Federal Seed Act Regulations, 31790-31795 [2011-13497]

Download as PDF 31790 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 106 / Thursday, June 2, 2011 / Rules and Regulations TABLE III—EXTERNAL DEFECTS—Continued Defects Damage Serious damage1 * Sprouts ........................ * * * When more than 5 percent of the potatoes in any lot have 1⁄4 inch in length at shipping any sprout more than point; more than 1⁄2 inch in length at destination; or have numerous individual and/or clusters of sprouts which materially detract from the appearance of the potato. * * * When more than 10 percent of the potatoes in any lot 1⁄2 inch in length at shipping have any sprout more than point; more than 1 inch in length at destination; or have numerous individual and/or clusters of sprouts which seriously detract from the appearance of the potato. Serious damage by sprouts shall only be scored against the U.S. Commercial and U.S. No. 2 grades. * * * * * * * 1 The following defects are considered serious damage when present in any degree: 1. Freezing. 2. Late blight. 3. Ring rot. 4. Southern bacterial wilt. 5. Soft rot. 6. Wet breakdown. § 51.1565 [Amended] 9. Section 51.1565 is amended by: A. Amending the introductory text by removing the reference ‘‘Table IV’’, and by adding the reference ‘‘Table VII’’, in its place; and ■ B. Amending Table VII by removing the column heading ‘‘Damage maximum allowed’’ and adding the column heading ‘‘Damage Maximum Allowed’’ in its place, and by removing the column heading ‘‘Serious damage maximum allowed’’, and by adding the column heading ‘‘Serious Damage Maximum Allowed’’ in its place. ■ ■ Dated: May 24, 2011. Rayne Pegg, Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service. [FR Doc. 2011–13485 Filed 6–1–11; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–02–P DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 201 [Doc. No. AMS–LS–08–0002] RIN 0581–AC74 Federal Seed Act Regulations Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: AMS is revising the Federal Seed Act (FSA) regulations. The rule amends the list of prohibited noxiousweed seeds to reflect the recent addition of four species, deletion of two species, and changes in the nomenclature of four species listed in the Federal Noxious Weed Act (FNWA). The rule updates the seed labeling regulations, noxious-weed seed tolerances, seed testing regulations, and seed certification regulations. The rule also revises the nomenclature of kinds regulated under the FSA and corrects several minor errors. The list of jlentini on DSK4TPTVN1PROD with RULES SUMMARY: VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:10 Jun 01, 2011 Jkt 223001 noxious-weed seeds is amended to help prevent the spread of these highly destructive weeds. The labeling regulations and noxious-weed seed tolerances are amended to prevent potential conflicts with State regulations, reflect currently used terms, and reflect current industry practices. The seed testing and seed certification regulations are amended to incorporate the latest in seed testing and seed certification knowledge and to prevent potential conflicts with State regulations. DATES: Effective July 5, 2011. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Richard C. Payne, Chief, Seed Regulatory and Testing Branch, Livestock and Seed Program, AMS, 801 Summit Crossing Place, Suite C, Gastonia, North Carolina 28054–2193; telephone (704) 810–8884; fax (704) 852–4109; e-mail richard.payne@ams.usda.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Executive Order 12866 This final rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12866. This rule has been determined to be not significant and, therefore, has not been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). Executive Order 12988 The final rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. It is not intended to have a retroactive effect. The rule will not preempt any State or local laws, regulations, or policies unless they present an irreconcilable conflict with this rule. There are no administrative procedures that must be exhausted prior to judicial challenge to the provision of this rule. Regulatory Flexibility Act and Paperwork Reduction Act AMS has certified that this action will not have a significant impact on a PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 substantial number of small entities as defined in the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601–612). Many small entities ship seed in interstate commerce. There are about 3,095 interstate shippers. Small agricultural service firms, which include interstate shippers, are defined by the Small Business Administration as those whose annual receipts are less than $7,000,000 (13 CFR 121.201). We estimate that about 90 percent of the interstate shippers are small entities. Shippers, including small entities, usually test and subsequently package and label seed to comply with both the FSA and State seed laws. This is possible because the testing requirements of the State laws are similar or the same as those of the FSA. Therefore, a single test provides information necessary to comply with both State seed laws and the FSA. Changing the seed testing and seed certification regulations will reconcile State and Federal seed testing and seed certification procedures. Moreover, using similar or the same testing procedures will reduce the burden on small entities shipping seed in interstate commerce because a test used for interstate commerce could also be used in intrastate commerce. Adding four species to the list of seeds that are noxious in seed shipped in interstate commerce will not significantly impact small entities by adding additional costs for seed testing, because all seed must currently be examined for 93 noxious-weed seeds listed in the FSA regulations and those listed in the State laws to be compliant with the FSA. (The FSA requires that seed shipped in interstate commerce comply with the noxious-weed seed requirements of that State into which the seed is shipped.) Therefore, any examination for the weed seeds being added will be in conjunction with examinations that already occur for State noxious-weed seeds. Updating the noxious-weed seed tolerances to be uniform with those required by State E:\FR\FM\02JNR1.SGM 02JNR1 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 106 / Thursday, June 2, 2011 / Rules and Regulations laws will make FSA and State regulatory action uniform and will not increase the burden on small entities shipping seed in interstate commerce. Removing the exemption in the FSA regulations for labeling freshly harvested Kentucky bluegrass seed and sugar beet seed shipped in interstate commerce during July, August, and September for germination will not add additional costs for seed testing because this testing and subsequent labeling is required by State seed laws and regulations. Also, much of the seed handled by small entities is already tested by their suppliers. There will be no effect on the competitive position of small entities in relation to larger entities since both will have to comply with the same regulations. This rule will not impose any additional reporting or recordkeeping requirements. Such requirements are currently approved by OMB under Control No. 0581–0026. Executive Order 13132 This final rule has been reviewed in accordance with the requirements of Executive Order 13132, Federalism. USDA has determined that this rule conforms to the Federalism principles set forth in the Executive Order, and that this rule does not have Federalism implications. Background The FSA, Title II (7 U.S.C. 1571–1575) regulates agricultural and vegetable planting seeds in interstate commerce. Agricultural and vegetable seeds shipped in interstate commerce must be labeled with certain quality information. The labeling information and any advertisements pertaining to the seed must be truthful. jlentini on DSK4TPTVN1PROD with RULES Comments A notice of proposed rulemaking was published in the Federal Register (75 FR 78932) on December 17, 2010. Interested parties were invited to submit written comments until February 15, 2011. USDA received no comments. A hearing on the proposed rule was held in Gastonia, NC, on January 21, 2011, to discuss the revisions. No one attended the hearing. Terms Defined AMS proposed to revise and update the nomenclature of many of the kinds of agricultural and vegetable seeds listed in §§ 201.2(h) and 201.2(i) to conform to current usage on the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature. AMS also proposed to add ‘‘bunching onion’’ and ‘‘radicchio’’ as acceptable synonyms for ‘‘Welch onion’’ and ‘‘chicory,’’ VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:10 Jun 01, 2011 Jkt 223001 respectively, in § 201.2(i). ‘‘Bunching onion’’ and ‘‘radicchio’’ are commonly used and accepted kind names by companies selling and labeling seed. USDA received no comments. The changes to these sections, as published in the proposed rule, are incorporated in the final rule. Noxious-Weed Seeds Under the Federal Noxious Weed Act (FNWA) of 1974 (7 U.S.C. 2801–2814) the Secretary has identified certain noxious weeds that are prohibited movement into or through the United States. AMS proposed to amend § 201.16(b) of the FSA regulations to designate seeds of four additional species of noxious weeds listed under the FNWA as noxious in agricultural and vegetable seed shipped in interstate commerce under the FSA. In addition, AMS proposed to amend the FSA regulations to remove two species no longer cited in the FNWA and revise the nomenclature of four species to be consistent with the nomenclature in the FNWA. The USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) enforces both the FNWA and Title III, the Foreign Commerce provisions of the FSA. However, the FNWA does not apply to seeds for planting which are subject to the FSA and does not apply to any noxious weed seeds that may contaminate seed subject to the provisions of the FSA. Thus, AMS cannot currently take regulatory action when seeds of the four species classified as noxious under the FNWA are found in planting seed. Therefore, by recognizing them as noxious weeds under the FSA, AMS will act in an orderly way to prevent their spread on those rare occasions that they are found in planting seeds. Noxious weeds that are not listed under the FSA may still be restricted under the FSA in some cases. Each State has a list of weed seeds that are noxious in planting seed. Weed seeds that are designated noxious by each State are also noxious under the FSA when present in seed shipped into that State. USDA received no comments. The changes to these sections, as published in the proposed rule, are incorporated in the final rule. Seed Testing AMS proposed to update the FSA seed testing regulations to include testing to reflect improvements in seed testing technology and the current standards of usage within the industry as outlined below. The Association of Official Seed Analysts (AOSA) has already adopted these changes in their ‘‘Rules for Testing Seed,’’ the testing rules used by most State and PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 31791 commercial seed analysts. Including these changes in the FSA regulations will eliminate potential conflicts between the testing rules used in interstate commerce and those used by the States. This will eliminate the need to do separate tests to ensure that seed labeling complies with both Federal and State laws. It will also facilitate seed trade and reduce cost to the seed industry and to seed buyers. AMS proposed that §§ 201.48(g) and 201.51(b) specify a change in the FSA regulations for determining pure seed and inert matter for 18 grass seed kinds. The change will require pure seed of these 18 kinds to have a caryopsis at least one-third the length of the palea. The change will also require seeds of these 18 grass kinds to be classified as inert matter if the caryopsis development is less than one-third the length of the palea. Currently, all seeds of these 18 grass kinds are considered pure seed if the caryopsis has some degree of endosperm development. USDA received no comments. The changes to these sections, as published in the proposed rule, are incorporated in the final rule. Noxious-Weed Seed Tolerances AMS proposed to update the FSA seed testing regulations to reflect improvements in the noxious-weed seed tolerances using modern statistical applications. The AOSA has already adopted these changes in their ‘‘Rules for Testing Seed,’’ the rules used by most State and commercial seed analysts. Including these changes will eliminate potential conflicts between FSA and State regulatory action. USDA received no comments. The changes to this section, as published in the proposed rule, are incorporated in the final rule. Seed Certification AMS proposed to update the certified seed regulations. Sections 201.74 and 201.75 will be amended to permit the option of printing the lot number, kind, and variety name (if certified to variety) on the seed container in a position to be viewed in conjunction with the official certification label. A sentence in §§ 201.74 and 201.75, pertaining to small containers of seed, will be deleted because these containers are covered in the amendment. The Association of Official Seed Certifying Agencies (AOSCA), the organization that develops rules for use by its members to certify seed for varietal purity, has already amended its rules to allow the option of printing certain required labeling information on seed containers outside the confines of the certification E:\FR\FM\02JNR1.SGM 02JNR1 31792 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 106 / Thursday, June 2, 2011 / Rules and Regulations label. This will reflect that change in the AOSCA rules and current industry practices. In addition, this option will allow seed companies to realize a financial savings by purchasing seed bags with preprinted certification labels in large quantities and add the required information pertinent to each seed lot. USDA received no comments. The changes to these sections, as published in the proposed rule, are incorporated in the final rule. List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 201 Certified seed, Definitions, Inspections, Labeling, Purity analysis, Sampling. For reasons set forth in the preamble, 7 CFR part 201 is amended as follows: PART 201—FEDERAL SEED ACT REGULATIONS 1. The authority citation for part 201 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 7 U.S.C. 1592. jlentini on DSK4TPTVN1PROD with RULES Seed Labeling AMS proposed to add the term ‘‘(Environmental Protection Agency Toxicity Category I)’’ after references to ‘‘mercurials and similarly toxic substances’’ in § 201.31a(c)(1), 201.31a(c)(2), and 201.31a(d). The current FSA regulations refer to the most toxic class of chemical seed treatments as ‘‘mercurials and similarly toxic substances.’’ However, mercurybased compounds are no longer used by the seed industry for treating seeds. Further, the current classification by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) of the most toxic chemical compounds used as seed treatments is ‘‘Toxicity Category I.’’ Chemicals of this toxicity, sold in bulk for treating seed, are required by EPA to be labeled as Toxicity Category I compounds. Therefore, adding the term ‘‘(Environmental Protection Agency Toxicity Category I)’’ to the FSA regulations will clarify the labeling requirements for seed treated with the most toxic class of chemical compounds used by the seed industry, reduce the possibility of mislabeling chemically treated seed shipped in interstate commerce, and provide consistency with classification terms used by EPA. AMS proposed to update § 201.20 by removing the exemption from labeling freshly harvested Kentucky bluegrass and sugar beet seed sold in July, August, and September for germination. Germination labeling is required for all other kinds of seeds regulated by the FSA. This exemption is no longer needed because current industry practice is to label all kinds of seed for germination prior to shipment and sale. Since State seed laws require labeling of all seed for germination, removing this exemption will eliminate conflict between the FSA regulations and State seed labeling requirements. USDA received no comments. The changes to these sections, as published in the proposed rule, are incorporated in the final rule. VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:10 Jun 01, 2011 Jkt 223001 § 201.2 [Amended] 2. Section 201.2 is amended by: A. Removing the words ‘‘§§ 201.1 through 201.159’’ and adding in their place the words ‘‘this part’’ in the introductory text. ■ B. Removing the word ‘‘act’’ and adding in its place the word ‘‘Act’’, and by removing the words ‘‘§§ 201.1 through 201.159’’ and adding in their place the words ‘‘this part’’ in paragraph (f). ■ C. In paragraph (h): ■ i. Removing the terms ‘‘Agrotricum— × Agrotriticum Ciferri and Giacom.’’, ‘‘Alfalfa—Medicago sativa L.’’, ‘‘Alfilaria—Erodium cicutarium (L.) L’Her.’’, ‘‘Bahiagrass—Paspalum notatum Fluegge’’, ‘‘Barley—Hordeum vulgare L.’’, ‘‘Bean, adzuki—Vigna angularis (Willd.) Ohwi and Ohashi’’, ‘‘Bean, field—Phaseolus vulgaris L.’’, ‘‘Bean, mung—Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek’’, ‘‘Bentgrass, creeping— Agrostis stolonifera L. var. palustris (Huds) Farw.’’, ‘‘Bermudagrass, giant— Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. var. Aridus Harlan and de Wet’’, ‘‘Bluegrass, Nevada—Poa secunda J.S. Presl’’, ‘‘Bluestem, big—Andropogon gerardii Vitm. var. gerardii’’, ‘‘Bluestem, yellow—Bothriochloa ischaemum (L.) Keng’’, ‘‘Brome, meadow—Bromus biebersteinii Roem. and Schult.’’, ‘‘Brome, smooth—Bromus inermis Leyss.’’, ‘‘Corn, field—Zea mays L.’’, ‘‘Corn, pop—Zea mays L.’’, ‘‘Crambe— Crambe abyssinica R.E. Fries’’, ‘‘Crotalaria, slenderleaf—Crotalaria brevidens Benth. var. intermedia (Kotschy) Polh.’’, ‘‘Crotalaria, striped or smooth—Crotalaria pallida Ait.’’, ‘‘Crownvetch—Coronilla varia L.’’, ‘‘Dichondra—Dichondra repens Forst. and Forst. f.’’, ‘‘Emmer—Triticum dicoccon Schrank’’, ‘‘Fescue, chewings— Festuca rubra L. subsp. commutata Gaud.’’, ‘‘Fescue, hair—Festuca tenuifolia Sibth.’’, ‘‘Fescue, hard— Festuca brevipila Tracey’’, ‘‘Fescue, sheep—Festuca ovina L. var. ovina’’, ‘‘Grama, blue—Bouteloua gracilis (Kunth) Steud.’’, ‘‘Hardinggrass— Phalaris stenoptera Hack.’’, ‘‘Hemp— ■ ■ PO 00000 Frm 00008 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Cannabis sativa L.’’, ‘‘Kudzu—Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merr. var. lobata (Willd.) Maesen and S. Almeida’’, ‘‘Lentil—Lens culinaris Medik.’’, ‘‘Lespedeza, sericea or Chinese— Lespedeza cuneata (Dum.-Cours.) G. Don’’, ‘‘Lespedeza, striate—Kummerowia striata (Thunb.) Schindler’’, ‘‘Lovegrass, sand—Eragrostis trichodes (Nutt.) Wood’’, ‘‘Millet, foxtail—Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv.’’, ‘‘Millet, Japanese— Echinochloa frumentacea Link’’, ‘‘Millet, proso—Panicum miliaceum L.’’, ‘‘Molassesgrass—Melinis minutiflora Beauv.’’, ‘‘Mustard, black—Brassica nigra (L.) Koch’’, ‘‘Mustard, India— Brassica juncea (L.) Czernj. and Coss.’’, ‘‘Mustard, white—Sinapis alba L.’’, ‘‘Oat—Avena byzantina C. Koch, A. sativa L., A. nuda L.’’, ‘‘Oatgrass, tall— Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) J.S. Presl and K.B. Presl’’, ‘‘Panicgrass, green— Panicum maxicum Jacq. var. trichoglume Robyns’’, ‘‘Pea, field— Pisum sativum L.’’ ‘‘Rape, annual— Brassica napus L. var. annua Koch’’, ‘‘Rape, bird—Brassica rapa L. subsp. rapa’’, ‘‘Rape, turnip—Brassica rapa L. subsp. silvestris (Lam.) Janchen’’, ‘‘Rape, winter—Brassica napus L. var. biennis (Schubl. and Mart.) Reichb.’’, ‘‘Rescuegrass—Bromus catharticus Vahl’’, ‘‘Ricegrass, Indian—Oryzopsis hymenoides (Roem. and Schult.) Ricker’’, ‘‘Rye—Secale cereale L.’’, ‘‘Rye, mountain—Secale strictum (K.B. Presl) K.B. Presl subsp. strictum’’, ‘‘Ryegrass, Wimmera—Lolium rigidum Gaud.’’, ‘‘Sorghum-sudangrass—Sorghum × drummondii (Steud.) Millsp. and Chase’’, ‘‘Spelt—Triticum spelta L.’’, ‘‘Sudangrass—Sorghum × drummondii (Steud.) Millsp. and Chase’’, ‘‘Timothy, turf—Phleum bertolonii DC.’’, ‘‘Trefoil, big—Lotus uliginosus Schk.’’, ‘‘Triticale—× Triticosecale Wittm. (Secale × Triticum)’’, ‘‘Veldtgrass— Ehrharta calycina J.E. Smith’’, ‘‘Wheat, common—Triticum aestivum L.’’, ‘‘Wheat, club—Triticum compactum Host’’, ‘‘Wheat, durum—Triticum durum Desf.’’, ‘‘Wheat, Polish—Triticum polonicum L.’’, ‘‘Wheat, poulard— Triticum turgidum L.’’, ‘‘Wheatgrass, beardless—Pseudoroegneria spicata (Pursh) A. Love’’, ‘‘Wheatgrass, intermediate—Elytrigia intermedia (Host) Nevski subsp. intermedia’’, ‘‘Wheatgrass, pubescent—Elytrigia intermedia (Host) Nevski subsp. intermedia’’, ‘‘Wheatgrass, Siberian— Agropyron fragile (Roth) Candargy subsp. sibiricum (Willd.) Meld.’’, ‘‘Wheatgrass, slender—Elymus trachycaulus (Link) Shinn.’’, ‘‘Wheatgrass, streambank—Elymus lanceolatus (Scribn. and J.G. Smith) Gould subsp. lanceolatus.’’, E:\FR\FM\02JNR1.SGM 02JNR1 jlentini on DSK4TPTVN1PROD with RULES Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 106 / Thursday, June 2, 2011 / Rules and Regulations ‘‘Wheatgrass, tall—Elytrigia elongata (Host) Nevski’’, ‘‘Wheatgrass, western— Pascopyrum smithii (Rydb.) A. Love’’, and ‘‘Wildrye, basin—Leymus cinereus (Scribn. & Merr.) A. Love’’. ■ ii. Adding the terms ‘‘Agrotricum—× Agrotriticum Cif. & Giacom.’’, ‘‘Alfalfa— Medicago sativa L. subsp. sativa’’, ‘‘Alfilaria—Erodium cicutarium (L.) ´ L’Her.’’, ‘‘Bahiagrass—Paspalum ¨ ´ notatum Flugge’’, ‘‘Barley—Hordeum vulgare L. subsp. vulgare’’, ‘‘Bean, adzuki—Vigna angularis (Willd.) Ohwi & H. Ohashi var. angularis’’, ‘‘Bean, field—Phaseolus vulgaris L. var. vulgaris’’, ‘‘Bean, mung—Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek var. radiata’’, ‘‘Bentgrass, creeping—Agrostis stolonifera L.’’, ‘‘Bermudagrass, giant—Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. var. aridus J.R. Harlan & de Wet’’, ‘‘Bluegrass, Nevada— Poa secunda J. Presl’’, ‘‘Bluestem, big— Andropogon gerardii Vitman’’, ‘‘Bluestem, yellow—Bothriochloa ischaemum (L.) Keng var. ischaemum’’, ‘‘Brome, meadow—Bromus biebersteinii Roem. & Schult.’’, ‘‘Brome, smooth— Bromus inermis Leyss. subsp. inermis’’, ‘‘Corn, field—Zea mays L. subsp. mays’’, ‘‘Corn, pop—Zea mays L. subsp. mays’’, ‘‘Crambe—Crambe abyssinica R.E. Fr.’’, ‘‘Crotalaria, slenderleaf—Crotalaria brevidens Benth. var. intermedia (Kotschy) Polhill’’, ‘‘Crotalaria, striped or smooth—Crotalaria pallida Aiton’’, ‘‘Crownvetch—Securigera varia (L.) Lassen’’, ‘‘Dichondra—Dichondra repens J.R. Forst. & G. Forst.’’, ‘‘Emmer— Triticum turgidum L. subsp. dicoccon (Schrank) Thell.’’, ‘‘Fescue, Chewing’s— Festuca rubra L. subsp. commutata Gaudin’’, ‘‘Fescue, hair—Festuca filiformis Pourr.’’, ‘‘Fescue, hard— Festuca trachyphylla (Hack.) Krajina’’, ‘‘Fescue, sheep—Festuca ovina L.’’, ‘‘Grama, blue—Bouteloua gracilis (Kunth) Griffiths’’, ‘‘Hardinggrass— Phalaris aquatica L.’’, ‘‘Hemp— Cannabis sativa L. subsp. sativa’’, ‘‘Kudzu—Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merr. var. lobata (Willd.) Sanjappa & Predeep’’, ‘‘Lentil—Lens culinaris Medik. subsp. culinaris’’, ‘‘Lespedeza, sericea or Chinese—Lespedeza cuneata (Dum. Cours.) G. Don’’, ‘‘Lespedeza, striate—Kummerowia striata (Thunb.) Schindl.’’, ‘‘Lovegrass, sand—Eragrostis trichodes (Nutt.) Alph. Wood’’, ‘‘Millet, foxtail—Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica’’ ‘‘Millet, Japanese— Echinochloa esculenta (A. Braun) H. Scholz’’, ‘‘Millet, proso—Panicum miliaceum L. subsp. miliaceum’’, ‘‘Molassesgrass—Melinis minutiflora P. Beauv.’’, ‘‘Mustard, black—Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J. Koch’’, ‘‘Mustard, India—Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. var. juncea’’, ‘‘Mustard, white—Sinapis alba VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:10 Jun 01, 2011 Jkt 223001 L. subsp. alba’’, ‘‘Oat—Avena byzantina K. Koch, A. sativa L., A. nuda L.’’, ‘‘Oatgrass, tall—Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) J. Presl & C. Presl subsp. elatius’’, ‘‘Panicgrass, green—Panicum maximum Jacq.’’, ‘‘Pea, field—Pisum sativum L. var. arvense (L.) Poir.’’, ‘‘Rape, annual— Brassica napus L. var. napus’’, ‘‘Rape, bird—Brassica rapa L. subsp. campestris (L.) A.R. Clapham’’, ‘‘Rape, turnip—Brassica rapa L. subsp. campestris (L.) A.R. Clapham and subsp. oleifera (DC.) Metzg.’’, ‘‘Rape, winter—Brassica napus L. var. napus’’, ‘‘Rescuegrass—Bromus catharticus Vahl var. catharticus’’, ‘‘Ricegrass, Indian— Achnatherum hymenoides (Roem. & Schult.) Barkworth’’, ‘‘Rye—Secale cereale L. subsp. cereale’’, ‘‘Rye, mountain—Secale strictum (C. Presl) C. Presl subsp. strictum’’, ‘‘Ryegrass, Wimmera—Lolium rigidum Gaudin’’, ‘‘Sorghum-sudangrass—Sorghum × drummondii (Steud.) Millsp. & Chase’’, ‘‘Spelt—Triticum aestivum L. subsp. spelta (L.) Thell.’’, ‘‘Sudangrass— Sorghum × drummondii (Steud.) Millsp. & Chase’’, ‘‘Timothy, turf—Phleum nodosum L.’’, ‘‘Trefoil, big—Lotus uliginosus Schkuhr’’, ‘‘Triticale—× Triticosecale A. Camus (Secale × Triticum)’’, ‘‘Veldtgrass—Ehrharta calycina Sm.’’, ‘‘Wheat, common— Triticum aestivum L. subsp. aestivum’’, ‘‘Wheat, club—Triticum aestivum L. subsp. compactum (Host) Mackey’’, ‘‘Wheat, durum—Triticum turgidum L. subsp. durum (Desf.) Husn.’’, ‘‘Wheat, Polish—Triticum turgidum L. subsp. polonicum (L.) Thell.’’, ‘‘Wheat, poulard—Triticum turgidum L. subsp. turgidum’’, ‘‘Wheatgrass, beardless— ´ Pseudoroegneria spicata (Pursh) A. ¨ Love’’, ‘‘Wheatgrass, intermediate— Thinopyrum intermedium (Host) Barkworth & D.R. Dewey subsp. intermedium’’, ‘‘Wheatgrass, pubescent—Thinopyrum intermedium (Host) Barkworth & D.R. Dewey subsp. barbulatum (Schur) Barkworth & D.R. Dewey’’, ‘‘Wheatgrass, Siberian— Agropyron fragile (Roth) P. Candargy’’, ‘‘Wheatgrass, slender—Elymus trachycaulus (Link) Shinners subsp. trachycaulus’’, ‘‘Wheatgrass, streambank—Elymus lanceolatus (Scribn. & J.G. Sm.) Gould subsp. riparius (Scribn. & J.G. Sm.) Barkworth’’, ‘‘Wheatgrass, tall—Thinopyrum elongatum (Host) D.R. Dewey’’, ‘‘Wheatgrass, western—Pascopyrum smithii (Rydb.) Barkworth & D.R. Dewey’’, and ‘‘Wildrye, basin—Leymus ´ ¨ cinereus (Scribn. & Merr.) A. Love’’. ■ D. In paragraph (i): ■ i. Removing the terms ‘‘Artichoke— Cynara cardunculus L. subsp. cardunculus’’, ‘‘Asparagus—Asparagus officinalis Baker’’, ‘‘Bean, garden— PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 31793 Phaseolus vulgaris L.’’, ‘‘Bean, lima— Phaseolus lunatus L.’’, ‘‘Broadbean— Vicia faba L.’’, ‘‘Broccoli—Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis L.’’, ‘‘Brussels sprouts—Brassica oleracea L. var. gemmifera DC.’’, ‘‘Cardoon—Cynara cardunculus L. subsp. cardunculus’’, ‘‘Celeriac—Apium graveolens L. var. rapaceum (Mill.) Gaud.’’, ‘‘Chard, Swiss—Beta vulgaris L. subsp. cicla (L.) Koch’’, ‘‘Citron—Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. and Nakai var. citroides (Bailey) Mansf.’’, ‘‘Collards— Brassica oleracea L. var. acephala DC.’’, ‘‘Corn, sweet—Zea mays L.’’, ‘‘Cornsalad—Valerianella locusta (L.) Laterrade’’, Cress, water—Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek’’, Dandelion—Taraxacum officinale Wigg.’’, ‘‘Endive—Cichorium endivia L.’’, ‘‘Gherkin, West India—Cucumis anguria L.’’, ‘‘Kale—Brassica oleracea L. var. acephala DC.’’, ‘‘Kale, Chinese—Brassica oleracea L. var. alboglabra (Bailey) Musil’’, ‘‘Kale, Siberian—Brassica napus L. var. pabularia (DC.) Reichb.’’, ‘‘Melon—Cucumis melo L.’’, ‘‘Mustard, India—Brassica juncea (L.) Czernj. and Coss.’’, ‘‘Mustard, spinach—Brassica perviridis (Bailey) Bailey’’, ‘‘Onion— Allium cepa L.’’, ‘‘Parsnip—Pastinaca sativa L.’’, ‘‘Pea—Pisum sativum L.’’, ‘‘Pumpkin—Cucurbita pepo L., C. moschata (Duchesne) Poiret, and C. maxima Duchesne’’, ‘‘Rhubarb—Rheum rhabarbarum L.’’, ‘‘Rutabaga—Brassica napus L. var. napobrassica (L.) Reichb.’’, ‘‘Spinach, New Zealand—Tetragonia tetragonoides (Pall.) Ktze.’’, ‘‘Squash— Cucurbita pepo L., C. moschata (Duchesne) Poiret, and C. maxima Duchesne’’, and ‘‘Watermelon—Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. and Nakai var. lanatus’’. ■ ii. Adding the terms ‘‘Artichoke— Cynara cardunculus L.’’, ‘‘Asparagus— Asparagus officinalis L.’’, ‘‘Bean, garden—Phaseolus vulgaris L. var. vulgaris’’, ‘‘Bean, Lima—Phaseolus lunatus L.’’, ‘‘Broadbean—Vicia faba L. var. faba’’, ‘‘Broccoli—Brassica oleracea L. var. italica Plenck’’, ‘‘Brussels sprouts—Brassica oleracea L. var. gemmifera Zenker’’, ‘‘Cardoon—Cynara cardunculus L.’’, ‘‘Celeriac—Apium graveolens L. var. rapaceum (Mill.) Gaudin’’, ‘‘Chard, Swiss—Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris’’, ‘‘Citron melon— Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai var. citroides (L.H. Bailey) Mansf.’’, ‘‘Collards—Brassica oleracea L. var. viridis L.’’, ‘‘Corn, sweet—Zea mays L. subsp. mays’’, ‘‘Cornsalad— Valerianella locusta (L.) Laterr.’’, ‘‘Cress, water—Nasturtium officinale R. Br.’’, ‘‘Dandelion—Taraxacum officinale F.H. Wigg.’’, ‘‘Endive—Cichorium endivia L. subsp. endivia’’, ‘‘Gherkin, West India— E:\FR\FM\02JNR1.SGM 02JNR1 31794 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 106 / Thursday, June 2, 2011 / Rules and Regulations Cucumis anguria L. var. anguria’’, ‘‘Kale—Brassica oleracea L. var. viridis L.’’, ‘‘Kale, Chinese—Brassica oleracea L. var. alboglabra (L.H. Bailey) Musil’’, ‘‘Kale, Siberian—Brassica napus L. var. pabularia (DC.) Rchb.’’, ‘‘Melon— Cucumis melo L. subsp. melo’’, ‘‘Mustard, India—Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.’’, ‘‘Mustard, spinach—Brassica rapa var. perviridis L.H. Bailey’’, ‘‘Onion—Allium cepa L. var. cepa’’, ‘‘Onion, bunching (see Onion, Welsh)’’, ‘‘Parsnip—Pastinaca sativa L. subsp. sativa’’, ‘‘Pea—Pisum sativum L. subsp. sativum’’, ‘‘Pumpkin—Cucurbita pepo L., C. moschata Duchesne, and C. maxima Duchesne’’, ‘‘Radicchio (see Chicory)’’, ‘‘Rhubarb—Rheum × hybridum Murray’’, ‘‘Rutabaga—Brassica napus L. var. napobrassica (L.) Rchb.’’, ‘‘Spinach, New Zealand—Tetragonia tetragonoides (Pall.) Kuntze’’, ‘‘Squash— Cucurbita pepo L., C. moschata Duchesne, and C. maxima Duchesne’’, and ‘‘Watermelon—Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai var. lanatus’’. ■ E. In paragraph (w), removing the words ‘‘noxious weed’’ and adding in their place the words ‘‘noxious-weeds’’ in their place wherever they appear. ■ F. Amending paragraph (z) by removing the heading ‘‘Processing’’ and adding in its place the heading ‘‘Conditioning’’, and removing in the first sentence the word ‘‘processing’’ and adding in its place the word ‘‘conditioning’’. scalarum (Schweinfurth) Chiovenda’’, ‘‘Homeria spp.’’, ‘‘Rottboellia cochinchinensis (Lour.) Clayton’’, ‘‘Senecio inaequidens DC.’’, ‘‘Senecio madagascariensis Poir.’’, ‘‘Solanum tampicense Dunal’’ and ‘‘Spermacoce alata (Aublet) de Candolle’’. ■ 4. Section 201.20 is revised to read as follows: § 201.16 * [Amended] 3. Section 201.16 in paragraph (b) is amended by removing the terms ‘‘Borreria alata (Aubl.)DC.’’, ‘‘Carthamus oxyacanthus M.Bieb ’’, ‘‘Digitaria abyssinica Stapf. (=D. scalarum (Schweinf.)’’, ‘‘Ipomoea triloba L.’’, ‘‘Orobanche spp.’’, ‘‘Rottboellia cochinchinensis (Lour.) Clayton (=R.exaltata (L.) L.f.)’’ and adding in alphabetical order the terms ‘‘Carthamus oxyacantha M. Bieb’’, ‘‘Digitaria ■ § 201.20 8. Section 201.51 is amended by adding paragraph (a)(9) to read as follows: ■ § 201.51 Germination. The label shall show the percentage of germination for each kind or kind and variety or kind and type of kind and hybrid of agricultural seed present in excess of 5 percent or shown in the labeling to be present in a proportion of 5 percent or less. § 201.31a [Amended] 5. Section 201.31a is amended by adding the words ‘‘(Environmental Protection Agency Toxicity Category I)’’ after the word ‘‘substance’’ in paragraph (c)(1) and after the word ‘‘substances’’ in paragraph (c)(2) introductory text. ■ § 201.41 [Amended] 6. In § 201.41, paragraph (a), the word ‘‘less’’ is removed and the word ‘‘fewer’’ is added in its place. ■ 7. In § 201.48, paragraph (g) introductory text is amended by adding a new second sentence to read as follows: ■ § 201.48 seed. Inert matter. * Kind or variety considered pure * * * * (g) * * * Seed units of smooth brome, fairway crested wheatgrass, standard crested wheatgrass, tall wheatgrass, intermediate wheatgrass, pubescent wheatgrass, western wheatgrass, fescues (Festuca spp.), and ryegrasses (Lolium spp.) if the caryopses are at least onethird the length of the palea; the caryopsis is measured from the base of the rachilla. * * * * * * * * * * * * (a) * * * (9) Immature florets of smooth brome, fairway crested wheatgrass, standard crested wheatgrass, tall wheatgrass, intermediate wheatgrass, pubescent wheatgrass, western wheatgrass, fescues (Festuca spp.), and ryegrasses (Lolium spp.) in which the caryopses are less than one-third the length of the palea; the caryopsis is measured from the base of the rachilla. * * * * * ■ 9. Section 201.65 is revised to read as follows: § 201.65 Noxious-weed seeds in interstate commerce. Tolerances for rates of occurrence of noxious-weed seeds shall be recognized and shall be applied to the number of noxious-weed seeds found by analysis in the quantity of seed specified for noxious-weed seed determinations in § 201.46, except as provided in § 201.16(b). Rates per pound or ounce must be converted to the equivalent number of seeds found in § 201.46, Table 1, Minimum weight for noxiousweed seed examination (grams). Some tolerances are listed in the following table. The number found as represented by the label or test (Column X) will be considered within tolerance if not more than the corresponding numbers in Column Y are found by analysis in the administration of the Act. For numbers of seed greater than those in the table, a tolerance based on a degree of certainty of 5 percent (P=0.05) can be calculated by the formula, Y=X+1.65√X+0.03, where X is the number of seeds represented by the label or test and Y is the maximum number within tolerance. Maximum number within tolerances Number represented by label or test Maximum number within tolerances Number represented by label or test Maximum number within tolerances (X) jlentini on DSK4TPTVN1PROD with RULES Number represented by label or test (Y) (X) (Y) (X) (Y) 0 ............................................ 1 ............................................ 2 ............................................ 3 ............................................ 4 ............................................ 5 ............................................ 6 ............................................ 7 ............................................ 8 ............................................ 9 ............................................ 10 .......................................... 11 .......................................... 12 .......................................... 13 .......................................... VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:10 Jun 01, 2011 2 2 4 5 7 8 9 11 12 13 14 16 17 18 Jkt 223001 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 PO 00000 ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... Frm 00010 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 43 44 45 46 47 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 58 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... E:\FR\FM\02JNR1.SGM 02JNR1 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 106 / Thursday, June 2, 2011 / Rules and Regulations 31795 Number represented by label or test Maximum number within tolerances Number represented by label or test Maximum number within tolerances Number represented by label or test Maximum number within tolerances (X) (Y) (X) (Y) (X) (Y) 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 .......................................... .......................................... .......................................... .......................................... .......................................... .......................................... .......................................... .......................................... .......................................... .......................................... .......................................... .......................................... .......................................... .......................................... .......................................... .......................................... .......................................... .......................................... .......................................... .......................................... 19 21 22 23 24 25 27 28 29 30 31 32 34 35 36 37 38 39 41 42 10. In Section 201.74, paragraph (a) is amended by removing the last sentence, and paragraph (c) is amended by adding a sentence at the end of the paragraph to read as follows: ■ § 201.74 seed. Labeling of all classes of certified * * * * * (c) * * * The seed lot number or other identification number, the kind, and variety name (if certified to variety) shall appear on the official label and/or directly on the container in a position to be viewed in conjunction with the official certification label. * * * * * 11. In § 201.75, paragraph (c), the last sentence is revised to read as follows: ■ § 201.75 Interagency certification. * * * * * (c) * * * The seed lot number or other identification number, the kind, and variety name (if certified to variety) shall appear on the official label and/or directly on the container in a position to be viewed in conjunction with the official certification label. Dated: May 24, 2011. Rayne Pegg, Administrator. jlentini on DSK4TPTVN1PROD with RULES [FR Doc. 2011–13497 Filed 6–1–11; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–02–P 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... ......................................... 16:10 Jun 01, 2011 Jkt 223001 82 ......................................... 83 ......................................... 84 ......................................... 85 ......................................... 86 ......................................... 87 ......................................... 88 ......................................... 89 ......................................... 90 ......................................... 91 ......................................... 92 ......................................... 93 ......................................... 94 ......................................... 95 ......................................... 96 ......................................... 97 ......................................... 98 ......................................... 99 ......................................... 100 ........................................ 96 97 98 99 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 114 115 116 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY I. Background 10 CFR Part 431 The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA), as amended by section 312(c) of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA 2007), requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to prescribe a test procedure to measure the energy use of walk-in coolers and freezers (collectively, walk-ins). See 42 U.S.C. 6314(a). DOE recently satisfied this requirement by issuing a final rule establishing a test procedure for manufacturers to use when measuring the energy use of a walk-in unit. See 76 FR 21580 (April 15, 2011). Since the publication of that rulemaking, it was recently discovered that an error is present in Appendix A of the regulatory text, which governs, among other things, the test conditions for walk-in coolers and freezers. That text, within the context of assessing the long-term thermal resistance of the insulating foam contained in the panel components used to construct a walk-in freezer container, uses, incorrectly and inconsistent with the statute, a prescribed test temperature of 35 °F ± 1 °F for freezers. The temperature that should have been inserted in that provision is 20 °F ± 1 °F. Periods should also have been included after that provision and the one following it that sets the temperature test condition for panels used in coolers. This document corrects these errors. [Docket No. EERE–2008–BT–TP–0014] RIN 1904–AB85 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-In Coolers and Freezers; Correction Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy. ACTION: Final rule; correcting amendments. AGENCY: This document makes a correction to the regulations pertaining to the test procedure for walk-in coolers and freezers. The correction addresses an erroneous temperature condition for walk-in freezers. DATES: Effective Date: June 2, 2011. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Charles Llenza, U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies Program, EE–2J, 1000 Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC 20585–0121. Telephone: (202) 586–2192. E-mail: Charles.Llenza@ee.doe.gov. In the Office of the General Counsel, contact Mr. Michael Kido, U.S. Department of Energy, Office of the General Counsel, GC–71, 1000 Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC 20585–0121. Telephone: (202) 586–5709. E-mail: Michael.Kido@hq.doe.gov. SUMMARY: SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: VerDate Mar<15>2010 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 78 79 80 PO 00000 Frm 00011 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 II. Need for Correction As published, the current provisions of 10 CFR part 431, Subpart R, Appendix A, include the incorrect testing temperature for manufacturers to E:\FR\FM\02JNR1.SGM 02JNR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 76, Number 106 (Thursday, June 2, 2011)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 31790-31795]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2011-13497]


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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Agricultural Marketing Service

7 CFR Part 201

[Doc. No. AMS-LS-08-0002]
RIN 0581-AC74


Federal Seed Act Regulations

AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA.

ACTION: Final rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: AMS is revising the Federal Seed Act (FSA) regulations. The 
rule amends the list of prohibited noxious-weed seeds to reflect the 
recent addition of four species, deletion of two species, and changes 
in the nomenclature of four species listed in the Federal Noxious Weed 
Act (FNWA). The rule updates the seed labeling regulations, noxious-
weed seed tolerances, seed testing regulations, and seed certification 
regulations. The rule also revises the nomenclature of kinds regulated 
under the FSA and corrects several minor errors. The list of noxious-
weed seeds is amended to help prevent the spread of these highly 
destructive weeds. The labeling regulations and noxious-weed seed 
tolerances are amended to prevent potential conflicts with State 
regulations, reflect currently used terms, and reflect current industry 
practices. The seed testing and seed certification regulations are 
amended to incorporate the latest in seed testing and seed 
certification knowledge and to prevent potential conflicts with State 
regulations.

DATES: Effective July 5, 2011.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Richard C. Payne, Chief, Seed 
Regulatory and Testing Branch, Livestock and Seed Program, AMS, 801 
Summit Crossing Place, Suite C, Gastonia, North Carolina 28054-2193; 
telephone (704) 810-8884; fax (704) 852-4109; e-mail 
richard.payne@ams.usda.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Executive Order 12866

    This final rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12866. This 
rule has been determined to be not significant and, therefore, has not 
been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB).

Executive Order 12988

    The final rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil 
Justice Reform. It is not intended to have a retroactive effect. The 
rule will not preempt any State or local laws, regulations, or policies 
unless they present an irreconcilable conflict with this rule. There 
are no administrative procedures that must be exhausted prior to 
judicial challenge to the provision of this rule.

Regulatory Flexibility Act and Paperwork Reduction Act

    AMS has certified that this action will not have a significant 
impact on a substantial number of small entities as defined in the 
Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601-612). Many small entities ship 
seed in interstate commerce. There are about 3,095 interstate shippers. 
Small agricultural service firms, which include interstate shippers, 
are defined by the Small Business Administration as those whose annual 
receipts are less than $7,000,000 (13 CFR 121.201). We estimate that 
about 90 percent of the interstate shippers are small entities.
    Shippers, including small entities, usually test and subsequently 
package and label seed to comply with both the FSA and State seed laws. 
This is possible because the testing requirements of the State laws are 
similar or the same as those of the FSA. Therefore, a single test 
provides information necessary to comply with both State seed laws and 
the FSA. Changing the seed testing and seed certification regulations 
will reconcile State and Federal seed testing and seed certification 
procedures. Moreover, using similar or the same testing procedures will 
reduce the burden on small entities shipping seed in interstate 
commerce because a test used for interstate commerce could also be used 
in intrastate commerce.
    Adding four species to the list of seeds that are noxious in seed 
shipped in interstate commerce will not significantly impact small 
entities by adding additional costs for seed testing, because all seed 
must currently be examined for 93 noxious-weed seeds listed in the FSA 
regulations and those listed in the State laws to be compliant with the 
FSA. (The FSA requires that seed shipped in interstate commerce comply 
with the noxious-weed seed requirements of that State into which the 
seed is shipped.) Therefore, any examination for the weed seeds being 
added will be in conjunction with examinations that already occur for 
State noxious-weed seeds. Updating the noxious-weed seed tolerances to 
be uniform with those required by State

[[Page 31791]]

laws will make FSA and State regulatory action uniform and will not 
increase the burden on small entities shipping seed in interstate 
commerce.
    Removing the exemption in the FSA regulations for labeling freshly 
harvested Kentucky bluegrass seed and sugar beet seed shipped in 
interstate commerce during July, August, and September for germination 
will not add additional costs for seed testing because this testing and 
subsequent labeling is required by State seed laws and regulations. 
Also, much of the seed handled by small entities is already tested by 
their suppliers. There will be no effect on the competitive position of 
small entities in relation to larger entities since both will have to 
comply with the same regulations.
    This rule will not impose any additional reporting or recordkeeping 
requirements. Such requirements are currently approved by OMB under 
Control No. 0581-0026.

Executive Order 13132

    This final rule has been reviewed in accordance with the 
requirements of Executive Order 13132, Federalism. USDA has determined 
that this rule conforms to the Federalism principles set forth in the 
Executive Order, and that this rule does not have Federalism 
implications.

Background

    The FSA, Title II (7 U.S.C. 1571-1575) regulates agricultural and 
vegetable planting seeds in interstate commerce. Agricultural and 
vegetable seeds shipped in interstate commerce must be labeled with 
certain quality information. The labeling information and any 
advertisements pertaining to the seed must be truthful.

Comments

    A notice of proposed rulemaking was published in the Federal 
Register (75 FR 78932) on December 17, 2010. Interested parties were 
invited to submit written comments until February 15, 2011. USDA 
received no comments. A hearing on the proposed rule was held in 
Gastonia, NC, on January 21, 2011, to discuss the revisions. No one 
attended the hearing.

Terms Defined

    AMS proposed to revise and update the nomenclature of many of the 
kinds of agricultural and vegetable seeds listed in Sec. Sec.  201.2(h) 
and 201.2(i) to conform to current usage on the International Code of 
Botanical Nomenclature. AMS also proposed to add ``bunching onion'' and 
``radicchio'' as acceptable synonyms for ``Welch onion'' and 
``chicory,'' respectively, in Sec.  201.2(i). ``Bunching onion'' and 
``radicchio'' are commonly used and accepted kind names by companies 
selling and labeling seed. USDA received no comments. The changes to 
these sections, as published in the proposed rule, are incorporated in 
the final rule.

Noxious-Weed Seeds

    Under the Federal Noxious Weed Act (FNWA) of 1974 (7 U.S.C. 2801-
2814) the Secretary has identified certain noxious weeds that are 
prohibited movement into or through the United States. AMS proposed to 
amend Sec.  201.16(b) of the FSA regulations to designate seeds of four 
additional species of noxious weeds listed under the FNWA as noxious in 
agricultural and vegetable seed shipped in interstate commerce under 
the FSA. In addition, AMS proposed to amend the FSA regulations to 
remove two species no longer cited in the FNWA and revise the 
nomenclature of four species to be consistent with the nomenclature in 
the FNWA. The USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) 
enforces both the FNWA and Title III, the Foreign Commerce provisions 
of the FSA. However, the FNWA does not apply to seeds for planting 
which are subject to the FSA and does not apply to any noxious weed 
seeds that may contaminate seed subject to the provisions of the FSA. 
Thus, AMS cannot currently take regulatory action when seeds of the 
four species classified as noxious under the FNWA are found in planting 
seed. Therefore, by recognizing them as noxious weeds under the FSA, 
AMS will act in an orderly way to prevent their spread on those rare 
occasions that they are found in planting seeds. Noxious weeds that are 
not listed under the FSA may still be restricted under the FSA in some 
cases. Each State has a list of weed seeds that are noxious in planting 
seed. Weed seeds that are designated noxious by each State are also 
noxious under the FSA when present in seed shipped into that State. 
USDA received no comments. The changes to these sections, as published 
in the proposed rule, are incorporated in the final rule.

Seed Testing

    AMS proposed to update the FSA seed testing regulations to include 
testing to reflect improvements in seed testing technology and the 
current standards of usage within the industry as outlined below. The 
Association of Official Seed Analysts (AOSA) has already adopted these 
changes in their ``Rules for Testing Seed,'' the testing rules used by 
most State and commercial seed analysts. Including these changes in the 
FSA regulations will eliminate potential conflicts between the testing 
rules used in interstate commerce and those used by the States. This 
will eliminate the need to do separate tests to ensure that seed 
labeling complies with both Federal and State laws. It will also 
facilitate seed trade and reduce cost to the seed industry and to seed 
buyers.
    AMS proposed that Sec. Sec.  201.48(g) and 201.51(b) specify a 
change in the FSA regulations for determining pure seed and inert 
matter for 18 grass seed kinds. The change will require pure seed of 
these 18 kinds to have a caryopsis at least one-third the length of the 
palea. The change will also require seeds of these 18 grass kinds to be 
classified as inert matter if the caryopsis development is less than 
one-third the length of the palea. Currently, all seeds of these 18 
grass kinds are considered pure seed if the caryopsis has some degree 
of endosperm development. USDA received no comments. The changes to 
these sections, as published in the proposed rule, are incorporated in 
the final rule.

Noxious-Weed Seed Tolerances

    AMS proposed to update the FSA seed testing regulations to reflect 
improvements in the noxious-weed seed tolerances using modern 
statistical applications. The AOSA has already adopted these changes in 
their ``Rules for Testing Seed,'' the rules used by most State and 
commercial seed analysts. Including these changes will eliminate 
potential conflicts between FSA and State regulatory action. USDA 
received no comments. The changes to this section, as published in the 
proposed rule, are incorporated in the final rule.

Seed Certification

    AMS proposed to update the certified seed regulations. Sections 
201.74 and 201.75 will be amended to permit the option of printing the 
lot number, kind, and variety name (if certified to variety) on the 
seed container in a position to be viewed in conjunction with the 
official certification label. A sentence in Sec. Sec.  201.74 and 
201.75, pertaining to small containers of seed, will be deleted because 
these containers are covered in the amendment. The Association of 
Official Seed Certifying Agencies (AOSCA), the organization that 
develops rules for use by its members to certify seed for varietal 
purity, has already amended its rules to allow the option of printing 
certain required labeling information on seed containers outside the 
confines of the certification

[[Page 31792]]

label. This will reflect that change in the AOSCA rules and current 
industry practices. In addition, this option will allow seed companies 
to realize a financial savings by purchasing seed bags with preprinted 
certification labels in large quantities and add the required 
information pertinent to each seed lot. USDA received no comments. The 
changes to these sections, as published in the proposed rule, are 
incorporated in the final rule.

Seed Labeling

    AMS proposed to add the term ``(Environmental Protection Agency 
Toxicity Category I)'' after references to ``mercurials and similarly 
toxic substances'' in Sec.  201.31a(c)(1), 201.31a(c)(2), and 
201.31a(d).
    The current FSA regulations refer to the most toxic class of 
chemical seed treatments as ``mercurials and similarly toxic 
substances.'' However, mercury-based compounds are no longer used by 
the seed industry for treating seeds. Further, the current 
classification by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) of the most 
toxic chemical compounds used as seed treatments is ``Toxicity Category 
I.'' Chemicals of this toxicity, sold in bulk for treating seed, are 
required by EPA to be labeled as Toxicity Category I compounds. 
Therefore, adding the term ``(Environmental Protection Agency Toxicity 
Category I)'' to the FSA regulations will clarify the labeling 
requirements for seed treated with the most toxic class of chemical 
compounds used by the seed industry, reduce the possibility of 
mislabeling chemically treated seed shipped in interstate commerce, and 
provide consistency with classification terms used by EPA.
    AMS proposed to update Sec.  201.20 by removing the exemption from 
labeling freshly harvested Kentucky bluegrass and sugar beet seed sold 
in July, August, and September for germination. Germination labeling is 
required for all other kinds of seeds regulated by the FSA. This 
exemption is no longer needed because current industry practice is to 
label all kinds of seed for germination prior to shipment and sale. 
Since State seed laws require labeling of all seed for germination, 
removing this exemption will eliminate conflict between the FSA 
regulations and State seed labeling requirements. USDA received no 
comments. The changes to these sections, as published in the proposed 
rule, are incorporated in the final rule.

List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 201

    Certified seed, Definitions, Inspections, Labeling, Purity 
analysis, Sampling.

    For reasons set forth in the preamble, 7 CFR part 201 is amended as 
follows:

PART 201--FEDERAL SEED ACT REGULATIONS

0
1. The authority citation for part 201 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  7 U.S.C. 1592.


Sec.  201.2  [Amended]

0
2. Section 201.2 is amended by:
0
A. Removing the words ``Sec. Sec.  201.1 through 201.159'' and adding 
in their place the words ``this part'' in the introductory text.
0
B. Removing the word ``act'' and adding in its place the word ``Act'', 
and by removing the words ``Sec. Sec.  201.1 through 201.159'' and 
adding in their place the words ``this part'' in paragraph (f).
0
C. In paragraph (h):
0
i. Removing the terms ``Agrotricum--x Agrotriticum Ciferri and 
Giacom.'', ``Alfalfa--Medicago sativa L.'', ``Alfilaria--Erodium 
cicutarium (L.) L'Her.'', ``Bahiagrass--Paspalum notatum Fluegge'', 
``Barley--Hordeum vulgare L.'', ``Bean, adzuki--Vigna angularis 
(Willd.) Ohwi and Ohashi'', ``Bean, field--Phaseolus vulgaris L.'', 
``Bean, mung--Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek'', ``Bentgrass, creeping--
Agrostis stolonifera L. var. palustris (Huds) Farw.'', ``Bermudagrass, 
giant--Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. var. Aridus Harlan and de Wet'', 
``Bluegrass, Nevada--Poa secunda J.S. Presl'', ``Bluestem, big--
Andropogon gerardii Vitm. var. gerardii'', ``Bluestem, yellow--
Bothriochloa ischaemum (L.) Keng'', ``Brome, meadow--Bromus 
biebersteinii Roem. and Schult.'', ``Brome, smooth--Bromus inermis 
Leyss.'', ``Corn, field--Zea mays L.'', ``Corn, pop--Zea mays L.'', 
``Crambe--Crambe abyssinica R.E. Fries'', ``Crotalaria, slenderleaf--
Crotalaria brevidens Benth. var. intermedia (Kotschy) Polh.'', 
``Crotalaria, striped or smooth--Crotalaria pallida Ait.'', 
``Crownvetch--Coronilla varia L.'', ``Dichondra--Dichondra repens 
Forst. and Forst. f.'', ``Emmer--Triticum dicoccon Schrank'', ``Fescue, 
chewings--Festuca rubra L. subsp. commutata Gaud.'', ``Fescue, hair--
Festuca tenuifolia Sibth.'', ``Fescue, hard--Festuca brevipila 
Tracey'', ``Fescue, sheep--Festuca ovina L. var. ovina'', ``Grama, 
blue--Bouteloua gracilis (Kunth) Steud.'', ``Hardinggrass--Phalaris 
stenoptera Hack.'', ``Hemp--Cannabis sativa L.'', ``Kudzu--Pueraria 
montana (Lour.) Merr. var. lobata (Willd.) Maesen and S. Almeida'', 
``Lentil--Lens culinaris Medik.'', ``Lespedeza, sericea or Chinese--
Lespedeza cuneata (Dum.-Cours.) G. Don'', ``Lespedeza, striate--
Kummerowia striata (Thunb.) Schindler'', ``Lovegrass, sand--Eragrostis 
trichodes (Nutt.) Wood'', ``Millet, foxtail--Setaria italica (L.) P. 
Beauv.'', ``Millet, Japanese--Echinochloa frumentacea Link'', ``Millet, 
proso--Panicum miliaceum L.'', ``Molassesgrass--Melinis minutiflora 
Beauv.'', ``Mustard, black--Brassica nigra (L.) Koch'', ``Mustard, 
India--Brassica juncea (L.) Czernj. and Coss.'', ``Mustard, white--
Sinapis alba L.'', ``Oat--Avena byzantina C. Koch, A. sativa L., A. 
nuda L.'', ``Oatgrass, tall--Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) J.S. Presl and 
K.B. Presl'', ``Panicgrass, green--Panicum maxicum Jacq. var. 
trichoglume Robyns'', ``Pea, field--Pisum sativum L.'' ``Rape, annual--
Brassica napus L. var. annua Koch'', ``Rape, bird--Brassica rapa L. 
subsp. rapa'', ``Rape, turnip--Brassica rapa L. subsp. silvestris 
(Lam.) Janchen'', ``Rape, winter--Brassica napus L. var. biennis 
(Schubl. and Mart.) Reichb.'', ``Rescuegrass--Bromus catharticus 
Vahl'', ``Ricegrass, Indian--Oryzopsis hymenoides (Roem. and Schult.) 
Ricker'', ``Rye--Secale cereale L.'', ``Rye, mountain--Secale strictum 
(K.B. Presl) K.B. Presl subsp. strictum'', ``Ryegrass, Wimmera--Lolium 
rigidum Gaud.'', ``Sorghum-sudangrass--Sorghum x drummondii (Steud.) 
Millsp. and Chase'', ``Spelt--Triticum spelta L.'', ``Sudangrass--
Sorghum x drummondii (Steud.) Millsp. and Chase'', ``Timothy, turf--
Phleum bertolonii DC.'', ``Trefoil, big--Lotus uliginosus Schk.'', 
``Triticale--x Triticosecale Wittm. (Secale x Triticum)'', 
``Veldtgrass--Ehrharta calycina J.E. Smith'', ``Wheat, common--Triticum 
aestivum L.'', ``Wheat, club--Triticum compactum Host'', ``Wheat, 
durum--Triticum durum Desf.'', ``Wheat, Polish--Triticum polonicum 
L.'', ``Wheat, poulard--Triticum turgidum L.'', ``Wheatgrass, 
beardless--Pseudoroegneria spicata (Pursh) A. Love'', ``Wheatgrass, 
intermediate--Elytrigia intermedia (Host) Nevski subsp. intermedia'', 
``Wheatgrass, pubescent--Elytrigia intermedia (Host) Nevski subsp. 
intermedia'', ``Wheatgrass, Siberian--Agropyron fragile (Roth) Candargy 
subsp. sibiricum (Willd.) Meld.'', ``Wheatgrass, slender--Elymus 
trachycaulus (Link) Shinn.'', ``Wheatgrass, streambank--Elymus 
lanceolatus (Scribn. and J.G. Smith) Gould subsp. lanceolatus.'',

[[Page 31793]]

``Wheatgrass, tall--Elytrigia elongata (Host) Nevski'', ``Wheatgrass, 
western--Pascopyrum smithii (Rydb.) A. Love'', and ``Wildrye, basin--
Leymus cinereus (Scribn. & Merr.) A. Love''.
0
ii. Adding the terms ``Agrotricum--x Agrotriticum Cif. & Giacom.'', 
``Alfalfa--Medicago sativa L. subsp. sativa'', ``Alfilaria--Erodium 
cicutarium (L.) L'H[eacute]r.'', ``Bahiagrass--Paspalum notatum 
Fl[uuml]gg[eacute]'', ``Barley--Hordeum vulgare L. subsp. vulgare'', 
``Bean, adzuki--Vigna angularis (Willd.) Ohwi & H. Ohashi var. 
angularis'', ``Bean, field--Phaseolus vulgaris L. var. vulgaris'', 
``Bean, mung--Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek var. radiata'', 
``Bentgrass, creeping--Agrostis stolonifera L.'', ``Bermudagrass, 
giant--Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. var. aridus J.R. Harlan & de Wet'', 
``Bluegrass, Nevada--Poa secunda J. Presl'', ``Bluestem, big--
Andropogon gerardii Vitman'', ``Bluestem, yellow--Bothriochloa 
ischaemum (L.) Keng var. ischaemum'', ``Brome, meadow--Bromus 
biebersteinii Roem. & Schult.'', ``Brome, smooth--Bromus inermis Leyss. 
subsp. inermis'', ``Corn, field--Zea mays L. subsp. mays'', ``Corn, 
pop--Zea mays L. subsp. mays'', ``Crambe--Crambe abyssinica R.E. Fr.'', 
``Crotalaria, slenderleaf--Crotalaria brevidens Benth. var. intermedia 
(Kotschy) Polhill'', ``Crotalaria, striped or smooth--Crotalaria 
pallida Aiton'', ``Crownvetch--Securigera varia (L.) Lassen'', 
``Dichondra--Dichondra repens J.R. Forst. & G. Forst.'', ``Emmer--
Triticum turgidum L. subsp. dicoccon (Schrank) Thell.'', ``Fescue, 
Chewing's--Festuca rubra L. subsp. commutata Gaudin'', ``Fescue, hair--
Festuca filiformis Pourr.'', ``Fescue, hard--Festuca trachyphylla 
(Hack.) Krajina'', ``Fescue, sheep--Festuca ovina L.'', ``Grama, blue--
Bouteloua gracilis (Kunth) Griffiths'', ``Hardinggrass--Phalaris 
aquatica L.'', ``Hemp--Cannabis sativa L. subsp. sativa'', ``Kudzu--
Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merr. var. lobata (Willd.) Sanjappa & 
Predeep'', ``Lentil--Lens culinaris Medik. subsp. culinaris'', 
``Lespedeza, sericea or Chinese--Lespedeza cuneata (Dum. Cours.) G. 
Don'', ``Lespedeza, striate--Kummerowia striata (Thunb.) Schindl.'', 
``Lovegrass, sand--Eragrostis trichodes (Nutt.) Alph. Wood'', ``Millet, 
foxtail--Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica'' ``Millet, 
Japanese--Echinochloa esculenta (A. Braun) H. Scholz'', ``Millet, 
proso--Panicum miliaceum L. subsp. miliaceum'', ``Molassesgrass--
Melinis minutiflora P. Beauv.'', ``Mustard, black--Brassica nigra (L.) 
W.D.J. Koch'', ``Mustard, India--Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. var. 
juncea'', ``Mustard, white--Sinapis alba L. subsp. alba'', ``Oat--Avena 
byzantina K. Koch, A. sativa L., A. nuda L.'', ``Oatgrass, tall--
Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) J. Presl & C. Presl subsp. elatius'', 
``Panicgrass, green--Panicum maximum Jacq.'', ``Pea, field--Pisum 
sativum L. var. arvense (L.) Poir.'', ``Rape, annual--Brassica napus L. 
var. napus'', ``Rape, bird--Brassica rapa L. subsp. campestris (L.) 
A.R. Clapham'', ``Rape, turnip--Brassica rapa L. subsp. campestris (L.) 
A.R. Clapham and subsp. oleifera (DC.) Metzg.'', ``Rape, winter--
Brassica napus L. var. napus'', ``Rescuegrass--Bromus catharticus Vahl 
var. catharticus'', ``Ricegrass, Indian--Achnatherum hymenoides (Roem. 
& Schult.) Barkworth'', ``Rye--Secale cereale L. subsp. cereale'', 
``Rye, mountain--Secale strictum (C. Presl) C. Presl subsp. strictum'', 
``Ryegrass, Wimmera--Lolium rigidum Gaudin'', ``Sorghum-sudangrass--
Sorghum x drummondii (Steud.) Millsp. & Chase'', ``Spelt--Triticum 
aestivum L. subsp. spelta (L.) Thell.'', ``Sudangrass--Sorghum x 
drummondii (Steud.) Millsp. & Chase'', ``Timothy, turf--Phleum nodosum 
L.'', ``Trefoil, big--Lotus uliginosus Schkuhr'', ``Triticale--x 
Triticosecale A. Camus (Secale x Triticum)'', ``Veldtgrass--Ehrharta 
calycina Sm.'', ``Wheat, common--Triticum aestivum L. subsp. 
aestivum'', ``Wheat, club--Triticum aestivum L. subsp. compactum (Host) 
Mackey'', ``Wheat, durum--Triticum turgidum L. subsp. durum (Desf.) 
Husn.'', ``Wheat, Polish--Triticum turgidum L. subsp. polonicum (L.) 
Thell.'', ``Wheat, poulard--Triticum turgidum L. subsp. turgidum'', 
``Wheatgrass, beardless--Pseudoroegneria spicata (Pursh) [Aacute]. 
L[ouml]ve'', ``Wheatgrass, intermediate--Thinopyrum intermedium (Host) 
Barkworth & D.R. Dewey subsp. intermedium'', ``Wheatgrass, pubescent--
Thinopyrum intermedium (Host) Barkworth & D.R. Dewey subsp. barbulatum 
(Schur) Barkworth & D.R. Dewey'', ``Wheatgrass, Siberian--Agropyron 
fragile (Roth) P. Candargy'', ``Wheatgrass, slender--Elymus 
trachycaulus (Link) Shinners subsp. trachycaulus'', ``Wheatgrass, 
streambank--Elymus lanceolatus (Scribn. & J.G. Sm.) Gould subsp. 
riparius (Scribn. & J.G. Sm.) Barkworth'', ``Wheatgrass, tall--
Thinopyrum elongatum (Host) D.R. Dewey'', ``Wheatgrass, western--
Pascopyrum smithii (Rydb.) Barkworth & D.R. Dewey'', and ``Wildrye, 
basin--Leymus cinereus (Scribn. & Merr.) [Aacute]. L[ouml]ve''.
0
D. In paragraph (i):
0
i. Removing the terms ``Artichoke--Cynara cardunculus L. subsp. 
cardunculus'', ``Asparagus--Asparagus officinalis Baker'', ``Bean, 
garden--Phaseolus vulgaris L.'', ``Bean, lima--Phaseolus lunatus L.'', 
``Broadbean--Vicia faba L.'', ``Broccoli--Brassica oleracea L. var. 
botrytis L.'', ``Brussels sprouts--Brassica oleracea L. var. gemmifera 
DC.'', ``Cardoon--Cynara cardunculus L. subsp. cardunculus'', 
``Celeriac--Apium graveolens L. var. rapaceum (Mill.) Gaud.'', ``Chard, 
Swiss--Beta vulgaris L. subsp. cicla (L.) Koch'', ``Citron--Citrullus 
lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. and Nakai var. citroides (Bailey) Mansf.'', 
``Collards--Brassica oleracea L. var. acephala DC.'', ``Corn, sweet--
Zea mays L.'', ``Cornsalad--Valerianella locusta (L.) Laterrade'', 
Cress, water--Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek'', Dandelion--
Taraxacum officinale Wigg.'', ``Endive--Cichorium endivia L.'', 
``Gherkin, West India--Cucumis anguria L.'', ``Kale--Brassica oleracea 
L. var. acephala DC.'', ``Kale, Chinese--Brassica oleracea L. var. 
alboglabra (Bailey) Musil'', ``Kale, Siberian--Brassica napus L. var. 
pabularia (DC.) Reichb.'', ``Melon--Cucumis melo L.'', ``Mustard, 
India--Brassica juncea (L.) Czernj. and Coss.'', ``Mustard, spinach--
Brassica perviridis (Bailey) Bailey'', ``Onion--Allium cepa L.'', 
``Parsnip--Pastinaca sativa L.'', ``Pea--Pisum sativum L.'', 
``Pumpkin--Cucurbita pepo L., C. moschata (Duchesne) Poiret, and C. 
maxima Duchesne'', ``Rhubarb--Rheum rhabarbarum L.'', ``Rutabaga--
Brassica napus L. var. napobrassica (L.) Reichb.'', ``Spinach, New 
Zealand--Tetragonia tetragonoides (Pall.) Ktze.'', ``Squash--Cucurbita 
pepo L., C. moschata (Duchesne) Poiret, and C. maxima Duchesne'', and 
``Watermelon--Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. and Nakai var. 
lanatus''.
0
ii. Adding the terms ``Artichoke--Cynara cardunculus L.'', 
``Asparagus--Asparagus officinalis L.'', ``Bean, garden--Phaseolus 
vulgaris L. var. vulgaris'', ``Bean, Lima--Phaseolus lunatus L.'', 
``Broadbean--Vicia faba L. var. faba'', ``Broccoli--Brassica oleracea 
L. var. italica Plenck'', ``Brussels sprouts--Brassica oleracea L. var. 
gemmifera Zenker'', ``Cardoon--Cynara cardunculus L.'', ``Celeriac--
Apium graveolens L. var. rapaceum (Mill.) Gaudin'', ``Chard, Swiss--
Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris'', ``Citron melon--Citrullus lanatus 
(Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai var. citroides (L.H. Bailey) Mansf.'', 
``Collards--Brassica oleracea L. var. viridis L.'', ``Corn, sweet--Zea 
mays L. subsp. mays'', ``Cornsalad--Valerianella locusta (L.) 
Laterr.'', ``Cress, water--Nasturtium officinale R. Br.'', 
``Dandelion--Taraxacum officinale F.H. Wigg.'', ``Endive--Cichorium 
endivia L. subsp. endivia'', ``Gherkin, West India--

[[Page 31794]]

Cucumis anguria L. var. anguria'', ``Kale--Brassica oleracea L. var. 
viridis L.'', ``Kale, Chinese--Brassica oleracea L. var. alboglabra 
(L.H. Bailey) Musil'', ``Kale, Siberian--Brassica napus L. var. 
pabularia (DC.) Rchb.'', ``Melon--Cucumis melo L. subsp. melo'', 
``Mustard, India--Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.'', ``Mustard, spinach--
Brassica rapa var. perviridis L.H. Bailey'', ``Onion--Allium cepa L. 
var. cepa'', ``Onion, bunching (see Onion, Welsh)'', ``Parsnip--
Pastinaca sativa L. subsp. sativa'', ``Pea--Pisum sativum L. subsp. 
sativum'', ``Pumpkin--Cucurbita pepo L., C. moschata Duchesne, and C. 
maxima Duchesne'', ``Radicchio (see Chicory)'', ``Rhubarb--Rheum x 
hybridum Murray'', ``Rutabaga--Brassica napus L. var. napobrassica (L.) 
Rchb.'', ``Spinach, New Zealand--Tetragonia tetragonoides (Pall.) 
Kuntze'', ``Squash--Cucurbita pepo L., C. moschata Duchesne, and C. 
maxima Duchesne'', and ``Watermelon--Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. 
& Nakai var. lanatus''.
0
E. In paragraph (w), removing the words ``noxious weed'' and adding in 
their place the words ``noxious-weeds'' in their place wherever they 
appear.
0
F. Amending paragraph (z) by removing the heading ``Processing'' and 
adding in its place the heading ``Conditioning'', and removing in the 
first sentence the word ``processing'' and adding in its place the word 
``conditioning''.


Sec.  201.16  [Amended]

0
3. Section 201.16 in paragraph (b) is amended by removing the terms 
``Borreria alata (Aubl.)DC.'', ``Carthamus oxyacanthus M.Bieb '', 
``Digitaria abyssinica Stapf. (=D. scalarum (Schweinf.)'', ``Ipomoea 
triloba L.'', ``Orobanche spp.'', ``Rottboellia cochinchinensis (Lour.) 
Clayton (=R.exaltata (L.) L.f.)'' and adding in alphabetical order the 
terms ``Carthamus oxyacantha M. Bieb'', ``Digitaria scalarum 
(Schweinfurth) Chiovenda'', ``Homeria spp.'', ``Rottboellia 
cochinchinensis (Lour.) Clayton'', ``Senecio inaequidens DC.'', 
``Senecio madagascariensis Poir.'', ``Solanum tampicense Dunal'' and 
``Spermacoce alata (Aublet) de Candolle''.

0
4. Section 201.20 is revised to read as follows:


Sec.  201.20  Germination.

    The label shall show the percentage of germination for each kind or 
kind and variety or kind and type of kind and hybrid of agricultural 
seed present in excess of 5 percent or shown in the labeling to be 
present in a proportion of 5 percent or less.


Sec.  201.31a  [Amended]

0
5. Section 201.31a is amended by adding the words ``(Environmental 
Protection Agency Toxicity Category I)'' after the word ``substance'' 
in paragraph (c)(1) and after the word ``substances'' in paragraph 
(c)(2) introductory text.


Sec.  201.41  [Amended]

0
6. In Sec.  201.41, paragraph (a), the word ``less'' is removed and the 
word ``fewer'' is added in its place.

0
7. In Sec.  201.48, paragraph (g) introductory text is amended by 
adding a new second sentence to read as follows:


Sec.  201.48  Kind or variety considered pure seed.

* * * * *
    (g) * * * Seed units of smooth brome, fairway crested wheatgrass, 
standard crested wheatgrass, tall wheatgrass, intermediate wheatgrass, 
pubescent wheatgrass, western wheatgrass, fescues (Festuca spp.), and 
ryegrasses (Lolium spp.) if the caryopses are at least one-third the 
length of the palea; the caryopsis is measured from the base of the 
rachilla. * * *
* * * * *

0
8. Section 201.51 is amended by adding paragraph (a)(9) to read as 
follows:


Sec.  201.51  Inert matter.

* * * * *
    (a) * * *
    (9) Immature florets of smooth brome, fairway crested wheatgrass, 
standard crested wheatgrass, tall wheatgrass, intermediate wheatgrass, 
pubescent wheatgrass, western wheatgrass, fescues (Festuca spp.), and 
ryegrasses (Lolium spp.) in which the caryopses are less than one-third 
the length of the palea; the caryopsis is measured from the base of the 
rachilla.
* * * * *

0
9. Section 201.65 is revised to read as follows:


Sec.  201.65  Noxious-weed seeds in interstate commerce.

    Tolerances for rates of occurrence of noxious-weed seeds shall be 
recognized and shall be applied to the number of noxious-weed seeds 
found by analysis in the quantity of seed specified for noxious-weed 
seed determinations in Sec.  201.46, except as provided in Sec.  
201.16(b). Rates per pound or ounce must be converted to the equivalent 
number of seeds found in Sec.  201.46, Table 1, Minimum weight for 
noxious-weed seed examination (grams). Some tolerances are listed in 
the following table. The number found as represented by the label or 
test (Column X) will be considered within tolerance if not more than 
the corresponding numbers in Column Y are found by analysis in the 
administration of the Act. For numbers of seed greater than those in 
the table, a tolerance based on a degree of certainty of 5 percent 
(P=0.05) can be calculated by the formula, Y=X+1.65[radic]X+0.03, where 
X is the number of seeds represented by the label or test and Y is the 
maximum number within tolerance.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                        Maximum
     Number        Maximum number within        Number        Maximum number within       Number        number
 represented by         tolerances          represented by         tolerances         represented by    within
 label or test                              label or test                              label or test  tolerances
(X)              (Y).....................             (X)   (Y).....................             (X)    (Y)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
             0   2.......................              34   43......................              68     81
             1   2.......................              35   44......................              69     82
             2   4.......................              36   45......................              70     83
             3   5.......................              37   46......................              71     84
             4   7.......................              38   47......................              72     85
             5   8.......................              39   49......................              73     86
             6   9.......................              40   50......................              74     87
             7   11......................              41   51......................              75     89
             8   12......................              42   52......................              76     90
             9   13......................              43   53......................              77     91
            10   14......................              44   54......................              78     92
            11   16......................              45   55......................              79     93
            12   17......................              46   56......................              80     94
            13   18......................              47   58......................              81     95

[[Page 31795]]

 
            14   19......................              48   59......................              82     96
            15   21......................              49   60......................              83     97
            16   22......................              50   61......................              84     98
            17   23......................              51   62......................              85     99
            18   24......................              52   63......................              86    101
            19   25......................              53   64......................              87    102
            20   27......................              54   65......................              88    103
            21   28......................              55   67......................              89    104
            22   29......................              56   68......................              90    105
            23   30......................              57   69......................              91    106
            24   31......................              58   70......................              92    107
            25   32......................              59   71......................              93    108
            26   34......................              60   72......................              94    109
            27   35......................              61   73......................              95    110
            28   36......................              62   74......................              96    111
            29   37......................              63   75......................              97    112
            30   38......................              64   76......................              98    114
            31   39......................              65   78......................              99    115
            32   41......................              66   79......................             100    116
            33   42......................              67   80......................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


0
10. In Section 201.74, paragraph (a) is amended by removing the last 
sentence, and paragraph (c) is amended by adding a sentence at the end 
of the paragraph to read as follows:


Sec.  201.74  Labeling of all classes of certified seed.

* * * * *
    (c) * * * The seed lot number or other identification number, the 
kind, and variety name (if certified to variety) shall appear on the 
official label and/or directly on the container in a position to be 
viewed in conjunction with the official certification label.
* * * * *

0
11. In Sec.  201.75, paragraph (c), the last sentence is revised to 
read as follows:


Sec.  201.75  Interagency certification.

* * * * *
    (c) * * * The seed lot number or other identification number, the 
kind, and variety name (if certified to variety) shall appear on the 
official label and/or directly on the container in a position to be 
viewed in conjunction with the official certification label.

    Dated: May 24, 2011.
Rayne Pegg,
Administrator.
[FR Doc. 2011-13497 Filed 6-1-11; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-02-P