36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification, 23226-23230 [2013-09094]

Download as PDF 23226 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 75 / Thursday, April 18, 2013 / Notices • Propose ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and • Propose ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on those who are to respond, including through the use of appropriate automated, electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic submissions of responses. sroberts on DSK5SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES Type of Review: Revision of a currently approved collection. Agency: Corporation for National and Community Service. Title: National Senior Corps Grant Application. OMB Number: 3045–0035. Agency Number: None. Affected Public: Current and potential grantees of the RSVP, Foster Grandparent, and Senior Companion Comments programs. The 60-day Notice soliciting Total Respondents: 1,519. comments was published on December Frequency: Annual. 10, 2012 on page 73454. Five public comments were received. All comments Average Time Per Response: 5 hours. received supported all changes that Estimated Total Burden Hours: 7,595. would streamline language, remove Total Burden Cost (capital/startup): redundant text, and simplify and reorder narrative questions to be clearer None. for applicants to address. Total Burden Cost (operating/ Description: CNCS is seeking approval maintenance): None. of the Senior Corps Grant Application, Dated: April 15, 2013. as revised. The Grant Application is Erwin J. Tan, used by RSVP, Foster Grandparent and Senior Companion Program grantees, Director, Senior Corps. and for potential applicants. The Senior [FR Doc. 2013–09136 Filed 4–17–13; 8:45 am] Corps Grant Application is currently BILLING CODE 6050–28–P approved through September 30, 2015. VerDate Mar<15>2010 18:54 Apr 17, 2013 Jkt 229001 PO 00000 Frm 00023 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary [Transmittal Nos. 13–10] 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification Department of Defense, Defense Security Cooperation Agency. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: The Department of Defense is publishing the unclassified text of a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of section 155 of Public Law 104–164 dated July 21, 1996. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. B. English, DSCA/DBO/CFM, (703) 601– 3740. The following is a copy of a letter to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, Transmittals 13–10 with attached transmittal, policy justification, and Sensitivity of Technology. SUMMARY: Dated: April 12, 2013. Aaron Siegel, Alternate OSD Federal Register Liaison Officer, Department of Defense. E:\FR\FM\18APN1.SGM 18APN1 Transmittal No. 13–10 Notice of Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, as amended (i) Prospective Purchaser: Republic of Korea (ii) Total Estimated Value: Major Defense Equipment*. Other ......................... $8.1 billion TOTAL ....................... $10.8 billion VerDate Mar<15>2010 $2.7 billion 18:54 Apr 17, 2013 Jkt 229001 (iii) Description and Quantity or Quantities of Articles or Services under Consideration for Purchase: (60) F–35 Joint Strike Fighter Conventional Take Off and Landing (CTOL) aircraft. Aircraft will be configured with the Pratt & Whitney F–135 engines, and (9) Pratt & Whitney F–135 engines are included as spares. Other aircraft equipment includes: Electronic Warfare Systems; Command, Control, Communication, Computer and Intelligence/Communication, Navigational and Identification (C4I/ CNI); Autonomic Logistics Global PO 00000 Frm 00024 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 23227 Support System (ALGS); Autonomic Logistics Information System (ALIS); Full Mission Trainer; Weapons Employment Capability, and other Subsystems, Features, and Capabilities; F–35 unique infrared flares; Reprogramming center; F–35 Performance Based Logistics. Also included: software development/ integration, aircraft ferry and tanker support, support equipment, tools and test equipment, communication equipment, spares and repair parts, personnel training and training equipment, publications and technical E:\FR\FM\18APN1.SGM 18APN1 EN18AP13.000</GPH> sroberts on DSK5SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 75 / Thursday, April 18, 2013 / Notices 23228 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 75 / Thursday, April 18, 2013 / Notices documents, U.S. Government and contractor engineering and logistics personnel services, and other related elements of logistics and program support. (iv) Military Department: Air Force (SAC) (v) Prior Related Cases, if any: None (vi) Sales Commission, Fee, etc., Paid, Offered, or Agreed to be Paid: None (vii) Sensitivity of Technology Contained in the Defense Article or Defense Services Proposed to be Sold: See Annex attached. (viii) Date Report Delivered to Congress: 29 March 2013 * as defined in Section 47(6) of the Arms Export Control Act. POLICY JUSTIFICATION sroberts on DSK5SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES Korea—F–35 Joint Strike Fighter Aircraft The Government of the Republic of Korea has requested a possible sale of (60) F–35 Joint Strike Fighter Conventional Take Off and Landing (CTOL) aircraft. Aircraft will be configured with the Pratt & Whitney F– 135 engines, and (9) Pratt & Whitney F– 135 engines are included as spares. Other aircraft equipment includes: Electronic Warfare Systems; Command, Control, Communication, Computer and Intelligence/Communication, Navigational and Identification (C4I/ CNI); Autonomic Logistics Global Support System (ALGS); Autonomic Logistics Information System (ALIS); Full Mission Trainer; Weapons Employment Capability, and other Subsystems, Features, and Capabilities; F–35 unique infrared flares; reprogramming center; F–35 Performance Based Logistics. Also included: software development/ integration, aircraft ferry and tanker support, support equipment, tools and test equipment, communication equipment, spares and repair parts, personnel training and training equipment, publications and technical documents, U.S. Government and contractor engineering and logistics personnel services, and other related elements of logistics and program support. The estimated cost is $10.8 billion. This proposed sale will contribute to the foreign policy goals and national security objectives of the United States by meeting the legitimate security and defense needs of an ally and partner nation. The Republic of Korea continues to be an important force for peace, political stability, and economic progress in North East Asia. The proposed sale of F–35s will provide the Republic of Korea (ROK) with a credible defense capability to VerDate Mar<15>2010 18:54 Apr 17, 2013 Jkt 229001 deter aggression in the region and ensure interoperability with U.S. forces. The proposed sale will augment Korea’s operational aircraft inventory and enhance its air-to-air and air-to-ground self-defense capability. The ROK’s Air Force F–4 aircraft will be decommissioned as F–35’s are added to the inventory. Korea will have no difficulty absorbing these aircraft into its armed forces. The proposed sale of this aircraft system and support will not negatively alter the basic military balance in the region. The prime contractors will be Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company in Fort Worth, Texas; and Pratt & Whitney Military Engines in East Hartford, Connecticut. This proposal is being offered in the context of a competition. If the proposal is accepted, it is expected that offset agreements will be required. Implementation of this proposed sale will require multiple trips to Korea involving U.S. Government and contractor representatives for technical reviews/support, program management, and training over a period of 15 years. U.S. contractor representatives will be required in Korea to conduct Contractor Engineering Technical Services (CETS) and Autonomic Logistics and Global Support (ALGS) for after-aircraft delivery. There will be no adverse impact on U.S. defense readiness as a result of this proposed sale. Transmittal No. 13–10 Notice of Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, as Amended Annex Item No. vii (vii) Sensitivity of Technology: 1. The F–35 Conventional Take-Off and Landing (CTOL) Block 3 aircraft is classified Secret, except as noted below. It contains current technology representing the F–35 low observable airframe/outer mold line, Pratt & Whitney engine, radar, integrated core processor central computer, mission systems/electronic warfare suite, a multiple sensor suite, operational flight and maintenance trainers, technical data/documentation, and associated software. As the aircraft and its subsystems are under development, many specific identifying equipment/ system nomenclatures have not been assigned to date. Sensitive and classified elements of the F–35 CTOL Block 3 aircraft include hardware, accessories, components, and associated PO 00000 Frm 00025 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 software for the following major subsystems: a. The Propulsion system is classified Secret and contains technology representing the latest state-of-the-art in several areas. Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is classified Secret. Software (object code) is classified Secret. The single 40,000-lb thrust class engine is designed for low observability and has been integrated into the aircraft system, Pratt & Whitney, with the F135, is developing and producing engine turbo machinery compatible with the F– 35 and assures highly reliable, affordable performance. The engine is designed to be utilized in all F–35 variants, providing unmatched commonality and supportability throughout the worldwide base of F–35 users. The CTOL propulsion configuration consists of a main engine, diverterless supersonic inlet, and a Low Observable Axisymmetric Nozzle (LOAN). b. The AN/APG–81 Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) provides mission systems with air-to-air and air-to-ground tracks which the mission system uses as a component to sensor fusion. The AESA allows the radar to direct RF energy in a way that does not expose the F–35, allowing it to maintain low observability in highthreat environments. The radar subsystem supports integrated system performance for air-to-air missions by providing search, track, identification, and AIM–120 missile data link functionality. The radar also provides synthetic aperture radar mapping for locating surface targets and weather mapping for weather avoidance. The radar functions are tightly integrated, interleaved, and managed by an interface to sensor management functions within mission software. The hardware and software are classified Secret. c. The Electro Optical Targeting System (EOTS) contains technology representing the latest state-of-the-art in several areas. Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is classified Secret. Software (object code) is classified Secret. The EOTS subsystem to the sensor suite provides long-range detection; infrared targeting and tracking systems to support weapon employment. It incorporates a missilequality Infrared Search and Track (IRST) capability, a Forward-Looking Infrared (FLIR) sensor for precision tracking, and Bomb Damage Indication (BDI) capability. EOTS replaces multiple separate internal or podded systems typically found on legacy aircraft. The E:\FR\FM\18APN1.SGM 18APN1 sroberts on DSK5SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 75 / Thursday, April 18, 2013 / Notices functionality of the EOTS employs the following modes: Targeting FLIR; Laser Range-Finding and Target Designation; EO DAS and EOTS Performance. d. The Electro-Optical Distributed Aperture System (EODAS) is a subsystem to the sensor suite and provides full spherical coverage for airto-air and air-to-ground detection and Navigation Forward Looking Infrared (NFLIR) imaging. The system contains both Secret and Unclassified elements and contains technology representing the latest state-of-the-art in several areas. Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is classified Secret. Software (object code) is classified Secret. The NFLIR capability provides infrared (IR) imagery directly to the pilot’s Helmet-Mounted Display for navigation in total darkness, including takeoff and landing, and provides a passive IR input to the F–35’s sensor fusion algorithms. The all-aspect missile warning function provides timecritical warnings of incoming missiles and cues other subsystems to provide effective countermeasure employment. EODAS also provides an IRST function that can create and maintain Situational Awareness-quality tracks (SAIRST). EODAS is a mid-wave Infrared (IR) system consisting of six identical sensors distributed around the F–35 aircraft. Each sensor has a corresponding airframe window panel integrated with the aircraft structure to meet aerodynamic and stealth requirements. e. The Electronic Warfare (EW) system contains technology representing the latest state-of-the-art in several areas. Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is classified Secret. Software (object code) is classified Secret. Sensitive elements include: apertures; radio frequency (RF) and infrared (IR) countermeasures; and Electronic Countermeasures (ECM) techniques and features. The reprogrammable, integrated system provides radar warning and electronic support measures (ESM) along with a fully integrated countermeasures (CM) system. The EW system is the primary subsystem used to enhance situational awareness, targeting support and self defense through the search, intercept, location and identification of in-band emitters and to automatically counter IR and RF threats. The IR and RF countermeasures are classified Secret. This system uses low signatureembedded apertures, located in the aircraft control surface edges, to provide direction finding and identification of surface and airborne emitters and the geo-location of surface emitters. The system is classified Secret. VerDate Mar<15>2010 18:54 Apr 17, 2013 Jkt 229001 f. The Command, Control, Communications, Computers and Intelligence/Communications, Navigation, and Identification (C4I/CNI) system provides the pilot with unmatched connectivity to flight members, coalition forces, and the battlefield. It is an integrated subsystem designed to provide a broad spectrum of secure, anti-jam, covert voice and data communications, precision radio navigation and landing capability, selfidentification, beyond visual range target identification, and connectivity with off-board sources of information. The functionality is tightly integrated within the mission system for enhanced efficiency and effectiveness in the areas of communications, navigation, identification, and sensor fusion. Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is classified Secret. Software (object code) is classified Secret. The CNI function includes both Secret and Unclassified elements. Sensitive elements of the CNI subsystems include: (1) The VHF/UHF Voice and Data (Plain and Secure) Communication functionality includes air-to-air UHF/ VHF voice and data, both clear and secure, to provide communications with other friendly and coalition aircraft, airto-ground UHF voice to provide communications with ground sites, and intercommunication voice and tone alerts to provide communications between the avionics system and the pilot. UHF/VHF downlink of air vehicle status and maintenance information is provided to notify the ground crews of the amounts and types of stores, fuel, and other supplies or equipment needed to quickly turn the aircraft for the next mission. The system contains both Secret and Unclassified elements and contains technology representing the latest state-of-the-art in several areas. Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is classified Secret. Software (object code) is classified Secret. (2) The Tactical Air Navigation (TACAN) functionality provides operational modes to identify ground station and to provide bearing-tostation, slant range-to-ground station, bearing-to-airborne station and slant range to the nearest airborne station or aircraft. TACAN is not unique to the F– 35 aircraft but is standard on most USAF aircraft. Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is classified Secret. Software (object code) is classified Secret. (3) The Identification Friend or Foe Interrogator and Transponder Identification functionality consists of PO 00000 Frm 00026 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 23229 integrated Mark XII Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) transponder capability to provide identification of other friendly forces. The CNI system supports sensor fusion by supplying data from IFF interrogations and offboard sources through the intra-flight data link. The system contains both Secret and Unclassified elements and contains technology representing the latest state-of-the-art in several areas. Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is classified Secret. Software (object code) is classified Secret. (4) The Global Positioning System Navigation functionality includes the Global Positioning System (GPS) aided inertial navigation to provide highquality positional navigation, and the Instrument Landing System (ILS)/ Tactical Air Control and Navigation (TACAN) to provide navigation and landing cues within controlled airspace. Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is classified Secret. Software (object code) is classified Secret. (5) The Multi-Function Advanced Data Link (MADL) is used specifically for communications between F–35 aircraft and has a very low probability of intercept, contributing to covert operations. The system contains both Secret and Unclassified elements and contains technology representing the latest state-of-the-art in several areas. Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is classified Secret. Software (object code) is classified Secret. (6) The Inertial Navigation System is an all-attitude, Ring Laser Gyro-based navigation system providing outputs of linear and angular acceleration, velocity, body angular rates, position, attitude (roll, pitch, and platform azimuth), magnetic and true heading, altitude, and time tags. Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is classified Secret. Software (object code) is classified Secret. (7) The Radar Altimeter functionality is a module provided in the CNI system rack 3A and uses separate transmit and receive antennae. It measures and reports altitude, and altitude rate of change. Control data is transferred over to a configurable avionics interface card which translates the information to the F–35 aircraft computers. Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is classified Secret. Software (object code) is classified Secret. (8) The Instrument Landing System (ILS) measures, and reports azimuth course and alignment, elevation course E:\FR\FM\18APN1.SGM 18APN1 sroberts on DSK5SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES 23230 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 75 / Thursday, April 18, 2013 / Notices alignment, and distance to the runway. Data from the ILS is used to drive visual flight instrumentation. Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is classified Secret. Software (object code) is classified Secret. (9) The Tactical Data Links is a secure broadcast Tactical Digital Information Link (TADIL) used for real-time voice/ data exchange for command and control, relative navigation, and Precise Position Location Identification (PPLI), providing Link-16 type capabilities. The system contains both Secret and Unclassified elements and contains technology representing the latest stateof-the-art in several areas. Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is classified Secret. Software (object code) is classified Secret. g. The F–35 Autonomic Logistics Global Sustainment (ALGS) includes both Secret and Unclassified elements. It provides a fully integrated logistics management solution. ALGS integrates a number of functional areas, including supply chain management, repair, support equipment, engine support, and training. The ALGS infrastructure employs a state-of-the-art information system that provides real-time, decisionworthy information for sustainment decisions by flight line personnel. Prognostic health monitoring technology is integrated with the air system and is crucial to the predictive maintenance of vital components. h. The F–35 Autonomic Logistics Information System (ALIS) includes both Secret and unclassified elements. The ALIS provides an intelligent information infrastructure that binds all of the key concepts of ALGS into an effective support system. ALIS establishes the appropriate interfaces among the F–35 Air Vehicle, the warfighter, the training system, government information technology (IT) systems, JSF operations, and supporting commercial enterprise systems. Additionally, ALIS provides a comprehensive tool for data collection and analysis, decision support, and action tracking. i. The F–35 Training System includes both Secret and unclassified elements. The Training System includes several types of training devices, to provide for integrated training of both pilots and maintainers. The pilot training devices include a Full Mission Simulator (FMS) and Deployable Mission Rehearsal Trainer (DMRT). The maintainer training devices include an Aircraft Systems Maintenance Trainer (ASMT), Ejection System Maintenance Trainer (ESMT), and Weapons Loading Trainer VerDate Mar<15>2010 18:54 Apr 17, 2013 Jkt 229001 (WLT). The F–35 Training System can be integrated, where both pilots and maintainers learn in the same Integrated Training Center (ITC). Alternatively, the pilots and maintainers can train in separate facilities (Pilot Training Center and Maintenance Training Center). j. Weapons employment capability is Secret and contains technology representing the latest state-of-the-art in several areas. Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is Secret. Software (object code) is classified Secret. Sensitive elements include co-operative targeting. k. Other Subsystems, Features, and Capabilities: (1) The Low Observable Air Frame is Secret and contains technology representing the latest state-of-the-art in several areas. Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is classified Secret. Software (object code) is Secret. Sensitive elements include: the Radar Cross Section and its corresponding plots, construction materials and fabrication. (2) The Integrated Core Processor (ICP) Central Computer is Secret and contains technology representing the latest state-of-the-art in several areas. Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is Secret. Software (object code) is classified Secret. Sensitive elements include: F–35 Integrated Core Processor utilizing Commercial Off the Shelf (COTS) Hardware and Module Design to maximize growth and allow for efficient Management of DMS and Technology Insertion, if additional processing is needed, a second ICP will be installed in the space reserved for that purpose, more than doubling the current throughput and memory capacity. (3) The F–35 Helmet Mounted Display System (HMDS) is Secret and contains technology representing the latest stateof-the-art in several areas. Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is Secret. Software (object code) is Secret. Sensitive elements include: HMDS consists of the Display Management Computer-Helmet, a helmet shell/display module, a quick disconnect integrated as part of the ejection seat, helmet trackers and tracker processing, day- and nightvision camera functions, and dedicated system/graphics processing. The HMDS provides a fully sunlight readable, biocular display presentation of aircraft information projected onto the pilot’s helmet visor. The use of a night vision camera integrated into the helmet eliminates the need for separate Night Vision Goggles (NVG). The camera PO 00000 Frm 00027 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 9990 video is integrated with EO and IR imaging inputs and displayed on the pilot’s visor to provide a comprehensive night operational capability. (4) The Pilot Life Support System is Secret and contains technology representing the latest state-of-the-art in several areas. Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is Secret. Software (object code) is Secret. Sensitive elements include: a measure of Pilot Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Protection through use of On Board Oxygen Generating System (OBOGS); and an escape system that provide additional protection to the pilot. OBOGS takes the Power and Thermal Management System (PTMS) air and enriches it by removing gases (mainly nitrogen) by adsorption, thereby increasing the concentration of oxygen in the product gas and supplying breathable air to the pilot. (5) The Off-Board Mission Support System is Secret and contains technology representing the latest stateof-the-art in several areas. Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is Secret. Software (object code) is Secret. Sensitive elements include: mission planning, mission briefing, maintenance/ intelligence/tactical debriefing, sensor/ algorithm planning, EW system reprogramming, data debrief, etc. l. Publications: Manuals are considered Secret as they contain information on aircraft/system performance and inherent vulnerabilities. 2. The JSF Reprogramming Center is classified Secret and contains technology representing the latest stateof-the-art in several areas. This hardware/software facility provides a means to update JSF electronic warfare databases. Sensitive elements include: EW software databases and tools to modify these databases. 3. If a technologically advanced adversary were to obtain knowledge of the specific hardware and software elements, the information could be used to develop countermeasures that might reduce weapon system effectiveness or be used in the development of a system with similar or advanced capabilities. [FR Doc. 2013–09094 Filed 4–17–13; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 5001–06–P E:\FR\FM\18APN1.SGM 18APN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 78, Number 75 (Thursday, April 18, 2013)]
[Notices]
[Pages 23226-23230]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2013-09094]


=======================================================================
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DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

Office of the Secretary

[Transmittal Nos. 13-10]


36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

AGENCY: Department of Defense, Defense Security Cooperation Agency.

ACTION: Notice.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The Department of Defense is publishing the unclassified text 
of a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to 
fulfill the requirements of section 155 of Public Law 104-164 dated 
July 21, 1996.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. B. English, DSCA/DBO/CFM, (703) 
601-3740.
    The following is a copy of a letter to the Speaker of the House of 
Representatives, Transmittals 13-10 with attached transmittal, policy 
justification, and Sensitivity of Technology.

    Dated: April 12, 2013.
Aaron Siegel,
Alternate OSD Federal Register Liaison Officer, Department of Defense.

[[Page 23227]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TN18AP13.000

    Transmittal No. 13-10
    Notice of Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer
    Pursuant to Section 36(b)(1)
    of the Arms Export Control Act, as amended
    (i) Prospective Purchaser: Republic of Korea
    (ii) Total Estimated Value:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Major Defense Equipment*..................  $8.1 billion
Other.....................................  $2.7 billion
                                           -----------------------------
TOTAL.....................................  $10.8 billion
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (iii) Description and Quantity or Quantities of Articles or 
Services under Consideration for Purchase: (60) F-35 Joint Strike 
Fighter Conventional Take Off and Landing (CTOL) aircraft. Aircraft 
will be configured with the Pratt & Whitney F-135 engines, and (9) 
Pratt & Whitney F-135 engines are included as spares. Other aircraft 
equipment includes: Electronic Warfare Systems; Command, Control, 
Communication, Computer and Intelligence/Communication, Navigational 
and Identification (C4I/CNI); Autonomic Logistics Global Support System 
(ALGS); Autonomic Logistics Information System (ALIS); Full Mission 
Trainer; Weapons Employment Capability, and other Subsystems, Features, 
and Capabilities; F-35 unique infrared flares; Reprogramming center; F-
35 Performance Based Logistics. Also included: software development/
integration, aircraft ferry and tanker support, support equipment, 
tools and test equipment, communication equipment, spares and repair 
parts, personnel training and training equipment, publications and 
technical

[[Page 23228]]

documents, U.S. Government and contractor engineering and logistics 
personnel services, and other related elements of logistics and program 
support.
    (iv) Military Department: Air Force (SAC)
    (v) Prior Related Cases, if any: None
    (vi) Sales Commission, Fee, etc., Paid, Offered, or Agreed to be 
Paid: None
    (vii) Sensitivity of Technology Contained in the Defense Article or 
Defense Services Proposed to be Sold: See Annex attached.
    (viii) Date Report Delivered to Congress: 29 March 2013
    * as defined in Section 47(6) of the Arms Export Control Act.

POLICY JUSTIFICATION

Korea--F-35 Joint Strike Fighter Aircraft

    The Government of the Republic of Korea has requested a possible 
sale of (60) F-35 Joint Strike Fighter Conventional Take Off and 
Landing (CTOL) aircraft. Aircraft will be configured with the Pratt & 
Whitney F-135 engines, and (9) Pratt & Whitney F-135 engines are 
included as spares. Other aircraft equipment includes: Electronic 
Warfare Systems; Command, Control, Communication, Computer and 
Intelligence/Communication, Navigational and Identification (C4I/CNI); 
Autonomic Logistics Global Support System (ALGS); Autonomic Logistics 
Information System (ALIS); Full Mission Trainer; Weapons Employment 
Capability, and other Subsystems, Features, and Capabilities; F-35 
unique infrared flares; reprogramming center; F-35 Performance Based 
Logistics. Also included: software development/integration, aircraft 
ferry and tanker support, support equipment, tools and test equipment, 
communication equipment, spares and repair parts, personnel training 
and training equipment, publications and technical documents, U.S. 
Government and contractor engineering and logistics personnel services, 
and other related elements of logistics and program support. The 
estimated cost is $10.8 billion.
    This proposed sale will contribute to the foreign policy goals and 
national security objectives of the United States by meeting the 
legitimate security and defense needs of an ally and partner nation. 
The Republic of Korea continues to be an important force for peace, 
political stability, and economic progress in North East Asia.
    The proposed sale of F-35s will provide the Republic of Korea (ROK) 
with a credible defense capability to deter aggression in the region 
and ensure interoperability with U.S. forces. The proposed sale will 
augment Korea's operational aircraft inventory and enhance its air-to-
air and air-to-ground self-defense capability. The ROK's Air Force F-4 
aircraft will be decommissioned as F-35's are added to the inventory. 
Korea will have no difficulty absorbing these aircraft into its armed 
forces.
    The proposed sale of this aircraft system and support will not 
negatively alter the basic military balance in the region.
    The prime contractors will be Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company 
in Fort Worth, Texas; and Pratt & Whitney Military Engines in East 
Hartford, Connecticut. This proposal is being offered in the context of 
a competition. If the proposal is accepted, it is expected that offset 
agreements will be required.
    Implementation of this proposed sale will require multiple trips to 
Korea involving U.S. Government and contractor representatives for 
technical reviews/support, program management, and training over a 
period of 15 years. U.S. contractor representatives will be required in 
Korea to conduct Contractor Engineering Technical Services (CETS) and 
Autonomic Logistics and Global Support (ALGS) for after-aircraft 
delivery.
    There will be no adverse impact on U.S. defense readiness as a 
result of this proposed sale.
Transmittal No. 13-10
Notice of Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 
36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, as Amended
Annex
Item No. vii
    (vii) Sensitivity of Technology:
    1. The F-35 Conventional Take-Off and Landing (CTOL) Block 3 
aircraft is classified Secret, except as noted below. It contains 
current technology representing the F-35 low observable airframe/outer 
mold line, Pratt & Whitney engine, radar, integrated core processor 
central computer, mission systems/electronic warfare suite, a multiple 
sensor suite, operational flight and maintenance trainers, technical 
data/documentation, and associated software. As the aircraft and its 
subsystems are under development, many specific identifying equipment/
system nomenclatures have not been assigned to date. Sensitive and 
classified elements of the F-35 CTOL Block 3 aircraft include hardware, 
accessories, components, and associated software for the following 
major subsystems:
    a. The Propulsion system is classified Secret and contains 
technology representing the latest state-of-the-art in several areas. 
Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is classified 
Secret. Software (object code) is classified Secret. The single 40,000-
lb thrust class engine is designed for low observability and has been 
integrated into the aircraft system, Pratt & Whitney, with the F135, is 
developing and producing engine turbo machinery compatible with the F-
35 and assures highly reliable, affordable performance. The engine is 
designed to be utilized in all F-35 variants, providing unmatched 
commonality and supportability throughout the worldwide base of F-35 
users. The CTOL propulsion configuration consists of a main engine, 
diverterless supersonic inlet, and a Low Observable Axisymmetric Nozzle 
(LOAN).
    b. The AN/APG-81 Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) 
provides mission systems with air-to-air and air-to-ground tracks which 
the mission system uses as a component to sensor fusion. The AESA 
allows the radar to direct RF energy in a way that does not expose the 
F-35, allowing it to maintain low observability in high-threat 
environments. The radar subsystem supports integrated system 
performance for air-to-air missions by providing search, track, 
identification, and AIM-120 missile data link functionality. The radar 
also provides synthetic aperture radar mapping for locating surface 
targets and weather mapping for weather avoidance. The radar functions 
are tightly integrated, interleaved, and managed by an interface to 
sensor management functions within mission software. The hardware and 
software are classified Secret.
    c. The Electro Optical Targeting System (EOTS) contains technology 
representing the latest state-of-the-art in several areas. Information 
on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is classified Secret. 
Software (object code) is classified Secret. The EOTS subsystem to the 
sensor suite provides long-range detection; infrared targeting and 
tracking systems to support weapon employment. It incorporates a 
missile-quality Infrared Search and Track (IRST) capability, a Forward-
Looking Infrared (FLIR) sensor for precision tracking, and Bomb Damage 
Indication (BDI) capability. EOTS replaces multiple separate internal 
or podded systems typically found on legacy aircraft. The

[[Page 23229]]

functionality of the EOTS employs the following modes: Targeting FLIR; 
Laser Range-Finding and Target Designation; EO DAS and EOTS 
Performance.
    d. The Electro-Optical Distributed Aperture System (EODAS) is a 
subsystem to the sensor suite and provides full spherical coverage for 
air-to-air and air-to-ground detection and Navigation Forward Looking 
Infrared (NFLIR) imaging. The system contains both Secret and 
Unclassified elements and contains technology representing the latest 
state-of-the-art in several areas. Information on performance and 
inherent vulnerabilities is classified Secret. Software (object code) 
is classified Secret. The NFLIR capability provides infrared (IR) 
imagery directly to the pilot's Helmet-Mounted Display for navigation 
in total darkness, including takeoff and landing, and provides a 
passive IR input to the F-35's sensor fusion algorithms. The all-aspect 
missile warning function provides time-critical warnings of incoming 
missiles and cues other subsystems to provide effective countermeasure 
employment. EODAS also provides an IRST function that can create and 
maintain Situational Awareness-quality tracks (SAIRST). EODAS is a mid-
wave Infrared (IR) system consisting of six identical sensors 
distributed around the F-35 aircraft. Each sensor has a corresponding 
airframe window panel integrated with the aircraft structure to meet 
aerodynamic and stealth requirements.
    e. The Electronic Warfare (EW) system contains technology 
representing the latest state-of-the-art in several areas. Information 
on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is classified Secret. 
Software (object code) is classified Secret. Sensitive elements 
include: apertures; radio frequency (RF) and infrared (IR) 
countermeasures; and Electronic Countermeasures (ECM) techniques and 
features. The reprogrammable, integrated system provides radar warning 
and electronic support measures (ESM) along with a fully integrated 
countermeasures (CM) system. The EW system is the primary subsystem 
used to enhance situational awareness, targeting support and self 
defense through the search, intercept, location and identification of 
in-band emitters and to automatically counter IR and RF threats. The IR 
and RF countermeasures are classified Secret. This system uses low 
signature-embedded apertures, located in the aircraft control surface 
edges, to provide direction finding and identification of surface and 
airborne emitters and the geo-location of surface emitters. The system 
is classified Secret.
    f. The Command, Control, Communications, Computers and 
Intelligence/Communications, Navigation, and Identification (C4I/CNI) 
system provides the pilot with unmatched connectivity to flight 
members, coalition forces, and the battlefield. It is an integrated 
subsystem designed to provide a broad spectrum of secure, anti-jam, 
covert voice and data communications, precision radio navigation and 
landing capability, self-identification, beyond visual range target 
identification, and connectivity with off-board sources of information. 
The functionality is tightly integrated within the mission system for 
enhanced efficiency and effectiveness in the areas of communications, 
navigation, identification, and sensor fusion. Information on 
performance and inherent vulnerabilities is classified Secret. Software 
(object code) is classified Secret. The CNI function includes both 
Secret and Unclassified elements. Sensitive elements of the CNI 
subsystems include:
    (1) The VHF/UHF Voice and Data (Plain and Secure) Communication 
functionality includes air-to-air UHF/VHF voice and data, both clear 
and secure, to provide communications with other friendly and coalition 
aircraft, air-to-ground UHF voice to provide communications with ground 
sites, and intercommunication voice and tone alerts to provide 
communications between the avionics system and the pilot. UHF/VHF 
downlink of air vehicle status and maintenance information is provided 
to notify the ground crews of the amounts and types of stores, fuel, 
and other supplies or equipment needed to quickly turn the aircraft for 
the next mission. The system contains both Secret and Unclassified 
elements and contains technology representing the latest state-of-the-
art in several areas. Information on performance and inherent 
vulnerabilities is classified Secret. Software (object code) is 
classified Secret.
    (2) The Tactical Air Navigation (TACAN) functionality provides 
operational modes to identify ground station and to provide bearing-to-
station, slant range-to-ground station, bearing-to-airborne station and 
slant range to the nearest airborne station or aircraft. TACAN is not 
unique to the F-35 aircraft but is standard on most USAF aircraft. 
Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is classified 
Secret. Software (object code) is classified Secret.
    (3) The Identification Friend or Foe Interrogator and Transponder 
Identification functionality consists of integrated Mark XII 
Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) transponder capability to provide 
identification of other friendly forces. The CNI system supports sensor 
fusion by supplying data from IFF interrogations and off-board sources 
through the intra-flight data link. The system contains both Secret and 
Unclassified elements and contains technology representing the latest 
state-of-the-art in several areas. Information on performance and 
inherent vulnerabilities is classified Secret. Software (object code) 
is classified Secret.
    (4) The Global Positioning System Navigation functionality includes 
the Global Positioning System (GPS) aided inertial navigation to 
provide high-quality positional navigation, and the Instrument Landing 
System (ILS)/Tactical Air Control and Navigation (TACAN) to provide 
navigation and landing cues within controlled airspace. Information on 
performance and inherent vulnerabilities is classified Secret. Software 
(object code) is classified Secret.
    (5) The Multi-Function Advanced Data Link (MADL) is used 
specifically for communications between F-35 aircraft and has a very 
low probability of intercept, contributing to covert operations. The 
system contains both Secret and Unclassified elements and contains 
technology representing the latest state-of-the-art in several areas. 
Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is classified 
Secret. Software (object code) is classified Secret.
    (6) The Inertial Navigation System is an all-attitude, Ring Laser 
Gyro-based navigation system providing outputs of linear and angular 
acceleration, velocity, body angular rates, position, attitude (roll, 
pitch, and platform azimuth), magnetic and true heading, altitude, and 
time tags. Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is 
classified Secret. Software (object code) is classified Secret.
    (7) The Radar Altimeter functionality is a module provided in the 
CNI system rack 3A and uses separate transmit and receive antennae. It 
measures and reports altitude, and altitude rate of change. Control 
data is transferred over to a configurable avionics interface card 
which translates the information to the F-35 aircraft computers. 
Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is classified 
Secret. Software (object code) is classified Secret.
    (8) The Instrument Landing System (ILS) measures, and reports 
azimuth course and alignment, elevation course

[[Page 23230]]

alignment, and distance to the runway. Data from the ILS is used to 
drive visual flight instrumentation. Information on performance and 
inherent vulnerabilities is classified Secret. Software (object code) 
is classified Secret.
    (9) The Tactical Data Links is a secure broadcast Tactical Digital 
Information Link (TADIL) used for real-time voice/data exchange for 
command and control, relative navigation, and Precise Position Location 
Identification (PPLI), providing Link-16 type capabilities. The system 
contains both Secret and Unclassified elements and contains technology 
representing the latest state-of-the-art in several areas. Information 
on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is classified Secret. 
Software (object code) is classified Secret.
    g. The F-35 Autonomic Logistics Global Sustainment (ALGS) includes 
both Secret and Unclassified elements. It provides a fully integrated 
logistics management solution. ALGS integrates a number of functional 
areas, including supply chain management, repair, support equipment, 
engine support, and training. The ALGS infrastructure employs a state-
of-the-art information system that provides real-time, decision-worthy 
information for sustainment decisions by flight line personnel. 
Prognostic health monitoring technology is integrated with the air 
system and is crucial to the predictive maintenance of vital 
components.
    h. The F-35 Autonomic Logistics Information System (ALIS) includes 
both Secret and unclassified elements. The ALIS provides an intelligent 
information infrastructure that binds all of the key concepts of ALGS 
into an effective support system. ALIS establishes the appropriate 
interfaces among the F-35 Air Vehicle, the warfighter, the training 
system, government information technology (IT) systems, JSF operations, 
and supporting commercial enterprise systems. Additionally, ALIS 
provides a comprehensive tool for data collection and analysis, 
decision support, and action tracking.
    i. The F-35 Training System includes both Secret and unclassified 
elements. The Training System includes several types of training 
devices, to provide for integrated training of both pilots and 
maintainers. The pilot training devices include a Full Mission 
Simulator (FMS) and Deployable Mission Rehearsal Trainer (DMRT). The 
maintainer training devices include an Aircraft Systems Maintenance 
Trainer (ASMT), Ejection System Maintenance Trainer (ESMT), and Weapons 
Loading Trainer (WLT). The F-35 Training System can be integrated, 
where both pilots and maintainers learn in the same Integrated Training 
Center (ITC). Alternatively, the pilots and maintainers can train in 
separate facilities (Pilot Training Center and Maintenance Training 
Center).
    j. Weapons employment capability is Secret and contains technology 
representing the latest state-of-the-art in several areas. Information 
on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is Secret. Software (object 
code) is classified Secret. Sensitive elements include co-operative 
targeting.
    k. Other Subsystems, Features, and Capabilities:
    (1) The Low Observable Air Frame is Secret and contains technology 
representing the latest state-of-the-art in several areas. Information 
on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is classified Secret. 
Software (object code) is Secret. Sensitive elements include: the Radar 
Cross Section and its corresponding plots, construction materials and 
fabrication.
    (2) The Integrated Core Processor (ICP) Central Computer is Secret 
and contains technology representing the latest state-of-the-art in 
several areas. Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities 
is Secret. Software (object code) is classified Secret. Sensitive 
elements include: F-35 Integrated Core Processor utilizing Commercial 
Off the Shelf (COTS) Hardware and Module Design to maximize growth and 
allow for efficient Management of DMS and Technology Insertion, if 
additional processing is needed, a second ICP will be installed in the 
space reserved for that purpose, more than doubling the current 
throughput and memory capacity.
    (3) The F-35 Helmet Mounted Display System (HMDS) is Secret and 
contains technology representing the latest state-of-the-art in several 
areas. Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is 
Secret. Software (object code) is Secret. Sensitive elements include: 
HMDS consists of the Display Management Computer-Helmet, a helmet 
shell/display module, a quick disconnect integrated as part of the 
ejection seat, helmet trackers and tracker processing, day- and night-
vision camera functions, and dedicated system/graphics processing. The 
HMDS provides a fully sunlight readable, bi-ocular display presentation 
of aircraft information projected onto the pilot's helmet visor. The 
use of a night vision camera integrated into the helmet eliminates the 
need for separate Night Vision Goggles (NVG). The camera video is 
integrated with EO and IR imaging inputs and displayed on the pilot's 
visor to provide a comprehensive night operational capability.
    (4) The Pilot Life Support System is Secret and contains technology 
representing the latest state-of-the-art in several areas. Information 
on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is Secret. Software (object 
code) is Secret. Sensitive elements include: a measure of Pilot 
Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Protection through use of On 
Board Oxygen Generating System (OBOGS); and an escape system that 
provide additional protection to the pilot. OBOGS takes the Power and 
Thermal Management System (PTMS) air and enriches it by removing gases 
(mainly nitrogen) by adsorption, thereby increasing the concentration 
of oxygen in the product gas and supplying breathable air to the pilot.
    (5) The Off-Board Mission Support System is Secret and contains 
technology representing the latest state-of-the-art in several areas. 
Information on performance and inherent vulnerabilities is Secret. 
Software (object code) is Secret. Sensitive elements include: mission 
planning, mission briefing, maintenance/intelligence/tactical 
debriefing, sensor/algorithm planning, EW system reprogramming, data 
debrief, etc.
    l. Publications: Manuals are considered Secret as they contain 
information on aircraft/system performance and inherent 
vulnerabilities.
    2. The JSF Reprogramming Center is classified Secret and contains 
technology representing the latest state-of-the-art in several areas. 
This hardware/software facility provides a means to update JSF 
electronic warfare databases. Sensitive elements include: EW software 
databases and tools to modify these databases.
    3. If a technologically advanced adversary were to obtain knowledge 
of the specific hardware and software elements, the information could 
be used to develop countermeasures that might reduce weapon system 
effectiveness or be used in the development of a system with similar or 
advanced capabilities.

[FR Doc. 2013-09094 Filed 4-17-13; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 5001-06-P