Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Rhode Island: Prevention of Significant Deterioration; Greenhouse Gas Permitting Authority and Tailoring Rule, 63383-63388 [2013-24847]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 206 / Thursday, October 24, 2013 / Rules and Regulations or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes. 12. Energy Effects This rule is not a ‘‘significant energy action’’ under Executive Order 13211, Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use. 13. Technical Standards This rule does not use technical standards. Therefore, we did not consider the use of voluntary consensus standards. 14. Environment We have analyzed this rule under Department of Homeland Security Management Directive 023–01 and Commandant Instruction M16475.lD, which guide the Coast Guard in complying with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA)(42 U.S.C. 4321–4370f), and have determined that this action is one of a category of actions that do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment. This rule will evacuate commercial harbors which anticipate tsunami impact. This rule is categorically excluded from further review under paragraph 34(g) of Figure 2–1 of the Commandant Instruction. An environmental analysis checklist supporting this determination and a Categorical Exclusion Determination are available in the docket where indicated under ADDRESSES. List of Subjects in 33 CFR Part 165 Harbors, Marine safety, Navigation (water), Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Security measures, Waterways. For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Coast Guard amends 33 CFR part 165 as follows: PART 165—REGULATED NAVIGATION AREAS AND LIMITED ACCESS AREAS 1. The authority citation for part 165 continues to read as follows: Emcdonald on DSK67QTVN1PROD with RULES ■ Authority: 33 U.S.C. 1231; 46 U.S.C. Chapter 701; 50 U.S.C. 191, 195; 33 CFR 1.05–1, 6.04–1, 6.04–6, and 160.5; Pub. L. 107–295, 116 Stat. 2064; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1. 2. Add § 165. 14–1414 to read as follows: ■ § 165. 14–1414 Safety Zones; Hawaiian Islands Commercial Harbors; HI. (a) Location. The following commercial harbors are safety zones: VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:22 Oct 23, 2013 Jkt 232001 (1) All waters of Nawiliwili Harbor, Kauai inland from a line drawn between 21° 56′58″ N, 159° 21′28″ W and 21° 57′11″ N, 159° 21′10″ W; (2) All waters of Port Allen, Kauai immediately adjacent to the Department of Transportation commercial pier (located at 21° 53′59″ N, 157° 35′21″ W) extending out to 100 yards from the piers faces; (3) All waters of Barber’s Point Harbor, Oahu inland from a line drawn between 21° 19′30″ N, 158° 07′14″ W and 21° 19′18″ N, 158° 07′18″ W; (4) All waters of Honolulu Harbor, Oahu inland from a line drawn between 21° 17′56″ N, 157° 52′15″ W and 21° 17′45″ N, 157° 52′10″ W; (5) All waters of Kaunakakai Harbor, immediately adjacent to the Interisland Cargo Terminal or Ferry Terminal Pier out to 100 yards of the west face of the pier; (6) All waters of Kaumalapau Harbor, Lanai inland from a line drawn between 20° 47′10″ N, 156° 59′32″ W and 21° 47′01″ N, 156° 59′31″ W; (7) All waters of Kahului Harbor, Maui inland from a line drawn between 20° 54′01″ N, 156° 28′26″ W and 20° 54′02″ N, 156° 28′18″ W; (8) All waters of Kawaihae Harbor, Hawaii immediately adjacent to commercial piers 1 and 2 extending out to 100 yards from the piers faces. (9) All waters of Hilo Harbor, Hawaii immediately adjacent to commercial piers 1 and 2 extending out to 100 yards from the piers faces. (10) The activation of these safety zones may include any combination of these harbors, or all of these harbors, dependent upon details in the tsunami warning. These safety zones extend from the surface of the water to the ocean floor. (b) Regulations. When the safety zones are activated and, therefore, subject to enforcement, no person or vessel may enter or remain in the safety zone except for support vessels, support personnel, and other vessels authorized by the Captain of the Port, Sector Honolulu (COTP), or a designated representative of the COTP. All commercial vessels must evacuate the harbor and transit seaward beyond the 50 fathom (300 foot) curve. These commercial harbors will remain closed to all transiting vessels until the Captain of the Port Honolulu lifts the evacuation order. All other applicable regulations in 33 CFR 165 remain in effect and subject to enforcement. You may contact the Coast Guard on VHF Channel 16 (156.800 MHz) or at telephone number 808–842–2600 to obtain clarification on safety zone transits and locations. Coast Guard patrol boats will be enforcing the PO 00000 Frm 00015 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 63383 safety zones and providing on-scene direction. Any vessel not capable of evacuating must contact the Coast Guard Sector Command Center at (808) 842–2601 to request a waiver from evacuating the harbor. (c) Enforcement period. Paragraph (b) of this section will be enforced when a tsunami warning has been issued for the Hawaiian Islands. The COTP will notify the public of any enforcement through the following means to ensure the widest publicity: Broadcast notice to mariners, notices of enforcement, press releases and the Coast Guard’s Homeport Web site. Following the passage of the tsunami or tsunami threat and harbor assessments as required, deactivation of these safety zones will be conducted through radio broadcast by the U.S. Coast Guard. (d) Penalties. Vessels or persons violating this rule would be subject to the penalties set forth in 33 U.S.C. 1232. Dated: September 16, 2013. S.N. Gilreath, Captain, U.S. Coast Guard, Captain of the Port Honolulu. [FR Doc. 2013–24904 Filed 10–23–13; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 9110–04–P ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 [EPA–R01–OAR–2011–0148; A–1–FRL– 9901–71–Region 1] Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Rhode Island: Prevention of Significant Deterioration; Greenhouse Gas Permitting Authority and Tailoring Rule Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Direct final rule. AGENCY: EPA is taking direct final action to approve certain revisions to the Rhode Island State Implementation Plan (SIP) primarily relating to regulation of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) under Rhode Island’s Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) preconstruction permitting program. EPA is also taking direct final action to approve the State’s definition of ‘‘PM2.5’’ (fine particulate matter) specific to permitting. Certain of the State’s revisions consist of definitions that also relate more broadly to the State’s PSD and nonattainment new source review (NSR) preconstruction permitting requirements, i.e., to stationary sources that also emit regulated new source review pollutants other than GHGs. EPA SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\24OCR1.SGM 24OCR1 Emcdonald on DSK67QTVN1PROD with RULES 63384 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 206 / Thursday, October 24, 2013 / Rules and Regulations is also taking direct final action to conditionally approve those definitions as they relate to the non-GHG pollutants, for the reasons described in more detail later in this notice. All of the revisions in question were submitted by Rhode Island, through the Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management (RI DEM) Office of Air Resources, on January 18, 2011. They are primarily intended to align Rhode Island’s regulations with EPA’s ‘‘Prevention of Significant Deterioration and Title V Greenhouse Gas Tailoring Rule.’’ Finally, EPA is not taking action on certain other SIP revisions contained in RI DEM’s January 18, 2011 submittal. DATES: This direct final rule will be effective December 23, 2013, unless EPA receives adverse comments by November 25, 2013. If adverse comments are received, EPA will publish a timely withdrawal of the direct final rule in the Federal Register informing the public that the rule will not take effect. ADDRESSES: Submit your comments, identified by Docket ID Number EPA– R01–OAR–2011–0148 by one of the following methods: 1. www.regulations.gov: Follow the on-line instructions for submitting comments. 2. Email: dahl.donald@epa.gov. 3. Fax: (617) 918–0167. 4. Mail: ‘‘Docket Identification Number EPA–R01–OAR–2011–0148’’, Donald Dahl, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA New England Regional Office, Office of Ecosystem Protection, Air Permits, Toxics, and Indoor Programs Unit, 5 Post Office Square—Suite 100, (Mail code OEP05– 2), Boston, MA 02109–3912. 5. Hand Delivery or Courier: Deliver your comments to: Donald Dahl, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA New England Regional Office, Office of Ecosystem Protection, Air Permits, Toxics, and Indoor Programs Unit, 5 Post Office Square—Suite 100, (mail code OEP05–2), Boston, MA 02109— 3912. Such deliveries are only accepted during the Regional Office’s normal hours of operation. The Regional Office’s official hours of business are Monday through Friday, 8:30 to 4:30, excluding legal holidays. Instructions: Direct your comments to Docket ID No. EPA–R01–OAR–2011– 0148. EPA’s policy is that all comments received will be included in the public docket without change and may be made available online at www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided, unless the comment includes information VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:22 Oct 23, 2013 Jkt 232001 claimed to be Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Do not submit through www.regulations.gov, or email, information that you consider to be CBI or otherwise protected. The www.regulations.gov Web site is an ‘‘anonymous access’’ system, which means EPA will not know your identity or contact information unless you provide it in the body of your comment. If you send an email comment directly to EPA without going through www.regulations.gov your email address will be automatically captured and included as part of the comment that is placed in the public docket and made available on the Internet. If you submit an electronic comment, EPA recommends that you include your name and other contact information in the body of your comment and with any disk or CD–ROM you submit. If EPA cannot read your comment due to technical difficulties and cannot contact you for clarification, EPA may not be able to consider your comment. Electronic files should avoid the use of special characters, any form of encryption, and be free of any defects or viruses. Docket: All documents in the electronic docket are listed in the www.regulations.gov index. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, i.e., CBI or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the Internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available either electronically in www.regulations.gov or in hard copy at Office of Ecosystem Protection, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA New England Regional Office, 5 Post Office Square— Suite 100, Boston, MA. EPA requests that if at all possible, you contact the contact listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section to schedule your inspection. The Regional Office’s official hours of business are Monday through Friday, 8:30 to 4:30, excluding legal holidays. In addition, copies of the state submittal and EPA’s technical support document are also available for public inspection during normal business hours, by appointment at the State Air Agency; Office of Air Resources, Department of Environmental Management, 235 Promenade Street, Providence, RI 02908–5767. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For information regarding the Rhode Island PO 00000 Frm 00016 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 SIP, contact Donald Dahl, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA New England Regional Office, Office of Ecosystem Protection, Air Permits, Toxics, and Indoor Programs Unit, 5 Post Office Square—Suite 100, (mail code OEP05–2), Boston, MA 02109— 3912. Mr. Dahl’s telephone number is (617) 918–1657; email address: dahl.donald@epa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Throughout this document whenever ‘‘we,’’ ‘‘us,’’ or ‘‘our’’ is used, we mean EPA. Organization of this document. The following outline is provided to aid in locating information in this preamble. Table of Contents I. What is the background for the action by EPA in this notice? A. GHG-Related Actions B. Rhode Island’s Actions II. What is EPA’s analysis of Rhode Island’s SIP revision? III. Final Action IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews I. What is the background for the action by EPA in this notice? The following sections briefly summarize EPA’s recent GHG-related actions that provide the background for today’s action as it relates to permitting requirements for GHGs. More detailed discussion of the background is found in the preambles for those actions. In particular, the background is contained in what we call the GHG PSD SIP Narrowing Rule,1 and in the preambles to the actions cited therein. A. GHG-Related Actions EPA has recently undertaken a series of actions pertaining to the regulation of GHGs that, although for the most part distinct from one another, establish the overall framework for today’s action on the Rhode Island SIP. Four of these actions include, as they are commonly called, the ‘‘Endangerment Finding’’ and ‘‘Cause or Contribute Finding,’’ which EPA issued in a single final action,2 the ‘‘Johnson Memo Reconsideration,’’ 3 the ‘‘Light-Duty Vehicle Rule,’’ 4 and the ‘‘Tailoring 1 ‘‘Limitation of Approval of Prevention of Significant Deterioration Provisions Concerning Greenhouse Gas Emitting-Sources in State Implementation Plans; Final Rule.’’ 75 FR 82536 (Dec. 30, 2010). 2 ‘‘Endangerment and Cause or Contribute Findings for Greenhouse Gases Under Section 202(a) of the Clean Air Act.’’ 74 FR 66496 (Dec. 15, 2009). 3 ‘‘Interpretation of Regulations that Determine Pollutants Covered by Clean Air Act Permitting Programs.’’ 75 FR 17004 (Apr. 2, 2010). 4 ‘‘Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emission Standards and Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards; Final Rule.’’ 75 FR 25324 (May 7, 2010). E:\FR\FM\24OCR1.SGM 24OCR1 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 206 / Thursday, October 24, 2013 / Rules and Regulations Emcdonald on DSK67QTVN1PROD with RULES Rule.’’ 5 Taken together and in conjunction with the CAA, these actions established regulatory requirements for GHGs emitted from new motor vehicles and new motor vehicle engines; determined that such regulations, when they took effect on January 2, 2011, subjected GHGs emitted from stationary sources to PSD requirements; and limited the applicability of PSD requirements to GHG sources on a phased-in basis. EPA took this last action in the Tailoring Rule, which, more specifically, established appropriate GHG emission thresholds for determining the applicability of PSD requirements to GHG-emitting sources. PSD is implemented through the SIP system. In December 2010, EPA promulgated several rules to implement the new GHG PSD SIP program. Recognizing that some states had approved SIP PSD programs that did not apply PSD to GHGs, EPA issued a SIP call and, for some of these states, a Federal Implementation Plan (FIP).6 Recognizing that other states had approved SIP PSD programs that do apply PSD to GHGs, but that do so for sources that emit as little as 100 or 250 tpy of GHG, and that do not limit PSD applicability to GHGs to the higher thresholds in the Tailoring Rule, EPA issued the GHG PSD SIP Narrowing Rule. Under that rule, EPA withdrew its approval of the affected SIPs to the extent those SIPs covered GHG-emitting sources below the Tailoring Rule thresholds. EPA based its action primarily on the ‘‘error correction’’ provisions of CAA section 110(k)(6). 5 ‘‘Prevention of Significant Deterioration and Title V Greenhouse Gas Tailoring Rule; Final Rule.’’ 75 FR 31514 (June 3, 2010). 6 Specifically, by notice dated December 13, 2010, EPA finalized a ‘‘SIP Call’’ that would require those states with SIPs that have approved PSD programs but do not authorize PSD permitting for GHGs to submit a SIP revision providing such authority. ‘‘Action To Ensure Authority To Issue Permits Under the Prevention of Significant Deterioration Program to Sources of Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Finding of Substantial Inadequacy and SIP Call,’’ 75 FR 77698 (Dec. 13, 2010). EPA has made findings of failure to submit that would apply in any state unable to submit the required SIP revision by its deadline, and finalized FIPs for such states. See, e.g., ‘‘Action To Ensure Authority To Issue Permits Under the Prevention of Significant Deterioration Program to Sources of Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Finding of Failure To Submit State Implementation Plan Revisions Required for Greenhouse Gases,’’ 75 FR 81874 (Dec. 29, 2010); ‘‘Action To Ensure Authority To Issue Permits Under the Prevention of Significant Deterioration Program to Sources of Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Federal Implementation Plan,’’ 75 FR 82246 (Dec. 30, 2010). Because Rhode Island’s SIP already authorizes Rhode Island to regulate GHGs once GHGs became subject to PSD requirements on January 2, 2011, Rhode Island was not subject to the proposed SIP Call or FIP. VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:22 Oct 23, 2013 Jkt 232001 B. Rhode Island’s Actions On August 3, 2010, Rhode Island provided a letter to EPA, in accordance with a request to all States from EPA in the Tailoring Rule, with confirmation that the State has the authority to regulate GHGs in its PSD program. The letter also confirmed that current Rhode Island rules require regulating GHGs at the existing 100/250 tpy threshold, rather than at the higher thresholds set in the Tailoring Rule. See the docket for this rulemaking for a copy of Rhode Island’s letter. In the SIP Narrowing Rule, published on December 30, 2010, EPA withdrew its approval of Rhode Island’s SIP (among other SIPs) to the extent the SIP applies PSD permitting requirements to GHG emissions from sources emitting at levels below those set in the Tailoring Rule.7 As a result, Rhode Island’s current approved SIP provides the state with authority to regulate GHGs, but only at and above the Tailoring Rule thresholds; and requires new and modified sources to receive a PSD permit based on GHG emissions only if they emit at or above the Tailoring Rule thresholds. The basis for this SIP revision is that limiting PSD applicability to GHG sources to the higher thresholds in the Tailoring Rule is consistent with the SIP provisions that provide required assurances of adequate resources, and thereby addresses the flaw in the SIP that led to the SIP Narrowing Rule. Specifically, CAA section 110(a)(2)(E) includes as a requirement for SIP approval that States provide ‘‘necessary assurances that the State . . . will have adequate personnel [and] funding . . . to carry out such [SIP].’’ In the Tailoring Rule, EPA established higher thresholds for PSD applicability to GHG-emitting sources on grounds that the states generally did not have adequate resources to apply PSD to GHG-emitting sources below the Tailoring Rule thresholds,8 and no State, including Rhode Island, asserted that it did have adequate resources to do so.9 In the SIP Narrowing Rule, EPA found that the affected states, including Rhode Island, had a flaw in their SIPs at the time they submitted their PSD programs, which was that the applicability of the PSD programs was potentially broader than the resources available to them under their SIPs.10 Accordingly, for each 7 ‘‘Limitation of Approval of Prevention of Significant Deterioration Provisions Concerning Greenhouse Gas Emitting-Sources in State Implementation Plans; Final Rule.’’ 75 FR 82536 (Dec. 30, 2010). 8 Tailoring Rule, 75 FR 31517. 9 SIP Narrowing Rule, 75 FR 82540. 10 Id. at 82542. PO 00000 Frm 00017 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 63385 affected state, including Rhode Island, EPA concluded that EPA’s action in approving the SIP was in error, under CAA section 110(k)(6), and EPA rescinded its approval to the extent the PSD program applies to GHG-emitting sources below the Tailoring Rule thresholds.11 EPA recommended that States adopt a SIP revision to incorporate the Tailoring Rule thresholds, thereby (i) assuring that under State law, only sources at or above the Tailoring Rule thresholds would be subject to PSD; and (ii) avoiding confusion under the federally approved SIP by clarifying that the SIP applies to only sources at or above the Tailoring Rule thresholds.12 II. What is EPA’s analysis of Rhode Island’s SIP revision? Rhode Island is currently a SIPapproved state for the PSD program. In a letter provided to EPA on August 3, 2010, Rhode Island notified EPA of its interpretation that the State currently has the authority to regulate GHGs under its PSD regulations. The current Rhode Island program (adopted prior to the promulgation of EPA’s Tailoring Rule) applies to major stationary sources (having the potential to emit at least 100 tpy or 250 tpy or more of any air pollutant, depending on the type of source) or modifications constructing in areas designated attainment or unclassifiable with respect to the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). The regulatory revisions that RI DEM submitted on January 18, 2011 included Air Pollution Control (APC) Regulations 9, 28, and 29, each in their entirety. In correspondence dated February 11, 2011, however, RI DEM clarified that it was withdrawing its SIP revision request in relation to APC Regulations 28 and 29 because those regulations establish the State’s CAA Title V operating permit program, which is not a SIP program under the CAA. Consequently, EPA’s action today does not include taking action to approve Rhode Island’s changes to Regulations 28 and 29, but only includes certain changes to APC Regulation 9. The State’s January 18, 2011 submittal also contained amendments to several other sections of APC Regulation 9 as last approved into Rhode Island’s SIP on December 2, 1999 (64 FR 67495). With the exception of the State’s definition of ‘‘PM2.5,’’ EPA is not taking action on these revisions, which do not affect GHG PSD permitting requirements. 11 Id. 12 Id. E:\FR\FM\24OCR1.SGM at 82544. at 82540. 24OCR1 63386 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 206 / Thursday, October 24, 2013 / Rules and Regulations Emcdonald on DSK67QTVN1PROD with RULES The SIP revisions EPA is taking action on today consist (with one exception) of definitions within APC Regulation 9 that are necessary for the purpose of the GHG PSD permitting requirements discussed in this notice. Some of these definitions also apply to PSD and nonattainment new source review permitting requirements applicable to regulated new source review pollutants other than GHG. One of the definitions only relates to PM2.5 (fine particulate matter). Specifically, the changes that EPA is taking action on today are definitions of the following terms contained in APC Regulation 9: (1) ‘‘Major modification’’; (2) ‘‘Net emissions increase’’; (3) ‘‘Regulated NSR pollutant’’; (4) ‘‘Significant emissions increase’’; (5) ‘‘Subject to Regulation’’; (6) ‘‘Baseline actual emissions’’; (7) ‘‘Significant’’; (8) ‘‘PM2.5’’; and (9) ‘‘Major Stationary Source’’. Definitions for the first eight of these terms appear in APC Regulation Section 9.1, while the last definition appears in APC Regulation Section 9.5.1(f). These changes to Rhode Island’s preconstruction permitting program regulations include the same amendments to the federal PSD regulatory provisions found in EPA’s Tailoring Rule for GHG, with the exception that Rhode Island’s PSD and nonattainment new source review preconstruction permitting programs do not include the new source review reforms (NSR Reforms) promulgated by EPA in 2002.13 Because of that exception, Rhode Island has submitted to EPA, pursuant to 40 CFR 51.166(a)(7), a technical demonstration, dated September 18, 2013 and entitled ‘‘State Implementation Plan Equivalency Demonstration For Greenhouse Gas Emissions under the PSD Program,’’ showing that its PSD permitting requirements, as they apply to stationary sources of GHGs, are more stringent than, or are at least as stringent in all respects as, the corresponding provisions of EPA’s NSR Reforms. See 40 CFR 51.166(a)(7). EPA is therefore taking action to approve fully Rhode Island’s PSD GHG SIP revisions. Rhode Island’s September 18, 2013 technical demonstration can be found in the Docket for this action. EPA is also taking action to approve fully the State’s definition of ‘‘PM2.5.’’ 14 13 Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) and Nonattainment New Source Review (NSR): Baseline Emissions Determination, Actual-toFuture-Actual Methodology, Plantwide Applicability Limitations, Clean Units, Pollution Control Projects; Final Rule’’ 67 FR 80186 (Dec. 31, 2002). 14 Note that Rhode Island’s definition of ‘‘regulated NSR pollutant’’ does not explicitly VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:22 Oct 23, 2013 Jkt 232001 However, insofar as those same definitions also apply to PSD and nonattainment new source review for major stationary sources and modifications involving regulated NSR pollutants other than GHGs, EPA is today conditionally approving Rhode Island’s requested SIP revisions pending submission by Rhode Island of a technical demonstration, pursuant to 40 CFR 51.166(a)(7), that Rhode Island’s PSD and nonattainment new source review permitting programs are more stringent than, or at least as stringent in all respects as, EPA’s NSR Reform provisions for stationary sources of regulated NSR pollutants other than GHGs. Under section 110(k)(4) of the Act, EPA may conditionally approve a plan based on a commitment from a State to adopt specific enforceable measures by a date certain, but not later than one year from the date of approval. EPA is conditionally approving in this direct final rulemaking Rhode Island’s SIP revisions (as they apply to major stationary sources of regulated NSR pollutants other than GHGs) based on the State’s commitment to submit the technical demonstration identified above within one year of the approval. If Rhode Island fails to do so in a timely manner, our conditional approval will, by operation of law, become a disapproval one year from this direct final conditional approval. EPA would notify Rhode Island by letter that such action had occurred. At that time, the SIP revisions in question would not be a part of Rhode Island’s approved SIP. If that were to occur, EPA would subsequently publish a document in the Federal Register notifying the public the conditional approval automatically converts to a disapproval. If Rhode Island meets its commitment within the applicable time frame, however, EPA would subsequently publish a document in the Federal Register notifying the public that EPA intends to convert the conditional approval to a contain the language in 40 CFR 51.166((b)(49)(i) addressing the inclusion of the gaseous, condensable portions of PM2.5 and PM10 for the purposes of major stationary source preconstruction permitting applicability determinations and establishing permit limits. However, by letter submitted to EPA Region 1 and dated September 18, 2013, Rhode Island explained that its major stationary source preconstruction permitting program does, in fact, require inclusion of the condensable portion of PM10 and PM2.5. That is because APC Regulation 9 of the State’s regulations defines those two pollutants in terms of an amount measured at ambient air conditions. Consequently, because the gaseous, condensable portions of PM10 and PM2.5 would have converted to condensed form at ambient air conditions, Rhode Island’s requirements meet the corresponding federal requirements. PO 00000 Frm 00018 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 full approval. By letter dated September 18, 2013, Rhode Island committed to submitting that demonstration to EPA no later than one year from the effective date of this approval. On December 29, 2005, Rhode Island submitted a technical demonstration to EPA Region 1 asserting the State’s PSD and nonattainment new source review permitting programs were, at that time, at least as stringent as the federal program (including NSR Reform). EPA concluded, however, that the State’s technical demonstration did not contain all of the elements needed and so could not be accepted for its intended purpose. Hence, EPA’s conclusion, described in this notice, that the State must submit a revised technical demonstration within one year of today’s action. The December 29, 2005 submittal can be found in the Docket for this action. III. Final Action Pursuant to section 110 of the CAA, EPA is fully approving Rhode Island’s January 18, 2011 SIP revisions as they relate to major new and modified stationary sources of GHG. EPA is also fully approving the State’s definition of ‘‘PM2.5’’. The GHG-related revisions establish appropriate emissions thresholds for determining PSD applicability with respect to major new or modified GHG-emitting stationary sources, in accordance with EPA’s June 3, 2010, Tailoring Rule. With this approval, EPA also amends 40 CFR 52.2072 by removing subsection (b). Pursuant to section 110(k)(4) of the CAA, EPA is conditionally approving Rhode Island’s January 18, 2011 SIP revisions as they relate to major new and modified stationary sources of regulated NSR pollutants other than GHGs (with the exception, noted earlier in this notice, that EPA is fully approving the State’s definition of ‘‘PM2.5’’). The EPA is publishing this action without prior proposal because the Agency views this as a noncontroversial amendment and anticipates no adverse comments. However, in the proposed rules section of this Federal Register publication, EPA is publishing a separate document that will serve as the proposal to approve the SIP revisions should relevant adverse comments be filed. This rule will be effective December 23, 2013 without further notice unless the Agency receives relevant adverse comments by November 25, 2013. If the EPA receives such comments, then EPA will publish a notice withdrawing today’s final rule and informing the public that the rule will E:\FR\FM\24OCR1.SGM 24OCR1 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 206 / Thursday, October 24, 2013 / Rules and Regulations not take effect. All public comments received will then be addressed in a subsequent final rule based on the proposed rule. The EPA will not institute a second comment period on the proposed rule. All parties interested in commenting on the proposed rule should do so at this time. If no such comments are received, the public is advised that this rule will be effective on December 23, 2013 and no further action will be taken on the proposed rule. Please note that if EPA receives adverse comment on an amendment, paragraph, or section of this rule and if that provision may be severed from the remainder of the rule, EPA may adopt as final those provisions of the rule that are not the subject of an adverse comment. IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews Emcdonald on DSK67QTVN1PROD with RULES Under the Clean Air Act, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the Act and applicable Federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, EPA’s role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the Clean Air Act. Accordingly, this action merely approves state law as meeting federal requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. For that reason, this action: • Is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993); • Does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.); • Is certified as not having a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.); • Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104–4); VerDate Mar<15>2010 17:12 Oct 23, 2013 Jkt 232001 • Does not have Federalism implications as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999); • Is not an economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997); • Is not a significant regulatory action subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001); • Is not subject to requirements of Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent with the Clean Air Act; and • Does not provide EPA with the discretionary authority to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994). In addition, this rule does not have tribal implications as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), because the SIP is not approved to apply in Indian country located in the state, and EPA notes that this rule will not impose substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law. The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this action and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a ‘‘major rule’’ as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2). Under section 307(b)(1) of the Clean Air Act, petitions for judicial review of PO 00000 Frm 00019 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 63387 this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by December 23, 2013. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this action for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. Parties with objections to this direct final rule are encouraged to file a comment in response to the parallel notice of proposed rulemaking for this action published in the proposed rules section of today’s Federal Register, rather than file an immediate petition for judicial review of this direct final rule, so that EPA can withdraw this direct final rule and address the comment in the proposed rulemaking. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2).) List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52 Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by reference, Intergovernmental relations, Particulate matter, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. Dated: September 20, 2013. H. Curtis Spalding, Regional Administrator, EPA New England. Part 52 of chapter I, title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows: PART 52—APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS 1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq. Subpart OO—Rhode Island 2. In § 52.2070 the table in paragraph (c) is amended by revising entry for ‘‘Air Pollution Control Regulation 9’’ to read as follows: ■ § 52.2070 Identification of plan. (c) EPA Approved regulations. E:\FR\FM\24OCR1.SGM 24OCR1 63388 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 206 / Thursday, October 24, 2013 / Rules and Regulations EPA-APPROVED RHODE ISLAND REGULATIONS Title/subject State effective date * * Air pollution control permits. 1/31/2011 State citation * Air Pollution Control Regulation 9. * * * § 52.2072 * * * * 3. Section 52.2072 is amended by removing and reserving paragraph (b). ■ [FR Doc. 2013–24847 Filed 10–23–13; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6560–50–P ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 [EPA–R05–OAR–2013–0136, EPA–R05– OAR–2013–0215, EPA–R05–OAR–2013– 0344, EPA–R05–OAR–2013–0378; FRL– 9901–61–Region5] Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Ohio; Dayton-Springfield, SteubenvilleWeirton, Toledo, and ParkersburgMarietta; 1997 8-Hour Ozone Maintenance Plan Revision to Approved Motor Vehicle Emissions Budgets Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Direct final rule. AGENCY: Under the Clean Air Act (CAA), EPA is approving requests by Ohio to revise the 1997 8-hour ozone maintenance air quality state implementation plan (SIP) for the Dayton-Springfield area, the Toledo area, and the Ohio portions of the Parkersburg-Marietta and SteubenvilleWeirton, West Virginia-Ohio areas, to replace onroad emissions inventories and motor vehicle emissions budgets (budgets) with inventories and budgets developed using EPA’s Motor Vehicle Emissions Simulator (MOVES) emissions model. The DaytonSpringfield area consists of Clark, Greene, Miami, and Montgomery Counties. The Ohio portion of the Steubenville-Weirton, West VirginiaOhio area consists of Jefferson County, Emcdonald on DSK67QTVN1PROD with RULES SUMMARY: 17:12 Oct 23, 2013 Explanations * * 10/24/2013 [Insert FEDERAL REGISTER page number where the document begins]. * * Definitions of ‘‘Major modification’’; ‘‘Significant’’; and ‘‘Net emissions increase’’ are amended in Section 9.1. Definitions of ‘‘Regulated NSR pollutant’’; ‘‘Significant emissions increase’’; ‘‘Baseline actual emissions’’; and ‘‘Subject to Regulation’’ are added to Section 9.1. Definition of ‘‘Major stationary source’’ is amended in Section 9.5.1(f). Definition of ‘‘PM2.5’’ is added to Section 9.1. * [Amended] VerDate Mar<15>2010 EPA approval date Jkt 232001 * * Ohio. The Toledo area consists of Lucas and Wood Counties. The Ohio portion of the Parkersburg-Marietta, West Virginia-Ohio area consists of Washington County. Ohio submitted the SIP revision requests on the following dates: Dayton-Springfield on February 11, 2013; Steubenville-Weirton on March 15, 2013; Toledo on April 18, 2013; Parkersburg-Marietta on April 26, 2013. DATES: This direct final rule will be effective December 23, 2013, unless EPA receives adverse comments by November 25, 2013. If adverse comments are received, EPA will publish a timely withdrawal of the direct final rule in the Federal Register informing the public that the rule will not take effect. ADDRESSES: Submit your comments, identified by Docket ID Nos. EPA–R05– OAR–2013–0136 (Dayton-Springfield), EPA–R05–OAR–2013–0215 (Steubenville-Weirton), EPA–R05– OAR–2013–0344 (Toledo), EPA–R05– OAR–2013–0378 (Parkersburg-Marietta), by one of the following methods: 1. www.regulations.gov: Follow the on-line instructions for submitting comments. 2. Email: blakley.pamela@epa.gov 3. Fax: (312) 692–2450. 4. Mail: Pamela Blakley, Chief, Control Strategies Section, Air Programs Branch (AR–18J), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 77 West Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, Illinois 60604. 5. Hand Delivery: Pamela Blakley, Chief, Control Strategies Section, Air Programs Branch (AR–18J), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 77 West Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, Illinois 60604. Such deliveries are only accepted during the Regional Office normal hours of operation, and special arrangements should be made for deliveries of boxed information. The Regional Office official hours of business are Monday through Friday, PO 00000 Frm 00020 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 * * 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., excluding Federal holidays. Instructions: Direct your comments to Docket ID Nos. EPA–R05–OAR–2013– 0136, EPA–R05–OAR–2013–0215, EPA– R05–OAR–2013–0344, EPA–R05–OAR– 2013–0378. EPA’s policy is that all comments received will be included in the public docket without change and may be made available online at www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided, unless the comment includes information claimed to be Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Do not submit information that you consider to be CBI or otherwise protected through www.regulations.gov or email. The www.regulations.gov Web site is an ‘‘anonymous access’’ system, which means EPA will not know your identity or contact information unless you provide it in the body of your comment. If you send an email comment directly to EPA without going through www.regulations.gov your email address will be automatically captured and included as part of the comment that is placed in the public docket and made available on the Internet. If you submit an electronic comment, EPA recommends that you include your name and other contact information in the body of your comment and with any disk or CD–ROM you submit. If EPA cannot read your comment due to technical difficulties and cannot contact you for clarification, EPA may not be able to consider your comment. Electronic files should avoid the use of special characters, any form of encryption, and be free of any defects or viruses. Docket: All documents in the docket are listed in the www.regulations.gov index. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, e.g., CBI or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other E:\FR\FM\24OCR1.SGM 24OCR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 78, Number 206 (Thursday, October 24, 2013)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 63383-63388]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2013-24847]


=======================================================================
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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

40 CFR Part 52

[EPA-R01-OAR-2011-0148; A-1-FRL-9901-71-Region 1]


Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; 
Rhode Island: Prevention of Significant Deterioration; Greenhouse Gas 
Permitting Authority and Tailoring Rule

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION: Direct final rule.

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SUMMARY: EPA is taking direct final action to approve certain revisions 
to the Rhode Island State Implementation Plan (SIP) primarily relating 
to regulation of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) under Rhode Island's 
Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) preconstruction 
permitting program. EPA is also taking direct final action to approve 
the State's definition of ``PM2.5'' (fine particulate 
matter) specific to permitting. Certain of the State's revisions 
consist of definitions that also relate more broadly to the State's PSD 
and nonattainment new source review (NSR) preconstruction permitting 
requirements, i.e., to stationary sources that also emit regulated new 
source review pollutants other than GHGs. EPA

[[Page 63384]]

is also taking direct final action to conditionally approve those 
definitions as they relate to the non-GHG pollutants, for the reasons 
described in more detail later in this notice. All of the revisions in 
question were submitted by Rhode Island, through the Rhode Island 
Department of Environmental Management (RI DEM) Office of Air 
Resources, on January 18, 2011. They are primarily intended to align 
Rhode Island's regulations with EPA's ``Prevention of Significant 
Deterioration and Title V Greenhouse Gas Tailoring Rule.'' Finally, EPA 
is not taking action on certain other SIP revisions contained in RI 
DEM's January 18, 2011 submittal.

DATES: This direct final rule will be effective December 23, 2013, 
unless EPA receives adverse comments by November 25, 2013. If adverse 
comments are received, EPA will publish a timely withdrawal of the 
direct final rule in the Federal Register informing the public that the 
rule will not take effect.

ADDRESSES: Submit your comments, identified by Docket ID Number EPA-
R01-OAR-2011-0148 by one of the following methods:
    1. www.regulations.gov: Follow the on-line instructions for 
submitting comments.
    2. Email: dahl.donald@epa.gov.
    3. Fax: (617) 918-0167.
    4. Mail: ``Docket Identification Number EPA-R01-OAR-2011-0148'', 
Donald Dahl, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA New England 
Regional Office, Office of Ecosystem Protection, Air Permits, Toxics, 
and Indoor Programs Unit, 5 Post Office Square--Suite 100, (Mail code 
OEP05-2), Boston, MA 02109-3912.
    5. Hand Delivery or Courier: Deliver your comments to: Donald Dahl, 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA New England Regional Office, 
Office of Ecosystem Protection, Air Permits, Toxics, and Indoor 
Programs Unit, 5 Post Office Square--Suite 100, (mail code OEP05-2), 
Boston, MA 02109--3912. Such deliveries are only accepted during the 
Regional Office's normal hours of operation. The Regional Office's 
official hours of business are Monday through Friday, 8:30 to 4:30, 
excluding legal holidays.
    Instructions: Direct your comments to Docket ID No. EPA-R01-OAR-
2011-0148. EPA's policy is that all comments received will be included 
in the public docket without change and may be made available online at 
www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided, 
unless the comment includes information claimed to be Confidential 
Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is 
restricted by statute. Do not submit through www.regulations.gov, or 
email, information that you consider to be CBI or otherwise protected. 
The www.regulations.gov Web site is an ``anonymous access'' system, 
which means EPA will not know your identity or contact information 
unless you provide it in the body of your comment. If you send an email 
comment directly to EPA without going through www.regulations.gov your 
email address will be automatically captured and included as part of 
the comment that is placed in the public docket and made available on 
the Internet. If you submit an electronic comment, EPA recommends that 
you include your name and other contact information in the body of your 
comment and with any disk or CD-ROM you submit. If EPA cannot read your 
comment due to technical difficulties and cannot contact you for 
clarification, EPA may not be able to consider your comment. Electronic 
files should avoid the use of special characters, any form of 
encryption, and be free of any defects or viruses.
    Docket: All documents in the electronic docket are listed in the 
www.regulations.gov index. Although listed in the index, some 
information is not publicly available, i.e., CBI or other information 
whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such 
as copyrighted material, is not placed on the Internet and will be 
publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket 
materials are available either electronically in www.regulations.gov or 
in hard copy at Office of Ecosystem Protection, U.S. Environmental 
Protection Agency, EPA New England Regional Office, 5 Post Office 
Square--Suite 100, Boston, MA. EPA requests that if at all possible, 
you contact the contact listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT 
section to schedule your inspection. The Regional Office's official 
hours of business are Monday through Friday, 8:30 to 4:30, excluding 
legal holidays.
    In addition, copies of the state submittal and EPA's technical 
support document are also available for public inspection during normal 
business hours, by appointment at the State Air Agency; Office of Air 
Resources, Department of Environmental Management, 235 Promenade 
Street, Providence, RI 02908-5767.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For information regarding the Rhode 
Island SIP, contact Donald Dahl, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 
EPA New England Regional Office, Office of Ecosystem Protection, Air 
Permits, Toxics, and Indoor Programs Unit, 5 Post Office Square--Suite 
100, (mail code OEP05-2), Boston, MA 02109--3912. Mr. Dahl's telephone 
number is (617) 918-1657; email address: dahl.donald@epa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Throughout this document whenever ``we,'' 
``us,'' or ``our'' is used, we mean EPA.
    Organization of this document. The following outline is provided to 
aid in locating information in this preamble.

Table of Contents

I. What is the background for the action by EPA in this notice?
    A. GHG-Related Actions
    B. Rhode Island's Actions
II. What is EPA's analysis of Rhode Island's SIP revision?
III. Final Action
IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

I. What is the background for the action by EPA in this notice?

    The following sections briefly summarize EPA's recent GHG-related 
actions that provide the background for today's action as it relates to 
permitting requirements for GHGs. More detailed discussion of the 
background is found in the preambles for those actions. In particular, 
the background is contained in what we call the GHG PSD SIP Narrowing 
Rule,\1\ and in the preambles to the actions cited therein.
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    \1\ ``Limitation of Approval of Prevention of Significant 
Deterioration Provisions Concerning Greenhouse Gas Emitting-Sources 
in State Implementation Plans; Final Rule.'' 75 FR 82536 (Dec. 30, 
2010).
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A. GHG-Related Actions

    EPA has recently undertaken a series of actions pertaining to the 
regulation of GHGs that, although for the most part distinct from one 
another, establish the overall framework for today's action on the 
Rhode Island SIP. Four of these actions include, as they are commonly 
called, the ``Endangerment Finding'' and ``Cause or Contribute 
Finding,'' which EPA issued in a single final action,\2\ the ``Johnson 
Memo Reconsideration,'' \3\ the ``Light-Duty Vehicle Rule,'' \4\ and 
the ``Tailoring

[[Page 63385]]

Rule.'' \5\ Taken together and in conjunction with the CAA, these 
actions established regulatory requirements for GHGs emitted from new 
motor vehicles and new motor vehicle engines; determined that such 
regulations, when they took effect on January 2, 2011, subjected GHGs 
emitted from stationary sources to PSD requirements; and limited the 
applicability of PSD requirements to GHG sources on a phased-in basis. 
EPA took this last action in the Tailoring Rule, which, more 
specifically, established appropriate GHG emission thresholds for 
determining the applicability of PSD requirements to GHG-emitting 
sources.
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    \2\ ``Endangerment and Cause or Contribute Findings for 
Greenhouse Gases Under Section 202(a) of the Clean Air Act.'' 74 FR 
66496 (Dec. 15, 2009).
    \3\ ``Interpretation of Regulations that Determine Pollutants 
Covered by Clean Air Act Permitting Programs.'' 75 FR 17004 (Apr. 2, 
2010).
    \4\ ``Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emission Standards and 
Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards; Final Rule.'' 75 FR 25324 
(May 7, 2010).
    \5\ ``Prevention of Significant Deterioration and Title V 
Greenhouse Gas Tailoring Rule; Final Rule.'' 75 FR 31514 (June 3, 
2010).
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    PSD is implemented through the SIP system. In December 2010, EPA 
promulgated several rules to implement the new GHG PSD SIP program. 
Recognizing that some states had approved SIP PSD programs that did not 
apply PSD to GHGs, EPA issued a SIP call and, for some of these states, 
a Federal Implementation Plan (FIP).\6\ Recognizing that other states 
had approved SIP PSD programs that do apply PSD to GHGs, but that do so 
for sources that emit as little as 100 or 250 tpy of GHG, and that do 
not limit PSD applicability to GHGs to the higher thresholds in the 
Tailoring Rule, EPA issued the GHG PSD SIP Narrowing Rule. Under that 
rule, EPA withdrew its approval of the affected SIPs to the extent 
those SIPs covered GHG-emitting sources below the Tailoring Rule 
thresholds. EPA based its action primarily on the ``error correction'' 
provisions of CAA section 110(k)(6).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \6\ Specifically, by notice dated December 13, 2010, EPA 
finalized a ``SIP Call'' that would require those states with SIPs 
that have approved PSD programs but do not authorize PSD permitting 
for GHGs to submit a SIP revision providing such authority. ``Action 
To Ensure Authority To Issue Permits Under the Prevention of 
Significant Deterioration Program to Sources of Greenhouse Gas 
Emissions: Finding of Substantial Inadequacy and SIP Call,'' 75 FR 
77698 (Dec. 13, 2010). EPA has made findings of failure to submit 
that would apply in any state unable to submit the required SIP 
revision by its deadline, and finalized FIPs for such states. See, 
e.g., ``Action To Ensure Authority To Issue Permits Under the 
Prevention of Significant Deterioration Program to Sources of 
Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Finding of Failure To Submit State 
Implementation Plan Revisions Required for Greenhouse Gases,'' 75 FR 
81874 (Dec. 29, 2010); ``Action To Ensure Authority To Issue Permits 
Under the Prevention of Significant Deterioration Program to Sources 
of Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Federal Implementation Plan,'' 75 FR 
82246 (Dec. 30, 2010). Because Rhode Island's SIP already authorizes 
Rhode Island to regulate GHGs once GHGs became subject to PSD 
requirements on January 2, 2011, Rhode Island was not subject to the 
proposed SIP Call or FIP.
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B. Rhode Island's Actions

    On August 3, 2010, Rhode Island provided a letter to EPA, in 
accordance with a request to all States from EPA in the Tailoring Rule, 
with confirmation that the State has the authority to regulate GHGs in 
its PSD program. The letter also confirmed that current Rhode Island 
rules require regulating GHGs at the existing 100/250 tpy threshold, 
rather than at the higher thresholds set in the Tailoring Rule. See the 
docket for this rulemaking for a copy of Rhode Island's letter.
    In the SIP Narrowing Rule, published on December 30, 2010, EPA 
withdrew its approval of Rhode Island's SIP (among other SIPs) to the 
extent the SIP applies PSD permitting requirements to GHG emissions 
from sources emitting at levels below those set in the Tailoring 
Rule.\7\ As a result, Rhode Island's current approved SIP provides the 
state with authority to regulate GHGs, but only at and above the 
Tailoring Rule thresholds; and requires new and modified sources to 
receive a PSD permit based on GHG emissions only if they emit at or 
above the Tailoring Rule thresholds.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \7\ ``Limitation of Approval of Prevention of Significant 
Deterioration Provisions Concerning Greenhouse Gas Emitting-Sources 
in State Implementation Plans; Final Rule.'' 75 FR 82536 (Dec. 30, 
2010).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The basis for this SIP revision is that limiting PSD applicability 
to GHG sources to the higher thresholds in the Tailoring Rule is 
consistent with the SIP provisions that provide required assurances of 
adequate resources, and thereby addresses the flaw in the SIP that led 
to the SIP Narrowing Rule. Specifically, CAA section 110(a)(2)(E) 
includes as a requirement for SIP approval that States provide 
``necessary assurances that the State . . . will have adequate 
personnel [and] funding . . . to carry out such [SIP].'' In the 
Tailoring Rule, EPA established higher thresholds for PSD applicability 
to GHG-emitting sources on grounds that the states generally did not 
have adequate resources to apply PSD to GHG-emitting sources below the 
Tailoring Rule thresholds,\8\ and no State, including Rhode Island, 
asserted that it did have adequate resources to do so.\9\ In the SIP 
Narrowing Rule, EPA found that the affected states, including Rhode 
Island, had a flaw in their SIPs at the time they submitted their PSD 
programs, which was that the applicability of the PSD programs was 
potentially broader than the resources available to them under their 
SIPs.\10\ Accordingly, for each affected state, including Rhode Island, 
EPA concluded that EPA's action in approving the SIP was in error, 
under CAA section 110(k)(6), and EPA rescinded its approval to the 
extent the PSD program applies to GHG-emitting sources below the 
Tailoring Rule thresholds.\11\ EPA recommended that States adopt a SIP 
revision to incorporate the Tailoring Rule thresholds, thereby (i) 
assuring that under State law, only sources at or above the Tailoring 
Rule thresholds would be subject to PSD; and (ii) avoiding confusion 
under the federally approved SIP by clarifying that the SIP applies to 
only sources at or above the Tailoring Rule thresholds.\12\
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    \8\ Tailoring Rule, 75 FR 31517.
    \9\ SIP Narrowing Rule, 75 FR 82540.
    \10\ Id. at 82542.
    \11\ Id. at 82544.
    \12\ Id. at 82540.
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II. What is EPA's analysis of Rhode Island's SIP revision?

    Rhode Island is currently a SIP-approved state for the PSD program. 
In a letter provided to EPA on August 3, 2010, Rhode Island notified 
EPA of its interpretation that the State currently has the authority to 
regulate GHGs under its PSD regulations. The current Rhode Island 
program (adopted prior to the promulgation of EPA's Tailoring Rule) 
applies to major stationary sources (having the potential to emit at 
least 100 tpy or 250 tpy or more of any air pollutant, depending on the 
type of source) or modifications constructing in areas designated 
attainment or unclassifiable with respect to the National Ambient Air 
Quality Standards (NAAQS).
    The regulatory revisions that RI DEM submitted on January 18, 2011 
included Air Pollution Control (APC) Regulations 9, 28, and 29, each in 
their entirety. In correspondence dated February 11, 2011, however, RI 
DEM clarified that it was withdrawing its SIP revision request in 
relation to APC Regulations 28 and 29 because those regulations 
establish the State's CAA Title V operating permit program, which is 
not a SIP program under the CAA. Consequently, EPA's action today does 
not include taking action to approve Rhode Island's changes to 
Regulations 28 and 29, but only includes certain changes to APC 
Regulation 9.
    The State's January 18, 2011 submittal also contained amendments to 
several other sections of APC Regulation 9 as last approved into Rhode 
Island's SIP on December 2, 1999 (64 FR 67495). With the exception of 
the State's definition of ``PM2.5,'' EPA is not taking 
action on these revisions, which do not affect GHG PSD permitting 
requirements.

[[Page 63386]]

    The SIP revisions EPA is taking action on today consist (with one 
exception) of definitions within APC Regulation 9 that are necessary 
for the purpose of the GHG PSD permitting requirements discussed in 
this notice. Some of these definitions also apply to PSD and 
nonattainment new source review permitting requirements applicable to 
regulated new source review pollutants other than GHG. One of the 
definitions only relates to PM2.5 (fine particulate matter). 
Specifically, the changes that EPA is taking action on today are 
definitions of the following terms contained in APC Regulation 9: (1) 
``Major modification''; (2) ``Net emissions increase''; (3) ``Regulated 
NSR pollutant''; (4) ``Significant emissions increase''; (5) ``Subject 
to Regulation''; (6) ``Baseline actual emissions''; (7) 
``Significant''; (8) ``PM2.5''; and (9) ``Major Stationary 
Source''. Definitions for the first eight of these terms appear in APC 
Regulation Section 9.1, while the last definition appears in APC 
Regulation Section 9.5.1(f). These changes to Rhode Island's 
preconstruction permitting program regulations include the same 
amendments to the federal PSD regulatory provisions found in EPA's 
Tailoring Rule for GHG, with the exception that Rhode Island's PSD and 
nonattainment new source review preconstruction permitting programs do 
not include the new source review reforms (NSR Reforms) promulgated by 
EPA in 2002.\13\ Because of that exception, Rhode Island has submitted 
to EPA, pursuant to 40 CFR 51.166(a)(7), a technical demonstration, 
dated September 18, 2013 and entitled ``State Implementation Plan 
Equivalency Demonstration For Greenhouse Gas Emissions under the PSD 
Program,'' showing that its PSD permitting requirements, as they apply 
to stationary sources of GHGs, are more stringent than, or are at least 
as stringent in all respects as, the corresponding provisions of EPA's 
NSR Reforms. See 40 CFR 51.166(a)(7). EPA is therefore taking action to 
approve fully Rhode Island's PSD GHG SIP revisions. Rhode Island's 
September 18, 2013 technical demonstration can be found in the Docket 
for this action. EPA is also taking action to approve fully the State's 
definition of ``PM2.5.'' \14\
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    \13\ Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) and 
Nonattainment New Source Review (NSR): Baseline Emissions 
Determination, Actual-to-Future-Actual Methodology, Plantwide 
Applicability Limitations, Clean Units, Pollution Control Projects; 
Final Rule'' 67 FR 80186 (Dec. 31, 2002).
    \14\ Note that Rhode Island's definition of ``regulated NSR 
pollutant'' does not explicitly contain the language in 40 CFR 
51.166((b)(49)(i) addressing the inclusion of the gaseous, 
condensable portions of PM2.5 and PM10 for the 
purposes of major stationary source preconstruction permitting 
applicability determinations and establishing permit limits. 
However, by letter submitted to EPA Region 1 and dated September 18, 
2013, Rhode Island explained that its major stationary source 
preconstruction permitting program does, in fact, require inclusion 
of the condensable portion of PM10 and PM2.5. 
That is because APC Regulation 9 of the State's regulations defines 
those two pollutants in terms of an amount measured at ambient air 
conditions. Consequently, because the gaseous, condensable portions 
of PM10 and PM2.5 would have converted to 
condensed form at ambient air conditions, Rhode Island's 
requirements meet the corresponding federal requirements.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    However, insofar as those same definitions also apply to PSD and 
nonattainment new source review for major stationary sources and 
modifications involving regulated NSR pollutants other than GHGs, EPA 
is today conditionally approving Rhode Island's requested SIP revisions 
pending submission by Rhode Island of a technical demonstration, 
pursuant to 40 CFR 51.166(a)(7), that Rhode Island's PSD and 
nonattainment new source review permitting programs are more stringent 
than, or at least as stringent in all respects as, EPA's NSR Reform 
provisions for stationary sources of regulated NSR pollutants other 
than GHGs.
    Under section 110(k)(4) of the Act, EPA may conditionally approve a 
plan based on a commitment from a State to adopt specific enforceable 
measures by a date certain, but not later than one year from the date 
of approval. EPA is conditionally approving in this direct final 
rulemaking Rhode Island's SIP revisions (as they apply to major 
stationary sources of regulated NSR pollutants other than GHGs) based 
on the State's commitment to submit the technical demonstration 
identified above within one year of the approval. If Rhode Island fails 
to do so in a timely manner, our conditional approval will, by 
operation of law, become a disapproval one year from this direct final 
conditional approval. EPA would notify Rhode Island by letter that such 
action had occurred. At that time, the SIP revisions in question would 
not be a part of Rhode Island's approved SIP. If that were to occur, 
EPA would subsequently publish a document in the Federal Register 
notifying the public the conditional approval automatically converts to 
a disapproval. If Rhode Island meets its commitment within the 
applicable time frame, however, EPA would subsequently publish a 
document in the Federal Register notifying the public that EPA intends 
to convert the conditional approval to a full approval. By letter dated 
September 18, 2013, Rhode Island committed to submitting that 
demonstration to EPA no later than one year from the effective date of 
this approval. On December 29, 2005, Rhode Island submitted a technical 
demonstration to EPA Region 1 asserting the State's PSD and 
nonattainment new source review permitting programs were, at that time, 
at least as stringent as the federal program (including NSR Reform). 
EPA concluded, however, that the State's technical demonstration did 
not contain all of the elements needed and so could not be accepted for 
its intended purpose. Hence, EPA's conclusion, described in this 
notice, that the State must submit a revised technical demonstration 
within one year of today's action. The December 29, 2005 submittal can 
be found in the Docket for this action.

III. Final Action

    Pursuant to section 110 of the CAA, EPA is fully approving Rhode 
Island's January 18, 2011 SIP revisions as they relate to major new and 
modified stationary sources of GHG. EPA is also fully approving the 
State's definition of ``PM2.5''. The GHG-related revisions 
establish appropriate emissions thresholds for determining PSD 
applicability with respect to major new or modified GHG-emitting 
stationary sources, in accordance with EPA's June 3, 2010, Tailoring 
Rule. With this approval, EPA also amends 40 CFR 52.2072 by removing 
subsection (b).
    Pursuant to section 110(k)(4) of the CAA, EPA is conditionally 
approving Rhode Island's January 18, 2011 SIP revisions as they relate 
to major new and modified stationary sources of regulated NSR 
pollutants other than GHGs (with the exception, noted earlier in this 
notice, that EPA is fully approving the State's definition of 
``PM2.5'').
    The EPA is publishing this action without prior proposal because 
the Agency views this as a noncontroversial amendment and anticipates 
no adverse comments. However, in the proposed rules section of this 
Federal Register publication, EPA is publishing a separate document 
that will serve as the proposal to approve the SIP revisions should 
relevant adverse comments be filed. This rule will be effective 
December 23, 2013 without further notice unless the Agency receives 
relevant adverse comments by November 25, 2013.
    If the EPA receives such comments, then EPA will publish a notice 
withdrawing today's final rule and informing the public that the rule 
will

[[Page 63387]]

not take effect. All public comments received will then be addressed in 
a subsequent final rule based on the proposed rule. The EPA will not 
institute a second comment period on the proposed rule. All parties 
interested in commenting on the proposed rule should do so at this 
time. If no such comments are received, the public is advised that this 
rule will be effective on December 23, 2013 and no further action will 
be taken on the proposed rule. Please note that if EPA receives adverse 
comment on an amendment, paragraph, or section of this rule and if that 
provision may be severed from the remainder of the rule, EPA may adopt 
as final those provisions of the rule that are not the subject of an 
adverse comment.

IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

    Under the Clean Air Act, the Administrator is required to approve a 
SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the Act and 
applicable Federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). 
Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state 
choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the Clean Air Act. 
Accordingly, this action merely approves state law as meeting federal 
requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those 
imposed by state law. For that reason, this action:
     Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' subject to 
review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 
12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993);
     Does not impose an information collection burden under the 
provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.);
     Is certified as not having a significant economic impact 
on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory 
Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);
     Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or 
uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded 
Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4);
     Does not have Federalism implications as specified in 
Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999);
     Is not an economically significant regulatory action based 
on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 
19885, April 23, 1997);
     Is not a significant regulatory action subject to 
Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001);
     Is not subject to requirements of Section 12(d) of the 
National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 
note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent 
with the Clean Air Act; and
     Does not provide EPA with the discretionary authority to 
address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental 
effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under 
Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).

In addition, this rule does not have tribal implications as specified 
by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), because the 
SIP is not approved to apply in Indian country located in the state, 
and EPA notes that this rule will not impose substantial direct costs 
on tribal governments or preempt tribal law.

    The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the 
Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally 
provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating 
the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, 
to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the 
United States. EPA will submit a report containing this action and 
other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of 
Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior 
to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot 
take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal 
Register. This action is not a ``major rule'' as defined by 5 U.S.C. 
804(2).
    Under section 307(b)(1) of the Clean Air Act, petitions for 
judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court 
of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by December 23, 2013. Filing a 
petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule 
does not affect the finality of this action for the purposes of 
judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for 
judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness 
of such rule or action. Parties with objections to this direct final 
rule are encouraged to file a comment in response to the parallel 
notice of proposed rulemaking for this action published in the proposed 
rules section of today's Federal Register, rather than file an 
immediate petition for judicial review of this direct final rule, so 
that EPA can withdraw this direct final rule and address the comment in 
the proposed rulemaking. This action may not be challenged later in 
proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2).)

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

    Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by 
reference, Intergovernmental relations, Particulate matter, Reporting 
and recordkeeping requirements.

    Dated: September 20, 2013.
H. Curtis Spalding,
 Regional Administrator, EPA New England.

    Part 52 of chapter I, title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations 
is amended as follows:

PART 52--APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS

0
1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

Subpart OO--Rhode Island

0
2. In Sec.  52.2070 the table in paragraph (c) is amended by revising 
entry for ``Air Pollution Control Regulation 9'' to read as follows:


Sec.  52.2070  Identification of plan.

    (c) EPA Approved regulations.

[[Page 63388]]



                                      EPA-Approved Rhode Island Regulations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          State
         State citation             Title/subject    effective  date   EPA approval date       Explanations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
Air Pollution Control            Air pollution            1/31/2011   10/24/2013 [Insert  Definitions of ``Major
 Regulation 9.                    control permits.                     Federal Register    modification'';
                                                                       page number where   ``Significant''; and
                                                                       the document        ``Net emissions
                                                                       begins].            increase'' are
                                                                                           amended in Section
                                                                                           9.1. Definitions of
                                                                                           ``Regulated NSR
                                                                                           pollutant'';
                                                                                           ``Significant
                                                                                           emissions increase'';
                                                                                           ``Baseline actual
                                                                                           emissions''; and
                                                                                           ``Subject to
                                                                                           Regulation'' are
                                                                                           added to Section 9.1.
                                                                                           Definition of ``Major
                                                                                           stationary source''
                                                                                           is amended in Section
                                                                                           9.5.1(f). Definition
                                                                                           of ``PM2.5'' is added
                                                                                           to Section 9.1.
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *


Sec.  52.2072  [Amended]

0
3. Section 52.2072 is amended by removing and reserving paragraph (b).

[FR Doc. 2013-24847 Filed 10-23-13; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6560-50-P