Diseases Transmitted Through the Food Supply, 67871-67872 [E8-27165]

Download as PDF 67871 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 222 / Monday, November 17, 2008 / Notices Trans No. Acquiring Acquired Entities Transactions Granted Early Termination—10/23/2008 20081693 ......................... Wollers Kluwer N.V ........................... Platform Partners, LLC ...................... Intellitax Software Solutions, Inc., Orrtax Intangibles, LLC, Refunds Today, LLC, Tax Refund Express, Inc., TRE Financial Services, LLC. Transactions Granted Early Termination—10/24/2008 20090027 20090028 20090042 20090043 20090054 20090055 20090055 ......................... ......................... ......................... ......................... ......................... ......................... ......................... Carl C. Icahn ..................................... Icahn Partners Master Fund II L.P .... Toyota Boshoku Corporation ............ Toyota Boshoku Corporation ............ Maine Health ..................................... 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E8–27228 Filed 11–14–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6820–EP–M U.S. General Services Administration (GSA). AGENCY: ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The U.S. General Services Administration’s (GSA) Multiple Award Schedule Advisory Panel (MAS Panel), a Federal Advisory Committee, meeting scheduled for November 12, 2008, is cancelled. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Diseases Transmitted Through the Food Supply Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). AGENCY: VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:52 Nov 14, 2008 Jkt 217001 PO 00000 Frm 00037 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\17NON1.SGM 17NON1 67872 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 222 / Monday, November 17, 2008 / Notices Notice of annual update of list of infectious and communicable diseases that are transmitted through handling the food supply and the methods by which such diseases are transmitted. ACTION: jlentini on PROD1PC65 with NOTICES SUMMARY: Section 103(d) of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, Public Law 101–336, requires the Secretary to publish a list of infectious and communicable diseases that are transmitted through handling the food supply and to review and update the list annually. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published a final list on August 16, 1991 (56 FR 40897) and updates on September 8, 1992 (57 FR 40917); January 13, 1994 (59 FR 1949); August 15, 1996 (61 FR 42426); September 22, 1997 (62 FR 49518–9); September 15, 1998 (63 FR 49359), September 21, 1999 (64 FR 51127); September 27, 2000 (65 FR 58088), September 10, 2001 (66 FR 47030), and September 27, 2002 (67 FR 61109). The final list has been reviewed in light of new information and has been revised as set forth below. DATES: Effective Date: November 17, 2008. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dr. Donald Sharp, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 1600 Clifton Road, NE., Mailstop G–24, Atlanta, Georgia 30333; Telephone: (404) 639–2213. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Section 103(d) of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, 42 U.S.C. 12113 (d), requires the Secretary of Health and Human Services to: 1. Review all infectious and communicable diseases which may be transmitted through handling the food supply; 2. Publish a list of infectious and communicable diseases which are transmitted through handling the food supply; 3. Publish the methods by which such diseases are transmitted; and, 4. Widely disseminate such information regarding the list of diseases and their modes of transmissibility to the general public. Additionally, the list is to be updated annually. Since the last publication of the list on September 26, 2006 (67 FR 61109), no information has been added. I. Pathogens Often Transmitted by Food Contaminated by Infected Persons Who Handle Food, and Modes of Transmission of Such Pathogens The contamination of raw ingredients from infected food-producing animals VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:52 Nov 14, 2008 Jkt 217001 and cross-contamination during processing are more prevalent causes of foodborne disease than is contamination of foods by persons with infectious or contagious diseases. However, some pathogens are frequently transmitted by food contaminated by infected persons. The presence of any one of the following signs or symptoms in persons who handle food may indicate infection by a pathogen that could be transmitted to others through handling the food supply: Diarrhea, vomiting, open skin sores, boils, fever, dark urine, or jaundice. The failure of food-handlers to wash hands (in situations such as after using the toilet, handling raw meat, cleaning spills, or carrying garbage, for example), wear clean gloves, or use clean utensils is responsible for the foodborne transmission of these pathogens. Non-foodborne routes of transmission, such as from one person to another, are also major contributors in the spread of these pathogens. Pathogens that can cause diseases after an infected person handles food are the following: Noroviruses; Hepatitis A virus; Salmonella Typhi *; Shigella species; Staphylococcus aureus; Streptococcus pyogenes. II. Pathogens Occasionally Transmitted by Food Contaminated by Infected Persons Who Handle Food, But Usually Transmitted by Contamination at the Source or in Food Processing or by Non-Foodborne Routes Other pathogens are occasionally transmitted by infected persons who handle food, but usually cause disease when food is intrinsically contaminated or cross-contaminated during processing or preparation. Bacterial pathogens in this category often require a period of temperature abuse to permit their multiplication to an infectious dose before they will cause disease in consumers. Preventing food contact by persons who have an acute diarrheal illness will decrease the risk of transmitting the following pathogens: Campylobacter jejuni; Cryptosporidium parvum; Entamoeba histolytica; Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli; Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli; Giardia lamblia; Nontyphoidal Salmonella; Sapoviruses; Taenia solium; Vibrio cholerae; Yersinia enterocolitica. * Kauffmann-White scheme for designation of Salmonella serotypes. PO 00000 Frm 00038 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 References 1. World Health Organization. Health surveillance and management procedures for food-handling personnel: report of a WHO consultation. World Health Organization technical report series; 785. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1989. 2. Frank JF, Barnhart HM. Food and dairy sanitation. In: Last JM, ed. MaxcyRosenau public health and preventive medicine, 12th edition. New York Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1986: 765–806. 3. Bennett JV, Holmberg SD, Rogers MF, Solomon SL. Infectious and parasitic diseases. In: Amler RW, Dull HB, eds. Closing the gap: the burden of unnecessary illness. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987: 102–114. 4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Locally acquired neurocysticercosis—North Carolina, Massachusetts, and South Carolina, 1989–1991. MMWR 1992; 41:1–4. 5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Foodborne Outbreak of Cryptosporidiosis-Spokane, Washington, 1997. MMWR 1998; 47:27. 6. Noel JS, Humphrey CD, Rodriguez EM, et al., Parkville virus: A novel genetic variant of human calicivirus in the sapporo virus clade, associated with an outbreak of gastroenteritis in adults. J. Med. Virol. 52:173–178, 1997. Dated: November 6, 2008. James D. Seligman, Chief Information Officer, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). [FR Doc. E8–27165 Filed 11–14–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4163–18–P DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request Proposed Projects: Title: Court Improvement Program. OMB No.: 0970–0245. Description: The Court Improvement Program provides grants to State court systems to conduct assessments of their foster care and adoption laws and judicial processes and to develop and implement a plan for system improvement. ACF proposes to collect information from the States about this program (applications, program reports) by way of a Program Instruction, which (1) describes the requirements for States under the reauthorization of the Court Improvement Program; (2) outlines the programmatic and fiscal provisions and reporting requirements of the program; (3) specifies the application submittal and approval procedures for the program for Fiscal Years 2007 through E:\FR\FM\17NON1.SGM 17NON1

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[Federal Register Volume 73, Number 222 (Monday, November 17, 2008)]
[Notices]
[Pages 67871-67872]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E8-27165]


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DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


Diseases Transmitted Through the Food Supply

AGENCY: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Department of 
Health and Human Services (HHS).

[[Page 67872]]


ACTION: Notice of annual update of list of infectious and communicable 
diseases that are transmitted through handling the food supply and the 
methods by which such diseases are transmitted.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: Section 103(d) of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, 
Public Law 101-336, requires the Secretary to publish a list of 
infectious and communicable diseases that are transmitted through 
handling the food supply and to review and update the list annually. 
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published a final 
list on August 16, 1991 (56 FR 40897) and updates on September 8, 1992 
(57 FR 40917); January 13, 1994 (59 FR 1949); August 15, 1996 (61 FR 
42426); September 22, 1997 (62 FR 49518-9); September 15, 1998 (63 FR 
49359), September 21, 1999 (64 FR 51127); September 27, 2000 (65 FR 
58088), September 10, 2001 (66 FR 47030), and September 27, 2002 (67 FR 
61109). The final list has been reviewed in light of new information 
and has been revised as set forth below.

DATES: Effective Date: November 17, 2008.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dr. Donald Sharp, National Center for 
Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 
1600 Clifton Road, NE., Mailstop G-24, Atlanta, Georgia 30333; 
Telephone: (404) 639-2213.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Section 103(d) of the Americans with 
Disabilities Act of 1990, 42 U.S.C. 12113 (d), requires the Secretary 
of Health and Human Services to:
    1. Review all infectious and communicable diseases which may be 
transmitted through handling the food supply;
    2. Publish a list of infectious and communicable diseases which are 
transmitted through handling the food supply;
    3. Publish the methods by which such diseases are transmitted; and,
    4. Widely disseminate such information regarding the list of 
diseases and their modes of transmissibility to the general public.
    Additionally, the list is to be updated annually.
    Since the last publication of the list on September 26, 2006 (67 FR 
61109), no information has been added.

I. Pathogens Often Transmitted by Food Contaminated by Infected Persons 
Who Handle Food, and Modes of Transmission of Such Pathogens

    The contamination of raw ingredients from infected food-producing 
animals and cross-contamination during processing are more prevalent 
causes of foodborne disease than is contamination of foods by persons 
with infectious or contagious diseases. However, some pathogens are 
frequently transmitted by food contaminated by infected persons. The 
presence of any one of the following signs or symptoms in persons who 
handle food may indicate infection by a pathogen that could be 
transmitted to others through handling the food supply: Diarrhea, 
vomiting, open skin sores, boils, fever, dark urine, or jaundice. The 
failure of food-handlers to wash hands (in situations such as after 
using the toilet, handling raw meat, cleaning spills, or carrying 
garbage, for example), wear clean gloves, or use clean utensils is 
responsible for the foodborne transmission of these pathogens. Non-
foodborne routes of transmission, such as from one person to another, 
are also major contributors in the spread of these pathogens. Pathogens 
that can cause diseases after an infected person handles food are the 
following:
    Noroviruses;
    Hepatitis A virus;
    Salmonella Typhi *;
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    * Kauffmann-White scheme for designation of Salmonella 
serotypes.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Shigella species;
    Staphylococcus aureus;
    Streptococcus pyogenes.

II. Pathogens Occasionally Transmitted by Food Contaminated by Infected 
Persons Who Handle Food, But Usually Transmitted by Contamination at 
the Source or in Food Processing or by Non-Foodborne Routes

    Other pathogens are occasionally transmitted by infected persons 
who handle food, but usually cause disease when food is intrinsically 
contaminated or cross-contaminated during processing or preparation. 
Bacterial pathogens in this category often require a period of 
temperature abuse to permit their multiplication to an infectious dose 
before they will cause disease in consumers. Preventing food contact by 
persons who have an acute diarrheal illness will decrease the risk of 
transmitting the following pathogens:
    Campylobacter jejuni;
    Cryptosporidium parvum;
    Entamoeba histolytica;
    Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli;
    Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli;
    Giardia lamblia;
    Nontyphoidal Salmonella;
    Sapoviruses;
    Taenia solium;
    Vibrio cholerae;
    Yersinia enterocolitica.

References

1. World Health Organization. Health surveillance and management 
procedures for food-handling personnel: report of a WHO 
consultation. World Health Organization technical report series; 
785. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1989.
2. Frank JF, Barnhart HM. Food and dairy sanitation. In: Last JM, 
ed. Maxcy-Rosenau public health and preventive medicine, 12th 
edition. New York Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1986: 765-806.
3. Bennett JV, Holmberg SD, Rogers MF, Solomon SL. Infectious and 
parasitic diseases. In: Amler RW, Dull HB, eds. Closing the gap: the 
burden of unnecessary illness. New York: Oxford University Press, 
1987: 102-114.
4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Locally acquired 
neurocysticercosis--North Carolina, Massachusetts, and South 
Carolina, 1989-1991. MMWR 1992; 41:1-4.
5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Foodborne Outbreak of 
Cryptosporidiosis-Spokane, Washington, 1997. MMWR 1998; 47:27.
6. Noel JS, Humphrey CD, Rodriguez EM, et al., Parkville virus: A 
novel genetic variant of human calicivirus in the sapporo virus 
clade, associated with an outbreak of gastroenteritis in adults. J. 
Med. Virol. 52:173-178, 1997.

    Dated: November 6, 2008.
James D. Seligman,
Chief Information Officer, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 
(CDC).
[FR Doc. E8-27165 Filed 11-14-08; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4163-18-P