United States Standards for Grades of Cultivated Ginseng, 53875-53879 [2011-22117]

Download as PDF 53875 Notices Federal Register Vol. 76, No. 168 Tuesday, August 30, 2011 This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains documents other than rules or proposed rules that are applicable to the public. Notices of hearings and investigations, committee meetings, agency decisions and rulings, delegations of authority, filing of petitions and applications and agency statements of organization and functions are examples of documents appearing in this section. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service [Doc. Number FV–09–0043] United States Standards for Grades of Cultivated Ginseng Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), of the Department of Agriculture (USDA), is soliciting comments on the proposed voluntary United States Standards for Grades of Cultivated Ginseng. AMS received a request from the Ginseng Board of Wisconsin (GBW), to amend the standards to reflect current market values. To ensure the integrity of the standards, the proposed revisions would be based on quality and percentage defects. The new grades would replace the current ones and promote the orderly and efficient marketing of ginseng in an evolving global economy. Other changes would include adding tolerances, reclassifying sizes, removing table ‘‘values,’’ and amending definitions. These revisions are needed to determine and complement the new grades. DATES: Comments must be received by September 29, 2011. ADDRESSES: Interested persons are invited to submit written comments to the Standardization Branch, Fresh Products Division, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, Agricultural Marketing mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: VerDate Mar<15>2010 20:31 Aug 29, 2011 Jkt 223001 Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Training and Development Center, Riverside Business Park, 100 Riverside Parkway, Suite 101, Fredericksburg, VA 22406: Fax (540) 361–1199, or on the Web at: http:// www.regulation.gvo. Comments should make reference to the dates and page number of this issue of the Federal Register and will be made available for public inspection in the above office during regular business hours. Comments can also be viewed on the http://www.regulations.gov Web site. The current United States Standards for Cultivated Ginseng, along with the proposed changes, will be available either through the address cited above or by accessing the AMS, Fresh Products Division Web site at: http:// www.ams.usda.gov/freshinspection. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dr. Carl Newell, at the above address or call (540) 361–1120. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Section 203(c) of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1621–1627), as amended, directs and authorizes the Secretary of Agriculture ‘‘to develop and improve standards of quality, condition, quantity, grade and packaging and recommend and demonstrate such standards in order to encourage uniformity and consistency in commercial practices.’’ AMS is committed to carrying out this authority in a manner that facilitates the marketing of agricultural commodities and makes copies of official standards available upon request. The United States Standards for Grades of Fruits and Vegetables not connected with Federal Marketing Orders or U.S. Import Requirements, no longer appear in the Code of Federal Regulations, but are maintained by USDA, AMS, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, and are available on the Internet at http:// www.ams.usda.gov/freshinspection. AMS is proposing to revise the voluntary United States Standards for Grades of Cultivated Ginseng using PO 00000 Frm 00001 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 procedures that appear in part 36, Title 7 of the Code of Federal Regulations (7 CFR part 36). Background AMS received a request from the GBW on June 8, 2009, to revise the United States Standards for Grades of Cultivated Ginseng. The GBW represents shippers, processors and all the cultivated ginseng growers in Wisconsin. The initial inquiry requested AMS to add ‘‘unless otherwise specified’’ to the size table to accommodate changing market values. AMS believed that by allowing any specified value would undermine the integrity of the standards. To resolve the issue, AMS met with members of the GBW to revise the standards and develop new grades based solely on quality and percentage defects. The proposal would remove the current grades and replace them with seven new grades: U.S. No. 1 through U.S. No. 7, including tolerances for each grade. Further, the following size classifications would be created: Premium, Select, and Standard. In addition, the ‘‘values’’ would be removed from the size table in § .1330. Other revisions would include redefining ‘‘Wrinkle’’ as ‘‘Texture,’’ removing ‘‘similar varietal characteristics,’’ adding a definition for ‘‘Length,’’ and rewriting most of the definitions. The grade determination section would also be amended to reflect new calculations without ‘‘values.’’ Further, an illustrated ginseng root would be included at the end of the standards. The revisions are such that the section numbers in the proposed standards do not match the section numbers in the current standards. In an effort to clearly outline these proposed changes, the first column of the following chart shows the section as it currently reads. The second column shows the proposed change and the third column states why the change is being proposed. E:\FR\FM\30AUN1.SGM 30AUN1 53876 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 168 / Tuesday, August 30, 2011 / Notices UNITED STATES STANDARDS OF CULTIVATED GINSENG Proposed Discussion § .1325 General. The standards apply to cultivated ginseng of similar characteristics, which is clean, well cured, free from external and internal defects, mold, rust and decay. The origin of the ginseng, color and/or wrinkle may be specified with the grade. § .1325 General. The standards apply to cultivated ginseng, such as American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) and Asian ginseng (Panax ginseng). Ginseng that grows wild or naturally, rather than being planted and cultivated domestically or commercially, is not covered under these standards. The information reported in the current General Section would best be given in the Grade Section. The proposed General Section would provide an introduction to what type of ginseng is covered under the standards. § .1326 U.S. Premium. ‘‘U.S. Premium’’ consists of ginseng which has a graded value of 90 or more. § .1326 Grades. All grades, U.S. No. 1 through U.S. No. 7, consists of ginseng which are of one root type, clean and well cured; which are free from external and internal defects, mold, and decay. The color and texture of the ginseng shall be specified with the grade; whereas, the origin may be specified with the grade. The current grades are partially based on market values. Changing market values have caused the standards to become noncompetitive in the global market. New grades would be based solely on quality and percentage of defects. § .1327 U.S. Select. ‘‘U.S. Select’’ consists of ginseng which has a graded value of 75 to 98. § .1328 U.S. Medium. ‘‘U.S. Medium’’ consists of ginseng which has a graded value of 60 to 74. § .1329 U.S. Standard. ‘‘U.S. Standard’’ consists of ginseng which has a graded value of 0 to 59. § .1327 Tolerances. In order to allow for variations incident to proper grading and handling in each of the foregoing grades, the following tolerances, by weight, reported to the nearest tenth of a percent, are provided as specified: (a) U.S. No. 1. 1 percent allowed for defects. (b) U.S. No. 2. More than 1 but not more than 5 percent allowed for defects. (c) U.S. No. 3. More than 5 but not more than 10 percent allowed for defects. (d) U.S. No. 4. More than 10 but not more than 25 percent allowed for defects. (e) U.S. No. 5. More than 25 but not more than 50 percent allowed for defects. (f) U.S. No. 6. More than 50 but not more than 75 percent allowed for defects. (g) U.S. No. 7. More than 75 percent allowed for defects. The current grades have values assigned to them, originally based on market values. The values would be removed and replaced with grades determined by percentage of defects. The tolerance section would be added to define the percentage of defects allowed in each grade. § .1330 Size. Size is a factor in determining the grade. Size shall be in inches and fractions thereof, in minimum diameter, maximum diameter, minimum length, maximum length in the following categories: [table] mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES Current Standard § .1328 Size Classifications. Size shall be determined in inches and fractions thereof, in diameter and length for the following Whole Root Size Categories listed in Table I. [Table I—Whole Root Size Categories] The following Size Classifications shall be reported in connection with the grade: (a) ‘‘Premium’’ is a lot consisting of more than 50 percent short ginseng of any category. (b) ‘‘Select’’ is a lot consisting of more than 70 percent short and medium ginseng of any category. (c) ‘‘Standard’’ is a lot consisting of more than 80 percent short, medium, and long ginseng of any category. In the proposed standards, the terms ‘‘Premium,’’ ‘‘Select,’’ and ‘‘Standard’’ would no longer be grades but become size classifications reported in connection with the grade. The term ‘‘Medium’’ would be dropped since it may be confused with medium sized roots defined in Table I. The industry agreed that each grade would be qualified by a size category. The size categories would provide a more accurate description of the lot. The proposed ‘‘Table I—Whole Root Categories,’’ replacing the original table, would remove the ‘‘Value’’ column, ‘‘Fiber/Prong’’ row, and the ‘‘Culls/Foreign Material’’ row. The ‘‘Value’’ column would be removed since the grades would no longer be based on values. The ‘‘Fiber/Prong’’ and ‘‘Culls/ Foreign Material’’ rows would be removed since they were only defined by values and not by diameter or length. Also, ‘‘Long’’ would replace ‘‘Large’’ printed in error under ‘‘Small’’ ‘‘Length (inches)’’ in Table I. VerDate Mar<15>2010 20:31 Aug 29, 2011 Jkt 223001 PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\30AUN1.SGM 30AUN1 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 168 / Tuesday, August 30, 2011 / Notices 53877 UNITED STATES STANDARDS OF CULTIVATED GINSENG—Continued Proposed Discussion § .1331 External Color. (a) ‘‘Light’’ means the color closest to ‘‘Light’’ on Visual Aid GIN. CC–1. (b) ‘‘Light Medium’’ means the color closest to ‘‘Light Medium’’ on Visual Aid GIN. CC–1. (c) ‘‘Medium’’ means the color closest to ‘‘Medium’’ on Visual Aid GIN. CC–1. (d) ‘‘Dark Medium’’ means the color closest to ‘‘Dark Medium’’ on Visual Aid GIN. CC–1. (e) ‘‘Dark’’ means the color closest to ‘‘Dark’’ on Visual Aid GIN. CC–1. § .1329 External Color. ‘‘Color’’ shall be applied to the lot as a whole using the following terms: (a) ‘‘Light’’ means the color closest to ‘‘Light’’ on Visual Aid GIN. CC–1. (b) ‘‘Light Medium’’ means the color closest to ‘‘Light Medium’’ on Visual Aid GIN. CC–1. (c) ‘‘Medium’’ means the color closest to ‘‘Medium’’ on Visual Aid GIN. CC–1. (d) ‘‘Dark Medium’’ means the color closest to ‘‘Dark Medium’’ on Visual Aid GIN. CC–1. (e) ‘‘Dark’’ means the color closest to ‘‘Dark’’ on Visual Aid GIN. CC–1. Except for the section number and first line, this section would remain the same. The first line would be added to clarify that color is applied to the lot as a whole and not to individual roots. § .1332 Wrinkle. (a) ‘‘Smooth’’ means the surface texture closest to ‘‘Smooth’’ on Visual Aid GIN. IDENT–1. (b) ‘‘Slight Wrinkle’’ means surface texture closest to ‘‘Slight Wrinkle’’ on Visual Aid GIN. IDENT–1. (c) ‘‘Wrinkle’’ means surface texture closest to ‘‘Wrinkle’’ on Visual Aid GIN. IDENT–1. § .1330 Texture. ‘‘Texture’’ shall be applied to the lot as a whole using the following terms: (a) ‘‘Smooth’’ means the surface texture closest to ‘‘Smooth’’ on Visual Aid GIN. IDENT– 1. (b) ‘‘Slight Wrinkle’’ means surface texture closest to ‘‘Slight Wrinkle’’ on Visual Aid GIN. IDENT–1. (c) ‘‘Wrinkle’’ means surface texture closest to ‘‘Wrinkle’’ on Visual Aid GIN. IDENT–1. Except for the section number, title, and first line, this section would remain unchanged. The first line would be added to clarify that texture would be applied to the lot as a whole and not to the individual root. In addition, the title would be changed to ‘‘Texture’’ to remove any confusion between the section and the term ‘‘wrinkle’’ used in the definitions. § .1533 Sample and Sample Size. * * * * * § .1331 Sample and Sample Size. * * * * * Except for the section number, this section would remain unchanged. § .1334 Grade Determination. (a) Whole Root Score. Separate and/or break prongs and fiber from whole roots, weigh and record. Separate and weigh the culls and foreign material. Sort the balance of the sample into whole root size categories (See § 51.1330) and weigh each category. Determine the score for each category by dividing the category value by 450 (if grams) or 16 (if ounces) and multiply the result by the weight of the category. Add the scores for all the categories to determine the Whole Root Score. (b) Deductions. Weigh the External and Internal Defects and determine each percentage of the sample. Divide the External Defects percentage by 2 (i.e., 6% would be recorded as 3) to determine the External Defects deduction. The Internal Defects percentage is equal to the Internal Defects deduction. Add the External and Internal Defects deductions to determine the Total Root Deductions. (c) Graded Value. Subtract the Total Root Deductions from 100 and multiply the results by the Whole Root Score to determine the Graded Value. Locate the Graded Value in § 51.1326 to 51.1328 to assign the grade. mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES Current Standard § .1332 Size Classification Determination. Separate whole roots from culls and foreign material, weigh and record. Clip or break off prongs and rootlets from whole roots, weigh and record. Sort whole roots into size categories (See § 51.1327) by first separating whole roots into diameter categories (Small, Medium, Large, Extra Large). Further separate diameter categories into length categories (Short, Medium, Long), weigh and record. Divide by the total weight of the sample minus the culls and foreign material to calculate the percentage of each length category. Add together the length category percentages using the size classification definitions (See § 51.1327 a, b, and c). Example: 19% Small Short, 23% Medium Short, and 10% Large Short totals 52%, making a Premium size lot. § .1332 Grade Determination. Weigh and record the external and internal defects and divide each by the total weight of the sample minus the prongs and rootlets to calculate the external defect percentage and internal defect percentage. Divide the external defect percentage by 2 (i.e., 6% would be recorded as 3%) to determine the External Defect Deduction. The internal deduction percentage is equal to the Internal Defects Deduction. Add the External and Internal Defects Deductions to calculate the Total Defect Percentage. The Total Defect Percentage will determine the grade of the lot (See § 51.1326). The procedure for inspecting ginseng would remain unchanged. However, the formula for determining the grade would be different since the grade would not be based on values. Size would be determined first, followed by inspecting the ginseng for defects. Culls and foreign material would be excluded from the determination of size, whereas prongs and rootlets would be included. Prongs and rootlets would be excluded from the determination of grade, whereas culls and foreign material would be included. § .1335 Similar varietal characteristics. ‘‘Similar varietal characteristics’’ means the ginseng is the same variety and color. VerDate Mar<15>2010 20:31 Aug 29, 2011 Jkt 223001 PO 00000 This definition would be removed, since it would not be a requirement of the grade. Inspectors would not be required to distinguish the subtle differences between varieties. In addition, color would be applied to the lot, not on individual roots. Frm 00003 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\30AUN1.SGM 30AUN1 53878 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 168 / Tuesday, August 30, 2011 / Notices UNITED STATES STANDARDS OF CULTIVATED GINSENG—Continued Current Standard Proposed Discussion § .1336 Clean. * * * * * § .1334 Clean. * * * * * Except for the section number, this definition would remain unchanged. § .1337 Well cured. * * * * * § .1335 Well cured. * * * * * Except for the section number, this definition would remain unchanged. § .1338 Prong. ‘‘Prong’’ means a root or portion of a root growing off the main root. § .1336 Prong. ‘‘Prong’’ means a root or portion of a root growing off the main root. A prong cannot exceed more than one half the diameter of the main root. The definition would be further qualified, so as not to confuse a prong with a whole root. § .1339 Whole root. ‘‘Whole root’’ means the main root or upper portion of the main root, and may or may not have prongs and/or fibers attached. Whole roots must have a tapered top or crown. § .1337 Whole root. ‘‘Whole root’’ means the main root or upper portion of the main root, including any portion growing off the main root that is too large to be a prong. Whole roots must have a tapered top or crown. This definition would be slightly modified to remove any confusion between a prong and a whole root. § .1340 Fiber. ‘‘Fiber’’ means small roots less than 1⁄8 inch in diameter. § .1338 Rootlet. ‘‘Rootlet’’ means small slender roots less than 1⁄8 inch in diameter. The term ‘‘fiber’’ has caused confusion. Therefore, ‘‘Rootlet’’ will be substituted for the term fiber to prevent further misidentification. § .1341 Diameter. ‘‘Diameter’’ means the greatest dimension at right angles to a line from the root crown or the point of attachment of the prong to the tip. Diameter shall be the greatest dimension, but not at the point of attachment of the prong. § .1339 Diameter. ‘‘Diameter’’ means the greatest dimension at right angles to a line from the top of the whole root to the tip. Diameter shall not be measured at the point of attachment of a prong or the area where a prong was removed. This definition would be slightly reworded for clarification. § .1340 Length. ‘‘Length’’ means the greatest dimension of the whole root measured in a straight line parallel to the longitudinal axis from the top of the whole root to the tip, not including any portion of the crown or rootlet, if present. A definition for length is proposed. Length would be measured in a straight line and would not follow the curve of the root. § .1342 Defects. ‘‘Defects’’ means any mechanical, pathological and/or physiological defect consisting of cuts, external discoloration, internal green or red discoloration, insect, mold, scab or other means that affect the appearance or marketing quality. § .1341 Defects. ‘‘Defects’’ means any mechanical, pathological and/or physiological defect consisting of cuts, external discoloration, internal green or red discoloration, insect, mold, scab, or other means that affect the appearance or marketing quality of the whole root. In addition, when the cut area left by a clipped or removed prong exceeds one half of the diameter of the root, it shall be a defect. Rust would be removed from the definition since it is the same as discoloration. Further, at industry’s request, a definition for an area left by clipped or removed prongs would be added. § .1343 Cull. ‘‘Cull’’ means any unusable portion. § .1342 Cull. ‘‘Cull’’ means more than 50 percent of the whole root is unusable. This definition would define ‘‘unusable portion’’ to provide a clearer guide as to what is a cull. § .1344 Origin. * * * * * § .1343 Origin. * * * * * Except for the section number, this definition remains unchanged. § .1344 This section would be reserved if needed at a later time. [Reserved] mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES Illustration Ginseng 1 The proposed revisions will benefit the industry by allowing the marketing of ginseng in the U.S. to be competitive in a changing and demanding global VerDate Mar<15>2010 20:31 Aug 29, 2011 Jkt 223001 An illustration of a ginseng root would be added at the end of the standards, which defines the parts of the root, what should be clipped, and the correct determination for length and diameter. market. A 30-day period is provided for interested persons to comment. This period is deemed appropriate in order to implement these changes, if adopted, as PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 soon as possible to reflect current marketing practices. Authority: 7 U.S.C. 1621–1627. E:\FR\FM\30AUN1.SGM 30AUN1 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 168 / Tuesday, August 30, 2011 / Notices Dated: August 19, 2011. David R. Shipman, Acting Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service. [FR Doc. 2011–22117 Filed 8–29–11; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–02–P DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Federal Crop Insurance Corporation Request for Extension and Revision of a Currently Approved Information Collection Federal Crop Insurance Corporation, Risk Management Agency (RMA), USDA. ACTION: Notice and request for comments. AGENCY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35) this notice announces the Risk Management Agency’s intention to request an extension and revision to a currently approved information collection for Notice of Funds Availability— Community Outreach and Assistance Partnership Program. DATES: Comments on this notice will be accepted until close of business, October 31, 2011. ADDRESSES: Interested persons are invited to submit comments by any of the following methods: • By Mail to: Lana Cusick, Risk Management Education Division, USDA/RMA, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW., Room 6717–S, Stop 0808, Washington, DC 20250–0808. • E–Mail: Lana.Cusick@rma.usda.gov. All comments will be available for public inspection during regular business hours at the same address. All responses to this notice will be summarized and included in the request for OMB approval. All comments will also become a matter of public record. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Contact Lana Cusick, Risk Management Education Division, USDA/RMA, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW. Room 6717–S, Stop 0808, Washington, DC 20250–0808, telephone (202) 720–3325. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Notice of Funds Availability— Community Outreach and Assistance Partnership Program. OMB Number: 0563–0066. Type of Request: Extension and revision of a currently approved information collection. Abstract: The Federal Crop Insurance Corporation administers cooperative agreements that will be used to provide outreach and assistance to under-served mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: VerDate Mar<15>2010 20:31 Aug 29, 2011 Jkt 223001 agricultural producers such as women, limited resource, socially disadvantaged and other traditionally under-served farmers and ranchers (under-served agricultural producers). This package will be combined with another currently approved package 0563–0067 entitled, Risk Management and Crop Insurance Education; Risk for Applications when the package comes up for renewal in July 2012. With this submission, RMA seeks to obtain OMB’s approval for an information collection project that will assist RMA in operating and evaluating these programs. The primary objective of the information collection projects is to enable RMA to better evaluate the performance capacity and plans of organizations that are applying for funds for cooperative agreements for the Community Outreach and Assistance Partnership Program. This information collection package will be used for evaluating applications and awarding partnership agreements; applicants are required to submit materials and information necessary to evaluate and rate the merit of proposed projects and evaluate the capacity and qualification of the organization to complete the project Estimate of Burden: The public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 6 hours per response per application. Respondents/Affected Entities: Education institutions, community based and cooperative organizations, and non-profit organizations. Estimated annual number of respondents: 150. Estimated annual number of responses per respondent: 1. Estimated annual number of responses: 150. Estimated total annual burden on respondents: 900 hours. Comments are invited on: (1) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information will have practical utility; (2) the accuracy of the agency’s estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information; (3) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (4) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on those who are to respond, through use, as appropriate, of automated, electronic, mechanical, or other collection technologies, e.g., permitting electronic submission of responses. PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 53879 Signed in Washington, DC, on August 23, 2011. Barbara Leach, Associate Administrator, Federal Crop Insurance Corporation. [FR Doc. 2011–22136 Filed 8–29–11; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–08–P DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Forest Service Uinta-Wasatch-Cache National Forest Resource Advisory Committee AGENCY: ACTION: Forest Service, USDA. Notice of meeting. The Uinta-Wasatch-Cache National Forest Resource Advisory Committee will conduct a meeting in Salt Lake City, Utah. The committee is meeting as authorized under the Secure Rural Schools and Community SelfDetermination Act (Pub.L 110–343) and in compliance with the Federal Advisory Committee Act. The purpose is to finalize the review of project submittals. SUMMARY: The meeting will be held on September 22, 2011, from 3 to 5:30 p.m. DATES: The meeting will be held at the Salt Lake County Government Center, Room S1002, 2001 South State Street, Salt Lake City, Utah. Written comments should be sent to Loyal Clark, Uinta-Wasatch-Cache National Forest, 88 West 100 North, Provo, Utah 84601. Comments may also be sent via e-mail to lfclark@fs.fed.us, via facsimile to 801–342–5144. All comments, including names and addresses when provided, are placed in the record and are available for inspection and copying. The public may inspect comments received at the UintaWasatch-Cache National Forest, 88 West 100 North, Provo, Utah 84601. ADDRESSES: FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Loyal Clark, RAC Coordinator, USDA, Uinta-Wasatch-Cache National Forest, 88 West 100 North, Provo, Utah 84601; 801–342–5117; lfclark@fs.fed.us. The meeting is open to the public. The following business will be conducted: (1) Finalize project recommendations, and (2) schedule site monitoring visits. Persons who wish to bring related matters to the attention of the Committee may file written statements with the Committee staff before or after the meeting. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: E:\FR\FM\30AUN1.SGM 30AUN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 76, Number 168 (Tuesday, August 30, 2011)]
[Notices]
[Pages 53875-53879]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2011-22117]


========================================================================
Notices
                                                Federal Register
________________________________________________________________________

This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains documents other than rules 
or proposed rules that are applicable to the public. Notices of hearings 
and investigations, committee meetings, agency decisions and rulings, 
delegations of authority, filing of petitions and applications and agency 
statements of organization and functions are examples of documents 
appearing in this section.

========================================================================


Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 168 / Tuesday, August 30, 2011 / 
Notices

[[Page 53875]]



DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Agricultural Marketing Service

[Doc. Number FV-09-0043]


United States Standards for Grades of Cultivated Ginseng

AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA.

ACTION: Notice.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), of the Department of 
Agriculture (USDA), is soliciting comments on the proposed voluntary 
United States Standards for Grades of Cultivated Ginseng. AMS received 
a request from the Ginseng Board of Wisconsin (GBW), to amend the 
standards to reflect current market values. To ensure the integrity of 
the standards, the proposed revisions would be based on quality and 
percentage defects. The new grades would replace the current ones and 
promote the orderly and efficient marketing of ginseng in an evolving 
global economy. Other changes would include adding tolerances, 
reclassifying sizes, removing table ``values,'' and amending 
definitions. These revisions are needed to determine and complement the 
new grades.

DATES: Comments must be received by September 29, 2011.

ADDRESSES: Interested persons are invited to submit written comments to 
the Standardization Branch, Fresh Products Division, Fruit and 
Vegetable Programs, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Department of 
Agriculture, National Training and Development Center, Riverside 
Business Park, 100 Riverside Parkway, Suite 101, Fredericksburg, VA 
22406: Fax (540) 361-1199, or on the Web at: http://www.regulation.gvo. 
Comments should make reference to the dates and page number of this 
issue of the Federal Register and will be made available for public 
inspection in the above office during regular business hours. Comments 
can also be viewed on the http://www.regulations.gov Web site. The 
current United States Standards for Cultivated Ginseng, along with the 
proposed changes, will be available either through the address cited 
above or by accessing the AMS, Fresh Products Division Web site at: 
http://www.ams.usda.gov/freshinspection.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dr. Carl Newell, at the above address 
or call (540) 361-1120.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Section 203(c) of the Agricultural Marketing 
Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1621-1627), as amended, directs and authorizes 
the Secretary of Agriculture ``to develop and improve standards of 
quality, condition, quantity, grade and packaging and recommend and 
demonstrate such standards in order to encourage uniformity and 
consistency in commercial practices.'' AMS is committed to carrying out 
this authority in a manner that facilitates the marketing of 
agricultural commodities and makes copies of official standards 
available upon request. The United States Standards for Grades of 
Fruits and Vegetables not connected with Federal Marketing Orders or 
U.S. Import Requirements, no longer appear in the Code of Federal 
Regulations, but are maintained by USDA, AMS, Fruit and Vegetable 
Programs, and are available on the Internet at http://www.ams.usda.gov/freshinspection.
    AMS is proposing to revise the voluntary United States Standards 
for Grades of Cultivated Ginseng using procedures that appear in part 
36, Title 7 of the Code of Federal Regulations (7 CFR part 36).

Background

    AMS received a request from the GBW on June 8, 2009, to revise the 
United States Standards for Grades of Cultivated Ginseng. The GBW 
represents shippers, processors and all the cultivated ginseng growers 
in Wisconsin. The initial inquiry requested AMS to add ``unless 
otherwise specified'' to the size table to accommodate changing market 
values. AMS believed that by allowing any specified value would 
undermine the integrity of the standards. To resolve the issue, AMS met 
with members of the GBW to revise the standards and develop new grades 
based solely on quality and percentage defects. The proposal would 
remove the current grades and replace them with seven new grades: U.S. 
No. 1 through U.S. No. 7, including tolerances for each grade. Further, 
the following size classifications would be created: Premium, Select, 
and Standard. In addition, the ``values'' would be removed from the 
size table in Sec.  .1330.
    Other revisions would include redefining ``Wrinkle'' as 
``Texture,'' removing ``similar varietal characteristics,'' adding a 
definition for ``Length,'' and rewriting most of the definitions. The 
grade determination section would also be amended to reflect new 
calculations without ``values.'' Further, an illustrated ginseng root 
would be included at the end of the standards.
    The revisions are such that the section numbers in the proposed 
standards do not match the section numbers in the current standards. In 
an effort to clearly outline these proposed changes, the first column 
of the following chart shows the section as it currently reads. The 
second column shows the proposed change and the third column states why 
the change is being proposed.

[[Page 53876]]



                                  United States Standards of Cultivated Ginseng
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Current Standard                          Proposed                             Discussion
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sec.   .1325 General.                 Sec.   .1325 General.                 The information reported in the
The standards apply to cultivated     The standards apply to cultivated      current General Section would best
 ginseng of similar characteristics,   ginseng, such as American ginseng     be given in the Grade Section. The
 which is clean, well cured, free      (Panax quinquefolius) and Asian       proposed General Section would
 from external and internal defects,   ginseng (Panax ginseng). Ginseng      provide an introduction to what
 mold, rust and decay. The origin of   that grows wild or naturally,         type of ginseng is covered under
 the ginseng, color and/or wrinkle     rather than being planted and         the standards.
 may be specified with the grade.      cultivated domestically or
                                       commercially, is not covered under
                                       these standards.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sec.   .1326 U.S. Premium.            Sec.   .1326 Grades.                  The current grades are partially
``U.S. Premium'' consists of ginseng  All grades, U.S. No. 1 through U.S.    based on market values. Changing
 which has a graded value of 90 or     No. 7, consists of ginseng which      market values have caused the
 more.                                 are of one root type, clean and       standards to become noncompetitive
                                       well cured; which are free from       in the global market. New grades
                                       external and internal defects,        would be based solely on quality
                                       mold, and decay. The color and        and percentage of defects.
                                       texture of the ginseng shall be
                                       specified with the grade; whereas,
                                       the origin may be specified with
                                       the grade.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sec.   .1327 U.S. Select.             Sec.   .1327 Tolerances.              The current grades have values
``U.S. Select'' consists of ginseng   In order to allow for variations       assigned to them, originally based
 which has a graded value of 75 to     incident to proper grading and        on market values. The values would
 98.                                   handling in each of the foregoing     be removed and replaced with grades
Sec.   .1328 U.S. Medium.              grades, the following tolerances,     determined by percentage of
``U.S. Medium'' consists of ginseng    by weight, reported to the nearest    defects. The tolerance section
 which has a graded value of 60 to     tenth of a percent, are provided as   would be added to define the
 74.                                   specified:                            percentage of defects allowed in
Sec.   .1329 U.S. Standard.           (a) U.S. No. 1. 1 percent allowed      each grade.
``U.S. Standard'' consists of          for defects.
 ginseng which has a graded value of  (b) U.S. No. 2. More than 1 but not
 0 to 59.                              more than 5 percent allowed for
                                       defects.
                                      (c) U.S. No. 3. More than 5 but not
                                       more than 10 percent allowed for
                                       defects.
                                      (d) U.S. No. 4. More than 10 but not
                                       more than 25 percent allowed for
                                       defects.
                                      (e) U.S. No. 5. More than 25 but not
                                       more than 50 percent allowed for
                                       defects.
                                      (f) U.S. No. 6. More than 50 but not
                                       more than 75 percent allowed for
                                       defects.
                                      (g) U.S. No. 7. More than 75 percent
                                       allowed for defects.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sec.   .1330 Size.                    Sec.   .1328 Size Classifications.    In the proposed standards, the terms
Size is a factor in determining the   Size shall be determined in inches     ``Premium,'' ``Select,'' and
 grade. Size shall be in inches and    and fractions thereof, in diameter    ``Standard'' would no longer be
 fractions thereof, in minimum         and length for the following Whole    grades but become size
 diameter, maximum diameter, minimum   Root Size Categories listed in        classifications reported in
 length, maximum length in the         Table I.                              connection with the grade. The term
 following categories:                [Table I--Whole Root Size              ``Medium'' would be dropped since
[table]                                Categories]                           it may be confused with medium
                                      The following Size Classifications     sized roots defined in Table I. The
                                       shall be reported in connection       industry agreed that each grade
                                       with the grade:                       would be qualified by a size
                                      (a) ``Premium'' is a lot consisting    category. The size categories would
                                       of more than 50 percent short         provide a more accurate description
                                       ginseng of any category.              of the lot.
                                      (b) ``Select'' is a lot consisting    The proposed ``Table I--Whole Root
                                       of more than 70 percent short and     Categories,'' replacing the
                                       medium ginseng of any category.       original table, would remove the
                                      (c) ``Standard'' is a lot consisting   ``Value'' column, ``Fiber/Prong''
                                       of more than 80 percent short,        row, and the ``Culls/Foreign
                                       medium, and long ginseng of any       Material'' row. The ``Value''
                                       category.                             column would be removed since the
                                                                             grades would no longer be based on
                                                                             values. The ``Fiber/Prong'' and
                                                                             ``Culls/Foreign Material'' rows
                                                                             would be removed since they were
                                                                             only defined by values and not by
                                                                             diameter or length. Also, ``Long''
                                                                             would replace ``Large'' printed in
                                                                             error under ``Small'' ``Length
                                                                             (inches)'' in Table I.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 53877]]

 
Sec.   .1331 External Color.          Sec.   .1329 External Color.          Except for the section number and
(a) ``Light'' means the color         ``Color'' shall be applied to the      first line, this section would
 closest to ``Light'' on Visual Aid    lot as a whole using the following    remain the same. The first line
 GIN. CC-1.                            terms:                                would be added to clarify that
(b) ``Light Medium'' means the color  (a) ``Light'' means the color          color is applied to the lot as a
 closest to ``Light Medium'' on        closest to ``Light'' on Visual Aid    whole and not to individual roots.
 Visual Aid GIN. CC-1.                 GIN. CC-1.
(c) ``Medium'' means the color        (b) ``Light Medium'' means the color
 closest to ``Medium'' on Visual Aid   closest to ``Light Medium'' on
 GIN. CC-1.                            Visual Aid GIN. CC-1.
(d) ``Dark Medium'' means the color   (c) ``Medium'' means the color
 closest to ``Dark Medium'' on         closest to ``Medium'' on Visual Aid
 Visual Aid GIN. CC-1.                 GIN. CC-1.
(e) ``Dark'' means the color closest  (d) ``Dark Medium'' means the color
 to ``Dark'' on Visual Aid GIN. CC-    closest to ``Dark Medium'' on
 1.                                    Visual Aid GIN. CC-1.
                                      (e) ``Dark'' means the color closest
                                       to ``Dark'' on Visual Aid GIN. CC-
                                       1.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sec.   .1332 Wrinkle.                 Sec.   .1330 Texture.                 Except for the section number,
(a) ``Smooth'' means the surface      ``Texture'' shall be applied to the    title, and first line, this section
 texture closest to ``Smooth'' on      lot as a whole using the following    would remain unchanged. The first
 Visual Aid GIN. IDENT-1.              terms:                                line would be added to clarify that
(b) ``Slight Wrinkle'' means surface  (a) ``Smooth'' means the surface       texture would be applied to the lot
 texture closest to ``Slight           texture closest to ``Smooth'' on      as a whole and not to the
 Wrinkle'' on Visual Aid GIN. IDENT-   Visual Aid GIN. IDENT-1.              individual root. In addition, the
 1.                                   (b) ``Slight Wrinkle'' means surface   title would be changed to
(c) ``Wrinkle'' means surface          texture closest to ``Slight           ``Texture'' to remove any confusion
 texture closest to ``Wrinkle'' on     Wrinkle'' on Visual Aid GIN. IDENT-   between the section and the term
 Visual Aid GIN. IDENT-1.              1.                                    ``wrinkle'' used in the
                                      (c) ``Wrinkle'' means surface          definitions.
                                       texture closest to ``Wrinkle'' on
                                       Visual Aid GIN. IDENT-1.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sec.   .1533 Sample and Sample Size.  Sec.   .1331 Sample and Sample Size.  Except for the section number, this
* * * * *                             * * * * *                              section would remain unchanged.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sec.   .1334 Grade Determination.     Sec.   .1332 Size Classification      The procedure for inspecting ginseng
(a) Whole Root Score. Separate and/    Determination. Separate whole roots   would remain unchanged. However,
 or break prongs and fiber from        from culls and foreign material,      the formula for determining the
 whole roots, weigh and record.        weigh and record. Clip or break off   grade would be different since the
 Separate and weigh the culls and      prongs and rootlets from whole        grade would not be based on values.
 foreign material. Sort the balance    roots, weigh and record. Sort whole   Size would be determined first,
 of the sample into whole root size    roots into size categories (See       followed by inspecting the ginseng
 categories (See Sec.   51.1330) and   Sec.   51.1327) by first separating   for defects. Culls and foreign
 weigh each category. Determine the    whole roots into diameter             material would be excluded from the
 score for each category by dividing   categories (Small, Medium, Large,     determination of size, whereas
 the category value by 450 (if         Extra Large). Further separate        prongs and rootlets would be
 grams) or 16 (if ounces) and          diameter categories into length       included. Prongs and rootlets would
 multiply the result by the weight     categories (Short, Medium, Long),     be excluded from the determination
 of the category. Add the scores for   weigh and record. Divide by the       of grade, whereas culls and foreign
 all the categories to determine the   total weight of the sample minus      material would be included.
 Whole Root Score.                     the culls and foreign material to
(b) Deductions. Weigh the External     calculate the percentage of each
 and Internal Defects and determine    length category. Add together the
 each percentage of the sample.        length category percentages using
 Divide the External Defects           the size classification definitions
 percentage by 2 (i.e., 6% would be    (See Sec.   51.1327 a, b, and c).
 recorded as 3) to determine the       Example: 19% Small Short, 23%
 External Defects deduction. The       Medium Short, and 10% Large Short
 Internal Defects percentage is        totals 52%, making a Premium size
 equal to the Internal Defects         lot.
 deduction. Add the External and      Sec.   .1332 Grade Determination.
 Internal Defects deductions to       Weigh and record the external and
 determine the Total Root              internal defects and divide each by
 Deductions.                           the total weight of the sample
(c) Graded Value. Subtract the Total   minus the prongs and rootlets to
 Root Deductions from 100 and          calculate the external defect
 multiply the results by the Whole     percentage and internal defect
 Root Score to determine the Graded    percentage. Divide the external
 Value. Locate the Graded Value in     defect percentage by 2 (i.e., 6%
 Sec.   51.1326 to 51.1328 to assign   would be recorded as 3%) to
 the grade.                            determine the External Defect
                                       Deduction. The internal deduction
                                       percentage is equal to the Internal
                                       Defects Deduction. Add the External
                                       and Internal Defects Deductions to
                                       calculate the Total Defect
                                       Percentage. The Total Defect
                                       Percentage will determine the grade
                                       of the lot (See Sec.   51.1326).
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sec.   .1335 Similar varietal         ....................................  This definition would be removed,
 characteristics.                                                            since it would not be a requirement
``Similar varietal characteristics''                                         of the grade. Inspectors would not
 means the ginseng is the same                                               be required to distinguish the
 variety and color.                                                          subtle differences between
                                                                             varieties. In addition, color would
                                                                             be applied to the lot, not on
                                                                             individual roots.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 53878]]

 
Sec.   .1336 Clean.                   Sec.   .1334 Clean.                   Except for the section number, this
* * * * *                             * * * * *                              definition would remain unchanged.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sec.   .1337 Well cured.              Sec.   .1335 Well cured.              Except for the section number, this
* * * * *                             * * * * *                              definition would remain unchanged.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sec.   .1338 Prong.                   Sec.   .1336 Prong.                   The definition would be further
``Prong'' means a root or portion of  ``Prong'' means a root or portion of   qualified, so as not to confuse a
 a root growing off the main root.     a root growing off the main root. A   prong with a whole root.
                                       prong cannot exceed more than one
                                       half the diameter of the main root.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sec.   .1339 Whole root.              Sec.   .1337 Whole root.              This definition would be slightly
``Whole root'' means the main root    ``Whole root'' means the main root     modified to remove any confusion
 or upper portion of the main root,    or upper portion of the main root,    between a prong and a whole root.
 and may or may not have prongs and/   including any portion growing off
 or fibers attached. Whole roots       the main root that is too large to
 must have a tapered top or crown.     be a prong. Whole roots must have a
                                       tapered top or crown.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sec.   .1340 Fiber.                   Sec.   .1338 Rootlet.                 The term ``fiber'' has caused
``Fiber'' means small roots less      ``Rootlet'' means small slender        confusion. Therefore, ``Rootlet''
 than \1/8\ inch in diameter.          roots less than \1/8\ inch in         will be substituted for the term
                                       diameter.                             fiber to prevent further
                                                                             misidentification.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sec.   .1341 Diameter.                Sec.   .1339 Diameter.                This definition would be slightly
``Diameter'' means the greatest       ``Diameter'' means the greatest        reworded for clarification.
 dimension at right angles to a line   dimension at right angles to a line
 from the root crown or the point of   from the top of the whole root to
 attachment of the prong to the tip.   the tip. Diameter shall not be
 Diameter shall be the greatest        measured at the point of attachment
 dimension, but not at the point of    of a prong or the area where a
 attachment of the prong.              prong was removed.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Sec.   .1340 Length.                  A definition for length is proposed.
                                      ``Length'' means the greatest          Length would be measured in a
                                       dimension of the whole root           straight line and would not follow
                                       measured in a straight line           the curve of the root.
                                       parallel to the longitudinal axis
                                       from the top of the whole root to
                                       the tip, not including any portion
                                       of the crown or rootlet, if
                                       present.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sec.   .1342 Defects.                 Sec.   .1341 Defects.                 Rust would be removed from the
``Defects'' means any mechanical,     ``Defects'' means any mechanical,      definition since it is the same as
 pathological and/or physiological     pathological and/or physiological     discoloration. Further, at
 defect consisting of cuts, external   defect consisting of cuts, external   industry's request, a definition
 discoloration, internal green or      discoloration, internal green or      for an area left by clipped or
 red discoloration, insect, mold,      red discoloration, insect, mold,      removed prongs would be added.
 scab or other means that affect the   scab, or other means that affect
 appearance or marketing quality.      the appearance or marketing quality
                                       of the whole root. In addition,
                                       when the cut area left by a clipped
                                       or removed prong exceeds one half
                                       of the diameter of the root, it
                                       shall be a defect.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sec.   .1343 Cull.                    Sec.   .1342 Cull.                    This definition would define
``Cull'' means any unusable portion.  ``Cull'' means more than 50 percent    ``unusable portion'' to provide a
                                       of the whole root is unusable.        clearer guide as to what is a cull.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sec.   .1344 Origin.                  Sec.   .1343 Origin.                  Except for the section number, this
* * * * *                             * * * * *                              definition remains unchanged.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Sec.   .1344 [Reserved]               This section would be reserved if
                                                                             needed at a later time.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Illustration Ginseng 1                An illustration of a ginseng root
                                                                             would be added at the end of the
                                                                             standards, which defines the parts
                                                                             of the root, what should be
                                                                             clipped, and the correct
                                                                             determination for length and
                                                                             diameter.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The proposed revisions will benefit the industry by allowing the 
marketing of ginseng in the U.S. to be competitive in a changing and 
demanding global market. A 30-day period is provided for interested 
persons to comment. This period is deemed appropriate in order to 
implement these changes, if adopted, as soon as possible to reflect 
current marketing practices.

    Authority: 7 U.S.C. 1621-1627.


[[Page 53879]]


    Dated: August 19, 2011.
David R. Shipman,
Acting Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service.
[FR Doc. 2011-22117 Filed 8-29-11; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-02-P