Request for Information: Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Enhancing Retail Food Store Eligibility; Extension of Comment Period, 64468-64470 [2013-25451]

Download as PDF 64468 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 209 / Tuesday, October 29, 2013 / Notices certifying authority in the foreign country that certifies that the sugar being exported to the United States was produced in the foreign country that has the TRQ allocation. The Foreign Agriculture will collect information using form FAS–961. Need and Use of the Information: FAS will collect the following information: (1) Country of origin or area of the eligible raw cane sugar; (2) quota period; (3) quantity of raw cane sugar to be exported; (4) details of the shipment (shipper, vessel, port of loading); and (5) additional details if available at the time of shipment (consignee, address of consignee, expected date of departure, expected date of arrival in the U.S., expected port of arrival). The information will help determine if the quantity to be imported is eligible to be entered under the TRQ. Description of Respondents: Business or other for-profit. Number of Respondents: 40. Frequency of Responses: Reporting: Annually. Total Burden Hours: 204. Ruth Brown, Departmental Information Collection Clearance Officer. [FR Doc. 2013–25548 Filed 10–28–13; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–10–P DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Food and Nutrition Service [FNS–2013–0033] Request for Information: Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Enhancing Retail Food Store Eligibility; Extension of Comment Period Food and Nutrition Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice; Extension of Comment Period. AGENCY: Sections 3(k), (p) and (r), Section 7, and Section 9 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (‘‘the Act’’), and Title 7 Parts 271, 274, and 278 of the Code of Federal Regulations (‘‘the regulations’’) provide factors for determining the eligibility of retail food stores to participate in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (‘‘SNAP’’). This notice requests information from any and all interested parties on opportunities to enhance retailer definitions and requirements in a manner that improves access to healthy food choices for SNAP participants as well as program integrity, and ensures that only those mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: VerDate Mar<15>2010 18:15 Oct 28, 2013 Jkt 232001 retailers that effectuate the purpose of SNAP are authorized to accept benefits. The Food and Nutrition Service (‘‘FNS’’) considers access to a variety of healthy foods at SNAP retailers to be fundamental to the effectiveness of this critical nutrition assistance program. FNS is requesting information to understand what policy changes and, as needed, statutory changes, should be considered for retailer authorizations. FNS will use this information in determining how to make positive progress in the available healthy choices for program participants at authorized SNAP retail stores. The comment period is being extended to provide additional time for interested parties to review this request for information. DATES: The comment period for the notice that was published on August 20, 2013 (78 FR 51136) has been extended from October 21, 2013 to November 6, 2013. To be assured of consideration, comments must be postmarked on or before November 6, 2013. ADDRESSES: Comments may be submitted through the Federal eRulemaking Portal at www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting comments electronically. Comments can also be mailed or delivered to: Shanta Swezy, Chief, Retailer Management and Issuance Branch, Retailer Policy and Management Division, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, Food and Nutrition Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 3101 Park Center Drive, Room 426, Alexandria, Virginia 22302. All comments submitted in response to this notice will be included in the record and will be made available to the public at www.regulations.gov. Please be advised that the substance of the comments and the identity of the individuals or entities commenting will be subject to public disclosure. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Shanta Swezy, Chief, Retailer Management and Issuance Branch, Food and Nutrition Service, (703) 305–2238. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: At the end of fiscal year (FY) 2012, over 246,000 retailers were authorized to redeem SNAP benefits. This is an increase of almost 100,000 authorized stores since 2005. According to the most recent data available (2012), 82 percent of all benefits redeemed were redeemed at supermarkets, large grocers and superstores. Approximately 18 percent of benefits were redeemed at smaller stores, including convenience stores, small grocers and farmers’ markets. Less than one percent were redeemed by authorized treatment programs, group homes, homeless meal providers, PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 communal dining facilities and shelters as provided for in statute. A 2009 FNS study on benefit use indicates that 96.3 percent of all SNAP beneficiaries shopped at supermarkets or superstores at least once each month. According to Sections 3(k), (p) and (r), and Section 9 of the Act, and Title 7, Parts 271 and 278 of the regulations, to be eligible to participate in SNAP, stores must sell food for home preparation and consumption and meet one of the criteria below: (A) Offer for sale, on a continuous basis (any given day of operation), at least three varieties of qualifying foods in each of the following four staple food groups, with perishable foods in at least two of the categories: • Meat, poultry or fish • Bread or cereal • Vegetables or fruits • Dairy products or (B) More than one-half (50 percent) of the total dollar amount of all things (food, nonfood, gas and services) sold in the store must be from the sale of eligible staple foods. The last major changes to the store eligibility requirements took place in the early 1990’s as a result of congressional action. Today, a store that consistently stocks as few as 12 total food items from the required staple foods categories could technically be licensed to participate in SNAP. Store authorization data collected from retailers by USDA indicates that over 90,000 currently authorized SNAP retailers have substantial (over 50 percent) sales that stem from ineligible items. In addition to providing minimal access to healthy food, retailers that do not provide sufficient healthful offerings often tend to be those stores that present the greatest integrity challenges for USDA. The sale or exchange of SNAP benefits for cash is referred to as ‘‘trafficking’’, an illegal activity punishable by law. According to the latest FNS trafficking study covering the period 2009–2011, 99.5 percent of all trafficking stores involve retailers other than supermarkets, superstores and large grocers. Further, 84.5 percent of all benefit dollars trafficked involve retailers other than supermarkets, superstores and large grocers. The large number of smaller stores—roughly 222,000 authorized store locations nationwide—redeemed 15 percent of SNAP recipient’s benefits and present the greatest integrity challenge for FNS; the trafficking rate in these store types was 7.6 percent. The store violation rate was 12.45 percent. A 2006 report by the Government Accountability Office E:\FR\FM\29OCN1.SGM 29OCN1 mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 209 / Tuesday, October 29, 2013 / Notices (GAO) suggested that the minimal stocking requirements in SNAP contribute to corrupt retailers entering the program, and noted that FNS regulations lacked clarity as to what constitutes sufficient stocking requirements. FNS is concerned that there are a large and growing number of authorized retailers that do not provide healthful food offerings to SNAP recipients and that engage in fraud. These retailers represent a management challenge for the program that must be balanced against the need to ensure effective access to healthful, nutritious food for SNAP households. FNS has an interest in assuring that all authorized retailers will play by the rules and further the purpose of SNAP. FNS’ objectives are to improve the availability of more healthful foods without compromising access to nutritious food for SNAP participants, or unnecessarily burdening the retailers that redeem SNAP benefits, and to improve the integrity of the program. The Agency is seeking public input regarding the following questions, with particular attention to impacts of each on program integrity, healthy food choices, access to food and retailer operations: 1. Is ensuring that SNAP retailers provide SNAP clients access to healthy food choices a reasonable priority for establishing SNAP store eligibility criteria? 2. Are there store types that clearly meet all of the Program goals and, consequently, should always be eligible for SNAP participation? 3. Conversely, are there store types that do not effectively improve access to food choices (e.g. stores that sell low amounts of food when compared to the amounts of distilled liquor, tobacco and/or lottery tickets sold) and, therefore, should always be ineligible for SNAP participation? 4. Would a different definition of the ‘‘staple foods 1’’ required in SNAP authorized stores help to ensure that these stores offer more healthy food choices? If so, what kinds of changes would be most effective? Specifically, almost all foods can be counted towards meeting staple food requirements, including those high in added sugar, sodium or solid fats. Should foods high in these components be counted as staple foods when determining store authorization requirements? 5. How should prepared foods with multiple ingredients, such as chicken pot pie or other frozen dinners, or single serving meat jerky packages, be treated with regards to ‘‘staple foods’’ categories? VerDate Mar<15>2010 18:15 Oct 28, 2013 Jkt 232001 6. Do twelve items (the minimum amount necessary to meet SNAP authorization criterion A, by virtue of needing three varieties in the four different staple food categories) provide adequate variety for a retailer to further the Program’s purpose? If not, what would be a more appropriate requirement? 7. Currently, retailers who are authorized under criterion A are required to stock perishable items (e.g., fresh, frozen or refrigerated fruits and vegetables; dairy; meats, poultry and fish; bread or cereal) in two categories. Should perishable items be required in more than two categories? 8. Are 50 percent of sales in staple foods, as currently required for criterion B, sufficient to ensure that a SNAP authorized store furthers the program’s purpose, given the current definition of ‘‘staple foods’’? Would this percentage be sufficient if the definition of ‘‘staple foods’’ is changed to exclude items high in added sugar, sodium or solid fats? 9. Should stores whose primary business (as evidenced by marketing, inventory or sales) is not the sale of food, be eligible to participate in SNAP? 10. Restaurants are generally prohibited from being SNAP retailers, and hot foods cannot be purchased with SNAP benefits. However, there are authorized retailers who primarily sell food for immediate consumption, often on premises, but also sell their products cold and heat them for SNAP recipients immediately after purchase for a nominal fee. These stores qualify today based on the array of raw ingredients, such as unbaked pizza or raw fish. Should such stores be eligible for participation in SNAP? 11. Should all retailers who meet SNAP eligibility criteria be authorized, even when sufficient store access for recipients is not a concern? 12. If store access were a concern in an area where no store meets basic eligibility criteria for SNAP authorization, how should FNS select the stores to authorize that best serve the needs of the client population? Should FNS employ an evaluation and scoring system? If so, what criteria should make up such a system? 13. How should integrity and management priorities be balanced against healthy food choice criteria in the SNAP authorization process? What elements could be used to assess integrity risks, and how should they be applied? 14. Are there any other ways in which the criteria for retailer eligibility should be changed? If so, how? PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 64469 Dated: October 23, 2013. Audrey Rowe, Administrator, Food and Nutrition Service. 1 Statutory, Regulatory and Policy Definitions of ‘‘Food’’, ‘‘Staple Food’’ and ‘‘Accessory Food’’: Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 7 U.S.C. 2012 Section 3 Definitions: (k) ‘‘Food’’ means (1) any food or food product for home consumption except alcoholic beverages, tobacco, and hot foods or hot food products ready for immediate consumption other than those authorized pursuant to clauses (3), (4), (5), (7), (8), and (9) of this subsection, (2) seeds and plants for use in gardens to produce food for the personal consumption of the eligible household, (3) in the case of those persons who are sixty years of age or over or who receive supplemental security income benefits or disability or blindness payments under title I, II, X, XIV, or XVI of the Social Security Act [(42 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.)], and their spouses, meals prepared by and served in senior citizens’ centers, apartment buildings occupied primarily by such persons, public or private nonprofit establishments (eating or otherwise) that feed such persons, private establishments that contract with the appropriate agency of the State to offer meals for such persons at concessional prices, and meals prepared for and served to residents of federally subsidized housing for the elderly, (4) in the case of persons sixty years of age or over and persons who are physically or mentally handicapped or otherwise so disabled that they are unable adequately to prepare all of their meals, meals prepared for and delivered to them (and their spouses) at their home by a public or private nonprofit organization or by a private establishment that contracts with the appropriate State agency to perform such services at concessional prices, (5) in the case of narcotics addicts or alcoholics, and their children, served by drug addiction or alcoholic treatment and rehabilitation programs, meals prepared and served under such programs, (6) in the case of certain eligible households living in Alaska, equipment for procuring food by hunting and fishing, such as nets, hooks, rods, harpoons, and knives (but not equipment for purposes of transportation, clothing, or shelter, and not firearms, ammunition, and explosives) if the Secretary determines that such households are located in an area of the State where it is extremely difficult to reach stores selling food and that such households depend to a substantial extent upon hunting and fishing for subsistence, (7) in the case of disabled or blind recipients of benefits under title I, II, X, XIV, or XVI of the Social Security Act, or are 3–2 individuals described in paragraphs (2) through (7) of subsection (j), who are residents in a public or private nonprofit group living arrangement that serves no more than sixteen residents and is certified by the appropriate State agency or agencies under regulations issued under section 1616(e) of the Social Security Act or under standards determined by the Secretary to be comparable to standards implemented by appropriate State agencies under such section [(42 U.S.C. 1382e(e))], meals prepared E:\FR\FM\29OCN1.SGM 29OCN1 64470 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 209 / Tuesday, October 29, 2013 / Notices mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES and served under such arrangement, (8) in the case of women and children temporarily residing in public or private nonprofit shelters for battered women and children, meals prepared and served, by such shelters, and (9) in the case of households that do not reside in permanent dwellings and households that have no fixed mailing addresses, meals prepared for and served by a public or private nonprofit establishment (approved by an appropriate State or local agency) that feeds such individuals and by private establishments that contract with the appropriate agency of the State to offer meals for such individuals at concessional prices. (r)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), ‘‘staple foods’’ means foods in the following categories: (A) Meat, poultry, or fish. (B) Bread or cereals. (C) Vegetables or fruits. (D) Dairy products. (2) ‘‘Staple foods’’ do not include accessory food items, such as coffee, tea, cocoa, carbonated and un-carbonated drinks, candy, condiments, and spices. 7 CFR Part 271 General Information and Definitions: Staple food means those food items intended for home preparation and consumption in each of the following food categories: Meat, poultry, or fish; bread or cereals; vegetables or fruits; and dairy products. Commercially processed foods and prepared mixtures with multiple ingredients shall only be counted in one staple food category. For example, foods such as cold pizza, macaroni and cheese, multi-ingredient soup, or frozen dinners, shall only be counted as one staple food item and will normally be included in the staple food category of the main ingredient as determined by FNS. Hot foods are not eligible for purchase with food stamps and, therefore, do not qualify as staple foods for the purpose of determining eligibility under § 278.1(b)(1) of this chapter. Accessory food items including, but not limited to, coffee, tea, cocoa, carbonated and un-carbonated drinks, candy, condiments, and spices shall not be considered staple foods for the purpose of determining eligibility of any firm. However, accessory foods that are offered for sale in authorized retail food stores are eligible food items which may be purchased with food stamp benefits. USDA FNS Policy: ‘‘Accessory food items include coffee, tea, cocoa, carbonated and uncarbonated drinks, candy, condiments and spices. All foods not identified as accessory in the Act and regulations must be considered staple foods’’. [FR Doc. 2013–25451 Filed 10–28–13; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–30–P VerDate Mar<15>2010 18:15 Oct 28, 2013 Jkt 232001 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Food Safety and Inspection Service [Docket No. FSIS–2013–0003] Availability of FSIS Compliance Guide for a Systematic Approach to the Humane Handling of Livestock Food Safety and Inspection Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of availability and opportunity for comments. AGENCY: The Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) is announcing the availability of a compliance guide to assist livestock slaughter establishments in complying with the regulatory requirements for humane handling and slaughter of livestock. FSIS encourages operators of livestock slaughter establishments to follow this guidance. DATES: The Agency must receive comments by December 30, 2013. ADDRESSES: A downloadable version of the compliance guide is available to view and print at http:// www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/portal/fsis/ topics/regulatory-compliance. No hard copies of the compliance guide have been published. FSIS invites interested persons to submit comments on this notice. Comments may be submitted by either of the following methods: Federal eRulemaking Portal: This Web site provides the ability to type short comments directly into the comment field on this Web page or attach a file for lengthier comments. Go to http://www.regulations.gov/. Follow the on-line instructions at that site for submitting comments. Mail, including CD–ROMs, etc.: Send to Docket Room Manager, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service, Patriots Plaza 3, 1400 Independence Avenue SW., Mailstop 3782, Room 8–163B, Washington, DC 20250–3700. Hand- or courier-delivered submittals: Deliver to Patriots Plaza 3, 355 E. Street SW., Room 8–163B, Washington, DC 20250–3700. Instructions: All items submitted by mail or electronic mail must include the Agency name and docket number FSIS– 2013–0003. Comments received in response to this docket will be made available for public inspection and posted without change, including any personal information, to http:// www.regulations.gov. Docket: For access to background documents or to comments received, go to the FSIS Docket Room at Patriots Plaza 3, 355 E. Street SW., Room 8–164, SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Washington, DC 20250–3700 between 8:00 a.m. and 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Rachel Edelstein, Assistant Administrator, Office of Policy and Program Development; Telephone: (202) 205–0495, or by Fax: (202) 720–2025. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Humane Methods of Slaughter Act (HMSA) of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 1901 et seq.) requires the use of humane methods for handling and slaughtering livestock. The HMSA states that ‘‘the use of humane methods in the slaughter of livestock prevents needless suffering; results in safer and better working conditions for persons engaged in the slaughtering industry; brings about improvement of products and economies in slaughtering operations; and produces other benefits for producers, processors, and consumers which tend to expedite an orderly flow of livestock and livestock products in interstate and foreign commerce.’’ The HMSA is referenced in the Federal Meat Inspection Act (FMIA) (21 U.S.C. 603) and is implemented by FSIS humane handling and slaughter regulations found at 9 CFR part 313. Establishments are required to meet the humane handling and slaughter requirements in the regulations the entire time they hold livestock in connection with slaughter. On September 9, 2004, FSIS announced that livestock slaughter establishments should implement and maintain a systematic approach to humane handling and slaughter to best ensure compliance with the HMSA, FMIA, and the implementing regulations (69 FR 54625). A systematic approach is a comprehensive way of evaluating how livestock enter and move through an establishment. The 2004 notice outlined four steps establishments should take to develop and maintain a systematic approach. The guidance summarizes these four steps and states that under a systematic approach, establishments should: (1) Assess the ability of their livestock handling and slaughter practices to minimize distress and injury to livestock; (2) Design facilities and implement handling practices that minimize distress and injury to livestock; (3) Periodically evaluate facilities and handling methods to ensure that they continue to minimize distress and injury to livestock; and (4) When necessary, modify facilities and handling methods to ensure that they continue to minimize distress and injury to livestock. E:\FR\FM\29OCN1.SGM 29OCN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 78, Number 209 (Tuesday, October 29, 2013)]
[Notices]
[Pages 64468-64470]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2013-25451]


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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Food and Nutrition Service

[FNS-2013-0033]


Request for Information: Supplemental Nutrition Assistance 
Program (SNAP) Enhancing Retail Food Store Eligibility; Extension of 
Comment Period

AGENCY: Food and Nutrition Service, USDA.

ACTION: Notice; Extension of Comment Period.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: Sections 3(k), (p) and (r), Section 7, and Section 9 of the 
Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (``the Act''), and Title 7 Parts 271, 
274, and 278 of the Code of Federal Regulations (``the regulations'') 
provide factors for determining the eligibility of retail food stores 
to participate in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program 
(``SNAP''). This notice requests information from any and all 
interested parties on opportunities to enhance retailer definitions and 
requirements in a manner that improves access to healthy food choices 
for SNAP participants as well as program integrity, and ensures that 
only those retailers that effectuate the purpose of SNAP are authorized 
to accept benefits. The Food and Nutrition Service (``FNS'') considers 
access to a variety of healthy foods at SNAP retailers to be 
fundamental to the effectiveness of this critical nutrition assistance 
program. FNS is requesting information to understand what policy 
changes and, as needed, statutory changes, should be considered for 
retailer authorizations. FNS will use this information in determining 
how to make positive progress in the available healthy choices for 
program participants at authorized SNAP retail stores. The comment 
period is being extended to provide additional time for interested 
parties to review this request for information.

DATES: The comment period for the notice that was published on August 
20, 2013 (78 FR 51136) has been extended from October 21, 2013 to 
November 6, 2013. To be assured of consideration, comments must be 
postmarked on or before November 6, 2013.

ADDRESSES: Comments may be submitted through the Federal eRulemaking 
Portal at www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for 
submitting comments electronically. Comments can also be mailed or 
delivered to: Shanta Swezy, Chief, Retailer Management and Issuance 
Branch, Retailer Policy and Management Division, Supplemental Nutrition 
Assistance Program, Food and Nutrition Service, U.S. Department of 
Agriculture, 3101 Park Center Drive, Room 426, Alexandria, Virginia 
22302.
    All comments submitted in response to this notice will be included 
in the record and will be made available to the public at 
www.regulations.gov. Please be advised that the substance of the 
comments and the identity of the individuals or entities commenting 
will be subject to public disclosure.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Shanta Swezy, Chief, Retailer 
Management and Issuance Branch, Food and Nutrition Service, (703) 305-
2238.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:  At the end of fiscal year (FY) 2012, over 
246,000 retailers were authorized to redeem SNAP benefits. This is an 
increase of almost 100,000 authorized stores since 2005. According to 
the most recent data available (2012), 82 percent of all benefits 
redeemed were redeemed at supermarkets, large grocers and superstores. 
Approximately 18 percent of benefits were redeemed at smaller stores, 
including convenience stores, small grocers and farmers' markets. Less 
than one percent were redeemed by authorized treatment programs, group 
homes, homeless meal providers, communal dining facilities and shelters 
as provided for in statute. A 2009 FNS study on benefit use indicates 
that 96.3 percent of all SNAP beneficiaries shopped at supermarkets or 
superstores at least once each month.
    According to Sections 3(k), (p) and (r), and Section 9 of the Act, 
and Title 7, Parts 271 and 278 of the regulations, to be eligible to 
participate in SNAP, stores must sell food for home preparation and 
consumption and meet one of the criteria below:
    (A) Offer for sale, on a continuous basis (any given day of 
operation), at least three varieties of qualifying foods in each of the 
following four staple food groups, with perishable foods in at least 
two of the categories:
     Meat, poultry or fish
     Bread or cereal
     Vegetables or fruits
     Dairy products
    or
    (B) More than one-half (50 percent) of the total dollar amount of 
all things (food, nonfood, gas and services) sold in the store must be 
from the sale of eligible staple foods.
    The last major changes to the store eligibility requirements took 
place in the early 1990's as a result of congressional action. Today, a 
store that consistently stocks as few as 12 total food items from the 
required staple foods categories could technically be licensed to 
participate in SNAP. Store authorization data collected from retailers 
by USDA indicates that over 90,000 currently authorized SNAP retailers 
have substantial (over 50 percent) sales that stem from ineligible 
items.
    In addition to providing minimal access to healthy food, retailers 
that do not provide sufficient healthful offerings often tend to be 
those stores that present the greatest integrity challenges for USDA. 
The sale or exchange of SNAP benefits for cash is referred to as 
``trafficking'', an illegal activity punishable by law. According to 
the latest FNS trafficking study covering the period 2009-2011, 99.5 
percent of all trafficking stores involve retailers other than 
supermarkets, superstores and large grocers. Further, 84.5 percent of 
all benefit dollars trafficked involve retailers other than 
supermarkets, superstores and large grocers. The large number of 
smaller stores--roughly 222,000 authorized store locations nationwide--
redeemed 15 percent of SNAP recipient's benefits and present the 
greatest integrity challenge for FNS; the trafficking rate in these 
store types was 7.6 percent. The store violation rate was 12.45 
percent. A 2006 report by the Government Accountability Office

[[Page 64469]]

(GAO) suggested that the minimal stocking requirements in SNAP 
contribute to corrupt retailers entering the program, and noted that 
FNS regulations lacked clarity as to what constitutes sufficient 
stocking requirements.
    FNS is concerned that there are a large and growing number of 
authorized retailers that do not provide healthful food offerings to 
SNAP recipients and that engage in fraud. These retailers represent a 
management challenge for the program that must be balanced against the 
need to ensure effective access to healthful, nutritious food for SNAP 
households. FNS has an interest in assuring that all authorized 
retailers will play by the rules and further the purpose of SNAP.
    FNS' objectives are to improve the availability of more healthful 
foods without compromising access to nutritious food for SNAP 
participants, or unnecessarily burdening the retailers that redeem SNAP 
benefits, and to improve the integrity of the program. The Agency is 
seeking public input regarding the following questions, with particular 
attention to impacts of each on program integrity, healthy food 
choices, access to food and retailer operations:
    1. Is ensuring that SNAP retailers provide SNAP clients access to 
healthy food choices a reasonable priority for establishing SNAP store 
eligibility criteria?
    2. Are there store types that clearly meet all of the Program goals 
and, consequently, should always be eligible for SNAP participation?
    3. Conversely, are there store types that do not effectively 
improve access to food choices (e.g. stores that sell low amounts of 
food when compared to the amounts of distilled liquor, tobacco and/or 
lottery tickets sold) and, therefore, should always be ineligible for 
SNAP participation?
    4. Would a different definition of the ``staple foods \1\'' 
required in SNAP authorized stores help to ensure that these stores 
offer more healthy food choices? If so, what kinds of changes would be 
most effective? Specifically, almost all foods can be counted towards 
meeting staple food requirements, including those high in added sugar, 
sodium or solid fats. Should foods high in these components be counted 
as staple foods when determining store authorization requirements?
    5. How should prepared foods with multiple ingredients, such as 
chicken pot pie or other frozen dinners, or single serving meat jerky 
packages, be treated with regards to ``staple foods'' categories?
    6. Do twelve items (the minimum amount necessary to meet SNAP 
authorization criterion A, by virtue of needing three varieties in the 
four different staple food categories) provide adequate variety for a 
retailer to further the Program's purpose? If not, what would be a more 
appropriate requirement?
    7. Currently, retailers who are authorized under criterion A are 
required to stock perishable items (e.g., fresh, frozen or refrigerated 
fruits and vegetables; dairy; meats, poultry and fish; bread or cereal) 
in two categories. Should perishable items be required in more than two 
categories?
    8. Are 50 percent of sales in staple foods, as currently required 
for criterion B, sufficient to ensure that a SNAP authorized store 
furthers the program's purpose, given the current definition of 
``staple foods''? Would this percentage be sufficient if the definition 
of ``staple foods'' is changed to exclude items high in added sugar, 
sodium or solid fats?
    9. Should stores whose primary business (as evidenced by marketing, 
inventory or sales) is not the sale of food, be eligible to participate 
in SNAP?
    10. Restaurants are generally prohibited from being SNAP retailers, 
and hot foods cannot be purchased with SNAP benefits. However, there 
are authorized retailers who primarily sell food for immediate 
consumption, often on premises, but also sell their products cold and 
heat them for SNAP recipients immediately after purchase for a nominal 
fee. These stores qualify today based on the array of raw ingredients, 
such as unbaked pizza or raw fish. Should such stores be eligible for 
participation in SNAP?
    11. Should all retailers who meet SNAP eligibility criteria be 
authorized, even when sufficient store access for recipients is not a 
concern?
    12. If store access were a concern in an area where no store meets 
basic eligibility criteria for SNAP authorization, how should FNS 
select the stores to authorize that best serve the needs of the client 
population? Should FNS employ an evaluation and scoring system? If so, 
what criteria should make up such a system?
    13. How should integrity and management priorities be balanced 
against healthy food choice criteria in the SNAP authorization process? 
What elements could be used to assess integrity risks, and how should 
they be applied?
    14. Are there any other ways in which the criteria for retailer 
eligibility should be changed? If so, how?

    Dated: October 23, 2013.
Audrey Rowe,
Administrator, Food and Nutrition Service.

    \1\ Statutory, Regulatory and Policy Definitions of ``Food'', 
``Staple Food'' and ``Accessory Food'':
    Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 7 U.S.C. 2012 Section 3 
Definitions:
    (k) ``Food'' means (1) any food or food product for home 
consumption except alcoholic beverages, tobacco, and hot foods or 
hot food products ready for immediate consumption other than those 
authorized pursuant to clauses (3), (4), (5), (7), (8), and (9) of 
this subsection, (2) seeds and plants for use in gardens to produce 
food for the personal consumption of the eligible household, (3) in 
the case of those persons who are sixty years of age or over or who 
receive supplemental security income benefits or disability or 
blindness payments under title I, II, X, XIV, or XVI of the Social 
Security Act [(42 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.)], and their spouses, meals 
prepared by and served in senior citizens' centers, apartment 
buildings occupied primarily by such persons, public or private 
nonprofit establishments (eating or otherwise) that feed such 
persons, private establishments that contract with the appropriate 
agency of the State to offer meals for such persons at concessional 
prices, and meals prepared for and served to residents of federally 
subsidized housing for the elderly, (4) in the case of persons sixty 
years of age or over and persons who are physically or mentally 
handicapped or otherwise so disabled that they are unable adequately 
to prepare all of their meals, meals prepared for and delivered to 
them (and their spouses) at their home by a public or private 
nonprofit organization or by a private establishment that contracts 
with the appropriate State agency to perform such services at 
concessional prices, (5) in the case of narcotics addicts or 
alcoholics, and their children, served by drug addiction or 
alcoholic treatment and rehabilitation programs, meals prepared and 
served under such programs, (6) in the case of certain eligible 
households living in Alaska, equipment for procuring food by hunting 
and fishing, such as nets, hooks, rods, harpoons, and knives (but 
not equipment for purposes of transportation, clothing, or shelter, 
and not firearms, ammunition, and explosives) if the Secretary 
determines that such households are located in an area of the State 
where it is extremely difficult to reach stores selling food and 
that such households depend to a substantial extent upon hunting and 
fishing for subsistence, (7) in the case of disabled or blind 
recipients of benefits under title I, II, X, XIV, or XVI of the 
Social Security Act, or are 3-2 individuals described in paragraphs 
(2) through (7) of subsection (j), who are residents in a public or 
private nonprofit group living arrangement that serves no more than 
sixteen residents and is certified by the appropriate State agency 
or agencies under regulations issued under section 1616(e) of the 
Social Security Act or under standards determined by the Secretary 
to be comparable to standards implemented by appropriate State 
agencies under such section [(42 U.S.C. 1382e(e))], meals prepared

[[Page 64470]]

and served under such arrangement, (8) in the case of women and 
children temporarily residing in public or private nonprofit 
shelters for battered women and children, meals prepared and served, 
by such shelters, and (9) in the case of households that do not 
reside in permanent dwellings and households that have no fixed 
mailing addresses, meals prepared for and served by a public or 
private nonprofit establishment (approved by an appropriate State or 
local agency) that feeds such individuals and by private 
establishments that contract with the appropriate agency of the 
State to offer meals for such individuals at concessional prices.
    (r)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), ``staple foods'' 
means foods in the following categories:
    (A) Meat, poultry, or fish.
    (B) Bread or cereals.
    (C) Vegetables or fruits.
    (D) Dairy products.
    (2) ``Staple foods'' do not include accessory food items, such 
as coffee, tea, cocoa, carbonated and un-carbonated drinks, candy, 
condiments, and spices.
    7 CFR Part 271 General Information and Definitions: Staple food 
means those food items intended for home preparation and consumption 
in each of the following food categories: Meat, poultry, or fish; 
bread or cereals; vegetables or fruits; and dairy products. 
Commercially processed foods and prepared mixtures with multiple 
ingredients shall only be counted in one staple food category. For 
example, foods such as cold pizza, macaroni and cheese, multi-
ingredient soup, or frozen dinners, shall only be counted as one 
staple food item and will normally be included in the staple food 
category of the main ingredient as determined by FNS. Hot foods are 
not eligible for purchase with food stamps and, therefore, do not 
qualify as staple foods for the purpose of determining eligibility 
under Sec.  278.1(b)(1) of this chapter. Accessory food items 
including, but not limited to, coffee, tea, cocoa, carbonated and 
un-carbonated drinks, candy, condiments, and spices shall not be 
considered staple foods for the purpose of determining eligibility 
of any firm. However, accessory foods that are offered for sale in 
authorized retail food stores are eligible food items which may be 
purchased with food stamp benefits.
    USDA FNS Policy: ``Accessory food items include coffee, tea, 
cocoa, carbonated and un-carbonated drinks, candy, condiments and 
spices. All foods not identified as accessory in the Act and 
regulations must be considered staple foods''.

[FR Doc. 2013-25451 Filed 10-28-13; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-30-P