Effects of Foreign Policy-Based Export Controls, 50912-50913 [E7-17525]

Download as PDF 50912 Proposed Rules Federal Register Vol. 72, No. 171 Wednesday, September 5, 2007 This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains notices to the public of the proposed issuance of rules and regulations. The purpose of these notices is to give interested persons an opportunity to participate in the rule making prior to the adoption of the final rules. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Bureau of Industry and Security 15 CFR Chapter VII [Docket No. 070827486–7487–01] Effects of Foreign Policy-Based Export Controls Bureau of Industry and Security, Commerce. ACTION: Request for Comments on Foreign Policy-based Export Controls. rfrederick on PROD1PC67 with PROPOSALS AGENCY: SUMMARY: The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) is reviewing the foreign policy-based export controls in the Export Administration Regulations to determine whether they should be modified, rescinded or extended. To help make these determinations, BIS is seeking comments on how existing foreign policy-based export controls have affected exporters and the general public. DATES: Comments must be received by October 5, 2007. ADDRESSES: Written comments may be sent by e-mail to publiccomments@bis.doc.gov. Include ‘‘FPBEC’’ in the subject line of the message. Written comments (three copies) may be submitted by mail or hand delivery to Jeffery Lynch, Regulatory Policy Division, Bureau of Industry and Security, Department of Commerce, 14th Street & Pennsylvania Avenue, NW., Room 2705, Washington, DC 20230. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Joan Roberts, Foreign Policy Division, Office of Nonproliferation and Treaty Compliance, Bureau of Industry and Security, Telephone: (202) 482–4252. Copies of the current Annual Foreign Policy Report to the Congress are available at http://www.bis.doc.gov/ PoliciesAndRegulations/ 07ForPolControls/index.htm and copies may also be requested by calling the Office of Nonproliferation and Treaty Compliance at the number listed above. VerDate Aug<31>2005 13:47 Sep 04, 2007 Jkt 211001 Foreign policy-based controls in the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) are implemented pursuant to Section 6 of the Export Administration Act of 1979, as amended. The current foreign policybased export controls maintained by the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) are set forth in the EAR, including in parts 742 (CCL Based Controls), 744 (End-User and End-Use Based Controls) and 746 (Embargoes and Special Country Controls). These controls apply to a range of countries, items, activities and persons, including: Certain general purpose microprocessors for ‘military end-uses’ and ‘military end-users’ (§ 744.17); significant items (SI): Hot section technology for the development, production, or overhaul of commercial aircraft engines, components, and systems (§ 742.14); encryption items (§§ 742.15 and 744.9); crime control and detection commodities (§ 742.7); specially designed implements of torture (§ 742.11); certain firearms included within the Inter-American Convention Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (§ 742.17); regional stability items (§ 742.6); equipment and related technical data used in the design, development, production, or use of certain rocket systems and unmanned air vehicles (§§ 742.5 and 744.3); chemical precursors and biological agents, associated equipment, technical data, and software related to the production of chemical and biological agents (§§ 742.2 and 744.4) and various chemicals included in those controlled pursuant to the Chemical Weapons Convention (§ 742.18); nuclear propulsion (§ 744.5); aircraft and vessels (§ 744.7); communication intercepting devices (software and technology) (§ 742.13); embargoed countries (part 746); countries designated as supporters of acts of international terrorism (§§ 742.8, 742.9, 742.10, 742.19, 746.2, 746.4, 746.7, and 746.9); certain entities in Russia (§ 744.10); individual terrorists and terrorist organizations (§§ 744.12, 744.13 and 744.14); certain persons designated by Executive Order 13315 (‘‘Blocking Property of the Former Iraqi Regime, Its Senior Officials and Their Family Members’’) (§ 744.18); and certain sanctioned entities (§ 744.20). Attention is also given in this SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: PO 00000 Frm 00001 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 context to the controls on nuclearrelated commodities and technology (§§ 742.3 and 744.2), which are, in part, implemented under section 309(c) of the Nuclear Non Proliferation Act. Under the provisions of section 6 of the Export Administration Act of 1979, as amended (50 U.S.C. app. §§ 2401– 2420 (2000)) (EAA), export controls maintained for foreign policy purposes require annual extension. Section 6 of the EAA requires a report to Congress when foreign policy-based export controls are extended. The EAA expired on August 20, 2001. Executive Order 13222 of August 17, 2001 (3 CFR, 2001 Comp., p. 783 (2002)), which has been extended by successive Presidential Notices, the most recent being that of August 15, 2007 (72 FR 46137, August 16, 2007), continues the EAR and, to the extent permitted by law, the provisions of the EAA, in effect under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701–1706 (2000)). The Department of Commerce, insofar as appropriate, is following the provisions of section 6 in reviewing foreign policy-based export controls, requesting public comments on such controls, and submitting a report to Congress. In January 2007, the Secretary of Commerce, on the recommendation of the Secretary of State, extended for one year all foreign policy-based export controls then in effect. To assure maximum public participation in the review process, comments are solicited on the extension or revision of the existing foreign policy-based export controls for another year. Among the criteria considered in determining whether to continue or revise U.S. foreign policy-based export controls are the following: 1. The likelihood that such controls will achieve the intended foreign policy purpose, in light of other factors, including the availability from other countries of the goods, software or technology proposed for such controls; 2. Whether the foreign policy purpose of such controls can be achieved through negotiations or other alternative means; 3. The compatibility of the controls with the foreign policy objectives of the United States and with overall United States policy toward the country subject to the controls; 4. Whether reaction of other countries to the extension of such controls by the E:\FR\FM\05SEP1.SGM 05SEP1 rfrederick on PROD1PC67 with PROPOSALS Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 171 / Wednesday, September 5, 2007 / Proposed Rules United States is not likely to render the controls ineffective in achieving the intended foreign policy purpose or be counterproductive to United States foreign policy interests; 5. The comparative benefits to U.S. foreign policy objectives versus the effect of the controls on the export performance of the United States, the competitive position of the United States in the international economy, the international reputation of the United States as a supplier of goods and technology; and 6. The ability of the United States to enforce the controls effectively. BIS is particularly interested in receiving comments on the economic impact of proliferation controls. BIS is also interested in industry information relating to the following: 1. Information on the effect of foreign policy-based export controls on sales of U.S. products to third countries (i.e., those countries not targeted by sanctions), including the views of foreign purchasers or prospective customers regarding U.S. foreign policybased export controls. 2. Information on controls maintained by U.S. trade partners. For example, to what extent do they have similar controls on goods and technology on a worldwide basis or to specific destinations? 3. Information on licensing policies or practices by our foreign trade partners which are similar to U.S. foreign policybased export controls, including license review criteria, use of conditions, requirements for pre and post shipment verifications (preferably supported by examples of approvals, denials and foreign regulations). 4. Suggestions for revisions to foreign policy-based export controls that would bring them more into line with multilateral practice. 5. Comments or suggestions as to actions that would make multilateral controls more effective. 6. Information that illustrates the effect of foreign policy-based export controls on trade or acquisitions by intended targets of the controls. 7. Data or other information as to the effect of foreign policy-based export controls on overall trade at the level of individual industrial sectors. 8. Suggestions as to how to measure the effect of foreign policy-based export controls on trade. 9. Information on the use of foreign policy-based export controls on targeted countries, entities, or individuals. BIS is also interested in comments relating generally to the extension or revision of existing foreign policy-based export controls. VerDate Aug<31>2005 13:47 Sep 04, 2007 Jkt 211001 Parties submitting comments are asked to be as specific as possible. All comments received before the close of the comment period will be considered by BIS in reviewing the controls and developing the report to Congress. All information relating to the notice will be a matter of public record and will be available for public inspection and copying. In the interest of accuracy and completeness, BIS requires written comments. Oral comments must be followed by written memoranda, which will also be a matter of public record and will be available for public review and copying. The Office of Administration, Bureau of Industry and Security, U.S. Department of Commerce, displays these public comments on BIS’s Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Web site at http://www.bis.doc.gov/foia. This office does not maintain a separate public inspection facility. If you have technical difficulties accessing this Web site, please call BIS’s Office of Administration at (202) 482–0637 for assistance. Dated: August 29, 2007. Christopher A. Padilla, Assistant Secretary for Export Administration. [FR Doc. E7–17525 Filed 9–4–07; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–33–P ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 62 [EPA–R07–OAR–2007–0655; FRL–8462–8] Approval and Promulgation of State Plans for Designated Facilities and Pollutants; Iowa; Clean Air Mercury Rule Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. AGENCY: SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to approve the State Plan submitted by Iowa on August 15, 2006, and revisions submitted on April 26, 2007. The plan addresses the requirements of EPA’s Clean Air Mercury Rule (CAMR), promulgated on May 18, 2005, and subsequently revised on June 9, 2006. EPA is proposing to determine that the submitted State Plan fully meets the CAMR requirements for Iowa. CAMR requires States to regulate emissions of mercury (Hg) from large coal-fired electric generating units (EGUs). CAMR establishes State budgets for annual EGU Hg emissions and requires States to submit State Plans to PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 50913 ensure that annual EGU Hg emissions will not exceed the applicable State budget. States have the flexibility to choose which control measures to adopt to achieve the budgets, including participating in the EPA-administered CAMR cap-and-trade program. In the State Plan that EPA is proposing to approve Iowa would meet CAMR requirements by participating in the EPA trading program. DATES: Comments must be received on or before October 5, 2007. ADDRESSES: Submit your comments, identified by Docket ID No. EPA–R07– OAR–2007–0655, by one of the following methods: 1. http://www.regulations.gov: Follow the on-line instructions for submitting comments. 2. E-mail: jay.michael@epa.gov. 3. Mail: Michael Jay, Environmental Protection Agency, Air Planning and Development Branch, 901 North 5th Street, Kansas City, Kansas 66101. 4. Hand Delivery or Courier: Deliver your comments to: Michael Jay, Environmental Protection Agency, 901 North 5th Street, Kansas City, Kansas 66101. Such deliveries are only accepted during the Regional Office’s normal hours of operation. The Regional Office’s official hours of business are Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., excluding Federal holidays. Instructions: Direct your comments to Docket ID No. EPA–R07–OAR–2007– 0655. EPA’s policy is that all comments received will be included in the public docket without change and may be made available online at http:// www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided, unless the comment includes information claimed to be Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Do not submit through http:// www.regulations.gov or e-mail, information that you consider to be CBI or otherwise protected. The http:// www.regulations.gov Web site is an ‘‘anonymous access’’ system, which means EPA will not know your identity or contact information unless you provide it in the body of your comment. If you send an e-mail comment directly to EPA without going through http:// www.regulations.gov, your e-mail address will be automatically captured and included as part of the comment that is placed in the public docket and made available on the Internet. If you submit an electronic comment, EPA recommends that you include your name and other contact information in the body of your comment and with any disk or CD–ROM you submit. If EPA E:\FR\FM\05SEP1.SGM 05SEP1

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[Federal Register Volume 72, Number 171 (Wednesday, September 5, 2007)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 50912-50913]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E7-17525]


========================================================================
Proposed Rules
                                                Federal Register
________________________________________________________________________

This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains notices to the public of 
the proposed issuance of rules and regulations. The purpose of these 
notices is to give interested persons an opportunity to participate in 
the rule making prior to the adoption of the final rules.

========================================================================


Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 171 / Wednesday, September 5, 2007 / 
Proposed Rules

[[Page 50912]]



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

Bureau of Industry and Security

15 CFR Chapter VII

[Docket No. 070827486-7487-01]


Effects of Foreign Policy-Based Export Controls

AGENCY: Bureau of Industry and Security, Commerce.

ACTION: Request for Comments on Foreign Policy-based Export Controls.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) is reviewing the 
foreign policy-based export controls in the Export Administration 
Regulations to determine whether they should be modified, rescinded or 
extended. To help make these determinations, BIS is seeking comments on 
how existing foreign policy-based export controls have affected 
exporters and the general public.

DATES: Comments must be received by October 5, 2007.

ADDRESSES: Written comments may be sent by e-mail to 
publiccomments@bis.doc.gov. Include ``FPBEC'' in the subject line of 
the message. Written comments (three copies) may be submitted by mail 
or hand delivery to Jeffery Lynch, Regulatory Policy Division, Bureau 
of Industry and Security, Department of Commerce, 14th Street & 
Pennsylvania Avenue, NW., Room 2705, Washington, DC 20230.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Joan Roberts, Foreign Policy Division, 
Office of Nonproliferation and Treaty Compliance, Bureau of Industry 
and Security, Telephone: (202) 482-4252. Copies of the current Annual 
Foreign Policy Report to the Congress are available at http://
www.bis.doc.gov/PoliciesAndRegulations/07ForPolControls/index.htm and 
copies may also be requested by calling the Office of Nonproliferation 
and Treaty Compliance at the number listed above.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Foreign policy-based controls in the Export 
Administration Regulations (EAR) are implemented pursuant to Section 6 
of the Export Administration Act of 1979, as amended. The current 
foreign policy-based export controls maintained by the Bureau of 
Industry and Security (BIS) are set forth in the EAR, including in 
parts 742 (CCL Based Controls), 744 (End-User and End-Use Based 
Controls) and 746 (Embargoes and Special Country Controls). These 
controls apply to a range of countries, items, activities and persons, 
including: Certain general purpose microprocessors for `military end-
uses' and `military end-users' (Sec.  744.17); significant items (SI): 
Hot section technology for the development, production, or overhaul of 
commercial aircraft engines, components, and systems (Sec.  742.14); 
encryption items (Sec. Sec.  742.15 and 744.9); crime control and 
detection commodities (Sec.  742.7); specially designed implements of 
torture (Sec.  742.11); certain firearms included within the Inter-
American Convention Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and 
Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related 
Materials (Sec.  742.17); regional stability items (Sec.  742.6); 
equipment and related technical data used in the design, development, 
production, or use of certain rocket systems and unmanned air vehicles 
(Sec. Sec.  742.5 and 744.3); chemical precursors and biological 
agents, associated equipment, technical data, and software related to 
the production of chemical and biological agents (Sec. Sec.  742.2 and 
744.4) and various chemicals included in those controlled pursuant to 
the Chemical Weapons Convention (Sec.  742.18); nuclear propulsion 
(Sec.  744.5); aircraft and vessels (Sec.  744.7); communication 
intercepting devices (software and technology) (Sec.  742.13); 
embargoed countries (part 746); countries designated as supporters of 
acts of international terrorism (Sec. Sec.  742.8, 742.9, 742.10, 
742.19, 746.2, 746.4, 746.7, and 746.9); certain entities in Russia 
(Sec.  744.10); individual terrorists and terrorist organizations 
(Sec. Sec.  744.12, 744.13 and 744.14); certain persons designated by 
Executive Order 13315 (``Blocking Property of the Former Iraqi Regime, 
Its Senior Officials and Their Family Members'') (Sec.  744.18); and 
certain sanctioned entities (Sec.  744.20). Attention is also given in 
this context to the controls on nuclear-related commodities and 
technology (Sec. Sec.  742.3 and 744.2), which are, in part, 
implemented under section 309(c) of the Nuclear Non Proliferation Act.
    Under the provisions of section 6 of the Export Administration Act 
of 1979, as amended (50 U.S.C. app. Sec. Sec.  2401-2420 (2000)) (EAA), 
export controls maintained for foreign policy purposes require annual 
extension. Section 6 of the EAA requires a report to Congress when 
foreign policy-based export controls are extended. The EAA expired on 
August 20, 2001. Executive Order 13222 of August 17, 2001 (3 CFR, 2001 
Comp., p. 783 (2002)), which has been extended by successive 
Presidential Notices, the most recent being that of August 15, 2007 (72 
FR 46137, August 16, 2007), continues the EAR and, to the extent 
permitted by law, the provisions of the EAA, in effect under the 
International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-1706 
(2000)). The Department of Commerce, insofar as appropriate, is 
following the provisions of section 6 in reviewing foreign policy-based 
export controls, requesting public comments on such controls, and 
submitting a report to Congress.
    In January 2007, the Secretary of Commerce, on the recommendation 
of the Secretary of State, extended for one year all foreign policy-
based export controls then in effect.
    To assure maximum public participation in the review process, 
comments are solicited on the extension or revision of the existing 
foreign policy-based export controls for another year. Among the 
criteria considered in determining whether to continue or revise U.S. 
foreign policy-based export controls are the following:
    1. The likelihood that such controls will achieve the intended 
foreign policy purpose, in light of other factors, including the 
availability from other countries of the goods, software or technology 
proposed for such controls;
    2. Whether the foreign policy purpose of such controls can be 
achieved through negotiations or other alternative means;
    3. The compatibility of the controls with the foreign policy 
objectives of the United States and with overall United States policy 
toward the country subject to the controls;
    4. Whether reaction of other countries to the extension of such 
controls by the

[[Page 50913]]

United States is not likely to render the controls ineffective in 
achieving the intended foreign policy purpose or be counterproductive 
to United States foreign policy interests;
    5. The comparative benefits to U.S. foreign policy objectives 
versus the effect of the controls on the export performance of the 
United States, the competitive position of the United States in the 
international economy, the international reputation of the United 
States as a supplier of goods and technology; and
    6. The ability of the United States to enforce the controls 
effectively.
    BIS is particularly interested in receiving comments on the 
economic impact of proliferation controls. BIS is also interested in 
industry information relating to the following:
    1. Information on the effect of foreign policy-based export 
controls on sales of U.S. products to third countries (i.e., those 
countries not targeted by sanctions), including the views of foreign 
purchasers or prospective customers regarding U.S. foreign policy-based 
export controls.
    2. Information on controls maintained by U.S. trade partners. For 
example, to what extent do they have similar controls on goods and 
technology on a worldwide basis or to specific destinations?
    3. Information on licensing policies or practices by our foreign 
trade partners which are similar to U.S. foreign policy-based export 
controls, including license review criteria, use of conditions, 
requirements for pre and post shipment verifications (preferably 
supported by examples of approvals, denials and foreign regulations).
    4. Suggestions for revisions to foreign policy-based export 
controls that would bring them more into line with multilateral 
practice.
    5. Comments or suggestions as to actions that would make 
multilateral controls more effective.
    6. Information that illustrates the effect of foreign policy-based 
export controls on trade or acquisitions by intended targets of the 
controls.
    7. Data or other information as to the effect of foreign policy-
based export controls on overall trade at the level of individual 
industrial sectors.
    8. Suggestions as to how to measure the effect of foreign policy-
based export controls on trade.
    9. Information on the use of foreign policy-based export controls 
on targeted countries, entities, or individuals.
    BIS is also interested in comments relating generally to the 
extension or revision of existing foreign policy-based export controls.
    Parties submitting comments are asked to be as specific as 
possible. All comments received before the close of the comment period 
will be considered by BIS in reviewing the controls and developing the 
report to Congress.
    All information relating to the notice will be a matter of public 
record and will be available for public inspection and copying. In the 
interest of accuracy and completeness, BIS requires written comments. 
Oral comments must be followed by written memoranda, which will also be 
a matter of public record and will be available for public review and 
copying.
    The Office of Administration, Bureau of Industry and Security, U.S. 
Department of Commerce, displays these public comments on BIS's Freedom 
of Information Act (FOIA) Web site at http://www.bis.doc.gov/foia. This 
office does not maintain a separate public inspection facility. If you 
have technical difficulties accessing this Web site, please call BIS's 
Office of Administration at (202) 482-0637 for assistance.

    Dated: August 29, 2007.
Christopher A. Padilla,
Assistant Secretary for Export Administration.
 [FR Doc. E7-17525 Filed 9-4-07; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3510-33-P