Correction of Authority Citations for Commercial Space Transportation, 20531-20536 [2012-8196]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 66 / Thursday, April 5, 2012 / Rules and Regulations provide greater clarity to the stakeholders by answering those questions. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Procedures for Submitting Clarifying Questions 14 CFR Parts 400, 401, 404, 405, 406, 413, 414, 415, 417, 420, 431, 433, 435, 437, 440, 460 Federal Aviation Administration If you wish to submit a request to the FAA for clarification of the Flightcrew Member Duty and Rest Requirements final rule, you must send your request using the below method by June 4, 2012. 1. Post your request on the Federal eRulemaking Portal. To access this electronic docket, go to http:// www.regulations.gov, enter Docket Number FAA–2012–0358, and follow the online instructions for sending your request electronically. 2. In addition to sending your request to the electronic docket, send a copy via email to the subject matter expert as noted below. Technical Questions: Dale E. Roberts, Air Transportation Division, Flight Standards Service, Federal Aviation Administration; email dale.e.roberts@faa.gov. Legal Questions: Alex Zektser, Office of the Chief Counsel, Regulations Division, Federal Aviation Administration; email alex.zektser@faa.gov. The FAA will attempt to reply to the clarifying questions that are submitted by June 4, 2012. Issued in Washington, DC, on March 26, 2012. Rebecca B. MacPherson, Assistant Chief Counsel for Regulations, AGC–200. [FR Doc. 2012–7739 Filed 4–4–12; 8:45 am] rmajette on DSK2TPTVN1PROD with RULES BILLING CODE 4910–13–P 49 CFR Part 1 [Docket No. FAA–2012–0232; Amendment Nos. 400–3, 401–7, 404–5, 405–5, 406–7, 413–10, 414–2, 415–5, 417–3, 420–5, 431– 3, 433–2, 435–2, 437–1, 440–3, 460–1; 1– 114; related to Docket Nos. 28851, 43810, FAA–1999–5535, FAA–1999–5833, FAA– 1999–5835, FAA–2000–7953, FAA–2001– 8607, FAA–2005–21332, FAA–2005–23449, FAA–2006–24197, FAA–2007–27390; OST Docket No. 1] [RINs 2120–AF99, 2120–AG71, 2120–AG15, 2120–AG72, 2120–AG37, 2120–AH18, 2120– AI50, 2120–AI57, 2120–AI56, 2120–AI88] Correction of Authority Citations for Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Technical amendment. AGENCY: In 2010, Congress transferred the statute authorizing the FAA’s commercial space transportation regulations. This action is necessary to correct affected citations in the Code of Federal Regulations to reflect this transfer of authority. The intended effect of this action is to make the affected regulations comply with the statute. DATES: These amendments become effective April 5, 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Laura Montgomery, Senior Attorney for Commercial Space Transportation, Office of the Chief Counsel, Regulations Division, AGC–200, Federal Aviation Administration, 800 Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20591; telephone (202) 267–3150; facsimile (202) 267–7971; email laura.montgomery@faa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: Background Since 1994, the FAA has operated in the area of commercial space launch activities under the authority delegated by Congress in 49 U.S.C. chapter 701. See Revision of Title 49, United States Code Annotated, ‘‘Transportation,’’ Public Law 103–272, 108 Stat. 745, 1130 (1994). The FAA implements these regulations through Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) chapter III, Commercial Space Transportation. In 2010, Congress consolidated commercial space laws into a single, unified title of the United States Code. See Enactment of Title 51—National VerDate Mar<15>2010 15:36 Apr 04, 2012 Jkt 226001 PO 00000 Frm 00029 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 20531 and Commercial Space Programs, Public Law 111–314, 124 Stat. 3328 (2010). Congress’ purpose was ‘‘to codify certain existing laws related to national and commercial space programs as a positive law title of the United States Code.’’ Id. During this process, 49 U.S.C. chapter 701 was transferred and redesignated as 51 U.S.C. chapter 509. The recodification makes no substantive changes. The congressional transfer of authority made a number of citations in the Code of Federal Regulations obsolete. See 14 CFR chapter III (2011); 49 CFR 1.47 (2010). This amendment corrects the affected citations to accurately reference the new citations. This amendment does not make substantive changes to the affected regulations. List of Subjects 14 CFR Part 400 Space transportation and exploration. 14 CFR Part 401 Organization and functions (Government agencies), Space safety, Space transportation and exploration. 14 CFR Part 404 Administrative practice and procedure, Space safety, Space transportation and exploration. 14 CFR Part 405 Investigations, Penalties, Space safety, Space transportation and exploration. 14 CFR Part 406 Administrative practice and procedure, Space safety, Space transportation and exploration. 14 CFR Part 413 Confidential business information, Human space flight, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Space safety, Space transportation and exploration. 14 CFR Part 414 Airspace, Aviation safety, Space transportation and exploration. 14 CFR Part 415 Aviation safety, Environmental protection, Rockets, Space safety, Space transportation and exploration. 14 CFR Part 417 Aviation safety, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Rockets, Space safety, Space transportation and exploration. E:\FR\FM\05APR1.SGM 05APR1 20532 Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 66 / Thursday, April 5, 2012 / Rules and Regulations 14 CFR Part 420 § 400.2 Airspace, Human space flight, Space safety, Space transportation and exploration. The regulations in this part set forth the procedures and requirements applicable to the authorization and supervision under 51 U.S.C. Subtitle V, chapter 509, of commercial space transportation activities conducted in the United States or by a U.S. citizen. The regulations in this chapter do not apply to amateur rockets activities, as defined in 14 CFR 1.1, or to space activities carried out by the United States Government on behalf of the United States Government. 14 CFR Part 431 Aviation safety, Environmental protection, Human space flight, Reporting and recordkeeping, Rockets, Space safety, Space transportation and exploration. 14 CFR Part 433 Aviation safety, Environmental protection, Investigations, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Space transportation and exploration. 14 CFR Part 435 14 CFR Part 440 Armed forces, Claims, Federal building and facilities, Government property, Indemnity payments, Insurance, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Rockets, Space transportation and exploration. 14 CFR Part 460 Human space flight, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Rockets, Space safety, Space transportation and exploration. 49 CFR Part 1 Authority delegations (Government agencies), Organizations and functions (Government agencies). The Amendments In consideration of the foregoing, the Federal Aviation Administration amends chapter III of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations, and subtitle A of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, as follows: Title 14—Aeronautics and Space rmajette on DSK2TPTVN1PROD with RULES CHAPTER III—COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PART 400—BASIS AND SCOPE 1. The authority citation for part 400 is revised to read as follows: ■ Authority: 51 U.S.C. 50901–50923. 2. Revise § 400.2 to read as follows: 15:36 Apr 04, 2012 3. The authority citation for part 401 is revised to read as follows: Authority: 51 U.S.C. 50101–50923. 4. Revise the definitions of ‘‘act’’ and ‘‘operator’’ in § 401.5 to read as follows: ■ Jkt 226001 Definitions. * Aviation safety, Airspace, Human space flight, Rockets, Space safety, Space transportation and exploration. VerDate Mar<15>2010 PART 401—ORGANIZATION AND DEFINITIONS § 401.5 14 CFR Part 437 * * * * Act means 51 U.S.C Subtitle V, Programs Targeting Commercial Opportunities, chapter 509— Commercial Space Launch Activities, 51 U.S.C. 50901–50923. * * * * * Operator means a holder of a license or permit under 51 U.S.C. Subtitle V, chapter 509. * * * * * PART 404—REGULATIONS AND LICENSING REQUIREMENTS 5. The authority citation for part 404 is revised to read as follows: ■ Authority: 51 U.S.C. 50901–50923. 6. Revise § 404.1 to read as follows: ■ § 404.1 Scope. This part establishes procedures for issuing regulations to implement 51 U.S.C. Subtitle V, chapter 509, and for eliminating or waiving requirements for licensing or permitting of commercial space transportation activities under that statute. PART 405—INVESTIGATIONS AND ENFORCEMENT 7. The authority citation for part 405 is revised to read as follows: ■ Authority: 51 U.S.C. 50901–50923. PART 406—INVESTIGATIONS, ENFORCEMENT, AND ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW 8. The authority citation for part 406 is revised to read as follows: ■ Authority: 51 U.S.C. 50901–50923. PO 00000 Frm 00030 Fmt 4700 9. Revise § 406.1(a) introductory text to read as follows: ■ ■ Aviation safety, Environmental protection, Investigations, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Space safety, Space transportation and exploration. ■ Scope. Sfmt 4700 § 406.1 Hearings in license, permit, and payload actions. (a) Pursuant to 51 U.S.C. 50912, the following are entitled to a determination on the record after an opportunity for a hearing in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 554. * * * * * ■ 10. Revise § 406.9(a) to read as follows: § 406.9 Civil penalties. (a) Civil penalty liability. Under 51 U.S.C. 50917(c), a person found by the FAA to have violated a requirement of the Act, a regulation issued under the Act, or any term or condition of a license or permit issued or transferred under the Act, is liable to the United States for a civil penalty of not more than $110,000 for each violation, as adjusted for inflation. A separate violation occurs for each day the violation continues. * * * * * ■ 11. Revise § 406.117(b), (c)(2), and (c)(3) to read as follows: § 406.117 Confidential information. * * * * * (b) Marked information not made public. If a party files a document in a sealed envelope clearly marked ‘‘CONFIDENTIAL’’ the document may not be made available to the public unless and until the administrative law judge or the FAA decisionmaker decides it may be made available to the public in accordance with 51 U.S.C. 50916. (c) * * * (2) If the party claims that the information is protected under 51 U.S.C. 50916, and if both the complainant and the respondent agree that the information is protected under that section, the administrative law judge must grant the motion. If one party does not agree that the information is protected under 51 U.S.C. 50916 the administrative law judge must decide. Either party may file an interlocutory appeal of right under § 406.173(c). (3) If the party claims that the information should be protected on grounds other than those provided by 51 U.S.C. 50916 the administrative law judge must grant the motion if, based on the motion and any response to the motion, the administrative law judge determines that disclosure would be detrimental to safety, disclosure would not be in the public interest, or that the information is not otherwise required to be made available to the public. * * * * * E:\FR\FM\05APR1.SGM 05APR1 Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 66 / Thursday, April 5, 2012 / Rules and Regulations 12. Revise § 406.159(c) to read as follows: ■ § 406.159 Subpoenas. * * * * * (c) Enforcement of subpoena. Upon a showing that a person has failed or refused to comply with a subpoena, the Secretary may apply to the appropriate district court of the United States to seek enforcement of the subpoena in accordance with 51 U.S.C. 50917(c). A party may request the Secretary to seek such enforcement. ■ 13. Revise § 406.173(c)(3) to read as follows: § 406.173 Interlocutory appeals. * subject to the licensee’s compliance with 51 U.S.C. Subtitle V, chapter 509 and this chapter. * * * * * ■ 20. Revise § 420.51(b) to read as follows: § 420.51 Responsibilities—general. * * * * (b) A licensee is responsible for compliance with 51 U.S.C. Subtitle V, chapter 509 and for meeting the requirements of this chapter. * * * * (c) * * * (3) Failure of the administrative law judge to grant a motion for a confidentiality order based on 51 U.S.C. 50916, under § 406.117(c)(2). * * * * * ■ PART 413—LICENSE APPLICATION PROCEDURES The FAA may amend an RLV mission license at any time by modifying or adding license terms and conditions to ensure compliance with 51 U.S.C. Subtitle V, chapter 509, and applicable regulations. 14. The authority citation for part 413 is revised to read as follows: ■ Authority: 51 U.S.C. 50901–50923. 21. The authority citation for part 431 is revised to read as follows: Authority: 51 U.S.C. 50901–50923. 22. Revise § 431.11 to read as follows: ■ § 431.11 Additional license terms and conditions. PART 414—SAFETY APPROVALS PART 433—LICENSE TO OPERATE A REENTRY SITE 15. The authority citation for part 414 is revised to read as follows: ■ ■ Authority: 51 U.S.C. 50901–50923. 16. The authority citation for part 415 is revised to read as follows: ■ Authority: 51 U.S.C. 50901–50923. 24. The authority citation for part 435 is revised to read as follows: 17. The authority citation for part 417 is revised to read as follows: ■ PART 420—LICENSE TO OPERATE A LAUNCH SITE 18. The authority citation for part 420 is revised to read as follows: ■ Authority: 51 U.S.C. 50901–50923. The FAA may amend a reentry license at any time by modifying or adding license terms and conditions to ensure compliance with 51 U.S.C. Subtitle V, chapter 509, and applicable regulations. 26. The authority citation for part 437 is revised to read as follows: ■ § 420.41 License to operate a launch site— general. rmajette on DSK2TPTVN1PROD with RULES 25. Revise § 435.11 to read as follows: PART 437—EXPERIMENTAL PERMITS 19. Revise § 420.41(a) to read as follows: ■ (a) A license to operate a launch site authorizes a licensee to operate a launch site in accordance with the representations contained in the licensee’s application, with terms and conditions contained in any license order accompanying the license, and Jkt 226001 Authority: 51 U.S.C. 50901–50923. ■ § 435.11 Additional license terms and conditions. Authority: 51 U.S.C. 50901–50923. 15:36 Apr 04, 2012 PART 435—REENTRY OF A REENTRY VEHICLE OTHER THAN A REUSABLE LAUNCH VEHICLE ■ PART 417—LAUNCH SAFETY VerDate Mar<15>2010 23. The authority citation for part 433 is revised to read as follows: Authority: 51 U.S.C. 50901–50923. PART 415—LAUNCH LICENSE conditions to ensure compliance with 51 U.S.C. Subtitle V, chapter 509. PART 440—FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY 28. The authority citation for part 440 is revised to read as follows: ■ * PART 431—LAUNCH AND REENTRY OF A RESUSABLE LAUNCH VEHICLE (RLV) Authority: 51 U.S.C. 50901–50923. ■ 27. Revise § 437.13 to read as follows: § 437.13 Additional experimental permit terms and conditions. The FAA may modify an experimental permit at any time by modifying or adding permit terms and PO 00000 Frm 00031 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 20533 Authority: 51 U.S.C. 50901–50923. 29. Revise the introductory text and definition of ‘‘financial responsibility’’ in § 440.3 to read as follows: ■ § 440.3 Definitions. Except as otherwise provided in this section, any term used in this part and defined in 51 U.S.C. 50901–50923, or in § 401.5 of this chapter shall have the meaning contained therein. For purposes of this part— * * * * * Financial responsibility means capable of satisfying a liability obligation as required by 51 U.S.C Subtitle V, chapter 509. * * * * * ■ 30. Revise § 440.5(c)(2) to read as follows: § 440.5 General. * * * * * (c) * * * (2) Any covered claim of a third party for bodily injury or property damage arising out of any particular licensed activity exceeds the amount of financial responsibility required under § 440.9(c) of this part and does not exceed $1,500,000,000 (as adjusted for inflation occurring after January 1, 1989) above such amount, and are payable pursuant to 51 U.S.C. 50915 and § 440.19 of this part. A claim of an employee of any entity listed in paragraphs (1)(ii) through (1)(iii) in the Third party definition in § 440.3 of this part for bodily injury or property damage is not a covered claim; * * * * * ■ 31. Revise § 440.15(b) and (c)(1)(iii) to read as follows: § 440.15 Demonstration of compliance. * * * * * (b) Upon a complete demonstration of compliance with financial responsibility and allocation of risk requirements under this part, the requirements of this part shall preempt each and any provision in any agreement between the licensee or permittee and an agency of the United States governing access to or use of United States launch or reentry property or launch or reentry services for a licensed or permitted activity which addresses financial responsibility, allocation of risk and E:\FR\FM\05APR1.SGM 05APR1 20534 Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 66 / Thursday, April 5, 2012 / Rules and Regulations related matters covered by 51 U.S.C. 50914, 50915. * * * * * (c) * * * (1) * * * (iii) In the event of any policy exclusions or limitations of coverage that may be considered usual under § 440.19(c), or for purposes of implementing the Government’s waiver of claims for property damage under 51 U.S.C. 50914(b), certifying that insurance covering the excluded risks is not commercially available at reasonable cost; and * * * * * ■ 32. Revise § 440.19(a), (d), (e) introductory text, and (f)(1) to read as follows: rmajette on DSK2TPTVN1PROD with RULES § 440.19 United States payment of excess third-party liability claims. (a) The United States pays successful covered claims (including reasonable expenses of litigation or settlement) of a third party against a licensee, a customer, and the contractors and subcontractors of the licensee and the customer, and the employees of each involved in licensed activities, and the contractors and subcontractors of the United States and its agencies, and their employees, involved in licensed activities to the extent provided in an appropriation law or other legislative authority providing for payment of claims in accordance with 51 U.S.C. 50915, and to the extent the total amount of such covered claims arising out of any particular launch or reentry: * * * * * (d) Upon the expiration of the policy period prescribed in accordance with § 440.11(a), the United States shall provide for payment of claims that are payable under 51 U.S.C. 50915 from the first dollar of loss up to $1,500,000,000 (as adjusted for inflation occurring after January 1, 1989). (e) Payment by the United States of excess third-party claims under 51 U.S.C. 50915 shall be subject to: * * * * * (f) * * * (1) Prepare a compensation plan outlining the total amount of claims and meeting the requirements set forth in 51 U.S.C. 50915; * * * * * ■ 33. Revise Appendix D to part 440 to read as follows: Appendix D to Part 440—Agreement for Waiver of Claims and Assumption of Responsibility for a Crew Member THIS AGREEMENT is entered into this ll day of llll, by and among [name of Crew Member] (the ‘‘Crew Member’’) and VerDate Mar<15>2010 15:36 Apr 04, 2012 Jkt 226001 the Federal Aviation Administration of the Department of Transportation, on behalf of the United States Government (collectively, the ‘‘Parties’’), to implement the provisions of section 440.17(f) of the Commercial Space Transportation Licensing Regulations, 14 CFR chapter III (the ‘‘Regulations’’). This agreement applies to the Crew Member’s participation in activities that the FAA has authorized by license or permit during the Crew Member’s employment with [Name of licensee or permittee]. In consideration of the mutual releases and promises contained herein, the Parties hereby agree as follows: 1. Definitions Crew Member means: (a) The above-named Crew Member, (b) All the heirs, administrators, executors, assignees, next of kin, and estate of the above-named Crew Member, and (c) Anyone who attempts to bring a claim on behalf of the Crew Member or for damage or harm arising out of the Bodily Injury, including Death, of the Crew Member. License/Permit means License/Permit No. llll issued on llll, by the Associate Administrator for Commercial Space Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, Department of Transportation, to the Licensee/Permittee, including all license/permit orders issued in connection with the License/Permit. Licensee/Permittee means the Licensee/ Permittee and any transferee of the Licensee under 51 U.S.C. Subtitle V, chapter 509. United States means the United States and its agencies involved in Licensed/Permitted Activities. Except as otherwise defined herein, terms used in this Agreement and defined in 51 U.S.C. Subtitle V, chapter 509—Commercial Space Launch Activities, or in the Regulations, shall have the same meaning as contained in 51 U.S.C. Subtitle V, chapter 509, or the Regulations, respectively. 2. Waiver and Release of Claims (a) Crew Member hereby waives and releases claims it may have against the United States, and against its respective Contractors and Subcontractors, for Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property Damage sustained by Crew Member, resulting from Licensed/Permitted Activities, regardless of fault. (b) The United States hereby waives and releases claims it may have against the Crew Member for Property Damage it sustains, and for Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property Damage sustained by its own employees, resulting from Licensed/ Permitted Activities, regardless of fault. 3. Assumption of Responsibility (a) The Crew Member shall be responsible for Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property Damage sustained by Crew Member, resulting from Licensed/Permitted Activities, regardless of fault. The Crew Member shall hold harmless the United States, and the Contractors and Subcontractors of each Party, for Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property Damage sustained by Crew Member, resulting from Licensed/Permitted Activities, regardless of fault. PO 00000 Frm 00032 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 (b) The United States shall be responsible for Property Damage it sustains, and for Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property Damage sustained by its own employees, resulting from Licensed Activities, regardless of fault, to the extent that claims it would otherwise have for such damage or injury exceed the amount of insurance or demonstration of financial responsibility required under sections 440.9(c) and (e), respectively, of the Regulations. (c) The United States shall be responsible for Property Damage it sustains, resulting from Permitted Activities, regardless of fault, to the extent that claims it would otherwise have for such damage exceed the amount of insurance or demonstration of financial responsibility required under section 440.9(e) of the Regulations. 4. Extension of Assumption of Responsibility and Waiver and Release of Claims (a) The United States shall extend the requirements of the waiver and release of claims, and the assumption of responsibility as set forth in paragraphs 2(b) and 3(b), respectively, to its Contractors and Subcontractors by requiring them to waive and release all claims they may have against Crew Member and to agree to be responsible, for any Property Damage the Contractors and Subcontractors sustain and for any Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property Damage sustained by their own employees, resulting from Licensed Activities, regardless of fault. (b) The United States shall extend the requirements of the waiver and release of claims, and the assumption of responsibility as set forth in paragraphs 2(b) and 3(c), respectively, to its Contractors and Subcontractors by requiring them to waive and release all claims the Contractors and Subcontractors may have against Crew Member and to agree to be responsible, for any Property Damage they sustain, resulting from Permitted Activities, regardless of fault. 5. Indemnification Crew Member shall hold harmless and indemnify the United States and its agencies, servants, agents, subsidiaries, employees and assignees, or any of them, from and against liability, loss, or damage arising out of claims brought by anyone for Property Damage or Bodily Injury, including Death, sustained by Crew Member, resulting from Licensed/ Permitted Activities. 6. Assurances Under 51 U.S.C. 50914(e) Notwithstanding any provision of this Agreement to the contrary, Crew Member shall hold harmless the United States and its agencies, servants, agents, employees and assignees, or any of them, from and against liability, loss or damage arising out of claims for Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property Damage, sustained by Crew Member, resulting from Licensed/Permitted Activities, regardless of fault, except to the extent that, as provided in section 6(b) of this Agreement, claims result from willful misconduct of the United States or its agents. 7. Miscellaneous (a) Nothing contained herein shall be construed as a waiver or release by the United States of any claim by an employee of the United States, respectively, including E:\FR\FM\05APR1.SGM 05APR1 Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 66 / Thursday, April 5, 2012 / Rules and Regulations a member of the Armed Forces of the United States, for Bodily Injury or Property Damage, resulting from Licensed/Permitted Activities. (b) Notwithstanding any provision of this Agreement to the contrary, any waiver, release, assumption of responsibility or agreement to hold harmless herein shall not apply to claims for Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property Damage resulting from willful misconduct of any of the Parties, the Contractors and Subcontractors of any of the Parties, and in the case of the United States, its agents. (c) This Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with United States Federal law. In witness whereof, the Parties to this Agreement have caused the Agreement to be duly executed by their respective duly authorized representatives as of the date written above. I [name of Crew Member] have read and understand this agreement and agree that I am bound by it. Crew Member Signature: llllllllllllllll Printed Name: llllllllllllll Federal Aviation Administration of the Department of Transportation on Behalf of the United States Government By: lllllllllllllllllll Its: lllllllllllllllllll Associate Administrator for Commercial Space Transportation 34. Revise Appendix E to part 440 to read as follows: ■ rmajette on DSK2TPTVN1PROD with RULES Appendix E to Part 440—Agreement for Waiver of Claims and Assumption of Responsibility for a Space Flight Participant This agreement is entered into this ll day of llll, by and among [name of Space Flight Participant] (the ‘‘Space Flight Participant’’) and the Federal Aviation Administration of the Department of Transportation, on behalf of the United States Government (collectively, the ‘‘Parties’’), to implement the provisions of section 440.17(e) of the Commercial Space Transportation Licensing Regulations, 14 CFR chapter III (the ‘‘Regulations’’). This agreement applies to Space Flight Participant’s travel on [name of launch or reentry vehicle] of [name of Licensee or Permittee]. In consideration of the mutual releases and promises contained herein, the Parties hereby agree as follows: 1. Definitions Space Flight Participant means (a) The above-named Space Flight Participant, (b) All the heirs, administrators, executors, assignees, next of kin, and estate of the above-named Space Flight Participant, and (c) Anyone who attempts to bring a claim on behalf of the Space Flight Participant or for damage or harm arising out of the Bodily Injury, including Death, of the Space Flight Participant. License/Permit means License/Permit No. llll issued on llll, by the Associate Administrator for Commercial Space VerDate Mar<15>2010 15:36 Apr 04, 2012 Jkt 226001 Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, Department of Transportation, to the Licensee/Permittee, including all license/permit orders issued in connection with the License/Permit. Licensee/Permittee means the Licensee/ Permittee and any transferee of the Licensee under 51 U.S.C. Subtitle V, chapter 509. United States means the United States and its agencies involved in Licensed/Permitted Activities. Except as otherwise defined herein, terms used in this Agreement and defined in 51 U.S.C. Subtitle V, chapter 509—Commercial Space Launch Activities, or in the Regulations, shall have the same meaning as contained in 51 U.S.C. Subtitle V, chapter 509, or the Regulations, respectively. 2. Waiver and Release of Claims (a) Space Flight Participant hereby waives and releases claims it may have against the United States, and against its respective Contractors and Subcontractors, for Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property Damage sustained by Space Flight Participant, resulting from Licensed/Permitted Activities, regardless of fault. (b) The United States hereby waives and releases claims it may have against Space Flight Participant for Property Damage it sustains, and for Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property Damage sustained by its own employees, resulting from Licensed/ Permitted Activities, regardless of fault. 3. Assumption of Responsibility (a) Space Flight Participant shall be responsible for Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property Damage sustained by the Space Flight Participant resulting from Licensed/Permitted Activities, regardless of fault. Space Flight Participant shall hold harmless the United States, and its Contractors and Subcontractors, for Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property Damage sustained by Space Flight Participant from Licensed/Permitted Activities, regardless of fault. (b) The United States shall be responsible for Property Damage it sustains, and for Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property Damage sustained by its own employees, resulting from Licensed Activities, regardless of fault, to the extent that claims it would otherwise have for such damage or injury exceed the amount of insurance or demonstration of financial responsibility required under sections 440.9(c) and (e), respectively, of the Regulations. (c) The United States shall be responsible for Property Damage it sustains, resulting from Permitted Activities, regardless of fault, to the extent that claims it would otherwise have for such damage exceed the amount of insurance or demonstration of financial responsibility required under section 440.9(e) of the Regulations. 4. Extension of Assumption of Responsibility and Waiver and Release of Claims (a) The United States shall extend the requirements of the waiver and release of claims, and the assumption of responsibility as set forth in paragraphs 2(b) and 3(b), respectively, to its Contractors and Subcontractors by requiring them to waive PO 00000 Frm 00033 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 20535 and release all claims they may have against Space Flight Participant, and to agree to be responsible, for any Property Damage they sustain and for any Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property Damage sustained by their own employees, resulting from Licensed Activities, regardless of fault. (b) The United States shall extend the requirements of the waiver and release of claims, and the assumption of responsibility as set forth in paragraphs 2(b) and 3(c), respectively, to its Contractors and Subcontractors by requiring them to waive and release all claims they may have against Space Flight Participant, and to agree to be responsible, for any Property Damage the Contractors and Subcontractors sustain, resulting from Permitted Activities, regardless of fault. 5. Indemnification Space Flight Participant shall hold harmless and indemnify the United States and its agencies, servants, agents, subsidiaries, employees and assignees, or any of them, from and against liability, loss or damage arising out of claims brought by anyone for Property Damage or Bodily Injury, including Death, sustained by Space Flight Participant, resulting from Licensed/ Permitted Activities. 6. Assurances Under 51 U.S.C. 50914(e) Notwithstanding any provision of this Agreement to the contrary, Space Flight Participant shall hold harmless the United States and its agencies, servants, agents, employees and assignees, or any of them, from and against liability, loss or damage arising out of claims for Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property Damage, sustained by Space Flight Participant, resulting from Licensed/Permitted Activities, regardless of fault, except to the extent that, as provided in section 6(b) of this Agreement, claims result from willful misconduct of the United States or its agents. 7. Miscellaneous (a) Nothing contained herein shall be construed as a waiver or release by the United States of any claim by an employee of the United States, respectively, including a member of the Armed Forces of the United States, for Bodily Injury or Property Damage, resulting from Licensed/Permitted Activities. (b) Notwithstanding any provision of this Agreement to the contrary, any waiver, release, assumption of responsibility or agreement to hold harmless herein shall not apply to claims for Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property Damage resulting from willful misconduct of any of the Parties, the Contractors, Subcontractors, and agents of the United States, and Space Flight Participant. (c) This Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with United States Federal law. In witness whereof, the Parties to this Agreement have caused the Agreement to be duly executed by their respective duly authorized representatives as of the date written above. I [name of Space Flight Participant] have read and understand this agreement and agree that I am bound by it. E:\FR\FM\05APR1.SGM 05APR1 20536 Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 66 / Thursday, April 5, 2012 / Rules and Regulations Space Flight Participant Signature: llllllllllllllll Printed Name: llllllllllllll Federal Aviation Administration of the Department of Transportation on Behalf of the United States Government By: lllllllllllllllllll Its: lllllllllllllllllll Associate Administrator for Commercial Space Transportation PART 460—HUMAN SPACE FLIGHT REQUIREMENTS 35. The authority citation for part 460 is revised to read as follows: ■ Authority: 51 U.S.C. 50901–50923. Title 49—Transportation Subtitle A—Office of the Secretary of Transportation PART 1—ORGANIZATION AND DELEGATION OF POWERS AND DUTIES 36. The authority citation for part 1 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 322; 46 U.S.C. 2104(a); 28 U.S.C. 2672; 31 U.S.C. 3711(a)(2); Pub. L. 101–552, 104 Stat. 2736; Pub. L. 106– 159, 113 Stat. 1748; Pub. L. 107–71, 115 Stat. 597; Pub. L. 107–295, 116 Stat. 2064; Pub. L. 108–136, 117 Stat. 1392; Pub. L. 101–115, 103 Stat. 691; Pub. L. 108–293, 118 Stat. 1028; Pub. L. 109–364, 120 Stat. 2083; Pub. L. 110–140, 121 Stat. 1492; Pub. L. 110–432, 122 Stat. 4848. ■ 37. Revise § 1.47(v) to read as follows: § 1.47 Delegations to Federal Aviation Administrator. * * * * * (v) Carry out the functions vested in the Secretary by 51 U.S.C. Subtitle V. * * * * * Issued in Washington, DC, on March 25, 2012. Pamela Hamilton-Powell, Director, Office of Rulemaking. [FR Doc. 2012–8196 Filed 4–4–12; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P [Release Nos. 33–9308; 34–66703; 39–2484; File No. S7–22–11] rmajette on DSK2TPTVN1PROD with RULES RIN 3235–AL16 Exemptions for Security-Based Swaps Issued by Certain Clearing Agencies VerDate Mar<15>2010 15:36 Apr 04, 2012 Jkt 226001 U.S.C. 77a et seq. U.S.C. 78a et seq. 3 15 U.S.C. 77aaa et seq. 4 The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, Public Law 111–203, 124 Stat. 1376 (2010). 5 Section 712(d) of the Dodd-Frank Act provides that the Commission and the CFTC, in consultation with the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, shall jointly further define the terms ‘‘swap,’’ ‘‘security-based swap,’’ ‘‘swap dealer,’’ ‘‘security-based swap dealer,’’ ‘‘major swap participant,’’ ‘‘major security-based swap participant,’’ ‘‘eligible contract participant,’’ and ‘‘security-based swap agreement.’’ These terms are defined in Sections 721 and 761 of the Dodd-Frank Act and, with respect to the term ‘‘eligible contract participant,’’ in Section 1a(18) of the Commodity 2 15 17 CFR Parts 230, 240 and 260 Securities and Exchange Commission. ACTION: Final rule. I. Background and Summary On July 21, 2010, the President signed the Dodd-Frank Act into law.4 Title VII of the Dodd-Frank Act (‘‘Title VII’’) provides the Securities and Exchange Commission (‘‘SEC’’ or the ‘‘Commission’’) and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (‘‘CFTC’’) with the authority to regulate over-thecounter (‘‘OTC’’) derivatives in light of the recent financial crisis. Title VII provides that the CFTC will regulate ‘‘swaps,’’ the SEC will regulate ‘‘security-based swaps,’’ and the CFTC and SEC will jointly regulate ‘‘mixed swaps.’’ 5 Title VII amends the Exchange 1 15 SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION AGENCY: We are adopting exemptions under the Securities Act of 1933, the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and the Trust Indenture Act of 1939 for security-based swaps issued by certain clearing agencies satisfying certain conditions. The final rules exempt transactions by clearing agencies in these security-based swaps from all provisions of the Securities Act, other than the Section 17(a) anti-fraud provisions, as well as exempt these security-based swaps from Exchange Act registration requirements and from the provisions of the Trust Indenture Act, provided certain conditions are met. DATES: Effective Date: The final rules are effective April 16, 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Andrew Schoeffler, Special Counsel, Office of Capital Markets Trends, Division of Corporation Finance, at (202) 551–3860, U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street, NE., Washington, DC 20549–3628. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: We are adopting Rule 239 under the Securities Act of 1933 (‘‘Securities Act’’).1 We are also adopting Rule 12a–10 and an amendment to Rule 12h–1 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (‘‘Exchange Act’’) 2 and Rule 4d–11 under the Trust Indenture Act of 1939 (‘‘Trust Indenture Act’’).3 SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00034 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Act to require, among other things, the following: (1) Transactions in securitybased swaps must be submitted for clearing to a clearing agency if such security-based swap is one that the Commission has determined is required to be cleared, unless an exception from mandatory clearing applies; 6 (2) transactions in security-based swaps must be reported to a registered security-based swap data repository (‘‘SDR’’) or the Commission; 7 and (3) if a security-based swap is subject to mandatory clearing, transactions in security-based swaps must be executed on an exchange or a registered or exempt security-based swap execution facility (‘‘security-based SEF’’), unless no exchange or security-based SEF makes such security-based swap available for trading or the securitybased swap transaction is subject to the clearing exception in Exchange Act Section 3C(g).8 Title VII seeks to ensure that, wherever possible and appropriate, security-based swaps are cleared.9 Exchange Act (‘‘CEA’’) [7 U.S.C. 1a(18)], as redesignated and amended by Section 721 of the Dodd-Frank Act. In April 2011, the SEC and the CFTC jointly proposed rules and interpretations to further define the terms ‘‘swap,’’ ‘‘security-based swap,’’ and ‘‘security-based swap agreement.’’ See Further Definition of ‘‘Swap,’’ ‘‘Security-Based Swap,’’ and ‘‘Security-Based Swap Agreement’’; Mixed Swaps; Security-Based Swap Agreement Recordkeeping, Release No. 33–9204 (Apr. 29, 2011), 76 FR 29818 (May 23, 2011), corrected in Release No. 33–9204A (June 1, 2011), 76 FR 32880 (June 7, 2011). In December 2010, the SEC and the CFTC jointly proposed rules and interpretations to further define the terms ‘‘Swap Dealer,’’ ‘‘SecurityBased Swap Dealer,’’ ‘‘Major Swap Participant,’’ ‘‘Major Security-Based Swap Participant’’ and ‘‘Eligible Contract Participant.’’ See Further Definition of ‘‘Swap Dealer,’’ ‘‘Security-Based Swap Dealer,’’ ‘‘Major Swap Participant,’’ ‘‘Major Security-Based Swap Participant’’ and ‘‘Eligible Contract Participant’’, Release No. 34–63452 (Dec. 7, 2010), 75 FR 80174 (Dec. 21, 2010) (‘‘Intermediaries Definitions Release’’). 6 See Public Law 111–203, § 763(a) (adding Exchange Act Section 3C [15 U.S.C. 78c–3]). 7 See Public Law 111–203, §§ 763(i) and 766(a) (adding Exchange Act Sections 13(m)(1)(G) and 13A(a)(1) [15 U.S.C. 78m(m)(1)(G) and 78m–1(a)(1)], respectively). 8 See Public Law 111–203, § 763(a) (adding Exchange Act Section 3C [15 U.S.C. 78c–3]). See also Public Law 111–203, § 761 (adding Exchange Act Section 3(a)(77) [15 U.S.C. 78c(a)(77)] (defining the term ‘‘security-based swap execution facility’’)), and Registration and Regulation of Security-Based Swap Execution Facilities, Release No. 34–63825 (Feb. 2, 2011) 76 FR 10948 (Feb. 28, 2011) (‘‘Security-Based SEF Proposing Release’’). See footnote 12 below for a discussion of the clearing exception in Exchange Act Section 3C(g) [15 U.S.C. 78c–3(g)]. 9 See, e.g., Report of the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs regarding The Restoring American Financial Stability Act of 2010, S. Rep. No. 111–176 at 34 (stating that ‘‘[s]ome parts of the OTC market may not be suitable for clearing and exchange trading due to individual business needs of certain users. Those users should retain the ability to engage in customized, uncleared E:\FR\FM\05APR1.SGM 05APR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 77, Number 66 (Thursday, April 5, 2012)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 20531-20536]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2012-8196]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Parts 400, 401, 404, 405, 406, 413, 414, 415, 417, 420, 431, 
433, 435, 437, 440, 460

49 CFR Part 1

[Docket No. FAA-2012-0232; Amendment Nos. 400-3, 401-7, 404-5, 405-5, 
406-7, 413-10, 414-2, 415-5, 417-3, 420-5, 431-3, 433-2, 435-2, 437-1, 
440-3, 460-1; 1-114; related to Docket Nos. 28851, 43810, FAA-1999-
5535, FAA-1999-5833, FAA-1999-5835, FAA-2000-7953, FAA-2001-8607, FAA-
2005-21332, FAA-2005-23449, FAA-2006-24197, FAA-2007-27390; OST Docket 
No. 1]
[RINs 2120-AF99, 2120-AG71, 2120-AG15, 2120-AG72, 2120-AG37, 2120-AH18, 
2120-AI50, 2120-AI57, 2120-AI56, 2120-AI88]


Correction of Authority Citations for Commercial Space 
Transportation

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Technical amendment.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: In 2010, Congress transferred the statute authorizing the 
FAA's commercial space transportation regulations. This action is 
necessary to correct affected citations in the Code of Federal 
Regulations to reflect this transfer of authority. The intended effect 
of this action is to make the affected regulations comply with the 
statute.

DATES: These amendments become effective April 5, 2012.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Laura Montgomery, Senior Attorney for 
Commercial Space Transportation, Office of the Chief Counsel, 
Regulations Division, AGC-200, Federal Aviation Administration, 800 
Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20591; telephone (202) 267-
3150; facsimile (202) 267-7971; email laura.montgomery@faa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Background

    Since 1994, the FAA has operated in the area of commercial space 
launch activities under the authority delegated by Congress in 49 
U.S.C. chapter 701. See Revision of Title 49, United States Code 
Annotated, ``Transportation,'' Public Law 103-272, 108 Stat. 745, 1130 
(1994). The FAA implements these regulations through Title 14, Code of 
Federal Regulations (14 CFR) chapter III, Commercial Space 
Transportation.
    In 2010, Congress consolidated commercial space laws into a single, 
unified title of the United States Code. See Enactment of Title 51--
National and Commercial Space Programs, Public Law 111-314, 124 Stat. 
3328 (2010). Congress' purpose was ``to codify certain existing laws 
related to national and commercial space programs as a positive law 
title of the United States Code.'' Id. During this process, 49 U.S.C. 
chapter 701 was transferred and redesignated as 51 U.S.C. chapter 509. 
The recodification makes no substantive changes.
    The congressional transfer of authority made a number of citations 
in the Code of Federal Regulations obsolete. See 14 CFR chapter III 
(2011); 49 CFR 1.47 (2010). This amendment corrects the affected 
citations to accurately reference the new citations. This amendment 
does not make substantive changes to the affected regulations.

List of Subjects

14 CFR Part 400

    Space transportation and exploration.

14 CFR Part 401

    Organization and functions (Government agencies), Space safety, 
Space transportation and exploration.

14 CFR Part 404

    Administrative practice and procedure, Space safety, Space 
transportation and exploration.

14 CFR Part 405

    Investigations, Penalties, Space safety, Space transportation and 
exploration.

14 CFR Part 406

    Administrative practice and procedure, Space safety, Space 
transportation and exploration.

14 CFR Part 413

    Confidential business information, Human space flight, Reporting 
and recordkeeping requirements, Space safety, Space transportation and 
exploration.

14 CFR Part 414

    Airspace, Aviation safety, Space transportation and exploration.

14 CFR Part 415

    Aviation safety, Environmental protection, Rockets, Space safety, 
Space transportation and exploration.

14 CFR Part 417

    Aviation safety, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Rockets, 
Space safety, Space transportation and exploration.

[[Page 20532]]

14 CFR Part 420

    Airspace, Human space flight, Space safety, Space transportation 
and exploration.

14 CFR Part 431

    Aviation safety, Environmental protection, Human space flight, 
Reporting and recordkeeping, Rockets, Space safety, Space 
transportation and exploration.

14 CFR Part 433

    Aviation safety, Environmental protection, Investigations, 
Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Space transportation and 
exploration.

14 CFR Part 435

    Aviation safety, Environmental protection, Investigations, 
Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Space safety, Space 
transportation and exploration.

14 CFR Part 437

    Aviation safety, Airspace, Human space flight, Rockets, Space 
safety, Space transportation and exploration.

14 CFR Part 440

    Armed forces, Claims, Federal building and facilities, Government 
property, Indemnity payments, Insurance, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements, Rockets, Space transportation and exploration.

14 CFR Part 460

    Human space flight, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, 
Rockets, Space safety, Space transportation and exploration.

49 CFR Part 1

    Authority delegations (Government agencies), Organizations and 
functions (Government agencies).

The Amendments

    In consideration of the foregoing, the Federal Aviation 
Administration amends chapter III of title 14, Code of Federal 
Regulations, and subtitle A of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, 
as follows:

Title 14--Aeronautics and Space

CHAPTER III--COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION 
ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

PART 400--BASIS AND SCOPE

0
1. The authority citation for part 400 is revised to read as follows:

    Authority:  51 U.S.C. 50901-50923.


0
2. Revise Sec.  400.2 to read as follows:


Sec.  400.2  Scope.

    The regulations in this part set forth the procedures and 
requirements applicable to the authorization and supervision under 51 
U.S.C. Subtitle V, chapter 509, of commercial space transportation 
activities conducted in the United States or by a U.S. citizen. The 
regulations in this chapter do not apply to amateur rockets activities, 
as defined in 14 CFR 1.1, or to space activities carried out by the 
United States Government on behalf of the United States Government.

PART 401--ORGANIZATION AND DEFINITIONS

0
3. The authority citation for part 401 is revised to read as follows:

    Authority:  51 U.S.C. 50101-50923.


0
4. Revise the definitions of ``act'' and ``operator'' in Sec.  401.5 to 
read as follows:


Sec.  401.5  Definitions.

* * * * *
    Act means 51 U.S.C Subtitle V, Programs Targeting Commercial 
Opportunities, chapter 509--Commercial Space Launch Activities, 51 
U.S.C. 50901-50923.
* * * * *
    Operator means a holder of a license or permit under 51 U.S.C. 
Subtitle V, chapter 509.
* * * * *

PART 404--REGULATIONS AND LICENSING REQUIREMENTS

0
5. The authority citation for part 404 is revised to read as follows:

    Authority:  51 U.S.C. 50901-50923.


0
6. Revise Sec.  404.1 to read as follows:


Sec.  404.1  Scope.

    This part establishes procedures for issuing regulations to 
implement 51 U.S.C. Subtitle V, chapter 509, and for eliminating or 
waiving requirements for licensing or permitting of commercial space 
transportation activities under that statute.

PART 405--INVESTIGATIONS AND ENFORCEMENT

0
7. The authority citation for part 405 is revised to read as follows:

    Authority:  51 U.S.C. 50901-50923.

PART 406--INVESTIGATIONS, ENFORCEMENT, AND ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW

0
8. The authority citation for part 406 is revised to read as follows:

     Authority:  51 U.S.C. 50901-50923.


0
9. Revise Sec.  406.1(a) introductory text to read as follows:


Sec.  406.1  Hearings in license, permit, and payload actions.

    (a) Pursuant to 51 U.S.C. 50912, the following are entitled to a 
determination on the record after an opportunity for a hearing in 
accordance with 5 U.S.C. 554.
* * * * *

0
10. Revise Sec.  406.9(a) to read as follows:


Sec.  406.9  Civil penalties.

    (a) Civil penalty liability. Under 51 U.S.C. 50917(c), a person 
found by the FAA to have violated a requirement of the Act, a 
regulation issued under the Act, or any term or condition of a license 
or permit issued or transferred under the Act, is liable to the United 
States for a civil penalty of not more than $110,000 for each 
violation, as adjusted for inflation. A separate violation occurs for 
each day the violation continues.
* * * * *

0
11. Revise Sec.  406.117(b), (c)(2), and (c)(3) to read as follows:


Sec.  406.117  Confidential information.

* * * * *
    (b) Marked information not made public. If a party files a document 
in a sealed envelope clearly marked ``CONFIDENTIAL'' the document may 
not be made available to the public unless and until the administrative 
law judge or the FAA decisionmaker decides it may be made available to 
the public in accordance with 51 U.S.C. 50916.
    (c) * * *
    (2) If the party claims that the information is protected under 51 
U.S.C. 50916, and if both the complainant and the respondent agree that 
the information is protected under that section, the administrative law 
judge must grant the motion. If one party does not agree that the 
information is protected under 51 U.S.C. 50916 the administrative law 
judge must decide. Either party may file an interlocutory appeal of 
right under Sec.  406.173(c).
    (3) If the party claims that the information should be protected on 
grounds other than those provided by 51 U.S.C. 50916 the administrative 
law judge must grant the motion if, based on the motion and any 
response to the motion, the administrative law judge determines that 
disclosure would be detrimental to safety, disclosure would not be in 
the public interest, or that the information is not otherwise required 
to be made available to the public.
* * * * *

[[Page 20533]]


0
12. Revise Sec.  406.159(c) to read as follows:


Sec.  406.159  Subpoenas.

* * * * *
    (c) Enforcement of subpoena. Upon a showing that a person has 
failed or refused to comply with a subpoena, the Secretary may apply to 
the appropriate district court of the United States to seek enforcement 
of the subpoena in accordance with 51 U.S.C. 50917(c). A party may 
request the Secretary to seek such enforcement.

0
13. Revise Sec.  406.173(c)(3) to read as follows:


Sec.  406.173  Interlocutory appeals.

* * * * *
    (c) * * *
    (3) Failure of the administrative law judge to grant a motion for a 
confidentiality order based on 51 U.S.C. 50916, under Sec.  
406.117(c)(2).
* * * * *

PART 413--LICENSE APPLICATION PROCEDURES

0
14. The authority citation for part 413 is revised to read as follows:

    Authority:  51 U.S.C. 50901-50923.

PART 414--SAFETY APPROVALS

0
15. The authority citation for part 414 is revised to read as follows:

    Authority:  51 U.S.C. 50901-50923.

PART 415--LAUNCH LICENSE

0
16. The authority citation for part 415 is revised to read as follows:

    Authority:  51 U.S.C. 50901-50923.

PART 417--LAUNCH SAFETY

0
17. The authority citation for part 417 is revised to read as follows:

    Authority:  51 U.S.C. 50901-50923.

PART 420--LICENSE TO OPERATE A LAUNCH SITE

0
18. The authority citation for part 420 is revised to read as follows:

    Authority:  51 U.S.C. 50901-50923.

0
19. Revise Sec.  420.41(a) to read as follows:


Sec.  420.41  License to operate a launch site--general.

    (a) A license to operate a launch site authorizes a licensee to 
operate a launch site in accordance with the representations contained 
in the licensee's application, with terms and conditions contained in 
any license order accompanying the license, and subject to the 
licensee's compliance with 51 U.S.C. Subtitle V, chapter 509 and this 
chapter.
* * * * *

0
20. Revise Sec.  420.51(b) to read as follows:


Sec.  420.51  Responsibilities--general.

* * * * *
    (b) A licensee is responsible for compliance with 51 U.S.C. 
Subtitle V, chapter 509 and for meeting the requirements of this 
chapter.

PART 431--LAUNCH AND REENTRY OF A RESUSABLE LAUNCH VEHICLE (RLV)

0
21. The authority citation for part 431 is revised to read as follows:

    Authority:  51 U.S.C. 50901-50923.


0
22. Revise Sec.  431.11 to read as follows:


Sec.  431.11  Additional license terms and conditions.

    The FAA may amend an RLV mission license at any time by modifying 
or adding license terms and conditions to ensure compliance with 51 
U.S.C. Subtitle V, chapter 509, and applicable regulations.

PART 433--LICENSE TO OPERATE A REENTRY SITE

0
23. The authority citation for part 433 is revised to read as follows:

    Authority:  51 U.S.C. 50901-50923.

PART 435--REENTRY OF A REENTRY VEHICLE OTHER THAN A REUSABLE LAUNCH 
VEHICLE

0
24. The authority citation for part 435 is revised to read as follows:


    Authority:  51 U.S.C. 50901-50923.

0
25. Revise Sec.  435.11 to read as follows:


Sec.  435.11  Additional license terms and conditions.

    The FAA may amend a reentry license at any time by modifying or 
adding license terms and conditions to ensure compliance with 51 U.S.C. 
Subtitle V, chapter 509, and applicable regulations.

PART 437--EXPERIMENTAL PERMITS

0
26. The authority citation for part 437 is revised to read as follows:

    Authority:  51 U.S.C. 50901-50923.

0
27. Revise Sec.  437.13 to read as follows:


Sec.  437.13  Additional experimental permit terms and conditions.

    The FAA may modify an experimental permit at any time by modifying 
or adding permit terms and conditions to ensure compliance with 51 
U.S.C. Subtitle V, chapter 509.

PART 440--FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY

0
28. The authority citation for part 440 is revised to read as follows:


    Authority:  51 U.S.C. 50901-50923.

0
29. Revise the introductory text and definition of ``financial 
responsibility'' in Sec.  440.3 to read as follows:


Sec.  440.3  Definitions.

    Except as otherwise provided in this section, any term used in this 
part and defined in 51 U.S.C. 50901-50923, or in Sec.  401.5 of this 
chapter shall have the meaning contained therein. For purposes of this 
part--
* * * * *
    Financial responsibility means capable of satisfying a liability 
obligation as required by 51 U.S.C Subtitle V, chapter 509.
* * * * *

0
30. Revise Sec.  440.5(c)(2) to read as follows:


Sec.  440.5  General.

* * * * *
    (c) * * *
    (2) Any covered claim of a third party for bodily injury or 
property damage arising out of any particular licensed activity exceeds 
the amount of financial responsibility required under Sec.  440.9(c) of 
this part and does not exceed $1,500,000,000 (as adjusted for inflation 
occurring after January 1, 1989) above such amount, and are payable 
pursuant to 51 U.S.C. 50915 and Sec.  440.19 of this part. A claim of 
an employee of any entity listed in paragraphs (1)(ii) through (1)(iii) 
in the Third party definition in Sec.  440.3 of this part for bodily 
injury or property damage is not a covered claim;
* * * * *

0
31. Revise Sec.  440.15(b) and (c)(1)(iii) to read as follows:


Sec.  440.15  Demonstration of compliance.

* * * * *
    (b) Upon a complete demonstration of compliance with financial 
responsibility and allocation of risk requirements under this part, the 
requirements of this part shall preempt each and any provision in any 
agreement between the licensee or permittee and an agency of the United 
States governing access to or use of United States launch or reentry 
property or launch or reentry services for a licensed or permitted 
activity which addresses financial responsibility, allocation of risk 
and

[[Page 20534]]

related matters covered by 51 U.S.C. 50914, 50915.
* * * * *
    (c) * * *
    (1) * * *
    (iii) In the event of any policy exclusions or limitations of 
coverage that may be considered usual under Sec.  440.19(c), or for 
purposes of implementing the Government's waiver of claims for property 
damage under 51 U.S.C. 50914(b), certifying that insurance covering the 
excluded risks is not commercially available at reasonable cost; and
* * * * *

0
32. Revise Sec.  440.19(a), (d), (e) introductory text, and (f)(1) to 
read as follows:


Sec.  440.19  United States payment of excess third-party liability 
claims.

    (a) The United States pays successful covered claims (including 
reasonable expenses of litigation or settlement) of a third party 
against a licensee, a customer, and the contractors and subcontractors 
of the licensee and the customer, and the employees of each involved in 
licensed activities, and the contractors and subcontractors of the 
United States and its agencies, and their employees, involved in 
licensed activities to the extent provided in an appropriation law or 
other legislative authority providing for payment of claims in 
accordance with 51 U.S.C. 50915, and to the extent the total amount of 
such covered claims arising out of any particular launch or reentry:
* * * * *
    (d) Upon the expiration of the policy period prescribed in 
accordance with Sec.  440.11(a), the United States shall provide for 
payment of claims that are payable under 51 U.S.C. 50915 from the first 
dollar of loss up to $1,500,000,000 (as adjusted for inflation 
occurring after January 1, 1989).
    (e) Payment by the United States of excess third-party claims under 
51 U.S.C. 50915 shall be subject to:
* * * * *
    (f) * * *
    (1) Prepare a compensation plan outlining the total amount of 
claims and meeting the requirements set forth in 51 U.S.C. 50915;
* * * * *

0
33. Revise Appendix D to part 440 to read as follows:

Appendix D to Part 440--Agreement for Waiver of Claims and Assumption 
of Responsibility for a Crew Member

    THIS AGREEMENT is entered into this ---- day of --------, by and 
among [name of Crew Member] (the ``Crew Member'') and the Federal 
Aviation Administration of the Department of Transportation, on 
behalf of the United States Government (collectively, the 
``Parties''), to implement the provisions of section 440.17(f) of 
the Commercial Space Transportation Licensing Regulations, 14 CFR 
chapter III (the ``Regulations''). This agreement applies to the 
Crew Member's participation in activities that the FAA has 
authorized by license or permit during the Crew Member's employment 
with [Name of licensee or permittee].
    In consideration of the mutual releases and promises contained 
herein, the Parties hereby agree as follows:

1. Definitions

    Crew Member means:
    (a) The above-named Crew Member,
    (b) All the heirs, administrators, executors, assignees, next of 
kin, and estate of the above-named Crew Member, and
    (c) Anyone who attempts to bring a claim on behalf of the Crew 
Member or for damage or harm arising out of the Bodily Injury, 
including Death, of the Crew Member.
    License/Permit means License/Permit No. -------- issued on ----
----, by the Associate Administrator for Commercial Space 
Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, Department of 
Transportation, to the Licensee/Permittee, including all license/
permit orders issued in connection with the License/Permit.
    Licensee/Permittee means the Licensee/Permittee and any 
transferee of the Licensee under 51 U.S.C. Subtitle V, chapter 509.
    United States means the United States and its agencies involved 
in Licensed/Permitted Activities.
    Except as otherwise defined herein, terms used in this Agreement 
and defined in 51 U.S.C. Subtitle V, chapter 509--Commercial Space 
Launch Activities, or in the Regulations, shall have the same 
meaning as contained in 51 U.S.C. Subtitle V, chapter 509, or the 
Regulations, respectively.

2. Waiver and Release of Claims

    (a) Crew Member hereby waives and releases claims it may have 
against the United States, and against its respective Contractors 
and Subcontractors, for Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property 
Damage sustained by Crew Member, resulting from Licensed/Permitted 
Activities, regardless of fault.
    (b) The United States hereby waives and releases claims it may 
have against the Crew Member for Property Damage it sustains, and 
for Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property Damage sustained by 
its own employees, resulting from Licensed/Permitted Activities, 
regardless of fault.

3. Assumption of Responsibility

    (a) The Crew Member shall be responsible for Bodily Injury, 
including Death, or Property Damage sustained by Crew Member, 
resulting from Licensed/Permitted Activities, regardless of fault. 
The Crew Member shall hold harmless the United States, and the 
Contractors and Subcontractors of each Party, for Bodily Injury, 
including Death, or Property Damage sustained by Crew Member, 
resulting from Licensed/Permitted Activities, regardless of fault.
    (b) The United States shall be responsible for Property Damage 
it sustains, and for Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property 
Damage sustained by its own employees, resulting from Licensed 
Activities, regardless of fault, to the extent that claims it would 
otherwise have for such damage or injury exceed the amount of 
insurance or demonstration of financial responsibility required 
under sections 440.9(c) and (e), respectively, of the Regulations.
    (c) The United States shall be responsible for Property Damage 
it sustains, resulting from Permitted Activities, regardless of 
fault, to the extent that claims it would otherwise have for such 
damage exceed the amount of insurance or demonstration of financial 
responsibility required under section 440.9(e) of the Regulations.

4. Extension of Assumption of Responsibility and Waiver and Release of 
Claims

    (a) The United States shall extend the requirements of the 
waiver and release of claims, and the assumption of responsibility 
as set forth in paragraphs 2(b) and 3(b), respectively, to its 
Contractors and Subcontractors by requiring them to waive and 
release all claims they may have against Crew Member and to agree to 
be responsible, for any Property Damage the Contractors and 
Subcontractors sustain and for any Bodily Injury, including Death, 
or Property Damage sustained by their own employees, resulting from 
Licensed Activities, regardless of fault.
    (b) The United States shall extend the requirements of the 
waiver and release of claims, and the assumption of responsibility 
as set forth in paragraphs 2(b) and 3(c), respectively, to its 
Contractors and Subcontractors by requiring them to waive and 
release all claims the Contractors and Subcontractors may have 
against Crew Member and to agree to be responsible, for any Property 
Damage they sustain, resulting from Permitted Activities, regardless 
of fault.

5. Indemnification

    Crew Member shall hold harmless and indemnify the United States 
and its agencies, servants, agents, subsidiaries, employees and 
assignees, or any of them, from and against liability, loss, or 
damage arising out of claims brought by anyone for Property Damage 
or Bodily Injury, including Death, sustained by Crew Member, 
resulting from Licensed/Permitted Activities.

6. Assurances Under 51 U.S.C. 50914(e)

    Notwithstanding any provision of this Agreement to the contrary, 
Crew Member shall hold harmless the United States and its agencies, 
servants, agents, employees and assignees, or any of them, from and 
against liability, loss or damage arising out of claims for Bodily 
Injury, including Death, or Property Damage, sustained by Crew 
Member, resulting from Licensed/Permitted Activities, regardless of 
fault, except to the extent that, as provided in section 6(b) of 
this Agreement, claims result from willful misconduct of the United 
States or its agents.

7. Miscellaneous

    (a) Nothing contained herein shall be construed as a waiver or 
release by the United States of any claim by an employee of the 
United States, respectively, including

[[Page 20535]]

a member of the Armed Forces of the United States, for Bodily Injury 
or Property Damage, resulting from Licensed/Permitted Activities.
    (b) Notwithstanding any provision of this Agreement to the 
contrary, any waiver, release, assumption of responsibility or 
agreement to hold harmless herein shall not apply to claims for 
Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property Damage resulting from 
willful misconduct of any of the Parties, the Contractors and 
Subcontractors of any of the Parties, and in the case of the United 
States, its agents.
    (c) This Agreement shall be governed by and construed in 
accordance with United States Federal law.
    In witness whereof, the Parties to this Agreement have caused 
the Agreement to be duly executed by their respective duly 
authorized representatives as of the date written above.
    I [name of Crew Member] have read and understand this agreement 
and agree that I am bound by it.

Crew Member

Signature:-------------------------------------------------------------

Printed Name:----------------------------------------------------------

Federal Aviation Administration of the Department of Transportation 
on Behalf of the United States Government

By:--------------------------------------------------------------------

Its:-------------------------------------------------------------------

Associate Administrator for Commercial Space Transportation


0
34. Revise Appendix E to part 440 to read as follows:

Appendix E to Part 440--Agreement for Waiver of Claims and Assumption 
of Responsibility for a Space Flight Participant

    This agreement is entered into this ---- day of --------, by and 
among [name of Space Flight Participant] (the ``Space Flight 
Participant'') and the Federal Aviation Administration of the 
Department of Transportation, on behalf of the United States 
Government (collectively, the ``Parties''), to implement the 
provisions of section 440.17(e) of the Commercial Space 
Transportation Licensing Regulations, 14 CFR chapter III (the 
``Regulations''). This agreement applies to Space Flight 
Participant's travel on [name of launch or reentry vehicle] of [name 
of Licensee or Permittee]. In consideration of the mutual releases 
and promises contained herein, the Parties hereby agree as follows:

1. Definitions

    Space Flight Participant means
    (a) The above-named Space Flight Participant,
    (b) All the heirs, administrators, executors, assignees, next of 
kin, and estate of the above-named Space Flight Participant, and
    (c) Anyone who attempts to bring a claim on behalf of the Space 
Flight Participant or for damage or harm arising out of the Bodily 
Injury, including Death, of the Space Flight Participant.
    License/Permit means License/Permit No. -------- issued on ----
----, by the Associate Administrator for Commercial Space 
Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, Department of 
Transportation, to the Licensee/Permittee, including all license/
permit orders issued in connection with the License/Permit.
    Licensee/Permittee means the Licensee/Permittee and any 
transferee of the Licensee under 51 U.S.C. Subtitle V, chapter 509.
    United States means the United States and its agencies involved 
in Licensed/Permitted Activities.
    Except as otherwise defined herein, terms used in this Agreement 
and defined in 51 U.S.C. Subtitle V, chapter 509--Commercial Space 
Launch Activities, or in the Regulations, shall have the same 
meaning as contained in 51 U.S.C. Subtitle V, chapter 509, or the 
Regulations, respectively.

2. Waiver and Release of Claims

    (a) Space Flight Participant hereby waives and releases claims 
it may have against the United States, and against its respective 
Contractors and Subcontractors, for Bodily Injury, including Death, 
or Property Damage sustained by Space Flight Participant, resulting 
from Licensed/Permitted Activities, regardless of fault.
    (b) The United States hereby waives and releases claims it may 
have against Space Flight Participant for Property Damage it 
sustains, and for Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property Damage 
sustained by its own employees, resulting from Licensed/Permitted 
Activities, regardless of fault.

3. Assumption of Responsibility

    (a) Space Flight Participant shall be responsible for Bodily 
Injury, including Death, or Property Damage sustained by the Space 
Flight Participant resulting from Licensed/Permitted Activities, 
regardless of fault. Space Flight Participant shall hold harmless 
the United States, and its Contractors and Subcontractors, for 
Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property Damage sustained by 
Space Flight Participant from Licensed/Permitted Activities, 
regardless of fault.
    (b) The United States shall be responsible for Property Damage 
it sustains, and for Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property 
Damage sustained by its own employees, resulting from Licensed 
Activities, regardless of fault, to the extent that claims it would 
otherwise have for such damage or injury exceed the amount of 
insurance or demonstration of financial responsibility required 
under sections 440.9(c) and (e), respectively, of the Regulations.
    (c) The United States shall be responsible for Property Damage 
it sustains, resulting from Permitted Activities, regardless of 
fault, to the extent that claims it would otherwise have for such 
damage exceed the amount of insurance or demonstration of financial 
responsibility required under section 440.9(e) of the Regulations.

4. Extension of Assumption of Responsibility and Waiver and Release of 
Claims

    (a) The United States shall extend the requirements of the 
waiver and release of claims, and the assumption of responsibility 
as set forth in paragraphs 2(b) and 3(b), respectively, to its 
Contractors and Subcontractors by requiring them to waive and 
release all claims they may have against Space Flight Participant, 
and to agree to be responsible, for any Property Damage they sustain 
and for any Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property Damage 
sustained by their own employees, resulting from Licensed 
Activities, regardless of fault.
    (b) The United States shall extend the requirements of the 
waiver and release of claims, and the assumption of responsibility 
as set forth in paragraphs 2(b) and 3(c), respectively, to its 
Contractors and Subcontractors by requiring them to waive and 
release all claims they may have against Space Flight Participant, 
and to agree to be responsible, for any Property Damage the 
Contractors and Subcontractors sustain, resulting from Permitted 
Activities, regardless of fault.

5. Indemnification

    Space Flight Participant shall hold harmless and indemnify the 
United States and its agencies, servants, agents, subsidiaries, 
employees and assignees, or any of them, from and against liability, 
loss or damage arising out of claims brought by anyone for Property 
Damage or Bodily Injury, including Death, sustained by Space Flight 
Participant, resulting from Licensed/Permitted Activities.

6. Assurances Under 51 U.S.C. 50914(e)

    Notwithstanding any provision of this Agreement to the contrary, 
Space Flight Participant shall hold harmless the United States and 
its agencies, servants, agents, employees and assignees, or any of 
them, from and against liability, loss or damage arising out of 
claims for Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property Damage, 
sustained by Space Flight Participant, resulting from Licensed/
Permitted Activities, regardless of fault, except to the extent 
that, as provided in section 6(b) of this Agreement, claims result 
from willful misconduct of the United States or its agents.

7. Miscellaneous

    (a) Nothing contained herein shall be construed as a waiver or 
release by the United States of any claim by an employee of the 
United States, respectively, including a member of the Armed Forces 
of the United States, for Bodily Injury or Property Damage, 
resulting from Licensed/Permitted Activities.
    (b) Notwithstanding any provision of this Agreement to the 
contrary, any waiver, release, assumption of responsibility or 
agreement to hold harmless herein shall not apply to claims for 
Bodily Injury, including Death, or Property Damage resulting from 
willful misconduct of any of the Parties, the Contractors, 
Subcontractors, and agents of the United States, and Space Flight 
Participant.
    (c) This Agreement shall be governed by and construed in 
accordance with United States Federal law.
    In witness whereof, the Parties to this Agreement have caused 
the Agreement to be duly executed by their respective duly 
authorized representatives as of the date written above.
    I [name of Space Flight Participant] have read and understand 
this agreement and agree that I am bound by it.


[[Page 20536]]


Space Flight Participant

Signature:-------------------------------------------------------------

Printed Name:----------------------------------------------------------

Federal Aviation Administration of the Department of Transportation 
on Behalf of the United States Government

By:--------------------------------------------------------------------

Its:-------------------------------------------------------------------

Associate Administrator for Commercial Space Transportation

PART 460--HUMAN SPACE FLIGHT REQUIREMENTS

0
35. The authority citation for part 460 is revised to read as follows:

    Authority: 51 U.S.C. 50901-50923.

Title 49--Transportation

Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Transportation

PART 1--ORGANIZATION AND DELEGATION OF POWERS AND DUTIES

0
36. The authority citation for part 1 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 322; 46 U.S.C. 2104(a); 28 U.S.C. 2672; 31 
U.S.C. 3711(a)(2); Pub. L. 101-552, 104 Stat. 2736; Pub. L. 106-159, 
113 Stat. 1748; Pub. L. 107-71, 115 Stat. 597; Pub. L. 107-295, 116 
Stat. 2064; Pub. L. 108-136, 117 Stat. 1392; Pub. L. 101-115, 103 
Stat. 691; Pub. L. 108-293, 118 Stat. 1028; Pub. L. 109-364, 120 
Stat. 2083; Pub. L. 110-140, 121 Stat. 1492; Pub. L. 110-432, 122 
Stat. 4848.


0
37. Revise Sec.  1.47(v) to read as follows:


Sec.  1.47  Delegations to Federal Aviation Administrator.

* * * * *
    (v) Carry out the functions vested in the Secretary by 51 U.S.C. 
Subtitle V.
* * * * *

    Issued in Washington, DC, on March 25, 2012.
Pamela Hamilton-Powell,
Director, Office of Rulemaking.
[FR Doc. 2012-8196 Filed 4-4-12; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-13-P