Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 58 Species in California, Nevada, Arizona, and Utah; Availability of Completed 5-Year Reviews in California and Nevada, 12878-12883 [E9-5520]

Download as PDF 12878 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 56 / Wednesday, March 25, 2009 / Notices PWALKER on PROD1PC71 with NOTICES Administering Organization, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). Interested parties can link onto the NFPA Web site for instructions concerning how to participate, and for contact information for the conference call, in the section marked ‘‘Highlights’’ ‘‘Manufactured Housing Consensus Committee Information’’ ‘‘Administering Organization’’. The link can be found at: http://www.hud.gov/ offices/hsg/sfh/mhs/mhshome.cfm. Alternately, interested parties may contact Jill McGovern of NFPA at (617) 984–7404 (this is not a toll-free number) for conference call information. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: William W. Matchneer III, Associate Deputy Assistant Secretary, Office of Regulatory Affairs and Manufactured Housing, Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451 7th Street SW., Washington, DC 20410, telephone (202) 708–6409 (this is not a toll-free number). Persons who have difficulty hearing or speaking may access this number via TTY by calling the toll-free Federal Information Relay Service at (800) 877–8339. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice of this meeting is provided in accordance with Sections 10(a) and (b) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App. 2) and 41 CFR 102–3.150. The Manufactured Housing Consensus Committee was established under Section 604(a)(3) of the National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1974, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 5403(a)(3). The Committee is charged with providing recommendations to the Secretary to adopt, revise, and interpret manufactured home construction and safety standards and procedural and enforcement regulations, and with developing and recommending proposed model installation standards to the Secretary. The purpose of this conference call meeting is for the Committee to review and provide comments to the Secretary on a draft proposed rule for the On-Site Completion of Construction of Manufactured Homes. Tentative Agenda A. Roll Call. B. Welcome and opening remarks. C. Public testimony. D. Full committee meeting and take actions on: 1. Ground anchor galvanization requirement. VerDate Nov<24>2008 01:23 Mar 25, 2009 Jkt 217001 2. Proposed bylaw changes. 3. Duct testing proposal. 4. Carbon monoxide detectors. E. Adjournment. Dated: March 18, 2009. Brian D. Montgomery, Assistant Secretary for Housing, Federal Housing Commissioner. [FR Doc. E9–6482 Filed 3–24–09; 8:45 am] appropriate person listed under ‘‘Public Solicitation of New Information.’’ For contact information about completed 5year reviews, see ‘‘Completed 5-Year Reviews.’’ Individuals who are hearingimpaired or speech-impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at (800) 877– 8337 for TTY assistance. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: BILLING CODE 4210–67–P Why Do We Conduct a 5-Year Review DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Fish and Wildlife Service [80221–1113–0000–C4] Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 58 Species in California, Nevada, Arizona, and Utah; Availability of Completed 5-Year Reviews in California and Nevada AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice of initiation of 5-year reviews; availability of completed 5-year reviews. SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, initiate 5-year reviews for 58 species under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act). We request any new information on these species that may have a bearing on their classification as endangered or threatened (see Table 1 below). Based on the results of these 5-year reviews, we will make a finding on whether these species are properly classified under the Act. We also indicate in this notice 42 5-year reviews we completed for species in California and Nevada in mid to late Fiscal Year (FY) 2008. Reviews we completed for 16 species in early FY 2008 were indicated in our previous initiation notice published in the Federal Register on March 5, 2008 (73 FR 11945). DATES: To allow us adequate time to conduct these reviews, we must receive your information no later than May 26, 2009. However, we will continue to accept new information about any listed species at any time. ADDRESSES: For instructions on how to submit information and review the information that we receive on these species, see ‘‘Public Solicitation of New Information.’’ FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For species-specific information, contact the PO 00000 Frm 00045 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Under the Endangered Species Act (Act) (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), we maintain a List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants at 50 CFR 17.11 (for animals) and 17.12 (for plants) (List). We amend the List by publishing final rules in the Federal Register. Section 4(c)(2)(A) of the Act requires that we conduct a review of listed species at least once every 5 years. Section 4(c)(2)(B) requires that we determine (1) whether a species no longer meets the definition of threatened or endangered and should be removed from the List (delisted); (2) whether a species listed as endangered more properly meets the definition of threatened and should be reclassified to threatened; or (3) whether a species listed as threatened more properly meets the definition of endangered and should be reclassified to endangered. Using the best scientific and commercial data available, a species will be considered for delisting if the data substantiate that the species is neither endangered nor threatened for one or more of the following reasons: (1) The species is considered extinct; (2) the species is considered to be recovered; and/or (3) the original data available when the species was listed, or the interpretation of such data, were in error. Any change in Federal classification requires a separate rulemaking process. We are requesting submission of any new information (best scientific and commercial data) on these species since they were originally listed or since the species’ most recent status review. Our regulations at 50 CFR 424.21 require that we publish a notice in the Federal Register announcing those species currently under review. This notice announces initiation of our active review of 58 species in California, Nevada, Arizona, and Utah. This notice announces initiation of our active review of the species in Table 1. E:\FR\FM\25MRN1.SGM 25MRN1 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 56 / Wednesday, March 25, 2009 / Notices 12879 TABLE 1—SUMMARY OF LISTING INFORMATION, 11 WILDLIFE SPECIES AND 47 PLANT SPECIES IN CALIFORNIA, NEVADA, ARIZONA, AND UTAH Scientific name Status Where listed Final listing rule Alameda whipsnake (=striped racer) ....... Masticophis lateralis euryxanthus .......... Threatened ............ U.S.A. (CA) ............ Ash Meadows speckled dace .................. Rhinichthys osculus navadensis ............ Endangered ........... U.S.A. (NV) ............ California condor ...................................... Gymnogyps californianus ....................... Endangered ........... 62 FR 64306; 12/05/1997 47 FR 19995; 05/10/1982 32 FR 4001; 03/11/1967 61 FR 54044; 10/16/1996 Common name Animals Delta smelt ............................................... Hypomesus transpacificus ..................... Threatened ............ U.S.A. only, except where listed as an experimental population below. U.S.A. (specific portions of Arizona, Nevada, and Utah). U.S.A. (CA) ............ Devils Hole pupfish .................................. Cyprinodon diabolis ............................... Endangered ........... U.S.A. (NV) ............ Moapa dace ............................................. Moapa coriacea ..................................... Endangered ........... U.S.A. (NV) ............ Ohlone tiger beetle .................................. Cicindela ohlone .................................... Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ Peninsular bighorn sheep ........................ Ovis Canadensis .................................... Endangered ........... Santa Ana sucker .................................... Catostomus santaanae .......................... Threatened ............ Southern sea otter ................................... Enhydra lutris nereis .............................. Threatened ............ U.S.A. (CA), Peninsular Ranges. U.S.A. (CA), Los Angeles River basin, San Gabriel River basin, Santa Ana River basin. U.S.A. (CA) ............ Warm Springs pupfish ............................. Cyprinodon nevadensis pectoralis ......... Endangered ........... U.S.A. (NV) ............ Ash Meadows blazing star ...................... Mentzelia leucophylla ............................. Threatened ............ U.S.A. (NV) ............ Ash Meadows ivesia ................................ Ivesia kingii var. eremica ....................... Threatened ............ U.S.A. (NV) ............ Big-leaved crownbeard ............................ Verbesina dissita .................................... Threatened ............ U.S.A. (CA), Mexico California Orcutt grass ............................. Orcuttia californica ................................. Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ California seablite .................................... Suaeda californica ................................. Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ Coyote ceanothus .................................... Ceanothus ferrisae ................................. Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ Del Mar manzanita .................................. Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA), Mexico El Dorado bedstraw ................................. Arctostaphylos glandulosa subsp. crassifolia. Galium californicum subsp. sierrae ....... Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ Encinitas baccharis .................................. Baccharis vanessae ............................... Threatened ............ U.S.A. (CA) ............ Fountain thistle ........................................ Cirsium fontinale var. fontinale .............. Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ Gambel’s watercress ............................... Nasturtium gambelii ............................... Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ Hoffman’s slender-flowered gilia ............. Gila tenuiflora subsp. hoffmannii ........... Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ Island bedstraw ........................................ Galium buxifolium .................................. Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ Island rush-rose ....................................... Helianthemum greeneii .......................... Threatened ............ U.S.A. (CA) ............ Laguna Beach liveforever ........................ Dudleya stolonifera ................................ Threatened ............ U.S.A. (CA) ............ Layne’s butterweed .................................. Senecio layneae .................................... Threatened ............ U.S.A. (CA) ............ Marin dwarf-flax ....................................... Hesperolinon congestum ....................... Threatened ............ U.S.A. (CA) ............ Experimental Population, Non-Essential. 58 FR 12854; 03/05/1993 32 FR 4001; 03/11/1967 32 FR 4001; 03/11/1967 66 FR 50340; 10/03/2001 63 FR 13134; 03/18/1998 65 FR 19686; 04/12/2000 42 FR 2968; 01/14/1977 35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970 PWALKER on PROD1PC71 with NOTICES Plants VerDate Nov<24>2008 01:23 Mar 25, 2009 Jkt 217001 PO 00000 Frm 00046 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\25MRN1.SGM 25MRN1 50 FR 20777; 05/20/1985 50 FR 20777; 05/20/1985 61 FR 52370; 10/07/1996 58 FR 41384; 08/03/1993 59 FR 64613; 12/15/1994 60 FR 6671; 02/03/1995 61 FR 52370; 10/07/1996 61 FR 54358; 10/18/1996 61 FR 52370; 10/07/1996 60 FR 6671; 02/03/1995 58 FR 41378; 08/03/1993 61 FR 40954; 07/31/1997 61 FR 40954; 07/31/1997 61 FR 40954; 07/31/1997 63 FR 54938; 10/13/1998 61 FR 54358; 10/18/1996 60 FR 6671; 02/03/1995 12880 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 56 / Wednesday, March 25, 2009 / Notices TABLE 1—SUMMARY OF LISTING INFORMATION, 11 WILDLIFE SPECIES AND 47 PLANT SPECIES IN CALIFORNIA, NEVADA, ARIZONA, AND UTAH—Continued Scientific name Status Where listed Final listing rule McDonald’s rock-cress ............................ Arabis macdonaldiana ........................... Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ Metcalf Canyon jewelflower ..................... Streptanthus albidus subsp. albidus ...... Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ Monterey clover ....................................... Trifolium trichocalyx ............................... Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ Nipomo Mesa lupine ................................ Lupinus nipomensis ............................... Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ Otay mesa-mint ....................................... Pogogyne nudiuscula ............................. Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA), Mexico Pallid manzanita ...................................... Arctostaphylos pallida ............................ Threatened ............ U.S.A. (CA) ............ Pedate checkermallow ............................. Sidalcea pedata ..................................... Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ Pennell’s bird’s-beak ................................ Cordylanthus tenuis subsp. capillaris .... Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ Pine Hill ceanothus .................................. Ceanothus roderickii .............................. Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ Pine Hill flannelbush ................................ Fremontodendron californicum subsp. decumbens. Clarkia franciscana ................................ Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ Presidio clarkia ........................................ Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ Robust spineflower .................................. Chorizanthe robusta var. robusta .......... Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ San Diego ambrosia ................................ Ambrosia pumila .................................... Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA), Mexico San Diego button-celery .......................... Eryngium aristulatum var. parishii ......... Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ San Diego mesa-mint .............................. Pogogyne abramsii ................................ Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ San Mateo thornmint ............................... Acanthomintha obovata subsp. duttonii Endangered ........... U.S.A.(CA) ............. San Mateo woolly sunflower .................... Eriophyllum latilobum ............................. Endangered ........... U.S.A.(CA) ............. Santa Ana River woolly-star .................... Eriastrum densifolium subsp. sanctorum Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ Santa Clara Valley dudleya ..................... Dudleya setchellii ................................... Endangered ........... U.S.A.(CA) ............. Santa Cruz Island dudleya ...................... Dudleya nesiotica ................................... Threatened ............ U.S.A. (CA) ............ Scotts Valley polygonum ......................... Polygonum hickmanii ............................. Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ Scotts Valley spineflower ......................... Chorizanthe robusta var. hartwegii ........ Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ Slender-petaled mustard ......................... Thelypodium stenopetalum .................... Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ Sonoma alopecurus ................................. Alopecurus aequalis var. sonomensis ... Endangered ........... U.S.A.(CA) ............. Sonoma spineflower ................................ Chorizanthe valida ................................. Endangered ........... U.S.A.(CA) ............. Stebbins’ morning-glory ........................... Calystegia stebbinsii .............................. Endangered ........... U.S.A.(CA) ............. Ventura marsh milk-vetch ........................ Astragalus pycnostachyus var. lanosissimus. Clarkia imbricata .................................... Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ Vine Hill clarkia ........................................ Endangered ........... U.S.A.(CA) ............. White-rayed pentachaeta ......................... Pentachaeta bellidiflora .......................... Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ Yadon’s piperia ........................................ PWALKER on PROD1PC71 with NOTICES Common name Piperia yadonii ....................................... Endangered ........... U.S.A. (CA) ............ 43 FR 44810; 09/28/1978 60 FR 6671; 02/03/1995 63 FR 43100; 08/12/1998 65 FR 14888; 03/20/2000 58 FR 41384; 08/03/1993 63 FR 19842; 04/22/1998 49 FR 34497; 08/31/1984 60 FR 6671; 02/03/1995 61 FR 54358; 10/18/1996 61 FR 54358; 10/18/1996 60 FR 6671; 02/03/1995 59 FR 5499; 02/04/1994 67 FR 44372; 07/02/2002 58 FR 41384; 08/03/1993 43 FR 44810; 09/28/78 50 FR 37858; 09/18/1985 60 FR 6671; 02/03/1995 52 FR 36265; 09/28/1987 60 FR 6671; 02/03/1995 61 FR 40954; 07/31/1997 68 FR 16979; 04/08/2003 59 FR 5499; 02/04/1994 49 FR 34497; 08/31/1984 62 FR 54791; 10/22/1997 57 FR 27848 06/22/1992 61 FR 54358; 10/18/1996 66 FR 27901; 05/21/2001 62 FR 54791; 10/22/1997 60 FR 6671; 02/03/1995 63 FR 43100; 08/12/1998 What Information Do We Consider in the Review In our 5-year review, we consider all new information available at the time of the review. In conducting these reviews, VerDate Nov<24>2008 01:23 Mar 25, 2009 Jkt 217001 we consider the best scientific and commercial data that has become available since the current listing determination or the most recent status review, such as—(A) Species biology including, but not limited to, population PO 00000 Frm 00047 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics; (B) Habitat conditions including, but not limited to, amount, distribution, and suitability; (C) Conservation measures that have been implemented that benefit the species; E:\FR\FM\25MRN1.SGM 25MRN1 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 56 / Wednesday, March 25, 2009 / Notices PWALKER on PROD1PC71 with NOTICES (D) Threat status and trends (see the five factors under the heading ‘‘How Do We Determine Whether a Species is Endangered or Threatened?’’); and (E) Other new information, data, or corrections including, but not limited to, taxonomic or nomenclatural changes, identification of erroneous information contained in the List, and improved analytical methods. Public Solicitation of New Information We request any new information concerning the status of these wildlife and plant species. See ‘‘What Information Do We Consider in Our Review?’’ for specific criteria. If you submit information, support it with documentation such as maps, bibliographic references, methods used to gather and analyze the data, and/or copies of any pertinent publications, reports, or letters by knowledgeable sources. We specifically request information regarding data from any systematic surveys, as well as any studies or analysis of data that may show population size or trends; information pertaining to the biology or ecology of these species; information regarding the effects of current land management on population distribution and abundance; information on the current condition of habitat; and recent information regarding conservation measures that have been implemented to benefit the species. Additionally, we specifically request information regarding the current distribution of populations and evaluation of threats faced by the species in relation to the five listing factors (as defined in section 4(a)(1) of the Act) and the species’ listed status as judged against the definition of threatened or endangered. Finally, we solicit recommendations pertaining to the development of, or potential updates to, recovery plans and additional actions or studies that would benefit these species in the future. Our practice is to make information, including names and home addresses of respondents, available for public review. Before including your address, telephone number, e-mail address, or other personal identifying information in your response, you should be aware that your entire submission—including your personal identifying information— may be made publicly available at any time. While you can ask us in your response to withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so. We will not consider anonymous comments. To the extent consistent with applicable law, we will make all submissions from organizations or businesses, and from VerDate Nov<24>2008 01:23 Mar 25, 2009 Jkt 217001 individuals identifying themselves as representatives or officials of organizations or businesses, available for public inspection in their entirety. Comments and materials received will be available for public inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours at the offices where the comments are submitted. Mail or hand-deliver information on the following species to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service at the corresponding address below. You may also view information we receive in response to this notice, as well as other documentation in our files, at the following locations by appointment, during normal business hours. For the McDonald’s rock-cress, send information to Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office, 1655 Heindon Road, Arcata, CA 95521. Information may also be submitted electronically at fw8arma@fws.gov. To obtain further information, contact Dave Imper at the Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office at (707) 822–7201. For the Peninsular bighorn sheep, Santa Ana sucker, big-leaved crownbeard, California Orcutt grass, Del Mar manzanita, Encinitas baccharis, Laguna Beach liveforever, Otay mesamint, pedate checkermallow, San Diego ambrosia, San Diego button-celery, San Diego mesa-mint, Santa Ana River woolly-star, and slender-petaled mustard, send information to Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office, 6010 Hidden Valley Road, Carlsbad, CA 92011. Information may also be submitted electronically at fw8cfwocomments@fws.gov. To obtain further information, contact Scott Sobiech at the Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office at (760) 431–9440. For the Alameda whipsnake (=striped racer), Delta smelt, coyote ceanothus, El Dorado bedstraw, fountain thistle, Layne’s butterweed, Marin dwarf-flax, Metcalf Canyon jewelflower, pallid manzanita, Pennell’s bird’s-beak, Pine Hill ceanothus, Pine Hill flannelbush, Presidio clarkia, San Mateo thornmint, San Mateo woolly sunflower, Santa Clara Valley dudleya, Sonoma alopecurus, Sonoma spineflower, Stebbins’ morning-glory, Vine Hill clarkia, and white-rayed pentachaeta, send information to Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office, 2800 Cottage Way, Room W–2605, Sacramento, CA 95825. Information may also be submitted electronically at fw1sfo5year@fws.gov. PO 00000 Frm 00048 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 12881 To obtain further information, contact Kirsten Tarp at the Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office at (916) 414–6600. For the Ohlone tiger beetle, southern sea otter, California seablite, Gambel’s watercress, Hoffman’s slender-flowered gilia, island bedstraw, island rush-rose, Monterery clover, Nipomo Mesa lupine, robust spineflower, Santa Cruz Island dudleya, Scotts Valley polygonum, Scotts Valley spineflower, Ventura marsh milk-vetch, and Yadon’s piperia, send information to Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office, 2493 Portola Road, Suite B, Ventura, CA 93003. Information may also be submitted electronically at fw1vfwo5year@fws.gov. To obtain further information on the animal species, contact Mike McCrary at the Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office at (805) 644–1766. To obtain further information on the plant species, contact Connie Rutherford at the Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office at (805) 644–1766. For the California condor, send information to Condor Coordinator, Attention: 5-Year Review, Hopper Mountain National Wildlife Refuge Complex, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 2493 Portola Road, Suite A, Ventura, CA 93003. Information may also be submitted electronically at fw1vfwo5year@fws.gov. To obtain further information, contact Jesse Grantham at the Hopper Mountain National Wildlife Refuge Complex at (805) 644–5185. For the Ash Meadows speckled dace, Devils Hole pupfish, Moapa dace, Warm Springs pupfish, Ash Meadows blazing star, and Ash Meadows ivesia, send information to Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Nevada Fish and Wildlife Office, 4701 N. Torrey Pines Drive, Las Vegas, NV 89130. Information may also be submitted electronically at fw1nfwo_5yr@fws.gov. To obtain further information, contact Janet Bair at the Southern Nevada Field at (702) 515– 5230. All electronic information must be submitted in Text format or Rich Text format. Include the following identifier in the subject line of the e-mail: Information on 5-year review for [NAME OF SPECIES], and include your name and return address in the body of your message. How Are These Species Currently Listed The current listing status of species for which 5-year reviews are being initiated by this notice is identified in Table 1 above. The current status may E:\FR\FM\25MRN1.SGM 25MRN1 12882 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 56 / Wednesday, March 25, 2009 / Notices also be found on the List, which covers all endangered and threatened species, and which is available on our Internet site at http://endangered.fws.gov/ wildlife.html#Species. Definitions Related to This Notice To help you submit information about the species we are reviewing, we provide the following definitions: Species includes any species or subspecies of fish, wildlife, or plant, and any distinct population segment of any species of vertebrate, which interbreeds when mature; Endangered species means any species that is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range; and Threatened species means any species that is likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range. Experimental population means any population (including any offspring arising solely therefrom) authorized by the Secretary of the Interior for release outside the current range of nonexperimental populations of the same species, but only when, and at such times as, the population is wholly separate geographically from nonexperimental populations of the same species. Each member of a nonessential experimental population shall be treated, except when it occurs in an area within the National Wildlife Refuge System or the National Park System, as a species proposed to be listed under section 4 of the Endangered Species Act. How Do We Determine Whether a Species Is Endangered or Threatened Section 4(a)(1) of the Act requires that we determine whether a species is endangered or threatened based on one or more of the five following factors: (A) The present or threatened destruction, modification, or curtailment of its habitat or range; (B) Overutilization for commercial, recreational, scientific, or educational purposes; (C) Disease or predation; (D) The inadequacy of existing regulatory mechanisms; or (E) Other natural or manmade factors affecting its continued existence. Section 4(b)(1)(A) of the Act requires that our determination be made on the basis of the best scientific and commercial data available. What Could Happen as a Result of Our Review For each species under review, if we find new information that indicates a change in classification may be warranted, we may propose a new rule that could do one of the following: (a) Reclassify the species from threatened to endangered (uplist); (b) reclassify the species from endangered to threatened (downlist); or (c) remove the species from the List (delist). If we determine that a change in classification is not warranted, then the species will remain on the List under its current status. Completed 5-Year Reviews We also take this opportunity to inform the public of 42 5-year reviews that we completed in mid to late FY 2008 for species in California and Nevada. These 42 reviews can be found at http://www.fws.gov/cno/es/5yr.html. Any recommended change in listing status will require a separate rulemaking process. The table below summarizes the results of these reviews: TABLE 2—SUMMARY OF 42 SPECIES IN CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA FOR WHICH 5-YEAR REVIEWS WERE COMPLETED IN MID TO LATE FY 2008. Recommendation Lead fish and wildlife office Speyeria zerene behrensii .................. No status change Arcata ................... Delhi Sands flower-loving fly ............... Rhaphiomidas terminatus abdominalis No status change Carlsbad ............... El Segundo blue butterfly .................... Euphilotes battoides allyni ................... No status change Carlsbad ............... Independence Valley speckled dace .. Rhinichthys osculus lethoporus ........... No status change Nevada ................. Inyo California towhee ......................... Pipilo fuscus eremophilus ................... Delist ..................... Ventura ................. Lange’s metalmark butterfly ................ Apodemia mormo langei ..................... No status change Sacramento .......... Paiute cutthroat trout ........................... Oncorhynchus clarkii seleniris ............. No status change Nevada ................. Palos Verdes blue butterfly ................. No status change Carlsbad ............... Riverside fairy shrimp .......................... Glaucopsyche lygdamus palosverdensis. Streptocephalus wootoni ..................... No status change Carlsbad ............... San Diego fairy shrimp ........................ Branchinecta sandiegonensis ............. No status change Carlsbad ............... Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep ............. Ovis canadensis californiana .............. No status change Ventura ................. PLANTS Antioch Dunes evening-primrose ........ Oenothera deltoides subsp. howellii ... No status change Sacramento .......... Ash-grey (Indian) paintbrush ............... Castilleja cinerea ................................. No status change Carlsbad ............... Bear Valley sandwort .......................... Arenaria ursine .................................... No status change Carlsbad ............... Ben Lomond wallflower ....................... Erysimum teretifolium .......................... No status change Ventura ................. Burke’s goldfields ................................ Lasthenia burkei .................................. No status change Sacramento .......... Scientific name ANIMALS Behren’s silverspot butterfly ................ PWALKER on PROD1PC71 with NOTICES Common name VerDate Nov<24>2008 01:23 Mar 25, 2009 Jkt 217001 PO 00000 Frm 00049 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\25MRN1.SGM 25MRN1 Contact Matt Baun; (530) 842–5763 Jane Hendron; (760) 431–9440 Jane Hendron; (760) 431–9440 Jeannie Stafford; (775) 861–6300 Lois Grunwald; (805) 644–1766 Al Donner; (916) 414–6600 Jeannie Stafford; (775) 861–6300 Jane Hendron; (760) 431–9440 Jane Hendron; (760) 431–9440 Jane Hendron; (760) 431–9440 Lois Grunwald; (805) 644–1766 Al Donner; (916) 414–6600 Jane Hendron; (760) 431–9440 Jane Hendron; (760) 431–9440 Lois Grunwald; (805) 644–1766 Al Donner; (916) 414–6600 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 56 / Wednesday, March 25, 2009 / Notices 12883 TABLE 2—SUMMARY OF 42 SPECIES IN CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA FOR WHICH 5-YEAR REVIEWS WERE COMPLETED IN MID TO LATE FY 2008.—Continued Recommendation Lead fish and wildlife office Limnanthes floccosa subsp. californica No status change Sacramento .......... California taraxacum ........................... Taraxacum californicum ...................... No status change Carlsbad ............... Colusa grass ....................................... Neostapfia colusana ............................ No status change Sacramento .......... Contra Costa goldfields ....................... Lasthenia congugens .......................... No status change Sacramento .......... Contra Costa wallflower ...................... Erysimum capitatum var. angustatum No status change Sacramento .......... Few-flowered navarretia ...................... No status change Sacramento .......... Gowen cypress .................................... Navarretia leucocephala subsp. pauciflora. Callitropsis goveniana ......................... No status change Ventura ................. Island barberry .................................... Berberis pinnata subsp. insularis ........ No status change Ventura ................. Island phacelia .................................... Phacelia insularis var. insularis ........... No status change Ventura ................. Lane Mountain milk-vetch ................... Astragalus jaegerianus ........................ Downlist ................ Ventura ................. Lyon’s pentachaeta ............................. Pentachaeta lyonii ............................... No status change Ventura ................. Marsh sandwort ................................... Arenaria paludicola .............................. No status change Ventura ................. Menzies’ wallflower ............................. Erysimum menziesii ............................ No status change Arcata ................... Monterey gilia ...................................... Gilia tenuiflora subsp. arenaria ........... No status change Ventura ................. Morro manzanita ................................. Arctostaphylos morroensis .................. No status change Ventura ................. Peirson’s milk-vetch ............................ Astragalus magdalenae var. peirsonii No status change Carlsbad ............... Purple amole ....................................... Chlorogalum purpureum ...................... No status change Ventura ................. Sacramento Orcutt grass .................... Orcuttia viscida .................................... No status change Sacramento .......... San Bernardino bluegrass ................... Poa atropurpurea ................................ No status change Carlsbad ............... San Clemente Island larkspur ............. Downlist ................ Carlsbad ............... San Jacinto Valley crownscale ........... Delphinium variegatum subsp. kinkiense. Atriplex coronata var. notatior ............. No status change Carlsbad ............... Sebastopol meadowfoam .................... Limnanthes vinculans .......................... No status change Sacramento .......... Sonoma sunshine ................................ Blennosperma bakeri .......................... No status change Sacramento .......... Southern mountain buckwheat ............ No status change Carlsbad ............... Vail Lake ceanothus ............................ Eriogonum kennedyi var. austromontanum. Ceanothus ophiochilus ........................ No status change Carlsbad ............... Willowy monardella ............................. Monardella linoides subsp. viminea .... No status change Carlsbad ............... Common name Scientific name Butte County meadowfoam ................. PWALKER on PROD1PC71 with NOTICES Authority This document is published under the authority of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq. ). Michael Fris, Acting Regional Director, Region 8, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. [FR Doc. E9–5520 Filed 3–24–09; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4310–55–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Indian Affairs Grant Program To Assess, Evaluate and Promote Development of Tribal Energy and Mineral Resources AGENCY: Bureau of Indian Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Solicitation of Proposals. SUMMARY: The Energy and Mineral Development Program (EMDP) provides VerDate Nov<24>2008 01:23 Mar 25, 2009 Jkt 217001 PO 00000 Frm 00050 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Contact Al Donner; (916) 414–6600 Jane Hendron; (760) 431 Al Donner; (916) 414–6600 Al Donner; (916) 414–6600 Al Donner; (916) 414–6600 Al Donner; (916) 414–6600 Lois Grunwald; (805) 644 Lois Grunwald; (805) 644 Lois Grunwald; (805) 644 Lois Grunwald; (805) 644 Lois Grunwald; (805) 644 Lois Grunwald; (805) 644 Matt Baun; (530) 842–5763 Lois Grunwald; (805) 644 Lois Grunwald; (805) 644 Jane Hendron; (760) 431–9440 Lois Grunwald; (805) 644–1766 Al Donner; (916) 414–6600 Jane Hendron; (760) 431–9440 Jane Hendron; (760) 431–9440 Jane Hendron; (760) 431–9440 Al Donner; (916) 414–6600 Al Donner; (916) 414–6600 Jane Hendron; (760) 431 Jane Hendron; (760) 431 Jane Hendron; (760) 431 funding to tribes with the mission goal of assessing, evaluating, and promoting energy and mineral resources on Indian trust lands for the economic benefit of Indian mineral owners. To achieve these goals, the Department of the Interior’s Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development (IEED), through its Division of Energy and Mineral Development (DEMD) office, is soliciting proposals from tribes. The Department will use a competitive E:\FR\FM\25MRN1.SGM 25MRN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 74, Number 56 (Wednesday, March 25, 2009)]
[Notices]
[Pages 12878-12883]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E9-5520]


=======================================================================
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Fish and Wildlife Service

[80221-1113-0000-C4]


Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-
Year Reviews of 58 Species in California, Nevada, Arizona, and Utah; 
Availability of Completed 5-Year Reviews in California and Nevada

AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice of initiation of 5-year reviews; availability of 
completed 5-year reviews.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, initiate 5-year 
reviews for 58 species under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as 
amended (Act). We request any new information on these species that may 
have a bearing on their classification as endangered or threatened (see 
Table 1 below). Based on the results of these 5-year reviews, we will 
make a finding on whether these species are properly classified under 
the Act. We also indicate in this notice 42 5-year reviews we completed 
for species in California and Nevada in mid to late Fiscal Year (FY) 
2008. Reviews we completed for 16 species in early FY 2008 were 
indicated in our previous initiation notice published in the Federal 
Register on March 5, 2008 (73 FR 11945).

DATES: To allow us adequate time to conduct these reviews, we must 
receive your information no later than May 26, 2009. However, we will 
continue to accept new information about any listed species at any 
time.

ADDRESSES: For instructions on how to submit information and review the 
information that we receive on these species, see ``Public Solicitation 
of New Information.''

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For species-specific information, 
contact the appropriate person listed under ``Public Solicitation of 
New Information.'' For contact information about completed 5-year 
reviews, see ``Completed 5-Year Reviews.'' Individuals who are hearing-
impaired or speech-impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at (800) 
877-8337 for TTY assistance.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Why Do We Conduct a 5-Year Review

    Under the Endangered Species Act (Act) (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), we 
maintain a List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants at 50 
CFR 17.11 (for animals) and 17.12 (for plants) (List). We amend the 
List by publishing final rules in the Federal Register. Section 
4(c)(2)(A) of the Act requires that we conduct a review of listed 
species at least once every 5 years. Section 4(c)(2)(B) requires that 
we determine (1) whether a species no longer meets the definition of 
threatened or endangered and should be removed from the List 
(delisted); (2) whether a species listed as endangered more properly 
meets the definition of threatened and should be reclassified to 
threatened; or (3) whether a species listed as threatened more properly 
meets the definition of endangered and should be reclassified to 
endangered. Using the best scientific and commercial data available, a 
species will be considered for delisting if the data substantiate that 
the species is neither endangered nor threatened for one or more of the 
following reasons: (1) The species is considered extinct; (2) the 
species is considered to be recovered; and/or (3) the original data 
available when the species was listed, or the interpretation of such 
data, were in error. Any change in Federal classification requires a 
separate rulemaking process. We are requesting submission of any new 
information (best scientific and commercial data) on these species 
since they were originally listed or since the species' most recent 
status review.
    Our regulations at 50 CFR 424.21 require that we publish a notice 
in the Federal Register announcing those species currently under 
review. This notice announces initiation of our active review of 58 
species in California, Nevada, Arizona, and Utah. This notice announces 
initiation of our active review of the species in Table 1.

[[Page 12879]]



    Table 1--Summary of Listing Information, 11 Wildlife Species and 47 Plant Species in California, Nevada,
                                                Arizona, and Utah
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Common name               Scientific name           Status          Where listed    Final listing rule
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Animals
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alameda whipsnake (=striped     Masticophis lateralis   Threatened.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  62 FR 64306; 12/05/
 racer).                         euryxanthus.                                                  1997
Ash Meadows speckled dace.....  Rhinichthys osculus     Endangered.......  U.S.A. (NV)......  47 FR 19995; 05/10/
                                 navadensis.                                                   1982
California condor.............  Gymnogyps               Endangered.......  U.S.A. only,       32 FR 4001; 03/11/
                                 californianus.                             except where       1967
                                                                            listed as an
                                                                            experimental
                                                                            population below.
                                                        Experimental       U.S.A. (specific   61 FR 54044; 10/16/
                                                         Population, Non-   portions of        1996
                                                         Essential.         Arizona, Nevada,
                                                                            and Utah).
Delta smelt...................  Hypomesus               Threatened.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  58 FR 12854; 03/05/
                                 transpacificus.                                               1993
Devils Hole pupfish...........  Cyprinodon diabolis...  Endangered.......  U.S.A. (NV)......  32 FR 4001; 03/11/
                                                                                               1967
Moapa dace....................  Moapa coriacea........  Endangered.......  U.S.A. (NV)......  32 FR 4001; 03/11/
                                                                                               1967
Ohlone tiger beetle...........  Cicindela ohlone......  Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  66 FR 50340; 10/03/
                                                                                               2001
Peninsular bighorn sheep......  Ovis Canadensis.......  Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA),       63 FR 13134; 03/18/
                                                                            Peninsular         1998
                                                                            Ranges.
Santa Ana sucker..............  Catostomus santaanae..  Threatened.......  U.S.A. (CA), Los   65 FR 19686; 04/12/
                                                                            Angeles River      2000
                                                                            basin, San
                                                                            Gabriel River
                                                                            basin, Santa Ana
                                                                            River basin.
Southern sea otter............  Enhydra lutris nereis.  Threatened.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  42 FR 2968; 01/14/
                                                                                               1977
Warm Springs pupfish..........  Cyprinodon nevadensis   Endangered.......  U.S.A. (NV)......  35 FR 16047; 10/13/
                                 pectoralis.                                                   1970
            Plants
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ash Meadows blazing star......  Mentzelia leucophylla.  Threatened.......  U.S.A. (NV)......  50 FR 20777; 05/20/
                                                                                               1985
Ash Meadows ivesia............  Ivesia kingii var.      Threatened.......  U.S.A. (NV)......  50 FR 20777; 05/20/
                                 eremica.                                                      1985
Big-leaved crownbeard.........  Verbesina dissita.....  Threatened.......  U.S.A. (CA),       61 FR 52370; 10/07/
                                                                            Mexico.            1996
California Orcutt grass.......  Orcuttia californica..  Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  58 FR 41384; 08/03/
                                                                                               1993
California seablite...........  Suaeda californica....  Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  59 FR 64613; 12/15/
                                                                                               1994
Coyote ceanothus..............  Ceanothus ferrisae....  Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  60 FR 6671; 02/03/
                                                                                               1995
Del Mar manzanita.............  Arctostaphylos          Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA),       61 FR 52370; 10/07/
                                 glandulosa subsp.                          Mexico.            1996
                                 crassifolia.
El Dorado bedstraw............  Galium californicum     Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  61 FR 54358; 10/18/
                                 subsp. sierrae.                                               1996
Encinitas baccharis...........  Baccharis vanessae....  Threatened.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  61 FR 52370; 10/07/
                                                                                               1996
Fountain thistle..............  Cirsium fontinale var.  Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  60 FR 6671; 02/03/
                                 fontinale.                                                    1995
Gambel's watercress...........  Nasturtium gambelii...  Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  58 FR 41378; 08/03/
                                                                                               1993
Hoffman's slender-flowered      Gila tenuiflora subsp.  Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  61 FR 40954; 07/31/
 gilia.                          hoffmannii.                                                   1997
Island bedstraw...............  Galium buxifolium.....  Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  61 FR 40954; 07/31/
                                                                                               1997
Island rush-rose..............  Helianthemum greeneii.  Threatened.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  61 FR 40954; 07/31/
                                                                                               1997
Laguna Beach liveforever......  Dudleya stolonifera...  Threatened.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  63 FR 54938; 10/13/
                                                                                               1998
Layne's butterweed............  Senecio layneae.......  Threatened.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  61 FR 54358; 10/18/
                                                                                               1996
Marin dwarf-flax..............  Hesperolinon congestum  Threatened.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  60 FR 6671; 02/03/
                                                                                               1995

[[Page 12880]]

 
McDonald's rock-cress.........  Arabis macdonaldiana..  Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  43 FR 44810; 09/28/
                                                                                               1978
Metcalf Canyon jewelflower....  Streptanthus albidus    Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  60 FR 6671; 02/03/
                                 subsp. albidus.                                               1995
Monterey clover...............  Trifolium trichocalyx.  Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  63 FR 43100; 08/12/
                                                                                               1998
Nipomo Mesa lupine............  Lupinus nipomensis....  Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  65 FR 14888; 03/20/
                                                                                               2000
Otay mesa-mint................  Pogogyne nudiuscula...  Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA),       58 FR 41384; 08/03/
                                                                            Mexico.            1993
Pallid manzanita..............  Arctostaphylos pallida  Threatened.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  63 FR 19842; 04/22/
                                                                                               1998
Pedate checkermallow..........  Sidalcea pedata.......  Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  49 FR 34497; 08/31/
                                                                                               1984
Pennell's bird's-beak.........  Cordylanthus tenuis     Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  60 FR 6671; 02/03/
                                 subsp. capillaris.                                            1995
Pine Hill ceanothus...........  Ceanothus roderickii..  Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  61 FR 54358; 10/18/
                                                                                               1996
Pine Hill flannelbush.........  Fremontodendron         Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  61 FR 54358; 10/18/
                                 californicum subsp.                                           1996
                                 decumbens.
Presidio clarkia..............  Clarkia franciscana...  Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  60 FR 6671; 02/03/
                                                                                               1995
Robust spineflower............  Chorizanthe robusta     Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  59 FR 5499; 02/04/
                                 var. robusta.                                                 1994
San Diego ambrosia............  Ambrosia pumila.......  Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA),       67 FR 44372; 07/02/
                                                                            Mexico.            2002
San Diego button-celery.......  Eryngium aristulatum    Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  58 FR 41384; 08/03/
                                 var. parishii.                                                1993
San Diego mesa-mint...........  Pogogyne abramsii.....  Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  43 FR 44810; 09/28/
                                                                                               78
San Mateo thornmint...........  Acanthomintha obovata   Endangered.......  U.S.A.(CA).......  50 FR 37858; 09/18/
                                 subsp. duttonii.                                              1985
San Mateo woolly sunflower....  Eriophyllum latilobum.  Endangered.......  U.S.A.(CA).......  60 FR 6671; 02/03/
                                                                                               1995
Santa Ana River woolly-star...  Eriastrum densifolium   Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  52 FR 36265; 09/28/
                                 subsp. sanctorum.                                             1987
Santa Clara Valley dudleya....  Dudleya setchellii....  Endangered.......  U.S.A.(CA).......  60 FR 6671; 02/03/
                                                                                               1995
Santa Cruz Island dudleya.....  Dudleya nesiotica.....  Threatened.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  61 FR 40954; 07/31/
                                                                                               1997
Scotts Valley polygonum.......  Polygonum hickmanii...  Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  68 FR 16979; 04/08/
                                                                                               2003
Scotts Valley spineflower.....  Chorizanthe robusta     Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  59 FR 5499; 02/04/
                                 var. hartwegii.                                               1994
Slender-petaled mustard.......  Thelypodium             Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  49 FR 34497; 08/31/
                                 stenopetalum.                                                 1984
Sonoma alopecurus.............  Alopecurus aequalis     Endangered.......  U.S.A.(CA).......  62 FR 54791; 10/22/
                                 var. sonomensis.                                              1997
Sonoma spineflower............  Chorizanthe valida....  Endangered.......  U.S.A.(CA).......  57 FR 27848 06/22/
                                                                                               1992
Stebbins' morning-glory.......  Calystegia stebbinsii.  Endangered.......  U.S.A.(CA).......  61 FR 54358; 10/18/
                                                                                               1996
Ventura marsh milk-vetch......  Astragalus              Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  66 FR 27901; 05/21/
                                 pycnostachyus var.                                            2001
                                 lanosissimus.
Vine Hill clarkia.............  Clarkia imbricata.....  Endangered.......  U.S.A.(CA).......  62 FR 54791; 10/22/
                                                                                               1997
White-rayed pentachaeta.......  Pentachaeta             Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  60 FR 6671; 02/03/
                                 bellidiflora.                                                 1995
Yadon's piperia...............  Piperia yadonii.......  Endangered.......  U.S.A. (CA)......  63 FR 43100; 08/12/
                                                                                               1998
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

What Information Do We Consider in the Review

    In our 5-year review, we consider all new information available at 
the time of the review. In conducting these reviews, we consider the 
best scientific and commercial data that has become available since the 
current listing determination or the most recent status review, such 
as--(A) Species biology including, but not limited to, population 
trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics; (B) 
Habitat conditions including, but not limited to, amount, distribution, 
and suitability; (C) Conservation measures that have been implemented 
that benefit the species;

[[Page 12881]]

(D) Threat status and trends (see the five factors under the heading 
``How Do We Determine Whether a Species is Endangered or 
Threatened?''); and (E) Other new information, data, or corrections 
including, but not limited to, taxonomic or nomenclatural changes, 
identification of erroneous information contained in the List, and 
improved analytical methods.

Public Solicitation of New Information

    We request any new information concerning the status of these 
wildlife and plant species. See ``What Information Do We Consider in 
Our Review?'' for specific criteria. If you submit information, support 
it with documentation such as maps, bibliographic references, methods 
used to gather and analyze the data, and/or copies of any pertinent 
publications, reports, or letters by knowledgeable sources. We 
specifically request information regarding data from any systematic 
surveys, as well as any studies or analysis of data that may show 
population size or trends; information pertaining to the biology or 
ecology of these species; information regarding the effects of current 
land management on population distribution and abundance; information 
on the current condition of habitat; and recent information regarding 
conservation measures that have been implemented to benefit the 
species. Additionally, we specifically request information regarding 
the current distribution of populations and evaluation of threats faced 
by the species in relation to the five listing factors (as defined in 
section 4(a)(1) of the Act) and the species' listed status as judged 
against the definition of threatened or endangered. Finally, we solicit 
recommendations pertaining to the development of, or potential updates 
to, recovery plans and additional actions or studies that would benefit 
these species in the future.
    Our practice is to make information, including names and home 
addresses of respondents, available for public review. Before including 
your address, telephone number, e-mail address, or other personal 
identifying information in your response, you should be aware that your 
entire submission--including your personal identifying information--may 
be made publicly available at any time. While you can ask us in your 
response to withhold your personal identifying information from public 
review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so. We will not 
consider anonymous comments. To the extent consistent with applicable 
law, we will make all submissions from organizations or businesses, and 
from individuals identifying themselves as representatives or officials 
of organizations or businesses, available for public inspection in 
their entirety. Comments and materials received will be available for 
public inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours at the 
offices where the comments are submitted.
    Mail or hand-deliver information on the following species to the 
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service at the corresponding address below. You 
may also view information we receive in response to this notice, as 
well as other documentation in our files, at the following locations by 
appointment, during normal business hours.
    For the McDonald's rock-cress, send information to Field 
Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 
Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office, 1655 Heindon Road, Arcata, CA 95521. 
Information may also be submitted electronically at fw8arma@fws.gov. To 
obtain further information, contact Dave Imper at the Arcata Fish and 
Wildlife Office at (707) 822-7201.
    For the Peninsular bighorn sheep, Santa Ana sucker, big-leaved 
crownbeard, California Orcutt grass, Del Mar manzanita, Encinitas 
baccharis, Laguna Beach liveforever, Otay mesa-mint, pedate 
checkermallow, San Diego ambrosia, San Diego button-celery, San Diego 
mesa-mint, Santa Ana River woolly-star, and slender-petaled mustard, 
send information to Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. 
Fish and Wildlife Service, Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office, 6010 
Hidden Valley Road, Carlsbad, CA 92011. Information may also be 
submitted electronically at fw8cfwocomments@fws.gov. To obtain further 
information, contact Scott Sobiech at the Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife 
Office at (760) 431-9440.
    For the Alameda whipsnake (=striped racer), Delta smelt, coyote 
ceanothus, El Dorado bedstraw, fountain thistle, Layne's butterweed, 
Marin dwarf-flax, Metcalf Canyon jewelflower, pallid manzanita, 
Pennell's bird's-beak, Pine Hill ceanothus, Pine Hill flannelbush, 
Presidio clarkia, San Mateo thornmint, San Mateo woolly sunflower, 
Santa Clara Valley dudleya, Sonoma alopecurus, Sonoma spineflower, 
Stebbins' morning-glory, Vine Hill clarkia, and white-rayed 
pentachaeta, send information to Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year 
Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Sacramento Fish and Wildlife 
Office, 2800 Cottage Way, Room W-2605, Sacramento, CA 95825. 
Information may also be submitted electronically at 
fw1sfo5year@fws.gov. To obtain further information, contact Kirsten 
Tarp at the Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office at (916) 414-6600.
    For the Ohlone tiger beetle, southern sea otter, California 
seablite, Gambel's watercress, Hoffman's slender-flowered gilia, island 
bedstraw, island rush-rose, Monterery clover, Nipomo Mesa lupine, 
robust spineflower, Santa Cruz Island dudleya, Scotts Valley polygonum, 
Scotts Valley spineflower, Ventura marsh milk-vetch, and Yadon's 
piperia, send information to Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year 
Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ventura Fish and Wildlife 
Office, 2493 Portola Road, Suite B, Ventura, CA 93003. Information may 
also be submitted electronically at fw1vfwo5year@fws.gov. To obtain 
further information on the animal species, contact Mike McCrary at the 
Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office at (805) 644-1766. To obtain further 
information on the plant species, contact Connie Rutherford at the 
Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office at (805) 644-1766.
    For the California condor, send information to Condor Coordinator, 
Attention: 5-Year Review, Hopper Mountain National Wildlife Refuge 
Complex, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 2493 Portola Road, Suite A, 
Ventura, CA 93003. Information may also be submitted electronically at 
fw1vfwo5year@fws.gov. To obtain further information, contact Jesse 
Grantham at the Hopper Mountain National Wildlife Refuge Complex at 
(805) 644-5185.
    For the Ash Meadows speckled dace, Devils Hole pupfish, Moapa dace, 
Warm Springs pupfish, Ash Meadows blazing star, and Ash Meadows ivesia, 
send information to Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. 
Fish and Wildlife Service, Nevada Fish and Wildlife Office, 4701 N. 
Torrey Pines Drive, Las Vegas, NV 89130. Information may also be 
submitted electronically at fw1nfwo_5yr@fws.gov. To obtain further 
information, contact Janet Bair at the Southern Nevada Field at (702) 
515-5230.
    All electronic information must be submitted in Text format or Rich 
Text format. Include the following identifier in the subject line of 
the e-mail: Information on 5-year review for [NAME OF SPECIES], and 
include your name and return address in the body of your message.

How Are These Species Currently Listed

    The current listing status of species for which 5-year reviews are 
being initiated by this notice is identified in Table 1 above. The 
current status may

[[Page 12882]]

also be found on the List, which covers all endangered and threatened 
species, and which is available on our Internet site at http://endangered.fws.gov/wildlife.html#Species.

Definitions Related to This Notice

    To help you submit information about the species we are reviewing, 
we provide the following definitions:
    Species includes any species or subspecies of fish, wildlife, or 
plant, and any distinct population segment of any species of 
vertebrate, which interbreeds when mature;
    Endangered species means any species that is in danger of 
extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range; and
    Threatened species means any species that is likely to become an 
endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a 
significant portion of its range.
    Experimental population means any population (including any 
offspring arising solely therefrom) authorized by the Secretary of the 
Interior for release outside the current range of nonexperimental 
populations of the same species, but only when, and at such times as, 
the population is wholly separate geographically from nonexperimental 
populations of the same species. Each member of a nonessential 
experimental population shall be treated, except when it occurs in an 
area within the National Wildlife Refuge System or the National Park 
System, as a species proposed to be listed under section 4 of the 
Endangered Species Act.

How Do We Determine Whether a Species Is Endangered or Threatened

    Section 4(a)(1) of the Act requires that we determine whether a 
species is endangered or threatened based on one or more of the five 
following factors: (A) The present or threatened destruction, 
modification, or curtailment of its habitat or range; (B) 
Overutilization for commercial, recreational, scientific, or 
educational purposes; (C) Disease or predation; (D) The inadequacy of 
existing regulatory mechanisms; or (E) Other natural or manmade factors 
affecting its continued existence. Section 4(b)(1)(A) of the Act 
requires that our determination be made on the basis of the best 
scientific and commercial data available.

What Could Happen as a Result of Our Review

    For each species under review, if we find new information that 
indicates a change in classification may be warranted, we may propose a 
new rule that could do one of the following: (a) Reclassify the species 
from threatened to endangered (uplist); (b) reclassify the species from 
endangered to threatened (downlist); or (c) remove the species from the 
List (delist). If we determine that a change in classification is not 
warranted, then the species will remain on the List under its current 
status.

Completed 5-Year Reviews

    We also take this opportunity to inform the public of 42 5-year 
reviews that we completed in mid to late FY 2008 for species in 
California and Nevada. These 42 reviews can be found at http://www.fws.gov/cno/es/5yr.html. Any recommended change in listing status 
will require a separate rulemaking process. The table below summarizes 
the results of these reviews:

 Table 2--Summary of 42 Species in California and Nevada for Which 5-year Reviews Were Completed in Mid to Late
                                                    FY 2008.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                        Lead fish and
         Common name              Scientific name      Recommendation  wildlife office           Contact
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Animals
Behren's silverspot butterfly  Speyeria zerene        No status        Arcata.........  Matt Baun;
                                behrensii.             change.                          (530) 842-5763
Delhi Sands flower-loving fly  Rhaphiomidas           No status        Carlsbad.......  Jane Hendron;
                                terminatus             change.                          (760) 431-9440
                                abdominalis.
El Segundo blue butterfly....  Euphilotes battoides   No status        Carlsbad.......  Jane Hendron;
                                allyni.                change.                          (760) 431-9440
Independence Valley speckled   Rhinichthys osculus    No status        Nevada.........  Jeannie Stafford;
 dace.                          lethoporus.            change.                          (775) 861-6300
Inyo California towhee.......  Pipilo fuscus          Delist.........  Ventura........  Lois Grunwald;
                                eremophilus.                                            (805) 644-1766
Lange's metalmark butterfly..  Apodemia mormo langei  No status        Sacramento.....  Al Donner;
                                                       change.                          (916) 414-6600
Paiute cutthroat trout.......  Oncorhynchus clarkii   No status        Nevada.........  Jeannie Stafford;
                                seleniris.             change.                          (775) 861-6300
Palos Verdes blue butterfly..  Glaucopsyche lygdamus  No status        Carlsbad.......  Jane Hendron;
                                palosverdensis.        change.                          (760) 431-9440
Riverside fairy shrimp.......  Streptocephalus        No status        Carlsbad.......  Jane Hendron;
                                wootoni.               change.                          (760) 431-9440
San Diego fairy shrimp.......  Branchinecta           No status        Carlsbad.......  Jane Hendron;
                                sandiegonensis.        change.                          (760) 431-9440
Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep..  Ovis canadensis        No status        Ventura........  Lois Grunwald;
                                californiana.          change.                          (805) 644-1766
            Plants
Antioch Dunes evening-         Oenothera deltoides    No status        Sacramento.....  Al Donner;
 primrose.                      subsp. howellii.       change.                          (916) 414-6600
Ash-grey (Indian) paintbrush.  Castilleja cinerea...  No status        Carlsbad.......  Jane Hendron;
                                                       change.                          (760) 431-9440
Bear Valley sandwort.........  Arenaria ursine......  No status        Carlsbad.......  Jane Hendron;
                                                       change.                          (760) 431-9440
Ben Lomond wallflower........  Erysimum teretifolium  No status        Ventura........  Lois Grunwald;
                                                       change.                          (805) 644-1766
Burke's goldfields...........  Lasthenia burkei.....  No status        Sacramento.....  Al Donner;
                                                       change.                          (916) 414-6600

[[Page 12883]]

 
Butte County meadowfoam......  Limnanthes floccosa    No status        Sacramento.....  Al Donner;
                                subsp. californica.    change.                          (916) 414-6600
California taraxacum.........  Taraxacum              No status        Carlsbad.......  Jane Hendron;
                                californicum.          change.                          (760) 431
Colusa grass.................  Neostapfia colusana..  No status        Sacramento.....  Al Donner;
                                                       change.                          (916) 414-6600
Contra Costa goldfields......  Lasthenia congugens..  No status        Sacramento.....  Al Donner;
                                                       change.                          (916) 414-6600
Contra Costa wallflower......  Erysimum capitatum     No status        Sacramento.....  Al Donner;
                                var. angustatum.       change.                          (916) 414-6600
Few-flowered navarretia......  Navarretia             No status        Sacramento.....  Al Donner;
                                leucocephala subsp.    change.                          (916) 414-6600
                                pauciflora.
Gowen cypress................  Callitropsis           No status        Ventura........  Lois Grunwald;
                                goveniana.             change.                          (805) 644
Island barberry..............  Berberis pinnata       No status        Ventura........  Lois Grunwald;
                                subsp. insularis.      change.                          (805) 644
Island phacelia..............  Phacelia insularis     No status        Ventura........  Lois Grunwald;
                                var. insularis.        change.                          (805) 644
Lane Mountain milk-vetch.....  Astragalus             Downlist.......  Ventura........  Lois Grunwald;
                                jaegerianus.                                            (805) 644
Lyon's pentachaeta...........  Pentachaeta lyonii...  No status        Ventura........  Lois Grunwald;
                                                       change.                          (805) 644
Marsh sandwort...............  Arenaria paludicola..  No status        Ventura........  Lois Grunwald;
                                                       change.                          (805) 644
Menzies' wallflower..........  Erysimum menziesii...  No status        Arcata.........  Matt Baun;
                                                       change.                          (530) 842-5763
Monterey gilia...............  Gilia tenuiflora       No status        Ventura........  Lois Grunwald;
                                subsp. arenaria.       change.                          (805) 644
Morro manzanita..............  Arctostaphylos         No status        Ventura........  Lois Grunwald;
                                morroensis.            change.                          (805) 644
Peirson's milk-vetch.........  Astragalus magdalenae  No status        Carlsbad.......  Jane Hendron;
                                var. peirsonii.        change.                          (760) 431-9440
Purple amole.................  Chlorogalum purpureum  No status        Ventura........  Lois Grunwald;
                                                       change.                          (805) 644-1766
Sacramento Orcutt grass......  Orcuttia viscida.....  No status        Sacramento.....  Al Donner;
                                                       change.                          (916) 414-6600
San Bernardino bluegrass.....  Poa atropurpurea.....  No status        Carlsbad.......  Jane Hendron;
                                                       change.                          (760) 431-9440
San Clemente Island larkspur.  Delphinium variegatum  Downlist.......  Carlsbad.......  Jane Hendron;
                                subsp. kinkiense.                                       (760) 431-9440
San Jacinto Valley crownscale  Atriplex coronata      No status        Carlsbad.......  Jane Hendron;
                                var. notatior.         change.                          (760) 431-9440
Sebastopol meadowfoam........  Limnanthes vinculans.  No status        Sacramento.....  Al Donner;
                                                       change.                          (916) 414-6600
Sonoma sunshine..............  Blennosperma bakeri..  No status        Sacramento.....  Al Donner;
                                                       change.                          (916) 414-6600
Southern mountain buckwheat..  Eriogonum kennedyi     No status        Carlsbad.......  Jane Hendron;
                                var. austromontanum.   change.                          (760) 431
Vail Lake ceanothus..........  Ceanothus ophiochilus  No status        Carlsbad.......  Jane Hendron;
                                                       change.                          (760) 431
Willowy monardella...........  Monardella linoides    No status        Carlsbad.......  Jane Hendron;
                                subsp. viminea.        change.                          (760) 431
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


    Authority This document is published under the authority of the 
Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq. 
).

Michael Fris,
Acting Regional Director, Region 8, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
 [FR Doc. E9-5520 Filed 3-24-09; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-55-P