Avocados Grown in South Florida; Order Amending Marketing Order No. 915, 6834-6838 [08-536]

Download as PDF 6834 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 25 / Wednesday, February 6, 2008 / Rules and Regulations date of service of the petition or cross petition. * * * * * I 5. Amend § 1201.154 by revising paragraphs (a), (b)(2), and (d) to read as follows: § 1201.154 Time for filing appeal; closing record in cases involving grievance decisions. yshivers on PROD1PC62 with RULES * * * * * (a) Where the appellant has been subject to an action appealable to the Board, he or she may either file a timely complaint of discrimination with the agency or file an appeal with the Board no later than 30 days after the effective date, if any, of the action being appealed, or 30 days after the date of the appellant’s receipt of the agency’s decision on the appealable action, whichever is later. (b) * * * (2) If the agency has not resolved the matter or issued a final decision on the formal complaint within 120 days, the appellant may appeal the matter directly to the Board at any time after the expiration of 120 calendar days. Once the agency resolves the matter or issues a final decision on the formal complaint, an appeal must be filed within 30 days after the appellant receives the agency resolution or final decision on the discrimination issue. * * * * * (d) This paragraph does not apply to employees of the Postal Service or to other employees excluded from the coverage of the federal labormanagement relations laws at chapter 71 of title 5, United States Code. If the appellant has filed a grievance with the agency under a negotiated grievance procedure, he may ask the Board to review the final decision on the grievance if he alleges before the Board that he is the victim of prohibited discrimination. Usually, the final decision on a grievance is the decision of an arbitrator. A full description of an individual’s right to pursue a grievance and to request Board review of a final decision on the grievance is found at 5 U.S.C. 7121 and 7702. The appellant’s request for Board review must be filed within 35 days after the date of issuance of the decision or, if the appellant shows that he or she received the decision more than 5 days after the date of issuance, within 30 days after the date the appellant received the decision. The appellant must file the request with the Clerk of the Board, Merit Systems Protection Board, Washington, DC 20419. The request for review must contain: (1) A statement of the grounds on which review is requested; VerDate Aug<31>2005 15:18 Feb 05, 2008 Jkt 214001 (2) References to evidence of record or rulings related to the issues before the Board; (3) Arguments in support of the stated grounds that refer specifically to relevant documents, and that include relevant citations of authority; and (4) Legible copies of the final grievance or arbitration decision, the agency decision to take the action, and other relevant documents. Those documents may include a transcript or tape recording of the hearing. * * * * * I 6. Amend § 1201.182 as follows: I a. Redesignate paragraphs (c)(3) and (c)(4) as paragraphs (c)(4) and (c)(5) respectively. I b. Add new paragraph (c)(3) and revise newly redesignated paragraph (c)(5) to read as follows: § 1201.182 Petition for enforcement. * * * * * (c) * * * (3) Under § 1201.37(e) of this part, a nonparty witness who has obtained an order requiring the payment of witness fees and travel costs may petition the Board for enforcement of the order. * * * * * (5) A petition for enforcement under paragraph (c)(1), (c)(2), (c)(3) or (c)(4) of this section must be filed promptly with the regional or field office that issued the order or, if the order was issued by the Board, with the Clerk of the Board. The petitioner must serve a copy of the petition on each party or the party’s representative. If the petition is filed under paragraph (c)(1) of this section, the motion to intervene must be filed and served with the petition. PART 1207—[AMENDED] 7. The authority citation for part 1207 continues to read as follows: I Authority: 29 U.S.C. 794. 8. Amend § 1207.170 by revising paragraphs (b)(2) and (b)(4) to read as follows: I § 1207.170 Compliance procedures. * * * * * (b) * * * (2) An allegation of discrimination in the adjudication of a Board case must be raised within 10 days of the alleged act of discrimination or within 10 days from the date the complainant should reasonably have known of the alleged discrimination. If the complainant does not submit a complaint within that time period, it will be dismissed as untimely filed unless a good reason for the delay is shown. The pleading must be clearly marked ‘‘5 CFR part 1207 allegation of PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 discrimination in the adjudication of a Board case.’’ * * * * * (4) If the judge to whom the case was assigned has issued the initial decision, recommended decision, or recommendation by the time the party learns of the alleged discrimination, the party may raise the allegation in a petition for review, cross petition for review, or response to the petition or cross petition. The petition for review, cross petition for review or response to the petition or cross petition must be clearly marked ‘‘5 CFR part 1207 allegation of discrimination in the adjudication of a Board case.’’ * * * * * Dated: January 31, 2008. William D. Spencer, Clerk of the Board. [FR Doc. E8–2104 Filed 2–5–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 7400–01–P DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 915 [Docket No. AO–254–A10; AMS–FV–06– 0220; FV06–915–2] Avocados Grown in South Florida; Order Amending Marketing Order No. 915 Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), USDA. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: SUMMARY: This final rule amends Marketing Order No. 915 (order), which regulates the handling of avocados grown in South Florida. The amendments are based on those proposed by the Florida Avocado Administrative Committee (committee), which is responsible for local administration of the order. The amendments will: Add authority for the committee to borrow funds; revise voting requirements for changing the assessment rate; allow for District 1 nominations to be conducted by mail; and, add authority for the committee to accept voluntary contributions. All of the proposals were favored by avocado growers in a mail referendum, held July 23 through August 6, 2007. The amendments are intended to improve the operation and functioning of the marketing order program. DATES: This rule is effective February 7, 2008. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Marc McFetridge or Melissa E:\FR\FM\06FER1.SGM 06FER1 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 25 / Wednesday, February 6, 2008 / Rules and Regulations Schmaedick, Marketing Specialists, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, Marketing Order Administration Branch (MOAB), AMS, USDA, 1400 Independence Ave., SW., Washington, DC 20250–0237; Telephone: (202) 720– 2491, Fax: (202) 720–8938, or E-mail: Marc.McFetridge@usda.gov or Melissa.Schmaedick@usda.gov. Small businesses may request information on this proceeding by contacting Jay Guerber, Marketing Order Administration Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, AMS, USDA, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW., Stop 0237, Washington, DC 20250–0237; Telephone: (202) 720–2491, Fax: (202) 720–8938, E-mail: Jay.Guerber@usda.gov. Prior documents in this proceeding: Notice of Hearing issued on July 18, 2006, and published in the July 24, 2006 issue of the Federal Register (71 FR 41740); Recommended Decision issued on March 23, 2007 and published in the March 30, 2007 issue of the Federal Register (72 FR 15056); and, a Secretary’s Decision and Referendum Order issued on July 9, 2007, and published in the Federal Register on July 12, 2007 (72 FR 38027). This action is governed by the provisions of sections 556 and 557 of title 5 of the United States Code and is therefore excluded from the requirements of Executive Order 12866. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: yshivers on PROD1PC62 with RULES Preliminary Statement This final rule was formulated on the record of a public hearing held in Homestead, Florida on August 16, 2006. Notice of this hearing was issued on July 18, 2006, and published in the July 24, 2006 issue of the Federal Register (71 FR 41740). The hearing was held to consider the proposed amendment of Marketing Order No. 915, hereinafter collectively referred to as the ‘‘order.’’ The hearing was held pursuant to the provisions of the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as amended (7 U.S.C. 601–674), hereinafter referred to as the ‘‘Act,’’ and the applicable rules of practice and procedure governing the formulation of marketing agreements and marketing orders (7 CFR part 900). The Notice of Hearing contained four proposals submitted by the Avocado Administrative Committee (committee), which is responsible for local administration of the order. Upon the basis of evidence introduced at the hearing and the record thereof, the Administrator of AMS on March 23, 2007, filed with the Hearing Clerk, U.S. Department of Agriculture, a Recommended Decision and VerDate Aug<31>2005 15:18 Feb 05, 2008 Jkt 214001 Opportunity to File Written Exceptions thereto by April 30, 2007. None were filed. That document also announced AMS’s intent to request approval of new information collection requirements to implement the program. Written exceptions on the proposed information collection requirements were due by May 29, 2007. None were filed. A Secretary’s Decision and Referendum Order was issued on July 9, 2007, directing that a referendum be conducted during the period of July 23, 2007 to August 6, 2007, among growers of avocados in South Florida to determine whether they favored the proposed amendments to the order. To become effective, the amendments had to be approved by at least two-thirds of those growers voting, or by voters representing at least two-thirds of the volume of avocados represented by voters voting in the referendum. Voters voting in the referendum favored all of the proposed amendments. The amendments favored by voters and included in this order will: Add authority for the committee to borrow funds; revise voting requirements for changing the assessment rate; allow for District 1 nominations to be conducted by mail; and, add authority for the committee to accept voluntary contributions. USDA also made such changes as were necessary to the order so that all of the order’s provisions conform to the effectuated amendments. The amended marketing agreement was subsequently mailed to all avocado handlers in the production area for their approval. The marketing agreement was not approved by handlers representing more than 50 percent of the volume of avocados handled by all handlers during the representative period of April 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007. Small Business Consideration Pursuant to the requirements set forth in the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA), AMS has considered the economic impact of this action on small entities. Accordingly, AMS has prepared this final regulatory flexibility analysis. The purpose of the RFA is to fit regulatory actions to the scale of business subject to such actions so that small businesses will not be unduly or disproportionately burdened. Marketing orders and amendments thereto are unique in that they are normally brought about through group action of essentially small entities for their own benefit. Small agricultural growers have been defined by the Small Business Administration (SBA) (13 CFR 121.201) PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 6835 as those having annual receipts of less than $750,000. Small agricultural service firms, which include handlers regulated under the order, are defined as those with annual receipts of less than $6,500,000. Avocado Industry Background and Overview The record indicates that there are an estimated 352 growers of avocados in the production area and 32 handlers subject to regulation under the order. According to the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) and committee data, the average price for Florida avocados during the 2005–06 season was around $46.75 per 55-pound bushel container, and total shipments were near 470,000 55-pound bushel equivalent. Using this average price and shipment information, the majority of avocado handlers could be considered small businesses under the SBA definition. In addition, based on avocado production, grower prices, and the total number of Florida avocado growers, the average annual grower revenue is less than $750,000. Thus, the majority of Florida avocado growers may also be classified as small entities. The NASS reported that in 2005, total Florida avocado bearing acres were 5,300 and the average yield per acre was 2.26 tons. The total Florida production reported in 2005 was 12,000 tons, with growers receiving an average (farm gate) price of $940/ton. The estimated total value of 2005 Florida avocado production was $11.28 million. Over the past 30 years, the U.S. avocado industry has seen many changes. According to NASS, the total U.S. production acres for avocados have decreased by 13 percent, from 78,000 acres in 1982 to 67,600 acres in 2005. Prices have trended upward from 1959 to 2005, although there has been significant variability in prices from year to year. The average grower price for the U.S. in 1959 was $109 per ton and in 2005 the average grower price was $1,280 per ton. The total value of U.S. avocado production has increased dramatically since 1959, reaching a peak of $394 million in 2003. The per capital consumption of fresh avocados has risen significantly since 1970. Between 1970 and 2004, per capital consumption increased almost five-fold to 2.9 pounds per person in 2004. According to the hearing record, one of the factors that may be contributing to this increase is the new year-round availability of avocados due to the volume of imported avocados in addition to domestically produced avocados. Comparatively, Florida’s avocado industry has seen similar trends. E:\FR\FM\06FER1.SGM 06FER1 6836 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 25 / Wednesday, February 6, 2008 / Rules and Regulations According to NASS, the production acreage has decreased by 53 percent over the last three decades. According to record evidence, the rapid decrease in Florida production acreage compared to that of U.S. acreage can be directly associated with crop damage resulting from hurricanes. Florida’s production trended upward to 34,700 tons in the early 1980’s and has shown great variability since. Production in 2005 was at a 10 year low of 12,000 tons. Prices for Florida avocados have also trended upward from 1959 to 2005. The average grower price for Florida avocados in 1959 was $88 per ton and in 2005 the average grower price was $940 per ton, which was the highest average grower price over the time span. The total value of Florida avocado production was $620,000 in 1959. After Hurricane Andrew, which affected the value of production in 1992 and 1993, the value of Florida’s production has ranged from a high of $17.2 million in 2003 to a low of $11.3 million in 2005. yshivers on PROD1PC62 with RULES Material Issues This action amends the order to: Add authority for the committee to borrow funds; revise voting requirements for changing the assessment rate; allow for District 1 nominations to be conducted by mail; and, add authority for the committee to accept voluntary contributions. These amendments will streamline program organization, but are not expected to result in a significant change in industry production, handling or distribution activities. In discussing the impacts of the amendments on growers and handlers, record evidence indicates that the changes are expected to be positive because the administration of the programs would be more efficient, and therefore more effective, in executing committee duties and responsibilities. There would be no significant cost impact on either small or large growers or handlers. Interested persons were invited to present evidence at the hearing on the probable regulatory and informational impact of the proposed amendments to the order on small entities. The record evidence shows that the amendments are designed to increase efficiency in the functioning of the order. USDA has not identified any relevant Federal rules that duplicate, overlap or conflict with this proposed rule. These amendments are designed to enhance the administration and functioning of the order to the benefit of the Florida avocado industry. VerDate Aug<31>2005 15:18 Feb 05, 2008 Jkt 214001 Paperwork Reduction Act In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35), the information collection continued in this action was submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and has been approved under OMB No. 0581–0243, Avocados Grown in South Florida. The burden and associated forms in this collection were also included in the renewal submission of OMB No. 0581–0189, Generic OMB Fruit Crops, currently at OMB for review. Upon approval of OMB No. 0581–0189, a discontinuation notice will be submitted to OMB to retire OMB No. 0581–0243. The amendment authorizing mail nominations for District 1 requires a nomination form and ballot to conduct mail nominations. It is estimated that there are 384 growers and handlers who will be entitled to vote by mail ballot once every two years. The estimated burden to each grower and handler is 0.083 hour per response. As with all Federal marketing order programs, reports and forms are periodically reviewed to reduce information requirements and duplication by industry and public sector agencies. AMS is committed to complying with the E–Government Act, to promote the use of the Internet and other information technologies to provide increased opportunities for citizen access to government information and services, and for other purposes. Civil Justice Reform The amendments to Marketing Order No. 915 proposed herein have been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. They are not intended to have retroactive effect. If adopted, the proposed amendments would not preempt any State or local laws, regulations, or policies, unless they present an irreconcilable conflict with this proposal. The Act provides that administrative proceedings must be exhausted before parties may file suit in court. Under section 608c(15)(A) of the Act, any handler subject to an order may file with USDA a petition stating that the order, any provision of the order, or any obligation imposed in connection with the order is not in accordance with law and request a modification of the order or to be exempted therefrom. A handler is afforded the opportunity for a hearing on the petition. After the hearing, USDA would rule on the petition. The Act provides that the district court of the United Sates in any district in which the handler is an inhabitant, or has his or PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 her principal place of business, has jurisdiction to review USDA’s ruling on the petition, provided an action is filed no later than 20 days after the date of the entry of the ruling. Order Amending the Order Regulating the Handling of Avocados Grown in Florida Findings and Determinations The findings and determinations hereinafter set forth are supplementary and in addition to the findings and determinations previously made in connection with the issuance of the order; and all of said previous findings and determinations are hereby ratified and affirmed, except insofar as such findings and determinations may be in conflict with the findings and determinations set forth herein. (a) Findings and Determinations Upon the Basis of the Hearing Record. Pursuant to the provisions of the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as amended (7 U.S.C. 601–674), and the applicable rules of practice and procedure effective thereunder (7 CFR part 900), a public hearing was held upon the proposed amendments to the Marketing Order No. 915 (7 CFR part 915), regulating the handling of avocados grown in Florida. Upon the basis of the evidence introduced at such hearing and the record thereof, it is found that: (1) The marketing order, as amended, and as hereby further amended, and all of the terms and conditions thereof, will tend to effectuate the declared policy of the Act; (2) The marketing order, as amended, and as hereby further amended, regulates the handling of avocados grown in the production area in the same manner as, and is applicable only to persons in the respective classes of commercial and industrial activity specified in the marketing order upon which hearings have been held; (3) The marketing order, as amended, and as hereby further amended, is limited in application to the smallest regional production area which is practicable, consistent with carrying out the declared policy of the Act, and the issuance of several orders applicable to subdivision of the production area would not effectively carry out the declared policy of the Act; (4) The marketing order, as amended, and as hereby further amended, prescribes, insofar as practicable, such different terms applicable to different parts of the production area as are necessary to give due recognition to the differences in the production and marketing of avocados grown in the production area; and, E:\FR\FM\06FER1.SGM 06FER1 yshivers on PROD1PC62 with RULES Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 25 / Wednesday, February 6, 2008 / Rules and Regulations (5) All handling of avocados grown in the production area is in the current of interstate or foreign commerce or directly burdens, obstructs, or affects such commerce. (b) Additional findings. It is necessary and in the public interest to make these amendments to the order effective not later than one day after publication in the Federal Register. A later effective date would unnecessarily delay implementation of the amendments for the new crop year. These amendments should be in place as soon as possible as the new crop year begins April 1. Therefore, making the effective date one day after publication in the Federal Register will allow the amendments, which are expected to be beneficial to the industry, to be implemented as soon as possible. In view of the foregoing, it is hereby found and determined that good cause exists for making these amendments effective one day after publication in the Federal Register, and that it would be contrary to the public interest to delay the effective date for 30 days after publication in the Federal Register (Sec. 553(d), Administrative Procedure Act; 5 U.S.C. 551–559). (c) Determinations. It is hereby determined that: (1) Handlers (excluding cooperative associations of growers who are not engaged in processing, distributing, or shipping avocados covered by the order as hereby amended) who, during the period April 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007, handled 50 percent or more of the volume of such avocados covered by said order, as hereby amended, have not signed an amended marketing agreement; (2) The issuance of this amendatory order, further amending the aforesaid order, is favored or approved by at least two-thirds of the growers who participated in a referendum on the question of approval and who, during the period of April 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007 (which has been deemed to be a representative period), have been engaged within the production area in the production of such avocados, such growers having also produced for market at least twothirds of the volume of such commodity represented in the referendum; and (3) In the absence of a signed marketing agreement, the issuance of this amendatory order is the only practical means pursuant to the declared policy of the Act of advancing the interests of growers of avocados in the production area. VerDate Aug<31>2005 15:18 Feb 05, 2008 Jkt 214001 Order Relative to Handling of Avocados Grown in South Florida I It is therefore ordered, That on and after the effective date hereof, all handling of avocados grown in Florida, shall be in conformity to, and in compliance with, the terms and conditions of the said order as hereby amended as follows: The provisions of the proposed marketing agreement and order further amending the order contained in the Secretary’s Decision issued by the Administrator on July 9, 2007, and published in the Federal Register on July 12, 2007, shall be and are the terms and provision of this order amending the order and are set forth in full herein. § 915.30 6837 List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 915 Avocados, Marketing agreements, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. PART 915—AVOCADOS GROWN IN SOUTH FLORIDA For the reasons set forth in the preamble, Title 7 of Chapter XI of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended by amending part 915 as follows: I 1. The authority citation for 7 CFR part 915 continues to read as follows: I Authority: 7 U.S.C. 601–674. 2. In § 915.11, paragraphs (a) and (b) are revised to read as follows: I § 915.11 District. * * * * * (a) District 1 shall include MiamiDade County. (b) District 2 shall include all of the production area except Miami-Dade County. I 3. In § 915.22, paragraph (b)(1) is revised to read as follows: § 915.22 Nomination. * * * * * (b) Successor members. (1) The committee shall hold or cause to be held a meeting or meetings of growers and handlers in each district to designate nominees for successor members and alternate members of the committee; or the committee may conduct nominations in Districts 1 and 2 by mail in a manner recommended by the committee and approved by the Secretary. Such nominations shall be submitted to the Secretary by the committee not later than March 1 of each year. The committee shall prescribe procedural rules, not inconsistent with the provisions of this section, for the conduct of nomination. * * * * * PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 4. In § 915.30, paragraph (c) is revised to read as follows: Procedure. * * * * * (c) For any recommendation of the committee for an assessment rate change, a quorum of seven committee members and a two-thirds majority vote of approval of those in attendance is required. I 5. In § 915.41, paragraph (b) is revised to read as follows: § 915.41 Assessments. * * * * * (b) The Secretary shall fix the rate of assessment per 55-pounds of fruit or equivalent in any container or in bulk, to be paid by each such handler. At any time during or after a fiscal year, the Secretary may increase the rate of assessment, in order to secure sufficient funds to cover any later finding by the Secretary relative to the expense which may be incurred. Such increase shall be applied to all fruit handled during the applicable fiscal year. In order to provide funds for the administration of the provisions of this part, the committee may accept the payment of assessments in advance, or borrow money on an emergency short-term basis. The authority of the committee to borrow money is subject to approval of the Secretary and may be used only to meet financial obligations as the obligations occur or to allow the committee to adjust its reserve funds to meet such obligations. I 6. Add a new § 915.43 to read as follows: § 915.43 Contributions. The committee may accept voluntary contributions. Such contributions shall be free from any encumbrances by the donor and the committee shall retain complete control of their use. I 7. Revise § 915.45 to read as follows: § 915.45 Production research, marketing research and development. The committee may, with the approval of the Secretary, establish or provide for the establishment of production research, marketing research and development projects designed to assist, improve or promote the marketing, distribution, and consumption or efficient production of avocados. Such products may provide for any form of marketing promotion, including paid advertising. The expenses of such projects shall be paid from funds collected pursuant to the applicable provisions of § 915.41, or from such other funds as approved by the USDA. E:\FR\FM\06FER1.SGM 06FER1 6838 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 25 / Wednesday, February 6, 2008 / Rules and Regulations Dated: February 1, 2008. Lloyd C. Day, Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service. [FR Doc. 08–536 Filed 2–4–08; 9:46 am] BILLING CODE 3410–02–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA–2007–27824; Directorate Identifier 2003–NE–12–AD; Amendment 39– 15364; AD 2006–11–05R2] RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Rolls-Royce plc RB211 Series Turbofan Engines Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Final rule; request for comments. yshivers on PROD1PC62 with RULES AGENCY: SUMMARY: The FAA is revising an existing airworthiness directive (AD) for Rolls-Royce plc (RR) RB211–22B series, RB211–524B, –524C2, –524D4, –524G2, –524G3, and –524H series, and RB211– 535C and –535E series turbofan engines with high pressure compressor (HPC) stage 3 disc assemblies, part numbers (P/Ns) LK46210, LK58278, LK67634, LK76036, UL11706, UL15358, UL22577, UL22578, and UL24738 installed. That AD currently requires removing from service certain disc assemblies before they reach their full published life if not modified with anticorrosion protection. This AD requires the same actions but relaxes the removal compliance time for certain disc assemblies that have a record of detailed inspection. This AD results from the FAA allowing certain affected disc assemblies that have a record of a detailed inspection, to remain in service for a longer period than the previous AD allowed. We are issuing this AD to relax the compliance time for disc assemblies manufactured both ‘‘before and after 1990’’ by providing an option to track the disc life based on a record of a detailed inspection rather than by its entry into service date, while continuing to prevent corrosion-induced uncontained disc assembly failure, resulting in damage to the airplane. DATES: Effective February 21, 2008. The Director of the Federal Register previously approved the incorporation by reference of certain publications listed in the regulations as of February 24, 2004 (69 FR 2661, January 20, 2004). VerDate Aug<31>2005 15:18 Feb 05, 2008 Jkt 214001 We must receive any comments on this AD by April 7, 2008. ADDRESSES: Use one of the following addresses to comment on this AD. • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov and follow the instructions for sending your comments electronically. • Mail: U.S. Docket Management Facility, Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, Washington, DC 20590–0001. • Hand Delivery: Deliver to Mail address above between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. • Fax: (202) 493–2251. Contact Rolls-Royce plc, PO Box 31, Derby, England, DE248BJ; telephone: 011–44–1332–242424; fax: 011–44– 1332–245–418, for the service information identified in this AD. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ian Dargin, Aerospace Engineer, Engine Certification Office, FAA, Engine and Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park; Burlington, MA 01803; e-mail: ian.dargin@faa.gov; telephone (781) 238–7178; fax (781) 238–7199. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On May 15, 2006, the FAA issued AD 2006–11– 05, Amendment 39–14609 (71 FR 29586, May 23, 2006). We also issued a correction to that AD on September 26, 2006 (71 FR 58254, October 3, 2006) and a revision to that AD on April 9, 2007 (72 FR 18862, April 16, 2007). That AD revision requires removing from service certain disc assemblies before they reach their full published life if not modified with anticorrosion protection. That AD was the result of the manufacturer’s reassessment of the corrosion risk on HPC stage 3 disc assemblies that have not yet been modified with sufficient application of anticorrosion protection. That condition, if not corrected, could result in corrosion-induced uncontained disc assembly failure, resulting in damage to the airplane. Actions Since AD 2006–11–05R1 Was Issued Since AD 2006–11–05R1 was issued, we discovered that the population of affected disc assemblies identified in that AD was incorrect. That AD allowed affected disc assemblies that entered into service ‘‘before 1990’’ that have a record of a detailed inspection, to remain in service for a longer period than the previous AD, AD 2006–11–05, allowed. This revised AD allows disc assemblies manufactured both ‘‘before and after 1990’’ that have a record of a detailed inspection, to remain in service PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 for 17 years from last overhaul inspection date. But the discs are not to exceed the manufacturer’s published cyclic limit in the time limits section of the manual. We are issuing this AD to relax the compliance time for certain disc assemblies by providing an option to track the disk life based on a record of a detailed inspection rather than by its entry into service date, while continuing to prevent corrosion-induced uncontained disc assembly failure, resulting in damage to the airplane. Relevant Service Information We have reviewed and approved the technical contents of RR MSB No. RB.211–72–9661, Revision 5, dated December 22, 2006. That MSB allows affected disc assemblies and that have a record of detailed inspection: • To remain in service for 17 years from last overhaul inspection date; but • Not to exceed the manufacturer’s published cyclic limit in the time limits section of the manual. We do not incorporate by reference this MSB, but we list it in the Related Information section. Bilateral Airworthiness Agreement This engine model is manufactured in the United Kingdom (UK), and is type certificated for operation in the United States under the provisions of section 21.29 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR 21.29) and the applicable bilateral airworthiness agreement. Under this bilateral airworthiness agreement, the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA), which is the airworthiness authority for the UK, has kept the FAA informed of the situation described above. We have examined the findings of the CAA, reviewed all available information, and determined that AD action is necessary for products of this type design that are certificated for operation in the United States. FAA’s Determination and Requirements of This AD The unsafe condition described previously is likely to exist or develop on other RR RB211–22B series, RB211– 524B, –524C2, –524D4, –524G2, –524G3, and –524H series, and RB211– 535C and –535E series turbofan engines of the same type design. We are issuing this AD to relax the compliance time for certain disc assemblies by providing an option to track the disk life based on a record of a detailed inspection rather than by its entry into service date, while continuing to prevent corrosion-induced uncontained disc assembly failure, resulting in damage to the airplane. This AD requires the following for affected HPC stage 3 rotor disc assemblies: E:\FR\FM\06FER1.SGM 06FER1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 73, Number 25 (Wednesday, February 6, 2008)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 6834-6838]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 08-536]


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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Agricultural Marketing Service

7 CFR Part 915

[Docket No. AO-254-A10; AMS-FV-06-0220; FV06-915-2]


Avocados Grown in South Florida; Order Amending Marketing Order 
No. 915

AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), USDA.

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: This final rule amends Marketing Order No. 915 (order), which 
regulates the handling of avocados grown in South Florida. The 
amendments are based on those proposed by the Florida Avocado 
Administrative Committee (committee), which is responsible for local 
administration of the order. The amendments will: Add authority for the 
committee to borrow funds; revise voting requirements for changing the 
assessment rate; allow for District 1 nominations to be conducted by 
mail; and, add authority for the committee to accept voluntary 
contributions. All of the proposals were favored by avocado growers in 
a mail referendum, held July 23 through August 6, 2007. The amendments 
are intended to improve the operation and functioning of the marketing 
order program.

DATES: This rule is effective February 7, 2008.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Marc McFetridge or Melissa

[[Page 6835]]

Schmaedick, Marketing Specialists, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, 
Marketing Order Administration Branch (MOAB), AMS, USDA, 1400 
Independence Ave., SW., Washington, DC 20250-0237; Telephone: (202) 
720-2491, Fax: (202) 720-8938, or E-mail: Marc.McFetridge@usda.gov or 
Melissa.Schmaedick@usda.gov.
    Small businesses may request information on this proceeding by 
contacting Jay Guerber, Marketing Order Administration Branch, Fruit 
and Vegetable Programs, AMS, USDA, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW., Stop 
0237, Washington, DC 20250-0237; Telephone: (202) 720-2491, Fax: (202) 
720-8938, E-mail: Jay.Guerber@usda.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Prior documents in this proceeding: Notice 
of Hearing issued on July 18, 2006, and published in the July 24, 2006 
issue of the Federal Register (71 FR 41740); Recommended Decision 
issued on March 23, 2007 and published in the March 30, 2007 issue of 
the Federal Register (72 FR 15056); and, a Secretary's Decision and 
Referendum Order issued on July 9, 2007, and published in the Federal 
Register on July 12, 2007 (72 FR 38027).
    This action is governed by the provisions of sections 556 and 557 
of title 5 of the United States Code and is therefore excluded from the 
requirements of Executive Order 12866.

Preliminary Statement

    This final rule was formulated on the record of a public hearing 
held in Homestead, Florida on August 16, 2006. Notice of this hearing 
was issued on July 18, 2006, and published in the July 24, 2006 issue 
of the Federal Register (71 FR 41740). The hearing was held to consider 
the proposed amendment of Marketing Order No. 915, hereinafter 
collectively referred to as the ``order.''
    The hearing was held pursuant to the provisions of the Agricultural 
Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as amended (7 U.S.C. 601-674), 
hereinafter referred to as the ``Act,'' and the applicable rules of 
practice and procedure governing the formulation of marketing 
agreements and marketing orders (7 CFR part 900).
    The Notice of Hearing contained four proposals submitted by the 
Avocado Administrative Committee (committee), which is responsible for 
local administration of the order.
    Upon the basis of evidence introduced at the hearing and the record 
thereof, the Administrator of AMS on March 23, 2007, filed with the 
Hearing Clerk, U.S. Department of Agriculture, a Recommended Decision 
and Opportunity to File Written Exceptions thereto by April 30, 2007. 
None were filed.
    That document also announced AMS's intent to request approval of 
new information collection requirements to implement the program. 
Written exceptions on the proposed information collection requirements 
were due by May 29, 2007. None were filed.
    A Secretary's Decision and Referendum Order was issued on July 9, 
2007, directing that a referendum be conducted during the period of 
July 23, 2007 to August 6, 2007, among growers of avocados in South 
Florida to determine whether they favored the proposed amendments to 
the order. To become effective, the amendments had to be approved by at 
least two-thirds of those growers voting, or by voters representing at 
least two-thirds of the volume of avocados represented by voters voting 
in the referendum. Voters voting in the referendum favored all of the 
proposed amendments.
    The amendments favored by voters and included in this order will: 
Add authority for the committee to borrow funds; revise voting 
requirements for changing the assessment rate; allow for District 1 
nominations to be conducted by mail; and, add authority for the 
committee to accept voluntary contributions.
    USDA also made such changes as were necessary to the order so that 
all of the order's provisions conform to the effectuated amendments.
    The amended marketing agreement was subsequently mailed to all 
avocado handlers in the production area for their approval. The 
marketing agreement was not approved by handlers representing more than 
50 percent of the volume of avocados handled by all handlers during the 
representative period of April 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007.

Small Business Consideration

    Pursuant to the requirements set forth in the Regulatory 
Flexibility Act (RFA), AMS has considered the economic impact of this 
action on small entities. Accordingly, AMS has prepared this final 
regulatory flexibility analysis.
    The purpose of the RFA is to fit regulatory actions to the scale of 
business subject to such actions so that small businesses will not be 
unduly or disproportionately burdened. Marketing orders and amendments 
thereto are unique in that they are normally brought about through 
group action of essentially small entities for their own benefit.
    Small agricultural growers have been defined by the Small Business 
Administration (SBA) (13 CFR 121.201) as those having annual receipts 
of less than $750,000. Small agricultural service firms, which include 
handlers regulated under the order, are defined as those with annual 
receipts of less than $6,500,000.

Avocado Industry Background and Overview

    The record indicates that there are an estimated 352 growers of 
avocados in the production area and 32 handlers subject to regulation 
under the order.
    According to the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) 
and committee data, the average price for Florida avocados during the 
2005-06 season was around $46.75 per 55-pound bushel container, and 
total shipments were near 470,000 55-pound bushel equivalent. Using 
this average price and shipment information, the majority of avocado 
handlers could be considered small businesses under the SBA definition. 
In addition, based on avocado production, grower prices, and the total 
number of Florida avocado growers, the average annual grower revenue is 
less than $750,000. Thus, the majority of Florida avocado growers may 
also be classified as small entities.
    The NASS reported that in 2005, total Florida avocado bearing acres 
were 5,300 and the average yield per acre was 2.26 tons. The total 
Florida production reported in 2005 was 12,000 tons, with growers 
receiving an average (farm gate) price of $940/ton. The estimated total 
value of 2005 Florida avocado production was $11.28 million.
    Over the past 30 years, the U.S. avocado industry has seen many 
changes. According to NASS, the total U.S. production acres for 
avocados have decreased by 13 percent, from 78,000 acres in 1982 to 
67,600 acres in 2005. Prices have trended upward from 1959 to 2005, 
although there has been significant variability in prices from year to 
year. The average grower price for the U.S. in 1959 was $109 per ton 
and in 2005 the average grower price was $1,280 per ton. The total 
value of U.S. avocado production has increased dramatically since 1959, 
reaching a peak of $394 million in 2003. The per capital consumption of 
fresh avocados has risen significantly since 1970. Between 1970 and 
2004, per capital consumption increased almost five-fold to 2.9 pounds 
per person in 2004. According to the hearing record, one of the factors 
that may be contributing to this increase is the new year-round 
availability of avocados due to the volume of imported avocados in 
addition to domestically produced avocados.
    Comparatively, Florida's avocado industry has seen similar trends.

[[Page 6836]]

According to NASS, the production acreage has decreased by 53 percent 
over the last three decades. According to record evidence, the rapid 
decrease in Florida production acreage compared to that of U.S. acreage 
can be directly associated with crop damage resulting from hurricanes. 
Florida's production trended upward to 34,700 tons in the early 1980's 
and has shown great variability since. Production in 2005 was at a 10 
year low of 12,000 tons. Prices for Florida avocados have also trended 
upward from 1959 to 2005. The average grower price for Florida avocados 
in 1959 was $88 per ton and in 2005 the average grower price was $940 
per ton, which was the highest average grower price over the time span. 
The total value of Florida avocado production was $620,000 in 1959. 
After Hurricane Andrew, which affected the value of production in 1992 
and 1993, the value of Florida's production has ranged from a high of 
$17.2 million in 2003 to a low of $11.3 million in 2005.

Material Issues

    This action amends the order to: Add authority for the committee to 
borrow funds; revise voting requirements for changing the assessment 
rate; allow for District 1 nominations to be conducted by mail; and, 
add authority for the committee to accept voluntary contributions.
    These amendments will streamline program organization, but are not 
expected to result in a significant change in industry production, 
handling or distribution activities. In discussing the impacts of the 
amendments on growers and handlers, record evidence indicates that the 
changes are expected to be positive because the administration of the 
programs would be more efficient, and therefore more effective, in 
executing committee duties and responsibilities. There would be no 
significant cost impact on either small or large growers or handlers.
    Interested persons were invited to present evidence at the hearing 
on the probable regulatory and informational impact of the proposed 
amendments to the order on small entities. The record evidence shows 
that the amendments are designed to increase efficiency in the 
functioning of the order.
    USDA has not identified any relevant Federal rules that duplicate, 
overlap or conflict with this proposed rule. These amendments are 
designed to enhance the administration and functioning of the order to 
the benefit of the Florida avocado industry.

Paperwork Reduction Act

    In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 
Chapter 35), the information collection continued in this action was 
submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and has been 
approved under OMB No. 0581-0243, Avocados Grown in South Florida. The 
burden and associated forms in this collection were also included in 
the renewal submission of OMB No. 0581-0189, Generic OMB Fruit Crops, 
currently at OMB for review. Upon approval of OMB No. 0581-0189, a 
discontinuation notice will be submitted to OMB to retire OMB No. 0581-
0243.
    The amendment authorizing mail nominations for District 1 requires 
a nomination form and ballot to conduct mail nominations. It is 
estimated that there are 384 growers and handlers who will be entitled 
to vote by mail ballot once every two years. The estimated burden to 
each grower and handler is 0.083 hour per response.
    As with all Federal marketing order programs, reports and forms are 
periodically reviewed to reduce information requirements and 
duplication by industry and public sector agencies.
    AMS is committed to complying with the E-Government Act, to promote 
the use of the Internet and other information technologies to provide 
increased opportunities for citizen access to government information 
and services, and for other purposes.

Civil Justice Reform

    The amendments to Marketing Order No. 915 proposed herein have been 
reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. They are 
not intended to have retroactive effect. If adopted, the proposed 
amendments would not preempt any State or local laws, regulations, or 
policies, unless they present an irreconcilable conflict with this 
proposal.
    The Act provides that administrative proceedings must be exhausted 
before parties may file suit in court. Under section 608c(15)(A) of the 
Act, any handler subject to an order may file with USDA a petition 
stating that the order, any provision of the order, or any obligation 
imposed in connection with the order is not in accordance with law and 
request a modification of the order or to be exempted therefrom. A 
handler is afforded the opportunity for a hearing on the petition. 
After the hearing, USDA would rule on the petition. The Act provides 
that the district court of the United Sates in any district in which 
the handler is an inhabitant, or has his or her principal place of 
business, has jurisdiction to review USDA's ruling on the petition, 
provided an action is filed no later than 20 days after the date of the 
entry of the ruling.

Order Amending the Order Regulating the Handling of Avocados Grown in 
Florida

Findings and Determinations

    The findings and determinations hereinafter set forth are 
supplementary and in addition to the findings and determinations 
previously made in connection with the issuance of the order; and all 
of said previous findings and determinations are hereby ratified and 
affirmed, except insofar as such findings and determinations may be in 
conflict with the findings and determinations set forth herein.
    (a) Findings and Determinations Upon the Basis of the Hearing 
Record.
    Pursuant to the provisions of the Agricultural Marketing Agreement 
Act of 1937, as amended (7 U.S.C. 601-674), and the applicable rules of 
practice and procedure effective thereunder (7 CFR part 900), a public 
hearing was held upon the proposed amendments to the Marketing Order 
No. 915 (7 CFR part 915), regulating the handling of avocados grown in 
Florida.
    Upon the basis of the evidence introduced at such hearing and the 
record thereof, it is found that:
    (1) The marketing order, as amended, and as hereby further amended, 
and all of the terms and conditions thereof, will tend to effectuate 
the declared policy of the Act;
    (2) The marketing order, as amended, and as hereby further amended, 
regulates the handling of avocados grown in the production area in the 
same manner as, and is applicable only to persons in the respective 
classes of commercial and industrial activity specified in the 
marketing order upon which hearings have been held;
    (3) The marketing order, as amended, and as hereby further amended, 
is limited in application to the smallest regional production area 
which is practicable, consistent with carrying out the declared policy 
of the Act, and the issuance of several orders applicable to 
subdivision of the production area would not effectively carry out the 
declared policy of the Act;
    (4) The marketing order, as amended, and as hereby further amended, 
prescribes, insofar as practicable, such different terms applicable to 
different parts of the production area as are necessary to give due 
recognition to the differences in the production and marketing of 
avocados grown in the production area; and,

[[Page 6837]]

    (5) All handling of avocados grown in the production area is in the 
current of interstate or foreign commerce or directly burdens, 
obstructs, or affects such commerce.
    (b) Additional findings. 
    It is necessary and in the public interest to make these amendments 
to the order effective not later than one day after publication in the 
Federal Register. A later effective date would unnecessarily delay 
implementation of the amendments for the new crop year. These 
amendments should be in place as soon as possible as the new crop year 
begins April 1. Therefore, making the effective date one day after 
publication in the Federal Register will allow the amendments, which 
are expected to be beneficial to the industry, to be implemented as 
soon as possible.
    In view of the foregoing, it is hereby found and determined that 
good cause exists for making these amendments effective one day after 
publication in the Federal Register, and that it would be contrary to 
the public interest to delay the effective date for 30 days after 
publication in the Federal Register (Sec. 553(d), Administrative 
Procedure Act; 5 U.S.C. 551-559).
    (c) Determinations. It is hereby determined that:
    (1) Handlers (excluding cooperative associations of growers who are 
not engaged in processing, distributing, or shipping avocados covered 
by the order as hereby amended) who, during the period April 1, 2006, 
through March 31, 2007, handled 50 percent or more of the volume of 
such avocados covered by said order, as hereby amended, have not signed 
an amended marketing agreement;
    (2) The issuance of this amendatory order, further amending the 
aforesaid order, is favored or approved by at least two-thirds of the 
growers who participated in a referendum on the question of approval 
and who, during the period of April 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007 
(which has been deemed to be a representative period), have been 
engaged within the production area in the production of such avocados, 
such growers having also produced for market at least two-thirds of the 
volume of such commodity represented in the referendum; and
    (3) In the absence of a signed marketing agreement, the issuance of 
this amendatory order is the only practical means pursuant to the 
declared policy of the Act of advancing the interests of growers of 
avocados in the production area.

Order Relative to Handling of Avocados Grown in South Florida

    It is therefore ordered, That on and after the effective date 
hereof, all handling of avocados grown in Florida, shall be in 
conformity to, and in compliance with, the terms and conditions of the 
said order as hereby amended as follows:
    The provisions of the proposed marketing agreement and order 
further amending the order contained in the Secretary's Decision issued 
by the Administrator on July 9, 2007, and published in the Federal 
Register on July 12, 2007, shall be and are the terms and provision of 
this order amending the order and are set forth in full herein.

List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 915

    Avocados, Marketing agreements, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements.

PART 915--AVOCADOS GROWN IN SOUTH FLORIDA

0
For the reasons set forth in the preamble, Title 7 of Chapter XI of the 
Code of Federal Regulations is amended by amending part 915 as follows:

0
1. The authority citation for 7 CFR part 915 continues to read as 
follows:

    Authority: 7 U.S.C. 601-674.


0
2. In Sec.  915.11, paragraphs (a) and (b) are revised to read as 
follows:


Sec.  915.11  District.

* * * * *
    (a) District 1 shall include Miami-Dade County.
    (b) District 2 shall include all of the production area except 
Miami-Dade County.
0
3. In Sec.  915.22, paragraph (b)(1) is revised to read as follows:


Sec.  915.22  Nomination.

* * * * *
    (b) Successor members. (1) The committee shall hold or cause to be 
held a meeting or meetings of growers and handlers in each district to 
designate nominees for successor members and alternate members of the 
committee; or the committee may conduct nominations in Districts 1 and 
2 by mail in a manner recommended by the committee and approved by the 
Secretary. Such nominations shall be submitted to the Secretary by the 
committee not later than March 1 of each year. The committee shall 
prescribe procedural rules, not inconsistent with the provisions of 
this section, for the conduct of nomination.
* * * * *

0
4. In Sec.  915.30, paragraph (c) is revised to read as follows:


Sec.  915.30  Procedure.

* * * * *
    (c) For any recommendation of the committee for an assessment rate 
change, a quorum of seven committee members and a two-thirds majority 
vote of approval of those in attendance is required.

0
5. In Sec.  915.41, paragraph (b) is revised to read as follows:


Sec.  915.41  Assessments.

* * * * *
    (b) The Secretary shall fix the rate of assessment per 55-pounds of 
fruit or equivalent in any container or in bulk, to be paid by each 
such handler. At any time during or after a fiscal year, the Secretary 
may increase the rate of assessment, in order to secure sufficient 
funds to cover any later finding by the Secretary relative to the 
expense which may be incurred. Such increase shall be applied to all 
fruit handled during the applicable fiscal year. In order to provide 
funds for the administration of the provisions of this part, the 
committee may accept the payment of assessments in advance, or borrow 
money on an emergency short-term basis. The authority of the committee 
to borrow money is subject to approval of the Secretary and may be used 
only to meet financial obligations as the obligations occur or to allow 
the committee to adjust its reserve funds to meet such obligations.

0
6. Add a new Sec.  915.43 to read as follows:


Sec.  915.43  Contributions.

    The committee may accept voluntary contributions. Such 
contributions shall be free from any encumbrances by the donor and the 
committee shall retain complete control of their use.

0
7. Revise Sec.  915.45 to read as follows:


Sec.  915.45  Production research, marketing research and development.

    The committee may, with the approval of the Secretary, establish or 
provide for the establishment of production research, marketing 
research and development projects designed to assist, improve or 
promote the marketing, distribution, and consumption or efficient 
production of avocados. Such products may provide for any form of 
marketing promotion, including paid advertising. The expenses of such 
projects shall be paid from funds collected pursuant to the applicable 
provisions of Sec.  915.41, or from such other funds as approved by the 
USDA.


[[Page 6838]]


    Dated: February 1, 2008.
Lloyd C. Day,
Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service.
[FR Doc. 08-536 Filed 2-4-08; 9:46 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-02-P