Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument Proclamation Provisions, 38375-38387 [E8-15096]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 130 / Monday, July 7, 2008 / Proposed Rules to your comments. There is no limit on the length of the attachments. Please submit your comments by any of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. • Mail: Docket Management Facility, M–30, U.S. Department of Transportation, West Building, Ground Floor, Rm. W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE., Washington, DC 20590. • Hand Delivery or Courier: West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE., between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. Eastern Time, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. • Fax: (202) 493–2251. Please note that pursuant to the Data Quality Act, in order for substantive data to be relied upon and used by the agency, it must meet the information quality standards set forth in the OMB and DOT Data Quality Act guidelines. Accordingly, we encourage you to consult the guidelines in preparing your comments. OMB’s guidelines may be accessed at http://www.whitehouse.gov/ omb/fedreg/reproducible.html. DOT’s guidelines may be accessed at http:// dmses.dot.gov/submit/ DataQualityGuidelines.pdf. jlentini on PROD1PC65 with PROPOSALS How Can I Be Sure That My Comments Were Received? If you submit your comments by mail and wish Docket Management to notify you upon its receipt of your comments, enclose a self-addressed, stamped postcard in the envelope containing your comments. Upon receiving your comments, Docket Management will return the postcard by mail. How Do I Submit Confidential Business Information? If you wish to submit any information under a claim of confidentiality, you should submit three copies of your complete submission, including the information you claim to be confidential business information, to the Chief Counsel, NHTSA, at the address given above under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. When you send a comment containing information claimed to be confidential business information, you should include a cover letter setting forth the information specified in our confidential business information regulation.2 In addition, you should submit a copy, from which you have deleted the claimed confidential business information, to the Docket by one of the methods set forth above. 2 See 49 CFR 512. VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:17 Jul 03, 2008 Will the Agency Consider Late Comments? We will consider all comments received before the close of business on the comment closing date indicated above under DATES. To the extent possible, we will also consider comments received after that date. Therefore, if interested persons believe that any new information the agency places in the docket affects their comments, they may submit comments after the closing date concerning how the agency should consider that information for the final rule. If a comment is received too late for us to consider in developing a final rule (assuming that one is issued), we will consider that comment as an informal suggestion for future rulemaking action. How Can I Read the Comments Submitted by Other People? You may read the materials placed in the docket for this document (e.g., the comments submitted in response to this document by other interested persons) at any time by going to http:// www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for accessing the dockets. You may also read the materials at the Docket Management Facility by going to the street address given above under ADDRESSES. The Docket Management Facility is open between 9 am and 5 pm Eastern Time, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. List of Subjects in 49 CFR Part 571 Imports, Motor vehicle safety, Motor vehicles, Rubber and rubber products, Tires. In consideration of the foregoing, it is proposed that the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (49 CFR part 571), be amended as set forth below. PART 571—FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY STANDARDS 1. The authority citation for part 571 continues to read as follows: Authority: 49 U.S.C. 322, 30111, 30115, 30117, and 30166; delegation of authority at 49 CFR 1.50. § 571.219 [Removed] 2. Section 571.219 is removed and reserved. Issued on: June 30, 2008. Stephen R. Kratzke, Associate Administrator for Rulemaking. [FR Doc. E8–15210 Filed 7–3–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–59–P Jkt 214001 PO 00000 Frm 00033 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 38375 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Fish and Wildlife Service 50 CFR Part 404 [Docket No. 080227317–8741–01] RIN 0648–AW44 Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument Proclamation Provisions National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Department of Commerce (DOC); United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), Department of the Interior (DOI). ACTION: Proposed rule; request for public comments. AGENCIES: SUMMARY: NOAA and the USFWS are proposing regulations to establish a ship reporting system for the Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument. This action would implement measures adopted by the International Maritime Organization requiring notification by ships passing through the Monument without interruption. A draft environmental assessment has been prepared for this proposed action pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act. A copy of the draft environmental assessment is available for public review at http://hawaiireef.noaa.gov/ and comment concurrently with this proposed rule. DATES: Comments on the proposed rule and the draft environmental assessment will be accepted if received on or before August 6, 2008. ADDRESSES: Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods: • Federal e Rulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. Submit electronic comments via the Federal e Rulemaking Portal rather than by e-mail; • Mail: T. Aulani Wilhelm, Monument Superintendent (NOAA); 6600 Kalanianaole Highway, 300, Honolulu, HI 96825. Copies of the draft environmental assessment may be viewed and downloaded at http:// hawaiireef.noaa.gov/. Paperwork burden: Submit written comments regarding the burden-hour estimates or other aspects of the information collection requirements contained in this proposed rule by e- E:\FR\FM\07JYP1.SGM 07JYP1 38376 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 130 / Monday, July 7, 2008 / Proposed Rules mail to Diana Hynek at dHynek@noaa.gov. T. Aulani Wilhelm, Monument Superintendent (NOAA); 6600 Kalanianaole Highway, 300, Honolulu, HI 96825; (808) 397–2657. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: jlentini on PROD1PC65 with PROPOSALS FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: I. Statutory and Regulatory Background On June 15, 2006, President Bush established the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument (Monument) by issuing Presidential Proclamation 8031 (Proclamation; 71 FR 36443, June 26, 2006) under the authority of the Antiquities Act (Act) (16 U.S.C. 431). The Proclamation reserves all lands and interests in lands owned or controlled by the Government of the United States in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI), including emergent and submerged lands and waters, out to a distance of approximately 50 nautical miles (nmi) from the islands. The outer boundary of the Monument is approximately 100 nmi wide and extends approximately 1200 nmi around coral islands, seamounts, banks, and shoals. The area includes the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Coral Reef Ecosystem Reserve, the Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge/Battle of Midway National Memorial, and the Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge. The Monument was renamed the Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument by Proclamation 8112 (72 FR 10029, February 28, 2007). The Proclamation provides that the Secretary of Commerce, through NOAA, has primary responsibility regarding the management of the marine areas of the Monument, in consultation with the Secretary of the Interior. The Secretary of the Interior, through the USFWS, has sole responsibility for management of the areas of the Monument that overlay the Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge, the Battle of Midway National Memorial, and the Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge, in consultation with the Secretary of Commerce. Further, the Proclamation provides that nothing in the Proclamation diminishes or enlarges the jurisdiction of the State of Hawaii. The Monument includes state waters, including the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands State Marine Refuge and State Seabird Sanctuary at Kure Atoll. The State currently holds the submerged and ceded lands of the NWHI in trust. This public trust is overseen by the Office of Hawaiian Affairs through an amendment to the Constitution of the State of Hawaii. The State of Hawaii has VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:17 Jul 03, 2008 Jkt 214001 primary responsibility for managing the State waters of the Monument. In 2006 NOAA and USFWS published joint regulations codifying the provisions of the Proclamation (71 FR 51134, August 29, 2006). With certain exceptions, the Proclamation and the joint regulations restrict access to the Monument to persons who have been issued Monument permits. Vessels that do not have permits cannot enter the Monument except for uninterrupted passage through the Monument and notice must be provided to NOAA by telephone, fax, or e-mail not less than 72 hours and not more than one month prior to passing through the Monument. Notice must also be provided not more than twelve hours after the vessel has exited the Monument. All of the terms of the Proclamation and the regulations are applied in accordance with international law. The Proclamation directed the Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretaries of Commerce and the Interior, to take appropriate action to enter into negotiations with other governments to make necessary arrangements for the protection of the Monument and to promote the purposes for which it was established. The Proclamation further directed the Secretary of State to seek the cooperation of other governments and international organizations in furtherance of the purposes of the Proclamation and consistent with applicable regional and multilateral arrangements for the protection and management of special marine areas. In April 2007 and in accordance with the Proclamation, the United States proposed to the International Maritime Organization (IMO), a specialized agency of the United Nations, that the Monument be designated as a Particularly Sensitive Sea Area (PSSA) to protect the attributes of the fragile and integrated coral reef ecosystem from potential hazards associated with international shipping activities. The U.S. noted in its proposal that the burden on international shipping by the proposed PSSA and its associated protective measures would be minimal while its objectives—increased maritime safety, protection of the fragile environment, preservation of cultural resources and areas of cultural importance significant to Native Hawaiians, as well as facilitation of the ability to respond to developing maritime emergencies—would be significantly furthered. PSSA designation had been granted previously to only ten marine areas globally, including the marine areas around the PO 00000 Frm 00034 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 Florida Keys, the Great Barrier Reef, and the Galapagos. On April 3, 2008, the IMO designated the Monument as a PSSA. As part of the PSSA designation process, the IMO adopted U.S. proposals for associated protective measures consisting of (1) expanding and consolidating the six existing recommendatory Areas To Be Avoided (ATBA’s) in the Monument into four larger areas and enlarging the class of vessels to which they apply; and (2) establishing a ship reporting system for vessels transiting the Monument, which is mandatory for ships 300 gross tons or greater that are entering or departing a U.S. port or place and recommended for other ships. The system requires that ships notify the U.S. shore-based authority (i.e., the U.S. Coast Guard; NOAA will be receiving all messages associated with this program on behalf of the Coast Guard) at the time they begin transiting the reporting area and again when they exit. Notification is made by e-mail through the InmarsatC system or other satellite communication system. It is estimated that almost all commercial vessel traffic will be able to report via Inmarsat-C. The PSSA and associated protective measures were adopted to provide additional protection to the exceptional natural, cultural and historic resources in the Monument. Requiring vessels to notify NOAA upon entering the reporting area will help make the operators of these vessels aware that they are traveling through a fragile area with potential navigational hazards such as the extensive coral reefs found in many shallow areas of the Monument. The PSSA is now in effect, and the IMO has provided for an effective date for the associated protective measures of May 1, 2008. NOAA and USFWS are establishing the infrastructure that will be required to maintain an international ship reporting system and to ensure that information regarding PSSA designation will be incorporated into nautical charts and other information sources. This proposed rule would implement the mandatory ship reporting system as adopted by IMO, establish the reporting area using the IMO boundary coordinates, and publish the coordinates of the four ATBA’s. II. Summary of the Proposed Regulations These regulations would apply to vessels that do not have permits to enter the Monument and that would pass through the Monument without interruption. The regulations propose the following actions: E:\FR\FM\07JYP1.SGM 07JYP1 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 130 / Monday, July 7, 2008 / Proposed Rules (1) Modify the current notification requirements (at 50 CFR 404.4) for passing through the Monument without interruption and add several new associated terms and definitions (at § 404.3); (2) establish a reporting area around the Monument, extending outward ten nautical miles from the Monument boundary but excluding the ATBA’s within the Monument; (3) describe the categories of vessels to which the reporting requirement would apply; (4) specify the type of information regarding the vessel, its location, etc. that would be required in the e-mail to NOAA and would be sent in a reporting format that is consistent with the reporting system adopted by IMO; (5) allow for vessels that do not have e-mail capability to continue compliance with the current prior notification requirements; (6) recommend voluntary participation in the reporting system for all other vessels that are not required to notify NOAA; and (7) publish the revised boundaries of the four voluntary ATBA’s. Each of these elements of the proposed regulations is described below. jlentini on PROD1PC65 with PROPOSALS A. Modification of Existing Notification Requirements Current Monument regulations at 50 CFR 404.4 prohibit entry into the Monument except in certain situations. One of the exceptions is for vessels passing through the Monument without interruption. Those vessels, however, are currently required to provide notice prior to entering and after leaving the Monument. Notification of entry must VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:17 Jul 03, 2008 Jkt 214001 be provided at least 72 hours, but no longer than 1 month, prior to the entry date. Notification of departure from the Monument must be provided within 12 hours of leaving. Notification may be made by e-mail, telephone, or fax and must include the following information: position when making the report; vessel name and IMO identification number; name, address, and telephone number of owner and operator; United States Coast Guard documentation, state license, or registration number; home port; intended and actual route through the Monument; general categories of any hazardous cargo on board; and length of vessel and propulsion type (e.g., motor or sail). The proposed regulations would replace the current notification requirements for vessels that have email capability. Vessels without e-mail capability would continue to provide notification as required currently but the type of information to be provided would be modified by these regulations as described below. The following terms would be added to the definitions in the regulations at 50 CFR 404.3 to facilitate implementation of the proposed ship reporting requirements: ‘‘Areas to be avoided’’; ‘‘Categories of hazardous cargoes’’; ‘‘IMO’’; and ‘‘Reporting area.’’ The definitions to these terms are contained in the text of the proposed regulations. B. Reporting Area The proposed regulations would create a reporting area extending ten miles out and entirely around the Monument boundary. The coordinates of the proposed area are set forth in Appendix D of the proposed regulations PO 00000 Frm 00035 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 38377 and are the same as the coordinates that were adopted by IMO when it accepted the PSSA in principle and adopted the associated protective measures for the PSSA in 2007. Certain categories of vessels (described below) that intend to pass through the Monument without interruption would be required to e-mail certain information at the time they cross the reporting area boundary and again when they exit the reporting area after having passed through the Monument. The reporting area would not include the ATBA’s within the Monument. As such, vessels that pass through an ATBA while passing through the Monument would be required to notify NOAA at the time they exit the reporting area and enter the ATBA, and again when they exit the ATBA and reenter the reporting area. There are three large areas of the Monument (within the reporting area) that are not within the IMO-designated ATBA’s. These breaks between the four ATBA’s allow for primarily north-south passage through the Monument. From west to east, these areas are in the following locations and are shown in Figure 1: between the ATBA’s extending around Pearl and Hermes Atoll and Lisianski Island; between the ATBA’s around Maro Reef and Gardner Pinnacles; and between the ATBA’s around Mokumanamana (Necker Island) and Nihoa Island. It is anticipated that vessels will navigate through the Monument via these areas. Vessels passing through the Monument in these areas would only send e-mail notification upon entering the reporting area and again upon leaving it. E:\FR\FM\07JYP1.SGM 07JYP1 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 130 / Monday, July 7, 2008 / Proposed Rules Figure 1. Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas, Ship Reporting Areas, and Areas to be Avoided VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:17 Jul 03, 2008 Jkt 214001 PO 00000 Frm 00036 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 E:\FR\FM\07JYP1.SGM 07JYP1 EP07JY08.279</GPH> jlentini on PROD1PC65 with PROPOSALS 38378 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 130 / Monday, July 7, 2008 / Proposed Rules C. Vessels That Would Be Required To Provide Notification All vessels of the United States— regardless of size—would be subject to the proposed reporting requirements. All foreign vessels greater than 300 gross tons and that are either going to or coming from a U.S. port or place would also be required to participate in the ship reporting system. Foreign vessels of any size that are heading to or coming from a U.S. port or place would also be required to provide e-mail notification if they experience an emergency while crossing through the reporting area. Although e-mail capability is now routine on vessels greater than 300 gross tons and is also widely used by many smaller vessels, vessels of the United States less than 300 gross tons that do not have e-mail capability would remain subject to the advanced notice reporting requirements currently in effect. These vessels would continue to be required to follow the current reporting process: provide notice by telephone, fax, or email not less than 72 hours but not more than one month prior to entering the Monument for uninterrupted passage and to provide notification of departing the Monument within 12 hours of leaving. Vessels would not be required to provide notification if they operate in the reporting area but remain outside of the Monument, such as fishing vessels fishing outside the Monument boundary. However, if the operator of a vessel within the reporting area decides to cross uninterrupted through the Monument all of the notification requirements would then apply. In no case could the vessel lawfully pass through the Monument until notification had been provided, consistent with these proposed regulations. jlentini on PROD1PC65 with PROPOSALS D. Specific Information and Reporting Format That Would Be Required for Entry and Exit Notifications by Vessels With E-mail Capability The information that each vessel would be required to submit and the format in which it would be submitted are shown in Appendix E to the proposed regulations. The information that would be provided upon entering the reporting area and the reporting format are based on and consistent with the reporting requirements adopted by IMO and would include: Vessel identification information (i.e., name, call sign, flag, IMO identification number); date and time of entry; position; true course; speed in knots and tenths; destination and estimated time of arrival; intended route through the VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:17 Jul 03, 2008 Jkt 214001 reporting area; vessel draft; categories of hazardous cargoes on board; any vessel defects or deficiencies that restrict maneuverability or impair normal navigation; any pollution incident or goods lost overboard within the Monument, reporting area, or the U.S. EEZ; contact information for the vessel’s agent or owner; vessel size (length overall, gross tonnage) and type; and total number of persons on board. Information required when the vessel leaves the reporting area would include: Vessel identification information (i.e., name, call sign, flag, IMO identification number); date and time of exit; position; and any pollution incident or goods lost overboard within the Monument, reporting area, or the U.S. EEZ. The system that is being established to receive the notifications would be based on Inmarsat-C and NOAA would assume the cost associated with Inmarsat-C transmissions to the e-mail address provided under this program. This rule would not require a vessel to install or use Inmarsat-C, but NOAA would not assume costs associated with e-mail transmissions sent through other satellite communications systems. E. Specific Information and Reporting Format That Would Be Required for Entry and Exit Notifications by Vessels Without Onboard E-mail Capability Vessels of the United States less than 300 gross tons that do not have onboard e-mail capability would be required to submit the following information not less than 72 hours but not more than one month prior to entering the Monument for uninterrupted passage: Vessel identification information (e.g., name, call sign, flag, IMO identification number); date and time of entry; position (as applicable); destination and estimated time of arrival; intended route through the Monument and the reporting area; vessel draft; categories of hazardous cargoes on board (as applicable); any vessel defects or deficiencies that restrict maneuverability or impair normal navigation; contact information for the vessel’s agent or owner; vessel size (length overall, gross tonnage) and type; and total number of persons on board. Upon exiting the Monument these vessels would be required to provide the following information within 12 hours of leaving: Vessel identification information (e.g., name, call sign, flag, IMO identification number); date and time of exit; position; and any pollution incident or goods lost overboard within the Monument, reporting area, or the U.S. EEZ. This information could be submitted by nonvessel-based e-mail (e.g., from home or office), fax, or PO 00000 Frm 00037 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 38379 telephone. Once a vessel is equipped with an onboard e-mail system, however, it would be required to comply with the requirements for vessels with that capability, and the reporting format shown in Appendix E to the regulations would be required. F. Voluntary Participation in the Ship Reporting System by All Other Vessels Vessels that would not be required to participate in the ship reporting system are nevertheless strongly urged to participate on a voluntary basis. Participation would help make the operators of these vessels aware that they are traveling through a fragile area with potential navigational hazards such as the extensive coral reefs found in many shallow areas of the Monument. Voluntary participation would increase maritime safety, protection of the fragile environment, preservation of cultural resources and areas of cultural importance significant to Native Hawaiians. Participation would also facilitate the ability to respond to developing maritime emergencies. G. Modification of the Areas To Be Avoided (ATBA’s) An ATBA is an area within which either navigation is particularly hazardous or it is exceptionally important to avoid casualties. As such, ATBA’s should be avoided by all ships, or certain classes of ships. While ATBA’s can be mandatory (i.e., vessels are required by applicable law to avoid and operate outside of the area) most are voluntary and vessels may travel through them. The IMO adopted six voluntary ATBA’s in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands in 1980. Part of the action taken in 2008 by the IMO was to enlarge the six original ATBA’s so that they now connect in certain places resulting in four larger ATBA’s. This proposed rule would publish the coordinates of these four ATBA’s. The coordinates are attached to the proposed regulations as Appendix C. The ATBA’s would not be part of the reporting area and vessels that enter any ATBA while passing through the Monument without interruption would be required to provide an exit notification upon entering the ATBA, an entry notification again upon reentering the reporting area, and a second exit notification when the vessel departed the reporting area and the Monument on the other side. Thus, transiting through the Monument via an ATBA would require four reports as compared with the two reports required for transiting the Monument between the ATBA’s. E:\FR\FM\07JYP1.SGM 07JYP1 38380 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 130 / Monday, July 7, 2008 / Proposed Rules III. Classification A. National Environmental Policy Act A draft environmental assessment has been prepared to evaluate the proposed revisions to the reporting requirements. Copies are available at the address and Web site listed in the ADDRESSES section of this proposed rule. Responses to comments received on this proposed rule will be published in the final environmental assessment and preamble to the final rule. B. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Impact This proposed rule has been determined to be not significant within the meaning of Executive Order 12866. C. Executive Order 13132: Federalism Assessment NOAA has concluded this regulatory action does not have federalism implications sufficient to warrant preparation of a federalism assessment under Executive Order 13132. Consistent with the intent of the Proclamation, however, the federal CoTrustees will consult with the State of Hawaii, also a Monument Co-Trustee, on this matter. jlentini on PROD1PC65 with PROPOSALS D. Paperwork Reduction Act This proposed rule would be part of a collection-of-information requirement that was approved by OMB and granted OMB control number 0648–0548. The public reporting burden for entry and exit notification is expected to average 15 minutes per response. This public reporting burden includes the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Public comment is sought regarding: Whether this collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information shall have practical utility; the accuracy of the burden estimate; ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information, including through the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Send comments on these or any other aspects of the collection of information to Diana Hynek, Departmental Paperwork Clearance Officer, Department of Commerce, Room 6625, 14th and Constitution Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20230, or via e-mail at dHynek@noaa.gov. VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:17 Jul 03, 2008 Jkt 214001 Notwithstanding any other provision of the law, no person is required to respond to, nor shall any person be subject to a penalty for failure to comply with, a collection of information subject to the requirements of the PRA, unless that collection of information displays a currently valid OMB Control Number. E. Regulatory Flexibility Act The Chief Counsel for Regulation of the Department of Commerce certified to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration (SBA) that this proposed rule, if adopted, would not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. The factual basis for this certification is as follows: The proposed regulations would establish a ship reporting system for the Monument. When transiting the Monument, all U.S. vessels, all foreignflag vessels 300 gross tons or greater that are going to or coming from a U.S. port or place, and all foreign-flag vessels of any size coming from a U.S. port or place and experiencing an emergency while crossing through the reporting area would be required to participate in the reporting system. Specific information would be required to be transmitted via e-mail to NOAA upon entry into and exit from the reporting area. Vessels without onboard e-mail capability would continue to provide notification as required by current Monument regulations at 50 CFR part 404, though the information provided would be essentially the same as required by these regulations. The SBA establishes size standards for determining whether a U.S. entity is a small business. The size standards relevant to this proposed rulemaking are: finfish fishing (NAICS Code 114111): average annual receipts of $4.0 million or less; and deep sea freight transport (NAICS Code 483111): average employment of 500 employees or less. Approximately 120 U.S. fishing vessels are expected to be impacted by this rulemaking, and all are considered to be small entities. U.S. freight transport vessels are expected to be affected by this rulemaking, though none are considered to be small entities. All vessels without e-mail capability are considered to be small entities. The cost of the proposed regulation is not expected to be significant. It is expected that vessels transiting the Monument would remain outside of the designated ATBA’s to avoid navigational hazards in the ATBA’s. For these vessels, two e-mails would be required for compliance with the proposed rule: One upon entering the PO 00000 Frm 00038 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 reporting area and one upon exiting the reporting area. For those vessels that cross into the ATBA’s, four e-mails would be required. Because the ATBA’s are not part of the reporting system, the vessel would enter and exit the reporting area twice. The cost of sending an e-mail varies depending on the type of service, the provider rates and the length of the message but is estimated to be approximately $1.75 per entry report e-mail sent via Inmarsat-C. The exit report would cost approximately $0.50. It would take approximately 15 minutes or less to send each e-mail. Because NOAA would cover the monetary cost of e-mail transmissions using the Inmarsat-C system, this cost would not be accrued by any small entities. Entities using other e-mail systems, however, would bear the monetary cost of e-mail transmission in addition to the time cost. For those vessels without on-board e-mail capability, cost of compliance for notification prior to entry is expected to be the cost of a standard fax or e-mail charge, or would be free if the information is provided by telephone using the 1–800 number listed in the regulations. An exit notification made within 12 hours would require the use of a satellite telephone, the cost of which would be subject to rate variables. However, the content that would be conveyed is relatively brief and could be provided in approximately one minute. Given the minimal cost of compliance with this rulemaking, the impact of this proposed rule would not be expected to be significant. As a result, a regulatory flexibility analysis is not required and none has been prepared. IV. Request for Comments NOAA and USFWS request comments on this proposed rule amending the regulations published on August 29, 2006 (71 FR 51134), particularly concerning the ship reporting system for the Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument. List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 404 Administrative practice and procedure, Coastal zone, Fish, Fisheries, Historic preservation, Intergovernmental relations, Marine resources, Monuments and memorials, Natural resources, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Wildlife, Wildlife refuges. E:\FR\FM\07JYP1.SGM 07JYP1 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 130 / Monday, July 7, 2008 / Proposed Rules Dated: June 25, 2008. Conrad C. Lautenbacher Jr., Vice Admiral, U.S. Navy (Ret.), Undersecretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere. Lyle Laverty, Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife and Parks. Accordingly, for the reasons set forth above, NOAA and USFWS propose amending part 404, title 50 of the Code of Federal Regulations as follows: PART 404—[AMENDED] 1. The authority citation for part 404 continues to read as follows: Authority: 16 U.S.C. 431 et seq.; 16 U.S.C. 460k–3; 16 U.S.C. 1801 et seq.; 16 U.S.C. 742f, 16 U.S.C. 742l, and 16 U.S.C. 668dd– ee; 16 U.S.C. 1361 et seq.; 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq., Pub. L. No. 106–513, Sec. 6(g) (2000). 2. In § 404.3, definitions for ‘‘Areas to be avoided,’’ ‘‘Categories of hazardous cargoes,’’ ‘‘IMO,’’ and ‘‘Reporting area’’ are added alphabetically as follows: jlentini on PROD1PC65 with PROPOSALS § 404.3 Definitions. Areas to be avoided means the four designated areas that should be avoided by vessels that are conducting passage through the Monument without interruption. Appendix C sets forth the coordinates of these areas. * * * * * Categories of hazardous cargoes means goods classified in the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code; substances classified in chapter 17 of the International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (IBC Code) and chapter 19 of the International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk (IGC Code); oils as defined in MARPOL Annex I; noxious liquid substances as defined in MARPOL Annex II; harmful substances as defined in MARPOL Annex III; and radioactive materials specified in the Code for the Safe Carriage of the Irradiated Nuclear Fuel, Plutonium and High-Level Radioactive Wastes in Flasks on Board Ships (INF Code). * * * * * IMO means the International Maritime Organization. * * * * * Reporting area means the area within the coordinates set forth in Appendix D. * * * * * 3. Revise § 404.4 to read as follows: § 404.4 Access to Monument. (a) Entering the Monument is prohibited and thus unlawful except: VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:17 Jul 03, 2008 Jkt 214001 (1) As provided in §§ 404.8 and 404.9; (2) Pursuant to a permit issued under §§ 404.10 or 404.11; or (3) When conducting passage without interruption in accordance with paragraphs (b) through (f) of this section. (b) Any person passing through the Monument without interruption is subject to the prohibitions in §§ 404.5, 404.6, and 404.7. (c) The following vessels passing through the Monument without interruption must participate in the ship reporting system as provided in paragraphs (d) and (e) of this section: (1) Vessels of the United States, except as provided in paragraph (f) of this section; (2) All other ships 300 gross tonnage or greater, entering or departing a United States port or place; and (3) All other ships in the event of an emergency, entering or departing a United States port or place. (d) Immediately upon entering the reporting area, the vessels described in paragraph (c) of this section must provide the following information by e-mail sent to nwhi.notifications@noaa.gov in the IMO standard reporting format and data syntax shown in Appendix E: (1) Vessel name, call sign or ship station identity, flag, and IMO identification number if applicable, and either Federal documentation or State registration number if applicable. (2) Date, time (UTC) and month of entry. (3) Position. (4) True course. (5) Speed in knots and tenths. (6) Destination and estimated time of arrival. (7) Intended route through the Monument and the reporting area. (8) Vessel draft (in meters). (9) Categories of hazardous cargoes on board. (10) Any vessel defects or deficiencies that restrict maneuverability or impair normal navigation. (11) Any pollution incident or goods lost overboard within the Monument, the reporting area, or the U.S. EEZ. (12) Contact information for the vessel’s agent or owner. (13) Vessel size (length overall, gross tonnage) and type. (14) Total number of persons on board. (e) Immediately upon leaving the reporting area, the vessels described in paragraph (c) of this section must provide the following information by e-mail sent to nwhi.notifications@noaa.gov in the IMO standard reporting format and data syntax shown in Appendix E: PO 00000 Frm 00039 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 38381 (1) Vessel name, call sign or ship station identity, flag, and IMO identification number if applicable, and either Federal documentation or State registration number if applicable. (2) Date, time (UTC) and month of exit. (3) Position. (4) Any pollution incident or goods lost overboard within the Monument, the reporting area, or the U.S. EEZ. (f)(1) Vessels of the United States less than 300 gross tonnage that are not equipped with onboard e-mail capability must provide notification of entry and the information described in paragraphs (d)(1), (2), (3) as applicable, (6), (7), (8), (9) as applicable, (10), (12), (13), and (14) of this section at least 72 hours, but no longer than 1 month, prior to the entry date. Notification of departure from the Monument and the information described in paragraph (e) must be provided within 12 hours of leaving. Notification under this paragraph may be made by e-mail, telephone, or fax, by contacting: (i) E-mail: nwhi.notifications@noaa.gov; (ii) Telephone: 1–866–478-NWHI (6944); (iii) Fax: 1–808–397–2662. (2) The information must be provided in the IMO standard reporting format and data syntax shown in Appendix E. (g) All vessels passing through the Monument without interruption other than those described in paragraphs (c)(1) through (3) of this section should participate in the ship reporting system set forth in paragraphs (d) and (e) of this section. 4. Add Appendix C to part 404 to read as follows: Appendix C to Part 404—Boundary Coordinated for Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument Areas To Be Avoided APPENDIX C—GEOGRAPHICAL COORDINATES—AREAS TO BE AVOIDED—PAPAHANAUMOKUAKEA MARINE NATIONAL MONUMENT Reference chart: United States 540, 2008 edition; 19016, 2008 edition; 19019, 2008 edition; 19022, 2008 edition. These charts are based on World Geodetic System 1984 Datum (WGS–84) and astronomic datum. TABLE C–1.—KURE ATOLL, MIDWAY ATOLL, AND PEARL AND HERMES ATOLL Point 1 ............ 2 ............ E:\FR\FM\07JYP1.SGM 07JYP1 Latitude (N) 27°14′.76 27°24′.95 Longitude (W) 176°29′.87 177°33′.31 38382 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 130 / Monday, July 7, 2008 / Proposed Rules TABLE C–1.—KURE ATOLL, MIDWAY ATOLL, AND PEARL AND HERMES ATOLL—Continued TABLE C–2.—LISIANSKI ISLAND, LAYSAN ISLAND, MARO REEF, AND RAITA BANK—Continued Point jlentini on PROD1PC65 with PROPOSALS TABLE C–1.—KURE ATOLL, MIDWAY ATOLL, AND PEARL AND HERMES ATOLL—Continued Point Point 3 ............ 4 ............ 5 ............ 6 ............ 7 ............ 8 ............ 9 ............ 10 .......... 11 .......... 12 .......... 13 .......... 14 .......... 15 .......... 16 .......... 17 .......... 18 .......... 19 .......... 20 .......... 21 .......... 22 .......... 23 .......... 24 .......... 25 .......... 26 .......... 27 .......... 28 .......... 29 .......... 30 .......... 31 .......... 32 .......... 33 .......... 34 .......... 35 .......... 36 .......... 37 .......... 38 .......... 39 .......... 40 .......... 41 .......... 42 .......... 43 .......... 44 .......... 45 .......... 46 .......... 47 .......... 48 .......... 49 .......... 50 .......... 51 .......... 52 .......... 53 .......... 54 .......... 55 .......... 56 .......... 57 .......... 58 .......... 59 .......... 60 .......... 61 .......... 62 .......... 63 .......... 64 .......... 65 .......... 66 .......... 67 .......... 68 .......... 69 .......... 70 .......... 71 .......... 72 .......... VerDate Aug<31>2005 Latitude (N) 27°35′.87 27°36′.64 27°37′.53 27°38′.60 27°39′.85 27°41′.28 27°42′.89 27°44′.66 27°46′.59 27°48′.67 27°50′.89 27°53′.22 27°55′.69 27°58′.29 28°01′.01 28°03′.81 28°06′.71 28°09′.67 28°12′.70 28°15′.78 28°18′.91 28°22′.04 28°24′.72 28°25′.20 28°25′.81 28°28′.35 28°31′.49 28°34′.61 28°37′.69 28°40′.71 28°43′.68 28°46′.58 28°49′.39 28°52′.11 28°54′.72 28°57′.21 28°59′.58 29°01′.81 29°03′.90 29°05′.83 29°07′.60 29°09′.21 29°10′.64 29°11′.89 29°12′.95 29°13′.82 29°14′.50 29°14′.99 29°15′.28 29°15′.36 29°15′.25 29°14′.94 29°14′.43 29°03′.47 29°02′.55 28°38′.96 28°38′.67 28°34′.91 28°26′.24 28°24′.61 28°24′.53 28°20′.09 28°16′.05 28°11′.78 28°07′.29 28°02′.63 27°57′.84 27°53′.01 27°48′.12 27°43′.28 16:17 Jul 03, 2008 Longitude (W) 178°29′.90 178°33′.93 178°37′.32 178°40′.65 178°43′.90 178°47′.05 178°50′.10 178°53′.03 178°55′.83 178°58′.49 179°01′.00 179°03′.39 179°05′.61 179°07′.61 179°09′.47 179°11′.10 179°12′.53 179°13′.75 179°14′.75 179°15′.54 179°16′.11 179°16′.45 179°16′.56 179°16′.57 179°16′.56 179°16′.44 179°16′.10 179°15′.54 179°14′.75 179°13′.74 179°12′.54 179°11′.13 179°09′.52 179°07′.70 179°05′.70 179°03′.51 179°01′.15 178°58′.62 178°55′.93 178°53′.10 178°50′.13 178°47′.04 178°43′.84 178°40′.54 178°37′.16 178°33′.71 178°30′.21 178°26′.66 178°23′.08 178°19′.49 178°15′.90 178°12′.32 178°08′.78 177°12′.07 177°07′.29 175°35′.47 175°34′.35 175°19′.74 175°10′.65 175°08′.95 175°09′.04 175°04′.91 175°01′.92 174°59′.33 174°57′.23 174°55′.68 174°54′.62 174°54′.05 174°54′.05 174°54′.62 Jkt 214001 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... Latitude (N) Longitude (W) 27°38′.48 27°33′.81 27°29′.30 27°25′.00 27°20′.93 27°17′.18 27°13′.73 27°10′.59 27°07′.88 27°05′.57 27°03′.66 27°02′.22 27°01′.29 27°00′.73 27°00′.68 27°01′.09 27°01′.99 27°03′.34 27°05′.12 27°07′.37 27°09′.98 27°13′.02 27°13′.77 174°55′.71 174°57′.32 174°59′.43 175°02′.03 175°05′.07 175°08′.59 175°12′.47 175°16′.67 175°21′.25 175°26′.09 175°31′.15 175°36′.40 175°41′.78 175°47′.22 175°52′.74 175°58′.16 176°03′.53 176°08′.81 176°13′.91 176°18′.79 176°23′.40 176°27′.74 176°28′.70 TABLE C–2.—LISIANSKI ISLAND, LAYSAN ISLAND, MARO REEF, AND RAITA BANK Point 1 ............ 2 ............ 3 ............ 4 ............ 5 ............ 6 ............ 7 ............ 8 ............ 9 ............ 10 .......... 11 .......... 12 .......... 13 .......... 14 .......... 15 .......... 16 .......... 17 .......... 18 .......... 19 .......... 20 .......... 21 .......... 22 .......... 23 .......... 24 .......... 25 .......... 26 .......... 27 .......... 28 .......... 29 .......... 30 .......... 31 .......... 32 .......... 33 .......... 34 .......... 35 .......... 36 .......... 37 .......... 38 .......... PO 00000 Frm 00040 Latitude (N) Longitude (W) 26°50′.89 26°36′.00 26°35′.49 26°35′.10 26°34′.07 26°33′.35 26°14′.26 26°08′.69 26°08′.36 26°07′.62 26°06′.03 26°03′.97 26°01′.51 25°58′.65 25°55′.32 25°51′.67 25°47′.78 25°43′.54 25°39′.05 25°34′.37 25°29′.54 25°24′.61 25°19′.63 25°14′.65 25°09′.69 25°04′.85 25°00′.17 24°55′.66 24°51′.35 24°47′.37 24°43′.69 24°40′.34 24°37′.42 24°35′.00 24°33′.02 24°31′.34 24°30′.31 24°29′.68 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 173°30′.79 171°37′.70 171°33′.84 171°30′.84 171°27′.50 171°25′.16 170°23′.04 169°48′.96 169°49′.03 169°45′.83 169°40′.57 169°35′.64 169°30′.91 169°26′.45 169°22′.34 169°18′.60 169°15′.19 169°12′.34 169°09′.93 169°08′.08 169°06′.76 169°05′.93 169°05′.64 169°05′.93 169°06′.66 169°08′.02 169°09′.96 169°12′.35 169°15′.14 169°18′.48 169°22′.22 169°26′.31 169°30′.78 169°35′.64 169°40′.66 169°45′.88 169°51′.08 169°56′.53 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... Latitude (N) 24°29′.56 24°29′.61 24°35′.77 24°36′.29 24°37′.18 24°37′.76 24°56′.23 25°16′.61 25°29′.56 25°33′.28 25°37′.33 25°41′.68 25°46′.23 25°50′.93 25°55′.80 26°00′.71 26°05′.67 26°10′.59 26°15′.46 26°20′.20 26°24′.75 26°29′.15 26°33′.26 26°37′.11 26°40′.60 26°43′.75 26°46′.49 26°48′.90 26°50′.79 26°52′.20 26°53′.21 26°53′.74 26°53′.74 26°53′.29 26°52′.56 26°51′.85 26°51′.13 26°50′.75 Longitude (W) 170°01′.81 170°04′.57 170°44′.39 170°47′.58 170°50′.37 170°52′.17 171°50′.19 174°24′.84 174°38′.45 174°42′.03 174°45′.20 174°47′.84 174°50′.05 174°51′.77 174°52′.91 174°53′.47 174°53′.61 174°53′.07 174°52′.08 174°50′.57 174°48′.44 174°45′.94 174°42′.96 174°39′.49 174°35′.63 174°31′.43 174°26′.87 174°22′.09 174°17′.03 174°11′.79 174°06′.43 174°00′.98 173°55′.48 173°50′.02 173°44′.58 173°39′.14 173°33′.69 173°30′.87 TABLE C–3.—GARDNER PINNACLES, FRENCH FRIGATE SHOALS, AND NECKER ISLAND Point 1 ............ 2 ............ 3 ............ 4 ............ 5 ............ 6 ............ 7 ............ 8 ............ 9 ............ 10 .......... 11 .......... 12 .......... 13 .......... 14 .......... 15 .......... 16 .......... 17 .......... 18 .......... 19 .......... 20 .......... 21 .......... 22 .......... E:\FR\FM\07JYP1.SGM 07JYP1 Latitude (N) 25°49′.64 25°49′.70 25°48′.99 25°47′.09 25°39′.84 25°35′.10 25°10′.43 24°40′.91 24°35′.64 24°23′.78 24°23′.59 24°23′.31 24°21′.85 24°20′.10 24°17′.75 24°14′.99 24°11′.86 24°08′.30 24°04′.48 24°00′.27 23°55′.85 23°51′.17 Longitude (W) 167°52′.66 167°52′.65 167°48′.35 167°36′.72 167°26′.48 167°19′.79 166°45′.00 166°03′.36 165°34′.99 164°31′.12 164°31′.14 164°29′.74 164°24′.52 164°19′.39 164°14′.56 164°09′.97 164°05′.69 164°01′.80 163°58′.23 163°55′.22 163°52′.59 163°50′.56 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 130 / Monday, July 7, 2008 / Proposed Rules TABLE C–3.—GARDNER PINNACLES, FRENCH FRIGATE SHOALS, AND NECKER ISLAND—Continued Point 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... Latitude (N) 23°46′.33 23°41′.37 23°36′.34 23°31′.27 23°26′.27 23°21′.34 23°16′.53 23°11′.96 23°07′.54 23°03′.46 22°59′.65 22°56′.27 22°53′.22 22°50′.60 22°48′.48 22°46′.73 22°45′.49 22°44′.83 22°44′.65 22°44′.92 22°45′.11 22°45′.39 22°45′.17 22°50′.26 22°55′.50 22°55′.93 22°57′.41 23°03′.75 23°05′.48 24°12′.70 24°12′.88 24°16′.05 24°19′.15 24°22′.27 24°25′.71 24°29′.51 24°33′.67 24°38′.06 24°42′.68 24°47′.45 24°52′.34 24°57′.32 25°02′.32 25°07′.30 25°12′.19 25°16′.99 25°21′.57 25°25′.94 25°30′.09 25°33′.89 25°37′.37 25°40′.49 25°43′.24 25°45′.57 25°47′.43 25°48′.79 25°49′.72 25°50′.11 25°50′.18 Longitude (W) 163°48′.98 163°47′.99 163°47′.56 163°47′.60 163°48′.28 163°49′.50 163°51′.14 163°53′.47 163°56′.15 163°59′.38 164°03′.01 164°07′.10 164°11′.49 164°16′.18 164°21′.16 164°26′.28 164°31′.60 164°37′.03 164°42′.51 164°47′.99 164°49′.52 164°51′.48 164°51′.53 165°34′.99 166°19′.63 166°23′.32 166°36′.00 166°45′.00 166°47′.45 168°22′.86 168°22′.78 168°27′.28 168°31′.66 168°35′.95 168°39′.94 168°43′.55 168°46′.63 168°49′.29 168°51′.46 168°53′.12 168°54′.28 168°54′.82 168°54′.95 168°54′.43 168°53′.32 168°51′.76 168°49′.60 168°46′.93 168°43′.86 168°40′.42 168°36′.52 168°32′.24 168°27′.68 168°22′.82 168°17′.76 168°12′.47 168°07′.09 168°01′.62 168°00′.09 jlentini on PROD1PC65 with PROPOSALS TABLE C–4.—NIHOA ISLAND Point 1 2 3 4 ............ ............ ............ ............ VerDate Aug<31>2005 Latitude (N) 23°52′.82 23°52′.10 23°51′.18 23°50′.08 16:17 Jul 03, 2008 Longitude (W) 161°44′.54 161°41′.20 161°37′.92 161°34′.71 Jkt 214001 TABLE C–4.—NIHOA ISLAND— Continued Point 5 ............ 6 ............ 7 ............ 8 ............ 9 ............ 10 .......... 11 .......... 12 .......... 13 .......... 14 .......... 15 .......... 16 .......... 17 .......... 18 .......... 19 .......... 20 .......... 21 .......... 22 .......... 23 .......... 24 .......... 25 .......... 26 .......... 27 .......... 28 .......... 29 .......... 30 .......... 31 .......... 32 .......... 33 .......... 34 .......... 35 .......... 36 .......... 37 .......... 38 .......... 39 .......... 40 .......... 41 .......... 42 .......... 43 .......... 44 .......... 45 .......... 46 .......... 47 .......... 48 .......... 49 .......... 50 .......... 51 .......... 52 .......... 53 .......... 54 .......... 55 .......... 56 .......... 57 .......... 58 .......... 59 .......... 60 .......... 61 .......... 62 .......... 63 .......... 64 .......... 65 .......... 66 .......... 67 .......... 68 .......... 69 .......... 70 .......... 71 .......... 72 .......... 73 .......... 74 .......... 75 .......... PO 00000 Frm 00041 Latitude (N) Longitude (W) 23°48′.79 23°47′.33 23°45′.69 23°43′.88 23°41′.92 23°39′.80 23°37′.54 23°35′.14 23°32′.62 23°29′.99 23°27′.25 23°24′.42 23°21′.51 23°18′.52 23°15′.48 23°12′.39 23°09′.27 23°06′.13 23°02′.97 22°59′.82 22°56′.69 22°53′.58 22°50′.51 22°47′.50 22°44′.55 22°41′.67 22°38′.88 22°36′.19 22°33′.61 22°31′.14 22°28′.81 22°26′.61 22°24′.56 22°22′.66 22°20′.92 22°19′.35 22°17′.95 22°16′.73 22°15′.70 22°14′.85 22°14′.20 22°13′.73 22°13′.47 22°13′.40 22°13′.53 22°13′.85 22°14′.31 22°14′.37 22°14′.59 22°15′.87 22°17′.70 22°19′.97 22°22′.73 22°25′.88 22°29′.41 22°33′.28 22°37′.47 22°41′.93 22°46′.63 22°51′.48 22°56′.46 23°01′.50 23°06′.58 23°11′.61 23°16′.57 23°21′.36 23°26′.02 23°30′.40 23°34′.51 23°38′.26 23°41′.69 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 161°31′.58 161°28′.55 161°25′.62 161°22′.81 161°20′.13 161°17′.60 161°15′.21 161°12′.99 161°10′.93 161°09′.05 161°07′.35 161°05′.85 161°04′.54 161°03′.43 161°02′.53 161°01′.84 161°01′.35 161°01′.09 161°01′.03 161°01′.19 161°01′.57 161°02′.15 161°02′.95 161°03′.95 161°05′.15 161°06′.54 161°08′.13 161°09′.90 161°11′.85 161°13′.97 161°16′.25 161°18′.69 161°21′.26 161°23′.97 161°26′.80 161°29′.74 161°32′.78 161°35′.90 161°39′.10 161°42′.37 161°45′.68 161°49′.03 161°52′.41 161°55′.80 161°59′.18 162°02′.55 162°05′.45 162°05′.89 162°06′.88 162°12′.18 162°17′.31 162°22′.20 162°26′.84 162°31′.15 162°35′.09 162°38′.61 162°41′.72 162°44′.34 162°46′.47 162°48′.05 162°49′.09 162°49′.58 162°49′.49 162°48′.89 162°47′.70 162°45′.98 162°43′.75 162°41′.01 162°37′.83 162°34′.18 162°30′.18 38383 TABLE C–4.—NIHOA ISLAND— Continued Point 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... Latitude (N) 23°44′.72 23°47′.36 23°49′.55 23°51′.24 23°52′.44 23°53′.14 23°53′.36 23°53′.09 23°52′.82 23°52′.39 Longitude (W) 162°25′.79 162°21′.11 162°16′.16 162°10′.99 162°05′.63 162°00′.25 161°54′.75 161°49′.28 161°47′.09 161°44′.67 5. Add Appendix D to Part 404 to read as follows: Appendix D to Part 404—Boundary Coordinates for Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument Ship Reporting Area APPENDIX D—GEOGRAPHICAL COORDINATES—SHIP REPORTING AREA—PAPAHANAUMOKUAKEA MARINE NATIONAL MONUMENT Reference chart: United States 540, 2008 edition; 19016, 2008 edition; 19019, 2008 edition; 19022, 2008 edition. These charts are based on World Geodetic System 1984 Datum (WGS–84) and astronomic datum. TABLE D–1.—OUTER BOUNDARY Point 1 ............ 2 ............ 3 ............ 4 ............ 5 ............ 6 ............ 7 ............ 8 ............ 9 ............ 10 .......... 11 .......... 12 .......... 13 .......... 14 .......... 15 .......... 16 .......... 17 .......... 18 .......... 19 .......... 20 .......... 21 .......... 22 .......... 23 .......... 24 .......... 25 .......... 26 .......... 27 .......... 28 .......... 29 .......... 30 .......... 31 .......... 32 .......... 33 .......... 34 .......... E:\FR\FM\07JYP1.SGM 07JYP1 Latitude (N) 29°25′.47 28°43′.73 27°00′.77 26°44′.91 26°24′.23 25°56′.43 24°50′.20 24°05′.52 24°05′.29 24°04′.37 24°03′.44 24°02′.41 24°01′.31 23°59′.68 23°57′.85 23°55′.54 23°52′.96 23°50′.12 23°46′.94 23°43′.49 23°39′.71 23°35′.72 23°31′.59 23°27′.32 23°22′.74 23°18′.29 23°13′.57 23°08′.68 23°03′.70 22°58′.67 22°53′.84 22°49′.11 22°44′.46 22°40′.03 Longitude (W) 178°16′.97 175°13′.84 173°25′.78 171°28′.07 170°20′.59 167°32′.10 165°58′.69 161°56′.86 161°56′.62 161°51′.53 161°46′.45 161°41′.39 161°36′.35 161°31′.55 161°26′.85 161°22′.31 161°17′.92 161°13′.72 161°10′.08 161°06′.47 161°03′.09 161°00′.14 160°57′.46 160°55′.23 160°53′.71 160°52′.17 160°51′.04 160°50′.46 160°50′.17 160°50′.35 160°51′.04 160°52′.20 160°53′.56 160°55′.52 38384 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 130 / Monday, July 7, 2008 / Proposed Rules TABLE D–1.—OUTER BOUNDARY— Continued jlentini on PROD1PC65 with PROPOSALS Point 35 .......... 36 .......... 37 .......... 38 .......... 39 .......... 40 .......... 41 .......... 42 .......... 43 .......... 44 .......... 45 .......... 46 .......... 47 .......... 48 .......... 49 .......... 50 .......... 51 .......... 52 .......... 53 .......... 54 .......... 55 .......... 56 .......... 57 .......... 58 .......... 59 .......... 60 .......... 61 .......... 62 .......... 63 .......... 64 .......... 65 .......... 66 .......... 67 .......... 68 .......... 69 .......... 70 .......... 71 .......... 72 .......... 73 .......... 74 .......... 75 .......... 76 .......... 77 .......... 78 .......... 79 .......... 80 .......... 81 .......... 82 .......... 83 .......... 84 .......... 85 .......... 86 .......... 87 .......... 88 .......... 89 .......... 90 .......... 91 .......... 92 .......... 93 .......... 94 .......... 95 .......... 96 .......... 97 .......... 98 .......... 99 .......... 100 ........ VerDate Aug<31>2005 Latitude (N) 22°35′.73 22°31′.54 22°27′.57 22°23′.76 22°20′.24 22°17′.02 22°14′.04 22°11′.35 22°09′.19 22°07′.29 22°05′.87 22°04′.62 22°03′.94 22°03′.41 22°03′.41 22°03′.82 22°04′.49 22°05′.43 22°05′.97 22°06′.29 22°34′.57 22°47′.60 24°03′.82 24°25′.76 24°46′.54 25°07′.60 27°05′.82 27°27′.32 27°28′.93 27°30′.64 27°32′.74 27°35′.06 27°37′.89 27°40′.90 27°44′.17 27°47′.74 27°51′.45 27°55′.32 27°59′.33 28°03′.49 28°07′.82 28°12′.31 28°16′.95 28°21′.61 28°26′.18 28°30′.87 28°35′.61 28°40′.09 28°44′.46 28°48′.70 28°52′.81 28°56′.71 29°00′.58 29°04′.18 29°07′.62 29°10′.86 29°13′.76 29°16′.24 29°18′.51 29°20′.45 29°22′.26 29°23′.52 29°24′.53 29°25′.16 29°25′.42 29°25′.29 16:17 Jul 03, 2008 TABLE D–2.—INNER BOUNDARY AROUND KURE ATOLL, MIDWAY ATOLL, AND PEARL AND HERMES ATOLL Point Longitude (W) 160°57′.68 161°00′.25 161°03′.23 161°06′.64 161°10′.23 161°14′.13 161°18′.34 161°22′.80 161°27′.45 161°32′.11 161°36′.94 161°41′.89 161°47′.09 161°52′.36 161°57′.51 162°02′.83 162°08′.04 162°13′.12 162°16′.41 162°16′.85 164°47′.27 166°38′.23 168°27′.91 170°45′.39 171°53′.03 174°28′.71 176°35′.51 178°38′.66 178°43′.56 178°48′.40 178°52′.96 178°57′.30 179°01′.49 179°05′.60 179°09′.41 179°12′.85 179°16′.00 179°18′.82 179°21′.13 179°23′.15 179°24′.76 179°26′.18 179°27′.05 179°27′.63 179°27′.77 179°27′.48 179°26′.95 179°25′.75 179°24′.31 179°22′.50 179°20′.43 179°17′.77 179°14′.92 179°11′.69 179°08′.20 179°04′.37 179°00′.21 178°55′.78 178°51′.26 178°46′.50 178°41′.67 178°36′.64 178°31′.54 178°26′.31 178°20′.92 178°16′.70 Jkt 214001 TABLE D–2.—INNER BOUNDARY AROUND KURE ATOLL, MIDWAY ATOLL, AND PEARL AND HERMES ATOLL—Continued Point 1 ............ 2 ............ 3 ............ 4 ............ 5 ............ 6 ............ 7 ............ 8 ............ 9 ............ 10 .......... 11 .......... 12 .......... 13 .......... 14 .......... 15 .......... 16 .......... 17 .......... 18 .......... 19 .......... 20 .......... 21 .......... 22 .......... 23 .......... 24 .......... 25 .......... 26 .......... 27 .......... 28 .......... 29 .......... 30 .......... 31 .......... 32 .......... 33 .......... 34 .......... 35 .......... 36 .......... 37 .......... 38 .......... 39 .......... 40 .......... 41 .......... 42 .......... 43 .......... 44 .......... 45 .......... 46 .......... 47 .......... 48 .......... 49 .......... 50 .......... 51 .......... 52 .......... 53 .......... 54 .......... 55 .......... 56 .......... 57 .......... 58 .......... 59 .......... 60 .......... 61 .......... 62 .......... 63 .......... 64 .......... 65 .......... 66 .......... 67 .......... 68 .......... PO 00000 Frm 00042 Latitude (N) Longitude (W) 27°14′.76 27°24′.95 27°35′.87 27°36′.64 27°37′.53 27°38′.60 27°39′.85 27°41′.28 27°42′.89 27°44′.66 27°46′.59 27°48′.67 27°50′.89 27°53′.22 27°55′.69 27°58′.29 28°01′.01 28°03′.81 28°06′.71 28°09′.67 28°12′.70 28°15′.78 28°18′.91 28°22′.04 28°24′.72 28°25′.20 28°25′.81 28°28′.35 28°31′.49 28°34′.61 28°37′.69 28°40′.71 28°43′.68 28°46′.58 28°49′.39 28°52′.11 28°54′.72 28°57′.21 28°59′.58 29°01′.81 29°03′.90 29°05′.83 29°07′.60 29°09′.21 29°10′.64 29°11′.89 29°12′.95 29°13′.82 29°14′.50 29°14′.99 29°15′.28 29°15′.36 29°15′.25 29°14′.94 29°14′.43 29°03′.47 29°02′.55 28°38′.96 28°38′.67 28°34′.91 28°26′.24 28°24′.61 28°24′.53 28°20′.09 28°16′.05 28°11′.78 28°07′.29 28°02′.63 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 176°29′.87 177°33′.31 178°29′.90 178°33′.93 178°37′.32 178°40′.65 178°43′.90 178°47′.05 178°50′.10 178°53′.03 178°55′.83 178°58′.49 179°01′.00 179°03′.39 179°05′.61 179°07′.61 179°09′.47 179°11′.10 179°12′.53 179°13′.75 179°14′.75 179°15′.54 179°16′.11 179°16′.45 179°16′.56 179°16′.57 179°16′.56 179°16′.44 179°16′.10 179°15′.54 179°14′.75 179°13′.74 179°12′.54 179°11′.13 179°09′.52 179°07′.70 179°05′.70 179°03′.51 179°01′.15 178°58′.62 178°55′.93 178°53′.10 178°50′.13 178°47′.04 178°43′.84 178°40′.54 178°37′.16 178°33′.71 178°30′.21 178°26′.66 178°23′.08 178°19′.49 178°15′.90 178°12′.32 178°08′.78 177°12′.07 177°07′.29 175°35′.47 175°34′.35 175°19′.74 175°10′.65 175°08′.95 175°09′.04 175°04′.91 175°01′.92 174°59′.33 174°57′.23 174°55′.68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... Latitude (N) 27°57′.84 27°53′.01 27°48′.12 27°43′.28 27°38′.48 27°33′.81 27°29′.30 27°25′.00 27°20′.93 27°17′.18 27°13′.73 27°10′.59 27°07′.88 27°05′.57 27°03′.66 27°02′.22 27°01′.29 27°00′.73 27°00′.68 27°01′.09 27°01′.99 27°03′.34 27°05′.12 27°07′.37 27°09′.98 27°13′.02 27°13′.77 Longitude (W) 174°54′.62 174°54′.05 174°54′.05 174°54′.62 174°55′.71 174°57′.32 174°59′.43 175°02′.03 175°05′.07 175°08′.59 175°12′.47 175°16′.67 175°21′.25 175°26′.09 175°31′.15 175°36′.40 175°41′.78 175°47′.22 175°52′.74 175°58′.16 176°03′.53 176°08′.81 176°13′.91 176°18′.79 176°23′.40 176°27′.74 176°28′.70 TABLE D–3.—INNER BOUNDARY AROUND LISIANSKI ISLAND, LAYSAN ISLAND, MARO REEF, AND RAITA BANK Point 1 ............ 2 ............ 3 ............ 4 ............ 5 ............ 6 ............ 7 ............ 8 ............ 9 ............ 10 .......... 11 .......... 12 .......... 13 .......... 14 .......... 15 .......... 16 .......... 17 .......... 18 .......... 19 .......... 20 .......... 21 .......... 22 .......... 23 .......... 24 .......... 25 .......... 26 .......... 27 .......... 28 .......... 29 .......... 30 .......... 31 .......... 32 .......... E:\FR\FM\07JYP1.SGM 07JYP1 Latitude (N) 26°50′.89 26°36′.00 26°35′.49 26°35′.10 26°34′.07 26°33′.35 26°14′.26 26°08′.69 26°08′.36 26°07′.62 26°06′.03 26°03′.97 26°01′.51 25°58′.65 25°55′.32 25°51′.67 25°47′.78 25°43′.54 25°39′.05 25°34′.37 25°29′.54 25°24′.61 25°19′.63 25°14′.65 25°09′.69 25°04′.85 25°00′.17 24°55′.66 24°51′.35 24°47′.37 24°43′.69 24°40′.34 Longitude (W) 173°30′.79 171°37′.70 171°33′.84 171°30′.84 171°27′.50 171°25′.16 170°23′.04 169°48′.96 169°49′.03 169°45′.83 169°40′.57 169°35′.64 169°30′.91 169°26′.45 169°22′.34 169°18′.60 169°15′.19 169°12′.34 169°09′.93 169°08′.08 169°06′.76 169°05′.93 169°05′.64 169°05′.93 169°06′.66 169°08′.02 169°09′.96 169°12′.35 169°15′.14 169°18′.48 169°22′.22 169°26′.31 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 130 / Monday, July 7, 2008 / Proposed Rules TABLE D–3.—INNER BOUNDARY AROUND LISIANSKI ISLAND, LAYSAN ISLAND, MARO REEF, AND RAITA BANK—Continued TABLE D–4.—INNER BOUNDARY AROUND GARDNER PINNACLES, FRENCH FRIGATE SHOALS, AND NECKER ISLAND—Continued Point Point 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... Latitude (N) 24°37′.42 24°35′.00 24°33′.02 24°31′.34 24°30′.31 24°29′.68 24°29′.56 24°29′.61 24°35′.77 24°36′.29 24°37′.18 24°37′.76 24°56′.23 25°16′.61 25°29′.56 25°33′.28 25°37′.33 25°41′.68 25°46′.23 25°50′.93 25°55′.80 26°00′.71 26°05′.67 26°10′.59 26°15′.46 26°20′.20 26°24′.75 26°29′.15 26°33′.26 26°37′.11 26°40′.60 26°43′.75 26°46′.49 26°48′.90 26°50′.79 26°52′.20 26°53′.21 26°53′.74 26°53′.74 26°53′.29 26°52′.56 26°51′.85 26°51′.13 26°50′.75 Longitude (W) 169°30′.78 169°35′.64 169°40′.66 169°45′.88 169°51′.08 169°56′.53 170°01′.81 170°04′.57 170°44′.39 170°47′.58 170°50′.37 170°52′.17 171°50′.19 174°24′.84 174°38′.45 174°42′.03 174°45′.20 174°47′.84 174°50′.05 174°51′.77 174°52′.91 174°53′.47 174°53′.61 174°53′.07 174°52′.08 174°50′.57 174°48′.44 174°45′.94 174°42′.96 174°39′.49 174°35′.63 174°31′.43 174°26′.87 174°22′.09 174°17′.03 174°11′.79 174°06′.43 174°00′.98 173°55′.48 173°50′.02 173°44′.58 173°39′.14 173°33′.69 173°30′.87 TABLE D–4.—INNER BOUNDARY GARDNER PINNACLES, AROUND FRENCH FRIGATE SHOALS, AND NECKER ISLAND jlentini on PROD1PC65 with PROPOSALS Point 1 ............ 2 ............ 3 ............ 4 ............ 5 ............ 6 ............ 7 ............ 8 ............ 9 ............ 10 .......... 11 .......... 12 .......... 13 .......... 14 .......... 15 .......... VerDate Aug<31>2005 Latitude (N) 25°49′.64 25°49′.70 25°48′.99 25°47′.09 25°39′.84 25°35′.10 25°10′.43 24°40′.91 24°35′.64 24°23′.78 24°23′.59 24°23′.31 24°21′.85 24°20′.10 24°17′.75 16:17 Jul 03, 2008 Longitude (W) 167°52′.66 167°52′.65 167°48′.35 167°36′.72 167°26′.48 167°19′.79 166°45′.00 166°03′.36 165°34′.99 164°31′.12 164°31′.14 164°29′.74 164°24′.52 164°19′.39 164°14′.56 Jkt 214001 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 PO 00000 .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... Frm 00043 Latitude (N) Longitude (W) 24°14′.99 24°11′.86 24°08′.30 24°04′.48 24°00′.27 23°55′.85 23°51′.17 23°46′.33 23°41′.37 23°36′.34 23°31′.27 23°26′.27 23°21′.34 23°16′.53 23°11′.96 23°07′.54 23°03′.46 22°59′.65 22°56′.27 22°53′.22 22°50′.60 22°48′.48 22°46′.73 22°45′.49 22°44′.83 22°44′.65 22°44′.92 22°45′.11 22°45′.39 22°45′.17 22°50′.26 22°55′.50 22°55′.93 22°57′.41 23°03′.75 23°05′.48 24°12′.70 24°12′.88 24°16′.05 24°19′.15 24°22′.27 24°25′.71 24°29′.51 24°33′.67 24°38′.06 24°42′.68 24°47′.45 24°52′.34 24°57′.32 25°02′.32 25°07′.30 25°12′.19 25°16′.99 25°21′.57 25°25′.94 25°30′.09 25°33′.89 25°37′.37 25°40′.49 25°43′.24 25°45′.57 25°47′.43 25°48′.79 25°49′.72 25°50′.11 25°50′.18 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 164°09′.97 164°05′.69 164°01′.80 163°58′.23 163°55′.22 163°52′.59 163°50′.56 163°48′.98 163°47′.99 163°47′.56 163°47′.60 163°48′.28 163°49′.50 163°51′.14 163°53′.47 163°56′.15 163°59′.38 164°03′.01 164°07′.10 164°11′.49 164°16′.18 164°21′.16 164°26′.28 164°31′.60 164°37′.03 164°42′.51 164°47′.99 164°49′.52 164°51′.48 164°51′.53 165°34′.99 166°19′.63 166°23′.32 166°36′.00 166°45′.00 166°47′.45 168°22′.86 168°22′.78 168°27′.28 168°31′.66 168°35′.95 168°39′.94 168°43′.55 168°46′.63 168°49′.29 168°51′.46 168°53′.12 168°54′.28 168°54′.82 168°54′.95 168°54′.43 168°53′.32 168°51′.76 168°49′.60 168°46′.93 168°43′.86 168°40′.42 168°36′.52 168°32′.24 168°27′.68 168°22′.82 168°17′.76 168°12′.47 168°07′.09 168°01′.62 168°00′.09 38385 TABLE D–5.—INNER BOUNDARY AROUND NIHOA ISLAND Point 1 ............ 2 ............ 3 ............ 4 ............ 5 ............ 6 ............ 7 ............ 8 ............ 9 ............ 10 .......... 11 .......... 12 .......... 13 .......... 14 .......... 15 .......... 16 .......... 17 .......... 18 .......... 19 .......... 20 .......... 21 .......... 22 .......... 23 .......... 24 .......... 25 .......... 26 .......... 27 .......... 28 .......... 29 .......... 30 .......... 31 .......... 32 .......... 33 .......... 34 .......... 35 .......... 36 .......... 37 .......... 38 .......... 39 .......... 40 .......... 41 .......... 42 .......... 43 .......... 44 .......... 45 .......... 46 .......... 47 .......... 48 .......... 49 .......... 50 .......... 51 .......... 52 .......... 53 .......... 54 .......... 55 .......... 56 .......... 57 .......... 58 .......... 59 .......... 60 .......... 61 .......... 62 .......... 63 .......... 64 .......... 65 .......... 66 .......... 67 .......... 68 .......... 69 .......... 70 .......... 71 .......... E:\FR\FM\07JYP1.SGM 07JYP1 Latitude (N) 23°52′.82 23°52′.10 23°51′.18 23°50′.08 23°48′.79 23°47′.33 23°45′.69 23°43′.88 23°41′.92 23°39′.80 23°37′.54 23°35′.14 23°32′.62 23°29′.99 23°27′.25 23°24′.42 23°21′.51 23°18′.52 23°15′.48 23°12′.39 23°09′.27 23°06′.13 23°02′.97 22°59′.82 22°56′.69 22°53′.58 22°50′.51 22°47′.50 22°44′.55 22°41′.67 22°38′.88 22°36′.19 22°33′.61 22°31′.14 22°28′.81 22°26′.61 22°24′.56 22°22′.66 22°20′.92 22°19′.35 22°17′.95 22°16′.73 22°15′.70 22°14′.85 22°14′.20 22°13′.73 22°13′.47 22°13′.40 22°13′.53 22°13′.85 22°14′.31 22°14′.37 22°14′.59 22°15′.87 22°17′.70 22°19′.97 22°22′.73 22°25′.88 22°29′.41 22°33′.28 22°37′.47 22°41′.93 22°46′.63 22°51′.48 22°56′.46 23°01′.50 23°06′.58 23°11′.61 23°16′.57 23°21′.36 23°26′.02 Longitude (W) 161°44′.54 161°41′.20 161°37′.92 161°34′.71 161°31′.58 161°28′.55 161°25′.62 161°22′.81 161°20′.13 161°17′.60 161°15′.21 161°12′.99 161°10′.93 161°09′.05 161°07′.35 161°05′.85 161°04′.54 161°03′.43 161°02′.53 161°01′.84 161°01′.35 161°01′.09 161°01′.03 161°01′.19 161°01′.57 161°02′.15 161°02′.95 161°03′.95 161°05′.15 161°06′.54 161°08′.13 161°09′.90 161°11′.85 161°13′.97 161°16′.25 161°18′.69 161°21′.26 161°23′.97 161°26′.80 161°29′.74 161°32′.78 161°35′.90 161°39′.10 161°42′.37 161°45′.68 161°49′.03 161°52′.41 161°55′.80 161°59′.18 162°02′.55 162°05′.45 162°05′.89 162°06′.88 162°12′.18 162°17′.31 162°22′.20 162°26′.84 162°31′.15 162°35′.09 162°38′.61 162°41′.72 162°44′.34 162°46′.47 162°48′.05 162°49′.09 162°49′.58 162°49′.49 162°48′.89 162°47′.70 162°45′.98 162°43′.75 38386 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 130 / Monday, July 7, 2008 / Proposed Rules TABLE D–5.—INNER BOUNDARY AROUND NIHOA ISLAND—Continued TABLE D–5.—INNER BOUNDARY AROUND NIHOA ISLAND—Continued Point Point 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 Latitude (N) .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... Longitude (W) 23°30′.40 23°34′.51 23°38′.26 23°41′.69 23°44′.72 23°47′.36 23°49′.55 23°51′.24 23°52′.44 23°53′.14 23°53′.36 23°53′.09 162°41′.01 162°37′.83 162°34′.18 162°30′.18 162°25′.79 162°21′.11 162°16′.16 162°10′.99 162°05′.63 162°00′.25 161°54′.75 161°49′.28 84 .......... 85 .......... Latitude (N) Longitude (W) 23°52′.82 23°52′.39 161°47′.09 161°44′.67 6. Add Appendix E to Part 404 to read as follows: Appendix E to Part 404—Content and Syntax for Papahanaumokuakea Ship Reporting System Immediately upon crossing the reporting area boundary, notification should be sent as a direct e-mail to nwhi.notifications@noaa.gov in the prescribed format and data syntax shown. Use of batch message routing services which may delay receipt of a report should not be used. Failure to follow the exact format (e.g., extra information, extraneous characters, or double spacing) may cause the automated computer system to reject your report. Note: Report transmission costs via INMARSAT–C will be assumed by NOAA. E.1 Entry Notification Format Immediately upon entering the Reporting Area, vessels required to participate must provide the following information. TABLE E.1.—INFORMATION REQUIRED FOR ENTRY NOTIFICATION Telegraphy Function Information required Example field text A .............................. System identifier ... Ship ....................... CORAL SHIPREP // ............................................................ Vessel name / call sign / flag / IMO number / Federal documentation or State registration number if applicable //. A 6-digit group giving day of month (first two digits), hours and minutes (last four digits) in coordinated universal time, suffixed by the letter Z (indicating time in UTC), and three letters indicating month //. A 4-digit group giving latitude in degrees and minutes, suffixed with the letter N (indicating north), followed by a single / , and a 5-digit group giving longitude in degrees and minutes, suffixed with the letter W (indicating west) // [Report in the World Geodetic System 1984 Datum (WGS–84)]. 3-digit number indicating true course // ............................... 3-digit group indicating knots decimal tenths // ................... CORAL SHIPREP// A/OCEAN VOYAGER/C5FU8/BAHAMAS/IMO 9359165// B/271107Z DEC// Name of port city / country / estimated arrival date and time group expressed as in (B) //. I/SEATTLE/USA/311230Z DEC// Route information should be reported as a direct rhumbline (RL) course through the reporting area and intended speed (expressed as in E and F) or a series of way points (WP). Each waypoint entry should be reported as latitude and longitude, expressed as in (C), and intended speed between waypoints (as in F) // (Note: As many ‘‘L’’ lines as needed may be used to describe the vessel’s intended route.). Maximum present static draft reported in meters decimal centimeters //. Classification Code (e.g. IMDG, IBC, IGC, INF) / and all corresponding Categories of Hazardous Cargoes (delimited by commas) // Note: If necessary, use a separate ‘‘P’’ line for each type of Classification Code.. Brief details of defects, damage, deficiencies or limitations that restrict maneuverability or impair normal navigation // (If none, enter the number zero.). Description of pollution incident or goods lost overboard within the Monument, the Reporting Area, or the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone // (If none, enter the number zero.). Name / address / and phone number of ship’s agent or owner //. L/RL/215/20.5// or L/WP/2734N/ 17352W/20.5//L/WP/2641N/17413W/ 20.5//L/WP/2605N/17530W/20.5// B .............................. Date, time (UTC), and month of entry. C .............................. Position ................. E .............................. F .............................. True course ........... Speed in knots and tenths. Destination and estimated time of arrival. Intended route through the reporting area. I ............................... L .............................. P .............................. Vessel draft in meters. Categories of Hazardous Cargoes*. Q ............................. Defects or deficiencies**. R .............................. Pollution incident or goods lost overboard**. T .............................. Contact information of ship’s agent or owner. U .............................. jlentini on PROD1PC65 with PROPOSALS O ............................. Ship size (length overall and gross tonnage) and type. W ............................. Persons ................. Length overall reported in meters decimal centimeters / number of gross tons / type of ship (e.g. bulk carrier, chemical tanker, oil tanker, gas tanker, container, general cargo, fishing vessel, research, passenger, OBO, RORO) //. Total number of persons on board // ................................... C/2728N/17356W// E/180// F/20.5// O/11.50// P/IMDG/1.4G,2.1,2.2,2.3,3,4.1,6.1,8,9// Q/Include details as required// R/0// T/JOHN DOE/GENERIC SHIPPING COMPANY INC, 6101 ACME ROAD, ROOM 123, CITY, STATE, COUNTRY 12345/123–123–1234// U/294.14/54592/CONTAINER SHIP// W/15// Table E.1. Notes: VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:17 Jul 03, 2008 Jkt 214001 PO 00000 Frm 00044 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\07JYP1.SGM 07JYP1 38387 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 130 / Monday, July 7, 2008 / Proposed Rules * Categories of hazardous cargoes means goods classified in the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code; substances classified in chapter 17 of the International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (IBC Code) and chapter 19 of the International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk (IGC Code); oils as defined in MARPOL Annex I; noxious liquid substances as defined in MARPOL Annex II; harmful substances as defined in MARPOL Annex III; and radioactive materials specified in the Code for the Safe Carriage of the Irradiated Nuclear Fuel, Plutonium and High-Level Radioactive Wastes in Flasks Onboard Ships (INF Code). ** In accordance with the provisions of the MARPOL Convention, ships must report information relating to defects, damage, deficiencies or other limitations as well as, if necessary, information relating to pollution incidents or loss of cargo. Safety related reports must be provided to CORAL SHIPREP without delay should a ship suffer damage, failure or breakdown affecting the safety of the ship (Item Q), or if a ship makes a marked deviation from a route, course or speed previously advised (Item L). Pollution or cargo lost overboard must be reported without delay (Item R). E.2 Prior Notification of Entry Format Vessels of the United States less than 300 gross tonnage that are not equipped with onboard e-mail capability must provide the following notification of entry at least 72 hrs, but no longer than 1 month, prior to entry date, utilizing the data syntax described above. Notification may be made via the following communication methods, listed in order of preference: e-mail [nwhi.notifications@noaa.gov]; fax [1–808– 397–2662]; telephone [1–866–478–NWHI (6944), 1–808–395–NWHI (6944)]. TABLE E.2.—INFORMATION REQUIRED FOR PRIOR NOTIFICATION System identifier: PRIOR NOTICE // Items: A, B, C (as applicable), I, L, O, P (as applicable), Q, T, U, W E.3 Exit Notification Format Immediately upon leaving the Reporting Area, vessels required to participate must provide the following information. Vessels of the United States less than 300 gross tonnage that are not equipped with onboard e-mail capability must provide the following Exit Notification information within 12 hrs of leaving the Reporting Area. Notification may be made via the following communication methods, listed in order of preference: e-mail [nwhi.notifications@noaa.gov]; fax [1–808– 397–2662]; telephone [1–866–478–NWHI (6944), 1–808–395–NWHI (6944)]. TABLE E.3.—INFORMATION REQUIRED FOR EXIT NOTIFICATION Telegraphy Function Information required A ................... System identifier ............ Ship ............................... CORAL SHIPREP // ...................................................................................... Vessel name / call sign / flag / IMO number / Federal documentation or State registration number if applicable //. B ................... Date, time (UTC), and month of exit. C .................. Position .......................... R .................. Pollution incident or goods lost overboard. A 6-digit group giving day of month (first two digits), hours and minutes (last four digits), suffixed by the letter Z indicating time in UTC, and three letters indicating month//. A 4-digit group giving latitude in degrees and minutes, suffixed with the letter N (indicating north), followed by a single / , and a five digit group giving longitude in degrees and minutes, suffixed with the letter W (indicating west) // [Report in the World Geodetic System 1984 Datum (WGS–84)]. Description of pollution incident or goods lost overboard within the Monument, the Reporting Area, or the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone // (If none, enter the number zero.). E.4 Example Entry Report jlentini on PROD1PC65 with PROPOSALS CORAL SHIPREP// A/SEA ROVER/WFSU/USA/IMO 8674208/ DOC 602011// B/010915Z JUN// C/2636N/17600W// E/050// F/20.0// I/LOS ANGELES/USA/081215Z JUN// L/RL/050/20.0// O/10.90// P/IMDG/3,4.1,6.1,8,9// Q/0// R/0// T/JOHN DOE/CONTAINER SHIPPERS INC, 500 PORT ROAD, ROOM 123, LOS ANGELES, CA, USA 90050/213–123– 1234// U/199.90/27227/CONTAINER SHIP// W/15// E.5 Example Exit Report CORAL SHIPREP// A/SEA ROVER/WFSU/USA/IMO 8674208/ DOC 602011// B/011515Z JUN// C/2747N/17416W// VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:17 Jul 03, 2008 Jkt 214001 R/0// [FR Doc. E8–15096 Filed 7–3–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–NK–P DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 50 CFR Part 622 RIN 0648–AV14 Fisheries of the Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico, and South Atlantic; Shrimp Fishery of the Gulf of Mexico; Revisions to Allowable Bycatch Reduction Devices National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce. ACTION: Proposed rule; reopening of comment period. AGENCY: PO 00000 Frm 00045 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 Example field text CORAL SHIPREP// A/OCEANVOYAGER/ C5FU8/BAHAMAS/ IMO 9359165// B/271657Z DEC// C/2605N/17530W// R/0// SUMMARY: Due to a request from the Gulf of Mexico shrimp industry, and based on new information collected through a NMFS-funded cooperative research proposal, NMFS is reopening the comment period on the proposed rule that would revise the list of allowable bycatch reduction devices (BRDs) certified for use in the shrimp fishery of the Gulf of Mexico. Reopening the comment period would allow interested constituents adequate time to prepare comments based on the new information regarding the performance of BRDs. NMFS is reopening the comment period for the proposed rule on July 7, 2008 and it will remain open through August 6, 2008. The proposed rule is intended to improve bycatch reduction in the shrimp fishery and better meet the requirements of national standard 9. The comment period for the proposed rule that published on June 3, 2008 (73 FR 31669) and closed on July DATES: E:\FR\FM\07JYP1.SGM 07JYP1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 73, Number 130 (Monday, July 7, 2008)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 38375-38387]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E8-15096]


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DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Fish and Wildlife Service

50 CFR Part 404

[Docket No. 080227317-8741-01]
RIN 0648-AW44


Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument Proclamation 
Provisions

AGENCIES: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), 
Department of Commerce (DOC); United States Fish and Wildlife Service 
(USFWS), Department of the Interior (DOI).

ACTION: Proposed rule; request for public comments.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: NOAA and the USFWS are proposing regulations to establish a 
ship reporting system for the Papahanaumokuakea Marine National 
Monument. This action would implement measures adopted by the 
International Maritime Organization requiring notification by ships 
passing through the Monument without interruption. A draft 
environmental assessment has been prepared for this proposed action 
pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act. A copy of the draft 
environmental assessment is available for public review at http://
hawaiireef.noaa.gov/ and comment concurrently with this proposed rule.

DATES: Comments on the proposed rule and the draft environmental 
assessment will be accepted if received on or before August 6, 2008.

ADDRESSES: Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods:
     Federal e Rulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. 
Submit electronic comments via the Federal e Rulemaking Portal rather 
than by e-mail;
     Mail: T. Aulani Wilhelm, Monument Superintendent (NOAA); 
6600 Kalanianaole Highway, 300, Honolulu, HI 96825.
    Copies of the draft environmental assessment may be viewed and 
downloaded at http://hawaiireef.noaa.gov/.
    Paperwork burden: Submit written comments regarding the burden-hour 
estimates or other aspects of the information collection requirements 
contained in this proposed rule by e-

[[Page 38376]]

mail to Diana Hynek at dHynek@noaa.gov.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: T. Aulani Wilhelm, Monument 
Superintendent (NOAA); 6600 Kalanianaole Highway, 300, Honolulu, HI 
96825; (808) 397-2657.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Statutory and Regulatory Background

    On June 15, 2006, President Bush established the Northwestern 
Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument (Monument) by issuing 
Presidential Proclamation 8031 (Proclamation; 71 FR 36443, June 26, 
2006) under the authority of the Antiquities Act (Act) (16 U.S.C. 431). 
The Proclamation reserves all lands and interests in lands owned or 
controlled by the Government of the United States in the Northwestern 
Hawaiian Islands (NWHI), including emergent and submerged lands and 
waters, out to a distance of approximately 50 nautical miles (nmi) from 
the islands. The outer boundary of the Monument is approximately 100 
nmi wide and extends approximately 1200 nmi around coral islands, 
seamounts, banks, and shoals. The area includes the Northwestern 
Hawaiian Islands Coral Reef Ecosystem Reserve, the Midway Atoll 
National Wildlife Refuge/Battle of Midway National Memorial, and the 
Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge. The Monument was renamed the 
Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument by Proclamation 8112 (72 FR 
10029, February 28, 2007).
    The Proclamation provides that the Secretary of Commerce, through 
NOAA, has primary responsibility regarding the management of the marine 
areas of the Monument, in consultation with the Secretary of the 
Interior. The Secretary of the Interior, through the USFWS, has sole 
responsibility for management of the areas of the Monument that overlay 
the Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge, the Battle of Midway 
National Memorial, and the Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge, 
in consultation with the Secretary of Commerce. Further, the 
Proclamation provides that nothing in the Proclamation diminishes or 
enlarges the jurisdiction of the State of Hawaii. The Monument includes 
state waters, including the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands State Marine 
Refuge and State Seabird Sanctuary at Kure Atoll. The State currently 
holds the submerged and ceded lands of the NWHI in trust. This public 
trust is overseen by the Office of Hawaiian Affairs through an 
amendment to the Constitution of the State of Hawaii. The State of 
Hawaii has primary responsibility for managing the State waters of the 
Monument.
    In 2006 NOAA and USFWS published joint regulations codifying the 
provisions of the Proclamation (71 FR 51134, August 29, 2006). With 
certain exceptions, the Proclamation and the joint regulations restrict 
access to the Monument to persons who have been issued Monument 
permits. Vessels that do not have permits cannot enter the Monument 
except for uninterrupted passage through the Monument and notice must 
be provided to NOAA by telephone, fax, or e-mail not less than 72 hours 
and not more than one month prior to passing through the Monument. 
Notice must also be provided not more than twelve hours after the 
vessel has exited the Monument. All of the terms of the Proclamation 
and the regulations are applied in accordance with international law.
    The Proclamation directed the Secretary of State, in consultation 
with the Secretaries of Commerce and the Interior, to take appropriate 
action to enter into negotiations with other governments to make 
necessary arrangements for the protection of the Monument and to 
promote the purposes for which it was established. The Proclamation 
further directed the Secretary of State to seek the cooperation of 
other governments and international organizations in furtherance of the 
purposes of the Proclamation and consistent with applicable regional 
and multilateral arrangements for the protection and management of 
special marine areas.
    In April 2007 and in accordance with the Proclamation, the United 
States proposed to the International Maritime Organization (IMO), a 
specialized agency of the United Nations, that the Monument be 
designated as a Particularly Sensitive Sea Area (PSSA) to protect the 
attributes of the fragile and integrated coral reef ecosystem from 
potential hazards associated with international shipping activities. 
The U.S. noted in its proposal that the burden on international 
shipping by the proposed PSSA and its associated protective measures 
would be minimal while its objectives--increased maritime safety, 
protection of the fragile environment, preservation of cultural 
resources and areas of cultural importance significant to Native 
Hawaiians, as well as facilitation of the ability to respond to 
developing maritime emergencies--would be significantly furthered. PSSA 
designation had been granted previously to only ten marine areas 
globally, including the marine areas around the Florida Keys, the Great 
Barrier Reef, and the Galapagos.
    On April 3, 2008, the IMO designated the Monument as a PSSA. As 
part of the PSSA designation process, the IMO adopted U.S. proposals 
for associated protective measures consisting of (1) expanding and 
consolidating the six existing recommendatory Areas To Be Avoided 
(ATBA's) in the Monument into four larger areas and enlarging the class 
of vessels to which they apply; and (2) establishing a ship reporting 
system for vessels transiting the Monument, which is mandatory for 
ships 300 gross tons or greater that are entering or departing a U.S. 
port or place and recommended for other ships. The system requires that 
ships notify the U.S. shore-based authority (i.e., the U.S. Coast 
Guard; NOAA will be receiving all messages associated with this program 
on behalf of the Coast Guard) at the time they begin transiting the 
reporting area and again when they exit. Notification is made by e-mail 
through the Inmarsat-C system or other satellite communication system. 
It is estimated that almost all commercial vessel traffic will be able 
to report via Inmarsat-C.
    The PSSA and associated protective measures were adopted to provide 
additional protection to the exceptional natural, cultural and historic 
resources in the Monument. Requiring vessels to notify NOAA upon 
entering the reporting area will help make the operators of these 
vessels aware that they are traveling through a fragile area with 
potential navigational hazards such as the extensive coral reefs found 
in many shallow areas of the Monument. The PSSA is now in effect, and 
the IMO has provided for an effective date for the associated 
protective measures of May 1, 2008.
    NOAA and USFWS are establishing the infrastructure that will be 
required to maintain an international ship reporting system and to 
ensure that information regarding PSSA designation will be incorporated 
into nautical charts and other information sources. This proposed rule 
would implement the mandatory ship reporting system as adopted by IMO, 
establish the reporting area using the IMO boundary coordinates, and 
publish the coordinates of the four ATBA's.

II. Summary of the Proposed Regulations

    These regulations would apply to vessels that do not have permits 
to enter the Monument and that would pass through the Monument without 
interruption. The regulations propose the following actions:

[[Page 38377]]

    (1) Modify the current notification requirements (at 50 CFR 404.4) 
for passing through the Monument without interruption and add several 
new associated terms and definitions (at Sec.  404.3);
    (2) establish a reporting area around the Monument, extending 
outward ten nautical miles from the Monument boundary but excluding the 
ATBA's within the Monument;
    (3) describe the categories of vessels to which the reporting 
requirement would apply;
    (4) specify the type of information regarding the vessel, its 
location, etc. that would be required in the e-mail to NOAA and would 
be sent in a reporting format that is consistent with the reporting 
system adopted by IMO;
    (5) allow for vessels that do not have e-mail capability to 
continue compliance with the current prior notification requirements;
    (6) recommend voluntary participation in the reporting system for 
all other vessels that are not required to notify NOAA; and
    (7) publish the revised boundaries of the four voluntary ATBA's.
    Each of these elements of the proposed regulations is described 
below.

A. Modification of Existing Notification Requirements

    Current Monument regulations at 50 CFR 404.4 prohibit entry into 
the Monument except in certain situations. One of the exceptions is for 
vessels passing through the Monument without interruption. Those 
vessels, however, are currently required to provide notice prior to 
entering and after leaving the Monument. Notification of entry must be 
provided at least 72 hours, but no longer than 1 month, prior to the 
entry date. Notification of departure from the Monument must be 
provided within 12 hours of leaving. Notification may be made by e-
mail, telephone, or fax and must include the following information: 
position when making the report; vessel name and IMO identification 
number; name, address, and telephone number of owner and operator; 
United States Coast Guard documentation, state license, or registration 
number; home port; intended and actual route through the Monument; 
general categories of any hazardous cargo on board; and length of 
vessel and propulsion type (e.g., motor or sail).
    The proposed regulations would replace the current notification 
requirements for vessels that have e-mail capability. Vessels without 
e-mail capability would continue to provide notification as required 
currently but the type of information to be provided would be modified 
by these regulations as described below.
    The following terms would be added to the definitions in the 
regulations at 50 CFR 404.3 to facilitate implementation of the 
proposed ship reporting requirements: ``Areas to be avoided''; 
``Categories of hazardous cargoes''; ``IMO''; and ``Reporting area.'' 
The definitions to these terms are contained in the text of the 
proposed regulations.

B. Reporting Area

    The proposed regulations would create a reporting area extending 
ten miles out and entirely around the Monument boundary. The 
coordinates of the proposed area are set forth in Appendix D of the 
proposed regulations and are the same as the coordinates that were 
adopted by IMO when it accepted the PSSA in principle and adopted the 
associated protective measures for the PSSA in 2007. Certain categories 
of vessels (described below) that intend to pass through the Monument 
without interruption would be required to e-mail certain information at 
the time they cross the reporting area boundary and again when they 
exit the reporting area after having passed through the Monument.
    The reporting area would not include the ATBA's within the 
Monument. As such, vessels that pass through an ATBA while passing 
through the Monument would be required to notify NOAA at the time they 
exit the reporting area and enter the ATBA, and again when they exit 
the ATBA and re-enter the reporting area.
    There are three large areas of the Monument (within the reporting 
area) that are not within the IMO-designated ATBA's. These breaks 
between the four ATBA's allow for primarily north-south passage through 
the Monument. From west to east, these areas are in the following 
locations and are shown in Figure 1: between the ATBA's extending 
around Pearl and Hermes Atoll and Lisianski Island; between the ATBA's 
around Maro Reef and Gardner Pinnacles; and between the ATBA's around 
Mokumanamana (Necker Island) and Nihoa Island. It is anticipated that 
vessels will navigate through the Monument via these areas. Vessels 
passing through the Monument in these areas would only send e-mail 
notification upon entering the reporting area and again upon leaving 
it.

[[Page 38378]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP07JY08.279


    Figure 1. Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument Particularly
   Sensitive Sea Areas, Ship Reporting Areas, and Areas to be Avoided
 


[[Page 38379]]

C. Vessels That Would Be Required To Provide Notification

    All vessels of the United States--regardless of size--would be 
subject to the proposed reporting requirements. All foreign vessels 
greater than 300 gross tons and that are either going to or coming from 
a U.S. port or place would also be required to participate in the ship 
reporting system. Foreign vessels of any size that are heading to or 
coming from a U.S. port or place would also be required to provide e-
mail notification if they experience an emergency while crossing 
through the reporting area. Although e-mail capability is now routine 
on vessels greater than 300 gross tons and is also widely used by many 
smaller vessels, vessels of the United States less than 300 gross tons 
that do not have e-mail capability would remain subject to the advanced 
notice reporting requirements currently in effect. These vessels would 
continue to be required to follow the current reporting process: 
provide notice by telephone, fax, or e-mail not less than 72 hours but 
not more than one month prior to entering the Monument for 
uninterrupted passage and to provide notification of departing the 
Monument within 12 hours of leaving.
    Vessels would not be required to provide notification if they 
operate in the reporting area but remain outside of the Monument, such 
as fishing vessels fishing outside the Monument boundary. However, if 
the operator of a vessel within the reporting area decides to cross 
uninterrupted through the Monument all of the notification requirements 
would then apply. In no case could the vessel lawfully pass through the 
Monument until notification had been provided, consistent with these 
proposed regulations.

D. Specific Information and Reporting Format That Would Be Required for 
Entry and Exit Notifications by Vessels With E-mail Capability

    The information that each vessel would be required to submit and 
the format in which it would be submitted are shown in Appendix E to 
the proposed regulations. The information that would be provided upon 
entering the reporting area and the reporting format are based on and 
consistent with the reporting requirements adopted by IMO and would 
include: Vessel identification information (i.e., name, call sign, 
flag, IMO identification number); date and time of entry; position; 
true course; speed in knots and tenths; destination and estimated time 
of arrival; intended route through the reporting area; vessel draft; 
categories of hazardous cargoes on board; any vessel defects or 
deficiencies that restrict maneuverability or impair normal navigation; 
any pollution incident or goods lost overboard within the Monument, 
reporting area, or the U.S. EEZ; contact information for the vessel's 
agent or owner; vessel size (length overall, gross tonnage) and type; 
and total number of persons on board. Information required when the 
vessel leaves the reporting area would include: Vessel identification 
information (i.e., name, call sign, flag, IMO identification number); 
date and time of exit; position; and any pollution incident or goods 
lost overboard within the Monument, reporting area, or the U.S. EEZ.
    The system that is being established to receive the notifications 
would be based on Inmarsat-C and NOAA would assume the cost associated 
with Inmarsat-C transmissions to the e-mail address provided under this 
program. This rule would not require a vessel to install or use 
Inmarsat-C, but NOAA would not assume costs associated with e-mail 
transmissions sent through other satellite communications systems.

E. Specific Information and Reporting Format That Would Be Required for 
Entry and Exit Notifications by Vessels Without Onboard E-mail 
Capability

    Vessels of the United States less than 300 gross tons that do not 
have onboard e-mail capability would be required to submit the 
following information not less than 72 hours but not more than one 
month prior to entering the Monument for uninterrupted passage: Vessel 
identification information (e.g., name, call sign, flag, IMO 
identification number); date and time of entry; position (as 
applicable); destination and estimated time of arrival; intended route 
through the Monument and the reporting area; vessel draft; categories 
of hazardous cargoes on board (as applicable); any vessel defects or 
deficiencies that restrict maneuverability or impair normal navigation; 
contact information for the vessel's agent or owner; vessel size 
(length overall, gross tonnage) and type; and total number of persons 
on board. Upon exiting the Monument these vessels would be required to 
provide the following information within 12 hours of leaving: Vessel 
identification information (e.g., name, call sign, flag, IMO 
identification number); date and time of exit; position; and any 
pollution incident or goods lost overboard within the Monument, 
reporting area, or the U.S. EEZ. This information could be submitted by 
nonvessel-based e-mail (e.g., from home or office), fax, or telephone. 
Once a vessel is equipped with an onboard e-mail system, however, it 
would be required to comply with the requirements for vessels with that 
capability, and the reporting format shown in Appendix E to the 
regulations would be required.

F. Voluntary Participation in the Ship Reporting System by All Other 
Vessels

    Vessels that would not be required to participate in the ship 
reporting system are nevertheless strongly urged to participate on a 
voluntary basis. Participation would help make the operators of these 
vessels aware that they are traveling through a fragile area with 
potential navigational hazards such as the extensive coral reefs found 
in many shallow areas of the Monument. Voluntary participation would 
increase maritime safety, protection of the fragile environment, 
preservation of cultural resources and areas of cultural importance 
significant to Native Hawaiians. Participation would also facilitate 
the ability to respond to developing maritime emergencies.

G. Modification of the Areas To Be Avoided (ATBA's)

    An ATBA is an area within which either navigation is particularly 
hazardous or it is exceptionally important to avoid casualties. As 
such, ATBA's should be avoided by all ships, or certain classes of 
ships. While ATBA's can be mandatory (i.e., vessels are required by 
applicable law to avoid and operate outside of the area) most are 
voluntary and vessels may travel through them. The IMO adopted six 
voluntary ATBA's in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands in 1980. Part of 
the action taken in 2008 by the IMO was to enlarge the six original 
ATBA's so that they now connect in certain places resulting in four 
larger ATBA's. This proposed rule would publish the coordinates of 
these four ATBA's. The coordinates are attached to the proposed 
regulations as Appendix C. The ATBA's would not be part of the 
reporting area and vessels that enter any ATBA while passing through 
the Monument without interruption would be required to provide an exit 
notification upon entering the ATBA, an entry notification again upon 
reentering the reporting area, and a second exit notification when the 
vessel departed the reporting area and the Monument on the other side. 
Thus, transiting through the Monument via an ATBA would require four 
reports as compared with the two reports required for transiting the 
Monument between the ATBA's.

[[Page 38380]]

III. Classification

A. National Environmental Policy Act

    A draft environmental assessment has been prepared to evaluate the 
proposed revisions to the reporting requirements. Copies are available 
at the address and Web site listed in the ADDRESSES section of this 
proposed rule. Responses to comments received on this proposed rule 
will be published in the final environmental assessment and preamble to 
the final rule.

B. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Impact

    This proposed rule has been determined to be not significant within 
the meaning of Executive Order 12866.

C. Executive Order 13132: Federalism Assessment

    NOAA has concluded this regulatory action does not have federalism 
implications sufficient to warrant preparation of a federalism 
assessment under Executive Order 13132. Consistent with the intent of 
the Proclamation, however, the federal Co-Trustees will consult with 
the State of Hawaii, also a Monument Co-Trustee, on this matter.

D. Paperwork Reduction Act

    This proposed rule would be part of a collection-of-information 
requirement that was approved by OMB and granted OMB control number 
0648-0548.
    The public reporting burden for entry and exit notification is 
expected to average 15 minutes per response. This public reporting 
burden includes the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing 
data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing 
and reviewing the collection of information.
    Public comment is sought regarding: Whether this collection of 
information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of 
the agency, including whether the information shall have practical 
utility; the accuracy of the burden estimate; ways to enhance the 
quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and 
ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information, including 
through the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of 
information technology. Send comments on these or any other aspects of 
the collection of information to Diana Hynek, Departmental Paperwork 
Clearance Officer, Department of Commerce, Room 6625, 14th and 
Constitution Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20230, or via e-mail at 
dHynek@noaa.gov.
    Notwithstanding any other provision of the law, no person is 
required to respond to, nor shall any person be subject to a penalty 
for failure to comply with, a collection of information subject to the 
requirements of the PRA, unless that collection of information displays 
a currently valid OMB Control Number.

E. Regulatory Flexibility Act

    The Chief Counsel for Regulation of the Department of Commerce 
certified to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business 
Administration (SBA) that this proposed rule, if adopted, would not 
have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small 
entities.
    The factual basis for this certification is as follows:
    The proposed regulations would establish a ship reporting system 
for the Monument. When transiting the Monument, all U.S. vessels, all 
foreign-flag vessels 300 gross tons or greater that are going to or 
coming from a U.S. port or place, and all foreign-flag vessels of any 
size coming from a U.S. port or place and experiencing an emergency 
while crossing through the reporting area would be required to 
participate in the reporting system. Specific information would be 
required to be transmitted via e-mail to NOAA upon entry into and exit 
from the reporting area. Vessels without onboard e-mail capability 
would continue to provide notification as required by current Monument 
regulations at 50 CFR part 404, though the information provided would 
be essentially the same as required by these regulations.
    The SBA establishes size standards for determining whether a U.S. 
entity is a small business. The size standards relevant to this 
proposed rulemaking are: finfish fishing (NAICS Code 114111): average 
annual receipts of $4.0 million or less; and deep sea freight transport 
(NAICS Code 483111): average employment of 500 employees or less. 
Approximately 120 U.S. fishing vessels are expected to be impacted by 
this rulemaking, and all are considered to be small entities. U.S. 
freight transport vessels are expected to be affected by this 
rulemaking, though none are considered to be small entities. All 
vessels without e-mail capability are considered to be small entities.
    The cost of the proposed regulation is not expected to be 
significant. It is expected that vessels transiting the Monument would 
remain outside of the designated ATBA's to avoid navigational hazards 
in the ATBA's. For these vessels, two e-mails would be required for 
compliance with the proposed rule: One upon entering the reporting area 
and one upon exiting the reporting area. For those vessels that cross 
into the ATBA's, four e-mails would be required. Because the ATBA's are 
not part of the reporting system, the vessel would enter and exit the 
reporting area twice. The cost of sending an e-mail varies depending on 
the type of service, the provider rates and the length of the message 
but is estimated to be approximately $1.75 per entry report e-mail sent 
via Inmarsat-C. The exit report would cost approximately $0.50. It 
would take approximately 15 minutes or less to send each e-mail. 
Because NOAA would cover the monetary cost of e-mail transmissions 
using the Inmarsat-C system, this cost would not be accrued by any 
small entities. Entities using other e-mail systems, however, would 
bear the monetary cost of e-mail transmission in addition to the time 
cost. For those vessels without on-board e-mail capability, cost of 
compliance for notification prior to entry is expected to be the cost 
of a standard fax or e-mail charge, or would be free if the information 
is provided by telephone using the 1-800 number listed in the 
regulations. An exit notification made within 12 hours would require 
the use of a satellite telephone, the cost of which would be subject to 
rate variables. However, the content that would be conveyed is 
relatively brief and could be provided in approximately one minute.
    Given the minimal cost of compliance with this rulemaking, the 
impact of this proposed rule would not be expected to be significant. 
As a result, a regulatory flexibility analysis is not required and none 
has been prepared.

IV. Request for Comments

    NOAA and USFWS request comments on this proposed rule amending the 
regulations published on August 29, 2006 (71 FR 51134), particularly 
concerning the ship reporting system for the Papahanaumokuakea Marine 
National Monument.

List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 404

    Administrative practice and procedure, Coastal zone, Fish, 
Fisheries, Historic preservation, Intergovernmental relations, Marine 
resources, Monuments and memorials, Natural resources, Reporting and 
recordkeeping requirements, Wildlife, Wildlife refuges.


[[Page 38381]]


    Dated: June 25, 2008.
Conrad C. Lautenbacher Jr.,
Vice Admiral, U.S. Navy (Ret.), Undersecretary of Commerce for Oceans 
and Atmosphere.
Lyle Laverty,
Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife and Parks.

    Accordingly, for the reasons set forth above, NOAA and USFWS 
propose amending part 404, title 50 of the Code of Federal Regulations 
as follows:

PART 404--[AMENDED]

    1. The authority citation for part 404 continues to read as 
follows:

    Authority: 16 U.S.C. 431 et seq.; 16 U.S.C. 460k-3; 16 U.S.C. 
1801 et seq.; 16 U.S.C. 742f, 16 U.S.C. 742l, and 16 U.S.C. 668dd-
ee; 16 U.S.C. 1361 et seq.; 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq., Pub. L. No. 106-
513, Sec. 6(g) (2000).

    2. In Sec.  404.3, definitions for ``Areas to be avoided,'' 
``Categories of hazardous cargoes,'' ``IMO,'' and ``Reporting area'' 
are added alphabetically as follows:


Sec.  404.3  Definitions.

    Areas to be avoided means the four designated areas that should be 
avoided by vessels that are conducting passage through the Monument 
without interruption. Appendix C sets forth the coordinates of these 
areas.
* * * * *
    Categories of hazardous cargoes means goods classified in the 
International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code; substances 
classified in chapter 17 of the International Code for the Construction 
and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (IBC Code) 
and chapter 19 of the International Code for the Construction and 
Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk (IGC Code); oils as 
defined in MARPOL Annex I; noxious liquid substances as defined in 
MARPOL Annex II; harmful substances as defined in MARPOL Annex III; and 
radioactive materials specified in the Code for the Safe Carriage of 
the Irradiated Nuclear Fuel, Plutonium and High-Level Radioactive 
Wastes in Flasks on Board Ships (INF Code).
* * * * *
    IMO means the International Maritime Organization.
* * * * *
    Reporting area means the area within the coordinates set forth in 
Appendix D.
* * * * *
    3. Revise Sec.  404.4 to read as follows:


Sec.  404.4  Access to Monument.

    (a) Entering the Monument is prohibited and thus unlawful except:
    (1) As provided in Sec. Sec.  404.8 and 404.9;
    (2) Pursuant to a permit issued under Sec. Sec.  404.10 or 404.11; 
or
    (3) When conducting passage without interruption in accordance with 
paragraphs (b) through (f) of this section.
    (b) Any person passing through the Monument without interruption is 
subject to the prohibitions in Sec. Sec.  404.5, 404.6, and 404.7.
    (c) The following vessels passing through the Monument without 
interruption must participate in the ship reporting system as provided 
in paragraphs (d) and (e) of this section:
    (1) Vessels of the United States, except as provided in paragraph 
(f) of this section;
    (2) All other ships 300 gross tonnage or greater, entering or 
departing a United States port or place; and
    (3) All other ships in the event of an emergency, entering or 
departing a United States port or place.
    (d) Immediately upon entering the reporting area, the vessels 
described in paragraph (c) of this section must provide the following 
information by e-mail sent to nwhi.notifications@noaa.gov in the IMO 
standard reporting format and data syntax shown in Appendix E:
    (1) Vessel name, call sign or ship station identity, flag, and IMO 
identification number if applicable, and either Federal documentation 
or State registration number if applicable.
    (2) Date, time (UTC) and month of entry.
    (3) Position.
    (4) True course.
    (5) Speed in knots and tenths.
    (6) Destination and estimated time of arrival.
    (7) Intended route through the Monument and the reporting area.
    (8) Vessel draft (in meters).
    (9) Categories of hazardous cargoes on board.
    (10) Any vessel defects or deficiencies that restrict 
maneuverability or impair normal navigation.
    (11) Any pollution incident or goods lost overboard within the 
Monument, the reporting area, or the U.S. EEZ.
    (12) Contact information for the vessel's agent or owner.
    (13) Vessel size (length overall, gross tonnage) and type.
    (14) Total number of persons on board.
    (e) Immediately upon leaving the reporting area, the vessels 
described in paragraph (c) of this section must provide the following 
information by e-mail sent to nwhi.notifications@noaa.gov in the IMO 
standard reporting format and data syntax shown in Appendix E:
    (1) Vessel name, call sign or ship station identity, flag, and IMO 
identification number if applicable, and either Federal documentation 
or State registration number if applicable.
    (2) Date, time (UTC) and month of exit.
    (3) Position.
    (4) Any pollution incident or goods lost overboard within the 
Monument, the reporting area, or the U.S. EEZ.
    (f)(1) Vessels of the United States less than 300 gross tonnage 
that are not equipped with onboard e-mail capability must provide 
notification of entry and the information described in paragraphs 
(d)(1), (2), (3) as applicable, (6), (7), (8), (9) as applicable, (10), 
(12), (13), and (14) of this section at least 72 hours, but no longer 
than 1 month, prior to the entry date. Notification of departure from 
the Monument and the information described in paragraph (e) must be 
provided within 12 hours of leaving. Notification under this paragraph 
may be made by e-mail, telephone, or fax, by contacting:
    (i) E-mail: nwhi.notifications@noaa.gov;
    (ii) Telephone: 1-866-478-NWHI (6944);
    (iii) Fax: 1-808-397-2662.
    (2) The information must be provided in the IMO standard reporting 
format and data syntax shown in Appendix E.
    (g) All vessels passing through the Monument without interruption 
other than those described in paragraphs (c)(1) through (3) of this 
section should participate in the ship reporting system set forth in 
paragraphs (d) and (e) of this section.
    4. Add Appendix C to part 404 to read as follows:

Appendix C to Part 404--Boundary Coordinated for Papahanaumokuakea 
Marine National Monument Areas To Be Avoided

APPENDIX C--GEOGRAPHICAL COORDINATES--AREAS TO BE AVOIDED--
PAPAHANAUMOKUAKEA MARINE NATIONAL MONUMENT

    Reference chart: United States 540, 2008 edition; 19016, 2008 
edition; 19019, 2008 edition; 19022, 2008 edition.
    These charts are based on World Geodetic System 1984 Datum (WGS-84) 
and astronomic datum.

    Table C-1.--Kure Atoll, Midway Atoll, and Pearl and Hermes Atoll
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Point                    Latitude (N)    Longitude (W)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.....................................    27[deg]14'.76   176[deg]29'.87
2.....................................    27[deg]24'.95   177[deg]33'.31

[[Page 38382]]

 
3.....................................    27[deg]35'.87   178[deg]29'.90
4.....................................    27[deg]36'.64   178[deg]33'.93
5.....................................    27[deg]37'.53   178[deg]37'.32
6.....................................    27[deg]38'.60   178[deg]40'.65
7.....................................    27[deg]39'.85   178[deg]43'.90
8.....................................    27[deg]41'.28   178[deg]47'.05
9.....................................    27[deg]42'.89   178[deg]50'.10
10....................................    27[deg]44'.66   178[deg]53'.03
11....................................    27[deg]46'.59   178[deg]55'.83
12....................................    27[deg]48'.67   178[deg]58'.49
13....................................    27[deg]50'.89   179[deg]01'.00
14....................................    27[deg]53'.22   179[deg]03'.39
15....................................    27[deg]55'.69   179[deg]05'.61
16....................................    27[deg]58'.29   179[deg]07'.61
17....................................    28[deg]01'.01   179[deg]09'.47
18....................................    28[deg]03'.81   179[deg]11'.10
19....................................    28[deg]06'.71   179[deg]12'.53
20....................................    28[deg]09'.67   179[deg]13'.75
21....................................    28[deg]12'.70   179[deg]14'.75
22....................................    28[deg]15'.78   179[deg]15'.54
23....................................    28[deg]18'.91   179[deg]16'.11
24....................................    28[deg]22'.04   179[deg]16'.45
25....................................    28[deg]24'.72   179[deg]16'.56
26....................................    28[deg]25'.20   179[deg]16'.57
27....................................    28[deg]25'.81   179[deg]16'.56
28....................................    28[deg]28'.35   179[deg]16'.44
29....................................    28[deg]31'.49   179[deg]16'.10
30....................................    28[deg]34'.61   179[deg]15'.54
31....................................    28[deg]37'.69   179[deg]14'.75
32....................................    28[deg]40'.71   179[deg]13'.74
33....................................    28[deg]43'.68   179[deg]12'.54
34....................................    28[deg]46'.58   179[deg]11'.13
35....................................    28[deg]49'.39   179[deg]09'.52
36....................................    28[deg]52'.11   179[deg]07'.70
37....................................    28[deg]54'.72   179[deg]05'.70
38....................................    28[deg]57'.21   179[deg]03'.51
39....................................    28[deg]59'.58   179[deg]01'.15
40....................................    29[deg]01'.81   178[deg]58'.62
41....................................    29[deg]03'.90   178[deg]55'.93
42....................................    29[deg]05'.83   178[deg]53'.10
43....................................    29[deg]07'.60   178[deg]50'.13
44....................................    29[deg]09'.21   178[deg]47'.04
45....................................    29[deg]10'.64   178[deg]43'.84
46....................................    29[deg]11'.89   178[deg]40'.54
47....................................    29[deg]12'.95   178[deg]37'.16
48....................................    29[deg]13'.82   178[deg]33'.71
49....................................    29[deg]14'.50   178[deg]30'.21
50....................................    29[deg]14'.99   178[deg]26'.66
51....................................    29[deg]15'.28   178[deg]23'.08
52....................................    29[deg]15'.36   178[deg]19'.49
53....................................    29[deg]15'.25   178[deg]15'.90
54....................................    29[deg]14'.94   178[deg]12'.32
55....................................    29[deg]14'.43   178[deg]08'.78
56....................................    29[deg]03'.47   177[deg]12'.07
57....................................    29[deg]02'.55   177[deg]07'.29
58....................................    28[deg]38'.96   175[deg]35'.47
59....................................    28[deg]38'.67   175[deg]34'.35
60....................................    28[deg]34'.91   175[deg]19'.74
61....................................    28[deg]26'.24   175[deg]10'.65
62....................................    28[deg]24'.61   175[deg]08'.95
63....................................    28[deg]24'.53   175[deg]09'.04
64....................................    28[deg]20'.09   175[deg]04'.91
65....................................    28[deg]16'.05   175[deg]01'.92
66....................................    28[deg]11'.78   174[deg]59'.33
67....................................    28[deg]07'.29   174[deg]57'.23
68....................................    28[deg]02'.63   174[deg]55'.68
69....................................    27[deg]57'.84   174[deg]54'.62
70....................................    27[deg]53'.01   174[deg]54'.05
71....................................    27[deg]48'.12   174[deg]54'.05
72....................................    27[deg]43'.28   174[deg]54'.62
73....................................    27[deg]38'.48   174[deg]55'.71
74....................................    27[deg]33'.81   174[deg]57'.32
75....................................    27[deg]29'.30   174[deg]59'.43
76....................................    27[deg]25'.00   175[deg]02'.03
77....................................    27[deg]20'.93   175[deg]05'.07
78....................................    27[deg]17'.18   175[deg]08'.59
79....................................    27[deg]13'.73   175[deg]12'.47
80....................................    27[deg]10'.59   175[deg]16'.67
81....................................    27[deg]07'.88   175[deg]21'.25
82....................................    27[deg]05'.57   175[deg]26'.09
83....................................    27[deg]03'.66   175[deg]31'.15
84....................................    27[deg]02'.22   175[deg]36'.40
85....................................    27[deg]01'.29   175[deg]41'.78
86....................................    27[deg]00'.73   175[deg]47'.22
87....................................    27[deg]00'.68   175[deg]52'.74
88....................................    27[deg]01'.09   175[deg]58'.16
89....................................    27[deg]01'.99   176[deg]03'.53
90....................................    27[deg]03'.34   176[deg]08'.81
91....................................    27[deg]05'.12   176[deg]13'.91
92....................................    27[deg]07'.37   176[deg]18'.79
93....................................    27[deg]09'.98   176[deg]23'.40
94....................................    27[deg]13'.02   176[deg]27'.74
95....................................    27[deg]13'.77   176[deg]28'.70
------------------------------------------------------------------------


 Table C-2.--Lisianski Island, Laysan Island, Maro Reef, and Raita Bank
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Point                    Latitude (N)    Longitude (W)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.....................................    26[deg]50'.89   173[deg]30'.79
2.....................................    26[deg]36'.00   171[deg]37'.70
3.....................................    26[deg]35'.49   171[deg]33'.84
4.....................................    26[deg]35'.10   171[deg]30'.84
5.....................................    26[deg]34'.07   171[deg]27'.50
6.....................................    26[deg]33'.35   171[deg]25'.16
7.....................................    26[deg]14'.26   170[deg]23'.04
8.....................................    26[deg]08'.69   169[deg]48'.96
9.....................................    26[deg]08'.36   169[deg]49'.03
10....................................    26[deg]07'.62   169[deg]45'.83
11....................................    26[deg]06'.03   169[deg]40'.57
12....................................    26[deg]03'.97   169[deg]35'.64
13....................................    26[deg]01'.51   169[deg]30'.91
14....................................    25[deg]58'.65   169[deg]26'.45
15....................................    25[deg]55'.32   169[deg]22'.34
16....................................    25[deg]51'.67   169[deg]18'.60
17....................................    25[deg]47'.78   169[deg]15'.19
18....................................    25[deg]43'.54   169[deg]12'.34
19....................................    25[deg]39'.05   169[deg]09'.93
20....................................    25[deg]34'.37   169[deg]08'.08
21....................................    25[deg]29'.54   169[deg]06'.76
22....................................    25[deg]24'.61   169[deg]05'.93
23....................................    25[deg]19'.63   169[deg]05'.64
24....................................    25[deg]14'.65   169[deg]05'.93
25....................................    25[deg]09'.69   169[deg]06'.66
26....................................    25[deg]04'.85   169[deg]08'.02
27....................................    25[deg]00'.17   169[deg]09'.96
28....................................    24[deg]55'.66   169[deg]12'.35
29....................................    24[deg]51'.35   169[deg]15'.14
30....................................    24[deg]47'.37   169[deg]18'.48
31....................................    24[deg]43'.69   169[deg]22'.22
32....................................    24[deg]40'.34   169[deg]26'.31
33....................................    24[deg]37'.42   169[deg]30'.78
34....................................    24[deg]35'.00   169[deg]35'.64
35....................................    24[deg]33'.02   169[deg]40'.66
36....................................    24[deg]31'.34   169[deg]45'.88
37....................................    24[deg]30'.31   169[deg]51'.08
38....................................    24[deg]29'.68   169[deg]56'.53
39....................................    24[deg]29'.56   170[deg]01'.81
40....................................    24[deg]29'.61   170[deg]04'.57
41....................................    24[deg]35'.77   170[deg]44'.39
42....................................    24[deg]36'.29   170[deg]47'.58
43....................................    24[deg]37'.18   170[deg]50'.37
44....................................    24[deg]37'.76   170[deg]52'.17
45....................................    24[deg]56'.23   171[deg]50'.19
46....................................    25[deg]16'.61   174[deg]24'.84
47....................................    25[deg]29'.56   174[deg]38'.45
48....................................    25[deg]33'.28   174[deg]42'.03
49....................................    25[deg]37'.33   174[deg]45'.20
50....................................    25[deg]41'.68   174[deg]47'.84
51....................................    25[deg]46'.23   174[deg]50'.05
52....................................    25[deg]50'.93   174[deg]51'.77
53....................................    25[deg]55'.80   174[deg]52'.91
54....................................    26[deg]00'.71   174[deg]53'.47
55....................................    26[deg]05'.67   174[deg]53'.61
56....................................    26[deg]10'.59   174[deg]53'.07
57....................................    26[deg]15'.46   174[deg]52'.08
58....................................    26[deg]20'.20   174[deg]50'.57
59....................................    26[deg]24'.75   174[deg]48'.44
60....................................    26[deg]29'.15   174[deg]45'.94
61....................................    26[deg]33'.26   174[deg]42'.96
62....................................    26[deg]37'.11   174[deg]39'.49
63....................................    26[deg]40'.60   174[deg]35'.63
64....................................    26[deg]43'.75   174[deg]31'.43
65....................................    26[deg]46'.49   174[deg]26'.87
66....................................    26[deg]48'.90   174[deg]22'.09
67....................................    26[deg]50'.79   174[deg]17'.03
68....................................    26[deg]52'.20   174[deg]11'.79
69....................................    26[deg]53'.21   174[deg]06'.43
70....................................    26[deg]53'.74   174[deg]00'.98
71....................................    26[deg]53'.74   173[deg]55'.48
72....................................    26[deg]53'.29   173[deg]50'.02
73....................................    26[deg]52'.56   173[deg]44'.58
74....................................    26[deg]51'.85   173[deg]39'.14
75....................................    26[deg]51'.13   173[deg]33'.69
76....................................    26[deg]50'.75   173[deg]30'.87
------------------------------------------------------------------------


 Table C-3.--Gardner Pinnacles, French Frigate Shoals, and Necker Island
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Point                    Latitude (N)    Longitude (W)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.....................................    25[deg]49'.64   167[deg]52'.66
2.....................................    25[deg]49'.70   167[deg]52'.65
3.....................................    25[deg]48'.99   167[deg]48'.35
4.....................................    25[deg]47'.09   167[deg]36'.72
5.....................................    25[deg]39'.84   167[deg]26'.48
6.....................................    25[deg]35'.10   167[deg]19'.79
7.....................................    25[deg]10'.43   166[deg]45'.00
8.....................................    24[deg]40'.91   166[deg]03'.36
9.....................................    24[deg]35'.64   165[deg]34'.99
10....................................    24[deg]23'.78   164[deg]31'.12
11....................................    24[deg]23'.59   164[deg]31'.14
12....................................    24[deg]23'.31   164[deg]29'.74
13....................................    24[deg]21'.85   164[deg]24'.52
14....................................    24[deg]20'.10   164[deg]19'.39
15....................................    24[deg]17'.75   164[deg]14'.56
16....................................    24[deg]14'.99   164[deg]09'.97
17....................................    24[deg]11'.86   164[deg]05'.69
18....................................    24[deg]08'.30   164[deg]01'.80
19....................................    24[deg]04'.48   163[deg]58'.23
20....................................    24[deg]00'.27   163[deg]55'.22
21....................................    23[deg]55'.85   163[deg]52'.59
22....................................    23[deg]51'.17   163[deg]50'.56

[[Page 38383]]

 
23....................................    23[deg]46'.33   163[deg]48'.98
24....................................    23[deg]41'.37   163[deg]47'.99
25....................................    23[deg]36'.34   163[deg]47'.56
26....................................    23[deg]31'.27   163[deg]47'.60
27....................................    23[deg]26'.27   163[deg]48'.28
28....................................    23[deg]21'.34   163[deg]49'.50
29....................................    23[deg]16'.53   163[deg]51'.14
30....................................    23[deg]11'.96   163[deg]53'.47
31....................................    23[deg]07'.54   163[deg]56'.15
32....................................    23[deg]03'.46   163[deg]59'.38
33....................................    22[deg]59'.65   164[deg]03'.01
34....................................    22[deg]56'.27   164[deg]07'.10
35....................................    22[deg]53'.22   164[deg]11'.49
36....................................    22[deg]50'.60   164[deg]16'.18
37....................................    22[deg]48'.48   164[deg]21'.16
38....................................    22[deg]46'.73   164[deg]26'.28
39....................................    22[deg]45'.49   164[deg]31'.60
40....................................    22[deg]44'.83   164[deg]37'.03
41....................................    22[deg]44'.65   164[deg]42'.51
42....................................    22[deg]44'.92   164[deg]47'.99
43....................................    22[deg]45'.11   164[deg]49'.52
44....................................    22[deg]45'.39   164[deg]51'.48
45....................................    22[deg]45'.17   164[deg]51'.53
46....................................    22[deg]50'.26   165[deg]34'.99
47....................................    22[deg]55'.50   166[deg]19'.63
48....................................    22[deg]55'.93   166[deg]23'.32
49....................................    22[deg]57'.41   166[deg]36'.00
50....................................    23[deg]03'.75   166[deg]45'.00
51....................................    23[deg]05'.48   166[deg]47'.45
52....................................    24[deg]12'.70   168[deg]22'.86
53....................................    24[deg]12'.88   168[deg]22'.78
54....................................    24[deg]16'.05   168[deg]27'.28
55....................................    24[deg]19'.15   168[deg]31'.66
56....................................    24[deg]22'.27   168[deg]35'.95
57....................................    24[deg]25'.71   168[deg]39'.94
58....................................    24[deg]29'.51   168[deg]43'.55
59....................................    24[deg]33'.67   168[deg]46'.63
60....................................    24[deg]38'.06   168[deg]49'.29
61....................................    24[deg]42'.68   168[deg]51'.46
62....................................    24[deg]47'.45   168[deg]53'.12
63....................................    24[deg]52'.34   168[deg]54'.28
64....................................    24[deg]57'.32   168[deg]54'.82
65....................................    25[deg]02'.32   168[deg]54'.95
66....................................    25[deg]07'.30   168[deg]54'.43
67....................................    25[deg]12'.19   168[deg]53'.32
68....................................    25[deg]16'.99   168[deg]51'.76
69....................................    25[deg]21'.57   168[deg]49'.60
70....................................    25[deg]25'.94   168[deg]46'.93
71....................................    25[deg]30'.09   168[deg]43'.86
72....................................    25[deg]33'.89   168[deg]40'.42
73....................................    25[deg]37'.37   168[deg]36'.52
74....................................    25[deg]40'.49   168[deg]32'.24
75....................................    25[deg]43'.24   168[deg]27'.68
76....................................    25[deg]45'.57   168[deg]22'.82
77....................................    25[deg]47'.43   168[deg]17'.76
78....................................    25[deg]48'.79   168[deg]12'.47
79....................................    25[deg]49'.72   168[deg]07'.09
80....................................    25[deg]50'.11   168[deg]01'.62
81....................................    25[deg]50'.18   168[deg]00'.09
------------------------------------------------------------------------


                        Table C-4.--Nihoa Island
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Point                    Latitude (N)    Longitude (W)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.....................................  23[deg]52[min].  161[deg]44[min]
                                                     82              .54
2.....................................  23[deg]52[min].  161[deg]41[min]
                                                     10              .20
3.....................................  23[deg]51[min].  161[deg]37[min]
                                                     18              .92
4.....................................  23[deg]50[min].  161[deg]34[min]
                                                     08              .71
5.....................................  23[deg]48[min].  161[deg]31[min]
                                                     79              .58
6.....................................  23[deg]47[min].  161[deg]28[min]
                                                     33              .55
7.....................................  23[deg]45[min].  161[deg]25[min]
                                                     69              .62
8.....................................  23[deg]43[min].  161[deg]22[min]
                                                     88              .81
9.....................................  23[deg]41[min].  161[deg]20[min]
                                                     92              .13
10....................................  23[deg]39[min].  161[deg]17[min]
                                                     80              .60
11....................................  23[deg]37[min].  161[deg]15[min]
                                                     54              .21
12....................................  23[deg]35[min].  161[deg]12[min]
                                                     14              .99
13....................................  23[deg]32[min].  161[deg]10[min]
                                                     62              .93
14....................................  23[deg]29[min].  161[deg]09[min]
                                                     99              .05
15....................................  23[deg]27[min].  161[deg]07[min]
                                                     25              .35
16....................................  23[deg]24[min].  161[deg]05[min]
                                                     42              .85
17....................................  23[deg]21[min].  161[deg]04[min]
                                                     51              .54
18....................................  23[deg]18[min].  161[deg]03[min]
                                                     52              .43
19....................................  23[deg]15[min].  161[deg]02[min]
                                                     48              .53
20....................................  23[deg]12[min].  161[deg]01[min]
                                                     39              .84
21....................................  23[deg]09[min].  161[deg]01[min]
                                                     27              .35
22....................................  23[deg]06[min].  161[deg]01[min]
                                                     13              .09
23....................................  23[deg]02[min].  161[deg]01[min]
                                                     97              .03
24....................................  22[deg]59[min].  161[deg]01[min]
                                                     82              .19
25....................................  22[deg]56[min].  161[deg]01[min]
                                                     69              .57
26....................................  22[deg]53[min].  161[deg]02[min]
                                                     58              .15
27....................................  22[deg]50[min].  161[deg]02[min]
                                                     51              .95
28....................................  22[deg]47[min].  161[deg]03[min]
                                                     50              .95
29....................................  22[deg]44[min].  161[deg]05[min]
                                                     55              .15
30....................................  22[deg]41[min].  161[deg]06[min]
                                                     67              .54
31....................................  22[deg]38[min].  161[deg]08[min]
                                                     88              .13
32....................................  22[deg]36[min].  161[deg]09[min]
                                                     19              .90
33....................................  22[deg]33[min].  161[deg]11[min]
                                                     61              .85
34....................................  22[deg]31[min].  161[deg]13[min]
                                                     14              .97
35....................................  22[deg]28[min].  161[deg]16[min]
                                                     81              .25
36....................................  22[deg]26[min].  161[deg]18[min]
                                                     61              .69
37....................................  22[deg]24[min].  161[deg]21[min]
                                                     56              .26
38....................................  22[deg]22[min].  161[deg]23[min]
                                                     66              .97
39....................................  22[deg]20[min].  161[deg]26[min]
                                                     92              .80
40....................................  22[deg]19[min].  161[deg]29[min]
                                                     35              .74
41....................................  22[deg]17[min].  161[deg]32[min]
                                                     95              .78
42....................................  22[deg]16[min].  161[deg]35[min]
                                                     73              .90
43....................................  22[deg]15[min].  161[deg]39[min]
                                                     70              .10
44....................................  22[deg]14[min].  161[deg]42[min]
                                                     85              .37
45....................................  22[deg]14[min].  161[deg]45[min]
                                                     20              .68
46....................................  22[deg]13[min].  161[deg]49[min]
                                                     73              .03
47....................................  22[deg]13[min].  161[deg]52[min]
                                                     47              .41
48....................................  22[deg]13[min].  161[deg]55[min]
                                                     40              .80
49....................................  22[deg]13[min].  161[deg]59[min]
                                                     53              .18
50....................................  22[deg]13[min].  162[deg]02[min]
                                                     85              .55
51....................................  22[deg]14[min].  162[deg]05[min]
                                                     31              .45
52....................................  22[deg]14[min].  162[deg]05[min]
                                                     37              .89
53....................................  22[deg]14[min].  162[deg]06[min]
                                                     59              .88
54....................................  22[deg]15[min].  162[deg]12[min]
                                                     87              .18
55....................................  22[deg]17[min].  162[deg]17[min]
                                                     70              .31
56....................................  22[deg]19[min].  162[deg]22[min]
                                                     97              .20
57....................................  22[deg]22[min].  162[deg]26[min]
                                                     73              .84
58....................................  22[deg]25[min].  162[deg]31[min]
                                                     88              .15
59....................................  22[deg]29[min].  162[deg]35[min]
                                                     41              .09
60....................................  22[deg]33[min].  162[deg]38[min]
                                                     28              .61
61....................................  22[deg]37[min].  162[deg]41[min]
                                                     47              .72
62....................................  22[deg]41[min].  162[deg]44[min]
                                                     93              .34
63....................................  22[deg]46[min].  162[deg]46[min]
                                                     63              .47
64....................................  22[deg]51[min].  162[deg]48[min]
                                                     48              .05
65....................................  22[deg]56[min].  162[deg]49[min]
                                                     46              .09
66....................................  23[deg]01[min].  162[deg]49[min]
                                                     50              .58
67....................................  23[deg]06[min].  162[deg]49[min]
                                                     58              .49
68....................................