Medicare Program; Medicare Part B Monthly Actuarial Rates, Premium Rate, and Annual Deductible Beginning January 1, 2014, 64943-64951 [2013-25668]

Download as PDF 64943 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 210 / Wednesday, October 30, 2013 / Notices Center, (3) University of Alabama, Birmingham, (4) University of California at San Diego, (5) University of Miami Medical School, and (6) University of Washington in the state of Washington. This proposed data collection will occur over 3 years. The intervention that is part of this project focuses primarily on HIV patients who have a detectable viral load, i.e., their viral load is not as low as it can be and is not fully controlled. The intervention components include: (1) Brief counseling from medical providers during primary care visits informed by a behavioral screener completed by patients; (2) a computerbased intervention (CBI) in which patients see short videos of HIV medical providers (not their own providers) talking about the importance of regular clinic attendance, adherence to ART, and safer sex; and (3) one-on-one counseling from a prevention specialist if needed. The following data will be collected in this project: • A data manager at each clinic will electronically transmit patient clinical data to CDC using a unique study identification code as the only means of identifying a patient’s data. The data files sent to CDC will not contain any medical record numbers, names, or social security numbers. The information will be encrypted and stored in a secure CDC server. The data collected from patients include (1) a behavioral screener self-administered by patients each time they have a primary care visit. Patients complete the screener in the waiting room before seeing their primary care provider. (2) CBI assessment items on demographic factors, clinic attendance, ART status, ART adherence, and sexual risk behavior that are completed before patients see the CBI videos. Patients with detectable viral loads will be asked to do the CBI three times, spaced approximately three months apart. Patients’ CBI responses are not shared with their clinic providers. (3) On a quarterly basis, 50 patients at each clinic will be asked to complete a brief exit survey after their medical exam, asking about topics that the provider may have discussed with them at their medical visit (e.g., adherence, clinic attendance). • Data collected from primary care medical providers includes a quarterly survey asking them to indicate the types of topics/issues they discussed with their HIV patients. There are no costs to respondents other than their time. The total annualized burden hours are 3,378. ESTIMATED ANNUALIZED BURDEN HOURS Form name Data manager at clinic ............ Electronic transmittal of clinical variables archived in clinic databases (no form). Behavioral screener (patients with detectable or undetectable VL; paper form). CBI assessment items for patients with detectable VL (electronic form). Patient exit survey (electronic form) ...................................... Provider survey (electronic form) ........................................... Patient ..................................... Patient ..................................... Patient ..................................... Primary care provider ............. LeRoy Richardson, Chief, Information Collection Review Office, Office of Scientific Integrity, Office of the Associate Director for Science Office of the Director, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. [FR Doc. 2013–25711 Filed 10–29–13; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4163–18–P DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services [CMS–8055–N] emcdonald on DSK67QTVN1PROD with NOTICES RIN 0938–AR58 Medicare Program; Medicare Part B Monthly Actuarial Rates, Premium Rate, and Annual Deductible Beginning January 1, 2014 Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), HHS. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: This notice announces the monthly actuarial rates for aged (age 65 SUMMARY: VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:58 Oct 29, 2013 Jkt 232001 and over) and disabled (under age 65) beneficiaries enrolled in Part B of the Medicare Supplementary Medical Insurance (SMI) program beginning January 1, 2014. In addition, this notice announces the monthly premium for aged and disabled beneficiaries as well as the income-related monthly adjustment amounts to be paid by beneficiaries with modified adjusted gross income above certain threshold amounts. The monthly actuarial rates for 2014 are $209.80 for aged enrollees and $218.90 for disabled enrollees. The standard monthly Part B premium rate for all enrollees for 2014 is $104.90, which is equal to 50 percent of the monthly actuarial rate for aged enrollees or approximately 25 percent of the expected average total cost of Part B coverage for aged enrollees. (The 2013 standard premium rate was $104.90.) The Part B deductible for 2014 is $147.00 for all Part B beneficiaries. If a beneficiary has to pay an income-related monthly adjustment, they may have to pay a total monthly premium of about 35, 50, 65, or 80 percent of the total cost of Part B coverage. PO 00000 Frm 00037 Fmt 4703 Number of responses per respondent Number of respondents Type of respondent Sfmt 4703 Average burden per response (hours) 6 4 24 6,315 4 5/60 2,069 3 5/60 1,200 120 1 4 5/60 10/60 Effective Date: January 1, 2014. M. Kent Clemens, (410) 786–6391. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: DATES: FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: I. Background Part B is the voluntary portion of the Medicare program that pays all or part of the costs for physicians’ services, outpatient hospital services, certain home health services, services furnished by rural health clinics, ambulatory surgical centers, comprehensive outpatient rehabilitation facilities, and certain other medical and health services not covered by Medicare Part A, Hospital Insurance. Medicare Part B is available to individuals who are entitled to Medicare Part A, as well as to U.S. residents who have attained age 65 and are citizens, and aliens who were lawfully admitted for permanent residence and have resided in the United States for 5 consecutive years. Part B requires enrollment and payment of monthly premiums, as described in 42 CFR part 407, subpart B, and part 408, respectively. The difference between the premiums paid by all E:\FR\FM\30OCN1.SGM 30OCN1 emcdonald on DSK67QTVN1PROD with NOTICES 64944 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 210 / Wednesday, October 30, 2013 / Notices enrollees and total incurred costs is met by transfers from the general fund of the Treasury. The Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (the Secretary) is required by section 1839 of the Social Security Act (the Act) to announce the Part B monthly actuarial rates for aged and disabled beneficiaries as well as the monthly Part B premium. The Part B annual deductible is included because its determination is directly linked to the aged actuarial rate. The monthly actuarial rates for aged and disabled enrollees are used to determine the correct amount of general revenue financing per beneficiary each month. These amounts, according to actuarial estimates, will equal, respectively, one-half of the expected average monthly cost of Part B for each aged enrollee (age 65 or over) and onehalf of the expected average monthly cost of Part B for each disabled enrollee (under age 65). The Part B deductible to be paid by enrollees is also announced. Prior to the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 (MMA) (Pub. L. 108–173), the Part B deductible was set in statute. After setting the 2005 deductible amount at $110, section 629 of the MMA (amending section 1833(b) of the Act) requires that the Part B deductible be indexed beginning in 2006. The inflation factor to be used each year is the annual percentage increase in the Part B actuarial rate for enrollees age 65 and over. Specifically, the 2014 Part B deductible is calculated by multiplying the 2013 deductible by the ratio of the 2014 aged actuarial rate to the 2013 aged actuarial rate. The amount determined under this formula is then rounded to the nearest $1. The monthly Part B premium rate to be paid by aged and disabled enrollees is also announced. (Although the costs to the program per disabled enrollee are different than for the aged, the statute provides that they pay the same premium amount.) Beginning with the passage of section 203 of the Social Security Amendments of 1972 (Pub. L. 92–603), the premium rate, which was determined on a fiscal year basis, was limited to the lesser of the actuarial rate for aged enrollees, or the current monthly premium rate increased by the same percentage as the most recent general increase in monthly Title II social security benefits. However, the passage of section 124 of the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982 (TEFRA) (Pub. L. 97–248) suspended this premium determination process. Section 124 of TEFRA changed the VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:58 Oct 29, 2013 Jkt 232001 premium basis to 50 percent of the monthly actuarial rate for aged enrollees (that is, 25 percent of program costs for aged enrollees). Section 606 of the Social Security Amendments of 1983 (Pub. L. 98–21), section 2302 of the Deficit Reduction Act of 1984 (DEFRA 84) (Pub. L. 98–369), section 9313 of the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 (COBRA 85) (Pub. L. 99–272), section 4080 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987 (OBRA 87) (Pub. L. 100–203), and section 6301 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1989 (OBRA 89) (Pub. L. 101–239) extended the provision that the premium be based on 50 percent of the monthly actuarial rate for aged enrollees (that is, 25 percent of program costs for aged enrollees). This extension expired at the end of 1990. The premium rate for 1991 through 1995 was legislated by section 1839(e)(1)(B) of the Act, as added by section 4301 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 (OBRA 90) (Pub. L. 101–508). In January 1996, the premium determination basis would have reverted to the method established by the 1972 Social Security Act Amendments. However, section 13571 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 (OBRA 93) (Pub. L. 103–66) changed the premium basis to 50 percent of the monthly actuarial rate for aged enrollees (that is, 25 percent of program costs for aged enrollees) for 1996 through 1998. Section 4571 of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (BBA) (Pub. L. 105–33) permanently extended the provision that the premium be based on 50 percent of the monthly actuarial rate for aged enrollees (that is, 25 percent of program costs for aged enrollees). The BBA included a further provision affecting the calculation of the Part B actuarial rates and premiums for 1998 through 2003. Section 4611 of the BBA modified the home health benefit payable under Part A for individuals enrolled in Part B. Under this section, beginning in 1998, expenditures for home health services not considered ‘‘post-institutional’’ are payable under Part B rather than Part A. However, section 4611(e)(1) of the BBA required that there be a transition from 1998 through 2002 for the aggregate amount of the expenditures transferred from Part A to Part B. Section 4611(e)(2) of the BBA also provided a specific yearly proportion for the transferred funds. The proportions were 1⁄6 for 1998, 1⁄3 for 1999, 1⁄2 for 2000, 2⁄3 for 2001, and 5⁄6 for 2002. For the purpose of determining the correct amount of financing from general revenues of the Federal Government, it was necessary to include PO 00000 Frm 00038 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 only these transitional amounts in the monthly actuarial rates for both aged and disabled enrollees, rather than the total cost of the home health services being transferred. Section 4611(e)(3) of the BBA also specified, for the purpose of determining the premium, that the monthly actuarial rate for enrollees age 65 and over be computed as though the transition would occur for 1998 through 2003 and that 1⁄7 of the cost be transferred in 1998, 2⁄7 in 1999, 3⁄7 in 2000, 4⁄7 in 2001, 5⁄7 in 2002, and 6⁄7 in 2003. Therefore, the transition period for incorporating this home health transfer into the premium was 7 years while the transition period for including these services in the actuarial rate was 6 years. Section 811 of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 (Pub. L. 108– 173, also known as the Medicare Modernization Act, or MMA), which amended section 1839 of the Act, requires that, starting on January 1, 2007, the Part B premium a beneficiary pays each month be based on their annual income. Specifically, if a beneficiary’s ‘‘modified adjusted gross income’’ is greater than the legislated threshold amounts (for 2014, $85,000 for a beneficiary filing an individual income tax return, and $170,000 for a beneficiary filing a joint tax return) the beneficiary is responsible for a larger portion of the estimated total cost of Part B benefit coverage. In addition to the standard 25 percent premium, these beneficiaries now have to pay an income-related monthly adjustment amount. The MMA made no change to the actuarial rate calculation, and the standard premium, which will continue to be paid by beneficiaries whose modified adjusted gross income is below the applicable thresholds, still represents 25 percent of the estimated total cost to the program of Part B coverage for an aged enrollee. However, depending on income and tax filing status, a beneficiary can now be responsible for 35, 50, 65, or 80 percent of the estimated total cost of Part B coverage, rather than 25 percent. The end result of the higher premium is that the Part B premium subsidy is reduced and less general revenue financing is required for beneficiaries with higher income because they are paying a larger share of the total cost with their premium. That is, the premium subsidy continues to be approximately 75 percent for beneficiaries with income below the applicable income thresholds, but will be reduced for beneficiaries with income above these thresholds. The MMA specified that there be a 5- E:\FR\FM\30OCN1.SGM 30OCN1 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 210 / Wednesday, October 30, 2013 / Notices year transition to full implementation of this provision. However, section 5111 of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (Pub. L. 109–171) (DRA) modified the transition to a 3-year period. Section 4732(c) of the BBA added section 1933(c) of the Act, which required the Secretary to allocate money from the Part B trust fund to the State Medicaid programs for the purpose of providing Medicare Part B premium assistance from 1998 through 2002 for the low-income Medicaid beneficiaries who qualify under section 1933 of the Act. This allocation, while not a benefit expenditure, was an expenditure of the trust fund and was included in calculating the Part B actuarial rates through 2002. For 2003 through 2013, the expenditure was made from the trust fund because the allocation was temporarily extended. However, because the extension occurred after the financing was determined, the allocation was not included in the calculation of the financing rates. A further provision affecting the calculation of the Part B premium is section 1839(f) of the Act, as amended by section 211 of the Medicare Catastrophic Coverage Act of 1988 (MCCA 88) (Pub. L. 100–360). (The Medicare Catastrophic Coverage Repeal Act of 1989 (Pub. L. 101–234) did not repeal the revisions to section 1839(f) made by MCCA 88.) Section 1839(f) of the Act, referred to as the ‘‘holdharmless’’ provision, provides that if an individual is entitled to benefits under section 202 or 223 of the Act (the OldAge and Survivors Insurance Benefit and the Disability Insurance Benefit, respectively) and has the Part B premiums deducted from these benefit payments, the premium increase will be reduced, if necessary, to avoid causing a decrease in the individual’s net monthly payment. This decrease in payment occurs if the increase in the individual’s social security benefit due to the cost-of-living adjustment under section 215(i) of the Act is less than the increase in the premium. Specifically, the reduction in the premium amount applies if the individual is entitled to benefits under section 202 or 223 of the Act for November and December of a particular year and the individual’s Part B premiums for December and the following January are deducted from the respective month’s section 202 or 223 benefits. The ‘‘hold-harmless’’ provision does not apply to beneficiaries who are required to pay an income-related monthly adjustment amount. A check for benefits under section 202 or 223 of the Act is received in the month following the month for which the benefits are due. The Part B premium that is deducted from a particular check is the Part B payment for the month in which the check is received. Therefore, a benefit check for November is not received until December, but has December’s Part B premium deducted from it. Generally, if a beneficiary qualifies for hold-harmless protection, the reduced premium for the individual for that January and for each of the succeeding 11 months is the greater of either— • The monthly premium for January reduced as necessary to make the December monthly benefits, after the deduction of the Part B premium for January, at least equal to the preceding November’s monthly benefits, after the deduction of the Part B premium for December; or • The monthly premium for that individual for that December. In determining the premium limitations under section 1839(f) of the Act, the monthly benefits to which an individual is entitled under section 202 or 223 of the Act do not include retroactive adjustments or payments and deductions on account of work. Also, once the monthly premium amount is established under section 1839(f) of the Act, it will not be changed during the year even if there are retroactive adjustments or payments and deductions on account of work that apply to the individual’s monthly benefits. Individuals who have enrolled in Part B late or who have re-enrolled after the termination of a coverage period are subject to an increased premium under section 1839(b) of the Act. The increase is a percentage of the premium and is based on the new premium rate before any reductions under section 1839(f) of the Act are made. II. Provisions of the Notice A. Notice of Medicare Part B Monthly Actuarial Rates, Monthly Premium Rates, and Annual Deductible The Medicare Part B monthly actuarial rates applicable for 2014 are $209.80 for enrollees age 65 and over and $218.90 for disabled enrollees under age 65. In section II.B. of this notice, we present the actuarial assumptions and bases from which these rates are derived. The Part B standard monthly premium rate for all enrollees for 2014 is $104.90. The Part B annual deductible for 2014 is $147.00. The following are the 2014 Part B monthly premium rates to be paid by beneficiaries who file an individual tax return (including those who are single, head of household, qualifying widow(er) with dependent child, or married filing separately who lived apart from their spouse for the entire taxable year), or a joint tax return. Beneficiaries who file a joint tax return with income: Less than or equal to $85,000 ................................. Greater than $85,000 and less than or equal to $107,000. Greater than $107,000 and less than or equal to $160,000. Greater than $160,000 and less than or equal to $214,000. Greater than $214,000 ............................................. emcdonald on DSK67QTVN1PROD with NOTICES Beneficiaries who file an individual tax return with income: Income-related monthly adjustment amount Less than or equal to $170,000 ............................... Greater than $170,000 and less than or equal to $214,000. Greater than $214,000 and less than or equal to $320,000. Greater than $320,000 and less than or equal to $428,000. Greater than $428,000 ............................................. In addition, the monthly premium rates to be paid by beneficiaries who are VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:58 Oct 29, 2013 Jkt 232001 married and lived with their spouse at any time during the taxable year, but file PO 00000 Frm 00039 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 64945 Total monthly premium amount $0.00 42.00 $104.90 146.90 104.90 209.80 167.80 272.70 230.80 335.70 a separate tax return from their spouse, are as follows: E:\FR\FM\30OCN1.SGM 30OCN1 64946 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 210 / Wednesday, October 30, 2013 / Notices Beneficiaries who are married and lived with their spouse at any time during the year, but file a separate tax return from their spouse: Incomerelated monthly adjustment amount Less than or equal to $85,000 ........................................................................................................................ Greater than $85,000 and less than or equal to $129,000 ............................................................................. Greater than $129,000 .................................................................................................................................... The Part B annual deductible for 2014 is $147.00 for all beneficiaries. B. Statement of Actuarial Assumptions and Bases Employed in Determining the Monthly Actuarial Rates and the Monthly Premium Rate for Part B Beginning January 2014 Except where noted, the actuarial assumptions and bases used to determine the monthly actuarial rates and the monthly premium rates for Part B are established by the Office of the Actuary in the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. The estimates underlying these determinations are prepared by actuaries meeting the qualification standards and following the actuarial standards of practice established by the Actuarial Standards Board. 1. Actuarial Status of the Part B Account in the Supplementary Medical Insurance Trust Fund Under the statute, the starting point for determining the standard monthly premium is the amount that would be necessary to finance Part B on an incurred basis. This is the amount of income that would be sufficient to pay for services furnished during that year (including associated administrative costs) even though payment for some of these services will not be made until after the close of the year. The portion of income required to cover benefits not paid until after the close of the year is added to the trust fund and used when needed. The premium rates are established prospectively and are, therefore, subject to projection error. Additionally, legislation enacted after the financing was established, but effective for the period in which the financing is set, may affect program costs. As a result, the income to the program may not equal incurred costs. Therefore, trust fund assets must be maintained at a level that is adequate to cover an appropriate degree of variation between actual and projected costs, and the $0.00 167.80 230.80 Total monthly premium amount $104.90 272.70 335.70 amount of incurred, but unpaid, expenses. Numerous factors determine what level of assets is appropriate to cover variation between actual and projected costs. The three most important of these factors are: (1) The difference from prior years between the actual performance of the program and estimates made at the time financing was established; (2) the likelihood and potential magnitude of expenditure changes resulting from enactment of legislation affecting Part B costs in a year subsequent to the establishment of financing for that year; and (3) the expected relationship between incurred and cash expenditures. These factors are analyzed on an ongoing basis, as the trends can vary over time. Table 1 summarizes the estimated actuarial status of the trust fund as of the end of the financing period for 2012 and 2013. TABLE 1—ESTIMATED ACTUARIAL STATUS OF THE PART B ACCOUNT IN THE SUPPLEMENTARY MEDICAL INSURANCE TRUST FUND AS OF THE END OF THE FINANCING PERIOD Assets (millions) Financing period ending emcdonald on DSK67QTVN1PROD with NOTICES December 31, 2012 ......................................................................................................... December 31, 2013 ......................................................................................................... 2. Monthly Actuarial Rate for Enrollees Age 65 and Older The monthly actuarial rate for enrollees age 65 and older is one-half of the sum of monthly amounts for: (1) The projected cost of benefits, and (2) administrative expenses for each enrollee age 65 and older, after adjustments to this sum to allow for interest earnings on assets in the trust fund and an adequate contingency margin. The contingency margin is an amount appropriate to provide for possible variation between actual and projected costs and to amortize any surplus assets or unfunded liabilities. The monthly actuarial rate for enrollees age 65 and older for 2014 is determined by first establishing perenrollee cost by type of service from VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:58 Oct 29, 2013 Jkt 232001 program data through 2012 and then projecting these costs for subsequent years. The projection factors used for financing periods from January 1, 2011 through December 31, 2014 are shown in Table 2. As indicated in Table 3, the projected monthly rate required to pay for onehalf of the total of benefits and administrative costs for enrollees age 65 and over for 2014 is $198.42. Based on current estimates, the assets are not sufficient to cover the amount of incurred, but unpaid, expenses and to provide for a significant degree of variation between actual and projected costs. Thus, a positive contingency margin is needed to increase assets to a more appropriate level. The monthly actuarial rate of $209.80 provides an PO 00000 Frm 00040 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Liabilities (millions) $66,226 75,828 $18,485 19,209 Assets less liabilities (millions) $47,742 56,619 adjustment of $13.53 for a contingency margin and ¥$2.15 for interest earnings. The size of the contingency margin for 2014 is affected by several factors. The largest factor involves the current law formula for physician fees, which is scheduled to result in a reduction in physician fees of 23.7 percent in 2014. For each year from 2003 through 2013, Congress has acted to prevent physician fee reductions from occurring. In recognition of the strong possibility of substantial increase in Part B expenditures that would result from similar legislation to override the decreases in physician fees in 2014, it is appropriate to maintain a significantly larger Part B contingency reserve than would otherwise be E:\FR\FM\30OCN1.SGM 30OCN1 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 210 / Wednesday, October 30, 2013 / Notices necessary. The asset level projected for the end of 2013 is not adequate to accommodate this contingency. Two other, smaller factors affect the contingency margin for 2014. Starting in 2011, manufacturers and importers of brand-name prescription drugs have paid a fee that is allocated to the Part B account of the SMI trust. For 2014, the total of these brand-name drug fees is estimated to be $3 billion. The contingency margin has been reduced to account for this additional revenue. Another small factor impacting the contingency margin comes from the requirement that certain payment incentives, to encourage the development and use of health information technology (HIT) by Medicare physicians, are to be excluded from the premium determination. HIT bonuses or penalties will be directly offset through transfers with the general fund of the Treasury. The monthly actuarial rate includes an adjustment of ¥$3.11 for HIT bonus payments in 2014. The traditional goal for the Part B reserve has been that assets minus liabilities at the end of a year should represent between 15 and 20 percent of the following year’s total incurred expenditures. To accomplish this goal, a 17 percent reserve ratio has been the normal target used to calculate the Part B premium. In view of the strong likelihood of actual expenditures exceeding estimated levels, due to the likelihood of the enactment of legislation after the financing has been set for 2014 as a result of the scheduled 2014 physician update, a contingency reserve ratio in excess of 20 percent of the following year’s expenditures would better ensure that the assets of the Part B account can adequately cover the cost of incurred-but-not-reported benefits together with variations between actual and estimated cost levels. The actuarial rate of $209.80 per month for aged beneficiaries, as announced in this notice for 2014, reflects the combined net effect of the factors previously described and the projection assumptions listed in Table 2. 3. Monthly Actuarial Rate for Disabled Enrollees Disabled enrollees are those persons under age 65 who are enrolled in Part B because of entitlement to Social Security disability benefits for more than 24 months or because of entitlement to Medicare under the endstage renal disease (ESRD) program. Projected monthly costs for disabled enrollees (other than those with ESRD) are prepared in a fashion parallel to the projection for the aged using appropriate actuarial assumptions (see Table 2). Costs for the ESRD program are projected differently because of the different nature of services offered by the program. As shown in Table 4, the projected monthly rate required to pay for onehalf of the total of benefits and administrative costs for disabled enrollees for 2014 is $234.57. The monthly actuarial rate of $218.90 also provides an adjustment of ¥$3.72 for interest earnings and ¥$11.95 for a contingency margin, reflecting the same factors described previously for the aged actuarial rate. Based on current estimates, the assets associated with the disabled Medicare beneficiaries more than sufficient to cover the amount of incurred, but unpaid, expenses and to provide for a significant degree of variation between actual and projected costs. Thus, a negative contingency margin is needed to decrease assets to an appropriate level. The actuarial rate of $218.90 per month for disabled beneficiaries, as announced in this notice for 2014, reflects the combined net effect of the factors described previously for aged beneficiaries and the projection assumptions listed in Table 2. current estimate. The other set represents increases that are higher and, therefore, more pessimistic than the current estimate. The values for the alternative assumptions were determined from a statistical analysis of the historical variation in the respective increase factors. As indicated in Table 5, the monthly actuarial rates would result in an excess of assets over liabilities of $71,024 million by the end of December 2014 under the cost growth rate assumptions used in preparing this report and assuming that the provisions of current law are fully implemented. This amounts to 27.5 percent of the estimated total incurred expenditures for the following year. Assumptions that are somewhat more pessimistic (and that therefore test the adequacy of the assets to accommodate projection errors) produce a surplus of $36,697 million by the end of December 2014 under current law, which amounts to 12.8 percent of the estimated total incurred expenditures for the following year. Under fairly optimistic assumptions, the monthly actuarial rates would result in a surplus of $96,302 million by the end of December 2014, or 41.5 percent of the estimated total incurred expenditures for the following year. The previous analysis indicates that the premium and general revenue financing established for 2014, together with existing Part B account assets would be adequate to cover estimated Part B costs for 2014 under current law, even if actual costs prove to be somewhat greater than expected. 4. Sensitivity Testing Several factors contribute to uncertainty about future trends in medical care costs. It is appropriate to test the adequacy of the rates using alternative cost growth rate assumptions. The results of those assumptions are shown in Table 5. One set represents increases that are lower and, therefore, more optimistic than the As determined in accordance with section 1839 of the Act, listed are the 2013 Part B monthly premium rates to be paid by beneficiaries who file an individual tax return (including those who are single, head of household, qualifying widow(er) with dependent child, or married filing separately who lived apart from their spouse for the entire taxable year), or a joint tax return. 5. Premium Rates and Deductible emcdonald on DSK67QTVN1PROD with NOTICES Beneficiaries who file an individual tax return with income: Beneficiaries who file a joint tax return with income: Less than or equal to $85,000 ................................. Greater than $85,000 and less than or equal to $107,000. Greater than $107,000 and less than or equal to $160,000. Greater than $160,000 and less than or equal to $214,000. Income-related monthly adjustment amount Less than or equal to $170,000 ............................... Greater than $170,000 and less than or equal to $214,000. Greater than $214,000 and less than or equal to $320,000. Greater than $320,000 and less than or equal to $428,000. VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:58 Oct 29, 2013 Jkt 232001 64947 PO 00000 Frm 00041 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\30OCN1.SGM Total monthly premium amount $0.00 42.00 104.90 209.80 167.80 30OCN1 $104.90 146.90 272.70 64948 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 210 / Wednesday, October 30, 2013 / Notices Beneficiaries who file an individual tax return with income: Greater than $214,000 ............................................. Income-related monthly adjustment amount Beneficiaries who file a joint tax return with income: Greater than $428,000 ............................................. In addition, the monthly premium rates to be paid by beneficiaries who are married and lived with their spouse at any time during the taxable year, but file Total monthly premium amount 230.80 335.70 a separate tax return from their spouse, are listed as follows: Income-related monthly adjustment amount Beneficiaries who are married and lived with their spouse at any time during the year, but file a separate tax return from their spouse: Less than or equal to $85,000 ........................................................................................................................ Greater than $85,000 and less than or equal to $129,000 ............................................................................. Greater than $129,000 .................................................................................................................................... Total monthly premium amount $0.00 167.80 230.80 $104.90 272.70 335.70 TABLE 2—PROJECTION FACTORS 1 12–MONTH PERIODS ENDING DECEMBER 31 OF 2011–2014 [In percent] Calendar year Physicians’ services Fees 2 Aged: 2011 2012 2013 2014 Disabled: 2011 2012 2013 2014 Residual 3 Durable medical equipment Carrier lab 4 Other carrier services 5 Outpatient hospital Home health agency Hospital lab 6 Other intermediary services 7 Managed care ........... ........... ........... ........... 0.9 ¥1.1 ¥0.1 ¥24.1 2.2 1.1 ¥0.3 9.0 ¥3.7 0.4 ¥5.2 ¥4.2 ¥2.8 6.4 ¥0.5 3.9 4.6 3.3 3.2 4.0 8.0 6.8 1.8 6.0 ¥4.9 ¥2.1 1.7 0.7 5.0 3.9 ¥2.7 3.6 3.1 4.6 ¥3.8 ¥10.4 1.0 2.3 1.8 3.2 ........... ........... ........... ........... 0.9 ¥1.1 ¥0.1 ¥24.1 1.4 3.4 0.9 9.1 ¥2.7 2.0 ¥4.5 ¥4.1 3.1 25.8 5.3 4.1 2.7 3.9 3.1 4.3 7.9 9.2 2.7 6.1 ¥3.0 ¥1.5 3.7 1.6 6.4 5.8 ¥2.5 3.6 1.4 4.8 ¥3.8 ¥1.6 2.0 1.2 3.6 3.4 1 All values for services other than managed care are per fee-for-service enrollee. Managed care values are per managed care enrollee. recognized for payment under the program. in the number of services received per enrollee and greater relative use of more expensive services. 4 Includes services paid under the lab fee schedule furnished in the physician’s office or an independent lab. 5 Includes physician-administered drugs, ambulatory surgical center facility costs, ambulance services, parenteral and enteral drug costs, supplies, etc. 6 Includes services paid under the lab fee schedule furnished in the outpatient department of a hospital. 7 Includes services furnished in dialysis facilities, rural health clinics, Federally qualified health centers, rehabilitation and psychiatric hospitals, etc. 2 As 3 Increase TABLE 3—DERIVATION OF MONTHLY ACTUARIAL RATE FOR ENROLLEES AGE 65 AND OVER FOR FINANCING PERIODS ENDING DECEMBER 31, 2011 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2014 [In dollars] Financing periods CY 2011 emcdonald on DSK67QTVN1PROD with NOTICES Covered services (at level recognized): Physician fee schedule ............................................................................. Durable medical equipment ...................................................................... Carrier lab 1 ............................................................................................... Other carrier services 2 ............................................................................. Outpatient hospital .................................................................................... Home health ............................................................................................. Hospital lab 3 ............................................................................................. Other intermediary services 4 ................................................................... Managed care ........................................................................................... CY 2012 CY 2013 CY 2014 82.06 8.47 4.14 24.90 35.19 11.33 3.81 14.49 57.17 80.19 8.31 4.30 22.12 36.74 10.84 3.87 14.81 61.71 78.05 7.70 4.18 22.31 36.57 10.77 3.68 13.92 66.03 64.13 7.32 4.31 23.01 38.47 10.78 3.78 12.37 69.31 Total services .................................................................................... Cost sharing: Deductible ................................................................................................. Coinsurance .............................................................................................. Sequestration of benefits ................................................................................. HIT payment incentives ................................................................................... 238.55 242.89 243.22 233.47 ¥6.19 ¥31.04 0.00 ¥0.44 ¥4.84 ¥31.55 0.00 ¥1.52 ¥5.63 ¥28.77 ¥3.15 ¥1.88 ¥5.62 ¥25.06 ¥4.05 ¥3.11 Total benefits ..................................................................................... Administrative expenses .................................................................................. 200.88 3.28 204.98 3.45 203.79 3.20 195.62 2.80 Incurred expenditures ...................................................................................... Value of interest ............................................................................................... 204.16 ¥2.53 208.43 ¥2.21 206.99 ¥1.97 198.42 ¥2.15 VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:58 Oct 29, 2013 Jkt 232001 PO 00000 Frm 00042 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\30OCN1.SGM 30OCN1 64949 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 210 / Wednesday, October 30, 2013 / Notices TABLE 3—DERIVATION OF MONTHLY ACTUARIAL RATE FOR ENROLLEES AGE 65 AND OVER FOR FINANCING PERIODS ENDING DECEMBER 31, 2011 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2014—Continued [In dollars] Financing periods CY 2011 CY 2012 CY 2013 CY 2014 Contingency margin for projection error and to amortize the surplus or deficit ................................................................................................................. 29.06 ¥6.42 4.78 13.53 Monthly actuarial rate ........................................................................ 230.70 199.80 209.80 209.80 1 Includes 2 Includes services paid under the lab fee schedule furnished in the physician’s office or an independent lab. physician-administered drugs, ambulatory surgical center facility costs, ambulance services, parenteral and enteral drug costs, sup- plies, etc. 3 Includes services paid under the lab fee schedule furnished in the outpatient department of a hospital. 4 Includes services furnished in dialysis facilities, rural health clinics, Federally qualified health centers, rehabilitation and psychiatric hospitals, etc. TABLE 4—DERIVATION OF MONTHLY ACTUARIAL RATE FOR DISABLED ENROLLEES FOR FINANCING PERIODS ENDING DECEMBER 31, 2011 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2014 [In dollars] Financing periods CY 2011 Covered services (at level recognized): Physician fee schedule ............................................................................. Durable medical equipment ...................................................................... Carrier lab 1 ............................................................................................... Other carrier services 2 ............................................................................. Outpatient hospital .................................................................................... Home health ............................................................................................. Hospital lab 3 ............................................................................................. Other intermediary services 4 ................................................................... Managed care ........................................................................................... CY 2012 CY 2013 CY 2014 86.54 16.09 5.07 26.09 49.20 10.01 5.36 40.98 43.49 86.02 15.91 6.15 26.13 52.28 9.58 5.50 42.35 49.14 84.59 14.77 6.30 26.22 52.24 9.67 5.22 42.00 54.95 69.61 14.05 6.50 27.06 55.00 9.74 5.37 38.74 57.86 Total services .................................................................................... Cost sharing: Deductible ................................................................................................. Coinsurance .............................................................................................. Sequestration of benefits ................................................................................. HIT payment incentives ................................................................................... 282.82 293.05 295.96 283.93 ¥5.81 ¥45.97 0.00 ¥0.41 ¥4.65 ¥46.82 0.00 ¥1.57 ¥5.29 ¥43.64 ¥3.72 ¥1.99 ¥5.28 ¥39.17 ¥4.79 ¥3.32 Total benefits ..................................................................................... Administrative expenses .................................................................................. 230.63 3.76 240.01 4.03 241.31 3.76 231.37 3.20 Incurred expenditures ...................................................................................... Value of interest ............................................................................................... Contingency margin for projection error and to amortize the surplus or deficit ................................................................................................................. 234.39 ¥5.02 244.05 ¥3.86 245.07 ¥2.94 234.57 ¥3.72 36.93 ¥47.69 ¥6.63 ¥11.95 Monthly actuarial rate ........................................................................ 266.30 192.50 235.50 218.90 1 Includes services paid under the lab fee schedule furnished in the physician’s office or an independent lab. 2 Includes physician-administered drugs, ambulatory surgical center facility costs, ambulance services, parenteral and enteral drug costs, supplies, etc. 3 Includes services paid under the lab fee schedule furnished in the outpatient department of a hospital. 4 Includes services furnished in dialysis facilities, rural health clinics, Federally qualified health centers, rehabilitation and psychiatric hospitals, etc. TABLE 5—ACTUARIAL STATUS OF THE PART B ACCOUNT IN THE SMI TRUST FUND UNDER THREE SETS OF ASSUMPTIONS FOR FINANCING PERIODS THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2014 emcdonald on DSK67QTVN1PROD with NOTICES As of December 31, 2012 This projection: Actuarial status (in $ millions):. Assets ............................................................................................................................. Liabilities ......................................................................................................................... Assets less liabilities ....................................................................................................... Ratio (in percent) 1 ................................................................................................................. Low cost projection: Actuarial status (in $ millions):. VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:58 Oct 29, 2013 Jkt 232001 PO 00000 Frm 00043 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 2013 2014 66,226 18,485 75,828 19,209 89,871 18,847 47,742 19.4 56,619 23.3 71,024 27.5 E:\FR\FM\30OCN1.SGM 30OCN1 64950 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 210 / Wednesday, October 30, 2013 / Notices TABLE 5—ACTUARIAL STATUS OF THE PART B ACCOUNT IN THE SMI TRUST FUND UNDER THREE SETS OF ASSUMPTIONS FOR FINANCING PERIODS THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2014—Continued As of December 31, 2012 Assets ............................................................................................................................. Liabilities ......................................................................................................................... 2013 2014 66,226 18,485 84,654 18,228 114,651 18,349 Assets less liabilities ....................................................................................................... Ratio (in percent) 1 .......................................................................................................... High cost projection: Actuarial status (in $ millions):. Assets ............................................................................................................................. Liabilities ......................................................................................................................... 47,742 20.3 66,426 29.2 96,302 41.5 66,226 18,485 62,815 20,654 56,535 19,838 Assets less liabilities ....................................................................................................... 47,742 42,161 36,697 Ratio (in percent) 1 .......................................................................................................... 18.4 15.8 12.8 1 Ratio of assets less liabilities at the end of the year to the total incurred expenditures during the following year, expressed as a percent. These estimates are based on the assumption that all provisions of current law will be implemented in full, including the approximately 24.0-percent reduction in Medicare payment rates to physicians required by the statutory ‘‘sustainable growth rate’’ formula. III. Regulatory Impact Analysis A. Statement of Need Section 1839 of the Act requires us to annually announce (that is by September 30th of each year) the Part B monthly actuarial rates for aged and disabled beneficiaries as well as the monthly Part B premium. We also announce the Part B annual deductible because its determination is directly linked to the aged actuarial rate. B. Overall Impact We have examined the impacts of this rule as required by Executive Order 12866 on Regulatory Planning and Review (September 30, 1993), Executive Order 13563 on Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review (January 18, 2011), the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) (September 19, 1980, Pub. L. 96– 354), section 1102(b) of the Social Security Act, section 202 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (March 22, 1995, Pub. L. 104–4), Executive Order 13132 on Federalism (August 4, 1999) and the Congressional Review Act (5 U.S.C. 804(2)). Executive Orders 12866 and 13563 direct agencies to assess all costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, if regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public health and safety effects, distributive impacts, and equity). A regulatory impact analysis (RIA) must be prepared for major notices with economically significant effects ($100 million or more in any 1 year). For 2014, the standard Part B premium rate, the Part B income-related premium rates, and the Part B deductible are the same as the respective amounts for 2013. As a result, this notice is not economically significant under section 3(f)(1) of Executive Order 12866 and thus, is not a major action under the Congressional Review Act. In accordance with the provisions of Executive Order 12866, this notice was reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget. As discussed earlier, this notice announces that the monthly actuarial rates applicable for 2014 are $209.80 for enrollees age 65 and over and $218.90 for disabled enrollees under age 65. It also announces the 2014 monthly Part B premium rates to be paid by beneficiaries who file an individual tax return (including those who are single, head of household, qualifying widow(er) with a dependent child, or married filing separately who lived apart from their spouse for the entire taxable year), or a joint tax return. Beneficiaries who file a joint tax return with income: Less than or equal to $85,000 ................................. Greater than $85,000 and less than or equal to $107,000. Greater than $107,000 and less than or equal to $160,000. Greater than $160,000 and less than or equal to $214,000. Greater than $214,000 ............................................. emcdonald on DSK67QTVN1PROD with NOTICES Beneficiaries who file an individual tax return with income: Incomerelated monthly adjustment amount Less than or equal to $170,000 ............................... Greater than $170,000 and less than or equal to $214,000. Greater than $214,000 and less than or equal to $320,000. Greater than $320,000 and less than or equal to $428,000. Greater than $428,000 ............................................. In addition, the monthly premium rates to be paid by beneficiaries who are married and lived with their spouse at VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:58 Oct 29, 2013 Jkt 232001 any time during the taxable year, but file a separate tax return from their spouse, PO 00000 Frm 00044 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Total monthly premium amount $0.00 42.00 $104.90 146.90 104.90 209.80 167.80 272.70 230.80 335.70 are also announced and listed in the following chart: E:\FR\FM\30OCN1.SGM 30OCN1 64951 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 210 / Wednesday, October 30, 2013 / Notices Incomerelated monthly adjustment amount Beneficiaries who are married and lived with their spouse at any time during the year, but file a separate tax return from their spouse: emcdonald on DSK67QTVN1PROD with NOTICES Less than or equal to $85,000 ........................................................................................................................ Greater than $85,000 and less than or equal to $129,000 ............................................................................. Greater than $129,000 .................................................................................................................................... The RFA requires agencies to analyze options for regulatory relief of small businesses, if a rule has a significant impact on a substantial number of small entities. For purposes of the RFA, small entities include small businesses, nonprofit organizations, and small governmental jurisdictions. Most hospitals and most other providers and suppliers are small entities, either by nonprofit status or by having revenues of less than $7.0 million to $34.5 million in any 1 year. Individuals and States are not included in the definition of a small entity. This notice announces the monthly actuarial rates for aged (age 65 and over) and disabled (under 65) beneficiaries enrolled in Part B of the Medicare SMI program beginning January 1, 2014. Also, this notice announces the monthly premium for aged and disabled beneficiaries as well as the income-related monthly adjustment amounts to be paid by beneficiaries with modified adjusted gross income above certain threshold amounts. As a result, we are not preparing an analysis for the RFA because the Secretary has determined that this notice will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. In addition, section 1102(b) of the Act requires us to prepare a regulatory impact analysis if a rule may have a significant impact on the operations of a substantial number of small rural hospitals. This analysis must conform to the provisions of section 604 of the RFA. For purposes of section 1102(b) of the Act, we define a small rural hospital as a hospital that is located outside of a Metropolitan Statistical Area and has fewer than 100 beds. As we discussed previously, we are not preparing an analysis for section 1102(b) of the Act because the Secretary has determined that this notice will not have a significant effect on a substantial number of small rural hospitals Section 202 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA) also requires that agencies assess anticipated costs and benefits before issuing any rule whose mandates require spending in any 1 year of $100 million in 1995 dollars, updated annually for inflation. In 2013, that VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:58 Oct 29, 2013 Jkt 232001 threshold is approximately $141 million. This notice does not impose mandates that will have a consequential effect of $142 million or more on State, local, or tribal governments or on the private sector. Executive Order 13132 establishes certain requirements that an agency must meet when it publishes a proposed rule (and subsequent final rule) that imposes substantial direct compliance costs on State and local governments, preempts State law, or otherwise has Federalism implications. We have determined that this notice does not significantly affect the rights, roles, and responsibilities of States. For 2014, the standard Part B premium rate, the Part B income-related premium rates, and the Part B deductible are the same as the respective amounts for 2013. Therefore, this notice is not a major rule as defined in 5 U.S.C. 804(2) and is not an economically significant rule under Executive Order 12866. In accordance with the provisions of Executive Order 12866, this notice was reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget. IV. Waiver of Proposed Notice The Medicare statute requires the publication of the monthly actuarial rates and the Part B premium amounts in September. We ordinarily use general notices, rather than notice and comment rulemaking procedures, to make such announcements. In doing so, we note that, under the Administrative Procedure Act, interpretive rules, general statements of policy, and rules of agency organization, procedure, or practice are excepted from the requirements of notice and comment rulemaking. We considered publishing a proposed notice to provide a period for public comment. However, we may waive that procedure if we find, for good cause, that prior notice and comment are impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest. The statute establishes the time period for which the premium rates will apply, and delaying publication of the Part B premium rate such that it would not be published before that time would be contrary to the public interest. PO 00000 Frm 00045 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Total monthly premium amount $0.00 167.80 230.80 $104.90 272.70 335.70 Moreover, we find that notice and comment are unnecessary because the formulas used to calculate the Part B premiums are statutorily directed. Therefore, we find good cause to waive publication of a proposed notice and solicitation of public comments. (Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Program No. 93.774, Medicare— Supplementary Medical Insurance Program) Dated: September 20, 2013. Marilyn Tavenner, Administrator, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. Approved: October 18, 2013 Kathleen Sebelius, Secretary, Department of Health and Human Services. [FR Doc. 2013–25668 Filed 10–28–13; 11:15 am] BILLING CODE 4120–01–P DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services [CMS–8054–N] RIN 0938–AR57 Medicare Program; Part A Premiums for CY 2014 for the Uninsured Aged and for Certain Disabled Individuals Who Have Exhausted Other Entitlement Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), HHS. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: This annual notice announces Medicare’s Hospital Insurance (Part A) premium for uninsured enrollees in calendar year (CY) 2014. This premium is paid by enrollees age 65 and over who are not otherwise eligible for benefits under Medicare Part A (hereafter known as the ‘‘uninsured aged’’) and by certain disabled individuals who have exhausted other entitlement. The monthly Part A premium for the 12 months beginning January 1, 2014, for these individuals will be $426. The premium for certain other individuals as described in this notice will be $234. DATES: Effective Date: This notice is effective on January 1, 2014. SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\30OCN1.SGM 30OCN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 78, Number 210 (Wednesday, October 30, 2013)]
[Notices]
[Pages 64943-64951]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2013-25668]


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DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

[CMS-8055-N]
RIN 0938-AR58


Medicare Program; Medicare Part B Monthly Actuarial Rates, 
Premium Rate, and Annual Deductible Beginning January 1, 2014

AGENCY: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), HHS.

ACTION: Notice.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: This notice announces the monthly actuarial rates for aged 
(age 65 and over) and disabled (under age 65) beneficiaries enrolled in 
Part B of the Medicare Supplementary Medical Insurance (SMI) program 
beginning January 1, 2014. In addition, this notice announces the 
monthly premium for aged and disabled beneficiaries as well as the 
income-related monthly adjustment amounts to be paid by beneficiaries 
with modified adjusted gross income above certain threshold amounts. 
The monthly actuarial rates for 2014 are $209.80 for aged enrollees and 
$218.90 for disabled enrollees. The standard monthly Part B premium 
rate for all enrollees for 2014 is $104.90, which is equal to 50 
percent of the monthly actuarial rate for aged enrollees or 
approximately 25 percent of the expected average total cost of Part B 
coverage for aged enrollees. (The 2013 standard premium rate was 
$104.90.) The Part B deductible for 2014 is $147.00 for all Part B 
beneficiaries. If a beneficiary has to pay an income-related monthly 
adjustment, they may have to pay a total monthly premium of about 35, 
50, 65, or 80 percent of the total cost of Part B coverage.

DATES: Effective Date: January 1, 2014.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: M. Kent Clemens, (410) 786-6391.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

I. Background

    Part B is the voluntary portion of the Medicare program that pays 
all or part of the costs for physicians' services, outpatient hospital 
services, certain home health services, services furnished by rural 
health clinics, ambulatory surgical centers, comprehensive outpatient 
rehabilitation facilities, and certain other medical and health 
services not covered by Medicare Part A, Hospital Insurance. Medicare 
Part B is available to individuals who are entitled to Medicare Part A, 
as well as to U.S. residents who have attained age 65 and are citizens, 
and aliens who were lawfully admitted for permanent residence and have 
resided in the United States for 5 consecutive years. Part B requires 
enrollment and payment of monthly premiums, as described in 42 CFR part 
407, subpart B, and part 408, respectively. The difference between the 
premiums paid by all

[[Page 64944]]

enrollees and total incurred costs is met by transfers from the general 
fund of the Treasury.
    The Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (the 
Secretary) is required by section 1839 of the Social Security Act (the 
Act) to announce the Part B monthly actuarial rates for aged and 
disabled beneficiaries as well as the monthly Part B premium. The Part 
B annual deductible is included because its determination is directly 
linked to the aged actuarial rate.
    The monthly actuarial rates for aged and disabled enrollees are 
used to determine the correct amount of general revenue financing per 
beneficiary each month. These amounts, according to actuarial 
estimates, will equal, respectively, one-half of the expected average 
monthly cost of Part B for each aged enrollee (age 65 or over) and one-
half of the expected average monthly cost of Part B for each disabled 
enrollee (under age 65).
    The Part B deductible to be paid by enrollees is also announced. 
Prior to the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization 
Act of 2003 (MMA) (Pub. L. 108-173), the Part B deductible was set in 
statute. After setting the 2005 deductible amount at $110, section 629 
of the MMA (amending section 1833(b) of the Act) requires that the Part 
B deductible be indexed beginning in 2006. The inflation factor to be 
used each year is the annual percentage increase in the Part B 
actuarial rate for enrollees age 65 and over. Specifically, the 2014 
Part B deductible is calculated by multiplying the 2013 deductible by 
the ratio of the 2014 aged actuarial rate to the 2013 aged actuarial 
rate. The amount determined under this formula is then rounded to the 
nearest $1.
    The monthly Part B premium rate to be paid by aged and disabled 
enrollees is also announced. (Although the costs to the program per 
disabled enrollee are different than for the aged, the statute provides 
that they pay the same premium amount.) Beginning with the passage of 
section 203 of the Social Security Amendments of 1972 (Pub. L. 92-603), 
the premium rate, which was determined on a fiscal year basis, was 
limited to the lesser of the actuarial rate for aged enrollees, or the 
current monthly premium rate increased by the same percentage as the 
most recent general increase in monthly Title II social security 
benefits.
    However, the passage of section 124 of the Tax Equity and Fiscal 
Responsibility Act of 1982 (TEFRA) (Pub. L. 97-248) suspended this 
premium determination process. Section 124 of TEFRA changed the premium 
basis to 50 percent of the monthly actuarial rate for aged enrollees 
(that is, 25 percent of program costs for aged enrollees). Section 606 
of the Social Security Amendments of 1983 (Pub. L. 98-21), section 2302 
of the Deficit Reduction Act of 1984 (DEFRA 84) (Pub. L. 98-369), 
section 9313 of the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 
1985 (COBRA 85) (Pub. L. 99-272), section 4080 of the Omnibus Budget 
Reconciliation Act of 1987 (OBRA 87) (Pub. L. 100-203), and section 
6301 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1989 (OBRA 89) (Pub. 
L. 101-239) extended the provision that the premium be based on 50 
percent of the monthly actuarial rate for aged enrollees (that is, 25 
percent of program costs for aged enrollees). This extension expired at 
the end of 1990.
    The premium rate for 1991 through 1995 was legislated by section 
1839(e)(1)(B) of the Act, as added by section 4301 of the Omnibus 
Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 (OBRA 90) (Pub. L. 101-508). In 
January 1996, the premium determination basis would have reverted to 
the method established by the 1972 Social Security Act Amendments. 
However, section 13571 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 
(OBRA 93) (Pub. L. 103-66) changed the premium basis to 50 percent of 
the monthly actuarial rate for aged enrollees (that is, 25 percent of 
program costs for aged enrollees) for 1996 through 1998.
    Section 4571 of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (BBA) (Pub. L. 105-
33) permanently extended the provision that the premium be based on 50 
percent of the monthly actuarial rate for aged enrollees (that is, 25 
percent of program costs for aged enrollees).
    The BBA included a further provision affecting the calculation of 
the Part B actuarial rates and premiums for 1998 through 2003. Section 
4611 of the BBA modified the home health benefit payable under Part A 
for individuals enrolled in Part B. Under this section, beginning in 
1998, expenditures for home health services not considered ``post-
institutional'' are payable under Part B rather than Part A. However, 
section 4611(e)(1) of the BBA required that there be a transition from 
1998 through 2002 for the aggregate amount of the expenditures 
transferred from Part A to Part B. Section 4611(e)(2) of the BBA also 
provided a specific yearly proportion for the transferred funds. The 
proportions were \1/6\ for 1998, \1/3\ for 1999, \1/2\ for 2000, \2/3\ 
for 2001, and \5/6\ for 2002. For the purpose of determining the 
correct amount of financing from general revenues of the Federal 
Government, it was necessary to include only these transitional amounts 
in the monthly actuarial rates for both aged and disabled enrollees, 
rather than the total cost of the home health services being 
transferred.
    Section 4611(e)(3) of the BBA also specified, for the purpose of 
determining the premium, that the monthly actuarial rate for enrollees 
age 65 and over be computed as though the transition would occur for 
1998 through 2003 and that \1/7\ of the cost be transferred in 1998, 
\2/7\ in 1999, \3/7\ in 2000, \4/7\ in 2001, \5/7\ in 2002, and \6/7\ 
in 2003. Therefore, the transition period for incorporating this home 
health transfer into the premium was 7 years while the transition 
period for including these services in the actuarial rate was 6 years.
    Section 811 of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and 
Modernization Act of 2003 (Pub. L. 108-173, also known as the Medicare 
Modernization Act, or MMA), which amended section 1839 of the Act, 
requires that, starting on January 1, 2007, the Part B premium a 
beneficiary pays each month be based on their annual income. 
Specifically, if a beneficiary's ``modified adjusted gross income'' is 
greater than the legislated threshold amounts (for 2014, $85,000 for a 
beneficiary filing an individual income tax return, and $170,000 for a 
beneficiary filing a joint tax return) the beneficiary is responsible 
for a larger portion of the estimated total cost of Part B benefit 
coverage. In addition to the standard 25 percent premium, these 
beneficiaries now have to pay an income-related monthly adjustment 
amount. The MMA made no change to the actuarial rate calculation, and 
the standard premium, which will continue to be paid by beneficiaries 
whose modified adjusted gross income is below the applicable 
thresholds, still represents 25 percent of the estimated total cost to 
the program of Part B coverage for an aged enrollee. However, depending 
on income and tax filing status, a beneficiary can now be responsible 
for 35, 50, 65, or 80 percent of the estimated total cost of Part B 
coverage, rather than 25 percent. The end result of the higher premium 
is that the Part B premium subsidy is reduced and less general revenue 
financing is required for beneficiaries with higher income because they 
are paying a larger share of the total cost with their premium. That 
is, the premium subsidy continues to be approximately 75 percent for 
beneficiaries with income below the applicable income thresholds, but 
will be reduced for beneficiaries with income above these thresholds. 
The MMA specified that there be a 5-

[[Page 64945]]

year transition to full implementation of this provision. However, 
section 5111 of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (Pub. L. 109-171) 
(DRA) modified the transition to a 3-year period.
    Section 4732(c) of the BBA added section 1933(c) of the Act, which 
required the Secretary to allocate money from the Part B trust fund to 
the State Medicaid programs for the purpose of providing Medicare Part 
B premium assistance from 1998 through 2002 for the low-income Medicaid 
beneficiaries who qualify under section 1933 of the Act. This 
allocation, while not a benefit expenditure, was an expenditure of the 
trust fund and was included in calculating the Part B actuarial rates 
through 2002. For 2003 through 2013, the expenditure was made from the 
trust fund because the allocation was temporarily extended. However, 
because the extension occurred after the financing was determined, the 
allocation was not included in the calculation of the financing rates.
    A further provision affecting the calculation of the Part B premium 
is section 1839(f) of the Act, as amended by section 211 of the 
Medicare Catastrophic Coverage Act of 1988 (MCCA 88) (Pub. L. 100-360). 
(The Medicare Catastrophic Coverage Repeal Act of 1989 (Pub. L. 101-
234) did not repeal the revisions to section 1839(f) made by MCCA 88.) 
Section 1839(f) of the Act, referred to as the ``hold-harmless'' 
provision, provides that if an individual is entitled to benefits under 
section 202 or 223 of the Act (the Old-Age and Survivors Insurance 
Benefit and the Disability Insurance Benefit, respectively) and has the 
Part B premiums deducted from these benefit payments, the premium 
increase will be reduced, if necessary, to avoid causing a decrease in 
the individual's net monthly payment. This decrease in payment occurs 
if the increase in the individual's social security benefit due to the 
cost-of-living adjustment under section 215(i) of the Act is less than 
the increase in the premium. Specifically, the reduction in the premium 
amount applies if the individual is entitled to benefits under section 
202 or 223 of the Act for November and December of a particular year 
and the individual's Part B premiums for December and the following 
January are deducted from the respective month's section 202 or 223 
benefits. The ``hold-harmless'' provision does not apply to 
beneficiaries who are required to pay an income-related monthly 
adjustment amount.
    A check for benefits under section 202 or 223 of the Act is 
received in the month following the month for which the benefits are 
due. The Part B premium that is deducted from a particular check is the 
Part B payment for the month in which the check is received. Therefore, 
a benefit check for November is not received until December, but has 
December's Part B premium deducted from it.
    Generally, if a beneficiary qualifies for hold-harmless protection, 
the reduced premium for the individual for that January and for each of 
the succeeding 11 months is the greater of either--
     The monthly premium for January reduced as necessary to 
make the December monthly benefits, after the deduction of the Part B 
premium for January, at least equal to the preceding November's monthly 
benefits, after the deduction of the Part B premium for December; or
     The monthly premium for that individual for that December.
    In determining the premium limitations under section 1839(f) of the 
Act, the monthly benefits to which an individual is entitled under 
section 202 or 223 of the Act do not include retroactive adjustments or 
payments and deductions on account of work. Also, once the monthly 
premium amount is established under section 1839(f) of the Act, it will 
not be changed during the year even if there are retroactive 
adjustments or payments and deductions on account of work that apply to 
the individual's monthly benefits.
    Individuals who have enrolled in Part B late or who have re-
enrolled after the termination of a coverage period are subject to an 
increased premium under section 1839(b) of the Act. The increase is a 
percentage of the premium and is based on the new premium rate before 
any reductions under section 1839(f) of the Act are made.

II. Provisions of the Notice

A. Notice of Medicare Part B Monthly Actuarial Rates, Monthly Premium 
Rates, and Annual Deductible

    The Medicare Part B monthly actuarial rates applicable for 2014 are 
$209.80 for enrollees age 65 and over and $218.90 for disabled 
enrollees under age 65. In section II.B. of this notice, we present the 
actuarial assumptions and bases from which these rates are derived. The 
Part B standard monthly premium rate for all enrollees for 2014 is 
$104.90. The Part B annual deductible for 2014 is $147.00. The 
following are the 2014 Part B monthly premium rates to be paid by 
beneficiaries who file an individual tax return (including those who 
are single, head of household, qualifying widow(er) with dependent 
child, or married filing separately who lived apart from their spouse 
for the entire taxable year), or a joint tax return.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                               Income-related
  Beneficiaries who file an individual tax    Beneficiaries who file a joint       monthly       Total  monthly
             return with income:                  tax return with income:        adjustment      premium  amount
                                                                                   amount
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Less than or equal to $85,000...............  Less than or equal to $170,000             $0.00           $104.90
Greater than $85,000 and less than or equal   Greater than $170,000 and less             42.00            146.90
 to $107,000.                                  than or equal to $214,000.
Greater than $107,000 and less than or equal  Greater than $214,000 and less            104.90            209.80
 to $160,000.                                  than or equal to $320,000.
Greater than $160,000 and less than or equal  Greater than $320,000 and less            167.80            272.70
 to $214,000.                                  than or equal to $428,000.
Greater than $214,000.......................  Greater than $428,000.........            230.80            335.70
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In addition, the monthly premium rates to be paid by beneficiaries 
who are married and lived with their spouse at any time during the 
taxable year, but file a separate tax return from their spouse, are as 
follows:

[[Page 64946]]



------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Beneficiaries who are married and    Income- related
 lived with their spouse at any time       monthly       Total  monthly
during the year, but file a separate     adjustment      premium  amount
    tax return from their spouse:          amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Less than or equal to $85,000.......             $0.00           $104.90
Greater than $85,000 and less than              167.80            272.70
 or equal to $129,000...............
Greater than $129,000...............            230.80            335.70
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Part B annual deductible for 2014 is $147.00 for all 
beneficiaries.

B. Statement of Actuarial Assumptions and Bases Employed in Determining 
the Monthly Actuarial Rates and the Monthly Premium Rate for Part B 
Beginning January 2014

    Except where noted, the actuarial assumptions and bases used to 
determine the monthly actuarial rates and the monthly premium rates for 
Part B are established by the Office of the Actuary in the Centers for 
Medicare & Medicaid Services. The estimates underlying these 
determinations are prepared by actuaries meeting the qualification 
standards and following the actuarial standards of practice established 
by the Actuarial Standards Board.
1. Actuarial Status of the Part B Account in the Supplementary Medical 
Insurance Trust Fund
    Under the statute, the starting point for determining the standard 
monthly premium is the amount that would be necessary to finance Part B 
on an incurred basis. This is the amount of income that would be 
sufficient to pay for services furnished during that year (including 
associated administrative costs) even though payment for some of these 
services will not be made until after the close of the year. The 
portion of income required to cover benefits not paid until after the 
close of the year is added to the trust fund and used when needed.
    The premium rates are established prospectively and are, therefore, 
subject to projection error. Additionally, legislation enacted after 
the financing was established, but effective for the period in which 
the financing is set, may affect program costs. As a result, the income 
to the program may not equal incurred costs. Therefore, trust fund 
assets must be maintained at a level that is adequate to cover an 
appropriate degree of variation between actual and projected costs, and 
the amount of incurred, but unpaid, expenses. Numerous factors 
determine what level of assets is appropriate to cover variation 
between actual and projected costs. The three most important of these 
factors are: (1) The difference from prior years between the actual 
performance of the program and estimates made at the time financing was 
established; (2) the likelihood and potential magnitude of expenditure 
changes resulting from enactment of legislation affecting Part B costs 
in a year subsequent to the establishment of financing for that year; 
and (3) the expected relationship between incurred and cash 
expenditures. These factors are analyzed on an ongoing basis, as the 
trends can vary over time.
    Table 1 summarizes the estimated actuarial status of the trust fund 
as of the end of the financing period for 2012 and 2013.

 Table 1--Estimated Actuarial Status of the Part B Account in the Supplementary Medical Insurance Trust Fund as
                                       of the End of the Financing Period
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                   Assets less
                  Financing period ending                        Assets          Liabilities       liabilities
                                                               (millions)        (millions)        (millions)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
December 31, 2012.........................................           $66,226           $18,485           $47,742
December 31, 2013.........................................            75,828            19,209            56,619
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2. Monthly Actuarial Rate for Enrollees Age 65 and Older
    The monthly actuarial rate for enrollees age 65 and older is one-
half of the sum of monthly amounts for: (1) The projected cost of 
benefits, and (2) administrative expenses for each enrollee age 65 and 
older, after adjustments to this sum to allow for interest earnings on 
assets in the trust fund and an adequate contingency margin. The 
contingency margin is an amount appropriate to provide for possible 
variation between actual and projected costs and to amortize any 
surplus assets or unfunded liabilities.
    The monthly actuarial rate for enrollees age 65 and older for 2014 
is determined by first establishing per-enrollee cost by type of 
service from program data through 2012 and then projecting these costs 
for subsequent years. The projection factors used for financing periods 
from January 1, 2011 through December 31, 2014 are shown in Table 2.
    As indicated in Table 3, the projected monthly rate required to pay 
for one-half of the total of benefits and administrative costs for 
enrollees age 65 and over for 2014 is $198.42. Based on current 
estimates, the assets are not sufficient to cover the amount of 
incurred, but unpaid, expenses and to provide for a significant degree 
of variation between actual and projected costs. Thus, a positive 
contingency margin is needed to increase assets to a more appropriate 
level. The monthly actuarial rate of $209.80 provides an adjustment of 
$13.53 for a contingency margin and -$2.15 for interest earnings.
    The size of the contingency margin for 2014 is affected by several 
factors. The largest factor involves the current law formula for 
physician fees, which is scheduled to result in a reduction in 
physician fees of 23.7 percent in 2014. For each year from 2003 through 
2013, Congress has acted to prevent physician fee reductions from 
occurring. In recognition of the strong possibility of substantial 
increase in Part B expenditures that would result from similar 
legislation to override the decreases in physician fees in 2014, it is 
appropriate to maintain a significantly larger Part B contingency 
reserve than would otherwise be

[[Page 64947]]

necessary. The asset level projected for the end of 2013 is not 
adequate to accommodate this contingency.
    Two other, smaller factors affect the contingency margin for 2014. 
Starting in 2011, manufacturers and importers of brand-name 
prescription drugs have paid a fee that is allocated to the Part B 
account of the SMI trust. For 2014, the total of these brand-name drug 
fees is estimated to be $3 billion. The contingency margin has been 
reduced to account for this additional revenue.
    Another small factor impacting the contingency margin comes from 
the requirement that certain payment incentives, to encourage the 
development and use of health information technology (HIT) by Medicare 
physicians, are to be excluded from the premium determination. HIT 
bonuses or penalties will be directly offset through transfers with the 
general fund of the Treasury. The monthly actuarial rate includes an 
adjustment of -$3.11 for HIT bonus payments in 2014.
    The traditional goal for the Part B reserve has been that assets 
minus liabilities at the end of a year should represent between 15 and 
20 percent of the following year's total incurred expenditures. To 
accomplish this goal, a 17 percent reserve ratio has been the normal 
target used to calculate the Part B premium. In view of the strong 
likelihood of actual expenditures exceeding estimated levels, due to 
the likelihood of the enactment of legislation after the financing has 
been set for 2014 as a result of the scheduled 2014 physician update, a 
contingency reserve ratio in excess of 20 percent of the following 
year's expenditures would better ensure that the assets of the Part B 
account can adequately cover the cost of incurred-but-not-reported 
benefits together with variations between actual and estimated cost 
levels.
    The actuarial rate of $209.80 per month for aged beneficiaries, as 
announced in this notice for 2014, reflects the combined net effect of 
the factors previously described and the projection assumptions listed 
in Table 2.
3. Monthly Actuarial Rate for Disabled Enrollees
    Disabled enrollees are those persons under age 65 who are enrolled 
in Part B because of entitlement to Social Security disability benefits 
for more than 24 months or because of entitlement to Medicare under the 
end-stage renal disease (ESRD) program. Projected monthly costs for 
disabled enrollees (other than those with ESRD) are prepared in a 
fashion parallel to the projection for the aged using appropriate 
actuarial assumptions (see Table 2). Costs for the ESRD program are 
projected differently because of the different nature of services 
offered by the program.
    As shown in Table 4, the projected monthly rate required to pay for 
one-half of the total of benefits and administrative costs for disabled 
enrollees for 2014 is $234.57. The monthly actuarial rate of $218.90 
also provides an adjustment of -$3.72 for interest earnings and -$11.95 
for a contingency margin, reflecting the same factors described 
previously for the aged actuarial rate. Based on current estimates, the 
assets associated with the disabled Medicare beneficiaries more than 
sufficient to cover the amount of incurred, but unpaid, expenses and to 
provide for a significant degree of variation between actual and 
projected costs. Thus, a negative contingency margin is needed to 
decrease assets to an appropriate level.
    The actuarial rate of $218.90 per month for disabled beneficiaries, 
as announced in this notice for 2014, reflects the combined net effect 
of the factors described previously for aged beneficiaries and the 
projection assumptions listed in Table 2.
4. Sensitivity Testing
    Several factors contribute to uncertainty about future trends in 
medical care costs. It is appropriate to test the adequacy of the rates 
using alternative cost growth rate assumptions. The results of those 
assumptions are shown in Table 5. One set represents increases that are 
lower and, therefore, more optimistic than the current estimate. The 
other set represents increases that are higher and, therefore, more 
pessimistic than the current estimate. The values for the alternative 
assumptions were determined from a statistical analysis of the 
historical variation in the respective increase factors.
    As indicated in Table 5, the monthly actuarial rates would result 
in an excess of assets over liabilities of $71,024 million by the end 
of December 2014 under the cost growth rate assumptions used in 
preparing this report and assuming that the provisions of current law 
are fully implemented. This amounts to 27.5 percent of the estimated 
total incurred expenditures for the following year.
    Assumptions that are somewhat more pessimistic (and that therefore 
test the adequacy of the assets to accommodate projection errors) 
produce a surplus of $36,697 million by the end of December 2014 under 
current law, which amounts to 12.8 percent of the estimated total 
incurred expenditures for the following year. Under fairly optimistic 
assumptions, the monthly actuarial rates would result in a surplus of 
$96,302 million by the end of December 2014, or 41.5 percent of the 
estimated total incurred expenditures for the following year.
    The previous analysis indicates that the premium and general 
revenue financing established for 2014, together with existing Part B 
account assets would be adequate to cover estimated Part B costs for 
2014 under current law, even if actual costs prove to be somewhat 
greater than expected.
5. Premium Rates and Deductible
    As determined in accordance with section 1839 of the Act, listed 
are the 2013 Part B monthly premium rates to be paid by beneficiaries 
who file an individual tax return (including those who are single, head 
of household, qualifying widow(er) with dependent child, or married 
filing separately who lived apart from their spouse for the entire 
taxable year), or a joint tax return.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                               Income-related
  Beneficiaries who file an individual tax    Beneficiaries who file a joint       monthly       Total  monthly
             return with income:                  tax return with income:        adjustment      premium  amount
                                                                                   amount
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Less than or equal to $85,000...............  Less than or equal to $170,000             $0.00           $104.90
Greater than $85,000 and less than or equal   Greater than $170,000 and less             42.00            146.90
 to $107,000.                                  than or equal to $214,000.
Greater than $107,000 and less than or equal  Greater than $214,000 and less            104.90            209.80
 to $160,000.                                  than or equal to $320,000.
Greater than $160,000 and less than or equal  Greater than $320,000 and less            167.80            272.70
 to $214,000.                                  than or equal to $428,000.

[[Page 64948]]

 
Greater than $214,000.......................  Greater than $428,000.........            230.80            335.70
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In addition, the monthly premium rates to be paid by beneficiaries 
who are married and lived with their spouse at any time during the 
taxable year, but file a separate tax return from their spouse, are 
listed as follows:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Beneficiaries who are married and    Income-related
 lived with their spouse at any time       monthly       Total  monthly
during the year, but file a separate     adjustment      premium  amount
    tax return from their spouse:          amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Less than or equal to $85,000.......             $0.00           $104.90
Greater than $85,000 and less than              167.80            272.70
 or equal to $129,000...............
Greater than $129,000...............            230.80            335.70
------------------------------------------------------------------------


                                                        Table 2--Projection Factors \1\ 12-Month Periods Ending December 31 OF 2011-2014
                                                                                          [In percent]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                 Physicians'  services                                Other
                                                              --------------------------   Durable    Carrier lab    carrier     Outpatient  Home health    Hospital       Other       Managed
                        Calendar year                                         Residual     medical        \4\        services     hospital      agency      lab \6\    intermediary      care
                                                                 Fees \2\       \3\       equipment                    \5\                                             services \7\
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Aged:
    2011.....................................................          0.9          2.2         -3.7         -2.8          4.6          8.0         -4.9          5.0           3.1          1.0
    2012.....................................................         -1.1          1.1          0.4          6.4          3.3          6.8         -2.1          3.9           4.6          2.3
    2013.....................................................         -0.1         -0.3         -5.2         -0.5          3.2          1.8          1.7         -2.7          -3.8          1.8
    2014.....................................................        -24.1          9.0         -4.2          3.9          4.0          6.0          0.7          3.6         -10.4          3.2
Disabled:
    2011.....................................................          0.9          1.4         -2.7          3.1          2.7          7.9         -3.0          6.4           1.4          2.0
    2012.....................................................         -1.1          3.4          2.0         25.8          3.9          9.2         -1.5          5.8           4.8          1.2
    2013.....................................................         -0.1          0.9         -4.5          5.3          3.1          2.7          3.7         -2.5          -3.8          3.6
    2014.....................................................        -24.1          9.1         -4.1          4.1          4.3          6.1          1.6          3.6          -1.6          3.4
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ All values for services other than managed care are per fee-for-service enrollee. Managed care values are per managed care enrollee.
\2\ As recognized for payment under the program.
\3\ Increase in the number of services received per enrollee and greater relative use of more expensive services.
\4\ Includes services paid under the lab fee schedule furnished in the physician's office or an independent lab.
\5\ Includes physician-administered drugs, ambulatory surgical center facility costs, ambulance services, parenteral and enteral drug costs, supplies, etc.
\6\ Includes services paid under the lab fee schedule furnished in the outpatient department of a hospital.
\7\ Includes services furnished in dialysis facilities, rural health clinics, Federally qualified health centers, rehabilitation and psychiatric hospitals, etc.


    Table 3--Derivation of Monthly Actuarial Rate for Enrollees Age 65 and Over for Financing Periods Ending
                                   December 31, 2011 Through December 31, 2014
                                                  [In dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                         Financing periods
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
                                                      CY 2011         CY 2012         CY 2013         CY 2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Covered services (at level recognized):
    Physician fee schedule......................           82.06           80.19           78.05           64.13
    Durable medical equipment...................            8.47            8.31            7.70            7.32
    Carrier lab \1\.............................            4.14            4.30            4.18            4.31
    Other carrier services \2\..................           24.90           22.12           22.31           23.01
    Outpatient hospital.........................           35.19           36.74           36.57           38.47
    Home health.................................           11.33           10.84           10.77           10.78
    Hospital lab \3\............................            3.81            3.87            3.68            3.78
    Other intermediary services \4\.............           14.49           14.81           13.92           12.37
    Managed care................................           57.17           61.71           66.03           69.31
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
        Total services..........................          238.55          242.89          243.22          233.47
Cost sharing:
    Deductible..................................           -6.19           -4.84           -5.63           -5.62
    Coinsurance.................................          -31.04          -31.55          -28.77          -25.06
Sequestration of benefits.......................            0.00            0.00           -3.15           -4.05
HIT payment incentives..........................           -0.44           -1.52           -1.88           -3.11
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
        Total benefits..........................          200.88          204.98          203.79          195.62
Administrative expenses.........................            3.28            3.45            3.20            2.80
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
Incurred expenditures...........................          204.16          208.43          206.99          198.42
Value of interest...............................           -2.53           -2.21           -1.97           -2.15

[[Page 64949]]

 
Contingency margin for projection error and to             29.06           -6.42            4.78           13.53
 amortize the surplus or deficit................
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
        Monthly actuarial rate..................          230.70          199.80          209.80          209.80
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Includes services paid under the lab fee schedule furnished in the physician's office or an independent lab.
\2\ Includes physician-administered drugs, ambulatory surgical center facility costs, ambulance services,
  parenteral and enteral drug costs, supplies, etc.
\3\ Includes services paid under the lab fee schedule furnished in the outpatient department of a hospital.
\4\ Includes services furnished in dialysis facilities, rural health clinics, Federally qualified health
  centers, rehabilitation and psychiatric hospitals, etc.


 Table 4--Derivation of Monthly Actuarial Rate for Disabled Enrollees for Financing Periods Ending December 31,
                                         2011 Through December 31, 2014
                                                  [In dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                         Financing periods
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
                                                      CY 2011         CY 2012         CY 2013         CY 2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Covered services (at level recognized):
    Physician fee schedule......................           86.54           86.02           84.59           69.61
    Durable medical equipment...................           16.09           15.91           14.77           14.05
    Carrier lab \1\.............................            5.07            6.15            6.30            6.50
    Other carrier services \2\..................           26.09           26.13           26.22           27.06
    Outpatient hospital.........................           49.20           52.28           52.24           55.00
    Home health.................................           10.01            9.58            9.67            9.74
    Hospital lab \3\............................            5.36            5.50            5.22            5.37
    Other intermediary services \4\.............           40.98           42.35           42.00           38.74
    Managed care................................           43.49           49.14           54.95           57.86
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
        Total services..........................          282.82          293.05          295.96          283.93
Cost sharing:
    Deductible..................................           -5.81           -4.65           -5.29           -5.28
    Coinsurance.................................          -45.97          -46.82          -43.64          -39.17
Sequestration of benefits.......................            0.00            0.00           -3.72           -4.79
HIT payment incentives..........................           -0.41           -1.57           -1.99           -3.32
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
        Total benefits..........................          230.63          240.01          241.31          231.37
Administrative expenses.........................            3.76            4.03            3.76            3.20
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
Incurred expenditures...........................          234.39          244.05          245.07          234.57
Value of interest...............................           -5.02           -3.86           -2.94           -3.72
Contingency margin for projection error and to             36.93          -47.69           -6.63          -11.95
 amortize the surplus or deficit................
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
        Monthly actuarial rate..................          266.30          192.50          235.50          218.90
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Includes services paid under the lab fee schedule furnished in the physician's office or an independent lab.
\2\ Includes physician-administered drugs, ambulatory surgical center facility costs, ambulance services,
  parenteral and enteral drug costs, supplies, etc.
\3\ Includes services paid under the lab fee schedule furnished in the outpatient department of a hospital.
\4\ Includes services furnished in dialysis facilities, rural health clinics, Federally qualified health
  centers, rehabilitation and psychiatric hospitals, etc.


    Table 5--Actuarial Status of the Part B Account in the SMI Trust Fund Under Three Sets of Assumptions for
                                   Financing Periods Through December 31, 2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       As of December 31,                              2012            2013            2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This projection:
    Actuarial status (in $ millions):...........................
    Assets......................................................       66,226          75,828          89,871
    Liabilities.................................................       18,485          19,209          18,847
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
    Assets less liabilities.....................................       47,742          56,619          71,024
Ratio (in percent) \1\..........................................           19.4            23.3            27.5
Low cost projection:
    Actuarial status (in $ millions):...........................

[[Page 64950]]

 
    Assets......................................................       66,226          84,654         114,651
    Liabilities.................................................       18,485          18,228          18,349
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
    Assets less liabilities.....................................       47,742          66,426          96,302
    Ratio (in percent) \1\......................................           20.3            29.2            41.5
High cost projection:
    Actuarial status (in $ millions):...........................
    Assets......................................................       66,226          62,815          56,535
    Liabilities.................................................       18,485          20,654          19,838
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
    Assets less liabilities.....................................       47,742          42,161          36,697
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
    Ratio (in percent) \1\......................................           18.4            15.8            12.8
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Ratio of assets less liabilities at the end of the year to the total incurred expenditures during the
  following year, expressed as a percent. These estimates are based on the assumption that all provisions of
  current law will be implemented in full, including the approximately 24.0-percent reduction in Medicare
  payment rates to physicians required by the statutory ``sustainable growth rate'' formula.

III. Regulatory Impact Analysis

A. Statement of Need

    Section 1839 of the Act requires us to annually announce (that is 
by September 30th of each year) the Part B monthly actuarial rates for 
aged and disabled beneficiaries as well as the monthly Part B premium. 
We also announce the Part B annual deductible because its determination 
is directly linked to the aged actuarial rate.

B. Overall Impact

    We have examined the impacts of this rule as required by Executive 
Order 12866 on Regulatory Planning and Review (September 30, 1993), 
Executive Order 13563 on Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review 
(January 18, 2011), the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) (September 19, 
1980, Pub. L. 96-354), section 1102(b) of the Social Security Act, 
section 202 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (March 22, 
1995, Pub. L. 104-4), Executive Order 13132 on Federalism (August 4, 
1999) and the Congressional Review Act (5 U.S.C. 804(2)).
    Executive Orders 12866 and 13563 direct agencies to assess all 
costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, if 
regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize 
net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public 
health and safety effects, distributive impacts, and equity). A 
regulatory impact analysis (RIA) must be prepared for major notices 
with economically significant effects ($100 million or more in any 1 
year). For 2014, the standard Part B premium rate, the Part B income-
related premium rates, and the Part B deductible are the same as the 
respective amounts for 2013. As a result, this notice is not 
economically significant under section 3(f)(1) of Executive Order 12866 
and thus, is not a major action under the Congressional Review Act. In 
accordance with the provisions of Executive Order 12866, this notice 
was reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget.
    As discussed earlier, this notice announces that the monthly 
actuarial rates applicable for 2014 are $209.80 for enrollees age 65 
and over and $218.90 for disabled enrollees under age 65. It also 
announces the 2014 monthly Part B premium rates to be paid by 
beneficiaries who file an individual tax return (including those who 
are single, head of household, qualifying widow(er) with a dependent 
child, or married filing separately who lived apart from their spouse 
for the entire taxable year), or a joint tax return.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                               Income- related
  Beneficiaries who file an individual tax    Beneficiaries who file a joint       monthly       Total  monthly
             return with income:                  tax return with income:        adjustment      premium  amount
                                                                                   amount
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Less than or equal to $85,000...............  Less than or equal to $170,000             $0.00           $104.90
Greater than $85,000 and less than or equal   Greater than $170,000 and less             42.00            146.90
 to $107,000.                                  than or equal to $214,000.
Greater than $107,000 and less than or equal  Greater than $214,000 and less            104.90            209.80
 to $160,000.                                  than or equal to $320,000.
Greater than $160,000 and less than or equal  Greater than $320,000 and less            167.80            272.70
 to $214,000.                                  than or equal to $428,000.
Greater than $214,000.......................  Greater than $428,000.........            230.80            335.70
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In addition, the monthly premium rates to be paid by beneficiaries 
who are married and lived with their spouse at any time during the 
taxable year, but file a separate tax return from their spouse, are 
also announced and listed in the following chart:

[[Page 64951]]



------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Beneficiaries who are married and    Income- related
 lived with their spouse at any time       monthly       Total  monthly
during the year, but file a separate     adjustment      premium  amount
    tax return from their spouse:          amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Less than or equal to $85,000.......             $0.00           $104.90
Greater than $85,000 and less than              167.80            272.70
 or equal to $129,000...............
Greater than $129,000...............            230.80            335.70
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The RFA requires agencies to analyze options for regulatory relief 
of small businesses, if a rule has a significant impact on a 
substantial number of small entities. For purposes of the RFA, small 
entities include small businesses, nonprofit organizations, and small 
governmental jurisdictions. Most hospitals and most other providers and 
suppliers are small entities, either by nonprofit status or by having 
revenues of less than $7.0 million to $34.5 million in any 1 year. 
Individuals and States are not included in the definition of a small 
entity. This notice announces the monthly actuarial rates for aged (age 
65 and over) and disabled (under 65) beneficiaries enrolled in Part B 
of the Medicare SMI program beginning January 1, 2014. Also, this 
notice announces the monthly premium for aged and disabled 
beneficiaries as well as the income-related monthly adjustment amounts 
to be paid by beneficiaries with modified adjusted gross income above 
certain threshold amounts. As a result, we are not preparing an 
analysis for the RFA because the Secretary has determined that this 
notice will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial 
number of small entities.
    In addition, section 1102(b) of the Act requires us to prepare a 
regulatory impact analysis if a rule may have a significant impact on 
the operations of a substantial number of small rural hospitals. This 
analysis must conform to the provisions of section 604 of the RFA. For 
purposes of section 1102(b) of the Act, we define a small rural 
hospital as a hospital that is located outside of a Metropolitan 
Statistical Area and has fewer than 100 beds. As we discussed 
previously, we are not preparing an analysis for section 1102(b) of the 
Act because the Secretary has determined that this notice will not have 
a significant effect on a substantial number of small rural hospitals
    Section 202 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA) also 
requires that agencies assess anticipated costs and benefits before 
issuing any rule whose mandates require spending in any 1 year of $100 
million in 1995 dollars, updated annually for inflation. In 2013, that 
threshold is approximately $141 million. This notice does not impose 
mandates that will have a consequential effect of $142 million or more 
on State, local, or tribal governments or on the private sector.
    Executive Order 13132 establishes certain requirements that an 
agency must meet when it publishes a proposed rule (and subsequent 
final rule) that imposes substantial direct compliance costs on State 
and local governments, preempts State law, or otherwise has Federalism 
implications. We have determined that this notice does not 
significantly affect the rights, roles, and responsibilities of States.
    For 2014, the standard Part B premium rate, the Part B income-
related premium rates, and the Part B deductible are the same as the 
respective amounts for 2013. Therefore, this notice is not a major rule 
as defined in 5 U.S.C. 804(2) and is not an economically significant 
rule under Executive Order 12866.
    In accordance with the provisions of Executive Order 12866, this 
notice was reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget.

IV. Waiver of Proposed Notice

    The Medicare statute requires the publication of the monthly 
actuarial rates and the Part B premium amounts in September. We 
ordinarily use general notices, rather than notice and comment 
rulemaking procedures, to make such announcements. In doing so, we note 
that, under the Administrative Procedure Act, interpretive rules, 
general statements of policy, and rules of agency organization, 
procedure, or practice are excepted from the requirements of notice and 
comment rulemaking.
    We considered publishing a proposed notice to provide a period for 
public comment. However, we may waive that procedure if we find, for 
good cause, that prior notice and comment are impracticable, 
unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest. The statute 
establishes the time period for which the premium rates will apply, and 
delaying publication of the Part B premium rate such that it would not 
be published before that time would be contrary to the public interest. 
Moreover, we find that notice and comment are unnecessary because the 
formulas used to calculate the Part B premiums are statutorily 
directed. Therefore, we find good cause to waive publication of a 
proposed notice and solicitation of public comments.
(Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Program No. 93.774, 
Medicare--Supplementary Medical Insurance Program)


    Dated: September 20, 2013.
Marilyn Tavenner,
Administrator, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.

    Approved: October 18, 2013
Kathleen Sebelius,
Secretary, Department of Health and Human Services.
[FR Doc. 2013-25668 Filed 10-28-13; 11:15 am]
BILLING CODE 4120-01-P