Special Conditions: ATR-GIE Avions de Transport Regional, Models ATR42-500 and ATR72-212A Airplanes; Aircraft Electronic System Security Protection From Unauthorized External Access, 67557-67559 [2012-27517]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 219 / Tuesday, November 13, 2012 / Rules and Regulations 2. Amend § 1282.12 by revising paragraphs (c)(2), (d)(2), (f)(2) and (g)(2) to read as follows: ■ § 1282.12 Single-family housing goals. * * * * * (c) * * * (2) The benchmark level, which for 2012, 2013 and 2014 shall be 23 percent of the total number of purchase money mortgages purchased by that Enterprise in each year that finance owneroccupied single-family properties. (d) * * * (2) The benchmark level, which for 2012, 2013 and 2014 shall be 7 percent of the total number of purchase money mortgages purchased by that Enterprise in each year that finance owneroccupied single-family properties. * * * * * (f) * * * (2) The benchmark level, which for 2012, 2013 and 2014 shall be 11 percent of the total number of purchase money mortgages purchased by that Enterprise in each year that finance owneroccupied single-family properties. (g) * * * (2) The benchmark level, which for 2012, 2013 and 2014 shall be 20 percent of the total number of refinancing mortgages purchased by that Enterprise in each year that finance owneroccupied single-family properties. ■ 3. Amend § 1282.13 by revising paragraphs (b) and (c) to read as follows: § 1282.13 Multifamily special affordable housing goal and subgoal. erowe on DSK2VPTVN1PROD with * * * * * (b) Multifamily low-income housing goal.—(1) For the year 2012, the goal for each Enterprise’s purchases of mortgages on multifamily residential housing affordable to low-income families shall be, for Fannie Mae, at least 285,000 dwelling units affordable to low-income families in multifamily residential housing financed by mortgages purchased by that Enterprise, and for Freddie Mac, at least 225,000 such dwelling units. (2) For the year 2013, the goal for each Enterprise’s purchases of mortgages on multifamily residential housing affordable to low-income families shall be, for Fannie Mae, at least 265,000 dwelling units affordable to low-income families in multifamily residential housing financed by mortgages purchased by that Enterprise, and for Freddie Mac, at least 215,000 such dwelling units. (3) For the year 2014, the goal for each Enterprise’s purchases of mortgages on multifamily residential housing affordable to low-income families shall be, for Fannie Mae, at least 250,000 VerDate Mar<15>2010 15:16 Nov 09, 2012 Jkt 229001 dwelling units affordable to low-income families in multifamily residential housing financed by mortgages purchased by that Enterprise, and for Freddie Mac, at least 200,000 such dwelling units. (c) Multifamily very low-income housing subgoal.—(1) For the year 2012, the subgoal for each Enterprise’s purchases of mortgages on multifamily residential housing affordable to very low-income families shall be, for Fannie Mae, at least 80,000 dwelling units affordable to very low-income families in multifamily residential housing financed by mortgages purchased by that Enterprise, and for Freddie Mac, at least 59,000 such dwelling units. (2) For the year 2013, the subgoal for each Enterprise’s purchases of mortgages on multifamily residential housing affordable to very low-income families shall be, for Fannie Mae, at least 70,000 dwelling units affordable to very low-income families in multifamily residential housing financed by mortgages purchased by that Enterprise, and for Freddie Mac, at least 50,000 such dwelling units. (3) For the year 2014, the subgoal for each Enterprise’s purchases of mortgages on multifamily residential housing affordable to very low-income families shall be, for Fannie Mae, at least 60,000 dwelling units affordable to very low-income families in multifamily residential housing financed by mortgages purchased by that Enterprise, and for Freddie Mac, at least 40,000 such dwelling units. Dated: October 31, 2012. Edward J. DeMarco, Acting Director, Federal Housing Finance Agency. [FR Doc. 2012–27121 Filed 11–9–12; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8070–01–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 25 [Docket No. FAA–2012–0959; Special Conditions No. 25–473–SC] Special Conditions: ATR–GIE Avions de Transport Regional, Models ATR42– 500 and ATR72–212A Airplanes; Aircraft Electronic System Security Protection From Unauthorized External Access Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final special conditions; request for comments. AGENCY: PO 00000 Frm 00023 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 67557 These special conditions are issued for the ATR–GIE Avions de Transport Regional Models ATR42–500 and ATR72–212A airplanes. These airplanes will have novel or unusual design features associated with the architecture and connectivity capabilities of the airplanes’ computer systems and networks, which may allow access to or by external computer systems and networks. Connectivity to, or access by, external systems and networks may result in security vulnerabilities to the airplanes’ systems. The applicable airworthiness regulations do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for these design features. These special conditions contain the additional safety standards that the Administrator considers necessary to establish a level of safety equivalent to that established by the existing airworthiness standards. DATES: The effective date of these special conditions is November 5, 2012. We must receive your comments by December 13, 2012. ADDRESSES: Send comments identified by docket number FAA–2012–0959 using any of the following methods: • Federal eRegulations Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/and follow the online instructions for sending your comments electronically. • Mail: Send comments to Docket Operations, M–30, U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Room W12–140, West Building Ground Floor, Washington, DC, 20590–0001. • Hand Delivery or by Courier: Take comments to Docket Operations in Room W12–140 of the West Building Ground Floor at 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC, between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except federal holidays. • Fax: Fax comments to Docket Operations at 202–493–2251. Privacy: The FAA will post all comments it receives, without change, to http://www.regulations.gov/, including any personal information the commenter provides. Using the search function of the docket web site, anyone can find and read the electronic form of all comments received into any FAA docket, including the name of the individual sending the comment (or signing the comment for an association, business, labor union, etc.). DOT’s complete Privacy Act Statement can be found in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477–19478), as well as at http://DocketsInfo.dot.gov/. Docket: Background documents or comments received may be read at SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\13NOR1.SGM 13NOR1 67558 Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 219 / Tuesday, November 13, 2012 / Rules and Regulations http://www.regulations.gov/at any time. Follow the online instructions for accessing the docket or go to the Docket Operations in Room W12–140 of the West Building Ground Floor at 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except federal holidays. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Varun Khanna, FAA, Airplane and Flight Crew Interface Branch, ANM– 111, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, Washington 98057–3356; telephone 425–227–1298; facsimile 425–227–1149. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The FAA has determined that notice of, and opportunity for prior public comment on, these special conditions are impracticable because these procedures would significantly delay issuance of the design approval and thus delivery of the affected aircraft. In addition, the substance of these special conditions has been subject to the public comment process in several prior instances with no substantive comments received. The FAA therefore finds that good cause exists for making these special conditions effective upon issuance. Comments Invited We invite interested people to take part in this rulemaking by sending written comments, data, or views. The most helpful comments reference a specific portion of the special conditions, explain the reason for any recommended change, and include supporting data. We will consider all comments we receive by the closing date for comments. We may change these special conditions based on the comments we receive. erowe on DSK2VPTVN1PROD with Background On January 22, 2009, ATR–GIE Avions de Transport Regional (hereafter referred to as ‘‘ATR–GIE’’) applied for a change to FAA Type Certificate No. A53EU to install a new avionics suite that includes connectivity capabilities between airplane computer systems and networks and external systems and networks in their Models ATR42–500 and ATR72–212A airplanes. Both airplanes are two-engine, turbopropeller driven. The Model ATR42– 500 has a maximum takeoff weight of 41,005 pounds and an emergency exit arrangement to support a maximum of 60 passengers. The Model ATR72–212A has a maximum takeoff weight of 49,603 pounds and an emergency exit arrangement to support a maximum of 72 passengers. VerDate Mar<15>2010 15:16 Nov 09, 2012 Jkt 229001 Type Certification Basis Under the provisions of Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) 21.101, ATR–GIE must show that the Models ATR42–500 and ATR72–212A, as changed, continue to meet the applicable provisions of the regulations incorporated by reference in Type Certificate No. A53EU or the applicable regulations in effect on the date of application for the change. The regulations incorporated by reference in the type certificate are commonly referred to as the ‘‘original type certification basis.’’ In addition, the certification basis includes certain special conditions, exemptions, and equivalent safety findings that are not relevant to these special conditions. If the Administrator finds that the applicable airworthiness regulations (i.e., 14 CFR part 25) do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for the Models ATR42–500 and ATR72– 212A airplanes because of a novel or unusual design feature, special conditions are prescribed under the provisions of § 21.16. Special conditions are initially applicable to the model for which they are issued. Should the type certificate for that model be amended later to include any other model that incorporates the same novel or unusual design features, or should any other model already included on the same type certificate be modified to incorporate the same novel or unusual design features, the special conditions would also apply to the other model. In addition to the applicable airworthiness regulations and special conditions, the Models ATR42–500 and ATR72–212A airplanes must comply with the fuel vent and exhaust emission requirements of 14 CFR part 34 and the noise certification requirements of 14 CFR part 36. The FAA issues special conditions, as defined in 14 CFR 11.19, in accordance with § 11.38, and they become part of the type certification basis under § 21.101. Novel or Unusual Design Features The Models ATR42–500 and ATR72– 212A airplanes will incorporate the following novel or unusual design features: Digital systems architecture composed of several connected networks. The proposed architecture and network configuration may be used for, or interfaced with, a diverse set of functions, including: • Flight-safety related control, communication, display, monitoring, and navigation systems (aircraft control functions); PO 00000 Frm 00024 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 • Airline business and administrative support (airline information services); • Passenger information and entertainment systems (passenger entertainment services); and, • The capability to allow access to or by systems external to the airplane. Discussion The Models ATR42–500 and ATR72– 212A architecture and network configuration may allow increased connectivity to, or access by, external airplane sources, airline operations, and maintenance systems to the aircraft control functions and airline information services. The aircraft control functions and airline information services perform functions required for the safe operation and maintenance of the airplane. Previously these functions and services had very limited connectivity with external sources. The architecture and network configuration may allow the exploitation of network security vulnerabilities resulting in intentional or unintentional destruction, disruption, degradation, or exploitation of data, systems, and networks critical to the safety and maintenance of the airplane. The existing regulations and guidance material did not anticipate these types of airplane system architectures. Furthermore, 14 CFR regulations and current system safety assessment policy and techniques do not address potential security vulnerabilities, which could be exploited by unauthorized access to airplane systems, data buses, and servers. Therefore, these special conditions are issued to ensure that the security (i.e., confidentiality, integrity, and availability) of airplane systems is not compromised by unauthorized wired or wireless electronic connections. Applicability As discussed above, these special conditions are applicable to the ATR– GIE Avions de Transport Regional Models ATR42–500 and ATR72–212A airplanes. Should ATR–GIE apply at a later date for a change to the type certificate to include another model incorporating the same novel or unusual design feature, the special conditions would apply to that model as well. Conclusion This action affects only certain novel or unusual design features on two models of airplanes. It is not a rule of general applicability. The substance of these special conditions has been subjected to the notice and comment period in several prior instances and has been derived E:\FR\FM\13NOR1.SGM 13NOR1 Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 219 / Tuesday, November 13, 2012 / Rules and Regulations without substantive change from those previously issued. It is unlikely that prior public comment would result in a significant change from the substance contained herein. Therefore, because a delay would significantly affect the certification of the airplane, the FAA has determined that prior public notice and comment are unnecessary and impracticable, and good cause exists for adopting these special conditions upon issuance. The FAA is requesting comments to allow interested persons to submit views that may not have been submitted in response to the prior opportunities for comment described above. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 25 SUMMARY: Aircraft, Aviation safety, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. The authority citation for these special conditions is as follows: Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701, 44702, 44704. The Special Conditions erowe on DSK2VPTVN1PROD with Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the following special conditions are issued as part of the type certification basis for ATR–GIE Avions de Transport Regional Models ATR42– 500 and ATR72–212A airplanes. 1. Airplane Electronic System Security Protection from Unauthorized External Access. The applicant must ensure airplane electronic system security protection from access to or by unauthorized sources external to the airplane, including those possibly caused by maintenance activity. 2. The applicant must ensure that electronic system security threats are identified and assessed, and that effective electronic system security protection strategies are implemented to protect the airplane from all adverse impacts on safety, functionality, and continued airworthiness. 3. The applicant must establish appropriate procedures to allow the operator to ensure that continued airworthiness of the aircraft is maintained, including all post-typecertification modifications that may have an impact on the approved electronic system-security safeguards. Issued in Renton, Washington, on November 5, 2012. Ali Bahrami, Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2012–27517 Filed 11–9–12; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P VerDate Mar<15>2010 15:16 Nov 09, 2012 Jkt 229001 Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA–2012–0335; Directorate Identifier 2011–NM–252–AD; Amendment 39–17211; AD 2011–21–07 R1] RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Bombardier, Inc. Airplanes Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: We are revising an existing airworthiness directive (AD) for certain Bombardier Model CL–600–2B19 (Regional Jet Series 100 & 440) airplanes; all Model CL–600–2C10 (Regional Jet Series 700, 701, & 702) airplanes; all Model CL–600–2D15 (Regional Jet Series 705) airplanes; and all Model CL–600–2D24 (Regional Jet Series 900) airplanes. That AD currently requires replacing certain water accumulator assemblies having a certain part installed on the pitot and static lines of the air data computer (ADC). This new AD corrects an erroneous service document number and removes the other erroneously cited service document from that AD. This new AD was prompted by an error that was discovered in one service document number, and a determination that credit for accomplishing actions in another erroneously cited service document should be removed from that AD. We are issuing this AD to prevent pitotstatic tubing from becoming partially or completely blocked by water, which could result in erroneous airspeed and altitude indications and consequent loss of control of the airplane. DATES: This AD becomes effective December 18, 2012. The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference of certain publications listed in this AD as of November 23, 2011 (76 FR 64801, October 19, 2011). ADDRESSES: You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http:// www.regulations.gov or in person at the U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M–30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Cesar Gomez, Aerospace Engineer, Airframe & Mechanical Systems Branch, ANE–171, New York Aircraft Certification Office (ACO), FAA, 1600 PO 00000 Frm 00025 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 67559 Stewart Avenue, Suite 410, Westbury, New York 11590; telephone (516) 228– 7318; fax (516) 794–5531. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Discussion We issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend 14 CFR part 39 to include an AD that would apply to the specified products. That NPRM was published in the Federal Register on April 18, 2012 (77 FR 23169), and proposed to revise AD 2011–21–07, Amendment 39–16830 (76 FR 64801, October 19, 2011). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe condition for the specified products. Since we issued AD 2011–21–07, Amendment 39–16830 (76 FR 64801, October 19, 2011), an error was discovered in the document number specified in paragraph (i), ‘‘Credit for Actions Accomplished in Accordance with Previous Service Information,’’ of that AD. The citation in that paragraph should have read ‘‘Bombardier Service Bulletin 601R–34–147, Revision A, dated November 3, 2009.’’ Additionally, we have determined that ‘‘Bombardier Service Bulletin 670BA–34–147, dated April 1, 2009,’’ was incorrectly included in AD 2011–21–07 and should be removed from paragraph (i) of that AD. Comments We gave the public the opportunity to participate in developing this AD. We have considered the comment received. Request for Credit for Previous Actions Air Wisconsin (AWI) requested that we revise the NPRM (77 FR 23169, April 18, 2012) to continue to give credit for previous actions for airplanes modified using Bombardier Service Bulletin 601R–34–147, dated April 1, 2009. AWI provided the following reasons for its request. • AWI stated that in the original issue of Bombardier Service Bulletin 601R– 34–147, dated April 1, 2009, for airplane serial numbers (S/N) 7003 through 7890, this service information called for the use of a parts kit that was different from the parts kit used for airplane S/Ns 7891 and subsequent. AWI stated that it discovered, during the use of that service information, that there was no difference between the two groups of airplanes. AWI stated that airplane S/Ns 7891 and subsequent needed to use the same parts kit as airplane S/Ns 7003 through 7890, with the only difference being that the kit for airplane S/Ns 7891 and subsequent lacked two tee fittings, part number AS1033W040406, which were contained in the kits for airplane S/Ns 7003 through 7891. AWI stated that, as a result of its discovery, E:\FR\FM\13NOR1.SGM 13NOR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 77, Number 219 (Tuesday, November 13, 2012)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 67557-67559]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2012-27517]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 25

[Docket No. FAA-2012-0959; Special Conditions No. 25-473-SC]


Special Conditions: ATR-GIE Avions de Transport Regional, Models 
ATR42-500 and ATR72-212A Airplanes; Aircraft Electronic System Security 
Protection From Unauthorized External Access

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Final special conditions; request for comments.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: These special conditions are issued for the ATR-GIE Avions de 
Transport Regional Models ATR42-500 and ATR72-212A airplanes. These 
airplanes will have novel or unusual design features associated with 
the architecture and connectivity capabilities of the airplanes' 
computer systems and networks, which may allow access to or by external 
computer systems and networks. Connectivity to, or access by, external 
systems and networks may result in security vulnerabilities to the 
airplanes' systems. The applicable airworthiness regulations do not 
contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for these design 
features. These special conditions contain the additional safety 
standards that the Administrator considers necessary to establish a 
level of safety equivalent to that established by the existing 
airworthiness standards.

DATES: The effective date of these special conditions is November 5, 
2012. We must receive your comments by December 13, 2012.

ADDRESSES: Send comments identified by docket number FAA-2012-0959 
using any of the following methods:
     Federal eRegulations Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/and follow the online instructions for sending your 
comments electronically.
     Mail: Send comments to Docket Operations, M-30, U.S. 
Department of Transportation (DOT), 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Room 
W12-140, West Building Ground Floor, Washington, DC, 20590-0001.
     Hand Delivery or by Courier: Take comments to Docket 
Operations in Room W12-140 of the West Building Ground Floor at 1200 
New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC, between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m., 
Monday through Friday, except federal holidays.
     Fax: Fax comments to Docket Operations at 202-493-2251.
    Privacy: The FAA will post all comments it receives, without 
change, to http://www.regulations.gov/, including any personal 
information the commenter provides. Using the search function of the 
docket web site, anyone can find and read the electronic form of all 
comments received into any FAA docket, including the name of the 
individual sending the comment (or signing the comment for an 
association, business, labor union, etc.). DOT's complete Privacy Act 
Statement can be found in the Federal Register published on April 11, 
2000 (65 FR 19477-19478), as well as at http://DocketsInfo.dot.gov/.
    Docket: Background documents or comments received may be read at

[[Page 67558]]

http://www.regulations.gov/at any time. Follow the online instructions 
for accessing the docket or go to the Docket Operations in Room W12-140 
of the West Building Ground Floor at 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., 
Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, 
except federal holidays.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Varun Khanna, FAA, Airplane and Flight 
Crew Interface Branch, ANM-111, Transport Airplane Directorate, 
Aircraft Certification Service, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, 
Washington 98057-3356; telephone 425-227-1298; facsimile 425-227-1149.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The FAA has determined that notice of, and 
opportunity for prior public comment on, these special conditions are 
impracticable because these procedures would significantly delay 
issuance of the design approval and thus delivery of the affected 
aircraft. In addition, the substance of these special conditions has 
been subject to the public comment process in several prior instances 
with no substantive comments received. The FAA therefore finds that 
good cause exists for making these special conditions effective upon 
issuance.

Comments Invited

    We invite interested people to take part in this rulemaking by 
sending written comments, data, or views. The most helpful comments 
reference a specific portion of the special conditions, explain the 
reason for any recommended change, and include supporting data.
    We will consider all comments we receive by the closing date for 
comments. We may change these special conditions based on the comments 
we receive.

Background

    On January 22, 2009, ATR-GIE Avions de Transport Regional 
(hereafter referred to as ``ATR-GIE'') applied for a change to FAA Type 
Certificate No. A53EU to install a new avionics suite that includes 
connectivity capabilities between airplane computer systems and 
networks and external systems and networks in their Models ATR42-500 
and ATR72-212A airplanes. Both airplanes are two-engine, turbo-
propeller driven. The Model ATR42-500 has a maximum takeoff weight of 
41,005 pounds and an emergency exit arrangement to support a maximum of 
60 passengers. The Model ATR72-212A has a maximum takeoff weight of 
49,603 pounds and an emergency exit arrangement to support a maximum of 
72 passengers.

Type Certification Basis

    Under the provisions of Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 
CFR) 21.101, ATR-GIE must show that the Models ATR42-500 and ATR72-
212A, as changed, continue to meet the applicable provisions of the 
regulations incorporated by reference in Type Certificate No. A53EU or 
the applicable regulations in effect on the date of application for the 
change. The regulations incorporated by reference in the type 
certificate are commonly referred to as the ``original type 
certification basis.'' In addition, the certification basis includes 
certain special conditions, exemptions, and equivalent safety findings 
that are not relevant to these special conditions.
    If the Administrator finds that the applicable airworthiness 
regulations (i.e., 14 CFR part 25) do not contain adequate or 
appropriate safety standards for the Models ATR42-500 and ATR72-212A 
airplanes because of a novel or unusual design feature, special 
conditions are prescribed under the provisions of Sec.  21.16.
    Special conditions are initially applicable to the model for which 
they are issued. Should the type certificate for that model be amended 
later to include any other model that incorporates the same novel or 
unusual design features, or should any other model already included on 
the same type certificate be modified to incorporate the same novel or 
unusual design features, the special conditions would also apply to the 
other model.
    In addition to the applicable airworthiness regulations and special 
conditions, the Models ATR42-500 and ATR72-212A airplanes must comply 
with the fuel vent and exhaust emission requirements of 14 CFR part 34 
and the noise certification requirements of 14 CFR part 36.
    The FAA issues special conditions, as defined in 14 CFR 11.19, in 
accordance with Sec.  11.38, and they become part of the type 
certification basis under Sec.  21.101.

Novel or Unusual Design Features

    The Models ATR42-500 and ATR72-212A airplanes will incorporate the 
following novel or unusual design features: Digital systems 
architecture composed of several connected networks. The proposed 
architecture and network configuration may be used for, or interfaced 
with, a diverse set of functions, including:
     Flight-safety related control, communication, display, 
monitoring, and navigation systems (aircraft control functions);
     Airline business and administrative support (airline 
information services);
     Passenger information and entertainment systems (passenger 
entertainment services); and,
     The capability to allow access to or by systems external 
to the airplane.

Discussion

    The Models ATR42-500 and ATR72-212A architecture and network 
configuration may allow increased connectivity to, or access by, 
external airplane sources, airline operations, and maintenance systems 
to the aircraft control functions and airline information services. The 
aircraft control functions and airline information services perform 
functions required for the safe operation and maintenance of the 
airplane. Previously these functions and services had very limited 
connectivity with external sources. The architecture and network 
configuration may allow the exploitation of network security 
vulnerabilities resulting in intentional or unintentional destruction, 
disruption, degradation, or exploitation of data, systems, and networks 
critical to the safety and maintenance of the airplane. The existing 
regulations and guidance material did not anticipate these types of 
airplane system architectures. Furthermore, 14 CFR regulations and 
current system safety assessment policy and techniques do not address 
potential security vulnerabilities, which could be exploited by 
unauthorized access to airplane systems, data buses, and servers. 
Therefore, these special conditions are issued to ensure that the 
security (i.e., confidentiality, integrity, and availability) of 
airplane systems is not compromised by unauthorized wired or wireless 
electronic connections.

Applicability

    As discussed above, these special conditions are applicable to the 
ATR-GIE Avions de Transport Regional Models ATR42-500 and ATR72-212A 
airplanes. Should ATR-GIE apply at a later date for a change to the 
type certificate to include another model incorporating the same novel 
or unusual design feature, the special conditions would apply to that 
model as well.

Conclusion

    This action affects only certain novel or unusual design features 
on two models of airplanes. It is not a rule of general applicability.
    The substance of these special conditions has been subjected to the 
notice and comment period in several prior instances and has been 
derived

[[Page 67559]]

without substantive change from those previously issued. It is unlikely 
that prior public comment would result in a significant change from the 
substance contained herein. Therefore, because a delay would 
significantly affect the certification of the airplane, the FAA has 
determined that prior public notice and comment are unnecessary and 
impracticable, and good cause exists for adopting these special 
conditions upon issuance. The FAA is requesting comments to allow 
interested persons to submit views that may not have been submitted in 
response to the prior opportunities for comment described above.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 25

    Aircraft, Aviation safety, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements.
    The authority citation for these special conditions is as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701, 44702, 44704.

The Special Conditions

    Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me by the 
Administrator, the following special conditions are issued as part of 
the type certification basis for ATR-GIE Avions de Transport Regional 
Models ATR42-500 and ATR72-212A airplanes.
    1. Airplane Electronic System Security Protection from Unauthorized 
External Access. The applicant must ensure airplane electronic system 
security protection from access to or by unauthorized sources external 
to the airplane, including those possibly caused by maintenance 
activity.
    2. The applicant must ensure that electronic system security 
threats are identified and assessed, and that effective electronic 
system security protection strategies are implemented to protect the 
airplane from all adverse impacts on safety, functionality, and 
continued airworthiness.
    3. The applicant must establish appropriate procedures to allow the 
operator to ensure that continued airworthiness of the aircraft is 
maintained, including all post-type-certification modifications that 
may have an impact on the approved electronic system-security 
safeguards.

    Issued in Renton, Washington, on November 5, 2012.
Ali Bahrami,
Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification 
Service.
[FR Doc. 2012-27517 Filed 11-9-12; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-13-P