Notice of Intent to Repatriate a Cultural Item: Denver Museum of Nature & Science, Denver, CO, 48671-48672 [E7-16786]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 164 / Friday, August 24, 2007 / Notices contact Dr. Sven Haakanson, Jr., Executive Director, Alutiiq Museum and Archaeological Repository, 215 Mission Rd., Suite 101, Kodiak, AK 99615, telephone (907) 486–7004, before September 24, 2007. Repatriation of the human remains and associated funerary object to the Koniag, Inc.; Old Harbor Native Corporation; and Village of Old Harbor may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward. Alutiiq Museum and Archaeological Repository is responsible for notifying the Koniag, Inc.; Old Harbor Native Corporation; and Village of Old Harbor that this notice has been published. Dated: August 6, 2007 Sherry Hutt, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. E7–16784 Filed 8–23–07; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–50–S DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate a Cultural Item: Denver Museum of Nature & Science, Denver, CO National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: yshivers on PROD1PC66 with NOTICES ACTION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate a cultural item in the possession of the Denver Museum of Nature & Science, Denver, CO, which meets the definition of ‘‘object of cultural patrimony’’ under 25 U.S.C. 3001. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. The cultural item is a Killerwhale Flotilla Chilkat Robe, which is also called a blanket, as the two terms are used interchangeably to describe the item (A705.1). The robe is a shoulder blanket style in a two–dimensional flat textile widely rectangular at the top and sides and sloping at the base toward the center, so that it is broadly shield– shaped. The fabric was created by means of twined weaving in handspun mountain goat wool and yellow cedar bark, which is a technique known as Chilkat twining from its specialty production by Chilkat Tlingit women. VerDate Aug<31>2005 14:35 Aug 23, 2007 Jkt 211001 The robe is draped loosely over the shoulders, falling to mid–legs and tied across the chest with sewn-on ties or held closed with the hands. The white design field of the entire blanket is filled with twelve black bordered rectangular segments, each containing a stylized side–view killerwhale motif featuring a prominent fin on the back. Black form lines enclose and detail the X–ray views of whale ribs and body parts, highlighted with natural dyed yellow and green. The whale heads are toward the blanket center. A wide black border encircles the blanket. Long fringes of alternating white and green twisted wool and cedar bark sections rim the side and basal edges. In approximately 1890, the cultural item was made by a master weaver, a woman named Cacaydayat, during the succession of Gush Tlein as Shakes VI (1878–1916). After the death of Shakes VI in 1916, the robe passed in valid succession to Shakes VII, Charlie Jones or X’adaaneik and Kaax’eishge, though not formally recognized in ceremony until 1940. Sometime before his death in 1944, Shakes VII sold the robe to Mr. Waters, a dentist from Seattle, WA, although museum records state that the robe was sold ‘‘around 1945–46.’’ Mrs. Amy K. Churchill of Wrangell, AK, whose father James Bradley was a claimant to the Shakes VIII title, but neither one a Naanya’aayi Clan member, purchased the robe from Mr. Waters at an unknown date after 1944. Mrs. Emma Frost of Oregon City, OR, inherited the robe from her mother Mrs. Churchill around 1965. In August 1973, Mrs. Frost sold the robe to Michael R. Johnson and Sharon M. Johnson, collectors and art dealers of Bellevue, WA. In October 1973, Mr. and Mrs. Kernon Weckbaugh of Denver, CO, purchased the robe from the Johnsons and donated the robe to the museum. During consultation, representatives of the Central Council of Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes gave evidence of the robe as clan ‘‘treasured property’’ and also recounted its place in clan belief and ceremonial practice. The robe is identified as an item of Chilkat regalia among the most valued of ceremonial clothing used in funerary rites and is high status apparel at traditional ceremonies and potlatches. The robe is required for the ceremonial rites conducted to renew and ensure the spiritual harmony of the Tlingit people. The Clan’s right of possession was explained at length through a line of family–member caretakers succeeding Shakes VI, as well as unauthorized holders. Earlier Killerwhale Robes of the Clan, not traced explicitly, would have been associated with the lineage of PO 00000 Frm 00063 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 48671 Shakes chiefs. The robe is not owned by a single individual, instead there are designated caretakers and belongs to the clan as a whole, and therefore it could not have been alienated by a single individual. The clan that takes care of the robe and this particular Killerwhale pattern is the Naanya.aayi Clan, represented in this claim by the Central Council of Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes. Officials of the Denver Museum of Nature & Science have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(D), the one cultural item has ongoing historical, traditional, or cultural importance central to the Native American group or culture itself, rather than property owned by an individual. Officials of the Denver Museum of Nature & Science also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity which can be reasonably traced between the object of cultural patrimony and the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the object of cultural patrimony should contact Dr. Stephen Nash, Chair, Department of Anthropology, Denver Museum of Nature & Science, 2001 Colorado Boulevard, Denver, CO 80205, telephone (303) 370–6056, before September 24, 2007. Repatriation of the cultural item to the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes on behalf of the Naanya.aayi Clan may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward. The Denver Museum of Nature & Science is responsible for notifying the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes that this notice has been published. Dated: August 8, 2007. Sherry Hutt, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. E7–16785 Filed 8–23–07; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–50–S DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate a Cultural Item: Denver Museum of Nature & Science, Denver, CO National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: ACTION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent E:\FR\FM\24AUN1.SGM 24AUN1 yshivers on PROD1PC66 with NOTICES 48672 Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 164 / Friday, August 24, 2007 / Notices to repatriate a cultural item in the possession of the Denver Museum of Nature & Science, Denver, CO, which meets the definitions of ‘‘sacred object’’ and ‘‘object of cultural patrimony’’ under 25 U.S.C. 3001. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. The cultural item is a Beaver Chilkat Shirt, which is also called a tunic, as the terms are used interchangeably to describe the item (AC. 11604). The sleeveless, untailored garment consists of rectangular front and back sections with woven shoulders and a round neck opening, which is joined loosely at the sides below armholes. The fabric was created by means of twined weaving in handspun mountain goat wool and yellow cedar bark, which is a technique known as Chilkat twining from its specialty production by Chilkat Tlingit women. The entire design field of the front is filled with intricate stylized forms that have been interpreted as a beaver in natural wool dyed in colors of black, yellow, and green. The open white ground of the back tunic is centered at the top with a mask form and crossed lower with bands of geometric patterns, including a basal checkerboard. The bottom edges are fringed. In 1974, the cultural item was sold by Marc Jacobs, Sr. to Michael R. Johnson of Seattle, WA, a collector and dealer. In October 1974, the cultural item was purchased by Adelaide de Menil and Dr. Edmund Carpenter. In August 1976, it was transferred to Howard B. Roloff through an exchange requested by Mary W. A. Crane. The museum accessioned the cultural item into the collection later that same year. During consultation, representatives of the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes gave oral history of the tunic as a clan ‘‘treasured property,’’ and its place in clan belief and ceremonial practice. The tunic’s history began four generations ago with a daughter of Chief Shakes IV and can be traced to a line of caretakers up to 1974. The tunic is identified as an item of Chilkat regalia among the most valued of ceremonial clothing used in funerary rites and is high status apparel at traditional ceremonies and potlatches. The tunic is required for the ceremonial rites conducted to renew and ensure the spiritual harmony of the Tlingit people. VerDate Aug<31>2005 14:35 Aug 23, 2007 Jkt 211001 The tunic is not owned by a single individual, instead there are designated caretakers and it belongs to the clan as a whole, and therefore it could not have been alienated by a single individual. According to museum records, the line of caretakers starts in 1890 with a Tlingit family in Angoon, AK, and also corroborates Tlingit accounts of the tunic’s sale by Mark Jacobs, Sr. Tlingit of the Deisheetaan Clan of the Needlefish House are from Angoon, AK, and are represented in this claim by the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes. Officials of the Denver Museum of Nature & Science have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(C), the one cultural item is a specific ceremonial object needed by traditional Native American religious leaders for the practice of traditional Native American religions by their present–day adherents. Officials of the Denver Museum of Nature & Science have also determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(D), the one cultural item has ongoing historical, traditional, or cultural importance central to the Native American group or culture itself, rather than property owned by an individual. Lastly, officials of the Denver Museum of Nature & Science have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity which can be reasonably traced between the sacred object/object of cultural patrimony and the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the sacred object/object of cultural patrimony should contact Dr. Stephen Nash, Chair, Department of Anthropology, Denver Museum of Nature & Science, 2001 Colorado Boulevard, Denver, CO 80205, telephone (303) 370–6056, before September 24, 2007. Repatriation of the cultural item to the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes on behalf of the Deisheetaan Clan of the Needlefish House, Angoon, AK, may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward. The Denver Museum of Nature & Science is responsible for notifying the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes that this notice has been published. Dated: August 8, 2007. Sherry Hutt, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. E7–16786 Filed 8–23–07; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–50–S PO 00000 Frm 00064 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, IL National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: ACTION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Field Museum of Natural History (Field Museum), Chicago, IL that meet the definition of ‘‘cultural items’’ under 25 U.S.C. 3001. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. The 56 cultural items are 19 Gaan masks, 18 wands (5 are associated with masks), 16 hoops, 1 bullroarer, and 1 medicine string attached to a buckskin bag. The first Gaan mask consists of a cloth hood and attached rack, and is associated with two wands (catalog number 68807). The cloth hood is black and brownish in color and has three small openings for the eyes and mouth. The rack, made from wood, yucca, or sotol slats, is painted with geometric designs and dots in red, white, and black. The two wands both come to a point on one end and appear to be blackened. The second Gaan mask consists of a cloth hood and attached rack, and is associated with two wands (catalog number 68808). The hood is primarily black. The rack consists of three vertical sections and is painted red, green, black, and white. Three red dangles hang from each end of the bottom horizontal piece of the rack. The two wands are painted with geometric and curvilinear designs. One wand has a diagonally pointed end. The other wand has a crosspiece near the top. The third Gaan mask consists of a cloth hood and attached rack (catalog number 68809). The cloth hood is black and has three small holes for the eyes and mouth. The rack consists of five laths making up one vertical section and has a horizontal section of four pointed laths attached across the middle and are attached at a diagonal at the base and near the top of the rack. The rack is E:\FR\FM\24AUN1.SGM 24AUN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 72, Number 164 (Friday, August 24, 2007)]
[Notices]
[Pages 48671-48672]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E7-16786]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service


Notice of Intent to Repatriate a Cultural Item: Denver Museum of 
Nature & Science, Denver, CO

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves 
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent

[[Page 48672]]

to repatriate a cultural item in the possession of the Denver Museum of 
Nature & Science, Denver, CO, which meets the definitions of ``sacred 
object'' and ``object of cultural patrimony'' under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). 
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural 
items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the 
determinations in this notice.
    The cultural item is a Beaver Chilkat Shirt, which is also called a 
tunic, as the terms are used interchangeably to describe the item (AC. 
11604). The sleeveless, untailored garment consists of rectangular 
front and back sections with woven shoulders and a round neck opening, 
which is joined loosely at the sides below armholes. The fabric was 
created by means of twined weaving in handspun mountain goat wool and 
yellow cedar bark, which is a technique known as Chilkat twining from 
its specialty production by Chilkat Tlingit women. The entire design 
field of the front is filled with intricate stylized forms that have 
been interpreted as a beaver in natural wool dyed in colors of black, 
yellow, and green. The open white ground of the back tunic is centered 
at the top with a mask form and crossed lower with bands of geometric 
patterns, including a basal checkerboard. The bottom edges are fringed.
    In 1974, the cultural item was sold by Marc Jacobs, Sr. to Michael 
R. Johnson of Seattle, WA, a collector and dealer. In October 1974, the 
cultural item was purchased by Adelaide de Menil and Dr. Edmund 
Carpenter. In August 1976, it was transferred to Howard B. Roloff 
through an exchange requested by Mary W. A. Crane. The museum 
accessioned the cultural item into the collection later that same year.
    During consultation, representatives of the Central Council of the 
Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes gave oral history of the tunic as a clan 
``treasured property,'' and its place in clan belief and ceremonial 
practice. The tunic's history began four generations ago with a 
daughter of Chief Shakes IV and can be traced to a line of caretakers 
up to 1974. The tunic is identified as an item of Chilkat regalia among 
the most valued of ceremonial clothing used in funerary rites and is 
high status apparel at traditional ceremonies and potlatches. The tunic 
is required for the ceremonial rites conducted to renew and ensure the 
spiritual harmony of the Tlingit people. The tunic is not owned by a 
single individual, instead there are designated caretakers and it 
belongs to the clan as a whole, and therefore it could not have been 
alienated by a single individual.
    According to museum records, the line of caretakers starts in 1890 
with a Tlingit family in Angoon, AK, and also corroborates Tlingit 
accounts of the tunic's sale by Mark Jacobs, Sr. Tlingit of the 
Deisheetaan Clan of the Needlefish House are from Angoon, AK, and are 
represented in this claim by the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida 
Indian Tribes.
    Officials of the Denver Museum of Nature & Science have determined 
that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(C), the one cultural item is a 
specific ceremonial object needed by traditional Native American 
religious leaders for the practice of traditional Native American 
religions by their present-day adherents. Officials of the Denver 
Museum of Nature & Science have also determined that, pursuant to 25 
U.S.C. 3001 (3)(D), the one cultural item has ongoing historical, 
traditional, or cultural importance central to the Native American 
group or culture itself, rather than property owned by an individual. 
Lastly, officials of the Denver Museum of Nature & Science have 
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a 
relationship of shared group identity which can be reasonably traced 
between the sacred object/object of cultural patrimony and the Central 
Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes.
    Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to 
be culturally affiliated with the sacred object/object of cultural 
patrimony should contact Dr. Stephen Nash, Chair, Department of 
Anthropology, Denver Museum of Nature & Science, 2001 Colorado 
Boulevard, Denver, CO 80205, telephone (303) 370-6056, before September 
24, 2007. Repatriation of the cultural item to the Central Council of 
the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes on behalf of the Deisheetaan Clan of 
the Needlefish House, Angoon, AK, may proceed after that date if no 
additional claimants come forward.
    The Denver Museum of Nature & Science is responsible for notifying 
the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes that this 
notice has been published.

    Dated: August 8, 2007.
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E7-16786 Filed 8-23-07; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-S