Lebanon Sanctions Regulations, 44907-44916 [2010-18717]

Download as PDF jlentini on DSKJ8SOYB1PROD with RULES Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 146 / Friday, July 30, 2010 / Rules and Regulations year are taken into account in measuring the applicable size limitation. (6) Certain defeasance escrow earnings. With respect to a defeasance escrow established in a remedial action for an issue of QZABs that meets the special rebate requirement under paragraph (h)(8)(ii)(C)(2) of this section, the QZAB issuer is treated as ineligible for the small issuer exception to arbitrage rebate under section 148(f)(4)(D) and paragraph (i)(5) of this section and compliance with that special rebate requirement is treated as satisfying applicable arbitrage investment restrictions under section 148 for that defeasance escrow. (j) Information reporting requirement. Under section 1397E(h) and this paragraph (j), issuers of QZABs are required to submit information reporting returns to the IRS similar to the information reporting returns required to be submitted to the IRS under section 149(e) for tax-exempt state or local governmental bonds at the same time and in the same manner as those reports are required to be submitted to the IRS on such forms as shall be prescribed by the Commissioner for such purpose. * * * * * (m) Effective/applicability dates—(1) In general. Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph (m), this section applies to bonds issued under section 1397E that are sold on or after September 14, 2007. (2) Special effective dates—(i) Effective dates for paragraphs (h)(2), (h)(3), (h)(4), (i), and (j) of this section in general. Paragraphs (h)(2), (h)(3), (h)(4), (i), and (j) of this section apply to bonds issued under section 1397E pursuant to allocations of the national qualified zone academy bond volume cap authority for calendar years after 2005 and sold on or after September 14, 2007. (ii) Permissive retroactive application—(A) In general. Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph (m), issuers and taxpayers may apply this section in whole, but not in part, to bonds issued under section 1397E that are sold before September 14, 2007. (B) Special rule for certain provisions. For purposes of the permissive retroactive application rule in paragraph (m)(2)(ii)(A) of this section, paragraphs (h)(2), (h)(3), (h)(4), (i), and (j) of this section need not be applied to any bonds issued under section 1397E to which those provisions do not otherwise apply under the general effective date provisions for those provisions in paragraph (m)(2)(i) of this section. VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:17 Jul 29, 2010 Jkt 220001 (C) Definition of proceeds. Issuers and taxpayers may apply paragraph (h) of this section, without regard to the definition of proceeds in paragraph (a)(2)(ii) of this section, to bonds issued under section 1397E that are sold before September 14, 2007. (D) Bonds issued before July 1, 1999. Paragraphs (b) and (h)(10) of this section may not be applied to bonds issued under section 1397E that are issued before July 1, 1999. (3) Scope of reliance for bonds issued under sections 54A and 54E. Except to the extent inconsistent with the successor statutory provisions for QZABs in sections 54A and 54E or applicable public administrative or regulatory guidance under those provisions and except as otherwise provided in this paragraph (m)(3), issuers and taxpayers may apply these regulations to QZABs issued under sections 54A and 54E that are sold on or after October 3, 2008. In the case of QZABs that are issued under sections 54A and 54E for which the issuer makes an irrevocable election under section 6431(f) to receive payments with respect to credits under section 6431, issuers and taxpayers may not apply the remedial action provisions under paragraph (h)(8) of this section. § 1.1397E–1T [Removed] Par. 3. Section 1.1397E–1T is removed. ■ PART 602—OMB CONTROL NUMBERS UNDER THE PAPERWORK REDUCTION ACT Par. 4. The authority citation for part 602 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 26 U.S.C. 7805. Par. 5. In § 602.101, paragraph (b) is amended by removing the entry for ‘‘1.1397E–1T’’and adding the following entry in numerical order to the table to read as follows: ■ § 602.101 * OMB Control numbers. * * (b) * * * * * CFR part or section where identified and described * * * 1.1397E–1 ............................ PO 00000 * Frm 00027 * * Fmt 4700 Current OMB control No. * * Sfmt 4700 * 1545–1908 * 44907 Steven T. Miller, Deputy Commissioner for Services and Enforcement. Approved: July 16, 2010. Michael Mundaca, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury (Tax Policy). [FR Doc. 2010–18678 Filed 7–29–10; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4830–01–P DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Office of Foreign Assets Control 31 CFR Part 549 Lebanon Sanctions Regulations Office of Foreign Assets Control, Treasury. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: The Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (‘‘OFAC’’) is adding regulations to implement Executive Order 13441 of August 1, 2007, ‘‘Blocking Property of Persons Undermining the Sovereignty of Lebanon or Its Democratic Processes and Institutions.’’ DATES: Effective Date: July 30, 2010. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Assistant Director for Compliance, Outreach & Implementation, tel.: 202/ 622–2490, Assistant Director for Licensing, tel.: 202/622–2480, Assistant Director for Policy, tel.: 202/622–4855, Office of Foreign Assets Control, or Chief Counsel (Foreign Assets Control), tel.: 202/622–2410, Office of the General Counsel, Department of the Treasury (not toll free numbers). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: Electronic and Facsimile Availability This document and additional information concerning OFAC are available from OFAC’s Web site (http://www.treas.gov/ofac). Certain general information pertaining to OFAC’s sanctions programs also is available via facsimile through a 24hour fax-on-demand service, tel.: 202/ 622–0077. Background On August 1, 2007, the President, invoking the authority of, inter alia, the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701–1706) (‘‘IEEPA’’), issued Executive Order 13441 (72 FR 43499, Aug. 3, 2007) (‘‘E.O. 13441’’). In E.O. 13441, the President determined that the actions of certain persons to undermine Lebanon’s legitimate and democratically elected government or democratic institutions, to contribute to the deliberate E:\FR\FM\30JYR1.SGM 30JYR1 jlentini on DSKJ8SOYB1PROD with RULES 44908 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 146 / Friday, July 30, 2010 / Rules and Regulations breakdown of the rule of law in Lebanon, including through politically motivated violence and intimidation, to reassert Syrian control or contribute to Syrian interference in Lebanon, or to infringe upon or undermine Lebanese sovereignty contribute to political and economic instability in Lebanon and the region and constitute an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States. To deal with that threat, the President declared a national emergency. E.O. 13441 then sets forth the actions ordered by the President. Section 1(a) of E.O. 13441 blocks, with certain exceptions, all property and interests in property that are in the United States, that come within the United States, or that are or come within the possession or control of any United States person, including any overseas branch, of any person determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State: (1) To have taken, or to pose a significant risk of taking, actions, including acts of violence, that have the purpose or effect of undermining Lebanon’s democratic processes or institutions, contributing to the breakdown of the rule of law in Lebanon, supporting the reassertion of Syrian control or otherwise contributing to Syrian interference in Lebanon, or infringing upon or undermining Lebanese sovereignty; (2) to have materially assisted, sponsored, or provided financial, material, or technological support for, or goods or services in support of, such actions, including acts of violence, or any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to E.O. 13441; (3) to be a spouse or dependent child of any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to E.O. 13441; or (4) to be owned or controlled by, or acting or purporting to act for or on behalf of, directly or indirectly, any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to E.O. 13441. The property and interests in property of the persons described above may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in. In Section 1(b) of E.O. 13441, the President determined that the making of donations of certain articles, such as food, clothing, and medicine, intended to be used to relieve human suffering, as specified in section 203(b)(2) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(2)), by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to E.O. 13441 would seriously impair his ability to deal with the national emergency declared in E.O. VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:17 Jul 29, 2010 Jkt 220001 13441. The President therefore prohibited the donation of such items unless authorized by OFAC. Section 1(c) of E.O. 13441 provides that the prohibition on any transaction or dealing in blocked property or interests in property includes, but is not limited to, the making of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to E.O. 13441, and the receipt of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services from any such person. Section 2 of E.O. 13441 prohibits any transaction by a United States person or within the United States that evades or avoids, has the purpose of evading or avoiding, or attempts to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in E.O. 13441, as well as any conspiracy formed to violate such prohibitions. Section 5 of E.O. 13441 authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, to take such actions, including the promulgation of rules and regulations, and to employ all powers granted to the President by IEEPA, as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of E.O. 13441. Section 5 of E.O. 13441 also provides that the Secretary of the Treasury may redelegate any of these functions to other officers and agencies of the U.S. Government. In furtherance of the purposes of E.O. 13441, OFAC is promulgating the Lebanon Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 549 (the ‘‘Regulations’’). The Regulations implement targeted sanctions that are directed at certain persons who meet the criteria set forth above. The sanctions generally do not prohibit trade or the provision of banking or other financial services to the country of Lebanon, unless the transaction or service in question involves a person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to these sanctions. Subpart A of the Regulations clarifies the relation of this part to other laws and regulations. Subpart B of the Regulations implements the prohibitions contained in sections 1 and 2 of E.O. 13441. See, e.g., §§ 549.201 and 549.205. Persons designated by or under the authority of the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to E.O. 13441 or otherwise subject to the blocking provisions of E.O. 13441 are referred to throughout the Regulations as ‘‘persons whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a).’’ The names of persons designated pursuant to E.O. 13441 are published on OFAC’s Specially PO 00000 Frm 00028 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List, which is accessible via OFAC’s Web site. Those names also are published in the Federal Register as they are added to the List, and the entire List is republished annually as Appendix A to 31 CFR chapter V. Sections 549.202 and 549.203 of subpart B detail the effect of transfers of blocked property in violation of the Regulations and set forth the requirement to hold blocked funds, such as currency, bank deposits, or liquidated financial obligations, in interest-bearing blocked accounts. Section 549.204 of subpart B provides that all expenses incident to the maintenance of blocked physical property shall be the responsibility of the owners and operators of such property, and that such expenses shall not be met from blocked funds, unless otherwise authorized. The section further provides that blocked property may, in OFAC’s discretion, be sold or liquidated and the net proceeds placed in a blocked interest-bearing account in the name of the owner of the property. Section 549.205 of subpart B implements the prohibitions of E.O. 13441 on any transaction by a United States person or within the United States that evades or avoids, has the purpose of evading or avoiding, or attempts to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in E.O. 13441, and on any conspiracy formed to violate such prohibitions. Section 549.206 of subpart B details transactions that are exempt from the prohibitions of the Regulations pursuant to sections 203(b)(1), (3), and (4) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(1), (3), and (4)). These exempt transactions relate to personal communications, the importation and exportation of information or informational materials, and transactions ordinarily incident to travel. Subpart C of the Regulations defines key terms used throughout the Regulations, and subpart D contains interpretive sections regarding the Regulations. Section 549.411 of subpart D explains that the property and interests in property of an entity are blocked if the entity is 50 percent or more owned by a person whose property and interests in property are blocked, whether or not the entity itself is designated pursuant to E.O. 13441. Transactions otherwise prohibited under the Regulations but found to be consistent with U.S. policy may be authorized by one of the general licenses contained in subpart E of the Regulations or by a specific license issued pursuant to the procedures described in subpart E of 31 CFR part E:\FR\FM\30JYR1.SGM 30JYR1 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 146 / Friday, July 30, 2010 / Rules and Regulations 501. Subpart E of the Regulations also contains certain statements of licensing policy in addition to the general licenses. Subpart F of the Regulations refers to subpart C of part 501 for applicable recordkeeping and reporting requirements. Subpart G of the Regulations describes the civil and criminal penalties applicable to violations of the Regulations, as well as the procedures governing the potential imposition of a civil monetary penalty. Subpart G also refers to Appendix A of part 501 for a more complete description of these procedures. Subpart H of the Regulations refers to subpart E of part 501 for applicable provisions relating to administrative procedures and contains a delegation of authority by the Secretary of the Treasury. Subpart I of the Regulations sets forth a Paperwork Reduction Act notice. Public Participation Because the Regulations involve a foreign affairs function, the provisions of Executive Order 12866 and the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. 553) requiring notice of proposed rulemaking, opportunity for public participation, and delay in effective date are inapplicable. Because no notice of proposed rulemaking is required for this rule, the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601–612) does not apply. Paperwork Reduction Act The collections of information related to the Regulations are contained in 31 CFR part 501 (the ‘‘Reporting, Procedures and Penalties Regulations’’). Pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3507), those collections of information have been approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1505– 0164. An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, a collection of information unless the collection of information displays a valid control number. jlentini on DSKJ8SOYB1PROD with RULES List of Subjects in 31 CFR Part 549 Administrative practice and procedure, Banks, Banking, Blocking of assets, Credit, Foreign Trade, Lebanon, Penalties, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Securities, Services. For the reasons set forth in the preamble, the Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control adds part 549 to 31 CFR chapter V to read as follows: ■ VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:17 Jul 29, 2010 Jkt 220001 44909 PART 549—LEBANON SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Subpart F—Reports 549.601 Records and reports. Subpart A—Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations Subpart G—Penalties 549.701 Penalties. 549.702 Pre-Penalty Notice; settlement. 549.703 Penalty imposition. 549.704 Administrative collection; referral to United States Department of Justice. Sec. 549.101 Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. Subpart B—Prohibitions 549.201 Prohibited transactions involving blocked property. 549.202 Effect of transfers violating the provisions of this part. 549.203 Holding of funds in interestbearing accounts; investment and reinvestment. 549.204 Expenses of maintaining blocked physical property; liquidation of blocked property. 549.205 Evasions; attempts; conspiracies. 549.206 Exempt transactions. Subpart C—General Definitions 549.301 Blocked account; blocked property. 549.302 Effective date. 549.303 Entity. 549.304 Information or informational materials. 549.305 Interest. 549.306 Licenses; general and specific. 549.307 Person. 549.308 Property; property interest. 549.309 Transfer. 549.310 United States. 549.311 U.S. financial institution. 549.312 United States person; U.S. person. 549.313 Financial, material, or technological support. Subpart D—Interpretations 549.401 Reference to amended sections. 549.402 Effect of amendment. 549.403 Termination and acquisition of an interest in blocked property. 549.404 Transactions ordinarily incident to a licensed transaction. 549.405 Provision of services. 549.406 Offshore transactions. 549.407 Payments from blocked accounts to satisfy obligations prohibited. 549.408 Charitable contributions. 549.409 Credit extended and cards issued by U.S. financial institutions. 549.410 Setoffs prohibited. 549.411 Entities owned by a person whose property and interests in property are blocked. Subpart E—Licenses, Authorizations, and Statements of Licensing Policy 549.501 General and specific licensing procedures. 549.502 Effect of license or authorization. 549.503 Exclusion from licenses. 549.504 Payments and transfers to blocked accounts in U.S. financial institutions. 549.505 Entries in certain accounts for normal service charges authorized. 549.506 Investment and reinvestment of certain funds. 549.507 Provision of certain legal services authorized. 549.508 Authorization of emergency medical services. PO 00000 Frm 00029 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Subpart H—Procedures 549.801 Procedures. 549.802 Delegation by the Secretary of the Treasury. Subpart I—Paperwork Reduction Act 549.901 Paperwork Reduction Act notice. Authority: 3 U.S.C. 301; 31 U.S.C. 321(b); 50 U.S.C. 1601–1651, 1701–1706; Pub. L. 101–410, 104 Stat. 890 (28 U.S.C. 2461 note); Pub. L. 110–96, 121 Stat. 1011 (50 U.S.C. 1705 note); E.O. 13441, 72 FR 43499, 3 CFR, 2008 Comp., p. 232. Subpart A—Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 549.101 Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. This part is separate from, and independent of, the other parts of this chapter, with the exception of part 501 of this chapter, the recordkeeping and reporting requirements and license application and other procedures of which apply to this part. Actions taken pursuant to part 501 of this chapter with respect to the prohibitions contained in this part are considered actions taken pursuant to this part. Differing foreign policy and national security circumstances may result in differing interpretations of similar language among the parts of this chapter. No license or authorization contained in or issued pursuant to those other parts authorizes any transaction prohibited by this part. No license or authorization contained in or issued pursuant to any other provision of law or regulation authorizes any transaction prohibited by this part. No license or authorization contained in or issued pursuant to this part relieves the involved parties from complying with any other applicable laws or regulations. Subpart B—Prohibitions § 549.201 Prohibited transactions involving blocked property. (a) All property and interests in property that are in the United States, that hereafter come within the United States, or that are or hereafter come within the possession or control of U.S. persons, including their overseas branches, of the following persons are blocked and may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in: Any person determined by the E:\FR\FM\30JYR1.SGM 30JYR1 44910 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 146 / Friday, July 30, 2010 / Rules and Regulations Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State: (1) To have taken, or to pose a significant risk of taking, actions, including acts of violence, that have the purpose or effect of undermining Lebanon’s democratic processes or institutions, contributing to the breakdown of the rule of law in Lebanon, supporting the reassertion of Syrian control or otherwise contributing to Syrian interference in Lebanon, or infringing upon or undermining Lebanese sovereignty; (2) To have materially assisted, sponsored, or provided financial, material, or technological support for, or goods or services in support of, the activities described in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, including acts of violence, or any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this paragraph (a); (3) To be a spouse or dependent child of any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this paragraph (a); or (4) To be owned or controlled by, or acting or purporting to act for or on behalf of, directly or indirectly, any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this paragraph (a). jlentini on DSKJ8SOYB1PROD with RULES Note 1 to paragraph (a) of § 549.201: The names of persons designated pursuant to Executive Order 13441, whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section, are published on the Office of Foreign Assets Control’s Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List (‘‘SDN’’ list) (which is accessible via the Office of Foreign Assets Control’s Web site), published in the Federal Register, and incorporated into Appendix A to this chapter with the identifier ‘‘[LEBANON].’’ See § 549.411 concerning entities that may not be listed on the SDN list but whose property and interests in property are nevertheless blocked pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section. Note 2 to paragraph (a) of § 549.201: The International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701–1706) (‘‘IEEPA’’), in Section 203 (50 U.S.C. 1702), explicitly authorizes the blocking of property and interests in property of a person during the pendency of an investigation. The names of persons whose property and interests in property are blocked pending investigation pursuant to this part also are published on the SDN list, published in the Federal Register, and incorporated into Appendix A to this chapter with the identifier ‘‘[BPI– LEBANON].’’ Note 3 to paragraph (a) of § 549.201: Sections 501.806 and 501.807 of this chapter describe the procedures to be followed by persons seeking, respectively, the unblocking of funds that they believe were blocked due to mistaken identity, or administrative VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:17 Jul 29, 2010 Jkt 220001 reconsideration of their status as persons whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section. (b) The prohibitions in paragraph (a) of this section include, but are not limited to, prohibitions on the following transactions: (1) The making of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section; and (2) The receipt of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services from any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section. (c) Unless otherwise authorized by this part or by a specific license expressly referring to this section, any dealing in any security (or evidence thereof) held within the possession or control of a U.S. person and either registered or inscribed in the name of, or known to be held for the benefit of, or issued by, any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section is prohibited. This prohibition includes but is not limited to the transfer (including the transfer on the books of any issuer or agent thereof), disposition, transportation, importation, exportation, or withdrawal of, or the endorsement or guaranty of signatures on, any such security on or after the effective date. This prohibition applies irrespective of the fact that at any time (whether prior to, on, or subsequent to the effective date) the registered or inscribed owner of any such security may have or might appear to have assigned, transferred, or otherwise disposed of the security. (d) The prohibitions in paragraph (a) of this section apply except to the extent transactions are authorized by regulations, orders, directives, rulings, instructions, licenses, or otherwise, and notwithstanding any contracts entered into or any license or permit granted prior to the effective date. § 549.202 Effect of transfers violating the provisions of this part. (a) Any transfer after the effective date that is in violation of any provision of this part or of any regulation, order, directive, ruling, instruction, or license issued pursuant to this part, and that involves any property or interest in property blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a), is null and void and shall not be the basis for the assertion or recognition of any interest in or right, remedy, power, or privilege with respect to such property or property interests. PO 00000 Frm 00030 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 (b) No transfer before the effective date shall be the basis for the assertion or recognition of any right, remedy, power, or privilege with respect to, or any interest in, any property or interest in property blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a), unless the person who holds or maintains such property, prior to that date, had written notice of the transfer or by any written evidence had recognized such transfer. (c) Unless otherwise provided, an appropriate license or other authorization issued by the Office of Foreign Assets Control before, during, or after a transfer shall validate such transfer or make it enforceable to the same extent that it would be valid or enforceable but for the provisions of IEEPA, Executive Order 13441, this part, and any regulation, order, directive, ruling, instruction, or license issued pursuant to this part. (d) Transfers of property that otherwise would be null and void or unenforceable by virtue of the provisions of this section shall not be deemed to be null and void or unenforceable as to any person with whom such property is or was held or maintained (and as to such person only) in cases in which such person is able to establish to the satisfaction of the Office of Foreign Assets Control each of the following: (1) Such transfer did not represent a willful violation of the provisions of this part by the person with whom such property is or was held or maintained (and as to such person only); (2) The person with whom such property is or was held or maintained did not have reasonable cause to know or suspect, in view of all the facts and circumstances known or available to such person, that such transfer required a license or authorization issued pursuant to this part and was not so licensed or authorized, or, if a license or authorization did purport to cover the transfer, that such license or authorization had been obtained by misrepresentation of a third party or withholding of material facts or was otherwise fraudulently obtained; and (3) The person with whom such property is or was held or maintained filed with the Office of Foreign Assets Control a report setting forth in full the circumstances relating to such transfer promptly upon discovery that: (i) Such transfer was in violation of the provisions of this part or any regulation, ruling, instruction, license, or other directive or authorization issued pursuant to this part; (ii) Such transfer was not licensed or authorized by the Office of Foreign Assets Control; or E:\FR\FM\30JYR1.SGM 30JYR1 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 146 / Friday, July 30, 2010 / Rules and Regulations (iii) If a license did purport to cover the transfer, such license had been obtained by misrepresentation of a third party or withholding of material facts or was otherwise fraudulently obtained. Note to paragraph (d) of § 549.202: The filing of a report in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (d)(3) of this section shall not be deemed evidence that the terms of paragraphs (d)(1) and (d)(2) of this section have been satisfied. (e) Unless licensed pursuant to this part, any attachment, judgment, decree, lien, execution, garnishment, or other judicial process is null and void with respect to any property in which, on or since the effective date, there existed an interest of a person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a). jlentini on DSKJ8SOYB1PROD with RULES § 549.203 Holding of funds in interestbearing accounts; investment and reinvestment. (a) Except as provided in paragraphs (c) or (d) of this section, or as otherwise directed by the Office of Foreign Assets Control, any U.S. person holding funds, such as currency, bank deposits, or liquidated financial obligations, subject to § 549.201(a) shall hold or place such funds in a blocked interest-bearing account located in the United States. (b)(1) For purposes of this section, the term blocked interest-bearing account means a blocked account: (i) In a Federally-insured U.S. bank, thrift institution, or credit union, provided the funds are earning interest at rates that are commercially reasonable; or (ii) With a broker or dealer registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78a et seq.), provided the funds are invested in a money market fund or in U.S. Treasury bills. (2) For purposes of this section, a rate is commercially reasonable if it is the rate currently offered to other depositors on deposits or instruments of comparable size and maturity. (3) Funds held or placed in a blocked account pursuant to this paragraph (b) may not be invested in instruments the maturity of which exceeds 180 days. If interest is credited to a separate blocked account or subaccount, the name of the account party on each account must be the same. (c) Blocked funds held in instruments the maturity of which exceeds 180 days at the time the funds become subject to § 549.201(a) may continue to be held until maturity in the original instrument, provided any interest, earnings, or other proceeds derived therefrom are paid into a blocked VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:17 Jul 29, 2010 Jkt 220001 interest-bearing account in accordance with paragraphs (b) or (d) of this section. (d) Blocked funds held in accounts or instruments outside the United States at the time the funds become subject to § 549.201(a) may continue to be held in the same type of accounts or instruments, provided the funds earn interest at rates that are commercially reasonable. (e) This section does not create an affirmative obligation for the holder of blocked tangible property, such as chattels or real estate, or of other blocked property, such as debt or equity securities, to sell or liquidate such property. However, the Office of Foreign Assets Control may issue licenses permitting or directing such sales or liquidation in appropriate cases. (f) Funds subject to this section may not be held, invested, or reinvested in a manner that provides immediate financial or economic benefit or access to any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a), nor may their holder cooperate in or facilitate the pledging or other attempted use as collateral of blocked funds or other assets. § 549.204 Expenses of maintaining blocked physical property; liquidation of blocked property. (a) Except as otherwise authorized, and notwithstanding the existence of any rights or obligations conferred or imposed by any international agreement or contract entered into or any license or permit granted prior to the effective date, all expenses incident to the maintenance of physical property blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a) shall be the responsibility of the owners or operators of such property, which expenses shall not be met from blocked funds. (b) Property blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a) may, in the discretion of the Office of Foreign Assets Control, be sold or liquidated and the net proceeds placed in a blocked interest-bearing account in the name of the owner of the property. § 549.205 Evasions; attempts; conspiracies. (a) Except as otherwise authorized, and notwithstanding any contract entered into or any license or permit granted prior to the effective date, any transaction by a U.S. person or within the United States on or after the effective date that evades or avoids, has the purpose of evading or avoiding, or attempts to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in this part is prohibited. PO 00000 Frm 00031 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 44911 (b) Except as otherwise authorized, and notwithstanding any contract entered into or any license or permit granted prior to the effective date, any conspiracy formed to violate the prohibitions set forth in this part is prohibited. § 549.206 Exempt transactions. (a) Personal communications. The prohibitions contained in this part do not apply to any postal, telegraphic, telephonic, or other personal communication that does not involve the transfer of anything of value. (b) Information or informational materials. (1) The importation from any country and the exportation to any country of any information or informational materials, as defined in § 549.304, whether commercial or otherwise, regardless of format or medium of transmission, are exempt from the prohibitions of this part. (2) This section does not exempt from regulation or authorize transactions related to information or informational materials not fully created and in existence at the date of the transactions, or to the substantive or artistic alteration or enhancement of informational materials, or to the provision of marketing and business consulting services. Such prohibited transactions include, but are not limited to, payment of advances for information or informational materials not yet created and completed (with the exception of prepaid subscriptions for widely circulated magazines and other periodical publications); provision of services to market, produce or coproduce, create, or assist in the creation of information or informational materials; and, with respect to information or informational materials imported from persons whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a), payment of royalties with respect to income received for enhancements or alterations made by U.S. persons to such information or informational materials. (3) This section does not exempt or authorize transactions incident to the exportation of software subject to the Export Administration Regulations, 15 CFR parts 730 through 774, or to the exportation of goods, technology, or software for use in the transmission of any data, or to the provision, sale, or leasing of capacity on telecommunications transmission facilities (such as satellite or terrestrial network connectivity) for use in the transmission of any data. The exportation of such items or services and the provision, sale, or leasing of such capacity or facilities to a person E:\FR\FM\30JYR1.SGM 30JYR1 44912 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 146 / Friday, July 30, 2010 / Rules and Regulations whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a) are prohibited. (c) Travel. The prohibitions contained in this part do not apply to any transactions ordinarily incident to travel to or from any country, including importation of accompanied baggage for personal use, maintenance within any country including payment of living expenses and acquisition of goods or services for personal use, and arrangement or facilitation of such travel including nonscheduled air, sea, or land voyages. Subpart C—General Definitions § 549.301 property. Blocked account; blocked The terms blocked account and blocked property shall mean any account or property subject to the prohibitions in § 549.201 held in the name of a person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a), or in which such person has an interest, and with respect to which payments, transfers, exportations, withdrawals, or other dealings may not be made or effected except pursuant to an authorization or license from the Office of Foreign Assets Control expressly authorizing such action. Note to § 549.301: See § 549.411 concerning the blocked status of property and interests in property of an entity that is 50 percent or more owned by a person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a). § 549.302 Effective date. The term effective date refers to the effective date of the applicable prohibitions and directives contained in this part and, with respect to a person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a), refers to the earlier of the date of actual or constructive notice that such person’s property and interests in property are blocked. § 549.303 Entity. The term entity means a partnership, association, trust, joint venture, corporation, group, subgroup, or other organization. jlentini on DSKJ8SOYB1PROD with RULES § 549.304 Information or informational materials. (a) For purposes of this part, the term information or informational materials includes, but is not limited to, publications, films, posters, phonograph records, photographs, microfilms, microfiche, tapes, compact disks, CD ROMs, artworks, and news wire feeds. VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:17 Jul 29, 2010 Jkt 220001 Note to paragraph (a) of § 549.304: To be considered information or informational materials, artworks must be classified under chapter heading 9701, 9702, or 9703 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States. (b) The term information or informational materials, with respect to United States exports, does not include items: (1) That were, as of April 30, 1994, or that thereafter become, controlled for export pursuant to section 5 of the Export Administration Act of 1979, 50 U.S.C. App. 2401–2420 (1979) (the ‘‘EAA’’), or section 6 of the EAA to the extent that such controls promote the nonproliferation or antiterrorism policies of the United States; or (2) With respect to which acts are prohibited by 18 U.S.C. chapter 37. § 549.305 Interest. Except as otherwise provided in this part, the term interest, when used with respect to property (e.g., ‘‘an interest in property’’), means an interest of any nature whatsoever, direct or indirect. § 549.306 Licenses; general and specific. (a) Except as otherwise specified, the term license means any license or authorization contained in or issued pursuant to this part. (b) The term general license means any license or authorization the terms of which are set forth in subpart E of this part. (c) The term specific license means any license or authorization not set forth in subpart E of this part but issued pursuant to this part. Note to § 549.306: See § 501.801 of this chapter on licensing procedures. § 549.307 Person. The term person means an individual or entity. § 549.308 Property; property interest. The terms property and property interest include, but are not limited to, money, checks, drafts, bullion, bank deposits, savings accounts, debts, indebtedness, obligations, notes, guarantees, debentures, stocks, bonds, coupons, any other financial instruments, bankers acceptances, mortgages, pledges, liens or other rights in the nature of security, warehouse receipts, bills of lading, trust receipts, bills of sale, any other evidences of title, ownership or indebtedness, letters of credit and any documents relating to any rights or obligations thereunder, powers of attorney, goods, wares, merchandise, chattels, stocks on hand, ships, goods on ships, real estate mortgages, deeds of trust, vendors’ sales PO 00000 Frm 00032 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 agreements, land contracts, leaseholds, ground rents, real estate and any other interest therein, options, negotiable instruments, trade acceptances, royalties, book accounts, accounts payable, judgments, patents, trademarks or copyrights, insurance policies, safe deposit boxes and their contents, annuities, pooling agreements, services of any nature whatsoever, contracts of any nature whatsoever, and any other property, real, personal, or mixed, tangible or intangible, or interest or interests therein, present, future, or contingent. § 549.309 Transfer. The term transfer means any actual or purported act or transaction, whether or not evidenced by writing, and whether or not done or performed within the United States, the purpose, intent, or effect of which is to create, surrender, release, convey, transfer, or alter, directly or indirectly, any right, remedy, power, privilege, or interest with respect to any property. Without limitation on the foregoing, it shall include the making, execution, or delivery of any assignment, power, conveyance, check, declaration, deed, deed of trust, power of attorney, power of appointment, bill of sale, mortgage, receipt, agreement, contract, certificate, gift, sale, affidavit, or statement; the making of any payment; the setting off of any obligation or credit; the appointment of any agent, trustee, or fiduciary; the creation or transfer of any lien; the issuance, docketing, filing, or levy of or under any judgment, decree, attachment, injunction, execution, or other judicial or administrative process or order, or the service of any garnishment; the acquisition of any interest of any nature whatsoever by reason of a judgment or decree of any foreign country; the fulfillment of any condition; the exercise of any power of appointment, power of attorney, or other power; or the acquisition, disposition, transportation, importation, exportation, or withdrawal of any security. § 549.310 United States. The term United States means the United States, its territories and possessions, and all areas under the jurisdiction or authority thereof. § 549.311 U.S. financial institution. The term U.S. financial institution means any U.S. entity (including its foreign branches) that is engaged in the business of accepting deposits, making, granting, transferring, holding, or brokering loans or credits, or purchasing or selling foreign exchange, securities, E:\FR\FM\30JYR1.SGM 30JYR1 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 146 / Friday, July 30, 2010 / Rules and Regulations commodity futures or options, or procuring purchasers and sellers thereof, as principal or agent. It includes but is not limited to depository institutions, banks, savings banks, trust companies, securities brokers and dealers, commodity futures and options brokers and dealers, forward contract and foreign exchange merchants, securities and commodities exchanges, clearing corporations, investment companies, employee benefit plans, and U.S. holding companies, U.S. affiliates, or U.S. subsidiaries of any of the foregoing. This term includes those branches, offices, and agencies of foreign financial institutions that are located in the United States, but not such institutions’ foreign branches, offices, or agencies. § 549.402 § 549.403 Termination and acquisition of an interest in blocked property. § 549.312 person. (a) Whenever a transaction licensed or authorized by or pursuant to this part results in the transfer of property (including any property interest) away from a person, such property shall no longer be deemed to be property blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a), unless there exists in the property another interest that is blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a) or any other part of this chapter, the transfer of which has not been effected pursuant to license or other authorization. (b) Unless otherwise specifically provided in a license or authorization issued pursuant to this part, if property (including any property interest) is transferred or attempted to be transferred to a person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a), such property shall be deemed to be property in which that person has an interest and therefore blocked. (a) Except as provided in § 549.206, the prohibitions on transactions involving blocked property contained in § 549.201 apply to services performed in the United States or by U.S. persons, wherever located, including by an overseas branch of an entity located in the United States: (1) On behalf of or for the benefit of a person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a); or (2) With respect to property interests subject to § 549.201. (b) Example. U.S. persons may not, except as authorized by or pursuant to this part, provide legal, accounting, financial, brokering, freight forwarding, transportation, public relations, or other services to a person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a). Note to § 549.405: See §§ 549.507 and 549.508 on licensing policy with regard to the provision of certain legal and medical services. United States person; U.S. The term United States person or U.S. person means any United States citizen, permanent resident alien, entity organized under the laws of the United States or any jurisdiction within the United States (including foreign branches), or any person in the United States. § 549.313 Financial, material, or technological support. The term financial, material, or technological support, as used in § 549.201(a)(2) of this part, means any property, tangible or intangible, including but not limited to currency, financial instruments, securities, or any other transmission of value; weapons or related materiel; chemical or biological agents; explosives; false documentation or identification; communications equipment; computers; electronic or other devices or equipment; technologies; lodging; safe houses; facilities; vehicles or other means of transportation; or goods. ‘‘Technologies’’ as used in this definition means specific information necessary for the development, production, or use of a product, including related technical data such as blueprints, plans, diagrams, models, formulae, tables, engineering designs and specifications, manuals, or other recorded instructions. Subpart D—Interpretations jlentini on DSKJ8SOYB1PROD with RULES § 549.401 Reference to amended sections. Except as otherwise specified, reference to any provision in or appendix to this part or chapter or to any regulation, ruling, order, instruction, directive, or license issued pursuant to this part refers to the same as currently amended. VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:17 Jul 29, 2010 Jkt 220001 Effect of amendment. 44913 Unless otherwise specifically provided, any amendment, modification, or revocation of any provision in or appendix to this part or chapter or of any order, regulation, ruling, instruction, or license issued by the Office of Foreign Assets Control does not affect any act done or omitted, or any civil or criminal proceeding commenced or pending, prior to such amendment, modification, or revocation. All penalties, forfeitures, and liabilities under any such order, regulation, ruling, instruction, or license continue and may be enforced as if such amendment, modification, or revocation had not been made. § 549.404 Transactions ordinarily incident to a licensed transaction. Any transaction ordinarily incident to a licensed transaction and necessary to give effect thereto is also authorized, except: (a) An ordinarily incident transaction, not explicitly authorized within the terms of the license, by or with a person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a); or (b) An ordinarily incident transaction, not explicitly authorized within the terms of the license, involving a debit to a blocked account or a transfer of blocked property. (c) Example. A license authorizing Company A, whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a), to complete a securities sale also authorizes all activities by other parties required to PO 00000 Frm 00033 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 complete the sale, including transactions by the buyer, broker, transfer agents, banks, etc., provided that such other parties are not themselves persons whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a). § 549.405 § 549.406 Provision of services. Offshore transactions. The prohibitions in § 549.201 on transactions or dealings involving blocked property apply to transactions by any U.S. person in a location outside the United States with respect to property held in the name of a person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a), or property in which a person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a) has or has had an interest since the effective date. § 549.407 Payments from blocked accounts to satisfy obligations prohibited. Pursuant to § 549.201, no debits may be made to a blocked account to pay obligations to U.S. persons or other persons, except as authorized by or pursuant to this part. § 549.408 Charitable contributions. Unless specifically authorized by the Office of Foreign Assets Control pursuant to this part, no charitable contribution of funds, goods, services, or technology, including contributions to relieve human suffering, such as food, clothing or medicine, may be made by, to, or for the benefit of, or received from, a person whose property and interests E:\FR\FM\30JYR1.SGM 30JYR1 44914 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 146 / Friday, July 30, 2010 / Rules and Regulations in property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a). For the purposes of this part, a contribution is made by, to, or for the benefit of, or received from, a person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a) if made by, to, or in the name of, or received from or in the name of, such a person; if made by, to, or in the name of, or received from or in the name of, an entity or individual acting for or on behalf of, or owned or controlled by, such a person; or if made in an attempt to violate, to evade, or to avoid the bar on the provision of contributions by, to, or for the benefit of such a person, or the receipt of contributions from any such person. § 549.409 Credit extended and cards issued by U.S. financial institutions. The prohibition in § 549.201 on dealing in property subject to that section prohibits U.S. financial institutions from performing under any existing credit agreements, including, but not limited to, charge cards, debit cards, or other credit facilities issued by a U.S. financial institution to a person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a). § 549.410 Setoffs prohibited. A setoff against blocked property (including a blocked account), whether by a U.S. bank or other U.S. person, is a prohibited transfer under § 549.201 if effected after the effective date. § 549.411 Entities owned by a person whose property and interests in property are blocked. A person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a) has an interest in all property and interests in property of an entity in which it owns, directly or indirectly, a 50 percent or greater interest. The property and interests in property of such an entity, therefore, are blocked, and such an entity is a person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a), regardless of whether the entity itself is designated pursuant to § 549.201(a). Subpart E—Licenses, Authorizations, and Statements of Licensing Policy jlentini on DSKJ8SOYB1PROD with RULES § 549.501 General and specific licensing procedures. For provisions relating to licensing procedures, see part 501, subpart E of this chapter. Licensing actions taken pursuant to part 501 of this chapter with respect to the prohibitions contained in this part are considered actions taken pursuant to this part. VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:17 Jul 29, 2010 Jkt 220001 § 549.502 Effect of license or authorization. (a) No license or other authorization contained in this part, or otherwise issued by the Office of Foreign Assets Control, authorizes or validates any transaction effected prior to the issuance of such license or other authorization, unless specifically provided in such license or authorization. (b) No regulation, ruling, instruction, or license authorizes any transaction prohibited under this part unless the regulation, ruling, instruction, or license is issued by the Office of Foreign Assets Control and specifically refers to this part. No regulation, ruling, instruction, or license referring to this part shall be deemed to authorize any transaction prohibited by any other part of this chapter unless the regulation, ruling, instruction, or license specifically refers to such part. (c) Any regulation, ruling, instruction, or license authorizing any transaction otherwise prohibited under this part has the effect of removing a prohibition contained in this part from the transaction, but only to the extent specifically stated by its terms. Unless the regulation, ruling, instruction, or license otherwise specifies, such an authorization does not create any right, duty, obligation, claim, or interest in, or with respect to, any property which would not otherwise exist under ordinary principles of law. § 549.503 Exclusion from licenses. The Office of Foreign Assets Control reserves the right to exclude any person, property, or transaction from the operation of any license or from the privileges conferred by any license. The Office of Foreign Assets Control also reserves the right to restrict the applicability of any license to particular persons, property, transactions, or classes thereof. Such actions are binding upon actual or constructive notice of the exclusions or restrictions. § 549.504 Payments and transfers to blocked accounts in U.S. financial institutions. Any payment of funds or transfer of credit in which a person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a) has any interest that comes within the possession or control of a U.S. financial institution must be blocked in an account on the books of that financial institution. A transfer of funds or credit by a U.S. financial institution between blocked accounts in its branches or offices is authorized, provided that no transfer is made from an account within the United States to an account held outside PO 00000 Frm 00034 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 the United States, and further provided that a transfer from a blocked account may be made only to another blocked account held in the same name. Note to § 549.504: See § 501.603 of this chapter for mandatory reporting requirements regarding financial transfers. See also § 549.203 concerning the obligation to hold blocked funds in interest-bearing accounts. § 549.505 Entries in certain accounts for normal service charges authorized. (a) A U.S. financial institution is authorized to debit any blocked account held at that financial institution in payment or reimbursement for normal service charges owed it by the owner of that blocked account. (b) As used in this section, the term normal service charges shall include charges in payment or reimbursement for interest due; cable, telegraph, Internet, or telephone charges; postage costs; custody fees; small adjustment charges to correct bookkeeping errors; and, but not by way of limitation, minimum balance charges, notary and protest fees, and charges for reference books, photocopies, credit reports, transcripts of statements, registered mail, insurance, stationery and supplies, and other similar items. § 549.506 Investment and reinvestment of certain funds. Subject to the requirements of § 549.203, U.S. financial institutions are authorized to invest and reinvest assets blocked pursuant to § 549.201, subject to the following conditions: (a) The assets representing such investments and reinvestments are credited to a blocked account or subaccount that is held in the same name at the same U.S. financial institution, or within the possession or control of a U.S. person, but funds shall not be transferred outside the United States for this purpose; (b) The proceeds of such investments and reinvestments shall not be credited to a blocked account or subaccount under any name or designation that differs from the name or designation of the specific blocked account or subaccount in which such funds or securities were held; and (c) No immediate financial or economic benefit accrues (e.g., through pledging or other use) to a person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a). § 549.507 Provision of certain legal services authorized. (a) The provision of the following legal services to or on behalf of persons whose property and interests in E:\FR\FM\30JYR1.SGM 30JYR1 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 146 / Friday, July 30, 2010 / Rules and Regulations property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a) is authorized, provided that all receipts of payment of professional fees and reimbursement of incurred expenses must be specifically licensed: (1) Provision of legal advice and counseling on the requirements of and compliance with the laws of the United States or any jurisdiction within the United States, provided that such advice and counseling are not provided to facilitate transactions in violation of this part; (2) Representation of persons named as defendants in or otherwise made parties to domestic U.S. legal, arbitration, or administrative proceedings; (3) Initiation and conduct of domestic U.S. legal, arbitration, or administrative proceedings in defense of property interests subject to U.S. jurisdiction; (4) Representation of persons before any Federal or State agency with respect to the imposition, administration, or enforcement of U.S. sanctions against such persons; and (5) Provision of legal services in any other context in which prevailing U.S. law requires access to legal counsel at public expense. (b) The provision of any other legal services to persons whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a), not otherwise authorized in this part, requires the issuance of a specific license. (c) Entry into a settlement agreement or the enforcement of any lien, judgment, arbitral award, decree, or other order through execution, garnishment, or other judicial process purporting to transfer or otherwise alter or affect property or interests in property blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a) is prohibited unless licensed pursuant to this part. § 549.508 Authorization of emergency medical services. The provision of nonscheduled emergency medical services in the United States to persons whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 549.201(a) is authorized, provided that all receipt of payment for such services must be specifically licensed. Subpart F—Reports jlentini on DSKJ8SOYB1PROD with RULES § 549.601 Records and reports. For provisions relating to required records and reports, see part 501, subpart C, of this chapter. Recordkeeping and reporting requirements imposed by part 501 of this chapter with respect to the prohibitions contained in this part are VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:17 Jul 29, 2010 Jkt 220001 considered requirements arising pursuant to this part. Subpart G—Penalties § 549.701 Penalties. (a) Attention is directed to section 206 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1705) (‘‘IEEPA’’), which is applicable to violations of the provisions of any license, ruling, regulation, order, directive, or instruction issued by or pursuant to the direction or authorization of the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to this part or otherwise under IEEPA. (1) A civil penalty not to exceed the amount set forth in section 206 of IEEPA may be imposed on any person who violates, attempts to violate, conspires to violate, or causes a violation of any license, order, regulation, or prohibition issued under IEEPA. Note to paragraph (a)(1) of § 549.701: As of the date of publication in the Federal Register of the final rule adding this part to 31 CFR chapter V (July 30, 2010), IEEPA provides for a maximum civil penalty not to exceed the greater of $250,000 or an amount that is twice the amount of the transaction that is the basis of the violation with respect to which the penalty is imposed. (2) A person who willfully commits, willfully attempts to commit, or willfully conspires to commit, or aids or abets in the commission of a violation of any license, order, regulation, or prohibition may, upon conviction, be fined not more than $1,000,000, or if a natural person, be imprisoned for not more than 20 years, or both. (b) Adjustments to penalty amounts. (1) The civil penalties provided in IEEPA are subject to adjustment pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 (Pub. L. 101–410, as amended, 28 U.S.C. 2461 note). (2) The criminal penalties provided in IEEPA are subject to adjustment pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 3571. (c) Attention is also directed to 18 U.S.C. 1001, which provides that ‘‘whoever, in any matter within the jurisdiction of the executive, legislative, or judicial branch of the Government of the United States, knowingly and willfully: (1) Falsifies, conceals, or covers up by any trick, scheme, or device a material fact; (2) Makes any materially false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or representation; or (3) Makes or uses any false writing or document knowing the same to contain any materially false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or entry’’ shall be PO 00000 Frm 00035 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 44915 fined under title 18, United States Code, imprisoned, or both. (d) Violations of this part may also be subject to relevant provisions of other applicable laws. § 549.702 Pre-Penalty Notice; settlement. (a) When required. If the Office of Foreign Assets Control has reason to believe that there has occurred a violation of any provision of this part or a violation of the provisions of any license, ruling, regulation, order, direction, or instruction issued by or pursuant to the direction or authorization of the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to this part or otherwise under IEEPA and determines that a civil monetary penalty is warranted, the Office of Foreign Assets Control will issue a Pre-Penalty Notice informing the alleged violator of the agency’s intent to impose a monetary penalty. A Pre-Penalty Notice shall be in writing. The Pre-Penalty Notice may be issued whether or not another agency has taken any action with respect to the matter. For a description of the contents of a Pre-Penalty Notice, see Appendix A to part 501 of this chapter. (b)(1) Right to respond. An alleged violator has the right to respond to a Pre-Penalty Notice by making a written presentation to the Office of Foreign Assets Control. For a description of the information that should be included in such a response, see Appendix A to part 501 of this chapter. (2) Deadline for response. A response to a Pre-Penalty Notice must be made within the applicable 30-day period set forth in this paragraph. The failure to submit a response within the applicable time period set forth in this paragraph shall be deemed to be a waiver of the right to respond. (i) Computation of time for response. A response to a Pre-Penalty Notice must be postmarked or date-stamped by the U.S. Postal Service (or foreign postal service, if mailed abroad) or courier service provider (if transmitted to the Office of Foreign Assets Control by courier) on or before the 30th day after the postmark date on the envelope in which the Pre-Penalty Notice was mailed. If the Pre-Penalty Notice was personally delivered by a non-U.S. Postal Service agent authorized by the Office of Foreign Assets Control, a response must be postmarked or datestamped on or before the 30th day after the date of delivery. (ii) Extensions of time for response. If a due date falls on a Federal holiday or weekend, that due date is extended to include the following business day. Any other extensions of time will be granted, at the discretion of the Office of Foreign E:\FR\FM\30JYR1.SGM 30JYR1 44916 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 146 / Friday, July 30, 2010 / Rules and Regulations Assets Control, only upon specific request to the Office of Foreign Assets Control. (3) Form and method of response. A response to a Pre-Penalty Notice need not be in any particular form, but it must be typewritten and signed by the alleged violator or a representative thereof, must contain information sufficient to indicate that it is in response to the Pre-Penalty Notice, and must include the Office of Foreign Assets Control identification number listed on the Pre-Penalty Notice. A copy of the written response may be sent by facsimile, but the original also must be sent to the Office of Foreign Assets Control Civil Penalties Division by mail or courier and must be postmarked or date-stamped in accordance with paragraph (b)(2) of this section. (c) Settlement. Settlement discussion may be initiated by the Office of Foreign Assets Control, the alleged violator, or the alleged violator’s authorized representative. For a description of practices with respect to settlement, see Appendix A to part 501 of this chapter. (d) Guidelines. Guidelines for the imposition or settlement of civil penalties by the Office of Foreign Assets Control are contained in Appendix A to part 501 of this chapter. (e) Representation. A representative of the alleged violator may act on behalf of the alleged violator, but any oral communication with the Office of Foreign Assets Control prior to a written submission regarding the specific allegations contained in the Pre-Penalty Notice must be preceded by a written letter of representation, unless the PrePenalty Notice was served upon the alleged violator in care of the representative. jlentini on DSKJ8SOYB1PROD with RULES § 549.703 Penalty imposition. If, after considering any written response to the Pre-Penalty Notice and any relevant facts, the Office of Foreign Assets Control determines that there was a violation by the alleged violator named in the Pre-Penalty Notice and that a civil monetary penalty is appropriate, the Office of Foreign Assets Control may issue a Penalty Notice to the violator containing a determination of the violation and the imposition of the monetary penalty. For additional details concerning issuance of a Penalty Notice, see Appendix A to part 501 of this chapter. The issuance of the Penalty Notice shall constitute final agency action. The violator has the right to seek judicial review of that final agency action in Federal district court. VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:17 Jul 29, 2010 Jkt 220001 § 549.704 Administrative collection; referral to United States Department of Justice. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY In the event that the violator does not pay the penalty imposed pursuant to this part or make payment arrangements acceptable to the Office of Foreign Assets Control, the matter may be referred for administrative collection measures by the Department of the Treasury or to the United States Department of Justice for appropriate action to recover the penalty in a civil suit in a Federal district court. Coast Guard Subpart H—Procedures SUMMARY: § 549.801 Procedures. For license application procedures and procedures relating to amendments, modifications, or revocations of licenses; administrative decisions; rulemaking; and requests for documents pursuant to the Freedom of Information and Privacy Acts (5 U.S.C. 552 and 552a), see part 501, subpart E, of this chapter. § 549.802 Delegation by the Secretary of the Treasury. Any action that the Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to take pursuant to Executive Order 13441 of August 1, 2007 (72 FR 43499, Aug. 3, 2007), and any further Executive orders relating to the national emergency declared therein, may be taken by the Director of the Office of Foreign Assets Control or by any other person to whom the Secretary of the Treasury has delegated authority so to act. Subpart I—Paperwork Reduction Act § 549.901 Paperwork Reduction Act notice. For approval by the Office of Management and Budget (‘‘OMB’’) under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3507) of information collections relating to recordkeeping and reporting requirements, licensing procedures (including those pursuant to statements of licensing policy), and other procedures, see § 501.901 of this chapter. An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, a collection of information unless it displays a valid control number assigned by OMB. Dated: July 21, 2010. Adam J. Szubin, Director, Office of Foreign Assets Control. Approved: July 26, 2010. Stuart A. Levey, Under Secretary, Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence, Department of the Treasury. [FR Doc. 2010–18717 Filed 7–29–10; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4810–AL–P PO 00000 Frm 00036 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 33 CFR Part 117 [Docket No. USCG–2010–0679] Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Cape Fear River, Wilmington, NC Coast Guard, DHS. Notice of temporary deviation from regulations. AGENCY: ACTION: The Commander, Fifth Coast Guard District, has issued a temporary deviation from the regulation governing the operation of the Cape Fear River Memorial Bridge, across the Cape Fear River, mile 26.8, at Wilmington, NC. The deviation restricts the operation of the draw span to facilitate the cleaning and painting of the structure. DATES: This temporary deviation is effective with actual notice beginning 8 a.m. on July 13, 2010, and with constructive notice beginning 12:01 a.m. July 30, 2010 until 11:59 p.m. on December 31, 2010. ADDRESSES: Documents mentioned in this preamble as being available in the docket are part of the docket USCG– 2010–0679 and are available online by going to http://www.regulations.gov, inserting USCG–2010–0679 in the ‘‘Keywords’’ box, and then clicking ‘‘Search’’. They are also available for inspection or copying at the Docket Management Facility (M–30), U.S. Department of Transportation, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE., Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal Holidays. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: If you have questions on this rule, call or e-mail Mr. Bill H. Brazier, Bridge Management Specialist, Fifth Coast Guard District; telephone 757–398– 6422, e-mail Bill.H.Brazier@uscg.mil. If you have questions on viewing the docket, call Renne V. Wright, Program Manager, Docket Operations, (202) 366– 9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The North Carolina Department of Transportation, who owns and operates this vertical-lift bridge, has requested a temporary deviation from the current operating schedule to facilitate painting of the structure. Under the regular operating schedule the bridge opens on signal as required by 33 CFR 117.5, except that under 33 CFR 117.823, the draw need not open for the passage of vessels from 8 a.m. to 10 a.m. on the second Saturday E:\FR\FM\30JYR1.SGM 30JYR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 75, Number 146 (Friday, July 30, 2010)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 44907-44916]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2010-18717]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY

Office of Foreign Assets Control

31 CFR Part 549


Lebanon Sanctions Regulations

AGENCY: Office of Foreign Assets Control, Treasury.

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: The Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets 
Control (``OFAC'') is adding regulations to implement Executive Order 
13441 of August 1, 2007, ``Blocking Property of Persons Undermining the 
Sovereignty of Lebanon or Its Democratic Processes and Institutions.''

DATES: Effective Date: July 30, 2010.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Assistant Director for Compliance, 
Outreach & Implementation, tel.: 202/622-2490, Assistant Director for 
Licensing, tel.: 202/622-2480, Assistant Director for Policy, tel.: 
202/622-4855, Office of Foreign Assets Control, or Chief Counsel 
(Foreign Assets Control), tel.: 202/622-2410, Office of the General 
Counsel, Department of the Treasury (not toll free numbers).

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Electronic and Facsimile Availability

    This document and additional information concerning OFAC are 
available from OFAC's Web site (http://www.treas.gov/ofac). Certain 
general information pertaining to OFAC's sanctions programs also is 
available via facsimile through a 24-hour fax-on-demand service, tel.: 
202/622-0077.

Background

    On August 1, 2007, the President, invoking the authority of, inter 
alia, the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-
1706) (``IEEPA''), issued Executive Order 13441 (72 FR 43499, Aug. 3, 
2007) (``E.O. 13441''). In E.O. 13441, the President determined that 
the actions of certain persons to undermine Lebanon's legitimate and 
democratically elected government or democratic institutions, to 
contribute to the deliberate

[[Page 44908]]

breakdown of the rule of law in Lebanon, including through politically 
motivated violence and intimidation, to reassert Syrian control or 
contribute to Syrian interference in Lebanon, or to infringe upon or 
undermine Lebanese sovereignty contribute to political and economic 
instability in Lebanon and the region and constitute an unusual and 
extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the 
United States. To deal with that threat, the President declared a 
national emergency. E.O. 13441 then sets forth the actions ordered by 
the President.
    Section 1(a) of E.O. 13441 blocks, with certain exceptions, all 
property and interests in property that are in the United States, that 
come within the United States, or that are or come within the 
possession or control of any United States person, including any 
overseas branch, of any person determined by the Secretary of the 
Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State: (1) To have 
taken, or to pose a significant risk of taking, actions, including acts 
of violence, that have the purpose or effect of undermining Lebanon's 
democratic processes or institutions, contributing to the breakdown of 
the rule of law in Lebanon, supporting the reassertion of Syrian 
control or otherwise contributing to Syrian interference in Lebanon, or 
infringing upon or undermining Lebanese sovereignty; (2) to have 
materially assisted, sponsored, or provided financial, material, or 
technological support for, or goods or services in support of, such 
actions, including acts of violence, or any person whose property and 
interests in property are blocked pursuant to E.O. 13441; (3) to be a 
spouse or dependent child of any person whose property and interests in 
property are blocked pursuant to E.O. 13441; or (4) to be owned or 
controlled by, or acting or purporting to act for or on behalf of, 
directly or indirectly, any person whose property and interests in 
property are blocked pursuant to E.O. 13441. The property and interests 
in property of the persons described above may not be transferred, 
paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in.
    In Section 1(b) of E.O. 13441, the President determined that the 
making of donations of certain articles, such as food, clothing, and 
medicine, intended to be used to relieve human suffering, as specified 
in section 203(b)(2) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(2)), by, to, or for 
the benefit of any person whose property and interests in property are 
blocked pursuant to E.O. 13441 would seriously impair his ability to 
deal with the national emergency declared in E.O. 13441. The President 
therefore prohibited the donation of such items unless authorized by 
OFAC.
    Section 1(c) of E.O. 13441 provides that the prohibition on any 
transaction or dealing in blocked property or interests in property 
includes, but is not limited to, the making of any contribution or 
provision of funds, goods, or services by, to, or for the benefit of 
any person whose property and interests in property are blocked 
pursuant to E.O. 13441, and the receipt of any contribution or 
provision of funds, goods, or services from any such person.
    Section 2 of E.O. 13441 prohibits any transaction by a United 
States person or within the United States that evades or avoids, has 
the purpose of evading or avoiding, or attempts to violate any of the 
prohibitions set forth in E.O. 13441, as well as any conspiracy formed 
to violate such prohibitions.
    Section 5 of E.O. 13441 authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury, 
in consultation with the Secretary of State, to take such actions, 
including the promulgation of rules and regulations, and to employ all 
powers granted to the President by IEEPA, as may be necessary to carry 
out the purposes of E.O. 13441. Section 5 of E.O. 13441 also provides 
that the Secretary of the Treasury may redelegate any of these 
functions to other officers and agencies of the U.S. Government. In 
furtherance of the purposes of E.O. 13441, OFAC is promulgating the 
Lebanon Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 549 (the ``Regulations'').
    The Regulations implement targeted sanctions that are directed at 
certain persons who meet the criteria set forth above. The sanctions 
generally do not prohibit trade or the provision of banking or other 
financial services to the country of Lebanon, unless the transaction or 
service in question involves a person whose property and interests in 
property are blocked pursuant to these sanctions.
    Subpart A of the Regulations clarifies the relation of this part to 
other laws and regulations. Subpart B of the Regulations implements the 
prohibitions contained in sections 1 and 2 of E.O. 13441. See, e.g., 
Sec. Sec.  549.201 and 549.205. Persons designated by or under the 
authority of the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to E.O. 13441 or 
otherwise subject to the blocking provisions of E.O. 13441 are referred 
to throughout the Regulations as ``persons whose property and interests 
in property are blocked pursuant to Sec.  549.201(a).'' The names of 
persons designated pursuant to E.O. 13441 are published on OFAC's 
Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List, which is 
accessible via OFAC's Web site. Those names also are published in the 
Federal Register as they are added to the List, and the entire List is 
republished annually as Appendix A to 31 CFR chapter V.
    Sections 549.202 and 549.203 of subpart B detail the effect of 
transfers of blocked property in violation of the Regulations and set 
forth the requirement to hold blocked funds, such as currency, bank 
deposits, or liquidated financial obligations, in interest-bearing 
blocked accounts. Section 549.204 of subpart B provides that all 
expenses incident to the maintenance of blocked physical property shall 
be the responsibility of the owners and operators of such property, and 
that such expenses shall not be met from blocked funds, unless 
otherwise authorized. The section further provides that blocked 
property may, in OFAC's discretion, be sold or liquidated and the net 
proceeds placed in a blocked interest-bearing account in the name of 
the owner of the property.
    Section 549.205 of subpart B implements the prohibitions of E.O. 
13441 on any transaction by a United States person or within the United 
States that evades or avoids, has the purpose of evading or avoiding, 
or attempts to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in E.O. 13441, 
and on any conspiracy formed to violate such prohibitions.
    Section 549.206 of subpart B details transactions that are exempt 
from the prohibitions of the Regulations pursuant to sections 
203(b)(1), (3), and (4) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(1), (3), and (4)). 
These exempt transactions relate to personal communications, the 
importation and exportation of information or informational materials, 
and transactions ordinarily incident to travel.
    Subpart C of the Regulations defines key terms used throughout the 
Regulations, and subpart D contains interpretive sections regarding the 
Regulations. Section 549.411 of subpart D explains that the property 
and interests in property of an entity are blocked if the entity is 50 
percent or more owned by a person whose property and interests in 
property are blocked, whether or not the entity itself is designated 
pursuant to E.O. 13441.
    Transactions otherwise prohibited under the Regulations but found 
to be consistent with U.S. policy may be authorized by one of the 
general licenses contained in subpart E of the Regulations or by a 
specific license issued pursuant to the procedures described in subpart 
E of 31 CFR part

[[Page 44909]]

501. Subpart E of the Regulations also contains certain statements of 
licensing policy in addition to the general licenses.
    Subpart F of the Regulations refers to subpart C of part 501 for 
applicable recordkeeping and reporting requirements. Subpart G of the 
Regulations describes the civil and criminal penalties applicable to 
violations of the Regulations, as well as the procedures governing the 
potential imposition of a civil monetary penalty. Subpart G also refers 
to Appendix A of part 501 for a more complete description of these 
procedures.
    Subpart H of the Regulations refers to subpart E of part 501 for 
applicable provisions relating to administrative procedures and 
contains a delegation of authority by the Secretary of the Treasury. 
Subpart I of the Regulations sets forth a Paperwork Reduction Act 
notice.

Public Participation

    Because the Regulations involve a foreign affairs function, the 
provisions of Executive Order 12866 and the Administrative Procedure 
Act (5 U.S.C. 553) requiring notice of proposed rulemaking, opportunity 
for public participation, and delay in effective date are inapplicable. 
Because no notice of proposed rulemaking is required for this rule, the 
Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601-612) does not apply.

Paperwork Reduction Act

    The collections of information related to the Regulations are 
contained in 31 CFR part 501 (the ``Reporting, Procedures and Penalties 
Regulations''). Pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 
U.S.C. 3507), those collections of information have been approved by 
the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1505-0164. An 
agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to 
respond to, a collection of information unless the collection of 
information displays a valid control number.

List of Subjects in 31 CFR Part 549

    Administrative practice and procedure, Banks, Banking, Blocking of 
assets, Credit, Foreign Trade, Lebanon, Penalties, Reporting and 
recordkeeping requirements, Securities, Services.

0
For the reasons set forth in the preamble, the Department of the 
Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control adds part 549 to 31 CFR 
chapter V to read as follows:

PART 549--LEBANON SANCTIONS REGULATIONS

Subpart A--Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations
Sec.
549.101 Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.
Subpart B--Prohibitions
549.201 Prohibited transactions involving blocked property.
549.202 Effect of transfers violating the provisions of this part.
549.203 Holding of funds in interest-bearing accounts; investment 
and reinvestment.
549.204 Expenses of maintaining blocked physical property; 
liquidation of blocked property.
549.205 Evasions; attempts; conspiracies.
549.206 Exempt transactions.
Subpart C--General Definitions
549.301 Blocked account; blocked property.
549.302 Effective date.
549.303 Entity.
549.304 Information or informational materials.
549.305 Interest.
549.306 Licenses; general and specific.
549.307 Person.
549.308 Property; property interest.
549.309 Transfer.
549.310 United States.
549.311 U.S. financial institution.
549.312 United States person; U.S. person.
549.313 Financial, material, or technological support.
Subpart D--Interpretations
549.401 Reference to amended sections.
549.402 Effect of amendment.
549.403 Termination and acquisition of an interest in blocked 
property.
549.404 Transactions ordinarily incident to a licensed transaction.
549.405 Provision of services.
549.406 Offshore transactions.
549.407 Payments from blocked accounts to satisfy obligations 
prohibited.
549.408 Charitable contributions.
549.409 Credit extended and cards issued by U.S. financial 
institutions.
549.410 Setoffs prohibited.
549.411 Entities owned by a person whose property and interests in 
property are blocked.
Subpart E--Licenses, Authorizations, and Statements of Licensing Policy
549.501 General and specific licensing procedures.
549.502 Effect of license or authorization.
549.503 Exclusion from licenses.
549.504 Payments and transfers to blocked accounts in U.S. financial 
institutions.
549.505 Entries in certain accounts for normal service charges 
authorized.
549.506 Investment and reinvestment of certain funds.
549.507 Provision of certain legal services authorized.
549.508 Authorization of emergency medical services.
Subpart F--Reports
549.601 Records and reports.
Subpart G--Penalties
549.701 Penalties.
549.702 Pre-Penalty Notice; settlement.
549.703 Penalty imposition.
549.704 Administrative collection; referral to United States 
Department of Justice.
Subpart H--Procedures
549.801 Procedures.
549.802 Delegation by the Secretary of the Treasury.
Subpart I--Paperwork Reduction Act
549.901 Paperwork Reduction Act notice.

    Authority: 3 U.S.C. 301; 31 U.S.C. 321(b); 50 U.S.C. 1601-1651, 
1701-1706; Pub. L. 101-410, 104 Stat. 890 (28 U.S.C. 2461 note); 
Pub. L. 110-96, 121 Stat. 1011 (50 U.S.C. 1705 note); E.O. 13441, 72 
FR 43499, 3 CFR, 2008 Comp., p. 232.

Subpart A--Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations


Sec.  549.101  Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    This part is separate from, and independent of, the other parts of 
this chapter, with the exception of part 501 of this chapter, the 
recordkeeping and reporting requirements and license application and 
other procedures of which apply to this part. Actions taken pursuant to 
part 501 of this chapter with respect to the prohibitions contained in 
this part are considered actions taken pursuant to this part. Differing 
foreign policy and national security circumstances may result in 
differing interpretations of similar language among the parts of this 
chapter. No license or authorization contained in or issued pursuant to 
those other parts authorizes any transaction prohibited by this part. 
No license or authorization contained in or issued pursuant to any 
other provision of law or regulation authorizes any transaction 
prohibited by this part. No license or authorization contained in or 
issued pursuant to this part relieves the involved parties from 
complying with any other applicable laws or regulations.

Subpart B--Prohibitions


Sec.  549.201  Prohibited transactions involving blocked property.

    (a) All property and interests in property that are in the United 
States, that hereafter come within the United States, or that are or 
hereafter come within the possession or control of U.S. persons, 
including their overseas branches, of the following persons are blocked 
and may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise 
dealt in: Any person determined by the

[[Page 44910]]

Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State:
    (1) To have taken, or to pose a significant risk of taking, 
actions, including acts of violence, that have the purpose or effect of 
undermining Lebanon's democratic processes or institutions, 
contributing to the breakdown of the rule of law in Lebanon, supporting 
the reassertion of Syrian control or otherwise contributing to Syrian 
interference in Lebanon, or infringing upon or undermining Lebanese 
sovereignty;
    (2) To have materially assisted, sponsored, or provided financial, 
material, or technological support for, or goods or services in support 
of, the activities described in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, 
including acts of violence, or any person whose property and interests 
in property are blocked pursuant to this paragraph (a);
    (3) To be a spouse or dependent child of any person whose property 
and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this paragraph (a); 
or
    (4) To be owned or controlled by, or acting or purporting to act 
for or on behalf of, directly or indirectly, any person whose property 
and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this paragraph (a).

    Note 1 to paragraph (a) of Sec.  549.201: The names of persons 
designated pursuant to Executive Order 13441, whose property and 
interests in property are blocked pursuant to paragraph (a) of this 
section, are published on the Office of Foreign Assets Control's 
Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List (``SDN'' 
list) (which is accessible via the Office of Foreign Assets 
Control's Web site), published in the Federal Register, and 
incorporated into Appendix A to this chapter with the identifier 
``[LEBANON].'' See Sec.  549.411 concerning entities that may not be 
listed on the SDN list but whose property and interests in property 
are nevertheless blocked pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section.


    Note 2 to paragraph (a) of Sec.  549.201: The International 
Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-1706) (``IEEPA''), in 
Section 203 (50 U.S.C. 1702), explicitly authorizes the blocking of 
property and interests in property of a person during the pendency 
of an investigation. The names of persons whose property and 
interests in property are blocked pending investigation pursuant to 
this part also are published on the SDN list, published in the 
Federal Register, and incorporated into Appendix A to this chapter 
with the identifier ``[BPI-LEBANON].''


    Note 3 to paragraph (a) of Sec.  549.201: Sections 501.806 and 
501.807 of this chapter describe the procedures to be followed by 
persons seeking, respectively, the unblocking of funds that they 
believe were blocked due to mistaken identity, or administrative 
reconsideration of their status as persons whose property and 
interests in property are blocked pursuant to paragraph (a) of this 
section.

    (b) The prohibitions in paragraph (a) of this section include, but 
are not limited to, prohibitions on the following transactions:
    (1) The making of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or 
services by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property and 
interests in property are blocked pursuant to paragraph (a) of this 
section; and
    (2) The receipt of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, 
or services from any person whose property and interests in property 
are blocked pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section.
    (c) Unless otherwise authorized by this part or by a specific 
license expressly referring to this section, any dealing in any 
security (or evidence thereof) held within the possession or control of 
a U.S. person and either registered or inscribed in the name of, or 
known to be held for the benefit of, or issued by, any person whose 
property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to paragraph 
(a) of this section is prohibited. This prohibition includes but is not 
limited to the transfer (including the transfer on the books of any 
issuer or agent thereof), disposition, transportation, importation, 
exportation, or withdrawal of, or the endorsement or guaranty of 
signatures on, any such security on or after the effective date. This 
prohibition applies irrespective of the fact that at any time (whether 
prior to, on, or subsequent to the effective date) the registered or 
inscribed owner of any such security may have or might appear to have 
assigned, transferred, or otherwise disposed of the security.
    (d) The prohibitions in paragraph (a) of this section apply except 
to the extent transactions are authorized by regulations, orders, 
directives, rulings, instructions, licenses, or otherwise, and 
notwithstanding any contracts entered into or any license or permit 
granted prior to the effective date.


Sec.  549.202  Effect of transfers violating the provisions of this 
part.

    (a) Any transfer after the effective date that is in violation of 
any provision of this part or of any regulation, order, directive, 
ruling, instruction, or license issued pursuant to this part, and that 
involves any property or interest in property blocked pursuant to Sec.  
549.201(a), is null and void and shall not be the basis for the 
assertion or recognition of any interest in or right, remedy, power, or 
privilege with respect to such property or property interests.
    (b) No transfer before the effective date shall be the basis for 
the assertion or recognition of any right, remedy, power, or privilege 
with respect to, or any interest in, any property or interest in 
property blocked pursuant to Sec.  549.201(a), unless the person who 
holds or maintains such property, prior to that date, had written 
notice of the transfer or by any written evidence had recognized such 
transfer.
    (c) Unless otherwise provided, an appropriate license or other 
authorization issued by the Office of Foreign Assets Control before, 
during, or after a transfer shall validate such transfer or make it 
enforceable to the same extent that it would be valid or enforceable 
but for the provisions of IEEPA, Executive Order 13441, this part, and 
any regulation, order, directive, ruling, instruction, or license 
issued pursuant to this part.
    (d) Transfers of property that otherwise would be null and void or 
unenforceable by virtue of the provisions of this section shall not be 
deemed to be null and void or unenforceable as to any person with whom 
such property is or was held or maintained (and as to such person only) 
in cases in which such person is able to establish to the satisfaction 
of the Office of Foreign Assets Control each of the following:
    (1) Such transfer did not represent a willful violation of the 
provisions of this part by the person with whom such property is or was 
held or maintained (and as to such person only);
    (2) The person with whom such property is or was held or maintained 
did not have reasonable cause to know or suspect, in view of all the 
facts and circumstances known or available to such person, that such 
transfer required a license or authorization issued pursuant to this 
part and was not so licensed or authorized, or, if a license or 
authorization did purport to cover the transfer, that such license or 
authorization had been obtained by misrepresentation of a third party 
or withholding of material facts or was otherwise fraudulently 
obtained; and
    (3) The person with whom such property is or was held or maintained 
filed with the Office of Foreign Assets Control a report setting forth 
in full the circumstances relating to such transfer promptly upon 
discovery that:
    (i) Such transfer was in violation of the provisions of this part 
or any regulation, ruling, instruction, license, or other directive or 
authorization issued pursuant to this part;
    (ii) Such transfer was not licensed or authorized by the Office of 
Foreign Assets Control; or

[[Page 44911]]

    (iii) If a license did purport to cover the transfer, such license 
had been obtained by misrepresentation of a third party or withholding 
of material facts or was otherwise fraudulently obtained.

    Note to paragraph (d) of Sec.  549.202: The filing of a report 
in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (d)(3) of this 
section shall not be deemed evidence that the terms of paragraphs 
(d)(1) and (d)(2) of this section have been satisfied.

    (e) Unless licensed pursuant to this part, any attachment, 
judgment, decree, lien, execution, garnishment, or other judicial 
process is null and void with respect to any property in which, on or 
since the effective date, there existed an interest of a person whose 
property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to Sec.  
549.201(a).


Sec.  549.203  Holding of funds in interest-bearing accounts; 
investment and reinvestment.

    (a) Except as provided in paragraphs (c) or (d) of this section, or 
as otherwise directed by the Office of Foreign Assets Control, any U.S. 
person holding funds, such as currency, bank deposits, or liquidated 
financial obligations, subject to Sec.  549.201(a) shall hold or place 
such funds in a blocked interest-bearing account located in the United 
States.
    (b)(1) For purposes of this section, the term blocked interest-
bearing account means a blocked account:
    (i) In a Federally-insured U.S. bank, thrift institution, or credit 
union, provided the funds are earning interest at rates that are 
commercially reasonable; or
    (ii) With a broker or dealer registered with the Securities and 
Exchange Commission under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 
U.S.C. 78a et seq.), provided the funds are invested in a money market 
fund or in U.S. Treasury bills.
    (2) For purposes of this section, a rate is commercially reasonable 
if it is the rate currently offered to other depositors on deposits or 
instruments of comparable size and maturity.
    (3) Funds held or placed in a blocked account pursuant to this 
paragraph (b) may not be invested in instruments the maturity of which 
exceeds 180 days. If interest is credited to a separate blocked account 
or subaccount, the name of the account party on each account must be 
the same.
    (c) Blocked funds held in instruments the maturity of which exceeds 
180 days at the time the funds become subject to Sec.  549.201(a) may 
continue to be held until maturity in the original instrument, provided 
any interest, earnings, or other proceeds derived therefrom are paid 
into a blocked interest-bearing account in accordance with paragraphs 
(b) or (d) of this section.
    (d) Blocked funds held in accounts or instruments outside the 
United States at the time the funds become subject to Sec.  549.201(a) 
may continue to be held in the same type of accounts or instruments, 
provided the funds earn interest at rates that are commercially 
reasonable.
    (e) This section does not create an affirmative obligation for the 
holder of blocked tangible property, such as chattels or real estate, 
or of other blocked property, such as debt or equity securities, to 
sell or liquidate such property. However, the Office of Foreign Assets 
Control may issue licenses permitting or directing such sales or 
liquidation in appropriate cases.
    (f) Funds subject to this section may not be held, invested, or 
reinvested in a manner that provides immediate financial or economic 
benefit or access to any person whose property and interests in 
property are blocked pursuant to Sec.  549.201(a), nor may their holder 
cooperate in or facilitate the pledging or other attempted use as 
collateral of blocked funds or other assets.


Sec.  549.204  Expenses of maintaining blocked physical property; 
liquidation of blocked property.

    (a) Except as otherwise authorized, and notwithstanding the 
existence of any rights or obligations conferred or imposed by any 
international agreement or contract entered into or any license or 
permit granted prior to the effective date, all expenses incident to 
the maintenance of physical property blocked pursuant to Sec.  
549.201(a) shall be the responsibility of the owners or operators of 
such property, which expenses shall not be met from blocked funds.
    (b) Property blocked pursuant to Sec.  549.201(a) may, in the 
discretion of the Office of Foreign Assets Control, be sold or 
liquidated and the net proceeds placed in a blocked interest-bearing 
account in the name of the owner of the property.


Sec.  549.205  Evasions; attempts; conspiracies.

    (a) Except as otherwise authorized, and notwithstanding any 
contract entered into or any license or permit granted prior to the 
effective date, any transaction by a U.S. person or within the United 
States on or after the effective date that evades or avoids, has the 
purpose of evading or avoiding, or attempts to violate any of the 
prohibitions set forth in this part is prohibited.
    (b) Except as otherwise authorized, and notwithstanding any 
contract entered into or any license or permit granted prior to the 
effective date, any conspiracy formed to violate the prohibitions set 
forth in this part is prohibited.


Sec.  549.206  Exempt transactions.

    (a) Personal communications. The prohibitions contained in this 
part do not apply to any postal, telegraphic, telephonic, or other 
personal communication that does not involve the transfer of anything 
of value.
    (b) Information or informational materials. (1) The importation 
from any country and the exportation to any country of any information 
or informational materials, as defined in Sec.  549.304, whether 
commercial or otherwise, regardless of format or medium of 
transmission, are exempt from the prohibitions of this part.
    (2) This section does not exempt from regulation or authorize 
transactions related to information or informational materials not 
fully created and in existence at the date of the transactions, or to 
the substantive or artistic alteration or enhancement of informational 
materials, or to the provision of marketing and business consulting 
services. Such prohibited transactions include, but are not limited to, 
payment of advances for information or informational materials not yet 
created and completed (with the exception of prepaid subscriptions for 
widely circulated magazines and other periodical publications); 
provision of services to market, produce or co-produce, create, or 
assist in the creation of information or informational materials; and, 
with respect to information or informational materials imported from 
persons whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant 
to Sec.  549.201(a), payment of royalties with respect to income 
received for enhancements or alterations made by U.S. persons to such 
information or informational materials.
    (3) This section does not exempt or authorize transactions incident 
to the exportation of software subject to the Export Administration 
Regulations, 15 CFR parts 730 through 774, or to the exportation of 
goods, technology, or software for use in the transmission of any data, 
or to the provision, sale, or leasing of capacity on telecommunications 
transmission facilities (such as satellite or terrestrial network 
connectivity) for use in the transmission of any data. The exportation 
of such items or services and the provision, sale, or leasing of such 
capacity or facilities to a person

[[Page 44912]]

whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to Sec.  
549.201(a) are prohibited.
    (c) Travel. The prohibitions contained in this part do not apply to 
any transactions ordinarily incident to travel to or from any country, 
including importation of accompanied baggage for personal use, 
maintenance within any country including payment of living expenses and 
acquisition of goods or services for personal use, and arrangement or 
facilitation of such travel including nonscheduled air, sea, or land 
voyages.

Subpart C--General Definitions


Sec.  549.301  Blocked account; blocked property.

    The terms blocked account and blocked property shall mean any 
account or property subject to the prohibitions in Sec.  549.201 held 
in the name of a person whose property and interests in property are 
blocked pursuant to Sec.  549.201(a), or in which such person has an 
interest, and with respect to which payments, transfers, exportations, 
withdrawals, or other dealings may not be made or effected except 
pursuant to an authorization or license from the Office of Foreign 
Assets Control expressly authorizing such action.

    Note to Sec.  549.301: See Sec.  549.411 concerning the blocked 
status of property and interests in property of an entity that is 50 
percent or more owned by a person whose property and interests in 
property are blocked pursuant to Sec.  549.201(a).

Sec.  549.302  Effective date.

    The term effective date refers to the effective date of the 
applicable prohibitions and directives contained in this part and, with 
respect to a person whose property and interests in property are 
blocked pursuant to Sec.  549.201(a), refers to the earlier of the date 
of actual or constructive notice that such person's property and 
interests in property are blocked.


Sec.  549.303  Entity.

    The term entity means a partnership, association, trust, joint 
venture, corporation, group, subgroup, or other organization.


Sec.  549.304  Information or informational materials.

    (a) For purposes of this part, the term information or 
informational materials includes, but is not limited to, publications, 
films, posters, phonograph records, photographs, microfilms, 
microfiche, tapes, compact disks, CD ROMs, artworks, and news wire 
feeds.

    Note to paragraph (a) of Sec.  549.304: To be considered 
information or informational materials, artworks must be classified 
under chapter heading 9701, 9702, or 9703 of the Harmonized Tariff 
Schedule of the United States.

    (b) The term information or informational materials, with respect 
to United States exports, does not include items:
    (1) That were, as of April 30, 1994, or that thereafter become, 
controlled for export pursuant to section 5 of the Export 
Administration Act of 1979, 50 U.S.C. App. 2401-2420 (1979) (the 
``EAA''), or section 6 of the EAA to the extent that such controls 
promote the nonproliferation or antiterrorism policies of the United 
States; or
    (2) With respect to which acts are prohibited by 18 U.S.C. chapter 
37.


Sec.  549.305  Interest.

    Except as otherwise provided in this part, the term interest, when 
used with respect to property (e.g., ``an interest in property''), 
means an interest of any nature whatsoever, direct or indirect.


Sec.  549.306  Licenses; general and specific.

    (a) Except as otherwise specified, the term license means any 
license or authorization contained in or issued pursuant to this part.
    (b) The term general license means any license or authorization the 
terms of which are set forth in subpart E of this part.
    (c) The term specific license means any license or authorization 
not set forth in subpart E of this part but issued pursuant to this 
part.

    Note to Sec.  549.306: See Sec.  501.801 of this chapter on 
licensing procedures.

Sec.  549.307  Person.

    The term person means an individual or entity.


Sec.  549.308  Property; property interest.

    The terms property and property interest include, but are not 
limited to, money, checks, drafts, bullion, bank deposits, savings 
accounts, debts, indebtedness, obligations, notes, guarantees, 
debentures, stocks, bonds, coupons, any other financial instruments, 
bankers acceptances, mortgages, pledges, liens or other rights in the 
nature of security, warehouse receipts, bills of lading, trust 
receipts, bills of sale, any other evidences of title, ownership or 
indebtedness, letters of credit and any documents relating to any 
rights or obligations thereunder, powers of attorney, goods, wares, 
merchandise, chattels, stocks on hand, ships, goods on ships, real 
estate mortgages, deeds of trust, vendors' sales agreements, land 
contracts, leaseholds, ground rents, real estate and any other interest 
therein, options, negotiable instruments, trade acceptances, royalties, 
book accounts, accounts payable, judgments, patents, trademarks or 
copyrights, insurance policies, safe deposit boxes and their contents, 
annuities, pooling agreements, services of any nature whatsoever, 
contracts of any nature whatsoever, and any other property, real, 
personal, or mixed, tangible or intangible, or interest or interests 
therein, present, future, or contingent.


Sec.  549.309  Transfer.

    The term transfer means any actual or purported act or transaction, 
whether or not evidenced by writing, and whether or not done or 
performed within the United States, the purpose, intent, or effect of 
which is to create, surrender, release, convey, transfer, or alter, 
directly or indirectly, any right, remedy, power, privilege, or 
interest with respect to any property. Without limitation on the 
foregoing, it shall include the making, execution, or delivery of any 
assignment, power, conveyance, check, declaration, deed, deed of trust, 
power of attorney, power of appointment, bill of sale, mortgage, 
receipt, agreement, contract, certificate, gift, sale, affidavit, or 
statement; the making of any payment; the setting off of any obligation 
or credit; the appointment of any agent, trustee, or fiduciary; the 
creation or transfer of any lien; the issuance, docketing, filing, or 
levy of or under any judgment, decree, attachment, injunction, 
execution, or other judicial or administrative process or order, or the 
service of any garnishment; the acquisition of any interest of any 
nature whatsoever by reason of a judgment or decree of any foreign 
country; the fulfillment of any condition; the exercise of any power of 
appointment, power of attorney, or other power; or the acquisition, 
disposition, transportation, importation, exportation, or withdrawal of 
any security.


Sec.  549.310  United States.

    The term United States means the United States, its territories and 
possessions, and all areas under the jurisdiction or authority thereof.


Sec.  549.311  U.S. financial institution.

    The term U.S. financial institution means any U.S. entity 
(including its foreign branches) that is engaged in the business of 
accepting deposits, making, granting, transferring, holding, or 
brokering loans or credits, or purchasing or selling foreign exchange, 
securities,

[[Page 44913]]

commodity futures or options, or procuring purchasers and sellers 
thereof, as principal or agent. It includes but is not limited to 
depository institutions, banks, savings banks, trust companies, 
securities brokers and dealers, commodity futures and options brokers 
and dealers, forward contract and foreign exchange merchants, 
securities and commodities exchanges, clearing corporations, investment 
companies, employee benefit plans, and U.S. holding companies, U.S. 
affiliates, or U.S. subsidiaries of any of the foregoing. This term 
includes those branches, offices, and agencies of foreign financial 
institutions that are located in the United States, but not such 
institutions' foreign branches, offices, or agencies.


Sec.  549.312  United States person; U.S. person.

    The term United States person or U.S. person means any United 
States citizen, permanent resident alien, entity organized under the 
laws of the United States or any jurisdiction within the United States 
(including foreign branches), or any person in the United States.


Sec.  549.313  Financial, material, or technological support.

    The term financial, material, or technological support, as used in 
Sec.  549.201(a)(2) of this part, means any property, tangible or 
intangible, including but not limited to currency, financial 
instruments, securities, or any other transmission of value; weapons or 
related materiel; chemical or biological agents; explosives; false 
documentation or identification; communications equipment; computers; 
electronic or other devices or equipment; technologies; lodging; safe 
houses; facilities; vehicles or other means of transportation; or 
goods. ``Technologies'' as used in this definition means specific 
information necessary for the development, production, or use of a 
product, including related technical data such as blueprints, plans, 
diagrams, models, formulae, tables, engineering designs and 
specifications, manuals, or other recorded instructions.

Subpart D--Interpretations


Sec.  549.401  Reference to amended sections.

    Except as otherwise specified, reference to any provision in or 
appendix to this part or chapter or to any regulation, ruling, order, 
instruction, directive, or license issued pursuant to this part refers 
to the same as currently amended.


Sec.  549.402  Effect of amendment.

    Unless otherwise specifically provided, any amendment, 
modification, or revocation of any provision in or appendix to this 
part or chapter or of any order, regulation, ruling, instruction, or 
license issued by the Office of Foreign Assets Control does not affect 
any act done or omitted, or any civil or criminal proceeding commenced 
or pending, prior to such amendment, modification, or revocation. All 
penalties, forfeitures, and liabilities under any such order, 
regulation, ruling, instruction, or license continue and may be 
enforced as if such amendment, modification, or revocation had not been 
made.


Sec.  549.403  Termination and acquisition of an interest in blocked 
property.

    (a) Whenever a transaction licensed or authorized by or pursuant to 
this part results in the transfer of property (including any property 
interest) away from a person, such property shall no longer be deemed 
to be property blocked pursuant to Sec.  549.201(a), unless there 
exists in the property another interest that is blocked pursuant to 
Sec.  549.201(a) or any other part of this chapter, the transfer of 
which has not been effected pursuant to license or other authorization.
    (b) Unless otherwise specifically provided in a license or 
authorization issued pursuant to this part, if property (including any 
property interest) is transferred or attempted to be transferred to a 
person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to 
Sec.  549.201(a), such property shall be deemed to be property in which 
that person has an interest and therefore blocked.


Sec.  549.404  Transactions ordinarily incident to a licensed 
transaction.

    Any transaction ordinarily incident to a licensed transaction and 
necessary to give effect thereto is also authorized, except:
    (a) An ordinarily incident transaction, not explicitly authorized 
within the terms of the license, by or with a person whose property and 
interests in property are blocked pursuant to Sec.  549.201(a); or
    (b) An ordinarily incident transaction, not explicitly authorized 
within the terms of the license, involving a debit to a blocked account 
or a transfer of blocked property.
    (c) Example. A license authorizing Company A, whose property and 
interests in property are blocked pursuant to Sec.  549.201(a), to 
complete a securities sale also authorizes all activities by other 
parties required to complete the sale, including transactions by the 
buyer, broker, transfer agents, banks, etc., provided that such other 
parties are not themselves persons whose property and interests in 
property are blocked pursuant to Sec.  549.201(a).


Sec.  549.405  Provision of services.

    (a) Except as provided in Sec.  549.206, the prohibitions on 
transactions involving blocked property contained in Sec.  549.201 
apply to services performed in the United States or by U.S. persons, 
wherever located, including by an overseas branch of an entity located 
in the United States:
    (1) On behalf of or for the benefit of a person whose property and 
interests in property are blocked pursuant to Sec.  549.201(a); or
    (2) With respect to property interests subject to Sec.  549.201.
    (b) Example. U.S. persons may not, except as authorized by or 
pursuant to this part, provide legal, accounting, financial, brokering, 
freight forwarding, transportation, public relations, or other services 
to a person whose property and interests in property are blocked 
pursuant to Sec.  549.201(a).

    Note to Sec.  549.405: See Sec. Sec.  549.507 and 549.508 on 
licensing policy with regard to the provision of certain legal and 
medical services.

Sec.  549.406  Offshore transactions.

    The prohibitions in Sec.  549.201 on transactions or dealings 
involving blocked property apply to transactions by any U.S. person in 
a location outside the United States with respect to property held in 
the name of a person whose property and interests in property are 
blocked pursuant to Sec.  549.201(a), or property in which a person 
whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to Sec.  
549.201(a) has or has had an interest since the effective date.


Sec.  549.407  Payments from blocked accounts to satisfy obligations 
prohibited.

    Pursuant to Sec.  549.201, no debits may be made to a blocked 
account to pay obligations to U.S. persons or other persons, except as 
authorized by or pursuant to this part.


Sec.  549.408  Charitable contributions.

    Unless specifically authorized by the Office of Foreign Assets 
Control pursuant to this part, no charitable contribution of funds, 
goods, services, or technology, including contributions to relieve 
human suffering, such as food, clothing or medicine, may be made by, 
to, or for the benefit of, or received from, a person whose property 
and interests

[[Page 44914]]

in property are blocked pursuant to Sec.  549.201(a). For the purposes 
of this part, a contribution is made by, to, or for the benefit of, or 
received from, a person whose property and interests in property are 
blocked pursuant to Sec.  549.201(a) if made by, to, or in the name of, 
or received from or in the name of, such a person; if made by, to, or 
in the name of, or received from or in the name of, an entity or 
individual acting for or on behalf of, or owned or controlled by, such 
a person; or if made in an attempt to violate, to evade, or to avoid 
the bar on the provision of contributions by, to, or for the benefit of 
such a person, or the receipt of contributions from any such person.


Sec.  549.409  Credit extended and cards issued by U.S. financial 
institutions.

    The prohibition in Sec.  549.201 on dealing in property subject to 
that section prohibits U.S. financial institutions from performing 
under any existing credit agreements, including, but not limited to, 
charge cards, debit cards, or other credit facilities issued by a U.S. 
financial institution to a person whose property and interests in 
property are blocked pursuant to Sec.  549.201(a).


Sec.  549.410  Setoffs prohibited.

    A setoff against blocked property (including a blocked account), 
whether by a U.S. bank or other U.S. person, is a prohibited transfer 
under Sec.  549.201 if effected after the effective date.


Sec.  549.411  Entities owned by a person whose property and interests 
in property are blocked.

    A person whose property and interests in property are blocked 
pursuant to Sec.  549.201(a) has an interest in all property and 
interests in property of an entity in which it owns, directly or 
indirectly, a 50 percent or greater interest. The property and 
interests in property of such an entity, therefore, are blocked, and 
such an entity is a person whose property and interests in property are 
blocked pursuant to Sec.  549.201(a), regardless of whether the entity 
itself is designated pursuant to Sec.  549.201(a).

Subpart E--Licenses, Authorizations, and Statements of Licensing 
Policy


Sec.  549.501  General and specific licensing procedures.

    For provisions relating to licensing procedures, see part 501, 
subpart E of this chapter. Licensing actions taken pursuant to part 501 
of this chapter with respect to the prohibitions contained in this part 
are considered actions taken pursuant to this part.


Sec.  549.502  Effect of license or authorization.

    (a) No license or other authorization contained in this part, or 
otherwise issued by the Office of Foreign Assets Control, authorizes or 
validates any transaction effected prior to the issuance of such 
license or other authorization, unless specifically provided in such 
license or authorization.
    (b) No regulation, ruling, instruction, or license authorizes any 
transaction prohibited under this part unless the regulation, ruling, 
instruction, or license is issued by the Office of Foreign Assets 
Control and specifically refers to this part. No regulation, ruling, 
instruction, or license referring to this part shall be deemed to 
authorize any transaction prohibited by any other part of this chapter 
unless the regulation, ruling, instruction, or license specifically 
refers to such part.
    (c) Any regulation, ruling, instruction, or license authorizing any 
transaction otherwise prohibited under this part has the effect of 
removing a prohibition contained in this part from the transaction, but 
only to the extent specifically stated by its terms. Unless the 
regulation, ruling, instruction, or license otherwise specifies, such 
an authorization does not create any right, duty, obligation, claim, or 
interest in, or with respect to, any property which would not otherwise 
exist under ordinary principles of law.


Sec.  549.503  Exclusion from licenses.

    The Office of Foreign Assets Control reserves the right to exclude 
any person, property, or transaction from the operation of any license 
or from the privileges conferred by any license. The Office of Foreign 
Assets Control also reserves the right to restrict the applicability of 
any license to particular persons, property, transactions, or classes 
thereof. Such actions are binding upon actual or constructive notice of 
the exclusions or restrictions.


Sec.  549.504  Payments and transfers to blocked accounts in U.S. 
financial institutions.

    Any payment of funds or transfer of credit in which a person whose 
property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to Sec.  
549.201(a) has any interest that comes within the possession or control 
of a U.S. financial institution must be blocked in an account on the 
books of that financial institution. A transfer of funds or credit by a 
U.S. financial institution between blocked accounts in its branches or 
offices is authorized, provided that no transfer is made from an 
account within the United States to an account held outside the United 
States, and further provided that a transfer from a blocked account may 
be made only to another blocked account held in the same name.

    Note to Sec.  549.504: See Sec.  501.603 of this chapter for 
mandatory reporting requirements regarding financial transfers. See 
also Sec.  549.203 concerning the obligation to hold blocked funds 
in interest-bearing accounts.

Sec.  549.505  Entries in certain accounts for normal service charges 
authorized.

    (a) A U.S. financial institution is authorized to debit any blocked 
account held at that financial institution in payment or reimbursement 
for normal service charges owed it by the owner of that blocked 
account.
    (b) As used in this section, the term normal service charges shall 
include charges in payment or reimbursement for interest due; cable, 
telegraph, Internet, or telephone charges; postage costs; custody fees; 
small adjustment charges to correct bookkeeping errors; and, but not by 
way of limitation, minimum balance charges, notary and protest fees, 
and charges for reference books, photocopies, credit reports, 
transcripts of statements, registered mail, insurance, stationery and 
supplies, and other similar items.


Sec.  549.506  Investment and reinvestment of certain funds.

    Subject to the requirements of Sec.  549.203, U.S. financial 
institutions are authorized to invest and reinvest assets blocked 
pursuant to Sec.  549.201, subject to the following conditions:
    (a) The assets representing such investments and reinvestments are 
credited to a blocked account or subaccount that is held in the same 
name at the same U.S. financial institution, or within the possession 
or control of a U.S. person, but funds shall not be transferred outside 
the United States for this purpose;
    (b) The proceeds of such investments and reinvestments shall not be 
credited to a blocked account or subaccount under any name or 
designation that differs from the name or designation of the specific 
blocked account or subaccount in which such funds or securities were 
held; and
    (c) No immediate financial or economic benefit accrues (e.g., 
through pledging or other use) to a person whose property and interests 
in property are blocked pursuant to Sec.  549.201(a).


Sec.  549.507  Provision of certain legal services authorized.

    (a) The provision of the following legal services to or on behalf 
of persons whose property and interests in

[[Page 44915]]

property are blocked pursuant to Sec.  549.201(a) is authorized, 
provided that all receipts of payment of professional fees and 
reimbursement of incurred expenses must be specifically licensed:
    (1) Provision of legal advice and counseling on the requirements of 
and compliance with the laws of the United States or any jurisdiction 
within the United States, provided that such advice and counseling are 
not provided to facilitate transactions in violation of this part;
    (2) Representation of persons named as defendants in or otherwise 
made parties to domestic U.S. legal, arbitration, or administrative 
proceedings;
    (3) Initiation and conduct of domestic U.S. legal, arbitration, or 
administrative proceedings in defense of property interests subject to 
U.S. jurisdiction;
    (4) Representation of persons before any Federal or State agency 
with respect to the imposition, administration, or enforcement of U.S. 
sanctions against such persons; and
    (5) Provision of legal services in any other context in which 
prevailing U.S. law requires access to legal counsel at public expense.
    (b) The provision of any other legal services to persons whose 
property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to Sec.  
549.201(a), not otherwise authorized in this part, requires the 
issuance of a specific license.
    (c) Entry into a settlement agreement or the enforcement of any 
lien, judgment, arbitral award, decree, or other order through 
execution, garnishment, or other judicial process purporting to 
transfer or otherwise alter or affect property or interests in property 
blocked pursuant to Sec.  549.201(a) is prohibited unless licensed 
pursuant to this part.


Sec.  549.508  Authorization of emergency medical services.

    The provision of nonscheduled emergency medical services in the 
United States to persons whose property and interests in property are 
blocked pursuant to Sec.  549.201(a) is authorized, provided that all 
receipt of payment for such services must be specifically licensed.

Subpart F--Reports


Sec.  549.601  Records and reports.

    For provisions relating to required records and reports, see part 
501, subpart C, of this chapter. Recordkeeping and reporting 
requirements imposed by part 501 of this chapter with respect to the 
prohibitions contained in this part are considered requirements arising 
pursuant to this part.

Subpart G--Penalties


Sec.  549.701  Penalties.

    (a) Attention is directed to section 206 of the International 
Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1705) (``IEEPA''), which is 
applicable to violations of the provisions of any license, ruling, 
regulation, order, directive, or instruction issued by or pursuant to 
the direction or authorization of the Secretary of the Treasury 
pursuant to this part or otherwise under IEEPA.
    (1) A civil penalty not to exceed the amount set forth in section 
206 of IEEPA may be imposed on any person who violates, attempts to 
violate, conspires to violate, or causes a violation of any license, 
order, regulation, or prohibition issued under IEEPA.

    Note to paragraph (a)(1) of Sec.  549.701: As of the date of 
publication in the Federal Register of the final rule adding this 
part to 31 CFR chapter V (July 30, 2010), IEEPA provides for a 
maximum civil penalty not to exceed the greater of $250,000 or an 
amount that is twice the amount of the transaction that is the basis 
of the violation with respect to which the penalty is imposed.

    (2) A person who willfully commits, willfully attempts to commit, 
or willfully conspires to commit, or aids or abets in the commission of 
a violation of any license, order, regulation, or prohibition may, upon 
conviction, be fined not more than $1,000,000, or if a natural person, 
be imprisoned for not more than 20 years, or both.
    (b) Adjustments to penalty amounts. (1) The civil penalties 
provided in IEEPA are subject to adjustment pursuant to the Federal 
Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 (Pub. L. 101-410, as 
amended, 28 U.S.C. 2461 note).
    (2) The criminal penalties provided in IEEPA are subject to 
adjustment pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 3571.
    (c) Attention is also directed to 18 U.S.C. 1001, which provides 
that ``whoever, in any matter within the jurisdiction of the executive, 
legislative, or judicial branch of the Government of the United States, 
knowingly and willfully:
    (1) Falsifies, conceals, or covers up by any trick, scheme, or 
device a material fact;
    (2) Makes any materially false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement 
or representation; or
    (3) Makes or uses any false writing or document knowing the same to 
contain any materially false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or 
entry'' shall be fined under title 18, United States Code, imprisoned, 
or both.
    (d) Violations of this part may also be subject to relevant 
provisions of other applicable laws.


Sec.  549.702  Pre-Penalty Notice; settlement.

    (a) When required. If the Office of Foreign Assets Control has 
reason to believe that there has occurred a violation of any provision 
of this part or a violation of the provisions of any license, ruling, 
regulation, order, direction, or instruction issued by or pursuant to 
the direction or authorization of the Secretary of the Treasury 
pursuant to this part or otherwise under IEEPA and determines that a 
civil monetary penalty is warranted, the Office of Foreign Assets 
Control will issue a Pre-Penalty Notice informing the alleged violator 
of the agency's intent to impose a monetary penalty. A Pre-Penalty 
Notice shall be in writing. The Pre-Penalty Notice may be issued 
whether or not another agency has taken any action with respect to the 
matter. For a description of the contents of a Pre-Penalty Notice, see 
Appendix A to part 501 of this chapter.
    (b)(1) Right to respond. An alleged violator has the right to 
respond to a Pre-Penalty Notice by making a written presentation to the 
Office of Foreign Assets Control. For a description of the information 
that should be included in such a response, see Appendix A to part 501 
of this chapter.
    (2) Deadline for response. A response to a Pre-Penalty Notice must 
be made within the applicable 30-day period set forth in this 
paragraph. The failure to submit a response within the applicable time 
period set forth in this paragraph shall be deemed to be a waiver of 
the right to respond.
    (i) Computation of time for response. A response to a Pre-Penalty 
Notice must be postmarked or date-stamped by the U.S. Postal Service 
(or foreign postal service, if mailed abroad) or courier service 
provider (if transmitted to the Office of Foreign Assets Control by 
courier) on or before the 30th day after the postmark date on the 
envelope in which the Pre-Penalty Notice was mailed. If the Pre-Penalty 
Notice was personally delivered by a non-U.S. Postal Service agent 
authorized by the Office of Foreign Assets Control, a response must be 
postmarked or date-stamped on or before the 30th day after the date of 
delivery.
    (ii) Extensions of time for response. If a due date falls on a 
Federal holiday or weekend, that due date is extended to include the 
following business day. Any other extensions of time will be granted, 
at the discretion of the Office of Foreign

[[Page 44916]]

Assets Control, only upon specific request to the Office of Foreign 
Assets Control.
    (3) Form and method of response. A response to a Pre-Penalty Notice 
need not be in any particular form, but it must be typewritten and 
signed by the alleged violator or a representative thereof, must 
contain information sufficient to indicate that it is in response to 
the Pre-Penalty Notice, and must include the Office of Foreign Assets 
Control identification number listed on the Pre-Penalty Notice. A copy 
of the written response may be sent by facsimile, but the original also 
must be sent to the Office of Foreign Assets Control Civil Penalties 
Division by mail or courier and must be postmarked or date-stamped in 
accordance with paragraph (b)(2) of this section.
    (c) Settlement. Settlement discussion may be initiated by the 
Office of Foreign Assets Control, the alleged violator, or the alleged 
violator's authorized representative. For a description of practices 
with respect to settlement, see Appendix A to part 501 of this chapter.
    (d) Guidelines. Guidelines for the imposition or settlement of 
civil penalties by the Office of Foreign Assets Control are contained 
in Appendix A to part 501 of this chapter.
    (e) Representation. A representative of the alleged violator may 
act on behalf of the alleged violator, but any oral communication with 
the Office of Foreign Assets Control prior to a written submission 
regarding the specific allegations contained in the Pre-Penalty Notice 
must be preceded by a written letter of representation, unless the Pre-
Penalty Notice was served upon the alleged violator in care of the 
representative.


Sec.  549.703  Penalty imposition.

    If, after considering any written response to the Pre-Penalty 
Notice and any relevant facts, the Office of Foreign Assets Control 
determines that there was a violation by the alleged violator named in 
the Pre-Penalty Notice and that a civil monetary penalty is 
appropriate, the Office of Foreign Assets Control may issue a Penalty 
Notice to the violator containing a determination of the violation and 
the imposition of the monetary penalty. For additional details 
concerning issuance of a Penalty Notice, see Appendix A to part 501 of 
this chapter. The issuance of the Penalty Notice shall constitute final 
agency action. The violator has the right to seek judicial review of 
that final agency action in Federal district court.


Sec.  549.704  Administrative collection; referral to United States 
Department of Justice.

    In the event that the violator does not pay the penalty imposed 
pursuant to this part or make payment arrangements acceptable to the 
Office of Foreign Assets Control, the matter may be referred for 
administrative collection measures by the Department of the Treasury or 
to the United States Department of Justice for appropriate action to 
recover the penalty in a civil suit in a Federal district court.

Subpart H--Procedures


Sec.  549.801  Procedures.

    For license application procedures and procedures relating to 
amendments, modifications, or revocations of licenses; administrative 
decisions; rulemaking; and requests for documents pursuant to the 
Freedom of Information and Privacy Acts (5 U.S.C. 552 and 552a), see 
part 501, subpart E, of this chapter.


Sec.  549.802  Delegation by the Secretary of the Treasury.

    Any action that the Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to take 
pursuant to Executive Order 13441 of August 1, 2007 (72 FR 43499, Aug. 
3, 2007), and any further Executive orders relating to the national 
emergency declared therein, may be taken by the Director of the Office 
of Foreign Assets Control or by any other person to whom the Secretary 
of the Treasury has delegated authority so to act.

Subpart I--Paperwork Reduction Act


Sec.  549.901  Paperwork Reduction Act notice.

    For approval by the Office of Management and Budget (``OMB'') under 
the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3507) of information 
collect