the economy (including its potential 
impacts on export markets), agricultural production, and the 
environment;
     The scientific knowledge we have about the pest and the 
risk it poses; and
     The availability and effectiveness of control or 
eradication tools for the pest.
    After we have completed our assessment, we share the information 
with the National Plant Board, a group of State plant health agencies. 
The States conduct their own reviews and provide additional information 
to help inform APHIS' decisionmaking. For example, States may have 
additional information on the presence or distribution of a pest in 
their States, on the damage that pest causes, or potential control 
tools.
    After reviewing the information provided by the States, APHIS makes 
a decision on whether to continue taking action at ports of entry to 
mitigate the risk associated with a specific plant pest. Data leading 
to the decisions are documented in letters that are available on the 
Web at https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/frsmp/non-reg-pests.shtml. As of September 2013, APHIS has determined that 71 
pests on which we had been taking action at ports of entry to address 
their risk no longer qualify under the PPA as requiring such action.

    Done in Washington, DC, this 6th day of November 2013.
Kevin Shea,
Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
[FR Doc. 2013-27132 Filed 11-12-13; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-34-P