Endosulfan Updated Risk Assessments, Notice of Availability, and Solicitation of Usage Information, 64624-64626 [E7-22385]

Download as PDF 64624 Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 221 / Friday, November 16, 2007 / Notices Agency has not attempted to describe all the specific entities that may be affected by this action. If you have any questions regarding the applicability of this action to a particular entity, consult the person listed under For Further Information Contact. B. What Should I Consider as I Prepare My Comments for EPA? mstockstill on PROD1PC66 with NOTICES 1. Submitting CBI. Do not submit this information to EPA through regulations.gov or e-mail. Clearly mark the part or all of the information that you claim to be CBI. For CBI information in a disk or CD-ROM that you mail to EPA, mark the outside of the disk or CD-ROM as CBI and then identify electronically within the disk or CD-ROM the specific information that is claimed as CBI. In addition to one complete version of the comment that includes information claimed as CBI, a copy of the comment that does not contain the information claimed as CBI must be submitted for inclusion in the public docket. Information so marked will not be disclosed except in accordance with procedures set forth in 40 CFR part 2. 2. Tips for preparing your comments. When submitting comments, remember to: i. Identify the document by docket ID number and other identifying information (subject heading, Federal Register date and page number). ii. Follow directions. The Agency may ask you to respond to specific questions or organize comments by referencing a Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) part or section number. iii. Explain why you agree or disagree; suggest alternatives and substitute language for your requested changes. iv. Describe any assumptions and provide any technical information and/ or data that you used. v. If you estimate potential costs or burdens, explain how you arrived at your estimate in sufficient detail to allow for it to be reproduced. vi. Provide specific examples to illustrate your concerns and suggest alternatives. vii. Explain your views as clearly as possible, avoiding the use of profanity or personal threats. viii. Make sure to submit your comments by the comment period deadline identified. II. Background What Action is the Agency Taking? EPA requests public comment during the next 60 days on a petition (available in docket ID number EPA–HQ–OPP– 2007–0944) received from Sinapu, VerDate Aug<31>2005 21:48 Nov 15, 2007 Jkt 214001 Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility (PEER), Beyond Pesticides, Forest Guardians, Predator Defense, Western Wildlife Conservancy, Sierra Club, The Rewilding Institute, Animal Defense League of Arizona, and Animal Welfare Institute requesting that the Agency cancel all uses of M-44 sodium cyanide capsules and sodium fluoroacetate (compound 1080). The petitioners claim that sodium cyanide M-44 capsules and compound 1080 cannot perform their intended functions without causing unreasonable adverse effects on the environment and posing an imminent hazard. See 136 et seq. of FIFRA. The sodium cyanide and sodium fluoroacetate reregistration eligibility decisions (REDs) are available in the electronic docket at http:// www.regulations.gov under docket number EPA–HQ–OPP–2007–0944 or at http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/ reregistration/status.htm. List of Subjects Environmental protection, pesticides, and predators. Dated: November 5, 2007. Steven Bradbury, Director, Special Review and Reregistration Division, Office of Pesticide Programs. [FR Doc. E7–22369 Filed 11–15–07; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6560–50–S ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [EPA–HQ–OPP–2002–0262; FRL–8339–5] Endosulfan Updated Risk Assessments, Notice of Availability, and Solicitation of Usage Information Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: SUMMARY: This notice announces the availability of EPA’s updated human health and ecological effects risk assessments for the organochlorine pesticide endosulfan, based in part on data recently submitted by endosulfan registrants as required in the 2002 Reregistration Eligibility Decision (RED). The Agency is seeking comment on these updated risk assessments as part of EPA’s Post-RED process regarding endosulfan (see Note to Reader in the endosulfan docket for more detail). In addition, this notice solicits public comment on EPA’s analysis of endosulfan usage information since the 2002 RED, and its preliminary determinations regarding endosulfan’s importance to growers and availability of alternatives. PO 00000 Frm 00051 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Comments must be received on or before January 16, 2008. ADDRESSES: Submit your comments, identified by docket identification (ID) number EPA–HQ–OPP–2002–0262, by one of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal:http:// www.regulations.gov. Follow the on-line instructions for submitting comments. • Mail: Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP) Regulatory Public Docket (7502P), Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460–0001. • Delivery: OPP Regulatory Public Docket (7502P), Environmental Protection Agency, Rm. S–4400, One Potomac Yard (South Bldg.), 2777 S. Crystal Dr., Arlington, VA. Deliveries are only accepted during the Docket’s normal hours of operation (8:30 a.m. to 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays). Special arrangements should be made for deliveries of boxed information. The Docket Facility telephone number is (703) 305–5805. Instructions: Direct your comments to docket ID number EPA–HQ–OPP–2002– 0262. EPA’s policy is that all comments received will be included in the docket without change and may be made available on-line at http:// www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided, unless the comment includes information claimed to be Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Do not submit information that you consider to be CBI or otherwise protected through regulations.gov or email. The regulations.gov website is an ‘‘anonymous access’’ system, which means EPA will not know your identity or contact information unless you provide it in the body of your comment. If you send an e-mail comment directly to EPA without going through regulations.gov, your e-mail address will be automatically captured and included as part of the comment that is placed in the docket and made available on the Internet. If you submit an electronic comment, EPA recommends that you include your name and other contact information in the body of your comment and with any disk or CD-ROM you submit. If EPA cannot read your comment due to technical difficulties and cannot contact you for clarification, EPA may not be able to consider your comment. Electronic files should avoid the use of special characters, any form of encryption, and be free of any defects or viruses. Docket: All documents in the docket are listed in the docket index available DATES: E:\FR\FM\16NON1.SGM 16NON1 Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 221 / Friday, November 16, 2007 / Notices in regulations.gov. To access the electronic docket, go tohttp:// www.regulations.gov, select ‘‘Advanced Search,’’ then ‘‘Docket Search.’’ Insert the docket ID number where indicated and select the ‘‘Submit’’ button. Follow the instructions on the regulations.gov website to view the docket index or access available documents. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, e.g., CBI or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the Internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available either in the electronic docket at http:// www.regulations.gov, or, if only available in hard copy, at the OPP Regulatory Public Docket in Rm. S– 4400, One Potomac Yard (South Bldg.), 2777 S. Crystal Dr., Arlington, VA. The hours of operation of this Docket Facility are from 8:30 a.m. to 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays. The Docket Facility telephone number is (703) 305–5805. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Tracy L. Perry, Special Review and Reregistration Division (7508P), Office of Pesticide Programs, Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460– 0001; telephone number: (703) 308– 0128; fax number: (703) 308–8005; email address:perry.tracy@epa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. General Information mstockstill on PROD1PC66 with NOTICES A. Does this Action Apply to Me? This action is directed to the public in general, and may be of interest to a wide range of stakeholders including environmental, human health, and agricultural advocates; the chemical industry; pesticide users; and members of the public interested in the sale, distribution, or use of pesticides. Since others also may be interested, the Agency has not attempted to describe all the specific entities that may be affected by this action. If you have any questions regarding the applicability of this action to a particular entity, consult the person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. B. What Should I Consider as I Prepare My Comments for EPA? 1. Submitting CBI. Do not submit this information to EPA through regulations.gov or e-mail. Clearly mark the part or all of the information that you claim to be CBI. For CBI information in a disk or CD-ROM that you mail to EPA, mark the outside of the VerDate Aug<31>2005 21:48 Nov 15, 2007 Jkt 214001 disk or CD-ROM as CBI and then identify electronically within the disk or CD-ROM the specific information that is claimed as CBI. In addition to one complete version of the comment that includes information claimed as CBI, a copy of the comment that does not contain the information claimed as CBI must be submitted for inclusion in the public docket. Information so marked will not be disclosed except in accordance with procedures set forth in 40 CFR part 2. 2. Tips for preparing your comments. When submitting comments, remember to: i. Identify the document by docket ID number and other identifying information (subject heading, Federal Register date and page number). ii. Follow directions. The Agency may ask you to respond to specific questions or organize comments by referencing a Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) part or section number. iii. Explain why you agree or disagree; suggest alternatives and substitute language for your requested changes. iv. Describe any assumptions and provide any technical information and/ or data that you used. v. If you estimate potential costs or burdens, explain how you arrived at your estimate in sufficient detail to allow for it to be reproduced. vi. Provide specific examples to illustrate your concerns and suggest alternatives. vii. Explain your views as clearly as possible, avoiding the use of profanity or personal threats. viii. Make sure to submit your comments by the comment period deadline identified. II. Background A. What Action is the Agency Taking? EPA is making available the Agency’s updated risk assessments for endosulfan, last issued for comment through a Federal Register notice announcing the availability of the 2002 Reregistration Eligibility Decision (RED) published on November 6, 2002 (67 FR 67617) (FRL–7275–5 ). EPA also is soliciting public comment on the Agency’s analysis of endosulfan usage information since the 2002 RED, and its preliminary determinations regarding endosulfan’s importance to growers and availability of alternatives. Endosulfan is a broad spectrum contact insecticide and acaricide registered for use on a wide variety of vegetables, fruits, cereal grains, and cotton, as well as ornamental shrubs, trees, vines, and ornamentals for use in commercial agricultural settings. PO 00000 Frm 00052 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 64625 Endosulfan is formulated as a liquid emulsifiable concentrate and a wettable powder. There are currently three endosulfan registrants: MakhteshimAgan of North America, Makheteshim Chemical Works, Ltd., and Drexel Chemical Company. Bayer CropScience recently canceled all U.S. registrations of endosulfan products, effective July 16, 2007. In its 2002 RED, EPA identified use of endosulfan to pose dietary, occupational, and ecological risks of concern. However, the Agency determined that these risks could likely be mitigated to levels below concern through the deletion of use on five crops and changes to pesticide labeling and formulation. Accordingly, EPA concluded that endosulfan was eligible for reregistration provided that: (1) Additional required data were submitted by the registrants confirming this decision; and (2) the risk mitigation measures outlined in the RED were adopted, and label amendments made to reflect these measures. EPA’s updated assessment of the potential human health effects of endosulfan is based on the review of a recently submitted developmental neurotoxicity (DNT) study, which was required in the reregistration eligibility decision for endosulfan. Based on the toxicological effects observed in the DNT, the Agency selected a different endpoint than used in the 2002 RED assessment to evaluate short- and intermediate-term dermal exposure for occupational handlers. Using the revised dermal endpoint, many of the occupational handler scenarios exceed the Agency’s level of concern even with maximum Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and engineering controls. In addition, for many of the occupational postapplication scenarios, the restricted-entry interval (REI) would be several to multiple days longer than the REIs required in the 2002 RED. In addition, EPA has updated the ecological effects assessment for endosulfan based on studies required in the 2002 RED and on additional information drawn from the published literature on endosulfan bioaccumulation, monitoring and transport, and ecological incidence. In general, although preliminary, the new information suggests that parent endosulfan and its sulfate degradate may pose greater risks than the 2002 RED outlined. While the parent may readily undergo degradation under some environmental conditions, the sulfate degradate is persistent and represents a source for endosulfan to enter aquatic and terrestrial food chains. While endosulfan is not expected to E:\FR\FM\16NON1.SGM 16NON1 64626 Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 221 / Friday, November 16, 2007 / Notices biomagnify appreciably in aquatic food webs, the compound does bioconcentrate in aquatic organisms to a significant extent. Also, there is direct evidence (measured residues) that endosulfan bioaccumulates in terrestrial systems and indirect evidence (modeling) that endosulfan has a significant potential to biomagnify in certain terrestrial food webs. In addition, EPA continues to be concerned about endosulfan’s volatility and its ability to migrate to sites distant from use areas, such as the Arctic, through various environmental media (air, water, and sediment). EPA is providing an opportunity, through this notice, for interested parties to comment on the Agency’s updated human health and ecological effects assessments for endosulfan. Risks of concern associated with the use of endosulfan are: (1) Occupational handler risks for many use scenarios, even with maximum PPE and engineering controls; (2) risk to aquatic and terrestrial organisms; and (3) potential for significant adverse effects to vulnerable populations and ecosystems, based on the ability for endosulfan and its sulfate degradate to migrate to sites distant from use areas. In addition, the Agency is soliciting public comment on EPA’s analysis of endosulfan usage information since the 2002 RED, and its preliminary determinations regarding endosulfan’s importance to growers and availability of alternatives. All comments should be submitted using the methods inADDRESSES, and must be received by EPA on or before the closing date. Comments and proposals will become part of the Agency Docket for endosulfan. Comments received after the close of the comment period will be marked ‘‘late.’’ EPA is not required to consider these late comments. mstockstill on PROD1PC66 with NOTICES B. What is the Agency’s Authority for Taking this Action? Section 4(g)(2) of FIFRA, as amended, directs that, after submission of all data concerning a pesticide active ingredient, ‘‘the Administrator shall determine whether pesticides containing such active ingredient are eligible for reregistration,’’ before calling in product-specific data on individual enduse products and either reregistering products or taking other ‘‘appropriate regulatory action.’’ List of Subjects Environmental protection, Pesticides and pests. VerDate Aug<31>2005 21:48 Nov 15, 2007 Jkt 214001 Dated: November 8, 2007. Peter Caulkins, Acting Director, Special Review and Reregistration Division, Office of Pesticide Programs. [FR Doc. E7–22385 Filed 11–15–07; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6560–50–S ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL–8495–5; Docket ID No. EPA–HQ–ORD– 2007–1083] Draft Toxicological Review of 1,2,3Trichloropropane: In Support of the Summary Information in the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Public Comment Period. AGENCY: SUMMARY: EPA is announcing a public comment period for the external review draft document titled, ‘‘Toxicological Review of 1,2,3-Trichloropropane: In Support of Summary Information on the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)’’ (NCEA–S–1669). The EPA intends to consider comments and recommendations from the public and the expert panel meeting, which will be scheduled at a later date and announced in the Federal Register, when EPA finalizes the draft document. The public comment period will provide opportunities for all interested parties to comment on the document. EPA intends to forward public comments, submitted in accordance with this notice, to the external peer-review panel prior to the workshop for their consideration. EPA is releasing this draft document solely for the purpose of predissemination public review under applicable information quality guidelines. This document has not been formally disseminated by EPA. It does not represent and should not be construed to represent any Agency policy or determination. The draft document is available via the Internet on NCEA’s home page under the Recent Additions and the Data and Publications menus at www.epa.gov/ncea. When finalizing the draft document, EPA intends to consider any public comments that EPA receives in accordance with this notice. DATES: The public comment period begins November 16, 2007, and ends January 15, 2008. Technical comments should be in writing and must be received by EPA by January 15, 2008. EPA intends to submit comments from the public received by this date for PO 00000 Frm 00053 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 consideration by the external peerreview panel. ADDRESSES: The draft ‘‘Toxicological Review of 1,2,3-Trichloropropane: In Support of Summary Information on the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)’’ is available via the Internet on the National Center for Environmental Assessment’s (NCEA) home page under the Recent Additions and the Data and Publications menus at www.epa.gov/ ncea. A limited number of paper copies are available from the Technical Information Staff, NCEA–W; telephone: 202–564–3261; facsimile: 202–565– 0050. If you are requesting a paper copy, please provide your name, mailing address, and the document title. Comments may be submitted electronically via www.regulations.gov, by mail, by facsimile, or by hand delivery/courier. Please follow the detailed instructions as provided in the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section of this notice. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For information on the public comment period, contact the Office of Environmental Information Docket; telephone: 202–566–1752; facsimile: 202–566–1753; or e-mail: ORD.Docket@epa.gov. If you have questions about the document, contact Martin Gehlhaus, IRIS Staff, National Center for Environmental Assessment, (8601D), U.S. EPA, 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20460; telephone: 202–564–1596; facsimile: 202–565– 0075; gehlhaus.martin@epa.gov (e-mail). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Summary of Information About the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) IRIS is a database that contains potential adverse human health effects information that may result from chronic (or lifetime) exposure to specific chemical substances found in the environment. The database (available on the Internet at www.epa.gov/iris) contains qualitative and quantitative health effects information for more than 500 chemical substances that may be used to support the first two steps (hazard identification and doseresponse evaluation) of a risk assessment process. When supported by available data, the database provides oral reference doses (RfDs) and inhalation reference concentrations (RfCs) for chronic health effects, and oral slope factors and inhalation unit risks for carcinogenic effects. Combined with specific exposure information, government and private entities can use IRIS data to help characterize public E:\FR\FM\16NON1.SGM 16NON1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 72, Number 221 (Friday, November 16, 2007)]
[Notices]
[Pages 64624-64626]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E7-22385]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

[EPA-HQ-OPP-2002-0262; FRL-8339-5]


Endosulfan Updated Risk Assessments, Notice of Availability, and 
Solicitation of Usage Information

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION: Notice.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: This notice announces the availability of EPA's updated human 
health and ecological effects risk assessments for the organochlorine 
pesticide endosulfan, based in part on data recently submitted by 
endosulfan registrants as required in the 2002 Reregistration 
Eligibility Decision (RED). The Agency is seeking comment on these 
updated risk assessments as part of EPA's Post-RED process regarding 
endosulfan (see Note to Reader in the endosulfan docket for more 
detail). In addition, this notice solicits public comment on EPA's 
analysis of endosulfan usage information since the 2002 RED, and its 
preliminary determinations regarding endosulfan's importance to growers 
and availability of alternatives.

DATES: Comments must be received on or before January 16, 2008.

ADDRESSES: Submit your comments, identified by docket identification 
(ID) number EPA-HQ-OPP-2002-0262, by one of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal:http://www.regulations.gov. 
Follow the on-line instructions for submitting comments.
     Mail: Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP) Regulatory Public 
Docket (7502P), Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania 
Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460-0001.
     Delivery: OPP Regulatory Public Docket (7502P), 
Environmental Protection Agency, Rm. S-4400, One Potomac Yard (South 
Bldg.), 2777 S. Crystal Dr., Arlington, VA. Deliveries are only 
accepted during the Docket's normal hours of operation (8:30 a.m. to 4 
p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays). Special 
arrangements should be made for deliveries of boxed information. The 
Docket Facility telephone number is (703) 305-5805.
    Instructions: Direct your comments to docket ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-
2002-0262. EPA's policy is that all comments received will be included 
in the docket without change and may be made available on-line at 
http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information 
provided, unless the comment includes information claimed to be 
Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose 
disclosure is restricted by statute. Do not submit information that you 
consider to be CBI or otherwise protected through regulations.gov or e-
mail. The regulations.gov website is an ``anonymous access'' system, 
which means EPA will not know your identity or contact information 
unless you provide it in the body of your comment. If you send an e-
mail comment directly to EPA without going through regulations.gov, 
your e-mail address will be automatically captured and included as part 
of the comment that is placed in the docket and made available on the 
Internet. If you submit an electronic comment, EPA recommends that you 
include your name and other contact information in the body of your 
comment and with any disk or CD-ROM you submit. If EPA cannot read your 
comment due to technical difficulties and cannot contact you for 
clarification, EPA may not be able to consider your comment. Electronic 
files should avoid the use of special characters, any form of 
encryption, and be free of any defects or viruses.
    Docket: All documents in the docket are listed in the docket index 
available

[[Page 64625]]

in regulations.gov. To access the electronic docket, go tohttp://
www.regulations.gov, select ``Advanced Search,'' then ``Docket 
Search.'' Insert the docket ID number where indicated and select the 
``Submit'' button. Follow the instructions on the regulations.gov 
website to view the docket index or access available documents. 
Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly 
available, e.g., CBI or other information whose disclosure is 
restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted 
material, is not placed on the Internet and will be publicly available 
only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket materials are 
available either in the electronic docket at http://
www.regulations.gov, or, if only available in hard copy, at the OPP 
Regulatory Public Docket in Rm. S-4400, One Potomac Yard (South Bldg.), 
2777 S. Crystal Dr., Arlington, VA. The hours of operation of this 
Docket Facility are from 8:30 a.m. to 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, 
excluding legal holidays. The Docket Facility telephone number is (703) 
305-5805.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Tracy L. Perry, Special Review and 
Reregistration Division (7508P), Office of Pesticide Programs, 
Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., 
Washington, DC 20460-0001; telephone number: (703) 308-0128; fax 
number: (703) 308-8005; e-mail address:perry.tracy@epa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. General Information

A. Does this Action Apply to Me?

    This action is directed to the public in general, and may be of 
interest to a wide range of stakeholders including environmental, human 
health, and agricultural advocates; the chemical industry; pesticide 
users; and members of the public interested in the sale, distribution, 
or use of pesticides. Since others also may be interested, the Agency 
has not attempted to describe all the specific entities that may be 
affected by this action. If you have any questions regarding the 
applicability of this action to a particular entity, consult the person 
listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT.

B. What Should I Consider as I Prepare My Comments for EPA?

     1. Submitting CBI. Do not submit this information to EPA through 
regulations.gov or e-mail. Clearly mark the part or all of the 
information that you claim to be CBI. For CBI information in a disk or 
CD-ROM that you mail to EPA, mark the outside of the disk or CD-ROM as 
CBI and then identify electronically within the disk or CD-ROM the 
specific information that is claimed as CBI. In addition to one 
complete version of the comment that includes information claimed as 
CBI, a copy of the comment that does not contain the information 
claimed as CBI must be submitted for inclusion in the public docket. 
Information so marked will not be disclosed except in accordance with 
procedures set forth in 40 CFR part 2.
    2. Tips for preparing your comments. When submitting comments, 
remember to:
    i. Identify the document by docket ID number and other identifying 
information (subject heading, Federal Register date and page number).
    ii. Follow directions. The Agency may ask you to respond to 
specific questions or organize comments by referencing a Code of 
Federal Regulations (CFR) part or section number.
    iii. Explain why you agree or disagree; suggest alternatives and 
substitute language for your requested changes.
    iv. Describe any assumptions and provide any technical information 
and/or data that you used.
    v. If you estimate potential costs or burdens, explain how you 
arrived at your estimate in sufficient detail to allow for it to be 
reproduced.
    vi. Provide specific examples to illustrate your concerns and 
suggest alternatives.
    vii. Explain your views as clearly as possible, avoiding the use of 
profanity or personal threats.
    viii. Make sure to submit your comments by the comment period 
deadline identified.

II. Background

A. What Action is the Agency Taking?

    EPA is making available the Agency's updated risk assessments for 
endosulfan, last issued for comment through a Federal Register notice 
announcing the availability of the 2002 Reregistration Eligibility 
Decision (RED) published on November 6, 2002 (67 FR 67617) (FRL-7275-5 
). EPA also is soliciting public comment on the Agency's analysis of 
endosulfan usage information since the 2002 RED, and its preliminary 
determinations regarding endosulfan's importance to growers and 
availability of alternatives.
    Endosulfan is a broad spectrum contact insecticide and acaricide 
registered for use on a wide variety of vegetables, fruits, cereal 
grains, and cotton, as well as ornamental shrubs, trees, vines, and 
ornamentals for use in commercial agricultural settings. Endosulfan is 
formulated as a liquid emulsifiable concentrate and a wettable powder. 
There are currently three endosulfan registrants: Makhteshim-Agan of 
North America, Makheteshim Chemical Works, Ltd., and Drexel Chemical 
Company. Bayer CropScience recently canceled all U.S. registrations of 
endosulfan products, effective July 16, 2007.
    In its 2002 RED, EPA identified use of endosulfan to pose dietary, 
occupational, and ecological risks of concern. However, the Agency 
determined that these risks could likely be mitigated to levels below 
concern through the deletion of use on five crops and changes to 
pesticide labeling and formulation. Accordingly, EPA concluded that 
endosulfan was eligible for reregistration provided that: (1) 
Additional required data were submitted by the registrants confirming 
this decision; and (2) the risk mitigation measures outlined in the RED 
were adopted, and label amendments made to reflect these measures.
    EPA's updated assessment of the potential human health effects of 
endosulfan is based on the review of a recently submitted developmental 
neurotoxicity (DNT) study, which was required in the reregistration 
eligibility decision for endosulfan. Based on the toxicological effects 
observed in the DNT, the Agency selected a different endpoint than used 
in the 2002 RED assessment to evaluate short- and intermediate-term 
dermal exposure for occupational handlers. Using the revised dermal 
endpoint, many of the occupational handler scenarios exceed the 
Agency's level of concern even with maximum Personal Protective 
Equipment (PPE) and engineering controls. In addition, for many of the 
occupational postapplication scenarios, the restricted-entry interval 
(REI) would be several to multiple days longer than the REIs required 
in the 2002 RED.
    In addition, EPA has updated the ecological effects assessment for 
endosulfan based on studies required in the 2002 RED and on additional 
information drawn from the published literature on endosulfan 
bioaccumulation, monitoring and transport, and ecological incidence. In 
general, although preliminary, the new information suggests that parent 
endosulfan and its sulfate degradate may pose greater risks than the 
2002 RED outlined. While the parent may readily undergo degradation 
under some environmental conditions, the sulfate degradate is 
persistent and represents a source for endosulfan to enter aquatic and 
terrestrial food chains. While endosulfan is not expected to

[[Page 64626]]

biomagnify appreciably in aquatic food webs, the compound does 
bioconcentrate in aquatic organisms to a significant extent. Also, 
there is direct evidence (measured residues) that endosulfan 
bioaccumulates in terrestrial systems and indirect evidence (modeling) 
that endosulfan has a significant potential to biomagnify in certain 
terrestrial food webs. In addition, EPA continues to be concerned about 
endosulfan's volatility and its ability to migrate to sites distant 
from use areas, such as the Arctic, through various environmental media 
(air, water, and sediment).
    EPA is providing an opportunity, through this notice, for 
interested parties to comment on the Agency's updated human health and 
ecological effects assessments for endosulfan. Risks of concern 
associated with the use of endosulfan are: (1) Occupational handler 
risks for many use scenarios, even with maximum PPE and engineering 
controls; (2) risk to aquatic and terrestrial organisms; and (3) 
potential for significant adverse effects to vulnerable populations and 
ecosystems, based on the ability for endosulfan and its sulfate 
degradate to migrate to sites distant from use areas. In addition, the 
Agency is soliciting public comment on EPA's analysis of endosulfan 
usage information since the 2002 RED, and its preliminary 
determinations regarding endosulfan's importance to growers and 
availability of alternatives.
    All comments should be submitted using the methods inADDRESSES, and 
must be received by EPA on or before the closing date. Comments and 
proposals will become part of the Agency Docket for endosulfan. 
Comments received after the close of the comment period will be marked 
``late.'' EPA is not required to consider these late comments.

B. What is the Agency's Authority for Taking this Action?

    Section 4(g)(2) of FIFRA, as amended, directs that, after 
submission of all data concerning a pesticide active ingredient, ``the 
Administrator shall determine whether pesticides containing such active 
ingredient are eligible for reregistration,'' before calling in 
product-specific data on individual end-use products and either 
reregistering products or taking other ``appropriate regulatory 
action.''

List of Subjects

    Environmental protection, Pesticides and pests.


    Dated: November 8, 2007.
Peter Caulkins,
Acting Director, Special Review and Reregistration Division, Office of 
Pesticide Programs.
[FR Doc. E7-22385 Filed 11-15-07; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6560-50-S