Special Conditions: Bombardier Model BD-700-1A10 and BD-700-1A11 Airplanes, Head-up Display (HUD) With Video Synthetic Vision System (SVS), 31223-31225 [2011-13341]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 104 / Tuesday, May 31, 2011 / Rules and Regulations 31223 respect to §§ 222.1(c) (effective dates), 222.83 (Disposal of consumer information), 222.90 (Duties regarding the detection, prevention, and mitigation of identity theft), 222.91 (Duties of card issuers regarding changes of address), & Appendix J (Interagency Guidelines on Identity Theft Detection, Prevention, and Mitigation) 8. 12 CFR Part 226—Truth in Lending (Regulation Z) 9. 12 CFR Part 230—Truth in Savings (Regulation DD) 4. 12 CFR Part 571—Fair Credit Reporting, except with respect to §§ 571.83 (Disposal of consumer information), 571.90 (Duties regarding the detection, prevention, and mitigation of identity theft), 571.91 (Duties of card issuers regarding change of address), & Appendix J (Interagency Guidelines on Identity Theft Detection, Prevention, and Mitigation) 5. 12 CFR Part 573—Privacy of Consumer Financial Information 12. 16 CFR Subchapter F, Parts 603 et seq.—Fair Credit Reporting Act, except with respect to Part 681 (Identity Theft Rules), Part 682 (Disposal of Consumer Report Information and Records), & Appendix A to Part 681 (Interagency Guidelines on Identity Theft Detection, Prevention, and Mitigation) 13. 16 CFR Part 901—Procedures for State Application for Exemption from the Provisions of the [Fair Debt Collection Practices] Act E. National Credit Union Administration G. Department of Housing and Urban Development B. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation 1. 12 CFR 701.21—Loans to members and lines of credit to members (but only as applied to non-federally chartered housing creditors under AMTPA) 2. 12 CFR Part 707—Truth in Savings 3. 12 CFR Part 716—Privacy of Consumer Financial Information 4. 12 CFR Part 717—Fair Credit Reporting, except with respect to §§ 717.83 (Disposal of consumer information), 717.90 (Duties regarding the detection, prevention, and mitigation of identity theft), 717.91 (Duties of card issuers regarding changes of address), & Appendix J (Interagency Guidelines on Identity Theft Detection, Prevention, and Mitigation) 5. 12 CFR Part 741—Requirements for Insurance, but only with respect to §§ 741.217 (Truth in savings), 741.220 (Privacy of consumer financial information), & 741.223 (Registration of residential mortgage loan originators) 6. 12 CFR Part 761—Registration of Mortgage Loan Originators 1. 24 CFR 26.28–.56—Hearing Procedures Pursuant to the Administrative Procedure Act 2. 24 CFR Part 30—Civil Money Penalties: Certain Prohibited Conduct (but only as applied to the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act of 1974 (‘‘RESPA’’) and the Interstate Land Sales Full Disclosure Act (‘‘ILSA’’)) 3. 24 CFR Part 1710—Land Registration 4. 24 CFR Part 1715—Purchasers’ Revocation Rights, Sales Practices, and Standards 5. 24 CFR Part 1720—Formal Procedures and Rules of Practice 6. 24 CFR Part 3500—Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act 7. 24 CFR Part 3800—Investigations in Consumer Regulatory Programs (but only as applied to RESPA and ILSA) 1. 12 CFR Part 332—Privacy of Consumer Financial Information 2. 12 CFR Part 334—Fair Credit Reporting, except with respect to §§ 334.83 (Disposal of consumer information), 334.90 (Duties regarding the detection, prevention, and mitigation of identity theft), 334.91 (Duties of card issuers regarding changes of address), & Appendix J (Interagency Guidelines on Identity Theft Detection, Prevention, and Mitigation) 3. 12 CFR 365.101–.105 & Appendix A to Subpart B—Registration of Residential Mortgage Loan Originators C. Office of the Comptroller of the Currency 1. 12 CFR 34.20–.25—Adjustable-Rate Mortgages (but only as applied to nonfederally chartered housing creditors under the Alternative Mortgage Transaction Parity Act (‘‘AMTPA’’)) 2. 12 CFR 34.101–.105 & Appendix A to Subpart F—Registration of Residential Mortgage Loan Originators 3. 12 CFR Part 40—Privacy of Consumer Financial Information 4. 12 CFR Part 41—Fair Credit Reporting, except with respect to §§ 41.83 (Disposal of consumer information), 41.90 (Duties regarding the detection, prevention, and mitigation of identity theft), 41.91 (Duties of card issuers regarding changes of address), & Appendix J (Interagency Guidelines on Identity Theft Detection, Prevention, and Mitigation) rmajette on DSK89S0YB1PROD with RULES D. Office of Thrift Supervision 1. 12 CFR 560.35—Adjustments to home loans (but only as applied to nonfederally chartered housing creditors under AMTPA) 2. 12 CFR 560.210–220—Alternative Mortgage Transactions (but only as it relates to AMTPA) 3. 12 CFR 563.101–.105 & Appendix A to Subpart D—Registration of Residential Mortgage Loan Originators VerDate Mar<15>2010 14:21 May 27, 2011 Jkt 223001 [FR Doc. 2011–13256 Filed 5–27–11; 8:45 am] F. Federal Trade Commission BILLING CODE 4810–25–P 1. 16 CFR Part 310—Telemarketing Sales Rule 2. 16 CFR Part 313—Privacy of Consumer Financial Information 3. 16 CFR Part 320—Disclosure Requirements for Depository Institutions Lacking Federal Depository Insurance 4. 16 CFR Part 322—Mortgage Assistance Relief Services 5. 16 CFR Part 425—Use of Prenotification Negative Option Plans 6. 16 CFR Part 429—Rule Concerning Cooling-Off Period for Sales Made at Homes or at Certain Other Locations 7. 16 CFR Part 433—Preservation of Consumers’ Claims and Defenses 8. 16 CFR Part 444—Credit Practices 9. 16 CFR Part 435—Mail or Telephone Order Merchandise 10. 16 CFR Part 436—Disclosure Requirements and Prohibitions Concerning Franchising 11. 16 CFR Part 437—Disclosure Requirements and Prohibitions Concerning Business Opportunities PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Dated: May 23, 2011. Rebecca Ewing, Acting Executive Secretary, U.S. Department of the Treasury. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 25 [Docket No. NM451; Special Conditions No. 25–426–SC] Special Conditions: Bombardier Model BD–700–1A10 and BD–700–1A11 Airplanes, Head-up Display (HUD) With Video Synthetic Vision System (SVS) Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final special conditions. AGENCY: These special conditions are issued for Bombardier Model BD–700– 1A10 and BD–700–1A11 airplanes. These airplanes, as modified by Bombardier Inc., will have a novel or unusual design feature associated with a SVS that displays video imagery on SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\31MYR1.SGM 31MYR1 31224 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 104 / Tuesday, May 31, 2011 / Rules and Regulations the HUD. The applicable airworthiness regulations do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for this design feature. These special conditions contain the additional safety standards that the Administrator considers necessary to establish a level of safety equivalent to that established by the existing airworthiness standards. DATES: Effective Date: June 30, 2011. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dale Dunford, FAA, ANM–111, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service, 1601 Lind Avenue, SW., Renton, Washington, 98057–3356; telephone (425) 227–2239 facsimile (425) 227–1100. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background On January 26, 2007, Transport Canada Civil Aviation (TCCA), on behalf of Bombardier Inc., located in Montreal, Canada, applied to the New York Aircraft Certification Office (NYACO) for FAA approval of a typedesign change on the Bombardier Model BD–700–1A10 and BD–700–1A11 airplanes. Per Type Certificate Data Sheet (TCDS) T00003NY, those aircraft models are known under the marketing designation of Global Express and Global 5000, respectively. The change is to introduce the Rockwell-Collins avionics suite to replace the existing Honeywell Primus 2000EP avionics suite. The change includes the installation of a SVS that displays video imagery. Video display on the HUD constitutes new and novel technology for which the FAA has no certification criteria. Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) 25.773 does not permit visual distortions and reflections that could interfere with the pilot’s normal duties and was not written in anticipation of such technology. Other applications for certification of such technology are anticipated in the near future and magnify the need to establish FAA safety standards that can be applied consistently for all such approvals. Special conditions are therefore issued as prescribed under the provisions of § 21.16. rmajette on DSK89S0YB1PROD with RULES Type Certification Basis Under the provisions of 14 CFR 21.101, Bombardier Inc. must show that the Bombardier Model BD–700–1A10 and BD–700–1A11 airplanes, as changed, continue to meet the applicable provisions of the regulations incorporated by reference in T00003NY or the applicable regulations in effect on the date of application for the change. The regulations incorporated by VerDate Mar<15>2010 14:21 May 27, 2011 Jkt 223001 reference in the type certificate are commonly referred to as the ‘‘original type certification basis.’’ The regulations incorporated by reference in T00003NY are as follows: Based on the application date, January 26, 2007, under the provisions of § 21.101, the applicable typecertification standards for the modification to the Bombardier Model BD–700–1A10 and BD–700–1A11 airplanes are as follows: Airworthiness & Environmental Standards for Components and Areas Not Affected by the Change The original certification basis for the Bombardier Model BD–700–1A10 and BD–700–1A11 airplanes shown on TCDS T00003NY, Revision 13. Airworthiness and Environmental Standards for Components and Areas Affected by the Change 14 CFR part 25, effective February 1, 1965, including the latest applicable requirements of Amendments 25–1 through 25–119. If the Administrator finds that the applicable airworthiness regulations (i.e., 14 CFR part 25) do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for the Bombardier Model BD–700– 1A10 and BD–700–1A11 airplanes because of a novel or unusual design feature, special conditions are prescribed under the provisions of 14 CFR 21.16. Special conditions are initially applicable to the model for which they are issued. Should the type certificate for that model be amended later to include any other model that incorporates the same or similar novel or unusual design feature, or should any other model already included on the same type certificate be modified to incorporate the same or similar novel or unusual design feature, the special conditions would also apply to the other model under § 21.101. In addition to the applicable airworthiness regulations and special conditions, the Bombardier Model BD– 700–1A10 and BD–700–1A11 airplanes must comply with the fuel-vent and exhaust-emission requirements of 14 CFR part 34 and the noise certification requirements of 14 CFR part 36. The FAA issues special conditions, as defined in 14 CFR 11.19, in accordance with § 11.38, and they become part of the type-certification basis under 14 CFR 21.101. Novel or Unusual Design Features The Bombardier Model BD–700–1A10 and BD–700–1A11 airplanes will PO 00000 Frm 00008 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 incorporate the following novel or unusual design features: An SVS that displays video imagery on a HUD. Discussion For many years the FAA has approved, on transport category airplanes, the use of HUD that display flight symbology, without a significant visual obscuration of the outside view. When the FAA began to evaluate the display of enhanced vision system (EVS) imagery on the HUD, significant potential to obscure the outside view became apparent, contrary to the requirements of 14 CFR 25.773. This rule does not permit distortions and reflections in the pilot-compartment view that can interfere with normal duties, and the rule was not written in anticipation of such technology. The video image potentially interferes with the pilot’s ability to see the natural scene in the center of the forward field of view. Therefore, the FAA issued special conditions for such HUD/EVS installations to ensure that the level of safety required by § 25.773 would be met even when the image might partially obscure the outside view. While many of the characteristics of EVS and SVS video differ in some ways, they have one thing in common: The potential for interference with the outside view through the airplane windshield. The FAA issues special conditions for new and novel technologies to achieve equivalent levels of safety. Although the pilot readily may be able to see around and through small, individual, stroke-written symbols on the HUD, the pilot may not be able to see around or through the image that fills the display without some interference of the outside view. Nevertheless, the SVS may be capable of meeting the required level of safety when considering the combined view of the image and the outside scene visible to the pilot through the image. It is essential that the pilot can use this combination of image and natural view of the outside scene as safely and effectively as the pilot-compartment view currently available without the SVS image. Because § 25.773 does not provide for any alternatives or considerations for such a new and novel system, the FAA establishes safety requirements that assure an equivalent level of safety and effectiveness of the pilot-compartment view as intended by that rule. The purpose of this special condition is to provide the unique pilot-compartmentview requirements for the SVS installation. E:\FR\FM\31MYR1.SGM 31MYR1 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 104 / Tuesday, May 31, 2011 / Rules and Regulations Discussion of Comments Notice of Proposed Special Conditions no. 25–11–10–SC for the Bombardier Model BD–700–1A10 and BD–700–1A11 airplanes was published in the Federal Register on March 28, 2011 (76 FR 17062). No comments were received, and the special conditions are adopted as proposed. Applicability As discussed above, these special conditions are applicable to the Bombardier Model BD–700–1A10 and BD–700–1A11 airplanes. Should Bombardier Inc. apply at a later date for a change to the type certificate to include another model incorporating the same novel or unusual design feature, the special conditions would apply to that model as well. Conclusion This action affects only certain novel or unusual design features on Bombardier Model BD–700–1A10 and BD–700–1A11 airplanes. It is not a rule of general applicability. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 25 Aircraft, Aviation safety, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. The authority citation for these special conditions is as follows: Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701, 44702, 44704. rmajette on DSK89S0YB1PROD with RULES The Special Conditions Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the following special conditions are issued as part of the typecertification basis for Bombardier Model BD–700–1A10 and BD–700–1A11 airplanes. 1. During any phase of flight in which it is to be used, the SVS imagery on the HUD must not degrade flight safety or interfere with the effective use of outside visual references for required pilot tasks. 2. To avoid unacceptable interference with the safe and effective use of the pilot-compartment view, the SVS must meet the following requirements: a. The SVS design must minimize unacceptable display characteristics or artifacts (e.g., terrain shadowing against a dark background) that obscure the desired image of the scene, impair the pilot’s ability to detect and identify visual references, mask flight hazards, distract the pilot, or otherwise degrade task performance or safety. b. Control of SVS image display brightness must be sufficiently effective in dynamically changing background (ambient) lighting conditions to avoid VerDate Mar<15>2010 14:21 May 27, 2011 Jkt 223001 pilot distraction, impairment of the pilot’s ability to detect and identify visual references, masking of flight hazards, or to otherwise degrade task performance or safety. If automatic control for image brightness is not provided, it must be shown that a single, manual setting is satisfactory for the range of lighting conditions encountered during a time-critical, highworkload phase of flight (e.g., lowvisibility instrument approach). c. A readily accessible control must be provided that permits the pilot to immediately deactivate and reactivate display of the SVS image on demand, without having to remove hands from the flight controls and throttles. d. The SVS image on the HUD must not impair the pilot’s use of guidance information, or degrade the presentation and pilot awareness of essential flight information displayed on the HUD, such as alerts, airspeed, attitude, altitude and direction, approach guidance, windshear guidance, TCAS resolution advisories, or unusual-attitude recovery cues. e. The SVS image and the HUD symbols, which are spatially referenced to the pitch scale, outside view, and image, must be scaled and aligned (i.e., conformal) to the external scene. In addition, the SVS image and the HUD symbols—when considered singly or in combination—must not be misleading, cause pilot confusion, or increase workload. Airplane attitudes or crosswind conditions may cause certain symbols (e.g., the zero-pitch line or flight-path vector) to reach field-of-view limits, such that they cannot be positioned conformally with the image and external scene. In such cases, these symbols may be displayed but with an altered appearance that makes the pilot aware that they are no longer displayed conformally (for example, ‘‘ghosting’’). The combined use of symbology and runway image may not be used for path monitoring when path symbology is no longer conformal. f. A HUD system used to display SVS images must, if previously certified, continue to meet all of the requirements of the original approval. 3. The safety and performance of the pilot tasks associated with the use of the pilot-compartment view must be not be degraded by the display of the SVS image. These tasks include the following: a. Detection, accurate identification and maneuvering, as necessary, to avoid traffic, terrain, obstacles, and other flight hazards. b. Accurate identification and utilization of visual references required PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 31225 for every task relevant to the phase of flight. 4. Appropriate limitations must be stated in the Operating Limitations section of the Airplane Flight Manual to prohibit the use of the SVS for functions that have not been found to be acceptable. Issued in Renton, Washington, on May 20, 2011. Ali Bahrami, Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2011–13341 Filed 5–27–11; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 28 CFR Part 58 [Docket No.: EOUST 103] RIN 1105–AB16 Procedures Governing Administrative Review of a United States Trustee’s Decision To Deny a Chapter 12 or Chapter 13 Standing Trustee’s Claim of Actual, Necessary Expenses Executive Office for United States Trustees (‘‘EOUST’’), Justice. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: This final rule (‘‘rule’’) sets forth the procedures for a chapter 12 or chapter 13 standing trustee (‘‘trustee’’) to obtain administrative review of a United States Trustee’s decision to deny a trustee’s claim that certain expenses are actual and necessary for the administration of bankruptcy cases. The Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005 (‘‘BAPCPA’’) requires that trustees exhaust all administrative remedies pertaining to a denial of a claim of actual, necessary expenses before seeking judicial review, and the Attorney General prescribe procedures for administrative review of such denials. This rule ensures that the process for administratively reviewing a United States Trustee’s denial of a trustee’s request for expenses is fair and effective. DATES: Effective Date: This rule is effective June 30, 2011. ADDRESSES: Executive Office for United States Trustees (‘‘EOUST’’), 20 Massachusetts Ave., NW., 8th Floor, Washington, DC 20530. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ramona D. Elliott, General Counsel, or Larry Wahlquist, Office of General Counsel, at (202) 307–1399 (not a tollfree number). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On August 14, 2009, at 74 FR 41,101, EOUST SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\31MYR1.SGM 31MYR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 76, Number 104 (Tuesday, May 31, 2011)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 31223-31225]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2011-13341]


=======================================================================
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 25

[Docket No. NM451; Special Conditions No. 25-426-SC]


Special Conditions: Bombardier Model BD-700-1A10 and BD-700-1A11 
Airplanes, Head-up Display (HUD) With Video Synthetic Vision System 
(SVS)

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Final special conditions.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: These special conditions are issued for Bombardier Model BD-
700-1A10 and BD-700-1A11 airplanes. These airplanes, as modified by 
Bombardier Inc., will have a novel or unusual design feature associated 
with a SVS that displays video imagery on

[[Page 31224]]

the HUD. The applicable airworthiness regulations do not contain 
adequate or appropriate safety standards for this design feature. These 
special conditions contain the additional safety standards that the 
Administrator considers necessary to establish a level of safety 
equivalent to that established by the existing airworthiness standards.

DATES: Effective Date: June 30, 2011.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dale Dunford, FAA, ANM-111, Transport 
Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service, 1601 Lind Avenue, 
SW., Renton, Washington, 98057-3356; telephone (425) 227-2239 facsimile 
(425) 227-1100.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Background

    On January 26, 2007, Transport Canada Civil Aviation (TCCA), on 
behalf of Bombardier Inc., located in Montreal, Canada, applied to the 
New York Aircraft Certification Office (NYACO) for FAA approval of a 
type-design change on the Bombardier Model BD-700-1A10 and BD-700-1A11 
airplanes. Per Type Certificate Data Sheet (TCDS) T00003NY, those 
aircraft models are known under the marketing designation of Global 
Express and Global 5000, respectively. The change is to introduce the 
Rockwell-Collins avionics suite to replace the existing Honeywell 
Primus 2000EP avionics suite. The change includes the installation of a 
SVS that displays video imagery.
    Video display on the HUD constitutes new and novel technology for 
which the FAA has no certification criteria. Title 14, Code of Federal 
Regulations (14 CFR) 25.773 does not permit visual distortions and 
reflections that could interfere with the pilot's normal duties and was 
not written in anticipation of such technology. Other applications for 
certification of such technology are anticipated in the near future and 
magnify the need to establish FAA safety standards that can be applied 
consistently for all such approvals. Special conditions are therefore 
issued as prescribed under the provisions of Sec.  21.16.

Type Certification Basis

    Under the provisions of 14 CFR 21.101, Bombardier Inc. must show 
that the Bombardier Model BD-700-1A10 and BD-700-1A11 airplanes, as 
changed, continue to meet the applicable provisions of the regulations 
incorporated by reference in T00003NY or the applicable regulations in 
effect on the date of application for the change. The regulations 
incorporated by reference in the type certificate are commonly referred 
to as the ``original type certification basis.'' The regulations 
incorporated by reference in T00003NY are as follows:
    Based on the application date, January 26, 2007, under the 
provisions of Sec.  21.101, the applicable type-certification standards 
for the modification to the Bombardier Model BD-700-1A10 and BD-700-
1A11 airplanes are as follows:

Airworthiness & Environmental Standards for Components and Areas Not 
Affected by the Change

    The original certification basis for the Bombardier Model BD-700-
1A10 and BD-700-1A11 airplanes shown on TCDS T00003NY, Revision 13.

Airworthiness and Environmental Standards for Components and Areas 
Affected by the Change

    14 CFR part 25, effective February 1, 1965, including the latest 
applicable requirements of Amendments 25-1 through 25-119.
    If the Administrator finds that the applicable airworthiness 
regulations (i.e., 14 CFR part 25) do not contain adequate or 
appropriate safety standards for the Bombardier Model BD-700-1A10 and 
BD-700-1A11 airplanes because of a novel or unusual design feature, 
special conditions are prescribed under the provisions of 14 CFR 21.16.
    Special conditions are initially applicable to the model for which 
they are issued. Should the type certificate for that model be amended 
later to include any other model that incorporates the same or similar 
novel or unusual design feature, or should any other model already 
included on the same type certificate be modified to incorporate the 
same or similar novel or unusual design feature, the special conditions 
would also apply to the other model under Sec.  21.101.
    In addition to the applicable airworthiness regulations and special 
conditions, the Bombardier Model BD-700-1A10 and BD-700-1A11 airplanes 
must comply with the fuel-vent and exhaust-emission requirements of 14 
CFR part 34 and the noise certification requirements of 14 CFR part 36.
    The FAA issues special conditions, as defined in 14 CFR 11.19, in 
accordance with Sec.  11.38, and they become part of the type-
certification basis under 14 CFR 21.101.

Novel or Unusual Design Features

    The Bombardier Model BD-700-1A10 and BD-700-1A11 airplanes will 
incorporate the following novel or unusual design features:
    An SVS that displays video imagery on a HUD.

Discussion

    For many years the FAA has approved, on transport category 
airplanes, the use of HUD that display flight symbology, without a 
significant visual obscuration of the outside view. When the FAA began 
to evaluate the display of enhanced vision system (EVS) imagery on the 
HUD, significant potential to obscure the outside view became apparent, 
contrary to the requirements of 14 CFR 25.773. This rule does not 
permit distortions and reflections in the pilot-compartment view that 
can interfere with normal duties, and the rule was not written in 
anticipation of such technology. The video image potentially interferes 
with the pilot's ability to see the natural scene in the center of the 
forward field of view. Therefore, the FAA issued special conditions for 
such HUD/EVS installations to ensure that the level of safety required 
by Sec.  25.773 would be met even when the image might partially 
obscure the outside view. While many of the characteristics of EVS and 
SVS video differ in some ways, they have one thing in common: The 
potential for interference with the outside view through the airplane 
windshield. The FAA issues special conditions for new and novel 
technologies to achieve equivalent levels of safety.
    Although the pilot readily may be able to see around and through 
small, individual, stroke-written symbols on the HUD, the pilot may not 
be able to see around or through the image that fills the display 
without some interference of the outside view. Nevertheless, the SVS 
may be capable of meeting the required level of safety when considering 
the combined view of the image and the outside scene visible to the 
pilot through the image. It is essential that the pilot can use this 
combination of image and natural view of the outside scene as safely 
and effectively as the pilot-compartment view currently available 
without the SVS image.
    Because Sec.  25.773 does not provide for any alternatives or 
considerations for such a new and novel system, the FAA establishes 
safety requirements that assure an equivalent level of safety and 
effectiveness of the pilot-compartment view as intended by that rule. 
The purpose of this special condition is to provide the unique pilot-
compartment-view requirements for the SVS installation.

[[Page 31225]]

Discussion of Comments

    Notice of Proposed Special Conditions no. 25-11-10-SC for the 
Bombardier Model BD-700-1A10 and BD-700-1A11 airplanes was published in 
the Federal Register on March 28, 2011 (76 FR 17062). No comments were 
received, and the special conditions are adopted as proposed.

Applicability

    As discussed above, these special conditions are applicable to the 
Bombardier Model BD-700-1A10 and BD-700-1A11 airplanes. Should 
Bombardier Inc. apply at a later date for a change to the type 
certificate to include another model incorporating the same novel or 
unusual design feature, the special conditions would apply to that 
model as well.

Conclusion

    This action affects only certain novel or unusual design features 
on Bombardier Model BD-700-1A10 and BD-700-1A11 airplanes. It is not a 
rule of general applicability.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 25

    Aircraft, Aviation safety, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements.

    The authority citation for these special conditions is as follows:

    Authority:  49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701, 44702, 44704.

The Special Conditions

    Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me by the 
Administrator, the following special conditions are issued as part of 
the type-certification basis for Bombardier Model BD-700-1A10 and BD-
700-1A11 airplanes.
    1. During any phase of flight in which it is to be used, the SVS 
imagery on the HUD must not degrade flight safety or interfere with the 
effective use of outside visual references for required pilot tasks.
    2. To avoid unacceptable interference with the safe and effective 
use of the pilot-compartment view, the SVS must meet the following 
requirements:
    a. The SVS design must minimize unacceptable display 
characteristics or artifacts (e.g., terrain shadowing against a dark 
background) that obscure the desired image of the scene, impair the 
pilot's ability to detect and identify visual references, mask flight 
hazards, distract the pilot, or otherwise degrade task performance or 
safety.
    b. Control of SVS image display brightness must be sufficiently 
effective in dynamically changing background (ambient) lighting 
conditions to avoid pilot distraction, impairment of the pilot's 
ability to detect and identify visual references, masking of flight 
hazards, or to otherwise degrade task performance or safety. If 
automatic control for image brightness is not provided, it must be 
shown that a single, manual setting is satisfactory for the range of 
lighting conditions encountered during a time-critical, high-workload 
phase of flight (e.g., low-visibility instrument approach).
    c. A readily accessible control must be provided that permits the 
pilot to immediately deactivate and reactivate display of the SVS image 
on demand, without having to remove hands from the flight controls and 
throttles.
    d. The SVS image on the HUD must not impair the pilot's use of 
guidance information, or degrade the presentation and pilot awareness 
of essential flight information displayed on the HUD, such as alerts, 
airspeed, attitude, altitude and direction, approach guidance, 
windshear guidance, TCAS resolution advisories, or unusual-attitude 
recovery cues.
    e. The SVS image and the HUD symbols, which are spatially 
referenced to the pitch scale, outside view, and image, must be scaled 
and aligned (i.e., conformal) to the external scene. In addition, the 
SVS image and the HUD symbols--when considered singly or in 
combination--must not be misleading, cause pilot confusion, or increase 
workload. Airplane attitudes or cross-wind conditions may cause certain 
symbols (e.g., the zero-pitch line or flight-path vector) to reach 
field-of-view limits, such that they cannot be positioned conformally 
with the image and external scene. In such cases, these symbols may be 
displayed but with an altered appearance that makes the pilot aware 
that they are no longer displayed conformally (for example, 
``ghosting''). The combined use of symbology and runway image may not 
be used for path monitoring when path symbology is no longer conformal.
    f. A HUD system used to display SVS images must, if previously 
certified, continue to meet all of the requirements of the original 
approval.
    3. The safety and performance of the pilot tasks associated with 
the use of the pilot-compartment view must be not be degraded by the 
display of the SVS image. These tasks include the following:
    a. Detection, accurate identification and maneuvering, as 
necessary, to avoid traffic, terrain, obstacles, and other flight 
hazards.
    b. Accurate identification and utilization of visual references 
required for every task relevant to the phase of flight.
    4. Appropriate limitations must be stated in the Operating 
Limitations section of the Airplane Flight Manual to prohibit the use 
of the SVS for functions that have not been found to be acceptable.

    Issued in Renton, Washington, on May 20, 2011.
Ali Bahrami,
Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification 
Service.
[FR Doc. 2011-13341 Filed 5-27-11; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-13-P