Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: San Diego Museum of Man, San Diego, CA, 59653-59654 [E8-23953]

Download as PDF sroberts on PROD1PC70 with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 197 / Thursday, October 9, 2008 / Notices straighteners, pestles, crystals and minerals are known to be used by the Kumeyaay Nation in sacred rites. In 1994 and 1995, seven cultural items were removed from archeological site CA-SDI–12126 in San Diego County, CA, as part of an archeological excavation performed in compliance with the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). In 2006, the collection was accessioned by the San Diego Archaeological Center, and assessed for objects eligible for repatriation in accordance with NAGPRA. The seven cultural items are three pieces of ochre, one shell bead fragment, and three shell beads. Site CA-SDI–12126 is located along the San Diego River Valley, 4 miles east of the ocean. This site falls within traditional Kumeyaay territory, and the reporting archeologists determined it to be of the ‘‘Late Prehistoric Period.’’ Ochre and shell beads are known to be used by the Kumeyaay Nation in sacred rites. The Kumeyaay Nation is represented by the Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Barona Reservation, California; Campo Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Campo Indian Reservation, California; Capitan Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California; Ewiiaapaayp Band of Kumeyaay Indians, California; Inaja Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Inaja and Cosmit Reservation, California; Jamul Indian Village of California; La Posta Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the La Posta Indian Reservation, California; Manzanita Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Manzanita Reservation, California; Mesa Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Mesa Grande Reservation, California; San Pasqual Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California; Santa Ysabel Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Santa Ysabel Reservation, California; Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation (formerly the Sycuan Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California); and Viejas (Baron Long) Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Viejas Reservation, California. Officials of the San Diego Archaeological Center have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(C), the 157 cultural items described above are specific ceremonial objects needed by traditional Native American religious leaders for the practice of traditional Native American religions by their present-day adherents. Officials of the San Diego Archaeological Center also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be VerDate Aug<31>2005 21:01 Oct 08, 2008 Jkt 217001 reasonably traced between the sacred objects and the Kumeyaay Nation, as represented by the Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Barona Reservation, California; Campo Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Campo Indian Reservation, California; Capitan Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California; Ewiiaapaayp Band of Kumeyaay Indians, California; Inaja Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Inaja and Cosmit Reservation, California; Jamul Indian Village of California; La Posta Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the La Posta Indian Reservation, California; Manzanita Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Manzanita Reservation, California; Mesa Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Mesa Grande Reservation, California; San Pasqual Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California; Santa Ysabel Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Santa Ysabel Reservation, California; Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation; and Viejas (Baron Long) Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Viejas Reservation, California. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the sacred objects should contact Cindy Stankowski, San Diego Archaeological Center, 16666 San Pasqual Valley Road, Escondido, CA 92027–7001, telephone (760) 291–0370, before November 10, 2008. Repatriation of the sacred objects to the Kumeyaay Nation, on behalf of the Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Barona Reservation, California; Campo Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Campo Indian Reservation, California; Capitan Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California; Ewiiaapaayp Band of Kumeyaay Indians, California; Inaja Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Inaja and Cosmit Reservation, California; Jamul Indian Village of California; La Posta Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the La Posta Indian Reservation, California; Manzanita Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Manzanita Reservation, California; Mesa Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Mesa Grande Reservation, California; San Pasqual Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California; Santa Ysabel Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Santa Ysabel Reservation, California; Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation; and Viejas (Baron Long) Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Viejas Reservation, California may proceed PO 00000 Frm 00058 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 59653 after that date if no additional claimants come forward. The San Diego Archaeological Center is responsible for notifying the Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Barona Reservation, California; Campo Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Campo Indian Rseservation, California; Capitan Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California; Ewiiaapaayp Band of Kumeyaay Indians, California; Inaja Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Inaja and Cosmit Reservation, California; Jamul Indian Village of California; La Posta Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the La Posta Indian Reservation, California; Manzanita Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Manzanita Reservation, California; Mesa Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Mesa Grande Reservation, California; San Pasqual Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California; Santa Ysabel Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Santa Ysabel Reservation, California; Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation; and Viejas (Baron Long) Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Viejas Reservation, California that this notice has been published. Dated: September 10, 2008 Sherry Hutt, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. E8–23971 Filed 10–8–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–50–S DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: San Diego Museum of Man, San Diego, CA National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: ACTION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the San Diego Museum of Man, San Diego, CA, that meet the definition of ‘‘unassociated funerary objects’’ or ‘‘objects of cultural patrimony’’ under 25 U.S.C. 3001. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural items. The National Park Service is not E:\FR\FM\09OCN1.SGM 09OCN1 sroberts on PROD1PC70 with NOTICES 59654 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 197 / Thursday, October 9, 2008 / Notices responsible for the determinations in this notice. The cultural items are 26 unassociated funerary objects and 2 objects of cultural patrimony. In 1959, cultural items were removed by M.J. Rogers from an abandoned Papago Village approximately four miles west of Covered Wells, Pima County, AZ, on the south side of Highway 86. The 26 unassociated funerary objects are 24 pottery sherds, 1 cockle shell fragment, and 1 metavolcanic stone (possibly rhyolite) scraper. The 24 pottery sherds are reasonably believed to have been placed as part of a pottery sacrifice on graves covered with boulders. Based on consultation with tribal representative of the Tohono O’odham Nation of Arizona, the cockle shell frament and metavolcanic stone scraper are also reasonably believed to be unassociated funerary objects. In 1976, one medicine bundle container (dated to circa 1930) was acquired from Mrs. Martinez of Havanna Naka (Crow Hang) Village on what was called the Papago Reservation. The medicine bundle belonged to Mrs. Martinez’ husband, a local medicine man. In 1986, one Wihosa mask was acquired from Sylvester Matthias, a Pima, from Komatke, AZ, who inherited it as the last person in the (hereditary) line. The cultural item is used in the Navichu ceremony. Based on consultation with a tribal representative of the Tohono O’odham Nation of Arizona, the officials of the San Diegeo Museum of Man have reasonably determined that the two cultural items are objects of cultural patrimony used in important ceremonies of the O’odham people and could not have been alienated by a single individual. Recorded information from museum records about the unassociated funerary items and items of cultural patrimony states that all the items were located on either traditional Papago (Tohono O’odham) or Pima (Akimel O’odham) land. Descendants of the O’odham people are members of the Tohono O’odham Nation of Arizona. Consultation with a tribal representative of the Gila River Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona, also determined that the cultural items, whether traditional Pima or Papago, should be repatriated to the Tohono O’odham Nation of Arizona based on the location of where they were found. Officials of the San Diego Museum of Man have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(B), the 26 cultural items described above are reasonably VerDate Aug<31>2005 21:01 Oct 08, 2008 Jkt 217001 believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance of the evidence, to have been removed from a specific burial site of a Native American individual. Officials of the San Diego Museum of Man also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(D), the two cultural items described above have ongoing historical, traditional, or cultural importance central to the Native American group or culture itself, rather than property owned by an individual. Lastly, officials of the San Diego Museum of Man have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the unassociated funerary objects and objects of cultural patrimony and the Tohono O’odham Nation of Arizona. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects and objects of cultural patrimony should contact Philip Hoog, NAGPRA Coordinator, San Diego Museum of Man, 1350 El Prado, Balboa Park, San Diego, CA 92101, telephone (619) 239–2001, before November 10, 2008. Repatriation of the unassociated funerary objects and objects of cultural patrimony to the Tohono O’odham Nation of Arizona may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward. The San Diego Museum of Man is responsible for notifying the Gila River Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona and Tohono O’odham Nation of Arizona that this notice has been published. Dated: September 10, 2008 Sherry Hutt, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. E8–23953 Filed 10–8–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–50–S DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service Kootenai National Forest, Libby, MT National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: ACTION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate cultural items in the PO 00000 Frm 00059 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 possession of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Kootenai National Forest, Libby, MT, that meet the definition of ‘‘objects of cultural patrimony’’ under 25 U.S.C. 3001. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. In the mid–1970s, objects of cultural patrimony were removed from a documented traditional cultural property located in Lincoln County, MT. The removal was an illegal action by a private citizen. In 1979, the private citizen turned the collection over to the University of Montana, Missoula, MT. In 1995, in consultation with the Confederated Salish & Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Reservation, Montana, the Kootenai National Forest secured the collection through the relinquishment of ownership by the University of Montana. The 560 cultural items consist of various modified artifacts, such as scrapers, bone beads, shells, tools, and animal teeth. The site area is within the aboriginal and traditional territory of the Kootenai Tribe, as demonstrated by oral histories of the Kootenai Elders, Hellgate Treaty of 1855, several ethnographies, ethno histories, historic newspapers, and the United States Court of Claims. During consultation, the Kootenai Tribe explained how the materials are associated with the Kootenai Tribe’s culture, and are central to the tribe and its traditions. The cultural items are also communal property, as they were considered inalienable at the time of their removal, and cannot be alienated, appropriated, or conveyed by any individual. Based on consultation evidence presented by the Kootenai Tribe, the Forest Service has determined the cultural items meet the definition of objects of cultural patrimony under NAGPRA. Based on consultation, ethnographic evidence, and historic documents, the Forest Service has determined that the cultural items are culturally affiliated with the Kootenai Tribe. Descendants of the Kootenai Tribe are members of the Confederated Salish & Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Indian Reservation, Montana. Officials of the Forest Service have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(D), the 560 cultural items described above have ongoing historical, traditional, or cultural importance central to the Native American group or E:\FR\FM\09OCN1.SGM 09OCN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 73, Number 197 (Thursday, October 9, 2008)]
[Notices]
[Pages 59653-59654]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E8-23953]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service


Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: San Diego Museum 
of Man, San Diego, CA

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves 
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent 
to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the San Diego Museum 
of Man, San Diego, CA, that meet the definition of ``unassociated 
funerary objects'' or ``objects of cultural patrimony'' under 25 U.S.C. 
3001.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). 
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural 
items. The National Park Service is not

[[Page 59654]]

responsible for the determinations in this notice.
    The cultural items are 26 unassociated funerary objects and 2 
objects of cultural patrimony.
    In 1959, cultural items were removed by M.J. Rogers from an 
abandoned Papago Village approximately four miles west of Covered 
Wells, Pima County, AZ, on the south side of Highway 86. The 26 
unassociated funerary objects are 24 pottery sherds, 1 cockle shell 
fragment, and 1 metavolcanic stone (possibly rhyolite) scraper.
    The 24 pottery sherds are reasonably believed to have been placed 
as part of a pottery sacrifice on graves covered with boulders. Based 
on consultation with tribal representative of the Tohono O'odham Nation 
of Arizona, the cockle shell frament and metavolcanic stone scraper are 
also reasonably believed to be unassociated funerary objects.
    In 1976, one medicine bundle container (dated to circa 1930) was 
acquired from Mrs. Martinez of Havanna Naka (Crow Hang) Village on what 
was called the Papago Reservation. The medicine bundle belonged to Mrs. 
Martinez' husband, a local medicine man.
    In 1986, one Wihosa mask was acquired from Sylvester Matthias, a 
Pima, from Komatke, AZ, who inherited it as the last person in the 
(hereditary) line. The cultural item is used in the Navichu ceremony.
    Based on consultation with a tribal representative of the Tohono 
O'odham Nation of Arizona, the officials of the San Diegeo Museum of 
Man have reasonably determined that the two cultural items are objects 
of cultural patrimony used in important ceremonies of the O'odham 
people and could not have been alienated by a single individual.
    Recorded information from museum records about the unassociated 
funerary items and items of cultural patrimony states that all the 
items were located on either traditional Papago (Tohono O'odham) or 
Pima (Akimel O'odham) land. Descendants of the O'odham people are 
members of the Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona.
    Consultation with a tribal representative of the Gila River Indian 
Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona, also 
determined that the cultural items, whether traditional Pima or Papago, 
should be repatriated to the Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona based on 
the location of where they were found.
    Officials of the San Diego Museum of Man have determined that, 
pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(B), the 26 cultural items described 
above are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near 
individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the 
death rite or ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance of the 
evidence, to have been removed from a specific burial site of a Native 
American individual. Officials of the San Diego Museum of Man also have 
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(D), the two cultural 
items described above have ongoing historical, traditional, or cultural 
importance central to the Native American group or culture itself, 
rather than property owned by an individual. Lastly, officials of the 
San Diego Museum of Man have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 
3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be 
reasonably traced between the unassociated funerary objects and objects 
of cultural patrimony and the Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona.
    Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to 
be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects and 
objects of cultural patrimony should contact Philip Hoog, NAGPRA 
Coordinator, San Diego Museum of Man, 1350 El Prado, Balboa Park, San 
Diego, CA 92101, telephone (619) 239-2001, before November 10, 2008. 
Repatriation of the unassociated funerary objects and objects of 
cultural patrimony to the Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona may proceed 
after that date if no additional claimants come forward.
    The San Diego Museum of Man is responsible for notifying the Gila 
River Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona 
and Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona that this notice has been 
published.

    Dated: September 10, 2008
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E8-23953 Filed 10-8-08; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-S