Notice of Inventory Completion: Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department, Kalamazoo, MI, 28078-28079 [2011-11850]

Download as PDF 28078 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 93 / Friday, May 13, 2011 / Notices Consultation DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service [2253–665] Notice of Inventory Completion: Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department, Kalamazoo, MI National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: ACTION: Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in consultation with the appropriate Indian tribes, and has determined that there is no cultural affiliation between the human remains and associated funerary objects and any present-day tribe. Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the human remains and associated funerary objects may contact the Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department. Disposition of the human remains and associated funerary objects to the tribe stated below may occur if no additional requestors come forward. DATES: Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes it has a cultural affiliation with the human remains and associated funerary objects should contact the Western Michigan University, Department of Anthropology, at the address below by June 13, 2011. ADDRESSES: LouAnn Wurst, Department of Anthropology, Western Michigan University, 1005 Moore Hall, Kalamazoo, MI 49008, telephone (269) 387–2753. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects in the possession of the Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department, Kalamazoo, MI. The human remains and associated funerary objects were removed from Allegan County, MI. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3) and 43 CFR 10.11(d). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. mstockstill on DSKH9S0YB1PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: VerDate Mar<15>2010 17:22 May 12, 2011 Jkt 223001 A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by Western Michigan University, Department of Anthropology, professional staff in consultation with representatives of the Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians of Michigan; Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, Michigan and Indiana; and Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan. The Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians of Michigan and Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan have sent the Western Michigan University, Department of Anthropology, letters of support and do not object to disposition of the human remains and associated funerary objects described in this notice to the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, Michigan and Indiana. History and Description of the Remains In 1968, human remains representing a minimum of one individual were removed from Allegan Dam Site, in Valley Township, Allegan County, MI, during an excavation by a Western Michigan University archeological field school under the direction of Dr. Elizabeth B. Garland. The burial consisted of a single individual placed in a semi-flexed position in a deep pit. The human remains were in a poor state of preservation. No known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present. In April 1978, human remains representing a minimum of one individual were removed from the Harrington III Site, in Saugatuck Township, Allegan County, MI. The burial was excavated by Dr. Richard Flanders, an archeologist formerly at Grand Valley State University, Allendale, MI. This individual was placed in a shallow pit in a semi-flexed position. After recovery, the Harrington III burial was sent to Western Michigan University for curation and further study by Dr. Robert Sundick. The human remains represent a male, between 45 and 60 years of age. No known individual was identified. The two associated funerary objects are turtle shells. Based on skeletal and dental morphology, as well as cultural materials associated with the Harrington II Site (including two ceramic pots that are not part of the museum collection), the site dates to circa A.D. 1000, during the Late Woodland period. In 1968, human remains representing a minimum of 36 individuals were removed from the Brainerd Ossuary, in Valley Township, Allegan County, MI, PO 00000 Frm 00093 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 during an excavation by Dr. Elizabeth B. Garland through the university’s archeological field school. The burials were encountered in a large ossuary pit that measured 11 x 15 feet and extended 5 feet below the ground surface. The skeletal remains were heavily disturbed due to plowing and the effects of previous intrusive pits, which were likely dug by amateurs. After recovery, the remains were transferred to Western Michigan University for further study and curation. No known individuals were identified. The two associated funerary objects are pieces of chipped stone debitage. The Brainerd Ossuary was dated to the late Middle Woodland period based on a radiocarbon date of A.D. 440 +/¥ 130 years. Determinations Made by the Western Michigan University, Department of Anthropology Officials of the Western Michigan University, Department of Anthropology, have determined that: • Based on skeletal and dental morphology, and a radiocarbon date obtained from a charcoal sample that dates the Allegan Dam Site to the Upper Mississippian occupation of the Late Woodland period (13th century A.D), the human remains are Native American. • Based on skeletal and dental morphology, as well as cultural materials associated with the Harrington II Site, the human remains and associated funerary objects are Native American. • Based on the date of the Brainerd Ossuary, the human remains and associated funerary objects are Native American. • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), a relationship of shared group identity cannot be reasonably traced between the Native American human remains and associated funerary objects and any present-day Indian tribe. • Multiple lines of evidence, including the Chicago Treaty of 1833 and oral tradition, indicate that the land from which the Native American human remains and associated funerary objects were removed is the aboriginal land of the Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians of Michigan; Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, Michigan and Indiana; and Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan. • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described in this notice represent the physical remains of 38 individuals of Native American ancestry. • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(A), the four objects described above are E:\FR\FM\13MYN1.SGM 13MYN1 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 93 / Friday, May 13, 2011 / Notices reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony. • Pursuant to 43 CFR 10.11(c)(1), the disposition of the human remains is to the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, Michigan and Indiana. Additional Requestors and Disposition Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the human remains and associated funerary objects or any other Indian tribe that believes it satisfies the criteria in 43 CFR 10.11(c)(1) should contact LouAnn Wurst, Department of Anthropology, Western Michigan University, 1005 Moore Hall, Kalamazoo, MI 49008, telephone (269) 387–2753, before June 13, 2011. Disposition of the human remains and associated funerary objects to the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, Michigan and Indiana, may proceed after that date if no additional requestors come forward. The Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department, is responsible for notifying the Match-ebe-nash-she-wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians of Michigan; Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, Michigan and Indiana; and Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan, that this notice has been published. Dated: May 9, 2011. Sherry Hutt, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. 2011–11850 Filed 5–12–11; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4310–50–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service [2253–665] Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: mstockstill on DSKH9S0YB1PROD with NOTICES ACTION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, that meet the definitions of unassociated funerary objects, or sacred objects, or sacred objects and objects of cultural patrimony under 25 U.S.C. 3001. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative VerDate Mar<15>2010 17:22 May 12, 2011 Jkt 223001 responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. The 95 unassociated funerary objects are 1 sack filled with bunts (wheat smut), 1 sack with a worked stick object, 2 wooden awls, 89 glass beads, 1 lot of blue pigment, and 1 stick pin. The five sacred objects are one clay figurine, one painted stone fetish, and three quartz crystals. The 36 objects that are both sacred and cultural patrimony are 4 eagle feathers, 1 stone purifying bowl, 3 medicine man’s baskets, 1 medicine basket lid, 4 medicine man’s basket fragments, 1 animal bone, 2 carved animal effigies, 1 carved human effigy, 1 feather, 1 wooden stick with feather, 1 wooden stick, 1 lot of animal hair, 1 bag of sand, 1 lump of earth, 2 animal tails, 1 bundle of sticks, 2 carved wooden symbols, 1 animal skin, 1 lot of botanical material, 2 reed wands, 3 gourd rattle fragments, and 1 worked plant stalk. In April 1932, a metal stick pin was collected by an unknown individual from a grave reported to be that of a Papago medicine man. The grave was located near Santa Rosa, AZ. The object was donated to the Arizona State Museum on an unknown date by Dr. Byron Cummings. It is likely that the object was found on the ground surface adjacent to the grave and there is no indication that the burial was disturbed. No known individual was identified. At an unknown date prior to August 1943, a sack filled with bunts (wheat smut), a sack containing a worked stick object, and two wooden awls were removed by an unknown individual from a grave probably located northwest of Santa Rosa on the Tohono O’odham Indian Reservation. The objects were probably located on the ground surface and there is no indication that the burial was disturbed. No known individual was identified. The objects were apparently donated to the Arizona State Museum in 1943. In 1954, Mr. Joel Shiner collected 89 glass beads and 1 lot of blue pigment from a possible burial cave located on a hill northwest of Tumamoc Hill near Tucson, AZ. The beads and the pigment were donated to the Arizona State Museum in 1955. There is no indication that human remains were found at the time that the objects were collected, but there are reports that the O’odham people conducted burials using similar objects at this location during historic times. It is therefore likely that these PO 00000 Frm 00094 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 28079 objects had been placed with human remains. No remains were identified. These 95 unassociated funerary objects were apparently obtained from the ground surface on or near historic graves. Based on the locations where they were found, they are clearly determined to be affiliated with the O’odham people. In 1954, Mr. and Mrs. Hugh Sloan collected a clay human figurine from the base of a wall near Martinez Hill on the San Xavier Indian Reservation of the Tohono O’odham Nation. They subsequently donated the object to the Arizona State Museum. On an unknown date between 1941 and 1951, Mr. John O’Mara and Mr. Norbert O’Mara collected a painted stone fetish, possibly from the Tohono O’odham Indian Reservation. The object was donated to the Arizona State Museum in March 1961. In 1982, three quartz crystals were found in the remains of a historic house in the village of Nolic on the Tohono O’odham Indian Reservation during excavations conducted by the Institute for American Research. The crystals were part of a cache belonging to an elderly O’odham woman who lived in the house from approximately 1905 to 1930. The crystals were brought to the Arizona State Museum along with other collections from the same location under a repository agreement. During consultations with the Cultural Committee of the Tohono O’odham Nation, it was determined that the clay human figurine, the painted stone fetish, and the quartz crystals are ceremonial objects which are needed by Tohono O’odham religious practitioners for traditional practices and therefore, may be classified as sacred objects. In 1938, Mr. and Mrs. Wetmore Hodges purchased four eagle feathers from a medicine man’s wand. The feathers had been used in healing rituals. The feathers had been owned by a medicine man at Big Fields on the Tohono O’odham Indian Reservation. The medicine man gave the feathers to his grandson, who later sold them to the Hodges. The Arizona State Museum purchased the feathers from the Hodges in 1939. In 1939, Mr. and Mrs. Wetmore Hodges purchased a stone purifying bowl from the brother of a medicine man at Little Tucson on the Tohono O’odham Indian Reservation. Bowls of this type are used in rituals related to childbirth. The Arizona State Museum purchased the bowl from the Hodges in 1939. In 1939, Mrs. Gwenyth Harrington purchased a medicine basket and some of its contents from Benito Segundo, a E:\FR\FM\13MYN1.SGM 13MYN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 76, Number 93 (Friday, May 13, 2011)]
[Notices]
[Pages 28078-28079]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2011-11850]



[[Page 28078]]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

[2253-665]


Notice of Inventory Completion: Western Michigan University, 
Anthropology Department, Kalamazoo, MI

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department, has 
completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary 
objects, in consultation with the appropriate Indian tribes, and has 
determined that there is no cultural affiliation between the human 
remains and associated funerary objects and any present-day tribe. 
Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes itself to be 
culturally affiliated with the human remains and associated funerary 
objects may contact the Western Michigan University, Anthropology 
Department. Disposition of the human remains and associated funerary 
objects to the tribe stated below may occur if no additional requestors 
come forward.

DATES: Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes it has a 
cultural affiliation with the human remains and associated funerary 
objects should contact the Western Michigan University, Department of 
Anthropology, at the address below by June 13, 2011.

ADDRESSES: LouAnn Wurst, Department of Anthropology, Western Michigan 
University, 1005 Moore Hall, Kalamazoo, MI 49008, telephone (269) 387-
2753.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the 
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 
U.S.C. 3003, of the completion of an inventory of human remains and 
associated funerary objects in the possession of the Western Michigan 
University, Anthropology Department, Kalamazoo, MI. The human remains 
and associated funerary objects were removed from Allegan County, MI.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3) and 
43 CFR 10.11(d). The determinations in this notice are the sole 
responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has 
control of the Native American human remains and associated funerary 
objects. The National Park Service is not responsible for the 
determinations in this notice.

Consultation

    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by Western 
Michigan University, Department of Anthropology, professional staff in 
consultation with representatives of the Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band 
of Pottawatomi Indians of Michigan; Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, 
Michigan and Indiana; and Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan. 
The Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians of Michigan 
and Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan have sent the Western 
Michigan University, Department of Anthropology, letters of support and 
do not object to disposition of the human remains and associated 
funerary objects described in this notice to the Pokagon Band of 
Potawatomi Indians, Michigan and Indiana.

History and Description of the Remains

    In 1968, human remains representing a minimum of one individual 
were removed from Allegan Dam Site, in Valley Township, Allegan County, 
MI, during an excavation by a Western Michigan University archeological 
field school under the direction of Dr. Elizabeth B. Garland. The 
burial consisted of a single individual placed in a semi-flexed 
position in a deep pit. The human remains were in a poor state of 
preservation. No known individual was identified. No associated 
funerary objects are present.
    In April 1978, human remains representing a minimum of one 
individual were removed from the Harrington III Site, in Saugatuck 
Township, Allegan County, MI. The burial was excavated by Dr. Richard 
Flanders, an archeologist formerly at Grand Valley State University, 
Allendale, MI. This individual was placed in a shallow pit in a semi-
flexed position. After recovery, the Harrington III burial was sent to 
Western Michigan University for curation and further study by Dr. 
Robert Sundick. The human remains represent a male, between 45 and 60 
years of age. No known individual was identified. The two associated 
funerary objects are turtle shells.
    Based on skeletal and dental morphology, as well as cultural 
materials associated with the Harrington II Site (including two ceramic 
pots that are not part of the museum collection), the site dates to 
circa A.D. 1000, during the Late Woodland period.
    In 1968, human remains representing a minimum of 36 individuals 
were removed from the Brainerd Ossuary, in Valley Township, Allegan 
County, MI, during an excavation by Dr. Elizabeth B. Garland through 
the university's archeological field school. The burials were 
encountered in a large ossuary pit that measured 11 x 15 feet and 
extended 5 feet below the ground surface. The skeletal remains were 
heavily disturbed due to plowing and the effects of previous intrusive 
pits, which were likely dug by amateurs. After recovery, the remains 
were transferred to Western Michigan University for further study and 
curation. No known individuals were identified. The two associated 
funerary objects are pieces of chipped stone debitage.
    The Brainerd Ossuary was dated to the late Middle Woodland period 
based on a radiocarbon date of A.D. 440 +/- 130 years.

Determinations Made by the Western Michigan University, Department of 
Anthropology

    Officials of the Western Michigan University, Department of 
Anthropology, have determined that:
     Based on skeletal and dental morphology, and a radiocarbon 
date obtained from a charcoal sample that dates the Allegan Dam Site to 
the Upper Mississippian occupation of the Late Woodland period (13th 
century A.D), the human remains are Native American.
     Based on skeletal and dental morphology, as well as 
cultural materials associated with the Harrington II Site, the human 
remains and associated funerary objects are Native American.
     Based on the date of the Brainerd Ossuary, the human 
remains and associated funerary objects are Native American.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), a relationship of shared 
group identity cannot be reasonably traced between the Native American 
human remains and associated funerary objects and any present-day 
Indian tribe.
     Multiple lines of evidence, including the Chicago Treaty 
of 1833 and oral tradition, indicate that the land from which the 
Native American human remains and associated funerary objects were 
removed is the aboriginal land of the Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of 
Pottawatomi Indians of Michigan; Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, 
Michigan and Indiana; and Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described 
in this notice represent the physical remains of 38 individuals of 
Native American ancestry.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(A), the four objects 
described above are

[[Page 28079]]

reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human 
remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or 
ceremony.
     Pursuant to 43 CFR 10.11(c)(1), the disposition of the 
human remains is to the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, Michigan 
and Indiana.

Additional Requestors and Disposition

    Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes itself to be 
culturally affiliated with the human remains and associated funerary 
objects or any other Indian tribe that believes it satisfies the 
criteria in 43 CFR 10.11(c)(1) should contact LouAnn Wurst, Department 
of Anthropology, Western Michigan University, 1005 Moore Hall, 
Kalamazoo, MI 49008, telephone (269) 387-2753, before June 13, 2011. 
Disposition of the human remains and associated funerary objects to the 
Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, Michigan and Indiana, may proceed 
after that date if no additional requestors come forward.
    The Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department, is 
responsible for notifying the Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of 
Pottawatomi Indians of Michigan; Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, 
Michigan and Indiana; and Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan, 
that this notice has been published.

    Dated: May 9, 2011.
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2011-11850 Filed 5-12-11; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-50-P