Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Denver Museum of Nature & Science, Denver, CO, 50986-50987 [E8-20097]

Download as PDF 50986 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 169 / Friday, August 29, 2008 / Notices Mexico may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward. The Denver Museum of Nature & Science is responsible for notifying the Pueblo of Cochiti, New Mexico that this notice has been published. Dated: August 4, 2008. Sherry Hutt, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. E8–20109 Filed 8–28–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–50–S DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items in the Possession of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Honolulu, HI; Correction National Park Service, Interior. Notice; correction. AGENCY: mstockstill on PROD1PC66 with NOTICES ACTION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the intent to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Bishop Museum, Honolulu, HI, that meet the definition of ‘‘unassociated funerary objects’’ under 25 U.S.C. 3001. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. This notice corrects the culturally affiliated Native Hawaiian organizations identified during the claimant process and provides new museum contact information for a Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items published in the Federal Register of October 10, 2002 (FR Doc 02–25874, page 63152) for unassociated funerary objects removed from Lana‘i, HI. The Federal Register notice of October 10, 2002 is corrected by substituting paragraph numbers 5 and 6 with the following paragraphs: Officials of the Bishop Museum have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(B), the 97 cultural items are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance of the evidence, to have been removed from a specific burial site of a Native Hawaiian VerDate Aug<31>2005 17:32 Aug 28, 2008 Jkt 214001 individual. Officials of the Bishop Museum also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the unassociated funerary objects and the Office of Hawaiian Affairs and Hui Kako‘o. It has also been determined that Hui Kako‘o is the most culturally affiliated Native Hawaiian organization for these unassociated funerary objects. Representatives of any other Native Hawaiian organization that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should contact Betty Lou Kam, Vice President of Cultural Resources, Bishop Museum, 1525 Bernice Street, Honolulu, HI 96718–2704, telephone (808) 848–4144, before September 29, 2008. Repatriation of the unassociated funerary objects to Hui Kako‘o may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward. The Bishop Museum is responsible for notifying Hui Kako‘o, Hui Malama I Na Kupuna O Hawai‘i Nei, Maui/Lana‘i Island Burial Council, and the Office of Hawaiian Affairs that this notice has been published. Dated: August 12, 2008. Sherry Hutt, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. E8–20101 Filed 8–28–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–50–S DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Denver Museum of Nature & Science, Denver, CO National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: ACTION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Denver Museum of Nature & Science, Denver, CO, that meet the definition of ‘‘unassociated funerary objects’’ under 25 U.S.C. 3001. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native American cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. On February 24, 1965, the collectors Mary W.A. and Francis V. Crane PO 00000 Frm 00062 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 acquired 18 silver Seminole pendants from the antiquities dealer Howard B. Roloff. Records from the purchase transaction noted that the ‘‘4 dark ones are from a burial over 100 years old.’’ In 1968, the Cranes donated the Seminole pendants to the Denver Museum of Nature & Science (then Denver Museum of Natural History) (Accession Numbers AC.7940A-D). The museum exhibited the four pendants in its ‘‘Seminole Silver Case’’ between 1976 and 1980. Historical and archeological evidence establish that Seminole and Miccosukee people have been residents in central and southern Florida for at least several hundred years. In consultations, representatives of the Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida; Seminole Nation of Oklahoma; and Seminole Tribe of Florida, Dania, Big Cypress, Brighton, Hollywood & Tampa Reservations confirmed their affiliation with earlier historic American Indians in Florida and confirmed that the four pendants were very likely Seminole burial objects. Descendants of the Seminole are members of the Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida; Seminole Nation of Oklahoma; and Seminole Tribe of Florida, Dania, Big Cypress, Brighton, Hollywood & Tampa Reservations. Officials of the Denver Museum of Nature & Science have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(B), the four cultural items described above are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony and are believed to have been removed from a specific burial site of a Native American individual. Officials of the Denver Museum of Nature & Science also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the cultural items and the Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida; Seminole Nation of Oklahoma; and Seminole Tribe of Florida, Dania, Big Cypress, Brighton, Hollywood & Tampa Reservations. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should contact Dr. Chip ColwellChanthaphonh, NAGPRA Officer, Department of Anthropology, Denver Museum of Nature & Science, 2001 Colorado Boulevard, Denver, CO 80205, telephone (303) 370–6378, before September 29, 2008. Repatriation of the unassociated funerary items to the Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida; Seminole Nation of Oklahoma; and Seminole Tribe of Florida, Dania, Big Cypress, Brighton, Hollywood & Tampa Reservations may proceed after that date E:\FR\FM\29AUN1.SGM 29AUN1 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 169 / Friday, August 29, 2008 / Notices if no additional claimants come forward. The Denver Museum of Nature & Science is responsible for notifying the Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida; Seminole Nation of Oklahoma; and Seminole Tribe of Florida, Dania, Big Cypress, Brighton, Hollywood & Tampa Reservations that this notice has been published. Dated: August 4, 2008. Sherry Hutt, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. E8–20097 Filed 8–28–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–50–S DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Denver Museum of Nature & Science, Denver, CO National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: mstockstill on PROD1PC66 with NOTICES ACTION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Denver Museum of Nature & Science, Denver, CO, which meet the definitions of ‘‘sacred objects’’ and ‘‘objects of cultural patrimony’’ under 25 U.S.C. 3001. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. The first cultural item is called the Whale Hairpiece, carved from a section of mountain goat horn, measuring approximately 3 inches high, 1.5 inches in diameter at the base, and 1 inch in diameter at the top. Decorating the exterior of the horn are 18 abalone shell insets. The catalogue records term the object a ‘‘hair holder or ornament’’ and ‘‘braid wrap.’’ In August 1977, the cultural item was purchased by Mrs. Mary A. Crane from the art dealer Mr. Michael R. Johnson who had purchased the item from ‘‘Mrs. Dan Katzeek’’ in 1973. In a letter Mr. Johnson wrote to Mrs. Crane, dated August 30, 1977, he asserted,‘‘I am convinced it is very old as the single braid or plaited hair in one clump has not been worn since the days of Cook and Vancouver. The style is evident in the early Webber drawings VerDate Aug<31>2005 17:32 Aug 28, 2008 Jkt 214001 but seems to have faded out in Victorian times to the double braids or Victorian upsweeps and buns.’’ Mrs. Crane donated the hairpiece to the Denver Museum of Nature & Science (then Denver Museum of Natural History) on May 27, 1983. The second cultural item is called the Strongman Housepost Robe, a painted moose hide blanket, approximately 66 x 44 inches in size, with two hide strings at top. The center area, about 36 x 24.5 inches in size, has a painted design and ‘‘VICTOR HOTCH KLUKWAN’’ is painted at the top and also the inside bottom. In 1974, the cultural item was purchased by Michael R. Johnson from Victor Hotch. Museum records suggest that the image represents Strongman (a Tlingit hero, Dukt’ootl) ripping apart a sea lion; that it was a robe for wearing; and that this image was also used on house posts. The last claim was verified during consultations and supported by photographs of a Whale House post, taken from Klukwan in 1984. Mr. Johnson, who claimed the robe dates to about 1930, donated it to the Denver Museum of Nature & Science on October 3, 1974. In the mid–1970s a decades-long controversy began over the ownership of Whale House objects. The public and legal battle engulfed Klukwan, museums, and collectors alike. Although these objects left Alaska several years prior to the controversy, nonetheless, the Denver Museum of Nature & Science acknowledges that these two objects likely left Alaska under suspect circumstances. During consultation, representatives of the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes provided detailed written documentation of tribal and clan histories, the significance of the hairpiece and robe to the Gaanaxteidi Clan, and the importance of these objects in ongoing ceremonial practices. The official claim explained the right of the Gaanaxteidi Clan and Whale House to the symbolism embedded in these objects. The claim confirms the museum’s records that the robe’s design replicates the image of the Strongman Housepost, which has been well documented as belonging to the Whale House. This particular image tells the story of the Gaanaxteidi Clan’s migration history. The hairpiece represents the whale itself, and the whale is a crest of the Gaanaxteidi Clan. The whale character figures prominently into the ‘‘Raven Cycle’’ stories. Additionally, the claim offers that the hairpiece, or yaay che’eeni, was worn by women to bundle the hair and only worn on ceremonial occasions with the assistance of the ‘‘opposite’’ moiety. PO 00000 Frm 00063 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 50987 It then explains more specifically how it would be ceremonially used exclusively by a woman of the aanyadi (high caste). The claim argues that these pieces are objects of cultural patrimony, that the Hit s’aati (Housemaster) is only the steward of these clan objects. Under Tlingit traditional property law (now codified in tribal law) the trustee does not have the authority to sell clan property. Rather, clan consent is necessary for decisions about clan property. The published literature, based on a wide range of ethnological, folkloric, linguistic, and anthropological sources, supports these claims. At length, the claim explains that these two objects are sacred objects, as clan crests both symbolize and embody the spirit of the being depicted on these objects. Crests represent the spiritual affinity and kinship between the clan members and the animals or mythical figures being represented. Clan members sometimes refer to their clan crests as Ax Shuka (My Ancestor or Relative), and may call upon these spirits in time of need. A specific code of conduct is maintained around these crests, which Tlingits traditionally believe are not truly things, but rather ‘‘living beings.’’ The claim asserts that, if returned, these objects will be used in the ongoing ceremonies of the Gaanaxteidi Clan. Consultation evidence acknowledges that many of the clan-owned and sacred objects were removed from the communities by members of their own tribe. Nevertheless, these individuals acted in contravention of traditional Tlingit cultural property law. It is only the Gaanaxteidi Clan that has the right to display these objects and tell of its own history. The museum cannot provide any evidence that the Tlingit individuals who sold the objects had authority of alienation or consent of the clan. Based on the evidence of the larger Whale House controversy, it is highly likely that many clan members explicitly objected to the sale of these kinds of clan objects when Johnson purchased them, and continue to be objects of cultural patrimony and sacred objects owned by the clan. Officials of the Denver Museum of Nature & Science have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(C), the two cultural items are specific ceremonial objects needed by traditional Native American religious leaders for the practice of traditional Native American religions by their present-day adherents. Officials of the Denver Museum of Nature & Science have also determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(D), the two cultural items have ongoing historical, traditional, or E:\FR\FM\29AUN1.SGM 29AUN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 73, Number 169 (Friday, August 29, 2008)]
[Notices]
[Pages 50986-50987]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E8-20097]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service


Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Denver Museum of 
Nature & Science, Denver, CO

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves 
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent 
to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Denver Museum of 
Nature & Science, Denver, CO, that meet the definition of 
``unassociated funerary objects'' under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). 
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native 
American cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible 
for the determinations in this notice.
    On February 24, 1965, the collectors Mary W.A. and Francis V. Crane 
acquired 18 silver Seminole pendants from the antiquities dealer Howard 
B. Roloff. Records from the purchase transaction noted that the ``4 
dark ones are from a burial over 100 years old.'' In 1968, the Cranes 
donated the Seminole pendants to the Denver Museum of Nature & Science 
(then Denver Museum of Natural History) (Accession Numbers AC.7940A-D). 
The museum exhibited the four pendants in its ``Seminole Silver Case'' 
between 1976 and 1980.
    Historical and archeological evidence establish that Seminole and 
Miccosukee people have been residents in central and southern Florida 
for at least several hundred years. In consultations, representatives 
of the Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida; Seminole Nation of 
Oklahoma; and Seminole Tribe of Florida, Dania, Big Cypress, Brighton, 
Hollywood & Tampa Reservations confirmed their affiliation with earlier 
historic American Indians in Florida and confirmed that the four 
pendants were very likely Seminole burial objects. Descendants of the 
Seminole are members of the Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida; 
Seminole Nation of Oklahoma; and Seminole Tribe of Florida, Dania, Big 
Cypress, Brighton, Hollywood & Tampa Reservations.
    Officials of the Denver Museum of Nature & Science have determined 
that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(B), the four cultural items 
described above are reasonably believed to have been placed with or 
near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of 
the death rite or ceremony and are believed to have been removed from a 
specific burial site of a Native American individual. Officials of the 
Denver Museum of Nature & Science also have determined that, pursuant 
to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity 
that can be reasonably traced between the cultural items and the 
Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida; Seminole Nation of Oklahoma; 
and Seminole Tribe of Florida, Dania, Big Cypress, Brighton, Hollywood 
& Tampa Reservations.
    Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to 
be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should 
contact Dr. Chip Colwell-Chanthaphonh, NAGPRA Officer, Department of 
Anthropology, Denver Museum of Nature & Science, 2001 Colorado 
Boulevard, Denver, CO 80205, telephone (303) 370-6378, before September 
29, 2008. Repatriation of the unassociated funerary items to the 
Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida; Seminole Nation of Oklahoma; 
and Seminole Tribe of Florida, Dania, Big Cypress, Brighton, Hollywood 
& Tampa Reservations may proceed after that date

[[Page 50987]]

if no additional claimants come forward.
    The Denver Museum of Nature & Science is responsible for notifying 
the Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida; Seminole Nation of 
Oklahoma; and Seminole Tribe of Florida, Dania, Big Cypress, Brighton, 
Hollywood & Tampa Reservations that this notice has been published.

    Dated: August 4, 2008.
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E8-20097 Filed 8-28-08; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-S