United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement, 68067-68084 [2011-28471]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 213 / Thursday, November 3, 2011 / Rules and Regulations for vessels registered in the Cook Islands became applicable on August 22, 2011. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: George F. McCray, Chief, Cargo Security, Carriers and Immigration Branch, Regulations and Rulings, Office of International Trade, (202) 325–0082. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: srobinson on DSK4SPTVN1PROD with RULES Background Generally, the United States imposes regular and special tonnage taxes, and a duty of a specified amount per ton, called ‘‘light money,’’ on all foreign vessels which enter U.S. ports (46 U.S.C. 60302–60303). However, vessels of a foreign country may be exempted from the payment of special tonnage taxes and light money upon presentation of satisfactory proof that the government of that foreign country does not impose discriminatory or countervailing duties to the disadvantage of the United States (46 U.S.C. 60304). Section 4.22, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) regulations (19 CFR 4.22), lists those countries whose vessels have been found to be exempt from the payment of any higher tonnage duties than are applicable to vessels of the United States and from the payment of light money. The authority to amend this section of the CBP regulations has been delegated to the Chief, Trade and Commercial Regulations Branch, Regulations and Rulings, Office of International Trade. By letter dated August 22, 2011, the Department of State informed CBP that the government of the Cook Islands does not impose discriminating or countervailing duties on vessels owned by citizens of the United States. Accordingly, the Department of State recommended that the Cook Islands be added to the list of countries whose vessels are exempt from special tonnage taxes and light money in ports of the United States, effective August 22, 2011. Finding On the basis of the above-mentioned information from the Department of State regarding the absence of discriminating or countervailing duties imposed by the government of the Cook Islands on vessels owned by citizens of the United States, CBP considers vessels of the Cook Islands to be exempt from the payment of special tonnage tax and light money, effective August 22, 2011. The CBP regulations are amended accordingly. Inapplicability of Notice and Delayed Effective Date Because this amendment merely implements a statutory requirement and VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:15 Nov 02, 2011 Jkt 226001 confers a benefit upon the public, CBP has determined that notice and public procedure are unnecessary pursuant to section 553(b)(B) of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) (5 U.S.C. 553(b)(B)). Further, for the same reasons, good cause exists for dispensing with a delayed effective date under section 553(d)(3) of the APA (5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3)). Regulatory Flexibility Act and Executive Order 12866 Because no notice of proposed rulemaking is required, the provisions of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.) do not apply. This amendment does not meet the criteria for a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ as specified in Executive Order 12866. Signing Authority This document is being issued by CBP in accordance with § 0.1(b)(1) of the CBP regulations (19 CFR 0.1(b)(1)). List of Subjects in 19 CFR Part 4 Cargo vessels, Customs duties and inspection, Maritime carriers, Vessels. Amendment to the CBP Regulations For the reasons set forth above, part 4 of Title 19 of the Code of Federal Regulations (19 CFR part 4), is amended as set forth below: PART 4—VESSELS IN FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC TRADES 1. The general authority citation for part 4 and the specific authority for § 4.22 continue to read as follows: ■ Authority: 5 U.S.C. 301; 19 U.S.C. 66, 1431, 1433, 1434, 1624, 2071 note; 46 U.S.C. 501, 60105. * * * * * Section 4.22 also issued under 46 U.S.C. 60301, 60302, 60303, 60304, 60305, 60306, 60312, 60503; * * § 4.22 * * * [Amended] 2. Section 4.22 is amended by adding the ‘‘Cook Islands’’ in appropriate alphabetical order. ■ Dated: October 28, 2011. Joanne Roman Stump, Chief, Trade and Commercial Regulations Branch, Regulations and Rulings, Office of International Trade. [FR Doc. 2011–28472 Filed 11–2–11; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 9111–14–P PO 00000 Frm 00011 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 68067 DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY 19 CFR Parts 10, 24, 162, 163, and 178 [USCBP–2011–0043; CBP Dec. 11–22] RIN 1515–AD79 United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security; Department of the Treasury. ACTION: Interim regulations; solicitation of comments. AGENCIES: This rule amends the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) regulations on an interim basis to implement the preferential tariff treatment and other customs-related provisions of the United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement. DATES: Interim rule effective November 3, 2011; comments must be received by January 3, 2012. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments, identified by docket number, by one of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: http:// www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments via docket number USCBP–2011–0043. • Mail: Trade and Commercial Regulations Branch, Regulations and Rulings, Office of International Trade, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, 799 9th Street NW., 5th Floor, Washington, DC 20229–1179. Instructions: All submissions received must include the agency name and docket number for this rulemaking. All comments received will be posted without change to http:// www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided. For detailed instructions on submitting comments and additional information on the rulemaking process, see the ‘‘Public Participation’’ heading of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section of this document. Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or comments received, go to http:// www.regulations.gov. Submitted comments may also be inspected during regular business days between the hours of 9 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. at the Trade and Commercial Regulations Branch, Regulations and Rulings, Office of International Trade, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, 799 9th Street NW., 5th Floor, Washington, DC. SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\03NOR1.SGM 03NOR1 68068 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 213 / Thursday, November 3, 2011 / Rules and Regulations Arrangements to inspect submitted comments should be made in advance by calling Mr. Joseph Clark at (202) 325– 0118. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Textile Operational Aspects: Nancy Mondich, Trade Policy and Programs, Office of International Trade, (202) 863– 6524. Other Operational Aspects: Katrina Chang, Trade Policy and Programs, Office of International Trade, (202) 863– 6532. Legal Aspects: Karen Greene, Regulations and Rulings, Office of International Trade, (202) 325–0041. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Public Participation Interested persons are invited to participate in this rulemaking by submitting written data, views, or arguments on all aspects of the interim rule. CBP also invites comments that relate to the economic, environmental, or federalism effects that might result from this interim rule. Comments that will provide the most assistance to CBP in developing these regulations will reference a specific portion of the interim rule, explain the reason for any recommended change, and include data, information, or authority that support such recommended change. See ADDRESSES above for information on how to submit comments. srobinson on DSK4SPTVN1PROD with RULES Background On April 12, 2006, the United States and Peru (the ‘‘Parties’’) signed the United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement (‘‘PTPA’’ or ‘‘Agreement’’), and on June 24 and June 25, 2007, the Parties signed a protocol amending the Agreement. The stated objectives of the PTPA include: strengthening the special bonds of friendship and cooperation between the Parties and promoting regional economic integration; promoting broad-based economic development in order to reduce poverty and generate opportunities for sustainable economic alternatives to drug-crop production; creating new employment opportunities and improving labor conditions and living standards in the Parties; establishing clear and mutually advantageous rules governing trade between the Parties; ensuring a predictable legal and commercial framework for business and investment; fostering creativity and innovation and promoting trade in the innovative sections of the Parties’ economies; promoting transparency and preventing and combating corruption, including bribery, in international trade and investment; protecting, enhancing, VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:15 Nov 02, 2011 Jkt 226001 and enforcing basic workers’ rights, and strengthening cooperation on labor matters; implementing the Agreement in a manner consistent with environmental protection and conservation, promoting sustainable development, and strengthening cooperation on environmental matters; and contributing to hemispheric integration and providing an impetus toward establishing the Free Trade Area of the Americas. The provisions of the PTPA were adopted by the United States with the enactment on December 14, 2007, of the United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement Implementation Act (the ‘‘Act’’), Public Law 110–138, 121 Stat. 1455 (19 U.S.C. 3805 note). Section 209 of the Act requires that regulations be prescribed as necessary to implement the provisions of the PTPA. On January 16, 2009, the President signed Proclamation 8341 to implement the provisions of the PTPA. The Proclamation, which was published in the Federal Register on January 22, 2009 (74 FR 4105), modified the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (‘‘HTSUS’’) as set forth in Annexes I and II of Publication 4058 of the U.S. International Trade Commission. The modifications to the HTSUS included the addition of new General Note 32, incorporating the relevant PTPA rules of origin as set forth in the Act, and the insertion throughout the HTSUS of the preferential duty rates applicable to individual products under the PTPA where the special program indicator ‘‘PE’’ appears in parenthesis in the ‘‘Special’’ rate of duty subcolumn. The modifications to the HTSUS also included a new Subchapter XVII to Chapter 99 to provide for temporary tariff-rate quotas and applicable safeguards implemented by the PTPA. After the Proclamation was signed, CBP issued instructions to the field and the public implementing the Agreement by allowing the trade to receive the benefits under the PTPA effective on or after February 1, 2009. U.S. Customs and Border Protection (‘‘CBP’’) is responsible for administering the provisions of the PTPA and the Act that relate to the importation of goods into the United States from Peru. Those customs-related PTPA provisions which require implementation through regulation include certain tariff and non-tariff provisions within Chapter One (Initial Provisions and General Definitions), Chapter Two (National Treatment and Market Access for Goods), Chapter Three (Textiles and Apparel), Chapter Four (Rules of Origin and Origin Procedures), and Chapter PO 00000 Frm 00012 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Five (Customs Administration and Trade Facilities). Certain general definitions set forth in Chapter One of the PTPA have been incorporated into the PTPA implementing regulations. These regulations also implement Article 2.6 (Goods Re-entered After Repair or Alteration) of the PTPA. Chapter Three of the PTPA sets forth provisions relating to trade in textile and apparel goods between Peru and the United States. The provisions within Chapter Three that require regulatory action by CBP are Articles 3.2 (Customs Cooperation and Verification of Origin), Article 3.3 (Rules of Origin, Origin Procedures, and Related Matters), and Article 3.5 (Definitions). Chapter Four of the PTPA sets forth the rules for determining whether an imported good is an originating good of a Party and, as such, is therefore eligible for preferential tariff (duty-free or reduced duty) treatment under the PTPA as specified in the Agreement and the HTSUS. The basic rules of origin in Section A of Chapter Four are set forth in General Note 32, HTSUS. Under Article 4.1 of Chapter Four, originating goods may be grouped in three broad categories: (1) Goods that are wholly obtained or produced entirely in the territory of one or both of the Parties; (2) goods that are produced entirely in the territory of one or both of the Parties and that satisfy the product-specific rules of origin in PTPA Annex 4.1 (change in tariff classification requirement and/or regional value content requirement) or Annex 3–A (textile and apparel specific rules of origin) and all other applicable requirements of Chapter Four; and (3) goods that are produced entirely in the territory of one or both of the Parties exclusively from originating materials. Article 4.2 sets forth the methods for calculating the regional value content of a good. Articles 4.3 and 4.4 set forth the rules for determining the value of materials for purposes of calculating the regional value content of a good and applying the de minimis criterion. Article 4.5 provides that production that takes place in the territory of one or both of the Parties may be accumulated such that, provided other requirements are met, the resulting good is considered originating. Article 4.6 provides a de minimis criterion. The remaining Articles within Section A of Chapter Four consist of additional sub-rules, applicable to the originating good concept, involving fungible goods and materials, accessories, spare parts, and tools, sets, packaging materials and containers for retail sale, packing materials and containers for shipment, E:\FR\FM\03NOR1.SGM 03NOR1 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 213 / Thursday, November 3, 2011 / Rules and Regulations indirect materials, transit and transshipment, and consultation and modifications. All Articles within Section A are reflected in the PTPA implementing regulations, except for Article 4.14 (Consultation and Modifications). Section B of Chapter Four sets forth procedures that apply under the PTPA in regard to claims for preferential tariff treatment. Specifically, Section B includes provisions concerning claims for preferential tariff treatment, recordkeeping requirements, verification of preference claims, obligations relating to importations and exportations, common guidelines, implementation, and definitions of terms used within the context of the rules of origin. All Articles within Section B, except for Articles 4.21 (Common Guidelines) and 4.22 (Implementation) are reflected in these implementing regulations. Chapter Five sets forth operational provisions related to customs administration and trade facilitation under the PTPA. Article 5.9, concerning the general application of penalties to PTPA transactions, is the only provision within Chapter Five that is reflected in the PTPA implementing regulations. In order to provide transparency and facilitate their use, the majority of the PTPA implementing regulations set forth in this document have been included within Subpart Q in Part 10 of the CBP regulations (19 CFR part 10). However, in those cases in which PTPA implementation is more appropriate in the context of an existing regulatory provision, the PTPA regulatory text has been incorporated in an existing Part within the CBP regulations. In addition, this document sets forth several crossreferences and other consequential changes to existing regulatory provisions to clarify the relationship between those existing provisions and the new PTPA implementing regulations. The regulatory changes are discussed below in the order in which they appear in this document. srobinson on DSK4SPTVN1PROD with RULES Discussion of Amendments Part 10 Section 10.31(f) concerns temporary importations under bond. It is amended by adding references to certain goods originating in Peru for which, like goods originating in Canada, Mexico, Singapore, Chile, Morocco, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, the Dominican Republic, Costa Rica, Bahrain, or Oman, no bond or other security will be required when imported temporarily for prescribed uses. The provisions of PTPA Article 2.5 VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:15 Nov 02, 2011 Jkt 226001 (Temporary Admission of Goods) are already reflected in existing temporary importation bond or other provisions contained in Part 10 of the CBP regulations and in Chapter 98 of the HTSUS. Part 10, Subpart Q General Provisions Section 10.901 outlines the scope of Subpart Q, Part 10 of the CBP regulations. This section also clarifies that, except where the context otherwise requires, the requirements contained in Subpart Q, Part 10 are in addition to general administrative and enforcement provisions set forth elsewhere in the CBP regulations. Thus, for example, the specific merchandise entry requirements contained in Subpart Q, Part 10 are in addition to the basic entry requirements contained in Parts 141– 143 of the CBP regulations. Section 10.902 sets forth definitions of common terms used in multiple contexts or places within Subpart Q, Part 10. Although the majority of the definitions in this section are based on definitions contained in Article 1.3 and Annex 1.3 of the PTPA, and § 3 of the Act, other definitions have also been included to clarify the application of the regulatory texts. Additional definitions that apply in a more limited Subpart Q, Part 10 context are set forth elsewhere with the substantive provisions to which they relate. Import Requirements Section 10.903 sets forth the procedure for claiming PTPA preferential tariff treatment at the time of entry and, as provided in PTPA Article 4.15.1, states that an importer may make a claim for PTPA preferential tariff treatment based on a certification by the importer, exporter, or producer or the importer’s knowledge that the good is an originating good. Section 10.903 also provides, consistent with PTPA Article 4.19.4(d), that when an importer has reason to believe that a claim is based on inaccurate information, the importer must correct the claim and pay any duties that may be due. Section 10.904, which is based on PTPA Articles 4.15 and 4.19.4, requires a U.S. importer, upon request, to submit a copy of the certification of the importer, exporter, or producer if the certification forms the basis for the claim. Section 10.904 specifies the information that must be included on the certification, sets forth the circumstances under which the certification may be prepared by the exporter or producer of the good, and provides that the certification may be PO 00000 Frm 00013 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 68069 used either for a single importation or for multiple importations of identical goods. Section 10.905 sets forth certain importer obligations regarding the truthfulness of information and documents submitted in support of a claim for preferential tariff treatment. Section 10.906, which is based on PTPA Article 4.16, provides that the certification is not required for certain non-commercial or low-value importations. Section 10.907 implements PTPA Article 4.17 concerning the maintenance of relevant records regarding the imported good. Section 10.908, which reflects PTPA Article 4.19.2, authorizes the denial of PTPA tariff benefits if the importer fails to comply with any of the requirements under Subpart Q, Part 10, CBP regulations. Export Requirements Section 10.909, which implements PTPA Articles 4.20.1 and 4.17.1, sets forth certain obligations of a person who completes and issues a certification for a good exported from the United States to Peru. Paragraphs (a) and (b) of § 10.909, reflecting PTPA Article 4.20.1, require a person who completes such a certification to provide a copy of the certification to CBP upon request and to give prompt notification of any errors in the certification to every person to whom the certification was given. Paragraph (c) of § 10.909 reflects Article 4.17.1, concerning the recordkeeping requirements that apply to a person who completes and issues a certification for a good exported from the United States to Peru. Post-Importation Duty Refund Claims Sections 10.910 through 10.912 implement PTPA Article 4.19.5 and section 206 of the Act, which allow an importer who did not claim PTPA tariff benefits on a qualifying good at the time of importation to apply for a refund of any excess duties at any time within one year after the date of importation. Such a claim may be made even if liquidation of the entry would otherwise be considered final under other provisions of law. Rules of Origin Sections 10.913 through 10.925 provide the implementing regulations regarding the rules of origin provisions of General Note 32, HTSUS, Chapter Four and Article 3.3 of the PTPA, and section 203 of the Act. E:\FR\FM\03NOR1.SGM 03NOR1 68070 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 213 / Thursday, November 3, 2011 / Rules and Regulations Definitions Section 10.913 sets forth terms that are defined for purposes of the rules of origin. General Rules of Origin Section 10.914 sets forth the basic rules of origin established in Article 4.1 of the PTPA, section 203(b) of the Act, and General Note 32(b), HTSUS. The provisions of § 10.914 apply both to the determination of the status of an imported good as an originating good for purposes of preferential tariff treatment and to the determination of the status of a material as an originating material used in a good which is subject to a determination under General Note 32, HTSUS. Section 10.914(a) specifies those goods that are originating goods because they are wholly obtained or produced entirely in the territory of one or both of the Parties. Section 10.914(b) provides that goods that have been produced entirely in the territory of one or both of the Parties from non-originating materials each of which undergoes an applicable change in tariff classification and satisfies any applicable regional value content or other requirement set forth in General Note 32, HTSUS, are originating goods. Essential to the rules in § 10.914(b) are the specific rules of General Note 32(n), HTSUS, which are incorporated by reference. Section 10.914(c) provides that goods that have been produced entirely in the territory of one or both of the Parties exclusively from originating materials are originating goods. srobinson on DSK4SPTVN1PROD with RULES Value Content Section 10.915 reflects PTPA Article 4.2 concerning the basic rules that apply for purposes of determining whether an imported good satisfies a minimum regional value content (‘‘RVC’’) requirement. Section 10.916, reflecting PTPA Articles 4.3 and 4.4, sets forth the rules for determining the value of a material for purposes of calculating the regional value content of a good as well as for purposes of applying the de minimis rules. Accumulation Section 10.917, which is derived from PTPA Article 4.5, sets forth the rule by which originating materials from the territory of a Party that are used in the production of a good in the territory of the other Party will be considered to originate in the territory of that other country. In addition, this section also establishes that a good that is produced by one or more producers in the territory of one or both of the Parties is an originating good if the good satisfies VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:15 Nov 02, 2011 Jkt 226001 all of the applicable requirements of the rules of origin of the PTPA. De Minimis Section 10.918, as provided for in PTPA Article 4.6, sets forth de minimis rules for goods that may be considered to qualify as originating goods even though they fail to qualify as originating goods under the rules specified in § 10.594. There are a number of exceptions to the de minimis rule set forth in PTPA Annex 4.6 (Exceptions to Article 4.6) as well as a separate rule for textile and apparel goods. Fungible Goods and Materials Section 10.919, as provided for in PTPA Article 4.7, sets forth the rules by which ‘‘fungible’’ goods or materials may be claimed as originating. Accessories, Spare Parts, or Tools Indirect Materials Section 10.924, as set forth in PTPA Article 4.12, provides that indirect materials, as defined in § 10.902(m), are considered to be originating materials without regard to where they are produced. Transit and Transshipment Section 10.925, which is derived from PTPA Article 4.13, sets forth the rule that an originating good loses its originating status and is treated as a non-originating good if, subsequent to production in the territory of one or both of the Parties that qualifies the good as originating, the good: (1) Undergoes production outside the territories of the Parties, other than certain specified minor operations; or (2) does not remain under the control of customs authorities in the territory of a non-Party. Packaging Materials and Packing Materials Origin Verifications and Determinations Section 10.926 implements PTPA Article 4.18 which concerns the conduct of verifications to determine whether imported goods are originating goods entitled to PTPA preferential tariff treatment. This section also governs the conduct of verifications directed to producers of materials that are used in the production of a good for which PTPA preferential duty treatment is claimed. Section 10.927, which reflects PTPA Article 3.2, sets forth the verification and enforcement procedures specifically relating to trade in textile and apparel goods. Section 10.928 provides the procedures that apply when preferential tariff treatment is denied on the basis of an origin verification conducted under this subpart. Section 10.929 implements PTPA Article 4.18.5 and § 205(b) of the Act, concerning the denial of preferential tariff treatment in situations in which there is a pattern of conduct by an importer, exporter, or producer of false or unsupported PTPA preference claims. Sections 10.922 and 10.923, which are derived from PTPA Articles 4.10 and 4.11, respectively, provide that retail packaging materials and packing materials for shipment are to be disregarded with respect to their actual origin in determining whether nonoriginating materials undergo an applicable change in tariff classification under General Note 32(n), HTSUS. These sections also set forth the treatment of packaging and packing materials for purposes of the regional value content requirement of the note. Penalties Section 10.930 concerns the general application of penalties to PTPA transactions and is based on PTPA Article 5.9. Section 10.931 reflects PTPA Article 4.19.3 and § 205(a)(1) of the Act with regard to an exception to the application of penalties in the case of an importer who promptly and voluntarily makes a corrected claim and pays any duties owing. Section 10.932 implements PTPA Article 4.20.2 and § 205(a)(2) of the Act, Section 10.920, as set forth in PTPA Article 4.8, specifies the conditions under which a good’s standard accessories, spare parts, or tools are: (1) Treated as originating goods; and (2) disregarded in determining whether all non-originating materials undergo an applicable change in tariff classification under General Note 32(n), HTSUS. Goods Classifiable as Goods Put Up in Sets Section 10.921, which is based on PTPA Articles 3.3.10 and 4.9, provides that, notwithstanding the specific rules of General Note 32(n), HTSUS, goods classifiable as goods put up in sets for retail sale as provided for in General Rule of Interpretation 3, HTSUS, will not qualify as originating goods unless: (1) Each of the goods in the set is an originating good; or (2) the total value of the non-originating goods in the set does not exceed 15 percent of the adjusted value of the set, or 10 percent of the adjusted value of the set in the case of textile or apparel goods. PO 00000 Frm 00014 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\03NOR1.SGM 03NOR1 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 213 / Thursday, November 3, 2011 / Rules and Regulations concerning an exception to the application of penalties in the case of a U.S. exporter or producer who promptly and voluntarily provides notification of the making of an incorrect certification with respect to a good exported to Peru. Section 10.933 sets forth the circumstances under which the making of a corrected claim or certification by an importer or the providing of notification of an incorrect certification by a U.S. exporter or producer will be considered to have been done ‘‘promptly and voluntarily’’. Corrected claims or certifications that fail to meet these requirements are not excepted from penalties, although the U.S. importer, exporter, or producer making the corrected claim or certification may, depending on the circumstances, qualify for a reduced penalty as a prior disclosure under 19 U.S.C. 1592(c)(4). Section 10.932 also specifies the content of the statement that must accompany each corrected claim or certification. Goods Returned After Repair or Alteration Section 10.934 implements PTPA Article 2.6 regarding duty-free treatment for goods re-entered after repair or alteration in Peru. Part 24 An amendment is made to § 24.23(c), which concerns the merchandise processing fee, to implement § 204 of the Act, providing that the merchandise processing fee is not applicable to goods that qualify as originating goods under the PTPA. srobinson on DSK4SPTVN1PROD with RULES Part 162 Part 162 contains regulations regarding the inspection and examination of, among other things, imported merchandise. A crossreference is added to § 162.0, which is the scope section of the part, to refer readers to the additional PTPA records maintenance and examination provisions contained in Subpart Q, Part 10, CBP regulations. Part 163 A conforming amendment is made to § 163.1 to include the maintenance of any documentation that the importer may have in support of a claim for preference under the PTPA as an activity for which records must be maintained. Also, the list of records and information required for the entry of merchandise appearing in the Appendix to Part 163 (commonly known as the (a)(1)(A) list) is also amended to add the records that the importer may have in support of a PTPA claim for preferential tariff treatment. VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:15 Nov 02, 2011 Jkt 226001 68071 Part 178 Paperwork Reduction Act Part 178 sets forth the control numbers assigned to information collections of CBP by the Office of Management and Budget, pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, Pub. L. 104–13. The list contained in § 178.2 is amended to add the information collections used by CBP to determine eligibility for preferential tariff treatment under the PTPA and the Act. The collections of information contained in these regulations are under the review of the Office of Management and Budget in accordance with the requirements of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3507) under control number 1651–0117. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act, an agency may not conduct or sponsor, and an individual is not required to respond to, a collection of information unless it displays a valid OMB control number. The collections of information in these regulations are in §§ 10.903 and 10.904. This information is required in connection with claims for preferential tariff treatment under the PTPA and the Act and will be used by CBP to determine eligibility for tariff preference under the PTPA and the Act. The likely respondents are business organizations including importers, exporters and manufacturers. Estimated total annual reporting burden: 800 hours. Estimated average annual burden per respondent: .2 hours. Estimated number of respondents: 4,000. Estimated annual frequency of responses: 1. Comments concerning the collections of information and the accuracy of the estimated annual burden, and suggestions for reducing that burden, should be directed to the Office of Management and Budget, Attention: Desk Officer for the Department of the Treasury, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Washington, DC 20503. A copy should also be sent to the Trade and Commercial Regulations Branch, Regulations and Rulings, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, 799 9th Street NW., 5th Floor, Washington, DC 20229–1179. Inapplicability of Notice and Delayed Effective Date Requirements Under the Administrative Procedure Act (‘‘APA’’) (5 U.S.C. 553), agencies generally are required to publish a notice of proposed rulemaking in the Federal Register that solicits public comment on the proposed regulatory amendments, consider public comments in deciding on the content of the final amendments, and publish the final amendments at least 30 days prior to their effective date. However, section 553(a)(1) of the APA provides that the standard prior notice and comment procedures do not apply to an agency rulemaking to the extent that it involves a foreign affairs function of the United States. CBP has determined that these interim regulations involve a foreign affairs function of the United States because they implement preferential tariff treatment and related provisions of the PTPA. Therefore, the rulemaking requirements under the APA do not apply and this interim rule will be effective upon publication. However, CBP is soliciting comments in this interim rule and will consider all comments received before issuing a final rule. Executive Order 12866 and Regulatory Flexibility Act CBP has determined that this document is not a regulation or rule subject to the provisions of Executive Order 12866 of September 30, 1993 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993), because it pertains to a foreign affairs function of the United States and implements an international agreement, as described above, and therefore is specifically exempted by section 3(d)(2) of Executive Order 12866. Because a notice of proposed rulemaking is not required under section 553(b) of the APA for the reasons described above, the provisions of the Regulatory Flexibility Act, as amended (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.), do not apply to this rulemaking. Accordingly, this interim rule is not subject to the regulatory analysis requirements or other requirements of 5 U.S.C. 603 and 604. PO 00000 Frm 00015 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Signing Authority This document is being issued in accordance with § 0.1(a)(1) of the CBP regulations (19 CFR 0.1(a)(1)) pertaining to the authority of the Secretary of the Treasury (or his/her delegate) to approve regulations related to certain customs revenue functions. List of Subjects 19 CFR Part 10 Alterations, Bonds, Customs duties and inspection, Exports, Imports, Preference programs, Repairs, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Trade agreements. 19 CFR Part 24 Accounting, Customs duties and inspection, Financial and accounting E:\FR\FM\03NOR1.SGM 03NOR1 68072 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 213 / Thursday, November 3, 2011 / Rules and Regulations procedures, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Trade agreements, User fees. 19 CFR Part 162 Administrative practice and procedure, Customs duties and inspection, Penalties, Trade agreements. 19 CFR Part 163 Administrative practice and procedure, Customs duties and inspection, Exports, Imports, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Trade agreements. 19 CFR Part 178 Administrative practice and procedure, Exports, Imports, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. Amendments to the Regulations Accordingly, chapter I of title 19, Code of Federal Regulations (19 CFR chapter I), is amended as set forth below. 1. The general authority citation for Part 10 continues to read, and the specific authority for new Subpart Q is added, to read as follows: ■ Authority: 19 U.S.C. 66, 1202 (General Note 3(i), Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States), 1321, 1481, 1484, 1498, 1508, 1623, 1624, 3314; * * * * Sections 10.901 through 10.934 also issued under 19 U.S.C. 1202 (General Note 32, HTSUS), 19 U.S.C. 1520(d), and Pub. L. 110– 138, 121 Stat. 1455 (19 U.S.C. 3805 note). 2. In § 10.31, paragraph (f), the last sentence is revised to read as follows: ■ § 10.31 Entry; bond. srobinson on DSK4SPTVN1PROD with RULES * * * * * (f) * * * In addition, notwithstanding any other provision of this paragraph, in the case of professional equipment necessary for carrying out the business activity, trade or profession of a business person, equipment for the press or for sound or television broadcasting, cinematographic equipment, articles imported for sports purposes and articles intended for display or demonstration, if brought into the United States by a resident of Canada, Mexico, Singapore, Chile, Morocco, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, the Dominican Republic, Costa Rica, Bahrain, Oman, or Peru and entered under Chapter 98, Subchapter XIII, HTSUS, no bond or other security will be required if the entered article is a good originating, VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:15 Nov 02, 2011 Jkt 226001 ■ 3. Add Subpart Q to read as follows: Subpart Q—United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement General Provisions Sec. 10.901 Scope. 10.902 General definitions. Import Requirements 10.903 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon importation. 10.904 Certification. 10.905 Importer obligations. 10.906 Certification not required. 10.907 Maintenance of records. 10.908 Effect of noncompliance; failure to provide documentation regarding transshipment. Export Requirements 10.909 Certification for goods exported to Peru. PART 10—ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. * within the meaning of General Note 12, 25, 26, 27, 29, 30, 31, and 32, HTSUS, in the country of which the importer is a resident. Post-Importation Duty Refund Claims 10.910 Right to make post-importation claim and refund duties. 10.911 Filing procedures. 10.912 CBP processing procedures. Rules of Origin 10.913 Definitions. 10.914 Originating goods. 10.915 Regional value content. 10.916 Value of materials. 10.917 Accumulation. 10.918 De minimis. 10.919 Fungible goods and materials. 10.920 Accessories, spare parts, or tools. 10.921 Goods classifiable as goods put up in sets. 10.922 Retail packaging materials and containers. 10.923 Packing materials and containers for shipment. 10.924 Indirect materials. 10.925 Transit and transshipment. Origin Verifications and Determinations 10.926 Verification and justification of claim for preferential tariff treatment. 10.927 Special rule for verifications in Peru of U.S. imports of textile and apparel goods. 10.928 Issuance of negative origin determinations. 10.929 Repeated false or unsupported preference claims. Penalties 10.930 General. 10.931 Corrected claim or certification by importers. 10.932 Corrected certification by U.S. exporters or producers. 10.933 Framework for correcting claims or certifications. Goods Returned After Repair or Alteration 10.934 Goods re-entered after repair or alteration in Peru. PO 00000 Frm 00016 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Subpart Q—United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement General Provisions § 10.901 Scope. This subpart implements the duty preference and related customs provisions applicable to imported and exported goods under the United StatesPeru Trade Promotion Agreement (the PTPA) signed on April 12, 2006, and under the United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement Implementation Act (the Act; Pub. L. 110–138, 121 Stat. 1455 (19 U.S.C. 3805 note). Except as otherwise specified in this subpart, the procedures and other requirements set forth in this subpart are in addition to the customs procedures and requirements of general application contained elsewhere in this chapter. Additional provisions implementing certain aspects of the PTPA and the Act are contained in Parts 24, 162, and 163 of this chapter. § 10.902 General definitions. As used in this subpart, the following terms will have the meanings indicated unless either the context in which they are used requires a different meaning or a different definition is prescribed for a particular section of this subpart: (a) Claim for preferential tariff treatment. ‘‘Claim for preferential tariff treatment’’ means a claim that a good is entitled to the duty rate applicable under the PTPA to an originating good and to an exemption from the merchandise processing fee; (b) Claim of origin. ‘‘Claim of origin’’ means a claim that a textile or apparel good is an originating good or satisfies the non-preferential rules of origin of a Party; (c) Customs authority. ‘‘Customs authority’’ means the competent authority that is responsible under the law of a Party for the administration of customs laws and regulations; (d) Customs duty. ‘‘Customs duty’’ includes any customs or import duty and a charge of any kind imposed in connection with the importation of a good, including any form of surtax or surcharge in connection with such importation, but, for purposes of implementing the PTPA, does not include any: (1) Charge equivalent to an internal tax imposed consistently with Article III:2 of GATT 1994 in respect of like, directly competitive, or substitutable goods of the Party, or in respect of goods from which the imported good has been manufactured or produced in whole or in part; E:\FR\FM\03NOR1.SGM 03NOR1 srobinson on DSK4SPTVN1PROD with RULES Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 213 / Thursday, November 3, 2011 / Rules and Regulations (2) Antidumping or countervailing duty that is applied pursuant to a Party’s domestic law; or (3) Fee or other charge in connection with importation; (e) Customs Valuation Agreement. ‘‘Customs Valuation Agreement’’ means the Agreement on Implementation of Article VII of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994, which is part of the WTO Agreement; (f) Days. ‘‘Days’’ means calendar days; (g) Enterprise. ‘‘Enterprise’’ means any entity constituted or organized under applicable law, whether or not for profit, and whether privately-owned or governmentally-owned, including any corporation, trust, partnership, sole proprietorship, joint venture, or other association; (h) GATT 1994. ‘‘GATT 1994’’ means the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994, which is part of the WTO Agreement; (i) Harmonized System. ‘‘Harmonized System’’ means the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System, including its General Rules of Interpretation, Section Notes, and Chapter Notes, as adopted and implemented by the Parties in their respective tariff laws; (j) Heading. ‘‘Heading’’ means the first four digits in the tariff classification number under the Harmonized System; (k) HTSUS. ‘‘HTSUS’’ means the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States as promulgated by the U.S. International Trade Commission; (l) Identical goods. ‘‘Identical goods’’ means goods that are the same in all respects relevant to the rule of origin that qualifies the goods as originating goods; (m) Indirect material. ‘‘Indirect material’’ means a good used in the production, testing, or inspection of another good in the territory of one or both of the Parties but not physically incorporated into that other good, or a good used in the maintenance of buildings or the operation of equipment associated with the production of another good in the territory of one or both of the Parties, including: (1) Fuel and energy; (2) Tools, dies, and molds; (3) Spare parts and materials used in the maintenance of equipment or buildings; (4) Lubricants, greases, compounding materials, and other materials used in production or used to operate equipment or buildings; (5) Gloves, glasses, footwear, clothing, safety equipment, and supplies; (6) Equipment, devices, and supplies used for testing or inspecting the good; (7) Catalysts and solvents; and VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:15 Nov 02, 2011 Jkt 226001 (8) Any other goods that are not incorporated into the other good but the use of which in the production of the other good can reasonably be demonstrated to be a part of that production; (n) Originating. ‘‘Originating’’ means qualifying for preferential tariff treatment under the rules of origin set out in Chapter Four and Article 3.3 of the PTPA, and General Note 32, HTSUS; (o) Party. ‘‘Party’’ means the United States or Peru; (p) Person. ‘‘Person’’ means a natural person or an enterprise; (q) Preferential tariff treatment. ‘‘Preferential tariff treatment’’ means the duty rate applicable under the PTPA to an originating good, and an exemption from the merchandise processing fee; (r) Subheading. ‘‘Subheading’’ means the first six digits in the tariff classification number under the Harmonized System; (s) Textile or apparel good. ‘‘Textile or apparel good’’ means a good listed in the Annex to the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (commonly referred to as ‘‘the ATC’’), which is part of the WTO Agreement, except for those goods listed in Annex 3–C of the PTPA; (t) Territory. ‘‘Territory’’ means: (1) With respect to Peru, the continental territory, the islands, the maritime areas and the air space above them, in which Peru exercises sovereignty and jurisdiction or sovereign rights in accordance with its domestic law and international law; (2) With respect to the United States: (i) The customs territory of the United States, which includes the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico; (ii) The foreign trade zones located in the United States and Puerto Rico; and (iii) Any areas beyond the territorial seas of the United States within which, in accordance with international law and its domestic law, the United States may exercise rights with respect to the seabed and subsoil and their natural resources; (u) WTO. ‘‘WTO’’ means the World Trade Organization; and (v) WTO Agreement. ‘‘WTO Agreement’’ means the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization of April 15, 1994. Import Requirements § 10.903 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon importation. (a) Basis of claim. An importer may make a claim for PTPA preferential tariff treatment, including an exemption from the merchandise processing fee, based on: (1) A certification, as specified in § 10.904 of this subpart, that is prepared PO 00000 Frm 00017 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 68073 by the importer, exporter, or producer of the good; or (2) The importer’s knowledge that the good is an originating good, including reasonable reliance on information in the importer’s possession that the good is an originating good. (b) Making a claim. The claim is made by including on the entry summary, or equivalent documentation, the letters ‘‘PE’’ as a prefix to the subheading of the HTSUS under which each qualifying good is classified, or by the method specified for equivalent reporting via an authorized electronic data interchange system. (c) Corrected claim. If, after making the claim specified in paragraph (b) of this section, the importer has reason to believe that the claim is based on inaccurate information or is otherwise invalid, the importer must, within 30 calendar days after the date of discovery of the error, correct the claim and pay any duties that may be due. The importer must submit a statement either in writing or via an authorized electronic data interchange system to the CBP office where the original claim was filed specifying the correction (see §§ 10.931 and 10.933 of this subpart). § 10.904 Certification. (a) General. An importer who makes a claim under § 10.903(b) of this subpart based on a certification by the importer, exporter, or producer that the good is originating must submit, at the request of the port director, a copy of the certification. The certification: (1) Need not be in a prescribed format but must be in writing or must be transmitted electronically pursuant to any electronic means authorized by CBP for that purpose; (2) Must be in the possession of the importer at the time the claim for preferential tariff treatment is made if the certification forms the basis for the claim; (3) Must include the following information: (i) The legal name, address, telephone, and email address (if any) of the importer of record of the good, the exporter of the good (if different from the producer), and the producer of the good; (ii) The legal name, address, telephone, and email address (if any) of the responsible official or authorized agent of the importer, exporter, or producer signing the certification (if different from the information required by paragraph (a)(3)(i) of this section); (iii) A description of the good for which preferential tariff treatment is claimed, which must be sufficiently E:\FR\FM\03NOR1.SGM 03NOR1 68074 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 213 / Thursday, November 3, 2011 / Rules and Regulations detailed to relate it to the invoice and the HS nomenclature; (iv) The HTSUS tariff classification, to six or more digits, as necessary for the specific change in tariff classification rule for the good set forth in General Note 32(n), HTSUS; and (v) The applicable rule of origin set forth in General Note 32, HTSUS, under which the good qualifies as an originating good; and (4) Must include a statement, in substantially the following form: srobinson on DSK4SPTVN1PROD with RULES I certify that: The information on this document is true and accurate and I assume the responsibility for proving such representations. I understand that I am liable for any false statements or material omissions made on or in connection with this document; I agree to maintain and present upon request, documentation necessary to support these representations; The goods comply with all requirements for preferential tariff treatment specified for those goods in the United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement; and This document consists of llll pages, including all attachments. (b) Responsible official or agent. The certification provided for in paragraph (a) of this section must be signed and dated by a responsible official of the importer, exporter, or producer, or by the importer’s, exporter’s, or producer’s authorized agent having knowledge of the relevant facts. (c) Language. The certification provided for in paragraph (a) of this section must be completed in either the English or Spanish language. In the latter case, the port director may require the importer to submit an English translation of the certification. (d) Certification by the exporter or producer. A certification may be prepared by the exporter or producer of the good on the basis of: (1) The exporter’s or producer’s knowledge that the good is originating; or (2) In the case of an exporter, reasonable reliance on the producer’s certification that the good is originating. (e) Applicability of certification. The certification provided for in paragraph (a) of this section may be applicable to: (1) A single shipment of a good into the United States; or (2) Multiple shipments of identical goods into the United States that occur within a specified blanket period, not exceeding 12 months, set out in the certification. (f) Validity of certification. A certification that is properly completed, signed, and dated in accordance with the requirements of this section will be accepted as valid for four years VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:15 Nov 02, 2011 Jkt 226001 following the date on which it was signed. § 10.905 Importer obligations. (a) General. An importer who makes a claim for preferential tariff treatment under § 10.903(b) of this subpart: (1) Will be deemed to have certified that the good is eligible for preferential tariff treatment under the PTPA; (2) Is responsible for the truthfulness of the claim and of all the information and data contained in the certification provided for in § 10.904 of this subpart; (3) Is responsible for submitting any supporting documents requested by CBP, and for the truthfulness of the information contained in those documents. When a certification prepared by an exporter or producer forms the basis of a claim for preferential tariff treatment, and CBP requests the submission of supporting documents, the importer will provide to CBP, or arrange for the direct submission by the exporter or producer of, all information relied on by the exporter or producer in preparing the certification. (b) Information provided by exporter or producer. The fact that the importer has made a claim or submitted a certification based on information provided by an exporter or producer will not relieve the importer of the responsibility referred to in paragraph (a) of this section. (c) Exemption from penalties. An importer will not be subject to civil or administrative penalties under 19 U.S.C. 1592 for making an incorrect claim for preferential tariff treatment or submitting an incorrect certification, provided that the importer promptly and voluntarily corrects the claim or certification and pays any duty owing (see §§ 10.931 and 10.933 of this subpart). § 10.906 Certification not required. (a) General. Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (b) of this section, an importer will not be required to submit a copy of a certification under § 10.904 of this subpart for: (1) A non-commercial importation of a good; or (2) A commercial importation for which the value of the originating goods does not exceed U.S. $2,500. (b) Exception. If the port director determines that an importation described in paragraph (a) of this section is part of a series of importations carried out or planned for the purpose of evading compliance with the certification requirements of § 10.904 of this subpart, the port director will notify the importer that for that importation PO 00000 Frm 00018 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 the importer must submit to CBP a copy of the certification. The importer must submit such a copy within 30 days from the date of the notice. Failure to timely submit a copy of the certification will result in denial of the claim for preferential tariff treatment. § 10.907 Maintenance of records. (a) General. An importer claiming preferential tariff treatment for a good imported into the United States under § 10.903(b) of this subpart must maintain, for a minimum of five years after the date of importation of the good, all records and documents that the importer has demonstrating that the good qualifies for preferential tariff treatment under the PTPA. These records are in addition to any other records that the importer is required to prepare, maintain, or make available to CBP under Part 163 of this chapter. (b) Method of maintenance. The records and documents referred to in paragraph (a) of this section must be maintained by importers as provided in § 163.5 of this chapter. § 10.908 Effect of noncompliance; failure to provide documentation regarding transshipment. (a) General. If the importer fails to comply with any requirement under this subpart, including submission of a complete certification prepared in accordance with § 10.904 of this subpart, when requested, the port director may deny preferential tariff treatment to the imported good. (b) Failure to provide documentation regarding transshipment. Where the requirements for preferential tariff treatment set forth elsewhere in this subpart are met, the port director nevertheless may deny preferential tariff treatment to an originating good if the good is shipped through or transshipped in a country other than a Party to the PTPA, and the importer of the good does not provide, at the request of the port director, evidence demonstrating to the satisfaction of the port director that the conditions set forth in § 10.925(a) of this subpart were met. Export Requirements § 10.909 to Peru. Certification for goods exported (a) Submission of certification to CBP. Any person who completes and issues a certification for a good exported from the United States to Peru must provide a copy of the certification (or such other medium or format approved by the Peru customs authority for that purpose) to CBP upon request. (b) Notification of errors in certification. Any person who completes E:\FR\FM\03NOR1.SGM 03NOR1 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 213 / Thursday, November 3, 2011 / Rules and Regulations and issues a certification for a good exported from the United States to Peru and who has reason to believe that the certification contains or is based on incorrect information must promptly notify every person to whom the certification was provided of any change that could affect the accuracy or validity of the certification. Notification of an incorrect certification must also be given either in writing or via an authorized electronic data interchange system to CBP specifying the correction (see §§ 10.932 and 10.933 of this subpart). (c) Maintenance of records—(1) General. Any person who completes and issues a certification for a good exported from the United States to Peru must maintain, for a period of at least five years after the date the certification was signed, all records and supporting documents relating to the origin of a good for which the certification was issued, including the certification or copies thereof and records and documents associated with: (i) The purchase, cost, and value of, and payment for, the good; (ii) The purchase, cost, and value of, and payment for, all materials, including indirect materials, used in the production of the good; and (iii) The production of the good in the form in which the good was exported. (2) Method of maintenance. The records referred to in paragraph (c) of this section must be maintained as provided in § 163.5 of this chapter. (3) Availability of records. For purposes of determining compliance with the provisions of this part, the records required to be maintained under this section must be stored and made available for examination and inspection by the port director or other appropriate CBP officer in the same manner as provided in Part 163 of this chapter. Post-Importation Duty Refund Claims srobinson on DSK4SPTVN1PROD with RULES § 10.910 Right to make post-importation claim and refund duties. Notwithstanding any other available remedy, where a good would have qualified as an originating good when it was imported into the United States but no claim for preferential tariff treatment was made, the importer of that good may file a claim for a refund of any excess duties at any time within one year after the date of importation of the good in accordance with the procedures set forth in § 10.911 of this subpart. Subject to the provisions of § 10.908 of this subpart, CBP may refund any excess duties by liquidation or reliquidation of the entry covering the good in VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:15 Nov 02, 2011 Jkt 226001 accordance with § 10.912(c) of this subpart. § 10.911 Filing procedures. (a) Place of filing. A post-importation claim for a refund must be filed with the director of the port at which the entry covering the good was filed. (b) Contents of claim. A postimportation claim for a refund must be filed by presentation of the following: (1) A written declaration stating that the good was an originating good at the time of importation and setting forth the number and date of the entry or entries covering the good; (2) A copy of a certification prepared in accordance with § 10.904 of this subpart if a certification forms the basis for the claim, or other information demonstrating that the good qualifies for preferential tariff treatment; (3) A written statement indicating whether the importer of the good provided a copy of the entry summary or equivalent documentation to any other person. If such documentation was so provided, the statement must identify each recipient by name, CBP identification number, and address and must specify the date on which the documentation was provided; and (4) A written statement indicating whether or not any person has filed a protest relating to the good under any provision of law; and if any such protest has been filed, the statement must identify the protest by number and date. § 10.912 CBP processing procedures. (a) Status determination. After receipt of a post-importation claim under § 10.911 of this subpart, the port director will determine whether the entry covering the good has been liquidated and, if liquidation has taken place, whether the liquidation has become final. (b) Pending protest or judicial review. If the port director determines that any protest relating to the good has not been finally decided, the port director will suspend action on the claim filed under § 10.911 of this subpart until the decision on the protest becomes final. If a summons involving the tariff classification or dutiability of the good is filed in the Court of International Trade, the port director will suspend action on the claim filed under § 10.911 of this subpart until judicial review has been completed. (c) Allowance of claim. (1) Unliquidated entry. If the port director determines that a claim for a refund filed under § 10.911 of this subpart should be allowed and the entry covering the good has not been liquidated, the port director will take PO 00000 Frm 00019 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 68075 into account the claim for refund in connection with the liquidation of the entry. (2) Liquidated entry. If the port director determines that a claim for a refund filed under § 10.911 of this subpart should be allowed and the entry covering the good has been liquidated, whether or not the liquidation has become final, the entry must be reliquidated in order to effect a refund of duties under this section. If the entry is otherwise to be reliquidated based on administrative review of a protest or as a result of judicial review, the port director will reliquidate the entry taking into account the claim for refund under § 10.911 of this subpart. (d) Denial of claim. (1) General. The port director may deny a claim for a refund filed under § 10.911 of this subpart if the claim was not filed timely, if the importer has not complied with the requirements of § 10.908 and 10.911 of this subpart, or if, following an origin verification under § 10.926 of this subpart, the port director determines either that the imported good was not an originating good at the time of importation or that a basis exists upon which preferential tariff treatment may be denied under § 10.926 of this subpart. (2) Unliquidated entry. If the port director determines that a claim for a refund filed under this subpart should be denied and the entry covering the good has not been liquidated, the port director will deny the claim in connection with the liquidation of the entry, and notice of the denial and the reason for the denial will be provided to the importer in writing or via an authorized electronic data interchange system. (3) Liquidated entry. If the port director determines that a claim for a refund filed under this subpart should be denied and the entry covering the good has been liquidated, whether or not the liquidation has become final, the claim may be denied without reliquidation of the entry. If the entry is otherwise to be reliquidated based on administrative review of a protest or as a result of judicial review, such reliquidation may include denial of the claim filed under this subpart. In either case, the port director will provide notice of the denial and the reason for the denial to the importer in writing or via an authorized electronic data interchange system. Rules of Origin § 10.913 Definitions. For purposes of §§ 10.913 through 10.925: E:\FR\FM\03NOR1.SGM 03NOR1 srobinson on DSK4SPTVN1PROD with RULES 68076 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 213 / Thursday, November 3, 2011 / Rules and Regulations (a) Adjusted value. ‘‘Adjusted value’’ means the value determined in accordance with Articles 1 through 8, Article 15, and the corresponding interpretative notes of the Customs Valuation Agreement, adjusted, if necessary, to exclude: (1) Any costs, charges, or expenses incurred for transportation, insurance and related services incident to the international shipment of the good from the country of exportation to the place of importation; and (2) The value of packing materials and containers for shipment as defined in paragraph (m) of this section; (b) Class of motor vehicles. ‘‘Class of motor vehicles’’ means any one of the following categories of motor vehicles: (1) Motor vehicles provided for in subheading 8701.20, 8704.10, 8704.22, 8704.23, 8704.32, or 8704.90, or heading 8705 or 8706, HTSUS, or motor vehicles for the transport of 16 or more persons provided for in subheading 8702.10 or 8702.90, HTSUS; (2) Motor vehicles provided for in subheading 8701.10 or any of subheadings 8701.30 through 8701.90, HTSUS; (3) Motor vehicles for the transport of 15 or fewer persons provided for in subheading 8702.10 or 8702.90, HTSUS, or motor vehicles provided for in subheading 8704.21 or 8704.31, HTSUS; or (4) Motor vehicles provided for in subheadings 8703.21 through 8703.90, HTSUS; (c) Exporter. ‘‘Exporter’’ means a person who exports goods from the territory of a Party; (d) Fungible good or material. ‘‘Fungible good or material’’ means a good or material, as the case may be, that is interchangeable with another good or material for commercial purposes and the properties of which are essentially identical to such other good or material; (e) Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. ‘‘Generally Accepted Accounting Principles’’ means the recognized consensus or substantial authoritative support in the territory of a Party, with respect to the recording of revenues, expenses, costs, assets, and liabilities, the disclosure of information, and the preparation of financial statements. These principles may encompass broad guidelines of general application as well as detailed standards, practices, and procedures; (f) Good. ‘‘Good’’ means any merchandise, product, article, or material; (g) Goods wholly obtained or produced entirely in the territory of one or more of the Parties. ‘‘Goods wholly VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:15 Nov 02, 2011 Jkt 226001 obtained or produced entirely in the territory of one or both of the Parties’’ means: (1) Plants and plant products harvested or gathered in the territory of one or both of the Parties; (2) Live animals born and raised in the territory of one or more of the Parties; (3) Goods obtained in the territory of one or both of the Parties from live animals; (4) Goods obtained from hunting, trapping, fishing, or aquaculture conducted in the territory of one or both of the Parties; (5) Minerals and other natural resources not included in paragraphs (g)(1) through (g)(4) of this section that are extracted or taken in the territory of one or both of the Parties; (6) Fish, shellfish, and other marine life taken from the sea, seabed, or subsoil outside the territory of the Parties by: (i) Vessels registered or recorded with Peru and flying its flag; or (ii) Vessels documented under the laws of the United States; (7) Goods produced on board factory ships from the goods referred to in aragraph (g)(6) of this section, if such factory ships are: (i) Registered or recorded with Peru and fly its flag; or (i) Documented under the laws of the United States; (8) Goods taken by a Party or a person of a Party from the seabed or subsoil outside territorial waters, if a Party has rights to exploit such seabed or subsoil; (9) Goods taken from outer space, provided they are obtained by a Party or a person of a Party and not processed in the territory of a non-Party; (10) Waste and scrap derived from: (i) Manufacturing or processing operations in the territory of one or both of the Parties; or (ii) Used goods collected in the territory of one or both of the Parties, if such goods are fit only for the recovery of raw materials; (11) Recovered goods derived in the territory of one or both of the Parties from used goods, and used in the territory of one or both of the Parties in the production of remanufactured goods; and (12) Goods produced in the territory of one or both of the Parties exclusively from goods referred to in any of paragraphs (g)(1) through (g)(10) of this section, or from the derivatives of such goods, at any stage of production; (h) Material. ‘‘Material’’ means a good that is used in the production of another good, including a part or an ingredient; PO 00000 Frm 00020 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 (i) Model line. ‘‘Model line’’ means a group of motor vehicles having the same platform or model name; (j) Net cost. ‘‘Net cost’’ means total cost minus sales promotion, marketing, and after-sales service costs, royalties, shipping and packing costs, and nonallowable interest costs that are included in the total cost; (k) Non-allowable interest costs. ‘‘Non-allowable interest costs’’ means interest costs incurred by a producer that exceed 700 basis points above the applicable official interest rate for comparable maturities of the Party in which the producer is located; (l) Non-originating good or nonoriginating material. ‘‘Non-originating good’’ or ‘‘non-originating material’’ means a good or material, as the case may be, that does not qualify as originating under General Note 32, HTSUS, or this subpart; (m) Packing materials and containers for shipment. ‘‘Packing materials and containers for shipment’’ means the goods used to protect a good during its transportation to the United States, and does not include the packaging materials and containers in which a good is packaged for retail sale; (n) Producer. ‘‘Producer’’ means a person who engages in the production of a good in the territory of a Party; (o) Production. ‘‘Production’’ means growing, mining, harvesting, fishing, raising, trapping, hunting, manufacturing, processing, assembling, or disassembling a good; (p) Reasonably allocate. ‘‘Reasonably allocate’’ means to apportion in a manner that would be appropriate under Generally Accepted Accounting Principles; (q) Recovered goods. ‘‘Recovered goods’’ means materials in the form of individual parts that are the result of: (1) The disassembly of used goods into individual parts; and (2) The cleaning, inspecting, testing, or other processing that is necessary to improve such individual parts to sound working condition; (r) Remanufactured good. ‘‘Remanufactured good’’ means an industrial good assembled in the territory of one or both of the Parties that is classified in Chapter 84, 85, 87, or 90 or heading 9402, HTSUS, other than a good classified in heading 8418 or 8516, HTSUS, and that: (1) Is entirely or partially comprised of recovered goods; and (2) Has a similar life expectancy and enjoys a factory warranty similar to a new good that is classified in one of the enumerated HTSUS chapters or headings; E:\FR\FM\03NOR1.SGM 03NOR1 srobinson on DSK4SPTVN1PROD with RULES Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 213 / Thursday, November 3, 2011 / Rules and Regulations (s) Royalties. ‘‘Royalties’’ means payments of any kind, including payments under technical assistance agreements or similar agreements, made as consideration for the use of, or right to use, any copyright, literary, artistic, or scientific work, patent, trademark, design, model, plan, secret formula or process, excluding those payments under technical assistance agreements or similar agreements that can be related to specific services such as: (1) Personnel training, without regard to where performed; and (2) If performed in the territory of one or both of the Parties, engineering, tooling, die-setting, software design and similar computer services; (t) Sales promotion, marketing, and after-sales service costs. ‘‘Sales promotion, marketing, and after-sales service costs’’ means the following costs related to sales promotion, marketing, and after-sales service: (1) Sales and marketing promotion; media advertising; advertising and market research; promotional and demonstration materials; exhibits; sales conferences, trade shows and conventions; banners; marketing displays; free samples; sales, marketing, and after-sales service literature (product brochures, catalogs, technical literature, price lists, service manuals, sales aid information); establishment and protection of logos and trademarks; sponsorships; wholesale and retail restocking charges; entertainment; (2) Sales and marketing incentives; consumer, retailer or wholesaler rebates; merchandise incentives; (3) Salaries and wages, sales commissions, bonuses, benefits (for example, medical, insurance, pension), traveling and living expenses, membership and professional fees, for sales promotion, marketing, and aftersales service personnel; (4) Recruiting and training of sales promotion, marketing, and after-sales service personnel, and after-sales training of customers’ employees, where such costs are identified separately for sales promotion, marketing, and aftersales service of goods on the financial statements or cost accounts of the producer; (5) Product liability insurance; (6) Office supplies for sales promotion, marketing, and after-sales service of goods, where such costs are identified separately for sales promotion, marketing, and after-sales service of goods on the financial statements or cost accounts of the producer; (7) Telephone, mail and other communications, where such costs are identified separately for sales VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:15 Nov 02, 2011 Jkt 226001 promotion, marketing, and after-sales service of goods on the financial statements or cost accounts of the producer; (8) Rent and depreciation of sales promotion, marketing, and after-sales service offices and distribution centers; (9) Property insurance premiums, taxes, cost of utilities, and repair and maintenance of sales promotion, marketing, and after-sales service offices and distribution centers, where such costs are identified separately for sales promotion, marketing, and after-sales service of goods on the financial statements or cost accounts of the producer; and (10) Payments by the producer to other persons for warranty repairs; (u) Self-produced material. ‘‘Selfproduced material’’ means an originating material that is produced by a producer of a good and used in the production of that good; (v) Shipping and packing costs. ‘‘Shipping and packing costs’’ means the costs incurred in packing a good for shipment and shipping the good from the point of direct shipment to the buyer, excluding the costs of preparing and packaging the good for retail sale; (w) Total cost. ‘‘Total cost’’ means all product costs, period costs, and other costs for a good incurred in the territory of one or both of the Parties. Product costs are costs that are associated with the production of a good and include the value of materials, direct labor costs, and direct overhead. Period costs are costs, other than product costs, that are expensed in the period in which they are incurred, such as selling expenses and general and administrative expenses. Other costs are all costs recorded on the books of the producer that are not product costs or period costs, such as interest. Total cost does not include profits that are earned by the producer, regardless of whether they are retained by the producer or paid out to other persons as dividends, or taxes paid on those profits, including capital gains taxes; (x) Used. ‘‘Used’’ means utilized or consumed in the production of goods; and (y) Value. ‘‘Value’’ means the value of a good or material for purposes of calculating customs duties or for purposes of applying this subpart. § 10.914 Originating goods. Except as otherwise provided in this subpart and General Note 32(m), HTSUS, a good imported into the customs territory of the United States will be considered an originating good under the PTPA only if: PO 00000 Frm 00021 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 68077 (a) The good is wholly obtained or produced entirely in the territory of one or both of the Parties; (b) The good is produced entirely in the territory of one or both of the Parties and: (1) Each non-originating material used in the production of the good undergoes an applicable change in tariff classification specified in General Note 32(n), HTSUS, and the good satisfies all other applicable requirements of General Note 32, HTSUS; or (2) The good otherwise satisfies any applicable regional value content or other requirements specified in General Note 32(n), HTSUS, and satisfies all other applicable requirements of General Note 32, HTSUS; or (c) The good is produced entirely in the territory of one or both of the Parties exclusively from originating materials. § 10.915 Regional value content. (a) General. Except for goods to which paragraph (d) of this section applies, where General Note 32(n), HTSUS, sets forth a rule that specifies a regional value content test for a good, the regional value content of such good must be calculated by the importer, exporter, or producer of the good on the basis of the build-down method described in paragraph (b) of this section or the build-up method described in paragraph (c) of this section. (b) Build-down method. Under the build-down method, the regional value content must be calculated on the basis of the formula RVC = ((AV¥VNM)/AV) × 100, where RVC is the regional value content, expressed as a percentage; AV is the adjusted value of the good; and VNM is the value of non-originating materials that are acquired and used by the producer in the production of the good, but does not include the value of a material that is self-produced. (c) Build-up method. Under the buildup method, the regional value content must be calculated on the basis of the formula RVC = (VOM/AV) × 100, where RVC is the regional value content, expressed as a percentage; AV is the adjusted value of the good; and VOM is the value of originating materials that are acquired or self-produced and used by the producer in the production of the good. (d) Special rule for certain automotive goods. (1) General. Where General Note 32(n), HTSUS, sets forth a rule that specifies a regional value content test for an automotive good provided for in any of subheadings 8407.31 through 8407.34, subheading 8408.20, heading 8409, or any of headings 8701 through E:\FR\FM\03NOR1.SGM 03NOR1 srobinson on DSK4SPTVN1PROD with RULES 68078 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 213 / Thursday, November 3, 2011 / Rules and Regulations 8708, HTSUS, the regional value content of such good must be calculated by the importer, exporter, or producer of the good on the basis of the net cost method described in paragraph (d)(2) of this section. (2) Net cost method. Under the net cost method, the regional value content is calculated on the basis of the formula RVC = ((NC¥VNM)/NC) × 100, where RVC is the regional value content, expressed as a percentage; NC is the net cost of the good; and VNM is the value of non-originating materials that are acquired and used by the producer in the production of the good, but does not include the value of a material that is self-produced. Consistent with the provisions regarding allocation of costs set out in Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, the net cost of the good must be determined by: (i) Calculating the total cost incurred with respect to all goods produced by the producer of the automotive good, subtracting any sales promotion, marketing, and after-sales service costs, royalties, shipping and packing costs, and non-allowable interest costs that are included in the total cost of all such goods, and then reasonably allocating the resulting net cost of those goods to the automotive good; (ii) Calculating the total cost incurred with respect to all goods produced by the producer of the automotive good, reasonably allocating the total cost to the automotive good, and then subtracting any sales promotion, marketing, and after-sales service costs, royalties, shipping and packing costs, and non-allowable interest costs that are included in the portion of the total cost allocated to the automotive good; or (iii) Reasonably allocating each cost that forms part of the total costs incurred with respect to the automotive good so that the aggregate of these costs does not include any sales promotion, marketing, and after-sales service costs, royalties, shipping and packing costs, or non-allowable interest costs. (3) Motor vehicles. (i) General. For purposes of calculating the regional value content under the net cost method for an automotive good that is a motor vehicle provided for in any of headings 8701 through 8705, an importer, exporter, or producer may average the amounts calculated under the formula set forth in paragraph (d)(2) of this section over the producer’s fiscal year using any one of the categories described in paragraph (d)(3)(ii) of this section either on the basis of all motor vehicles in the category or those motor vehicles in the category that are exported to the territory of one or both Parties. VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:15 Nov 02, 2011 Jkt 226001 (ii) Categories. The categories referred to in paragraph (d)(3)(i) of this section are as follows: (A) The same model line of motor vehicles, in the same class of vehicles, produced in the same plant in the territory of a Party, as the motor vehicle for which the regional value content is being calculated; (B) The same class of motor vehicles, and produced in the same plant in the territory of a Party, as the motor vehicle for which the regional value content is being calculated; and (C) The same model line of motor vehicles produced in the territory of a Party as the motor vehicle for which the regional value content is being calculated. (4) Other automotive goods. (i) General. For purposes of calculating the regional value content under the net cost method for automotive goods provided for in any of subheadings 8407.31 through 8407.34, subheading 8408.20, heading 8409, 8706, 8707, or 8708, HTSUS, that are produced in the same plant, an importer, exporter, or producer may: (A) Average the amounts calculated under the formula set forth in paragraph (d)(2) of this section over any of the following: The fiscal year, or any quarter or month, of the motor vehicle producer to whom the automotive good is sold, or the fiscal year, or any quarter or month, of the producer of the automotive good, provided the goods were produced during the fiscal year, quarter, or month that is the basis for the calculation; (B) Determine the average referred to in paragraph (d)(4)(i)(A) of this section separately for such goods sold to one or more motor vehicle producers; or (C) Make a separate determination under paragraph (d)(4)(i)(A) or (d)(4)(i)(B) of this section for automotive goods that are exported to the territory of Peru or the United States. (ii) Duration of use. A person selecting an averaging period of one month or quarter under paragraph (d)(4)(i)(A) of this section must continue to use that method for that category of automotive goods throughout the fiscal year. § 10.916 Value of materials. (a) Calculating the value of materials. Except as provided in § 10.924, for purposes of calculating the regional value content of a good under General Note 32(n), HTSUS, and for purposes of applying the de minimis (see § 10.918 of this subpart) provisions of General Note 32(n), HTSUS, the value of a material is: (1) In the case of a material imported by the producer of the good, the adjusted value of the material; PO 00000 Frm 00022 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 (2) In the case of a material acquired by the producer in the territory where the good is produced, the value, determined in accordance with Articles 1 through 8, Article 15, and the corresponding interpretative notes of the Customs Valuation Agreement, of the material with reasonable modifications to the provisions of the Customs Valuation Agreement as may be required due to the absence of an importation by the producer (including, but not limited to, treating a domestic purchase by the producer as if it were a sale for export to the country of importation); or (3) In the case of a self-produced material, the sum of: (i) All expenses incurred in the production of the material, including general expenses; and (ii) An amount for profit equivalent to the profit added in the normal course of trade. (b) Examples. The following examples illustrate application of the principles set forth in paragraph (a)(2) of this section: Example 1. A producer in Peru purchases material x from an unrelated seller in Peru for $100. Under the provisions of Article 1 of the Customs Valuation Agreement, transaction value is the price actually paid or payable for the goods when sold for export to the country of importation adjusted in accordance with the provisions of Article 8. In order to apply Article 1 to this domestic purchase by the producer, such purchase is treated as if it were a sale for export to the country of importation. Therefore, for purposes of determining the adjusted value of material x, Article 1 transaction value is the price actually paid or payable for the goods when sold to the producer in Peru ($100), adjusted in accordance with the provisions of Article 8. In this example, it is irrelevant whether material x was initially imported into Peru by the seller (or by anyone else). So long as the producer acquired material x in Peru, it is intended that the value of material x will be determined on the basis of the price actually paid or payable by the producer adjusted in accordance with the provisions of Article 8. Example 2. Same facts as in Example 1, except that the sale between the seller and the producer is subject to certain restrictions that preclude the application of Article 1. Under Article 2 of the Customs Valuation Agreement, the value is the transaction value of identical goods sold for export to the same country of importation and exported at or about the same time as the goods being valued. In order to permit the application of Article 2 to the domestic acquisition by the producer, it should be modified so that the value is the transaction value of identical goods sold within Peru at or about the same time the goods were sold to the producer in Peru. Thus, if the seller of material x also sold an identical material to another buyer in Peru without restrictions, that other sale E:\FR\FM\03NOR1.SGM 03NOR1 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 213 / Thursday, November 3, 2011 / Rules and Regulations srobinson on DSK4SPTVN1PROD with RULES would be used to determine the adjusted value of material x. (c) Permissible additions to, and deductions from, the value of materials. (1) Additions to originating materials. For originating materials, the following expenses, if not included under paragraph (a) of this section, may be added to the value of the originating material: (i) The costs of freight, insurance, packing, and all other costs incurred in transporting the material within or between the territory of one or both of the Parties to the location of the producer; (ii) Duties, taxes, and customs brokerage fees on the material paid in the territory of one or both of the Parties, other than duties and taxes that are waived, refunded, refundable, or otherwise recoverable, including credit against duty or tax paid or payable; and (iii) The cost of waste and spoilage resulting from the use of the material in the production of the good, less the value of renewable scrap or byproducts. (2) Deductions from non-originating materials. For non-originating materials, if included under paragraph (a) of this section, the following expenses may be deducted from the value of the nonoriginating material: (i) The costs of freight, insurance, packing, and all other costs incurred in transporting the material within or between the territory of one or both of the Parties to the location of the producer; (ii) Duties, taxes, and customs brokerage fees on the material paid in the territory of one or both of the Parties, other than duties and taxes that are waived, refunded, refundable, or otherwise recoverable, including credit against duty or tax paid or payable; (iii) The cost of waste and spoilage resulting from the use of the material in the production of the good, less the value of renewable scrap or by-products; and (iv) The cost of originating materials used in the production of the nonoriginating material in the territory of one or both of the Parties. (d) Accounting method. Any cost or value referenced in General Note 32, HTSUS, and this subpart, must be recorded and maintained in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles applicable in the territory of the Party in which the good is produced. § 10.917 Accumulation. (a) Originating materials from the territory of a Party that are used in the production of a good in the territory of another Party will be considered to VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:15 Nov 02, 2011 Jkt 226001 originate in the territory of that other Party. (b) A good that is produced in the territory of one or both of the Parties by one or more producers is an originating good if the good satisfies the requirements of § 10.914 of this subpart and all other applicable requirements of General Note 32, HTSUS. § 10.918 De minimis. (a) General. Except as provided in paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section, a good that does not undergo a change in tariff classification pursuant to General Note 32(n), HTSUS, is an originating good if: (1) The value of all non-originating materials used in the production of the good that do not undergo the applicable change in tariff classification does not exceed 10 percent of the adjusted value of the good; (2) The value of the non-originating materials described in paragraph (a)(1) of this section is included in the value of non-originating materials for any applicable regional value content requirement for the good under General Note 32(n), HTSUS; and (3) The good meets all other applicable requirements of General Note 32, HTSUS. (b) Exceptions. Paragraph (a) of this section does not apply to: (1) A non-originating material provided for in Chapter 4, HTSUS, or a non-originating dairy preparation containing over 10 percent by weight of milk solids provided for in subheading 1901.90 or 2106.90, HTSUS, that is used in the production of a good provided for in Chapter 4, HTSUS; (2) A non-originating material provided for in Chapter 4, HTSUS, or a non-originating dairy preparation containing over 10 percent by weight of milk solids provided for in subheading 1901.90, HTSUS, that is used in the production of the following goods: (i) Infant preparations containing over 10 percent by weight of milk solids provided for in subheading 1901.10, HTSUS; (ii) Mixes and doughs, containing over 25 percent by weight of butterfat, not put up for retail sale, provided for in subheading 1901.20, HTSUS; (iii) Dairy preparations containing over 10 percent by weight of milk solids provided for in subheading 1901.90 or 2106.90, HTSUS; (iv) Goods provided for in heading 2105, HTSUS; (v) Beverages containing milk provided for in subheading 2202.90, HTSUS; and (vi) Animal feeds containing over 10 percent by weight of milk solids PO 00000 Frm 00023 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 68079 provided for in subheading 2309.90, HTSUS; and (3) A non-originating material provided for in heading 0805, HTSUS, or any of subheadings 2009.11 through 2009.39, HTSUS, that is used in the production of a good provided for in any of subheadings 2009.11 through 2009.39, HTSUS, or in fruit or vegetable juice of any single fruit or vegetable, fortified with minerals or vitamins, concentrated or unconcentrated, provided for in subheading 2106.90 or 2202.90, HTSUS; (4) A non-originating material provided for in heading 0901 or 2101, HTSUS, that is used in the production of a good provided for in heading 0901 or 2101, HTSUS; (5) A non-originating material provided for in Chapter 15, HTSUS, that is used in the production of a good provided for in Chapter 15, HTSUS; (6) A non-originating material provided for in heading 1701, HTSUS, that is used in the production of a good provided for in any of headings 1701 through 1703, HTSUS; (7) A non-originating material provided for in Chapter 17, HTSUS, that is used in the production of a good provided for in subheading 1806.10, HTSUS; and (8) Except as provided in paragraphs (b)(1) through (b)(7) of this section and General Note 32(n), HTSUS, a nonoriginating material used in the production of a good provided for in any of Chapters 1 through 24, HTSUS, unless the non-originating material is provided for in a different subheading than the good for which origin is being determined under this subpart. (c) Textile and apparel goods. (1) General. Except as provided in paragraph (c)(2) of this section, a textile or apparel good that is not an originating good because certain fibers or yarns used in the production of the component of the good that determines the tariff classification of the good do not undergo an applicable change in tariff classification set out in General Note 32(n), HTSUS, will nevertheless be considered to be an originating good if: (i) The total weight of all such fibers or yarns in that component is not more than 10 percent of the total weight of that component; or (ii) The yarns are nylon filament yarns (other than elastomeric yarns) that are provided for in subheading 5402.11.30, 5402.11.60, 5402.31.30, 5402.31.60, 5402.32.30, 5402.32.60, 5402.45.10, 5402.45.90, 5402.51.00, or 5402.61.00, HTSUS, and that are products of Canada, Mexico, or Israel. (2) Exception for goods containing elastomeric yarns. A textile or apparel E:\FR\FM\03NOR1.SGM 03NOR1 68080 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 213 / Thursday, November 3, 2011 / Rules and Regulations good containing elastomeric yarns (excluding latex) in the component of the good that determines the tariff classification of the good will be considered an originating good only if such yarns are wholly formed in the territory of one or both of the Parties. For purposes of this paragraph, ‘‘wholly formed’’ means that all the production processes and finishing operations, starting with the extrusion of filaments, strips, film, or sheet, and including slitting a film or sheet into strip, or the spinning of all fibers into yarn, or both, and ending with a finished yarn or plied yarn, took place in the territory of one or both of the Parties. (3) Yarn, fabric, or fiber. For purposes of paragraph (c) of this section, in the case of a textile or apparel good that is a yarn, fabric, or fiber, the term ‘‘component of the good that determines the tariff classification of the good’’ means all of the fibers in the good. § 10.919 Fungible goods and materials. (a) General. A person claiming that a fungible good or material is an originating good may base the claim either on the physical segregation of the fungible good or material or by using an inventory management method with respect to the fungible good or material. For purposes of this section, the term ‘‘inventory management method’’ means: (1) Averaging; (2) ‘‘Last-in, first-out;’’ (3) ‘‘First-in, first-out;’’ or (4) Any other method that is recognized in the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles of the Party in which the production is performed or otherwise accepted by that country. (b) Duration of use. A person selecting an inventory management method under paragraph (a) of this section for a particular fungible good or material must continue to use that method for that fungible good or material throughout the fiscal year of that person. srobinson on DSK4SPTVN1PROD with RULES § 10.920 tools. Accessories, spare parts, or (a) General. Accessories, spare parts, or tools that are delivered with a good and that form part of the good’s standard accessories, spare parts, or tools will be treated as originating goods if the good is an originating good, and will be disregarded in determining whether all the non-originating materials used in the production of the good undergo an applicable change in tariff classification specified in General Note 32(n), HTSUS, provided that: (1) The accessories, spare parts, or tools are classified with, and not invoiced separately from, the good, VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:15 Nov 02, 2011 Jkt 226001 regardless of whether they are specified or separately identified in the invoice for the good; and (2) The quantities and value of the accessories, spare parts, or tools are customary for the good. (b) Regional value content. If the good is subject to a regional value content requirement, the value of the accessories, spare parts, or tools is taken into account as originating or nonoriginating materials, as the case may be, in calculating the regional value content of the good under § 10.915 of this subpart. § 10.921 Goods classifiable as goods put up in sets. Notwithstanding the specific rules set forth in General Note 32(n), HTSUS, goods classifiable as goods put up in sets for retail sale as provided for in General Rule of Interpretation 3, HTSUS, will not be considered to be originating goods unless: (a) Each of the goods in the set is an originating good; or (b) The total value of the nonoriginating goods in the set does not exceed; (1) In the case of textile or apparel goods, 10 percent of the adjusted value of the set; or (2) In the case of a good other than a textile or apparel good, 15 percent of the adjusted value of the set. § 10.922 Retail packaging materials and containers. (a) Effect on tariff shift rule. Packaging materials and containers in which a good is packaged for retail sale, if classified with the good for which preferential tariff treatment under the PTPA is claimed, will be disregarded in determining whether all non-originating materials used in the production of the good undergo the applicable change in tariff classification set out in General Note 32(n), HTSUS. (b) Effect on regional value content calculation. If the good is subject to a regional value content requirement, the value of such packaging materials and containers will be taken into account as originating or non-originating materials, as the case may be, in calculating the regional value content of the good. Example 1. Peruvian Producer A of good C imports 100 non-originating blister packages to be used as retail packaging for good C. As provided in § 10.916(a)(1) of this subpart, the value of the blister packages is their adjusted value, which in this case is $10. Good C has a regional value content requirement. The United States importer of good C decides to use the build-down method, RVC = ((AV – VNM)/AV) × 100 (see § 10.915(b) of this subpart), in determining whether good C satisfies the regional value PO 00000 Frm 00024 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 content requirement. In applying this method, the non-originating blister packages are taken into account as non-originating. As such, their $10 adjusted value is included in the VNM, value of non-originating materials, of good C. Example 2. Same facts as in Example 1, except that the blister packages are originating. In this case, the adjusted value of the originating blister packages would not be included as part of the VNM of good C under the build-down method. However, if the U.S. importer had used the build-up method, RVC = (VOM/AV) × 100 (see § 10.915(c) of this subpart), the adjusted value of the blister packaging would be included as part of the VOM, value of originating materials. § 10.923 Packing materials and containers for shipment. (a) Effect on tariff shift rule. Packing materials and containers for shipment, as defined in § 10.913(m) of this subpart, are to be disregarded in determining whether the nonoriginating materials used in the production of the good undergo an applicable change in tariff classification set out in General Note 32(n), HTSUS. Accordingly, such materials and containers are not required to undergo the applicable change in tariff classification even if they are nonoriginating. (b) Effect on regional value content calculation. Packing materials and containers for shipment, as defined in § 10.913(m) of this subpart, are to be disregarded in determining the regional value content of a good imported into the United States. Accordingly, in applying the build-down, build-up, or net cost method for determining the regional value content of a good imported into the United States, the value of such packing materials and containers for shipment (whether originating or non-originating) is disregarded and not included in AV, adjusted value, VNM, value of nonoriginating materials, VOM, value of originating materials, or NC, net cost of a good. Example. Peruvian producer A produces good C. Producer A ships good C to the United States in a shipping container that it purchased from Company B in Peru. The shipping container is originating. The value of the shipping container determined under section § 10.916(a)(2) of this subpart is $3. Good C is subject to a regional value content requirement. The transaction value of good C is $100, which includes the $3 shipping container. The U.S. importer decides to use the build-up method, RVC = (VOM/AV) × 100 (see § 10.915(c) of this subpart), in determining whether good C satisfies the regional value content requirement. In determining the AV, adjusted value, of good C imported into the U.S., paragraph (b) of this section and the definition of AV require E:\FR\FM\03NOR1.SGM 03NOR1 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 213 / Thursday, November 3, 2011 / Rules and Regulations a $3 deduction for the value of the shipping container. Therefore, the AV is $97 ($100 ¥ $3). In addition, the value of the shipping container is disregarded and not included in the VOM, value of originating materials. § 10.924 Indirect materials. An indirect material, as defined in § 10.902(m) of this subpart, will be considered to be an originating material without regard to where it is produced. Example. Peruvian Producer A produces good C using non-originating material B. Producer A imports non-originating rubber gloves for use by workers in the production of good C. Good C is subject to a tariff shift requirement. As provided in § 10.914(b)(1) of this subpart and General Note 32(n), each of the non-originating materials in good C must undergo the specified change in tariff classification in order for good C to be considered originating. Although nonoriginating material B must undergo the applicable tariff shift in order for good C to be considered originating, the rubber gloves do not because they are indirect materials and are considered originating without regard to where they are produced. § 10.925 Transit and transshipment. (a) General. A good that has undergone production necessary to qualify as an originating good under § 10.914 of this subpart will not be considered an originating good if, subsequent to that production, the good: (1) Undergoes further production or any other operation outside the territories of the Parties, other than unloading, reloading, or any other operation necessary to preserve the good in good condition or to transport the good to the territory of a Party; or (2) Does not remain under the control of customs authorities in the territory of a non-Party. (b) Documentary evidence. An importer making a claim that a good is originating may be required to demonstrate, to CBP’s satisfaction, that the conditions and requirements set forth in paragraph (a) of this section were met. An importer may demonstrate compliance with this section by submitting documentary evidence. Such evidence may include, but is not limited to, bills of lading, airway bills, packing lists, commercial invoices, receiving and inventory records, and customs entry and exit documents. srobinson on DSK4SPTVN1PROD with RULES Origin Verifications and Determinations § 10.926 Verification and justification of claim for preferential tariff treatment. (a) Verification. A claim for preferential tariff treatment made under § 10.903(b) or § 10.911 of this subpart, including any statements or other information submitted to CBP in support of the claim, will be subject to VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:15 Nov 02, 2011 Jkt 226001 such verification as the port director deems necessary. In the event that the port director is provided with insufficient information to verify or substantiate the claim, or the exporter or producer fails to consent to a verification visit, the port director may deny the claim for preferential treatment. A verification of a claim for preferential tariff treatment under PTPA for goods imported into the United States may be conducted by means of one or more of the following: (1) Written requests for information from the importer, exporter, or producer; (2) Written questionnaires to the importer, exporter, or producer; (3) Visits to the premises of the exporter or producer in the territory of Peru, to review the records of the type referred to in § 10.909(c)(1) of this subpart or to observe the facilities used in the production of the good, in accordance with the framework that the Parties develop for conducting verifications; and (4) Such other procedures to which the Parties may agree. (b) Applicable accounting principles. When conducting a verification of origin to which Generally Accepted Accounting Principles may be relevant, CBP will apply and accept the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles applicable in the country of production. § 10.927 Special rule for verifications in Peru of U.S. imports of textile and apparel goods. (a) Procedures to determine whether a claim of origin is accurate. (1) General. For the purpose of determining that a claim of origin for a textile or apparel good is accurate, CBP may request that the Government of Peru conduct a verification, regardless of whether a claim is made for preferential tariff treatment. (2) Actions during a verification. While a verification under this paragraph is being conducted, CBP may take appropriate action, which may include: (i) Suspending the application of preferential tariff treatment to the textile or apparel good for which a claim for preferential tariff treatment has been made, if CBP determines there is insufficient information to support the claim; (ii) Denying the application of preferential tariff treatment to the textile or apparel good for which a claim for preferential tariff treatment has been made that is the subject of a verification if CBP determines that an enterprise has provided incorrect information to support the claim; PO 00000 Frm 00025 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 68081 (iii) Detention of any textile or apparel good exported or produced by the enterprise subject to the verification if CBP determines there is insufficient information to determine the country of origin of any such good; and (iv) Denying entry to any textile or apparel good exported or produced by the enterprise subject to the verification if CBP determines that the enterprise has provided incorrect information as to the country of origin of any such good. (3) Actions following a verification. On completion of a verification under this paragraph, CBP may take appropriate action, which may include: (i) Denying the application of preferential tariff treatment to the textile or apparel good for which a claim for preferential tariff treatment has been made that is the subject of a verification if CBP determines there is insufficient information, or that the enterprise has provided incorrect information, to support the claim; and (ii) Denying entry to any textile or apparel good exported or produced by the enterprise subject to the verification if CBP determines there is insufficient information to determine, or that the enterprise has provided incorrect information as to, the country of origin of any such good. (b) Procedures to determine compliance with applicable customs laws and regulations of the United States. (1) General. For purposes of enabling CBP to determine that an exporter or producer is complying with applicable customs laws, regulations, and procedures regarding trade in textile and apparel goods, CBP may request that the government of Peru conduct a verification. (2) Actions during a verification. While a verification under this paragraph is being conducted, CBP may take appropriate action, which may include: (i) Suspending the application of preferential tariff treatment to any textile or apparel good exported or produced by the enterprise subject to the verification if CBP determines there is insufficient information to support a claim for preferential tariff treatment with respect to any such good; (ii) Denying the application of preferential tariff treatment to any textile or apparel good exported or produced by the enterprise subject to the verification if CBP determines that the enterprise has provided incorrect information to support a claim for preferential tariff treatment with respect to any such good; (iii) Detention of any textile or apparel good exported or produced by the enterprise subject to the verification if E:\FR\FM\03NOR1.SGM 03NOR1 68082 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 213 / Thursday, November 3, 2011 / Rules and Regulations CBP determines there is insufficient information to determine the country of origin of any such good; and (iv) Denying entry to any textile or apparel good exported or produced by the enterprise subject to the verification if CBP determines that the enterprise has provided incorrect information as to the country of origin of any such good. (3) Actions following a verification. On completion of a verification under this paragraph, CBP may take appropriate action, which may include: (i) Denying the application of preferential tariff treatment to any textile or apparel good exported or produced by the enterprise subject to the verification if CBP determines there is insufficient information, or that the enterprise has provided incorrect information, to support a claim for preferential tariff treatment with respect to any such good; and (ii) Denying entry to any textile or apparel good exported or produced by the enterprise subject to the verification if CBP determines there is insufficient information to determine, or that the enterprise has provided incorrect information as to, the country of origin of any such good. (c) Denial of permission to conduct a verification. If an enterprise does not consent to a verification under this section, CBP may deny preferential tariff treatment to the type of goods of the enterprise that would have been the subject of the verification. (d) Assistance by U.S. officials in conducting a verification abroad. U.S. officials may undertake or assist in a verification under this section by conducting visits in the territory of Peru, along with the competent authorities of Peru, to the premises of an exporter, producer, or any other enterprise involved in the movement of textile or apparel goods from Peru to the United States. (e) Continuation of appropriate action. CBP may continue to take appropriate action under paragraph (a) or (b) of this section until it receives information sufficient to enable it to make the determination described in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section. srobinson on DSK4SPTVN1PROD with RULES § 10.928 Issuance of negative origin determinations. If, as a result of an origin verification initiated under this subpart, CBP determines that a claim for preferential tariff treatment under this subpart should be denied, it will issue a determination in writing or via an authorized electronic data interchange system to the importer that sets forth the following: VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:15 Nov 02, 2011 Jkt 226001 (a) A description of the good that was the subject of the verification together with the identifying numbers and dates of the import documents pertaining to the good; (b) A statement setting forth the findings of fact made in connection with the verification and upon which the determination is based; and (c) With specific reference to the rules applicable to originating goods as set forth in General Note 32, HTSUS, and in §§ 10.913 through 10.925 of this subpart, the legal basis for the determination. § 10.929 Repeated false or unsupported preference claims. Where verification or other information reveals a pattern of conduct by an importer, exporter, or producer of false or unsupported representations that goods qualify under the PTPA rules of origin set forth in General Note 32, HTSUS, CBP may suspend preferential tariff treatment under the PTPA to entries of identical goods covered by subsequent representations by that importer, exporter, or producer until CBP determines that representations of that person are in conformity with General Note 32, HTSUS. Penalties § 10.930 General. Except as otherwise provided in this subpart, all criminal, civil, or administrative penalties which may be imposed on U.S. importers, exporters, and producers for violations of the customs and related laws and regulations will also apply to U.S. importers, exporters, and producers for violations of the laws and regulations relating to the PTPA. § 10.931 Corrected claim or certification by importers. An importer who makes a corrected claim under § 10.903(c) of this subpart will not be subject to civil or administrative penalties under 19 U.S.C. 1592 for having made an incorrect claim or having submitted an incorrect certification, provided that the corrected claim is promptly and voluntarily made. § 10.932 Corrected certification by U.S. exporters or producers. Civil or administrative penalties provided for under 19 U.S.C. 1592 will not be imposed on an exporter or producer in the United States who promptly and voluntarily provides written notification pursuant to § 10.909(b) with respect to the making of an incorrect certification. PO 00000 Frm 00026 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 § 10.933 Framework for correcting claims or certifications. (a) ‘‘Promptly and voluntarily’’ defined. Except as provided for in paragraph (b) of this section, for purposes of this subpart, the making of a corrected claim or certification by an importer or the providing of written notification of an incorrect certification by an exporter or producer in the United States will be deemed to have been done promptly and voluntarily if: (1)(i) Done before the commencement of a formal investigation, within the meaning of § 162.74(g) of this chapter; or (ii) Done before any of the events specified in § 162.74(i) of this chapter have occurred; or (iii) Done within 30 days after the importer, exporter, or producer initially becomes aware that the claim or certification is incorrect; and (2) Accompanied by a statement setting forth the information specified in paragraph (c) of this section; and (3) In the case of a corrected claim or certification by an importer, accompanied or followed by a tender of any actual loss of duties and merchandise processing fees, if applicable, in accordance with paragraph (d) of this section. (b) Exception in cases involving fraud or subsequent incorrect claims. (1) Fraud. Notwithstanding paragraph (a) of this section, a person who acted fraudulently in making an incorrect claim or certification may not make a voluntary correction of that claim or certification. For purposes of this paragraph, the term ‘‘fraud’’ will have the meaning set forth in paragraph (C)(3) of Appendix B to Part 171 of this chapter. (2) Subsequent incorrect claims. An importer who makes one or more incorrect claims after becoming aware that a claim involving the same merchandise and circumstances is invalid may not make a voluntary correction of the subsequent claims pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section. (c) Statement. For purposes of this subpart, each corrected claim or certification must be accompanied by a statement, submitted in writing or via an authorized electronic data interchange system, which: (1) Identifies the class or kind of good to which the incorrect claim or certification relates; (2) In the case of a corrected claim or certification by an importer, identifies each affected import transaction, including each port of importation and the approximate date of each importation; E:\FR\FM\03NOR1.SGM 03NOR1 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 213 / Thursday, November 3, 2011 / Rules and Regulations (3) Specifies the nature of the incorrect statements or omissions regarding the claim or certification; and (4) Sets forth, to the best of the person’s knowledge, the true and accurate information or data which should have been covered by or provided in the claim or certification, and states that the person will provide any additional information or data which is unknown at the time of making the corrected claim or certification within 30 days or within any extension of that 30-day period as CBP may permit in order for the person to obtain the information or data. (d) Tender of actual loss of duties. A U.S. importer who makes a corrected claim must tender any actual loss of duties at the time of making the corrected claim, or within 30 days thereafter, or within any extension of that 30-day period as CBP may allow in order for the importer to obtain the information or data necessary to calculate the duties owed. (c) Documentation. The provisions of paragraphs (a), (b), and (c) of § 10.8 of this part, relating to the documentary requirements for goods entered under subheading 9802.00.40 or 9802.00.50, HTSUS, will apply in connection with the entry of goods which are returned from Peru after having been exported for repairs or alterations and which are claimed to be duty free. Goods Returned After Repair or Alteration ■ srobinson on DSK4SPTVN1PROD with RULES § 10.934 Goods re-entered after repair or alteration in Peru. (a) General. This section sets forth the rules which apply for purposes of obtaining duty-free treatment on goods returned after repair or alteration in Peru as provided for in subheadings 9802.00.40 and 9802.00.50, HTSUS. Goods returned after having been repaired or altered in Peru, whether or not pursuant to a warranty, are eligible for duty-free treatment, provided that the requirements of this section are met. For purposes of this section, ‘‘repairs or alterations’’ means restoration, addition, renovation, re-dyeing, cleaning, resterilizing, or other treatment that does not destroy the essential characteristics of, or create a new or commercially different good from, the good exported from the United States. (b) Goods not eligible for duty-free treatment after repair or alteration. The duty-free treatment referred to in paragraph (a) of this section will not apply to goods which, in their condition as exported from the United States to Peru, are incomplete for their intended use and for which the processing operation performed in Peru constitutes an operation that is performed as a matter of course in the preparation or manufacture of finished goods. VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:15 Nov 02, 2011 Jkt 226001 68083 under the U.S.-Chile Free Trade Agreement, the U.S.-Singapore Free Trade Agreement, the Dominican Republic-Central America-U.S. Free Trade Agreement, the U.S.-Morocco Free Trade Agreement, and the U.S.Peru Trade Promotion Agreement are contained in Part 10, Subparts H, I, J, M, and Q of this chapter, respectively. PART 163—RECORDKEEPING PART 24—CUSTOMS FINANCIAL AND ACCOUNTING PROCEDURE ■ 4. The general authority citation for part 24 and specific authority for § 24.23 continue to read as follows: Authority: 5 U.S.C. 301; 19 U.S.C. 66, 1484, 1508, 1509, 1510, 1624. ■ Authority: 5 U.S.C. 301; 19 U.S.C. 58a–58c, 66, 1202 (General Note 3(i), Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States), 1505, 1520, 1624; 26 U.S.C. 4461, 4462; 31 U.S.C. 9701; Public Law 107–296, 116 Stat. 2135 (6 U.S.C. 1 et seq.). * * * * * Section 24.23 also issued under 19 U.S.C. 3332; * * * * * 5. Section 24.23 is amended by adding paragraph (c)(11) to read as follows: § 24.23 Fees for processing merchandise. * * * * * (c) * * * (11) The ad valorem fee, surcharge, and specific fees provided under paragraphs (b)(1) and (b)(2)(i) of this section will not apply to goods that qualify as originating goods under § 203 of the United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement Implementation Act (see also General Note 32, HTSUS) that are entered, or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after February 1, 2009. * * * * * PART 162—INSPECTION, SEARCH, AND SEIZURE 6. The authority citation for Part 162 continues to read in part as follows: ■ Authority: 5 U.S.C. 301; 19 U.S.C. 66, 1592, 1593a, 1624. * * * * * ■ 7. Section 162.0 is amended by revising the last sentence to read as follows: § 162.0 Frm 00027 Fmt 4700 9. Section 163.1(a)(2) is amended by redesignating paragraph (a)(2)(xiii) as paragraph (a)(2)(xiv) and adding a new paragraph (a)(2)(xiii) to read as follows: ■ § 163.1 Definitions. * * * * * (a) * * * (2) * * * (xiii) The maintenance of any documentation that the importer may have in support of a claim for preferential tariff treatment under the United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement (PTPA), including a PTPA importer’s certification. * * * * * ■ 10. The Appendix to Part 163 is amended by adding a new listing under section IV in numerical order to read as follows: Appendix to Part 163—Interim (a)(1)(A) List * * * * * IV. * * * § 10.905 PTPA records that the importer may have in support of a PTPA claim for preferential tariff treatment, including an importer’s certification. * * * * * PART 178—APPROVAL OF INFORMATION COLLECTION REQUIREMENTS 11. The authority citation for Part 178 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 5 U.S.C. 301; 19 U.S.C. 1624; 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq. 12. Section 178.2 is amended by adding new listings for ‘‘§§ 10.903 and 10.904’’ to the table in numerical order to read as follows: ■ Scope. * * * Additional provisions concerning records maintenance and examination applicable to U.S. importers, exporters and producers PO 00000 8. The authority citation for Part 163 continues to read as follows: Sfmt 4700 § 178.2 E:\FR\FM\03NOR1.SGM Listing of OMB control numbers. 03NOR1 68084 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 213 / Thursday, November 3, 2011 / Rules and Regulations 19 CFR section Description * * §§ 10.903 and 10.904 ............................... * * * * Claim for preferential tariff treatment under the U.S.-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement. * * * Alan D. Bersin, Commissioner, U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Approved: October 28, 2011. Timothy E. Skud, Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Treasury. [FR Doc. 2011–28471 Filed 11–2–11; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 9111–14–P DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration 29 CFR Part 1980 [Docket Number: OSHA–2011–0126] RIN 1218–AC53 Procedures for the Handling of Retaliation Complaints Under Section 806 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as Amended Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Labor. ACTION: Interim Final Rule; request for comments. AGENCY: The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is amending the regulations governing employee protection (‘‘retaliation’’ or ‘‘whistleblower’’) claims under section 806 of the Corporate and Criminal Fraud Accountability Act of 2002, Title VIII of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (‘‘Sarbanes-Oxley’’ or ‘‘Act’’), which was amended by sections 922 and 929A of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010, enacted on July 21, 2010. Public Law 111–203. These revisions to the Sarbanes-Oxley whistleblower regulations clarify and improve the procedures for handling Sarbanes-Oxley whistleblower complaints and implement statutory changes enacted into law as part of the 2010 statutory amendments. These changes to the Sarbanes-Oxley whistleblower regulations also make the procedures for handling retaliation complaints under Sarbanes-Oxley more consistent with OSHA’s procedures for handling complaints under the employee protection provisions of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982, srobinson on DSK4SPTVN1PROD with RULES SUMMARY: VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:15 Nov 02, 2011 Jkt 226001 * OMB control No. * 29 CFR part 1978; the National Transit Systems Security Act and the Federal Railroad Safety Act, 29 CFR part 1982; the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008, 29 CFR part 1983; and the Employee Protection Provisions of Six Environmental Statutes and Section 211 of the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, as amended, 29 CFR part 24. DATES: This interim final rule is effective on November 3, 2011. Comments and additional materials must be submitted (post-marked, sent or received) by January 3, 2012. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments and attachments electronically at http://www.regulations.gov, which is the Federal eRulemaking Portal. Follow the instructions online for making electronic submissions. Fax: If your submissions, including attachments, do not exceed 10 pages, you may fax them to the OSHA Docket Office at (202) 693–1648. Mail, hand delivery, express mail, messenger or courier service: You must submit your comments and attachments to the OSHA Docket Office, Docket No. OSHA–2011–0126, U.S. Department of Labor, Room N–2625, 200 Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20210. Deliveries (hand, express mail, messenger and courier service) are accepted during the Department of Labor’s and Docket Office’s normal business hours, 8:15 a.m.–4:45 p.m., e.t. Instructions: All submissions must include the Agency name and the OSHA docket number for this rulemaking (Docket No. OSHA–2011–0126). Submissions, including any personal information you provide, are placed in the public docket without change and may be made available online at http://www.regulations.gov. Therefore, OSHA cautions you about submitting personal information such as social security numbers and birth dates. Docket: To read or download submissions or other material in the docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov or the OSHA Docket Office at the address above. All documents in the docket are listed in the http:// www.regulations.gov index, however, some information (e.g., copyrighted material) is not publicly available to read or download through the Web site. PO 00000 Frm 00028 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 * * 1651–0117 * All submissions, including copyrighted material, are available for inspection and copying at the OSHA Docket Office. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Sandra Dillon, Acting Director, Office of the Whistleblower Protection Program, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, Room N–3610, 200 Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20210; telephone (202) 693–2199. This is not a toll-free number. This Federal Register publication is available in alternative formats. The alternative formats are large print, electronic file on computer disk (Word Perfect, ASCII, Mates with Duxbury Braille System) and audiotape. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010, Public Law 111–203, (Dodd-Frank) amended the Sarbanes-Oxley whistleblower provision, 18 U.S.C. 1514A. The regulatory revisions described herein reflect these statutory amendments and also seek to clarify and improve OSHA’s procedures for handling Sarbanes-Oxley whistleblower claims. To the extent possible within the bounds of applicable statutory language, these revised regulations are designed to be consistent with the procedures applied to claims under other whistleblower statutes administered by OSHA, including the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 (STAA), 29 CFR part 1978; the National Transit Systems Security Act (NTSSA) and the Federal Railroad Safety Act (FRSA), 29 CFR part 1982; the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 (CPSIA), 29 CFR part 1983; and the Employee Protection Provisions of Six Environmental Statutes and Section 211 of the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, as amended, 29 CFR part 24. Responsibility for receiving and investigating complaints under Sarbanes-Oxley has been delegated to the Assistant Secretary of Labor for Occupational Safety and Health (Secretary of Labor’s Order No. 4–2010 (Sept. 2, 2010), 75 FR 55355 (Sept. 10, 2010)). Hearings on determinations by the Assistant Secretary are conducted by E:\FR\FM\03NOR1.SGM 03NOR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 76, Number 213 (Thursday, November 3, 2011)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 68067-68084]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2011-28471]


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DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

U.S. Customs and Border Protection

DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY

19 CFR Parts 10, 24, 162, 163, and 178

[USCBP-2011-0043; CBP Dec. 11-22]
RIN 1515-AD79


United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement

AGENCIES: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland 
Security; Department of the Treasury.

ACTION: Interim regulations; solicitation of comments.

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SUMMARY: This rule amends the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) 
regulations on an interim basis to implement the preferential tariff 
treatment and other customs-related provisions of the United States-
Peru Trade Promotion Agreement.

DATES: Interim rule effective November 3, 2011; comments must be 
received by January 3, 2012.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments, identified by docket number, by one 
of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. 
Follow the instructions for submitting comments via docket number 
USCBP-2011-0043.
     Mail: Trade and Commercial Regulations Branch, Regulations 
and Rulings, Office of International Trade, U.S. Customs and Border 
Protection, 799 9th Street NW., 5th Floor, Washington, DC 20229-1179.
    Instructions: All submissions received must include the agency name 
and docket number for this rulemaking. All comments received will be 
posted without change to http://www.regulations.gov, including any 
personal information provided. For detailed instructions on submitting 
comments and additional information on the rulemaking process, see the 
``Public Participation'' heading of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION 
section of this document.
    Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or 
comments received, go to http://www.regulations.gov. Submitted comments 
may also be inspected during regular business days between the hours of 
9 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. at the Trade and Commercial Regulations Branch, 
Regulations and Rulings, Office of International Trade, U.S. Customs 
and Border Protection, 799 9th Street NW., 5th Floor, Washington, DC.

[[Page 68068]]

Arrangements to inspect submitted comments should be made in advance by 
calling Mr. Joseph Clark at (202) 325-0118.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
    Textile Operational Aspects: Nancy Mondich, Trade Policy and 
Programs, Office of International Trade, (202) 863-6524.
    Other Operational Aspects: Katrina Chang, Trade Policy and 
Programs, Office of International Trade, (202) 863-6532.
    Legal Aspects: Karen Greene, Regulations and Rulings, Office of 
International Trade, (202) 325-0041.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Public Participation

    Interested persons are invited to participate in this rulemaking by 
submitting written data, views, or arguments on all aspects of the 
interim rule. CBP also invites comments that relate to the economic, 
environmental, or federalism effects that might result from this 
interim rule. Comments that will provide the most assistance to CBP in 
developing these regulations will reference a specific portion of the 
interim rule, explain the reason for any recommended change, and 
include data, information, or authority that support such recommended 
change. See ADDRESSES above for information on how to submit comments.

Background

    On April 12, 2006, the United States and Peru (the ``Parties'') 
signed the United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement (``PTPA'' or 
``Agreement''), and on June 24 and June 25, 2007, the Parties signed a 
protocol amending the Agreement. The stated objectives of the PTPA 
include: strengthening the special bonds of friendship and cooperation 
between the Parties and promoting regional economic integration; 
promoting broad-based economic development in order to reduce poverty 
and generate opportunities for sustainable economic alternatives to 
drug-crop production; creating new employment opportunities and 
improving labor conditions and living standards in the Parties; 
establishing clear and mutually advantageous rules governing trade 
between the Parties; ensuring a predictable legal and commercial 
framework for business and investment; fostering creativity and 
innovation and promoting trade in the innovative sections of the 
Parties' economies; promoting transparency and preventing and combating 
corruption, including bribery, in international trade and investment; 
protecting, enhancing, and enforcing basic workers' rights, and 
strengthening cooperation on labor matters; implementing the Agreement 
in a manner consistent with environmental protection and conservation, 
promoting sustainable development, and strengthening cooperation on 
environmental matters; and contributing to hemispheric integration and 
providing an impetus toward establishing the Free Trade Area of the 
Americas.
    The provisions of the PTPA were adopted by the United States with 
the enactment on December 14, 2007, of the United States-Peru Trade 
Promotion Agreement Implementation Act (the ``Act''), Public Law 110-
138, 121 Stat. 1455 (19 U.S.C. 3805 note). Section 209 of the Act 
requires that regulations be prescribed as necessary to implement the 
provisions of the PTPA.
    On January 16, 2009, the President signed Proclamation 8341 to 
implement the provisions of the PTPA. The Proclamation, which was 
published in the Federal Register on January 22, 2009 (74 FR 4105), 
modified the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States 
(``HTSUS'') as set forth in Annexes I and II of Publication 4058 of the 
U.S. International Trade Commission. The modifications to the HTSUS 
included the addition of new General Note 32, incorporating the 
relevant PTPA rules of origin as set forth in the Act, and the 
insertion throughout the HTSUS of the preferential duty rates 
applicable to individual products under the PTPA where the special 
program indicator ``PE'' appears in parenthesis in the ``Special'' rate 
of duty subcolumn. The modifications to the HTSUS also included a new 
Subchapter XVII to Chapter 99 to provide for temporary tariff-rate 
quotas and applicable safeguards implemented by the PTPA. After the 
Proclamation was signed, CBP issued instructions to the field and the 
public implementing the Agreement by allowing the trade to receive the 
benefits under the PTPA effective on or after February 1, 2009.
    U.S. Customs and Border Protection (``CBP'') is responsible for 
administering the provisions of the PTPA and the Act that relate to the 
importation of goods into the United States from Peru. Those customs-
related PTPA provisions which require implementation through regulation 
include certain tariff and non-tariff provisions within Chapter One 
(Initial Provisions and General Definitions), Chapter Two (National 
Treatment and Market Access for Goods), Chapter Three (Textiles and 
Apparel), Chapter Four (Rules of Origin and Origin Procedures), and 
Chapter Five (Customs Administration and Trade Facilities).
    Certain general definitions set forth in Chapter One of the PTPA 
have been incorporated into the PTPA implementing regulations. These 
regulations also implement Article 2.6 (Goods Re-entered After Repair 
or Alteration) of the PTPA.
    Chapter Three of the PTPA sets forth provisions relating to trade 
in textile and apparel goods between Peru and the United States. The 
provisions within Chapter Three that require regulatory action by CBP 
are Articles 3.2 (Customs Cooperation and Verification of Origin), 
Article 3.3 (Rules of Origin, Origin Procedures, and Related Matters), 
and Article 3.5 (Definitions).
    Chapter Four of the PTPA sets forth the rules for determining 
whether an imported good is an originating good of a Party and, as 
such, is therefore eligible for preferential tariff (duty-free or 
reduced duty) treatment under the PTPA as specified in the Agreement 
and the HTSUS. The basic rules of origin in Section A of Chapter Four 
are set forth in General Note 32, HTSUS.
    Under Article 4.1 of Chapter Four, originating goods may be grouped 
in three broad categories: (1) Goods that are wholly obtained or 
produced entirely in the territory of one or both of the Parties; (2) 
goods that are produced entirely in the territory of one or both of the 
Parties and that satisfy the product-specific rules of origin in PTPA 
Annex 4.1 (change in tariff classification requirement and/or regional 
value content requirement) or Annex 3-A (textile and apparel specific 
rules of origin) and all other applicable requirements of Chapter Four; 
and (3) goods that are produced entirely in the territory of one or 
both of the Parties exclusively from originating materials. Article 4.2 
sets forth the methods for calculating the regional value content of a 
good. Articles 4.3 and 4.4 set forth the rules for determining the 
value of materials for purposes of calculating the regional value 
content of a good and applying the de minimis criterion. Article 4.5 
provides that production that takes place in the territory of one or 
both of the Parties may be accumulated such that, provided other 
requirements are met, the resulting good is considered originating. 
Article 4.6 provides a de minimis criterion. The remaining Articles 
within Section A of Chapter Four consist of additional sub-rules, 
applicable to the originating good concept, involving fungible goods 
and materials, accessories, spare parts, and tools, sets, packaging 
materials and containers for retail sale, packing materials and 
containers for shipment,

[[Page 68069]]

indirect materials, transit and transshipment, and consultation and 
modifications. All Articles within Section A are reflected in the PTPA 
implementing regulations, except for Article 4.14 (Consultation and 
Modifications).
    Section B of Chapter Four sets forth procedures that apply under 
the PTPA in regard to claims for preferential tariff treatment. 
Specifically, Section B includes provisions concerning claims for 
preferential tariff treatment, recordkeeping requirements, verification 
of preference claims, obligations relating to importations and 
exportations, common guidelines, implementation, and definitions of 
terms used within the context of the rules of origin. All Articles 
within Section B, except for Articles 4.21 (Common Guidelines) and 4.22 
(Implementation) are reflected in these implementing regulations.
    Chapter Five sets forth operational provisions related to customs 
administration and trade facilitation under the PTPA. Article 5.9, 
concerning the general application of penalties to PTPA transactions, 
is the only provision within Chapter Five that is reflected in the PTPA 
implementing regulations.
    In order to provide transparency and facilitate their use, the 
majority of the PTPA implementing regulations set forth in this 
document have been included within Subpart Q in Part 10 of the CBP 
regulations (19 CFR part 10). However, in those cases in which PTPA 
implementation is more appropriate in the context of an existing 
regulatory provision, the PTPA regulatory text has been incorporated in 
an existing Part within the CBP regulations. In addition, this document 
sets forth several cross-references and other consequential changes to 
existing regulatory provisions to clarify the relationship between 
those existing provisions and the new PTPA implementing regulations. 
The regulatory changes are discussed below in the order in which they 
appear in this document.

Discussion of Amendments

Part 10

    Section 10.31(f) concerns temporary importations under bond. It is 
amended by adding references to certain goods originating in Peru for 
which, like goods originating in Canada, Mexico, Singapore, Chile, 
Morocco, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, the Dominican 
Republic, Costa Rica, Bahrain, or Oman, no bond or other security will 
be required when imported temporarily for prescribed uses. The 
provisions of PTPA Article 2.5 (Temporary Admission of Goods) are 
already reflected in existing temporary importation bond or other 
provisions contained in Part 10 of the CBP regulations and in Chapter 
98 of the HTSUS.

Part 10, Subpart Q

General Provisions
    Section 10.901 outlines the scope of Subpart Q, Part 10 of the CBP 
regulations. This section also clarifies that, except where the context 
otherwise requires, the requirements contained in Subpart Q, Part 10 
are in addition to general administrative and enforcement provisions 
set forth elsewhere in the CBP regulations. Thus, for example, the 
specific merchandise entry requirements contained in Subpart Q, Part 10 
are in addition to the basic entry requirements contained in Parts 141-
143 of the CBP regulations.
    Section 10.902 sets forth definitions of common terms used in 
multiple contexts or places within Subpart Q, Part 10. Although the 
majority of the definitions in this section are based on definitions 
contained in Article 1.3 and Annex 1.3 of the PTPA, and Sec.  3 of the 
Act, other definitions have also been included to clarify the 
application of the regulatory texts. Additional definitions that apply 
in a more limited Subpart Q, Part 10 context are set forth elsewhere 
with the substantive provisions to which they relate.
Import Requirements
    Section 10.903 sets forth the procedure for claiming PTPA 
preferential tariff treatment at the time of entry and, as provided in 
PTPA Article 4.15.1, states that an importer may make a claim for PTPA 
preferential tariff treatment based on a certification by the importer, 
exporter, or producer or the importer's knowledge that the good is an 
originating good. Section 10.903 also provides, consistent with PTPA 
Article 4.19.4(d), that when an importer has reason to believe that a 
claim is based on inaccurate information, the importer must correct the 
claim and pay any duties that may be due.
    Section 10.904, which is based on PTPA Articles 4.15 and 4.19.4, 
requires a U.S. importer, upon request, to submit a copy of the 
certification of the importer, exporter, or producer if the 
certification forms the basis for the claim. Section 10.904 specifies 
the information that must be included on the certification, sets forth 
the circumstances under which the certification may be prepared by the 
exporter or producer of the good, and provides that the certification 
may be used either for a single importation or for multiple 
importations of identical goods.
    Section 10.905 sets forth certain importer obligations regarding 
the truthfulness of information and documents submitted in support of a 
claim for preferential tariff treatment. Section 10.906, which is based 
on PTPA Article 4.16, provides that the certification is not required 
for certain non-commercial or low-value importations.
    Section 10.907 implements PTPA Article 4.17 concerning the 
maintenance of relevant records regarding the imported good.
    Section 10.908, which reflects PTPA Article 4.19.2, authorizes the 
denial of PTPA tariff benefits if the importer fails to comply with any 
of the requirements under Subpart Q, Part 10, CBP regulations.
Export Requirements
    Section 10.909, which implements PTPA Articles 4.20.1 and 4.17.1, 
sets forth certain obligations of a person who completes and issues a 
certification for a good exported from the United States to Peru. 
Paragraphs (a) and (b) of Sec.  10.909, reflecting PTPA Article 4.20.1, 
require a person who completes such a certification to provide a copy 
of the certification to CBP upon request and to give prompt 
notification of any errors in the certification to every person to whom 
the certification was given. Paragraph (c) of Sec.  10.909 reflects 
Article 4.17.1, concerning the recordkeeping requirements that apply to 
a person who completes and issues a certification for a good exported 
from the United States to Peru.
Post-Importation Duty Refund Claims
    Sections 10.910 through 10.912 implement PTPA Article 4.19.5 and 
section 206 of the Act, which allow an importer who did not claim PTPA 
tariff benefits on a qualifying good at the time of importation to 
apply for a refund of any excess duties at any time within one year 
after the date of importation. Such a claim may be made even if 
liquidation of the entry would otherwise be considered final under 
other provisions of law.
Rules of Origin
    Sections 10.913 through 10.925 provide the implementing regulations 
regarding the rules of origin provisions of General Note 32, HTSUS, 
Chapter Four and Article 3.3 of the PTPA, and section 203 of the Act.

[[Page 68070]]

Definitions

    Section 10.913 sets forth terms that are defined for purposes of 
the rules of origin.

General Rules of Origin

    Section 10.914 sets forth the basic rules of origin established in 
Article 4.1 of the PTPA, section 203(b) of the Act, and General Note 
32(b), HTSUS. The provisions of Sec.  10.914 apply both to the 
determination of the status of an imported good as an originating good 
for purposes of preferential tariff treatment and to the determination 
of the status of a material as an originating material used in a good 
which is subject to a determination under General Note 32, HTSUS. 
Section 10.914(a) specifies those goods that are originating goods 
because they are wholly obtained or produced entirely in the territory 
of one or both of the Parties.
    Section 10.914(b) provides that goods that have been produced 
entirely in the territory of one or both of the Parties from non-
originating materials each of which undergoes an applicable change in 
tariff classification and satisfies any applicable regional value 
content or other requirement set forth in General Note 32, HTSUS, are 
originating goods. Essential to the rules in Sec.  10.914(b) are the 
specific rules of General Note 32(n), HTSUS, which are incorporated by 
reference.
    Section 10.914(c) provides that goods that have been produced 
entirely in the territory of one or both of the Parties exclusively 
from originating materials are originating goods.

Value Content

    Section 10.915 reflects PTPA Article 4.2 concerning the basic rules 
that apply for purposes of determining whether an imported good 
satisfies a minimum regional value content (``RVC'') requirement. 
Section 10.916, reflecting PTPA Articles 4.3 and 4.4, sets forth the 
rules for determining the value of a material for purposes of 
calculating the regional value content of a good as well as for 
purposes of applying the de minimis rules.

Accumulation

    Section 10.917, which is derived from PTPA Article 4.5, sets forth 
the rule by which originating materials from the territory of a Party 
that are used in the production of a good in the territory of the other 
Party will be considered to originate in the territory of that other 
country. In addition, this section also establishes that a good that is 
produced by one or more producers in the territory of one or both of 
the Parties is an originating good if the good satisfies all of the 
applicable requirements of the rules of origin of the PTPA.

De Minimis

    Section 10.918, as provided for in PTPA Article 4.6, sets forth de 
minimis rules for goods that may be considered to qualify as 
originating goods even though they fail to qualify as originating goods 
under the rules specified in Sec.  10.594. There are a number of 
exceptions to the de minimis rule set forth in PTPA Annex 4.6 
(Exceptions to Article 4.6) as well as a separate rule for textile and 
apparel goods.

Fungible Goods and Materials

    Section 10.919, as provided for in PTPA Article 4.7, sets forth the 
rules by which ``fungible'' goods or materials may be claimed as 
originating.
Accessories, Spare Parts, or Tools
    Section 10.920, as set forth in PTPA Article 4.8, specifies the 
conditions under which a good's standard accessories, spare parts, or 
tools are: (1) Treated as originating goods; and (2) disregarded in 
determining whether all non-originating materials undergo an applicable 
change in tariff classification under General Note 32(n), HTSUS.
Goods Classifiable as Goods Put Up in Sets
    Section 10.921, which is based on PTPA Articles 3.3.10 and 4.9, 
provides that, notwithstanding the specific rules of General Note 
32(n), HTSUS, goods classifiable as goods put up in sets for retail 
sale as provided for in General Rule of Interpretation 3, HTSUS, will 
not qualify as originating goods unless: (1) Each of the goods in the 
set is an originating good; or (2) the total value of the non-
originating goods in the set does not exceed 15 percent of the adjusted 
value of the set, or 10 percent of the adjusted value of the set in the 
case of textile or apparel goods.
Packaging Materials and Packing Materials
    Sections 10.922 and 10.923, which are derived from PTPA Articles 
4.10 and 4.11, respectively, provide that retail packaging materials 
and packing materials for shipment are to be disregarded with respect 
to their actual origin in determining whether non-originating materials 
undergo an applicable change in tariff classification under General 
Note 32(n), HTSUS. These sections also set forth the treatment of 
packaging and packing materials for purposes of the regional value 
content requirement of the note.
Indirect Materials
    Section 10.924, as set forth in PTPA Article 4.12, provides that 
indirect materials, as defined in Sec.  10.902(m), are considered to be 
originating materials without regard to where they are produced.
Transit and Transshipment
    Section 10.925, which is derived from PTPA Article 4.13, sets forth 
the rule that an originating good loses its originating status and is 
treated as a non-originating good if, subsequent to production in the 
territory of one or both of the Parties that qualifies the good as 
originating, the good: (1) Undergoes production outside the territories 
of the Parties, other than certain specified minor operations; or (2) 
does not remain under the control of customs authorities in the 
territory of a non-Party.
Origin Verifications and Determinations
    Section 10.926 implements PTPA Article 4.18 which concerns the 
conduct of verifications to determine whether imported goods are 
originating goods entitled to PTPA preferential tariff treatment. This 
section also governs the conduct of verifications directed to producers 
of materials that are used in the production of a good for which PTPA 
preferential duty treatment is claimed.
    Section 10.927, which reflects PTPA Article 3.2, sets forth the 
verification and enforcement procedures specifically relating to trade 
in textile and apparel goods.
    Section 10.928 provides the procedures that apply when preferential 
tariff treatment is denied on the basis of an origin verification 
conducted under this subpart.
    Section 10.929 implements PTPA Article 4.18.5 and Sec.  205(b) of 
the Act, concerning the denial of preferential tariff treatment in 
situations in which there is a pattern of conduct by an importer, 
exporter, or producer of false or unsupported PTPA preference claims.
Penalties
    Section 10.930 concerns the general application of penalties to 
PTPA transactions and is based on PTPA Article 5.9.
    Section 10.931 reflects PTPA Article 4.19.3 and Sec.  205(a)(1) of 
the Act with regard to an exception to the application of penalties in 
the case of an importer who promptly and voluntarily makes a corrected 
claim and pays any duties owing.
    Section 10.932 implements PTPA Article 4.20.2 and Sec.  205(a)(2) 
of the Act,

[[Page 68071]]

concerning an exception to the application of penalties in the case of 
a U.S. exporter or producer who promptly and voluntarily provides 
notification of the making of an incorrect certification with respect 
to a good exported to Peru.
    Section 10.933 sets forth the circumstances under which the making 
of a corrected claim or certification by an importer or the providing 
of notification of an incorrect certification by a U.S. exporter or 
producer will be considered to have been done ``promptly and 
voluntarily''. Corrected claims or certifications that fail to meet 
these requirements are not excepted from penalties, although the U.S. 
importer, exporter, or producer making the corrected claim or 
certification may, depending on the circumstances, qualify for a 
reduced penalty as a prior disclosure under 19 U.S.C. 1592(c)(4). 
Section 10.932 also specifies the content of the statement that must 
accompany each corrected claim or certification.
Goods Returned After Repair or Alteration
    Section 10.934 implements PTPA Article 2.6 regarding duty-free 
treatment for goods re-entered after repair or alteration in Peru.

Part 24

    An amendment is made to Sec.  24.23(c), which concerns the 
merchandise processing fee, to implement Sec.  204 of the Act, 
providing that the merchandise processing fee is not applicable to 
goods that qualify as originating goods under the PTPA.

Part 162

    Part 162 contains regulations regarding the inspection and 
examination of, among other things, imported merchandise. A cross-
reference is added to Sec.  162.0, which is the scope section of the 
part, to refer readers to the additional PTPA records maintenance and 
examination provisions contained in Subpart Q, Part 10, CBP 
regulations.

Part 163

    A conforming amendment is made to Sec.  163.1 to include the 
maintenance of any documentation that the importer may have in support 
of a claim for preference under the PTPA as an activity for which 
records must be maintained. Also, the list of records and information 
required for the entry of merchandise appearing in the Appendix to Part 
163 (commonly known as the (a)(1)(A) list) is also amended to add the 
records that the importer may have in support of a PTPA claim for 
preferential tariff treatment.

Part 178

    Part 178 sets forth the control numbers assigned to information 
collections of CBP by the Office of Management and Budget, pursuant to 
the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, Pub. L. 104-13. The list contained 
in Sec.  178.2 is amended to add the information collections used by 
CBP to determine eligibility for preferential tariff treatment under 
the PTPA and the Act.

Inapplicability of Notice and Delayed Effective Date Requirements

    Under the Administrative Procedure Act (``APA'') (5 U.S.C. 553), 
agencies generally are required to publish a notice of proposed 
rulemaking in the Federal Register that solicits public comment on the 
proposed regulatory amendments, consider public comments in deciding on 
the content of the final amendments, and publish the final amendments 
at least 30 days prior to their effective date. However, section 
553(a)(1) of the APA provides that the standard prior notice and 
comment procedures do not apply to an agency rulemaking to the extent 
that it involves a foreign affairs function of the United States. CBP 
has determined that these interim regulations involve a foreign affairs 
function of the United States because they implement preferential 
tariff treatment and related provisions of the PTPA. Therefore, the 
rulemaking requirements under the APA do not apply and this interim 
rule will be effective upon publication. However, CBP is soliciting 
comments in this interim rule and will consider all comments received 
before issuing a final rule.

Executive Order 12866 and Regulatory Flexibility Act

    CBP has determined that this document is not a regulation or rule 
subject to the provisions of Executive Order 12866 of September 30, 
1993 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993), because it pertains to a foreign 
affairs function of the United States and implements an international 
agreement, as described above, and therefore is specifically exempted 
by section 3(d)(2) of Executive Order 12866. Because a notice of 
proposed rulemaking is not required under section 553(b) of the APA for 
the reasons described above, the provisions of the Regulatory 
Flexibility Act, as amended (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.), do not apply to 
this rulemaking. Accordingly, this interim rule is not subject to the 
regulatory analysis requirements or other requirements of 5 U.S.C. 603 
and 604.

Paperwork Reduction Act

    The collections of information contained in these regulations are 
under the review of the Office of Management and Budget in accordance 
with the requirements of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3507) 
under control number 1651-0117. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act, an 
agency may not conduct or sponsor, and an individual is not required to 
respond to, a collection of information unless it displays a valid OMB 
control number.
    The collections of information in these regulations are in 
Sec. Sec.  10.903 and 10.904. This information is required in 
connection with claims for preferential tariff treatment under the PTPA 
and the Act and will be used by CBP to determine eligibility for tariff 
preference under the PTPA and the Act. The likely respondents are 
business organizations including importers, exporters and 
manufacturers.
    Estimated total annual reporting burden: 800 hours.
    Estimated average annual burden per respondent: .2 hours.
    Estimated number of respondents: 4,000.
    Estimated annual frequency of responses: 1.
    Comments concerning the collections of information and the accuracy 
of the estimated annual burden, and suggestions for reducing that 
burden, should be directed to the Office of Management and Budget, 
Attention: Desk Officer for the Department of the Treasury, Office of 
Information and Regulatory Affairs, Washington, DC 20503. A copy should 
also be sent to the Trade and Commercial Regulations Branch, 
Regulations and Rulings, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, 799 9th 
Street NW., 5th Floor, Washington, DC 20229-1179.

Signing Authority

    This document is being issued in accordance with Sec.  0.1(a)(1) of 
the CBP regulations (19 CFR 0.1(a)(1)) pertaining to the authority of 
the Secretary of the Treasury (or his/her delegate) to approve 
regulations related to certain customs revenue functions.

List of Subjects

19 CFR Part 10

    Alterations, Bonds, Customs duties and inspection, Exports, 
Imports, Preference programs, Repairs, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements, Trade agreements.

19 CFR Part 24

    Accounting, Customs duties and inspection, Financial and accounting

[[Page 68072]]

procedures, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Trade agreements, 
User fees.

19 CFR Part 162

    Administrative practice and procedure, Customs duties and 
inspection, Penalties, Trade agreements.

19 CFR Part 163

    Administrative practice and procedure, Customs duties and 
inspection, Exports, Imports, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, 
Trade agreements.

19 CFR Part 178

    Administrative practice and procedure, Exports, Imports, Reporting 
and recordkeeping requirements.

Amendments to the Regulations

    Accordingly, chapter I of title 19, Code of Federal Regulations (19 
CFR chapter I), is amended as set forth below.

PART 10--ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, 
ETC.

0
1. The general authority citation for Part 10 continues to read, and 
the specific authority for new Subpart Q is added, to read as follows:

    Authority:  19 U.S.C. 66, 1202 (General Note 3(i), Harmonized 
Tariff Schedule of the United States), 1321, 1481, 1484, 1498, 1508, 
1623, 1624, 3314;

* * * * *

    Sections 10.901 through 10.934 also issued under 19 U.S.C. 1202 
(General Note 32, HTSUS), 19 U.S.C. 1520(d), and Pub. L. 110-138, 
121 Stat. 1455 (19 U.S.C. 3805 note).


0
2. In Sec.  10.31, paragraph (f), the last sentence is revised to read 
as follows:


Sec.  10.31  Entry; bond.

* * * * *
    (f) * * * In addition, notwithstanding any other provision of this 
paragraph, in the case of professional equipment necessary for carrying 
out the business activity, trade or profession of a business person, 
equipment for the press or for sound or television broadcasting, 
cinematographic equipment, articles imported for sports purposes and 
articles intended for display or demonstration, if brought into the 
United States by a resident of Canada, Mexico, Singapore, Chile, 
Morocco, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, the Dominican 
Republic, Costa Rica, Bahrain, Oman, or Peru and entered under Chapter 
98, Subchapter XIII, HTSUS, no bond or other security will be required 
if the entered article is a good originating, within the meaning of 
General Note 12, 25, 26, 27, 29, 30, 31, and 32, HTSUS, in the country 
of which the importer is a resident.


0
3. Add Subpart Q to read as follows:

Subpart Q--United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement

General Provisions

Sec.
10.901 Scope.
10.902 General definitions.

Import Requirements

10.903 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon 
importation.
10.904 Certification.
10.905 Importer obligations.
10.906 Certification not required.
10.907 Maintenance of records.
10.908 Effect of noncompliance; failure to provide documentation 
regarding transshipment.

Export Requirements

10.909 Certification for goods exported to Peru.

Post-Importation Duty Refund Claims

10.910 Right to make post-importation claim and refund duties.
10.911 Filing procedures.
10.912 CBP processing procedures.

Rules of Origin

10.913 Definitions.
10.914 Originating goods.
10.915 Regional value content.
10.916 Value of materials.
10.917 Accumulation.
10.918 De minimis.
10.919 Fungible goods and materials.
10.920 Accessories, spare parts, or tools.
10.921 Goods classifiable as goods put up in sets.
10.922 Retail packaging materials and containers.
10.923 Packing materials and containers for shipment.
10.924 Indirect materials.
10.925 Transit and transshipment.

Origin Verifications and Determinations

10.926 Verification and justification of claim for preferential 
tariff treatment.
10.927 Special rule for verifications in Peru of U.S. imports of 
textile and apparel goods.
10.928 Issuance of negative origin determinations.
10.929 Repeated false or unsupported preference claims.

Penalties

10.930 General.
10.931 Corrected claim or certification by importers.
10.932 Corrected certification by U.S. exporters or producers.
10.933 Framework for correcting claims or certifications.

Goods Returned After Repair or Alteration

10.934 Goods re-entered after repair or alteration in Peru.

Subpart Q--United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement

General Provisions


Sec.  10.901  Scope.

    This subpart implements the duty preference and related customs 
provisions applicable to imported and exported goods under the United 
States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement (the PTPA) signed on April 12, 
2006, and under the United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement 
Implementation Act (the Act; Pub. L. 110-138, 121 Stat. 1455 (19 U.S.C. 
3805 note). Except as otherwise specified in this subpart, the 
procedures and other requirements set forth in this subpart are in 
addition to the customs procedures and requirements of general 
application contained elsewhere in this chapter. Additional provisions 
implementing certain aspects of the PTPA and the Act are contained in 
Parts 24, 162, and 163 of this chapter.


Sec.  10.902  General definitions.

    As used in this subpart, the following terms will have the meanings 
indicated unless either the context in which they are used requires a 
different meaning or a different definition is prescribed for a 
particular section of this subpart:
    (a) Claim for preferential tariff treatment. ``Claim for 
preferential tariff treatment'' means a claim that a good is entitled 
to the duty rate applicable under the PTPA to an originating good and 
to an exemption from the merchandise processing fee;
    (b) Claim of origin. ``Claim of origin'' means a claim that a 
textile or apparel good is an originating good or satisfies the non-
preferential rules of origin of a Party;
    (c) Customs authority. ``Customs authority'' means the competent 
authority that is responsible under the law of a Party for the 
administration of customs laws and regulations;
    (d) Customs duty. ``Customs duty'' includes any customs or import 
duty and a charge of any kind imposed in connection with the 
importation of a good, including any form of surtax or surcharge in 
connection with such importation, but, for purposes of implementing the 
PTPA, does not include any:
    (1) Charge equivalent to an internal tax imposed consistently with 
Article III:2 of GATT 1994 in respect of like, directly competitive, or 
substitutable goods of the Party, or in respect of goods from which the 
imported good has been manufactured or produced in whole or in part;

[[Page 68073]]

    (2) Antidumping or countervailing duty that is applied pursuant to 
a Party's domestic law; or
    (3) Fee or other charge in connection with importation;
    (e) Customs Valuation Agreement. ``Customs Valuation Agreement'' 
means the Agreement on Implementation of Article VII of the General 
Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994, which is part of the WTO 
Agreement;
    (f) Days. ``Days'' means calendar days;
    (g) Enterprise. ``Enterprise'' means any entity constituted or 
organized under applicable law, whether or not for profit, and whether 
privately-owned or governmentally-owned, including any corporation, 
trust, partnership, sole proprietorship, joint venture, or other 
association;
    (h) GATT 1994. ``GATT 1994'' means the General Agreement on Tariffs 
and Trade 1994, which is part of the WTO Agreement;
    (i) Harmonized System. ``Harmonized System'' means the Harmonized 
Commodity Description and Coding System, including its General Rules of 
Interpretation, Section Notes, and Chapter Notes, as adopted and 
implemented by the Parties in their respective tariff laws;
    (j) Heading. ``Heading'' means the first four digits in the tariff 
classification number under the Harmonized System;
    (k) HTSUS. ``HTSUS'' means the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the 
United States as promulgated by the U.S. International Trade 
Commission;
    (l) Identical goods. ``Identical goods'' means goods that are the 
same in all respects relevant to the rule of origin that qualifies the 
goods as originating goods;
    (m) Indirect material. ``Indirect material'' means a good used in 
the production, testing, or inspection of another good in the territory 
of one or both of the Parties but not physically incorporated into that 
other good, or a good used in the maintenance of buildings or the 
operation of equipment associated with the production of another good 
in the territory of one or both of the Parties, including:
    (1) Fuel and energy;
    (2) Tools, dies, and molds;
    (3) Spare parts and materials used in the maintenance of equipment 
or buildings;
    (4) Lubricants, greases, compounding materials, and other materials 
used in production or used to operate equipment or buildings;
    (5) Gloves, glasses, footwear, clothing, safety equipment, and 
supplies;
    (6) Equipment, devices, and supplies used for testing or inspecting 
the good; (7) Catalysts and solvents; and
    (8) Any other goods that are not incorporated into the other good 
but the use of which in the production of the other good can reasonably 
be demonstrated to be a part of that production;
    (n) Originating. ``Originating'' means qualifying for preferential 
tariff treatment under the rules of origin set out in Chapter Four and 
Article 3.3 of the PTPA, and General Note 32, HTSUS;
    (o) Party. ``Party'' means the United States or Peru;
    (p) Person. ``Person'' means a natural person or an enterprise;
    (q) Preferential tariff treatment. ``Preferential tariff 
treatment'' means the duty rate applicable under the PTPA to an 
originating good, and an exemption from the merchandise processing fee;
    (r) Subheading. ``Subheading'' means the first six digits in the 
tariff classification number under the Harmonized System;
    (s) Textile or apparel good. ``Textile or apparel good'' means a 
good listed in the Annex to the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing 
(commonly referred to as ``the ATC''), which is part of the WTO 
Agreement, except for those goods listed in Annex 3-C of the PTPA;
    (t) Territory. ``Territory'' means:
    (1) With respect to Peru, the continental territory, the islands, 
the maritime areas and the air space above them, in which Peru 
exercises sovereignty and jurisdiction or sovereign rights in 
accordance with its domestic law and international law;
    (2) With respect to the United States:
    (i) The customs territory of the United States, which includes the 
50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico;
    (ii) The foreign trade zones located in the United States and 
Puerto Rico; and
    (iii) Any areas beyond the territorial seas of the United States 
within which, in accordance with international law and its domestic 
law, the United States may exercise rights with respect to the seabed 
and subsoil and their natural resources;
    (u) WTO. ``WTO'' means the World Trade Organization; and
    (v) WTO Agreement. ``WTO Agreement'' means the Marrakesh Agreement 
Establishing the World Trade Organization of April 15, 1994.

Import Requirements


Sec.  10.903  Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon 
importation.

    (a) Basis of claim. An importer may make a claim for PTPA 
preferential tariff treatment, including an exemption from the 
merchandise processing fee, based on:
    (1) A certification, as specified in Sec.  10.904 of this subpart, 
that is prepared by the importer, exporter, or producer of the good; or
    (2) The importer's knowledge that the good is an originating good, 
including reasonable reliance on information in the importer's 
possession that the good is an originating good.
    (b) Making a claim. The claim is made by including on the entry 
summary, or equivalent documentation, the letters ``PE'' as a prefix to 
the subheading of the HTSUS under which each qualifying good is 
classified, or by the method specified for equivalent reporting via an 
authorized electronic data interchange system.
    (c) Corrected claim. If, after making the claim specified in 
paragraph (b) of this section, the importer has reason to believe that 
the claim is based on inaccurate information or is otherwise invalid, 
the importer must, within 30 calendar days after the date of discovery 
of the error, correct the claim and pay any duties that may be due. The 
importer must submit a statement either in writing or via an authorized 
electronic data interchange system to the CBP office where the original 
claim was filed specifying the correction (see Sec. Sec.  10.931 and 
10.933 of this subpart).


Sec.  10.904  Certification.

    (a) General. An importer who makes a claim under Sec.  10.903(b) of 
this subpart based on a certification by the importer, exporter, or 
producer that the good is originating must submit, at the request of 
the port director, a copy of the certification. The certification:
    (1) Need not be in a prescribed format but must be in writing or 
must be transmitted electronically pursuant to any electronic means 
authorized by CBP for that purpose;
    (2) Must be in the possession of the importer at the time the claim 
for preferential tariff treatment is made if the certification forms 
the basis for the claim;
    (3) Must include the following information:
    (i) The legal name, address, telephone, and email address (if any) 
of the importer of record of the good, the exporter of the good (if 
different from the producer), and the producer of the good;
    (ii) The legal name, address, telephone, and email address (if any) 
of the responsible official or authorized agent of the importer, 
exporter, or producer signing the certification (if different from the 
information required by paragraph (a)(3)(i) of this section);
    (iii) A description of the good for which preferential tariff 
treatment is claimed, which must be sufficiently

[[Page 68074]]

detailed to relate it to the invoice and the HS nomenclature;
    (iv) The HTSUS tariff classification, to six or more digits, as 
necessary for the specific change in tariff classification rule for the 
good set forth in General Note 32(n), HTSUS; and
    (v) The applicable rule of origin set forth in General Note 32, 
HTSUS, under which the good qualifies as an originating good; and
    (4) Must include a statement, in substantially the following form:

    I certify that:
    The information on this document is true and accurate and I 
assume the responsibility for proving such representations. I 
understand that I am liable for any false statements or material 
omissions made on or in connection with this document;
    I agree to maintain and present upon request, documentation 
necessary to support these representations;
    The goods comply with all requirements for preferential tariff 
treatment specified for those goods in the United States-Peru Trade 
Promotion Agreement; and
    This document consists of -------- pages, including all 
attachments.

    (b) Responsible official or agent. The certification provided for 
in paragraph (a) of this section must be signed and dated by a 
responsible official of the importer, exporter, or producer, or by the 
importer's, exporter's, or producer's authorized agent having knowledge 
of the relevant facts.
    (c) Language. The certification provided for in paragraph (a) of 
this section must be completed in either the English or Spanish 
language. In the latter case, the port director may require the 
importer to submit an English translation of the certification.
    (d) Certification by the exporter or producer. A certification may 
be prepared by the exporter or producer of the good on the basis of:
    (1) The exporter's or producer's knowledge that the good is 
originating; or
    (2) In the case of an exporter, reasonable reliance on the 
producer's certification that the good is originating.
    (e) Applicability of certification. The certification provided for 
in paragraph (a) of this section may be applicable to:
    (1) A single shipment of a good into the United States; or
    (2) Multiple shipments of identical goods into the United States 
that occur within a specified blanket period, not exceeding 12 months, 
set out in the certification.
    (f) Validity of certification. A certification that is properly 
completed, signed, and dated in accordance with the requirements of 
this section will be accepted as valid for four years following the 
date on which it was signed.


Sec.  10.905  Importer obligations.

    (a) General. An importer who makes a claim for preferential tariff 
treatment under Sec.  10.903(b) of this subpart:
    (1) Will be deemed to have certified that the good is eligible for 
preferential tariff treatment under the PTPA;
    (2) Is responsible for the truthfulness of the claim and of all the 
information and data contained in the certification provided for in 
Sec.  10.904 of this subpart;
    (3) Is responsible for submitting any supporting documents 
requested by CBP, and for the truthfulness of the information contained 
in those documents. When a certification prepared by an exporter or 
producer forms the basis of a claim for preferential tariff treatment, 
and CBP requests the submission of supporting documents, the importer 
will provide to CBP, or arrange for the direct submission by the 
exporter or producer of, all information relied on by the exporter or 
producer in preparing the certification.
    (b) Information provided by exporter or producer. The fact that the 
importer has made a claim or submitted a certification based on 
information provided by an exporter or producer will not relieve the 
importer of the responsibility referred to in paragraph (a) of this 
section.
    (c) Exemption from penalties. An importer will not be subject to 
civil or administrative penalties under 19 U.S.C. 1592 for making an 
incorrect claim for preferential tariff treatment or submitting an 
incorrect certification, provided that the importer promptly and 
voluntarily corrects the claim or certification and pays any duty owing 
(see Sec. Sec.  10.931 and 10.933 of this subpart).


Sec.  10.906  Certification not required.

    (a) General. Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (b) of this 
section, an importer will not be required to submit a copy of a 
certification under Sec.  10.904 of this subpart for:
    (1) A non-commercial importation of a good; or
    (2) A commercial importation for which the value of the originating 
goods does not exceed U.S. $2,500.
    (b) Exception. If the port director determines that an importation 
described in paragraph (a) of this section is part of a series of 
importations carried out or planned for the purpose of evading 
compliance with the certification requirements of Sec.  10.904 of this 
subpart, the port director will notify the importer that for that 
importation the importer must submit to CBP a copy of the 
certification. The importer must submit such a copy within 30 days from 
the date of the notice. Failure to timely submit a copy of the 
certification will result in denial of the claim for preferential 
tariff treatment.


Sec.  10.907  Maintenance of records.

    (a) General. An importer claiming preferential tariff treatment for 
a good imported into the United States under Sec.  10.903(b) of this 
subpart must maintain, for a minimum of five years after the date of 
importation of the good, all records and documents that the importer 
has demonstrating that the good qualifies for preferential tariff 
treatment under the PTPA. These records are in addition to any other 
records that the importer is required to prepare, maintain, or make 
available to CBP under Part 163 of this chapter.
    (b) Method of maintenance. The records and documents referred to in 
paragraph (a) of this section must be maintained by importers as 
provided in Sec.  163.5 of this chapter.


Sec.  10.908  Effect of noncompliance; failure to provide documentation 
regarding transshipment.

    (a) General. If the importer fails to comply with any requirement 
under this subpart, including submission of a complete certification 
prepared in accordance with Sec.  10.904 of this subpart, when 
requested, the port director may deny preferential tariff treatment to 
the imported good.
    (b) Failure to provide documentation regarding transshipment. Where 
the requirements for preferential tariff treatment set forth elsewhere 
in this subpart are met, the port director nevertheless may deny 
preferential tariff treatment to an originating good if the good is 
shipped through or transshipped in a country other than a Party to the 
PTPA, and the importer of the good does not provide, at the request of 
the port director, evidence demonstrating to the satisfaction of the 
port director that the conditions set forth in Sec.  10.925(a) of this 
subpart were met.

Export Requirements


Sec.  10.909  Certification for goods exported to Peru.

    (a) Submission of certification to CBP. Any person who completes 
and issues a certification for a good exported from the United States 
to Peru must provide a copy of the certification (or such other medium 
or format approved by the Peru customs authority for that purpose) to 
CBP upon request.
    (b) Notification of errors in certification. Any person who 
completes

[[Page 68075]]

and issues a certification for a good exported from the United States 
to Peru and who has reason to believe that the certification contains 
or is based on incorrect information must promptly notify every person 
to whom the certification was provided of any change that could affect 
the accuracy or validity of the certification. Notification of an 
incorrect certification must also be given either in writing or via an 
authorized electronic data interchange system to CBP specifying the 
correction (see Sec. Sec.  10.932 and 10.933 of this subpart).
    (c) Maintenance of records--(1) General. Any person who completes 
and issues a certification for a good exported from the United States 
to Peru must maintain, for a period of at least five years after the 
date the certification was signed, all records and supporting documents 
relating to the origin of a good for which the certification was 
issued, including the certification or copies thereof and records and 
documents associated with:
    (i) The purchase, cost, and value of, and payment for, the good;
    (ii) The purchase, cost, and value of, and payment for, all 
materials, including indirect materials, used in the production of the 
good; and
    (iii) The production of the good in the form in which the good was 
exported.
    (2) Method of maintenance. The records referred to in paragraph (c) 
of this section must be maintained as provided in Sec.  163.5 of this 
chapter.
    (3) Availability of records. For purposes of determining compliance 
with the provisions of this part, the records required to be maintained 
under this section must be stored and made available for examination 
and inspection by the port director or other appropriate CBP officer in 
the same manner as provided in Part 163 of this chapter.

Post-Importation Duty Refund Claims


Sec.  10.910  Right to make post-importation claim and refund duties.

    Notwithstanding any other available remedy, where a good would have 
qualified as an originating good when it was imported into the United 
States but no claim for preferential tariff treatment was made, the 
importer of that good may file a claim for a refund of any excess 
duties at any time within one year after the date of importation of the 
good in accordance with the procedures set forth in Sec.  10.911 of 
this subpart. Subject to the provisions of Sec.  10.908 of this 
subpart, CBP may refund any excess duties by liquidation or 
reliquidation of the entry covering the good in accordance with Sec.  
10.912(c) of this subpart.


Sec.  10.911  Filing procedures.

    (a) Place of filing. A post-importation claim for a refund must be 
filed with the director of the port at which the entry covering the 
good was filed.
    (b) Contents of claim. A post-importation claim for a refund must 
be filed by presentation of the following:
    (1) A written declaration stating that the good was an originating 
good at the time of importation and setting forth the number and date 
of the entry or entries covering the good;
    (2) A copy of a certification prepared in accordance with Sec.  
10.904 of this subpart if a certification forms the basis for the 
claim, or other information demonstrating that the good qualifies for 
preferential tariff treatment;
    (3) A written statement indicating whether the importer of the good 
provided a copy of the entry summary or equivalent documentation to any 
other person. If such documentation was so provided, the statement must 
identify each recipient by name, CBP identification number, and address 
and must specify the date on which the documentation was provided; and
    (4) A written statement indicating whether or not any person has 
filed a protest relating to the good under any provision of law; and if 
any such protest has been filed, the statement must identify the 
protest by number and date.


Sec.  10.912  CBP processing procedures.

    (a) Status determination. After receipt of a post-importation claim 
under Sec.  10.911 of this subpart, the port director will determine 
whether the entry covering the good has been liquidated and, if 
liquidation has taken place, whether the liquidation has become final.
    (b) Pending protest or judicial review. If the port director 
determines that any protest relating to the good has not been finally 
decided, the port director will suspend action on the claim filed under 
Sec.  10.911 of this subpart until the decision on the protest becomes 
final. If a summons involving the tariff classification or dutiability 
of the good is filed in the Court of International Trade, the port 
director will suspend action on the claim filed under Sec.  10.911 of 
this subpart until judicial review has been completed.
    (c) Allowance of claim. (1) Unliquidated entry. If the port 
director determines that a claim for a refund filed under Sec.  10.911 
of this subpart should be allowed and the entry covering the good has 
not been liquidated, the port director will take into account the claim 
for refund in connection with the liquidation of the entry.
    (2) Liquidated entry. If the port director determines that a claim 
for a refund filed under Sec.  10.911 of this subpart should be allowed 
and the entry covering the good has been liquidated, whether or not the 
liquidation has become final, the entry must be reliquidated in order 
to effect a refund of duties under this section. If the entry is 
otherwise to be reliquidated based on administrative review of a 
protest or as a result of judicial review, the port director will 
reliquidate the entry taking into account the claim for refund under 
Sec.  10.911 of this subpart.
    (d) Denial of claim. (1) General. The port director may deny a 
claim for a refund filed under Sec.  10.911 of this subpart if the 
claim was not filed timely, if the importer has not complied with the 
requirements of Sec.  10.908 and 10.911 of this subpart, or if, 
following an origin verification under Sec.  10.926 of this subpart, 
the port director determines either that the imported good was not an 
originating good at the time of importation or that a basis exists upon 
which preferential tariff treatment may be denied under Sec.  10.926 of 
this subpart.
    (2) Unliquidated entry. If the port director determines that a 
claim for a refund filed under this subpart should be denied and the 
entry covering the good has not been liquidated, the port director will 
deny the claim in connection with the liquidation of the entry, and 
notice of the denial and the reason for the denial will be provided to 
the importer in writing or via an authorized electronic data 
interchange system.
    (3) Liquidated entry. If the port director determines that a claim 
for a refund filed under this subpart should be denied and the entry 
covering the good has been liquidated, whether or not the liquidation 
has become final, the claim may be denied without reliquidation of the 
entry. If the entry is otherwise to be reliquidated based on 
administrative review of a protest or as a result of judicial review, 
such reliquidation may include denial of the claim filed under this 
subpart. In either case, the port director will provide notice of the 
denial and the reason for the denial to the importer in writing or via 
an authorized electronic data interchange system.

Rules of Origin


Sec.  10.913  Definitions.

    For purposes of Sec. Sec.  10.913 through 10.925:

[[Page 68076]]

    (a) Adjusted value. ``Adjusted value'' means the value determined 
in accordance with Articles 1 through 8, Article 15, and the 
corresponding interpretative notes of the Customs Valuation Agreement, 
adjusted, if necessary, to exclude:
    (1) Any costs, charges, or expenses incurred for transportation, 
insurance and related services incident to the international shipment 
of the good from the country of exportation to the place of 
importation; and
    (2) The value of packing materials and containers for shipment as 
defined in paragraph (m) of this section;
    (b) Class of motor vehicles. ``Class of motor vehicles'' means any 
one of the following categories of motor vehicles:
    (1) Motor vehicles provided for in subheading 8701.20, 8704.10, 
8704.22, 8704.23, 8704.32, or 8704.90, or heading 8705 or 8706, HTSUS, 
or motor vehicles for the transport of 16 or more persons provided for 
in subheading 8702.10 or 8702.90, HTSUS;
    (2) Motor vehicles provided for in subheading 8701.10 or any of 
subheadings 8701.30 through 8701.90, HTSUS;
    (3) Motor vehicles for the transport of 15 or fewer persons 
provided for in subheading 8702.10 or 8702.90, HTSUS, or motor vehicles 
provided for in subheading 8704.21 or 8704.31, HTSUS; or
    (4) Motor vehicles provided for in subheadings 8703.21 through 
8703.90, HTSUS;
    (c) Exporter. ``Exporter'' means a person who exports goods from 
the territory of a Party;
    (d) Fungible good or material. ``Fungible good or material'' means 
a good or material, as the case may be, that is interchangeable with 
another good or material for commercial purposes and the properties of 
which are essentially identical to such other good or material;
    (e) Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. ``Generally Accepted 
Accounting Principles'' means the recognized consensus or substantial 
authoritative support in the territory of a Party, with respect to the 
recording of revenues, expenses, costs, assets, and liabilities, the 
disclosure of information, and the preparation of financial statements. 
These principles may encompass broad guidelines of general application 
as well as detailed standards, practices, and procedures;
    (f) Good. ``Good'' means any merchandise, product, article, or 
material;
    (g) Goods wholly obtained or produced entirely in the territory of 
one or more of the Parties. ``Goods wholly obtained or produced 
entirely in the territory of one or both of the Parties'' means:
    (1) Plants and plant products harvested or gathered in the 
territory of one or both of the Parties;
    (2) Live animals born and raised in the territory of one or more of 
the Parties;
    (3) Goods obtained in the territory of one or both of the Parties 
from live animals;
    (4) Goods obtained from hunting, trapping, fishing, or aquaculture 
conducted in the territory of one or both of the Parties;
    (5) Minerals and other natural resources not included in paragraphs 
(g)(1) through (g)(4) of this section that are extracted or taken in 
the territory of one or both of the Parties;
    (6) Fish, shellfish, and other marine life taken from the sea, 
seabed, or subsoil outside the territory of the Parties by:
    (i) Vessels registered or recorded with Peru and flying its flag; 
or
    (ii) Vessels documented under the laws of the United States;
    (7) Goods produced on board factory ships from the goods referred 
to in aragraph (g)(6) of this section, if such factory ships are:
    (i) Registered or recorded with Peru and fly its flag; or
    (i) Documented under the laws of the United States;
    (8) Goods taken by a Party or a person of a Party from the seabed 
or subsoil outside territorial waters, if a Party has rights to exploit 
such seabed or subsoil;
    (9) Goods taken from outer space, provided they are obtained by a 
Party or a person of a Party and not processed in the territory of a 
non-Party;
    (10) Waste and scrap derived from:
    (i) Manufacturing or processing operations in the territory of one 
or both of the Parties; or
    (ii) Used goods collected in the territory of one or both of the 
Parties, if such goods are fit only for the recovery of raw materials;
    (11) Recovered goods derived in the territory of one or both of the 
Parties from used goods, and used in the territory of one or both of 
the Parties in the production of remanufactured goods; and
    (12) Goods produced in the territory of one or both of the Parties 
exclusively from goods referred to in any of paragraphs (g)(1) through 
(g)(10) of this section, or from the derivatives of such goods, at any 
stage of production;
    (h) Material. ``Material'' means a good that is used in the 
production of another good, including a part or an ingredient;
    (i) Model line. ``Model line'' means a group of motor vehicles 
having the same platform or model name;
    (j) Net cost. ``Net cost'' means total cost minus sales promotion, 
marketing, and after-sales service costs, royalties, shipping and 
packing costs, and non-allowable interest costs that are included in 
the total cost;
    (k) Non-allowable interest costs. ``Non-allowable interest costs'' 
means interest costs incurred by a producer that exceed 700 basis 
points above the applicable official interest rate for comparable 
maturities of the Party in which the producer is located;
    (l) Non-originating good or non-originating material. ``Non-
originating good'' or ``non-originating material'' means a good or 
material, as the case may be, that does not qualify as originating 
under General Note 32, HTSUS, or this subpart;
    (m) Packing materials and containers for shipment. ``Packing 
materials and containers for shipment'' means the goods used to pr