Retail Foreign Exchange Transactions, 56094-56097 [2011-23033]

Download as PDF 56094 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 176 / Monday, September 12, 2011 / Rules and Regulations considered in determining loan feasibility. ■ 4. Amend § 1735.14 by adding paragraph (a)(4) to read as follows: § 1735.14 Borrower eligibility. (a) * * * (4) For purposes of § 1735.10(a)(2): (i) Any entity eligible to borrow from the RUS; (ii) State or local governments; (iii) Indian Tribes (as defined in § 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b); or (iv) An emergency communications equipment provider that in the sole discretion of RUS offers adequate security for a loan where the State or local government that has jurisdiction over the proposed project is prohibited by law from acquiring debt. * * * * * ■ 5. Amend § 1735.22 by redesignating paragraphs (c) through (i) as paragraphs (d) through (j), and adding new paragraph (c) to read as follows: § 1735.22 Loan security. * * * * * (c) The RUS will consider Government-imposed fees related to emergency communications (including State or local 911 fees) which are pledged to the repayment of a loan as security. * * * * * Dated: August 26, 2011. Jessica Zufolo, Acting Administrator, Rural Utilities Service. [FR Doc. 2011–23152 Filed 9–9–11; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE P DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Office of the Comptroller of the Currency 12 CFR Part 48 [Docket ID OCC–2011–0021] requirements enumerated in the OCC’s retail forex rule. The rule implements the provision of the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act requiring that these transactions be conducted by national banks and Federal savings associations (and their respective operating subsidiaries) only pursuant to an authorizing regulation issued by the OCC. It is substantively the same as the rule the OCC has adopted with respect to national banks and their operating subsidiaries. Effective Date: September 12, 2011. Comment Date: Comments must be received by November 14, 2011. DATES: FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Tena Alexander, Senior Counsel, or Roman Goldstein, Attorney, Securities and Corporate Practices Division, (202) 874–5120. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background On July 21, 2010, President Obama signed into law the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd–Frank Act).1 As amended by section 742(c) of the Dodd–Frank Act, the Commodity Exchange Act (CEA) provides that a United States financial institution 2 for which there is a Federal regulatory agency 3 shall not enter into, or offer to enter into, a transaction described in section 2(c)(2)(B)(i)(I) of the CEA with a retail customer 4 except pursuant to a rule or regulation of a Federal regulatory agency allowing the transaction under such terms and conditions as the Federal regulatory agency shall prescribe 5 (a retail forex rule). A transaction described in section 2(c)(2)(B)(i)(I) includes ‘‘an agreement, contract, or transaction in foreign currency that * * * is a contract of sale of a commodity for future delivery (or an option on such a contract) or an option (other than an option executed or traded on a national securities exchange registered pursuant to section 6(a) of the RIN 1557–AD42 Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, Department of the Treasury. ACTION: Interim final rule with request for comment. emcdonald on DSK5VPTVN1PROD with RULES AGENCY: The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) is adopting an interim final rule authorizing Federal savings associations and their operating subsidiaries to engage in off-exchange transactions in foreign currency with retail customers, subject to the SUMMARY: 16:09 Sep 09, 2011 II. Overview of the Interim Final Rule and Related Actions On September 10, 2010, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) issued a retail forex rule for persons subject to its jurisdiction.12 On April 22, 2011, the 67 U.S.C. 2(c)(2)(B)(i)(II). U.S.C. 2(c)(2)(E)(iii)(II). 8 7 U.S.C. 2(c)(2)(E)(iii)(I). 9 See 12 U.S.C. 5411–12. 10 The CEA’s prohibition on engaging in certain transactions does not, by its terms, extend to other transactions, nor does it prohibit a Federal savings association from keeping on its books a retail forex transaction entered into prior to July 16, 2011. See 7 U.S.C. 2(c)(e)(E)(ii)(I). For example, the CEA did not prohibit transactions described in 7 U.S.C. 2(c)(2)(C)(i) (leveraged, margined, or bank-financed forex transactions with retail customers). 11 12 U.S.C. 5412. 12 Regulation of Off-Exchange Retail Foreign Exchange Transactions and Intermediaries, 75 FR 55409 (Sept. 10, 2010). The CFTC proposed these rules prior to the enactment of the Dodd–Frank Act. Regulation of Off-Exchange Retail Foreign 77 Retail Foreign Exchange Transactions VerDate Mar<15>2010 Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78f(a)).’’ 6 A Federal regulatory agency’s retail forex rule must treat similarly all such futures and options and all agreements, contracts, or transactions that are functionally or economically similar to such futures and options.7 Retail forex rules must prescribe appropriate requirements with respect to disclosure, recordkeeping, capital and margin, reporting, business conduct, and documentation requirements and may include such other standards or requirements as the Federal regulatory agency determines to be necessary.8 The Dodd–Frank Act amendment to the CEA took effect on July 16, 2011.9 Prior to July 21, 2011, the Office of Thrift Supervision (OTS) was the appropriate Federal regulatory agency for Federal savings associations. The OTS did not issue a retail forex rule for Federal savings associations, and, accordingly, Federal savings associations were prohibited from offering or entering into retail forex futures and options as of July 16, 2011.10 On July 21, 2011, the OCC became the appropriate Federal banking agency for Federal savings associations.11 On that date, the OCC also obtained authority to issue regulations, including regulations authorizing retail forex transactions, with respect to Federal savings associations. The OCC is issuing this interim final rule with request for public comment to expand the scope of its retail forex rule to cover Federal savings associations. Federal savings associations would thus be allowed to engage in retail forex transactions on the same terms as national banks. Jkt 223001 1 Public Law 111–203, 124 Stat. 1376. Commodity Exchange Act (CEA) defines ‘‘financial institution’’ as including ‘‘a depository institution (as defined in section 3 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1813)).’’ 7 U.S.C. 1a(21)(E). Federal savings associations are depository institutions. See 12 U.S.C. 1813(c)(1). 3 For purposes of the retail forex rules, ‘‘Federal regulatory agency’’ includes ‘‘an appropriate Federal banking agency.’’ 7 U.S.C. 2(c)(2)(E)(i)(III). 4 A retail customer is a person that is not an eligible contract participant under the CEA. Eligible contract participants are generally sophisticated investors; they include individuals with discretionary investments exceeding $10 million and businesses with assets exceeding $10 million. 5 7 U.S.C. 2(c)(2)(E)(ii)(I). 2 The PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\12SER1.SGM 12SER1 emcdonald on DSK5VPTVN1PROD with RULES Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 176 / Monday, September 12, 2011 / Rules and Regulations OCC proposed a retail forex rule for national banks modeled on the CFTC’s retail forex rule.13 The OCC decided to model its retail forex rule on the CFTC’s rule to promote regulatory comparability and because the CFTC developed its retail forex rule with the benefit of over 9,100 comments from a range of commenters, including individuals who trade forex, intermediaries, CFTC registrants currently serving as counterparties in retail forex transactions, trade associations or coalitions of industry participants, one committee of a county lawyers’ association, a registered futures association, and numerous law firms representing institutional clients. The OCC proposed to authorize national banks to engage in retail forex transactions and subject those transactions to requirements relating to disclosure, record keeping, capital and margin, reporting, business conduct, and documentation.14 After reviewing all comments received within the 30day comment period, the OCC issued a final retail forex rule. The final rule regulating national bank retail forex transactions was published on July 14, 2011 and became effective on July 15, 2011.15 This interim final rule will extend the application of the OCC’s existing retail forex rule to Federal savings associations. Specifically, the interim final rule revises part 48 to apply it to Federal savings associations and their operating subsidiaries on the same terms as national banks. This interim final rule makes technical changes to accommodate the application of the retail forex rule to Federal savings associations. First, this interim final rule revises the disclosure statement required by §§ 48.6 and 48.16. The revisions are necessary because the disclosure statements were written only with national banks in mind; references to ‘‘your national bank’’ in the disclosure statement could be confusing to a customer of a Federal savings association. The revised disclosure statement requires the entity offering the retail forex transaction to insert its name at various places in the disclosure statement. A national bank, Federal savings association, or Federal branch or agency of a foreign bank may insert a shortened or trade name if doing so would not confuse retail forex Exchange Transactions and Intermediaries, 75 FR 3281 (Jan. 20, 2010). 13 Retail Foreign Exchange Transactions, 76 FR 22633 (Apr. 22, 2011). 14 Id. 15 Retail Foreign Exchange Transactions, 76 FR 41375 (July 14, 2011). VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:09 Sep 09, 2011 Jkt 223001 customers or make the disclosure statement inaccurate. For example, a national bank offering a retail forex transaction may use its full legal name for the first insert, create a short name in parentheses following its full legal name, and use that short name in the remainder of the disclosure statement. Second, this interim final rule amends § 48.4(c) and (d). As currently written, § 48.4(c) provides that a national bank engaged in a retail forex business on July 15, 2011 may continue to do so for a certain period if it requests a supervisory non-objection by August 14, 2011. Additionally, § 48.4(d) provides that a national bank that is engaged in a retail forex business on July 15, 2011 that complies with § 48.4(c) will be deemed, during the period described in § 48.4(c), to be acting pursuant to a rule or regulation described in section 2(c)(2)(E)(ii)(I) of the CEA. To afford Federal savings associations the same opportunity to request supervisory nonobjection, the interim final rule replaces references to July 15, 2011 with references to the date on which the retail forex rule becomes applicable to a national bank or Federal savings association. As described in the Regulatory Analysis section of this preamble, this interim final rule takes effect upon publication in the Federal Register. A Federal savings association that was offering or entering into retail forex transactions prior to the effective date should seek a supervisory non-objection from the OCC to continue its retail forex business. Federal savings associations that seek that supervisory non-objection within 30 days of the effective date of this interim final rule will be deemed to be operating under a rule or regulation described in section 2(c)(2)(E)(ii)(I) of the CEA for the six-month period beginning on that date. III. Request for Comment on the Interim Final Rule The OCC’s notice of proposed rulemaking 16 and final rule 17 pertaining to national banks’ retail forex transactions contained detailed descriptions of the substantive provisions of the retail forex rule and the bases for any changes between the proposed and final rules. This interim final rule will only modify the scope of the retail forex final rule for national banks to extend coverage to Federal savings associations. The OCC seeks comment on all aspects 16 Retail Foreign Exchange Transactions, 76 FR 22633 (Apr. 22, 2011). 17 Retail Foreign Exchange Transactions, 76 FR 41375 (July 14, 2011). PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 56095 of the interim final rule. Commenters are encouraged to review the OCC’s previous notice of proposed rulemaking and final rule publications cited above, particularly the discussion of issues and changes made in the final rule, to inform their comments on this interim final rule and its impact on Federal savings associations. The OCC will review the comments received and may revise this rule before adopting it in final form. IV. Regulatory Analysis A. Administrative Procedure Act and Effective Date Under 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(1)(B) of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA), an agency may, for good cause, find (and incorporate the finding and a brief statement of reasons therefore in the rules issued) that notice and public procedure thereon are impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest. As discussed in the preamble, the Dodd-Frank Act established a prohibition on retail forex transactions by Federal savings associations until such time as the OCC issues a regulation concerning the conduct of those transactions. This interim final rule regulates the conduct of retail forex transactions and thus removes a restriction on conducting those transactions. For this reason, the OCC finds good cause to conclude that the notice procedures prescribed by the APA are unnecessary. This interim final rule takes effect upon publication in the Federal Register. The APA, 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(1), requires publication of a substantive rule not less than 30 days before its effective date, except in cases in which the rule grants or recognizes an exemption or relieves a restriction. Section 2(c)(2)(E)(ii) of the CEA prohibits Federal savings associations from engaging in retail forex transactions absent an authorizing rule issued by the OCC. This interim final rule would relieve that restriction and allow Federal savings associations to engage in retail forex transactions without undue delay. Furthermore, under 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3), an agency may find good cause to publish a rule less than 30 days before its effective date. The OCC finds such good cause, as the 30-day delayed effective date is unnecessary under the provisions of the final rule. In 12 CFR 48.4(c), the OCC allows Federal savings associations a 30-day grace period to inform the OCC of its retail forex activity, along with up to a six-month window to comply with the provisions of the retail forex rule. E:\FR\FM\12SER1.SGM 12SER1 56096 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 176 / Monday, September 12, 2011 / Rules and Regulations 1532, requires that an agency prepare a budgetary impact statement before promulgating any rule likely to result in a Federal mandate that may result in the expenditure by State, local, and tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100 million or more in any one year. The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act only applies when an agency issues a general notice of proposed rulemaking. Since this rule is published as an interim final rule, it is not subject to section 202 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act. C. Regulatory Flexibility Act The Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA), 5 U.S.C. 601 et seq., generally requires an agency that is issuing a proposed rule to prepare and make available for public comment an initial regulatory flexibility analysis that describes the impact of the proposed rule on small entities. The RFA does not apply to a rulemaking where a general notice of proposed rulemaking is not required. See 5 U.S.C. 603 and 604. The OCC has determined, for good cause, that it is unnecessary to publish a notice of proposed rulemaking for this interim final rule. Accordingly, the RFA’s requirements relating to an initial and final regulatory flexibility analysis do not apply. emcdonald on DSK5VPTVN1PROD with RULES B. Effective Date Under the CDRI Act The Riegle Community Development and Regulatory Improvement Act of 1994 (CDRI Act), 12 U.S.C. 4801 et seq., provides that new regulations that impose additional reporting or disclosure requirements on insured depository institutions do not take effect until the first day of a calendar quarter after the regulation is published, unless the agency determines there is good cause for the regulation to become effective at an earlier date. The OCC finds good cause that this interim final rule should become effective upon publication in the Federal Register, as it would be in the public interest to require the disclosure and consumer protection provisions in this rule to take effect at this earlier date. If the rule did not become effective until October 1, 2011, then Federal savings associations would not be able to provide retail forex transactions to customers to meet their financial needs. PART 48—RETAIL FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS D. Paperwork Reduction Act The information collection requirements in 12 CFR part 48 are currently approved under the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA), 44 U.S.C. 3501–3520, and have been assigned OMB Control No. 1557–0250. The amendments adopted today do not introduce any new collections of information into the rules, nor do they amend the rules in a way that substantively modifies the collections of information that OMB has approved. Therefore, no PRA submission to OMB is required, with the exception of a nonsubstantive submission to OMB to adjust the number of respondents to reflect the number of affected savings associations. E. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 Section 202 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995, 2 U.S.C. VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:09 Sep 09, 2011 Jkt 223001 List of Subjects in 12 CFR Part 48 Banks, Consumer protection, Definitions, Federal branches and agencies, Foreign currencies, Federal savings associations, Foreign exchange, National banks, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. For the reasons stated in the preamble, the OCC amends 12 CFR part 48 as follows: 1. The authority citation for part 48 is revised to read as follows: ■ Authority: 7 U.S.C. 27 et seq.; 12 U.S.C. 1 et seq., 24, 93a, 161, 1461 et seq., 1462a, 1463, 1464, 1813(q), 1818, 1831o, 3101 et seq., 3102, 3106a, 3108, and 5412. ■ 2. Revise § 48.1(a) to read as follows: § 48.1 Authority, purpose, and scope. (a) Authority. (1) National banks. A national bank may offer or enter into retail foreign exchange transactions. A national bank offering or entering into retail foreign exchange transactions must comply with the requirements of this part. (2) Federal savings associations. A Federal savings association may offer or enter into retail foreign exchange transactions. A Federal savings association offering or entering into retail foreign exchange transacions must comply with the requirements of this part as if each reference to a national bank were a reference to a Federal savings association. * * * * * ■ 3. In § 48.2, add the following definition in alphabetical order to read as follows: § 48.2 Definitions. * * * * * Federal savings association means a Federal savings association or Federal savings bank chartered under section 5 of the Home Owners’ Loan Act (12 U.S.C. 1464) or an operating subsidiary thereof. * * * * * PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 § 48.4 [Amended] 4. Amend § 48.4 as follows: a. In paragraph (c), after each reference to ‘‘July 15, 2011,’’ add ‘‘or September 12, 2011 for Federal savings associations,’’. ■ b. In paragraph (d), after ‘‘July 15, 2011,’’ add ‘‘or September 12, 2011 for Federal savings associations,’’. ■ 5. In § 48.6, revise paragraph (d) to read as follows: ■ ■ § 48.6 Disclosure. * * * * * (d) Content of risk disclosure statement. The language set forth in the written disclosure statement required by paragraph (a) of this section is as follows: Risk Disclosure Statement Retail forex transactions involve the leveraged trading of contracts denominated in foreign currency with [name of entity] as your counterparty. Because of the leverage and the other risks disclosed here, you can rapidly lose all of the funds or property you pledge to [name of entity] as margin for retail forex trading. You may lose more than you pledge as margin. If your margin falls below the required amount, and you fail to provide the required additional margin, [name of entity] is required to liquidate your retail forex transactions. [Name of entity] cannot apply your retail forex losses to any of your assets or liabilities at [name of entity] other than funds or property that you have pledged as margin for retail forex transactions. However, if you lose more money than you have pledged as margin, [name of entity] may seek to recover that deficiency in an appropriate forum, such as a court of law. You should be aware of and carefully consider the following points before determining whether retail forex trading is appropriate for you. (1) Trading is not on a regulated market or exchange—[name of entity] is your trading counterparty and has conflicting interests. The retail forex transaction you are entering into is not conducted on an interbank market nor is it conducted on a futures exchange subject to regulation as a designated contract market by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission. The foreign currency trades you transact are trades with [name of entity] as the counterparty. When you sell, [name of entity] is the buyer. When you buy, [name of entity] is the seller. As a result, when you lose money trading, [name of entity] is making money on such trades, in addition to any fees, commissions, or spreads [name of entity] may charge. (2) An electronic trading platform for retail foreign currency transactions is not an exchange. It is an electronic connection for accessing [name of entity]. The terms of availability of such a platform are governed only by your contract with [name of entity]. Any trading platform that you may use to enter into off-exchange foreign currency transactions is only connected to [name of entity]. You are accessing that trading E:\FR\FM\12SER1.SGM 12SER1 emcdonald on DSK5VPTVN1PROD with RULES Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 176 / Monday, September 12, 2011 / Rules and Regulations platform only to transact with [name of entity]. You are not trading with any other entities or customers of [name of entity] by accessing such platform. The availability and operation of any such platform, including the consequences of the unavailability of the trading platform for any reason, is governed only by the terms of your account agreement with [name of entity]. (3) You may be able to offset or liquidate any trading positions only through [name of national bank] because the transactions are not made on an exchange or regulated contract market, and [name of entity] may set its own prices. Your ability to close your transactions or offset positions is limited to what [name of entity] will offer to you, as there is no other market for these transactions. [Name of entity] may offer any prices it wishes, including prices derived from outside sources or not in its discretion. [Name of entity] may establish its prices by offering spreads from third-party prices, but it is under no obligation to do so or to continue to do so. [Name of entity] may offer different prices to different customers at any point in time on its own terms. The terms of your account agreement alone govern the obligations [name of entity] has to you to offer prices and offer offset or liquidating transactions in your account and make any payments to you. The prices offered by [name of entity] may or may not reflect prices available elsewhere at any exchange, interbank, or other market for foreign currency. (4) Paid solicitors may have undisclosed conflicts. [Name of entity] may compensate introducing brokers for introducing your account in ways that are not disclosed to you. Such paid solicitors are not required to have, and may not have, any special expertise in trading and may have conflicts of interest based on the method by which they are compensated. You should thoroughly investigate the manner in which all such solicitors are compensated and be very cautious in granting any person or entity authority to trade on your behalf. You should always consider obtaining dated written confirmation of any information you are relying on from [name of entity] in making any trading or account decisions. (5) Retail forex transactions are not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. (6) Retail forex transactions are not a deposit in, or guaranteed by, [name of entity]. (7) Retail forex transactions are subject to investment risks, including possible loss of all amounts invested. Finally, you should thoroughly investigate any statements by [name of entity] that minimize the importance of, or contradict, any of the terms of this risk disclosure. These statements may indicate sales fraud. This brief statement cannot, of course, disclose all the risks and other aspects of trading off-exchange foreign currency with [name of entity]. I hereby acknowledge that I have received and understood this risk disclosure statement. VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:09 Sep 09, 2011 Jkt 223001 lllllllllllllllllllll Date lllllllllllllllllllll Signature of Customer * * * * * 6. In § 48.16, revise paragraph (a)(5) to read as follows: ■ § 48.16 Customer dispute resolution. (a) * * * (5) The agreement must include the following language printed in large boldface type: Two forums exist for the resolution of disputes related to retail forex transactions: civil court litigation and arbitration conducted by a private organization. The opportunity to settle disputes by arbitration may in some cases provide benefits to customers, including the ability to obtain an expeditious and final resolution of disputes without incurring substantial cost. Each customer must individually examine the relative merits of arbitration and consent to this arbitration agreement must be voluntary. By signing this agreement, you: (1) May be waving your right to sue in a court of law; and (2) are agreeing to be bound by arbitration of any claims or counterclaims that you or [name of entity] may submit to arbitration under this agreement. In the event a dispute arises, you will be notified if [name of entity] intends to submit the dispute to arbitration. You need not sign this agreement to open or maintain a retail forex account with [name of entity]. * * * * * Dated: September 1, 2011. John Walsh, Acting Comptroller of the Currency. [FR Doc. 2011–23033 Filed 9–9–11; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4810–33–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 33 [Docket No. NE133; Special Condition No. 33–010–SC] Special Conditions: Pratt and Whitney Canada Model PT6C–67E Turboshaft Engine Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final special conditions. AGENCY: These special conditions are issued for Pratt and Whitney Canada (PWC) model PT6C–67E engines. The engine model will have a novel or unusual design feature which is a 30Minute All Engines Operating (AEO) power rating. This rating is primarily intended for high power hovering operations during search and rescue SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 56097 missions. The applicable airworthiness regulations do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for this design feature. These special conditions contain the added safety standards that the Administrator considers necessary to establish a level of safety equivalent to that established by the existing airworthiness standards. DATES: The effective date of these special conditions is October 12, 2011. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For technical questions concerning this rule, contact Marc Bouthillier, ANE–111, Engine and Propeller Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, Massachusetts 01803–5299; telephone (781) 238–7120; facsimile (781) 238– 7199; e-mail marc.bouthillier@faa.gov. For legal questions concerning this rule, contact Vincent Bennett, ANE–7 Engine and Propeller Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, Massachusetts 01803–5299; telephone (781) 238–7044; facsimile (781) 238– 7055; e-mail vincent.bennett@faa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background On July 10, 2008, PWC applied for type certification for the model PT6C– 67E turboshaft engine. The PT6C–67E engine is a derivative of the PT6C–67C engine which has been type certificated by the FAA. This engine incorporates a four-stage axial compressor and a centrifugal compressor driven by a single stage high pressure turbine (HPT) and a two-stage power turbine (PT) driving a helicopter rotor system via a direct drive to the engine output shaft. The control system includes a dual channel full authority digital electronic control. The engine will incorporate a novel or unusual design feature which is a 30minute AEO power rating. This rating was requested by the applicant to support rotorcraft search and rescue missions that require extensive hover operations at high power. The use of 30minute AEO power is limited to a cumulative total of 50 minutes for any given flight. However, the number of times the rating can be accessed on any given flight is not limited, as long as 50 minutes total time per flight is not exceeded. The applicable airworthiness standards do not contain adequate or appropriate airworthiness standards to address this design feature. Therefore a special condition is necessary to apply additional requirements for rating definition, instructions for continued airworthiness (ICA), and endurance E:\FR\FM\12SER1.SGM 12SER1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 76, Number 176 (Monday, September 12, 2011)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 56094-56097]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2011-23033]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY

Office of the Comptroller of the Currency

12 CFR Part 48

[Docket ID OCC-2011-0021]
RIN 1557-AD42


Retail Foreign Exchange Transactions

AGENCY: Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, Department of the 
Treasury.

ACTION: Interim final rule with request for comment.

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SUMMARY: The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) is 
adopting an interim final rule authorizing Federal savings associations 
and their operating subsidiaries to engage in off-exchange transactions 
in foreign currency with retail customers, subject to the requirements 
enumerated in the OCC's retail forex rule. The rule implements the 
provision of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection 
Act requiring that these transactions be conducted by national banks 
and Federal savings associations (and their respective operating 
subsidiaries) only pursuant to an authorizing regulation issued by the 
OCC. It is substantively the same as the rule the OCC has adopted with 
respect to national banks and their operating subsidiaries.

DATES: Effective Date: September 12, 2011.
    Comment Date: Comments must be received by November 14, 2011.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Tena Alexander, Senior Counsel, or 
Roman Goldstein, Attorney, Securities and Corporate Practices Division, 
(202) 874-5120.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Background

    On July 21, 2010, President Obama signed into law the Dodd-Frank 
Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank Act).\1\ As 
amended by section 742(c) of the Dodd-Frank Act, the Commodity Exchange 
Act (CEA) provides that a United States financial institution \2\ for 
which there is a Federal regulatory agency \3\ shall not enter into, or 
offer to enter into, a transaction described in section 
2(c)(2)(B)(i)(I) of the CEA with a retail customer \4\ except pursuant 
to a rule or regulation of a Federal regulatory agency allowing the 
transaction under such terms and conditions as the Federal regulatory 
agency shall prescribe \5\ (a retail forex rule). A transaction 
described in section 2(c)(2)(B)(i)(I) includes ``an agreement, 
contract, or transaction in foreign currency that * * * is a contract 
of sale of a commodity for future delivery (or an option on such a 
contract) or an option (other than an option executed or traded on a 
national securities exchange registered pursuant to section 6(a) of the 
Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78f(a)).'' \6\
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    \1\ Public Law 111-203, 124 Stat. 1376.
    \2\ The Commodity Exchange Act (CEA) defines ``financial 
institution'' as including ``a depository institution (as defined in 
section 3 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1813)).'' 
7 U.S.C. 1a(21)(E). Federal savings associations are depository 
institutions. See 12 U.S.C. 1813(c)(1).
    \3\ For purposes of the retail forex rules, ``Federal regulatory 
agency'' includes ``an appropriate Federal banking agency.'' 7 
U.S.C. 2(c)(2)(E)(i)(III).
    \4\ A retail customer is a person that is not an eligible 
contract participant under the CEA. Eligible contract participants 
are generally sophisticated investors; they include individuals with 
discretionary investments exceeding $10 million and businesses with 
assets exceeding $10 million.
    \5\ 7 U.S.C. 2(c)(2)(E)(ii)(I).
    \6\ 7 U.S.C. 2(c)(2)(B)(i)(II).
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    A Federal regulatory agency's retail forex rule must treat 
similarly all such futures and options and all agreements, contracts, 
or transactions that are functionally or economically similar to such 
futures and options.\7\ Retail forex rules must prescribe appropriate 
requirements with respect to disclosure, recordkeeping, capital and 
margin, reporting, business conduct, and documentation requirements and 
may include such other standards or requirements as the Federal 
regulatory agency determines to be necessary.\8\
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    \7\ 7 U.S.C. 2(c)(2)(E)(iii)(II).
    \8\ 7 U.S.C. 2(c)(2)(E)(iii)(I).
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    The Dodd-Frank Act amendment to the CEA took effect on July 16, 
2011.\9\ Prior to July 21, 2011, the Office of Thrift Supervision (OTS) 
was the appropriate Federal regulatory agency for Federal savings 
associations. The OTS did not issue a retail forex rule for Federal 
savings associations, and, accordingly, Federal savings associations 
were prohibited from offering or entering into retail forex futures and 
options as of July 16, 2011.\10\
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    \9\ See 12 U.S.C. 5411-12.
    \10\ The CEA's prohibition on engaging in certain transactions 
does not, by its terms, extend to other transactions, nor does it 
prohibit a Federal savings association from keeping on its books a 
retail forex transaction entered into prior to July 16, 2011. See 7 
U.S.C. 2(c)(e)(E)(ii)(I). For example, the CEA did not prohibit 
transactions described in 7 U.S.C. 2(c)(2)(C)(i) (leveraged, 
margined, or bank-financed forex transactions with retail 
customers).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    On July 21, 2011, the OCC became the appropriate Federal banking 
agency for Federal savings associations.\11\ On that date, the OCC also 
obtained authority to issue regulations, including regulations 
authorizing retail forex transactions, with respect to Federal savings 
associations. The OCC is issuing this interim final rule with request 
for public comment to expand the scope of its retail forex rule to 
cover Federal savings associations. Federal savings associations would 
thus be allowed to engage in retail forex transactions on the same 
terms as national banks.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \11\ 12 U.S.C. 5412.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

II. Overview of the Interim Final Rule and Related Actions

    On September 10, 2010, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission 
(CFTC) issued a retail forex rule for persons subject to its 
jurisdiction.\12\ On April 22, 2011, the

[[Page 56095]]

OCC proposed a retail forex rule for national banks modeled on the 
CFTC's retail forex rule.\13\ The OCC decided to model its retail forex 
rule on the CFTC's rule to promote regulatory comparability and because 
the CFTC developed its retail forex rule with the benefit of over 9,100 
comments from a range of commenters, including individuals who trade 
forex, intermediaries, CFTC registrants currently serving as 
counterparties in retail forex transactions, trade associations or 
coalitions of industry participants, one committee of a county lawyers' 
association, a registered futures association, and numerous law firms 
representing institutional clients. The OCC proposed to authorize 
national banks to engage in retail forex transactions and subject those 
transactions to requirements relating to disclosure, record keeping, 
capital and margin, reporting, business conduct, and documentation.\14\ 
After reviewing all comments received within the 30-day comment period, 
the OCC issued a final retail forex rule. The final rule regulating 
national bank retail forex transactions was published on July 14, 2011 
and became effective on July 15, 2011.\15\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \12\ Regulation of Off-Exchange Retail Foreign Exchange 
Transactions and Intermediaries, 75 FR 55409 (Sept. 10, 2010). The 
CFTC proposed these rules prior to the enactment of the Dodd-Frank 
Act. Regulation of Off-Exchange Retail Foreign Exchange Transactions 
and Intermediaries, 75 FR 3281 (Jan. 20, 2010).
    \13\ Retail Foreign Exchange Transactions, 76 FR 22633 (Apr. 22, 
2011).
    \14\ Id.
    \15\ Retail Foreign Exchange Transactions, 76 FR 41375 (July 14, 
2011).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    This interim final rule will extend the application of the OCC's 
existing retail forex rule to Federal savings associations. 
Specifically, the interim final rule revises part 48 to apply it to 
Federal savings associations and their operating subsidiaries on the 
same terms as national banks. This interim final rule makes technical 
changes to accommodate the application of the retail forex rule to 
Federal savings associations.
    First, this interim final rule revises the disclosure statement 
required by Sec. Sec.  48.6 and 48.16. The revisions are necessary 
because the disclosure statements were written only with national banks 
in mind; references to ``your national bank'' in the disclosure 
statement could be confusing to a customer of a Federal savings 
association. The revised disclosure statement requires the entity 
offering the retail forex transaction to insert its name at various 
places in the disclosure statement. A national bank, Federal savings 
association, or Federal branch or agency of a foreign bank may insert a 
shortened or trade name if doing so would not confuse retail forex 
customers or make the disclosure statement inaccurate. For example, a 
national bank offering a retail forex transaction may use its full 
legal name for the first insert, create a short name in parentheses 
following its full legal name, and use that short name in the remainder 
of the disclosure statement.
    Second, this interim final rule amends Sec.  48.4(c) and (d). As 
currently written, Sec.  48.4(c) provides that a national bank engaged 
in a retail forex business on July 15, 2011 may continue to do so for a 
certain period if it requests a supervisory non-objection by August 14, 
2011. Additionally, Sec.  48.4(d) provides that a national bank that is 
engaged in a retail forex business on July 15, 2011 that complies with 
Sec.  48.4(c) will be deemed, during the period described in Sec.  
48.4(c), to be acting pursuant to a rule or regulation described in 
section 2(c)(2)(E)(ii)(I) of the CEA. To afford Federal savings 
associations the same opportunity to request supervisory non-objection, 
the interim final rule replaces references to July 15, 2011 with 
references to the date on which the retail forex rule becomes 
applicable to a national bank or Federal savings association.
    As described in the Regulatory Analysis section of this preamble, 
this interim final rule takes effect upon publication in the Federal 
Register. A Federal savings association that was offering or entering 
into retail forex transactions prior to the effective date should seek 
a supervisory non-objection from the OCC to continue its retail forex 
business. Federal savings associations that seek that supervisory non-
objection within 30 days of the effective date of this interim final 
rule will be deemed to be operating under a rule or regulation 
described in section 2(c)(2)(E)(ii)(I) of the CEA for the six-month 
period beginning on that date.

III. Request for Comment on the Interim Final Rule

    The OCC's notice of proposed rulemaking \16\ and final rule \17\ 
pertaining to national banks' retail forex transactions contained 
detailed descriptions of the substantive provisions of the retail forex 
rule and the bases for any changes between the proposed and final 
rules.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \16\ Retail Foreign Exchange Transactions, 76 FR 22633 (Apr. 22, 
2011).
    \17\ Retail Foreign Exchange Transactions, 76 FR 41375 (July 14, 
2011).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    This interim final rule will only modify the scope of the retail 
forex final rule for national banks to extend coverage to Federal 
savings associations. The OCC seeks comment on all aspects of the 
interim final rule. Commenters are encouraged to review the OCC's 
previous notice of proposed rulemaking and final rule publications 
cited above, particularly the discussion of issues and changes made in 
the final rule, to inform their comments on this interim final rule and 
its impact on Federal savings associations. The OCC will review the 
comments received and may revise this rule before adopting it in final 
form.

IV. Regulatory Analysis

A. Administrative Procedure Act and Effective Date

    Under 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(1)(B) of the Administrative Procedure Act 
(APA), an agency may, for good cause, find (and incorporate the finding 
and a brief statement of reasons therefore in the rules issued) that 
notice and public procedure thereon are impracticable, unnecessary, or 
contrary to the public interest. As discussed in the preamble, the 
Dodd-Frank Act established a prohibition on retail forex transactions 
by Federal savings associations until such time as the OCC issues a 
regulation concerning the conduct of those transactions. This interim 
final rule regulates the conduct of retail forex transactions and thus 
removes a restriction on conducting those transactions. For this 
reason, the OCC finds good cause to conclude that the notice procedures 
prescribed by the APA are unnecessary.
    This interim final rule takes effect upon publication in the 
Federal Register. The APA, 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(1), requires publication of 
a substantive rule not less than 30 days before its effective date, 
except in cases in which the rule grants or recognizes an exemption or 
relieves a restriction. Section 2(c)(2)(E)(ii) of the CEA prohibits 
Federal savings associations from engaging in retail forex transactions 
absent an authorizing rule issued by the OCC. This interim final rule 
would relieve that restriction and allow Federal savings associations 
to engage in retail forex transactions without undue delay. 
Furthermore, under 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3), an agency may find good cause to 
publish a rule less than 30 days before its effective date. The OCC 
finds such good cause, as the 30-day delayed effective date is 
unnecessary under the provisions of the final rule. In 12 CFR 48.4(c), 
the OCC allows Federal savings associations a 30-day grace period to 
inform the OCC of its retail forex activity, along with up to a six-
month window to comply with the provisions of the retail forex rule.

[[Page 56096]]

B. Effective Date Under the CDRI Act

    The Riegle Community Development and Regulatory Improvement Act of 
1994 (CDRI Act), 12 U.S.C. 4801 et seq., provides that new regulations 
that impose additional reporting or disclosure requirements on insured 
depository institutions do not take effect until the first day of a 
calendar quarter after the regulation is published, unless the agency 
determines there is good cause for the regulation to become effective 
at an earlier date. The OCC finds good cause that this interim final 
rule should become effective upon publication in the Federal Register, 
as it would be in the public interest to require the disclosure and 
consumer protection provisions in this rule to take effect at this 
earlier date. If the rule did not become effective until October 1, 
2011, then Federal savings associations would not be able to provide 
retail forex transactions to customers to meet their financial needs.

C. Regulatory Flexibility Act

    The Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA), 5 U.S.C. 601 et seq., 
generally requires an agency that is issuing a proposed rule to prepare 
and make available for public comment an initial regulatory flexibility 
analysis that describes the impact of the proposed rule on small 
entities. The RFA does not apply to a rulemaking where a general notice 
of proposed rulemaking is not required. See 5 U.S.C. 603 and 604. The 
OCC has determined, for good cause, that it is unnecessary to publish a 
notice of proposed rulemaking for this interim final rule. Accordingly, 
the RFA's requirements relating to an initial and final regulatory 
flexibility analysis do not apply.

D. Paperwork Reduction Act

    The information collection requirements in 12 CFR part 48 are 
currently approved under the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA), 44 U.S.C. 
3501-3520, and have been assigned OMB Control No. 1557-0250. The 
amendments adopted today do not introduce any new collections of 
information into the rules, nor do they amend the rules in a way that 
substantively modifies the collections of information that OMB has 
approved. Therefore, no PRA submission to OMB is required, with the 
exception of a non-substantive submission to OMB to adjust the number 
of respondents to reflect the number of affected savings associations.

E. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995

    Section 202 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995, 2 U.S.C. 
1532, requires that an agency prepare a budgetary impact statement 
before promulgating any rule likely to result in a Federal mandate that 
may result in the expenditure by State, local, and tribal governments, 
in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100 million or more in 
any one year. The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act only applies when an 
agency issues a general notice of proposed rulemaking. Since this rule 
is published as an interim final rule, it is not subject to section 202 
of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.

List of Subjects in 12 CFR Part 48

    Banks, Consumer protection, Definitions, Federal branches and 
agencies, Foreign currencies, Federal savings associations, Foreign 
exchange, National banks, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    For the reasons stated in the preamble, the OCC amends 12 CFR part 
48 as follows:

PART 48--RETAIL FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS

0
1. The authority citation for part 48 is revised to read as follows:

    Authority:  7 U.S.C. 27 et seq.; 12 U.S.C. 1 et seq., 24, 93a, 
161, 1461 et seq., 1462a, 1463, 1464, 1813(q), 1818, 1831o, 3101 et 
seq., 3102, 3106a, 3108, and 5412.

0
2. Revise Sec.  48.1(a) to read as follows:


Sec.  48.1  Authority, purpose, and scope.

    (a) Authority. (1) National banks. A national bank may offer or 
enter into retail foreign exchange transactions. A national bank 
offering or entering into retail foreign exchange transactions must 
comply with the requirements of this part.
    (2) Federal savings associations. A Federal savings association may 
offer or enter into retail foreign exchange transactions. A Federal 
savings association offering or entering into retail foreign exchange 
transacions must comply with the requirements of this part as if each 
reference to a national bank were a reference to a Federal savings 
association.
* * * * *

0
3. In Sec.  48.2, add the following definition in alphabetical order to 
read as follows:


Sec.  48.2  Definitions.

* * * * *
    Federal savings association means a Federal savings association or 
Federal savings bank chartered under section 5 of the Home Owners' Loan 
Act (12 U.S.C. 1464) or an operating subsidiary thereof.
* * * * *


Sec.  48.4  [Amended]

0
4. Amend Sec.  48.4 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (c), after each reference to ``July 15, 2011,'' add 
``or September 12, 2011 for Federal savings associations,''.
0
b. In paragraph (d), after ``July 15, 2011,'' add ``or September 12, 
2011 for Federal savings associations,''.

0
5. In Sec.  48.6, revise paragraph (d) to read as follows:


Sec.  48.6  Disclosure.

* * * * *
    (d) Content of risk disclosure statement. The language set forth in 
the written disclosure statement required by paragraph (a) of this 
section is as follows:

Risk Disclosure Statement

    Retail forex transactions involve the leveraged trading of 
contracts denominated in foreign currency with [name of entity] as 
your counterparty. Because of the leverage and the other risks 
disclosed here, you can rapidly lose all of the funds or property 
you pledge to [name of entity] as margin for retail forex trading. 
You may lose more than you pledge as margin.
    If your margin falls below the required amount, and you fail to 
provide the required additional margin, [name of entity] is required 
to liquidate your retail forex transactions. [Name of entity] cannot 
apply your retail forex losses to any of your assets or liabilities 
at [name of entity] other than funds or property that you have 
pledged as margin for retail forex transactions. However, if you 
lose more money than you have pledged as margin, [name of entity] 
may seek to recover that deficiency in an appropriate forum, such as 
a court of law.
    You should be aware of and carefully consider the following 
points before determining whether retail forex trading is 
appropriate for you.
    (1) Trading is not on a regulated market or exchange--[name of 
entity] is your trading counterparty and has conflicting interests. 
The retail forex transaction you are entering into is not conducted 
on an interbank market nor is it conducted on a futures exchange 
subject to regulation as a designated contract market by the 
Commodity Futures Trading Commission. The foreign currency trades 
you transact are trades with [name of entity] as the counterparty. 
When you sell, [name of entity] is the buyer. When you buy, [name of 
entity] is the seller. As a result, when you lose money trading, 
[name of entity] is making money on such trades, in addition to any 
fees, commissions, or spreads [name of entity] may charge.
    (2) An electronic trading platform for retail foreign currency 
transactions is not an exchange. It is an electronic connection for 
accessing [name of entity]. The terms of availability of such a 
platform are governed only by your contract with [name of entity]. 
Any trading platform that you may use to enter into off-exchange 
foreign currency transactions is only connected to [name of entity]. 
You are accessing that trading

[[Page 56097]]

platform only to transact with [name of entity]. You are not trading 
with any other entities or customers of [name of entity] by 
accessing such platform. The availability and operation of any such 
platform, including the consequences of the unavailability of the 
trading platform for any reason, is governed only by the terms of 
your account agreement with [name of entity].
    (3) You may be able to offset or liquidate any trading positions 
only through [name of national bank] because the transactions are 
not made on an exchange or regulated contract market, and [name of 
entity] may set its own prices. Your ability to close your 
transactions or offset positions is limited to what [name of entity] 
will offer to you, as there is no other market for these 
transactions. [Name of entity] may offer any prices it wishes, 
including prices derived from outside sources or not in its 
discretion. [Name of entity] may establish its prices by offering 
spreads from third-party prices, but it is under no obligation to do 
so or to continue to do so. [Name of entity] may offer different 
prices to different customers at any point in time on its own terms. 
The terms of your account agreement alone govern the obligations 
[name of entity] has to you to offer prices and offer offset or 
liquidating transactions in your account and make any payments to 
you. The prices offered by [name of entity] may or may not reflect 
prices available elsewhere at any exchange, interbank, or other 
market for foreign currency.
    (4) Paid solicitors may have undisclosed conflicts. [Name of 
entity] may compensate introducing brokers for introducing your 
account in ways that are not disclosed to you. Such paid solicitors 
are not required to have, and may not have, any special expertise in 
trading and may have conflicts of interest based on the method by 
which they are compensated. You should thoroughly investigate the 
manner in which all such solicitors are compensated and be very 
cautious in granting any person or entity authority to trade on your 
behalf. You should always consider obtaining dated written 
confirmation of any information you are relying on from [name of 
entity] in making any trading or account decisions.
    (5) Retail forex transactions are not insured by the Federal 
Deposit Insurance Corporation.
    (6) Retail forex transactions are not a deposit in, or 
guaranteed by, [name of entity].
    (7) Retail forex transactions are subject to investment risks, 
including possible loss of all amounts invested.
    Finally, you should thoroughly investigate any statements by 
[name of entity] that minimize the importance of, or contradict, any 
of the terms of this risk disclosure. These statements may indicate 
sales fraud.
    This brief statement cannot, of course, disclose all the risks 
and other aspects of trading off-exchange foreign currency with 
[name of entity].
    I hereby acknowledge that I have received and understood this 
risk disclosure statement.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
Date
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
Signature of Customer
* * * * *


0
6. In Sec.  48.16, revise paragraph (a)(5) to read as follows:


Sec.  48.16  Customer dispute resolution.

    (a) * * *
    (5) The agreement must include the following language printed in 
large boldface type:

    Two forums exist for the resolution of disputes related to 
retail forex transactions: civil court litigation and arbitration 
conducted by a private organization. The opportunity to settle 
disputes by arbitration may in some cases provide benefits to 
customers, including the ability to obtain an expeditious and final 
resolution of disputes without incurring substantial cost. Each 
customer must individually examine the relative merits of 
arbitration and consent to this arbitration agreement must be 
voluntary.
    By signing this agreement, you: (1) May be waving your right to 
sue in a court of law; and (2) are agreeing to be bound by 
arbitration of any claims or counterclaims that you or [name of 
entity] may submit to arbitration under this agreement. In the event 
a dispute arises, you will be notified if [name of entity] intends 
to submit the dispute to arbitration.
    You need not sign this agreement to open or maintain a retail 
forex account with [name of entity].
* * * * *

    Dated: September 1, 2011.
John Walsh,
Acting Comptroller of the Currency.
[FR Doc. 2011-23033 Filed 9-9-11; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4810-33-P