The 2010 Census Count Question Resolution Program, 29508-29513 [2010-12626]

Download as PDF 29508 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 101 / Wednesday, May 26, 2010 / Notices wwoods2 on DSK1DXX6B1PROD with NOTICES_PART 1 number, State, payment options and special accommodations from respondents. FSA will use the information to get payment, confirm and make hotel and other necessary arrangements for the respondents. Description of Respondents: Individuals or households; Farms: Business or other for-profit; Federal government, Not-for-profit institutions; State, Local or Tribal Government. Number of Respondents: 900. Frequency of Responses: Reporting: On occasion. Total Burden Hours: 225. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Census Bureau The 2010 Census Count Question Resolution Program AGENCY: U.S. Census Bureau, Commerce. ACTION: Proposed collection; comment request. SUMMARY: The Department of Commerce, as part of its continuing effort to reduce paperwork and respondent burden, invites the general public and other Federal agencies to take this opportunity to comment on Farm Service Agency proposed and/or continuing information collections, as required by the Title: Procurement of Commodities for Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, Foreign Donation. Public Law 104–13 (44 U.S.C. OMB Control Number: 0560–0258. 3506(c)(2)(A)). Summary of Collection: 7 CFR part DATES: To ensure consideration, written 1496, Procurement of Processed comments must be submitted on or Agricultural Commodities for Donation before July 26, 2010. under Title II, Public Law 480 is the ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments authorizing authority. The Kansas City to Diana Hynek, Departmental Commodity Office (KCCO), within the Paperwork Clearance Officer, Farm Service Agency (FSA), U.S. Department of Commerce, Room 6625, Department of Agriculture, procures 14th and Constitution Avenue, NW., agricultural commodities on behalf of Washington, DC 20230 (or via the the Commodity Credit Corporation Internet at dHynek@doc.gov). (CCC) for donation overseas under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: various food aid authorities. The Requests for additional information or information collection is needed in the copies of the information collection evaluation of freight bids in connection instrument(s) and instructions should with the procurement of commodities be directed to Christa D. Jones, Assistant for donation overseas. This information Division Chief, Count Question is submitted by ocean carriers, or their Resolution Office, Room 3H061, agents, and collected by the KCCO. Decennial Management Division, U.S. Need and Use of the Information: The Census Bureau, Washington, DC 20233. United States donates agricultural Telephone: 301–763–7310; FAX: 301– commodities overseas to meet famine or 763–8327 or e-mail: other relief requirements, to combat dmd_cqr@census.gov. malnutrition, and sells or donates SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: commodities to promote economic I. Abstract development. To accommodate these donations, the CCC issues invitation to The Count Question Resolution (CQR) purchase agricultural commodities and program will address corrections for services, such as transportation, for use three types of challenges for the 2010 in international programs. Vendors bid Decennial Census: (1) Boundary, (2) for ocean freight by making offers using geocoding, and (3) coverage. The CQR the Freight Bid Entry System to place program is not a mechanism or process bids electronically. to challenge or revise the population Description of Respondents: Business counts sent to the President by December 31, 2010, which are used to or other for-profit. apportion the U.S. House of Number of Respondents: 15. Representatives. The Census Bureau Frequency of Responses: Reporting: will accept challenges between June 1, Weekly. 2011, and June 1, 2013. The Census Bureau will review challenges in the Total Burden Hours: 24. order they are received. Ruth Brown, The CQR program procedures include Departmental Information Collection researching challenges and, as Clearance Officer. appropriate, making corrections and [FR Doc. 2010–12601 Filed 5–25–10; 8:45 am] issuing revised official population and housing unit counts, which the Census BILLING CODE 3410–05–P VerDate Mar<15>2010 19:31 May 25, 2010 Jkt 220001 PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Bureau will also use for the Census Bureau’s Population Estimates program. The Census Bureau will not accept challenges to the overseas counts of persons in the military and Federal civilian personnel stationed overseas and their dependents living with them. The Census Bureau obtains overseas counts using administrative records and uses the records solely for apportioning seats in the U.S. House of Representatives. These records do not provide the sub-State geographic information required for the CQR program. The Census Bureau will only accept challenges from the highest elected official of State, local, and Tribal area governments or those representing them or acting on their behalf. All challenges must be sent to the Census Bureau’s headquarters. The Census Bureau will make all corrections on the basis of appropriate documentation provided by the challenging entities and through research of the official 2010 Census records by the Census Bureau. The Census Bureau will not collect additional data for the enumeration of living quarters through the CQR program. The Census Bureau will respond to all challenges and will notify all affected governmental units of any corrections to their official counts as a result of a CQR program decision. Corrections made to the population and housing unit counts by this program will result in the issuance of new official 2010 Census counts to the officials of governmental units affected. These corrections may be used by the governmental units for future programs requiring official 2010 Census data. The Census Bureau will use these corrections to: —Specifically modify the decennial census file for use in annual postcensal estimates beginning in December 2012, and —Create the errata information we will make available on the Census Bureau’s American FactFinder Web site at http://factfinder.census.gov. The Census Bureau will NOT incorporate the CQR corrections into 2010 data summary files and tables prepared after the CQR process begins nor will the Census Bureau re-tabulate Summary File 1 or Demographic Profile tables. Background The Census Bureau has a comprehensive program to improve the quality of the housing unit and population counts. In 2002, the Census Bureau initiated the Master Address E:\FR\FM\26MYN1.SGM 26MYN1 wwoods2 on DSK1DXX6B1PROD with NOTICES_PART 1 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 101 / Wednesday, May 26, 2010 / Notices File/Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing (MAF/TIGER) Accuracy Improvement Project (MTAIP) as part of the MAF/ TIGER Enhancements Program (MTEP). This project acquired geographic information system (GIS) files, aerial photography, and GPS data from various sources nationwide to update the TIGER database. One of the primary goals of the project was to develop a highly accurate geographic database of the United States, Puerto Rico, and the Island Areas. The Census Bureau focused on improving the accuracy of street feature coordinates to provide base information suitable for use with GPS-equipped hand-held devices that would facilitate the gathering of accurate location and census information for all living quarters and workplaces. The Census Bureau implemented a number of address list development programs in preparation for the 2010 Census, the earliest of which was the Local Update of Census Addresses (LUCA) program that started in 2007. Participating State, local and Tribal area governments were given the opportunity to review and update the Census Bureau’s address list of living quarters before it was used for the actual census enumeration. In cases where the State, local, or Tribal area government and the Census Bureau could not agree on the address list, the governmental unit could use an appeal process administered by the LUCA Appeals Office, which was set up by the Office of Management and Budget to provide an independent adjudication. The full LUCA operation included participant review of materials from November 2007–March 2008; Census Bureau Address Canvassing field work from March–July 2009; LUCA Detailed Feedback to participants from October– November 2009; and the LUCA Appeals process which concluded at the end of March 2010. In addition to LUCA, governmental units with city-style address areas had another opportunity to update the 2010 Census address list via the New Construction program, which occurred from November 2009– March 2010. Between 2009 and 2010, the Census Bureau conducted the Boundary Validation Program. This program provided highest elected officials and Tribal chairpersons with maps that showed boundaries of their respective jurisdictions and instructed them how to make boundary corrections. From September–October 2009, the Census Bureau also conducted the Group Quarters Validation and Reinterview operations to verify or VerDate Mar<15>2010 15:16 May 25, 2010 Jkt 220001 correct address records identified as group quarters. From March through April 2010, the Census Bureau conducted the Enumeration at Transitory Locations operation that was designed to enumerate eligible populations living in transitory locations such as campgrounds and marinas. After the development of the 2010 Census mailing list, a number of situations occurred requiring the Census Bureau to implement an additional mail delivery. This was referred to as the Mail Delivery for Late Adds and included city-style addresses from the LUCA appeals, Census Bureau research of ungeocoded addresses in the Master Address File, and additional selfresponse from the spring 2010 Delivery Sequence File update from the U.S. Postal Service. The Mail Delivery for the Late Adds operation reduced the number of addresses included in the Nonresponse Follow-up (NRFU) Vacant Delete Check operation. Between April and August 2010, the Coverage Follow-up (CFU) operation will improve the 2010 Census by calling households that are identified as having a potential error in their household count. From July through August 2010, the NRFU Vacant Delete Check operation verified the vacant and delete assessments of census workers. Vacant Delete Check also enumerates housing units that census workers inaccurately classified as vacant or nonexistent in an earlier census operation. It also enumerated added housing units discovered in an earlier census operation such as those added or reinstated through the 2010 LUCA appeals process; records added from the Housing Unit Address Review conducted as part of the Count Review operation; records added as a result of research into potentially missed addresses in Address Canvassing (as reported on internal documents known as INFO–COMMs); previously ungeocoded addresses which obtained geocodes from the Census Bureau research of ungeocoded addresses in the Master Address File; new addresses from periodic postal updates; records added by Update/Leave; and addresses provided in the New Construction operation by Tribal and local governments. In August through early September 2010, the Census Bureau will conduct the Field Verification operation. The Field Verification operation is a final check for certain address records from sources such as Be Counted, Telephone Questionnaire Assistance (TQA), Group Quarters Enumeration, questionnaire fulfillment and TQA interview, as well as particular categories of housing-level PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 29509 cases identified through person matching for the CFU operation. Data collection for the 2010 Census ended in the Local Census Offices in September 2010. The Census Bureau strictly enforces the schedule to allow the time to produce the State-level apportionment counts by December 31, 2010, as required by law. Relevant 2010 Census Data Releases The Redistricting Data (Pub. L. 94– 171) are scheduled for release from February through March 2011. In May 2011, the Census Bureau will release an advance tabulation of group quarters population and type to the public through a file transfer protocol site. This ‘‘Advance Release of Group Quarters Data from Summary File 1’’ will include block-level Group Quarters (GQ) population counts by GQ type. The Demographic Profile table, which contains selected population and housing characteristics, will also be released in May 2011. The release of Summary File 1 (SF1) on a flow basis to States will occur between June and August 2011. The SF1 will contain block-level housing unit and group quarters population counts. Collectively, these census data products will provide participants with appropriate tools for accessing the accuracy of their decennial census counts. State, local, and Tribal area government officials must contact the Census Bureau CQR Office in order to initiate the challenge process. The Census Bureau will also accept challenges on official jurisdictional letterhead from county clerks, city planners, local planning board representatives, and State legislative representatives with redistricting functions within each State and State equivalents who are acting on the behalf of a local or Tribal jurisdiction to submit a challenge. Types of Challenges Considered for the 2010 Census CQR Program The 2010 Census CQR program may make corrections as a result of the following three types of challenges: (1) Boundary—The CQR program may address the inaccurate reporting or the inaccurate recording of boundaries legally in effect on January 1, 2010. The Census Bureau needs to ensure that the geographic assignment information provided by governmental units does not, in fact, reflect boundary changes made after January 1, 2010. (2) Geocoding—These challenges affect placement of living quarters and associated population within the correct E:\FR\FM\26MYN1.SGM 26MYN1 29510 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 101 / Wednesday, May 26, 2010 / Notices governmental unit boundaries and census tabulation blocks. (3) Coverage—These challenges, if upheld by the Census Bureau, result in the addition or deletion of specific living quarters and persons associated with them identified during the census process, but are erroneously included as duplicates or excluded due to processing errors. Challenges That Result in Corrections The Census Bureau will issue corrected CQR counts based on the housing unit and population counts as of April 1, 2010. The governmental units may use new official census counts for all programs requiring official 2010 Census data. The Census Bureau will not make corrections to the data concerning the characteristics of the population and housing inventory. The Census Bureau will modify the decennial file reflecting the corrected counts for generating the 2012 postcensal estimates. The American FactFinder will provide the inventory of corrections as errata to the original data. The Census Bureau will not revise 2010 Census base files, 2010 Census apportionment counts, redistricting data, or 2010 Census data products. The governmental units may use new official Census counts for all programs requiring official 2010 Census data. The Census Bureau will send a letter with a certification of the population and housing for all jurisdictions affected by the results of a successful CQR challenge. wwoods2 on DSK1DXX6B1PROD with NOTICES_PART 1 Challenges That Do Not Result in Corrections When a State, local, or Tribal area government provides evidence that the Census Bureau missed housing units or group quarters that existed on April 1, 2010, but the CQR research and 2010 Census records show that all of the Census Bureau’s boundary information, geocoding, and processing were correctly implemented, the Census Bureau will respond by sending a letter to the official or his/her representative stating that the Census Bureau will maintain the documentation for consideration in the context of address list updating activities in the future but will not issue a revised count. Internal Census Bureau Review The primary internal review process for the 2010 Census counts is the Count Review program. This program started in February 2010, with Census Bureau staff and members of the Federal-State Cooperative Program for Population Estimates (FSCPE) working together to review address lists and identify VerDate Mar<15>2010 15:16 May 25, 2010 Jkt 220001 clusters of missing housing unit addresses. The Count Review program also includes Census Bureau staff review of population and housing unit count totals prior to the release of the data. In August 2010, the FSCPE representatives will review the 2010 Census group quarters population counts. Findings from the Count Review program may result in cases for the CQR program if there is insufficient time to make corrections before the end of the Count Review operation. The Count Review program staff will create internal CQR challenges for all unresolved issues within the scope of the CQR program. The Census Bureau may make count corrections as result of this internal review and include them in the CQR process. In cases where the Census Bureau makes changes to the housing unit and/or population counts, new official counts will be issued to the affected jurisdictions, and the results will be included in the same file as CQR external cases. However, the Census Bureau will not make changes to the 2010 Census data products due to a successful CQR challenge. II. Method of Collection Criteria for Acceptable Documentation Necessary to Initiate the 2010 Census CQR Process The Census Bureau requires documentation before committing resources to investigate concerns raised by State, local, or Tribal area officials or their representatives about boundary and geographic assignment errors or the accuracy of the census housing unit or group quarters population counts. The submitted challenges must specify whether the challenge disputes the location of a governmental unit boundary or the number of housing units and/or group quarters population counts in one or more census tabulation blocks, or both. The challenger must provide the following documentation based on the type of challenge: • For boundary challenges, indicate on a map the location of the governmental unit boundary in dispute and show where the Census Bureau incorrectly depicts the boundary. Show the correct boundary legally effective January 1, 2010. (See the section ‘‘Types of Acceptable Maps’’.) • For geocoding and coverage challenges, identify the specific contested 2010 Census tabulation block and a list of the addresses for all housing units or group quarters in that block on April 1, 2010. (See the section ‘‘Challenge Criteria.’’) PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Boundary Challenge Criteria State, local, or Tribal area governments must base challenges on boundaries legally in effect on January 1, 2010. The Census Bureau will compare the maps and appropriate supporting documentation submitted by the challenging governmental unit with the information used by the Census Bureau to depict the boundaries for the 2010 Census. Maps submitted by State, local or Tribal area governments must show the correct location of the boundary and the portion of the boundary that the Census Bureau potentially depicted incorrectly, including the 2010 Census tabulation block numbers associated with the boundary. The State, local, or Tribal area government must also provide the Census Bureau with a list of addresses in challenged 2010 Census tabulation blocks, indicating their location in relationship to the boundary that the governmental unit wants the Census Bureau to correct. For boundary challenges affected by legal actions not recorded by the Census Bureau, governmental units must submit the effective date and the ordinance number or law that effectuated the change in boundaries, provide evidence that the State certifying official has approved the boundary change if required by State law, and provide a statement that the boundary is not under litigation. Types of Acceptable Maps • 2010 Census Public Law 94–171 County Block Maps—The Census Bureau produces these maps as a reference for the Redistricting Data Files available for all States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. • 2010 Census County Block Maps— The Census Bureau produces maps as a reference to the Summary File 1 data. • The 2010 TIGER/Line File—The Census Bureau provides digital data in ESRI shapefile format. The governmental unit may generate maps based on information from the Census Bureau 2010 TIGER/Line shapefiles using a commercial geographic information system (GIS). These maps must identify the State, county, governmental unit, census tract, census tabulation block, and any other legal entity involved in a challenge. If a challenge involves an American Indian reservation or off-reservation trust lands, the maps must identify the American Indian area, census Tribal tract, and census tabulation block boundary. E:\FR\FM\26MYN1.SGM 26MYN1 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 101 / Wednesday, May 26, 2010 / Notices Challenge Criteria Housing Unit Count The Redistricting Data (Pub. L. 94– 171) Summary File can be used to obtain census tabulation block housing unit counts. Summary File 1 can also be used to obtain census tabulation block housing unit counts. Challenges must include a complete address list for all units that the challenger thinks the Census Bureau should include in each contested block. (Refer to the section ‘‘Types of Address Lists.’’) State, local, or Tribal area officials must certify that the addresses on their lists existed and could be lived in on April 1, 2010. The supporting evidence must specifically show the validity of any address and reflect residential addresses that existed as viable living quarters on April 1, 2010. Challenges to housing unit counts must specify the 2010 Census Tract and tabulation block(s) for which the counts are being challenged. Group Quarters Population Count The ‘‘Advance Release of Group Quarters Data from Summary File 1’’ provides the group quarters population counts for 2010 census tabulation blocks. Summary File 1 itself may also be used to obtain census tabulation blocks and Group Quarters population counts. Challenges must include a complete address list for all group quarters buildings that the challenger thinks the Census Bureau should include in each contested block. The State, local, or Tribal area official must certify that the addresses on their lists existed and could be lived in on April 1, 2010. Supporting evidence that specifically reflects the validity of any address list source showing the population within a group quarters must be dated no later than April 1, 2010. Challenges to group quarters population counts must specify the associated 2010 Census Tract and census tabulation block(s). wwoods2 on DSK1DXX6B1PROD with NOTICES_PART 1 Types of Address Lists • City-Style Address Lists—A citystyle address must include house number, street name, city, State, ZIP Code and county. The city-style address list must be organized by 2010 Census tabulation block within 2010 Census Tract. Also include applicable housing unit identifiers in multi-unit buildings (such as apartment numbers). The Census Bureau requests the challenger use the address list template provided on the CQR Web site and submit the challenge electronically. In addition, mark the exact location of each challenged address on a map containing VerDate Mar<15>2010 15:16 May 25, 2010 Jkt 220001 2010 Census Tract and tabulation block(s). • Non-City Style Address Lists—Noncity style addresses include rural route addresses and any other addresses that do not contain a complete house number, street name, city, State, ZIP Code, and county. The non-city style address list must be organized by 2010 Census tabulation block within census tract. If a household receives mail at a post office box address, provide the E– 911 address, if it exists. The State, local or Tribal area government must provide the exact location for each challenged address on a map containing 2010 Census Tract and tabulation block(s). Focus the list on the specific area where the challenged addresses exist. All addresses in the challenged block must contain a description of the housing unit and location. • Group Quarters Address Lists— Group Quarters addresses can include city style or non-city style addresses. Provide the group quarters name, number and street address, city, State, ZIP Code, county, and telephone number for the contact at the group quarters as of April 1, 2010. The group quarters address list must be organized by 2010 Census tabulation block within census tract. The challenger must provide documentation that supports the number of persons residing at the Group Quarters on April 1, 2010. In addition, provide the 2010 Census Tract and tabulation block number for the location of the group quarters including the exact location for each challenged address on a map containing 2010 Census Tract and tabulation block(s). Census Bureau Actions The Census Bureau will investigate acceptable challenges to determine whether it can identify information about the existence of a housing unit or occupied group quarters on April 1, 2010, that does not appear in the final census files due to an error in processing the information. The Census Bureau will neither collect new data nor make changes to apportionment counts, redistricting data, or any 2010 Census data products. Definitions of Key Terms American FactFinder—An interactive Web site for accessing and disseminating the results of many Census Bureau programs. The system is available through the Internet and the Census Bureau will use it to disseminate the results of the 2010 Census. The American FactFinder Web site can be found at: http://factfinder.census.gov. Census Tabulation Block—A geographic area bounded by visible PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 29511 features, such as streets, roads, streams, and railroad tracts, and by nonvisible boundaries, such as city, town, township, and county limits, and short line-of-sight extensions of streets and roads. Generally, census blocks are small in area; for example, a block in a city bounded on all sides by streets. Census blocks in suburban and rural areas may be large, irregular, and bounded by a variety of features. In remote areas, census blocks may encompass hundreds of square miles. Census blocs are the smallest geographic entities for which the Census Bureau tabulates decennial census information. Census Tract—Small, relatively permanent statistical subdivisions of a county or equivalent entity updated by local participants prior to each decennial census as part of the Census Bureau’s Participant Statistical Areas Program in accordance with Census Bureau guidelines. Census tracts generally have a population size between 1,200 and 8,000 people, and have an optimum size of 4,000 people. County or county equivalent—The primary legal subdivision of most States. In Louisiana, these divisions are known as parishes. In Alaska, which has no counties, the equivalent entities are boroughs, city and boroughs, municipalities, and census areas; the latter of which are delineated cooperatively for statistical purposes by the State of Alaska and the Census Bureau. In Puerto Rico, the primary divisions are municipios. Demographic Profile—A table containing data that shows information on total population, sex, age, race, Hispanic or Latino origin, household relationship, group quarters population, household type, housing occupancy, and housing tenure. Group Quarters—A group quarters is defined as a place where people live or stay, in a group living arrangement that is owned or managed by a governmental unit or organization providing housing and services for the residents. This is not a typical household-type living arrangement. These services may include custodial or medical care as well as other types of assistance, and residency is commonly restricted to those receiving these services. People living in group quarters are usually not related to each other. The two general types of group quarters are institutional and non-institutional. Institutional group quarters include: Nursing homes, mental hospitals and psychiatric units in other hospitals, hospitals with patients who have no usual home elsewhere, inpatient hospice facilities, correctional facilities for adults and juveniles, and residential schools for E:\FR\FM\26MYN1.SGM 26MYN1 wwoods2 on DSK1DXX6B1PROD with NOTICES_PART 1 29512 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 101 / Wednesday, May 26, 2010 / Notices people with disabilities. Noninstitutional group quarters include: College or university dormitories and residence halls, military barracks, group homes, shelters, convents, migratory farm worker camps, military ship, and maritime/merchant vessels. Group quarters may have housing for staff as their usual residence at the group quarters address. Housing unit—Living quarters in which the occupants live separately from any other individuals in the building and have direct access to their living quarters from outside the building or through a common hall. Housing units include such places as houses, apartments, mobile homes or trailers, groups of rooms, or a single room that is occupied as a separate living quarters, or if vacant, is intended for occupancy as a separate living quarters. A housing unit is defined as a living quarters that is closed to the elements and has all exterior windows and doors installed and final usable floors in place. For vacant units, the criteria of separateness and direct access are applied to the intended occupants, whenever possible. If the Census Bureau cannot obtain the information, the criteria are applied to the previous occupants. Municipio—The primary legal subdivision of Puerto Rico (equivalent to county). Overseas counts—Counts of military and Federal civilian personnel stationed overseas with their dependents living with them. Postcensal Estimates—Population estimates for the years following the last published decennial census. The Census Bureau uses existing data series, such as births, deaths, Federal tax returns, Medicare enrollment, immigration, and housing unit information, to update the decennial census counts during the estimating process. These estimates are used in Federal funding allocations, monitoring recent demographic trends, and benchmarking many Federally funded survey totals. Public Law 94–171—The Federal law amending Section 141 of Title 13 directs the Secretary of Commerce (who delegates that responsibility to the Director of the Census Bureau) to provide selected decennial census data tabulations to the States by April 1 of the year following the census. These tabulations are used by the States to redistrict areas used for elections such as congressional, legislative and school districts. In addition, the data are used for local redistricting such as the drawing of county council and city council districts. Summary File 1—A data file that presents decennial census counts and VerDate Mar<15>2010 15:16 May 25, 2010 Jkt 220001 basic cross-tabulations of information collected from all people and housing units. This information includes age, sex, race, Hispanic or Latino origin, household relationship, and whether the residence is owned or rented. Data will be available at the block level, but limited to the 2010 census tract level in cases where there are concerns with disclosure. The Census Bureau also will include summaries for other geographic areas, such as ZIP code tabulation areas and Congressional Districts. Exhibit—Additional Information This section provides additional information about the 2010 Census CQR program. 1. Where Should a Governmental Unit Submit a Challenge for the 2010 Census CQR Program? Governmental units challenging the completeness or accuracy of the 2010 Census counts need to submit their challenge in writing to: Count Question Resolution Program, Room 3H061, Decennial Management Division, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC 20233– 0001. Governmental units can submit their challenge electronically to dmd.cqr@census.gov. 2. Will the Census Bureau Make Corrections to the Census Counts Based on Information Submitted by Governmental Units? The Census Bureau will make corrections if research indicates they are warranted. The Census Bureau will base its determination of whether a correction is necessary or not, on the quality and completeness of the information provided by Tribal, and local governmental unit representatives and the results of the Census Bureau’s research of the census records. 3. Which Governmental Units Are Eligible To Submit a CQR Challenge? The Census Bureau will research and, if necessary, correct the counts for: 1. Counties and statistically equivalent entities. 2. Functioning minor civil divisions. 3. Incorporated places, including consolidated cities. 4. Census Designated Places in Hawaii and Puerto Rico only. 5. Federally recognized American Indian reservations and off-reservation trust lands. 6. American Indian Tribal subdivisions. 7. State-recognized American Indian reservations (submitted by a State official). 8. Alaska Native Regional Corporations. PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 9. Alaska Native Village Statistical Areas. 10. Tribal-designated statistical areas. 11. Oklahoma Tribal statistical areas. 12. State-designated Tribal statistical areas (submitted by a State official). 13. Hawaiian home lands (submitted by a State official). The Census Bureau will not accept challenges for any other types of statistical or legally defined areas. 4. Will the Census Bureau Incorporate Corrections from the CQR Program into the (1) Apportionment, (2) Redistricting Data, or (3) 2010 Census Data Products? (1) In accordance with the law, the apportionment counts are delivered to the President by December 31, 2010. The Census Bureau will not change the apportionment counts to reflect corrections resulting from the CQR program. (2) The Census Bureau plans to begin delivery to States of the counts required for redistricting purposes in February 2011 and will complete this delivery by the statutory deadline of March 31, 2011. The Census Bureau will not change the data in these products to reflect the results of CQR challenges. (3) The Census Bureau will not incorporate CQR corrections into any 2010 Census data products. The planned CQR program allows the Census Bureau to maintain consistency between data products while maintaining the schedule for timely release of the data. However, the Census Bureau will issue revised, certified population and housing unit counts for the affected governmental unit(s), maintain a list of CQR corrected geographic areas on the American Factfinder, and/or other Census Bureau URL locations, and will incorporate any corrections into its Postcensal Estimates program beginning in December 2012. III. Data OMB Number: Not available. Form Number: None. Type of Review: Regular. Affected Public: State, local, or Tribal area governmental units in the United States and Puerto Rico. Estimated Number of Respondents: Approximately 1,500 annually. Estimated Time per Response: 5.2 hours (based on an average challenge of 40 housing units). Estimated Total Annual Burden Hours: 7,800 hours. Estimated Total Annual Cost: $122,220.00. Respondent’s Obligation: Voluntary. Legal Authority: Title 13, U.S.C., Section 141. E:\FR\FM\26MYN1.SGM 26MYN1 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 101 / Wednesday, May 26, 2010 / Notices IV. Request for Comments Comments are invited on: (a) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information shall have practical utility; (b) The accuracy of the agency’s estimate of the burden (including hours and cost) of the proposed collection of information; (c) Ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (d) Ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, including through the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. The Census Bureau will summarize and/or include comments submitted in response to this notice in the request for OMB approval of this information collection; the comments also will become a matter of public record. Dated: May 21, 2010. Glenna Mickelson, Management Analyst, Office of the Chief Information Officer. [FR Doc. 2010–12626 Filed 5–25–10; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–07–P DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Bureau of the Census [Docket Number 100429203–0204–01] Developing a Supplemental Poverty Measure wwoods2 on DSK1DXX6B1PROD with NOTICES_PART 1 AGENCY: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice and solicitation of comments. SUMMARY: The Bureau of the Census (Census Bureau) issues this notice to request comments on the approach to developing a Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) presented in a report entitled ‘‘Observations from the Interagency Technical Working Group on Developing a Supplemental Poverty Measure,’’ which was recently released by the Interagency Technical Working Group on Developing a Supplemental Poverty Measure (Working Group). This report was produced as part of an effort by the Working Group to suggest how the Census Bureau, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), should develop a new Supplemental Poverty Measure. The report provides observations about how to make a series of initial choices in the development of the SPM. The eventual publication of the SPM will not replace the official VerDate Mar<15>2010 15:16 May 25, 2010 Jkt 220001 29513 poverty measure, nor will it have any impact on allocations determined by the poverty measurement. Rather, it is part of the Census Bureau’s ongoing effort to more accurately measure poverty levels in the United States. DATES: To ensure consideration, written comments must be submitted to the office listed in the ADDRESSES section of this notice on or before June 25, 2010. ADDRESSES: Send comments to David Johnson, Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division, Census Bureau, 4600 Silver Hill Road, Stop 8500, Washington, DC 20233–8500 or to spm@census.gov. The Interagency Technical Working Group’s report may be found at: http://www.census.gov/ hhes/www/poverty/SPM_ TWGObservations.pdf. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: David Johnson, Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division, Census Bureau, telephone number 301–763– 6443 (this is not a toll-free number), email to: spm@census.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SPM is instead designed as an experimental measure that defines income thresholds and resources in a manner different from the official poverty measure. The Census Bureau considers the SPM a work in progress, and both the Working Group and the Census Bureau expect that there will be improvements to the SPM over time. The first publication of the SPM will be accompanied by a detailed description of the methodology used to estimate the new supplemental measure, and the Census Bureau expects to update this description as changes are incorporated in the SPM. The new supplemental measure would be published initially in the fall of 2011 at the same time and level of detail as the 2010 income and poverty statistics that reflect the official poverty measure, and annually thereafter. Developing and estimating an SPM will take substantial advance work and planning, and the Working Group’s observations are meant to assist the Census Bureau and the BLS in such planning. I. Background Since the publication of the first official U.S. poverty estimates in 1964, there has been continuing debate about the best approach to measuring poverty in the United States. Recognizing that supplemental estimates of poverty can provide very useful information to the public as well as to the Federal Government, in 2009, the Office of Management and Budget’s (OMB) Chief Statistician formed an Interagency Technical Working Group on Developing a Supplemental Poverty Measure (Working Group). This group included representatives from BLS, the Census Bureau, the Economics and Statistics Administration, the Council of Economic Advisers, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, and OMB. The Working Group asked the Census Bureau, in cooperation with the Bureau of Labor Statistics, to develop a Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) to obtain an improved understanding of the economic wellbeing of American families and of how Federal policies affect those living in poverty, and offered its observations on how the Census Bureau should do so in the above-referenced report. The SPM ultimately produced by the Census Bureau would not replace the official poverty measure, and the SPM will not be the measure used to estimate eligibility for government programs. The official statistical poverty measure, as defined in OMB Statistical Policy Directive No. 14, will continue to be produced and updated every year. The II. Defining the Supplemental Poverty Measure In its report, the Working Group laid out a series of suggestions and recommendations that, taken together, provide a roadmap through which the Census Bureau, with the assistance of BLS, can use to produce the initial set of estimates of the number and percentage of people in poverty based on the SPM in 2011. It is likely that the procedures used to create this first set of estimates will closely resemble the Working Group’s recommendations. A much abbreviated summary of the group’s suggestions follows. The Census Bureau invites the public to read and offer comments on the approach described in the Working Group’s full report, which can be found at http:// www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/ SPM_TWGObservations.pdf. The Census Bureau is especially interested in receiving comments on the methodology the Working Group employed in making its recommendations. The poverty threshold is the annual expenditure amount below which a family is considered poor. The Working Group recommended that the poverty threshold for the SPM should be established on the basis of expenditures for commodities that all families must purchase: Food, shelter, clothing, and utilities (collectively, FSCU). This threshold should be derived from expenditure data from BLS’ U.S. Consumer Expenditure Survey. The Working Group recommended that the reference sample for this threshold be PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\26MYN1.SGM 26MYN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 75, Number 101 (Wednesday, May 26, 2010)]
[Notices]
[Pages 29508-29513]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2010-12626]


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DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

Census Bureau


The 2010 Census Count Question Resolution Program

AGENCY: U.S. Census Bureau, Commerce.

ACTION: Proposed collection; comment request.

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SUMMARY: The Department of Commerce, as part of its continuing effort 
to reduce paperwork and respondent burden, invites the general public 
and other Federal agencies to take this opportunity to comment on 
proposed and/or continuing information collections, as required by the 
Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 
3506(c)(2)(A)).

DATES: To ensure consideration, written comments must be submitted on 
or before July 26, 2010.

ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Diana Hynek, Departmental 
Paperwork Clearance Officer, Department of Commerce, Room 6625, 14th 
and Constitution Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20230 (or via the Internet 
at dHynek@doc.gov).

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional information or 
copies of the information collection instrument(s) and instructions 
should be directed to Christa D. Jones, Assistant Division Chief, Count 
Question Resolution Office, Room 3H061, Decennial Management Division, 
U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC 20233. Telephone: 301-763-7310; FAX: 
301-763-8327 or e-mail: dmd_cqr@census.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Abstract

    The Count Question Resolution (CQR) program will address 
corrections for three types of challenges for the 2010 Decennial 
Census: (1) Boundary, (2) geocoding, and (3) coverage. The CQR program 
is not a mechanism or process to challenge or revise the population 
counts sent to the President by December 31, 2010, which are used to 
apportion the U.S. House of Representatives. The Census Bureau will 
accept challenges between June 1, 2011, and June 1, 2013. The Census 
Bureau will review challenges in the order they are received.
    The CQR program procedures include researching challenges and, as 
appropriate, making corrections and issuing revised official population 
and housing unit counts, which the Census Bureau will also use for the 
Census Bureau's Population Estimates program. The Census Bureau will 
not accept challenges to the overseas counts of persons in the military 
and Federal civilian personnel stationed overseas and their dependents 
living with them. The Census Bureau obtains overseas counts using 
administrative records and uses the records solely for apportioning 
seats in the U.S. House of Representatives. These records do not 
provide the sub-State geographic information required for the CQR 
program.
    The Census Bureau will only accept challenges from the highest 
elected official of State, local, and Tribal area governments or those 
representing them or acting on their behalf. All challenges must be 
sent to the Census Bureau's headquarters.
    The Census Bureau will make all corrections on the basis of 
appropriate documentation provided by the challenging entities and 
through research of the official 2010 Census records by the Census 
Bureau. The Census Bureau will not collect additional data for the 
enumeration of living quarters through the CQR program. The Census 
Bureau will respond to all challenges and will notify all affected 
governmental units of any corrections to their official counts as a 
result of a CQR program decision.
    Corrections made to the population and housing unit counts by this 
program will result in the issuance of new official 2010 Census counts 
to the officials of governmental units affected. These corrections may 
be used by the governmental units for future programs requiring 
official 2010 Census data. The Census Bureau will use these corrections 
to:

--Specifically modify the decennial census file for use in annual 
postcensal estimates beginning in December 2012, and
--Create the errata information we will make available on the Census 
Bureau's American FactFinder Web site at http://factfinder.census.gov.

The Census Bureau will NOT incorporate the CQR corrections into 2010 
data summary files and tables prepared after the CQR process begins nor 
will the Census Bureau re-tabulate Summary File 1 or Demographic 
Profile tables.

Background

    The Census Bureau has a comprehensive program to improve the 
quality of the housing unit and population counts. In 2002, the Census 
Bureau initiated the Master Address

[[Page 29509]]

File/Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing (MAF/
TIGER) Accuracy Improvement Project (MTAIP) as part of the MAF/TIGER 
Enhancements Program (MTEP). This project acquired geographic 
information system (GIS) files, aerial photography, and GPS data from 
various sources nationwide to update the TIGER database. One of the 
primary goals of the project was to develop a highly accurate 
geographic database of the United States, Puerto Rico, and the Island 
Areas. The Census Bureau focused on improving the accuracy of street 
feature coordinates to provide base information suitable for use with 
GPS-equipped hand-held devices that would facilitate the gathering of 
accurate location and census information for all living quarters and 
workplaces.
    The Census Bureau implemented a number of address list development 
programs in preparation for the 2010 Census, the earliest of which was 
the Local Update of Census Addresses (LUCA) program that started in 
2007. Participating State, local and Tribal area governments were given 
the opportunity to review and update the Census Bureau's address list 
of living quarters before it was used for the actual census 
enumeration. In cases where the State, local, or Tribal area government 
and the Census Bureau could not agree on the address list, the 
governmental unit could use an appeal process administered by the LUCA 
Appeals Office, which was set up by the Office of Management and Budget 
to provide an independent adjudication. The full LUCA operation 
included participant review of materials from November 2007-March 2008; 
Census Bureau Address Canvassing field work from March-July 2009; LUCA 
Detailed Feedback to participants from October-November 2009; and the 
LUCA Appeals process which concluded at the end of March 2010. In 
addition to LUCA, governmental units with city-style address areas had 
another opportunity to update the 2010 Census address list via the New 
Construction program, which occurred from November 2009-March 2010. 
Between 2009 and 2010, the Census Bureau conducted the Boundary 
Validation Program. This program provided highest elected officials and 
Tribal chairpersons with maps that showed boundaries of their 
respective jurisdictions and instructed them how to make boundary 
corrections.
    From September-October 2009, the Census Bureau also conducted the 
Group Quarters Validation and Reinterview operations to verify or 
correct address records identified as group quarters. From March 
through April 2010, the Census Bureau conducted the Enumeration at 
Transitory Locations operation that was designed to enumerate eligible 
populations living in transitory locations such as campgrounds and 
marinas. After the development of the 2010 Census mailing list, a 
number of situations occurred requiring the Census Bureau to implement 
an additional mail delivery. This was referred to as the Mail Delivery 
for Late Adds and included city-style addresses from the LUCA appeals, 
Census Bureau research of ungeocoded addresses in the Master Address 
File, and additional self-response from the spring 2010 Delivery 
Sequence File update from the U.S. Postal Service. The Mail Delivery 
for the Late Adds operation reduced the number of addresses included in 
the Nonresponse Follow-up (NRFU) Vacant Delete Check operation.
    Between April and August 2010, the Coverage Follow-up (CFU) 
operation will improve the 2010 Census by calling households that are 
identified as having a potential error in their household count. From 
July through August 2010, the NRFU Vacant Delete Check operation 
verified the vacant and delete assessments of census workers. Vacant 
Delete Check also enumerates housing units that census workers 
inaccurately classified as vacant or nonexistent in an earlier census 
operation. It also enumerated added housing units discovered in an 
earlier census operation such as those added or reinstated through the 
2010 LUCA appeals process; records added from the Housing Unit Address 
Review conducted as part of the Count Review operation; records added 
as a result of research into potentially missed addresses in Address 
Canvassing (as reported on internal documents known as INFO-COMMs); 
previously ungeocoded addresses which obtained geocodes from the Census 
Bureau research of ungeocoded addresses in the Master Address File; new 
addresses from periodic postal updates; records added by Update/Leave; 
and addresses provided in the New Construction operation by Tribal and 
local governments.
    In August through early September 2010, the Census Bureau will 
conduct the Field Verification operation. The Field Verification 
operation is a final check for certain address records from sources 
such as Be Counted, Telephone Questionnaire Assistance (TQA), Group 
Quarters Enumeration, questionnaire fulfillment and TQA interview, as 
well as particular categories of housing-level cases identified through 
person matching for the CFU operation. Data collection for the 2010 
Census ended in the Local Census Offices in September 2010. The Census 
Bureau strictly enforces the schedule to allow the time to produce the 
State-level apportionment counts by December 31, 2010, as required by 
law.

Relevant 2010 Census Data Releases

    The Redistricting Data (Pub. L. 94-171) are scheduled for release 
from February through March 2011. In May 2011, the Census Bureau will 
release an advance tabulation of group quarters population and type to 
the public through a file transfer protocol site. This ``Advance 
Release of Group Quarters Data from Summary File 1'' will include 
block-level Group Quarters (GQ) population counts by GQ type. The 
Demographic Profile table, which contains selected population and 
housing characteristics, will also be released in May 2011. The release 
of Summary File 1 (SF1) on a flow basis to States will occur between 
June and August 2011. The SF1 will contain block-level housing unit and 
group quarters population counts. Collectively, these census data 
products will provide participants with appropriate tools for accessing 
the accuracy of their decennial census counts.
    State, local, and Tribal area government officials must contact the 
Census Bureau CQR Office in order to initiate the challenge process. 
The Census Bureau will also accept challenges on official 
jurisdictional letterhead from county clerks, city planners, local 
planning board representatives, and State legislative representatives 
with redistricting functions within each State and State equivalents 
who are acting on the behalf of a local or Tribal jurisdiction to 
submit a challenge.

Types of Challenges Considered for the 2010 Census CQR Program

    The 2010 Census CQR program may make corrections as a result of the 
following three types of challenges:
    (1) Boundary--The CQR program may address the inaccurate reporting 
or the inaccurate recording of boundaries legally in effect on January 
1, 2010. The Census Bureau needs to ensure that the geographic 
assignment information provided by governmental units does not, in 
fact, reflect boundary changes made after January 1, 2010.
    (2) Geocoding--These challenges affect placement of living quarters 
and associated population within the correct

[[Page 29510]]

governmental unit boundaries and census tabulation blocks.
    (3) Coverage--These challenges, if upheld by the Census Bureau, 
result in the addition or deletion of specific living quarters and 
persons associated with them identified during the census process, but 
are erroneously included as duplicates or excluded due to processing 
errors.

Challenges That Result in Corrections

    The Census Bureau will issue corrected CQR counts based on the 
housing unit and population counts as of April 1, 2010. The 
governmental units may use new official census counts for all programs 
requiring official 2010 Census data. The Census Bureau will not make 
corrections to the data concerning the characteristics of the 
population and housing inventory. The Census Bureau will modify the 
decennial file reflecting the corrected counts for generating the 2012 
postcensal estimates. The American FactFinder will provide the 
inventory of corrections as errata to the original data. The Census 
Bureau will not revise 2010 Census base files, 2010 Census 
apportionment counts, redistricting data, or 2010 Census data products. 
The governmental units may use new official Census counts for all 
programs requiring official 2010 Census data. The Census Bureau will 
send a letter with a certification of the population and housing for 
all jurisdictions affected by the results of a successful CQR 
challenge.

Challenges That Do Not Result in Corrections

    When a State, local, or Tribal area government provides evidence 
that the Census Bureau missed housing units or group quarters that 
existed on April 1, 2010, but the CQR research and 2010 Census records 
show that all of the Census Bureau's boundary information, geocoding, 
and processing were correctly implemented, the Census Bureau will 
respond by sending a letter to the official or his/her representative 
stating that the Census Bureau will maintain the documentation for 
consideration in the context of address list updating activities in the 
future but will not issue a revised count.

Internal Census Bureau Review

    The primary internal review process for the 2010 Census counts is 
the Count Review program. This program started in February 2010, with 
Census Bureau staff and members of the Federal-State Cooperative 
Program for Population Estimates (FSCPE) working together to review 
address lists and identify clusters of missing housing unit addresses. 
The Count Review program also includes Census Bureau staff review of 
population and housing unit count totals prior to the release of the 
data. In August 2010, the FSCPE representatives will review the 2010 
Census group quarters population counts.
    Findings from the Count Review program may result in cases for the 
CQR program if there is insufficient time to make corrections before 
the end of the Count Review operation. The Count Review program staff 
will create internal CQR challenges for all unresolved issues within 
the scope of the CQR program. The Census Bureau may make count 
corrections as result of this internal review and include them in the 
CQR process. In cases where the Census Bureau makes changes to the 
housing unit and/or population counts, new official counts will be 
issued to the affected jurisdictions, and the results will be included 
in the same file as CQR external cases. However, the Census Bureau will 
not make changes to the 2010 Census data products due to a successful 
CQR challenge.

II. Method of Collection

Criteria for Acceptable Documentation Necessary to Initiate the 2010 
Census CQR Process

    The Census Bureau requires documentation before committing 
resources to investigate concerns raised by State, local, or Tribal 
area officials or their representatives about boundary and geographic 
assignment errors or the accuracy of the census housing unit or group 
quarters population counts. The submitted challenges must specify 
whether the challenge disputes the location of a governmental unit 
boundary or the number of housing units and/or group quarters 
population counts in one or more census tabulation blocks, or both. The 
challenger must provide the following documentation based on the type 
of challenge:
     For boundary challenges, indicate on a map the location of 
the governmental unit boundary in dispute and show where the Census 
Bureau incorrectly depicts the boundary. Show the correct boundary 
legally effective January 1, 2010. (See the section ``Types of 
Acceptable Maps''.)
     For geocoding and coverage challenges, identify the 
specific contested 2010 Census tabulation block and a list of the 
addresses for all housing units or group quarters in that block on 
April 1, 2010. (See the section ``Challenge Criteria.'')

Boundary Challenge Criteria

    State, local, or Tribal area governments must base challenges on 
boundaries legally in effect on January 1, 2010. The Census Bureau will 
compare the maps and appropriate supporting documentation submitted by 
the challenging governmental unit with the information used by the 
Census Bureau to depict the boundaries for the 2010 Census.
    Maps submitted by State, local or Tribal area governments must show 
the correct location of the boundary and the portion of the boundary 
that the Census Bureau potentially depicted incorrectly, including the 
2010 Census tabulation block numbers associated with the boundary. The 
State, local, or Tribal area government must also provide the Census 
Bureau with a list of addresses in challenged 2010 Census tabulation 
blocks, indicating their location in relationship to the boundary that 
the governmental unit wants the Census Bureau to correct.
    For boundary challenges affected by legal actions not recorded by 
the Census Bureau, governmental units must submit the effective date 
and the ordinance number or law that effectuated the change in 
boundaries, provide evidence that the State certifying official has 
approved the boundary change if required by State law, and provide a 
statement that the boundary is not under litigation.

Types of Acceptable Maps

     2010 Census Public Law 94-171 County Block Maps--The 
Census Bureau produces these maps as a reference for the Redistricting 
Data Files available for all States, the District of Columbia, and 
Puerto Rico.
     2010 Census County Block Maps--The Census Bureau produces 
maps as a reference to the Summary File 1 data.
     The 2010 TIGER/Line File--The Census Bureau provides 
digital data in ESRI shapefile format. The governmental unit may 
generate maps based on information from the Census Bureau 2010 TIGER/
Line shapefiles using a commercial geographic information system (GIS). 
These maps must identify the State, county, governmental unit, census 
tract, census tabulation block, and any other legal entity involved in 
a challenge. If a challenge involves an American Indian reservation or 
off-reservation trust lands, the maps must identify the American Indian 
area, census Tribal tract, and census tabulation block boundary.

[[Page 29511]]

Challenge Criteria

Housing Unit Count
    The Redistricting Data (Pub. L. 94-171) Summary File can be used to 
obtain census tabulation block housing unit counts. Summary File 1 can 
also be used to obtain census tabulation block housing unit counts. 
Challenges must include a complete address list for all units that the 
challenger thinks the Census Bureau should include in each contested 
block. (Refer to the section ``Types of Address Lists.'') State, local, 
or Tribal area officials must certify that the addresses on their lists 
existed and could be lived in on April 1, 2010. The supporting evidence 
must specifically show the validity of any address and reflect 
residential addresses that existed as viable living quarters on April 
1, 2010. Challenges to housing unit counts must specify the 2010 Census 
Tract and tabulation block(s) for which the counts are being 
challenged.
Group Quarters Population Count
    The ``Advance Release of Group Quarters Data from Summary File 1'' 
provides the group quarters population counts for 2010 census 
tabulation blocks. Summary File 1 itself may also be used to obtain 
census tabulation blocks and Group Quarters population counts. 
Challenges must include a complete address list for all group quarters 
buildings that the challenger thinks the Census Bureau should include 
in each contested block. The State, local, or Tribal area official must 
certify that the addresses on their lists existed and could be lived in 
on April 1, 2010. Supporting evidence that specifically reflects the 
validity of any address list source showing the population within a 
group quarters must be dated no later than April 1, 2010. Challenges to 
group quarters population counts must specify the associated 2010 
Census Tract and census tabulation block(s).

Types of Address Lists

     City-Style Address Lists--A city-style address must 
include house number, street name, city, State, ZIP Code and county. 
The city-style address list must be organized by 2010 Census tabulation 
block within 2010 Census Tract. Also include applicable housing unit 
identifiers in multi-unit buildings (such as apartment numbers). The 
Census Bureau requests the challenger use the address list template 
provided on the CQR Web site and submit the challenge electronically. 
In addition, mark the exact location of each challenged address on a 
map containing 2010 Census Tract and tabulation block(s).
     Non-City Style Address Lists--Non-city style addresses 
include rural route addresses and any other addresses that do not 
contain a complete house number, street name, city, State, ZIP Code, 
and county. The non-city style address list must be organized by 2010 
Census tabulation block within census tract. If a household receives 
mail at a post office box address, provide the E-911 address, if it 
exists. The State, local or Tribal area government must provide the 
exact location for each challenged address on a map containing 2010 
Census Tract and tabulation block(s). Focus the list on the specific 
area where the challenged addresses exist. All addresses in the 
challenged block must contain a description of the housing unit and 
location.
     Group Quarters Address Lists--Group Quarters addresses can 
include city style or non-city style addresses. Provide the group 
quarters name, number and street address, city, State, ZIP Code, 
county, and telephone number for the contact at the group quarters as 
of April 1, 2010. The group quarters address list must be organized by 
2010 Census tabulation block within census tract. The challenger must 
provide documentation that supports the number of persons residing at 
the Group Quarters on April 1, 2010. In addition, provide the 2010 
Census Tract and tabulation block number for the location of the group 
quarters including the exact location for each challenged address on a 
map containing 2010 Census Tract and tabulation block(s).

Census Bureau Actions

    The Census Bureau will investigate acceptable challenges to 
determine whether it can identify information about the existence of a 
housing unit or occupied group quarters on April 1, 2010, that does not 
appear in the final census files due to an error in processing the 
information. The Census Bureau will neither collect new data nor make 
changes to apportionment counts, redistricting data, or any 2010 Census 
data products.

Definitions of Key Terms

    American FactFinder--An interactive Web site for accessing and 
disseminating the results of many Census Bureau programs. The system is 
available through the Internet and the Census Bureau will use it to 
disseminate the results of the 2010 Census. The American FactFinder Web 
site can be found at: http://factfinder.census.gov.
    Census Tabulation Block--A geographic area bounded by visible 
features, such as streets, roads, streams, and railroad tracts, and by 
nonvisible boundaries, such as city, town, township, and county limits, 
and short line-of-sight extensions of streets and roads. Generally, 
census blocks are small in area; for example, a block in a city bounded 
on all sides by streets. Census blocks in suburban and rural areas may 
be large, irregular, and bounded by a variety of features. In remote 
areas, census blocks may encompass hundreds of square miles. Census 
blocs are the smallest geographic entities for which the Census Bureau 
tabulates decennial census information.
    Census Tract--Small, relatively permanent statistical subdivisions 
of a county or equivalent entity updated by local participants prior to 
each decennial census as part of the Census Bureau's Participant 
Statistical Areas Program in accordance with Census Bureau guidelines. 
Census tracts generally have a population size between 1,200 and 8,000 
people, and have an optimum size of 4,000 people.
    County or county equivalent--The primary legal subdivision of most 
States. In Louisiana, these divisions are known as parishes. In Alaska, 
which has no counties, the equivalent entities are boroughs, city and 
boroughs, municipalities, and census areas; the latter of which are 
delineated cooperatively for statistical purposes by the State of 
Alaska and the Census Bureau. In Puerto Rico, the primary divisions are 
municipios.
    Demographic Profile--A table containing data that shows information 
on total population, sex, age, race, Hispanic or Latino origin, 
household relationship, group quarters population, household type, 
housing occupancy, and housing tenure.
    Group Quarters--A group quarters is defined as a place where people 
live or stay, in a group living arrangement that is owned or managed by 
a governmental unit or organization providing housing and services for 
the residents. This is not a typical household-type living arrangement. 
These services may include custodial or medical care as well as other 
types of assistance, and residency is commonly restricted to those 
receiving these services. People living in group quarters are usually 
not related to each other. The two general types of group quarters are 
institutional and non-institutional. Institutional group quarters 
include: Nursing homes, mental hospitals and psychiatric units in other 
hospitals, hospitals with patients who have no usual home elsewhere, 
inpatient hospice facilities, correctional facilities for adults and 
juveniles, and residential schools for

[[Page 29512]]

people with disabilities. Non-institutional group quarters include: 
College or university dormitories and residence halls, military 
barracks, group homes, shelters, convents, migratory farm worker camps, 
military ship, and maritime/merchant vessels. Group quarters may have 
housing for staff as their usual residence at the group quarters 
address.
    Housing unit--Living quarters in which the occupants live 
separately from any other individuals in the building and have direct 
access to their living quarters from outside the building or through a 
common hall. Housing units include such places as houses, apartments, 
mobile homes or trailers, groups of rooms, or a single room that is 
occupied as a separate living quarters, or if vacant, is intended for 
occupancy as a separate living quarters. A housing unit is defined as a 
living quarters that is closed to the elements and has all exterior 
windows and doors installed and final usable floors in place. For 
vacant units, the criteria of separateness and direct access are 
applied to the intended occupants, whenever possible. If the Census 
Bureau cannot obtain the information, the criteria are applied to the 
previous occupants.
    Municipio--The primary legal subdivision of Puerto Rico (equivalent 
to county).
    Overseas counts--Counts of military and Federal civilian personnel 
stationed overseas with their dependents living with them.
    Postcensal Estimates--Population estimates for the years following 
the last published decennial census. The Census Bureau uses existing 
data series, such as births, deaths, Federal tax returns, Medicare 
enrollment, immigration, and housing unit information, to update the 
decennial census counts during the estimating process. These estimates 
are used in Federal funding allocations, monitoring recent demographic 
trends, and benchmarking many Federally funded survey totals.
    Public Law 94-171--The Federal law amending Section 141 of Title 13 
directs the Secretary of Commerce (who delegates that responsibility to 
the Director of the Census Bureau) to provide selected decennial census 
data tabulations to the States by April 1 of the year following the 
census. These tabulations are used by the States to redistrict areas 
used for elections such as congressional, legislative and school 
districts. In addition, the data are used for local redistricting such 
as the drawing of county council and city council districts.
    Summary File 1--A data file that presents decennial census counts 
and basic cross-tabulations of information collected from all people 
and housing units. This information includes age, sex, race, Hispanic 
or Latino origin, household relationship, and whether the residence is 
owned or rented. Data will be available at the block level, but limited 
to the 2010 census tract level in cases where there are concerns with 
disclosure. The Census Bureau also will include summaries for other 
geographic areas, such as ZIP code tabulation areas and Congressional 
Districts.

Exhibit--Additional Information

    This section provides additional information about the 2010 Census 
CQR program.
1. Where Should a Governmental Unit Submit a Challenge for the 2010 
Census CQR Program?
    Governmental units challenging the completeness or accuracy of the 
2010 Census counts need to submit their challenge in writing to: Count 
Question Resolution Program, Room 3H061, Decennial Management Division, 
U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC 20233-0001. Governmental units can 
submit their challenge electronically to dmd.cqr@census.gov.
2. Will the Census Bureau Make Corrections to the Census Counts Based 
on Information Submitted by Governmental Units?
    The Census Bureau will make corrections if research indicates they 
are warranted. The Census Bureau will base its determination of whether 
a correction is necessary or not, on the quality and completeness of 
the information provided by Tribal, and local governmental unit 
representatives and the results of the Census Bureau's research of the 
census records.
3. Which Governmental Units Are Eligible To Submit a CQR Challenge?
    The Census Bureau will research and, if necessary, correct the 
counts for:
    1. Counties and statistically equivalent entities.
    2. Functioning minor civil divisions.
    3. Incorporated places, including consolidated cities.
    4. Census Designated Places in Hawaii and Puerto Rico only.
    5. Federally recognized American Indian reservations and off-
reservation trust lands.
    6. American Indian Tribal subdivisions.
    7. State-recognized American Indian reservations (submitted by a 
State official).
    8. Alaska Native Regional Corporations.
    9. Alaska Native Village Statistical Areas.
    10. Tribal-designated statistical areas.
    11. Oklahoma Tribal statistical areas.
    12. State-designated Tribal statistical areas (submitted by a State 
official).
    13. Hawaiian home lands (submitted by a State official).
    The Census Bureau will not accept challenges for any other types of 
statistical or legally defined areas.
4. Will the Census Bureau Incorporate Corrections from the CQR Program 
into the (1) Apportionment, (2) Redistricting Data, or (3) 2010 Census 
Data Products?
    (1) In accordance with the law, the apportionment counts are 
delivered to the President by December 31, 2010. The Census Bureau will 
not change the apportionment counts to reflect corrections resulting 
from the CQR program.
    (2) The Census Bureau plans to begin delivery to States of the 
counts required for redistricting purposes in February 2011 and will 
complete this delivery by the statutory deadline of March 31, 2011. The 
Census Bureau will not change the data in these products to reflect the 
results of CQR challenges.
    (3) The Census Bureau will not incorporate CQR corrections into any 
2010 Census data products. The planned CQR program allows the Census 
Bureau to maintain consistency between data products while maintaining 
the schedule for timely release of the data. However, the Census Bureau 
will issue revised, certified population and housing unit counts for 
the affected governmental unit(s), maintain a list of CQR corrected 
geographic areas on the American Factfinder, and/or other Census Bureau 
URL locations, and will incorporate any corrections into its Postcensal 
Estimates program beginning in December 2012.

III. Data

    OMB Number: Not available.
    Form Number: None.
    Type of Review: Regular.
    Affected Public: State, local, or Tribal area governmental units in 
the United States and Puerto Rico.
    Estimated Number of Respondents: Approximately 1,500 annually.
    Estimated Time per Response: 5.2 hours (based on an average 
challenge of 40 housing units).
    Estimated Total Annual Burden Hours: 7,800 hours.
    Estimated Total Annual Cost: $122,220.00.
    Respondent's Obligation: Voluntary.
    Legal Authority: Title 13, U.S.C., Section 141.

[[Page 29513]]

IV. Request for Comments

    Comments are invited on: (a) Whether the proposed collection of 
information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of 
the agency, including whether the information shall have practical 
utility; (b) The accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden 
(including hours and cost) of the proposed collection of information; 
(c) Ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the 
information to be collected; and (d) Ways to minimize the burden of the 
collection of information on respondents, including through the use of 
automated collection techniques or other forms of information 
technology.
    The Census Bureau will summarize and/or include comments submitted 
in response to this notice in the request for OMB approval of this 
information collection; the comments also will become a matter of 
public record.

    Dated: May 21, 2010.
Glenna Mickelson,
Management Analyst, Office of the Chief Information Officer.
[FR Doc. 2010-12626 Filed 5-25-10; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3510-07-P