Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment Rule, 66643-66648 [2013-26648]

Download as PDF pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with RULES Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 215 / Wednesday, November 6, 2013 / Rules and Regulations and amended citations in two provisions of the construction standards to show the correct incorporation-byreference section. In the DFR, OSHA stated that it would confirm the effective date of the DFR if it received no significant adverse comments. OSHA received eight favorable and no adverse comments on the DFR (see ID: OSHA–2013–0005– 0008 thru –0015 in the docket for this rulemaking). Accordingly, OSHA is confirming the effective date of the final rule. In addition to explicitly supporting the DFR, several of the commenters provided supplemental information. Mr. Charles Johnson of AltairStrickland stated that as a result of ‘‘[OSHA’s] incorporating both the 1968 and the [2011] versions of the ANSI Z535 standard by reference[,] both manufacturers and employers will likely migrate to the newer versions and the older versions will likely fade away as demand declines’’ (ID: OSHA–2013– 0005–0011). Mr. Johnson also commented that ‘‘[h]ad OSHA deleted the reference to the ANSI Z35.1–1968 language, these signs would require replacement at considerable and unnecessary cost to employers.’’ Id. A second commenter, Mr. Blair Brewster of MySafetySign.com, described several advantages and limitations of the updated ANSI signage standards, concluding that ‘‘[i]t would be arrogant to assume that a single standard is best. The ANSI Z535 designs, the traditional safety sign and tag designs, as well as the countless other designs to come, will all have their place and will all coexist’’ (ID: OSHA–2013–0005–0014). A third commenter, Mr. Kyle Pitsor of the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) stated that ‘‘[w]hile we would have preferred that the references to the outdated standards be removed entirely from OSHA’s regulations, NEMA agrees that giving employers the option of using signs and tags that meet either the 1967–1968 or the most recent versions of the standards will provide the greatest flexibility without imposing additional costs’’ (ID: OSHA–2013–0005–0013). Mr. Pitsor also helpfully noted that, contrary to proposed §§ 1910.6(e)(66) and (e)(67) and 1926.6(h)(28)–(h)(30), the International Safety Equipment Association (ISEA) is not authorized to sell the ANSI Z535 standards proposed for incorporation by reference, and these standards are not sold on the ISEA Web site, www.safetyequipment.org. In response to Mr. Pitsor’s comment, OSHA is correcting the incorporationby-reference provisions in question in VerDate Mar<15>2010 15:05 Nov 05, 2013 Jkt 232001 29 CFR 1910.6 and 1926.6 in a separate Federal Register notice identifying the three locations where the public can purchase the updated ANSI Z535 standards. Finally, OSHA received an email from Jonathan Stewart, Manager, Government Relations, NEMA, after the comment period ended (ID: OSHA–2013–0005– 0015). In his email, Mr. Stewart mentioned NEMA’s earlier comments to the docket (ID: OSHA–2013–0005– 0013), and stated that ‘‘[w]hile reflective of NEMA’s position, those comments did not include a clarification regarding the language that the NRPM used in Sec. 1926.200 Accident prevention signs and tags.’’ He further indicated that ‘‘[t]he language, while not inaccurate, was unclear regarding which figure(s) it intended to reference in the ANSI Z535.2–2011 standard.’’ Although this comment was late, OSHA considered it because it was a purely technical comment, pointing out an ambiguity in the cited provision’s reference to figures in the updated version of the national consensus standard, ANSI Z535.2–2011. OSHA finds that the comment has merit, and accordingly is clarifying the language in 29 CFR 1926.200(b) and (c) specifying which figures employers must follow in ANSI Z535.2–2011. List of Subjects in 29 CFR Parts 1910 and 1926 Signage, Incorporation by reference, Occupational safety and health, Safety. Authority and Signature David Michaels, Ph.D., MPH, Assistant Secretary of Labor for Occupational Safety and Health, U.S. Department of Labor, 200 Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20210, authorized the preparation of this final rule. OSHA is issuing this final rule pursuant to 29 U.S.C. 653, 655, and 657, 5 U.S.C. 553, Secretary of Labor’s Order 1–2012 (77 FR 3912), and 29 CFR part 1911. Signed at Washington, DC, on October 30, 2013. David Michaels, Assistant Secretary of Labor for Occupational Safety and Health. [FR Doc. 2013–26336 Filed 11–5–13; 8:45 am] 66643 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 19 [FRL–9901–98–OECA] RIN 2020–AA49 Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment Rule Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: With this action, EPA is promulgating a final rule that amends the Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment Rule. This action is mandated by the Debt Collection Improvement Act of 1996 (DCIA) to adjust for inflation certain statutory civil monetary penalties that may be assessed for violations of EPA-administered statutes and their implementing regulations. The Agency is required to review the civil monetary penalties under the statutes it administers at least once every four years and to adjust such penalties as necessary for inflation according to a formula prescribed by the DCIA. The regulations contain a list of all civil monetary penalty authorities under EPA-administered statutes and the applicable statutory amounts, as adjusted for inflation, since 1996. DATES: This rule is effective December 6, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Caroline Hermann, Special Litigation and Projects Division (2248A), Office of Civil Enforcement, Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20460, (202) 564–2876. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: I. Background Pursuant to section 4 of the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990, 28 U.S.C. 2461 note, as amended by the DCIA, 31 U.S.C. 3701 note, each federal agency is required to issue regulations adjusting for inflation the statutory civil monetary penalties 1 (‘‘civil penalties’’ or ‘‘penalties’’) that can be imposed under the laws administered by that agency. The purpose of these adjustments is to BILLING CODE 4510–26–P PO 00000 1 Section 3 of the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990, 28 U.S.C. 2461 note, as amended by the DCIA, 31 U.S.C. 3701 note, defines ‘‘civil monetary penalty’’ to mean ‘‘any penalty, fine or other sanction that—(A)(i) is for a specific monetary amount as provided by federal law; or (ii) has a maximum amount provided for by federal law. . . .’’ Frm 00023 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\06NOR1.SGM 06NOR1 66644 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 215 / Wednesday, November 6, 2013 / Rules and Regulations pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with RULES maintain the deterrent effect of civil penalties and to further the policy goals of the underlying statutes. The DCIA requires adjustments to be made at least once every four years following the initial adjustment. EPA’s initial adjustment to each statutory civil penalty amount was published in the Federal Register on December 31, 1996 (61 FR 69360), and became effective on January 30, 1997 (‘‘the 1996 Rule’’). EPA’s second adjustment to civil penalty amounts was published in the Federal Register on February 13, 2004 (69 FR 7121), and became effective on March 15, 2004 (‘‘the 2004 Rule’’). EPA’s third adjustment to civil penalty amounts was published in the Federal Register on December 11, 2008 (73 FR 75340), as corrected in the Federal Register on January 7, 2009 (74 FR 626), and became effective on January 12, 2009 (‘‘the 2008 Rule’’). Where necessary under the DCIA, this rule, specifically Table 1 in 40 CFR 19.4, adjusts for inflation the maximum and, in some cases, the minimum amount of the statutory civil penalty that may be imposed for violations of EPAadministered statutes and their implementing regulations. Table 1 of 40 CFR 19.4 identifies the applicable EPAadministered statutes and sets out the inflation-adjusted civil penalty amounts that may be imposed pursuant to each statutory provision after the effective dates of the 1996, 2004 and 2008 rules. Where required under the DCIA formula, this rule amends the adjusted penalty amounts in Table 1 of 40 CFR 19.4 for those violations that occur after the effective date of this rule. The formula prescribed by the DCIA for determining the inflation adjustment, if any, to statutory civil penalties consists of the following fourstep process: 1. Determine the Cost-of-Living Adjustment (COLA). The COLA is determined by calculating the percentage increase, if any, by which the Consumer Price Index 2 for all-urban consumers (CPI–U) for the month of June of the calendar year preceding the adjustment exceeds the CPI–U for the month of June of the calendar year in which the amount of such civil monetary penalty was last set or adjusted.3 Accordingly, the COLA 2 Section 3 of the DCIA defines ‘‘Consumer Price Index’’ to mean ‘‘the Consumer Price Index for allurban consumers published by the Department of Labor.’’ Interested parties may find the relevant Consumer Price Index, published by the Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics, on the Internet. To access this information, go to the CPI Home Page at: ftp://ftp.bls.gov/pub/ special.requests/cpi/cpiai.txt. 3 Section 5(b) of the DCIA defines the term ‘‘costof-living adjustment’’ to mean ‘‘the percentage (if VerDate Mar<15>2010 15:05 Nov 05, 2013 Jkt 232001 applied under this rule equals the percentage by which the CPI–U for June 2012 (i.e., June of the year preceding this year), exceeds the CPI–U for June of the year in which the amount of a specific penalty was last adjusted (i.e., 2008, 2004 or 1996, as the case may be). Given that the last inflation adjustment was published on December 11, 2008, the COLA for most civil penalties set forth in this rule was calculated by determining the percentage by which the CPI–U for June 2012 (229.478) exceeds the CPI–U for June 2008 (218.815), resulting in a COLA of 4.87 percent. For those few civil penalty amounts that were last adjusted under the 2004 Rule, the COLA equals 20.97 percent, calculated by determining the percentage by which the CPI–U for June 2012 (229.478) exceeds the CPI–U for June 2004 (189.7). In the case of the maximum civil penalty that can be imposed under section 311(b)(7)(A) of the Clean Water Act, 33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(A), which is the sole civil penalty last adjusted under the 1996 Rule, the COLA is 46.45 percent, determined by calculating the percentage by which the CPI–U for June 2012 (229.478) exceeds the CPI–U for June 1996 (156.7). 2. Calculate the Raw Inflation Increase. Once the COLA is determined, the second step is to multiply the COLA by the current civil penalty amount to determine the raw inflation increase. 3. Apply the DCIA’s Rounding Rule to the Raw Inflation Increase. The third step is to round this raw inflation increase according to section 5(a) of the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990, 28 U.S.C. 2461 note, as amended by the DCIA, 31 U.S.C. 3701 note. The DCIA’s rounding rules require that any increase be rounded to the nearest multiple of: $10 in the case of penalties less than or equal to $100; $100 in the case of penalties greater than $100 but less than or equal to $1,000; $1,000 in the case of penalties greater than $1,000 but less than or equal to $10,000; $5,000 in the case of penalties greater than $10,000 but less than or equal to $100,000; $10,000 in the case of penalties greater than $100,000 but less than or equal to $200,000; and $25,000 in the case of penalties greater than $200,000. (See section 5(a) of the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of any) for each civil monetary penalty by which—(1) the Consumer Price Index for the month of June of the calendar year preceding the adjustment, exceeds (2) the Consumer Price Index for the month of June of the calendar year in which the amount of such civil monetary penalty was last set or adjusted pursuant to law.’’ PO 00000 Frm 00024 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 1990, 28 U.S.C. 2461 note, as amended by the DCIA, 31 U.S.C. 3701 note.) 4. Add the Rounded Inflation Increase, if any, to the Current Penalty Amount. Once the inflation increase has been rounded pursuant to the DCIA, the fourth step is to add the rounded inflation increase to the current civil penalty amount to obtain the new, inflation-adjusted civil penalty amount. For example, in this rule, the current statutory maximum penalty amounts that may be imposed under Clean Air Act (CAA) section 113(d)(1), 42 U.S.C. 7413(d)(1), and CAA section 205(c)(1), 42 U.S.C. 7524(c)(1), are increasing from $295,000 to $320,000. These penalty amounts were last adjusted with the promulgation of the 2008 Rule, when these penalties were adjusted for inflation from $270,000 to $295,000. Applying the COLA adjustment to the current penalty amount of $295,000 results in a raw inflation increase of $14,376 for both penalties. As stated above, the DCIA rounding rule requires the raw inflation increase to be rounded to the nearest multiple of $25,000 for penalties greater than $200,000. Rounding $14,376 to the nearest multiple of $25,000 equals $25,000. That rounded increase increment of $25,000 is then added to the $295,000 penalty amount to arrive at a total inflation adjusted penalty amount of $320,000. Accordingly, once this rule is effective, the statutory maximum amounts of these penalties will increase to $320,000. In contrast, this rule does not adjust those civil penalty amounts where the raw inflation amounts are not high enough to round up to the required multiple stated in the DCIA. For example, under section 3008(a)(3) of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, 42 U.S.C. 6928(a)(3), the Administrator may assess a civil penalty of up to $37,500 per day of noncompliance for each violation. This penalty was last adjusted for inflation under the 2008 Rule. Multiplying the applicable 4.87 percent COLA to the statutory civil penalty amount of $37,500, the raw inflation increase equals only $1,827.40; the DCIA rounding rule requires a raw inflation increase increment to be rounded to the nearest multiple of $5,000 for penalties greater than $10,000 but less than or equal to $100,000. Because this raw inflation increase is not sufficient to be rounded up to a multiple of $5,000, in accordance with the DCIA’s rounding rule, this rule does not increase the $37,500 penalty amount. However, if during the development of EPA’s next Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment Rule, anticipated to be E:\FR\FM\06NOR1.SGM 06NOR1 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 215 / Wednesday, November 6, 2013 / Rules and Regulations pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with RULES promulgated in 2017, the raw inflation increase can be rounded up to the next multiple of $5,000, statutory maximum penalty amounts currently at $37,500 will be increased to $42,500. Because of the low rate of inflation since 2008, coupled with the application of the DCIA’s rounding rules, only 20 of the 88 statutory civil penalty provisions implemented by EPA are being adjusted for inflation under this rule. Assuming there are no changes to the mandate imposed by the DCIA, EPA intends to review all statutory penalty amounts and adjust them as necessary to account for inflation in the year 2017 and every four years thereafter. II. Technical Revision to Table 1 of 40 CFR 19.4 To Break Out Each of the Statutory Penalty Authorities Under Section 325(b) of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-ToKnow Act (EPCRA) EPA is revising the row of Table 1 of 40 CFR 19.4, which lists the statutory maximum penalty amounts that can be imposed under section 325(b) of EPCRA, 42 U.S.C. 11045(b), to break out separately the three penalty authorities contained in subsection (b). Since 1996, EPA has been adjusting for inflation all of the statutory maximum penalty amounts specified under EPCRA section 325(b), 42 U.S.C. 11045(b). Under past rules, the Agency has grouped the maximum penalty amounts that may be assessed under section 325(b) under the heading of 42 U.S.C. 11045(b) in Table 1 of 40 CFR 19.4. For example, under the 2008 Rule, Table 1 of 40 CFR 19.4 reflects that the statutory maximum penalties that can be imposed under any subparagraph of EPCRA section 325(b) are $37,500 and $107,500. Consistent with how the other penalty authorities are displayed under Part 19.4, Table 1 now delineates, on a subpart-by-subpart basis, the penalty authorities enumerated under section 325(b) of EPCRA, 42 U.S.C. 11045(b) (i.e., 42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(1)(A), (b)(2), and (b)(3)). That is, upon the effective date of this rule, the statutory maximum penalty that can be imposed under section 325(b)(1)(A) is $37,500; the statutory maximum penalties that can be imposed under section 325(b)(2) are $37,500 and $117,500; and the statutory maximum penalties that can be imposed under section 325(b)(3) are $37,500 and $117,500. III. Effective Date Section 6 of the DCIA provides that ‘‘any increase under [the DCIA] in a civil monetary penalty shall apply only to violations which occur after the date VerDate Mar<15>2010 15:05 Nov 05, 2013 Jkt 232001 the increase takes effect.’’ (See section 6 of the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990, 28 U.S.C. 2461 note, as amended by the DCIA, 31 U.S.C. 3701 note.) Thus, the new inflation-adjusted civil penalty amounts may be applied only to violations that occur after the effective date of this rule. IV. Good Cause Section 553(b) of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) provides that, when an agency for good cause finds that ‘‘notice and public procedure . . . are impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest,’’ the agency may issue a rule without providing notice and an opportunity for public comment. EPA finds that there is good cause to promulgate this rule without providing for public comment. The primary purpose of this final rule is merely to implement the statutory directive in the DCIA to make periodic increases in civil penalty amounts by applying the adjustment formula and rounding rules established by the statute. Because the calculation of the increases is formula-driven and prescribed by statute, EPA has no discretion to vary the amount of the adjustment to reflect any views or suggestions provided by commenters. Accordingly, it would serve no purpose to provide an opportunity for public comment on this rule. Thus, notice and public comment is unnecessary. In addition, EPA is making the technical revisions discussed above without notice and public comment. Because the technical revisions to Table 1 of 40 CFR 19.4 more accurately reflect the statutory provisions under each of the subparagraphs of section 325(b) (i.e., under 42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(1)(A), (b)(2), and (b)(3)) and do not constitute substantive revisions to the rule, these changes do not require notice and comment. V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review and Executive Order 13563: Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review This action is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ under the terms of Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993) and therefore is not subject to review under the Executive Orders 12866 and 13563 (76 FR 3821, January 21, 2011). B. Paperwork Reduction Act This action does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction PO 00000 Frm 00025 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 66645 Act of 1995, 44 U.S.C. 3501–3521. Burden is defined at 5 CFR 1320.3(b). This rule merely increases the amount of civil penalties that could be imposed in the context of a federal civil administrative enforcement action or civil judicial case for violations of EPAadministered statutes and their implementing regulations. C. Regulatory Flexibility Act Today’s final rule is not subject to the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA), 5 U.S.C. 601–612, which generally requires an agency to prepare a regulatory flexibility analysis for any rule that will have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. The RFA applies only to rules subject to notice and comment rulemaking requirements under the APA or any other statute. This rule is not subject to notice and comment requirements under the APA or any other statute because although the rule is subject to the APA, the Agency has invoked the ‘‘good cause’’ exemption under 5 U.S.C. 553(b), therefore it is not subject to the notice and comment requirements. D. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act This action contains no federal mandates under the provisions of Title II of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA), 2 U.S.C. 1531– 1538 for state, local, or tribal governments or the private sector. The action implements mandates specifically and explicitly set forth by Congress in the DCIA without the exercise of any policy discretion by EPA. By applying the adjustment formula and rounding rules prescribed by the DCIA, this rule adjusts for inflation the statutory maximum and, in some cases, the minimum, amount of civil penalties that can be assessed by EPA in an administrative enforcement action, or by the U.S. Attorney General in a civil judicial case, for violations of EPA-administered statutes and their implementing regulations. Because the calculation of any increase is formuladriven, EPA has no policy discretion to vary the amount of the adjustment. Given that the Agency has made a ‘‘good cause’’ finding that this rule is not subject to notice and comment requirements under the APA or any other statute (see Section IV of this notice), it is not subject to sections 202 and 205 of UMRA. EPA has also determined that this action is not subject to the requirements of section 203 of UMRA because it contains no regulatory requirements that might significantly or uniquely affect small governments. This rule merely increases E:\FR\FM\06NOR1.SGM 06NOR1 66646 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 215 / Wednesday, November 6, 2013 / Rules and Regulations the amount of civil penalties that could conceivably be imposed in the context of a federal civil administrative enforcement action or civil judicial case for violations of EPA-administered statutes and their implementing regulations. E. Executive Order 13132 (Federalism) This action does not have federalism implications. It will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999). This rule merely increases the amount of civil penalties that could conceivably be imposed in the context of a federal civil administrative enforcement action or civil judicial case for violations of EPAadministered statutes and their implementing regulations. Thus, Executive Order 13132 does not apply to this rule. F. Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination With Indian Tribal Governments This action does not have tribal implications, as specified in Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000). This rule merely increases the amount of civil penalties that could be imposed in the context of a federal civil administrative enforcement action or civil judicial case for violations of EPAadministered statutes and their implementing regulations. This final rule will not have substantial direct effects on tribal governments, on the relationship between the federal government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the federal government and Indian tribes. Thus, Executive Order 13175 does not apply to this action. pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with RULES G. Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children From Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks EPA interprets Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997) as applying only to those regulatory actions that concern health or safety risks, such that the analysis required under section 5–501 of the Executive Order has the potential to influence the regulation. This action is not subject to Executive Order 13045 because it does not establish an environmental standard intended to mitigate health or safety risks. VerDate Mar<15>2010 15:05 Nov 05, 2013 Jkt 232001 H. Executive Order 13211: Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use This action is not subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001), because it is not a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866. I. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (‘‘NTTAA’’), 15 U.S.C. 272 note, directs EPA to use voluntary consensus standards in its regulatory activities unless to do so would be inconsistent with applicable law or otherwise impractical. Voluntary consensus standards are technical standards (e.g., materials specifications, test methods, sampling procedures, and business practices) that are developed or adopted by voluntary consensus standards bodies. NTTAA directs EPA to provide Congress, through the U.S. Office of Management and Budget, explanations when the Agency decides not to use available and applicable voluntary consensus standards. This action does not involve technical standards. Therefore, EPA did not consider the use of any voluntary consensus standards. J. Executive Order 12898: Federal Actions To Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994) establishes federal executive policy on environmental justice. Its main provision directs federal agencies, to the greatest extent practicable and permitted by law, to make environmental justice part of their mission by identifying and addressing, as appropriate, disproportionately high and adverse human health or environmental effects of their programs, policies, and activities on minority populations and low-income populations in the United States. EPA lacks the discretionary authority to address environmental justice in this final rulemaking. The primary purpose of this final rule is merely to apply the DCIA’s inflation adjustment formula to make periodic increases in the civil penalties that may be imposed for violations of EPA-administered statutes and their implementing regulations. Thus, because calculation of the increases is formula-driven, EPA has no discretion in updating the rule to reflect the allowable statutory civil penalties derived from applying the formula. PO 00000 Frm 00026 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Since there is no discretion under the DCIA in determining the statutory civil penalty amount, EPA cannot vary the amount of the civil penalty adjustment to address other issues, including environmental justice issues. K. Congressional Review Act The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801–808, as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a ‘‘major rule’’ as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2). List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 19 Environmental protection, Administrative practice and procedure, Penalties. Dated: October 29, 2013. Gina McCarthy, Administrator, Environmental Protection Agency. For the reasons set out in the preamble, title 40, chapter I, part 19 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows: PART 19—ADJUSTMENT OF CIVIL MONETARY PENALTIES FOR INFLATION 1. The authority citation for part 19 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: Pub. L. 101–410, 28 U.S.C. 2461 note; Public Law 104–134, 31 U.S.C. 3701 note. ■ 2. Revise § 19.2 to read as follows: § 19.2 Effective date. The increased penalty amounts set forth in the seventh and last column of Table 1 to § 19.4 apply to all violations under the applicable statutes and regulations which occur after December 6, 2013. The penalty amounts in the sixth column of Table 1 to § 19.4 apply to violations under the applicable statutes and regulations which occurred after January 12, 2009, through December 6, 2013. The penalty amounts in the fifth column of Table 1 to § 19.4 apply to all violations under the applicable statutes and regulations E:\FR\FM\06NOR1.SGM 06NOR1 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 215 / Wednesday, November 6, 2013 / Rules and Regulations which occurred after March 15, 2004, through January 12, 2009. The penalty amounts in the fourth column of Table 1 to § 19.4 apply to all violations under the applicable statutes and regulations which occurred after January 30, 1997, through March 15, 2004. ■ 3. Revise § 19.4 to read as follows: § 19.4 66647 Penalty adjustment and table. The adjusted statutory penalty provisions and their applicable amounts are set out in Table 1. The last column in the table provides the newly effective statutory civil penalty amounts. TABLE 1 OF SECTION 19.4—CIVIL MONETARY PENALTY INFLATION ADJUSTMENTS U.S. Code Citation Environmental statute 7 U.S.C. 136l.(a)(1) ......... FEDERAL INSECTICIDE, FUNGICIDE, AND RODENTICIDE ACT (FIFRA). FIFRA .............................. TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT (TSCA). TSCA ............................... TSCA ............................... PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT (PFCRA). PFCRA ............................ CLEAN WATER ACT (CWA). CWA ................................ CWA ................................ CWA ................................ CWA ................................ 7 U.S.C. 136l.(a)(2) ......... 15 U.S.C. 2615(a)(1) ....... 15 U.S.C. 2647(a) ........... 15 U.S.C. 2647(g) ........... 31 U.S.C. 3802(a)(1) ....... 31 U.S.C. 3802(a)(2) ....... 33 U.S.C. 1319(d) ........... 33 U.S.C. 1319(g)(2)(A) .. 33 U.S.C. 1319(g)(2)(B) .. 33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(i) 33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(ii). 33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(A) .. 33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(B) .. 33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(C) .. 33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(D) .. 33 U.S.C. 1414b(d)(1) 1 ... 33 U.S.C. 1415(a) ........... 33 U.S.C. 1901 note (see 1409(a)(2)(A)). 33 U.S.C. 1901 note (see 1409(a)(2)(B)). 33 U.S.C. 1901 note (see 1409(b)(1)). 42 U.S.C. 300g–3(b) ....... 42 U.S.C. 300g– 3(g)(3)(A). 42 U.S.C. 300g– 3(g)(3)(B). 42 U.S.C. 300g– 3(g)(3)(C). 42 U.S.C. 300h–2(b)(1) ... 42 U.S.C. 300h–2(c)(1) ... 42 U.S.C. 300h–2(c)(2) ... 42 U.S.C. 300h–3(c) ........ 42 U.S.C. 300i(b) ............. 42 U.S.C. 300i–1(c) ......... pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with RULES 42 42 42 42 42 U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. 300j(e)(2) ........ 300j–4(c) ......... 300j–6(b)(2) .... 300j–23(d) ....... 4852d(b)(5) ..... 42 U.S.C. 4910(a)(2) ....... 42 U.S.C. 6928(a)(3) ....... 42 42 42 42 42 U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. 6928(c) ............ 6928(g) ........... 6928(h)(2) ....... 6934(e) ........... 6973(b) ........... VerDate Mar<15>2010 Statutory penalties, as enacted Penalties effective after January 30, 1997 through March 15, 2004 Penalties effective after March 15, 2004 through January 12, 2009 Penalties effective after January 12, 2009 through December 6, 2013 Penalties effective after December 6, 2013 $5,000 $5,500 $6,500 $7,500 $7,500 $500/$1,000 $25,000 $550/$1,000 $27,500 $650/$1,100 $32,500 $750/$1,100 $37,500 $750/$1,100 $37,500 $5,000 $5,000 $5,000 $5,500 $5,000 $5,500 $6,500 $5,500 $6,500 $7,500 $7,500 $7,500 $7,500 $7,500 $7,500 $5,000 $25,000 $5,500 $27,500 $6,500 $32,500 $7,500 $37,500 $7,500 $37,500 $10,000/$25,000 $10,000/$125,000 $10,000/$25,000 $10,000/$125,000 $11,000/$27,500 $11,000/$137,500 $11,000/$27,500 $11,000/$137,500 $11,000/$32,500 $11,000/$157,500 $11,000/$32,500 $11,000/$157,500 $16,000/$37,500 $16,000/$177,500 $16,000/$37,500 $16,000/$177,500 $16,000/$37,500 $16,000/$187,500 $16,000/$37,500 $16,000/$187,500 $25,000/$1,000 $25,000 $25,000 $100,000/$3,000 $600 $27,500/$1,100 $27,500 $27,500 $110,000/$3,300 $660 $32,500/$1,100 $32,500 $32,500 $130,000/$4,300 $760 $37,500/$1,100 $37,500 $37,500 $140,000/$4,300 $860 $37,500/$2,100 $37,500 $37,500 $150,000/$5,300 $860 CWA ................................ CWA ................................ CWA ................................ CWA ................................ MARINE PROTECTION, RESEARCH, AND SANCTUARIES ACT (MPRSA). MPRSA ........................... CERTAIN ALASKAN CRUISE SHIP OPERATIONS (CACSO). CACSO ........................... $50,000/$125,000 $10,000/$25,000 $55,000/$137,500 $10,000/$25,000 2 $65,000/$157,500 $10,000/$25,000 $70,000/$177,500 $11,000/$27,500 $75,000/$187,500 $11,000/$27,500 $10,000/$125,000 $10,000/$125,000 $10,000/$125,000 $11,000/$137,500 $11,000/$147,500 CACSO ........................... $25,000 $25,000 $25,000 $27,500 $27,500 SAFE DRINKING WATER ACT (SDWA). SDWA ............................. $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500 $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500 SDWA ............................. $5,000/$25,000 $5,000/$25,000 $6,000/$27,500 $7,000/$32,500 $7,000/$32,500 SDWA ............................. $25,000 $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $32,500 ............................. ............................. ............................. ............................. ............................. ............................. $25,000 $10,000/$125,000 $5,000/$125,000 $5,000/$10,000 $15,000 $20,000/$50,000 $27,500 $11,000/$137,500 $5,500/$137,500 $5,500/$11,000 $15,000 $22,000/$55,000 3 SDWA ............................. SDWA ............................. SDWA ............................. SDWA ............................. RESIDENTIAL LEADBASED PAINT HAZARD REDUCTION ACT OF 1992. NOISE CONTROL ACT OF 1972. RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND RECOVERY ACT (RCRA). RCRA .............................. RCRA .............................. RCRA .............................. RCRA .............................. RCRA .............................. $2,500 $25,000 $25,000 $5,000/$50,000 $10,000 $2,750 $27,500 $25,000 $5,500/$55,000 $11,000 $32,500 $11,000/$157,500 $6,500/$157,500 $6,500/$11,000 $16,500 $100,000/ $1,000,000 $2,750 $32,500 $27,500 $6,500/$65,000 $11,000 $37,500 $16,000/$177,500 $7,500/$177,500 $7,500/$16,000 $16,500 $110,000/ $1,100,000 $3,750 $37,500 $32,500 $7,500/$70,000 $16,000 $37,500 $16,000/$187,500 $7,500/$187,500 $7,500/$16,000 $21,500 $120,000/ $1,150,000 $3,750 $37,500 $32,500 $7,500/$75,000 $16,000 $10,000 $11,000 $11,000 $16,000 $16,000 $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500 $25,000 $25,000 $25,000 $5,000 $5,000 $27,500 $27,500 $27,500 $5,500 $5,500 $32,500 $32,500 $32,500 $6,500 $6,500 $37,500 $37,500 $37,500 $7,500 $7,500 $37,500 $37,500 $37,500 $7,500 $7,500 SDWA SDWA SDWA SDWA SDWA SDWA 15:05 Nov 05, 2013 Jkt 232001 PO 00000 Frm 00027 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\06NOR1.SGM 06NOR1 66648 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 215 / Wednesday, November 6, 2013 / Rules and Regulations TABLE 1 OF SECTION 19.4—CIVIL MONETARY PENALTY INFLATION ADJUSTMENTS—Continued U.S. Code Citation 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. 6991e(a)(3) ..... 6991e(d)(1) ..... 6991e(d)(2) ..... 7413(b) ........... 7413(d)(1) ....... 7413(d)(3) ....... 7524(a) ........... 7524(c)(1) ....... 7545(d)(1) ....... 9604(e)(5)(B) .. 42 42 42 42 42 U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. 9606(b)(1) ....... 9609(a)(1) ....... 9609(b) ........... 9609(c) ............ 11045(a) ......... 42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(1)(A) 4. 42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(2) 42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(3) 42 U.S.C. 11045(c)(1) 42 U.S.C. 11045(c)(2) 42 U.S.C. 11045(d)(1) 42 U.S.C. 14304(a)(1) Statutory penalties, as enacted Penalties effective after January 30, 1997 through March 15, 2004 Penalties effective after March 15, 2004 through January 12, 2009 Penalties effective after January 12, 2009 through December 6, 2013 Penalties effective after December 6, 2013 RCRA .............................. RCRA .............................. RCRA .............................. CLEAN AIR ACT (CAA) .. CAA ................................. CAA ................................. CAA ................................. CAA ................................. CAA ................................. COMPREHENSIVE ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSE, COMPENSATION, AND LIABILITY ACT (CERCLA). CERCLA .......................... CERCLA .......................... CERCLA .......................... CERCLA .......................... EMERGENCY PLANNING AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TOKNOW ACT (EPCRA). EPCRA ............................ $25,000 $10,000 $10,000 $25,000 $25,000/$200,000 $5,000 $2,500/$25,000 $200,000 $25,000 $25,000 $27,500 $11,000 $11,000 $27,500 $27,500/$220,000 $5,500 $2,750/$27,500 $220,000 $27,500 $27,500 $32,500 $11,000 $11,000 $32,500 $32,500/$270,000 $6,500 $2,750/$32,500 $270,000 $32,500 $32,500 $37,500 $16,000 $16,000 $37,500 $37,500/$295,000 $7,500 $3,750/$37,500 $295,000 $37,500 $37,500 $37,500 $16,000 $16,000 $37,500 $37,500/$320,000 $7,500 $3,750/$37,500 $320,000 $37,500 $37,500 $25,000 $25,000 $25,000/$75,000 $25,000/$75,000 $25,000 $27,500 $27,500 $27,500/$82,500 $27,500/$82,500 $27,500 $32,500 $32,500 $32,500/$97,500 $32,500/$97,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500 $37,500/$107,500 $37,500/$107,500 $37,500 $37,500 $37,500 $37,500/$117,500 $37,500/$117,500 $37,500 $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500 EPCRA ............................ EPCRA ............................ EPCRA ............................ EPCRA ............................ EPCRA ............................ MERCURY-CONTAINING AND RECHARGEABLE BATTERY MANAGEMENT ACT (BATTERY ACT). BATTERY ACT ............... $25,000/$75,000 $25,000/$75,000 $25,000 $10,000 $25,000 $10,000 $27,500/$82,500 $27,500/$82,500 $27,500 $11,000 $27,500 $10,000 $32,500/$97,500 $32,500/$97,500 $32,500 $11,000 $32,500 $11,000 $37,500/$107,500 $37,500/$107,500 $37,500 $16,000 $37,500 $16,000 $37,500/$117,500 $37,500/$117,500 $37,500 $16,000 $37,500 $16,000 $10,000 $10,000 $11,000 $16,000 $16,000 Environmental statute ..... ..... ..... ..... ..... ..... 42 U.S.C. 14304(g) ......... 1 Note that 33 U.S.C. 1414b (d)(1)(B) contains additional penalty escalation provisions that must be applied to the penalty amounts set forth in this Table. The amounts set forth in this Table reflect an inflation adjustment to the calendar year 1992 penalty amount expressed in section 104B(d)(1)(A), which is used to calculate the applicable penalty amount under MPRSA section 104B(d)(1)(B) for violations that occur in any subsequent calendar year. 2 CACSO was passed on December 21, 2000 as part of Title XIV of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2001, Pub. L. 106–554, 33 U.S.C. 1901 note. 3 The original statutory penalty amounts of $20,000 and $50,000 under section 1432(c) of the SDWA, 42 U.S.C. 300i–1(c), were subsequently increased by Congress pursuant to section 403 of the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002, Public Law No. 107–188 (June 12, 2002), to $100,000 and $1,000,000, respectively. EPA did not adjust these new penalty amounts in its 2004 Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment Rule (‘‘2004 Rule’’), 69 FR 7121 (February 13, 2004), because they had gone into effect less than two years prior to the 2004 Rule. 4 Consistent with how the EPA’s other penalty authorities are displayed under Part 19.4, this Table now delineates, on a subpart-by-subpart basis, the penalty authorities enumerated under section 325(b) of EPCRA, 42 U.S.C. 11045(b) (i.e., 42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(1)(A), (b)(2), and (b)(3)). [FR Doc. 2013–26648 Filed 11–5–13; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6560–50–P ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 [EPA–R06–OAR–2010–0335; FRL–9902–50– Region 6] pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with RULES Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; Texas; Procedures for Stringency Determinations and Minor Permit Revisions for Federal Operating Permits Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Withdrawal of direct final rule. AGENCY: On September 10, 2013, EPA published a direct final rule approving portions of three revisions to the Texas SUMMARY: VerDate Mar<15>2010 15:05 Nov 05, 2013 Jkt 232001 State Implementation Plan (SIP) concerning the Texas Federal Operating Permits Program. The direct final action was published without prior proposal because EPA anticipated no adverse comments. EPA stated in the direct final rule that if we received relevant, adverse comments by October 10, 2013, EPA would publish a timely withdrawal in the Federal Register. EPA subsequently received timely adverse comments on the direct final rule. Therefore, EPA is withdrawing the direct final approval and will proceed to respond to all relevant, adverse comments in a subsequent action based on the parallel proposal published on September 10, 2013. As stated in the parallel proposal, EPA will not institute a second comment period on this action. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: The direct final rule published on September 10, 2013 (78 FR 55221), is withdrawn as of November 6, 2013. Accordingly, the amendments to 40 CFR 52.2270 published in the Federal Register on September 10, 2013 (78 FR DATES: PO 00000 Frm 00028 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Ms. Adina Wiley (6PD–R), Air Permits Section, Environmental Protection Agency, Region 6, 1445 Ross Avenue (6PD–R), Suite 1200, Dallas, TX 75202– 2733. The telephone number is (214) 665–2115. Ms. Wiley can also be reached via electronic mail at wiley.adina@epa.gov. List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52 Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by reference, Intergovernmental relations, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. Dated: October 28, 2013. Ron Curry, Regional Administrator, Region 6. E:\FR\FM\06NOR1.SGM 06NOR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 78, Number 215 (Wednesday, November 6, 2013)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 66643-66648]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2013-26648]


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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

40 CFR Part 19

[FRL-9901-98-OECA]
RIN 2020-AA49


Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment Rule

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: With this action, EPA is promulgating a final rule that amends 
the Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment Rule. This action is 
mandated by the Debt Collection Improvement Act of 1996 (DCIA) to 
adjust for inflation certain statutory civil monetary penalties that 
may be assessed for violations of EPA-administered statutes and their 
implementing regulations. The Agency is required to review the civil 
monetary penalties under the statutes it administers at least once 
every four years and to adjust such penalties as necessary for 
inflation according to a formula prescribed by the DCIA. The 
regulations contain a list of all civil monetary penalty authorities 
under EPA-administered statutes and the applicable statutory amounts, 
as adjusted for inflation, since 1996.

DATES: This rule is effective December 6, 2013.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Caroline Hermann, Special Litigation 
and Projects Division (2248A), Office of Civil Enforcement, Office of 
Enforcement and Compliance Assurance, U.S. Environmental Protection 
Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20460, (202) 564-
2876.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

I. Background

    Pursuant to section 4 of the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation 
Adjustment Act of 1990, 28 U.S.C. 2461 note, as amended by the DCIA, 31 
U.S.C. 3701 note, each federal agency is required to issue regulations 
adjusting for inflation the statutory civil monetary penalties \1\ 
(``civil penalties'' or ``penalties'') that can be imposed under the 
laws administered by that agency. The purpose of these adjustments is 
to

[[Page 66644]]

maintain the deterrent effect of civil penalties and to further the 
policy goals of the underlying statutes. The DCIA requires adjustments 
to be made at least once every four years following the initial 
adjustment. EPA's initial adjustment to each statutory civil penalty 
amount was published in the Federal Register on December 31, 1996 (61 
FR 69360), and became effective on January 30, 1997 (``the 1996 
Rule''). EPA's second adjustment to civil penalty amounts was published 
in the Federal Register on February 13, 2004 (69 FR 7121), and became 
effective on March 15, 2004 (``the 2004 Rule''). EPA's third adjustment 
to civil penalty amounts was published in the Federal Register on 
December 11, 2008 (73 FR 75340), as corrected in the Federal Register 
on January 7, 2009 (74 FR 626), and became effective on January 12, 
2009 (``the 2008 Rule'').
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    \1\ Section 3 of the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation 
Adjustment Act of 1990, 28 U.S.C. 2461 note, as amended by the DCIA, 
31 U.S.C. 3701 note, defines ``civil monetary penalty'' to mean 
``any penalty, fine or other sanction that--(A)(i) is for a specific 
monetary amount as provided by federal law; or (ii) has a maximum 
amount provided for by federal law. . . .''
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Where necessary under the DCIA, this rule, specifically Table 1 in 
40 CFR 19.4, adjusts for inflation the maximum and, in some cases, the 
minimum amount of the statutory civil penalty that may be imposed for 
violations of EPA-administered statutes and their implementing 
regulations. Table 1 of 40 CFR 19.4 identifies the applicable EPA-
administered statutes and sets out the inflation-adjusted civil penalty 
amounts that may be imposed pursuant to each statutory provision after 
the effective dates of the 1996, 2004 and 2008 rules. Where required 
under the DCIA formula, this rule amends the adjusted penalty amounts 
in Table 1 of 40 CFR 19.4 for those violations that occur after the 
effective date of this rule.
    The formula prescribed by the DCIA for determining the inflation 
adjustment, if any, to statutory civil penalties consists of the 
following four-step process:
    1. Determine the Cost-of-Living Adjustment (COLA). The COLA is 
determined by calculating the percentage increase, if any, by which the 
Consumer Price Index \2\ for all-urban consumers (CPI-U) for the month 
of June of the calendar year preceding the adjustment exceeds the CPI-U 
for the month of June of the calendar year in which the amount of such 
civil monetary penalty was last set or adjusted.\3\ Accordingly, the 
COLA applied under this rule equals the percentage by which the CPI-U 
for June 2012 (i.e., June of the year preceding this year), exceeds the 
CPI-U for June of the year in which the amount of a specific penalty 
was last adjusted (i.e., 2008, 2004 or 1996, as the case may be). Given 
that the last inflation adjustment was published on December 11, 2008, 
the COLA for most civil penalties set forth in this rule was calculated 
by determining the percentage by which the CPI-U for June 2012 
(229.478) exceeds the CPI-U for June 2008 (218.815), resulting in a 
COLA of 4.87 percent. For those few civil penalty amounts that were 
last adjusted under the 2004 Rule, the COLA equals 20.97 percent, 
calculated by determining the percentage by which the CPI-U for June 
2012 (229.478) exceeds the CPI-U for June 2004 (189.7). In the case of 
the maximum civil penalty that can be imposed under section 
311(b)(7)(A) of the Clean Water Act, 33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(A), which is 
the sole civil penalty last adjusted under the 1996 Rule, the COLA is 
46.45 percent, determined by calculating the percentage by which the 
CPI-U for June 2012 (229.478) exceeds the CPI-U for June 1996 (156.7).
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    \2\ Section 3 of the DCIA defines ``Consumer Price Index'' to 
mean ``the Consumer Price Index for all-urban consumers published by 
the Department of Labor.'' Interested parties may find the relevant 
Consumer Price Index, published by the Department of Labor's Bureau 
of Labor Statistics, on the Internet. To access this information, go 
to the CPI Home Page at: ftp://ftp.bls.gov/pub/special.requests/cpi/cpiai.txt.
    \3\ Section 5(b) of the DCIA defines the term ``cost-of-living 
adjustment'' to mean ``the percentage (if any) for each civil 
monetary penalty by which--(1) the Consumer Price Index for the 
month of June of the calendar year preceding the adjustment, exceeds 
(2) the Consumer Price Index for the month of June of the calendar 
year in which the amount of such civil monetary penalty was last set 
or adjusted pursuant to law.''
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    2. Calculate the Raw Inflation Increase. Once the COLA is 
determined, the second step is to multiply the COLA by the current 
civil penalty amount to determine the raw inflation increase.
    3. Apply the DCIA's Rounding Rule to the Raw Inflation Increase. 
The third step is to round this raw inflation increase according to 
section 5(a) of the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 
1990, 28 U.S.C. 2461 note, as amended by the DCIA, 31 U.S.C. 3701 note. 
The DCIA's rounding rules require that any increase be rounded to the 
nearest multiple of: $10 in the case of penalties less than or equal to 
$100; $100 in the case of penalties greater than $100 but less than or 
equal to $1,000; $1,000 in the case of penalties greater than $1,000 
but less than or equal to $10,000; $5,000 in the case of penalties 
greater than $10,000 but less than or equal to $100,000; $10,000 in the 
case of penalties greater than $100,000 but less than or equal to 
$200,000; and $25,000 in the case of penalties greater than $200,000. 
(See section 5(a) of the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment 
Act of 1990, 28 U.S.C. 2461 note, as amended by the DCIA, 31 U.S.C. 
3701 note.)
    4. Add the Rounded Inflation Increase, if any, to the Current 
Penalty Amount. Once the inflation increase has been rounded pursuant 
to the DCIA, the fourth step is to add the rounded inflation increase 
to the current civil penalty amount to obtain the new, inflation-
adjusted civil penalty amount. For example, in this rule, the current 
statutory maximum penalty amounts that may be imposed under Clean Air 
Act (CAA) section 113(d)(1), 42 U.S.C. 7413(d)(1), and CAA section 
205(c)(1), 42 U.S.C. 7524(c)(1), are increasing from $295,000 to 
$320,000. These penalty amounts were last adjusted with the 
promulgation of the 2008 Rule, when these penalties were adjusted for 
inflation from $270,000 to $295,000. Applying the COLA adjustment to 
the current penalty amount of $295,000 results in a raw inflation 
increase of $14,376 for both penalties. As stated above, the DCIA 
rounding rule requires the raw inflation increase to be rounded to the 
nearest multiple of $25,000 for penalties greater than $200,000. 
Rounding $14,376 to the nearest multiple of $25,000 equals $25,000. 
That rounded increase increment of $25,000 is then added to the 
$295,000 penalty amount to arrive at a total inflation adjusted penalty 
amount of $320,000. Accordingly, once this rule is effective, the 
statutory maximum amounts of these penalties will increase to $320,000.
    In contrast, this rule does not adjust those civil penalty amounts 
where the raw inflation amounts are not high enough to round up to the 
required multiple stated in the DCIA. For example, under section 
3008(a)(3) of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, 42 U.S.C. 
6928(a)(3), the Administrator may assess a civil penalty of up to 
$37,500 per day of noncompliance for each violation. This penalty was 
last adjusted for inflation under the 2008 Rule. Multiplying the 
applicable 4.87 percent COLA to the statutory civil penalty amount of 
$37,500, the raw inflation increase equals only $1,827.40; the DCIA 
rounding rule requires a raw inflation increase increment to be rounded 
to the nearest multiple of $5,000 for penalties greater than $10,000 
but less than or equal to $100,000. Because this raw inflation increase 
is not sufficient to be rounded up to a multiple of $5,000, in 
accordance with the DCIA's rounding rule, this rule does not increase 
the $37,500 penalty amount. However, if during the development of EPA's 
next Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment Rule, anticipated to 
be

[[Page 66645]]

promulgated in 2017, the raw inflation increase can be rounded up to 
the next multiple of $5,000, statutory maximum penalty amounts 
currently at $37,500 will be increased to $42,500.
    Because of the low rate of inflation since 2008, coupled with the 
application of the DCIA's rounding rules, only 20 of the 88 statutory 
civil penalty provisions implemented by EPA are being adjusted for 
inflation under this rule. Assuming there are no changes to the mandate 
imposed by the DCIA, EPA intends to review all statutory penalty 
amounts and adjust them as necessary to account for inflation in the 
year 2017 and every four years thereafter.

II. Technical Revision to Table 1 of 40 CFR 19.4 To Break Out Each of 
the Statutory Penalty Authorities Under Section 325(b) of the Emergency 
Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act (EPCRA)

    EPA is revising the row of Table 1 of 40 CFR 19.4, which lists the 
statutory maximum penalty amounts that can be imposed under section 
325(b) of EPCRA, 42 U.S.C. 11045(b), to break out separately the three 
penalty authorities contained in subsection (b). Since 1996, EPA has 
been adjusting for inflation all of the statutory maximum penalty 
amounts specified under EPCRA section 325(b), 42 U.S.C. 11045(b). Under 
past rules, the Agency has grouped the maximum penalty amounts that may 
be assessed under section 325(b) under the heading of 42 U.S.C. 
11045(b) in Table 1 of 40 CFR 19.4. For example, under the 2008 Rule, 
Table 1 of 40 CFR 19.4 reflects that the statutory maximum penalties 
that can be imposed under any subparagraph of EPCRA section 325(b) are 
$37,500 and $107,500. Consistent with how the other penalty authorities 
are displayed under Part 19.4, Table 1 now delineates, on a subpart-by-
subpart basis, the penalty authorities enumerated under section 325(b) 
of EPCRA, 42 U.S.C. 11045(b) (i.e., 42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(1)(A), (b)(2), 
and (b)(3)). That is, upon the effective date of this rule, the 
statutory maximum penalty that can be imposed under section 
325(b)(1)(A) is $37,500; the statutory maximum penalties that can be 
imposed under section 325(b)(2) are $37,500 and $117,500; and the 
statutory maximum penalties that can be imposed under section 325(b)(3) 
are $37,500 and $117,500.

III. Effective Date

    Section 6 of the DCIA provides that ``any increase under [the DCIA] 
in a civil monetary penalty shall apply only to violations which occur 
after the date the increase takes effect.'' (See section 6 of the 
Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990, 28 U.S.C. 
2461 note, as amended by the DCIA, 31 U.S.C. 3701 note.) Thus, the new 
inflation-adjusted civil penalty amounts may be applied only to 
violations that occur after the effective date of this rule.

IV. Good Cause

    Section 553(b) of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) provides 
that, when an agency for good cause finds that ``notice and public 
procedure . . . are impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the 
public interest,'' the agency may issue a rule without providing notice 
and an opportunity for public comment. EPA finds that there is good 
cause to promulgate this rule without providing for public comment. The 
primary purpose of this final rule is merely to implement the statutory 
directive in the DCIA to make periodic increases in civil penalty 
amounts by applying the adjustment formula and rounding rules 
established by the statute. Because the calculation of the increases is 
formula-driven and prescribed by statute, EPA has no discretion to vary 
the amount of the adjustment to reflect any views or suggestions 
provided by commenters. Accordingly, it would serve no purpose to 
provide an opportunity for public comment on this rule. Thus, notice 
and public comment is unnecessary.
    In addition, EPA is making the technical revisions discussed above 
without notice and public comment. Because the technical revisions to 
Table 1 of 40 CFR 19.4 more accurately reflect the statutory provisions 
under each of the subparagraphs of section 325(b) (i.e., under 42 
U.S.C. 11045(b)(1)(A), (b)(2), and (b)(3)) and do not constitute 
substantive revisions to the rule, these changes do not require notice 
and comment.

V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review and Executive 
Order 13563: Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review

    This action is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under the 
terms of Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993) and 
therefore is not subject to review under the Executive Orders 12866 and 
13563 (76 FR 3821, January 21, 2011).

B. Paperwork Reduction Act

    This action does not impose an information collection burden under 
the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, 44 U.S.C. 3501-
3521. Burden is defined at 5 CFR 1320.3(b). This rule merely increases 
the amount of civil penalties that could be imposed in the context of a 
federal civil administrative enforcement action or civil judicial case 
for violations of EPA-administered statutes and their implementing 
regulations.

C. Regulatory Flexibility Act

    Today's final rule is not subject to the Regulatory Flexibility Act 
(RFA), 5 U.S.C. 601-612, which generally requires an agency to prepare 
a regulatory flexibility analysis for any rule that will have a 
significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. 
The RFA applies only to rules subject to notice and comment rulemaking 
requirements under the APA or any other statute. This rule is not 
subject to notice and comment requirements under the APA or any other 
statute because although the rule is subject to the APA, the Agency has 
invoked the ``good cause'' exemption under 5 U.S.C. 553(b), therefore 
it is not subject to the notice and comment requirements.

D. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

    This action contains no federal mandates under the provisions of 
Title II of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA), 2 U.S.C. 
1531-1538 for state, local, or tribal governments or the private 
sector. The action implements mandates specifically and explicitly set 
forth by Congress in the DCIA without the exercise of any policy 
discretion by EPA. By applying the adjustment formula and rounding 
rules prescribed by the DCIA, this rule adjusts for inflation the 
statutory maximum and, in some cases, the minimum, amount of civil 
penalties that can be assessed by EPA in an administrative enforcement 
action, or by the U.S. Attorney General in a civil judicial case, for 
violations of EPA-administered statutes and their implementing 
regulations. Because the calculation of any increase is formula-driven, 
EPA has no policy discretion to vary the amount of the adjustment. 
Given that the Agency has made a ``good cause'' finding that this rule 
is not subject to notice and comment requirements under the APA or any 
other statute (see Section IV of this notice), it is not subject to 
sections 202 and 205 of UMRA. EPA has also determined that this action 
is not subject to the requirements of section 203 of UMRA because it 
contains no regulatory requirements that might significantly or 
uniquely affect small governments. This rule merely increases

[[Page 66646]]

the amount of civil penalties that could conceivably be imposed in the 
context of a federal civil administrative enforcement action or civil 
judicial case for violations of EPA-administered statutes and their 
implementing regulations.

E. Executive Order 13132 (Federalism)

    This action does not have federalism implications. It will not have 
substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between 
the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power 
and responsibilities among the various levels of government, as 
specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999). This 
rule merely increases the amount of civil penalties that could 
conceivably be imposed in the context of a federal civil administrative 
enforcement action or civil judicial case for violations of EPA-
administered statutes and their implementing regulations. Thus, 
Executive Order 13132 does not apply to this rule.

F. Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination With Indian 
Tribal Governments

    This action does not have tribal implications, as specified in 
Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000). This rule merely 
increases the amount of civil penalties that could be imposed in the 
context of a federal civil administrative enforcement action or civil 
judicial case for violations of EPA-administered statutes and their 
implementing regulations. This final rule will not have substantial 
direct effects on tribal governments, on the relationship between the 
federal government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power 
and responsibilities between the federal government and Indian tribes. 
Thus, Executive Order 13175 does not apply to this action.

G. Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children From Environmental 
Health Risks and Safety Risks

    EPA interprets Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997) 
as applying only to those regulatory actions that concern health or 
safety risks, such that the analysis required under section 5-501 of 
the Executive Order has the potential to influence the regulation. This 
action is not subject to Executive Order 13045 because it does not 
establish an environmental standard intended to mitigate health or 
safety risks.

H. Executive Order 13211: Actions Concerning Regulations That 
Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use

    This action is not subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, 
May 22, 2001), because it is not a significant regulatory action under 
Executive Order 12866.

I. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act

    Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement 
Act of 1995 (``NTTAA''), 15 U.S.C. 272 note, directs EPA to use 
voluntary consensus standards in its regulatory activities unless to do 
so would be inconsistent with applicable law or otherwise impractical. 
Voluntary consensus standards are technical standards (e.g., materials 
specifications, test methods, sampling procedures, and business 
practices) that are developed or adopted by voluntary consensus 
standards bodies. NTTAA directs EPA to provide Congress, through the 
U.S. Office of Management and Budget, explanations when the Agency 
decides not to use available and applicable voluntary consensus 
standards. This action does not involve technical standards. Therefore, 
EPA did not consider the use of any voluntary consensus standards.

J. Executive Order 12898: Federal Actions To Address Environmental 
Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations

    Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994) establishes 
federal executive policy on environmental justice. Its main provision 
directs federal agencies, to the greatest extent practicable and 
permitted by law, to make environmental justice part of their mission 
by identifying and addressing, as appropriate, disproportionately high 
and adverse human health or environmental effects of their programs, 
policies, and activities on minority populations and low-income 
populations in the United States. EPA lacks the discretionary authority 
to address environmental justice in this final rulemaking. The primary 
purpose of this final rule is merely to apply the DCIA's inflation 
adjustment formula to make periodic increases in the civil penalties 
that may be imposed for violations of EPA-administered statutes and 
their implementing regulations. Thus, because calculation of the 
increases is formula-driven, EPA has no discretion in updating the rule 
to reflect the allowable statutory civil penalties derived from 
applying the formula. Since there is no discretion under the DCIA in 
determining the statutory civil penalty amount, EPA cannot vary the 
amount of the civil penalty adjustment to address other issues, 
including environmental justice issues.

K. Congressional Review Act

    The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801-808, as added by the 
Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally 
provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating 
the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, 
to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the 
United States. EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other 
required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of 
Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior 
to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot 
take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal 
Register. This action is not a ``major rule'' as defined by 5 U.S.C. 
804(2).

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 19

    Environmental protection, Administrative practice and procedure, 
Penalties.

    Dated: October 29, 2013.
Gina McCarthy,
Administrator, Environmental Protection Agency.

    For the reasons set out in the preamble, title 40, chapter I, part 
19 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:

PART 19--ADJUSTMENT OF CIVIL MONETARY PENALTIES FOR INFLATION

0
1. The authority citation for part 19 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: Pub. L. 101-410, 28 U.S.C. 2461 note; Public Law 104-
134, 31 U.S.C. 3701 note.


0
2. Revise Sec.  19.2 to read as follows:


Sec.  19.2  Effective date.

    The increased penalty amounts set forth in the seventh and last 
column of Table 1 to Sec.  19.4 apply to all violations under the 
applicable statutes and regulations which occur after December 6, 2013. 
The penalty amounts in the sixth column of Table 1 to Sec.  19.4 apply 
to violations under the applicable statutes and regulations which 
occurred after January 12, 2009, through December 6, 2013. The penalty 
amounts in the fifth column of Table 1 to Sec.  19.4 apply to all 
violations under the applicable statutes and regulations

[[Page 66647]]

which occurred after March 15, 2004, through January 12, 2009. The 
penalty amounts in the fourth column of Table 1 to Sec.  19.4 apply to 
all violations under the applicable statutes and regulations which 
occurred after January 30, 1997, through March 15, 2004.

0
3. Revise Sec.  19.4 to read as follows:


Sec.  19.4  Penalty adjustment and table.

    The adjusted statutory penalty provisions and their applicable 
amounts are set out in Table 1. The last column in the table provides 
the newly effective statutory civil penalty amounts.

                                          Table 1 of Section 19.4--Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustments
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                               Penalties           Penalties           Penalties
                                                           Statutory        effective after     effective after     effective after        Penalties
       U.S. Code Citation            Environmental       penalties, as     January 30, 1997     March 15, 2004     January 12, 2009     effective after
                                        statute             enacted        through March 15,    through January    through December    December 6, 2013
                                                                                 2004              12, 2009             6, 2013
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7 U.S.C. 136l.(a)(1)............  FEDERAL                         $5,000              $5,500              $6,500              $7,500              $7,500
                                   INSECTICIDE,
                                   FUNGICIDE, AND
                                   RODENTICIDE ACT
                                   (FIFRA).
7 U.S.C. 136l.(a)(2)............  FIFRA.............         $500/$1,000         $550/$1,000         $650/$1,100         $750/$1,100         $750/$1,100
15 U.S.C. 2615(a)(1)............  TOXIC SUBSTANCES               $25,000             $27,500             $32,500             $37,500             $37,500
                                   CONTROL ACT
                                   (TSCA).
15 U.S.C. 2647(a)...............  TSCA..............              $5,000              $5,500              $6,500              $7,500              $7,500
15 U.S.C. 2647(g)...............  TSCA..............              $5,000              $5,000              $5,500              $7,500              $7,500
31 U.S.C. 3802(a)(1)............  PROGRAM FRAUD                   $5,000              $5,500              $6,500              $7,500              $7,500
                                   CIVIL REMEDIES
                                   ACT (PFCRA).
31 U.S.C. 3802(a)(2)............  PFCRA.............              $5,000              $5,500              $6,500              $7,500              $7,500
33 U.S.C. 1319(d)...............  CLEAN WATER ACT                $25,000             $27,500             $32,500             $37,500             $37,500
                                   (CWA).
33 U.S.C. 1319(g)(2)(A).........  CWA...............     $10,000/$25,000     $11,000/$27,500     $11,000/$32,500     $16,000/$37,500     $16,000/$37,500
33 U.S.C. 1319(g)(2)(B).........  CWA...............    $10,000/$125,000    $11,000/$137,500    $11,000/$157,500    $16,000/$177,500    $16,000/$187,500
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(i)......  CWA...............     $10,000/$25,000     $11,000/$27,500     $11,000/$32,500     $16,000/$37,500     $16,000/$37,500
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(ii).....  CWA...............    $10,000/$125,000    $11,000/$137,500    $11,000/$157,500    $16,000/$177,500    $16,000/$187,500
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(A).........  CWA...............      $25,000/$1,000      $27,500/$1,100      $32,500/$1,100      $37,500/$1,100      $37,500/$2,100
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(B).........  CWA...............             $25,000             $27,500             $32,500             $37,500             $37,500
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(C).........  CWA...............             $25,000             $27,500             $32,500             $37,500             $37,500
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(D).........  CWA...............     $100,000/$3,000     $110,000/$3,300     $130,000/$4,300     $140,000/$4,300     $150,000/$5,300
33 U.S.C. 1414b(d)(1) \1\.......  MARINE PROTECTION,                $600                $660                $760                $860                $860
                                   RESEARCH, AND
                                   SANCTUARIES ACT
                                   (MPRSA).
33 U.S.C. 1415(a)...............  MPRSA.............    $50,000/$125,000    $55,000/$137,500    $65,000/$157,500    $70,000/$177,500    $75,000/$187,500
33 U.S.C. 1901 note (see          CERTAIN ALASKAN        $10,000/$25,000     $10,000/$25,000     $10,000/$25,000     $11,000/$27,500     $11,000/$27,500
 1409(a)(2)(A)).                   CRUISE SHIP                                           \2\
                                   OPERATIONS
                                   (CACSO).
33 U.S.C. 1901 note (see          CACSO.............    $10,000/$125,000    $10,000/$125,000    $10,000/$125,000    $11,000/$137,500    $11,000/$147,500
 1409(a)(2)(B)).
33 U.S.C. 1901 note (see          CACSO.............             $25,000             $25,000             $25,000             $27,500             $27,500
 1409(b)(1)).
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(b).............  SAFE DRINKING                  $25,000             $27,500             $32,500             $37,500             $37,500
                                   WATER ACT (SDWA).
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(g)(3)(A).......  SDWA..............             $25,000             $27,500             $32,500             $37,500             $37,500
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(g)(3)(B).......  SDWA..............      $5,000/$25,000      $5,000/$25,000      $6,000/$27,500      $7,000/$32,500      $7,000/$32,500
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(g)(3)(C).......  SDWA..............             $25,000             $25,000             $27,500             $32,500             $32,500
42 U.S.C. 300h-2(b)(1)..........  SDWA..............             $25,000             $27,500             $32,500             $37,500             $37,500
42 U.S.C. 300h-2(c)(1)..........  SDWA..............    $10,000/$125,000    $11,000/$137,500    $11,000/$157,500    $16,000/$177,500    $16,000/$187,500
42 U.S.C. 300h-2(c)(2)..........  SDWA..............     $5,000/$125,000     $5,500/$137,500     $6,500/$157,500     $7,500/$177,500     $7,500/$187,500
42 U.S.C. 300h-3(c).............  SDWA..............      $5,000/$10,000      $5,500/$11,000      $6,500/$11,000      $7,500/$16,000      $7,500/$16,000
42 U.S.C. 300i(b)...............  SDWA..............             $15,000             $15,000             $16,500             $16,500             $21,500
42 U.S.C. 300i-1(c).............  SDWA..............     $20,000/$50,000     $22,000/$55,000           $100,000/           $110,000/           $120,000/
                                                                                         \3\          $1,000,000          $1,100,000          $1,150,000
42 U.S.C. 300j(e)(2)............  SDWA..............              $2,500              $2,750              $2,750              $3,750              $3,750
42 U.S.C. 300j-4(c).............  SDWA..............             $25,000             $27,500             $32,500             $37,500             $37,500
42 U.S.C. 300j-6(b)(2)..........  SDWA..............             $25,000             $25,000             $27,500             $32,500             $32,500
42 U.S.C. 300j-23(d)............  SDWA..............      $5,000/$50,000      $5,500/$55,000      $6,500/$65,000      $7,500/$70,000      $7,500/$75,000
42 U.S.C. 4852d(b)(5)...........  RESIDENTIAL LEAD-              $10,000             $11,000             $11,000             $16,000             $16,000
                                   BASED PAINT
                                   HAZARD REDUCTION
                                   ACT OF 1992.
42 U.S.C. 4910(a)(2)............  NOISE CONTROL ACT              $10,000             $11,000             $11,000             $16,000             $16,000
                                   OF 1972.
42 U.S.C. 6928(a)(3)............  RESOURCE                       $25,000             $27,500             $32,500             $37,500             $37,500
                                   CONSERVATION AND
                                   RECOVERY ACT
                                   (RCRA).
42 U.S.C. 6928(c)...............  RCRA..............             $25,000             $27,500             $32,500             $37,500             $37,500
42 U.S.C. 6928(g)...............  RCRA..............             $25,000             $27,500             $32,500             $37,500             $37,500
42 U.S.C. 6928(h)(2)............  RCRA..............             $25,000             $27,500             $32,500             $37,500             $37,500
42 U.S.C. 6934(e)...............  RCRA..............              $5,000              $5,500              $6,500              $7,500              $7,500
42 U.S.C. 6973(b)...............  RCRA..............              $5,000              $5,500              $6,500              $7,500              $7,500

[[Page 66648]]

 
42 U.S.C. 6991e(a)(3)...........  RCRA..............             $25,000             $27,500             $32,500             $37,500             $37,500
42 U.S.C. 6991e(d)(1)...........  RCRA..............             $10,000             $11,000             $11,000             $16,000             $16,000
42 U.S.C. 6991e(d)(2)...........  RCRA..............             $10,000             $11,000             $11,000             $16,000             $16,000
42 U.S.C. 7413(b)...............  CLEAN AIR ACT                  $25,000             $27,500             $32,500             $37,500             $37,500
                                   (CAA).
42 U.S.C. 7413(d)(1)............  CAA...............    $25,000/$200,000    $27,500/$220,000    $32,500/$270,000    $37,500/$295,000    $37,500/$320,000
42 U.S.C. 7413(d)(3)............  CAA...............              $5,000              $5,500              $6,500              $7,500              $7,500
42 U.S.C. 7524(a)...............  CAA...............      $2,500/$25,000      $2,750/$27,500      $2,750/$32,500      $3,750/$37,500      $3,750/$37,500
42 U.S.C. 7524(c)(1)............  CAA...............            $200,000            $220,000            $270,000            $295,000            $320,000
42 U.S.C. 7545(d)(1)............  CAA...............             $25,000             $27,500             $32,500             $37,500             $37,500
42 U.S.C. 9604(e)(5)(B).........  COMPREHENSIVE                  $25,000             $27,500             $32,500             $37,500             $37,500
                                   ENVIRONMENTAL
                                   RESPONSE,
                                   COMPENSATION, AND
                                   LIABILITY ACT
                                   (CERCLA).
42 U.S.C. 9606(b)(1)............  CERCLA............             $25,000             $27,500             $32,500             $37,500             $37,500
42 U.S.C. 9609(a)(1)............  CERCLA............             $25,000             $27,500             $32,500             $37,500             $37,500
42 U.S.C. 9609(b)...............  CERCLA............     $25,000/$75,000     $27,500/$82,500     $32,500/$97,500    $37,500/$107,500    $37,500/$117,500
42 U.S.C. 9609(c)...............  CERCLA............     $25,000/$75,000     $27,500/$82,500     $32,500/$97,500    $37,500/$107,500    $37,500/$117,500
42 U.S.C. 11045(a)..............  EMERGENCY PLANNING             $25,000             $27,500             $32,500             $37,500             $37,500
                                   AND COMMUNITY
                                   RIGHT-TO-KNOW ACT
                                   (EPCRA).
42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(1)(A) \4\....  EPCRA.............             $25,000             $27,500             $32,500             $37,500             $37,500
42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(2)...........  EPCRA.............     $25,000/$75,000     $27,500/$82,500     $32,500/$97,500    $37,500/$107,500    $37,500/$117,500
42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(3)...........  EPCRA.............     $25,000/$75,000     $27,500/$82,500     $32,500/$97,500    $37,500/$107,500    $37,500/$117,500
42 U.S.C. 11045(c)(1)...........  EPCRA.............             $25,000             $27,500             $32,500             $37,500             $37,500
42 U.S.C. 11045(c)(2)...........  EPCRA.............             $10,000             $11,000             $11,000             $16,000             $16,000
42 U.S.C. 11045(d)(1)...........  EPCRA.............             $25,000             $27,500             $32,500             $37,500             $37,500
42 U.S.C. 14304(a)(1)...........  MERCURY-CONTAINING             $10,000             $10,000             $11,000             $16,000             $16,000
                                   AND RECHARGEABLE
                                   BATTERY
                                   MANAGEMENT ACT
                                   (BATTERY ACT).
42 U.S.C. 14304(g)..............  BATTERY ACT.......             $10,000             $10,000             $11,000             $16,000             $16,000
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Note that 33 U.S.C. 1414b (d)(1)(B) contains additional penalty escalation provisions that must be applied to the penalty amounts set forth in this
  Table. The amounts set forth in this Table reflect an inflation adjustment to the calendar year 1992 penalty amount expressed in section
  104B(d)(1)(A), which is used to calculate the applicable penalty amount under MPRSA section 104B(d)(1)(B) for violations that occur in any subsequent
  calendar year.
\2\ CACSO was passed on December 21, 2000 as part of Title XIV of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2001, Pub. L. 106-554, 33 U.S.C. 1901 note.
\3\ The original statutory penalty amounts of $20,000 and $50,000 under section 1432(c) of the SDWA, 42 U.S.C. 300i-1(c), were subsequently increased by
  Congress pursuant to section 403 of the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002, Public Law No. 107-188 (June
  12, 2002), to $100,000 and $1,000,000, respectively. EPA did not adjust these new penalty amounts in its 2004 Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation
  Adjustment Rule (``2004 Rule''), 69 FR 7121 (February 13, 2004), because they had gone into effect less than two years prior to the 2004 Rule.
\4\ Consistent with how the EPA's other penalty authorities are displayed under Part 19.4, this Table now delineates, on a subpart-by-subpart basis, the
  penalty authorities enumerated under section 325(b) of EPCRA, 42 U.S.C. 11045(b) (i.e., 42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(1)(A), (b)(2), and (b)(3)).

[FR Doc. 2013-26648 Filed 11-5-13; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6560-50-P