Request for Public Comments To Compile the National Trade Estimate Report on Foreign Trade Barriers and Reports on Sanitary and Phytosanitary and Standards-Related Foreign Trade Barriers, 47675-47676 [2010-19447]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 151 / Friday, August 6, 2010 / Notices OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE Request for Public Comments To Compile the National Trade Estimate Report on Foreign Trade Barriers and Reports on Sanitary and Phytosanitary and Standards-Related Foreign Trade Barriers Office of the United States Trade Representative. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: Pursuant to section 181 of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended (19 U.S.C. 2241), the Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) is required to publish annually the National Trade Estimate Report on Foreign Trade Barriers (NTE). With this notice, the Trade Policy Staff Committee (TPSC) is requesting interested persons to submit comments to assist it in identifying significant barriers to U.S. exports of goods, services, and U.S. foreign direct investment for inclusion in the NTE. Once again, the TPSC is requesting that comments on standards-related measures and sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures that create barriers to U.S. exports be submitted separately from other NTE comments. This will assist USTR in updating two reports issued for the first time in 2010 highlighting SPS and standards-related measures that may be inconsistent with international trade agreements to which the United States is a party or that otherwise act as significant barriers to U.S. exports. These reports were published as the 2010 Report on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (2010 SPS Report) and the 2010 Report on Technical Barriers to Trade (2010 TBT Report) respectively. The TPSC invites written comments from the public on issues that USTR should examine in preparing the NTE and the reports on SPS and standards-related measures. DATES: Public comments are due not later than October 4, 2010. ADDRESSES: Submissions should be made via the Internet at www.regulations.gov under the following dockets (based on the subject matter of the submission): SPS Measures: USTR–2010–0020. Standards-Related Measures: USTR– 2010–0021. All Other Measures: USTR–2010– 0022. For alternatives to on-line submissions please contact Gloria Blue, Executive Secretary, Trade Policy Staff Committee, USTR (202–395–3475). The public is strongly encouraged to file sroberts on DSKD5P82C1PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:35 Aug 05, 2010 Jkt 220001 submissions electronically rather than by facsimile or mail. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Questions regarding the NTE or on submitting comments in response to this notice should be directed to Gloria Blue at (202) 395–3475. Questions regarding the SPS report or substantive questions concerning comments on SPS measures should be directed to Jane Doherty, Director of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Affairs, USTR (202–395–6127). Questions regarding the report on standards-related measures or substantive questions concerning comments on those measures should be directed to Jeff Weiss, Senior Director, Technical Barriers to Trade, USTR (202– 395–4498). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The NTE sets out an inventory of the most important foreign barriers affecting U.S. exports of goods and services, U.S. foreign direct investment, and protection of intellectual property rights. The inventory facilitates U.S. negotiations aimed at reducing or eliminating these barriers. The report also provides a valuable tool in enforcing U.S. trade laws and strengthening the rules-based trading system. The 2010 NTE, SPS, and TBT Reports may be found on USTR’s Internet Home Page (http:// www.ustr.gov) under the tab ‘‘Reports’’. To ensure compliance with the NTE’s statutory mandate and the Obama Administration’s commitment to focus on the most significant foreign trade barriers, USTR will be guided by the existence of active private sector interest in deciding which restrictions to include in the NTE and the reports on SPS and standards-related measures. Topics on which the TPSC Seeks Information: To assist USTR in preparing the NTE and the reports on SPS and standards-related measures, commenters should submit information related to one or more of the following categories of foreign trade barriers: (1) Import policies (e.g., tariffs and other import charges, quantitative restrictions, import licensing, and customs barriers); (2) SPS measures; (3) Standards-related measures (including standards, technical regulations, and conformity assessment procedures); (4) Government procurement restrictions (e.g., ‘‘buy national policies’’ and closed bidding); (5) Export subsidies (e.g., export financing on preferential terms and agricultural export subsidies that displace U.S. exports in third country markets); PO 00000 Frm 00153 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 47675 (6) Lack of intellectual property protection (e.g., inadequate patent, copyright, and trademark regimes); (7) Services barriers (e.g., limits on the range of financial services offered by foreign financial institutions, regulation of international data flows, restrictions on the use of data processing, quotas on imports of foreign films, and barriers to the provision of services by professionals); (8) Investment barriers (e.g., limitations on foreign equity participation and on access to foreign government-funded R&D consortia, local content, technology transfer and export performance requirements, and restrictions on repatriation of earnings, capital, fees, and royalties); (9) Government-tolerated anticompetitive conduct of state-owned or private firms that restricts the sale or purchase of U.S. goods or services in the foreign country’s markets; (10) Trade restrictions affecting electronic commerce (e.g., tariff and non-tariff measures, burdensome and discriminatory regulations and standards, and discriminatory taxation); and (11) Other barriers (e.g., barriers that encompass more than one category, such as bribery and corruption, or that affect a single sector). Reports on SPS and StandardsRelated Measures: On March 31, 2010, USTR published two new reports on foreign trade barriers—one on SPS measures and the other on standardsrelated measures. These reports serve as tools to bring greater attention and focus to resolving SPS and standards-related measures that may be inconsistent with international trade agreements to which the United States is a party or that otherwise act as significant foreign barriers to U.S. exports. USTR plans to use comments on SPS and standardsrelated measures (items 2 and 3 in the list above) submitted pursuant to this notice in producing these two reports. To help USTR identify SPS and standards-related measures to include in the reports, comments concerning those measures should be submitted separately from those addressing other foreign trade barriers. (See below). The following information describing SPS and standards-related measures may help commenters to file submissions on particular foreign trade barriers under the appropriate docket. SPS Measures: Generally, SPS measures are measures applied to protect the life or health of humans, animals, and plants from risks arising from additives, contaminants, pests, toxins, diseases, or disease-carrying and causing organisms. SPS measures can E:\FR\FM\06AUN1.SGM 06AUN1 sroberts on DSKD5P82C1PROD with NOTICES 47676 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 151 / Friday, August 6, 2010 / Notices take such forms as specific product or processing standards, requirements for products to be produced in disease-free areas, quarantine regulations, certification or inspection procedures, sampling and testing requirements, health-related labeling measures, maximum permissible pesticide residue levels, and prohibitions on certain food additives. Standards-Related Measures: Standards-related measures comprise standards, technical regulations, and conformity assessment procedures, such as mandatory process or design standards, labeling or registration requirements, and testing or certification procedures. Standardsrelated measures can be applied not only to industrial products but to agricultural products as well, such as food nutrition labeling schemes and food quality or identity requirements. For further information on SPS and standards-related measures and additional detail on the types of comments that would assist USTR in identifying and addressing significant trade-restrictive SPS and standardsrelated measures, please see ‘‘Supporting & Related Materials’’ under dockets USTR–2010–0020 and USTR– 2010–0021 at www.regulations.gov. The 2010 SPS and TBT Reports also contain extensive information on SPS and standards-related measures that commenters may find useful in preparing comments in response to this notice. In responding to this notice with respect to any of the three reports, commenters should place particular emphasis on any practices that may violate U.S. trade agreements. The TPSC is also interested in receiving new or updated information pertinent to the barriers covered in the 2010 NTE and the reports on SPS and standardsrelated measures as well as information on new barriers. If USTR does not include in the NTE or the reports on SPS and standards-related measures information that it receives pursuant to this notice, it will maintain the information for potential use in future discussions or negotiations with trading partners. Estimate of Increase in Exports: Each comment should include an estimate of the potential increase in U.S. exports that would result from removing any foreign trade barrier the comment identifies, as well as a description of the methodology the commenter used to derive the estimate. Estimates should be expressed within the following value ranges: Less than $5 million; $5 to $25 million; $25 million to $50 million; $50 million to $100 million; $100 million to VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:35 Aug 05, 2010 Jkt 220001 $500 million; or over $500 million. These estimates will help USTR conduct comparative analyses of a barrier’s effect over a range of industries. Requirements for Submissions: Commenters providing information on foreign trade barriers in more than one country should, whenever possible, provide a separate submission for each country. Comments addressing SPS or standards-related measures should be submitted separately from comments on other trade barriers. In order to ensure the timely receipt and consideration of comments, USTR strongly encourages commenters to make on-line submissions, using the www.regulations.gov Web site. Comments should be submitted under one of the following dockets (depending on the subject of the comment): SPS Measures: USTR–2010–0020. Standards-Related Measures: USTR– 2010–0021. All Other Measures: USTR–2010– 0022. To find these dockets, enter the pertinent docket number in the ‘‘Enter Keyword or ID’’ window at the www.regulations.gov home page and click ‘‘Search.’’ The site will provide a search-results page listing all documents associated with that docket number. Find a reference to this notice by selecting ‘‘Notices’’ under ‘‘Document Type’’ on the search-results page, and click on the link entitled ‘‘Submit a Comment.’’ (For further information on using the www.regulations.gov Web site, please consult the resources provided on the Web site by clicking on the ‘‘Help’’ tab.) The www.regulations.gov Web site provides the option of making submissions by filling in a comments field, or by attaching a document. USTR prefers submissions to be provided in an attached document. If a document is attached, please identify the name of the country to which the submission pertains in the ‘‘Comments’’ field. For example: ‘‘See attached comment for (name of country)’’. If the comment is related to SPS or standards-related measures, type ‘‘See attached comment on SPS measures for (name of country)’’ or ‘‘See attached comment on standardsrelated measures for (name of country)’’. USTR prefers submissions in Microsoft Word (.doc) or Adobe Acrobat (.pdf). If the submission is in an application other than those two, please indicate the name of the application in the ‘‘Comments’’ field. For any comments submitted electronically containing business confidential information, the file name of the business confidential version PO 00000 Frm 00154 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 should begin with the characters ‘‘BC’’. The top of any page containing business confidential information must be clearly marked ‘‘BUSINESS CONFIDENTIAL’’. Any person filing comments that contain business confidential information must also file in a separate submission a public version of the comments. The file name of the public version of the comments should begin with the character ‘‘P’’. The ‘‘BC’’ and ‘‘P’’ should be followed by the name of the person or entity submitting the comments. If a comment contains no business confidential information, the file name should begin with the character ‘‘P’’, followed by the name of the person or entity submitting the comments. Please do not attach separate cover letters to electronic submissions; rather, include any information that might appear in a cover letter in the comments themselves. Similarly to the extent possible, please include any exhibits, annexes, or other attachments in the same file as the submission itself, not as separate files. Carmen Suro-Bredie, Chair, Trade Policy Staff Committee. [FR Doc. 2010–19447 Filed 8–5–10; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3190–W0–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Reports, Forms, and Record Keeping Requirements; Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: In compliance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.), this notice announces that the Information Collection Request (ICR) abstracted below has been forwarded to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and comment. The ICR describes the nature of the information collection and the expected burden. The Federal Register Notice with a 60-day comment period was published on May 12, 2010 (75 FR 26837–26838). DATES: Comments must be submitted on or before [insert date 30 days after publication]. SUMMARY: Send comments, within 30 days, to the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget, 725–17th ADDRESSES: E:\FR\FM\06AUN1.SGM 06AUN1

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[Federal Register Volume 75, Number 151 (Friday, August 6, 2010)]
[Notices]
[Pages 47675-47676]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2010-19447]



[[Page 47675]]

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OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE


Request for Public Comments To Compile the National Trade 
Estimate Report on Foreign Trade Barriers and Reports on Sanitary and 
Phytosanitary and Standards-Related Foreign Trade Barriers

AGENCY: Office of the United States Trade Representative.

ACTION: Notice.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: Pursuant to section 181 of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended 
(19 U.S.C. 2241), the Office of the United States Trade Representative 
(USTR) is required to publish annually the National Trade Estimate 
Report on Foreign Trade Barriers (NTE). With this notice, the Trade 
Policy Staff Committee (TPSC) is requesting interested persons to 
submit comments to assist it in identifying significant barriers to 
U.S. exports of goods, services, and U.S. foreign direct investment for 
inclusion in the NTE.
    Once again, the TPSC is requesting that comments on standards-
related measures and sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures that 
create barriers to U.S. exports be submitted separately from other NTE 
comments. This will assist USTR in updating two reports issued for the 
first time in 2010 highlighting SPS and standards-related measures that 
may be inconsistent with international trade agreements to which the 
United States is a party or that otherwise act as significant barriers 
to U.S. exports. These reports were published as the 2010 Report on 
Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (2010 SPS Report) and the 2010 
Report on Technical Barriers to Trade (2010 TBT Report) respectively. 
The TPSC invites written comments from the public on issues that USTR 
should examine in preparing the NTE and the reports on SPS and 
standards-related measures.

DATES: Public comments are due not later than October 4, 2010.

ADDRESSES: Submissions should be made via the Internet at 
www.regulations.gov under the following dockets (based on the subject 
matter of the submission):
    SPS Measures: USTR-2010-0020.
    Standards-Related Measures: USTR-2010-0021.
    All Other Measures: USTR-2010-0022.
    For alternatives to on-line submissions please contact Gloria Blue, 
Executive Secretary, Trade Policy Staff Committee, USTR (202-395-3475). 
The public is strongly encouraged to file submissions electronically 
rather than by facsimile or mail.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Questions regarding the NTE or on 
submitting comments in response to this notice should be directed to 
Gloria Blue at (202) 395-3475. Questions regarding the SPS report or 
substantive questions concerning comments on SPS measures should be 
directed to Jane Doherty, Director of Sanitary and Phytosanitary 
Affairs, USTR (202-395-6127). Questions regarding the report on 
standards-related measures or substantive questions concerning comments 
on those measures should be directed to Jeff Weiss, Senior Director, 
Technical Barriers to Trade, USTR (202-395-4498).

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The NTE sets out an inventory of the most 
important foreign barriers affecting U.S. exports of goods and 
services, U.S. foreign direct investment, and protection of 
intellectual property rights. The inventory facilitates U.S. 
negotiations aimed at reducing or eliminating these barriers. The 
report also provides a valuable tool in enforcing U.S. trade laws and 
strengthening the rules-based trading system. The 2010 NTE, SPS, and 
TBT Reports may be found on USTR's Internet Home Page (http://www.ustr.gov) under the tab ``Reports''.
    To ensure compliance with the NTE's statutory mandate and the Obama 
Administration's commitment to focus on the most significant foreign 
trade barriers, USTR will be guided by the existence of active private 
sector interest in deciding which restrictions to include in the NTE 
and the reports on SPS and standards-related measures.
    Topics on which the TPSC Seeks Information: To assist USTR in 
preparing the NTE and the reports on SPS and standards-related 
measures, commenters should submit information related to one or more 
of the following categories of foreign trade barriers:
    (1) Import policies (e.g., tariffs and other import charges, 
quantitative restrictions, import licensing, and customs barriers);
    (2) SPS measures;
    (3) Standards-related measures (including standards, technical 
regulations, and conformity assessment procedures);
    (4) Government procurement restrictions (e.g., ``buy national 
policies'' and closed bidding);
    (5) Export subsidies (e.g., export financing on preferential terms 
and agricultural export subsidies that displace U.S. exports in third 
country markets);
    (6) Lack of intellectual property protection (e.g., inadequate 
patent, copyright, and trademark regimes);
    (7) Services barriers (e.g., limits on the range of financial 
services offered by foreign financial institutions, regulation of 
international data flows, restrictions on the use of data processing, 
quotas on imports of foreign films, and barriers to the provision of 
services by professionals);
    (8) Investment barriers (e.g., limitations on foreign equity 
participation and on access to foreign government-funded R&D consortia, 
local content, technology transfer and export performance requirements, 
and restrictions on repatriation of earnings, capital, fees, and 
royalties);
    (9) Government-tolerated anticompetitive conduct of state-owned or 
private firms that restricts the sale or purchase of U.S. goods or 
services in the foreign country's markets;
    (10) Trade restrictions affecting electronic commerce (e.g., tariff 
and non-tariff measures, burdensome and discriminatory regulations and 
standards, and discriminatory taxation); and
    (11) Other barriers (e.g., barriers that encompass more than one 
category, such as bribery and corruption, or that affect a single 
sector).
    Reports on SPS and Standards-Related Measures: On March 31, 2010, 
USTR published two new reports on foreign trade barriers--one on SPS 
measures and the other on standards-related measures. These reports 
serve as tools to bring greater attention and focus to resolving SPS 
and standards-related measures that may be inconsistent with 
international trade agreements to which the United States is a party or 
that otherwise act as significant foreign barriers to U.S. exports. 
USTR plans to use comments on SPS and standards-related measures (items 
2 and 3 in the list above) submitted pursuant to this notice in 
producing these two reports. To help USTR identify SPS and standards-
related measures to include in the reports, comments concerning those 
measures should be submitted separately from those addressing other 
foreign trade barriers. (See below).
    The following information describing SPS and standards-related 
measures may help commenters to file submissions on particular foreign 
trade barriers under the appropriate docket.
    SPS Measures: Generally, SPS measures are measures applied to 
protect the life or health of humans, animals, and plants from risks 
arising from additives, contaminants, pests, toxins, diseases, or 
disease-carrying and causing organisms. SPS measures can

[[Page 47676]]

take such forms as specific product or processing standards, 
requirements for products to be produced in disease-free areas, 
quarantine regulations, certification or inspection procedures, 
sampling and testing requirements, health-related labeling measures, 
maximum permissible pesticide residue levels, and prohibitions on 
certain food additives.
    Standards-Related Measures: Standards-related measures comprise 
standards, technical regulations, and conformity assessment procedures, 
such as mandatory process or design standards, labeling or registration 
requirements, and testing or certification procedures. Standards-
related measures can be applied not only to industrial products but to 
agricultural products as well, such as food nutrition labeling schemes 
and food quality or identity requirements.
    For further information on SPS and standards-related measures and 
additional detail on the types of comments that would assist USTR in 
identifying and addressing significant trade-restrictive SPS and 
standards-related measures, please see ``Supporting & Related 
Materials'' under dockets USTR-2010-0020 and USTR-2010-0021 at 
www.regulations.gov. The 2010 SPS and TBT Reports also contain 
extensive information on SPS and standards-related measures that 
commenters may find useful in preparing comments in response to this 
notice.
    In responding to this notice with respect to any of the three 
reports, commenters should place particular emphasis on any practices 
that may violate U.S. trade agreements. The TPSC is also interested in 
receiving new or updated information pertinent to the barriers covered 
in the 2010 NTE and the reports on SPS and standards-related measures 
as well as information on new barriers. If USTR does not include in the 
NTE or the reports on SPS and standards-related measures information 
that it receives pursuant to this notice, it will maintain the 
information for potential use in future discussions or negotiations 
with trading partners.
    Estimate of Increase in Exports: Each comment should include an 
estimate of the potential increase in U.S. exports that would result 
from removing any foreign trade barrier the comment identifies, as well 
as a description of the methodology the commenter used to derive the 
estimate. Estimates should be expressed within the following value 
ranges: Less than $5 million; $5 to $25 million; $25 million to $50 
million; $50 million to $100 million; $100 million to $500 million; or 
over $500 million. These estimates will help USTR conduct comparative 
analyses of a barrier's effect over a range of industries.
    Requirements for Submissions: Commenters providing information on 
foreign trade barriers in more than one country should, whenever 
possible, provide a separate submission for each country. Comments 
addressing SPS or standards-related measures should be submitted 
separately from comments on other trade barriers.
    In order to ensure the timely receipt and consideration of 
comments, USTR strongly encourages commenters to make on-line 
submissions, using the www.regulations.gov Web site. Comments should be 
submitted under one of the following dockets (depending on the subject 
of the comment):
    SPS Measures: USTR-2010-0020.
    Standards-Related Measures: USTR-2010-0021.
    All Other Measures: USTR-2010-0022.
    To find these dockets, enter the pertinent docket number in the 
``Enter Keyword or ID'' window at the www.regulations.gov home page and 
click ``Search.'' The site will provide a search-results page listing 
all documents associated with that docket number. Find a reference to 
this notice by selecting ``Notices'' under ``Document Type'' on the 
search-results page, and click on the link entitled ``Submit a 
Comment.'' (For further information on using the www.regulations.gov 
Web site, please consult the resources provided on the Web site by 
clicking on the ``Help'' tab.)
    The www.regulations.gov Web site provides the option of making 
submissions by filling in a comments field, or by attaching a document. 
USTR prefers submissions to be provided in an attached document. If a 
document is attached, please identify the name of the country to which 
the submission pertains in the ``Comments'' field. For example: ``See 
attached comment for (name of country)''. If the comment is related to 
SPS or standards-related measures, type ``See attached comment on SPS 
measures for (name of country)'' or ``See attached comment on 
standards-related measures for (name of country)''. USTR prefers 
submissions in Microsoft Word (.doc) or Adobe Acrobat (.pdf). If the 
submission is in an application other than those two, please indicate 
the name of the application in the ``Comments'' field.
    For any comments submitted electronically containing business 
confidential information, the file name of the business confidential 
version should begin with the characters ``BC''. The top of any page 
containing business confidential information must be clearly marked 
``BUSINESS CONFIDENTIAL''. Any person filing comments that contain 
business confidential information must also file in a separate 
submission a public version of the comments. The file name of the 
public version of the comments should begin with the character ``P''. 
The ``BC'' and ``P'' should be followed by the name of the person or 
entity submitting the comments. If a comment contains no business 
confidential information, the file name should begin with the character 
``P'', followed by the name of the person or entity submitting the 
comments.
    Please do not attach separate cover letters to electronic 
submissions; rather, include any information that might appear in a 
cover letter in the comments themselves. Similarly to the extent 
possible, please include any exhibits, annexes, or other attachments in 
the same file as the submission itself, not as separate files.

Carmen Suro-Bredie,
Chair, Trade Policy Staff Committee.
[FR Doc. 2010-19447 Filed 8-5-10; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3190-W0-P