Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY, 20936-20937 [E8-8295]

Download as PDF sroberts on PROD1PC64 with NOTICES 20936 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 75 / Thursday, April 17, 2008 / Notices Description of respondents: Component 1—survey and interviews: Cruise ship passengers, tour boat passengers, charter boat passengers, people entering on private vessel permits, and people entering on backcountry permits who visit Glacier Bay proper between June 1, 2008, and August 31, 2008. Component 1— itinerary data: Charter and tour boat captains and kayak guides who serve visitors included in the survey component of the project. Component 2: Charter and tour boat captains, kayak guides, and VIS staff who serve visitors to Glacier Bay proper during the 2008 summer season. Estimated average number of respondents: Component 1: 2800 respondents for on-site survey; 1960 respondents for mail survey; 100 respondents for interviews; 24 respondents for itinerary data. Component 2: 27 interview respondents. Non-respondents: 1305 (component 1: 460 on-site, 842 mail-back; component 2: 3 on-site) Estimated average number of responses: Component 1: 2800 responses for on-site survey, 1960 responses for mail survey; 100 responses for interview. Component 2: 27 interview responses. Non-responses: 1305 (component 1: 460 on-site, 842 mail-back; component 2: 3 on-site). Estimated average burden hours per response: Component 1: 3 minutes for on-site survey respondents; 25 minutes for mail questionnaire; 30 minutes for interview respondents. Component 2: 15 minutes. Non-respondent: 1 minute for on-site; 3 minutes for mail-back. Frequency of Response: 1 time per respondent. Estimated total annual reporting burden: 1,064 hours. Comments are invited on: (1) The practical utility of the information being gathered; (2) the accuracy of the burden hour estimate; (3) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information being gathered; and (4) ways to minimize the burden to respondents, including use of automated information collection techniques or other forms of information. Before including your address, phone number, e-mail address, or other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire comment—including your personal identifying information—may be made publicly available at any time. While you can ask OMB in your comment to withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so. VerDate Aug<31>2005 17:08 Apr 16, 2008 Jkt 214001 Dated: April 9, 2008. Leonard E. Stowe, NPS, Information Collection Clearance Officer. [FR Doc. E8–8137 Filed 4–16–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–52–M DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: ACTION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY, that meet the definition of ‘‘unassociated funerary objects’’ under 25 U.S.C. 3001. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. Prior to 1900, W.T. Smith acquired 104 cultural items through excavations at what is now called the Clements Site, on his land in Cass County, TX. In 1900, Mr. Smith sold the cultural items to the museum. The 104 cultural items are 3 celts, 25 glass beads, 1 piece of green pigment, 3 knives, 3 pipes, 29 shell beads and pendants, 5 unmodified shells, 1 shell implement, and 34 ceramic vessels. The three celts are ground from a type of shale commonly known as ‘‘green stone.’’ The 25 glass beads are blue, opaque, and round. The one piece of green pigment has a clay-like consistency. The three knives are made of chipped chert. Of the three ceramic pipes, two are complete and elbowshaped, and one is a broken bowl. The 29 shell beads and pendants include 15 marine shells carved into zoomorphic shapes, 6 marine shell ear discs, 6 barrel-shaped marine shell beads, and 2 worn and cut freshwater mussel shells. The five unmodified shells are unmodified freshwater mussel shell valves. The one shell implement is a complete freshwater mussel valve, modified for use as a hoe. The 34 ceramic vessels include 15 water vessels, 2 vases, 3 pots, and 14 bowls. PO 00000 Frm 00032 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 The determination that the cultural items are unassociated funerary objects is based on museum documentation, consultation information provided by representatives of the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma, and expert opinion. Museum documentation specifically indicates that these cultural items were associated with burials. The museum is not in possession of the human remains from these burials. Based on ceramic style and archeological evidence, these cultural items date to between CE 1680 and 1720. Historical and archeological evidence indicates that the Cass County region was occupied by the Caddo during the historic period, and that this group emerged from pre-contact Caddoan culture dating back to approximately CE 850. Expert analysis and consultation have confirmed that the ceramics are consistent with the established Caddoan ceramic sequence. At an unknown date, C.C. Jones collected seven cultural items from an unknown locality in the vicinity of Shreveport, LA. The museum acquired the cultural items from Mr. Jones, through purchase or as a gift, and accessioned them at an unknown date between 1869 and 1890. The seven cultural items are two ceramic vessels and five ceramic fragments. The two ceramic vessels are one pot and one water vessel. The five ceramic fragments are from a single vessel. The determination that the cultural items are unassociated funerary objects is based on museum documentation, consultation information provided by the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma, expert opinion, and an article published by Mr. Jones in which he states that these objects were removed from an ‘‘ancient burial ground.’’ The museum is not in possession of any human remains from these burials. Based on ceramic style, the two vessels date to between CE 1600 and 1750, while the fragments cannot be dated. Historical and archeological evidence indicates that the Shreveport region was occupied by the Caddo during the historic period, and that this group emerged from pre-contact Caddoan culture dating back to approximately CE 850. Expert analysis and consultation have confirmed that the ceramics are consistent with the established Caddoan ceramic sequence. At an unknown date, DeCost Smith collected one cultural item from an unknown locality in the Ouachita River valley of either Arkansas or Louisiana. The museum acquired the cultural item in 1940, along with more than 200 others, through Mr. Smith’s bequest. The one cultural item is a ceramic bottle. E:\FR\FM\17APN1.SGM 17APN1 sroberts on PROD1PC64 with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 75 / Thursday, April 17, 2008 / Notices The determination that this item is an unassociated funerary object is based on museum documentation, consultation information provided by the tribe and expert opinion. Though museum documentation does not specifically indicate that this cultural item was associated with a burial, the condition of the item and its type are consistent with a funerary context. Based on ceramic style, this cultural item dates to between CE 1500 and 1750. Historical and archeological evidence indicates that the Ouachita River valley region was occupied by the Caddo during the historic period, and that this group emerged from pre-contact Caddoan culture dating back to approximately CE 850. Expert analysis and consultation have confirmed that this bottle is consistent with the established Caddoan ceramic sequence. Between 1916 and 1917, Mark Harrington collected cultural items from the Ozan and Washington sites in Hempstead County, AR, during a Museum of the American Indian expedition. The museum acquired the cultural items from the Museum of the American Indian in an exchange in 1920. The 31 cultural items are 29 ceramic vessels and 2 vessel fragments. The 29 ceramic vessels are 2 bottles, 14 bowls, and 13 jars. The two vessel fragments are those of a jar. The determination that these items are unassociated funerary objects is based on museum documentation, consultation information provided by the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma, expert opinion, and archival information held at the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian. While museum documentation and archival information specifically identifies only six of the objects as having been associated with burials, field records, the condition of the items and type of object, indicate a funerary context. Based on ceramic style, the vessels date to between CE 850 and 1700. Historical evidence indicates that the Hempstead County region was occupied by the Caddo during the historic period, and that this group emerged from pre-contact Caddoan culture dating back to approximately CE 850. Expert analysis and consultation have confirmed that the ceramics are consistent with the established Caddoan ceramic sequence. Officials of the American Museum of Natural History have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(B), the 143 cultural items described above are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance of the VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:11 Apr 16, 2008 Jkt 214001 evidence, to have been removed from a specific burial site of a Native American individual. Officials of the American Museum of Natural History also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the unassociated funerary objects and the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should contact Nell Murphy, Director of Cultural Resources, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10024, telephone (212) 769– 5837, before May 19, 2008. Repatriation of the unassociated funerary objects to the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward. The American Museum of Natural History is responsible for notifying the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma that this notice has been published. Dated: March 18, 2008. Sherry Hutt, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. E8–8295 Filed 4–15–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–50–S DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: California Department of Parks and Recreation, Sacramento, CA National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: ACTION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects in the possession of the California Department of Parks and Recreation, Sacramento, CA. The human remains and associated funerary objects were removed from Butte County, CA. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by California PO 00000 Frm 00033 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 20937 Department of Parks and Recreation Committee on Repatriation and professional staff in consultation with representatives of Mechoopda Indian Tribe of Chico Rancheria, California; Round Valley Indian Tribes of the Round Valley Reservation, California; and United Maidu Nation, a nonfederally recognized Indian group. The Berry Creek Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California; Enterprise Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California; and Mooretown Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California were contacted to participate in the consultations. In February and April of 1963, human remains representing a minimum of 25 individuals were removed from the Murphy site, located 3 miles southeast of Gridley, on the west bank of the Feather River in southern Butte County, CA. The site was excavated by volunteer students from Chico State College, Sacramento State College, and American River College in Sacramento, CA, under the direction of William H. Olsen. No known individuals were identified. The 546 associated funerary objects are 457 beads, 4 blades, 3 bone tools, 2 bowls, 1 disk, 6 flakes, 1 flaker, 15 food remains, 2 gorge hooks, 1 hammer stone, 1 incised tube, 1 knife, 9 ornaments, 2 pestles, 9 pins, 17 projectile points, 1 quartz crystal, 2 rocks, 1 scraper, 1 seed, 2 utilized flakes, and 8 whistles. Excavations at the Murphy site were intended to salvage materials and information prior to site destruction for agriculture, and were related to researching the cultural chronology of the Lake Oroville vicinity. The Murphy site, dated circa A.D. 500–1500, is attributed to the Bidwell Complex (A.D. 1–A.D. 800), Sweetwater Complex (A.D. 800–1500), and Oroville Complex (A.D. 1500–1833). These sequences have been linked as the cultural antecedents of the Maidu. Geographic affiliation is consistent with the historically documented Konkow, also known as Northwestern Maidu. In 1957, human remains representing a minimum of one individual were removed from the Garner’s Cave site, which is located 7 miles north of Chico along Rock Creek in northern Butte County, CA. In 1957, the human remains and associated funerary objects were donated to the State Indian Museum, which is part of the California Department of Parks and Recreation, by Otis Croy of Yuba City, CA. No known individual was identified. The 41 associated funerary objects are 1 awl, 1 basketry material, 1 botanical sample, 2 choppers, 1 cord, 11 food remains, 1 net, 1 reed, 16 seeds, 2 twigs, and 4 unidentified wood samples. E:\FR\FM\17APN1.SGM 17APN1

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[Federal Register Volume 73, Number 75 (Thursday, April 17, 2008)]
[Notices]
[Pages 20936-20937]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E8-8295]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service


Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: American Museum of 
Natural History, New York, NY

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

    Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves 
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent 
to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the American Museum 
of Natural History, New York, NY, that meet the definition of 
``unassociated funerary objects'' under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The 
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural 
items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the 
determinations in this notice.
    Prior to 1900, W.T. Smith acquired 104 cultural items through 
excavations at what is now called the Clements Site, on his land in 
Cass County, TX. In 1900, Mr. Smith sold the cultural items to the 
museum. The 104 cultural items are 3 celts, 25 glass beads, 1 piece of 
green pigment, 3 knives, 3 pipes, 29 shell beads and pendants, 5 
unmodified shells, 1 shell implement, and 34 ceramic vessels.
    The three celts are ground from a type of shale commonly known as 
``green stone.'' The 25 glass beads are blue, opaque, and round. The 
one piece of green pigment has a clay-like consistency. The three 
knives are made of chipped chert. Of the three ceramic pipes, two are 
complete and elbow-shaped, and one is a broken bowl. The 29 shell beads 
and pendants include 15 marine shells carved into zoomorphic shapes, 6 
marine shell ear discs, 6 barrel-shaped marine shell beads, and 2 worn 
and cut freshwater mussel shells. The five unmodified shells are 
unmodified freshwater mussel shell valves. The one shell implement is a 
complete freshwater mussel valve, modified for use as a hoe. The 34 
ceramic vessels include 15 water vessels, 2 vases, 3 pots, and 14 
bowls.
    The determination that the cultural items are unassociated funerary 
objects is based on museum documentation, consultation information 
provided by representatives of the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma, and expert 
opinion. Museum documentation specifically indicates that these 
cultural items were associated with burials. The museum is not in 
possession of the human remains from these burials. Based on ceramic 
style and archeological evidence, these cultural items date to between 
CE 1680 and 1720. Historical and archeological evidence indicates that 
the Cass County region was occupied by the Caddo during the historic 
period, and that this group emerged from pre-contact Caddoan culture 
dating back to approximately CE 850. Expert analysis and consultation 
have confirmed that the ceramics are consistent with the established 
Caddoan ceramic sequence.
    At an unknown date, C.C. Jones collected seven cultural items from 
an unknown locality in the vicinity of Shreveport, LA. The museum 
acquired the cultural items from Mr. Jones, through purchase or as a 
gift, and accessioned them at an unknown date between 1869 and 1890. 
The seven cultural items are two ceramic vessels and five ceramic 
fragments. The two ceramic vessels are one pot and one water vessel. 
The five ceramic fragments are from a single vessel.
    The determination that the cultural items are unassociated funerary 
objects is based on museum documentation, consultation information 
provided by the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma, expert opinion, and an 
article published by Mr. Jones in which he states that these objects 
were removed from an ``ancient burial ground.'' The museum is not in 
possession of any human remains from these burials. Based on ceramic 
style, the two vessels date to between CE 1600 and 1750, while the 
fragments cannot be dated. Historical and archeological evidence 
indicates that the Shreveport region was occupied by the Caddo during 
the historic period, and that this group emerged from pre-contact 
Caddoan culture dating back to approximately CE 850. Expert analysis 
and consultation have confirmed that the ceramics are consistent with 
the established Caddoan ceramic sequence.
    At an unknown date, DeCost Smith collected one cultural item from 
an unknown locality in the Ouachita River valley of either Arkansas or 
Louisiana. The museum acquired the cultural item in 1940, along with 
more than 200 others, through Mr. Smith's bequest. The one cultural 
item is a ceramic bottle.

[[Page 20937]]

    The determination that this item is an unassociated funerary object 
is based on museum documentation, consultation information provided by 
the tribe and expert opinion. Though museum documentation does not 
specifically indicate that this cultural item was associated with a 
burial, the condition of the item and its type are consistent with a 
funerary context. Based on ceramic style, this cultural item dates to 
between CE 1500 and 1750. Historical and archeological evidence 
indicates that the Ouachita River valley region was occupied by the 
Caddo during the historic period, and that this group emerged from pre-
contact Caddoan culture dating back to approximately CE 850. Expert 
analysis and consultation have confirmed that this bottle is consistent 
with the established Caddoan ceramic sequence.
    Between 1916 and 1917, Mark Harrington collected cultural items 
from the Ozan and Washington sites in Hempstead County, AR, during a 
Museum of the American Indian expedition. The museum acquired the 
cultural items from the Museum of the American Indian in an exchange in 
1920. The 31 cultural items are 29 ceramic vessels and 2 vessel 
fragments. The 29 ceramic vessels are 2 bottles, 14 bowls, and 13 jars. 
The two vessel fragments are those of a jar.
    The determination that these items are unassociated funerary 
objects is based on museum documentation, consultation information 
provided by the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma, expert opinion, and archival 
information held at the Smithsonian National Museum of the American 
Indian. While museum documentation and archival information 
specifically identifies only six of the objects as having been 
associated with burials, field records, the condition of the items and 
type of object, indicate a funerary context. Based on ceramic style, 
the vessels date to between CE 850 and 1700. Historical evidence 
indicates that the Hempstead County region was occupied by the Caddo 
during the historic period, and that this group emerged from pre-
contact Caddoan culture dating back to approximately CE 850. Expert 
analysis and consultation have confirmed that the ceramics are 
consistent with the established Caddoan ceramic sequence.
    Officials of the American Museum of Natural History have determined 
that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(B), the 143 cultural items 
described above are reasonably believed to have been placed with or 
near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of 
the death rite or ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance of the 
evidence, to have been removed from a specific burial site of a Native 
American individual. Officials of the American Museum of Natural 
History also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there 
is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably 
traced between the unassociated funerary objects and the Caddo Nation 
of Oklahoma.
    Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to 
be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should 
contact Nell Murphy, Director of Cultural Resources, American Museum of 
Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10024, 
telephone (212) 769-5837, before May 19, 2008. Repatriation of the 
unassociated funerary objects to the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma may 
proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward.
    The American Museum of Natural History is responsible for notifying 
the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma that this notice has been published.

    Dated: March 18, 2008.
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E8-8295 Filed 4-15-08; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-S