Airworthiness Directives; Pratt & Whitney Corp. (PW) JT9D-7R4H1 Turbofan Engines, 41144-41145 [2011-17622]

Download as PDF srobinson on DSK4SPTVN1PROD with PROPOSALS 41144 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 134 / Wednesday, July 13, 2011 / Proposed Rules installation which is not shown to be extremely remote, may accumulate in hazardous quantities within the airplane. (4) Installations of Lithium batteries must meet the requirements of 14 CFR 25.863(a) through (d). (5) No corrosive fluids or gases that may escape from any Lithium battery may damage surrounding structure or any adjacent systems, equipment, or electrical wiring of the airplane in such a way as to cause a major or more severe failure condition, as determined in accordance with 14 CFR 25.1309(b). (6) Each Lithium-battery installation must have provisions to prevent any hazardous effect on structure or essential systems caused by the maximum amount of heat the battery can generate during a short circuit of the battery or of its individual cells. (7) Lithium-battery installations must have a system to control automatically the charging rate of the battery to prevent battery overheating or overcharging, and (i) A battery-temperature-sensing and over-temperature-warning system with a means to automatically disconnect the battery from its charging source in the event of an over-temperature condition or, (ii) A battery-failure sensing-andwarning system with a means to automatically disconnect the battery from its charging source in the event of battery failure. (8) Any Lithium-battery installation, the function of which is required for safe operation of the airplane, must incorporate a monitoring-and-warning feature that will provide an indication to the appropriate flight crewmembers whenever the state-of-charge of the batteries has fallen below levels considered acceptable for dispatch of the airplane. (9) The instructions for continued airworthiness required by § 25.1529 (and § 26.11) must contain maintenance steps to assure that the Lithium batteries are sufficiently charged at appropriate intervals specified by the battery manufacturer. The instructions for continued airworthiness must also contain procedures to ensure the integrity of Lithium batteries in spares storage to prevent the replacement of batteries, the function of which are required for safe operation of the airplane, with batteries that have experienced degraded charge-retention ability or other damage due to prolonged storage at a low state-ofcharge. Precautions should be included in the continued-airworthiness maintenance instructions to prevent mishandling of Lithium batteries, which VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:42 Jul 12, 2011 Jkt 223001 could result in short-circuit or other unintentional damage that could result in personal injury or property damage. Note 1: The term ‘‘sufficiently charged’’ means that the battery will retain enough of a charge, expressed in ampere-hours, to ensure that the battery cells will not be damaged. A battery cell may be damaged by lowering the charge below a point where there is a reduction in the ability to charge and retain a full charge. This reduction would be greater than the reduction that may result from normal operational degradation. Note 2: These special conditions are not intended to replace § 25.1353(c) in the certification basis of the Cessna Model 680 airplane. These special conditions apply only to Lithium-ion batteries and rechargeable Lithium-battery-system installations. The requirements of § 25.1353(c) remain in effect for batteries and battery installations on the Cessna Model 680 airplane that do not use Lithium-ion batteries. Issued in Renton, Washington, on July 1, 2011. Jeffrey E. Duven, Acting Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2011–17535 Filed 7–12–11; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA–2011–0731; Directorate Identifier 2010–NE–39–AD RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Pratt & Whitney Corp. (PW) JT9D–7R4H1 Turbofan Engines Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). AGENCY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all PW JT9D–7R4H1 turbofan engines. This proposed AD would require removing certain high-pressure compressor (HPC) shafts before their certified life limits, and establishes a new, lower life-limit for these parts. This proposed AD was prompted by reports of cracks in five HPC shafts. We are proposing this AD to correct the unsafe condition on these products. DATES: We must receive comments on this proposed AD by August 29, 2011. ADDRESSES: You may send comments, using the procedures found in 14 CFR 11.43 and 11.45, by any of the following methods: SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments. • Fax: 202–493–2251. • Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M–30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE., Washington, DC 20590. • Hand Delivery: Deliver to Mail address above between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. Examining the AD Docket You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http:// www.regulations.gov; or in person at the Docket Management Facility between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this proposed AD, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The street address for the Docket Office (phone: 800–647–5527) is in the ADDRESSES section. Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after receipt. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ian Dargin, Aerospace Engineer, Engine Certification Office, FAA, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803; phone: 781–238–7178; fax: 781– 238–7199; e-mail: ian.dargin@faa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Comments Invited We invite you to send any written relevant data, views, or arguments about this proposal. Send your comments to an address listed under the ADDRESSES section. Include ‘‘Docket No. FAA– 2011–0731; Directorate Identifier 2010– NE–39–AD’’ at the beginning of your comments. We specifically invite comments on the overall regulatory, economic, environmental, and energy aspects of this proposed AD. We will consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend this proposed AD because of those comments. We will post all comments we receive, without change, to http:// www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you provide. We will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal contact we receive about this proposed AD. Discussion We received reports of five JT9D– 7R4H1 engines containing an HPC shaft with cracks in the thread grooves of the rear shaft. These engines have the highest-thrust rating of the JT9D models, and were operating in hot environments. Higher operating metal E:\FR\FM\13JYP1.SGM 13JYP1 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 134 / Wednesday, July 13, 2011 / Proposed Rules temperatures impose a greater low-cycle fatigue life debit for each operating cycle, requiring removing the affected shafts before reaching their certified life limits. All of the cracked shafts were from the same fleet and engine model. This condition, if not corrected, could result in failure of the HPC shaft that could lead to an uncommanded in-flight shutdown or a possible uncontained engine failure and damage to the airplane. FAA’s Determination We are proposing this AD because we evaluated all the relevant information and determined the unsafe condition described previously is likely to exist or develop in other products of the same type design. Proposed AD Requirements This proposed AD would require: • For HPC shafts that have more than 4,500 cycles-since-new (CSN) on the effective date of this AD, removing the HPC shaft from service within 500 cycles-in-service (CIS) after the effective date of this proposed AD or at the next shop visit after the effective date of this proposed AD, whichever occurs first. • For HPC shafts that have 4,500 or fewer CSN on the effective date of this AD, removing the HPC shaft from service before exceeding 5,000 CSN. Costs of Compliance We estimate that this proposed AD would not affect any engines installed on airplanes of U.S. registry. under Executive Order 13132. This proposed AD would not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. For the reasons discussed above, I certify this proposed regulation: (1) Is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ under Executive Order 12866, (2) Is not a ‘‘significant rule’’ under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska, and (4) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39 Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Safety. The Proposed Amendment Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the FAA proposes to amend 14 CFR part 39 as follows: PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES 1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows: Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701. srobinson on DSK4SPTVN1PROD with PROPOSALS Authority for This Rulemaking § 39.13 Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA’s authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs, describes in more detail the scope of the Agency’s authority. We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: ‘‘General requirements.’’ Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action. 2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive (AD): Regulatory Findings We determined that this proposed AD would not have federalism implications VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:42 Jul 12, 2011 Jkt 223001 [Amended] Pratt & Whitney Corp: Docket No. FAA– 2011–0731; Directorate Identifier 2010– NE–39–AD. (a) Comments Due Date We must receive comments by August 29, 2011. 41145 (f) Engines With an HPC Shaft, P/N 808071, That Has More Than 4,500 Cycles-SinceNew (CSN) For engines with an HPC shaft, P/N 808071, that has more than 4,500 CSN on the effective date of this AD, remove the HPC shaft from service within 500 cycles-inservice (CIS) after the effective date of the AD or at piece-part exposure, whichever occurs first. (g) Engines With an HPC Shaft, P/N 808071, That Has 4,500 or Fewer CSN For engines with an HPC shaft, P/N 808071, that has 4,500 or fewer CSN on the effective date of this AD, remove the HPC shaft from service before exceeding 5,000 CSN. (h) Engines With an HPC Shaft, P/N 808070, Removal From Service For engines with an HPC shaft, P/N 808070, remove the HPC shaft, P/N 808070, from service not later than 1,200 CSN. (i) Installation Prohibition After the effective date of this AD, do not install or reinstall into any engine: (1) Any HPC shaft, P/N 808071, that is at piece-part exposure and exceeds the new lower life limit of 5,000 CSN, or (2) Any HPC shaft, P/N 808070, that is at piece-part exposure and exceeds the new lower life limit of 1,200 CSN. (j) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs) The Manager, Engine Certification Office, FAA, has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19. (k) Related Information For more information about this AD, contact Ian Dargin, Aerospace Engineer, Engine Certification Office, FAA, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803; phone: 781–238–7178; fax: 781–238– 7199; e-mail: ian.dargin@faa.gov. Issued in Burlington, Massachusetts, on July 7, 2011. Peter A. White, Acting Manager, Engine & Propeller Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2011–17622 Filed 7–12–11; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P (b) Affected ADs None. (c) Applicability Pratt & Whitney Corp (PW) JT9D–7R4H1 turbofan engines with a high-pressure compressor (HPC) shaft, part numbers (P/Ns) 808070 or 808071, installed. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (d) Unsafe Condition This AD was prompted by reports of cracks in five HPC shafts. We are issuing this AD to correct the unsafe condition on these products. [Docket No. FAA–2011–0560; Airspace Docket No. 11–ANM–15] (e) Compliance Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, unless already done. PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Glendive, MT Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). AGENCY: E:\FR\FM\13JYP1.SGM 13JYP1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 76, Number 134 (Wednesday, July 13, 2011)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 41144-41145]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2011-17622]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 39

[Docket No. FAA-2011-0731; Directorate Identifier 2010-NE-39-AD
RIN 2120-AA64


Airworthiness Directives; Pratt & Whitney Corp. (PW) JT9D-7R4H1 
Turbofan Engines

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM).

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all 
PW JT9D-7R4H1 turbofan engines. This proposed AD would require removing 
certain high-pressure compressor (HPC) shafts before their certified 
life limits, and establishes a new, lower life-limit for these parts. 
This proposed AD was prompted by reports of cracks in five HPC shafts. 
We are proposing this AD to correct the unsafe condition on these 
products.

DATES: We must receive comments on this proposed AD by August 29, 2011.

ADDRESSES: You may send comments, using the procedures found in 14 CFR 
11.43 and 11.45, by any of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
     Fax: 202-493-2251.
     Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket 
Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New 
Jersey Avenue, SE., Washington, DC 20590.
     Hand Delivery: Deliver to Mail address above between 9 
a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.

Examining the AD Docket

    You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov; or in person at the Docket Management Facility 
between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal 
holidays. The AD docket contains this proposed AD, the regulatory 
evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The street 
address for the Docket Office (phone: 800-647-5527) is in the ADDRESSES 
section. Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after 
receipt.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ian Dargin, Aerospace Engineer, Engine 
Certification Office, FAA, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, 
MA 01803; phone: 781-238-7178; fax: 781-238-7199; e-mail: 
ian.dargin@faa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Comments Invited

    We invite you to send any written relevant data, views, or 
arguments about this proposal. Send your comments to an address listed 
under the ADDRESSES section. Include ``Docket No. FAA-2011-0731; 
Directorate Identifier 2010-NE-39-AD'' at the beginning of your 
comments. We specifically invite comments on the overall regulatory, 
economic, environmental, and energy aspects of this proposed AD. We 
will consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend 
this proposed AD because of those comments.
    We will post all comments we receive, without change, to http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you provide. We 
will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal contact we 
receive about this proposed AD.

Discussion

    We received reports of five JT9D-7R4H1 engines containing an HPC 
shaft with cracks in the thread grooves of the rear shaft. These 
engines have the highest-thrust rating of the JT9D models, and were 
operating in hot environments. Higher operating metal

[[Page 41145]]

temperatures impose a greater low-cycle fatigue life debit for each 
operating cycle, requiring removing the affected shafts before reaching 
their certified life limits. All of the cracked shafts were from the 
same fleet and engine model. This condition, if not corrected, could 
result in failure of the HPC shaft that could lead to an uncommanded 
in-flight shutdown or a possible uncontained engine failure and damage 
to the airplane.

FAA's Determination

    We are proposing this AD because we evaluated all the relevant 
information and determined the unsafe condition described previously is 
likely to exist or develop in other products of the same type design.

Proposed AD Requirements

    This proposed AD would require:
     For HPC shafts that have more than 4,500 cycles-since-new 
(CSN) on the effective date of this AD, removing the HPC shaft from 
service within 500 cycles-in-service (CIS) after the effective date of 
this proposed AD or at the next shop visit after the effective date of 
this proposed AD, whichever occurs first.
     For HPC shafts that have 4,500 or fewer CSN on the 
effective date of this AD, removing the HPC shaft from service before 
exceeding 5,000 CSN.

Costs of Compliance

    We estimate that this proposed AD would not affect any engines 
installed on airplanes of U.S. registry.

Authority for This Rulemaking

    Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to 
issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the 
authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs, 
describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.
    We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in 
Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: ``General 
requirements.'' Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with 
promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing 
regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator 
finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within 
the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition 
that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this 
rulemaking action.

Regulatory Findings

    We determined that this proposed AD would not have federalism 
implications under Executive Order 13132. This proposed AD would not 
have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship 
between the national Government and the States, or on the distribution 
of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.
    For the reasons discussed above, I certify this proposed 
regulation:
    (1) Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under Executive 
Order 12866,
    (2) Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies 
and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979),
    (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska, and
    (4) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or 
negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria 
of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

    Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Safety.

The Proposed Amendment

    Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the 
Administrator, the FAA proposes to amend 14 CFR part 39 as follows:

PART 39--AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

    1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.


Sec.  39.13  [Amended]

    2. The FAA amends Sec.  39.13 by adding the following new 
airworthiness directive (AD):

Pratt & Whitney Corp: Docket No. FAA-2011-0731; Directorate 
Identifier 2010-NE-39-AD.

(a) Comments Due Date

    We must receive comments by August 29, 2011.

(b) Affected ADs

    None.

(c) Applicability

    Pratt & Whitney Corp (PW) JT9D-7R4H1 turbofan engines with a 
high-pressure compressor (HPC) shaft, part numbers (P/Ns) 808070 or 
808071, installed.

(d) Unsafe Condition

    This AD was prompted by reports of cracks in five HPC shafts. We 
are issuing this AD to correct the unsafe condition on these 
products.

(e) Compliance

    Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, 
unless already done.

(f) Engines With an HPC Shaft, P/N 808071, That Has More Than 4,500 
Cycles-Since-New (CSN)

    For engines with an HPC shaft, P/N 808071, that has more than 
4,500 CSN on the effective date of this AD, remove the HPC shaft 
from service within 500 cycles-in-service (CIS) after the effective 
date of the AD or at piece-part exposure, whichever occurs first.

(g) Engines With an HPC Shaft, P/N 808071, That Has 4,500 or Fewer CSN

    For engines with an HPC shaft, P/N 808071, that has 4,500 or 
fewer CSN on the effective date of this AD, remove the HPC shaft 
from service before exceeding 5,000 CSN.

(h) Engines With an HPC Shaft, P/N 808070, Removal From Service

    For engines with an HPC shaft, P/N 808070, remove the HPC shaft, 
P/N 808070, from service not later than 1,200 CSN.

(i) Installation Prohibition

    After the effective date of this AD, do not install or reinstall 
into any engine:
    (1) Any HPC shaft, P/N 808071, that is at piece-part exposure 
and exceeds the new lower life limit of 5,000 CSN, or
    (2) Any HPC shaft, P/N 808070, that is at piece-part exposure 
and exceeds the new lower life limit of 1,200 CSN.

(j) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs)

    The Manager, Engine Certification Office, FAA, has the authority 
to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures 
found in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19.

(k) Related Information

    For more information about this AD, contact Ian Dargin, 
Aerospace Engineer, Engine Certification Office, FAA, 12 New England 
Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803; phone: 781-238-7178; fax: 781-
238-7199; e-mail: ian.dargin@faa.gov.

    Issued in Burlington, Massachusetts, on July 7, 2011.
Peter A. White,
Acting Manager, Engine & Propeller Directorate, Aircraft Certification 
Service.
[FR Doc. 2011-17622 Filed 7-12-11; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-13-P