Notice of Intent to Repatriate a Cultural Item: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, 70981-70982 [E6-20702]

Download as PDF sroberts on PROD1PC70 with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 235 / Thursday, December 7, 2006 / Notices unpacking of bundles or if they were also used as, or were intended also to be used as, woven rush mat bags enclosing bundles. A woven rush mat bag was one of several necessary, consecrated, and inalienable elements constituting a bundle. Consultation and historic, anthropological, and museum evidence suggest that, even if the mats were not themselves elements of a bundle, they may be considered ‘‘secondary’’ ritual objects. In addition to primary ritual objects, such as bundles, the Osage tribe used many types of secondary ritual objects that were sanctified through consecration and were associated with primary ritual objects. The mats reported here were specifically associated with and used in bundle ceremonies and, therefore, appear to fit the category of secondary ritual objects. Like primary ritual objects, secondary objects were symbolically kept by a clan on behalf of the tribe, were communally owned, and existed for the well being of the group. Bundles and mats continue to play an important, ongoing role in the spiritual and religious identity of contemporary Osage people. Population decline and changing social and material conditions (including the spread of Christianity) in the late 19th and 20th centuries prompted Osage individuals to modify and reinterpret religious practices. Consultation with Osage tribal representatives clarifies that while traditional Osage spiritual and religious practices have meshed with Christian beliefs, elements from older practices, such as bundles and mats like the ones reported here, continue to be used and safeguarded by tribal members. For example, the bundle discussed here, which is documented as coming from the Tsi–zhu Wa–shta–ge clan, plays an ongoing role in the clan’s identity as peacemakers, orators, and doctors. Based on anthropological, geographical, and historical information; museum records; consultation evidence; and expert opinion, there is a cultural affiliation between the Osage Tribe, Oklahoma and the 15 cultural items. The specific cultural attribution of the cultural items in museum records indicates an affiliation to the Osage people. Futhermore, Oklahoma lies within the traditional territory of the Osage people. Consultation evidence and other research supports that stylistic characteristics of the cultural items reported here are consistent with traditional Osage forms. Present-day descendants of the Osage people are members of the Osage Tribe, Oklahoma. Officials of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology have VerDate Aug<31>2005 17:29 Dec 06, 2006 Jkt 211001 determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(D), the cultural items have ongoing historical, traditional, and cultural importance central to the Native American group or culture itself, rather than property owned by an individual. Officials of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the 15 objects of cultural patrimony and the Osage Tribe, Oklahoma. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the objects of cultural patrimony should contact Patricia Capone, Repatriation Coordinator, Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, 11 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138, telephone (617) 496–3702, before January 8, 2007. Repatriation of the objects of cultural patrimony to the Osage Tribe, Oklahoma may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward. The Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology is responsible for notifying the Osage Tribe, Oklahoma that this notice has been published. Dated: November 9, 2006. Sherry Hutt, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. E6–20701 Filed 12–6–06; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–50–S DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate a Cultural Item: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate a cultural item in the possession of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, that meets the definition of ‘‘unassociated funerary object’’ under 25 U.S.C. 3001. The cultural item was removed from Plymouth County, MA. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal PO 00000 Frm 00036 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 70981 agency that has control of the cultural item. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. A detailed assessment of the unassociated funerary object was made by the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology professional staff in consultation with representatives of the Wampanoag Repatriation Confederation, on behalf of the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a non-federally recognized Indian group), and Mashpee Wampanoag Indian Tribe (a non-federally recognized Indian group). In 1967, a metal pin (possibly a shroud pin) with fragments of textile and soil was discovered by the Fernandez Construction Company in the vicinity of Atkinson Drive in Bridgewater, Plymouth County, MA, and was donated later that same year to the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology by Dr. Pierce H. Leavitt, Plymouth County Medical Examiner. Museum documentation indicates that the metal pin had been recovered with human remains from a grave. The human remains that were originally associated with this cultural item were described in a Notice of Inventory Completion in the Federal Register on August 14, 2003, (FR Doc 03–20754, pages 48626–48634), and have since been transferred to the culturally affiliated tribe. Therefore, this cultural item is an unassociated funerary object. This interment most likely dates to the Historic/Contact period (post 500 B.P.). This straight pin is of European manufacture and probably dates from the 17th or 18th century. In a burial context, the recovery of copper alloy pins and pin fragments, or the presence of discrete copper staining, suggests the use of such pins to secure shrouds. Coffin nails were also found with the human remains. The use of coffins, coffin nails, shrouds, and shroud pins is consistent with colonial Christian interment customs and suggests this interment dates from the Historic period. Dr. Dena Dincauze, formerly of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, commented that the graves are likely from the 18th century and that the graves appeared to be Christian Native American burials. Oral tradition and historical documentation indicate that Bridgewater, MA, is within the aboriginal and historic homeland of the Wampanoag Nation. The present-day Indian tribe and groups that are most closely affiliated with the Wampanoag Nation are the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, E:\FR\FM\07DEN1.SGM 07DEN1 sroberts on PROD1PC70 with NOTICES 70982 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 235 / Thursday, December 7, 2006 / Notices Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a non-federally recognized Indian group), and Mashpee Wampanoag Indian Tribe (a non-federally recognized Indian group). Officials of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(B), the one cultural item described above is reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony and is believed, by a preponderance of the evidence, to have been removed from a specific burial site of a Native American individual. Officials of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology have also determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the unassociated funerary object and the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, and that there is a cultural relationship between the unassociated funerary object and the Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a non-federally recognized Indian group) and Mashpee Wampanoag Indian Tribe (a non-federally recognized Indian group). Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary object should contact Patricia Capone, Repatriation Coordinator, Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, 11 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138, telephone (617) 496–3702, before January 8, 2007. Repatriation of the unassociated funerary object to the Wampanoag Repatriation Confederation, on behalf of the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a nonfederally recognized Indian group), and Mashpee Wampanoag Indian Tribe (a non-federally recognized Indian group) may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward. The Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology is responsible for notifying the Wampanoag Repatriation Confederation, Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a non-federally recognized Indian group), and Mashpee Wampanoag Indian Tribe (a non-federally recognized Indian group) that this notice has been published. VerDate Aug<31>2005 17:29 Dec 06, 2006 Jkt 211001 Dated: November 9, 2006. Sherry Hutt, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. E6–20702 Filed 12–6–06; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–50–S DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; Correction AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice; correction. Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003 (5), of the intent to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, that meet the definition of ‘‘unassociated funerary objects’’ under 25 U.S.C. 3001. The cultural items were removed from Bristol and Plymouth Counties, MA. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. This notice corrects the number of unassociated funerary objects reported in a Notice of Intent to Repatriate published in the Federal Register on December 1, 2003, (FR Doc 03–29769, pages 67212–67213). In 2006, the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology identified one additional unassociated funerary object from a site in southeastern MA. This notice changes the number of unassociated funerary objects from three to four and supercedes the previously published Notice of Intent to Repatriate. A detailed assessment of the cultural items was made by the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology professional staff in consultation with representatives of the Wampanoag Repatriation Confederation, on behalf of the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a nonfederally recognized Indian group), and Mashpee Wampanoag Indian Tribe (a non-federally recognized Indian group). The four cultural items are two brass tubes, one perforated copper point, and one string of shell beads. PO 00000 Frm 00037 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 The two brass tubes were collected by J.V.C. Smith in 1831 from Fall River, Bristol County, MA, and were donated to the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, by F. Kneeland in 1886. Museum documentation indicates that the brass tubes were recovered from a grave. The Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology is not in possession of the human remains from this burial. The interment most likely dates to the Historic/Contact period (post–A.D. 1500). According to the Peabody Museum Annual Report of 1887, the human remains from this grave site were wrapped in several layers of braided or woven bark-cloth with an outer layer of cedar bark. Woven mats and bark were commonly used in Wampanoag burials during the Late Woodland period and later (post–A.D. 1000). Sheet brass and brass objects were European trade items and therefore indicate a postcontact temporal context. At an unknown date, a string of shell beads was recovered from a grave site in Bridgewater, Plymouth County, MA. The string of shell beads was donated to the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology in 1899 by H.W. Hatch. The Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology is not in possession of the human remains from this burial. The interment most likely dates to the Historic/Contact period (post–A.D. 1500). According to museum documentation, the shell beads were found with ‘‘porcelain beads,’’ which are not in the possession of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology. True porcelain beads do not appear in historic contexts until the 19th century, although beads made from money cowry shell (C. moneta) were called ‘‘porcelain,’’ and were imported and traded by Europeans as trade items by the 17th century, which would support a postcontact date. Even if these beads are of white glass rather than shell, glass beads were introduced by Europeans as trade items in the 17th century and would also support a postcontact date. In 1845, one perforated copper point was collected by Mr. Howard in Fairhaven, Bristol County, MA. The same year, Mr. Howard gave the point to Mary L. Rotch. Miss. Rotch donated the copper point to the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology in 1913. Museum documentation indicates that the copper point was recovered from a grave. The Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology is not in possession of the human remains from this burial. This interment most likely dates to the Historic/Contact period (post 500 B.P.). Copper was a European import E:\FR\FM\07DEN1.SGM 07DEN1

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[Federal Register Volume 71, Number 235 (Thursday, December 7, 2006)]
[Notices]
[Pages 70981-70982]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E6-20702]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service


Notice of Intent to Repatriate a Cultural Item: Peabody Museum of 
Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves 
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent 
to repatriate a cultural item in the possession of the Peabody Museum 
of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, that 
meets the definition of ``unassociated funerary object'' under 25 
U.S.C. 3001. The cultural item was removed from Plymouth County, MA.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). 
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural 
item. The National Park Service is not responsible for the 
determinations in this notice.
    A detailed assessment of the unassociated funerary object was made 
by the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology professional staff 
in consultation with representatives of the Wampanoag Repatriation 
Confederation, on behalf of the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) 
of Massachusetts, Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a non-federally 
recognized Indian group), and Mashpee Wampanoag Indian Tribe (a non-
federally recognized Indian group).
    In 1967, a metal pin (possibly a shroud pin) with fragments of 
textile and soil was discovered by the Fernandez Construction Company 
in the vicinity of Atkinson Drive in Bridgewater, Plymouth County, MA, 
and was donated later that same year to the Peabody Museum of 
Archaeology and Ethnology by Dr. Pierce H. Leavitt, Plymouth County 
Medical Examiner. Museum documentation indicates that the metal pin had 
been recovered with human remains from a grave. The human remains that 
were originally associated with this cultural item were described in a 
Notice of Inventory Completion in the Federal Register on August 14, 
2003, (FR Doc 03-20754, pages 48626-48634), and have since been 
transferred to the culturally affiliated tribe. Therefore, this 
cultural item is an unassociated funerary object.
    This interment most likely dates to the Historic/Contact period 
(post 500 B.P.). This straight pin is of European manufacture and 
probably dates from the 17th or 18th century. In a burial context, the 
recovery of copper alloy pins and pin fragments, or the presence of 
discrete copper staining, suggests the use of such pins to secure 
shrouds. Coffin nails were also found with the human remains. The use 
of coffins, coffin nails, shrouds, and shroud pins is consistent with 
colonial Christian interment customs and suggests this interment dates 
from the Historic period. Dr. Dena Dincauze, formerly of the Peabody 
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, commented that the graves are 
likely from the 18th century and that the graves appeared to be 
Christian Native American burials.
    Oral tradition and historical documentation indicate that 
Bridgewater, MA, is within the aboriginal and historic homeland of the 
Wampanoag Nation. The present-day Indian tribe and groups that are most 
closely affiliated with the Wampanoag Nation are the Wampanoag Tribe of 
Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts,

[[Page 70982]]

Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a non-federally recognized Indian 
group), and Mashpee Wampanoag Indian Tribe (a non-federally recognized 
Indian group).
    Officials of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology have 
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(B), the one cultural 
item described above is reasonably believed to have been placed with or 
near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of 
the death rite or ceremony and is believed, by a preponderance of the 
evidence, to have been removed from a specific burial site of a Native 
American individual. Officials of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and 
Ethnology have also determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), 
there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably 
traced between the unassociated funerary object and the Wampanoag Tribe 
of Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, and that there is a cultural 
relationship between the unassociated funerary object and the Assonet 
Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a non-federally recognized Indian group) 
and Mashpee Wampanoag Indian Tribe (a non-federally recognized Indian 
group).
    Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to 
be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary object should 
contact Patricia Capone, Repatriation Coordinator, Peabody Museum of 
Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, 11 Divinity Avenue, 
Cambridge, MA 02138, telephone (617) 496-3702, before January 8, 2007. 
Repatriation of the unassociated funerary object to the Wampanoag 
Repatriation Confederation, on behalf of the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay 
Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation 
(a non-federally recognized Indian group), and Mashpee Wampanoag Indian 
Tribe (a non-federally recognized Indian group) may proceed after that 
date if no additional claimants come forward.
    The Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology is responsible for 
notifying the Wampanoag Repatriation Confederation, Wampanoag Tribe of 
Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, Assonet Band of the Wampanoag 
Nation (a non-federally recognized Indian group), and Mashpee Wampanoag 
Indian Tribe (a non-federally recognized Indian group) that this notice 
has been published.

    Dated: November 9, 2006.
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E6-20702 Filed 12-6-06; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-S