Proposed Processed Raspberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order, 16266-16289 [E9-7981]

Download as PDF 16266 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 67 / Thursday, April 9, 2009 / Proposed Rules DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 1208 [Doc. No. AMS–FV–07–0077; FV–07–705– PR–1A] RIN 0581–AC37 Proposed Processed Raspberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order dwashington3 on PROD1PC60 with PROPOSALS2 AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Proposed rule with request for comments. SUMMARY: This rule proposes the establishment of an industry-funded promotion, research, and information program for processed raspberries. The proposed program, Processed Raspberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order (Proposed Order), was submitted to the Department of Agriculture (Department) by the Washington Red Raspberry Commission (WRRC). Under the Proposed Order, producers of raspberries for processing and importers of processed raspberries would pay an assessment of up to one cent per pound, with the initial assessment rate being one cent per pound, which would be paid to the proposed National Processed Raspberry Council (Council). Producers and importers of less than 20,000 pounds annually of raspberries for processing and processed raspberries respectively would be exempt from the assessment. The proposed program would be implemented under the Commodity Promotion, Research, and Information Act of 1996 (1996 Act). An initial referendum would be conducted among eligible producers of raspberries for processing and importers of processed raspberries to determine whether they favor the implementation of the program prior to it going into effect. This rule also announces the Agricultural Marketing Service’s (AMS) intention to request approval of new processed raspberries information collection requirements by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for the Proposed Order. DATES: Comments must be received by June 8, 2009. Pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA), comments on the information collection burden that would result from this proposal must be received by June 8, 2009. ADDRESSES: Interested persons are invited to submit written comments on the Internet at https:// www.regulations.gov or to the Research and Promotion Branch, Fruit and VerDate Nov<24>2008 15:29 Apr 08, 2009 Jkt 217001 Vegetable Programs, AMS, USDA, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW., Stop 0244, Room 0632–S, Washington, DC 20250– 0244; fax: (202) 205–2800. All comments should reference the docket number and the date and page number of this issue of the Federal Register and will be made available for public inspection in the above office during regular business hours or can be viewed at https://www.regulations.gov. Pursuant to PRA, comments regarding the accuracy of the burden estimate, ways to minimize the burden, including the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology, or any other aspect of this collection of information, should be sent to the above address. In addition, comments concerning the information collection should also be sent to the Desk Office for Agriculture, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget, New Executive Office Building, 725 17th Street, NW., Room 725, Washington, DC 20503. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kimberly Coy, Marketing Specialist, Research and Promotion Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, AMS, USDA, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW., Room 0632, Stop 0244, Washington, DC 20250–0244; telephone: (202) 720–9915 or (888) 720–9917 (toll free); or facsimile: (202) 205–2800; or e-mail: Kimberly.Coy@usda.gov. This rule is issued pursuant to the Commodity Promotion, Research, and Information Act of 1996 (1996 Act) (7 U.S.C. 7411– 7425). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Executive Order 12866 This rule has been determined not significant for purposes of Executive Order 12866 and therefore has not been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). Executive Order 12988 This rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. It is not intended to have retroactive effect. This rule will not preempt any state or local laws, regulations, or policies, unless they represent an irreconcilable conflict with this rule. Section 524 of the 1996 Act provides that it shall not affect or preempt any other Federal or state law authorizing promotion or research relating to an agricultural commodity. Under section 519 of the 1996 Act, a person subject to an order may file a written petition with the Department stating that an order, any provision of an order, or any obligation imposed in PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 connection with an order, is not established in accordance with the law, and requesting a modification of an order or an exemption from an order. Any petition filed challenging an order, any provision of an order, or any obligation imposed in connection with an order, shall be filed within two years after the effective date of an order, provision, or obligation subject to challenge in the petition. The petitioner will have the opportunity for a hearing on the petition. Thereafter, the Department will issue a ruling on the petition. The 1996 Act provides that the district court of the United States for any district in which the petitioner resides or conducts business shall have the jurisdiction to review a final ruling on the petition, if the petitioner files a complaint for that purpose not later than 20 days after the date of the entry of the Department’s final ruling. Executive Order 13132 This proposed rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 13132, Federalism. This Executive Order directs agencies to construe, in regulations and otherwise, a Federal Statute to preempt State law only when the statute contains an express preemption provision. Section 524 of the 1996 Act provides that the Act shall not affect or preempt any other Federal or State law authorizing promotion or research relating to an agricultural commodity. The WRRC and the Oregon Raspberry and Blackberry Commission (ORBC), the principal producers of processed raspberries, both administer State marketing orders, which require all producers of raspberries to pay assessments to support the health of their respective industries. Both the WRRC and ORBC invest funds into research programs at their land-grant universities and other research institutions to study disease, pest control, and varietal development. In addition to developing and funding production research, they also fund marketing and promotion programs and seek to foster education and communication between producers. However, according to the WRRC, WRRC, ORBC and international raspberry organizations have not been able to generate the funds necessary to support the marketing efforts needed to help expand processed raspberry consumption and increase the demand for processed raspberries. In order to manage increased production, increased competition, and changing consumer habits, the WRRC believes that a more extensive marketing program is needed. The WRRC and ORBC believe that a E:\FR\FM\09APP2.SGM 09APP2 dwashington3 on PROD1PC60 with PROPOSALS2 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 67 / Thursday, April 9, 2009 / Proposed Rules national research and promotion program would fund the promotional aspect necessary to stay competitive and would place all domestic producers and importers on an equal playing field with each investing a fair share in promoting processed raspberries. If a national processed raspberry program is established, the WRRC and ORBC will continue to fund processed raspberry research in areas not likely to be the focus of the national program. In accordance with the 1996 Act, this proposed rule would not preempt any of these State-legislated programs. Further, section 1208.52(h) of the Proposed Order provides for credit of assessments for those individuals who contribute to local, regional, or State organizations that engage in similar generic research, promotion, and information programs as partial fulfillment of assessments due to the Council subject to approval of the Secretary, for expenditure on generic research, promotion and information programs conducted within the United States. The proposed program is not intended to duplicate any State program. Considerable attention is being made to involve producers in discussions regarding future program development and administration and what the State commissions would look like prior to the initial referendum. It is expected that farm related activities, such as production research, would continue to be funded by the State organizations and market development functions, such as nutritional research and marketing programs, would shift to the Proposed Order. Not only were the States informed throughout the development of the national program, they were instrumental in the processed raspberry industry’s decision to institute a national program. In 2007, representatives from the WRRC were among other raspberry industry representatives who met with AMS representatives to discuss the possibility of implementing a national processed raspberry promotion, research, and information program. WRRC representatives participated in the development of the provisions of the Proposed Order during these meetings and with direct communication with the Oregon Raspberry and Blackberry Commission (ORBC). Initial Regulatory Flexibility Act Analysis In accordance with the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) [5 U.S.C. 601– 612], AMS is required to examine the impact of the proposed rule on small entities. The purpose of the RFA is to VerDate Nov<24>2008 15:29 Apr 08, 2009 Jkt 217001 fit regulatory actions to the scale of businesses subject to such actions so that small businesses will not be disproportionately burdened. The Small Business Administration defines, in 13 CFR Part 121, small agricultural producers as those having annual receipts of no more than $750,000 and small agricultural service firms (handlers and importers) as those having annual receipts of no more than $7.0 million. Under these criteria, the majority of the producers and handlers that would be affected by this Proposed Order would be considered small entities, while most importers would not. Future, qualified organizations certified by the Secretary for nomination purposes, would be expected to generally consist of entities reflecting such sizes also. Producers and importers of less than 20,000 pounds per year of raspberries for processing and processed raspberries respectively would be exempt under this Proposed Order. Five organic producers and importers are also expected to be exempt from assessments. The number of entities assessed under the program would be around 245. Estimated revenue is expected at $1.2 million of which 43 percent is expected from imported product and 57 percent from domestic product. According to the WRRC, in 2006, there were approximately 195 producers of raspberries for processing and 34 processors (first handlers) of processed raspberries in Oregon and Washington States, which are the principal growing areas in the United States for raspberries destined for processing. Approximately 95 percent of the producers and 100 percent of the raspberry processors qualified under the definition for small business owners. Although California is a significant producer of raspberries, virtually all harvested product is destined for the fresh market. In 2006, there were approximately 50 importers. Based on the U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Foreign Trade Statistics, in 2006 two countries accounted for 96 percent of the processed raspberries imported into the United States. These countries and their share of the imports are: Chile (78 percent) and Canada (18 percent). The 1996 Act authorizes generic programs of promotion, research, and information for agricultural commodities. Congress found that it is in the national public interest and vital to the welfare of the agricultural economy of the United States to maintain and expand existing markets and develop new markets and uses for agricultural commodities through industry-funded, government- PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 16267 supervised, generic commodity promotion programs. The WRRC submitted this Proposed Order to: (1) Develop and finance an effective and coordinated program of research, promotion, industry information, and consumer education regarding processed raspberries; (2) strengthen the position of the processed raspberry industry; and (3) maintain, develop, and expand existing markets for processed raspberries. While the Proposed Order would impose certain recordkeeping requirements on first handlers, this information could be compiled from records currently maintained. First handlers would collect and remit the assessments on domestic processed raspberries to the Council. First handler responsibilities would include accurate recordkeeping and accounting on all raspberries purchased or contracted for processing including the number of pounds handled, the names of their producers, and the dates raspberries were purchased. The forms require the minimum information necessary to effectively carry out the requirements of the program, and their use is necessary to fulfill the intent of the 1996 Act. Such records must be retained for at least two years. This information is already maintained as a normal business practice. In addition, as these entities currently remit assessments under either the Washington or Oregon State programs, the additional recordkeeping and submission impact would be minimal. There is also a minimal paperwork burden on producers. The Proposed Order would require producers to keep records and to provide information to the Council or the Department when requested. However, it is not anticipated that producers would be required to submit forms to the Council other than for nomination to the Council. If, for example, the Council needs information from a producer as part of the Council’s compliance program, the information would need to be obtained through an audit of the producer’s records instead of having the producer complete and submit paperwork. In addition, there is a minimal burden on importers. The import assessments would be collected by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (Customs) at time of entry into the United States. Importers would be required to keep records and to provide information to the Council or the Secretary of Agriculture (Secretary) when requested. However, it is not anticipated that importers would be required to submit forms to the Council for assessment collection because Customs conducts recordkeeping and E:\FR\FM\09APP2.SGM 09APP2 dwashington3 on PROD1PC60 with PROPOSALS2 16268 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 67 / Thursday, April 9, 2009 / Proposed Rules assessment remittance at the time of product entry into the United States. Importers who seek nomination to serve on the Council would be required to complete a background form which would be submitted to the Secretary. Foreign producers from countries exporting a minimum of three million pounds of raspberries for processing based on a three-year average to the U.S. and at-large members seeking nomination to serve on the Council would be required to complete a background form which would be submitted to the Secretary. The estimated annual cost of providing the information to the Council by an estimated 297 respondents (195 producers, 50 importers, 34 first handlers/processors, 2 foreign producers, 5 organic producers and importers, 10 certified organizations (for nomination purposes), and 1 atlarge member) would be $9,141. Section 518 of the 1996 Act provides for referenda to ascertain approval of the Proposed Order to be conducted either prior to its going into effect or within three years after assessments first begin under the Proposed Order. An initial referendum would be conducted prior to putting this Proposed Order in effect. The Proposed Order also provides for approval in a referendum to be based upon approval by a majority of those persons voting in the referendum. Every seven years, the Department shall conduct a referendum to determine whether producers and importers of processed raspberries favor the continuation, suspension, or termination of the Proposed Order. In addition, the Department could conduct a referendum at any time; at the request of 10 percent or more of all eligible producers of raspberries for processing and processed raspberries importers required to pay assessments; or if the Council requests that the Secretary hold a referendum. The United States is among the leading producers of raspberries. Raspberries are grown in 46 states and are harvested late June to mid August. The 2002 Census of Agriculture indicates that about 80 percent of the U.S. raspberry acreage was in California, Oregon, and Washington. According to the United States Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) and the Foreign Agricultural Service, in 2005, 178,300 million pounds of raspberries (fresh) with a combined value approaching $246 million (value at point of first sale) were produced in California, Oregon, and Washington, the three most productive States for growing raspberries in the United States. In VerDate Nov<24>2008 15:29 Apr 08, 2009 Jkt 217001 2006, 179,850 million pounds were produced and utilized, at a value of almost $275 million. California’s crop is predominately delivered to the fresh market, while Oregon and Washington are the principal producers of processed raspberries. Domestic production varies from year to year due to climatic conditions and field health. Over the last fifteen years, total domestic production of raspberries delivered to processors in the United States (i.e., production utilized for processing) has increased from 47.5 million pounds in 1991 to almost 75 million pounds in 2005 with most recent years averaging approximately 65 million pounds. Washington continues to be the major supplier of processed raspberries to the domestic market, although its market share declined from 72 percent to 51 percent between 2001 and 2006. In comparison, imported raspberries have surged from 7.5 to 53.8 million pounds from 1991 to 2005 and decreased to 48.9 million pounds in 2006. Chile, which is the predominate importer of processed raspberries to the United States, supplied just over 30 percent of the market in 2005 and 2006. Domestic uses of processed raspberries include further processing into juices, jellies, baked goods, and consumer retailer packs. After averaging approximately 100 million pounds for the period 1999 to 2004, approximately 128 million pounds of processed raspberries were produced and/or imported into the United States in 2005 and 111 million pounds in 2006. These totals were calculated by using imports of frozen raspberries (from USDA’s Foreign Agricultural Service) and NASS reports of production utilized for processing in Oregon and Washington. Because of the way imports are currently reported, and because of the way NASS reports raspberry data, the totals represent the best information currently available. The following countries are major exporters of raspberries to the United States: Canada, Chile, China, France, and Poland. Canada and Chile represented 91.5 percent share of total import tonnage in the domestic United States market from 2002 to 2006, with 26 and 65.5 percent respectively. The same growing conditions and harvesting period apply to the Pacific Northwest and British Columbia, the major raspberry growing region in Canada. Exports of processed frozen raspberries from British Colombia to the United States ranged from 2.9 million metric tons to 5.7 million metric tons over the past five years. Contra-season raspberry production in the southern hemisphere is primarily PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 located in Chile, with a harvest season beginning in December and continuing into February. However, processed raspberries are imported into the United States throughout the year. The Proposed Order would authorize a fixed assessment paid by producers of raspberries for processing and importers of processed raspberries at a rate of up to one cent per pound, with the initial assessment rate being one cent per pound. The assessment rate will be reviewed, and increased or decreased as recommended by the Council and approved by the Secretary after the first referendum is conducted as stated in § 1208.71 (a). Such an increase or decrease may occur not more than once annually. Any change in the assessment rate shall be subject to rulemaking by the Department, and will be reviewed, and increased or decreased by the Secretary through rulemaking as recommended by the Council. Any change in the assessment rate shall be announced by the Council at least 30 days prior to going into effect. The maximum assessment rate authorized is one cent per pound. At the proposed rate of assessment of up to one cent per pound, with the initial assessment rate being one cent per pound, the Council would collect approximately $1.2 million annually based on an estimated 120 million pound supply from domestic raspberries for processing and imports of processed raspberries. The domestic supply represents approximately 57 percent of the total and imports represent 43 percent. The Proposed Order would exempt producers and importers of less than 20,000 pounds annually of raspberries for processing and processed raspberries respectively. A review of producer delivery statistics from Oregon and Washington States indicate that around 15 percent of all producers would have been exempted from assessment in 2006 from the proposed research and promotion program based on a 20,000 pounds exemption threshold. Also, organic producers and importers would be exempt from assessment. Section 515 of the 1996 Act provides for the establishment of a board or council consisting of producers, importers, and others in the marketing chain as appropriate. The Proposed Order would provide for the establishment of the National Processed Raspberry Council to administer the Proposed Order under AMS oversight. The Secretary would appoint members to the Council from nominees submitted in accordance with the Proposed Order. The WRRC proposed that the Council be composed of 13 members and their alternates. The E:\FR\FM\09APP2.SGM 09APP2 dwashington3 on PROD1PC60 with PROPOSALS2 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 67 / Thursday, April 9, 2009 / Proposed Rules proposed Council membership is as follows: six producer members of raspberries for processing from States producing a minimum of three million pounds of raspberries delivered for processing; one producer member of raspberries for processing representing all other States that produce less than the minimum of three million pounds of raspberries delivered for processing; three processed raspberry importer members; two foreign producers from countries exporting a minimum of three million pounds of raspberries for processing to the U.S. based on a threeyear average; and one at-large member recommended by the Council. The distribution of producer member of raspberries for processing positions among the States producing a minimum of three million pounds of raspberries would be proportional to the average of the total pounds delivered to the processor for processing over the previous three years. The States that provide less than three million pounds will be combined into one region and will have one producer representative. Under the Proposed Order, the Council members and alternates will serve for a term of three years and be able to serve a maximum of two consecutive terms. When the Council is first established, four producer members, two importers, one of the two foreign producers, and the at-large member and their respective alternates will be assigned initial terms of three years; and, three producer members, one importer member, and the second foreign producer and their respective alternates will serve an initial term of two years. Thereafter, each of these positions will carry a full three-year term. Members serving an initial term of two years will be eligible to serve a second three-year term to complete their eligibility. Council nominations and appointments will take place in two out of every three years. Each term of office will end on December 31, and a new term will begin on January 1. Producers and importers would represent those entities in the United States. The United States would be defined to include collectively the 50 States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and the territories and possessions of the United States. The nominations for the six producer and alternate members from States producing a minimum three-year average of three million pounds of raspberries delivered for processing will be submitted to the Council in the following manner: (1) For those States that have a State raspberry commission or State marketing order, the State VerDate Nov<24>2008 15:29 Apr 08, 2009 Jkt 217001 commission or committee will nominate producers and their alternates to serve; or (2) for those States that do not have a State commission or State marketing order, the Council will seek nominations from the State Departments of Agriculture for members and alternates from the specific States. For those States producing a minimum three-year average of three million pounds of raspberries delivered for processing that have a State raspberry commission or State marketing order, the State commission or committee nominations will be returned to the Council and placed on a ballot which will then be sent to producers in the State for a vote. The nominee for member will have received the highest number of votes cast. The person with the second highest number of votes cast will be the nominee for alternate. The persons with the third and fourth place highest number of votes cast will be designated as additional nominees for consideration by the Secretary. Once the Council has received all of the nominations from commissions or committees, the information will be submitted to the Secretary for appointment. Nominations for the initial Council will be handled by the Department. Subsequent nominations will be handled by the Council staff and shall be submitted to the Secretary not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. If the Department determines that there are no State raspberry commissions or State marketing orders from States producing a minimum three-year average of three million pounds of raspberries delivered for processing, the Council will seek nominations from the State Departments of Agriculture for members and alternates from the specific States who may directly submit nominations to the Department for the initial Council. Subsequent nominations shall be submitted to the Council and will be handled by the Council staff who in turn shall submit those nominations to the Secretary not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. The distribution of the six producer and alternate seats will be proportional to the percentage determined by the average of the total pounds produced and delivered to processors for processing over the previous three years divided by the average total pounds produced over the previous three years. For example, if Washington State and Oregon are the only two States producing a minimum of 3 million pounds each, and Washington’s previous three-year average is 62.4 million pounds and Oregon’s previous PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 16269 three-year average is 6.7 million pounds with the average total pounds for the previous three years being 69.1 million pounds, Washington would have 90 percent of the production and Oregon would have 10 percent of the production. Therefore, Washington would obtain five out of the six seats and Oregon would receive one seat. The nomination for the one raspberry producer of raspberries for processing and alternate member, who represents all other States producing less than a minimum three-year average of three million pounds of raspberries delivered for processing, will constitute a region and the nominations will be submitted to the Council in the following manner: (1) For those States that have a State raspberry commission or State marketing order, the State commission or committee will nominate producers and their alternates to serve; or (2) for those States that do not have a State commission or State marketing order, the Council will seek nominations from the State Departments of Agriculture for the member and alternate from the specific States. For those States producing less than a minimum three-year average of three million pounds of raspberries delivered for processing that have a State raspberry commission or State marketing order, the State commission or committee nominations will be returned to the Council and placed on a ballot which will then be sent to producers in the Region for a vote. The nominee for member will have received the highest number of votes cast. The person with the second highest number of votes cast will be the nominee for alternate. The persons with the third and fourth place highest number of votes cast will be designated as additional nominees for consideration by the Secretary. Once the Council has received all of the nominations from commissions or committees, the information will be submitted to the Secretary for appointment. Nominations for the initial Council will be handled by the Department. Subsequent nominations will be handled by the Council staff and shall be submitted to the Secretary not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. If the Department determines that there are no State raspberry commissions or State marketing orders from States producing less than a minimum three-year average of three million pounds of raspberries delivered for processing, the Council will seek nominations from the State Departments of Agriculture for members and alternates from the specific States. The State Departments of Agriculture would E:\FR\FM\09APP2.SGM 09APP2 dwashington3 on PROD1PC60 with PROPOSALS2 16270 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 67 / Thursday, April 9, 2009 / Proposed Rules have the opportunity to participate in nomination caucuses and will directly submit as a group a single slate of nominations to the Department for the producer position and the producer alternate position on the Council for the initial Council. Subsequent nominations shall be submitted to the Council and will be handled by the Council staff who in turn shall submit those nominations to the Secretary not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. Only producers from States that deliver raspberries for processing and pay assessments under the program are eligible for nomination and election to the Council. Average production will be based upon Department production data for the initial nomination and production figures generated by either the Council or the Department thereafter. Nominations for the three processed raspberry importer member positions and their alternates will be made by qualified national organizations representing importers. Two nominees for each member and each alternate position will be submitted to the Secretary for consideration. All qualified national organizations representing importers would have the opportunity to participate in nomination caucuses and will submit as a group a single slate of nominations to the Secretary for the importer positions and the importer alternate positions on the Council. Eligible organizations must submit nominations to the Department not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. To become a qualified national organization representing importers under the Proposed Order, each such organization would be required to meet the following criteria: (1) Any organization representing importers must represent a substantial number of importers who market a substantial volume of raspberries for processing; (2) it must have a history of stability and permanency and have been in existence for more than one year; (3) it must promote processed raspberry importers’ welfare; and (4) it must derive a portion of its operating funds from importers. If the Department determines that there are no qualified national organizations representing importers, individuals who have paid their assessments to the Council in the most recent fiscal year or for the initial Council, those that imported processed raspberries into the U.S. in the most recent fiscal year, could directly submit nominations to the Department for the initial Council. Subsequent nominations VerDate Nov<24>2008 15:29 Apr 08, 2009 Jkt 217001 shall be submitted to the Council and will be handled by the Council staff who in turn shall submit those nominations to the Secretary not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. Nominations for the two foreign producer member positions and their alternates will be made by qualified organizations representing foreign producers. Two nominees for each member and each alternate position will be submitted to the Secretary for consideration. All qualified organizations representing foreign producers would have the opportunity to participate in nomination caucuses and will submit as a group a single slate of nominations per country to the Secretary for foreign producer positions and the foreign producer alternate positions on the Council. Eligible organizations must submit nominations to the Department not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. To become a qualified organization representing foreign producers under the Proposed Order, each such organization would be required to meet the following criteria: (1) Any organization representing foreign producers must represent a substantial number of foreign producers who market or produce a substantial volume of raspberries for processing; (2) it must have a history of stability and permanency and have been in existence for more than one year; (3) it must promote processed raspberry foreign producers’ welfare; (4) it must derive a portion of its operating funds from foreign producers; and (5) must be from a country exporting a minimum of three million pounds of raspberries for processing to the U.S. based on a threeyear average. If the Department determines that there are no qualified organizations representing foreign producer interest, individual foreign producers may directly submit nominations to the Department for the initial Council. Subsequent nominations shall be submitted to the Council and will be handled by the Council staff who in turn shall submit those nominations to the Secretary not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. In recommending the at-large member and alternate, the Council can give consideration to nutrition health professionals and others interested in the raspberry industry. Nominations for the at-large member and alternate will be conducted at a Council meeting by the Council staff and shall be submitted by the Council to the Secretary for approval not less than 90 days prior to PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 the expiration of the term of office. Nominations for the initial Council will be handled by the Department. The 1996 Act provides that to ensure fair and equitable representation, the composition of a board or council shall reflect the geographic distribution of the production of the agriculture commodity in the United States and the quantity or value of the agriculture commodity imported into the United States. The Proposed Order states that at least once every five years, but not more frequently than once every three years, the Council will review the geographic distribution of United States production of processed raspberries and the quantity and source of processed raspberry imports. If warranted, the Council will recommend to the Secretary that membership on the Council be altered to reflect any changes in geographic distribution of domestic raspberry production and the quantity of imports. Also, if the level of imports increases or decreases, importer members and alternates may be added or reduced on the Council. However, the foreign producer seats will remain the same regardless of the volume of imports from importing countries. The Proposed Order provides that all officers, employees, and agents of the Department and of the Council are required to keep confidential all information obtained from persons subject to the Proposed Order. This information would be disclosed only if the Department considers the information relevant, and the information is revealed in a judicial proceeding or administrative hearing brought at the direction or on the request of the Department or to which the Department or any officer of the Department is a party. However, the issuance of general statements based on reports or on information relating to a number of persons subject to the Proposed Order would be permitted, if the statements do not identify the information furnished by any person. Finally, the publication, by direction of the Department, of the name of any person violating the Proposed Order and a statement of the particular provisions of the Proposed Order violated by the person would be allowed. Proposed recordkeeping and reporting requirements for the raspberry promotion, research, and information program would be designed to minimize the burden on the raspberry industry. The estimated total cost of providing information to the Council by all respondents would be $9,141. This total has been estimated by multiplying 277 total hours required for reporting and recordkeeping by $33, the average mean E:\FR\FM\09APP2.SGM 09APP2 dwashington3 on PROD1PC60 with PROPOSALS2 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 67 / Thursday, April 9, 2009 / Proposed Rules hourly earnings of various occupations involved in keeping this information. Data for computation of this hourly rate was obtained from the U.S. Department of Labor Statistics. With regard to alternatives to this proposed rule, the 1996 Act itself does provide for authority to tailor a program according to the individual needs of an industry. Provision is made for permissive terms in an order in section 516 of the 1996 Act, and other sections provide for alternatives. Section 514 of the 1996 Act provides for orders applicable to (1) producers, (2) first handlers and other persons in the marketing chain as appropriate, and (3) importers (if imports are subject to assessment). Section 516 states that an order may include an exemption of de minimis quantities of an agricultural commodity; different payment and reporting schedules; coverage of research, promotion, and information activities to expand, improve, or make more efficient the marketing or use of an agricultural commodity in both domestic and foreign markets; provision for reserve funds; provision for credits for generic activities for those individuals who contribute to other similar generic research, promotion, and information programs at State, regional or local level; and assessment of imports. In addition, section 518 of the 1996 Act provides for referenda to ascertain approval of an order to be conducted either prior to its going into effect or within three years after assessments first begin under the order. An order also may provide for its approval in a referendum to be based upon (1) a majority of those persons voting; (2) persons voting for approval who represent a majority of the volume of the agricultural commodity; or (3) a majority of those persons voting for approval who also represent a majority of the volume of the agricultural commodity. Section 515 of the 1996 Act provides for establishment of a council from among producers, first handlers, and others in the marketing chain as appropriate and importers, if importers are subject to assessment. This proposal includes provisions for both domestic and foreign market expansion and improvement; reserve funds; credits for generic activities; assessments on imports; and an initial referendum to be conducted prior to the Proposed Order going into effect. Approval would be determined by a majority of producers and importers voting for approval. Similar to WRRC, Oregon also has a state raspberry commission, the Oregon Raspberry and Blackberry Commission (ORBC). The WRRC and ORBC both VerDate Nov<24>2008 15:29 Apr 08, 2009 Jkt 217001 administer State marketing orders, which require all producers of raspberries to pay assessments to support the health of their respective industries. According to WRRC, the two commissions have developed a good working relationship with each other over the years. Both the WRRC and ORBC invest funds into research programs at their land-grant universities and other research institutions to study disease, pest control, and varietal development. In addition to developing and funding production research, they also fund marketing and promotion programs and seek to foster education and communication between producers. However, according to the WRRC, WRRC, ORBC and international raspberry organizations have not been able to generate the funds necessary to support the marketing efforts needed to help expand processed raspberry consumption and increase the demand for processed raspberries. In order to manage increased production, increased competition, and changing consumer habits, the WRRC believes that a more extensive marketing program is needed. The WRRC and ORBC believe that a national research and promotion program would fund the promotional aspect necessary to stay competitive and would place all domestic producers and importers on an equal playing field with each investing a fair share in promoting processed raspberries. The Council may provide credits of assessments for those individuals who contribute to local, regional, or State organizations engaged in similar generic research, promotion, and information programs as applied to assessment due to the Council subject to approval of the Secretary, for expenditure on generic research, promotion and information programs conducted within the United States. If a national processed raspberry program is established, the WRRC and ORBC will continue to fund processed raspberry research in areas not likely to be the focus of the national program. The WRRC and ORBC programs are not able to engage raspberry production in other States or countries in a meaningful way. The proposed program is not intended to duplicate any State program. Considerable attention is being made to involve producers in discussions regarding future program development and administration and what the State commissions would look like prior to the initial referendum. It is expected that farm related activities, such as production research, would continue to be funded by the State organizations and market development functions, such as nutritional research PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 16271 and marketing programs, would shift to the Proposed Order. The WRRC proposed that producers and importers of less than 20,000 pounds annually of raspberries for processing and processed raspberries respectively, be exempt from assessments. In addition, WRRC proposed that a producer who operates under an approved National Organic Program (NOP) system plan, produces only products eligible to be labeled as 100 percent organic under the NOP, and is not a split operation, be exempt from paying assessments under the Proposed Order. An importer who imports only products eligible to be labeled as 100 percent organic under the NOP, and is not a split operation, would also be exempt from paying assessments. While the Department has performed this Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis regarding the impact of the proposed rule on small entities, in order to have as much data as possible for a more comprehensive analysis of the effects of this rule on small entities, we are inviting comments concerning potential effects. The Department is also requesting comments regarding the number and size of entities covered under the Proposed Order. Paperwork Reduction Act In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 [44 U.S.C. Chapter 35], AMS announces its intention to request an approval of a new information collection and recordkeeping requirements for the proposed Processed Raspberry Program. Title: Advisory Committee or Research and Promotion Background Information. OMB Number for background form AD–755: (Approved under OMB No. 0505–0001). Expiration Date of Approval: March 31, 2009. Title: National Research, Promotion, and Consumer Information Programs. OMB Number: 0581–NEW. Expiration Date of Approval: 3 years from approval date. Type of Request: New information collection for research and promotion programs. Abstract: The information collection requirements in the request are essential to carry out the intent of the 1996 Act. There will also be the additional burden on producers and importers voting in referenda. The referendum ballot, which represents the information collection requirement relating to referenda, is addressed in a proposed rule on referendum procedures which is published separately in this issue of the Federal Register. E:\FR\FM\09APP2.SGM 09APP2 dwashington3 on PROD1PC60 with PROPOSALS2 16272 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 67 / Thursday, April 9, 2009 / Proposed Rules Under the proposed program, first handlers would be required to collect assessments from producers and file reports with and submit assessments to the Council. While the Proposed Order would impose certain recordkeeping requirements on first handlers, information required under the Proposed Order could be compiled from records currently maintained. Such records shall be retained for at least two years beyond the marketing year of their applicability. Under the Proposed Order, importers are responsible to pay assessments. Importers must report the total quantity of produce imported during the reporting period and a record of each importation of such product during such period, giving quantity, date, and port of entry. Under the Proposed Order, Customs would collect assessments on imported processed raspberries and remit the funds to the Council. An estimated 297 respondents would provide information to the Council. They would be 195 producers, 50 importers, 34 first handlers/processors, 5 organic producers and importers (for exemption purposes), 2 foreign producers, 10 certified organizations (for nomination purposes), and 1 atlarge member. The estimated cost of providing the information to the Council by respondents would be $9,141. This total has been estimated by multiplying 277 total hours required for reporting and recordkeeping by $33, the average mean hourly earnings of various occupations involved in keeping this information. Data for computation of this hourly rate was obtained from the U.S. Department of Labor Statistics. The Proposed Order’s provisions have been carefully reviewed, and every effort has been made to minimize any unnecessary recordkeeping costs or requirements, including efforts to utilize information already submitted under other raspberry programs administered by the Department and other state programs. The proposed forms would require the minimum information necessary to effectively carry out the requirements of the program, and their use is necessary to fulfill the intent of the 1996 Act. Such information can be supplied without data processing equipment or outside technical expertise. In addition, there are no additional training requirements for individuals filling out reports and remitting assessments to the Council. The forms would be simple, easy to understand, and place as small a burden as possible on the person required to file the information. Collecting information yearly would coincide with normal industry business VerDate Nov<24>2008 15:29 Apr 08, 2009 Jkt 217001 practices. The timing and frequency of collecting information are intended to meet the needs of the industry while minimizing the amount of work necessary to fill out the required reports. The requirement to keep records for two years is consistent with normal industry practices. In addition, the information to be included on these forms is not available from other sources because such information relates specifically to individual producers, first handlers, processors, foreign producers, and importers who are subject to the provisions of the 1996 Act. Therefore, there is no practical method for collecting the required information without the use of these forms. Information collection requirements that are included in this proposal include: (1) A Background Information Form AD–755 (OMB Form No. 0505–0001). Estimate of Burden: Public reporting for this collection of information is estimated to average 0.5 hours per response for each Council nominee. Respondents: Producers, importers, foreign producers, and at-large nominee. Estimated Number of Respondents: 26 (52 for initial nominations to the Council, 26 in subsequent years). Estimated Number of Responses per Respondent: 1 every 3 years. (0.3) Estimated Total Annual Burden on Respondents: 26 hours for the initial nominations to the Council and 3.9 hours annually thereafter. (2) An Annual Report by Each First Handler of Processed Raspberries. Estimate of Burden: Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 0.5 hours per first handler reporting on processed raspberries handled. Respondents: First handlers. Estimated Number of Respondents: 34. Estimated Number of Responses per Respondent: 1. Estimated Total Annual Burden on Respondents: 17 hours. (3) An Exemption Application for Producers and Importers Who Would Be Exempt from Assessments. Estimate of Burden: Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 0.25 hours per producers, or importer reporting on processed raspberries produced or imported. Upon approval of an application, producers and importers will receive exemption certification. Respondents: Exempt producers and importers. Estimated Number of Respondents: 40. Estimated Number of Responses per Respondent: 1. PO 00000 Frm 00008 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 Estimated Total Annual Burden on Respondents: 10 hours. (4) Application for Reimbursement of Assessment. Estimate of Burden: Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 0.25 hours per request for reimbursement. Respondents: Importers. Estimated Number of Respondents: 10. Estimated Number of Responses per Respondent: 1. Estimated Total Annual Burden on Respondents: 2.5 hours. (5) A Requirement To Maintain Records Sufficient To Verify Reports Submitted Under the Order. Estimate of Burden: Public recordkeeping burden for keeping this information is estimated to average 0.5 hours per record keeper maintaining such records. Recordkeepers: Producers, first handlers, and importers. Estimated Number of Recordkeepers: 297. Estimated Total Recordkeeping Hours: 148.5 hours. (6) Application for Certification of Organizations. Estimate of Burden: Public recordkeeping burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 0.5 hours per application. Respondents: Importers and foreign producer organizations. Estimated Number of Respondents: 10. Estimated Number of Responses per Respondent: 1. Estimated Total Annual Burden on Respondents: 5 hours. (7) Nomination Appointment Form. Estimate of Burden: Public recordkeeping burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 0.25 hours per application. Respondents: Producers, importers, and foreign producers. Estimated Number of Respondents: 150. Estimated Number of Responses per Respondent: 1. Estimated Total Annual Burden on Respondents: 37.5 hours. (8) Nomination Appointment Ballot. Estimate of Burden: Public recordkeeping burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 0.25 hours per application. Respondents: Producers and importers. Estimated Number of Respondents: 150. Estimated Number of Responses per Respondent: 1. Estimated Total Annual Burden on Respondents: 37.5 hours. E:\FR\FM\09APP2.SGM 09APP2 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 67 / Thursday, April 9, 2009 / Proposed Rules dwashington3 on PROD1PC60 with PROPOSALS2 (9) Application for Assessments Credit. Estimate of Burden: Public recordkeeping burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 0.25 hours per application. Respondents: Producers. Estimated Number of Respondents: 50. Estimated Number of Responses per Respondent: 1. Estimated Total Annual Burden on Respondents: 12.5 hours. (10) Organic Exemption Form. Estimate of Burden: Public recordkeeping burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 0.5 hours per exemption form. Respondents: Producers and importers. Estimated Number of Respondents: 5. Estimated Number of Responses per Respondent: 1. Estimated Total Annual Burden on Respondents: 2.5 hours. Request for Public Comment Under the Paperwork Reduction Act Comments are invited on: (a) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of functions of the Proposed Order and the Department’s oversight of the Proposed Order, including whether the information would have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the Department’s estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (c) the accuracy of the Department’s estimate of the principal growing areas in the United States for raspberries destined for processing; (d) the accuracy of the Department’s estimate of the number of producers and first handlers of processed raspberries that would be covered under the program; (e) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (f) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on those who are to respond, including the use of appropriate automated, electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Comments concerning the information collection requirements contained in this action should reference OMB No. 0581–NEW. In addition, the docket number, date, and page number of this issue of the Federal Register also should be referenced. Comments should be sent to the USDA Docket Clerk, Research and Promotion Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, AMS, USDA, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW., Stop 0244, Room 0632–S, VerDate Nov<24>2008 15:29 Apr 08, 2009 Jkt 217001 Washington, DC 20250–0244. Comments may also be sent by facsimile to (202) 205–2800 or electronically to https://www.regulations.gov. All comments received will be available for public inspection during regular business hours at the same address. Comments regarding information collection should also be sent to the Office of Management and Budget at: Desk Office for Agriculture, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget, New Executive Office Building, 725 17th Street, NW., Room 725, Washington, DC 20503. OMB is required to make a decision concerning the collection of information contained in this rule between 30 and 60 days after publication. Therefore, a comment to OMB is best assured of having its full effect if OMB receives it within 30 days of publication. Background This rule proposes the implementation of a Processed Raspberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order (Proposed Order). The Department received the proposal for a new Order from the Washington Red Raspberry Commission (WRRC). The Proposed Order is authorized under the 1996 Act which authorizes the Department to establish agricultural commodity research and promotion orders which may include a combination of promotion, research, industry information, and consumer information activities funded by mandatory assessments. These programs are designed to maintain and expand market and uses for agricultural commodities. The Proposed Order would provide for the continued development and financing of a coordinated program of research, promotion, and information for processed raspberries. The 1996 Act provides for a number of optional provisions that allow the tailoring of orders for different commodities. Section 516 of the 1996 Act provides permissive terms for orders, and other sections provide for alternatives. For example, section 514 of the 1996 Act provides for orders applicable to (1) producers (if producers are subject to assessment), (2) first handlers and others in the marketing chain as appropriate, and (3) importers. Section 516 states that an order may include an exemption of de minimis quantities of an agricultural commodity; different payment and reporting schedules; coverage of research, promotion, and information activities to expand, improve, or make more efficient the marketing or use of an agricultural PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 16273 commodity in both domestic and foreign markets; provision for reserve funds; provision for credits for generic and branded activities; and assessment of imports. In addition, section 518 of the 1996 Act provides for referenda to ascertain approval of an order to be conducted either prior to its going into effect or within three years after assessments first begin under the order. An order also may provide for its approval in a referendum based upon different voting patterns. Section 515 provides for establishment of a board or council from among producers, first handlers and others in the marketing chain as appropriate, and importers, if imports are subject to assessment. This Proposed Order includes provisions for both domestic and foreign market expansion and improvement, reserve funds, credit for generic activities, and an initial referendum to be conducted prior to the Proposed Order going into effect. Approval would be determined by a majority of producers and importers voting for approval. Specific procedures to be followed in the referendum will be published in a separate Federal Register publication. In accordance with the 1996 Act, the Department would oversee the program’s operations. In addition, the 1996 Act requires the Secretary to conduct subsequent referenda: (1) Not later than seven years after assessments first begin under the Proposed Order; or (2) at the request of the Council established under the Proposed Order; or (3) at the request of 10 percent or more of the number of persons eligible to vote. In addition to these criteria, the 1996 Act provides that the Secretary may conduct a referendum at any time to determine whether the continuation, suspension, or termination of an order or a provision of that order is favored by persons eligible to vote. The WRRC has requested that a referendum be conducted every five years to determine if producers and importers want the program to continue. However, the Department has increased the time period to seven years to make the Proposed Order consistent with other programs. In addition, the Proposed Order allows for the Secretary to conduct a subsequent referendum if 10 percent or more of all eligible producers of raspberries for processing and importers of processed raspberries request it; or if the Council requests a referendum to be held; or the Secretary may hold one at any time. A national research and promotion program for processed raspberries would help the industry to address the E:\FR\FM\09APP2.SGM 09APP2 dwashington3 on PROD1PC60 with PROPOSALS2 16274 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 67 / Thursday, April 9, 2009 / Proposed Rules many market problems it currently faces. According to the WRRC, three main factors currently affecting processed raspberry sales, both here in the domestic market and abroad, are increasing production, increased competition, and changing consumer habits. U.S. per capita consumption of processed raspberries has inched upward during the period 1991 to 2004, reaching a high of 0.3 pounds per person in 2003 and 2005. Over this period, consumption has ranged from 0.1 to 0.3 pounds per capita. This fluctuation is due to the effects of population growth, demographics of consumers, and the availability of substitute or competitive products. Profitability for producers of raspberries for processing depends on maintaining and increasing processed raspberry consumption. With crop value flat over this period, an organized market development program that grew market demand and increased per capita consumption could improve the farm gate value for all suppliers of processed raspberries. The WRRC believes a generic research and promotion program would provide an equitable manner for producers to share in the costs of product development, nutrition and marketing research, and processed raspberry promotion. According to the Department’s Foreign Agricultural Service statistics, from 2002–2006, imports of processed raspberries have increased market share in the U.S. The statistics also suggests that the total market demand in the U.S. is continuing to grow, albeit at a rate slower than supply. The industry believes that the proposed processed raspberry program would increase demand, grow the market in the aggregate for all suppliers, and increase the value of processed raspberries at the grower level. The processed raspberry industry is facing strong competition in the marketplace from both indirect and direct competitors. Like all food products, processed raspberries must compete for a share of the consumer dollar. As competition in the supermarket increases, the processed raspberry industry must work harder to gain its share of consumer attention at a time when the industry’s competitors expand their promotional activities. The WRRC was established in 1976 as a State-government entity authorized by a State marketing order which requires producers of all varieties of raspberries pay assessments to promote raspberry awareness, consumption, and to conduct research programs to study pest control and varietals development. VerDate Nov<24>2008 15:29 Apr 08, 2009 Jkt 217001 There are over 40 different suppliers of raspberry products who make up the WRRC. These members pay the mandatory one-half cent per pound to fund promotion efforts directed to both consumer and industrial users. Similar to WRRC, Oregon also has a state raspberry commission, the Oregon Raspberry and Blackberry Commission (ORBC). The WRRC and ORBC both administer State marketing orders, which require all producers of raspberries to pay assessments to support the health of their respective industries. According to WRRC, the two commissions have developed a good working relationship with each other over the years. Both the WRRC and ORBC invest funds into research programs at their land grant universities and other research institutions to study disease, pest control, and varietal development. In addition to developing and funding production research, they also fund marketing and promotion programs and seek to foster education and communication between producers. However, according to the WRRC, WRRC, ORBC and international raspberry organizations have not been able to generate the funds necessary to support the marketing efforts needed to help expand processed raspberry consumption and increase the demand for processed raspberries. In order to manage increased production, increased competition, and changing consumer habits, the WRRC believes that a more extensive marketing program is needed. The WRRC and ORBC believe that a national research and promotion program would fund the promotional aspect necessary to stay competitive and would place all domestic producers and importers on an equal playing field with each investing a fair share in promoting processed raspberries. The Council may provide credits of assessments for those individuals who contribute to local, regional, or State organizations engaged in similar generic research, promotion, and information programs as applied to assessment due to the Council subject to approval of the Secretary, for expenditure on generic research, promotion and information programs conducted within the United States. If a national processed raspberry program is established, the WRRC and ORBC will continue to fund processed raspberry research in areas not likely to be the focus of the national program. In 2006, an informal strategic review was conducted by the WRRC and the Raspberry Industry Development Council, who represents raspberry growers in British Columbia, Canada. During the strategic review, public and private sector industry representatives PO 00000 Frm 00010 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 and food processors were interviewed seeking answers to the challenging dynamics facing the raspberry industry. The participants in the raspberry industry concluded that demand and market growth could best be accomplished by: (1) Analyzing existing nutritional research and conducting new research on the positive nutritional qualities of raspberries; (2) communicating raspberries nutritional advantages to consumers, food processors, and food industry in simple terms; and (3) increasing the number of new raspberry products and the use of raspberries in existing products. The raspberry industry recognizes that there currently exists a strong scientific basis to support the health benefits of raspberries, including processed raspberries, but the current data has not been effectively communicated to food processors or consumers. According to the WRRC, market growth for processed raspberries has been impeded by disorganized and fractured marketing with no clear and consistent message, and by a dearth of merchandising and new product development. Additionally, scientifically validated health-based research could have important marketing ramifications, but unless the findings are accompanied by a clear consistent marketing message to communicate significant results, there will be little or no impact on increasing processed raspberry consumption. In addition, the raspberry industry understands that consumers need to know about foods that are good for their health. According to the WRRC, it is widely accepted that North Americans are increasingly concerned with improving their quality of life, and raspberries are positioned to respond to this trend. Consumers will not sacrifice flavor or enjoyment, and they are increasingly making food choices based on how they affect their future health. Aging demographics are creating demand for nutraceutical, health maintenance, and disease prevention attributes in food products. Consumers want to maintain health and vitality as they age. Foods such as raspberries can be positively linked to achieving this desire. WRRC stated that given processed raspberries low profile and stagnant market, the raspberry industry must increase awareness of the possible health attributes of raspberries, explore new product applications, become established in new domestic market niches, and develop new products if it is to realize its potential for market development. WRRC believes that these E:\FR\FM\09APP2.SGM 09APP2 dwashington3 on PROD1PC60 with PROPOSALS2 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 67 / Thursday, April 9, 2009 / Proposed Rules challenges facing the processed raspberry industry to grow the market are not insurmountable. Through a generic research and promotion program, the raspberry industry would be able to: Capitalize more effectively on the possible health benefits of raspberries; improve demand and strengthen their position in the marketplace; maintain and expand existing domestic and foreign markets; and develop new markets and uses for processed raspberries. Additional funds generated through a national program would allow the processed raspberry industry to take advantage of a wide range of promotional opportunities. At a minimum, increased funding would allow the industry to expand its current consumer, food service, and food manufacturer promotion efforts. Section 516(f) of the 1996 Act allows an order to authorize the levying of assessments on imports of the commodity covered by the program or on products containing that commodity, at a rate comparable to the rate determined for the domestic agricultural commodity covered by the order. WRRC has proposed to assess imports as well as domestic product. The assessment levied on domestically-produced and imported processed raspberries would be used to pay for promotion, research, and consumer and industry information as well as administration, maintenance, and functioning of the Council. Expenses incurred by the Secretary in implementing and administering the Proposed Order, including referenda costs, also would be paid from assessments. Assessments would be paid by producers and importers of 20,000 or more pounds of raspberries for processing or processed raspberries respectively. The number of entities assessed under the program would be around 245. Estimated revenue is expected at $1.2 million of which 43 percent is expected from imported product and 57 percent from domestic product. Section 516(e)(1) and (2) of the 1996 Act allows the Secretary to provide credits of assessments for generic and branded activities. The WRRC has elected to propose credits for generic activities. The Proposed Order gives the Council authority to provide credits of assessments for those individuals who contribute to other similar generic research, promotion, and information programs at the State, regional, or local level subject to the approval of the Secretary. The activities must be generic in nature and may not promote a particular State or region’s product. No VerDate Nov<24>2008 15:29 Apr 08, 2009 Jkt 217001 credit will be given for funds expended for administrative purposes. Under the Proposed Order ‘‘first handler’’ would be defined as any person (excluding a common or contract carrier) receiving raspberries for processing from producers in a calendar year and who, as owner or agent, ships or causes processed raspberries to be shipped as specified in the Proposed Order. This definition includes those engaged in the business of buying, selling and/or offering for sale, receiving, packing, grading, marketing, or distributing raspberries in commercial quantities. This definition excludes a retailer, except a retailer who purchases or acquires from, or handles on behalf of, any producer of raspberries for processing. The term first handler includes a producer who handles or markets raspberries of the producer’s own production. In addition, ‘‘handle’’ would be defined to mean to process, package, sell, transport, purchase or in any other way place processed raspberries, or cause them to be placed, in the current of commerce. This term includes selling processed raspberries imported into the United States. This term does not include the transportation of fresh raspberries by the producer to a handler or transportation by a commercial carrier of fresh raspberries and organic raspberries, whether processed or unprocessed for the account of the first handler or producer. First handlers would be responsible for the collection of assessments from producers of raspberries for processing. In the case of the producer acting as its own first handler, the producer would be required to collect and remit its individual assessments. Such assessments would be levied at a rate of up to one cent per pound, with the initial assessment rate being one cent per pound, from the producer and payment would be remitted by the collecting first handler to the Council. First handlers would be required to maintain records for each producer for whom raspberries for processing are handled, including raspberries produced by the first handler. In addition, first handlers would be required to file reports regarding the collection, payment, or remittance of the assessments to the Council. The Proposed Order would define importer as any person importing 20,000 or more pounds of processed raspberries into the United States in a calendar year as a principal or as an agent, broker, or consignee of any person who produces or handles processed raspberries outside of the United States for sale in the United States, and who is listed in the import PO 00000 Frm 00011 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 16275 records as the importer of record for such processed raspberries. Assessments on imported processed raspberries would be collected by Customs at the time of entry into the United States and remitted to the Council. If Customs does not collect an assessment from an importer, the importer would be responsible for paying the assessment directly to the Council. Section 516 (f) of the 1996 Act allows assessments on imported product comparable to the assessment on domestic product. Accordingly, the assessment rate for imported processed raspberries would be up to one cent per pound, with the initial rate being one cent per pound. Persons failing to remit assessments due in a timely manner may also be subject to actions under the Federal debt collection procedures as set forth in 7 CFR 3.1 through 3.36 for all research and promotion programs administered by the Department [60 FR 12533]. Interest and late payment are also provided for in this Proposed Order. The Proposed Order allows the Council to recommend to the Secretary an increase or decrease to the assessment rate, if it deems appropriate and if approved by at least one vote more than 50 percent of the total votes of members present at a meeting of the Council. The initial assessment will be levied at a rate of one cent per pound on all processed raspberries. Thereafter, the assessment rate will be levied at a rate of up to one cent per pound on all processed raspberries. The assessment rate will be reviewed, and increased or decreased as recommended by the Council and approved by the Secretary after the first referendum is conducted as stated in § 1208.71 (b). Such an increase or decrease may occur not more than once annually. Any change in the assessment rate shall be subject to rulemaking by the Department, and will be reviewed, and increased or decreased by the Secretary through rulemaking as recommended by the Council. Any change in the assessment rate shall be announced by the Council at least 30 days prior to going into effect. The maximum assessment rate authorized is one cent per pound. All information obtained from persons subject to this Proposed Order as a result of recordkeeping and reporting requirements would be kept confidential by all officers, employees, and agents of the Department and of the Council. This information may be disclosed only if the Secretary considers the information relevant, and the information is revealed in a judicial proceeding or administrative hearing brought at the direction or on the E:\FR\FM\09APP2.SGM 09APP2 dwashington3 on PROD1PC60 with PROPOSALS2 16276 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 67 / Thursday, April 9, 2009 / Proposed Rules request of the Secretary or to which the Secretary or any officer of the Department is a party. Other exceptions for disclosure of confidential information would include the issuance of general statements based on reports or on information relating to a number of persons subject to an order, if the statements do not identify the information furnished by any person or the publication; and by direction of the Secretary of the name of any person violating the Proposed Order and a statement of the particular provisions of the Proposed Order violated by the person. Under the Proposed Order producers and importers of less than 20,000 pounds a year of raspberries for processing and processed raspberries respectively, are exempt from paying assessments. In addition, a producer who operates under an approved National Organic Program (NOP) system plan, produces only products eligible to be labeled as 100 percent organic under the NOP, and is not a split operation, is exempt from the paying assessments under the Proposed Order. An importer who imports only products eligible to be labeled as 100 percent organic under the NOP, and is not a split operation, also is exempt from paying assessments. As the Proposed Order provides, producers and importers will be responsible for paying assessments, however, the collection of assessments will be the responsibility of the first handler receiving the raspberries for processing or Customs for imported product. The Proposed Order states that producers, handlers, and importers will also be responsible for filing reports and maintaining records regarding the amount of raspberries that were delivered for processing and the assessments collected. First handlers would be required to file reports and maintain records on the total raspberries that were delivered for processing from producers or the handling for their own product, on the total number of pounds handled; number of pounds on which an assessment was collected; name and address of the persons from whom the first handler collected assessments on each pound handled; and the date the collection of assessments was made on each pound handled. In addition, producers would be required to provide the Council periodically such information as may be required by the Council. The Council would recommend to the Department specific reporting periods and dates when such reports are due to the Council. Unless otherwise provided by Customs, importers would be required VerDate Nov<24>2008 15:29 Apr 08, 2009 Jkt 217001 to report the total amount of processed raspberries imported during such period, including the quantity, date, country of origin, and port of entry. Under the Proposed Order, Customs would collect assessments on imported processed raspberries and remit the funds to the Council. Each first handler, producer, and importer of processed raspberries, including those who would be exempt from paying assessments under the Proposed Order, would be required to maintain any books and records necessary to carry out the provisions of the Proposed Order for two years beyond the fiscal period to which they apply. This would include the books and records necessary to verify any required reports. These books and records would be made available to the Council’s or Department’s employees or agents during normal business hours for inspection if necessary. Section 515 of the 1996 Act provides for the establishment of a board or council consisting of producers, first handlers, and others in the marketing chain, as appropriate. The Department would appoint members to the Council from nominees submitted in accordance with a Proposed Order. The Proposed Order would provide for the establishment of the Processed Raspberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order, under AMS oversight. The WRRC proposed that the Council be composed of thirteen members and their alternates. The Department made a slight revision to the distribution of members originally proposed by the WRRC to comply with geographical distribution of the production as required under the 1996 Act. The proposed Council membership is as follows: Six processed raspberry producer members from States producing a minimum of three million pounds of raspberries delivered for processing; one processed raspberry producer member representing all other States that produce less than the minimum of three million pounds of raspberries delivered for processing; three processed raspberry importer members; two foreign producers from countries exporting a minimum of three million pounds of raspberries for processing to the U.S. based on a threeyear average; and one at-large member recommended by the Council. Under the Proposed Order, the Council members and alternates will serve for a term of three years and be able to serve a maximum of two consecutive terms. When the Council is first established, four producer members, two importers, one at-large member, and one foreign producer and PO 00000 Frm 00012 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 their respective alternates will be assigned initial terms of three years; and, three producer members, one importer members, and one foreign producer member and their respective alternates will serve an initial term of two years. Thereafter, each of these positions will carry a full three-year term. Members serving an initial term of two years will be eligible to serve a second three year term to complete their eligibility. Council nominations and appointments will take place in two out of every three years. Each term of office will end on December 31, with new terms of office beginning on January 1. Producers and importers would represent those entities in the United States. The United States would be defined to include collectively the 50 States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and the territories and possessions of the United States. The nominations for the six producer and alternate members from States producing a minimum three-year average of three million pounds of raspberries delivered for processing will be submitted to the Council in the following manner: (1) For those States that have a State raspberry commission or State marketing order, the State commission or committee will nominate producers and their alternates to serve; or (2) for those States that do not have a State commission or State marketing order, the Council will seek nominations from the State Departments of Agriculture for members and alternates from the specific States. For those States producing a minimum three-year average of three million pounds of raspberries delivered for processing that have a State raspberry commission or State marketing order, the State commission or committee nominations will be returned to the Council and placed on a ballot which will then be sent to producers in the State for a vote. The nominee for member will have received the highest number of votes cast. The person with the second highest number of votes cast will be the nominee for alternate. The persons with the third and fourth place highest number of votes cast will be designated as additional nominees for consideration by the Secretary. Once the Council has received all of the nominations from commissions or committees, the information will be submitted to the Secretary for appointment. Nominations for the initial Council will be handled by the Department. Subsequent nominations will be handled by the Council staff and shall be submitted to E:\FR\FM\09APP2.SGM 09APP2 dwashington3 on PROD1PC60 with PROPOSALS2 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 67 / Thursday, April 9, 2009 / Proposed Rules the Secretary not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. If the Department determines that there are no State raspberry commissions or State marketing orders from States producing a minimum three-year average of three million pounds of raspberries delivered for processing, the Council will seek nominations from the State Departments of Agriculture for members and alternates from the specific States who may directly submit nominations to the Department for the initial Council. Subsequent nominations shall be submitted to the Council and will be handled by the Council staff who in turn shall submit those nominations to the Secretary not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. The distribution of the six producer and alternate seats will be proportional to the percentage determined by the average of the total pounds produced and delivered to processors for processing over the previous three years divided by the average total pounds produced over the previous three years. For example, if Washington State and Oregon are the only two States producing a minimum of 3 million pounds each, and Washington’s previous three year average is 62.4 million pounds and Oregon’s previous three year average is 6.7 million pounds with the average total pounds for the previous three years being 69.1 million pounds, Washington would have 90 percent of the production and Oregon would have 10 percent of the production. Therefore, Washington would obtain five out of the six seats and Oregon would receive one seat. The nomination for the one raspberry producer of raspberries for processing and alternate member, who represents all other States producing less than a minimum three year average of three million pounds of raspberries delivered for processing, will constitute a region and the nominations will be submitted to the Council in the following manner: (1) For those States that have a State raspberry commission or State marketing order, the State commission or committee will nominate producers and their alternates to serve; or (2) for those States that do not have a State commission or State marketing order, the Council will seek nominations from the State Departments of Agriculture for the member and alternate from the specific States. For those States producing less than a minimum three year average of three million pounds of raspberries delivered for processing that have a State raspberry commission or State marketing order, the State commission VerDate Nov<24>2008 15:29 Apr 08, 2009 Jkt 217001 or committee nominations will be returned to the Council and placed on a ballot which will then be sent to producers in the Region for a vote. The nominee for member will have received the highest number of votes cast. The person with the second highest number of votes cast will be the nominee for alternate. The persons with the third and fourth place highest number of votes cast will be designated as additional nominees for consideration by the Secretary. Once the Council has received all of the nominations from commissions or committees, the information will be submitted to the Secretary for appointment. Nominations for the initial Council will be handled by the Department. Subsequent nominations will be handled by the Council staff and shall be submitted to the Secretary not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. If the Department determines that there are no State raspberry commissions or State marketing orders from States producing less than a minimum three year average of three million pounds of raspberries delivered for processing, the Council will seek nominations from the State Departments of Agriculture for members and alternates from the specific States. The State Departments of Agriculture would have the opportunity to participate in nomination caucuses and will directly submit as a group a single slate of nominations to the Department for the producer position and the producer alternate position on the Council for the initial Council. Subsequent nominations shall be submitted to the Council and will be handled by the Council staff who in turn shall submit those nominations to the Secretary not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. Only producers from States that deliver raspberries for processing and pay assessments under the program are eligible for nomination and election to the Council. Average production will be based upon Department production data for the initial nomination and production figures generated by either the Council or the Department thereafter. Nominations for the three processed raspberry importer member positions and their alternates will be made by qualified national organizations representing importers. Two nominees for each member and each alternate position will be submitted to the Secretary for consideration. All qualified national organizations representing importers would have the opportunity to participate in nomination caucuses and will submit as PO 00000 Frm 00013 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 16277 a group a single slate of nominations to the Secretary for the importer positions and the importer alternate positions on the Council. Eligible organizations must submit nominations to the Department not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. To become a qualified national organization representing importers under the Proposed Order, each such organization would be required to meet the following criteria: (1) Any organization representing importers must represent a substantial number of importers who market a substantial volume of raspberries for processing; (2) it must have a history of stability and permanency and have been in existence for more than one year; (3) it must promote processed raspberry importers’ welfare; and (4) it must derive a portion of its operating funds from importers. If the Department determines that there are no qualified national organizations representing importers, individuals who have paid their assessments to the Council in the most recent fiscal year or for the initial Council those that importers processed raspberries into the U.S. could directly submit nominations to the Department for the initial Council. Subsequent nominations shall be submitted to the Council and will be handled by the Council staff who in turn shall submit those nominations to the Secretary not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. Nominations for the two foreign producer member positions and their alternates will be made by qualified organizations representing foreign producers. Two nominees for each member and each alternate position will be submitted to the Secretary for consideration. All qualified organizations representing foreign producers would have the opportunity to participate in nomination caucuses and will submit as a group a single slate of nominations per country to the Secretary for foreign producer positions and the foreign producer alternate positions on the Council. Eligible organizations must submit nominations to the Department not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. To become a qualified organization representing foreign producers under the Proposed Order, each such organization would be required to meet the following criteria: (1) Any organization representing foreign producers must represent a substantial number of foreign producers who market or produce a substantial volume of raspberries for processing; (2) E:\FR\FM\09APP2.SGM 09APP2 dwashington3 on PROD1PC60 with PROPOSALS2 16278 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 67 / Thursday, April 9, 2009 / Proposed Rules it must have a history of stability and permanency and have been in existence for more than one year; (3) it must promote processed raspberry foreign producers’ welfare; (4) it must derive a portion of its operating funds from foreign producers; and (5) it must be from a country exporting a minimum of three million pounds of raspberries for processing to the U.S. based on a threeyear average. If the Department determines that they are no qualified organizations representing foreign producer interest, individual foreign producers may directly submit nominations to the Department for the initial Council. Subsequent nominations shall be submitted to the Council and will be handled by the Council staff who in turn shall submit those nominations to the Secretary not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. In recommending the at-large member and alternate, the Council can give consideration to nutrition health professionals and others interested in the raspberry industry. Nominations for the at-large member and alternate will be conducted at a Council meeting by the Council staff and shall be submitted by the Council to the Secretary for approval. Nominations for the initial Council will be handled by the Department. Subsequent nominations will be handled by the Council staff and shall be submitted to the Secretary not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. The 1996 Act provides that to ensure fair and equitable representation, the composition of a board or council shall reflect the geographic distribution of the production of the agriculture commodity in the United States and the quantity or value of the agriculture commodity imported into the United States. The Order states that at least once every five years, but not more frequently than once every three years, the Council will review the geographic distribution of United States production of raspberries for processing and the quantity and source of processed raspberry imports. If warranted, the Council will recommend to the Secretary that membership on the Council be altered to reflect any changes in geographic distribution of domestic raspberry production and the quantity of imports. Also, if the level of imports increases, importer members and alternates may be added to the Council. However, the foreign producer seats will remain the same regardless of the volume of imports from importing countries. Upon implementation of the Proposed Order and pursuant to the 1996 Act, the VerDate Nov<24>2008 15:29 Apr 08, 2009 Jkt 217001 Council would at least once in each five-year period, but not more frequently than once in each three-year period review the geographical distribution of processed raspberries in the United States and the quantity of processed raspberries imported into the United States and make a recommendation to the Secretary after considering the results of its review and other information it deems relevant regarding the reapportionment of the Council. The Proposed Order indicates the Council may recommend to the Department that a member be removed from office if the member consistently refuses to perform his or her duties or engages in dishonest acts or willful misconduct. The Department may remove the member if the Department finds that the Council’s recommendation demonstrates cause. In the event any member or alternate of the Council ceases to be a member of the category from which the member was appointed to the Council, such position will automatically become vacant. Should any member position become vacant the alternate of that member shall automatically assume the position of member. Under the Proposed Order, a quorum is met when a majority (one more than half) of the Council members is present. An alternate will be counted for the purpose of determining a quorum only if the members for whom the person is the alternate is absent or disqualified from participating. Also, under the Proposed Order, a change for any matter put to the Council will carry if supported by one vote more than 50 percent of the total votes represented by the Council members present. Under the Proposed Order, the chairperson of the Council must reside in the United States and the Council will be located in the United States. The Proposed Order states that the Council may not expend for administration, maintenance, and functioning of the Council in any fiscal year an amount that exceeds 15 percent of the assessments and other income received by the Council for that fiscal year. The Department modified the WRRC’s proposal to make it consistent with the 1996 Act and to provide clarity, consistency, and correctness with respect to word usage and terminology. The Department also changed the proposal to make it consistent with other similar national research and promotion programs. Changes made by the Department to the WRRC’s proposal include: (1) To add the term processor which is presented in WRRC’s proposal; PO 00000 Frm 00014 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 (2) to specify the initial terms of office for the Council and to stagger the terms for future years; (3) to modify the criteria under nominations if a member or alternate is no longer affiliated with the organization he or she was nominated to represent; (4) to modify the four harmonized tariff codes that were presented and reduce it to one harmonized tariff code; (5) to clarify the nomination process for obtaining nominees for both States with State commissions or committees and those that do not have State commissions; (6) to clarify the nomination process for obtaining nominees from the minor States and/or region in which the Council will handle instead of the WRRC; (7) to add reports that may be required by producers and importers; (8) to add the provision under subsequent referenda that the Council may request a referendum be held as stated in the 1996 Act; (9) to clarify the staggered terms of office and that members serving a two year term will only be eligible to serve a second term; (10) to clarify under the procedures that a quorum at a Council meeting will be a majority of the Council members and alternates participating in the meeting; (11) to clarify that any funds borrowed by the Council shall be expended for startup costs and capital outlays and they are limited to the first year of operation of the Council as stated in the 1996 Act; (12) to add language concerning the exemption procedures for organic processed raspberries; (13) to add language concerning the reports that the Council may require of producers and importers; (14) to eliminate the word red from raspberries to conform with the harmonized tariff code; (15) to eliminate voting by proxy; (16) to add language under the procedures requiring that the chairperson and the treasurer reside in the United States; (17) to add language under the procedures requiring all Council meetings to be held in the United States; (18) to add language under the procedures requiring the Council office to be located in the United States; (19) to change the Council’s name from United States Raspberry Council to the National Processed Raspberry Council; (20) to add language under the subsequent referendum that complies with the 1996 Act concerning the Council requesting the Secretary to conduct a referendum; (21) to add that importer nominations will be handled by qualified national organizations; (22) to add that foreign producer nominations will be handled by qualified organizations; (23) to add nomination procedures for States producing a minimum of three million E:\FR\FM\09APP2.SGM 09APP2 dwashington3 on PROD1PC60 with PROPOSALS2 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 67 / Thursday, April 9, 2009 / Proposed Rules pounds of raspberries delivered for processing, and whose State does not have a State commission or State marketing order; (24) to add nomination procedures for States producing less than a minimum three year average of three million pounds of raspberries delivered for processing, and whose State does not have a State commission or State marketing order; (25) to add the qualification process to become a qualified organization representing importer or foreign producer interests; and (26) to make a slight revision to the distribution of members originally proposed by the WRRC to comply with geographical distribution of the production as required under the 1996 Act. The Proposed Order is summarized as follows: 1208.1 through 1208.29 of the Proposed Order define certain terms, such as processed raspberries, first handler, and importer, which are used in the Proposed Order. Sections 1208.40 through 1208.48 include provisions relating to the Council. These provisions cover establishment and membership, nominations and appointments, term of office, vacancies, alternate members, and procedures for conducting Council business, compensation and reimbursement, and powers and duties of the Council, and prohibited activities. The Council is the governing body authorized to administer the Proposed Order through the implementation of programs, plans, projects, budgets, and contracts to promote and disseminate information about processed raspberries, subject to oversight of the Secretary. Sections 1208.50 through 1208.56 cover budget review and approval; financial statements; authorize the collection of assessments; specify how assessments would be used, including reimbursement of necessary expenses incurred by the Council for the performance of its duties and expenses incurred for the Department’s oversight responsibilities; specify who pays the assessment and how; authorize the imposition of a late-payment charge on past-due assessments; outline exemption procedures; address programs, plans, and projects; require the Council to periodically conduct an independent review of its overall program; and address patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations developed through the use of assessment funds. The proposed assessment rate is up to one cent per pound for domestic processed raspberries and imported processed raspberries, with the initial VerDate Nov<24>2008 15:29 Apr 08, 2009 Jkt 217001 assessment rate being one cent per pound. The assessment rate will be reviewed, and increased or decreased as recommended by the Council and approved by the Secretary after the first referendum is conducted as stated in § 1208.71 (a). Such an increase or decrease may occur not more than once annually and may not exceed the initial assessment rate of one cent per pound. Any change in the assessment rate shall be subject to rulemaking by the Department, and will be reviewed, and increased or decreased by the Secretary through rulemaking as recommended by the Council. Any change in the assessment rate shall be announced by the Council at least 30 days prior to going into effect. The maximum assessment rate authorized is one cent per pound. The assessment rate may be raised or lowered at a rate greater than one cent after the initial continuance referendum which would be conducted after the program has been in operation five years. A referendum to approve the new assessment rate or for any other change is not required. Sections 1208.60 through 1208.62 concerns reporting and recordkeeping requirements for persons subject to the Proposed Order and protect the confidentiality of information from such books, records, or reports. Sections 1208.70 through 1208.78 describe the rights of the Secretary; address referenda; authorize the Secretary to suspend or terminate the Proposed Order when deemed appropriate; prescribe proceedings after termination; address personal liability, separability, and amendments; and provide OMB control numbers. While the proposal set forth below has not received the approval of the Department, it is determined that this Proposed Order is consistent with and will effectuate the purposes of the 1996 Act. For the Proposed Order to become effective, it must be approved by a majority of producers and importers voting for approval in the referendum. Referendum procedures will be published separately in this issue of the Federal Register. A 60-day comment period is provided to allow interested persons to respond to this proposal. All written comments received in response to this rule by the date specified would be considered prior to finalizing this action. List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 1208 Administrative practice and procedure, Advertising, Consumer information, Marketing agreements, PO 00000 Frm 00015 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 16279 Raspberry promotion, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. For the reasons set forth in the preamble, it is proposed that Title 7, Chapter XI of the Code of Federal Regulations be amended by adding part 1208 to read as follows: PART 1208—PROCESSED RASPBERRY PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Subpart A—Processed Raspberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions Sec. 1208.1 Act. 1208.2 Conflict of interest. 1208.3 Crop year. 1208.4 Customs. 1208.5 Department. 1208.6 First handler. 1208.7 Fiscal period. 1208.8 Foreign producer. 1208.9 Handle. 1208.10 Importer. 1208.11 Information. 1208.12 Market or marketing. 1208.13 National Processed Raspberry Council. 1208.14 Order. 1208.15 Part and subpart. 1208.16 Person. 1208.17 Processed raspberries. 1208.18 Processor. 1208.19 Producer. 1208.20 Promotion. 1208.21 Qualified national organization representing importer interests. 1208.22 Qualified organization representing foreign producer interests. 1208.23 Raspberries. 1208.24 Research. 1208.25 Secretary. 1208.26 State. 1208.27 Suspend. 1208.28 Terminate. 1208.29 United States. National Processed Raspberry Council 1208.40 1208.41 1208.42 1208.43 1208.44 1208.45 1208.46 1208.47 1208.48 Establishment and membership. Nominations and appointments. Term of office. Vacancies. Alternate members. Procedure. Compensation and reimbursement. Powers and duties. Prohibited activities. Expenses and Assessments 1208.50 Budget and expenses. 1208.51 Financial statements. 1208.52 Assessments. 1208.53 Exemption and reimbursement procedures. 1208.54 Programs, plans, and projects. 1208.55 Independent evaluation. 1208.56 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. E:\FR\FM\09APP2.SGM 09APP2 16280 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 67 / Thursday, April 9, 2009 / Proposed Rules Reports, Books, and Records 1208.60 Reports. 1208.61 Books and records. 1208.62 Confidential treatment. business of buying, selling and/or offering for sale, receiving, packing, grading, marketing, or distributing processed raspberries in commercial quantities. This definition excludes a retailer, except a retailer who purchases or acquires from, or handles on behalf of, any producer of raspberries for processing. The term first handler includes a producer who handles or markets raspberries for processing of the producer’s own production. Miscellaneous 1208.70 Right of the Secretary. 1208.71 Referenda. 1208.72 Suspension and termination. 1208.73 Proceedings after termination. 1208.74 Effect of termination or amendment. 1208.75 Personal liability. 1208.76 Separability. 1208.77 Amendments. 1208.78 OMB control numbers. § 1208.7 Subpart B—[Reserved] Authority: 7 U.S.C. 7411–7425; 7 U.S.C. 7401. § 1208.8 Subpart A—Processed Raspberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1208.1 Act. Act means the Commodity Promotion, Research, and Information Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7411–7425), and any amendments thereto. § 1208.2 Conflict of interest. Conflict of interest means a situation in which a member or employee of the Council has a direct or indirect financial interest in a person who performs a service for, or enters into a contract with, the Council for anything of economic value. § 1208.3 Crop year. Crop year means the 12-month period from April 1 to March 31 of the following year or such other period approved by the Secretary. § 1208.4 Customs. Customs means the United States Customs and Border Protection or U.S. Customs Service, an agency of the United States Department of Homeland Security. § 1208.5 Department. Department means the United States Department of Agriculture or any officer or employee of the Department to whom authority has heretofore been delegated, or to whom authority may hereafter be delegated, to act in the Secretary’s stead. dwashington3 on PROD1PC60 with PROPOSALS2 § 1208.6 First handler. First handler means any person (excluding a common or contract carrier) receiving raspberries for processing from producers in a calendar year and who as owner or agent, ships or causes processed raspberries to be shipped as specified in the Order. This definition includes those engaged in the VerDate Nov<24>2008 15:29 Apr 08, 2009 Jkt 217001 Fiscal period. Fiscal period means a calendar year from April 1 through March 31 both dates inclusive, or such other period as approved by the Secretary. Foreign producer. Foreign producer means any person: (a) Who is engaged in the production and sale of raspberries for processing outside of the United States and who owns, or shares the ownership and risk of loss of raspberries for processing for sale in the U.S. market; or (b) Who is engaged, outside of the United States, in the business of producing, or causing to be produced, processed raspberries beyond the person’s own family use and having value at first point of sale. § 1208.9 Handle. Handle means to pack, process, sell, transport, purchase, or in any other way to place or cause processed raspberries to which one has title or possession to be placed in the current of commerce. Such term shall not include the transportation or delivery of raspberries for processing by the producer thereof to a handler. § 1208.10 Importer. Information. Information means information and programs that are designed to increase efficiency in processing and to develop new markets, marketing strategies, increase market efficiency, and activities that are designed to enhance the image of raspberries on a national basis. These include: (a) Consumer information, which means any action taken to provide information to, and broaden the PO 00000 Frm 00016 Fmt 4701 § 1208.12 Sfmt 4702 Market or marketing. (a) Marketing means the sale or other disposition of processed raspberries in interstate, foreign or intrastate commerce. (b) To market means to sell or otherwise dispose of processed raspberries in any channel of commerce. § 1208.13 Council. National Processed Raspberry National Processed Raspberry Council or such other name as recommended by the Council and approved by the Department means the administrative body established pursuant to § 1208.40. § 1208.14 Order. Order means an order issued by the Secretary under section 514 of the Act that provides for a program of generic promotion, research, and information regarding agricultural commodities authorized under the Act. § 1208.15 Importer means any person importing 20,000 pounds or more of processed raspberries into the United States in a calendar year as a principal or as an agent, broker, or consignee of any person who produces or handles processed raspberries outside of the United States for sale in the United States, and who is listed in the import records as the importer of record for such processed raspberries. § 1208.11 understanding of, the general public regarding the consumption, use, nutritional attributes, and care of processed raspberries. (b) Food industry information, which means any action taken to provide information to, and broaden the understanding of, the food industry regarding the consumption, use, nutritional attributes, and care of processed raspberries. (c) Industry information, which means any action taken to provide information to or collect information from, and broaden the underestimating of, the raspberry industry regarding the production, consumption, use, nutritional attributes, and care of processed raspberries. Part and subpart. Part means the Processed Raspberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order and all rules, regulations, and supplemental orders issued pursuant to the Act and the Order. The Order shall be a subpart of such part. § 1208.16 Person. Person means any individual, group of individuals, partnership, corporation, association, cooperative, or any other legal entity. § 1208.17 Processed raspberries. Processed raspberries means raspberries which have been frozen, dried, pureed, made into juice, or delivered in any other form altered by mechanical processes other than fresh. § 1208.18 Processor. Processor means a person engaged in the preparation of raspberries for processing for market who owns or who E:\FR\FM\09APP2.SGM 09APP2 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 67 / Thursday, April 9, 2009 / Proposed Rules shares the ownership and risk of loss of such raspberries. § 1208.19 Producer. Producer means any person who grows 20,000 pounds or more of raspberries for processing in the United States for sale in commerce, or a person who is engaged in the business of producing, or causing to be produced for any market, raspberries for processing beyond the person’s own family use and having value at first point of sale. § 1208.20 Promotion. Promotion means any action taken to present a favorable image of processed raspberries to the general public and the food industry for the purpose of improving the competitive position of processed raspberries both in the United States and abroad and stimulating the sale of processed raspberries including paid advertising and public relations. § 1208.21 Qualified national organization representing importer interests. Qualified national organization representing importer interests means an organization that the Secretary certifies as being eligible to nominate importer and alternate importer members to the Council. Qualified organization representing foreign producer interests means an organization that the Secretary certifies as being eligible to nominate foreign producer and alternate foreign producer members to the Council. Raspberries. Raspberries mean and include all kinds, varieties, and hybrids of cultivated raspberries of the genus ‘‘Rubus’’ grown in or imported into the United States. dwashington3 on PROD1PC60 with PROPOSALS2 § 1208.24 Research. Research means any type of test, study, or analysis designed to advance the image, desirability, use, marketability, production, product development, or quality of raspberries, including but not limited to research relating to nutritional value, cost of production, new product development, health research, and marketing of processed raspberries. § 1208.25 Secretary. Secretary means the Secretary of Agriculture of the United States, or any officer or employee of the Department to whom authority has been delegated, or to whom authority may be delegated, to act in the Secretary’s stead. VerDate Nov<24>2008 15:29 Apr 08, 2009 Jkt 217001 State. State means any of the several 50 States of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the territories and possessions of the United States. § 1208.27 Suspend. Suspend means to issue a rule under section 553 of title 5 U.S.C., to temporarily prevent the operation of an order or part thereof during a particular period of time specified in the rule. § 1208.28 Terminate. Terminate means to issue a rule under section 553 of title 5 U.S.C., to cancel permanently the operation of an order or part thereof beginning on a certain date specified in the rule. § 1208.29 United States. United States means collectively the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the territories and possessions of the United States. National Processed Raspberry Council § 1208.40 § 1208.22 Qualified organization representing foreign producer interests. § 1208.23 § 1208.26 Establishment and membership. (a) Establishment of the National Processed Raspberry Council. There is hereby established a National Processed Raspberry Council, or such other name as recommended by the Council and approved by the Department, hereinafter called Council, composed of thirteen (13) members and thirteen (13) alternate members, appointed by the Secretary from nominations as follows: (1) Six (6) processed raspberry producer members and alternate members from States producing a minimum of three (3) million pounds of raspberries delivered for processing. Distribution of the seats among the eligible States shall be proportional to the percent determined by the average of the total pounds produced and delivered to processors for processing over the previous three years divided by the average total pounds by all of the eligible States for the previous three years. Only States whose producers deliver raspberries for processing and pay assessments are eligible for nomination and election to the Council. Average production will be based upon either State production figures or the Department data for the initial election, and production figures generated by either the Council or the Department thereafter; (2) One (1) processed raspberry producer member and alternate member representing all other States producing less than a three (3) million pounds of raspberries delivered for processing. All States producing less than three million PO 00000 Frm 00017 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 16281 pounds of raspberries delivered for processing will constitute a region from which one producer member and alternate will be nominated to the Council. Only States whose producers deliver raspberries for processing and pay assessments are eligible for nomination and election to the Council. Average production will be based upon either State production figures or the Department data for the initial election, and production figures generated by either the Council or the Department thereafter; (3) Three (3) processed raspberry importer members and alternate members; (4) Two (2) foreign producers and their alternate members from countries exporting a minimum of three million pounds of raspberries for processing to the U.S., based on a three-year average; and (5) One (1) at-large member and an alternate recommended by the Council and shall be submitted by the Council to the Secretary for approval. In recommending the at-large member and alternate, the Council shall give consideration to nutrition health professionals and others interested in raspberry industry. Nominations for the initial Council will be handled by the Department. (b) Adjustment of membership. At least once every five years, but not more frequently than once every three years, the Council will review the geographic distribution of United States production of processed raspberries and the quantity and source of processed raspberry imports. The review will be conducted through an audit of State crop production figures and Council assessment receipts. If warranted, the Council will recommend to the Secretary that membership on the Council be altered to reflect any changes in geographic distribution of domestic raspberry production for processing and the quantity of imports. If the level of imports increases or decreases, importer members and alternates may be added or reduced on the Council, subject to recommendation by the Council and approval of the Secretary. However, the foreign producer seats will remain the same regardless of the volume of imports from importing countries. § 1208.41 Nominations and appointments. (a) Voting for regional and State producer representatives will be made by mail ballot. (b) Nominations for the initial Council will be handled by the Department. Subsequent nominations will be handled by the Council. E:\FR\FM\09APP2.SGM 09APP2 dwashington3 on PROD1PC60 with PROPOSALS2 16282 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 67 / Thursday, April 9, 2009 / Proposed Rules (c) The nominations for the six producer and alternate members from States producing a minimum three year average of three million pounds of raspberries delivered for processing will be submitted to the Council in the following manner: (1) For those States that have a State raspberry commission or State marketing order, the State commission or committee will nominate producers and their alternates to serve. Nominations will be returned to the Council and placed on a ballot which will then be sent to producers in the State for a vote. The nominee for member will have received the highest number of votes cast. The person with the second highest number of votes cast will be the nominee for alternate. The persons with the third and fourth place highest number of votes cast will be designated as additional nominees for consideration by the Secretary. Once the Council has received all of the nominations from commissions or committees, the information will be submitted to the Secretary for appointment. Nominations for the initial Council will be handled by the Department. Subsequent nominations will be handled by the Council staff and shall be submitted to the Secretary not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office; or (2) For those States that do not have a State commission or State marketing order, the Council will seek nominations from the State Departments of Agriculture for members and alternates from the specific States who may directly submit nominations to the Department for the initial Council. Subsequent nominations shall be submitted to the Council and will be handled by the Council staff who in turn shall submit those nominations to the Secretary not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. (3) The distribution of the six producer and alternate seats will be proportional to the percentage determined by the average of the total pounds produced and delivered to processors for processing over the previous three years divided by the average total pounds produced over the previous three years. (d) The nomination for the one raspberry producer of raspberries for processing and alternate member, who represents all other States producing less than a minimum three year average of three million pounds of raspberries delivered for processing, will constitute a region and the nominations will be submitted to the Council in the following manner: VerDate Nov<24>2008 15:29 Apr 08, 2009 Jkt 217001 (1) For those States that have a State raspberry commission or State marketing order, the State commission or committee will nominate producers and their alternates to serve. The State commission or committee nominations will be returned to the Council and placed on a ballot which will then be sent to producers in the Region for a vote. The nominee for member will have received the highest number of votes cast. The person with the second highest number of votes cast will be the nominee for alternate. The persons with the third and fourth place highest number of votes cast will be designated as additional nominees for consideration by the Secretary. Once the Council has received all of the nominations from commissions or committees, the information will be submitted to the Secretary for appointment. Nominations for the initial Council will be handled by the Department. Subsequent nominations will be handled by the Council staff and shall be submitted to the Secretary not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office; or (2) For those States that do not have a State commission or State marketing order, the Council will seek nominations from the State Departments of Agriculture for the member and alternate from the specific States. The State Departments of Agriculture would have the opportunity to participate in nomination caucuses and will directly submit as a group a single slate of nominations to the Department for the producer position and the producer alternate position on the Council for the initial Council. Subsequent nominations shall be submitted to the Council and will be handled by the Council staff who in turn shall submit those nominations to the Secretary not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. (e) Only producers from States that deliver raspberries for processing and are covered under the program are eligible for nomination and election to the Council. Average production will be based upon Department production data for the initial nomination and production figures generated by either the Council or the Department thereafter. (f) Nominations for the importer positions and their alternates will be made by qualified national organizations representing importers as follows: (1) All qualified national organizations representing importers would have the opportunity to participate in nomination caucuses and will submit as a group a single slate of PO 00000 Frm 00018 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 nominations to the Secretary for the importer positions and the importer alternate positions on the Council. Eligible organizations must submit nominations to the Department not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. Two nominees for each member and each alternate position will be submitted to the Secretary for consideration. (2) If the Department determines that there are no qualified national organizations representing importers, individuals who have paid their assessments to the Council in the most recent fiscal year or for the initial Council, those that imported processed raspberries into the U.S., could directly submit nominations to the Department for the initial Council. Subsequent nominations shall be submitted to the Council and will be handled by the Council staff who in turn shall submit those nominations to the Secretary not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. (g) Nominations for the foreign producer positions and their alternates will be made by qualified organizations representing foreign producers as follows: (1) All qualified organizations representing foreign producer interests will have the opportunity to participate in nomination caucuses and will submit as a group a single slate of nominations to the Secretary for the foreign producer positions and the foreign producer alternate positions on the Council. (2) If the Department determines that there are no qualified organizations representing foreign producer interests, individual foreign producers may directly submit nominations to the Department for the initial Council. Subsequent nominations shall be submitted to the Council and will be handled by the Council staff who in turn shall submit those nominations to the Secretary not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. For the initial Council, persons that meet the definition of foreign producer as defined in this subpart will certify such qualification and upon certification, if qualified, may submit nominations. Two nominees for each member and each alternate position will be submitted to the Secretary for consideration. (h) Nominations for the at-large member and alternate will be conducted at a Council meeting by the Council and shall be submitted by the Council to the Secretary for approval. Nominations for the initial Council will be handled by the Department. Subsequent nominations will be handled by the Council and shall be submitted to the E:\FR\FM\09APP2.SGM 09APP2 dwashington3 on PROD1PC60 with PROPOSALS2 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 67 / Thursday, April 9, 2009 / Proposed Rules Secretary not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. (i) From the nominations, the Secretary shall select the members of the Council and alternates for each position on the Council. Members will serve until their replacements have been appointed by the Secretary. (j) If there is an insufficient number of nominees from whom to appoint members to the Council, the Secretary may appoint members in such a manner as the Secretary determines appropriate. (k) Qualified national organization representing importer interests. To be certified as a qualified national organization representing importer interests, an organization must meet the following criteria, as evidenced by a report submitted by the organization to the Secretary: (1) The organization must represent a substantial number of importers who market or produce a substantial volume of raspberries for processing; (2) The organization has a history of stability and permanency and has been in existence for more than one year; (3) The organization must promote processed raspberries importers’ welfare; and (4) The organization must derive a portion of its operating funds from importers. (l) Qualified organization representing foreign producer interests. To be certified by the Secretary as a qualified organization representing foreign producer interests, an organization must meet the following criteria, as evidenced by a report submitted by the organization to the Secretary: (1) The organization must represent a substantial number of foreign producers who produce a substantial volume of raspberries for processing; (2) The organization has a history of stability and permanency and has been in existence for more than one year; (3) The organization must promote processed raspberry foreign producers’ welfare; (4) The organization must derive a portion of its operating funds from foreign producers; and (5) The organization must be from a country exporting a minimum of three million pounds of raspberries for processing to the U.S. based on a threeyear average. (m) Eligible organizations, foreign producers, or importers must submit nominations to the Secretary not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. At least two nominees for each position to be filled must be submitted. VerDate Nov<24>2008 15:29 Apr 08, 2009 Jkt 217001 § 1208.42 Term of office. Council members and alternates will serve for a term of three years and be able to serve a maximum of two consecutive terms. A Council member may serve as an alternate during the years the member is ineligible for a member position. When the Council is first established, four producer members, two importers, one of the two foreign producers, and the at-large member and their respective alternates will be assigned initial terms of three years. The remaining three producer members, one importer member, and the second foreign producer and their alternates will serve an initial term of two years. Members serving an initial term of two years will be eligible to serve a second term of three years. Thereafter, each of these positions will carry a full three-year term. Council nominations and appointments will take place in two out of every three years. Council members shall serve during the term of office for which they are appointed and have qualified, and until their successors are appointed and have qualified. Each term of office will end on December 31, with new terms of office beginning on January 1. § 1208.43 Vacancies. (a) In the event that any member of the Council ceases to be a member of the category of membership from which the member was appointed to the Council, such position shall automatically become vacant. (b) If a member of the Council consistently refuses to perform the duties of a member of the Council, or if a member of the Council engages in acts of dishonesty or willful misconduct, the Council may recommend to the Secretary that the member be removed from office. If the Secretary finds the recommendation of the Council shows adequate cause, the Secretary may remove such member from office. (c) Should any member position become vacant, the alternate of that member shall automatically assume the position of said member. Should the positions of both a member and such member’s alternate become vacant, successors for the unexpired terms of such member and alternate shall be appointed in the manner specified in § 1208.40 and § 1208.41, except that said nomination and replacement shall not be required if said unexpired terms are less than six months. § 1208.44 Alternate members. An alternate member of the Council, during the absence of the member for whom the person is the alternate, shall act in the place and stead of such PO 00000 Frm 00019 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 16283 member and perform such duties as assigned. In the event of death, removal, resignation, or disqualification of any member, the alternate for that member shall automatically assume the position of said member. In the event that a producer, importer, foreign producer, or at-large member of the Council and their alternate are unable to attend a meeting, the Council may not designate any other alternate to serve in such member’s or alternate’s place and stead for such a meeting. § 1208.45 Procedure. (a) At a Council meeting, it will be considered a quorum when a majority (one more than half) of the Council members is present. An alternate will be counted for the purpose of determining a quorum only if the member for whom the person is the alternate is absent or disqualified from participating. (b) At the start of each fiscal period, the Council will select a chairperson, vice chairperson, and other officers as appropriate, who will conduct meetings throughout that period. (c) The chairperson and the treasurer shall reside in the United States, and the Council office shall also be located in the United States. (d) All Council meetings shall be held in the United States. (e) All Council members and alternates will receive a minimum of 20 days advance notice of all Council and committee meetings. (f) Each member of the Council will be entitled to one vote on any matter put to the Council, and the motion will carry if supported by one (1) vote more than 50 percent of the total votes represented by the Council members present. (g) It will be considered a quorum at a Council committee meeting when at least one more than half of those assigned to the Council committee are present. Alternates may also be assigned to Council committees as necessary. Council committees may consist of persons other than Council members and such persons may vote in Council committee meetings. (h) In lieu of voting at a properly convened meeting and, when in the opinion of the chairperson of the Council such action is considered necessary, the Council may take action if supported by one vote more than 50 percent of the members present, by mail, telephone, electronic mail, facsimile, or any other means of communication, and all telephone votes shall be confirmed promptly in writing. In that event, all members must be notified and provided the opportunity to vote. Any action so taken shall have E:\FR\FM\09APP2.SGM 09APP2 16284 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 67 / Thursday, April 9, 2009 / Proposed Rules the same force and effect as though such action had been taken at a properly convened meeting of the Council. All votes shall be recorded in Council minutes. (i) There shall be no voting by proxy. (j) The chairperson shall be a voting member. (k) The organization of the Council and the procedures for the conducting of meetings of the Council shall be in accordance with its bylaws, which shall be established by the Council and approved by the Secretary. § 1208.46 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Council, and alternates when acting as members, shall serve without compensation but shall be reimbursed for reasonable travel expenses, as approved by the Council, incurred by them in the performance of their duties as Council members. dwashington3 on PROD1PC60 with PROPOSALS2 § 1208.47 Powers and duties. The Council shall have the following powers and duties: (a) To administer the Order in accordance with its terms and conditions and to collect assessments; (b) To develop and recommend to the Secretary for approval such bylaws as may be necessary for the functioning of the Council, and such rules as may be necessary to administer the Order, including activities authorized to be carried out under the Order; (c) To meet, organize, and select from among the members of the Council a chairperson, other officers, committees, and subcommittees, as the Council determines to be appropriate; (d) To employ persons, other than members, as the Council considers necessary to assist the Council in carrying out its duties and to determine the compensation and specify the duties of such persons; (e) To develop and carry our generic promotion, research, and information activities relating to processed raspberries; (f) To develop programs and projects, and enter into contracts or agreements, which must be approved by the Secretary before becoming effective, for the development and carrying out of programs or projects of research, information, or promotion, and the payment of costs thereof with funds collected pursuant to this subpart. Each contract or agreement shall provide that any person who enters into a contract or agreement with the Council shall develop and submit to the Council a proposed activity; keep accurate records of all of its transactions relating to the contract or agreement; account for funds VerDate Nov<24>2008 15:29 Apr 08, 2009 Jkt 217001 received and expended in connection with the contract or agreement; make periodic reports to the Council of activities conducted under the contract or agreement; and make such other reports available as the Council or the Secretary considers necessary. Any contract or agreement shall provide that: (1) The contractor or agreeing party shall develop and submit to the Council a program, plan, or project together with a budget or budgets that shall show the estimated cost to be incurred for such program, plan, or project; (2) The contractor or agreeing party shall keep accurate records of all its transactions and make periodic reports to the Council of activities conducted, submit accounting for funds received and expended, and make such other reports as the Secretary or the Council may require; (3) The Secretary may audit the records of the contracting or agreeing party periodically; (4) Any subcontractor who enters into a contract with a Council contractor and who receives or otherwise uses funds allocated by the Council shall be subject to the same provisions as the contractor; (g) To prepare and submit for approval of the Secretary, before the beginning of each fiscal year, rates of assessment and a fiscal year budget of the anticipated expenses to be incurred in the administration of the Order, including the probably cost of each promotion, research, and information activity proposed to be developed or carried out by the Council in accordance with § 1208.50; (h) To borrow funds necessary for the startup expenses of the order; (i) To maintain such records and books and prepare and submit such reports and records from time to time to the Secretary as the Secretary may require and to make the records available to the Secretary for inspection and audit; to make appropriate accounting with respect to the receipt and disbursement of all funds entrusted to it; and to keep records that accurately reflect the actions and transactions of the Council; (j) To cause its books to be audited by a independent auditor at the end of each fiscal year and at such other times as the Secretary may request, and to submit a report of the audit directly to the Secretary; (k) To give the Secretary the same notice of meetings of the Council as is given to members in order that the Secretary’s representative(s) may attend such meetings, and to keep and report minutes of each meeting of the Council to the Secretary; PO 00000 Frm 00020 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 (l) To act as intermediary between the Secretary and any producer, first handler, processor, importer, or foreign producer; (m) To furnish to the Secretary any information or records that the Secretary may request; (n) To receive, investigate, and report to the Secretary complaints of violations of the Order; (o) To recommend to the Secretary such amendments to the Order as the Council considers appropriate; (p) To work to achieve an effective, continuous, and coordinated program of promotion, research, consumer information, evaluation, and industry information designed to strengthen the processed raspberry industry’s position in the marketplace; maintain and expand existing markets and uses for processed raspberries; and to carry out programs, plans, and projects designed to provide maximum benefits to the processed raspberry industry; and (q) To pay the cost of the activities with assessments collected under § 1208.52. § 1208.48 Prohibited activities. The Council may not engage in, and shall prohibit the employees and agents of the Council from engaging in: (a) Any action that would be a conflict of interest; (b) Using funds collected by the Council under the Order to undertake any action for the purpose of influencing legislation or governmental action or policy, by local, state, national, and foreign governments, other than recommending to the Secretary amendments to the Order; and (c) Any advertising, including promotion, research, and information activities authorized to be carried out under the Order that may be false or misleading or disparaging to another agricultural commodity. Expenses and Assessments § 1208.50 Budget and expenses. (a) At least 60 days prior to the beginning of each fiscal year, and as may be necessary thereafter, the Council shall prepare and submit to the Secretary a budget for the fiscal year covering its anticipated expenses and disbursements in administering this subpart. The budget for research, promotion, or information may not be implemented prior to approval of the budget by the Secretary. No later than forty-five (45) days after the receipt of such budget, the Secretary shall notify the Council whether the Secretary approves or disapproves the budget. Each budget shall include: E:\FR\FM\09APP2.SGM 09APP2 dwashington3 on PROD1PC60 with PROPOSALS2 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 67 / Thursday, April 9, 2009 / Proposed Rules (1) A statement of objectives and strategy for each program, plan, or project; (2) A summary of anticipated revenue, with comparative data or at least one preceding year (except for the initial budget); and (3) A summary of proposed expenditures for each program, plan, or project; (4) Staff and administrative expense breakdowns, with comparative data for at least one preceding year (except for the initial budget). (b) Each budget shall provide adequate funds to defray its proposed expenditures and to provide for a reserve as set forth in this subpart. (c) Subject to this section, any amendment or addition to an approved budget must be approved by the Secretary, including shifting funds from one program, plan, or project to another. Shifts in funds which do not cause an increase in the Council’s approved budget, and which are consistent with by laws, need not have prior approval by the Department. (d) The Council is authorized to incur such expenses, including provision for a reasonable reserve, as the Secretary finds are reasonable and likely to be incurred by the Council for its maintenance and functioning, and to enable it to exercise its powers and perform its duties in accordance with the provisions of this subpart. Such expenses shall be paid from funds received by the Council. (e) With approval of the Secretary, the Council may borrow money for the payment of administrative expenses, subject to the same fiscal, budget, and audit controls as other funds of the Council. Any funds borrowed by the Council shall be expended for startup costs and capital outlays and are limited to the first year of operation of the Council. (f) The Council is authorized to repay startup costs associated with establishing a program and an initial referendum. If approved, these costs would be amortized and repaid over a maximum three (3) year period. (g) The Council may accept voluntary contributions, but these shall only be used to pay expenses incurred in the conduct of programs, plans, and projects approved by the Secretary. Such contributions shall be free from any encumbrance by the donor and the Council shall retain complete control of their use. (h) The Council may also receive funds provided through the Department’s Foreign Agricultural Service or from other sources, with the VerDate Nov<24>2008 15:29 Apr 08, 2009 Jkt 217001 approval of the Secretary, for authorized activities. (i) The Council shall reimburse the Secretary for all expenses incurred by the Secretary in the implementation, administration, enforcement, and supervision of the Order, including all referendum costs in connection with the Order. (j) The Council may not expend for administration, maintenance, and functioning of the Council in any fiscal year an amount that exceeds 15 percent of the assessments and other income received by the Council for that fiscal year. Reimbursements to the Secretary required under paragraph (i) of this section are excluded from this limitation on spending. (k) The Council may establish an operating monetary reserve and may carry over to subsequent fiscal periods excess funds in any reserve so established: Provided that the funds in the reserve do not exceed one fiscal period’s budget. Subject to approval by the Secretary, such reserve funds may be used to defray any expenses authorized under this part. (l) Pending disbursement of assessments and all other revenue under a budget approved by the Secretary, the Council may invest assessments and all other revenues collected under this section in: (1) Obligations of the United States or any agency of the United States; (2) General obligations of any State or any political subdivision of a State; (3) Interest bearing accounts or certificates of deposit of financial institutions that are members of the Federal Reserve System; or (4) Obligations fully guaranteed as to principal interest by the United States. § 1208.51 Financial statements. (a) As requested by the Secretary, the Council shall prepare and submit financial statements to the Secretary on a periodic basis. Each such financial statement shall include, but not be limited to, a balance sheet, income statement, and expense budget. The expense budget shall show expenditures during the time period covered by the report, year-to-date expenditures, and the unexpended budget. (b) Each financial statement shall be submitted to the Secretary within 30 days after the end of the time period to which it applies. (c) The Council shall submit annually to the Secretary an annual financial statement within 90 days after the end of the fiscal year to which it applies. § 1208.52 Assessments. (a) The funds to cover the Council’s expenses shall be paid from assessments PO 00000 Frm 00021 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 16285 on producers and importers at a rate not to exceed one cent per pound; the initial rate is one cent per pound, donations from any person not subject to assessments under this Order, and other funds available to the Council including those collected pursuant to § 1208.56 and subject to the limitations contained therein. (b) The collection of assessments on domestic processed raspberries will be the responsibility of the first handler receiving the raspberries for processing. In the case of the producer acting as its own first handler, the producer will be required to collect and remit its individual assessments. The rate of assessments shall be prescribed in regulations issued by the Secretary. (c) The Council may recommend to the Secretary an increase or decrease to the assessment rate. Such an increase or decrease may occur not more than once annually. Any change in the assessment rate shall be subject to rulemaking by the Department. (d) Each importer of processed raspberries shall pay an assessment to the Council on processed raspberries imported for marketing in the United States, through Customs. If Customs does not collect an assessment from an importer, the importer would be responsible for paying the assessment directly to the Council. The assessment rate for imported processed raspberries would be up to one cent per pound, with the initial rate being one cent per pound. (1) The assessment rate for imported processed raspberries shall be the same or equivalent to the rate for processed raspberries produced in the United States. (2) The import assessment shall be uniformly applied to imported processed raspberries that are identified by the numbers 0811.20.20.20, in the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States or any other numbers used to identify processed raspberries. (3) The assessments due on imported processed raspberries shall be paid when they enter into the United States or are withdrawn for consumption in the United States. (e) All assessment payments will be submitted to the office of the Council. All final payments for a crop year are to be received no later than October 30 of that year for producers of processed raspberries within the United States. A late payment charge shall be imposed on any handler or importer who fails to remit to the Council, the total amount for which any such first handler or importer is liable on or before the due date established by the Council. In addition to the late payment charge, an E:\FR\FM\09APP2.SGM 09APP2 dwashington3 on PROD1PC60 with PROPOSALS2 16286 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 67 / Thursday, April 9, 2009 / Proposed Rules interest charge shall be imposed on the outstanding amount for which the first handler or importer is liable. The rate of interest shall be prescribed in regulations issued by the Secretary. (f) Persons failing to remit total assessments due in a timely manner may also be subject to actions under federal debt collection procedures. (g) The Council may authorize other organizations to collect assessments on its behalf with the approval of the Secretary. (h) Council may provide credits of assessments for those individuals who contribute to local, regional, or State organizations engaged in similar generic research, promotion, and information programs as partial fulfillment of assessment due to the Council subject to approval of the Secretary, for expenditure on generic research, promotion and information programs conducted within the United States. (1) No credit will be given for funds expended for administrative purposes. (2) No credit shall be given for research, promotion, and information program activity conducted outside of the United States. (3) Credit shall only be given for generic research, promotion, and information program activities. (4) Credit of assessment may be obtained only by following the procedures prescribed in this section and any regulations recommended by the Council and prescribed by the Secretary. An individual owing assessments shall make a written request to the Council and the request shall contain the assessment paying individual’s signature and shall show: (i) The name and address of the assessment paying individual; (ii) The name and address of the person who collected the assessment; (iii) The quantity of processed raspberries on which a credit is requested; (iv) The total amount of credit requested; (v) The date or dates on which the assessments were paid; (vi) A certification that the assessment was not collected from another producer or documentation of assessments collected from local, State, or regional organizations; and (vii) The individual’s signature or properly witnessed mark. (5) The evidence of payment as required under § 1208.61, or a copy thereof, or such other evidence deemed necessary to the Council shall accompany the individual’s credit of assessment request. VerDate Nov<24>2008 15:29 Apr 08, 2009 Jkt 217001 § 1208.53 Exemption procedures. (a) Any producer who produces less than 20,000 pounds of raspberries for processing annually who desires to claim an exemption from assessments during a fiscal year as provided in § 1208.52 shall apply to the Council, on a form provided by the Council, for a certificate of exemption. Such producer shall certify that the producer’s production of raspberries for processing shall be less than 20,000 pounds for the fiscal year for which the exemption is claimed. Any importer who imports less than 20,000 pounds of processed raspberries annually who desires to claim an exemption from assessments during a fiscal year as provided in § 1208.52 shall apply to the Council, on a form provided by the Council, for a certificate of exemption. Such importer shall certify that the importer’s importation of processed raspberries shall not exceed 20,000 pounds, for the fiscal year for which the exemption is claimed. If a producer or importer determines at the end of the year that they did not meet the 20,000 pounds minimum, the producer or importers can request a reimbursement on the assessments paid to the Council by 60 days of the end of the fiscal year. If, after a person has been exempt from paying assessments for any year pursuant to this section, and the person no longer meets the requirements of paragraph of this section for an exemption, the person shall file a report with the Council in the form and manner prescribed by the Council and pay an assessment on or before March 15 of the subsequent year on all raspberries for processing produced or processed raspberries importers by such persons during the year for which the person claimed the exemption. (b) On receipt of an application, the Council shall determine whether an exemption may be granted. The Council will then issue, if deemed appropriate, a certificate of exemption to the producer or importer which is eligible to receive one. Each producer who is exempt from assessment must provide an exemption number as supplied by the Council to the first handler in order to be exempt from the collection of an assessment on processed raspberries. First handlers shall maintain records showing the exemptee’s name and address along with the exemption number assigned by the Council. (c) Importers who are exempt from assessment shall be eligible for reimbursement of assessments collected by Customs and shall apply to the Council for reimbursement of such assessments paid. No interest will be PO 00000 Frm 00022 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 paid on assessments collected by Customs. Requests for reimbursement shall be submitted within 90 days of the last day of the year the processed raspberries were actually imported. Any claim for reimbursement submitted after ninety (90) days will be considered null and void. (d) Any person who desires an exemption from assessments for a subsequent fiscal year shall reapply to the Council, on a form provided by the Council, for a certificate of exemption. (e) The Council, with the Secretary’s approval, may request that persons claiming an exemption from assessments under § 1208.53 must provide it with any information it deems necessary about the exemption, including, without limitation, the disposition of the exempted commodity. (f) A first handler who purchases raspberries for processing from a producer who operates under an approved National Organic Program (NOP) (7 CFR part 205) system plan, produces only products that are eligible to be labeled as 100 percent organic under the NOP, and is not a split operation shall be exempt from the payment of assessments. (g) To obtain this exemption, an eligible first handler shall submit a request for exemption to the Council— on a form provided by the Council—at any time initially and annually thereafter on or before the beginning of the fiscal period as long as the first handler continues to be eligible for the exemption. (h) The request shall include the following: The first handler’s name and address, a copy of the organic farm or organic handling operation certificate provided by a USDA-accredited certifying agent as defined in the Organic Act, a signed certification that the applicant meets all of the requirements specified for an assessment exemption, and such other information as may be required by the Council and with the approval of the Secretary. (i) If the first handler complies with the requirements of paragraph (f) of this section, the Council will grant an assessment exemption and shall issue a Certificate of Exemption to the first handler. For exemption requests received on or before August 15 of the fiscal year, the Council will have 60 days to approve the exemption request; after August 15 of the fiscal year, the Council will have 30 days to approve the exemption request. If the application is disapproved, the Council will notify the applicant of the reason(s) for disapproval within the same timeframe. E:\FR\FM\09APP2.SGM 09APP2 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 67 / Thursday, April 9, 2009 / Proposed Rules (j) An importer who imports only products that are eligible to be labeled as 100 percent organic under the NOP (7 CFR part 205) and who is not a split operation shall be exempt from the payment of assessments. That importer may submit documentation to the Council and request an exemption from assessment on 100 percent organic processed raspberries—on a form provided by the Council—at any time initially and annually thereafter on or before the beginning of the fiscal period as long as the importer continues to be eligible for the exemption. This documentation shall include the same information required of first handlers in paragraph (c) of this section. If the importer complies with the requirements of this section, the Council will grant the exemption and issue a Certificate of Exemption to the importer within the applicable timeframe. The Council will also issue the importer a 9digit alphanumeric Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HTS) classification valid for 1 year from the date of issue. This HTS classification should be entered by the importer on the Customs entry documentation. Any line item entry of 100 percent organic processed raspberries bearing this HTS classification assigned by the Council will not be subject to assessments. (k) The exemption will apply immediately following the issuance of the certificate of exemption. dwashington3 on PROD1PC60 with PROPOSALS2 § 1208.54 Programs, plans, and projects. (a) The Council shall receive and evaluate, or on its own initiative, develop and submit to the Secretary for approval any program, plan, or project authorized under this subpart. Such programs, plans, or projects shall provide for: (1) The establishment, issuance, effectuation, and administration of appropriate programs for promotion, research, and information, including producer and consumer industry information, with respect to processed raspberries; and (2) The establishment and conduct of research with respect to the use, nutritional value, production, health, sale, distribution, and marketing of processed raspberries, and the creation of new products or product development, thereof, to the end that the marketing and use of processed raspberries may be encouraged, expanded, improved, or made more acceptable and to advance the image, desirability, or quality of processed raspberries. (b) A program, plan, or project may not be implemented prior to approval of the program, plan, or project by the VerDate Nov<24>2008 15:29 Apr 08, 2009 Jkt 217001 Secretary. No later than forty-five (45) days after the receipt of such program, plan, or project, the Secretary shall notify the Council whether the Secretary approves or disapproves the program, plan, or project. Once a program, plan, or project is so approved, the Council shall take appropriate steps to implement it. (c) Each program, plan, or project implemented under this subpart shall be reviewed or evaluated periodically by the Council to ensure that it contributes to an effective program of promotion, research, or information. If it is found by the Council that any such program, plan, or project does not contribute to an effective program of promotion, research, or information, then the Council shall terminate such program, plan, or project. (d) No program, plan, or project including advertising shall be false or misleading, or disparage another agricultural commodity. Processed raspberries of all origins shall be treated equally. § 1208.55 Independent evaluation. The Council shall, not less often than once every five years, authorize and fund, from funds otherwise available to the Council, an independent evaluation of the effectiveness of the Order and programs conducted by the Council pursuant to the Act. The Council shall submit to the Secretary, and make available to the public, the results of each periodic independent evaluation conducted under this paragraph. § 1208.56 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations developed through the use of funds received by the Council under this subpart shall be the property of the U.S. Government as represented by the Council and shall, along with any rents, royalties, residual payments, or other income from the rental, sales, leasing, franchising, or other uses of such patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, or product formulations, inure to the benefit of the Council, shall be considered income subject to the same fiscal, budget, and audit controls as other funds of the Council, and may be licensed subject to approval by the Secretary. Upon termination of this subpart, § 1208.73 shall apply to determine disposition of all such property. PO 00000 Frm 00023 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 16287 Reports, Books, and Records § 1208.60 Reports. (a) Each first handler subject to this subpart may be required to provide to the Council periodically such information as may be required by the Council, with the approval of the Secretary, which may include but not be limited to the following: (1) Number of pounds handled; (2) Number of pounds on which an assessment was collected; (3) Name and address of person from whom the first handler has collected the assessments on each pound handled; and (4) Date collection was made on each pound handled. All reports are due to the Council 30 days after the end of the crop year. (b) Each importer subject to this subpart may be required to provide to the Council periodically such information as may be required by the Council, with the approval of the Secretary, which may include but not be limited to the following: (1) Number of pounds of processed raspberries imported; (2) Number of pounds which an assessment was paid; (3) Name and address of the importer; (4) Date collection was made on each pound of processed raspberries imported. All reports are due to the Council 30 days after the end of the crop year. § 1208.61 Books and records. Each first handler, producer, and importer subject to this subpart shall maintain and make available for inspection by the Secretary such books and records as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this subpart and the regulations issued thereunder, including such records as are necessary to verify any reports required. Such records shall be retained for at least two (2) years beyond the fiscal period of their applicability. § 1208.62 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or reports under the Act, this subpart, and the regulations issued thereunder shall be kept confidential by all persons, including all employees and former employees of the Council, all officers and employees and former officers and employees of contracting and subcontracting agencies or agreeing parties having access to such information. Such information shall not be available to Council members, producers, importers, exporters, foreign producers, or first handlers. Only those persons having a specific need for such E:\FR\FM\09APP2.SGM 09APP2 16288 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 67 / Thursday, April 9, 2009 / Proposed Rules information to effectively administer the provisions of this subpart shall have access to such information. Only such information so obtained as the Secretary deems relevant shall be disclosed by them, and then only in a judicial proceeding or administrative hearing brought at the direction, or on the request, of the Secretary, or to which the Secretary or any officer of the United States is a party, and involving this subpart. Nothing in this section shall be deemed to prohibit: (a) The issuance of general statements based upon the reports of the number of persons subject to this subpart or statistical data collected therefrom, which statements do not identify the information furnished by any person; and (b) The publication, by direction of the Secretary, of the name of any person who has been adjudged to have violated this subpart, together with a statement of the particular provisions of this subpart violated by such person. § 1208.72 Suspension and termination. All fiscal matters, programs, plans, or projects, rules or regulations, reports, or other substantive actions proposed or prepared by the Council shall be submitted to the Secretary for approval. (a) The Secretary shall suspend or terminate this part or subpart or a provision thereof if the Secretary finds that the subpart or a provision thereof obstructs or does not tend to effectuate the purposes of the Act, or if the Secretary determines that this subpart or a provision thereof is not favored by persons voting in a referendum conducted pursuant to the Act. (b) The Secretary shall suspend or terminate this subpart at the end of the marketing year whenever the Secretary determines that its suspension or termination is approved or favored by a majority of producers and importers voting for approval who, during a representative period determined by the Secretary, have been engaged in the production or importation of processed raspberries. (c) If, as a result of a referendum the Secretary determines that this subpart is not approved, the Secretary shall: (1) Not later than one hundred and eighty (180) days after making the determination, suspend or terminate, as the case may be, collection of assessments under this subpart. (2) As soon as practical, suspend or terminate, as the case may be, activities under this subpart in an orderly manner. § 1208.71 § 1208.73 Miscellaneous dwashington3 on PROD1PC60 with PROPOSALS2 § 1208.70 Right of the Secretary. Referenda. (a) Initial referendum. The Order shall not become effective unless the Order is approved by a majority of producers and importers voting for approval in the initial referendum who, during a representative period determined by the Secretary, have been engaged in the production or importation of processed raspberries. (b) Subsequent referenda. Every seven years, the Secretary shall hold a referendum to determine whether producers of raspberry delivered for processing and importers of processed raspberries favor the continuation of the Order. The Order shall continue if it is favored by a majority of producers and importers voting for approval in the referendum who, during a representative period determined by the Secretary, have been engaged in the production or importation of processed raspberries. The Secretary will also conduct a subsequent referendum if 10 percent or more of all eligible producers of raspberries for processing and importers of processed raspberries request the Secretary to hold a referendum or if the Council established under § 1208.40 requests that the Secretary hold a referendum. In addition, the Secretary may hold a referendum at any time. VerDate Nov<24>2008 15:29 Apr 08, 2009 Jkt 217001 Proceedings after termination. (a) Upon the termination of this subpart, the Council shall recommend not more than three of its members to the Secretary to serve as trustees for the purpose of liquidating the affairs of the Council. Such persons, upon designation by the Secretary, shall become trustees of all of the funds and property then in the possession or under control of the Council, including claims for any funds unpaid or property not delivered, or any other claim existing at the time of such termination. (b) The said trustees shall: (1) Continue in such capacity until discharged by the Secretary. (2) Carry out the obligations of the Council under any contracts or agreements entered into pursuant to the Order. (3) From time to time account for all receipts and disbursements and deliver all property on hand, together with all books and records of the Council and the trustees, to such person or persons as the Secretary may direct. (4) Upon request of the Secretary execute such assignments or other instruments necessary and appropriate to vest in such persons title and right to all funds, property and claims vested in the Council or the trustees pursuant to the Order. PO 00000 Frm 00024 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 (c) Any person to whom funds, property or claims have been transferred or delivered pursuant to the Order shall be subject to the same obligations imposed upon the Council and upon the trustees. (d) Any residual funds not required to defray the necessary expenses of liquidation shall be turned over to the Secretary to be disposed of, to the extent practical, to one or more domestic raspberry industry organizations in the interest of continuing processed raspberry promotion, research, and information programs. § 1208.74 Effect of termination or amendment. Unless otherwise expressly provided by the Secretary, the termination of this subpart or of any regulation issued pursuant thereto, or the issuance of any amendment to either thereof, shall not: (a) Affect or waive any right, duty, obligation or liability which shall have arisen or which may thereafter arise in connection with any provision of this subpart or any regulation issued thereunder. (b) Release or extinguish any violation of this subpart or any regulation issued thereunder. (c) Affect or impair any rights or remedies of the United States, or of the Secretary or of any other persons, with respect to any such violation. § 1208.75 Personal liability. No member, alternate member, or employee of the Council shall be held personally responsible, either individually or jointly with others, in any way whatsoever, to any person for errors in judgment, mistakes, or other acts, either of commission or omission, as such member, alternate, or employee, except for acts of dishonesty or willful misconduct. § 1208.76 Separability. If any provision of this subpart is declared invalid or the applicability thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of this subpart or the applicability thereof to other persons or circumstances shall not be affected thereby. § 1208.77 Amendments. Amendments to this subpart may be proposed from time to time by the Council or by any interested person affected by the provisions of the Act, including the Secretary. § 1208.78 OMB control numbers. The control number assigned to the information collection requirements by the Office of Management and Budget E:\FR\FM\09APP2.SGM 09APP2 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 67 / Thursday, April 9, 2009 / Proposed Rules pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, 44 U.S.C. Chapter 35, is OMB control number 0505–0001, OMB control number 0581–0093, and OMB control number 0581–NEW. Subpart B—[Reserved] Dated: April 3, 2009. Robert C. Keeney, Acting Associate Administrator. [FR Doc. E9–7981 Filed 4–8–09; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–02–P DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 1208 [Docket No. AMS–FV–07–0077; FV–07–705– PR] RIN 0581–AC37 Proposed Processed Raspberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order; Referendum Procedures dwashington3 on PROD1PC60 with PROPOSALS2 AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, Agriculture, USDA. ACTION: Proposed rule with request for comments. SUMMARY: The purpose of this rule is to establish procedures which the Department of Agriculture (USDA or the Department) will use in conducting a referendum to determine whether the issuance of the proposed Processed Raspberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order (Proposed Order) is favored by producers of raspberries for processing and importers of processed raspberries. The Order will be implemented if it is approved by a simple majority of the eligible producers and importers voting in the referendum. These procedures would also be used for any subsequent referendum under the Proposed Order, if it is approved in the initial referendum. The Proposed Order is being published separately in this issue of the Federal Register. This proposed program would be implemented under the Commodity Promotion, Research, and Information Act of 1996 (1996 Act). DATES: Comments must be received by June 8, 2009. Pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act, comments on the information collection burden that would result from this proposal must be received by June 8, 2009. ADDRESSES: Interested persons are invited to submit written comments concerning this rule. Comments can be made on the Internet at https:// www.regulations.gov or to the Research VerDate Nov<24>2008 15:29 Apr 08, 2009 Jkt 217001 and Promotion Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA, Stop 0244, Room 0634–S, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC 20250– 0244; Fax (202) 205–2800; Toll Free (888) 720–9917. Comments should reference the docket number, title of action, date, and page number of this issue of the Federal Register and will be made available for public inspection at the above address during regular business hours or at https:// www.regulations.gov. Pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA), send comments regarding the accuracy of the burden estimate, ways to minimize the burden, including the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology, or any other aspect of this collection of information, to the above address and to the Desk Office for Agriculture, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget, New Executive Office Building, 725 17th Street, NW., Room 725, Washington, DC 20503. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kimberly Coy, Marketing Specialist, Research and Promotion Branch, FV, AMS, USDA, Stop 0244, Room 0634–S, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC 20250–0244; telephone 202–720–9915 or (888) 720–9917 (toll free) or e-mail kimberly.coy@usda.gov. A referendum will be conducted among eligible producers of raspberries for processing and importers of processed raspberries to determine whether they favor issuance of the proposed Processed Raspberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order (Proposed Order), 7 CFR part 1208. The program will be implemented if it is approved by a simple majority of the producers and importers voting in the referendum. The Proposed Order is authorized under the Commodity Promotion, Research, and Information Act of 1996 (1996 Act), 7 U.S.C. 7411– 7425. It would cover domestic producers of raspberries for processing and importers of processed raspberries of 20,000 pounds or more. The Proposed Order is being published separately in this issue of the Federal Register. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Executive Order 12866 This proposed rule has been determined to be not significant for purposes of Executive Order 12866 and, therefore, has not been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). PO 00000 Frm 00025 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 16289 Executive Order 12988 This proposed rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. It is not intended to have retroactive effect. Section 524 of the 1996 Act provides that the Act shall not affect or preempt any other Federal or State law authorizing promotion or research relating to an agricultural commodity. Under Section 519 of the 1996 Act, a person subject to an order may file a petition with the Department stating that an order, any provision of an order, or any obligation imposed in connection with an order, is not established in accordance with the law. In the petition, the person may request a modification of an order or an exemption from an order. Any petition filed challenging an order, any provision of an order, or any obligation imposed in connection with an order, shall be filed within two years after the effective date of an order, provision or obligation subject to challenge in the petition. The petitioner will have the opportunity for a hearing on the petition. Thereafter, the Department will issue a ruling on the petition. The 1996 Act provides that the district court of the United States for any district in which the petitioner resides or conducts business shall have the jurisdiction to review a final ruling on the petition, if the petitioner files a complaint for that purpose not later than 20 days after the date of entry of the Department’s final ruling. Initial Regulatory Flexibility Act Analysis and Paperwork Reduction Act In accordance with the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) 5 U.S.C. 601–612, the Department is required to examine the impact of the proposed rule on small entities. The purpose of the RFA is to fit regulatory actions to the scale of businesses subject to such action so that small businesses will not be disproportionately burdened. The 1996 Act, which authorizes the Department to consider industry proposals for generic programs of promotion, research, and information for agricultural commodities, became effective on April 4, 1996. The 1996 Act provides for alternatives within the terms of a variety of provisions. Paragraph (e) of Section 518 of the 1996 Act provides three options for determining industry approval of a new research and promotion program: (1) By a majority of those persons voting; (2) by persons voting for approval who represent a majority of the volume of the agricultural commodity; or (3) by a majority of those persons voting for approval who also represent a majority E:\FR\FM\09APP2.SGM 09APP2

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 74, Number 67 (Thursday, April 9, 2009)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 16266-16289]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E9-7981]



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Part II





Department of Agriculture





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Agricultural Marketing Service



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7 CFR Part 1208



Proposed Processed Raspberry Promotion, Research, and Information 
Order; Referendum Procedures; Proposed Rules

Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 67 / Thursday, April 9, 2009 / 
Proposed Rules

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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Agricultural Marketing Service

7 CFR Part 1208

[Doc. No. AMS-FV-07-0077; FV-07-705-PR-1A]
RIN 0581-AC37


Proposed Processed Raspberry Promotion, Research, and Information 
Order

AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA.

ACTION: Proposed rule with request for comments.

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SUMMARY: This rule proposes the establishment of an industry-funded 
promotion, research, and information program for processed raspberries. 
The proposed program, Processed Raspberry Promotion, Research, and 
Information Order (Proposed Order), was submitted to the Department of 
Agriculture (Department) by the Washington Red Raspberry Commission 
(WRRC). Under the Proposed Order, producers of raspberries for 
processing and importers of processed raspberries would pay an 
assessment of up to one cent per pound, with the initial assessment 
rate being one cent per pound, which would be paid to the proposed 
National Processed Raspberry Council (Council). Producers and importers 
of less than 20,000 pounds annually of raspberries for processing and 
processed raspberries respectively would be exempt from the assessment. 
The proposed program would be implemented under the Commodity 
Promotion, Research, and Information Act of 1996 (1996 Act). An initial 
referendum would be conducted among eligible producers of raspberries 
for processing and importers of processed raspberries to determine 
whether they favor the implementation of the program prior to it going 
into effect. This rule also announces the Agricultural Marketing 
Service's (AMS) intention to request approval of new processed 
raspberries information collection requirements by the Office of 
Management and Budget (OMB) for the Proposed Order.

DATES: Comments must be received by June 8, 2009. Pursuant to the 
Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA), comments on the information collection 
burden that would result from this proposal must be received by June 8, 
2009.

ADDRESSES: Interested persons are invited to submit written comments on 
the Internet at https://www.regulations.gov or to the Research and 
Promotion Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, AMS, USDA, 1400 
Independence Avenue, SW., Stop 0244, Room 0632-S, Washington, DC 20250-
0244; fax: (202) 205-2800. All comments should reference the docket 
number and the date and page number of this issue of the Federal 
Register and will be made available for public inspection in the above 
office during regular business hours or can be viewed at https://www.regulations.gov.
    Pursuant to PRA, comments regarding the accuracy of the burden 
estimate, ways to minimize the burden, including the use of automated 
collection techniques or other forms of information technology, or any 
other aspect of this collection of information, should be sent to the 
above address. In addition, comments concerning the information 
collection should also be sent to the Desk Office for Agriculture, 
Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and 
Budget, New Executive Office Building, 725 17th Street, NW., Room 725, 
Washington, DC 20503.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kimberly Coy, Marketing Specialist, 
Research and Promotion Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, AMS, USDA, 
1400 Independence Avenue, SW., Room 0632, Stop 0244, Washington, DC 
20250-0244; telephone: (202) 720-9915 or (888) 720-9917 (toll free); or 
facsimile: (202) 205-2800; or e-mail: Kimberly.Coy@usda.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This rule is issued pursuant to the 
Commodity Promotion, Research, and Information Act of 1996 (1996 Act) 
(7 U.S.C. 7411-7425).

Executive Order 12866

    This rule has been determined not significant for purposes of 
Executive Order 12866 and therefore has not been reviewed by the Office 
of Management and Budget (OMB).

Executive Order 12988

    This rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil 
Justice Reform. It is not intended to have retroactive effect. This 
rule will not preempt any state or local laws, regulations, or 
policies, unless they represent an irreconcilable conflict with this 
rule. Section 524 of the 1996 Act provides that it shall not affect or 
preempt any other Federal or state law authorizing promotion or 
research relating to an agricultural commodity.
    Under section 519 of the 1996 Act, a person subject to an order may 
file a written petition with the Department stating that an order, any 
provision of an order, or any obligation imposed in connection with an 
order, is not established in accordance with the law, and requesting a 
modification of an order or an exemption from an order. Any petition 
filed challenging an order, any provision of an order, or any 
obligation imposed in connection with an order, shall be filed within 
two years after the effective date of an order, provision, or 
obligation subject to challenge in the petition. The petitioner will 
have the opportunity for a hearing on the petition. Thereafter, the 
Department will issue a ruling on the petition. The 1996 Act provides 
that the district court of the United States for any district in which 
the petitioner resides or conducts business shall have the jurisdiction 
to review a final ruling on the petition, if the petitioner files a 
complaint for that purpose not later than 20 days after the date of the 
entry of the Department's final ruling.

Executive Order 13132

    This proposed rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 13132, 
Federalism. This Executive Order directs agencies to construe, in 
regulations and otherwise, a Federal Statute to preempt State law only 
when the statute contains an express preemption provision. Section 524 
of the 1996 Act provides that the Act shall not affect or preempt any 
other Federal or State law authorizing promotion or research relating 
to an agricultural commodity.
    The WRRC and the Oregon Raspberry and Blackberry Commission (ORBC), 
the principal producers of processed raspberries, both administer State 
marketing orders, which require all producers of raspberries to pay 
assessments to support the health of their respective industries. Both 
the WRRC and ORBC invest funds into research programs at their land-
grant universities and other research institutions to study disease, 
pest control, and varietal development. In addition to developing and 
funding production research, they also fund marketing and promotion 
programs and seek to foster education and communication between 
producers. However, according to the WRRC, WRRC, ORBC and international 
raspberry organizations have not been able to generate the funds 
necessary to support the marketing efforts needed to help expand 
processed raspberry consumption and increase the demand for processed 
raspberries. In order to manage increased production, increased 
competition, and changing consumer habits, the WRRC believes that a 
more extensive marketing program is needed. The WRRC and ORBC believe 
that a

[[Page 16267]]

national research and promotion program would fund the promotional 
aspect necessary to stay competitive and would place all domestic 
producers and importers on an equal playing field with each investing a 
fair share in promoting processed raspberries. If a national processed 
raspberry program is established, the WRRC and ORBC will continue to 
fund processed raspberry research in areas not likely to be the focus 
of the national program.
    In accordance with the 1996 Act, this proposed rule would not 
preempt any of these State-legislated programs. Further, section 
1208.52(h) of the Proposed Order provides for credit of assessments for 
those individuals who contribute to local, regional, or State 
organizations that engage in similar generic research, promotion, and 
information programs as partial fulfillment of assessments due to the 
Council subject to approval of the Secretary, for expenditure on 
generic research, promotion and information programs conducted within 
the United States.
    The proposed program is not intended to duplicate any State 
program. Considerable attention is being made to involve producers in 
discussions regarding future program development and administration and 
what the State commissions would look like prior to the initial 
referendum. It is expected that farm related activities, such as 
production research, would continue to be funded by the State 
organizations and market development functions, such as nutritional 
research and marketing programs, would shift to the Proposed Order.
    Not only were the States informed throughout the development of the 
national program, they were instrumental in the processed raspberry 
industry's decision to institute a national program.
    In 2007, representatives from the WRRC were among other raspberry 
industry representatives who met with AMS representatives to discuss 
the possibility of implementing a national processed raspberry 
promotion, research, and information program. WRRC representatives 
participated in the development of the provisions of the Proposed Order 
during these meetings and with direct communication with the Oregon 
Raspberry and Blackberry Commission (ORBC).

Initial Regulatory Flexibility Act Analysis

    In accordance with the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) [5 U.S.C. 
601-612], AMS is required to examine the impact of the proposed rule on 
small entities. The purpose of the RFA is to fit regulatory actions to 
the scale of businesses subject to such actions so that small 
businesses will not be disproportionately burdened.
    The Small Business Administration defines, in 13 CFR Part 121, 
small agricultural producers as those having annual receipts of no more 
than $750,000 and small agricultural service firms (handlers and 
importers) as those having annual receipts of no more than $7.0 
million. Under these criteria, the majority of the producers and 
handlers that would be affected by this Proposed Order would be 
considered small entities, while most importers would not. Future, 
qualified organizations certified by the Secretary for nomination 
purposes, would be expected to generally consist of entities reflecting 
such sizes also. Producers and importers of less than 20,000 pounds per 
year of raspberries for processing and processed raspberries 
respectively would be exempt under this Proposed Order. Five organic 
producers and importers are also expected to be exempt from 
assessments. The number of entities assessed under the program would be 
around 245. Estimated revenue is expected at $1.2 million of which 43 
percent is expected from imported product and 57 percent from domestic 
product.
    According to the WRRC, in 2006, there were approximately 195 
producers of raspberries for processing and 34 processors (first 
handlers) of processed raspberries in Oregon and Washington States, 
which are the principal growing areas in the United States for 
raspberries destined for processing. Approximately 95 percent of the 
producers and 100 percent of the raspberry processors qualified under 
the definition for small business owners. Although California is a 
significant producer of raspberries, virtually all harvested product is 
destined for the fresh market. In 2006, there were approximately 50 
importers. Based on the U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census 
Bureau, Foreign Trade Statistics, in 2006 two countries accounted for 
96 percent of the processed raspberries imported into the United 
States. These countries and their share of the imports are: Chile (78 
percent) and Canada (18 percent).
    The 1996 Act authorizes generic programs of promotion, research, 
and information for agricultural commodities. Congress found that it is 
in the national public interest and vital to the welfare of the 
agricultural economy of the United States to maintain and expand 
existing markets and develop new markets and uses for agricultural 
commodities through industry-funded, government-supervised, generic 
commodity promotion programs.
    The WRRC submitted this Proposed Order to: (1) Develop and finance 
an effective and coordinated program of research, promotion, industry 
information, and consumer education regarding processed raspberries; 
(2) strengthen the position of the processed raspberry industry; and 
(3) maintain, develop, and expand existing markets for processed 
raspberries.
    While the Proposed Order would impose certain recordkeeping 
requirements on first handlers, this information could be compiled from 
records currently maintained. First handlers would collect and remit 
the assessments on domestic processed raspberries to the Council. First 
handler responsibilities would include accurate recordkeeping and 
accounting on all raspberries purchased or contracted for processing 
including the number of pounds handled, the names of their producers, 
and the dates raspberries were purchased. The forms require the minimum 
information necessary to effectively carry out the requirements of the 
program, and their use is necessary to fulfill the intent of the 1996 
Act. Such records must be retained for at least two years. This 
information is already maintained as a normal business practice. In 
addition, as these entities currently remit assessments under either 
the Washington or Oregon State programs, the additional recordkeeping 
and submission impact would be minimal.
    There is also a minimal paperwork burden on producers. The Proposed 
Order would require producers to keep records and to provide 
information to the Council or the Department when requested. However, 
it is not anticipated that producers would be required to submit forms 
to the Council other than for nomination to the Council. If, for 
example, the Council needs information from a producer as part of the 
Council's compliance program, the information would need to be obtained 
through an audit of the producer's records instead of having the 
producer complete and submit paperwork.
    In addition, there is a minimal burden on importers. The import 
assessments would be collected by U.S. Customs and Border Protection 
(Customs) at time of entry into the United States. Importers would be 
required to keep records and to provide information to the Council or 
the Secretary of Agriculture (Secretary) when requested. However, it is 
not anticipated that importers would be required to submit forms to the 
Council for assessment collection because Customs conducts 
recordkeeping and

[[Page 16268]]

assessment remittance at the time of product entry into the United 
States. Importers who seek nomination to serve on the Council would be 
required to complete a background form which would be submitted to the 
Secretary.
    Foreign producers from countries exporting a minimum of three 
million pounds of raspberries for processing based on a three-year 
average to the U.S. and at-large members seeking nomination to serve on 
the Council would be required to complete a background form which would 
be submitted to the Secretary.
    The estimated annual cost of providing the information to the 
Council by an estimated 297 respondents (195 producers, 50 importers, 
34 first handlers/processors, 2 foreign producers, 5 organic producers 
and importers, 10 certified organizations (for nomination purposes), 
and 1 at-large member) would be $9,141.
    Section 518 of the 1996 Act provides for referenda to ascertain 
approval of the Proposed Order to be conducted either prior to its 
going into effect or within three years after assessments first begin 
under the Proposed Order. An initial referendum would be conducted 
prior to putting this Proposed Order in effect. The Proposed Order also 
provides for approval in a referendum to be based upon approval by a 
majority of those persons voting in the referendum. Every seven years, 
the Department shall conduct a referendum to determine whether 
producers and importers of processed raspberries favor the 
continuation, suspension, or termination of the Proposed Order. In 
addition, the Department could conduct a referendum at any time; at the 
request of 10 percent or more of all eligible producers of raspberries 
for processing and processed raspberries importers required to pay 
assessments; or if the Council requests that the Secretary hold a 
referendum.
    The United States is among the leading producers of raspberries. 
Raspberries are grown in 46 states and are harvested late June to mid 
August. The 2002 Census of Agriculture indicates that about 80 percent 
of the U.S. raspberry acreage was in California, Oregon, and 
Washington.
    According to the United States Department of Agriculture's National 
Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) and the Foreign Agricultural 
Service, in 2005, 178,300 million pounds of raspberries (fresh) with a 
combined value approaching $246 million (value at point of first sale) 
were produced in California, Oregon, and Washington, the three most 
productive States for growing raspberries in the United States. In 
2006, 179,850 million pounds were produced and utilized, at a value of 
almost $275 million. California's crop is predominately delivered to 
the fresh market, while Oregon and Washington are the principal 
producers of processed raspberries.
    Domestic production varies from year to year due to climatic 
conditions and field health. Over the last fifteen years, total 
domestic production of raspberries delivered to processors in the 
United States (i.e., production utilized for processing) has increased 
from 47.5 million pounds in 1991 to almost 75 million pounds in 2005 
with most recent years averaging approximately 65 million pounds. 
Washington continues to be the major supplier of processed raspberries 
to the domestic market, although its market share declined from 72 
percent to 51 percent between 2001 and 2006. In comparison, imported 
raspberries have surged from 7.5 to 53.8 million pounds from 1991 to 
2005 and decreased to 48.9 million pounds in 2006. Chile, which is the 
predominate importer of processed raspberries to the United States, 
supplied just over 30 percent of the market in 2005 and 2006.
    Domestic uses of processed raspberries include further processing 
into juices, jellies, baked goods, and consumer retailer packs. After 
averaging approximately 100 million pounds for the period 1999 to 2004, 
approximately 128 million pounds of processed raspberries were produced 
and/or imported into the United States in 2005 and 111 million pounds 
in 2006. These totals were calculated by using imports of frozen 
raspberries (from USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service) and NASS reports 
of production utilized for processing in Oregon and Washington. Because 
of the way imports are currently reported, and because of the way NASS 
reports raspberry data, the totals represent the best information 
currently available.
    The following countries are major exporters of raspberries to the 
United States: Canada, Chile, China, France, and Poland. Canada and 
Chile represented 91.5 percent share of total import tonnage in the 
domestic United States market from 2002 to 2006, with 26 and 65.5 
percent respectively.
    The same growing conditions and harvesting period apply to the 
Pacific Northwest and British Columbia, the major raspberry growing 
region in Canada. Exports of processed frozen raspberries from British 
Colombia to the United States ranged from 2.9 million metric tons to 
5.7 million metric tons over the past five years.
    Contra-season raspberry production in the southern hemisphere is 
primarily located in Chile, with a harvest season beginning in December 
and continuing into February. However, processed raspberries are 
imported into the United States throughout the year.
    The Proposed Order would authorize a fixed assessment paid by 
producers of raspberries for processing and importers of processed 
raspberries at a rate of up to one cent per pound, with the initial 
assessment rate being one cent per pound. The assessment rate will be 
reviewed, and increased or decreased as recommended by the Council and 
approved by the Secretary after the first referendum is conducted as 
stated in Sec.  1208.71 (a). Such an increase or decrease may occur not 
more than once annually. Any change in the assessment rate shall be 
subject to rulemaking by the Department, and will be reviewed, and 
increased or decreased by the Secretary through rulemaking as 
recommended by the Council. Any change in the assessment rate shall be 
announced by the Council at least 30 days prior to going into effect. 
The maximum assessment rate authorized is one cent per pound.
    At the proposed rate of assessment of up to one cent per pound, 
with the initial assessment rate being one cent per pound, the Council 
would collect approximately $1.2 million annually based on an estimated 
120 million pound supply from domestic raspberries for processing and 
imports of processed raspberries. The domestic supply represents 
approximately 57 percent of the total and imports represent 43 percent.
    The Proposed Order would exempt producers and importers of less 
than 20,000 pounds annually of raspberries for processing and processed 
raspberries respectively. A review of producer delivery statistics from 
Oregon and Washington States indicate that around 15 percent of all 
producers would have been exempted from assessment in 2006 from the 
proposed research and promotion program based on a 20,000 pounds 
exemption threshold. Also, organic producers and importers would be 
exempt from assessment. Section 515 of the 1996 Act provides for the 
establishment of a board or council consisting of producers, importers, 
and others in the marketing chain as appropriate. The Proposed Order 
would provide for the establishment of the National Processed Raspberry 
Council to administer the Proposed Order under AMS oversight. The 
Secretary would appoint members to the Council from nominees submitted 
in accordance with the Proposed Order. The WRRC proposed that the 
Council be composed of 13 members and their alternates. The

[[Page 16269]]

proposed Council membership is as follows: six producer members of 
raspberries for processing from States producing a minimum of three 
million pounds of raspberries delivered for processing; one producer 
member of raspberries for processing representing all other States that 
produce less than the minimum of three million pounds of raspberries 
delivered for processing; three processed raspberry importer members; 
two foreign producers from countries exporting a minimum of three 
million pounds of raspberries for processing to the U.S. based on a 
three-year average; and one at-large member recommended by the Council. 
The distribution of producer member of raspberries for processing 
positions among the States producing a minimum of three million pounds 
of raspberries would be proportional to the average of the total pounds 
delivered to the processor for processing over the previous three 
years. The States that provide less than three million pounds will be 
combined into one region and will have one producer representative.
    Under the Proposed Order, the Council members and alternates will 
serve for a term of three years and be able to serve a maximum of two 
consecutive terms. When the Council is first established, four producer 
members, two importers, one of the two foreign producers, and the at-
large member and their respective alternates will be assigned initial 
terms of three years; and, three producer members, one importer member, 
and the second foreign producer and their respective alternates will 
serve an initial term of two years. Thereafter, each of these positions 
will carry a full three-year term. Members serving an initial term of 
two years will be eligible to serve a second three-year term to 
complete their eligibility. Council nominations and appointments will 
take place in two out of every three years. Each term of office will 
end on December 31, and a new term will begin on January 1.
    Producers and importers would represent those entities in the 
United States. The United States would be defined to include 
collectively the 50 States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth 
of Puerto Rico and the territories and possessions of the United 
States.
    The nominations for the six producer and alternate members from 
States producing a minimum three-year average of three million pounds 
of raspberries delivered for processing will be submitted to the 
Council in the following manner: (1) For those States that have a State 
raspberry commission or State marketing order, the State commission or 
committee will nominate producers and their alternates to serve; or (2) 
for those States that do not have a State commission or State marketing 
order, the Council will seek nominations from the State Departments of 
Agriculture for members and alternates from the specific States.
    For those States producing a minimum three-year average of three 
million pounds of raspberries delivered for processing that have a 
State raspberry commission or State marketing order, the State 
commission or committee nominations will be returned to the Council and 
placed on a ballot which will then be sent to producers in the State 
for a vote. The nominee for member will have received the highest 
number of votes cast. The person with the second highest number of 
votes cast will be the nominee for alternate. The persons with the 
third and fourth place highest number of votes cast will be designated 
as additional nominees for consideration by the Secretary. Once the 
Council has received all of the nominations from commissions or 
committees, the information will be submitted to the Secretary for 
appointment. Nominations for the initial Council will be handled by the 
Department. Subsequent nominations will be handled by the Council staff 
and shall be submitted to the Secretary not less than 90 days prior to 
the expiration of the term of office.
    If the Department determines that there are no State raspberry 
commissions or State marketing orders from States producing a minimum 
three-year average of three million pounds of raspberries delivered for 
processing, the Council will seek nominations from the State 
Departments of Agriculture for members and alternates from the specific 
States who may directly submit nominations to the Department for the 
initial Council. Subsequent nominations shall be submitted to the 
Council and will be handled by the Council staff who in turn shall 
submit those nominations to the Secretary not less than 90 days prior 
to the expiration of the term of office.
    The distribution of the six producer and alternate seats will be 
proportional to the percentage determined by the average of the total 
pounds produced and delivered to processors for processing over the 
previous three years divided by the average total pounds produced over 
the previous three years. For example, if Washington State and Oregon 
are the only two States producing a minimum of 3 million pounds each, 
and Washington's previous three-year average is 62.4 million pounds and 
Oregon's previous three-year average is 6.7 million pounds with the 
average total pounds for the previous three years being 69.1 million 
pounds, Washington would have 90 percent of the production and Oregon 
would have 10 percent of the production. Therefore, Washington would 
obtain five out of the six seats and Oregon would receive one seat.
    The nomination for the one raspberry producer of raspberries for 
processing and alternate member, who represents all other States 
producing less than a minimum three-year average of three million 
pounds of raspberries delivered for processing, will constitute a 
region and the nominations will be submitted to the Council in the 
following manner: (1) For those States that have a State raspberry 
commission or State marketing order, the State commission or committee 
will nominate producers and their alternates to serve; or (2) for those 
States that do not have a State commission or State marketing order, 
the Council will seek nominations from the State Departments of 
Agriculture for the member and alternate from the specific States.
    For those States producing less than a minimum three-year average 
of three million pounds of raspberries delivered for processing that 
have a State raspberry commission or State marketing order, the State 
commission or committee nominations will be returned to the Council and 
placed on a ballot which will then be sent to producers in the Region 
for a vote. The nominee for member will have received the highest 
number of votes cast. The person with the second highest number of 
votes cast will be the nominee for alternate. The persons with the 
third and fourth place highest number of votes cast will be designated 
as additional nominees for consideration by the Secretary. Once the 
Council has received all of the nominations from commissions or 
committees, the information will be submitted to the Secretary for 
appointment. Nominations for the initial Council will be handled by the 
Department. Subsequent nominations will be handled by the Council staff 
and shall be submitted to the Secretary not less than 90 days prior to 
the expiration of the term of office.
    If the Department determines that there are no State raspberry 
commissions or State marketing orders from States producing less than a 
minimum three-year average of three million pounds of raspberries 
delivered for processing, the Council will seek nominations from the 
State Departments of Agriculture for members and alternates from the 
specific States. The State Departments of Agriculture would

[[Page 16270]]

have the opportunity to participate in nomination caucuses and will 
directly submit as a group a single slate of nominations to the 
Department for the producer position and the producer alternate 
position on the Council for the initial Council. Subsequent nominations 
shall be submitted to the Council and will be handled by the Council 
staff who in turn shall submit those nominations to the Secretary not 
less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office.
    Only producers from States that deliver raspberries for processing 
and pay assessments under the program are eligible for nomination and 
election to the Council. Average production will be based upon 
Department production data for the initial nomination and production 
figures generated by either the Council or the Department thereafter.
    Nominations for the three processed raspberry importer member 
positions and their alternates will be made by qualified national 
organizations representing importers. Two nominees for each member and 
each alternate position will be submitted to the Secretary for 
consideration.
    All qualified national organizations representing importers would 
have the opportunity to participate in nomination caucuses and will 
submit as a group a single slate of nominations to the Secretary for 
the importer positions and the importer alternate positions on the 
Council.
    Eligible organizations must submit nominations to the Department 
not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. To 
become a qualified national organization representing importers under 
the Proposed Order, each such organization would be required to meet 
the following criteria: (1) Any organization representing importers 
must represent a substantial number of importers who market a 
substantial volume of raspberries for processing; (2) it must have a 
history of stability and permanency and have been in existence for more 
than one year; (3) it must promote processed raspberry importers' 
welfare; and (4) it must derive a portion of its operating funds from 
importers.
    If the Department determines that there are no qualified national 
organizations representing importers, individuals who have paid their 
assessments to the Council in the most recent fiscal year or for the 
initial Council, those that imported processed raspberries into the 
U.S. in the most recent fiscal year, could directly submit nominations 
to the Department for the initial Council. Subsequent nominations shall 
be submitted to the Council and will be handled by the Council staff 
who in turn shall submit those nominations to the Secretary not less 
than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office.
    Nominations for the two foreign producer member positions and their 
alternates will be made by qualified organizations representing foreign 
producers. Two nominees for each member and each alternate position 
will be submitted to the Secretary for consideration.
    All qualified organizations representing foreign producers would 
have the opportunity to participate in nomination caucuses and will 
submit as a group a single slate of nominations per country to the 
Secretary for foreign producer positions and the foreign producer 
alternate positions on the Council.
    Eligible organizations must submit nominations to the Department 
not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term of office. To 
become a qualified organization representing foreign producers under 
the Proposed Order, each such organization would be required to meet 
the following criteria: (1) Any organization representing foreign 
producers must represent a substantial number of foreign producers who 
market or produce a substantial volume of raspberries for processing; 
(2) it must have a history of stability and permanency and have been in 
existence for more than one year; (3) it must promote processed 
raspberry foreign producers' welfare; (4) it must derive a portion of 
its operating funds from foreign producers; and (5) must be from a 
country exporting a minimum of three million pounds of raspberries for 
processing to the U.S. based on a three-year average.
    If the Department determines that there are no qualified 
organizations representing foreign producer interest, individual 
foreign producers may directly submit nominations to the Department for 
the initial Council. Subsequent nominations shall be submitted to the 
Council and will be handled by the Council staff who in turn shall 
submit those nominations to the Secretary not less than 90 days prior 
to the expiration of the term of office.
    In recommending the at-large member and alternate, the Council can 
give consideration to nutrition health professionals and others 
interested in the raspberry industry. Nominations for the at-large 
member and alternate will be conducted at a Council meeting by the 
Council staff and shall be submitted by the Council to the Secretary 
for approval not less than 90 days prior to the expiration of the term 
of office. Nominations for the initial Council will be handled by the 
Department.
    The 1996 Act provides that to ensure fair and equitable 
representation, the composition of a board or council shall reflect the 
geographic distribution of the production of the agriculture commodity 
in the United States and the quantity or value of the agriculture 
commodity imported into the United States. The Proposed Order states 
that at least once every five years, but not more frequently than once 
every three years, the Council will review the geographic distribution 
of United States production of processed raspberries and the quantity 
and source of processed raspberry imports. If warranted, the Council 
will recommend to the Secretary that membership on the Council be 
altered to reflect any changes in geographic distribution of domestic 
raspberry production and the quantity of imports. Also, if the level of 
imports increases or decreases, importer members and alternates may be 
added or reduced on the Council. However, the foreign producer seats 
will remain the same regardless of the volume of imports from importing 
countries.
    The Proposed Order provides that all officers, employees, and 
agents of the Department and of the Council are required to keep 
confidential all information obtained from persons subject to the 
Proposed Order. This information would be disclosed only if the 
Department considers the information relevant, and the information is 
revealed in a judicial proceeding or administrative hearing brought at 
the direction or on the request of the Department or to which the 
Department or any officer of the Department is a party. However, the 
issuance of general statements based on reports or on information 
relating to a number of persons subject to the Proposed Order would be 
permitted, if the statements do not identify the information furnished 
by any person. Finally, the publication, by direction of the 
Department, of the name of any person violating the Proposed Order and 
a statement of the particular provisions of the Proposed Order violated 
by the person would be allowed.
    Proposed recordkeeping and reporting requirements for the raspberry 
promotion, research, and information program would be designed to 
minimize the burden on the raspberry industry.
    The estimated total cost of providing information to the Council by 
all respondents would be $9,141. This total has been estimated by 
multiplying 277 total hours required for reporting and recordkeeping by 
$33, the average mean

[[Page 16271]]

hourly earnings of various occupations involved in keeping this 
information. Data for computation of this hourly rate was obtained from 
the U.S. Department of Labor Statistics.
    With regard to alternatives to this proposed rule, the 1996 Act 
itself does provide for authority to tailor a program according to the 
individual needs of an industry. Provision is made for permissive terms 
in an order in section 516 of the 1996 Act, and other sections provide 
for alternatives. Section 514 of the 1996 Act provides for orders 
applicable to (1) producers, (2) first handlers and other persons in 
the marketing chain as appropriate, and (3) importers (if imports are 
subject to assessment). Section 516 states that an order may include an 
exemption of de minimis quantities of an agricultural commodity; 
different payment and reporting schedules; coverage of research, 
promotion, and information activities to expand, improve, or make more 
efficient the marketing or use of an agricultural commodity in both 
domestic and foreign markets; provision for reserve funds; provision 
for credits for generic activities for those individuals who contribute 
to other similar generic research, promotion, and information programs 
at State, regional or local level; and assessment of imports. In 
addition, section 518 of the 1996 Act provides for referenda to 
ascertain approval of an order to be conducted either prior to its 
going into effect or within three years after assessments first begin 
under the order. An order also may provide for its approval in a 
referendum to be based upon (1) a majority of those persons voting; (2) 
persons voting for approval who represent a majority of the volume of 
the agricultural commodity; or (3) a majority of those persons voting 
for approval who also represent a majority of the volume of the 
agricultural commodity. Section 515 of the 1996 Act provides for 
establishment of a council from among producers, first handlers, and 
others in the marketing chain as appropriate and importers, if 
importers are subject to assessment.
    This proposal includes provisions for both domestic and foreign 
market expansion and improvement; reserve funds; credits for generic 
activities; assessments on imports; and an initial referendum to be 
conducted prior to the Proposed Order going into effect. Approval would 
be determined by a majority of producers and importers voting for 
approval.
    Similar to WRRC, Oregon also has a state raspberry commission, the 
Oregon Raspberry and Blackberry Commission (ORBC). The WRRC and ORBC 
both administer State marketing orders, which require all producers of 
raspberries to pay assessments to support the health of their 
respective industries. According to WRRC, the two commissions have 
developed a good working relationship with each other over the years. 
Both the WRRC and ORBC invest funds into research programs at their 
land-grant universities and other research institutions to study 
disease, pest control, and varietal development. In addition to 
developing and funding production research, they also fund marketing 
and promotion programs and seek to foster education and communication 
between producers. However, according to the WRRC, WRRC, ORBC and 
international raspberry organizations have not been able to generate 
the funds necessary to support the marketing efforts needed to help 
expand processed raspberry consumption and increase the demand for 
processed raspberries. In order to manage increased production, 
increased competition, and changing consumer habits, the WRRC believes 
that a more extensive marketing program is needed. The WRRC and ORBC 
believe that a national research and promotion program would fund the 
promotional aspect necessary to stay competitive and would place all 
domestic producers and importers on an equal playing field with each 
investing a fair share in promoting processed raspberries. The Council 
may provide credits of assessments for those individuals who contribute 
to local, regional, or State organizations engaged in similar generic 
research, promotion, and information programs as applied to assessment 
due to the Council subject to approval of the Secretary, for 
expenditure on generic research, promotion and information programs 
conducted within the United States. If a national processed raspberry 
program is established, the WRRC and ORBC will continue to fund 
processed raspberry research in areas not likely to be the focus of the 
national program.
    The WRRC and ORBC programs are not able to engage raspberry 
production in other States or countries in a meaningful way. The 
proposed program is not intended to duplicate any State program. 
Considerable attention is being made to involve producers in 
discussions regarding future program development and administration and 
what the State commissions would look like prior to the initial 
referendum. It is expected that farm related activities, such as 
production research, would continue to be funded by the State 
organizations and market development functions, such as nutritional 
research and marketing programs, would shift to the Proposed Order.
    The WRRC proposed that producers and importers of less than 20,000 
pounds annually of raspberries for processing and processed raspberries 
respectively, be exempt from assessments. In addition, WRRC proposed 
that a producer who operates under an approved National Organic Program 
(NOP) system plan, produces only products eligible to be labeled as 100 
percent organic under the NOP, and is not a split operation, be exempt 
from paying assessments under the Proposed Order. An importer who 
imports only products eligible to be labeled as 100 percent organic 
under the NOP, and is not a split operation, would also be exempt from 
paying assessments.
    While the Department has performed this Initial Regulatory 
Flexibility Analysis regarding the impact of the proposed rule on small 
entities, in order to have as much data as possible for a more 
comprehensive analysis of the effects of this rule on small entities, 
we are inviting comments concerning potential effects. The Department 
is also requesting comments regarding the number and size of entities 
covered under the Proposed Order.

Paperwork Reduction Act

    In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 [44 U.S.C. 
Chapter 35], AMS announces its intention to request an approval of a 
new information collection and recordkeeping requirements for the 
proposed Processed Raspberry Program.
    Title: Advisory Committee or Research and Promotion Background 
Information.
    OMB Number for background form AD-755: (Approved under OMB No. 
0505-0001).
    Expiration Date of Approval: March 31, 2009.
    Title: National Research, Promotion, and Consumer Information 
Programs.
    OMB Number: 0581-NEW.
    Expiration Date of Approval: 3 years from approval date.
    Type of Request: New information collection for research and 
promotion programs.
    Abstract: The information collection requirements in the request 
are essential to carry out the intent of the 1996 Act.
    There will also be the additional burden on producers and importers 
voting in referenda. The referendum ballot, which represents the 
information collection requirement relating to referenda, is addressed 
in a proposed rule on referendum procedures which is published 
separately in this issue of the Federal Register.

[[Page 16272]]

    Under the proposed program, first handlers would be required to 
collect assessments from producers and file reports with and submit 
assessments to the Council. While the Proposed Order would impose 
certain recordkeeping requirements on first handlers, information 
required under the Proposed Order could be compiled from records 
currently maintained. Such records shall be retained for at least two 
years beyond the marketing year of their applicability.
    Under the Proposed Order, importers are responsible to pay 
assessments. Importers must report the total quantity of produce 
imported during the reporting period and a record of each importation 
of such product during such period, giving quantity, date, and port of 
entry. Under the Proposed Order, Customs would collect assessments on 
imported processed raspberries and remit the funds to the Council.
    An estimated 297 respondents would provide information to the 
Council. They would be 195 producers, 50 importers, 34 first handlers/
processors, 5 organic producers and importers (for exemption purposes), 
2 foreign producers, 10 certified organizations (for nomination 
purposes), and 1 at-large member. The estimated cost of providing the 
information to the Council by respondents would be $9,141. This total 
has been estimated by multiplying 277 total hours required for 
reporting and recordkeeping by $33, the average mean hourly earnings of 
various occupations involved in keeping this information. Data for 
computation of this hourly rate was obtained from the U.S. Department 
of Labor Statistics.
    The Proposed Order's provisions have been carefully reviewed, and 
every effort has been made to minimize any unnecessary recordkeeping 
costs or requirements, including efforts to utilize information already 
submitted under other raspberry programs administered by the Department 
and other state programs.
    The proposed forms would require the minimum information necessary 
to effectively carry out the requirements of the program, and their use 
is necessary to fulfill the intent of the 1996 Act. Such information 
can be supplied without data processing equipment or outside technical 
expertise. In addition, there are no additional training requirements 
for individuals filling out reports and remitting assessments to the 
Council. The forms would be simple, easy to understand, and place as 
small a burden as possible on the person required to file the 
information.
    Collecting information yearly would coincide with normal industry 
business practices. The timing and frequency of collecting information 
are intended to meet the needs of the industry while minimizing the 
amount of work necessary to fill out the required reports. The 
requirement to keep records for two years is consistent with normal 
industry practices. In addition, the information to be included on 
these forms is not available from other sources because such 
information relates specifically to individual producers, first 
handlers, processors, foreign producers, and importers who are subject 
to the provisions of the 1996 Act.
    Therefore, there is no practical method for collecting the required 
information without the use of these forms.
    Information collection requirements that are included in this 
proposal include:
    (1) A Background Information Form AD-755 (OMB Form No. 0505-0001).
    Estimate of Burden: Public reporting for this collection of 
information is estimated to average 0.5 hours per response for each 
Council nominee.
    Respondents: Producers, importers, foreign producers, and at-large 
nominee.
    Estimated Number of Respondents: 26 (52 for initial nominations to 
the Council, 26 in subsequent years).
    Estimated Number of Responses per Respondent: 1 every 3 years. 
(0.3)
    Estimated Total Annual Burden on Respondents: 26 hours for the 
initial nominations to the Council and 3.9 hours annually thereafter.
    (2) An Annual Report by Each First Handler of Processed 
Raspberries.
    Estimate of Burden: Public reporting burden for this collection of 
information is estimated to average 0.5 hours per first handler 
reporting on processed raspberries handled.
    Respondents: First handlers.
    Estimated Number of Respondents: 34.
    Estimated Number of Responses per Respondent: 1.
    Estimated Total Annual Burden on Respondents: 17 hours.
    (3) An Exemption Application for Producers and Importers Who Would 
Be Exempt from Assessments.
    Estimate of Burden: Public reporting burden for this collection of 
information is estimated to average 0.25 hours per producers, or 
importer reporting on processed raspberries produced or imported. Upon 
approval of an application, producers and importers will receive 
exemption certification.
    Respondents: Exempt producers and importers.
    Estimated Number of Respondents: 40.
    Estimated Number of Responses per Respondent: 1.
    Estimated Total Annual Burden on Respondents: 10 hours.
    (4) Application for Reimbursement of Assessment.
    Estimate of Burden: Public reporting burden for this collection of 
information is estimated to average 0.25 hours per request for 
reimbursement.
    Respondents: Importers.
    Estimated Number of Respondents: 10.
    Estimated Number of Responses per Respondent: 1.
    Estimated Total Annual Burden on Respondents: 2.5 hours.
    (5) A Requirement To Maintain Records Sufficient To Verify Reports 
Submitted Under the Order.
    Estimate of Burden: Public recordkeeping burden for keeping this 
information is estimated to average 0.5 hours per record keeper 
maintaining such records.
    Recordkeepers: Producers, first handlers, and importers.
    Estimated Number of Recordkeepers: 297.
    Estimated Total Recordkeeping Hours: 148.5 hours.
    (6) Application for Certification of Organizations.
    Estimate of Burden: Public recordkeeping burden for this collection 
of information is estimated to average 0.5 hours per application.
    Respondents: Importers and foreign producer organizations.
    Estimated Number of Respondents: 10.
    Estimated Number of Responses per Respondent: 1.
    Estimated Total Annual Burden on Respondents: 5 hours.
    (7) Nomination Appointment Form.
    Estimate of Burden: Public recordkeeping burden for this collection 
of information is estimated to average 0.25 hours per application.
    Respondents: Producers, importers, and foreign producers.
    Estimated Number of Respondents: 150.
    Estimated Number of Responses per Respondent: 1.
    Estimated Total Annual Burden on Respondents: 37.5 hours.
    (8) Nomination Appointment Ballot.
    Estimate of Burden: Public recordkeeping burden for this collection 
of information is estimated to average 0.25 hours per application.
    Respondents: Producers and importers.
    Estimated Number of Respondents: 150.
    Estimated Number of Responses per Respondent: 1.
    Estimated Total Annual Burden on Respondents: 37.5 hours.

[[Page 16273]]

    (9) Application for Assessments Credit.
    Estimate of Burden: Public recordkeeping burden for this collection 
of information is estimated to average 0.25 hours per application.
    Respondents: Producers.
    Estimated Number of Respondents: 50.
    Estimated Number of Responses per Respondent: 1.
    Estimated Total Annual Burden on Respondents: 12.5 hours.
    (10) Organic Exemption Form.
    Estimate of Burden: Public recordkeeping burden for this collection 
of information is estimated to average 0.5 hours per exemption form.
    Respondents: Producers and importers.
    Estimated Number of Respondents: 5.
    Estimated Number of Responses per Respondent: 1.
    Estimated Total Annual Burden on Respondents: 2.5 hours.

Request for Public Comment Under the Paperwork Reduction Act

    Comments are invited on: (a) Whether the proposed collection of 
information is necessary for the proper performance of functions of the 
Proposed Order and the Department's oversight of the Proposed Order, 
including whether the information would have practical utility; (b) the 
accuracy of the Department's estimate of the burden of the proposed 
collection of information, including the validity of the methodology 
and assumptions used; (c) the accuracy of the Department's estimate of 
the principal growing areas in the United States for raspberries 
destined for processing; (d) the accuracy of the Department's estimate 
of the number of producers and first handlers of processed raspberries 
that would be covered under the program; (e) ways to enhance the 
quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and 
(f) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on 
those who are to respond, including the use of appropriate automated, 
electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or 
other forms of information technology.
    Comments concerning the information collection requirements 
contained in this action should reference OMB No. 0581-NEW. In 
addition, the docket number, date, and page number of this issue of the 
Federal Register also should be referenced. Comments should be sent to 
the USDA Docket Clerk, Research and Promotion Branch, Fruit and 
Vegetable Programs, AMS, USDA, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW., Stop 
0244, Room 0632-S, Washington, DC 20250-0244. Comments may also be sent 
by facsimile to (202) 205-2800 or electronically to https://www.regulations.gov. All comments received will be available for public 
inspection during regular business hours at the same address. Comments 
regarding information collection should also be sent to the Office of 
Management and Budget at: Desk Office for Agriculture, Office of 
Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget, 
New Executive Office Building, 725 17th Street, NW., Room 725, 
Washington, DC 20503.
    OMB is required to make a decision concerning the collection of 
information contained in this rule between 30 and 60 days after 
publication. Therefore, a comment to OMB is best assured of having its 
full effect if OMB receives it within 30 days of publication.

Background

    This rule proposes the implementation of a Processed Raspberry 
Promotion, Research, and Information Order (Proposed Order). The 
Department received the proposal for a new Order from the Washington 
Red Raspberry Commission (WRRC).
    The Proposed Order is authorized under the 1996 Act which 
authorizes the Department to establish agricultural commodity research 
and promotion orders which may include a combination of promotion, 
research, industry information, and consumer information activities 
funded by mandatory assessments. These programs are designed to 
maintain and expand market and uses for agricultural commodities. The 
Proposed Order would provide for the continued development and 
financing of a coordinated program of research, promotion, and 
information for processed raspberries.
    The 1996 Act provides for a number of optional provisions that 
allow the tailoring of orders for different commodities. Section 516 of 
the 1996 Act provides permissive terms for orders, and other sections 
provide for alternatives. For example, section 514 of the 1996 Act 
provides for orders applicable to (1) producers (if producers are 
subject to assessment), (2) first handlers and others in the marketing 
chain as appropriate, and (3) importers. Section 516 states that an 
order may include an exemption of de minimis quantities of an 
agricultural commodity; different payment and reporting schedules; 
coverage of research, promotion, and information activities to expand, 
improve, or make more efficient the marketing or use of an agricultural 
commodity in both domestic and foreign markets; provision for reserve 
funds; provision for credits for generic and branded activities; and 
assessment of imports.
    In addition, section 518 of the 1996 Act provides for referenda to 
ascertain approval of an order to be conducted either prior to its 
going into effect or within three years after assessments first begin 
under the order. An order also may provide for its approval in a 
referendum based upon different voting patterns. Section 515 provides 
for establishment of a board or council from among producers, first 
handlers and others in the marketing chain as appropriate, and 
importers, if imports are subject to assessment.
    This Proposed Order includes provisions for both domestic and 
foreign market expansion and improvement, reserve funds, credit for 
generic activities, and an initial referendum to be conducted prior to 
the Proposed Order going into effect. Approval would be determined by a 
majority of producers and importers voting for approval. Specific 
procedures to be followed in the referendum will be published in a 
separate Federal Register publication.
    In accordance with the 1996 Act, the Department would oversee the 
program's operations. In addition, the 1996 Act requires the Secretary 
to conduct subsequent referenda: (1) Not later than seven years after 
assessments first begin under the Proposed Order; or (2) at the request 
of the Council established under the Proposed Order; or (3) at the 
request of 10 percent or more of the number of persons eligible to 
vote. In addition to these criteria, the 1996 Act provides that the 
Secretary may conduct a referendum at any time to determine whether the 
continuation, suspension, or termination of an order or a provision of 
that order is favored by persons eligible to vote.
    The WRRC has requested that a referendum be conducted every five 
years to determine if producers and importers want the program to 
continue. However, the Department has increased the time period to 
seven years to make the Proposed Order consistent with other programs. 
In addition, the Proposed Order allows for the Secretary to conduct a 
subsequent referendum if 10 percent or more of all eligible producers 
of raspberries for processing and importers of processed raspberries 
request it; or if the Council requests a referendum to be held; or the 
Secretary may hold one at any time.
    A national research and promotion program for processed raspberries 
would help the industry to address the

[[Page 16274]]

many market problems it currently faces. According to the WRRC, three 
main factors currently affecting processed raspberry sales, both here 
in the domestic market and abroad, are increasing production, increased 
competition, and changing consumer habits.
    U.S. per capita consumption of processed raspberries has inched 
upward during the period 1991 to 2004, reaching a high of 0.3 pounds 
per person in 2003 and 2005. Over this period, consumption has ranged 
from 0.1 to 0.3 pounds per capita. This fluctuation is due to the 
effects of population growth, demographics of consumers, and the 
availability of substitute or competitive products. Profitability for 
producers of raspberries for processing depends on maintaining and 
increasing processed raspberry consumption. With crop value flat over 
this period, an organized market development program that grew market 
demand and increased per capita consumption could improve the farm gate 
value for all suppliers of processed raspberries. The WRRC believes a 
generic research and promotion program would provide an equitable 
manner for producers to share in the costs of product development, 
nutrition and marketing research, and processed raspberry promotion.
    According to the Department's Foreign Agricultural Service 
statistics, from 2002-2006, imports of processed raspberries have 
increased market share in the U.S. The statistics also suggests that 
the total market demand in the U.S. is continuing to grow, albeit at a 
rate slower than supply. The industry believes that the proposed 
processed raspberry program would increase demand, grow the market in 
the aggregate for all suppliers, and increase the value of processed 
raspberries at the grower level.
    The processed raspberry industry is facing strong competition in 
the marketplace from both indirect and direct competitors. Like all 
food products, processed raspberries must compete for a share of the 
consumer dollar. As competition in the supermarket increases, the 
processed raspberry industry must work harder to gain its share of 
consumer attention at a time when the industry's competitors expand 
their promotional activities.
    The WRRC was established in 1976 as a State-government entity 
authorized by a State marketing order which requires producers of all 
varieties of raspberries pay assessments to promote raspberry 
awareness, consumption, and to conduct research programs to study pest 
control and varietals development. There are over 40 different 
suppliers of raspberry products who make up the WRRC. These members pay 
the mandatory one-half cent per pound to fund promotion efforts 
directed to both consumer and industrial users.
    Similar to WRRC, Oregon also has a state raspberry commission, the 
Oregon Raspberry and Blackberry Commission (ORBC). The WRRC and ORBC 
both administer State marketing orders, which require all producers of 
raspberries to pay assessments to support the health of their 
respective industries. According to WRRC, the two commissions have 
developed a good working relationship with each other over the years. 
Both the WRRC and ORBC invest funds into research programs at their 
land grant universities and other research institutions to study 
disease, pest control, and varietal development. In addition to 
developing and funding production research, they also fund marketing 
and promotion programs and seek to foster education and communication 
between producers. However, according to the WRRC, WRRC, ORBC and 
international raspberry organizations have not been able to generate 
the funds necessary to support the marketing efforts needed to help 
expand processed raspberry consumption and increase the demand for 
processed raspberries. In order to manage increased production, 
increased competition, and changing consumer habits, the WRRC believes 
that a more extensive marketing program is needed. The WRRC and ORBC 
believe that a national research and promotion program would fund the 
promotional aspect necessary to stay competitive and would place all 
domestic producers and importers on an equal playing field with each 
investing a fair share in promoting processed raspberries. The Council 
may provide credits of assessments for those individuals who contribute 
to local, regional, or State organizations engaged in similar generic 
research, promotion, and information programs as applied to assessment 
due to the Council subject to approval of the Secretary, for 
expenditure on generic research, promotion and information programs 
conducted within the United States. If a national processed raspberry 
program is established, the WRRC and ORBC will continue to fund 
processed raspberry research in areas not likely to be the focus of the 
national program.
    In 2006, an informal strategic review was conducted by the WRRC and 
the Raspberry Industry Development Council, who