Hazardous Materials: Requirements for the Storage of Explosives During Transportation, 38164-38171 [E8-15119]

Download as PDF 38164 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 129 / Thursday, July 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules your identity or contact information unless you provide it in the body of your comment. If you send e-mail directly to EPA, your e-mail address will be automatically captured and included as part of the public comment. If EPA cannot read your comment due to technical difficulties and cannot contact you for clarification, EPA may not be able to consider your comment. Electronic files should avoid the use of special characters, any form of encryption, and be free of any defects or viruses. Docket: The index to the docket for this action is available electronically at http://www.regulations.gov and in hard copy at EPA Region IX, 75 Hawthorne Street, San Francisco, California. 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Please note that if we receive adverse comment on an amendment, paragraph, or section of this rule and if that provision may be severed from the remainder of the rule, we may adopt as final those provisions of the rule that are not the subject of an adverse comment. We do not plan to open a second comment period, so anyone interested in commenting should do so at this time. If we do not receive adverse comments, no further activity is planned. For further information, please see the direct final action. jlentini on PROD1PC65 with PROPOSALS SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Dated: April 22, 2008. Laura Yoshii, Acting Regional Administrator, Region IX. [FR Doc. E8–14883 Filed 7–2–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6560–50–P VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:19 Jul 02, 2008 Jkt 214001 DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration 49 CFR Parts 173 and 177 [Docket No. PHMSA–2005–22987 (HM–238)] RIN 2137–AE06 Hazardous Materials: Requirements for the Storage of Explosives During Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), DOT. ACTION: Advance notice of proposed rulemaking (ANPRM); reopening of comment period and announcement of public meeting. AGENCY: SUMMARY: PHMSA is concerned that current requirements may not adequately address the risks associated with the storage of explosives while they are in transportation. On November 16, 2005, we published an advance notice of proposed rulemaking to solicit comments concerning measures to reduce those risks. The comment period closed February 14, 2006. To ensure that our stakeholders are fully aware of the risks we are addressing and given sufficient opportunity to comment, this ANPRM re-opens the comment period, summarizes the comments already in the docket, and announces a public meeting. Written comments: Comments must be received by October 1, 2008. Public meeting: August 7, 2008, starting at 9 a.m. and ending at 1 p.m. ADDRESSES: Public meeting: The meeting will be held at the U.S. DOT headquarters 1200 New Jersey Ave., SE., Washington, DC 20590. The main visitor’s entrance is located in the West Building, on New Jersey Avenue and M Street. For detailed directions please see Section IV. To sign up for the meeting or to request special accommodations, please contact Mr. Ben Supko or Ms. Susan Gorsky at the telephone number or address listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT below. Comments: You may submit comments identified by the docket number PHMSA–2005–22987 by any of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. • Fax: 1–202–493–2251. • Mail: Docket Operations, U.S. Department of Transportation, West Building, Ground Floor, Room W12– DATES: PO 00000 Frm 00010 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 140, Routing Symbol M–30, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE., Washington, DC 20590. • Hand Delivery: To Docket Operations, Room W12–140 on the ground floor of the West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE., Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal Holidays. Instructions: All submissions must include the agency name and docket number for this notice at the beginning of the comment. Note that all comments received will be posted without change to the docket management system, including any personal information provided. Docket: For access to the dockets to read background documents or comments received, go to http:// www.regulations.gov or DOT’s Docket Operations Office (see ADDRESSES). Privacy Act: Anyone is able to search the electronic form of any written communications and comments received into any of our dockets by the name of the individual submitting the document (or signing the document, if submitted on behalf of an association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review DOT’s complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (Volume 65, Number 70; Pages 19477–78), which may also be found at http:// www.regulations.gov. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Susan Gorsky or Ben Supko, Office of Hazardous Materials Standards, telephone (202) 366–8553, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, East Building, PHH–10, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE., Washington, DC 20590–0001. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background On November 16, 2005 PHMSA published an advance notice of proposed rulemaking (ANPRM) under Docket HM–238 (70 FR 69493) to solicit comments concerning measures to reduce the risks posed by the storage of explosives while they are in transportation. For persons interested in viewing the ANPRM, it is accessible by PHMSA docket number (PHMSA–2005– 22987) through the Federal eRulemaking Portal (http:// www.regulations.gov). The ANPRM focused primarily on the safe storage of explosives. We also, however, invited commenters to address issues related to security and storage of other types of high-hazard materials. E:\FR\FM\03JYP1.SGM 03JYP1 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 129 / Thursday, July 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules jlentini on PROD1PC65 with PROPOSALS As indicated in the ANPRM, we are concerned that the current regulations do not adequately address the safety and security risks associated with the storage of explosives while they are in transportation. Brief summaries of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs; 49 CFR parts 390–397) and Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR; 49 CFR parts 171– 180), as discussed in the ANPRM, are provided below: A. FMCSRs The FMCSRs are administered by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) to address driver qualifications; vehicle parts and accessories; driving requirements and hours of service; vehicle inspection, repair and maintenance; driving and parking rules for the transportation of hazardous materials; hazardous materials safety permits; and written route plans. The FMCSRs include requirements for storage of explosives incidental to movement. In accordance with the FMCSRs, a motor vehicle that contains Division 1.1, 1.2, or 1.3 explosives must be attended at all times, including during incidental storage, unless the motor vehicle is located on the motor carrier’s property, the shipper or consignee’s property, or at a ‘‘safe haven’’ (49 CFR 397.5). Under the FMCSRs, a ‘‘safe haven’’ is defined as an area specifically approved in writing by Federal, State, or local government authorities for the parking of unattended vehicles containing Division 1.1, 1.2, and 1.3 explosive materials (49 CFR 397.5(d)(3)). The decision as to what constitutes a safe haven is generally made by the local competent authority having jurisdiction over the area. The FMCSRs do not include requirements for safety or security measures for safe havens. The FMCSRs require any person who files a Motor Carrier Identification Report Form (MCS–150) according to the schedule set forth in § 390.19(a) of the 49 CFR and transports more than 25 kg (55 pounds) of a Division 1.1, 1.2, or 1.3 material or an amount of a Division 1.5 (explosive) material that requires placarding under part 172 of the 49 CFR to hold a valid safety permit. A safety permit is a document issued by FMCSA that contains a permit number and confers authority to transport in commerce the hazardous materials listed in § 385.403 (49 CFR 385.402). Persons holding a safety permit and transporting Division 1.1, 1.2, and 1.3 materials must prepare a written route plan that meets the requirements of § 397.67. The route plan requires carriers to establish a route that avoids VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:19 Jul 02, 2008 Jkt 214001 heavily populated areas, places where crowds are assembled, tunnels, narrow streets, or alleys (49 CFR 397.67). In addition, a motor vehicle containing a Division 1.1, 1.2, or 1.3 explosive may not be parked on or within 5 feet of the traveled portion of a public highway or street; on private property without the consent of the person in charge of the property; or within 300 feet of a bridge, tunnel, dwelling, or place where people work or congregate unless for brief periods when parking in such locations is unavoidable (49 CFR 397.7(a)). B. HMR In accordance with the HMR, the same requirements apply to the transportation of hazardous materials whether the materials are incidentally stored or actually moving (e.g., shipping papers, emergency response information, hazard communication, packaging, and segregation). As a result, the HMR require each person who incidentally stores explosives during transportation to have a security plan. The security plan must be based on an assessment of possible security risks and must include measures to address those risks. Otherwise, the HMR do not provide standards or incorporate guidelines for facilities to follow when storing explosives incidental to transportation. C. ANPRM In the November 2005 ANPRM, we summarized government and industry standards for explosives storage. The standards focus on explosives storage, but vary greatly by mode of transportation, type of explosives, and whether the explosive is in transportation. The standards covered in the ANPRM are listed below. Detailed information on the standards may be obtained by accessing the public docket for this rulemaking. • Hazardous Materials Regulations (49 CFR parts 171–180). • Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (49 CFR parts 350–399). • United States Coast Guard Requirements applicable to explosives storage (33 CFR parts 101–126). • Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives Regulations for explosives in commerce (27 CFR part 555). • National Fire Protection Association’s NFPA 498, ‘‘Standard for Safe Havens and Interchange Lots for Vehicles Transporting Explosives’’ (NFPA 498). • Institute of Makers of Explosives Safety Library Publication No. 27, ‘‘Security in Manufacturing, PO 00000 Frm 00011 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 38165 Transportation, Storage and Use of Commercial Explosives.’’ • Surface Deployment and Distribution Command, ‘‘SDDC Freight Traffic Rules Publication NO. 1C (MFTRP NO. 1C).’’ II. Purpose and Scope of ANPRM The purpose of this ANPRM is to reopen the comment period, which originally closed February 14, 2006, and to announce a public meeting to solicit comments and discussion on the lack of uniform standards for establishing, approving, and maintaining safe havens for the temporary storage of explosives during motor vehicle transportation. As described in the sections above, there are currently no minimum or uniform criteria for federal, state, or local governments use when approving the establishment and operation of safe havens. In addition, it is likely that current, approved, safe havens do not comply with the very minimum requirements established by Part 397 of the FMCSRs. One way to decrease the risk associated with motor vehicles transporting explosives being left unattended at rest and truck stops is to require explosives to be attended at all times through the use of driver teams. However, historical experience indicates that this would increase the potential risk to the general public. Enforcing an ‘‘attendance’’ requirement is difficult at best. There would be little incentive for operators of vehicles to comply, they may even remove the placards and other visible evidence of the explosive being transported in order to leave the vehicles unattended at locations of their choice, such as residential communities and business districts. Another way of decreasing risk is to ensure that explosives are stored safely during transportation. Industry consensus standards, such as those provided in NFPA 498, and other guidelines could be incorporated into the HMR to establish a uniform baseline for safe haven locations. This is also a complicated issue that may actually reduce the number of safe havens. Owners of safe havens may be unwilling to absorb the cost required to bring their property into compliance. Development of new, less stringent standards may be an alternative that will balance the risk of unattended explosives with the cost of establishing and maintaining adequate safe haven locations. While our November 16, 2005 ANPRM focused primarily on safety issues related to the temporary storage of explosives transported by highway, we also discussed additional concerns E:\FR\FM\03JYP1.SGM 03JYP1 38166 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 129 / Thursday, July 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules regarding: (1) Security; (2) storage by rail and vessel modes; and (3) storage of other high-hazard materials. Since publication of the ANPRM and after reviewing ongoing federal programs intended to enhance the safety and security of hazardous materials stored during transportation by all modes, we decided to narrow the scope of this rulemaking to address the area posing the largest risk to the public—the development of measures for ensuring the safety of explosives temporarily stored during transportation by motor vehicle. The following sections of this preamble detail some of the actions taken by PHMSA and other agencies that promise to reduce risks in the areas of rail and motor carrier security issues, storage during transportation by rail and vessel, and storage of high-hazard materials. jlentini on PROD1PC65 with PROPOSALS A. PHMSA and TSA Rulemakings Related to Rail Security PHMSA and Transportation Security Administration (TSA) are working cooperatively to address security issues related to the transportation by rail of high-hazard materials—toxic-inhalationhazard (TIH) materials, radioactive materials, and explosives. On December 21, 2006, PHMSA, in consultation with the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) and TSA, published a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM; 71 FR 76833) proposing to revise the current requirements in the HMR applicable to the safe and secure transportation of hazardous materials transported in commerce by rail. Based on comments received in response to the NPRM and the provisions of the 9/11 Commission Act, we are adopting the following revisions to the security plan provisions: • Rail carriers must compile information and data on the commodities transported, including the routes over which these commodities are transported. • Rail carriers transporting the specified hazardous materials must use the data they compile and relevant information from state, local, and tribal officials, as appropriate, regarding security risks to high-consequence targets along or in proximity to a route to analyze the safety and security risks for each route used and practicable alternative routes to the route used. • Using these analyses, rail carriers must select the safest and most secure practicable route for the specified hazardous materials. • In developing their security plans, rail carriers must specifically address the security risks associated with VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:19 Jul 02, 2008 Jkt 214001 shipments delayed in transit or temporarily stored in transit. • Rail carriers transporting the covered hazardous materials must notify consignees of any significant unplanned delays affecting the delivery of the hazardous material. • Rail carriers must work with shippers and consignees to minimize the time a rail car containing one of the specified hazardous materials is placed on track awaiting pick-up, delivery, or transfer. • Rail carriers must conduct security visual inspections at ground level of rail cars containing hazardous materials that have been accepted for transportation or placed in a train to check for signs of tampering or the introduction of an improvised explosive device (IED). Also on December 21, 2006, TSA published an NPRM proposing additional security requirements for rail transportation. The TSA rulemaking would enhance security in the rail transportation mode by proposing requirements on freight and passenger railroads, rail transit systems, and on facilities with rail connections that ship, receive, or unload certain hazardous materials. The TSA NPRM includes proposals applicable to the transportation of TIH materials, radioactive materials, and explosives by rail: (1) Location reporting of rail cars upon request from TSA; (2) enhanced chain-of custody procedures to ensure positive and secure change of physical custody when transferring rail cars between carriers and between carriers and rail hazardous materials shipper and receiver facilities; (3) enhanced physical security measures for rail cars awaiting pick-up at shippers’ facilities; and (4) enhanced physical security measures for rail cars awaiting unloading at consignee facilities in high-threat urban areas. B. USCG Requirements Applicable to Explosives Storage The United States Coast Guard (USCG) issues regulations for the safe and secure handling and storage of explosives and other dangerous cargos that are within or contiguous to waterfront facilities. The USCG’s primary statutory authority is set forth in title 46, U.S. Code, the Ports and Waterways Safety Act, 33 U.S.C. 1221, et seq., and the Espionage Act of 1917, as amended by the Magnuson Act of 1950, 16 U.S.C. 1858, and most recently by the Maritime Transportation and Security Act of 2002, 46 U.S.C. 70108, in addition to Executive Orders and Coast Guard regulations implementing the statutory authorities. PO 00000 Frm 00012 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 The USCG regulations at 33 CFR part 126 establish requirements for designated waterfront facilities. Section 126.15 requires designated waterfront facilities that handle, store, stow, load, discharge, or transport dangerous cargo to meet specific conditions. These requirements adequately address safety issues associated with the temporary storage of explosives during transportation by vessel. C. TSA Hazardous Materials Truck Security Pilot In August 2005, TSA initiated the ‘‘TSA Hazardous Materials Truck Security Pilot.’’ This congressionally mandated pilot program was designed to test the functionality and capabilities of a centralized truck tracking system. The pilot utilized specific protocols capable of interfacing with existing truck tracking systems, government intelligence centers, and first responders. The goal was for TSA to establish and test a prototype Truck Tracking Center that would allow TSA to ‘‘continually’’ track truck locations and specific hazardous materials load types in all 50 states. The tracking system also allowed for automatic or manual notification of exception based events. The TSA Hazardous Materials Truck Security Pilot, including the prototype Truck Tracking Center, ended in 2007. As we indicated in a June 27, 2007 (72 FR 35211) notice withdrawing Docket HM–232A, entitled Security Requirements for Motor Carriers Transporting Hazardous Materials, any rulemaking to address motor carrier security tracking should be carried out under TSA’s legal authority, rather than primarily as an amendment to the HMR. In the notice we advised the public that the TSA has assumed the lead role from PHMSA for rulemaking addressing the security of motor carrier shipments of hazardous materials under the HM– 232A docket. Accordingly, we withdrew the ANPRM and closed the rulemaking proceeding. As described in the withdrawal notice, the action was consistent with and supportive of the respective transportation security roles and responsibilities of the DOT and DHS as delineated in a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) signed September 28, 2004, and the roles of TSA and PHMSA as outlined in an Annex to that MOU signed August 7, 2006. In light of these ongoing efforts and extensive consultation and coordination with TSA in several other areas to develop measures to enhance transportation security and to identify high-risk materials for which additional E:\FR\FM\03JYP1.SGM 03JYP1 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 129 / Thursday, July 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules enhanced security measures may be necessary, we have decided to limit the focus of this rulemaking to the safe storage of explosives during transportation by motor vehicle. Working with TSA, we will continue to weigh security risks as we evaluate options for the safe storage of explosives during transportation by motor vehicle. 38167 III. Summary of Comments on the ANPRM We received 22 comments in response to the ANPRM, as follows: Document No. Rex C. Railsback ............................................................................................................................................................ Shell Chemical LP .......................................................................................................................................................... Institute of Makers of Explosives (IME) .......................................................................................................................... North American Automotive Hazmat Action Committee (NAAHAC) .............................................................................. Department of Defense Explosive Safety Board ............................................................................................................ Pacific Maritime Association (PMA) ............................................................................................................................... Association of American Railroads (AAR) ...................................................................................................................... Baker Petrolite Corporation (BPC) ................................................................................................................................. Boyle Transportation ....................................................................................................................................................... Air Transport Association ............................................................................................................................................... International Vessel Operators Hazardous Materials Association, Inc. (VOHMA) ........................................................ U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) ................................................................................................................................. Onyx Environmental Services L.L.C. (Onyx) .................................................................................................................. National Propane Gas Association (NPGA) ................................................................................................................... PPG Industries, Inc. (PPG) ............................................................................................................................................ Council on Safe Transportation of Hazardous Articles, Inc. (COSTHA) ....................................................................... American Trucking Associations (ATA) .......................................................................................................................... The Alliance of Special Effects & Pyrotechnic Operators, Inc. (ASEPO) ...................................................................... Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers Institute, Inc. (SAAMI) ......................................................................... Dangerous Goods Advisory Council (DGAC) ................................................................................................................ ARKEMA, Inc. (ARKEMA) .............................................................................................................................................. Compressed Gas Association (CGA) ............................................................................................................................. jlentini on PROD1PC65 with PROPOSALS Commenter PHMSA–2005–22987–002 PHMSA–2005–22987–003 PHMSA–2005–22987–004 PHMSA–2005–22987–006 PHMSA–2005–22987–007 PHMSA–2005–22987–008 PHMSA–2005–22987–009 PHMSA–2005–22987–0010 PHMSA–2005–22987–0011 PHMSA–2005–22987–0012 PHMSA–2005–22987–0013 PHMSA–2005–22987–0014 PHMSA–2005–22987–0015 PHMSA–2005–22987–0016 PHMSA–2005–22987–0017 PHMSA–2005–22987–0018 PHMSA–2005–22987–0019 PHMSA–2005–22987–0020 PHMSA–2005–22987–0021 PHMSA–2005–22987–0022 PHMSA–2005–22987–0023 PHMSA–2005–22987–0024 The comments are available for review through the Federal eRulemaking Portal (http:// www.regulations.gov). Several of the commenters provided comments highlighting security concerns including specific DHS security initiatives (e.g., transportation worker identity credential (TWIC), cargo security) that are beyond the scope of this rulemaking. We support TSA efforts and agree that the TWIC program, cargo chain security regulations, and the truck security pilot will, when implemented, provide for a more efficient and effective means of screening employees, securing cargo, and ensuring hazardous materials are transported securely. It is not our intention to propose requirements applicable to the storage of explosives in transportation that will conflict with or duplicate DHS regulations. If we determine to move forward with rulemaking, our goal will be to enhance the safety of explosives stored during transportation while providing additional flexibility for motor carriers transporting these materials. Generally, commenters suggest that a lack of consistent regulations for the storage of explosives during transportation creates a significant safety concern. The commenters do not support a cookie-cutter solution that could limit transportation or create an undue burden for transportation by a particular mode. Commenters suggest VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:19 Jul 02, 2008 Jkt 214001 that an effective approach would be one that promotes flexibility and provides several storage options for explosives while they are in transportation. As indicated above, the intention of the ANPRM was to gather information from commenters to help us determine if our stakeholders support further regulatory action. Below we paraphrase the questions asked in the ANPRM and provide a summary of the applicable comments. 1. Effectiveness of Different Types of Safety and Security Measures IME, NAAHAC, PMA, Boyle Transportation, VOHMA, Onyx , PPG, COSTHA, ASEPO, AAR, and ARKEMA provided comments regarding the effectiveness of different types of safety and security measures. Generally, these commenters suggest that current safety measures are on target, but could use some improvement. In its comments, ARKEMA outlines several issues that should be addressed in a rulemaking proposal, such as a clear and consistent definition of what constitutes a safe haven, attendance, and the Hours of Service Rules when locating safe havens. ONYX suggests constant attendance to effectively secure higher-risk explosives in Division 1.1, 1.2, and 1.3 during transportation. In addition, for materials in Division 1.4, 1.5 and 1.6, ONYX indicates adequate safety and security during transportation can be maintained by (1) expediting delivery, (2) PO 00000 Frm 00013 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 minimizing the time the materials are located at a transfer facility, and (3) providing site-specific security measures for any transfer facility. Boyle Transportation indicates handling and storage during transportation is adequately addressed by NFPA 498. According to Boyle Transportation, ‘‘This standard should be the baseline for any enhancements. And, if introduced into regulation, [NFPA 498] needs to be applicable to all modes so that these materials are consistently secured.’’ ATA, COSTHA, AAR, PMA, and VOHMA express concern regarding the development of a one-size fits all rulemaking and provide support for the adequacy of current requirements. ATA indicates the trucking industry has already implemented measures to ensure the safe transportation of hazardous materials. 2. The Costs Involved With Implementing Specific Safety and Security Measures IME, PMA, Boyle Transportation, VOHMA, ONYX, ATA, and ARKEMA provided comments regarding the costs of implementing enhanced safety measures. Most comments revolve around the costs of physical security, the impact of additional regulations on the explosives transportation industry, and the cost of constructing and maintaining safe havens. Boyle Transportation, ONYX, and ATA express concern regarding the E:\FR\FM\03JYP1.SGM 03JYP1 38168 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 129 / Thursday, July 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules jlentini on PROD1PC65 with PROPOSALS dwindling number of carriers transporting explosives. According to Boyle Transportation, implementation of SDDC MFTRP No. 1C eliminated 27 of 30 possible terminals as temporary storage facilities, representing a more than 25% increase in carrier costs due to the inability to perform logistics activities and maintenance at terminal facilities. ATA indicates it is likely more requirements will lead to a niche industry that transports these materials at a much greater cost. ATA states requirements imposed upon this segment of the industry have led to a significant contraction in the number of carriers willing to transport explosives. Currently more than 500,000 carriers are registered with the FMCSA, and approximately 19 transport ammunition and explosives for DOD. Similarly, ONYX indicates it incurs approximately a 15–20% increase over the typical expense of transporting using a single driver when it uses dual drivers to transport Division 1.1, 1.2 and 1.3 materials. Boyle Transportation and ARKEMA provide additional comments regarding the number of safe havens and other storage locations for explosives. Boyle Transportation notes that less-thantruckload shipments were moved pointto-point as a result of carriers’ inability to use terminals, generating much more mileage than previously consolidated shipments. ARKEMA indicates that, in an effort to meet guidelines and secure capacity to move their goods, explosives manufacturers might be forced to handle the transportation themselves or hire specialized carriers to perform the transportation. According to Boyle Transportation, a simple solution is to allow commercial vehicles transporting explosives to stop at Federally designated safe havens. In addition, Boyle Transportation states, ‘‘Most carriers that designed truck terminals for the handling and storage of explosives used NFPA 498 as a guideline.’’ 3. The Related Safety or Productivity Benefits That Would Help Offset Costs IME, PMA, Boyle Transportation, ONYX, and ATA provided comments in regard to safety and productivity benefits available to offset the costs of explosive storage standards. IME explains the key to explosives safety is exposing the minimum amount of people to the threat of an accidental explosion. Boyle Transportation states, ‘‘The safety benefit is insurance against the risk of a high consequence, low probability event. Most of this benefit accrues to the general public not the specific carrier.’’ According to ATA, the VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:19 Jul 02, 2008 Jkt 214001 hazardous materials regulatory requirement to transport materials without undue delay has tremendous safety and security benefits. 4. The Effect That Implementing Specific Safety and Security Measures Will Have on the Human Environment IME, PMA, Boyle Transportation, ONYX, and ATA provided comments on the impact of implementing safety and security measures on the human environment. The comments were divided on this issue. IME expects little impact on the human environment. Boyle Transportation and ONYX indicate that reducing the safety and security risks associated with the transportation of explosives will benefit the public and regulated community. PMA and ATA suggest that disruptions in the flow of cargo may cause significant environmental and land use issues. 5. Ways or Incentives That May Be Appropriate To Consider in Promoting Adoption of Safety and Security Measures in Conjunction With or Separate From General Regulatory Requirements IME, NAAHAC, PMA, Boyle Transportation, ONYX, and ATA provided comments in response to this question. Generally, the commenters indicate citizens will benefit from the safe transportation of explosives and, therefore, it is beneficial for the government to promote such regulations. Funding methods provided by the commenters include reduced insurance rates, increased inspection protocols or frequencies, new or increased fines, tax credits or direct grants, surcharges or user fees on shipments, and research and education. Commenters suggest that these types of measures could be utilized to fund a more extensive safe haven program that accounts for the true costs and benefits it imposes. 6. The Overall Safety and Security of Safe Havens for Temporary Storage During Transportation, Including Suggestions for Improving Security at Safe Havens or Alternatives to the Use of Safe Havens The comments are divided when it comes to the safety and security of safe havens; however, commenters generally agree that the addition of accessible storage locations aids in the safe and secure transportation of explosives. PMA, Baker Hughes, VOHMA, ATA, and SAAMI express concern regarding any mandated use of safe havens. Baker Hughes states, ‘‘Restricting shipments to major shipping lanes where safe havens PO 00000 Frm 00014 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 would be located would not allow us to efficiently service our customers. Shipments would actually be in transit longer, thereby creating more risk rather than less.’’ VOHMA, ATA, and SAAMI indicate storing explosives and other high-hazard materials in concentrated locations such as safe havens may cause terrorist actions to be directed toward safe havens. According to ATA, a driver’s best defense may be to blend in with other trucks on the road as well as in a rest area. ATA states, ‘‘A standard that allows trucks carrying extremely hazardous materials to be parked in areas that meet Federal security standards may be more appropriate than the use of designated safe havens.’’ IME, NAAHAC, Boyle Transportation, ASEPO, and DGAC support the use of safe havens for the storage of explosives. ASEPO states, ‘‘a concerted effort on the part of the Federal government should be made to use its vast resource, including its land, to facilitate the creation of new safe havens in areas where those in private hands have been closed.’’ Boyle Transportation’s comments indicate it agrees with the incorporation of safe havens into the HMR; however, different standards should be developed for temporary parking at truck stops and carrier terminals (less than 4 hours) than for handling or storage during transportation for up to 100 hours. IME and DGAC recommend the incorporation of NFPA 498, Standard for Safe Havens and Interchange Lots for Vehicles Transporting Explosives (2006 ed.) into the HMR. DGAC goes on to state, to avoid frustration, ‘‘DGAC believes that facilities meeting NFPA 498, Standards for Safe Havens and Interchange Lots for Vehicles Transporting Explosives (2006 ed.) should be recognized as suitable safe havens.’’ 7. The Conditions and Circumstances Under Which Temporary Storage in Safe Havens Should Be Required IME, NAAHAC, Boyle Transportation, and ONYX support the performancebased standards provided in NFPA 498 and indicate they pave that way for consistent reasonable requirements for in transit storage facilities provided they are readily available. However, IME requests ‘‘FMCSA strike its vague and arbitrary condition at 397.5(d)(3)’’ which indicates a safe haven is a location approved by state or local government for the unattended parking of Division 1.1, 1.2, or 1.3 materials. In addition ONYX states, it would be ‘‘unreasonable for the other lowerhazard explosive materials, particularly when these materials are present in E:\FR\FM\03JYP1.SGM 03JYP1 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 129 / Thursday, July 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules jlentini on PROD1PC65 with PROPOSALS small quantities, as is most often the case (e.g., the less-than-truckload (LTL) shipment of 2 flares classified as a Division 1.4 along with other hazardous wastes)’’ to comply with the safe haven requirements. Similarly, NAAHAC states, ‘‘Once established, temporary storage should apply to placardable quantities of Class 1 materials . . .’’ ATA, VOHMA, and DOE state their concerns regarding the mandated use of safe havens. ATA indicates that the current number of safe havens has been inadequate for years, and ‘‘Until there is an extensive network of safe havens, it is unreasonable to require carriers to use safe havens in the transportation of highly hazardous materials.’’ DOE and VOHMA express concern regarding the spacing and accessibility of safe havens. DOE indicates we must take into account a driver’s ability to reach a designated safe haven based on weather conditions, emergencies, or other factors causing unanticipated delays. VOHMA’s concerns focus around the placement of safe havens and the likelihood of frustrated shipments. VOHMA states, ‘‘The cost associated with frustrated cargoes for all goods is high, and certainly the costs associated with frustrated high hazard shipments would be even higher.’’ 8. Whether Specific Safety and Security Measures Should Be Limited to Certain Explosives and, if so, Which Explosives Might Warrant Specific Security or Safety Measures (i.e., to Which Explosives in Division 1 Through Division 6 and in What Quantity Should These Measures Apply) IME, NAAHAC, PMA, Boyle Transportation, ONYX, and ATA support specific safety and security measures for certain explosives, but differ on which measures should apply and which materials should be subject. IME prefers the application of the safety and security measures provided in SLP– 27, which are applicable to explosives in Division 1.1, 1.2, and 1.3. NAAHAC states, ‘‘Specific safety and security transportation measures should be limited to explosive shipments that require placards.’’ PMA recommends we follow the standards provided in USCG requirements applicable to explosives storage (33 CFR Part 126) as they apply to type and quantity of materials. Boyle Transportation supports increased safety and security measures for Division 1 through Division 1.4 explosives. In addition, Boyle states, ‘‘Shipments of explosives should require two drivers.’’ ONYX indicates the use of safe havens for lower-hazard explosives materials is not justified; however, it supports the current FMCSA VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:19 Jul 02, 2008 Jkt 214001 38169 requirements for Division 1.1, 1.2, and 1.3 explosives to be attended at all times. To limit extremely hazardous materials in one place, ATA states, ‘‘One concept that merits additional consideration is using the concept of maximum net explosive mass as a means of limiting the quantity of extremely hazardous materials that are allowed to be present on any one transport vehicle, train, ship, or in any one area.’’ sufficient. CGA states ‘‘DOT has also stated that anything should be deliverable within 10 days. This was their reason to require a shipping paper to be retained for 375 days before the recent change to the 2-year retention period.’’ 9. Whether We Should Consider Aggregation Limits on the Storage of Explosives and Other High-Hazard Materials at a Single Facility During Transportation Shell Chemical, NAAHAC, PMA, Baker Hughes, VOHMA, CGA, and AAR oppose aggregation limits on the storage of explosives at a single facility during transportation. Shell Chemical states, ‘‘Limits on storage would place a burden on certain locations and disrupt their operational processes.’’ NAAHAC expresses concern regarding the likelihood of drivers being required to seek alternate safe haven due to the fact that a facility had already reached its ‘‘allowable’’ quantity of Class 1 hazardous materials. NAAHAC indicates under such circumstances the drivers may have to drive hundreds of miles to seek an alternate parking location and possibly violate the FMCSA hours of operation limit, providing for a greater risk. IME, Boyle Transportation, ONYX, and ATA indicate they may support an aggregation limit on the amount of explosives stored at a single facility while in transportation. IME states, ‘‘Risk-based aggregation limits on the storage of explosives and other highhazard materials at a single facility during transportation are appropriate.’’ ATA supports the concept of limiting the quantity based on a maximum net explosive mass. IME, Boyle Transportation, and ONYX agree that shipping documents should provide the locations where a shipment will be stored during transportation. IME states, ‘‘Shipping documents, specifically the route or trip plan, should indicate all stops which includes storage at a safe haven or other facility during transportation.’’ Boyle Transportation states ‘‘A documented route of travel (paper or electronic) and tracking systems that detect out of route conditions should be a requirement for all modes and stops for safe haven en route should be identified. ONYX indicates it would support the addition of storage locations on the route plan for Division 1.1, 1.2 or 1.3 materials but not for other explosives in Divisions 1.4, 1.5, and 1.6. 10. Whether We Should Consider Limits on the Time That a Shipment of Explosives or Other High-Hazard Materials Could Be Stored During Transportation Shell Chemical, IME, NAAHAC, PMA, ATA, and CGA indicate we should not consider limits on the amount of time explosives or other highhazard materials may be stored during transportation. Shell Chemical indicates time limits will have an enormous impact on the supply systems for these materials and would do nothing more than shift the risk from one jurisdiction to others. IME and CGA indicate the requirement for materials to be transported without undue delay is PO 00000 Frm 00015 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 11.Whether Shipping Documents Should Indicate That a Shipment Will Be Stored at a Safe Haven or Other Facility During Transportation 12. Whether There Are Additional Standards, Other Than Those Outlined Above, That We Should Take Into Consideration NAAHAC, PMA, Boyle Transportation, and CGA indicated we may want to review additional standards and programs for developing uniform storage requirements for explosives during transportation. Those standards and programs are listed below: • Uniform Fire Code and International Fire Code; • Requirements for a Declaration of Security under Coast Guard regulations; • Hazards of Electromagnetic Radiation to Ordnance (HERO) certification required by DOD for any electronic system in a commercial vehicle used to transport DOD munitions. • Safety Permit regulation to transport highly toxic (Zone A) and bulk quantities of dangerous goods • Risk Management Programs— regulate the amounts of highly toxic dangerous goods stored at a facility • CDL hazmat endorsement • Driver background checks • State laws pertaining to dangerous goods transport E:\FR\FM\03JYP1.SGM 03JYP1 38170 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 129 / Thursday, July 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules 13. Whether Development of an Industry or Consensus Standard or Regulation Should Be Pursued in This Area Shell Chemical, Boyle Transportation, and ATA highlight the importance of involving industry representatives in the rulemaking process. IME and NAAHAC support our development of a rulemaking in this area. IME calls for the adoption of the consensus standard, NFPA 498. PMA, ONYX, and CGA indicate they do not support regulatory action in this area. ONYX indicates it supports the use and operation of safe havens, but ‘‘does not believe there is a need for PHMSA to pursue regulations for the transportation of explosive materials.’’ jlentini on PROD1PC65 with PROPOSALS IV. Public Meeting We are holding a public meeting on Thursday, August 7, 2008 at U.S. DOT headquarters located at 1200 New Jersey Ave, SE., Washington, DC 20590. The meeting will begin at 9 a.m. in conference room 6 of our Conference Center, which is located in the atrium of the West Building. The main visitor’s entrance is located in the West Building, on New Jersey Avenue and M Street. Upon entering the lobby, visitors must report to the security desk. Visitors should indicate that they will be attending the Explosives Storage Public Meeting and wait to be escorted to the Conference Center. Due to the limited amount of parking around DOT Headquarters, use of public transit is strongly advised. DOT is served by the Navy Yard Metrorail Station (Green line). The closest exit to DOT Headquarters is the Navy Yard exit. The West building is located diagonally across M Street from the Navy Yard Metrorail Station. The public meeting will focus on safety issues associated with the temporary storage of explosives during transportation. PHMSA encourages all interested persons, including state and local officials, emergency response personnel, and explosives shippers and carriers, to participate in this meeting. We would like to use this forum to promote a dialogue among all interested stakeholders to help us identify the most appropriate strategies for enhancing the safe storage of explosives during transportation. Any person wishing to participate in the public meeting should provide their name and organization to Ben Supko or Susan Gorsky, by telephone or in writing no later than July 24, 2008. Providing this information will facilitate the security screening process for entry into the building on the day of the meeting. VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:19 Jul 02, 2008 Jkt 214001 Participants do not need to prepare oral comments, but rather, be prepared to take part in an open discussion on issues raised by the comments summarized above. Some questions to consider before the meeting include: 1. Are safe havens currently available? How many? Where are they located? 2. Would a network of safe havens provide a safety benefit? 3. What is the value of a rest stop for the vehicle and the driver? 4. Would companies use safe havens or continue using driver teams? Does one promote safety more than the other? 5. Would the adoption of an industry consensus standard such as NFPA 498 promote the development of safe havens? 6. Do facilities that are being used as safe havens meet the requirements of NFPA 498? 7. Would you expect companies to convert existing facilities that meet NFPA 498 into safe havens? 8. How can we improve on the safety measures provided in NFPA 498? Should we include aggregation limits, time limits, etc.? 9. If we incorporate by reference NFPA 498 into the HMR, should we expect a drop in the number of carriers similar to what occurred when DOD implemented SDDS MFTRP No.1C? 10. Would it be more appropriate to align safe havens with the SDDC MFTRP No.1C than a consensus standard such as NFPA 498? 11. What is the impact of eliminating the requirement for safe havens to be approved by Federal, state, or local government officials? 12. Would state and local governments allow the development of safe havens without prior approval? 13. Are zoning restrictions the primary force against the development of safe havens? 14. What emergency response needs must be taken into consideration when selecting a location for a safe haven and how should they be addressed? 15. Are areas that house carrier facilities (close proximity to transportation arteries, industrial parks, etc.) sufficient locations for safe havens in terms of emergency response capabilities? 16. What costs apply to the operation of safe havens? 17. Would safe haven operators charge a fee to carriers for allowing them to use their safe haven? 18. Is the concept of temporary parking (less than 4 hours) at truck stops and carrier terminals a sufficient alternative to safe havens? We also urge interested parties to identify issues we may have overlooked PO 00000 Frm 00016 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 in the ANPRM. For example, the ANPRM made no mention of a final report entitled, ‘‘Recommended National Criteria for the Establishment and Operation of Safe Havens’’ that was published in November of 1990 by the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance (CVSA). The CVSA report may be outdated, but it did address available safe havens, future locations for safe havens, a national standard for safe havens, and several other issues pertinent to this docket. For persons interested in preparing comments or viewing the CVSA report, it is accessible by PHMSA docket number (PHMSA– 2005–22987) on the Federal eRulemaking Portal (on the Web site http://www.regulations.gov). V. Regulatory Analyses and Notices A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review Executive Order 12866 requires agencies to regulate in the ‘‘most costeffective manner,’’ to make a ‘‘reasoned determination that the benefits of the intended regulation justify its costs,’’ and to develop regulations that ‘‘impose the least burden on society.’’ We therefore request comments, including specific data if possible, concerning the costs and benefits that may be associated with adoption of specific storage requirements for carriers that include explosives storage as part of their transportation cycle. B. Executive Order 13132: Federalism Executive Order 13132 requires agencies to assure meaningful and timely input by State and local officials in the development of regulatory policies that may have a substantial, direct effect on the states, on the relationship between the national government and the states, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. We invite State and local governments with an interest in this rulemaking to comment on the effect that adoption of specific storage requirements for carriers that transport and store explosives in commerce may have on State or local safety or environmental protection programs. C. Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination With Indian Tribal Governments Executive Order 13175 requires agencies to assure meaningful and timely input from Indian tribal government representatives in the development of rules that ‘‘significantly or uniquely affect’’ Indian communities and that impose ‘‘substantial and direct E:\FR\FM\03JYP1.SGM 03JYP1 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 129 / Thursday, July 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules compliance costs’’ on such communities. We invite Indian tribal governments to provide comments as to the effect that adoption of specific storage requirements for explosives that are transported in commerce may have on Indian communities. D. Regulatory Flexibility Act Under the Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980 (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.), we must consider whether a proposed rule would have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. ‘‘Small entities’’ include small businesses, not-for-profit organizations that are independently owned and operated and are not dominant in their fields, and governmental jurisdictions with populations under 50,000. If your business or organization is a small entity and if adoption of specific storage requirements applicable to explosives transported in commerce could have a significant economic impact on your operations, please submit a comment to explain how and to what extent your business or organization could be affected. jlentini on PROD1PC65 with PROPOSALS E. National Environmental Policy Act The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) requires Federal VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:19 Jul 02, 2008 Jkt 214001 agencies to consider the consequences of major Federal actions and that they prepare a detailed statement on actions significantly affecting the quality of the human environment. Interested parties are invited to address the potential environmental impacts of regulations applicable to the storage of explosives transported in commerce. We are particularly interested in comments about safety measures that would provide greater benefit to the human environment, or on alternative actions the agency could take that would provide beneficial impacts. F. Statutory/Legal Authority for This Rulemaking This rulemaking is issued under authority of the Federal hazardous materials transportation law (49 U.S.C. 5101 et seq.), which authorizes the Secretary of Transportation to prescribe regulations for the safe transportation, including security, of hazardous materials in interstate, intrastate, and foreign commerce. G. Regulation Identifier Number (RIN) The Department of Transportation assigns a regulation identifier number (RIN) to each regulatory action listed in the Unified Agenda of Federal PO 00000 Frm 00017 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 38171 Regulations. The Regulatory Information Service Center publishes the Unified Agenda in April and October of each year. The RIN number contained in the heading of this document may be used to cross-reference this action with the Unified Agenda. H. Privacy Act Anyone is able to search the electronic form for all comments received into any of our dockets by the name of the individual submitting the comments (or signing the comment, if submitted on behalf of an association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review DOT’s complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477) or you may visit http:// www.regulations.gov. Issued in Washington, DC, on June 30, 2008, under authority delegated in 49 CFR part 106. Theodore L. Willke, Associate Administrator for Hazardous Materials Safety. [FR Doc. E8–15119 Filed 7–2–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–60–P E:\FR\FM\03JYP1.SGM 03JYP1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 73, Number 129 (Thursday, July 3, 2008)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 38164-38171]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E8-15119]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration

49 CFR Parts 173 and 177

[Docket No. PHMSA-2005-22987 (HM-238)]
RIN 2137-AE06


Hazardous Materials: Requirements for the Storage of Explosives 
During Transportation

AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), 
DOT.

ACTION: Advance notice of proposed rulemaking (ANPRM); reopening of 
comment period and announcement of public meeting.

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SUMMARY: PHMSA is concerned that current requirements may not 
adequately address the risks associated with the storage of explosives 
while they are in transportation. On November 16, 2005, we published an 
advance notice of proposed rulemaking to solicit comments concerning 
measures to reduce those risks. The comment period closed February 14, 
2006. To ensure that our stakeholders are fully aware of the risks we 
are addressing and given sufficient opportunity to comment, this ANPRM 
re-opens the comment period, summarizes the comments already in the 
docket, and announces a public meeting.

DATES: Written comments: Comments must be received by October 1, 2008.
    Public meeting: August 7, 2008, starting at 9 a.m. and ending at 1 
p.m.

ADDRESSES:
    Public meeting: The meeting will be held at the U.S. DOT 
headquarters 1200 New Jersey Ave., SE., Washington, DC 20590. The main 
visitor's entrance is located in the West Building, on New Jersey 
Avenue and M Street. For detailed directions please see Section IV. To 
sign up for the meeting or to request special accommodations, please 
contact Mr. Ben Supko or Ms. Susan Gorsky at the telephone number or 
address listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT below.
    Comments: You may submit comments identified by the docket number 
PHMSA-2005-22987 by any of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://
www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting 
comments.
     Fax: 1-202-493-2251.
     Mail: Docket Operations, U.S. Department of 
Transportation, West Building, Ground Floor, Room W12-140, Routing 
Symbol M-30, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE., Washington, DC 20590.
     Hand Delivery: To Docket Operations, Room W12-140 on the 
ground floor of the West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE., 
Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, 
except Federal Holidays.
    Instructions: All submissions must include the agency name and 
docket number for this notice at the beginning of the comment. Note 
that all comments received will be posted without change to the docket 
management system, including any personal information provided.
    Docket: For access to the dockets to read background documents or 
comments received, go to http://www.regulations.gov or DOT's Docket 
Operations Office (see ADDRESSES).
    Privacy Act: Anyone is able to search the electronic form of any 
written communications and comments received into any of our dockets by 
the name of the individual submitting the document (or signing the 
document, if submitted on behalf of an association, business, labor 
union, etc.). You may review DOT's complete Privacy Act Statement in 
the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (Volume 65, Number 70; 
Pages 19477-78), which may also be found at http://www.regulations.gov.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Susan Gorsky or Ben Supko, Office of 
Hazardous Materials Standards, telephone (202) 366-8553, Pipeline and 
Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, U.S. Department of 
Transportation, East Building, PHH-10, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE., 
Washington, DC 20590-0001.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Background

    On November 16, 2005 PHMSA published an advance notice of proposed 
rulemaking (ANPRM) under Docket HM-238 (70 FR 69493) to solicit 
comments concerning measures to reduce the risks posed by the storage 
of explosives while they are in transportation. For persons interested 
in viewing the ANPRM, it is accessible by PHMSA docket number (PHMSA-
2005-22987) through the Federal eRulemaking Portal (http://
www.regulations.gov). The ANPRM focused primarily on the safe storage 
of explosives. We also, however, invited commenters to address issues 
related to security and storage of other types of high-hazard 
materials.

[[Page 38165]]

    As indicated in the ANPRM, we are concerned that the current 
regulations do not adequately address the safety and security risks 
associated with the storage of explosives while they are in 
transportation. Brief summaries of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
Regulations (FMCSRs; 49 CFR parts 390-397) and Hazardous Materials 
Regulations (HMR; 49 CFR parts 171-180), as discussed in the ANPRM, are 
provided below:

A. FMCSRs

    The FMCSRs are administered by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
Administration (FMCSA) to address driver qualifications; vehicle parts 
and accessories; driving requirements and hours of service; vehicle 
inspection, repair and maintenance; driving and parking rules for the 
transportation of hazardous materials; hazardous materials safety 
permits; and written route plans. The FMCSRs include requirements for 
storage of explosives incidental to movement. In accordance with the 
FMCSRs, a motor vehicle that contains Division 1.1, 1.2, or 1.3 
explosives must be attended at all times, including during incidental 
storage, unless the motor vehicle is located on the motor carrier's 
property, the shipper or consignee's property, or at a ``safe haven'' 
(49 CFR 397.5).
    Under the FMCSRs, a ``safe haven'' is defined as an area 
specifically approved in writing by Federal, State, or local government 
authorities for the parking of unattended vehicles containing Division 
1.1, 1.2, and 1.3 explosive materials (49 CFR 397.5(d)(3)). The 
decision as to what constitutes a safe haven is generally made by the 
local competent authority having jurisdiction over the area. The FMCSRs 
do not include requirements for safety or security measures for safe 
havens.
    The FMCSRs require any person who files a Motor Carrier 
Identification Report Form (MCS-150) according to the schedule set 
forth in Sec.  390.19(a) of the 49 CFR and transports more than 25 kg 
(55 pounds) of a Division 1.1, 1.2, or 1.3 material or an amount of a 
Division 1.5 (explosive) material that requires placarding under part 
172 of the 49 CFR to hold a valid safety permit. A safety permit is a 
document issued by FMCSA that contains a permit number and confers 
authority to transport in commerce the hazardous materials listed in 
Sec.  385.403 (49 CFR 385.402). Persons holding a safety permit and 
transporting Division 1.1, 1.2, and 1.3 materials must prepare a 
written route plan that meets the requirements of Sec.  397.67. The 
route plan requires carriers to establish a route that avoids heavily 
populated areas, places where crowds are assembled, tunnels, narrow 
streets, or alleys (49 CFR 397.67).
    In addition, a motor vehicle containing a Division 1.1, 1.2, or 1.3 
explosive may not be parked on or within 5 feet of the traveled portion 
of a public highway or street; on private property without the consent 
of the person in charge of the property; or within 300 feet of a 
bridge, tunnel, dwelling, or place where people work or congregate 
unless for brief periods when parking in such locations is unavoidable 
(49 CFR 397.7(a)).

B. HMR

    In accordance with the HMR, the same requirements apply to the 
transportation of hazardous materials whether the materials are 
incidentally stored or actually moving (e.g., shipping papers, 
emergency response information, hazard communication, packaging, and 
segregation). As a result, the HMR require each person who incidentally 
stores explosives during transportation to have a security plan. The 
security plan must be based on an assessment of possible security risks 
and must include measures to address those risks. Otherwise, the HMR do 
not provide standards or incorporate guidelines for facilities to 
follow when storing explosives incidental to transportation.

C. ANPRM

    In the November 2005 ANPRM, we summarized government and industry 
standards for explosives storage. The standards focus on explosives 
storage, but vary greatly by mode of transportation, type of 
explosives, and whether the explosive is in transportation. The 
standards covered in the ANPRM are listed below. Detailed information 
on the standards may be obtained by accessing the public docket for 
this rulemaking.
     Hazardous Materials Regulations (49 CFR parts 171-180).
     Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (49 CFR parts 
350-399).
     United States Coast Guard Requirements applicable to 
explosives storage (33 CFR parts 101-126).
     Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives 
Regulations for explosives in commerce (27 CFR part 555).
     National Fire Protection Association's NFPA 498, 
``Standard for Safe Havens and Interchange Lots for Vehicles 
Transporting Explosives'' (NFPA 498).
     Institute of Makers of Explosives Safety Library 
Publication No. 27, ``Security in Manufacturing, Transportation, 
Storage and Use of Commercial Explosives.''
     Surface Deployment and Distribution Command, ``SDDC 
Freight Traffic Rules Publication NO. 1C (MFTRP NO. 1C).''

II. Purpose and Scope of ANPRM

    The purpose of this ANPRM is to re-open the comment period, which 
originally closed February 14, 2006, and to announce a public meeting 
to solicit comments and discussion on the lack of uniform standards for 
establishing, approving, and maintaining safe havens for the temporary 
storage of explosives during motor vehicle transportation. As described 
in the sections above, there are currently no minimum or uniform 
criteria for federal, state, or local governments use when approving 
the establishment and operation of safe havens. In addition, it is 
likely that current, approved, safe havens do not comply with the very 
minimum requirements established by Part 397 of the FMCSRs.
    One way to decrease the risk associated with motor vehicles 
transporting explosives being left unattended at rest and truck stops 
is to require explosives to be attended at all times through the use of 
driver teams. However, historical experience indicates that this would 
increase the potential risk to the general public. Enforcing an 
``attendance'' requirement is difficult at best. There would be little 
incentive for operators of vehicles to comply, they may even remove the 
placards and other visible evidence of the explosive being transported 
in order to leave the vehicles unattended at locations of their choice, 
such as residential communities and business districts.
    Another way of decreasing risk is to ensure that explosives are 
stored safely during transportation. Industry consensus standards, such 
as those provided in NFPA 498, and other guidelines could be 
incorporated into the HMR to establish a uniform baseline for safe 
haven locations. This is also a complicated issue that may actually 
reduce the number of safe havens. Owners of safe havens may be 
unwilling to absorb the cost required to bring their property into 
compliance. Development of new, less stringent standards may be an 
alternative that will balance the risk of unattended explosives with 
the cost of establishing and maintaining adequate safe haven locations.
    While our November 16, 2005 ANPRM focused primarily on safety 
issues related to the temporary storage of explosives transported by 
highway, we also discussed additional concerns

[[Page 38166]]

regarding: (1) Security; (2) storage by rail and vessel modes; and (3) 
storage of other high-hazard materials. Since publication of the ANPRM 
and after reviewing ongoing federal programs intended to enhance the 
safety and security of hazardous materials stored during transportation 
by all modes, we decided to narrow the scope of this rulemaking to 
address the area posing the largest risk to the public--the development 
of measures for ensuring the safety of explosives temporarily stored 
during transportation by motor vehicle. The following sections of this 
preamble detail some of the actions taken by PHMSA and other agencies 
that promise to reduce risks in the areas of rail and motor carrier 
security issues, storage during transportation by rail and vessel, and 
storage of high-hazard materials.

A. PHMSA and TSA Rulemakings Related to Rail Security

    PHMSA and Transportation Security Administration (TSA) are working 
cooperatively to address security issues related to the transportation 
by rail of high-hazard materials--toxic-inhalation-hazard (TIH) 
materials, radioactive materials, and explosives. On December 21, 2006, 
PHMSA, in consultation with the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) 
and TSA, published a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM; 71 FR 76833) 
proposing to revise the current requirements in the HMR applicable to 
the safe and secure transportation of hazardous materials transported 
in commerce by rail. Based on comments received in response to the NPRM 
and the provisions of the 9/11 Commission Act, we are adopting the 
following revisions to the security plan provisions:
     Rail carriers must compile information and data on the 
commodities transported, including the routes over which these 
commodities are transported.
     Rail carriers transporting the specified hazardous 
materials must use the data they compile and relevant information from 
state, local, and tribal officials, as appropriate, regarding security 
risks to high-consequence targets along or in proximity to a route to 
analyze the safety and security risks for each route used and 
practicable alternative routes to the route used.
     Using these analyses, rail carriers must select the safest 
and most secure practicable route for the specified hazardous 
materials.
     In developing their security plans, rail carriers must 
specifically address the security risks associated with shipments 
delayed in transit or temporarily stored in transit.
     Rail carriers transporting the covered hazardous materials 
must notify consignees of any significant unplanned delays affecting 
the delivery of the hazardous material.
     Rail carriers must work with shippers and consignees to 
minimize the time a rail car containing one of the specified hazardous 
materials is placed on track awaiting pick-up, delivery, or transfer.
     Rail carriers must conduct security visual inspections at 
ground level of rail cars containing hazardous materials that have been 
accepted for transportation or placed in a train to check for signs of 
tampering or the introduction of an improvised explosive device (IED).
    Also on December 21, 2006, TSA published an NPRM proposing 
additional security requirements for rail transportation. The TSA 
rulemaking would enhance security in the rail transportation mode by 
proposing requirements on freight and passenger railroads, rail transit 
systems, and on facilities with rail connections that ship, receive, or 
unload certain hazardous materials. The TSA NPRM includes proposals 
applicable to the transportation of TIH materials, radioactive 
materials, and explosives by rail: (1) Location reporting of rail cars 
upon request from TSA; (2) enhanced chain-of custody procedures to 
ensure positive and secure change of physical custody when transferring 
rail cars between carriers and between carriers and rail hazardous 
materials shipper and receiver facilities; (3) enhanced physical 
security measures for rail cars awaiting pick-up at shippers' 
facilities; and (4) enhanced physical security measures for rail cars 
awaiting unloading at consignee facilities in high-threat urban areas.

B. USCG Requirements Applicable to Explosives Storage

    The United States Coast Guard (USCG) issues regulations for the 
safe and secure handling and storage of explosives and other dangerous 
cargos that are within or contiguous to waterfront facilities. The 
USCG's primary statutory authority is set forth in title 46, U.S. Code, 
the Ports and Waterways Safety Act, 33 U.S.C. 1221, et seq., and the 
Espionage Act of 1917, as amended by the Magnuson Act of 1950, 16 
U.S.C. 1858, and most recently by the Maritime Transportation and 
Security Act of 2002, 46 U.S.C. 70108, in addition to Executive Orders 
and Coast Guard regulations implementing the statutory authorities.
    The USCG regulations at 33 CFR part 126 establish requirements for 
designated waterfront facilities. Section 126.15 requires designated 
waterfront facilities that handle, store, stow, load, discharge, or 
transport dangerous cargo to meet specific conditions. These 
requirements adequately address safety issues associated with the 
temporary storage of explosives during transportation by vessel.

C. TSA Hazardous Materials Truck Security Pilot

    In August 2005, TSA initiated the ``TSA Hazardous Materials Truck 
Security Pilot.'' This congressionally mandated pilot program was 
designed to test the functionality and capabilities of a centralized 
truck tracking system. The pilot utilized specific protocols capable of 
interfacing with existing truck tracking systems, government 
intelligence centers, and first responders. The goal was for TSA to 
establish and test a prototype Truck Tracking Center that would allow 
TSA to ``continually'' track truck locations and specific hazardous 
materials load types in all 50 states. The tracking system also allowed 
for automatic or manual notification of exception based events. The TSA 
Hazardous Materials Truck Security Pilot, including the prototype Truck 
Tracking Center, ended in 2007.
    As we indicated in a June 27, 2007 (72 FR 35211) notice withdrawing 
Docket HM-232A, entitled Security Requirements for Motor Carriers 
Transporting Hazardous Materials, any rulemaking to address motor 
carrier security tracking should be carried out under TSA's legal 
authority, rather than primarily as an amendment to the HMR. In the 
notice we advised the public that the TSA has assumed the lead role 
from PHMSA for rulemaking addressing the security of motor carrier 
shipments of hazardous materials under the HM-232A docket. Accordingly, 
we withdrew the ANPRM and closed the rulemaking proceeding. As 
described in the withdrawal notice, the action was consistent with and 
supportive of the respective transportation security roles and 
responsibilities of the DOT and DHS as delineated in a Memorandum of 
Understanding (MOU) signed September 28, 2004, and the roles of TSA and 
PHMSA as outlined in an Annex to that MOU signed August 7, 2006.
    In light of these ongoing efforts and extensive consultation and 
coordination with TSA in several other areas to develop measures to 
enhance transportation security and to identify high-risk materials for 
which additional

[[Page 38167]]

enhanced security measures may be necessary, we have decided to limit 
the focus of this rulemaking to the safe storage of explosives during 
transportation by motor vehicle. Working with TSA, we will continue to 
weigh security risks as we evaluate options for the safe storage of 
explosives during transportation by motor vehicle.

III. Summary of Comments on the ANPRM

    We received 22 comments in response to the ANPRM, as follows:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Commenter                           Document No.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rex C. Railsback.................  PHMSA-2005-22987-002
Shell Chemical LP................  PHMSA-2005-22987-003
Institute of Makers of Explosives  PHMSA-2005-22987-004
 (IME).
North American Automotive Hazmat   PHMSA-2005-22987-006
 Action Committee (NAAHAC).
Department of Defense Explosive    PHMSA-2005-22987-007
 Safety Board.
Pacific Maritime Association       PHMSA-2005-22987-008
 (PMA).
Association of American Railroads  PHMSA-2005-22987-009
 (AAR).
Baker Petrolite Corporation (BPC)  PHMSA-2005-22987-0010
Boyle Transportation.............  PHMSA-2005-22987-0011
Air Transport Association........  PHMSA-2005-22987-0012
International Vessel Operators     PHMSA-2005-22987-0013
 Hazardous Materials Association,
 Inc. (VOHMA).
U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)..  PHMSA-2005-22987-0014
Onyx Environmental Services        PHMSA-2005-22987-0015
 L.L.C. (Onyx).
National Propane Gas Association   PHMSA-2005-22987-0016
 (NPGA).
PPG Industries, Inc. (PPG).......  PHMSA-2005-22987-0017
Council on Safe Transportation of  PHMSA-2005-22987-0018
 Hazardous Articles, Inc.
 (COSTHA).
American Trucking Associations     PHMSA-2005-22987-0019
 (ATA).
The Alliance of Special Effects &  PHMSA-2005-22987-0020
 Pyrotechnic Operators, Inc.
 (ASEPO).
Sporting Arms and Ammunition       PHMSA-2005-22987-0021
 Manufacturers Institute, Inc.
 (SAAMI).
Dangerous Goods Advisory Council   PHMSA-2005-22987-0022
 (DGAC).
ARKEMA, Inc. (ARKEMA)............  PHMSA-2005-22987-0023
Compressed Gas Association (CGA).  PHMSA-2005-22987-0024
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The comments are available for review through the Federal 
eRulemaking Portal (http://www.regulations.gov).
    Several of the commenters provided comments highlighting security 
concerns including specific DHS security initiatives (e.g., 
transportation worker identity credential (TWIC), cargo security) that 
are beyond the scope of this rulemaking. We support TSA efforts and 
agree that the TWIC program, cargo chain security regulations, and the 
truck security pilot will, when implemented, provide for a more 
efficient and effective means of screening employees, securing cargo, 
and ensuring hazardous materials are transported securely. It is not 
our intention to propose requirements applicable to the storage of 
explosives in transportation that will conflict with or duplicate DHS 
regulations. If we determine to move forward with rulemaking, our goal 
will be to enhance the safety of explosives stored during 
transportation while providing additional flexibility for motor 
carriers transporting these materials.
    Generally, commenters suggest that a lack of consistent regulations 
for the storage of explosives during transportation creates a 
significant safety concern. The commenters do not support a cookie-
cutter solution that could limit transportation or create an undue 
burden for transportation by a particular mode. Commenters suggest that 
an effective approach would be one that promotes flexibility and 
provides several storage options for explosives while they are in 
transportation.
    As indicated above, the intention of the ANPRM was to gather 
information from commenters to help us determine if our stakeholders 
support further regulatory action. Below we paraphrase the questions 
asked in the ANPRM and provide a summary of the applicable comments.
1. Effectiveness of Different Types of Safety and Security Measures
    IME, NAAHAC, PMA, Boyle Transportation, VOHMA, Onyx , PPG, COSTHA, 
ASEPO, AAR, and ARKEMA provided comments regarding the effectiveness of 
different types of safety and security measures. Generally, these 
commenters suggest that current safety measures are on target, but 
could use some improvement.
    In its comments, ARKEMA outlines several issues that should be 
addressed in a rulemaking proposal, such as a clear and consistent 
definition of what constitutes a safe haven, attendance, and the Hours 
of Service Rules when locating safe havens.
    ONYX suggests constant attendance to effectively secure higher-risk 
explosives in Division 1.1, 1.2, and 1.3 during transportation. In 
addition, for materials in Division 1.4, 1.5 and 1.6, ONYX indicates 
adequate safety and security during transportation can be maintained by 
(1) expediting delivery, (2) minimizing the time the materials are 
located at a transfer facility, and (3) providing site-specific 
security measures for any transfer facility.
    Boyle Transportation indicates handling and storage during 
transportation is adequately addressed by NFPA 498. According to Boyle 
Transportation, ``This standard should be the baseline for any 
enhancements. And, if introduced into regulation, [NFPA 498] needs to 
be applicable to all modes so that these materials are consistently 
secured.''
    ATA, COSTHA, AAR, PMA, and VOHMA express concern regarding the 
development of a one-size fits all rulemaking and provide support for 
the adequacy of current requirements. ATA indicates the trucking 
industry has already implemented measures to ensure the safe 
transportation of hazardous materials.
2. The Costs Involved With Implementing Specific Safety and Security 
Measures
    IME, PMA, Boyle Transportation, VOHMA, ONYX, ATA, and ARKEMA 
provided comments regarding the costs of implementing enhanced safety 
measures. Most comments revolve around the costs of physical security, 
the impact of additional regulations on the explosives transportation 
industry, and the cost of constructing and maintaining safe havens.
    Boyle Transportation, ONYX, and ATA express concern regarding the

[[Page 38168]]

dwindling number of carriers transporting explosives. According to 
Boyle Transportation, implementation of SDDC MFTRP No. 1C eliminated 27 
of 30 possible terminals as temporary storage facilities, representing 
a more than 25% increase in carrier costs due to the inability to 
perform logistics activities and maintenance at terminal facilities. 
ATA indicates it is likely more requirements will lead to a niche 
industry that transports these materials at a much greater cost. ATA 
states requirements imposed upon this segment of the industry have led 
to a significant contraction in the number of carriers willing to 
transport explosives. Currently more than 500,000 carriers are 
registered with the FMCSA, and approximately 19 transport ammunition 
and explosives for DOD. Similarly, ONYX indicates it incurs 
approximately a 15-20% increase over the typical expense of 
transporting using a single driver when it uses dual drivers to 
transport Division 1.1, 1.2 and 1.3 materials.
    Boyle Transportation and ARKEMA provide additional comments 
regarding the number of safe havens and other storage locations for 
explosives. Boyle Transportation notes that less-than-truckload 
shipments were moved point-to-point as a result of carriers' inability 
to use terminals, generating much more mileage than previously 
consolidated shipments. ARKEMA indicates that, in an effort to meet 
guidelines and secure capacity to move their goods, explosives 
manufacturers might be forced to handle the transportation themselves 
or hire specialized carriers to perform the transportation. According 
to Boyle Transportation, a simple solution is to allow commercial 
vehicles transporting explosives to stop at Federally designated safe 
havens. In addition, Boyle Transportation states, ``Most carriers that 
designed truck terminals for the handling and storage of explosives 
used NFPA 498 as a guideline.''
3. The Related Safety or Productivity Benefits That Would Help Offset 
Costs
    IME, PMA, Boyle Transportation, ONYX, and ATA provided comments in 
regard to safety and productivity benefits available to offset the 
costs of explosive storage standards. IME explains the key to 
explosives safety is exposing the minimum amount of people to the 
threat of an accidental explosion. Boyle Transportation states, ``The 
safety benefit is insurance against the risk of a high consequence, low 
probability event. Most of this benefit accrues to the general public 
not the specific carrier.'' According to ATA, the hazardous materials 
regulatory requirement to transport materials without undue delay has 
tremendous safety and security benefits.
4. The Effect That Implementing Specific Safety and Security Measures 
Will Have on the Human Environment
    IME, PMA, Boyle Transportation, ONYX, and ATA provided comments on 
the impact of implementing safety and security measures on the human 
environment. The comments were divided on this issue. IME expects 
little impact on the human environment. Boyle Transportation and ONYX 
indicate that reducing the safety and security risks associated with 
the transportation of explosives will benefit the public and regulated 
community. PMA and ATA suggest that disruptions in the flow of cargo 
may cause significant environmental and land use issues.
5. Ways or Incentives That May Be Appropriate To Consider in Promoting 
Adoption of Safety and Security Measures in Conjunction With or 
Separate From General Regulatory Requirements
    IME, NAAHAC, PMA, Boyle Transportation, ONYX, and ATA provided 
comments in response to this question. Generally, the commenters 
indicate citizens will benefit from the safe transportation of 
explosives and, therefore, it is beneficial for the government to 
promote such regulations. Funding methods provided by the commenters 
include reduced insurance rates, increased inspection protocols or 
frequencies, new or increased fines, tax credits or direct grants, 
surcharges or user fees on shipments, and research and education. 
Commenters suggest that these types of measures could be utilized to 
fund a more extensive safe haven program that accounts for the true 
costs and benefits it imposes.
6. The Overall Safety and Security of Safe Havens for Temporary Storage 
During Transportation, Including Suggestions for Improving Security at 
Safe Havens or Alternatives to the Use of Safe Havens
    The comments are divided when it comes to the safety and security 
of safe havens; however, commenters generally agree that the addition 
of accessible storage locations aids in the safe and secure 
transportation of explosives.
    PMA, Baker Hughes, VOHMA, ATA, and SAAMI express concern regarding 
any mandated use of safe havens. Baker Hughes states, ``Restricting 
shipments to major shipping lanes where safe havens would be located 
would not allow us to efficiently service our customers. Shipments 
would actually be in transit longer, thereby creating more risk rather 
than less.'' VOHMA, ATA, and SAAMI indicate storing explosives and 
other high-hazard materials in concentrated locations such as safe 
havens may cause terrorist actions to be directed toward safe havens. 
According to ATA, a driver's best defense may be to blend in with other 
trucks on the road as well as in a rest area. ATA states, ``A standard 
that allows trucks carrying extremely hazardous materials to be parked 
in areas that meet Federal security standards may be more appropriate 
than the use of designated safe havens.''
    IME, NAAHAC, Boyle Transportation, ASEPO, and DGAC support the use 
of safe havens for the storage of explosives. ASEPO states, ``a 
concerted effort on the part of the Federal government should be made 
to use its vast resource, including its land, to facilitate the 
creation of new safe havens in areas where those in private hands have 
been closed.'' Boyle Transportation's comments indicate it agrees with 
the incorporation of safe havens into the HMR; however, different 
standards should be developed for temporary parking at truck stops and 
carrier terminals (less than 4 hours) than for handling or storage 
during transportation for up to 100 hours. IME and DGAC recommend the 
incorporation of NFPA 498, Standard for Safe Havens and Interchange 
Lots for Vehicles Transporting Explosives (2006 ed.) into the HMR. DGAC 
goes on to state, to avoid frustration, ``DGAC believes that facilities 
meeting NFPA 498, Standards for Safe Havens and Interchange Lots for 
Vehicles Transporting Explosives (2006 ed.) should be recognized as 
suitable safe havens.''
7. The Conditions and Circumstances Under Which Temporary Storage in 
Safe Havens Should Be Required
    IME, NAAHAC, Boyle Transportation, and ONYX support the 
performance-based standards provided in NFPA 498 and indicate they pave 
that way for consistent reasonable requirements for in transit storage 
facilities provided they are readily available. However, IME requests 
``FMCSA strike its vague and arbitrary condition at 397.5(d)(3)'' which 
indicates a safe haven is a location approved by state or local 
government for the unattended parking of Division 1.1, 1.2, or 1.3 
materials. In addition ONYX states, it would be ``unreasonable for the 
other lower-hazard explosive materials, particularly when these 
materials are present in

[[Page 38169]]

small quantities, as is most often the case (e.g., the less-than-
truckload (LTL) shipment of 2 flares classified as a Division 1.4 along 
with other hazardous wastes)'' to comply with the safe haven 
requirements. Similarly, NAAHAC states, ``Once established, temporary 
storage should apply to placardable quantities of Class 1 materials . . 
.''
    ATA, VOHMA, and DOE state their concerns regarding the mandated use 
of safe havens. ATA indicates that the current number of safe havens 
has been inadequate for years, and ``Until there is an extensive 
network of safe havens, it is unreasonable to require carriers to use 
safe havens in the transportation of highly hazardous materials.'' DOE 
and VOHMA express concern regarding the spacing and accessibility of 
safe havens. DOE indicates we must take into account a driver's ability 
to reach a designated safe haven based on weather conditions, 
emergencies, or other factors causing unanticipated delays. VOHMA's 
concerns focus around the placement of safe havens and the likelihood 
of frustrated shipments. VOHMA states, ``The cost associated with 
frustrated cargoes for all goods is high, and certainly the costs 
associated with frustrated high hazard shipments would be even 
higher.''
8. Whether Specific Safety and Security Measures Should Be Limited to 
Certain Explosives and, if so, Which Explosives Might Warrant Specific 
Security or Safety Measures (i.e., to Which Explosives in Division 1 
Through Division 6 and in What Quantity Should These Measures Apply)
    IME, NAAHAC, PMA, Boyle Transportation, ONYX, and ATA support 
specific safety and security measures for certain explosives, but 
differ on which measures should apply and which materials should be 
subject. IME prefers the application of the safety and security 
measures provided in SLP-27, which are applicable to explosives in 
Division 1.1, 1.2, and 1.3. NAAHAC states, ``Specific safety and 
security transportation measures should be limited to explosive 
shipments that require placards.'' PMA recommends we follow the 
standards provided in USCG requirements applicable to explosives 
storage (33 CFR Part 126) as they apply to type and quantity of 
materials. Boyle Transportation supports increased safety and security 
measures for Division 1 through Division 1.4 explosives. In addition, 
Boyle states, ``Shipments of explosives should require two drivers.'' 
ONYX indicates the use of safe havens for lower-hazard explosives 
materials is not justified; however, it supports the current FMCSA 
requirements for Division 1.1, 1.2, and 1.3 explosives to be attended 
at all times. To limit extremely hazardous materials in one place, ATA 
states, ``One concept that merits additional consideration is using the 
concept of maximum net explosive mass as a means of limiting the 
quantity of extremely hazardous materials that are allowed to be 
present on any one transport vehicle, train, ship, or in any one 
area.''
9. Whether We Should Consider Aggregation Limits on the Storage of 
Explosives and Other High-Hazard Materials at a Single Facility During 
Transportation
    Shell Chemical, NAAHAC, PMA, Baker Hughes, VOHMA, CGA, and AAR 
oppose aggregation limits on the storage of explosives at a single 
facility during transportation. Shell Chemical states, ``Limits on 
storage would place a burden on certain locations and disrupt their 
operational processes.'' NAAHAC expresses concern regarding the 
likelihood of drivers being required to seek alternate safe haven due 
to the fact that a facility had already reached its ``allowable'' 
quantity of Class 1 hazardous materials. NAAHAC indicates under such 
circumstances the drivers may have to drive hundreds of miles to seek 
an alternate parking location and possibly violate the FMCSA hours of 
operation limit, providing for a greater risk.
    IME, Boyle Transportation, ONYX, and ATA indicate they may support 
an aggregation limit on the amount of explosives stored at a single 
facility while in transportation. IME states, ``Risk-based aggregation 
limits on the storage of explosives and other high-hazard materials at 
a single facility during transportation are appropriate.'' ATA supports 
the concept of limiting the quantity based on a maximum net explosive 
mass.
10. Whether We Should Consider Limits on the Time That a Shipment of 
Explosives or Other High-Hazard Materials Could Be Stored During 
Transportation
    Shell Chemical, IME, NAAHAC, PMA, ATA, and CGA indicate we should 
not consider limits on the amount of time explosives or other high-
hazard materials may be stored during transportation. Shell Chemical 
indicates time limits will have an enormous impact on the supply 
systems for these materials and would do nothing more than shift the 
risk from one jurisdiction to others. IME and CGA indicate the 
requirement for materials to be transported without undue delay is 
sufficient. CGA states ``DOT has also stated that anything should be 
deliverable within 10 days. This was their reason to require a shipping 
paper to be retained for 375 days before the recent change to the 2-
year retention period.''
11.Whether Shipping Documents Should Indicate That a Shipment Will Be 
Stored at a Safe Haven or Other Facility During Transportation
    IME, Boyle Transportation, and ONYX agree that shipping documents 
should provide the locations where a shipment will be stored during 
transportation. IME states, ``Shipping documents, specifically the 
route or trip plan, should indicate all stops which includes storage at 
a safe haven or other facility during transportation.'' Boyle 
Transportation states ``A documented route of travel (paper or 
electronic) and tracking systems that detect out of route conditions 
should be a requirement for all modes and stops for safe haven en route 
should be identified. ONYX indicates it would support the addition of 
storage locations on the route plan for Division 1.1, 1.2 or 1.3 
materials but not for other explosives in Divisions 1.4, 1.5, and 1.6.
12. Whether There Are Additional Standards, Other Than Those Outlined 
Above, That We Should Take Into Consideration
    NAAHAC, PMA, Boyle Transportation, and CGA indicated we may want to 
review additional standards and programs for developing uniform storage 
requirements for explosives during transportation. Those standards and 
programs are listed below:
     Uniform Fire Code and International Fire Code;
     Requirements for a Declaration of Security under Coast 
Guard regulations;
     Hazards of Electromagnetic Radiation to Ordnance (HERO) 
certification required by DOD for any electronic system in a commercial 
vehicle used to transport DOD munitions.
     Safety Permit regulation to transport highly toxic (Zone 
A) and bulk quantities of dangerous goods
     Risk Management Programs--regulate the amounts of highly 
toxic dangerous goods stored at a facility
     CDL hazmat endorsement
     Driver background checks
     State laws pertaining to dangerous goods transport

[[Page 38170]]

13. Whether Development of an Industry or Consensus Standard or 
Regulation Should Be Pursued in This Area
    Shell Chemical, Boyle Transportation, and ATA highlight the 
importance of involving industry representatives in the rulemaking 
process. IME and NAAHAC support our development of a rulemaking in this 
area. IME calls for the adoption of the consensus standard, NFPA 498. 
PMA, ONYX, and CGA indicate they do not support regulatory action in 
this area. ONYX indicates it supports the use and operation of safe 
havens, but ``does not believe there is a need for PHMSA to pursue 
regulations for the transportation of explosive materials.''

IV. Public Meeting

    We are holding a public meeting on Thursday, August 7, 2008 at U.S. 
DOT headquarters located at 1200 New Jersey Ave, SE., Washington, DC 
20590. The meeting will begin at 9 a.m. in conference room 6 of our 
Conference Center, which is located in the atrium of the West Building. 
The main visitor's entrance is located in the West Building, on New 
Jersey Avenue and M Street. Upon entering the lobby, visitors must 
report to the security desk. Visitors should indicate that they will be 
attending the Explosives Storage Public Meeting and wait to be escorted 
to the Conference Center. Due to the limited amount of parking around 
DOT Headquarters, use of public transit is strongly advised. DOT is 
served by the Navy Yard Metrorail Station (Green line). The closest 
exit to DOT Headquarters is the Navy Yard exit. The West building is 
located diagonally across M Street from the Navy Yard Metrorail 
Station.
    The public meeting will focus on safety issues associated with the 
temporary storage of explosives during transportation. PHMSA encourages 
all interested persons, including state and local officials, emergency 
response personnel, and explosives shippers and carriers, to 
participate in this meeting. We would like to use this forum to promote 
a dialogue among all interested stakeholders to help us identify the 
most appropriate strategies for enhancing the safe storage of 
explosives during transportation. Any person wishing to participate in 
the public meeting should provide their name and organization to Ben 
Supko or Susan Gorsky, by telephone or in writing no later than July 
24, 2008. Providing this information will facilitate the security 
screening process for entry into the building on the day of the 
meeting. Participants do not need to prepare oral comments, but rather, 
be prepared to take part in an open discussion on issues raised by the 
comments summarized above. Some questions to consider before the 
meeting include:
    1. Are safe havens currently available? How many? Where are they 
located?
    2. Would a network of safe havens provide a safety benefit?
    3. What is the value of a rest stop for the vehicle and the driver?
    4. Would companies use safe havens or continue using driver teams? 
Does one promote safety more than the other?
    5. Would the adoption of an industry consensus standard such as 
NFPA 498 promote the development of safe havens?
    6. Do facilities that are being used as safe havens meet the 
requirements of NFPA 498?
    7. Would you expect companies to convert existing facilities that 
meet NFPA 498 into safe havens?
    8. How can we improve on the safety measures provided in NFPA 498? 
Should we include aggregation limits, time limits, etc.?
    9. If we incorporate by reference NFPA 498 into the HMR, should we 
expect a drop in the number of carriers similar to what occurred when 
DOD implemented SDDS MFTRP No.1C?
    10. Would it be more appropriate to align safe havens with the SDDC 
MFTRP No.1C than a consensus standard such as NFPA 498?
    11. What is the impact of eliminating the requirement for safe 
havens to be approved by Federal, state, or local government officials?
    12. Would state and local governments allow the development of safe 
havens without prior approval?
    13. Are zoning restrictions the primary force against the 
development of safe havens?
    14. What emergency response needs must be taken into consideration 
when selecting a location for a safe haven and how should they be 
addressed?
    15. Are areas that house carrier facilities (close proximity to 
transportation arteries, industrial parks, etc.) sufficient locations 
for safe havens in terms of emergency response capabilities?
    16. What costs apply to the operation of safe havens?
    17. Would safe haven operators charge a fee to carriers for 
allowing them to use their safe haven?
    18. Is the concept of temporary parking (less than 4 hours) at 
truck stops and carrier terminals a sufficient alternative to safe 
havens?
    We also urge interested parties to identify issues we may have 
overlooked in the ANPRM. For example, the ANPRM made no mention of a 
final report entitled, ``Recommended National Criteria for the 
Establishment and Operation of Safe Havens'' that was published in 
November of 1990 by the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance (CVSA). The 
CVSA report may be outdated, but it did address available safe havens, 
future locations for safe havens, a national standard for safe havens, 
and several other issues pertinent to this docket. For persons 
interested in preparing comments or viewing the CVSA report, it is 
accessible by PHMSA docket number (PHMSA-2005-22987) on the Federal 
eRulemaking Portal (on the Web site http://www.regulations.gov).

V. Regulatory Analyses and Notices

A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review

    Executive Order 12866 requires agencies to regulate in the ``most 
cost-effective manner,'' to make a ``reasoned determination that the 
benefits of the intended regulation justify its costs,'' and to develop 
regulations that ``impose the least burden on society.'' We therefore 
request comments, including specific data if possible, concerning the 
costs and benefits that may be associated with adoption of specific 
storage requirements for carriers that include explosives storage as 
part of their transportation cycle.

B. Executive Order 13132: Federalism

    Executive Order 13132 requires agencies to assure meaningful and 
timely input by State and local officials in the development of 
regulatory policies that may have a substantial, direct effect on the 
states, on the relationship between the national government and the 
states, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the 
various levels of government. We invite State and local governments 
with an interest in this rulemaking to comment on the effect that 
adoption of specific storage requirements for carriers that transport 
and store explosives in commerce may have on State or local safety or 
environmental protection programs.

C. Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination With Indian 
Tribal Governments

    Executive Order 13175 requires agencies to assure meaningful and 
timely input from Indian tribal government representatives in the 
development of rules that ``significantly or uniquely affect'' Indian 
communities and that impose ``substantial and direct

[[Page 38171]]

compliance costs'' on such communities. We invite Indian tribal 
governments to provide comments as to the effect that adoption of 
specific storage requirements for explosives that are transported in 
commerce may have on Indian communities.

D. Regulatory Flexibility Act

    Under the Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980 (5 U.S.C. 601 et 
seq.), we must consider whether a proposed rule would have a 
significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. 
``Small entities'' include small businesses, not-for-profit 
organizations that are independently owned and operated and are not 
dominant in their fields, and governmental jurisdictions with 
populations under 50,000. If your business or organization is a small 
entity and if adoption of specific storage requirements applicable to 
explosives transported in commerce could have a significant economic 
impact on your operations, please submit a comment to explain how and 
to what extent your business or organization could be affected.

E. National Environmental Policy Act

    The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) requires 
Federal agencies to consider the consequences of major Federal actions 
and that they prepare a detailed statement on actions significantly 
affecting the quality of the human environment. Interested parties are 
invited to address the potential environmental impacts of regulations 
applicable to the storage of explosives transported in commerce. We are 
particularly interested in comments about safety measures that would 
provide greater benefit to the human environment, or on alternative 
actions the agency could take that would provide beneficial impacts.

F. Statutory/Legal Authority for This Rulemaking

    This rulemaking is issued under authority of the Federal hazardous 
materials transportation law (49 U.S.C. 5101 et seq.), which authorizes 
the Secretary of Transportation to prescribe regulations for the safe 
transportation, including security, of hazardous materials in 
interstate, intrastate, and foreign commerce.

G. Regulation Identifier Number (RIN)

    The Department of Transportation assigns a regulation identifier 
number (RIN) to each regulatory action listed in the Unified Agenda of 
Federal Regulations. The Regulatory Information Service Center 
publishes the Unified Agenda in April and October of each year. The RIN 
number contained in the heading of this document may be used to cross-
reference this action with the Unified Agenda.

H. Privacy Act

    Anyone is able to search the electronic form for all comments 
received into any of our dockets by the name of the individual 
submitting the comments (or signing the comment, if submitted on behalf 
of an association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review DOT's 
complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on 
April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477) or you may visit http://
www.regulations.gov.

    Issued in Washington, DC, on June 30, 2008, under authority 
delegated in 49 CFR part 106.
Theodore L. Willke,
Associate Administrator for Hazardous Materials Safety.
[FR Doc. E8-15119 Filed 7-2-08; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-60-P