Findings of Scientific Misconduct, 65606 [E8-26270]

Download as PDF 65606 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 214 / Tuesday, November 4, 2008 / Notices DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary Findings of Scientific Misconduct Office of the Secretary, HHS. ACTION: Notice. dwashington3 on PRODPC61 with NOTICES AGENCY: SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that the Office of Research Integrity (ORI) and the Assistant Secretary for Health have taken final action in the following case: Jusan Yang, M.S., M.D., University of Iowa: Based on the report of an investigation conducted by the University of Iowa (UI) and additional analysis conducted by the Office of Research Integrity (ORI) in its oversight review, this settlement resolves proposed U.S. Public Health Service (PHS) findings that Dr. Jusan Yang, former Assistant Research Scientist, UI, engaged in scientific misconduct in research supported by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), National Institutes of Health (NIH), grant R01 HL48058. PHS finds the Respondent engaged in scientific misconduct by falsifying and fabricating data that were reported in a scientific manuscript intended for publication entitled ‘‘Increased renin transcription after inhibition of NF–YA with RNAi reveals through regulation of Ea element and Ear2’’ and at two professional scientific meetings. Specifically, PHS found that: 1. Respondent falsified Figure 1 in the manuscript that purports to show the effectiveness of four plasmids targeting different parts of the NF–Y coding sequence in inhibiting NF–Y expression by (1) Claiming in Figure 1A that the loading control bands were obtained by reprobing a Western blot with antibody to GAPDH when he used a prominent background (nonspecific) band from the blot probed with antibody to NF–YA, (2) inappropriately enhancing and manipulating the NF–YA band in Figure 1A claiming decreased expression of NF–YA in cultures transfected with 2 of the 4 constructs, and (3) falsely claiming in Figure 1B that the quantitative data for NF–YA expression obtained by scanning Western blot films were based on an n of 4 and that the expression of NF–YA in cultures treated with two constructs was statistically significantly lower than the control. Versions of the same falsified blot and histogram also were reported in several of the Respondent’s public presentations. 2. Respondent falsified Figures 4, 5, 6, and 8 in the manuscript by claiming in the figure legends that 4 independent VerDate Aug<31>2005 15:23 Nov 03, 2008 Jkt 217001 repetitions contributed to each figure’s results when the actual numbers of repetitions were n=3 for Figure 4, n=1 for Figure 5, n=3 for Figure 6, and n=2 for Figure 8; in Figure 5, error bars based on the Student’s t test further falsely claim that n was >2. He further falsified Figures 6 and 8 by reporting smaller standard errors of the mean than were obtained from the actual data, thereby giving an enhanced impression of rigor for the reported experiments. Respondent reported Figures 5, 6, and 8 (without legends) at the American Heart Association Council for High Blood Pressure meeting in September 2003, and he reported Figures 5 and 8 at the Experimental Biology meeting in April 2004. Respondent stated that he does not intend to apply for or engage in PHSsupported research. However, if such a circumstance were to arise, Respondent agreed for a period of five (5) years, beginning on October 14, 2008: (1) That any institution that submits an application for PHS support for a research project on which the Respondent’s participation is proposed or which uses him in any capacity on PHS supported research, or that submits a report of PHS funded research in which he is involved, must concurrently submit a plan for supervision of the Respondent’s duties to the funding agency for approval; the supervisory plan must be designed to ensure the scientific integrity of the Respondent’s research contribution; Respondent agreed to ensure that a copy of the supervisory plan is also submitted to ORI by the institution; Respondent agreed that he will not participate in any PHS-supported research until such a supervision plan is approved by ORI; (2) That any institution employing the Respondent submits, in conjunction with each application for PHS funds or report, manuscript, or abstract of PHS funded research in which he is involved, a certification that the data provided by the Respondent are based on actual experiments or are otherwise legitimately derived, and that the data, procedures, and methodology are accurately reported in the application or report; the Respondent must ensure that the institution also sends a copy of the certification to ORI; and (3) To exclude himself from serving in any advisory capacity to PHS, including but not limited to service on any PHS advisory committee, board, and/or peer review committee, or as a consultant. 1101 Wootton Parkway, Suite 750, Rockville, MD 20852, (240) 453–8800. Chris B. Pascal, Director, Office of Research Integrity. [FR Doc. E8–26270 Filed 11–3–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4150–31–P DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Disease, Disability, and Injury Prevention and Control Special Emphasis Panel (SEP): Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research Centers, Panel C, Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) DP09–001 In accordance with Section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92–463), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announces the aforementioned meeting. Time and Date: 9 a.m.–5 p.m., January 13, 2009 (Closed). 9 a.m.–5 p.m., January 14, 2009 (Closed). Place: W Hotel, Atlanta Midtown, 188 14th Street, NE., Atlanta, GA 30361. Status: The meeting will be closed to the public in accordance with provisions set forth in Section 552b(c) (4) and (6), Title 5 U.S.C., and the Determination of the Director, Management Analysis and Services Office, CDC, pursuant to Public Law 92–463. Matters To Be Discussed: The meeting will include the review, discussion, and evaluation of ‘‘Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research Centers, Panel C, FOA DP09–001.’’ Contact Person for More Information: Maurine F. Goodman, M.A., M.P.H., Health Scientist, Office of the Director, Office of the Chief Science Officer, CDC, 1600 Clifton Road, NE., Mailstop D72, Atlanta, GA 30333, Telephone: (404) 639–4737. The Director, Management Analysis and Services Office, has been delegated the authority to sign Federal Register notices pertaining to announcements of meetings and other committee management activities, for both CDC and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Dated: October 27, 2008. Elaine L. Baker, Director, Management Analysis and Services Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. [FR Doc. E8–26239 Filed 11–3–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4163–18–P FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Director, Division of Investigative Oversight, Office of Research Integrity, PO 00000 Frm 00035 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\04NON1.SGM 04NON1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 73, Number 214 (Tuesday, November 4, 2008)]
[Notices]
[Page 65606]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E8-26270]



[[Page 65606]]

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DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES

Office of the Secretary


Findings of Scientific Misconduct

AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, HHS.

ACTION: Notice.

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SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that the Office of Research Integrity 
(ORI) and the Assistant Secretary for Health have taken final action in 
the following case:
    Jusan Yang, M.S., M.D., University of Iowa: Based on the report of 
an investigation conducted by the University of Iowa (UI) and 
additional analysis conducted by the Office of Research Integrity (ORI) 
in its oversight review, this settlement resolves proposed U.S. Public 
Health Service (PHS) findings that Dr. Jusan Yang, former Assistant 
Research Scientist, UI, engaged in scientific misconduct in research 
supported by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), 
National Institutes of Health (NIH), grant R01 HL48058.
    PHS finds the Respondent engaged in scientific misconduct by 
falsifying and fabricating data that were reported in a scientific 
manuscript intended for publication entitled ``Increased renin 
transcription after inhibition of NF-YA with RNAi reveals through 
regulation of Ea element and Ear2'' and at two professional scientific 
meetings.
    Specifically, PHS found that:
    1. Respondent falsified Figure 1 in the manuscript that purports to 
show the effectiveness of four plasmids targeting different parts of 
the NF-Y coding sequence in inhibiting NF-Y expression by (1) Claiming 
in Figure 1A that the loading control bands were obtained by reprobing 
a Western blot with antibody to GAPDH when he used a prominent 
background (nonspecific) band from the blot probed with antibody to NF-
YA, (2) inappropriately enhancing and manipulating the NF-YA band in 
Figure 1A claiming decreased expression of NF-YA in cultures 
transfected with 2 of the 4 constructs, and (3) falsely claiming in 
Figure 1B that the quantitative data for NF-YA expression obtained by 
scanning Western blot films were based on an n of 4 and that the 
expression of NF-YA in cultures treated with two constructs was 
statistically significantly lower than the control. Versions of the 
same falsified blot and histogram also were reported in several of the 
Respondent's public presentations.
    2. Respondent falsified Figures 4, 5, 6, and 8 in the manuscript by 
claiming in the figure legends that 4 independent repetitions 
contributed to each figure's results when the actual numbers of 
repetitions were n=3 for Figure 4, n=1 for Figure 5, n=3 for Figure 6, 
and n=2 for Figure 8; in Figure 5, error bars based on the Student's t 
test further falsely claim that n was >2. He further falsified Figures 
6 and 8 by reporting smaller standard errors of the mean than were 
obtained from the actual data, thereby giving an enhanced impression of 
rigor for the reported experiments.
    Respondent reported Figures 5, 6, and 8 (without legends) at the 
American Heart Association Council for High Blood Pressure meeting in 
September 2003, and he reported Figures 5 and 8 at the Experimental 
Biology meeting in April 2004.
    Respondent stated that he does not intend to apply for or engage in 
PHS-supported research. However, if such a circumstance were to arise, 
Respondent agreed for a period of five (5) years, beginning on October 
14, 2008:
    (1) That any institution that submits an application for PHS 
support for a research project on which the Respondent's participation 
is proposed or which uses him in any capacity on PHS supported 
research, or that submits a report of PHS funded research in which he 
is involved, must concurrently submit a plan for supervision of the 
Respondent's duties to the funding agency for approval; the supervisory 
plan must be designed to ensure the scientific integrity of the 
Respondent's research contribution; Respondent agreed to ensure that a 
copy of the supervisory plan is also submitted to ORI by the 
institution; Respondent agreed that he will not participate in any PHS-
supported research until such a supervision plan is approved by ORI;
    (2) That any institution employing the Respondent submits, in 
conjunction with each application for PHS funds or report, manuscript, 
or abstract of PHS funded research in which he is involved, a 
certification that the data provided by the Respondent are based on 
actual experiments or are otherwise legitimately derived, and that the 
data, procedures, and methodology are accurately reported in the 
application or report; the Respondent must ensure that the institution 
also sends a copy of the certification to ORI; and
    (3) To exclude himself from serving in any advisory capacity to 
PHS, including but not limited to service on any PHS advisory 
committee, board, and/or peer review committee, or as a consultant.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Director, Division of Investigative 
Oversight, Office of Research Integrity, 1101 Wootton Parkway, Suite 
750, Rockville, MD 20852, (240) 453-8800.

Chris B. Pascal,
Director, Office of Research Integrity.
 [FR Doc. E8-26270 Filed 11-3-08; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4150-31-P