Reduction of Foreign Tax Credit Limitation Categories Under Section 904(d), 19268-19275 [2011-8229]

Download as PDF 19268 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 67 / Thursday, April 7, 2011 / Rules and Regulations device, in accordance with paragraph (g) of this section, that includes the following areas of operation: * * * * * Issued in Washington, DC, on April 1, 2011. Pamela Hamilton-Powell, Director, Office of Rulemaking. Explanation of Changes in This Final Rule [FR Doc. 2011–8226 Filed 4–6–11; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 [TD 9521] RIN 1545–BG54 Reduction of Foreign Tax Credit Limitation Categories Under Section 904(d) Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION: Final regulations and removal of temporary regulations. AGENCY: This document contains final regulations that provide guidance relating to the reduction of the number of separate foreign tax credit limitation categories under section 904(d) of the Internal Revenue Code. Changes to the applicable law were made by the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004 (AJCA) reducing the number of section 904(d) separate categories from eight to two, effective for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2006. The final regulations provide guidance needed to comply with these changes and affect individuals and corporations claiming foreign tax credits. DATES: Effective Date: These regulations are effective on April 7, 2011. Applicability Dates: For dates of applicability see §§ 1.904–2(i)(3), 1.904– 4(n), 1.904–5(o)(3), 1.904–7(g)(6), and 1.904(f)–12(h)(6). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jeffrey L. Parry, (202) 622–3850 (not a toll-free number). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: srobinson on DSKHWCL6B1PROD with RULES Background On December 21, 2007, a notice of proposed rulemaking by cross-reference to temporary regulations (REG–114126– 07) under section 904 of the Code and temporary regulations (TD 9368) (the 2007 temporary regulations) were published in the Federal Register (72 FR 72645) and (72 FR 72582), respectively. Corrections to those temporary regulations were published VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:23 Apr 06, 2011 Jkt 223001 on March 21, 2008, in the Federal Register (73 FR 15063). No written comments were received. A public hearing was not requested and none was held. This Treasury decision adopts the proposed regulation with the changes discussed in this preamble. I. Gain From the Sale of a Partnership Interest Section 954(c)(4), which was enacted by the AJCA, provides a look-through rule for sales of 25-percent-owned partnerships. Because the definition of passive income in section 904(d)(2)(B) refers to section 954(c), § 1.904– 5T(h)(3)(ii) of the 2007 temporary regulations provides that in the case of a sale of a partnership interest by a 25percent partner, under the principles of section 954(c)(4)(B) the income recognized on such sale is assigned to the separate category for general category income, to the extent that the gain would not be classified as foreign personal holding company income under the section 954(c)(4) look-through rule. The rule has been revised to clarify that the look-through rule applies to a sale by any 25-percent owner of a partnership (and not just controlled foreign corporations that are 25-percent partners). The language of this provision has also been revised to be more consistent with the language of the lookthrough rule as provided under section 954(c)(4). II. Losses in and Losses With Respect to the Pre-2007 Separate Category for High Withholding Tax Interest Section 1.904(f)–12T(h) of the 2007 temporary regulations provides transition rules for recapture in a taxable year beginning after December 31, 2006 (post-2006 taxable year) of an overall foreign loss (OFL) or separate limitation loss (SLL) in a pre-2007 separate category (as defined in § 1.904– 7T(g)(ii)) that offset U.S. source income or income in another pre-2007 separate category, respectively. Section 1.904(f)– 12T(h)(3) provides that to the extent a taxpayer had an OFL or SLL at the end of the taxpayer’s last pre-2007 taxable year in the pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest, the allocation of such OFL or SLL to the taxpayer’s post-2006 separate categories follows the taxpayer’s allocation of excess taxes in the high withholding tax interest loss category for section 904(c) carryover purposes. If there were no excess taxes in the loss category that carried over to post-2006 taxable years, an OFL or SLL in the pre-2007 separate PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 category for high withholding tax interest is allocated to the post-2006 separate category for passive category income. Similarly, § 1.904(f)–12T(h)(3) provides that where a taxpayer had an SLL in a pre-2007 separate category that offset high withholding tax interest (that is, an SLL with respect to a pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest), the SLL will be recaptured in subsequent taxable years pro rata as income in the post-2006 separate categories for general category income and passive category income based on how the taxpayer allocated excess taxes in the pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest. If no excess taxes in the pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest were carried over to post-2006 taxable years, the SLL will be recaptured in subsequent taxable years as income in the post-2006 separate category for passive category income. A question was raised as to whether it was appropriate, in the case of a financial services entity that had a loss in, or a loss with respect to, a pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest, and no excess taxes in the loss category were carried over to post2006 taxable years, that the loss be allocated to the post-2006 separate category for passive category income (in the case of a loss in the pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest) or that the loss be recaptured in subsequent taxable years as income in the post-2006 separate category for passive category income (in the case of a loss with respect to a pre2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest). Section 904(d)(2)(C)(i), as amended by the AJCA, provides that financial services income is treated as general category income in the case of a member of a financial services group and any other person predominantly engaged in the active conduct of a banking, insurance, financing or similar business (a financial services entity). Financial services income includes passive income that is received or accrued by any person predominantly engaged in the active conduct of a banking, insurance, financing, or similar business, but does not include specified passive category income. See section 904(d)(2)(D)(i)(II). Accordingly, in post2006 taxable years, income that otherwise would be treated as passive income (and assigned to the separate category for passive category income) will instead be treated as general category income in the case of a financial services entity. The IRS and the Treasury Department believe that, in the case of a financial E:\FR\FM\07APR1.SGM 07APR1 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 67 / Thursday, April 7, 2011 / Rules and Regulations srobinson on DSKHWCL6B1PROD with RULES services entity, the appropriate treatment of a loss in, or a loss with respect to, a pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest, where no excess taxes in the loss category were carried over to post-2006 taxable years, is to allocate the loss to the post-2006 separate category for general category income or to recapture the loss in subsequent years as general category income, as the case may be. Accordingly, the regulations have been revised to provide that if a financial services entity allocated under § 1.904(f)–12T(h)(3) an OFL or SLL at the end of its last pre-2007 taxable year in the pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest to the post-2006 separate category for passive category income, and no excess taxes in the loss category were carried over to post-2007 taxable years, the amount of any such loss that has not yet been recaptured will be allocated to the post2006 separate category for general category income. Similarly, if a financial services entity allocated under § 1.904(f)–12T(h)(3) at the end of its last pre-2007 taxable year an SLL with respect to a pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest, and no excess taxes in the separate category for high withholding tax interest were carried over to post-2007 taxable years (that is, the SLL would be subject to recapture as passive category income), the amount of any such SLL that has not yet been recaptured will be recaptured in subsequent taxable years as general category income. The regulations have also been revised to clarify that, in the case of a financial services entity, to the extent an SLL in the post-2006 separate category for general category income is recaptured as income in the post-2006 separate category for passive category income, the amount that would otherwise be recaptured as passive income (as opposed to specified passive category income) will be recaptured as general category income. applicable rules. Section 1.904– 2T(i)(1)(ii) provides a safe harbor for the carryover of unused foreign taxes in a pre-2007 separate category to a post2006 separate category; § 1.904– 2T(i)(2)(ii) provides a safe harbor for the carryback of unused foreign taxes in a post-2006 separate category to a pre2007 separate category; § 1.904– 7T(g)(3)(ii) provides safe harbors for allocating pools of post-1986 undistributed earnings and post-1986 foreign income taxes in the pre-2007 separate categories of controlled foreign corporations and noncontrolled section 902 corporations to the post-2006 separate categories; and § 1.904(f)– 12T(h)(5) provides an alternative method for determining the recapture in post-2006 taxable years of separate limitation losses and overall foreign losses incurred in pre-2007 taxable years. A question was raised as to how a safe harbor method election is to be made and the time frame for making the election. The final regulations provide that taxpayers may choose to use a safe harbor method on a timely filed (original or amended) tax return or during audit. If a taxpayer chooses to use the safe harbor method on an amended return or in the course of an audit, the taxpayer must make appropriate adjustments to eliminate any double benefit arising from application of the safe harbor method to years that are not open for assessment. A taxpayer’s choice to use the safe harbor method is evidenced by simply employing the method in determining its foreign tax credit limitation. No separate statement need be filed. V. Effective/Applicability Dates The effective/applicability dates are the same as those in the proposed and temporary regulations with minor clarifying changes. III. Section 952(c) Recapture Accounts Section 1.904–7(g)(3) of the final regulations clarifies that section 952(c)(2) recapture accounts maintained by a controlled foreign corporation with respect to subpart F income in a separate category that was subject to the earnings and profits limitation of section 952(c)(1)(A) are allocated to separate categories in the same manner as the associated post-1986 undistributed earnings. Special Analyses It has been determined that this notice of proposed rulemaking is not a significant regulatory action as defined in Executive Order 12866. Therefore, a regulatory assessment is not required. It has also been determined that section 553(b) of the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 5) does not apply to these regulations, and because the regulations do not impose a collection of information on small entities, the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 6) does not apply. IV. Safe Harbors The 2007 temporary regulations provide several safe harbors that a taxpayer may apply in lieu of generally Drafting Information The principal author of these regulations is Jeffrey L. Parry of the Office of Chief Counsel (International). VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:23 Apr 06, 2011 Jkt 223001 PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 19269 However, other personnel from the Treasury Department and the IRS participated in their development. List of Subjects in 26 CFR Part 1 Income taxes, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. Adoption of Amendments to the Regulations Accordingly, 26 CFR part 1 is amended as follows: PART 1—INCOME TAXES Paragraph 1. The authority citation for part 1 continues to read in part as follows: ■ Authority: 26 U.S.C. 7805 * * * Par. 2. Section 1.904–0 is amended by adding entries for §§ 1.904–2(i), 1.904– 4(a), (b), (h)(3), and (l), 1.904–5(h)(3) and (o)(3), and1.904–7(g) to read as follows: ■ § 1.904–0 Outline of regulation provisions for section 904. * * * * * § 1.904–2 Carryback and carryover of unused foreign tax. * * * * * (i) Transition rules for carryovers and carrybacks of pre-2007 and post-2006 unused foreign tax. (1) Carryover of unused foreign tax. (i) General rule. (ii) Safe harbor. (2) Carryback of unused foreign tax. (i) General rule. (ii) Safe harbor. (3) Effective/applicability date. * * * * * § 1.904–4 Separate application of section 904 with respect to certain categories of income. (a) In general. (b) Passive category income. (1) In general. (2) Passive income. (i) In general. (ii) Exceptions. (iii) Active rents or royalties. (A) In general. (B) Active conduct of trade or business. (iv) Examples. (3) Specified passive category income. * * * * * (h) * * * (3) Exception. * * * * * (l) Priority rule. * * * * * § 1.904–5 Look-through rules as applied to controlled foreign corporations and other entities. * E:\FR\FM\07APR1.SGM * * 07APR1 * * 19270 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 67 / Thursday, April 7, 2011 / Rules and Regulations (h) * * * (3) Income from the sale of a partnership interest. (i) In general. (ii) Exception for sale by 25-percent owner. * * * * * (o) * * * (3) Rules for income from the sale of a partnership interest. § 1.904–7 Transition rules. * * * * * (g) Treatment of earnings and foreign taxes of a controlled foreign corporation or a noncontrolled section 902 corporation accumulated in taxable years beginning before January 1, 2007. (1) Definitions. (i) Pre-2007 pools. (ii) Pre-2007 separate categories. (iii) Post-2006 separate categories. (2) Treatment of pre-2007 pools of a controlled foreign corporation or a noncontrolled section 902 corporation. (3) Substantiation of post-2006 character of earnings and taxes in a pre2007 pool. (i) Reconstruction of earnings and taxes pools. (ii) Safe harbor method. (A) In general. (B) General safe harbor method. (C) Interest apportionment safe harbor. (iii) Consistency rule. (4) Treatment of pre-1987 accumulated profits. (5) Treatment of earnings and foreign taxes in pre-2007 pools of a lower-tier controlled foreign corporation or noncontrolled section 902 corporation. (6) Effective/applicability date. ■ Par. 3. Section 1.904–2(i) is revised to read as follows: § 1.904–2 Carryback and carryover of unused foreign tax. srobinson on DSKHWCL6B1PROD with RULES * * * * * (i) Transition rules for carryovers and carrybacks of pre-2007 and post-2006 unused foreign tax—(1) Carryover of unused foreign tax—(i) General rule. For purposes of this paragraph (i), the terms post-2006 separate category and pre2007 separate category have the meanings set forth in § 1.904–7(g)(1)(ii) and (iii). The rules of this paragraph (i)(1) apply to reallocate to the taxpayer’s post-2006 separate categories for general category income and passive category income any unused foreign taxes (as defined in § 1.904–2(b)(2)) that were paid or accrued or deemed paid under section 902 with respect to income in a pre-2007 separate category (other than a category described in § 1.904–4(m)). To the extent any such unused foreign taxes are carried forward VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:23 Apr 06, 2011 Jkt 223001 to a taxable year beginning after December 31, 2006, such taxes shall be allocated to the taxpayer’s post-2006 separate categories to which those taxes would have been allocated if the taxes were paid or accrued in a taxable year beginning after December 31, 2006. For example, any foreign taxes paid or accrued or deemed paid with respect to financial services income in a taxable year beginning before January 1, 2007, that are carried forward to a taxable year beginning after December 31, 2006, will be allocated to the general category because the financial services income to which those taxes relate would have been allocated to the general category if it had been earned in a taxable year beginning after December 31, 2006. (ii) Safe harbor. In lieu of applying the rules of paragraph (i)(1)(i) of this section, a taxpayer may allocate all unused foreign taxes in the pre-2007 separate category for passive income to the post-2006 separate category for passive category income, and allocate all other unused foreign taxes described in paragraph (i)(1)(i) of this section to the post-2006 separate category for general category income. A taxpayer may choose to use the safe harbor method on a timely filed (original or amended) tax return or during an audit. A taxpayer that uses the safe harbor method on an amended return or in the course of an audit must make appropriate adjustments to eliminate any double benefit arising from application of the safe harbor method to years that are not open for assessment. A taxpayer’s choice to use the safe harbor method is evidenced by employing the method. The taxpayer need not file any separate statement. (2) Carryback of unused foreign tax— (i) General rule. The rules of this paragraph (i)(2) apply to any unused foreign taxes that were paid or accrued or deemed paid under section 902 with respect to income in a post-2006 separate category (other than a category described in § 1.904–4(m)). To the extent any such unused foreign taxes are carried back to a taxable year beginning before January 1, 2007, a credit for such taxes shall be allowed only to the extent of the excess limitation in the pre-2007 separate category, or categories, to which the taxes would have been allocated if the taxes were paid or accrued in a taxable year beginning before January 1, 2007. For example, any foreign taxes paid or accrued or deemed paid with respect to income in the general category in a taxable year beginning after December 31, 2006, that are carried back to a taxable year beginning before January 1, 2007, will be allocated to the same separate PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 categories to which the income would have been allocated if such income had been earned in a taxable year beginning before January 1, 2007. (ii) Safe harbor. In lieu of applying the rules of paragraph (i)(2)(i) of this section, a taxpayer may allocate all unused foreign taxes in the post-2006 separate category for passive category income to the pre-2007 separate category for passive income, and may allocate all other unused foreign taxes described in paragraph (i)(2)(i) of this section to the pre-2007 separate category for general limitation income. A taxpayer may choose to use the safe harbor method on a timely filed (original or amended) tax return or during an audit. A taxpayer that uses the safe harbor method on an amended return or in the course of an audit must make appropriate adjustments to eliminate any double benefit arising from application of the safe harbor method to years that are not open for assessment. A taxpayer’s choice to use the safe harbor method is evidenced by employing the method. The taxpayer need not file any separate statement. (3) Effective/applicability date. This paragraph (i) applies to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2006 and ending on or after December 21, 2007. § 1.904–2T [Removed]. Par. 4. Section 1.904–2T is removed. Par. 5. In § 1.904–4, paragraphs (a), (b), (h)(3), and (l) are revised, paragraphs (f) and (g) are removed and reserved, and a new sentence is added immediately after the heading of paragraph (n) to read as follows: ■ ■ § 1.904–4 Separate application of section 904 with respect to certain categories of income. (a) In general. A taxpayer is required to compute a separate foreign tax credit limitation for income received or accrued in a taxable year that is described in section 904(d)(1)(A) (passive category income), 904(d)(1)(B) (general category income), or § 1.904– 4(m) (additional separate categories). (b) Passive category income—(1) In general. The term passive category income means passive income and specified passive category income. (2) Passive income—(i) In general. The term passive income means any— (A) Income received or accrued by any person that is of a kind that would be foreign personal holding company income (as defined in section 954(c)) if the taxpayer were a controlled foreign corporation, including any amount of gain on the sale or exchange of stock in excess of the amount treated as a dividend under section 1248; or E:\FR\FM\07APR1.SGM 07APR1 srobinson on DSKHWCL6B1PROD with RULES Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 67 / Thursday, April 7, 2011 / Rules and Regulations (B) Amount includible in gross income under section 1293. (ii) Exceptions. Passive income does not include any export financing interest (as defined in section 904(d)(2)(G) and paragraph (h) of this section), any high-taxed income (as defined in section 904(d)(2)(F) and paragraph (c) of this section), or any active rents and royalties (as defined in paragraph (b)(2)(iii) of this section). In addition, passive income does not include any income that would otherwise be passive but is characterized as income in another separate category under the lookthrough rules of section 904(d)(3), (d)(4), and (d)(6)(C) and the regulations under those provisions. In determining whether any income is of a kind that would be foreign personal holding company income, the rules of section 864(d)(5)(A)(i) and (6) (treating related person factoring income of a controlled foreign corporation as foreign personal holding company income that is not eligible for the export financing income exception to the separate limitation for passive income) shall apply only in the case of income of a controlled foreign corporation (as defined in section 957). Thus, income earned directly by a United States person that is related person factoring income may be eligible for the exception for export financing interest. (iii) Active rents or royalties—(A) In general. For rents and royalties paid or accrued after September 20, 2004, passive income does not include any rents or royalties that are derived in the active conduct of a trade or business, regardless of whether such rents or royalties are received from a related or an unrelated person. Except as provided in paragraph (b)(2)(iii)(B) of this section, the principles of section 954(c)(2)(A) and the regulations under that section shall apply in determining whether rents or royalties are derived in the active conduct of a trade or business. For this purpose, the term taxpayer shall be substituted for the term controlled foreign corporation if the recipient of the rents or royalties is not a controlled foreign corporation. (B) Active conduct of trade or business. Rents and royalties are considered derived in the active conduct of a trade or business by a United States person or by a controlled foreign corporation (or other entity to which the look-through rules apply) for purposes of section 904 (but not for purposes of section 954) if the requirements of section 954(c)(2)(A) are satisfied by one or more corporations that are members of an affiliated group of corporations (within the meaning of VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:23 Apr 06, 2011 Jkt 223001 section 1504(a), determined without regard to section 1504(b)(3)) of which the recipient is a member. For purposes of this paragraph (b)(2)(iii)(B), an affiliated group includes only domestic corporations and foreign corporations that are controlled foreign corporations in which domestic members of the affiliated group own, directly or indirectly, at least 80 percent of the total voting power and value of the stock. For purposes of this paragraph (b)(2)(iii)(B), indirect ownership shall be determined under section 318 and the regulations under that section. (iv) Examples. The following examples illustrate the application of paragraph (b)(2) of this section. Example 1. P is a domestic corporation with a branch in foreign country X. P does not have any financial services income. For 2008, P has a net foreign currency gain that would not constitute foreign personal holding company income if P were a controlled foreign corporation because the gain is directly related to the business needs of P. The currency gain is, therefore, general category income to P because it is not income of a kind that would be foreign personal holding company income. Example 2. Controlled foreign corporation S is a wholly-owned subsidiary of P, a domestic corporation. S is regularly engaged in the restaurant franchise business. P licenses trademarks, tradenames, certain know-how, related services, and certain restaurant designs for which S pays P an arm’s length royalty. P is regularly engaged in the development and licensing of such property. The royalties received by P for the use of its property are allocable under the look-through rules of § 1.904–5 to the royalties S receives from the franchisees. Some of the franchisees are unrelated to S and P. Other franchisees are related to S or P and use the licensed property outside of S’s country of incorporation. S does not satisfy, but P does satisfy, the active trade or business requirements of section 954(c)(2)(A) and the regulations under that section. The royalty income earned by S with regard to both its related and unrelated franchisees is foreign personal holding company income because S does not satisfy the active trade or business requirements of section 954(c)(2)(A) and, in addition, the royalty income from the related franchisees does not qualify for the same country exception of section 954(c)(3). However, all of the royalty income earned by S is general category income to S under § 1.904–4(b)(2)(iii) because P, a member of S’s affiliated group (as defined therein), satisfies the active trade or business test (which is applied without regard to whether the royalties are paid by a related person). S’s royalty income that is taxable to P under subpart F and the royalties paid to P are general category income to P under the lookthrough rules of § 1.904–5(c)(1)(i) and (c)(3), respectively. (3) Specified passive category income means— (i) Dividends from a DISC or former DISC (as defined in section 992(a)) to PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 19271 the extent such dividends are treated as income from sources without the United States; (ii) Taxable income attributable to foreign trade income (within the meaning of section 923(b)); or (iii) Distributions from a FSC (or a former FSC) out of earnings and profits attributable to foreign trade income (within the meaning of section 923(b)) or interest or carrying charges (as defined in section 927(d)(1)) derived from a transaction which results in foreign trade income (as defined in section 923(b)). * * * * * (f) [Reserved]. (g) [Reserved]. (h) * * * (3) Exception. Unless it is received or accrued by a financial services entity, export financing interest shall be treated as passive category income if that income is also related person factoring income. For this purpose, related person factoring income is— (i) Income received or accrued by a controlled foreign corporation that is income described in section 864(d)(6) (income of a controlled foreign corporation from a loan for the purpose of financing the purchase of inventory property of a related person); or (ii) Income received or accrued by any person that is income described in section 864(d)(1) (income from a trade receivable acquired from a related person). * * * * * (l) Priority rule. Income that meets the definitions of a separate category described in paragraph (m) of this section and another category of income described in section 904(d)(2)(A)(i) and (ii) will be subject to the separate limitation described in paragraph (m) of this section and will not be treated as general category income described in section 904(d)(2)(A)(ii). * * * * * (n) * * * Paragraphs (a), (b), (h)(3), and (l) of this section shall apply to taxable years of United States persons and, for purposes of section 906, foreign persons beginning after December 31, 2006 and ending on or after December 21, 2007, and to taxable years of a foreign corporation which end with or within taxable years of its domestic corporate shareholder beginning after December 31, 2006 and ending on or after December 21, 2007. * * * § 1.904–4T [Removed]. Par. 6. Section 1.904–4T is removed. Par. 7. In § 1.904–5, paragraphs (h)(3) and (o)(3) are revised to read as follows: ■ ■ E:\FR\FM\07APR1.SGM 07APR1 19272 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 67 / Thursday, April 7, 2011 / Rules and Regulations § 1.904–5 Look-through rules as applied to controlled foreign corporations and other entities. * * * * * (h) * * * (3) Income from the sale of a partnership interest—(i) In general. To the extent a partner recognizes gain on the sale of a partnership interest, that income shall be treated as passive category income to the partner, unless the income is considered to be hightaxed under section 904(d)(2)(B)(iii)(II) and § 1.904–4(c). (ii) Exception for sale by 25-percent owner. In the case of a sale of an interest in a partnership by a partner that is a 25-percent owner of the partnership, determined by applying section 954(c)(4)(B) and substituting ‘‘controlled foreign corporation’’ with ‘‘partner’’ every place it appears, for purposes of determining the separate category to which the income recognized on the sale of the partnership interest is assigned such partner shall be treated as selling the proportionate share of the assets of the partnership attributable to such interest. * * * * * (o) * * * (3) Rules for income from the sale of a partnership interest. Paragraph (h)(3) of this section shall apply to taxable years of United States persons and, for purposes of section 906, foreign persons beginning after December 31, 2006 and ending on or after December 21, 2007, and to taxable years of a foreign corporation which end with or within taxable years of its domestic corporate shareholder beginning after December 31, 2006 and ending on or after December 21, 2007. § 1.904–5T [Removed]. Par. 8. Section 1.904–5T is removed. Par. 9. Section 1.904–7, paragraph (g) is revised to read as follows: ■ ■ § 1.904–7 Transition rules. srobinson on DSKHWCL6B1PROD with RULES * * * * * (g) Treatment of earnings and foreign taxes of a controlled foreign corporation or a noncontrolled section 902 corporation accumulated in taxable years beginning before January 1, 2007—(1) Definitions—(i) Pre-2007 pools means the pools in each separate category of post-1986 undistributed earnings (as defined in § 1.902–1(a)(9)) that were accumulated, and post-1986 foreign income taxes (as defined in § 1.902–1(a)(8)) paid, accrued, or deemed paid, in taxable years beginning before January 1, 2007. (ii) Pre-2007 separate categories means the separate categories of income described in section 904(d) as VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:23 Apr 06, 2011 Jkt 223001 applicable to taxable years beginning before January 1, 2007, and any other separate category of income described in § 1.904–4(m). (iii) Post-2006 separate categories means the separate categories of income described in section 904(d) as applicable to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2006, and any other separate category of income described in § 1.904–4(m). (2) Treatment of pre-2007 pools of a controlled foreign corporation or a noncontrolled section 902 corporation. Any post-1986 undistributed earnings in a pre-2007 pool of a controlled foreign corporation or a noncontrolled section 902 corporation shall be treated in taxable years beginning after December 31, 2006, as if they were accumulated during a period in which the rules governing the determination of post2006 separate categories applied. Post1986 foreign income taxes paid, accrued, or deemed paid with respect to such earnings shall be treated as if they were paid, accrued, or deemed paid during a period in which the rules governing the determination of post2006 separate categories (including the rules of section 904(d)(3)(E)) applied as well. Any such earnings and taxes in pre-2007 pools shall constitute the opening balance of the foreign corporation’s post-1986 undistributed earnings and post-1986 foreign income taxes on the first day of the foreign corporation’s first taxable year beginning after December 31, 2006, in accordance with the rules of paragraph (g)(3) of this section. Similar rules shall apply to characterize any deficits in the pre-2007 pools and previously-taxed earnings and profits described in section 959(c)(1) and (2) that are attributable to earnings in the pre-2007 pools. Any section 952(c)(2) recapture account with respect to a separate category shall be allocated in the same manner as the post-1986 undistributed earnings in the associated pre-2007 pool. (3) Substantiation of post-2006 character of earnings and taxes in a pre2007 pool—(i) Reconstruction of earnings and taxes pools. In order to substantiate the post-2006 characterization of post-1986 undistributed earnings (as well as deficits and previously-taxed earnings, if any) and post-1986 foreign income taxes in pre-2007 pools of a controlled foreign corporation or a noncontrolled section 902 corporation, the taxpayer shall make a reasonable, good-faith effort to reconstruct the pre-2007 pools of post-1986 undistributed earnings (as well as deficits and previously-taxed earnings, if any) and post-1986 foreign income taxes following the rules PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 governing the determination of post2006 separate categories for each taxable year beginning before January 1, 2007, beginning with the first year in which post-1986 undistributed earnings were accumulated in the pre-2007 pool. Reconstruction shall be based on reasonably available books and records and other relevant information. To the extent any pre-2007 separate category includes earnings that would be allocated to more than one post-2006 separate category, the taxpayer must account for earnings distributed and taxes deemed paid in these years for such category as if they were distributed and deemed paid pro rata from the amounts that were added to that category during each taxable year beginning before January 1, 2007. (ii) Safe harbor method—(A) In general. Subject to the rules of paragraph (g)(3)(iii) of this section, a taxpayer may allocate the post-1986 undistributed earnings and post-1986 foreign income taxes in pre-2007 pools of a controlled foreign corporation or a noncontrolled section 902 corporation (as well as deficits and previously-taxed earnings, if any) under one of the safe harbor methods described in paragraphs (g)(3)(ii)(B) and (g)(3)(ii)(C) of this section. A taxpayer may choose to use the safe harbor method on a timely filed (original or amended) tax return or during an audit. A taxpayer that uses the safe harbor method on an amended return or in the course of an audit must make appropriate adjustments to eliminate any double benefit arising from application of the safe harbor method to years that are not open for assessment. A taxpayer’s choice to use the safe harbor method is evidenced by employing the method. The taxpayer need not file any separate statement. (B) General safe harbor method—(1) Any post-1986 undistributed earnings (as well as deficits and previously-taxed earnings, if any) and post-1986 foreign income taxes of a noncontrolled section 902 corporation or a controlled foreign corporation in a pre-2007 separate category for passive income, certain dividends from a DISC or former DISC, taxable income attributable to certain foreign trade income, or certain distributions from a FSC or former FSC shall be allocated to the post-2006 separate category for passive category income. (2) Any post-1986 undistributed earnings (as well as deficits and previously-taxed earnings, if any) and post-1986 foreign income taxes of a noncontrolled section 902 corporation or a controlled foreign corporation in a pre-2007 separate category for financial services income, shipping income or E:\FR\FM\07APR1.SGM 07APR1 srobinson on DSKHWCL6B1PROD with RULES Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 67 / Thursday, April 7, 2011 / Rules and Regulations general limitation income shall be allocated to the post-2006 separate category for general category income. (3) Except as provided in paragraph (g)(3)(ii)(B)(4) of this section, any post1986 undistributed earnings (as well as deficits and previously-taxed earnings, if any) and post-1986 foreign income taxes of a noncontrolled section 902 corporation or a controlled foreign corporation in a pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest shall be allocated to the post2006 separate category for passive category income. (4) If a controlled foreign corporation has positive post-1986 undistributed earnings and post-1986 foreign income taxes in a pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest, such earnings and taxes shall be allocated to the post-2006 separate category for general category income if the earnings would qualify as income subject to high foreign taxes under section 954(b)(4) if the entire amount of post-1986 undistributed earnings were treated as a net item of income subject to the rules of § 1.954–1(d). If the high withholding tax interest earnings would not qualify as income subject to high foreign taxes under section 954(b)(4), then the earnings and taxes shall be allocated to the post-2006 separate category for passive category income. (C) Interest apportionment safe harbor. A taxpayer may allocate the post-1986 undistributed earnings (as well as deficits and previously-taxed earnings, if any) and post-1986 foreign income taxes in pre-2007 pools of a controlled foreign corporation or a noncontrolled section 902 corporation following the principles of paragraph (f)(4)(ii) of this section. (iii) Consistency rule. The election to apply a safe harbor method under paragraph (g)(3)(ii) of this section in lieu of the rules described in paragraph (g)(3)(i) of this section may be made on a separate category by separate category basis. However, if a taxpayer elects to apply a safe harbor to allocate pre-2007 pools of more than one pre-2007 separate category of a controlled foreign corporation or a noncontrolled section 902 corporation, such safe harbor (the general safe harbor described in paragraph (g)(3)(ii)(B) of this section or the interest apportionment safe harbor described in paragraph (g)(3)(ii)(C) of this section) shall apply to allocate post1986 undistributed earnings (as well as deficits and previously-taxed earnings, if any) and post-1986 foreign income taxes for the pre-2007 pools in each pre2007 separate category of the foreign corporation for which the taxpayer elected to apply a safe harbor method in VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:23 Apr 06, 2011 Jkt 223001 lieu of reconstructing the pre-2007 pools. (4) Treatment of pre-1987 accumulated profits. Any pre-1987 accumulated profits (as defined in § 1.902–1(a)(10)) of a noncontrolled section 902 corporation or a controlled foreign corporation shall be treated in taxable years beginning after December 31, 2006, as if they had been accumulated during a period in which the rules governing the determination of post-2006 separate categories applied. Foreign income taxes paid, accrued, or deemed paid with respect to such earnings shall be treated as if they were paid, accrued, or deemed paid during a period in which the rules governing the determination of post-2006 separate categories applied as well. The taxpayer must substantiate the post-2006 characterization of the pre-1987 accumulated profits and pre-1987 foreign income taxes in accordance with the rules of paragraph (g)(3) of this section, including the safe harbor provisions. Similar rules shall apply to characterize any deficits or previouslytaxed earnings and profits described in section 959(c)(1) and (2) that are attributable to pre-1987 accumulated profits. (5) Treatment of earnings and foreign taxes in pre-2007 pools of a lower-tier controlled foreign corporation or noncontrolled section 902 corporation. The rules of paragraphs (g)(1) through (4) of this section apply to post-1986 undistributed earnings (as well as deficits and previously-taxed earnings, if any) and post-1986 foreign income taxes in pre-2007 pools, and pre-1987 accumulated profits and pre-1987 foreign income taxes, of a lower-tier controlled foreign corporation or noncontrolled section 902 corporation. (6) Effective/applicability date. This paragraph (g) shall apply to taxable years of United States persons and, for purposes of section 906, foreign persons beginning after December 31, 2006 and ending on or after December 21, 2007, and to taxable years of a foreign corporation which end with or within taxable years of its domestic corporate shareholder beginning after December 31, 2006 and ending on or after December 21, 2007. § 1.904(f)–12 § 1.904–7T § 1.904(f)–12 [Removed]. Par. 10. Section 1.904–7T is removed. ■ Par. 11. Section 1.904(f)–0 is amended by adding an entry for § 1.904(f)–12(h) to read as follows: ■ § 1.904(f)–0 Outline of regulation provisions. * PO 00000 * * Frm 00007 * Fmt 4700 * Sfmt 4700 19273 Transition rules. * * * * * (h) Recapture in years beginning after December 31, 2006, of separate limitation losses and overall foreign losses incurred in years beginning before January 1, 2007. (1) Losses related to pre-2007 separate categories for passive income, certain dividends from a DISC or former DISC, taxable income attributable to certain foreign trade income or certain distributions from a FSC or former FSC. (i) Recapture of separate limitation loss or overall foreign loss incurred in a pre-2007 separate category for passive income, certain dividends from a DISC or former DISC, taxable income attributable to certain foreign trade income or certain distributions from a FSC or former FSC. (ii) Recapture of separate limitation loss with respect to a pre-2007 separate category for passive income, certain dividends from a DISC or former DISC, taxable income attributable to certain foreign trade income or certain distributions from a FSC or former FSC. (2) Losses related to pre-2007 separate categories for shipping, financial services income or general limitation income. (i) Recapture of separate limitation loss or overall foreign loss incurred in a pre-2007 separate category for shipping income, financial services income or general limitation income. (ii) Recapture of separate limitation loss with respect to a pre-2007 separate category for shipping income, financial services income or general limitation income. (3) Losses related to a pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest. (i) Recapture of separate limitation loss or overall foreign loss incurred in a pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest. (ii) Recapture of separate limitation loss with respect to a pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest. (4) Elimination of certain separate limitation loss accounts. (5) Alternative method. (6) Effective/applicability date. Par. 12. Section 1.904(f)–12(h) is revised to read as follows: * Transition rules. * * * * (h) Recapture in years beginning after December 31, 2006, of separate limitation losses and overall foreign losses incurred in years beginning before January 1, 2007—(1) Losses related to pre-2007 separate categories for passive income, certain dividends E:\FR\FM\07APR1.SGM 07APR1 srobinson on DSKHWCL6B1PROD with RULES 19274 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 67 / Thursday, April 7, 2011 / Rules and Regulations from a DISC or former DISC, taxable income attributable to certain foreign trade income or certain distributions from a FSC or former FSC—(i) Recapture of separate limitation loss or overall foreign loss incurred in a pre2007 separate category for passive income, certain dividends from a DISC or former DISC, taxable income attributable to certain foreign trade income or certain distributions from a FSC or former FSC. To the extent that a taxpayer has a balance in any separate limitation loss or overall foreign loss account in a pre-2007 separate category (as defined in § 1.904–7(g)(1)(ii)) for passive income, certain dividends from a DISC or former DISC, taxable income attributable to certain foreign trade income or certain distributions from a FSC or former FSC, at the end of the taxpayer’s last taxable year beginning before January 1, 2007, the amount of such balance, or balances, shall be allocated on the first day of the taxpayer’s next taxable year to the taxpayer’s post-2006 separate category (as defined in § 1.904–7(g)(1)(iii)) for passive category income. (ii) Recapture of separate limitation loss with respect to a pre-2007 separate category for passive income, certain dividends from a DISC or former DISC, taxable income attributable to certain foreign trade income or certain distributions from a FSC or former FSC. To the extent that a taxpayer has a balance in any separate limitation loss account in any pre-2007 separate category with respect to a pre-2007 separate category for passive income, certain dividends from a DISC or former DISC, taxable income attributable to certain foreign trade income or certain distributions from a FSC or former FSC at the end of the taxpayer’s last taxable year beginning before January 1, 2007, such loss shall be recaptured in subsequent taxable years as income in the post-2006 separate category for passive category income. (2) Losses related to pre-2007 separate categories for shipping, financial services income or general limitation income—(i) Recapture of separate limitation loss or overall foreign loss incurred in a pre-2007 separate category for shipping income, financial services income or general limitation income. To the extent that a taxpayer has a balance in any separate limitation loss or overall foreign loss account in a pre-2007 separate category for shipping income, financial services income or general limitation income at the end of the taxpayer’s last taxable year beginning before January 1, 2007, the amount of such balance, or balances, shall be allocated on the first day of the VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:23 Apr 06, 2011 Jkt 223001 taxpayer’s next taxable year to the taxpayer’s post-2006 separate category for general category income. (ii) Recapture of separate limitation loss with respect to a pre-2007 separate category for shipping income, financial services income or general limitation income. To the extent that a taxpayer has a balance in any separate limitation loss account in any pre-2007 separate category with respect to a pre-2007 separate category for shipping income, financial services income or general limitation income at the end of the taxpayer’s last taxable year beginning before January 1, 2007, such loss shall be recaptured in subsequent taxable years as income in the post-2006 separate category for general category income. (3) Losses related to a pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest—(i) Recapture of separate limitation loss or overall foreign loss incurred in a pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest. To the extent that a taxpayer has a balance in any separate limitation loss or overall foreign loss account in a pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest at the end of the taxpayer’s last taxable year beginning before January 1, 2007, the amount of such balance shall be allocated on the first day of the taxpayer’s next taxable year on a pro rata basis to the taxpayer’s post-2006 separate categories for general category and passive category income, based on the proportion in which any unused foreign taxes in the same pre2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest are allocated under § 1.904–2(i)(1). If the taxpayer, other than a financial services entity as defined in § 1.904–4(e)(3), has no unused foreign taxes in the pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest, then any loss account balance in that category shall be allocated to the post-2006 separate category for passive category income. If the taxpayer is a financial services entity, as defined in § 1.904–4(e)(3), and has no unused foreign taxes in the pre2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest, then any loss account balance in that category shall be allocated to the post-2006 separate category for general category income. (ii) Recapture of separate limitation loss with respect to a pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest. To the extent that a taxpayer has a balance in a separate limitation loss account in any pre-2007 separate category with respect to a pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest at the end of the taxpayer’s last taxable year beginning before PO 00000 Frm 00008 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 January 1, 2007, such loss shall be recaptured in subsequent taxable years on a pro rata basis as income in the post-2006 separate categories for general category and passive category income, based on the proportion in which any unused foreign taxes in the pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest are allocated under § 1.904– 2(i)(1). If the taxpayer, other than a financial services entity as defined in § 1.904–4(e)(3), has no unused foreign taxes in the pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest, then the loss account balance shall be recaptured in subsequent taxable years solely as income in the post-2006 separate category for passive category income. If the taxpayer is a financial services entity, as defined in § 1.904– 4(e)(3), and has no unused foreign taxes in the pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest, then the loss account balance shall be recaptured in subsequent taxable years solely as income in the post-2006 separate category for general category income. (4) Elimination of certain separate limitation loss accounts. After application of paragraphs (h)(1) through (h)(3) of this section, any separate limitation loss account allocated to the post-2006 separate category for passive category income for which income is to be recaptured as passive category income, as determined under those same provisions, shall be eliminated. Similarly, after application of paragraphs (h)(1) through (h)(3) of this section, any separate limitation loss account allocated to the post-2006 separate category for general category income for which income is to be recaptured as general category income, as determined under those same provisions, shall be eliminated. (5) Alternative method. In lieu of applying the rules of paragraphs (h)(1) through (h)(3) of this section, a taxpayer may apply the principles of paragraphs (g)(1) and (g)(2) of this section to determine recapture in taxable years beginning after December 31, 2006, of separate limitation losses and overall foreign losses incurred in taxable years beginning before January 1, 2007. A taxpayer may choose to use the alternative method on a timely filed (original or amended) tax return or during an audit. A taxpayer that uses the alternative method on an amended return or in the course of an audit must make appropriate adjustments to eliminate any double benefit arising from application of the alternative method to years that are not open for assessment. A taxpayer’s choice to use the alternative method is evidenced by E:\FR\FM\07APR1.SGM 07APR1 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 67 / Thursday, April 7, 2011 / Rules and Regulations employing the method. The taxpayer need not file any separate statement. (6) Effective/applicability date. This paragraph (h) shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2006, and ending on or after December 21, 2007. However, taxpayers may choose to apply 26 CFR 1.904(f)–12T(h) as it appeared in the Code of Federal Regulations as of April 1, 2010, in lieu of this paragraph (h) to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2006 and ending on or after December 21, 2007, but ending before April 7, 2011 provided that appropriate adjustments are made to eliminate duplicate benefits arising from application of 26 CFR 1.904(f)–12T(h) to taxable years that are not open for assessment. In addition, if a taxpayer that is a financial services entity (as defined in § 1.904–4(e)(3)) chooses to apply 26 CFR 1.904(f)–12T(h) to taxable years ending before April 7, 2011, then as of the beginning of the taxpayer’s first taxable year ending on or after April 7, 2011 any remaining balance in a passive category loss account that is attributable to a loss account in a pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest shall be allocated to the general category or eliminated pursuant to § 1.904(f)– 12(h)(4), and any remaining balance in a separate limitation loss account with respect to passive category income that is attributable to a loss account with respect to a pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest will be recaptured in such year and subsequent taxable years as general category income or eliminated pursuant to § 1.904(f)– 12(h)(4). § 1.904(f)–12T [Removed]. Par. 13. Section 1.904(f)–12T is removed. ■ Approved: March 29, 2011. Steven T. Miller, Deputy Commissioner for Services and Enforcement. Michael Mundaca, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury (Tax Policy). [FR Doc. 2011–8229 Filed 4–6–11; 8:45 am] srobinson on DSKHWCL6B1PROD with RULES BILLING CODE 4830–01–P VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:23 Apr 06, 2011 Jkt 223001 DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 46 CFR Parts 115, 170, 176, and 178 [USCG–2007–0030] RIN 1625–AB20 Passenger Weight and Inspected Vessel Stability Requirements Coast Guard, DHS. Rule; information collection approval. AGENCY: ACTION: On December 14, 2010, the Coast Guard amended its regulations governing the maximum weight and number of passengers that may safely be permitted on board a vessel and other stability regulations, including increasing the Assumed Average Weight per Person (AAWPP) to 185 lb. The amendment triggered new information collection requirements affecting documentation needed from certain inspected vessels as part of the Coast Guard commercial vessel safety program. This document announces that the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) approved changes to the collections of information with control numbers 1625–0057 and 1625–0064, which will now be enforced. DATES: Changes to the collection of information requirements with OMB control numbers 1625–0057 and 1625– 0064 will be enforced under 46 CFR parts 115, 170, 176, and 178 beginning April 7, 2011. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: If you have questions about this document, contact Mr. William Peters at 202–372–1371 or William.S.Peters@uscg.mil. If you have questions about viewing the docket (USCG–2007–0030), call Ms. Renee V. Wright, Program Manager, Docket Operations, telephone 202–366–9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: With the exception of revised collection of information provisions, the Passenger Weight and Inspected Vessel Stability Requirements rule became effective on March 14, 2011. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501– 3520), an agency may not conduct or sponsor a collection of information until the collection is approved by OMB. Accordingly, the preamble to the final rule stated that the Coast Guard would not enforce the new collection of information requirements in 46 CFR parts 115, 170, 176, and 178 until the collection of information requests were approved by OMB, and also stated that the Coast Guard would publish a notice SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 19275 in the Federal Register announcing the effective date of those requirements after OMB approved the collections. The Coast Guard submitted the information collection requests to OMB for approval in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. OMB approved the collections of information on March 4, 2011, for 1625–0064, and on March 14, 2011, for 1625–0057. The approval for these collections of information expires on March 31, 2014. Copies of the OMB notices of action are available in our online docket (USCG– 2007–0030) at http:// www.regulations.gov. Dated: March 30, 2011. F.J. Sturm, Acting Director of Commercial Regulations and Standards, U.S. Coast Guard. [FR Doc. 2011–8119 Filed 4–6–11; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 9110–04–P FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 [MB Docket No. 11–8; RM–11618, DA 11– 516] Television Broadcasting Services; Jackson, MS Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: The Commission grants a petition for rulemaking issued in response to a petition for rulemaking filed by George S. Flinn, Jr. (‘‘Flinn’’), the licensee of WWJX, channel 51, Jackson, Mississippi, requesting the substitution of channel 23 for channel 51 at Jackson. Flinn raises concerns regarding potential interference that may occur to Long Term Evolution cellular base stations operating on adjacent channel spectrum and believes substituting channel 23 for channel 51 will better serve the public interest. DATES: This rule is effective May 9, 2011. SUMMARY: FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Joyce L. Bernstein, joyce.bernstein@fcc.gov, Media Bureau, (202) 418–1600. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This is a synopsis of the Commission’s Report and Order, MB Docket No. 11–8, adopted March 16, 2011, and released March 21, 2011. The full text of this document is available for public inspection and copying during normal business hours in the FCC’s Reference Information Center at Portals II, CY– E:\FR\FM\07APR1.SGM 07APR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 76, Number 67 (Thursday, April 7, 2011)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 19268-19275]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2011-8229]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY

Internal Revenue Service

26 CFR Part 1

[TD 9521]
RIN 1545-BG54


Reduction of Foreign Tax Credit Limitation Categories Under 
Section 904(d)

AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury.

ACTION: Final regulations and removal of temporary regulations.

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SUMMARY: This document contains final regulations that provide guidance 
relating to the reduction of the number of separate foreign tax credit 
limitation categories under section 904(d) of the Internal Revenue 
Code. Changes to the applicable law were made by the American Jobs 
Creation Act of 2004 (AJCA) reducing the number of section 904(d) 
separate categories from eight to two, effective for taxable years 
beginning after December 31, 2006. The final regulations provide 
guidance needed to comply with these changes and affect individuals and 
corporations claiming foreign tax credits.

DATES: Effective Date: These regulations are effective on April 7, 
2011.
    Applicability Dates: For dates of applicability see Sec. Sec.  
1.904-2(i)(3), 1.904-4(n), 1.904-5(o)(3), 1.904-7(g)(6), and 1.904(f)-
12(h)(6).

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jeffrey L. Parry, (202) 622-3850 (not 
a toll-free number).

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

    On December 21, 2007, a notice of proposed rulemaking by cross-
reference to temporary regulations (REG-114126-07) under section 904 of 
the Code and temporary regulations (TD 9368) (the 2007 temporary 
regulations) were published in the Federal Register (72 FR 72645) and 
(72 FR 72582), respectively. Corrections to those temporary regulations 
were published on March 21, 2008, in the Federal Register (73 FR 
15063). No written comments were received. A public hearing was not 
requested and none was held. This Treasury decision adopts the proposed 
regulation with the changes discussed in this preamble.

Explanation of Changes in This Final Rule

I. Gain From the Sale of a Partnership Interest

    Section 954(c)(4), which was enacted by the AJCA, provides a look-
through rule for sales of 25-percent-owned partnerships. Because the 
definition of passive income in section 904(d)(2)(B) refers to section 
954(c), Sec.  1.904-5T(h)(3)(ii) of the 2007 temporary regulations 
provides that in the case of a sale of a partnership interest by a 25-
percent partner, under the principles of section 954(c)(4)(B) the 
income recognized on such sale is assigned to the separate category for 
general category income, to the extent that the gain would not be 
classified as foreign personal holding company income under the section 
954(c)(4) look-through rule. The rule has been revised to clarify that 
the look-through rule applies to a sale by any 25-percent owner of a 
partnership (and not just controlled foreign corporations that are 25-
percent partners). The language of this provision has also been revised 
to be more consistent with the language of the look-through rule as 
provided under section 954(c)(4).

II. Losses in and Losses With Respect to the Pre-2007 Separate Category 
for High Withholding Tax Interest

    Section 1.904(f)-12T(h) of the 2007 temporary regulations provides 
transition rules for recapture in a taxable year beginning after 
December 31, 2006 (post-2006 taxable year) of an overall foreign loss 
(OFL) or separate limitation loss (SLL) in a pre-2007 separate category 
(as defined in Sec.  1.904-7T(g)(ii)) that offset U.S. source income or 
income in another pre-2007 separate category, respectively. Section 
1.904(f)-12T(h)(3) provides that to the extent a taxpayer had an OFL or 
SLL at the end of the taxpayer's last pre-2007 taxable year in the pre-
2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest, the 
allocation of such OFL or SLL to the taxpayer's post-2006 separate 
categories follows the taxpayer's allocation of excess taxes in the 
high withholding tax interest loss category for section 904(c) 
carryover purposes. If there were no excess taxes in the loss category 
that carried over to post-2006 taxable years, an OFL or SLL in the pre-
2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest is allocated 
to the post-2006 separate category for passive category income. 
Similarly, Sec.  1.904(f)-12T(h)(3) provides that where a taxpayer had 
an SLL in a pre-2007 separate category that offset high withholding tax 
interest (that is, an SLL with respect to a pre-2007 separate category 
for high withholding tax interest), the SLL will be recaptured in 
subsequent taxable years pro rata as income in the post-2006 separate 
categories for general category income and passive category income 
based on how the taxpayer allocated excess taxes in the pre-2007 
separate category for high withholding tax interest. If no excess taxes 
in the pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest 
were carried over to post-2006 taxable years, the SLL will be 
recaptured in subsequent taxable years as income in the post-2006 
separate category for passive category income.
    A question was raised as to whether it was appropriate, in the case 
of a financial services entity that had a loss in, or a loss with 
respect to, a pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax 
interest, and no excess taxes in the loss category were carried over to 
post-2006 taxable years, that the loss be allocated to the post-2006 
separate category for passive category income (in the case of a loss in 
the pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest) or 
that the loss be recaptured in subsequent taxable years as income in 
the post-2006 separate category for passive category income (in the 
case of a loss with respect to a pre-2007 separate category for high 
withholding tax interest).
    Section 904(d)(2)(C)(i), as amended by the AJCA, provides that 
financial services income is treated as general category income in the 
case of a member of a financial services group and any other person 
predominantly engaged in the active conduct of a banking, insurance, 
financing or similar business (a financial services entity). Financial 
services income includes passive income that is received or accrued by 
any person predominantly engaged in the active conduct of a banking, 
insurance, financing, or similar business, but does not include 
specified passive category income. See section 904(d)(2)(D)(i)(II). 
Accordingly, in post-2006 taxable years, income that otherwise would be 
treated as passive income (and assigned to the separate category for 
passive category income) will instead be treated as general category 
income in the case of a financial services entity.
    The IRS and the Treasury Department believe that, in the case of a 
financial

[[Page 19269]]

services entity, the appropriate treatment of a loss in, or a loss with 
respect to, a pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax 
interest, where no excess taxes in the loss category were carried over 
to post-2006 taxable years, is to allocate the loss to the post-2006 
separate category for general category income or to recapture the loss 
in subsequent years as general category income, as the case may be. 
Accordingly, the regulations have been revised to provide that if a 
financial services entity allocated under Sec.  1.904(f)-12T(h)(3) an 
OFL or SLL at the end of its last pre-2007 taxable year in the pre-2007 
separate category for high withholding tax interest to the post-2006 
separate category for passive category income, and no excess taxes in 
the loss category were carried over to post-2007 taxable years, the 
amount of any such loss that has not yet been recaptured will be 
allocated to the post-2006 separate category for general category 
income. Similarly, if a financial services entity allocated under Sec.  
1.904(f)-12T(h)(3) at the end of its last pre-2007 taxable year an SLL 
with respect to a pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax 
interest, and no excess taxes in the separate category for high 
withholding tax interest were carried over to post-2007 taxable years 
(that is, the SLL would be subject to recapture as passive category 
income), the amount of any such SLL that has not yet been recaptured 
will be recaptured in subsequent taxable years as general category 
income. The regulations have also been revised to clarify that, in the 
case of a financial services entity, to the extent an SLL in the post-
2006 separate category for general category income is recaptured as 
income in the post-2006 separate category for passive category income, 
the amount that would otherwise be recaptured as passive income (as 
opposed to specified passive category income) will be recaptured as 
general category income.

III. Section 952(c) Recapture Accounts

    Section 1.904-7(g)(3) of the final regulations clarifies that 
section 952(c)(2) recapture accounts maintained by a controlled foreign 
corporation with respect to subpart F income in a separate category 
that was subject to the earnings and profits limitation of section 
952(c)(1)(A) are allocated to separate categories in the same manner as 
the associated post-1986 undistributed earnings.

IV. Safe Harbors

    The 2007 temporary regulations provide several safe harbors that a 
taxpayer may apply in lieu of generally applicable rules. Section 
1.904-2T(i)(1)(ii) provides a safe harbor for the carryover of unused 
foreign taxes in a pre-2007 separate category to a post-2006 separate 
category; Sec.  1.904-2T(i)(2)(ii) provides a safe harbor for the 
carryback of unused foreign taxes in a post-2006 separate category to a 
pre-2007 separate category; Sec.  1.904-7T(g)(3)(ii) provides safe 
harbors for allocating pools of post-1986 undistributed earnings and 
post-1986 foreign income taxes in the pre-2007 separate categories of 
controlled foreign corporations and noncontrolled section 902 
corporations to the post-2006 separate categories; and Sec.  1.904(f)-
12T(h)(5) provides an alternative method for determining the recapture 
in post-2006 taxable years of separate limitation losses and overall 
foreign losses incurred in pre-2007 taxable years.
    A question was raised as to how a safe harbor method election is to 
be made and the time frame for making the election. The final 
regulations provide that taxpayers may choose to use a safe harbor 
method on a timely filed (original or amended) tax return or during 
audit. If a taxpayer chooses to use the safe harbor method on an 
amended return or in the course of an audit, the taxpayer must make 
appropriate adjustments to eliminate any double benefit arising from 
application of the safe harbor method to years that are not open for 
assessment. A taxpayer's choice to use the safe harbor method is 
evidenced by simply employing the method in determining its foreign tax 
credit limitation. No separate statement need be filed.

V. Effective/Applicability Dates

    The effective/applicability dates are the same as those in the 
proposed and temporary regulations with minor clarifying changes.

Special Analyses

    It has been determined that this notice of proposed rulemaking is 
not a significant regulatory action as defined in Executive Order 
12866. Therefore, a regulatory assessment is not required. It has also 
been determined that section 553(b) of the Administrative Procedure Act 
(5 U.S.C. chapter 5) does not apply to these regulations, and because 
the regulations do not impose a collection of information on small 
entities, the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 6) does not 
apply.

Drafting Information

    The principal author of these regulations is Jeffrey L. Parry of 
the Office of Chief Counsel (International). However, other personnel 
from the Treasury Department and the IRS participated in their 
development.

List of Subjects in 26 CFR Part 1

    Income taxes, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

Adoption of Amendments to the Regulations

    Accordingly, 26 CFR part 1 is amended as follows:

PART 1--INCOME TAXES

0
Paragraph 1. The authority citation for part 1 continues to read in 
part as follows:

    Authority:  26 U.S.C. 7805 * * *


0
Par. 2. Section 1.904-0 is amended by adding entries for Sec. Sec.  
1.904-2(i), 1.904-4(a), (b), (h)(3), and (l), 1.904-5(h)(3) and (o)(3), 
and1.904-7(g) to read as follows:


Sec.  1.904-0  Outline of regulation provisions for section 904.

* * * * *


Sec.  1.904-2  Carryback and carryover of unused foreign tax.

* * * * *
    (i) Transition rules for carryovers and carrybacks of pre-2007 and 
post-2006 unused foreign tax.
    (1) Carryover of unused foreign tax.
    (i) General rule.
    (ii) Safe harbor.
    (2) Carryback of unused foreign tax.
    (i) General rule.
    (ii) Safe harbor.
    (3) Effective/applicability date.
* * * * *


Sec.  1.904-4  Separate application of section 904 with respect to 
certain categories of income.

    (a) In general.
    (b) Passive category income.
    (1) In general.
    (2) Passive income.
    (i) In general.
    (ii) Exceptions.
    (iii) Active rents or royalties.
    (A) In general.
    (B) Active conduct of trade or business.
    (iv) Examples.
    (3) Specified passive category income.
* * * * *
    (h) * * *
    (3) Exception.
* * * * *
    (l) Priority rule.
* * * * *


Sec.  1.904-5  Look-through rules as applied to controlled foreign 
corporations and other entities.

* * * * *

[[Page 19270]]

    (h) * * *
    (3) Income from the sale of a partnership interest.
    (i) In general.
    (ii) Exception for sale by 25-percent owner.
* * * * *
    (o) * * *
    (3) Rules for income from the sale of a partnership interest.


Sec.  1.904-7  Transition rules.

* * * * *
    (g) Treatment of earnings and foreign taxes of a controlled foreign 
corporation or a noncontrolled section 902 corporation accumulated in 
taxable years beginning before January 1, 2007.
    (1) Definitions.
    (i) Pre-2007 pools.
    (ii) Pre-2007 separate categories.
    (iii) Post-2006 separate categories.
    (2) Treatment of pre-2007 pools of a controlled foreign corporation 
or a noncontrolled section 902 corporation.
    (3) Substantiation of post-2006 character of earnings and taxes in 
a pre-2007 pool.
    (i) Reconstruction of earnings and taxes pools.
    (ii) Safe harbor method.
    (A) In general.
    (B) General safe harbor method.
    (C) Interest apportionment safe harbor.
    (iii) Consistency rule.
    (4) Treatment of pre-1987 accumulated profits.
    (5) Treatment of earnings and foreign taxes in pre-2007 pools of a 
lower-tier controlled foreign corporation or noncontrolled section 902 
corporation.
    (6) Effective/applicability date.

0
Par. 3. Section 1.904-2(i) is revised to read as follows:


Sec.  1.904-2  Carryback and carryover of unused foreign tax.

* * * * *
    (i) Transition rules for carryovers and carrybacks of pre-2007 and 
post-2006 unused foreign tax--(1) Carryover of unused foreign tax--(i) 
General rule. For purposes of this paragraph (i), the terms post-2006 
separate category and pre-2007 separate category have the meanings set 
forth in Sec.  1.904-7(g)(1)(ii) and (iii). The rules of this paragraph 
(i)(1) apply to reallocate to the taxpayer's post-2006 separate 
categories for general category income and passive category income any 
unused foreign taxes (as defined in Sec.  1.904-2(b)(2)) that were paid 
or accrued or deemed paid under section 902 with respect to income in a 
pre-2007 separate category (other than a category described in Sec.  
1.904-4(m)). To the extent any such unused foreign taxes are carried 
forward to a taxable year beginning after December 31, 2006, such taxes 
shall be allocated to the taxpayer's post-2006 separate categories to 
which those taxes would have been allocated if the taxes were paid or 
accrued in a taxable year beginning after December 31, 2006. For 
example, any foreign taxes paid or accrued or deemed paid with respect 
to financial services income in a taxable year beginning before January 
1, 2007, that are carried forward to a taxable year beginning after 
December 31, 2006, will be allocated to the general category because 
the financial services income to which those taxes relate would have 
been allocated to the general category if it had been earned in a 
taxable year beginning after December 31, 2006.
    (ii) Safe harbor. In lieu of applying the rules of paragraph 
(i)(1)(i) of this section, a taxpayer may allocate all unused foreign 
taxes in the pre-2007 separate category for passive income to the post-
2006 separate category for passive category income, and allocate all 
other unused foreign taxes described in paragraph (i)(1)(i) of this 
section to the post-2006 separate category for general category income. 
A taxpayer may choose to use the safe harbor method on a timely filed 
(original or amended) tax return or during an audit. A taxpayer that 
uses the safe harbor method on an amended return or in the course of an 
audit must make appropriate adjustments to eliminate any double benefit 
arising from application of the safe harbor method to years that are 
not open for assessment. A taxpayer's choice to use the safe harbor 
method is evidenced by employing the method. The taxpayer need not file 
any separate statement.
    (2) Carryback of unused foreign tax--(i) General rule. The rules of 
this paragraph (i)(2) apply to any unused foreign taxes that were paid 
or accrued or deemed paid under section 902 with respect to income in a 
post-2006 separate category (other than a category described in Sec.  
1.904-4(m)). To the extent any such unused foreign taxes are carried 
back to a taxable year beginning before January 1, 2007, a credit for 
such taxes shall be allowed only to the extent of the excess limitation 
in the pre-2007 separate category, or categories, to which the taxes 
would have been allocated if the taxes were paid or accrued in a 
taxable year beginning before January 1, 2007. For example, any foreign 
taxes paid or accrued or deemed paid with respect to income in the 
general category in a taxable year beginning after December 31, 2006, 
that are carried back to a taxable year beginning before January 1, 
2007, will be allocated to the same separate categories to which the 
income would have been allocated if such income had been earned in a 
taxable year beginning before January 1, 2007.
    (ii) Safe harbor. In lieu of applying the rules of paragraph 
(i)(2)(i) of this section, a taxpayer may allocate all unused foreign 
taxes in the post-2006 separate category for passive category income to 
the pre-2007 separate category for passive income, and may allocate all 
other unused foreign taxes described in paragraph (i)(2)(i) of this 
section to the pre-2007 separate category for general limitation 
income. A taxpayer may choose to use the safe harbor method on a timely 
filed (original or amended) tax return or during an audit. A taxpayer 
that uses the safe harbor method on an amended return or in the course 
of an audit must make appropriate adjustments to eliminate any double 
benefit arising from application of the safe harbor method to years 
that are not open for assessment. A taxpayer's choice to use the safe 
harbor method is evidenced by employing the method. The taxpayer need 
not file any separate statement.
    (3) Effective/applicability date. This paragraph (i) applies to 
taxable years beginning after December 31, 2006 and ending on or after 
December 21, 2007.


Sec.  1.904-2T  [Removed].

0
Par. 4. Section 1.904-2T is removed.
0
Par. 5. In Sec.  1.904-4, paragraphs (a), (b), (h)(3), and (l) are 
revised, paragraphs (f) and (g) are removed and reserved, and a new 
sentence is added immediately after the heading of paragraph (n) to 
read as follows:


Sec.  1.904-4  Separate application of section 904 with respect to 
certain categories of income.

    (a) In general. A taxpayer is required to compute a separate 
foreign tax credit limitation for income received or accrued in a 
taxable year that is described in section 904(d)(1)(A) (passive 
category income), 904(d)(1)(B) (general category income), or Sec.  
1.904-4(m) (additional separate categories).
    (b) Passive category income--(1) In general. The term passive 
category income means passive income and specified passive category 
income.
    (2) Passive income--(i) In general. The term passive income means 
any--
    (A) Income received or accrued by any person that is of a kind that 
would be foreign personal holding company income (as defined in section 
954(c)) if the taxpayer were a controlled foreign corporation, 
including any amount of gain on the sale or exchange of stock in excess 
of the amount treated as a dividend under section 1248; or

[[Page 19271]]

    (B) Amount includible in gross income under section 1293.
    (ii) Exceptions. Passive income does not include any export 
financing interest (as defined in section 904(d)(2)(G) and paragraph 
(h) of this section), any high-taxed income (as defined in section 
904(d)(2)(F) and paragraph (c) of this section), or any active rents 
and royalties (as defined in paragraph (b)(2)(iii) of this section). In 
addition, passive income does not include any income that would 
otherwise be passive but is characterized as income in another separate 
category under the look-through rules of section 904(d)(3), (d)(4), and 
(d)(6)(C) and the regulations under those provisions. In determining 
whether any income is of a kind that would be foreign personal holding 
company income, the rules of section 864(d)(5)(A)(i) and (6) (treating 
related person factoring income of a controlled foreign corporation as 
foreign personal holding company income that is not eligible for the 
export financing income exception to the separate limitation for 
passive income) shall apply only in the case of income of a controlled 
foreign corporation (as defined in section 957). Thus, income earned 
directly by a United States person that is related person factoring 
income may be eligible for the exception for export financing interest.
    (iii) Active rents or royalties--(A) In general. For rents and 
royalties paid or accrued after September 20, 2004, passive income does 
not include any rents or royalties that are derived in the active 
conduct of a trade or business, regardless of whether such rents or 
royalties are received from a related or an unrelated person. Except as 
provided in paragraph (b)(2)(iii)(B) of this section, the principles of 
section 954(c)(2)(A) and the regulations under that section shall apply 
in determining whether rents or royalties are derived in the active 
conduct of a trade or business. For this purpose, the term taxpayer 
shall be substituted for the term controlled foreign corporation if the 
recipient of the rents or royalties is not a controlled foreign 
corporation.
    (B) Active conduct of trade or business. Rents and royalties are 
considered derived in the active conduct of a trade or business by a 
United States person or by a controlled foreign corporation (or other 
entity to which the look-through rules apply) for purposes of section 
904 (but not for purposes of section 954) if the requirements of 
section 954(c)(2)(A) are satisfied by one or more corporations that are 
members of an affiliated group of corporations (within the meaning of 
section 1504(a), determined without regard to section 1504(b)(3)) of 
which the recipient is a member. For purposes of this paragraph 
(b)(2)(iii)(B), an affiliated group includes only domestic corporations 
and foreign corporations that are controlled foreign corporations in 
which domestic members of the affiliated group own, directly or 
indirectly, at least 80 percent of the total voting power and value of 
the stock. For purposes of this paragraph (b)(2)(iii)(B), indirect 
ownership shall be determined under section 318 and the regulations 
under that section.
    (iv) Examples. The following examples illustrate the application of 
paragraph (b)(2) of this section.

    Example 1.  P is a domestic corporation with a branch in foreign 
country X. P does not have any financial services income. For 2008, 
P has a net foreign currency gain that would not constitute foreign 
personal holding company income if P were a controlled foreign 
corporation because the gain is directly related to the business 
needs of P. The currency gain is, therefore, general category income 
to P because it is not income of a kind that would be foreign 
personal holding company income.
    Example 2.  Controlled foreign corporation S is a wholly-owned 
subsidiary of P, a domestic corporation. S is regularly engaged in 
the restaurant franchise business. P licenses trademarks, 
tradenames, certain know-how, related services, and certain 
restaurant designs for which S pays P an arm's length royalty. P is 
regularly engaged in the development and licensing of such property. 
The royalties received by P for the use of its property are 
allocable under the look-through rules of Sec.  1.904-5 to the 
royalties S receives from the franchisees. Some of the franchisees 
are unrelated to S and P. Other franchisees are related to S or P 
and use the licensed property outside of S's country of 
incorporation. S does not satisfy, but P does satisfy, the active 
trade or business requirements of section 954(c)(2)(A) and the 
regulations under that section. The royalty income earned by S with 
regard to both its related and unrelated franchisees is foreign 
personal holding company income because S does not satisfy the 
active trade or business requirements of section 954(c)(2)(A) and, 
in addition, the royalty income from the related franchisees does 
not qualify for the same country exception of section 954(c)(3). 
However, all of the royalty income earned by S is general category 
income to S under Sec.  1.904-4(b)(2)(iii) because P, a member of 
S's affiliated group (as defined therein), satisfies the active 
trade or business test (which is applied without regard to whether 
the royalties are paid by a related person). S's royalty income that 
is taxable to P under subpart F and the royalties paid to P are 
general category income to P under the look-through rules of Sec.  
1.904-5(c)(1)(i) and (c)(3), respectively.

    (3) Specified passive category income means--
    (i) Dividends from a DISC or former DISC (as defined in section 
992(a)) to the extent such dividends are treated as income from sources 
without the United States;
    (ii) Taxable income attributable to foreign trade income (within 
the meaning of section 923(b)); or
    (iii) Distributions from a FSC (or a former FSC) out of earnings 
and profits attributable to foreign trade income (within the meaning of 
section 923(b)) or interest or carrying charges (as defined in section 
927(d)(1)) derived from a transaction which results in foreign trade 
income (as defined in section 923(b)).
* * * * *
    (f) [Reserved].
    (g) [Reserved].
    (h) * * *
    (3) Exception. Unless it is received or accrued by a financial 
services entity, export financing interest shall be treated as passive 
category income if that income is also related person factoring income. 
For this purpose, related person factoring income is--
    (i) Income received or accrued by a controlled foreign corporation 
that is income described in section 864(d)(6) (income of a controlled 
foreign corporation from a loan for the purpose of financing the 
purchase of inventory property of a related person); or
    (ii) Income received or accrued by any person that is income 
described in section 864(d)(1) (income from a trade receivable acquired 
from a related person).
* * * * *
    (l) Priority rule. Income that meets the definitions of a separate 
category described in paragraph (m) of this section and another 
category of income described in section 904(d)(2)(A)(i) and (ii) will 
be subject to the separate limitation described in paragraph (m) of 
this section and will not be treated as general category income 
described in section 904(d)(2)(A)(ii).
* * * * *
    (n) * * * Paragraphs (a), (b), (h)(3), and (l) of this section 
shall apply to taxable years of United States persons and, for purposes 
of section 906, foreign persons beginning after December 31, 2006 and 
ending on or after December 21, 2007, and to taxable years of a foreign 
corporation which end with or within taxable years of its domestic 
corporate shareholder beginning after December 31, 2006 and ending on 
or after December 21, 2007. * * *


Sec.  1.904-4T  [Removed].

0
Par. 6. Section 1.904-4T is removed.
0
Par. 7. In Sec.  1.904-5, paragraphs (h)(3) and (o)(3) are revised to 
read as follows:

[[Page 19272]]

Sec.  1.904-5  Look-through rules as applied to controlled foreign 
corporations and other entities.

* * * * *
    (h) * * *
    (3) Income from the sale of a partnership interest--(i) In general. 
To the extent a partner recognizes gain on the sale of a partnership 
interest, that income shall be treated as passive category income to 
the partner, unless the income is considered to be high-taxed under 
section 904(d)(2)(B)(iii)(II) and Sec.  1.904-4(c).
    (ii) Exception for sale by 25-percent owner. In the case of a sale 
of an interest in a partnership by a partner that is a 25-percent owner 
of the partnership, determined by applying section 954(c)(4)(B) and 
substituting ``controlled foreign corporation'' with ``partner'' every 
place it appears, for purposes of determining the separate category to 
which the income recognized on the sale of the partnership interest is 
assigned such partner shall be treated as selling the proportionate 
share of the assets of the partnership attributable to such interest.
* * * * *
    (o) * * *
    (3) Rules for income from the sale of a partnership interest. 
Paragraph (h)(3) of this section shall apply to taxable years of United 
States persons and, for purposes of section 906, foreign persons 
beginning after December 31, 2006 and ending on or after December 21, 
2007, and to taxable years of a foreign corporation which end with or 
within taxable years of its domestic corporate shareholder beginning 
after December 31, 2006 and ending on or after December 21, 2007.


Sec.  1.904-5T  [Removed].

0
Par. 8. Section 1.904-5T is removed.
0
Par. 9. Section 1.904-7, paragraph (g) is revised to read as follows:


Sec.  1.904-7  Transition rules.

* * * * *
    (g) Treatment of earnings and foreign taxes of a controlled foreign 
corporation or a noncontrolled section 902 corporation accumulated in 
taxable years beginning before January 1, 2007--(1) Definitions--(i) 
Pre-2007 pools means the pools in each separate category of post-1986 
undistributed earnings (as defined in Sec.  1.902-1(a)(9)) that were 
accumulated, and post-1986 foreign income taxes (as defined in Sec.  
1.902-1(a)(8)) paid, accrued, or deemed paid, in taxable years 
beginning before January 1, 2007.
    (ii) Pre-2007 separate categories means the separate categories of 
income described in section 904(d) as applicable to taxable years 
beginning before January 1, 2007, and any other separate category of 
income described in Sec.  1.904-4(m).
    (iii) Post-2006 separate categories means the separate categories 
of income described in section 904(d) as applicable to taxable years 
beginning after December 31, 2006, and any other separate category of 
income described in Sec.  1.904-4(m).
    (2) Treatment of pre-2007 pools of a controlled foreign corporation 
or a noncontrolled section 902 corporation. Any post-1986 undistributed 
earnings in a pre-2007 pool of a controlled foreign corporation or a 
noncontrolled section 902 corporation shall be treated in taxable years 
beginning after December 31, 2006, as if they were accumulated during a 
period in which the rules governing the determination of post-2006 
separate categories applied. Post-1986 foreign income taxes paid, 
accrued, or deemed paid with respect to such earnings shall be treated 
as if they were paid, accrued, or deemed paid during a period in which 
the rules governing the determination of post-2006 separate categories 
(including the rules of section 904(d)(3)(E)) applied as well. Any such 
earnings and taxes in pre-2007 pools shall constitute the opening 
balance of the foreign corporation's post-1986 undistributed earnings 
and post-1986 foreign income taxes on the first day of the foreign 
corporation's first taxable year beginning after December 31, 2006, in 
accordance with the rules of paragraph (g)(3) of this section. Similar 
rules shall apply to characterize any deficits in the pre-2007 pools 
and previously-taxed earnings and profits described in section 
959(c)(1) and (2) that are attributable to earnings in the pre-2007 
pools. Any section 952(c)(2) recapture account with respect to a 
separate category shall be allocated in the same manner as the post-
1986 undistributed earnings in the associated pre-2007 pool.
    (3) Substantiation of post-2006 character of earnings and taxes in 
a pre-2007 pool--(i) Reconstruction of earnings and taxes pools. In 
order to substantiate the post-2006 characterization of post-1986 
undistributed earnings (as well as deficits and previously-taxed 
earnings, if any) and post-1986 foreign income taxes in pre-2007 pools 
of a controlled foreign corporation or a noncontrolled section 902 
corporation, the taxpayer shall make a reasonable, good-faith effort to 
reconstruct the pre-2007 pools of post-1986 undistributed earnings (as 
well as deficits and previously-taxed earnings, if any) and post-1986 
foreign income taxes following the rules governing the determination of 
post-2006 separate categories for each taxable year beginning before 
January 1, 2007, beginning with the first year in which post-1986 
undistributed earnings were accumulated in the pre-2007 pool. 
Reconstruction shall be based on reasonably available books and records 
and other relevant information. To the extent any pre-2007 separate 
category includes earnings that would be allocated to more than one 
post-2006 separate category, the taxpayer must account for earnings 
distributed and taxes deemed paid in these years for such category as 
if they were distributed and deemed paid pro rata from the amounts that 
were added to that category during each taxable year beginning before 
January 1, 2007.
    (ii) Safe harbor method--(A) In general. Subject to the rules of 
paragraph (g)(3)(iii) of this section, a taxpayer may allocate the 
post-1986 undistributed earnings and post-1986 foreign income taxes in 
pre-2007 pools of a controlled foreign corporation or a noncontrolled 
section 902 corporation (as well as deficits and previously-taxed 
earnings, if any) under one of the safe harbor methods described in 
paragraphs (g)(3)(ii)(B) and (g)(3)(ii)(C) of this section. A taxpayer 
may choose to use the safe harbor method on a timely filed (original or 
amended) tax return or during an audit. A taxpayer that uses the safe 
harbor method on an amended return or in the course of an audit must 
make appropriate adjustments to eliminate any double benefit arising 
from application of the safe harbor method to years that are not open 
for assessment. A taxpayer's choice to use the safe harbor method is 
evidenced by employing the method. The taxpayer need not file any 
separate statement.
    (B) General safe harbor method--(1) Any post-1986 undistributed 
earnings (as well as deficits and previously-taxed earnings, if any) 
and post-1986 foreign income taxes of a noncontrolled section 902 
corporation or a controlled foreign corporation in a pre-2007 separate 
category for passive income, certain dividends from a DISC or former 
DISC, taxable income attributable to certain foreign trade income, or 
certain distributions from a FSC or former FSC shall be allocated to 
the post-2006 separate category for passive category income.
    (2) Any post-1986 undistributed earnings (as well as deficits and 
previously-taxed earnings, if any) and post-1986 foreign income taxes 
of a noncontrolled section 902 corporation or a controlled foreign 
corporation in a pre-2007 separate category for financial services 
income, shipping income or

[[Page 19273]]

general limitation income shall be allocated to the post-2006 separate 
category for general category income.
    (3) Except as provided in paragraph (g)(3)(ii)(B)(4) of this 
section, any post-1986 undistributed earnings (as well as deficits and 
previously-taxed earnings, if any) and post-1986 foreign income taxes 
of a noncontrolled section 902 corporation or a controlled foreign 
corporation in a pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax 
interest shall be allocated to the post-2006 separate category for 
passive category income.
    (4) If a controlled foreign corporation has positive post-1986 
undistributed earnings and post-1986 foreign income taxes in a pre-2007 
separate category for high withholding tax interest, such earnings and 
taxes shall be allocated to the post-2006 separate category for general 
category income if the earnings would qualify as income subject to high 
foreign taxes under section 954(b)(4) if the entire amount of post-1986 
undistributed earnings were treated as a net item of income subject to 
the rules of Sec.  1.954-1(d). If the high withholding tax interest 
earnings would not qualify as income subject to high foreign taxes 
under section 954(b)(4), then the earnings and taxes shall be allocated 
to the post-2006 separate category for passive category income.
    (C) Interest apportionment safe harbor. A taxpayer may allocate the 
post-1986 undistributed earnings (as well as deficits and previously-
taxed earnings, if any) and post-1986 foreign income taxes in pre-2007 
pools of a controlled foreign corporation or a noncontrolled section 
902 corporation following the principles of paragraph (f)(4)(ii) of 
this section.
    (iii) Consistency rule. The election to apply a safe harbor method 
under paragraph (g)(3)(ii) of this section in lieu of the rules 
described in paragraph (g)(3)(i) of this section may be made on a 
separate category by separate category basis. However, if a taxpayer 
elects to apply a safe harbor to allocate pre-2007 pools of more than 
one pre-2007 separate category of a controlled foreign corporation or a 
noncontrolled section 902 corporation, such safe harbor (the general 
safe harbor described in paragraph (g)(3)(ii)(B) of this section or the 
interest apportionment safe harbor described in paragraph (g)(3)(ii)(C) 
of this section) shall apply to allocate post-1986 undistributed 
earnings (as well as deficits and previously-taxed earnings, if any) 
and post-1986 foreign income taxes for the pre-2007 pools in each pre-
2007 separate category of the foreign corporation for which the 
taxpayer elected to apply a safe harbor method in lieu of 
reconstructing the pre-2007 pools.
    (4) Treatment of pre-1987 accumulated profits. Any pre-1987 
accumulated profits (as defined in Sec.  1.902-1(a)(10)) of a 
noncontrolled section 902 corporation or a controlled foreign 
corporation shall be treated in taxable years beginning after December 
31, 2006, as if they had been accumulated during a period in which the 
rules governing the determination of post-2006 separate categories 
applied. Foreign income taxes paid, accrued, or deemed paid with 
respect to such earnings shall be treated as if they were paid, 
accrued, or deemed paid during a period in which the rules governing 
the determination of post-2006 separate categories applied as well. The 
taxpayer must substantiate the post-2006 characterization of the pre-
1987 accumulated profits and pre-1987 foreign income taxes in 
accordance with the rules of paragraph (g)(3) of this section, 
including the safe harbor provisions. Similar rules shall apply to 
characterize any deficits or previously-taxed earnings and profits 
described in section 959(c)(1) and (2) that are attributable to pre-
1987 accumulated profits.
    (5) Treatment of earnings and foreign taxes in pre-2007 pools of a 
lower-tier controlled foreign corporation or noncontrolled section 902 
corporation. The rules of paragraphs (g)(1) through (4) of this section 
apply to post-1986 undistributed earnings (as well as deficits and 
previously-taxed earnings, if any) and post-1986 foreign income taxes 
in pre-2007 pools, and pre-1987 accumulated profits and pre-1987 
foreign income taxes, of a lower-tier controlled foreign corporation or 
noncontrolled section 902 corporation.
    (6) Effective/applicability date. This paragraph (g) shall apply to 
taxable years of United States persons and, for purposes of section 
906, foreign persons beginning after December 31, 2006 and ending on or 
after December 21, 2007, and to taxable years of a foreign corporation 
which end with or within taxable years of its domestic corporate 
shareholder beginning after December 31, 2006 and ending on or after 
December 21, 2007.


Sec.  1.904-7T  [Removed].

0
Par. 10. Section 1.904-7T is removed.

0
Par. 11. Section 1.904(f)-0 is amended by adding an entry for Sec.  
1.904(f)-12(h) to read as follows:


Sec.  1.904(f)-0  Outline of regulation provisions.

* * * * *


Sec.  1.904(f)-12  Transition rules.

* * * * *
    (h) Recapture in years beginning after December 31, 2006, of 
separate limitation losses and overall foreign losses incurred in years 
beginning before January 1, 2007.
    (1) Losses related to pre-2007 separate categories for passive 
income, certain dividends from a DISC or former DISC, taxable income 
attributable to certain foreign trade income or certain distributions 
from a FSC or former FSC.
    (i) Recapture of separate limitation loss or overall foreign loss 
incurred in a pre-2007 separate category for passive income, certain 
dividends from a DISC or former DISC, taxable income attributable to 
certain foreign trade income or certain distributions from a FSC or 
former FSC.
    (ii) Recapture of separate limitation loss with respect to a pre-
2007 separate category for passive income, certain dividends from a 
DISC or former DISC, taxable income attributable to certain foreign 
trade income or certain distributions from a FSC or former FSC.
    (2) Losses related to pre-2007 separate categories for shipping, 
financial services income or general limitation income.
    (i) Recapture of separate limitation loss or overall foreign loss 
incurred in a pre-2007 separate category for shipping income, financial 
services income or general limitation income.
    (ii) Recapture of separate limitation loss with respect to a pre-
2007 separate category for shipping income, financial services income 
or general limitation income.
    (3) Losses related to a pre-2007 separate category for high 
withholding tax interest.
    (i) Recapture of separate limitation loss or overall foreign loss 
incurred in a pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax 
interest.
    (ii) Recapture of separate limitation loss with respect to a pre-
2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest.
    (4) Elimination of certain separate limitation loss accounts.
    (5) Alternative method.
    (6) Effective/applicability date.
    Par. 12. Section 1.904(f)-12(h) is revised to read as follows:


Sec.  1.904(f)-12  Transition rules.

* * * * *
    (h) Recapture in years beginning after December 31, 2006, of 
separate limitation losses and overall foreign losses incurred in years 
beginning before January 1, 2007--(1) Losses related to pre-2007 
separate categories for passive income, certain dividends

[[Page 19274]]

from a DISC or former DISC, taxable income attributable to certain 
foreign trade income or certain distributions from a FSC or former 
FSC--(i) Recapture of separate limitation loss or overall foreign loss 
incurred in a pre-2007 separate category for passive income, certain 
dividends from a DISC or former DISC, taxable income attributable to 
certain foreign trade income or certain distributions from a FSC or 
former FSC. To the extent that a taxpayer has a balance in any separate 
limitation loss or overall foreign loss account in a pre-2007 separate 
category (as defined in Sec.  1.904-7(g)(1)(ii)) for passive income, 
certain dividends from a DISC or former DISC, taxable income 
attributable to certain foreign trade income or certain distributions 
from a FSC or former FSC, at the end of the taxpayer's last taxable 
year beginning before January 1, 2007, the amount of such balance, or 
balances, shall be allocated on the first day of the taxpayer's next 
taxable year to the taxpayer's post-2006 separate category (as defined 
in Sec.  1.904-7(g)(1)(iii)) for passive category income.
    (ii) Recapture of separate limitation loss with respect to a pre-
2007 separate category for passive income, certain dividends from a 
DISC or former DISC, taxable income attributable to certain foreign 
trade income or certain distributions from a FSC or former FSC. To the 
extent that a taxpayer has a balance in any separate limitation loss 
account in any pre-2007 separate category with respect to a pre-2007 
separate category for passive income, certain dividends from a DISC or 
former DISC, taxable income attributable to certain foreign trade 
income or certain distributions from a FSC or former FSC at the end of 
the taxpayer's last taxable year beginning before January 1, 2007, such 
loss shall be recaptured in subsequent taxable years as income in the 
post-2006 separate category for passive category income.
    (2) Losses related to pre-2007 separate categories for shipping, 
financial services income or general limitation income--(i) Recapture 
of separate limitation loss or overall foreign loss incurred in a pre-
2007 separate category for shipping income, financial services income 
or general limitation income. To the extent that a taxpayer has a 
balance in any separate limitation loss or overall foreign loss account 
in a pre-2007 separate category for shipping income, financial services 
income or general limitation income at the end of the taxpayer's last 
taxable year beginning before January 1, 2007, the amount of such 
balance, or balances, shall be allocated on the first day of the 
taxpayer's next taxable year to the taxpayer's post-2006 separate 
category for general category income.
    (ii) Recapture of separate limitation loss with respect to a pre-
2007 separate category for shipping income, financial services income 
or general limitation income. To the extent that a taxpayer has a 
balance in any separate limitation loss account in any pre-2007 
separate category with respect to a pre-2007 separate category for 
shipping income, financial services income or general limitation income 
at the end of the taxpayer's last taxable year beginning before January 
1, 2007, such loss shall be recaptured in subsequent taxable years as 
income in the post-2006 separate category for general category income.
    (3) Losses related to a pre-2007 separate category for high 
withholding tax interest--(i) Recapture of separate limitation loss or 
overall foreign loss incurred in a pre-2007 separate category for high 
withholding tax interest. To the extent that a taxpayer has a balance 
in any separate limitation loss or overall foreign loss account in a 
pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest at the end 
of the taxpayer's last taxable year beginning before January 1, 2007, 
the amount of such balance shall be allocated on the first day of the 
taxpayer's next taxable year on a pro rata basis to the taxpayer's 
post-2006 separate categories for general category and passive category 
income, based on the proportion in which any unused foreign taxes in 
the same pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest 
are allocated under Sec.  1.904-2(i)(1). If the taxpayer, other than a 
financial services entity as defined in Sec.  1.904-4(e)(3), has no 
unused foreign taxes in the pre-2007 separate category for high 
withholding tax interest, then any loss account balance in that 
category shall be allocated to the post-2006 separate category for 
passive category income. If the taxpayer is a financial services 
entity, as defined in Sec.  1.904-4(e)(3), and has no unused foreign 
taxes in the pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax 
interest, then any loss account balance in that category shall be 
allocated to the post-2006 separate category for general category 
income.
    (ii) Recapture of separate limitation loss with respect to a pre-
2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest. To the extent 
that a taxpayer has a balance in a separate limitation loss account in 
any pre-2007 separate category with respect to a pre-2007 separate 
category for high withholding tax interest at the end of the taxpayer's 
last taxable year beginning before January 1, 2007, such loss shall be 
recaptured in subsequent taxable years on a pro rata basis as income in 
the post-2006 separate categories for general category and passive 
category income, based on the proportion in which any unused foreign 
taxes in the pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax 
interest are allocated under Sec.  1.904-2(i)(1). If the taxpayer, 
other than a financial services entity as defined in Sec.  1.904-
4(e)(3), has no unused foreign taxes in the pre-2007 separate category 
for high withholding tax interest, then the loss account balance shall 
be recaptured in subsequent taxable years solely as income in the post-
2006 separate category for passive category income. If the taxpayer is 
a financial services entity, as defined in Sec.  1.904-4(e)(3), and has 
no unused foreign taxes in the pre-2007 separate category for high 
withholding tax interest, then the loss account balance shall be 
recaptured in subsequent taxable years solely as income in the post-
2006 separate category for general category income.
    (4) Elimination of certain separate limitation loss accounts. After 
application of paragraphs (h)(1) through (h)(3) of this section, any 
separate limitation loss account allocated to the post-2006 separate 
category for passive category income for which income is to be 
recaptured as passive category income, as determined under those same 
provisions, shall be eliminated. Similarly, after application of 
paragraphs (h)(1) through (h)(3) of this section, any separate 
limitation loss account allocated to the post-2006 separate category 
for general category income for which income is to be recaptured as 
general category income, as determined under those same provisions, 
shall be eliminated.
    (5) Alternative method. In lieu of applying the rules of paragraphs 
(h)(1) through (h)(3) of this section, a taxpayer may apply the 
principles of paragraphs (g)(1) and (g)(2) of this section to determine 
recapture in taxable years beginning after December 31, 2006, of 
separate limitation losses and overall foreign losses incurred in 
taxable years beginning before January 1, 2007. A taxpayer may choose 
to use the alternative method on a timely filed (original or amended) 
tax return or during an audit. A taxpayer that uses the alternative 
method on an amended return or in the course of an audit must make 
appropriate adjustments to eliminate any double benefit arising from 
application of the alternative method to years that are not open for 
assessment. A taxpayer's choice to use the alternative method is 
evidenced by

[[Page 19275]]

employing the method. The taxpayer need not file any separate 
statement.
    (6) Effective/applicability date. This paragraph (h) shall apply to 
taxable years beginning after December 31, 2006, and ending on or after 
December 21, 2007. However, taxpayers may choose to apply 26 CFR 
1.904(f)-12T(h) as it appeared in the Code of Federal Regulations as of 
April 1, 2010, in lieu of this paragraph (h) to taxable years beginning 
after December 31, 2006 and ending on or after December 21, 2007, but 
ending before April 7, 2011 provided that appropriate adjustments are 
made to eliminate duplicate benefits arising from application of 26 CFR 
1.904(f)-12T(h) to taxable years that are not open for assessment. In 
addition, if a taxpayer that is a financial services entity (as defined 
in Sec.  1.904-4(e)(3)) chooses to apply 26 CFR 1.904(f)-12T(h) to 
taxable years ending before April 7, 2011, then as of the beginning of 
the taxpayer's first taxable year ending on or after April 7, 2011 any 
remaining balance in a passive category loss account that is 
attributable to a loss account in a pre-2007 separate category for high 
withholding tax interest shall be allocated to the general category or 
eliminated pursuant to Sec.  1.904(f)-12(h)(4), and any remaining 
balance in a separate limitation loss account with respect to passive 
category income that is attributable to a loss account with respect to 
a pre-2007 separate category for high withholding tax interest will be 
recaptured in such year and subsequent taxable years as general 
category income or eliminated pursuant to Sec.  1.904(f)-12(h)(4).


Sec.  1.904(f)-12T  [Removed].

0
Par. 13. Section 1.904(f)-12T is removed.

    Approved: March 29, 2011.
Steven T. Miller,
Deputy Commissioner for Services and Enforcement.
Michael Mundaca,
Assistant Secretary of the Treasury (Tax Policy).
[FR Doc. 2011-8229 Filed 4-6-11; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4830-01-P