Protection of Stratospheric Ozone: Allocation of Essential Use Allowances for Calendar Year 2007, 64668-64674 [E6-18581]

Download as PDF 64668 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 213 / Friday, November 3, 2006 / Proposed Rules broadcasts, and facsimile broadcasts may be made for these events, beginning 24 to 48 hours before the event is scheduled to begin, to notify the public. (c) Enforcement Period. The safety zones in paragraph (a) of this section will be enforced from 5:30 p.m. to 1 a.m. each day a barge with a ‘‘Fireworks— Danger—Stay Away’’ sign on the port and starboard side is on-scene or a ‘‘Fireworks—Danger—Stay Away’’ sign is posted on land, in a location listed in paragraph (a) of this section. Vessels may not enter, remain in, or transit through the safety zones during these enforcement periods unless authorized by the Captain of the Port or designated Coast Guard patrol personnel on scene. (d) Regulations. (1) The general regulations contained in 33 CFR 165.23 apply. (2) All persons and vessels shall comply with the instructions of the Coast Guard Captain of the Port or the designated on-scene-patrol personnel. Those personnel are compromised of commissioned, warrant, and petty officers of the Coast Guard. Other Federal, State and local agencies may assist these personnel in the enforcement of the safety zone. Upon being hailed by the U.S. Coast Guard vessel by siren, radio, flashing light or other means, the operator of a vessel shall proceed as directed. Dated: October 18, 2006. Larry L. Hereth, Rear Admiral, U.S. Coast Guard, Commander, Fifth Coast Guard District. [FR Doc. E6–18516 Filed 11–2–06; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–15–P ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 [EPA–R03–OAR–2006–0629; FRL–8239–1] Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Maryland; Nitrogen Oxides Allowance Allocations for 2008 Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. mstockstill on PROD1PC61 with PROPOSALS AGENCY: SUMMARY: EPA proposes to approve the State Implementation Plan (SIP) revision submitted by the State of Maryland for the purpose of establishing Nitrogen Oxides (NOX) allowance allocations for the 2008 ozone season, in accordance with Maryland’s approved NOX SIP Call trading program. In the Final Rules section of this Federal Register, EPA is approving the State’s VerDate Aug<31>2005 12:59 Nov 02, 2006 Jkt 211001 SIP submittal as a direct final rule without prior proposal because the Agency views this as a noncontroversial submittal and anticipates no adverse comments. A more detailed description of the State submittal and EPA’s evaluation are included in a Technical Support Document (TSD) prepared in support of this rulemaking action. If no adverse comments are received in response to this action, no further activity is contemplated. If EPA receives adverse comments, the direct final rule will be withdrawn and all public comments received will be addressed in a subsequent final rule based on this proposed rule. EPA will not institute a second comment period. Any parties interested in commenting on this action should do so at this time. DATES: Comments must be received in writing by December 4, 2006. ADDRESSES: Submit your comments, identified by Docket ID Number EPA– R03–OAR–2006–0629 by one of the following methods: A. www.regulations.gov. Follow the on-line instructions for submitting comments. B. E-mail: morris.makeba@epa.gov. C. Mail: EPA–R03–OAR–2006–0629, Makeba Morris, Chief, Air Quality Planning Branch, Mailcode 3AP21, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region III, 1650 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103. D. Hand Delivery: At the previouslylisted EPA Region III address. Such deliveries are only accepted during the Docket’s normal hours of operation, and special arrangements should be made for deliveries of boxed information. Instructions: Direct your comments to Docket ID No. EPA’s policy is that all comments received will be included in the public docket without change, and may be made available online at www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided, unless the comment includes information claimed to be Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Do not submit information that you consider to be CBI or otherwise protected through www.regulations.gov or e-mail. The www.regulations.gov website is an ‘‘anonymous access’’ system, which means EPA will not know your identity or contact information unless you provide it in the body of your comment. If you send an e-mail comment directly to EPA without going through www.regulations.gov, your e-mail address will be automatically captured and included as part of the comment that is placed in the public docket and made available on the PO 00000 Frm 00019 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 Internet. If you submit an electronic comment, EPA recommends that you include your name and other contact information in the body of your comment and with any disk or CD–ROM you submit. If EPA cannot read your comment due to technical difficulties and cannot contact you for clarification, EPA may not be able to consider your comment. Electronic files should avoid the use of special characters, any form of encryption, and be free of any defects or viruses. Docket: All documents in the electronic docket are listed in the www.regulations.gov index. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, i.e., CBI or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the Internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available either electronically in www.regulations.gov or in hard copy during normal business hours at the Air Protection Division, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region III, 1650 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103. Copies of the State submittal are available at the Maryland Department of the Environment, 1800 Washington Boulevard, Suite 705, Baltimore, Maryland. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Marilyn Powers, (215) 814–2308, or by e-mail at powers.marilyn@epa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: For further information, please see the information provided in the direct final action, with the same title, that is located in the ‘‘Rules and Regulations’’ section of this Federal Register publication. Dated: October 26, 2006. Donald S. Welsh, Regional Administrator, Region III. [FR Doc. E6–18502 Filed 11–2–06; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6560–50–P ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 82 [EPA–HQ–OAR–2006–0159; FRL–8239–6] RIN 2060–AN81 Protection of Stratospheric Ozone: Allocation of Essential Use Allowances for Calendar Year 2007 Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. AGENCY: E:\FR\FM\03NOP1.SGM 03NOP1 mstockstill on PROD1PC61 with PROPOSALS Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 213 / Friday, November 3, 2006 / Proposed Rules SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to allocate essential use allowances for import and production of class I stratospheric ozone depleting substances (ODSs) for calendar year 2007. Essential use allowances enable a person to obtain controlled class I ODSs as part of an exemption to the regulatory ban on the production and import of these chemicals, which became effective as of January 1, 1996. EPA allocates essential use allowances for exempted production or import of a specific quantity of class I ODSs solely for the designated essential purpose. The proposed allocations total 125.3 metric tons (MT) of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) for use in metered dose inhalers (MDIs) for 2007. DATES: Written comments on this proposed rule must be received by the EPA Docket on or before December 4, 2006, unless a public hearing is requested. Comments must then be received on or before 30 days following the public hearing. Any party requesting a public hearing must notify the contact listed below under ‘‘For Further Information Contact’’ by 5 p.m. Eastern Standard Time on November 7, 2006. If a hearing is held, it will take place on November 20, 2006 at EPA headquarters in Washington, DC. EPA will post a notice on our Web site (http:// www.epa.gov/ozone) announcing further information on the hearing if it is requested. ADDRESSES: Submit your comments, identified by Docket ID No. EPA–HQ– OAR–2006–0159, by one of the following methods: • http://www.regulations.gov: Follow the on-line instructions for submitting comments. • E-mail: A-and-R-docket@epa.gov. • Fax: 202–343–2338, attn: Kirsten M. Cappel. • Mail: Air Docket, Environmental Protection Agency, Mailcode 6102T, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460. • Hand Delivery or Courier: Deliver your comments to: EPA Air Docket, EPA West, 1301 Constitution Avenue, NW., Room B108, Mail Code 6102T, Washington, DC 20460. Such deliveries are only accepted during the Docket’s normal hours of operation, and special arrangements should be made for deliveries of boxed information. Instructions: Direct your comments to Docket ID No. EPA–HQ–OAR–2006– 0159. EPA’s policy is that all comments received will be included in the public docket without change and may be made available online at www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided, unless the comment includes information VerDate Aug<31>2005 12:59 Nov 02, 2006 Jkt 211001 claimed to be Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Do not submit information that you consider to be CBI or otherwise protected through www.regulations.gov or e-mail. The www.regulations.gov Web site is an ‘‘anonymous access’’ system, which means EPA will not know your identity or contact information unless you provide it in the body of your comment. If you send an e-mail comment directly to EPA without going through www.regulations.gov your email address will be automatically captured and included as part of the comment that is placed in the public docket and made available on the Internet. If you submit an electronic comment, EPA recommends that you include your name and other contact information in the body of your comment and with any disk or CD–ROM you submit. If EPA cannot read your comment due to technical difficulties and cannot contact you for clarification, EPA may not be able to consider your comment. Electronic files should avoid the use of special characters, any form of encryption, and be free of any defects or viruses. For additional information about EPA’s public docket visit the EPA Docket Center homepage at http:// www.epa.gov/epahome/dockets.htm. Docket: All documents in the docket are listed in the www.regulations.gov index. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, e.g., CBI or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, will be publicly available only in hard copy. Publicly available docket materials are available either electronically in www.regulations.gov or in hard copy at the Air Docket, EPA/DC, EPA West, Room B102, 1301 Constitution Ave., NW., Washington, DC. This Docket Facility is open from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays. The telephone number for the Public Reading Room is (202) 566–1744, and the telephone number for the Air Docket is (202) 566–1742. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kirsten M. Cappel, by regular mail: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Stratospheric Protection Division (6205J), 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20460; by courier service or overnight express: 1301 L Street, NW., Room 827J, Washington, DC 20005, by telephone: 202–343–9556; or by e-mail: cappel.kirsten@epa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Table of Contents I. General Information PO 00000 Frm 00020 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 64669 A. What should I consider when preparing my comments? II. Basis for Allocating Essential Use Allowances A. What are essential use allowances? B. Under what authority does EPA allocate essential use allowances? C. What is the process for allocating essential use allowances? III. Essential Use Allowances for Medical Devices IV. Proposed Allocation of Essential Use Allowances for Calendar Year 2007 V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review B. Paperwork Reduction Act C. Regulatory Flexibility Act D. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act E. Executive Order 13132: Federalism F. Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination With Indian Tribal Governments G. Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children From Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks H. Executive Order 13211: Actions That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use I. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act I. General Information A. What should I consider when preparing my comments? 1. Confidential Business Information. Do not submit this information to EPA through www.regulations.gov or e-mail. Clearly mark the part or all of the information that you claim to be CBI. For CBI information in a disk or CD ROM that you mail to EPA, mark the outside of the disk or CD ROM as CBI and then identify electronically within the disk or CD ROM the specific information that is claimed as CBI. In addition to one complete version of the comment that includes information claimed as CBI, a copy of the comment that does not contain the information claimed as CBI must be submitted for inclusion in the public docket. Information so marked will not be disclosed except in accordance with procedures set forth in 40 CFR part 2. 2. Tips for Preparing Your Comments. When submitting comments, remember to: • Identify the rulemaking by docket number and other identifying information (subject heading, Federal Register date and page number). • Follow directions—The agency may ask you to respond to specific questions or organize comments by referencing a Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) part or section number. • Explain why you agree or disagree; suggest alternatives and substitute language for your requested changes. E:\FR\FM\03NOP1.SGM 03NOP1 64670 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 213 / Friday, November 3, 2006 / Proposed Rules • Describe any assumptions and provide any technical information and/ or data that you used. • If you estimate potential costs or burdens, explain how you arrived at your estimate in sufficient detail to allow for it to be reproduced. • Provide specific examples to illustrate your concerns, and suggest alternatives. • Explain your views as clearly as possible, avoiding the use of profanity or personal threats. • Make sure to submit your comments by the comment period deadline identified. II. Basis for Allocating Essential Use Allowances A. What are essential use allowances? mstockstill on PROD1PC61 with PROPOSALS Essential use allowances are allowances to produce or import certain ODSs in the U.S. for purposes that have been deemed ‘‘essential’’ by the U.S. Government and by the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (Montreal Protocol). The Montreal Protocol is the international agreement aimed at reducing and eliminating the production and consumption 1 of ODSs. The elimination of production and consumption of class I ODSs is accomplished through adherence to phaseout schedules for specific class I ODSs,2 which include CFCs, halons, carbon tetrachloride, and methyl chloroform. As of January 1, 1996, production and import of most class I ODSs were phased out in developed countries, including the United States. However, the Montreal Protocol and the Clean Air Act (Act) provide exemptions that allow for the continued import and/or production of class I ODSs for specific uses. Under the Montreal Protocol, exemptions may be granted for uses that are determined by the Parties to be ‘‘essential.’’ Decision IV/25, taken by the Parties to the Protocol in 1992, established criteria for determining whether a specific use should be approved as essential, and set forth the international process for making determinations of essentiality. The criteria for an essential use, as set forth in paragraph 1 of Decision IV/25, are the following: (a) That a use of a controlled substance should qualify as ‘‘essential’’ only if: 1 ‘‘Consumption’’ is defined as the amount of a substance produced in the United States, plus the amount imported into the United States, minus the amount exported to Parties to the Montreal Protocol (see Section 601(6) of the Clean Air Act). 2 Class I ozone depleting substances are listed at 40 CFR Part 82, subpart A, appendix A. VerDate Aug<31>2005 12:59 Nov 02, 2006 Jkt 211001 (i) It is necessary for the health, safety or is critical for the functioning of society (encompassing cultural and intellectual aspects); and (ii) there are no available technically and economically feasible alternatives or substitutes that are acceptable from the standpoint of environment and health; (b) that production and consumption, if any, of a controlled substance for essential uses should be permitted only if: (i) all economically feasible steps have been taken to minimize the essential use and any associated emission of the controlled substance; and (ii) the controlled substance is not available in sufficient quantity and quality from existing stocks of banked or recycled controlled substances, also bearing in mind the developing countries’ need for controlled substances. B. Under what authority does EPA allocate essential use allowances? Title VI of the Act implements the Montreal Protocol for the United States.3 Section 604(d) of the Act authorizes EPA to allow the production of limited quantities of class I ODSs after the phase out date for the following essential uses: (1) Methyl Chloroform, ‘‘solely for use in essential applications (such as nondestructive testing for metal fatigue and corrosion of existing airplane engines and airplane parts susceptible to metal fatigue) for which no safe and effective substitute is available.’’ Under section 604(d)(1) of the Act, this exemption was available only until January 1, 2005. Prior to that date, EPA issued methyl chloroform allowances to the U.S. Space Shuttle and Titan Rocket programs. (2) Medical Devices (as defined in section 601(8) of the Act), ‘‘if such authorization is determined by the Commissioner [of the Food and Drug Administration], in consultation with the Administrator [of EPA] to be necessary for use in medical devices.’’ EPA issues allowances to manufacturers of MDIs that use CFCs as propellant for the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases. (3) Aviation Safety, for which limited quantities of halon-1211, halon-1301, and halon-2402 may be produced ‘‘if the Administrator of the Federal Aviation. Administration, in consultation with the Administrator [of EPA] determines that no safe and effective substitute has been developed and that such authorization is necessary for aviation safety purposes.’’ Neither EPA nor the Parties have ever granted a request for essential use allowances for halon, because 3 See Section 614(b) of the Act. EPA’s regulations implementing the essential use provisions of the Act and the Protocol are located in 40 CFR part 82. PO 00000 Frm 00021 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 alternatives are available or because existing quantities of this substance are large enough to provide for any needs for which alternatives have not yet been developed. An additional essential-use exemption under the Protocol, as agreed in Decision X/19, is the general exemption for laboratory and analytical uses. This exemption is reflected in EPA’s regulations at 40 CFR part 82, subpart A. While the Act does not specifically provide for this exemption, EPA has determined that an exemption for essential laboratory and analytical uses is allowable under the Act as a de minimis exemption. The de minimis exemption is addressed in EPA’s final rule of March 13, 2001 (66 FR 14760– 14770). The Parties to the Protocol subsequently agreed (Decision XI/15) that the general exemption does not apply to the following uses: testing of oil and grease, and total petroleum hydrocarbons in water; testing of tar in road-paving materials; and forensic finger-printing. EPA incorporated this exemption at Appendix G to Subpart A of 40 CFR part 82 on February 11, 2002 (67 FR 6352). In a December 29, 2005 final rule, EPA extended the general exemption for laboratory and analytical uses through December 31, 2007 (70 FR 77048), in accordance with Decision XV/8 of the Parties to the Protocol. C. What is the process for allocating essential use allowances? The procedure set out by Decision IV/ 25 calls for individual Parties to nominate essential uses and the total amount of ODSs needed for those essential uses on an annual basis. The Protocol’s Technology and Economic Assessment Panel (TEAP) evaluates the nominated essential uses and makes recommendations to the Protocol Parties. The Parties make the final decisions on whether to approve a Party’s essential use nomination at their annual meeting. This nomination cycle occurs approximately two years before the year in which the allowances would be in effect. The allowances allocated through today’s action were first nominated by the United States in January 2005. For MDIs, EPA requests information from manufacturers about the number and type of MDIs they plan to produce, as well as the amount of CFCs necessary for production. EPA then forwards the information to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which determines the amount of CFCs necessary for MDIs in the coming calendar year. Based on FDA’s determination, EPA proposes allocations to each eligible entity. Under E:\FR\FM\03NOP1.SGM 03NOP1 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 213 / Friday, November 3, 2006 / Proposed Rules the Act and the Protocol, EPA may allocate essential use allowances in quantities that together are below or equal to the total amount approved by the Parties. EPA will not allocate essential use allowances in amounts higher than the total approved by the Parties. For 2007, the Parties authorized the United States to allocate up to 1,000 MT of CFCs for essential uses. III. Essential Use Allowances for Medical Devices The following is a step-by-step list of actions EPA and FDA have taken thus far to implement the exemption for medical devices found at section 604(d)(2) of the Act for the 2007 control period. 1. On January 25, 2006, EPA sent letters to MDI manufacturers requesting the following information under section 114 of the Act (‘‘114 letters’’): mstockstill on PROD1PC61 with PROPOSALS a. The MDI product where CFCs will be used. b. The number of units of each MDI product produced from 1/1/05 to 12/31/05. c. The number of units anticipated to be produced in 2006. d. The gross target fill weight per unit (grams). e. Total amount of CFCs to be contained in the MDI product for 2007. f. The additional amount of CFCs necessary for production. g. The total CFC request per MDI product for 2007. The 114 letters are available for review in the Air Docket ID No. EPA–HQ– OAR–2006–0159. The companies requested that their responses be treated as confidential business information; for this reason, EPA has placed the responses in the confidential portion of the docket. 2. On March 23, 2006, EPA sent FDA the information MDI manufacturers provided in response to the 114 letters with a letter requesting that FDA make a determination regarding the amount of CFCs necessary for MDIs for calendar year 2007. This letter is available for review in Air Docket ID No. EPA–HQ– OAR–2006–0159. 3. On May 10, 2006, under section 114 of the Act, EPA sent letters to MDI manufacturers requesting information on the amount and type of CFC stocks owned by the company. EPA requested CFC stock information pertaining to amounts and types of CFCs, pre-1996 CFCs and post-1996 CFCs, held by each VerDate Aug<31>2005 12:59 Nov 02, 2006 Jkt 211001 company as of May 1, 2006. The purpose of this request was to gather additional data to assist EPA and FDA to determine the size of the 2007 essential use allocation exemption. The 114 letters are available for review in the Air Docket ID No. EPA–HQ–OAR– 2006–0159. The companies requested that their responses be treated as confidential business information; for this reason, EPA has placed the responses in the confidential portion of the docket. 4. On September 28, 2006, FDA sent a letter to EPA stating the amount of CFCs determined by the Commissioner to be necessary for each MDI company in 2007. This letter is available for review in the Air Docket ID No. EPA– HQ–OAR–2006–0159. In their letter, FDA informed EPA that they had determined that 125.3 MT of CFCs were necessary for use in MDIs in 2007. The letter stated ‘‘Our determination for the allocation of CFCs is lower than the total amount requested by manufacturers. In reaching this estimate, we took into account the manufacturers’ production of MDIs that used CFCs as a propellant in 2005, their estimated production in 2006, their estimated production in 2007, and their current (as of May 1, 2006) stockpile levels. We have also taken into account that roughly 40 percent of the albuterol MDIs currently being produced use HFA–134a as their propellant. We have also based our determination for 2007 on an estimate of the quantity of CFCs that would allow manufacturers to maintain as much as a 12-month stockpile in accordance with paragraph 3 of Decision XVI/12 and paragraph 2 of Decision XVII/5.’’ The letter stated that the following assumptions were made in reaching the determination for 2007: • All manufacturers will procure the full quantity of CFCs allocated to them for the year 2007. • The number of albuterol CFC MDIs produced in the remainder of 2006 and in 2007 will be 40 percent of the total number of albuterol MDIs produced in those periods, and the number of albuterol CFC MDIs produced in 2008 will be no more than half of the number produced in 2007, with albuterol HFA MDIs making up the remainder. • No bulk CFCs currently held by, or allocated to, any manufacturer will be exported from the United States. PO 00000 Frm 00022 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 64671 FDA informed EPA that the second assumption was based on an average for the period of May 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006, and the full 2007 control period. Thus, CFC MDIs are expected to decline from 60% of the total number of albuterol MDIs, as estimated currently, to less than 40% by the end of 2007, which is the end of the averaging period. EPA has confirmed with FDA that this determination is consistent with Decision XVII/5, including language on stocks that states that ‘‘Parties shall take into account pre- and post-1996 stocks of controlled substances as described in paragraph 1 (b) of decision IV/25, such that no more than a one-year operational supply is maintained by that manufacturer.’’ In their analysis of a one-year operational supply of CFCs for the production of CFC albuterol MDIs, FDA and EPA took into account that the production of these MDIs would continue to decrease as December 31, 2008, nears, thus requiring a reduced amount of CFCs. In accordance with the FDA determination, today’s action proposes to allocate essential use allowances for a total of 125.3 MT of CFCs for use in MDIs for calendar year 2007. The amounts listed in this proposal are subject to additional review, and revision, by EPA and FDA if information demonstrates that the proposed allocations are either too high or too low. We specifically request comment on the extent to which the proposed allocation of CFCs is sufficient to protect the public health and ensure the manufacture and continuous availability of CFCs necessary to meet the expected demand. We also request comment on whether the proposed allocations (along with current stocks)— or an alternative level—will best protect consumers by providing a smooth transition to non-CFC alternatives. Commenters requesting increases or decreases of essential use allowances should provide detailed information supporting their claim for additional or fewer CFCs. Any company that needs less than the full amount listed in this proposal should notify EPA of the actual amount needed. IV. Proposed Allocation of Essential Use Allowances for Calendar Year 2007 E:\FR\FM\03NOP1.SGM 03NOP1 64672 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 213 / Friday, November 3, 2006 / Proposed Rules TABLE I.—ESSENTIAL USE ALLOWANCES FOR CALENDAR YEAR 2007 Company 2007 Quantity (metric tons) Chemical (i) Metered Dose Inhalers (for Oral Inhalation) for Treatment of Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Armstrong Pharmaceuticals ...................................................... Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals .................................... Inyx (Aventis) ............................................................................ Schering-Plough Corporation ................................................... 3M Pharmaceuticals ................................................................. Wyeth ........................................................................................ EPA proposes to allocate essential use allowances for calendar year 2007 to the entities listed in Table 1. These allowances are for the production or import of the specified quantity of class I controlled substances solely for the specified essential use. V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews mstockstill on PROD1PC61 with PROPOSALS A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review This action is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ under the terms of Executive Order (EO) 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993) and is therefore not subject to review under the EO. EPA prepared an analysis of the potential costs and benefits related to this action. This analysis is contained in the Agency’s Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA) for the entire Title VI phaseout program (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, ‘‘Regulatory Impact Analysis: Compliance with Section 604 of the Clean Air Act for the Phaseout of Ozone Depleting Chemicals,’’ July 1992). A copy of the analysis is available in the docket for this action and the analysis is briefly summarized here. The RIA examined the projected economic costs of a complete phaseout of consumption of ozone-depleting substances, as well as the projected benefits of phased reductions in total emissions of CFCs and other ozonedepleting substances, including essential-use CFCs used for metereddose inhalers. B. Paperwork Reduction Act This action does not impose any new information collection burden. The recordkeeping and reporting requirements included in this action are already included in an existing information collection burden and this action does not make any changes that would affect the burden. However, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has previously approved the information collection requirements contained in the existing regulations at 40 CFR 82.8(a) under the provisions of VerDate Aug<31>2005 14:42 Nov 02, 2006 Jkt 211001 CFC–11 CFC–11 CFC–11 CFC–11 CFC–11 CFC–11 or or or or or or CFC–12 CFC–12 CFC–12 CFC–12 CFC–12 CFC–12 or or or or or or CFC–114 CFC–114 CFC–114 CFC–114 CFC–114 CFC–114 the Paperwork Reduction Act, 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq. and has assigned OMB control number 2060–0170, EPA ICR number 1432.25. A copy of the OMB approved Information Collection Request (ICR) may be obtained from Susan Auby, Collection Strategies Division; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (2822T); 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460 or by calling (202) 566–1672. Burden means the total time, effort, or financial resources expended by persons to generate, maintain, retain, or disclose or provide information to or for a Federal agency. This includes the time needed to review instructions; develop, acquire, install, and utilize technology and systems for the purposes of collecting, validating, and verifying information, processing and maintaining information, and disclosing and providing information; adjust the existing ways to comply with any previously applicable instructions and requirements; train personnel to be able to respond to a collection of information; search data sources; complete and review the collection of information; and transmit or otherwise disclose the information. An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number. The OMB control numbers for EPA’s regulations in 40 CFR are listed in 40 CFR part 9. C. Regulatory Flexibility Act The RFA generally requires an agency to prepare a regulatory flexibility analysis of any rule subject to notice and comment rulemaking requirements under the Administrative Procedure Act or any other statute unless the agency certifies that the rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Small entities include small businesses, small organizations, and small governmental jurisdictions. For purposes of assessing the impact of today’s rule on small entities, small entity is defined as: (1) Pharmaceutical PO 00000 Frm 00023 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 ............................................ ............................................ ............................................ ............................................ ............................................ ............................................ 0.0 0.0 39.6 0.0 45.7 40.0 preparations manufacturing businesses (NAICS code 325412) that have less than 750 employees; (2) a small governmental jurisdiction that is a government of a city, county, town, school district or special district with a population of less than 50,000; and (3) a small organization that is any not-forprofit enterprise which is independently owned and operated and is not dominant its field. After considering the economic impacts of today’s proposed rule on small entities, I certify that this action will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. In determining whether a rule has a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities, the impact of concern is any significant adverse economic impact on small entities, since the primary purpose of the regulatory flexibility analyses is to identify and address regulatory alternatives ‘‘which minimize any significant economic impact of the rule on small entities.’’ 5 U.S.C. 603 and 604. Thus, an agency may certify that a rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities if the rule relieves regulatory burden, or otherwise has a positive economic effect on all of the small entities subject to the rule. This proposed rule provides an otherwise unavailable benefit to those companies that are receiving essential use allowances by creating an exemption to the regulatory phaseout of chlorofluorocarbons. We have therefore concluded that today’s proposed rule will relieve regulatory burden for all small entities. We continue to be interested in the potential impact of the proposed rule on small entities and welcome comments on issues related to such impacts. D. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act Title II of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA), Pub L. 104–4, establishes requirements for Federal agencies to assess the effects of their regulatory actions on State, local, E:\FR\FM\03NOP1.SGM 03NOP1 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 213 / Friday, November 3, 2006 / Proposed Rules mstockstill on PROD1PC61 with PROPOSALS and tribal governments and the private sector. Under section 202 of the UMRA, EPA generally must prepare a written statement, including a cost-benefit analysis, for proposed and final rules with ‘‘Federal mandates’’ that may result in expenditures to State, local, and tribal governments, in the aggregate, or to the private sector, of $100 million or more in any one year. Before promulgating an EPA rule for which a written statement is needed, section 205 of the UMRA generally requires EPA to identify and consider a reasonable number of regulatory alternatives and adopt the least costly, most cost-effective, or least burdensome alternative that achieves the objectives of the rule. The provisions of section 205 do not apply when they are inconsistent with applicable law. Moreover, section 205 allows EPA to adopt an alternative other than the least costly, most cost-effective, or least burdensome alternative, if the Administrator publishes with the final rule an explanation why that alternative was not adopted. Before EPA establishes any regulatory requirements that may significantly or uniquely affect small governments, including tribal governments, it must have developed a small government agency plan under section 203 of the UMRA. The plan must provide for notifying potentially affected small governments, enabling officials of affected small governments to have meaningful and timely input in the development of EPA regulatory proposals with significant Federal intergovernmental mandates, and informing, educating, and advising small governments on compliance with the regulatory requirements. Today’s proposed rule contains no Federal mandates (under the regulatory provisions of Title II of the UMRA) for State, local, or tribal governments or the private sector, since it merely provides exemptions from the 1996 phase out of class I ODSs. Similarly, EPA has determined that this rule contains no regulatory requirements that might significantly or uniquely affect small governments, because this rule merely allocates essential use exemptions to entities as an exemption to the ban on production and import of class I ODSs. E. Executive Order 13132: Federalism Executive Order 13132, entitled ‘‘Federalism’’ (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999), requires EPA to develop an accountable process to ensure ‘‘meaningful and timely input by State and local officials in the development of regulatory policies that have federalism implications.’’ ‘‘Policies that have VerDate Aug<31>2005 14:42 Nov 02, 2006 Jkt 211001 federalism implications’’ is defined in the Executive Order to include regulations that have ‘‘substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.’’ This proposed rule does not have federalism implications. It will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, as specified in Executive Order 13132. Thus, Executive Order 13132 does not apply to this rule. F. Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination With Indian Tribal Governments Executive Order 13175, entitled ‘‘Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments’’ (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), requires EPA to develop an accountable process to ensure ‘‘meaningful and timely input by tribal officials in the development of regulatory policies that have tribal implications.’’ This proposed rule does not have tribal implications, as specified in Executive Order 13175. Today’s proposed rule affects only the companies that requested essential use allowances. Thus, Executive Order 13175 does not apply to this rule. G. Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children From Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks Executive Order 13045: ‘‘Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks’’ (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997) applies to any rule that: (1) Is determined to be ‘‘economically significant’’ under E.O. 12866, and (2) concerns an environmental health or safety risk that EPA has reason to believe may have a disproportionate effect on children. If the regulatory action meets both criteria, the Agency must evaluate the environmental health or safety effects of the planned rule on children, and explain why the planned regulation is preferable to other potentially effective and reasonably feasible alternatives considered by the Agency. EPA interprets E.O. 13045 as applying only to those regulatory actions that are based on health or safety risks, such as the analysis required under section 5– 501 of the Order has the potential to influence the regulation. This proposed rule is not subject to E.O. 13045 because it implements Section 604(d)(2) of the Clean Air Act which states that the Agency shall authorize essential use PO 00000 Frm 00024 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 64673 exemptions should the Food and Drug Administration determine that such exemptions are necessary. H. Executive Order 13211: Actions That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use This proposed rule is not subject to Executive Order 13211, Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001) because it is not likely to have a significant adverse effect on the supply, distribution, or use of energy. The rule affects only the pharmaceutical companies that requested essential use allowances. I. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (NTTAA), Public Law No. 104–113, section 12(d) (15 U.S.C. 272 note) directs EPA to use voluntary consensus standards in its regulatory activities unless to do so would be inconsistent with applicable law or otherwise impractical. Voluntary consensus standards are technical standards (e.g., materials specifications, test methods, sampling procedures, and business practices) that are developed or adopted by voluntary consensus standards bodies. The NTTAA directs EPA to provide Congress, through OMB, explanations when the Agency decides not to use available and applicable voluntary consensus standards. This proposed rule does not involve technical standards. Therefore, EPA did not consider the use of any voluntary consensus standards. List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 82 Administrative practice and procedure, Air pollution control, Chemicals, Chlorofluorocarbons, Environmental protection, Imports, Methyl Chloroform, Ozone, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. Dated: October 30, 2006. Stephen L. Johnson, Administrator. 40 CFR Part 82 is proposed to be amended as follows: PART 82—PROTECTION OF STRATOSPHERIC OZONE 1. The authority citation for part 82 continues to read as follows: Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7414, 7601, 7671– 7671q. E:\FR\FM\03NOP1.SGM 03NOP1 64674 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 213 / Friday, November 3, 2006 / Proposed Rules § 82.8 Grants of essential use allowances and critical use allowances. Subpart A—Production and Consumption Controls 2. Section 82.8 is amended by revising the table in paragraph (a) to read as follows: (a) * * * TABLE I.—ESSENTIAL USE ALLOWANCES FOR CALENDAR YEAR 2007 Company 2007 Quantity (metric tons) Chemical (i) Metered Dose Inhalers (for Oral Inhalation) for Treatment of Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Armstrong Pharmaceuticals ...................................................... Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals .................................... Inyx (Aventis) ............................................................................ Schering-Plough Corporation ................................................... 3M Pharmaceuticals ................................................................. Wyeth ........................................................................................ [FR Doc. E6–18581 Filed 11–2–06; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6560–50–P DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency 44 CFR Part 67 [Docket No. FEMA–B–7472] Proposed Flood Elevation Determinations Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), Department of Homeland Security, Mitigation Division. ACTION: Proposed rule. AGENCY: SUMMARY: Technical information or comments are requested on the proposed Base (1% annual chance) Flood Elevations (BFEs) and proposed BFEs modifications for the communities listed below. The BFEs are the basis for the floodplain management measures that the community is required either to adopt or to show evidence of being already in effect in order to qualify or remain qualified for participation in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). The comment period is ninety (90) days following the second publication of this proposed rule in a newspaper of local circulation in each community. mstockstill on PROD1PC61 with PROPOSALS DATES: VerDate Aug<31>2005 12:59 Nov 02, 2006 Jkt 211001 CFC–11 CFC–11 CFC–11 CFC–11 CFC–11 CFC–11 or or or or or or CFC–12 CFC–12 CFC–12 CFC–12 CFC–12 CFC–12 or or or or or or CFC–114 CFC–114 CFC–114 CFC–114 CFC–114 CFC–114 The proposed BFEs for each community are available for inspection at the office of the Chief Executive Officer of each community. The respective addresses are listed in the table below. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: William R. Blanton, Jr., Engineering Management Section, Mitigation Division, 500 C Street, SW., Washington, DC 20472, (202) 646–3151. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: FEMA proposes to make determinations of BFEs and modified BFEs for each community listed below, in accordance with Section 110 of the Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973, 42 U.S.C. 4104, and 44 CFR 67.4(a). These proposed BFEs and modified BFEs, together with the floodplain management criteria required by 44 CFR 60.3, are the minimum that are required. They should not be construed to mean that the community must change any existing ordinances that are more stringent in their floodplain management requirements. The community may at any time enact stricter requirements of its own, or pursuant to policies established by other Federal, state or regional entities. These proposed elevations are used to meet the floodplain management requirements of the NFIP and are also used to calculate the appropriate flood insurance premium rates for new buildings built after these elevations are made final, and for the contents in these buildings. National Environmental Policy Act. This proposed rule is categorically excluded from the requirements of 44 ADDRESSES: PO 00000 Frm 00025 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 ............................................ ............................................ ............................................ ............................................ ............................................ ............................................ 0.0 00.0 39.6 0.0 45.7 40.0 CFR part 10, Environmental Consideration. No environmental impact assessment has been prepared. Regulatory Flexibility Act. As flood elevation determinations are not within the scope of the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. 601–612, a regulatory flexibility analysis is not required. Regulatory Classification. This proposed rule is not a significant regulatory action under the criteria of Section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866 of September 30, 1993, Regulatory Planning and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132, Federalism. This rule involves no policies that have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. This rule meets the applicable standards of Executive Order 12988. List of Subjects in 44 CFR Part 67 Administrative practice and procedure, Flood insurance, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. Accordingly, 44 CFR part 67 is proposed to be amended as follows: PART 67—[AMENDED] 1. The authority citation for part 67 continues to read as follows: Authority: 42 U.S.C. 4001 et seq.; Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1978, 3 CFR, 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR, 1979 Comp., p. 376. § 67.4 [Amended] 2. The tables published under the authority of § 67.4 are proposed to be amended as follows: E:\FR\FM\03NOP1.SGM 03NOP1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 71, Number 213 (Friday, November 3, 2006)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 64668-64674]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E6-18581]


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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

40 CFR Part 82

[EPA-HQ-OAR-2006-0159; FRL-8239-6]
RIN 2060-AN81


Protection of Stratospheric Ozone: Allocation of Essential Use 
Allowances for Calendar Year 2007

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION: Proposed rule.

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[[Page 64669]]

SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to allocate essential use allowances for 
import and production of class I stratospheric ozone depleting 
substances (ODSs) for calendar year 2007. Essential use allowances 
enable a person to obtain controlled class I ODSs as part of an 
exemption to the regulatory ban on the production and import of these 
chemicals, which became effective as of January 1, 1996. EPA allocates 
essential use allowances for exempted production or import of a 
specific quantity of class I ODSs solely for the designated essential 
purpose. The proposed allocations total 125.3 metric tons (MT) of 
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) for use in metered dose inhalers (MDIs) for 
2007.

DATES: Written comments on this proposed rule must be received by the 
EPA Docket on or before December 4, 2006, unless a public hearing is 
requested. Comments must then be received on or before 30 days 
following the public hearing. Any party requesting a public hearing 
must notify the contact listed below under ``For Further Information 
Contact'' by 5 p.m. Eastern Standard Time on November 7, 2006. If a 
hearing is held, it will take place on November 20, 2006 at EPA 
headquarters in Washington, DC. EPA will post a notice on our Web site 
(http://www.epa.gov/ozone) announcing further information on the 
hearing if it is requested.

ADDRESSES: Submit your comments, identified by Docket ID No. EPA-HQ-
OAR-2006-0159, by one of the following methods:
     http://www.regulations.gov: Follow the on-line 
instructions for submitting comments.
     E-mail: A-and-R-docket@epa.gov.
     Fax: 202-343-2338, attn: Kirsten M. Cappel.
     Mail: Air Docket, Environmental Protection Agency, 
Mailcode 6102T, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460.
     Hand Delivery or Courier: Deliver your comments to: EPA 
Air Docket, EPA West, 1301 Constitution Avenue, NW., Room B108, Mail 
Code 6102T, Washington, DC 20460. Such deliveries are only accepted 
during the Docket's normal hours of operation, and special arrangements 
should be made for deliveries of boxed information.
    Instructions: Direct your comments to Docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OAR-
2006-0159. EPA's policy is that all comments received will be included 
in the public docket without change and may be made available online at 
www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided, 
unless the comment includes information claimed to be Confidential 
Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is 
restricted by statute. Do not submit information that you consider to 
be CBI or otherwise protected through www.regulations.gov or e-mail. 
The www.regulations.gov Web site is an ``anonymous access'' system, 
which means EPA will not know your identity or contact information 
unless you provide it in the body of your comment. If you send an e-
mail comment directly to EPA without going through www.regulations.gov 
your e-mail address will be automatically captured and included as part 
of the comment that is placed in the public docket and made available 
on the Internet. If you submit an electronic comment, EPA recommends 
that you include your name and other contact information in the body of 
your comment and with any disk or CD-ROM you submit. If EPA cannot read 
your comment due to technical difficulties and cannot contact you for 
clarification, EPA may not be able to consider your comment. Electronic 
files should avoid the use of special characters, any form of 
encryption, and be free of any defects or viruses. For additional 
information about EPA's public docket visit the EPA Docket Center 
homepage at http://www.epa.gov/epahome/dockets.htm.
    Docket: All documents in the docket are listed in the 
www.regulations.gov index. Although listed in the index, some 
information is not publicly available, e.g., CBI or other information 
whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such 
as copyrighted material, will be publicly available only in hard copy. 
Publicly available docket materials are available either electronically 
in www.regulations.gov or in hard copy at the Air Docket, EPA/DC, EPA 
West, Room B102, 1301 Constitution Ave., NW., Washington, DC. This 
Docket Facility is open from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through 
Friday, excluding legal holidays. The telephone number for the Public 
Reading Room is (202) 566-1744, and the telephone number for the Air 
Docket is (202) 566-1742.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kirsten M. Cappel, by regular mail: 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Stratospheric Protection Division 
(6205J), 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20460; by 
courier service or overnight express: 1301 L Street, NW., Room 827J, 
Washington, DC 20005, by telephone: 202-343-9556; or by e-mail: 
cappel.kirsten@epa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Table of Contents

I. General Information
    A. What should I consider when preparing my comments?
II. Basis for Allocating Essential Use Allowances
    A. What are essential use allowances?
    B. Under what authority does EPA allocate essential use 
allowances?
    C. What is the process for allocating essential use allowances?
III. Essential Use Allowances for Medical Devices
IV. Proposed Allocation of Essential Use Allowances for Calendar 
Year 2007
V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews
    A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review
    B. Paperwork Reduction Act
    C. Regulatory Flexibility Act
    D. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
    E. Executive Order 13132: Federalism
    F. Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination With 
Indian Tribal Governments
    G. Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children From 
Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks
    H. Executive Order 13211: Actions That Significantly Affect 
Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use
    I. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act

I. General Information

A. What should I consider when preparing my comments?

    1. Confidential Business Information. Do not submit this 
information to EPA through www.regulations.gov or e-mail. Clearly mark 
the part or all of the information that you claim to be CBI. For CBI 
information in a disk or CD ROM that you mail to EPA, mark the outside 
of the disk or CD ROM as CBI and then identify electronically within 
the disk or CD ROM the specific information that is claimed as CBI. In 
addition to one complete version of the comment that includes 
information claimed as CBI, a copy of the comment that does not contain 
the information claimed as CBI must be submitted for inclusion in the 
public docket. Information so marked will not be disclosed except in 
accordance with procedures set forth in 40 CFR part 2.
    2. Tips for Preparing Your Comments. When submitting comments, 
remember to:
     Identify the rulemaking by docket number and other 
identifying information (subject heading, Federal Register date and 
page number).
     Follow directions--The agency may ask you to respond to 
specific questions or organize comments by referencing a Code of 
Federal Regulations (CFR) part or section number.
     Explain why you agree or disagree; suggest alternatives 
and substitute language for your requested changes.

[[Page 64670]]

     Describe any assumptions and provide any technical 
information and/or data that you used.
     If you estimate potential costs or burdens, explain how 
you arrived at your estimate in sufficient detail to allow for it to be 
reproduced.
     Provide specific examples to illustrate your concerns, and 
suggest alternatives.
     Explain your views as clearly as possible, avoiding the 
use of profanity or personal threats.
     Make sure to submit your comments by the comment period 
deadline identified.

II. Basis for Allocating Essential Use Allowances

A. What are essential use allowances?

    Essential use allowances are allowances to produce or import 
certain ODSs in the U.S. for purposes that have been deemed 
``essential'' by the U.S. Government and by the Parties to the Montreal 
Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (Montreal 
Protocol).
    The Montreal Protocol is the international agreement aimed at 
reducing and eliminating the production and consumption \1\ of ODSs. 
The elimination of production and consumption of class I ODSs is 
accomplished through adherence to phaseout schedules for specific class 
I ODSs,\2\ which include CFCs, halons, carbon tetrachloride, and methyl 
chloroform. As of January 1, 1996, production and import of most class 
I ODSs were phased out in developed countries, including the United 
States.
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    \1\ ``Consumption'' is defined as the amount of a substance 
produced in the United States, plus the amount imported into the 
United States, minus the amount exported to Parties to the Montreal 
Protocol (see Section 601(6) of the Clean Air Act).
    \2\ Class I ozone depleting substances are listed at 40 CFR Part 
82, subpart A, appendix A.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    However, the Montreal Protocol and the Clean Air Act (Act) provide 
exemptions that allow for the continued import and/or production of 
class I ODSs for specific uses. Under the Montreal Protocol, exemptions 
may be granted for uses that are determined by the Parties to be 
``essential.'' Decision IV/25, taken by the Parties to the Protocol in 
1992, established criteria for determining whether a specific use 
should be approved as essential, and set forth the international 
process for making determinations of essentiality. The criteria for an 
essential use, as set forth in paragraph 1 of Decision IV/25, are the 
following:

    (a) That a use of a controlled substance should qualify as 
``essential'' only if:
    (i) It is necessary for the health, safety or is critical for 
the functioning of society (encompassing cultural and intellectual 
aspects); and
    (ii) there are no available technically and economically 
feasible alternatives or substitutes that are acceptable from the 
standpoint of environment and health;
    (b) that production and consumption, if any, of a controlled 
substance for essential uses should be permitted only if:
    (i) all economically feasible steps have been taken to minimize 
the essential use and any associated emission of the controlled 
substance; and
    (ii) the controlled substance is not available in sufficient 
quantity and quality from existing stocks of banked or recycled 
controlled substances, also bearing in mind the developing 
countries' need for controlled substances.

B. Under what authority does EPA allocate essential use allowances?

    Title VI of the Act implements the Montreal Protocol for the United 
States.\3\ Section 604(d) of the Act authorizes EPA to allow the 
production of limited quantities of class I ODSs after the phase out 
date for the following essential uses:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \3\ See Section 614(b) of the Act. EPA's regulations 
implementing the essential use provisions of the Act and the 
Protocol are located in 40 CFR part 82.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (1) Methyl Chloroform, ``solely for use in essential applications 
(such as nondestructive testing for metal fatigue and corrosion of 
existing airplane engines and airplane parts susceptible to metal 
fatigue) for which no safe and effective substitute is available.'' 
Under section 604(d)(1) of the Act, this exemption was available only 
until January 1, 2005. Prior to that date, EPA issued methyl chloroform 
allowances to the U.S. Space Shuttle and Titan Rocket programs.
    (2) Medical Devices (as defined in section 601(8) of the Act), ``if 
such authorization is determined by the Commissioner [of the Food and 
Drug Administration], in consultation with the Administrator [of EPA] 
to be necessary for use in medical devices.'' EPA issues allowances to 
manufacturers of MDIs that use CFCs as propellant for the treatment of 
asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases.
    (3) Aviation Safety, for which limited quantities of halon-1211, 
halon-1301, and halon-2402 may be produced ``if the Administrator of 
the Federal Aviation. Administration, in consultation with the 
Administrator [of EPA] determines that no safe and effective substitute 
has been developed and that such authorization is necessary for 
aviation safety purposes.'' Neither EPA nor the Parties have ever 
granted a request for essential use allowances for halon, because 
alternatives are available or because existing quantities of this 
substance are large enough to provide for any needs for which 
alternatives have not yet been developed.
    An additional essential-use exemption under the Protocol, as agreed 
in Decision X/19, is the general exemption for laboratory and 
analytical uses. This exemption is reflected in EPA's regulations at 40 
CFR part 82, subpart A. While the Act does not specifically provide for 
this exemption, EPA has determined that an exemption for essential 
laboratory and analytical uses is allowable under the Act as a de 
minimis exemption. The de minimis exemption is addressed in EPA's final 
rule of March 13, 2001 (66 FR 14760-14770). The Parties to the Protocol 
subsequently agreed (Decision XI/15) that the general exemption does 
not apply to the following uses: testing of oil and grease, and total 
petroleum hydrocarbons in water; testing of tar in road-paving 
materials; and forensic finger-printing. EPA incorporated this 
exemption at Appendix G to Subpart A of 40 CFR part 82 on February 11, 
2002 (67 FR 6352). In a December 29, 2005 final rule, EPA extended the 
general exemption for laboratory and analytical uses through December 
31, 2007 (70 FR 77048), in accordance with Decision XV/8 of the Parties 
to the Protocol.

C. What is the process for allocating essential use allowances?

    The procedure set out by Decision IV/25 calls for individual 
Parties to nominate essential uses and the total amount of ODSs needed 
for those essential uses on an annual basis. The Protocol's Technology 
and Economic Assessment Panel (TEAP) evaluates the nominated essential 
uses and makes recommendations to the Protocol Parties. The Parties 
make the final decisions on whether to approve a Party's essential use 
nomination at their annual meeting. This nomination cycle occurs 
approximately two years before the year in which the allowances would 
be in effect. The allowances allocated through today's action were 
first nominated by the United States in January 2005.
    For MDIs, EPA requests information from manufacturers about the 
number and type of MDIs they plan to produce, as well as the amount of 
CFCs necessary for production. EPA then forwards the information to the 
Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which determines the amount of CFCs 
necessary for MDIs in the coming calendar year. Based on FDA's 
determination, EPA proposes allocations to each eligible entity. Under

[[Page 64671]]

the Act and the Protocol, EPA may allocate essential use allowances in 
quantities that together are below or equal to the total amount 
approved by the Parties. EPA will not allocate essential use allowances 
in amounts higher than the total approved by the Parties. For 2007, the 
Parties authorized the United States to allocate up to 1,000 MT of CFCs 
for essential uses.

III. Essential Use Allowances for Medical Devices

    The following is a step-by-step list of actions EPA and FDA have 
taken thus far to implement the exemption for medical devices found at 
section 604(d)(2) of the Act for the 2007 control period.
    1. On January 25, 2006, EPA sent letters to MDI manufacturers 
requesting the following information under section 114 of the Act 
(``114 letters''):

    a. The MDI product where CFCs will be used.
    b. The number of units of each MDI product produced from 1/1/05 
to 12/31/05.
    c. The number of units anticipated to be produced in 2006.
    d. The gross target fill weight per unit (grams).
    e. Total amount of CFCs to be contained in the MDI product for 
2007.
    f. The additional amount of CFCs necessary for production.
    g. The total CFC request per MDI product for 2007.

The 114 letters are available for review in the Air Docket ID No. EPA-
HQ-OAR-2006-0159. The companies requested that their responses be 
treated as confidential business information; for this reason, EPA has 
placed the responses in the confidential portion of the docket.
    2. On March 23, 2006, EPA sent FDA the information MDI 
manufacturers provided in response to the 114 letters with a letter 
requesting that FDA make a determination regarding the amount of CFCs 
necessary for MDIs for calendar year 2007. This letter is available for 
review in Air Docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OAR-2006-0159.
    3. On May 10, 2006, under section 114 of the Act, EPA sent letters 
to MDI manufacturers requesting information on the amount and type of 
CFC stocks owned by the company. EPA requested CFC stock information 
pertaining to amounts and types of CFCs, pre-1996 CFCs and post-1996 
CFCs, held by each company as of May 1, 2006. The purpose of this 
request was to gather additional data to assist EPA and FDA to 
determine the size of the 2007 essential use allocation exemption. The 
114 letters are available for review in the Air Docket ID No. EPA-HQ-
OAR-2006-0159. The companies requested that their responses be treated 
as confidential business information; for this reason, EPA has placed 
the responses in the confidential portion of the docket.
    4. On September 28, 2006, FDA sent a letter to EPA stating the 
amount of CFCs determined by the Commissioner to be necessary for each 
MDI company in 2007. This letter is available for review in the Air 
Docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OAR-2006-0159. In their letter, FDA informed EPA 
that they had determined that 125.3 MT of CFCs were necessary for use 
in MDIs in 2007. The letter stated ``Our determination for the 
allocation of CFCs is lower than the total amount requested by 
manufacturers. In reaching this estimate, we took into account the 
manufacturers' production of MDIs that used CFCs as a propellant in 
2005, their estimated production in 2006, their estimated production in 
2007, and their current (as of May 1, 2006) stockpile levels. We have 
also taken into account that roughly 40 percent of the albuterol MDIs 
currently being produced use HFA-134a as their propellant. We have also 
based our determination for 2007 on an estimate of the quantity of CFCs 
that would allow manufacturers to maintain as much as a 12-month 
stockpile in accordance with paragraph 3 of Decision XVI/12 and 
paragraph 2 of Decision XVII/5.''
    The letter stated that the following assumptions were made in 
reaching the determination for 2007:
     All manufacturers will procure the full quantity of CFCs 
allocated to them for the year 2007.
     The number of albuterol CFC MDIs produced in the remainder 
of 2006 and in 2007 will be 40 percent of the total number of albuterol 
MDIs produced in those periods, and the number of albuterol CFC MDIs 
produced in 2008 will be no more than half of the number produced in 
2007, with albuterol HFA MDIs making up the remainder.
     No bulk CFCs currently held by, or allocated to, any 
manufacturer will be exported from the United States.
    FDA informed EPA that the second assumption was based on an average 
for the period of May 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006, and the full 
2007 control period. Thus, CFC MDIs are expected to decline from 60% of 
the total number of albuterol MDIs, as estimated currently, to less 
than 40% by the end of 2007, which is the end of the averaging period.
    EPA has confirmed with FDA that this determination is consistent 
with Decision XVII/5, including language on stocks that states that 
``Parties shall take into account pre- and post-1996 stocks of 
controlled substances as described in paragraph 1 (b) of decision IV/
25, such that no more than a one-year operational supply is maintained 
by that manufacturer.'' In their analysis of a one-year operational 
supply of CFCs for the production of CFC albuterol MDIs, FDA and EPA 
took into account that the production of these MDIs would continue to 
decrease as December 31, 2008, nears, thus requiring a reduced amount 
of CFCs.
    In accordance with the FDA determination, today's action proposes 
to allocate essential use allowances for a total of 125.3 MT of CFCs 
for use in MDIs for calendar year 2007.
    The amounts listed in this proposal are subject to additional 
review, and revision, by EPA and FDA if information demonstrates that 
the proposed allocations are either too high or too low. We 
specifically request comment on the extent to which the proposed 
allocation of CFCs is sufficient to protect the public health and 
ensure the manufacture and continuous availability of CFCs necessary to 
meet the expected demand. We also request comment on whether the 
proposed allocations (along with current stocks)--or an alternative 
level--will best protect consumers by providing a smooth transition to 
non-CFC alternatives. Commenters requesting increases or decreases of 
essential use allowances should provide detailed information supporting 
their claim for additional or fewer CFCs. Any company that needs less 
than the full amount listed in this proposal should notify EPA of the 
actual amount needed.

IV. Proposed Allocation of Essential Use Allowances for Calendar Year 
2007

[[Page 64672]]



        Table I.--Essential Use Allowances for Calendar Year 2007
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          2007 Quantity
            Company                    Chemical           (metric tons)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 (i) Metered Dose Inhalers (for Oral Inhalation) for Treatment of Asthma
                and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Armstrong Pharmaceuticals.....  CFC-11 or CFC-12 or                  0.0
                                 CFC-114.
Boehringer Ingelheim            CFC-11 or CFC-12 or                  0.0
 Pharmaceuticals.                CFC-114.
Inyx (Aventis)................  CFC-11 or CFC-12 or                 39.6
                                 CFC-114.
Schering-Plough Corporation...  CFC-11 or CFC-12 or                  0.0
                                 CFC-114.
3M Pharmaceuticals............  CFC-11 or CFC-12 or                 45.7
                                 CFC-114.
Wyeth.........................  CFC-11 or CFC-12 or                 40.0
                                 CFC-114.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

EPA proposes to allocate essential use allowances for calendar year 
2007 to the entities listed in Table 1. These allowances are for the 
production or import of the specified quantity of class I controlled 
substances solely for the specified essential use.

V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review

    This action is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under the 
terms of Executive Order (EO) 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993) and 
is therefore not subject to review under the EO.
    EPA prepared an analysis of the potential costs and benefits 
related to this action. This analysis is contained in the Agency's 
Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA) for the entire Title VI phaseout 
program (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, ``Regulatory Impact 
Analysis: Compliance with Section 604 of the Clean Air Act for the 
Phaseout of Ozone Depleting Chemicals,'' July 1992). A copy of the 
analysis is available in the docket for this action and the analysis is 
briefly summarized here. The RIA examined the projected economic costs 
of a complete phaseout of consumption of ozone-depleting substances, as 
well as the projected benefits of phased reductions in total emissions 
of CFCs and other ozone-depleting substances, including essential-use 
CFCs used for metered-dose inhalers.

B. Paperwork Reduction Act

    This action does not impose any new information collection burden. 
The recordkeeping and reporting requirements included in this action 
are already included in an existing information collection burden and 
this action does not make any changes that would affect the burden. 
However, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has previously 
approved the information collection requirements contained in the 
existing regulations at 40 CFR 82.8(a) under the provisions of the 
Paperwork Reduction Act, 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq. and has assigned OMB 
control number 2060-0170, EPA ICR number 1432.25. A copy of the OMB 
approved Information Collection Request (ICR) may be obtained from 
Susan Auby, Collection Strategies Division; U.S. Environmental 
Protection Agency (2822T); 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 
20460 or by calling (202) 566-1672.
    Burden means the total time, effort, or financial resources 
expended by persons to generate, maintain, retain, or disclose or 
provide information to or for a Federal agency. This includes the time 
needed to review instructions; develop, acquire, install, and utilize 
technology and systems for the purposes of collecting, validating, and 
verifying information, processing and maintaining information, and 
disclosing and providing information; adjust the existing ways to 
comply with any previously applicable instructions and requirements; 
train personnel to be able to respond to a collection of information; 
search data sources; complete and review the collection of information; 
and transmit or otherwise disclose the information.
    An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required 
to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a 
currently valid OMB control number. The OMB control numbers for EPA's 
regulations in 40 CFR are listed in 40 CFR part 9.

C. Regulatory Flexibility Act

    The RFA generally requires an agency to prepare a regulatory 
flexibility analysis of any rule subject to notice and comment 
rulemaking requirements under the Administrative Procedure Act or any 
other statute unless the agency certifies that the rule will not have a 
significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. 
Small entities include small businesses, small organizations, and small 
governmental jurisdictions.
    For purposes of assessing the impact of today's rule on small 
entities, small entity is defined as: (1) Pharmaceutical preparations 
manufacturing businesses (NAICS code 325412) that have less than 750 
employees; (2) a small governmental jurisdiction that is a government 
of a city, county, town, school district or special district with a 
population of less than 50,000; and (3) a small organization that is 
any not-for-profit enterprise which is independently owned and operated 
and is not dominant its field.
    After considering the economic impacts of today's proposed rule on 
small entities, I certify that this action will not have a significant 
economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. In 
determining whether a rule has a significant economic impact on a 
substantial number of small entities, the impact of concern is any 
significant adverse economic impact on small entities, since the 
primary purpose of the regulatory flexibility analyses is to identify 
and address regulatory alternatives ``which minimize any significant 
economic impact of the rule on small entities.'' 5 U.S.C. 603 and 604. 
Thus, an agency may certify that a rule will not have a significant 
economic impact on a substantial number of small entities if the rule 
relieves regulatory burden, or otherwise has a positive economic effect 
on all of the small entities subject to the rule.
    This proposed rule provides an otherwise unavailable benefit to 
those companies that are receiving essential use allowances by creating 
an exemption to the regulatory phaseout of chlorofluorocarbons. We have 
therefore concluded that today's proposed rule will relieve regulatory 
burden for all small entities. We continue to be interested in the 
potential impact of the proposed rule on small entities and welcome 
comments on issues related to such impacts.

D. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

    Title II of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA), Pub L. 
104-4, establishes requirements for Federal agencies to assess the 
effects of their regulatory actions on State, local,

[[Page 64673]]

and tribal governments and the private sector. Under section 202 of the 
UMRA, EPA generally must prepare a written statement, including a cost-
benefit analysis, for proposed and final rules with ``Federal 
mandates'' that may result in expenditures to State, local, and tribal 
governments, in the aggregate, or to the private sector, of $100 
million or more in any one year.
    Before promulgating an EPA rule for which a written statement is 
needed, section 205 of the UMRA generally requires EPA to identify and 
consider a reasonable number of regulatory alternatives and adopt the 
least costly, most cost-effective, or least burdensome alternative that 
achieves the objectives of the rule. The provisions of section 205 do 
not apply when they are inconsistent with applicable law. Moreover, 
section 205 allows EPA to adopt an alternative other than the least 
costly, most cost-effective, or least burdensome alternative, if the 
Administrator publishes with the final rule an explanation why that 
alternative was not adopted.
    Before EPA establishes any regulatory requirements that may 
significantly or uniquely affect small governments, including tribal 
governments, it must have developed a small government agency plan 
under section 203 of the UMRA. The plan must provide for notifying 
potentially affected small governments, enabling officials of affected 
small governments to have meaningful and timely input in the 
development of EPA regulatory proposals with significant Federal 
intergovernmental mandates, and informing, educating, and advising 
small governments on compliance with the regulatory requirements.
    Today's proposed rule contains no Federal mandates (under the 
regulatory provisions of Title II of the UMRA) for State, local, or 
tribal governments or the private sector, since it merely provides 
exemptions from the 1996 phase out of class I ODSs. Similarly, EPA has 
determined that this rule contains no regulatory requirements that 
might significantly or uniquely affect small governments, because this 
rule merely allocates essential use exemptions to entities as an 
exemption to the ban on production and import of class I ODSs.

E. Executive Order 13132: Federalism

    Executive Order 13132, entitled ``Federalism'' (64 FR 43255, August 
10, 1999), requires EPA to develop an accountable process to ensure 
``meaningful and timely input by State and local officials in the 
development of regulatory policies that have federalism implications.'' 
``Policies that have federalism implications'' is defined in the 
Executive Order to include regulations that have ``substantial direct 
effects on the States, on the relationship between the national 
government and the States, or on the distribution of power and 
responsibilities among the various levels of government.''
    This proposed rule does not have federalism implications. It will 
not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship 
between the national government and the States, or on the distribution 
of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, 
as specified in Executive Order 13132. Thus, Executive Order 13132 does 
not apply to this rule.

F. Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination With Indian 
Tribal Governments

    Executive Order 13175, entitled ``Consultation and Coordination 
with Indian Tribal Governments'' (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), 
requires EPA to develop an accountable process to ensure ``meaningful 
and timely input by tribal officials in the development of regulatory 
policies that have tribal implications.'' This proposed rule does not 
have tribal implications, as specified in Executive Order 13175. 
Today's proposed rule affects only the companies that requested 
essential use allowances. Thus, Executive Order 13175 does not apply to 
this rule.

G. Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children From Environmental 
Health Risks and Safety Risks

    Executive Order 13045: ``Protection of Children from Environmental 
Health Risks and Safety Risks'' (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997) applies 
to any rule that: (1) Is determined to be ``economically significant'' 
under E.O. 12866, and (2) concerns an environmental health or safety 
risk that EPA has reason to believe may have a disproportionate effect 
on children. If the regulatory action meets both criteria, the Agency 
must evaluate the environmental health or safety effects of the planned 
rule on children, and explain why the planned regulation is preferable 
to other potentially effective and reasonably feasible alternatives 
considered by the Agency.
    EPA interprets E.O. 13045 as applying only to those regulatory 
actions that are based on health or safety risks, such as the analysis 
required under section 5-501 of the Order has the potential to 
influence the regulation. This proposed rule is not subject to E.O. 
13045 because it implements Section 604(d)(2) of the Clean Air Act 
which states that the Agency shall authorize essential use exemptions 
should the Food and Drug Administration determine that such exemptions 
are necessary.

H. Executive Order 13211: Actions That Significantly Affect Energy 
Supply, Distribution, or Use

    This proposed rule is not subject to Executive Order 13211, Actions 
Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, 
Distribution, or Use (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001) because it is not 
likely to have a significant adverse effect on the supply, 
distribution, or use of energy. The rule affects only the 
pharmaceutical companies that requested essential use allowances.

I. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act

    Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement 
Act of 1995 (NTTAA), Public Law No. 104-113, section 12(d) (15 U.S.C. 
272 note) directs EPA to use voluntary consensus standards in its 
regulatory activities unless to do so would be inconsistent with 
applicable law or otherwise impractical. Voluntary consensus standards 
are technical standards (e.g., materials specifications, test methods, 
sampling procedures, and business practices) that are developed or 
adopted by voluntary consensus standards bodies. The NTTAA directs EPA 
to provide Congress, through OMB, explanations when the Agency decides 
not to use available and applicable voluntary consensus standards. This 
proposed rule does not involve technical standards. Therefore, EPA did 
not consider the use of any voluntary consensus standards.

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 82

    Administrative practice and procedure, Air pollution control, 
Chemicals, Chlorofluorocarbons, Environmental protection, Imports, 
Methyl Chloroform, Ozone, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    Dated: October 30, 2006.
Stephen L. Johnson,
Administrator.
    40 CFR Part 82 is proposed to be amended as follows:

PART 82--PROTECTION OF STRATOSPHERIC OZONE

    1. The authority citation for part 82 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7414, 7601, 7671-7671q.

[[Page 64674]]

Subpart A--Production and Consumption Controls

    2. Section 82.8 is amended by revising the table in paragraph (a) 
to read as follows:


Sec.  82.8  Grants of essential use allowances and critical use 
allowances.

    (a) * * *

        Table I.--Essential Use Allowances for Calendar Year 2007
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          2007 Quantity
            Company                    Chemical           (metric tons)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 (i) Metered Dose Inhalers (for Oral Inhalation) for Treatment of Asthma
                and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Armstrong Pharmaceuticals.....  CFC-11 or CFC-12 or                  0.0
                                 CFC-114.
Boehringer Ingelheim            CFC-11 or CFC-12 or                 00.0
 Pharmaceuticals.                CFC-114.
Inyx (Aventis)................  CFC-11 or CFC-12 or                 39.6
                                 CFC-114.
Schering-Plough Corporation...  CFC-11 or CFC-12 or                  0.0
                                 CFC-114.
3M Pharmaceuticals............  CFC-11 or CFC-12 or                 45.7
                                 CFC-114.
Wyeth.........................  CFC-11 or CFC-12 or                 40.0
                                 CFC-114.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

[FR Doc. E6-18581 Filed 11-2-06; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6560-50-P