Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, San Juan Island National Historical Park, Friday Harbor, WA and Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 50989-50990 [E8-20107]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 169 / Friday, August 29, 2008 / Notices funerary objects to the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward. The Logan Museum of Anthropology is responsible for notifying the Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Michigan; Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, Michigan; Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan; Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma; Burt Lake Band of Ottawa & Chippewa Indians, a non-federally recognized Indian group; and Grand River Bands of Ottawa Indians, a non-federally recognized Indian group, that this notice has been published. Dated: August 14, 2008. Sherry Hutt, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. E8–20098 Filed 8–28–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–50–S DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: New York State Museum, Albany, NY National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: mstockstill on PROD1PC66 with NOTICES ACTION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the New York State Museum, Albany, NY, that meet the definition of ‘‘unassociated funerary objects’’ under 25 U.S.C. 3001. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. The two cultural items are one small copper kettle and one silver wristband. The silver wristband bears the maker’s mark ‘‘IS.’’ In 1956, the New York State Museum purchased the kettle and wristband from the Logan Museum of Anthropology, Beloit College, WI. The cultural items were part of a larger collection made by Albert Green Heath who acquired the kettle and wristband from an individual named Lowell Lamkin between 1910 and 1916. The Heath collection records indicate the kettle and wristband were found in VerDate Aug<31>2005 17:32 Aug 28, 2008 Jkt 214001 a grave or graves in ‘‘Emmet County, Michigan.’’ The New York State Museum is not in possession of the human remains associated with the items. Therefore, based on museum records, the kettle and wristband are reasonably believed to be unassociated funerary objects. The style of the kettle and wristband date to the post-Contact period and are typical of metal trade items from the mid to late 18th century. Heath collection records identify the tribal identification of the items as Ottawa. Historical and traditional evidence indicates Ottawa people occupied Emmet County throughout the 18th century. The Ottawa people are also called Odawa. Descendants of the Odawa in Emmet County are members of the Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Michigan, and Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan. Officials of the New York State Museum have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(B), the two cultural items described above are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance of the evidence, to have been removed from a specific burial site of a Native American individual. Officials of the New York State Museum also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the unassociated funerary objects and Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Michigan, and Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should contact Lisa Anderson, NAGPRA Coordinator, New York State Museum, 3122 Cultural Education Center, Albany, NY 12230, telephone (518) 486–2020, before September 29, 2008. Repatriation of the unassociated funerary objects to the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan, may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward. New York State Museum is responsible for notifying the Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Michigan, and Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan that this notice has been published. Dated: August 4, 2008. Sherry Hutt, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. E8–20103 Filed 8–28–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–50–S PO 00000 Frm 00065 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 50989 DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, San Juan Island National Historical Park, Friday Harbor, WA and Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: ACTION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum (Burke Museum) University of Washington, Seattle, WA, and in the control of the U.S. Department of the Interior, San Juan Island National Historical Park, Friday Harbor, WA, that meet the definition of ‘‘unassociated funerary objects’’ under 25 U.S.C 3001. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the superintendent, San Juan Island National Historical Park. In 1946 and 1947, human remains and associated funerary objects were recovered during legally authorized excavations by University of Washington archeologist Arden King at the Cattle Point Site (45–SJ–01) on San Juan Island. Cattle Point is within the American Camp portion of San Juan Island National Historical Park on the southern part of San Juan Island. The funerary objects were transferred to the Burke Museum and later accessioned by the National Park Service. The whereabouts of the human remains is not known. The 249 unassociated funerary objects are 103 basalt flakes, 60 non-human mammalian bone fragments, 61 shell fragments, 2 bags of fish bones, 11 charcoal samples, 1 rock, 2 sediment samples, 1 piece of obsidian, 1 fire cracked cobble, 1 quartz flake, 1 piece of schist, 2 pieces of slate, 1 pebble, 1 sea urchin spine, and 1 sea lion humerus. In 1970 and 1972, authorized excavations of a shell midden took place at the English Camp Site (45–SJ–24) on San Juan Island and within the English Camp portion of San Juan Island National Historical Park during a University of Idaho field school directed by Dr. Roderick Sprague. Four objects were recovered in 1970 from the same stratum in which a burial E:\FR\FM\29AUN1.SGM 29AUN1 mstockstill on PROD1PC66 with NOTICES 50990 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 169 / Friday, August 29, 2008 / Notices was found. The human remains were transferred to the University of Idaho before being repatriated to the Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation, Washington on June 26, 1991. The four funerary objects were transferred to the Burke Museum and accessioned by the National Park Service. The four unassociated funerary objects are one portion of a non-human mammalian limb bone, one basalt shatter fragment, one triangular basalt point fragment, and one ground abrader fragment. The 1972 excavation recovered 32 objects that were associated with three burials. The human remains were transferred to the University of Idaho and subsequently repatriated to the Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation, Washington on June 26, 1991. The funerary objects were transferred to the Burke Museum and accessioned by the National Park Service. The 32 unassociated funerary objects are 2 fish vertebrae, 1 antler tine fragment, 1 fused bird wing bone, 24 fragments of nonhuman bone, 2 pieces of fire modified rock, 1 basalt shatter fragment, and 1 point fragment. Arden King’s analysis of archeological data from Cattle Point resulted in the identification of three prehistoric phases, with the most recent representing a maritime adaptation that is ancestral to historic native populations in the United States and Canada. Archeological research and analysis indicates continuous habitation of San Juan Island, including the two sites mentioned here, from approximately 2,000 years ago through the mid–19th century. Anthropologist Wayne Suttles has identified the occupants of San Juan Island as Northern Straits language speakers, a linguistic subset of a larger Central Coast Salish population, who were ancestors of the Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation, Washington. Furthermore, Suttles’ anthropological research in the late 1940s confirmed that the Lummi primarily occupied San Juan Island and other nearby islands in the European contact period and during the early history of the Lummi Reservation that was established on the mainland in 1855, through Article II of the Treaty of Point Elliott. San Juan Island is within the aboriginal territory of the Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation, Washington. Lummi oral tradition, history and anthropological data clearly associate the Lummi with San Juan Island. The Samish Indian Tribe, Washington is most closely associated with the Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation, Washington linguistically and culturally, and the Samish regard San VerDate Aug<31>2005 17:32 Aug 28, 2008 Jkt 214001 Juan Island to be within the usual and accustomed territory shared by both tribes at the time of negotiations for the Treaty of Point Elliott, in 1855. In 2006, the Samish Indian Tribe, Washington and the Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation, Washington entered into a cooperative agreement to have the Lummi Tribe take the lead in receiving repatriated human remains and funerary objects from San Juan Island National Historical Park. The traditional territory of the Swinomish Indians of the Swinomish Reservation, Washington is on the mainland in the vicinity of La Conner, WA, on Whidbey Island and Fidalgo Island, the site of their reservation. Officials of San Juan Island National Historical Park have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(B), the 285 cultural items described above are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance of the evidence, to have been removed from specific burial sites of Native American individuals. Officials of San Juan Island National Historical Park also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the unassociated funerary objects and the Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation, Washington. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should contact Peter Dederich, superintendent, San Juan Island National Historical Park, P.O. Box 429, Friday Harbor, WA 98250–04289, telephone (360) 378–2240, before September 29, 2008. Repatriation of the unassociated funerary objects to the Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation, Washington may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward. San Juan Island National Historical Park is responsible for notifying the Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation, Washington; Samish Indian Tribe, Washington; and Swinomish Indians of the Swinomish Reservation, Washington that this notice has been published. Dated: July 31, 2008. Sherry Hutt, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. E8–20107 Filed 8–28–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–50–S PO 00000 Frm 00066 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Buffalo Field Office, Buffalo, WY National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: ACTION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Buffalo Field Office, Buffalo, WY, that meet the definition of ‘‘unassociated funerary objects’’ under 25 U.S.C. 3001. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the Federal agency that has control of the cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. In 1986, human remains and cultural items were removed from a site adjacent to the location of the Dull Knife Battle, Johnson County, WY. The Bureau of Land Management, Buffalo Field Office, was required to analyze potential impacts from a proposed Federal action pursuant to Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act on a known burial site located on Bureau of Land Management public lands. The burial is adjacent to the location of the Dull Knife Battle of November 1876 between the U.S. Cavalry and a camp of Northern Cheyenne. The close proximity of the burial to the battle ground suggests a direct association. On June 29, 1987, the interment was removed and analyzed in the field. Osteological analysis showed that the human remains were of an adult female of Native American descent. The human remains and associated sediments were replaced into the original location. However, 15 funerary objects were removed for analysis, and subsequently stored in the Buffalo Field Office. The 15 funerary objects are 1 brown wool fabric fragment (appears to be from the late 19th century); 2 brown wool fragments from a horse blanket (appears to be from the 19th century); 7 blue wool fragments (appears to be from an 1876–era U.S. Army blanket); 1 red and white striped cotton fabric fragment; 2 tanned leather fragments; 1 fragment of rawhide or un-tanned leather; and 1 wood fragment. A detailed assessment of the funerary objects was made by the Bureau of Land E:\FR\FM\29AUN1.SGM 29AUN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 73, Number 169 (Friday, August 29, 2008)]
[Notices]
[Pages 50989-50990]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E8-20107]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service


Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: U.S. Department of 
the Interior, National Park Service, San Juan Island National 
Historical Park, Friday Harbor, WA and Thomas Burke Memorial Washington 
State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

    Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves 
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent 
to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Thomas Burke 
Memorial Washington State Museum (Burke Museum) University of 
Washington, Seattle, WA, and in the control of the U.S. Department of 
the Interior, San Juan Island National Historical Park, Friday Harbor, 
WA, that meet the definition of ``unassociated funerary objects'' under 
25 U.S.C 3001.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). 
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
superintendent, San Juan Island National Historical Park.
    In 1946 and 1947, human remains and associated funerary objects 
were recovered during legally authorized excavations by University of 
Washington archeologist Arden King at the Cattle Point Site (45-SJ-01) 
on San Juan Island. Cattle Point is within the American Camp portion of 
San Juan Island National Historical Park on the southern part of San 
Juan Island. The funerary objects were transferred to the Burke Museum 
and later accessioned by the National Park Service. The whereabouts of 
the human remains is not known. The 249 unassociated funerary objects 
are 103 basalt flakes, 60 non-human mammalian bone fragments, 61 shell 
fragments, 2 bags of fish bones, 11 charcoal samples, 1 rock, 2 
sediment samples, 1 piece of obsidian, 1 fire cracked cobble, 1 quartz 
flake, 1 piece of schist, 2 pieces of slate, 1 pebble, 1 sea urchin 
spine, and 1 sea lion humerus.
    In 1970 and 1972, authorized excavations of a shell midden took 
place at the English Camp Site (45-SJ-24) on San Juan Island and within 
the English Camp portion of San Juan Island National Historical Park 
during a University of Idaho field school directed by Dr. Roderick 
Sprague.
    Four objects were recovered in 1970 from the same stratum in which 
a burial

[[Page 50990]]

was found. The human remains were transferred to the University of 
Idaho before being repatriated to the Lummi Tribe of the Lummi 
Reservation, Washington on June 26, 1991. The four funerary objects 
were transferred to the Burke Museum and accessioned by the National 
Park Service. The four unassociated funerary objects are one portion of 
a non-human mammalian limb bone, one basalt shatter fragment, one 
triangular basalt point fragment, and one ground abrader fragment.
    The 1972 excavation recovered 32 objects that were associated with 
three burials. The human remains were transferred to the University of 
Idaho and subsequently repatriated to the Lummi Tribe of the Lummi 
Reservation, Washington on June 26, 1991. The funerary objects were 
transferred to the Burke Museum and accessioned by the National Park 
Service. The 32 unassociated funerary objects are 2 fish vertebrae, 1 
antler tine fragment, 1 fused bird wing bone, 24 fragments of non-human 
bone, 2 pieces of fire modified rock, 1 basalt shatter fragment, and 1 
point fragment.
    Arden King's analysis of archeological data from Cattle Point 
resulted in the identification of three prehistoric phases, with the 
most recent representing a maritime adaptation that is ancestral to 
historic native populations in the United States and Canada. 
Archeological research and analysis indicates continuous habitation of 
San Juan Island, including the two sites mentioned here, from 
approximately 2,000 years ago through the mid-19th century. 
Anthropologist Wayne Suttles has identified the occupants of San Juan 
Island as Northern Straits language speakers, a linguistic subset of a 
larger Central Coast Salish population, who were ancestors of the Lummi 
Tribe of the Lummi Reservation, Washington. Furthermore, Suttles' 
anthropological research in the late 1940s confirmed that the Lummi 
primarily occupied San Juan Island and other nearby islands in the 
European contact period and during the early history of the Lummi 
Reservation that was established on the mainland in 1855, through 
Article II of the Treaty of Point Elliott. San Juan Island is within 
the aboriginal territory of the Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation, 
Washington. Lummi oral tradition, history and anthropological data 
clearly associate the Lummi with San Juan Island.
    The Samish Indian Tribe, Washington is most closely associated with 
the Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation, Washington linguistically and 
culturally, and the Samish regard San Juan Island to be within the 
usual and accustomed territory shared by both tribes at the time of 
negotiations for the Treaty of Point Elliott, in 1855. In 2006, the 
Samish Indian Tribe, Washington and the Lummi Tribe of the Lummi 
Reservation, Washington entered into a cooperative agreement to have 
the Lummi Tribe take the lead in receiving repatriated human remains 
and funerary objects from San Juan Island National Historical Park. The 
traditional territory of the Swinomish Indians of the Swinomish 
Reservation, Washington is on the mainland in the vicinity of La 
Conner, WA, on Whidbey Island and Fidalgo Island, the site of their 
reservation.
    Officials of San Juan Island National Historical Park have 
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(B), the 285 cultural 
items described above are reasonably believed to have been placed with 
or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part 
of the death rite or ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance of 
the evidence, to have been removed from specific burial sites of Native 
American individuals. Officials of San Juan Island National Historical 
Park also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there 
is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably 
traced between the unassociated funerary objects and the Lummi Tribe of 
the Lummi Reservation, Washington.
    Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to 
be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should 
contact Peter Dederich, superintendent, San Juan Island National 
Historical Park, P.O. Box 429, Friday Harbor, WA 98250-04289, telephone 
(360) 378-2240, before September 29, 2008. Repatriation of the 
unassociated funerary objects to the Lummi Tribe of the Lummi 
Reservation, Washington may proceed after that date if no additional 
claimants come forward.
    San Juan Island National Historical Park is responsible for 
notifying the Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation, Washington; Samish 
Indian Tribe, Washington; and Swinomish Indians of the Swinomish 
Reservation, Washington that this notice has been published.

    Dated: July 31, 2008.
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E8-20107 Filed 8-28-08; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-S