Notice of Intent to Repatriate a Cultural Item: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 47829 [E6-13690]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 160 / Friday, August 18, 2006 / Notices Dated: July 7, 2006. Sherry Hutt, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. E6–13686 Filed 8–17–06; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–50–S DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate a Cultural Item: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. jlentini on PROD1PC65 with NOTICES AGENCY: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate a cultural item in the possession of the Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum (Burke Museum), University of Washington, Seattle, WA, that meets the definition of ‘‘object of cultural patrimony’’ under 25 U.S.C. 3001. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural item. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. The cultural item is a large stone sculpture (Burke catalog #152), referred to by the Chilliwack community, which includes the Nooksack people, as the ‘‘Stone T’ixwelatsa.’’ The sculpture has anthropomorphic and zoomorphic features carved and pecked into the stone. The head includes large eyes and an open mouth with exaggerated lips. The main body of the figure appears to be seated with flexed arms and legs. A ridge with six protruding grooves is present on the back of the figure, and a small circular depression is present on the top of the head. The figure weighs over 100 pounds. According to Chilliwack and Nooksack oral history, T’ixwelatsa was a man turned into stone by the transformer Xa:ls. T’ixwelatsa was the first male ancestor of the Chilliwack community. The Chilliwack historically spoke a Nooksack related language. The Chilliwack share a common ancestry and cultural connection with the Nooksack. The sculpture is considered a transformation object that holds the spirit of T’ixwelatsa, and Xa:ls gave the transformed stone form to T’ixwelatsa’s VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:35 Aug 17, 2006 Jkt 208001 wife as the original caretaker. The stone T’ixwelatsa was placed in front of the longhouse and cared for by the descendants of T’ixwelatsa. At an unknown date, one of the subsequent caretakers married into the neighboring Sumas tribe and took the stone with her as part of her continuing caretaking responsibilities. The cultural item is believed to have been removed from the Fraser Plains, near Sumas, Whatcom County, WA, in 1892. It was donated to the museum by the Young Naturalist Society (Burke Accn. # 190). At the time of removal from the Fraser Plains, the cultural item was considered inalienable by a single individual and was removed without the permission of the caretaker or Tixwelatsa’s descendants. The Nooksack Indian Tribe of Washington is considered a member of the broader Chilliwack community, which includes both American and Canadian Chilliwack communities. Ties between the Chilliwack communities were artificially divided by the creation of the United States and Canadian border in 1858. Despite this separation, the Nooksack continue to maintain a strong relationship with the Canadian Chilliwack community. The ‘‘Stone T’ixwelatsa’’ is culturally affiliated with the Nooksack Indian Tribe of Washington, as part of the Chilliwack community, based on religious, geographic, kinship, and oral history information presented by the tribe. Evidence submitted during consultation supports the central importance of this cultural item to the cultural identity of the Nooksack Indian Tribe of Washington and broader Chilliwack community. The cultural item is considered collective property of the Chilliwack community and serves as a significant part of the cultural model for education. Officials of the Burke Museum have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(D), the cultural item described above has an ongoing historical, traditional, or cultural importance central to the Native American group or culture itself, rather than property owned by an individual. Officials of the Burke Museum also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the object of cultural patrimony and the Nooksack Indian Tribe of Washington. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the object of cultural patrimony should contact Dr. Peter Lape, Burke Museum, Box 353010, Seattle, WA 98195, telephone (206) PO 00000 Frm 00058 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 47829 685–2282, before September 18, 2006. Repatriation of the object of cultural patrimony to the Nooksack Indian Tribe of Washington may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward. The Burke Museum is responsible for notifying the Nooksack Indian Tribe of Washington that this notice has been published. Dated: July 24, 2006 Sherry Hutt, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. E6–13690 Filed 8–17–06; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–50–S DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service Notice of Receipt of Application for Telecommunication Site National Park Service, Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Interior. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: SUMMARY: (Authority: 47 U.S.C. 332 note (Telecommunications Act of 1996 section 704(c)); 16 U.S.C. 5; other applicable authorities and Director’s Order 53) Glen Canyon National Recreation Area has received an application from Comment Four Corners, LLC, to install and operate a wireless (cellular) telephone system. The location of the proposed telecommunication site is at the Defiance House Lodge at Bullfrog, Utah. DATES: Comments on this proposal can be mailed to the address shown below and must be received within 30 days of the publication of this notice in the Federal Register. Our practice is to make comments, including names, home addresses, home phone numbers, and email addresses of respondents, available for public review. Individual respondents may request that we withhold their names and/or home addresses, etc., but if you wish us to consider withholding this information you must state this prominently at the beginning of your comments. In addition, you must present a rationale for withholding this information. This rationale must demonstrate that disclosure would constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of privacy. Unsupported assertions will not meet this burden. In the absence of exceptional, documentable circumstances, this information will be released. We will always make submissions from organizations or businesses, and from individuals identifying themselves as E:\FR\FM\18AUN1.SGM 18AUN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 71, Number 160 (Friday, August 18, 2006)]
[Notices]
[Page 47829]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E6-13690]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service


Notice of Intent to Repatriate a Cultural Item: Thomas Burke 
Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves 
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent 
to repatriate a cultural item in the possession of the Thomas Burke 
Memorial Washington State Museum (Burke Museum), University of 
Washington, Seattle, WA, that meets the definition of ``object of 
cultural patrimony'' under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). 
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural 
item. The National Park Service is not responsible for the 
determinations in this notice.
    The cultural item is a large stone sculpture (Burke catalog 
152), referred to by the Chilliwack community, which includes 
the Nooksack people, as the ``Stone T'ixwelatsa.'' The sculpture has 
anthropomorphic and zoomorphic features carved and pecked into the 
stone. The head includes large eyes and an open mouth with exaggerated 
lips. The main body of the figure appears to be seated with flexed arms 
and legs. A ridge with six protruding grooves is present on the back of 
the figure, and a small circular depression is present on the top of 
the head. The figure weighs over 100 pounds.
    According to Chilliwack and Nooksack oral history, T'ixwelatsa was 
a man turned into stone by the transformer Xa:ls. T'ixwelatsa was the 
first male ancestor of the Chilliwack community. The Chilliwack 
historically spoke a Nooksack related language. The Chilliwack share a 
common ancestry and cultural connection with the Nooksack. The 
sculpture is considered a transformation object that holds the spirit 
of T'ixwelatsa, and Xa:ls gave the transformed stone form to 
T'ixwelatsa's wife as the original caretaker. The stone T'ixwelatsa was 
placed in front of the longhouse and cared for by the descendants of 
T'ixwelatsa. At an unknown date, one of the subsequent caretakers 
married into the neighboring Sumas tribe and took the stone with her as 
part of her continuing caretaking responsibilities.
    The cultural item is believed to have been removed from the Fraser 
Plains, near Sumas, Whatcom County, WA, in 1892. It was donated to the 
museum by the Young Naturalist Society (Burke Accn.  190). At 
the time of removal from the Fraser Plains, the cultural item was 
considered inalienable by a single individual and was removed without 
the permission of the caretaker or Tixwelatsa's descendants.
    The Nooksack Indian Tribe of Washington is considered a member of 
the broader Chilliwack community, which includes both American and 
Canadian Chilliwack communities. Ties between the Chilliwack 
communities were artificially divided by the creation of the United 
States and Canadian border in 1858. Despite this separation, the 
Nooksack continue to maintain a strong relationship with the Canadian 
Chilliwack community. The ``Stone T'ixwelatsa'' is culturally 
affiliated with the Nooksack Indian Tribe of Washington, as part of the 
Chilliwack community, based on religious, geographic, kinship, and oral 
history information presented by the tribe. Evidence submitted during 
consultation supports the central importance of this cultural item to 
the cultural identity of the Nooksack Indian Tribe of Washington and 
broader Chilliwack community. The cultural item is considered 
collective property of the Chilliwack community and serves as a 
significant part of the cultural model for education.
    Officials of the Burke Museum have determined that, pursuant to 25 
U.S.C. 3001 (3)(D), the cultural item described above has an ongoing 
historical, traditional, or cultural importance central to the Native 
American group or culture itself, rather than property owned by an 
individual. Officials of the Burke Museum also have determined that, 
pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group 
identity that can be reasonably traced between the object of cultural 
patrimony and the Nooksack Indian Tribe of Washington.
    Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to 
be culturally affiliated with the object of cultural patrimony should 
contact Dr. Peter Lape, Burke Museum, Box 353010, Seattle, WA 98195, 
telephone (206) 685-2282, before September 18, 2006. Repatriation of 
the object of cultural patrimony to the Nooksack Indian Tribe of 
Washington may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come 
forward.
    The Burke Museum is responsible for notifying the Nooksack Indian 
Tribe of Washington that this notice has been published.

    Dated: July 24, 2006
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E6-13690 Filed 8-17-06; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-S