Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 56 Species in California and Nevada, 14538-14542 [E6-4120]

Download as PDF 14538 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 55 / Wednesday, March 22, 2006 / Notices This Notice is soliciting comments from members of the public and affected agencies concerning the proposed collection of information to: (1) Evaluate whether the proposed collection is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information will have practical utility; (2) Evaluate the accuracy of the agency’s estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information; (3) Enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (4) Minimize the burden of the collection of information on those who are to respond; including the use of appropriate automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic submission of responses. This Notice also lists the following information: Title of Proposal: Changes in Approved Drawings and Specifications. OMB Control Number, if applicable: 2502–0117. Description of the need for the information and proposed use: Builders who request changes to HUD’s accepted drawings and specifications for proposed construction properties as required by homebuyers, or determined by the builder use the information collection. The lender reviews the changes and amends the approved exhibits. These changes may affect the value shown on the HUD commitment. HUD requires the builder to use form HUD–92577 to request changes for proposed construction properties. HUD’s collection of this information is for the purpose of ascertaining that HUD does not insure a mortgage on property that poses a risk to health or safety of the occupant. Agency form numbers, if applicable: HUD–92577. Estimation of the total numbers of hours needed to prepare the information collection including number of respondents, frequency of response, and hours of response: The estimated total number of hours needed to prepare the information collection is 5,000; the number of respondents is 10,000 generating approximately 10,000 annual responses; the frequency of response is on occasion; and the estimated time needed to prepare the response is 30 minutes. Status of the proposed information collection: This is an extension of a currently approved collection. However, we will continue to accept new information about any listed species at any time. ADDRESSES: See SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION for instructions on how For species-specific information, contact the appropriate individual in Table 3 under ‘‘Public Solicitation of New Information.’’ FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Authority: The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, 44 U.S.C., Chapter 35, as amended. Dated: March 15, 2006. Frank L. Davis, General Deputy Assistant Secretary for Housing—Deputy Federal Housing Commissioner. [FR Doc. E6–4095 Filed 3–21–06; 8:45 am] SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background Why Is a 5-Year Review Conducted? BILLING CODE 4210–67–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Fish and Wildlife Service Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 56 Species in California and Nevada Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice of review. AGENCY: SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, announce the initiation of a 5-year review of 56 species under section 4(c)(2)(B) of the Endangered Species Act (Act). The purpose of a 5-year review is to ensure that the classification of a species as threatened or endangered on the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants is accurate and based on the best scientific and commercial data available at the time of the review. We are requesting submission of any such information that has become available since the original listing of each of these 56 species. Based on the results of these 5-year reviews, we will make the requisite findings under section 4(c)(2)(A) of the Act. DATES: We must receive your information no later than May 22, 2006. Under the Endangered Species Act (Act) (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), we maintain a List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants at 50 CFR 17.11 (for animals) and 17.12 (for plants). Section 4(c)(2)(A) of the Act requires that we conduct a review of listed species at least once every 5 years. Then, on the basis of such reviews under section 4(c)(2)(B), we determine whether or not any species should be removed from the List (delisted), or reclassified from endangered to threatened or from threatened to endangered. Delisting a species must be supported by the best scientific and commercial data available and only considered if such data substantiates that the species is neither endangered nor threatened for one or more of the following reasons: (1) The species is considered extinct; (2) the species is considered to be recovered; and/or (3) the original data available when the species was listed, or the interpretation of such data, were in error. Any change in Federal classification would require a separate rulemaking process. The regulations in 50 CFR 424.21 require that we publish a notice in the Federal Register announcing those species currently under active review. This notice announces our active review of the 56 species listed in Table 1. TABLE 1.—SUMMARY OF LISTING INFORMATION FOR 56 SPECIES IN CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA Common name Scientific name Status Where listed Final listing rule Cyprinodon nevadensis mionectes. Speyeria zerene behrensii .......... Gambelia silus ............................. Syncaris pacifica ......................... Branchinecta conservatio ............ Elaphrus viridis ............................ Eremichthys acros ....................... Dipodomys nitratoides exilis ....... Dipodomys ingens ....................... Endangered ...... U.S.A. (NV) ....... 48 FR 40178 (02–SEP–83) Endangered ...... Endangered ...... Endangered ...... Endangered ...... Threatened ....... Threatened ....... Endangered ...... Endangered ...... U.S.A. U.S.A. U.S.A. U.S.A. U.S.A. U.S.A. U.S.A. U.S.A. 62 32 53 59 45 50 50 52 ANIMALS cprice-sewell on PROD1PC70 with NOTICES Ash Meadows Amargosa pupfish .. Behren’s silverspot butterfly ........... Blunt-nosed leopard lizard ............. California freshwater shrimp .......... Conservancy fairy shrimp .............. Delta green ground beetle ............. Desert dace .................................... Fresno kangaroo rat ...................... Giant kangaroo rat ......................... VerDate Aug<31>2005 14:47 Mar 21, 2006 Jkt 208001 PO 00000 Frm 00046 Fmt 4703 to submit information and review the information that we receive on these species. Sfmt 4703 (CA) (CA) (CA) (CA) (CA) (NV) (CA) (CA) E:\FR\FM\22MRN1.SGM ....... ....... ...... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... 22MRN1 FR FR FR FR FR FR FR FR 64306 (05–DEC–97) 4001 (11–MAR–67) 43884 (31–OCT–88) 48136 (19–SEP–94) 52807 (08–AUG–80) 50304 (10–DEC–85) 4222 (30–JAN–85) 283 (05–JAN–87) 14539 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 55 / Wednesday, March 22, 2006 / Notices TABLE 1.—SUMMARY OF LISTING INFORMATION FOR 56 SPECIES IN CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA—Continued Common name Scientific name Status Where listed Inyo California towhee ................... Kern primrose sphinx moth ............ Laguna Mountains skipper ............. Longhorn fairy shrimp .................... Modoc sucker ................................. Pahrump poolfish ........................... Paiute cutthroat trout ..................... Riverside fairy shrimp .................... San Diego fairy shrimp .................. San Joaquin kit fox ........................ Tidewater goby .............................. Vernal pool fairy shrimp ................. Vernal pool tadpole shrimp ............ White River spinedace ................... Pipilo crissalis eremophilus ......... Euproserpinus euterpe ................ Pyrgus ruralis lagunae ................ Branchinecta longiantenna .......... Catostomus microps ................... Empetrichthys latos ..................... Oncorhynchus clarki seleniris ..... Streptocephalus woottoni ............ Branchinecta sandiegonensis ..... Vulpes macrotis mutica ............... Eucyclogobius newberryi ............ Branchinecta lynchi ..................... Lepidurus packardi ...................... Lepidomeda albivallis .................. Threatened ....... Threatened ....... Endangered ...... Endangered ...... Endangered ...... Endangered ...... Threatened ....... Endangered ...... Endangered ...... Endangered ...... Endangered ...... Threatened ....... Endangered ...... Endangered ...... U.S.A. U.S.A. U.S.A. U.S.A. U.S.A. U.S.A. U.S.A. U.S.A. U.S.A. U.S.A. U.S.A. U.S.A. U.S.A. U.S.A. Opuntia treleasei ......................... Chorizanthe pungens var. hartwegiana. Limnanthes floccosa ssp. californica. Caulanthus californicus ............... Cercocarpus traskiae .................. Endangered ...... Endangered ...... U.S.A. (CA) ....... U.S.A. (CA) ....... 55 FR 29361 (19–JUL–90) 59 FR 5499 (04–FEB–94) Endangered ...... U.S.A. (CA) ...... 57 FR 24192 (08–JUN–92) Endangered ...... Endangered ...... U.S.A. (CA) ....... U.S.A. (CA) ....... 55 FR 29361 (19–JUL–90) 62 FR 42692 (08–AUG–97) Endangered ...... Endangered ...... U.S.A. (CA) ....... U.S.A. (CA) ....... 59 FR 64613 (15–DEC–94) 63 FR 53596 (06–OCT–98) Threatened ....... Endangered ...... Endangered ...... Endangered ...... Endangered ...... Endangered ...... Endangered ...... Endangered ...... Endangered ...... Threatened ....... Endangered ...... Threatened ....... U.S.A. (CA) ....... U.S.A. (CA) ....... U.S.A. (CA) ....... U.S.A. (CA) ...... U.S.A. (CA) ...... U.S.A. (CA) ....... U.S.A. (CA) ...... U.S.A. (CA) ....... U.S.A. (CA) ....... U.S.A. (CA) ...... U.S.A. (CA) ....... U.S.A. (CA); Mexico (B.C.). U.S.A. (CA) ....... U.S.A. (CA) ....... U.S.A. (CA) ....... U.S.A. (CA) ....... U.S.A. (CA) ...... 62 62 62 57 59 55 63 57 57 59 63 63 FR FR FR FR FR FR FR FR FR FR FR FR 14338 14338 40954 27848 64613 29361 53596 27848 27848 64613 54975 54937 (26–MAR–97) (26–MAR–97) (31–JUL–97) (22–JUN–92) (15–DEC–94) (19–JUL–90) (06–OCT–98) (22–JUN–92) (22–JUN–92) (15–DEC–94) (13–OCT–98) (13–OCT–98) 61 59 62 63 62 FR FR FR FR FR 52370 64613 14338 54975 40954 (07–OCT–96) (15–DEC–94) (26–MAR–97) (13–OCT–98) (31–JUL–97) U.S.A. (CA) ....... U.S.A. (CA) ....... U.S.A. (CA) ....... U.S.A. (CA) ....... U.S.A. (CA) ...... U.S.A. (CA); Mexico (B.C.). U.S.A. (NV) ....... 62 62 52 62 62 63 FR FR FR FR FR FR 40954 54791 36265 14338 40954 54975 (31–JUL–97) (22–OCT–97) (28–SEP–87) (26–MAR–97) (31–JUL–97) (13–OCT–98) U.S.A. (CA) ....... U.S.A. (CA); Mexico. 63 FR 54975 (13–OCT–98) 63 FR 54937 (13–OCT–98) (CA) ....... (CA) ....... (CA) ....... (CA) ....... (CA) ....... (NV) ....... (CA) ....... (CA) ....... (CA) ....... (CA) ....... (CA) ....... (CA, OR) (CA) ....... (NV) ....... Final listing rule 52 45 62 59 50 32 32 58 62 32 59 59 59 50 FR FR FR FR FR FR FR FR FR FR FR FR FR FR 28780 (03–AUG–87) 24088 (08–APR–80) 2313 (16–JAN–97) 48136 (19–SEP–94) 24526 (11–JUN–85) 4001 (11–MAR–67) 4001 (11–MAR–67) 41384 (03–AUG–93) 4925 (03–FEB–97) 4001 (11–MAR–67) 5494 (04–FEB–94) 48136 (19–SEP–94) 48136 (19–SEP–94) 37194 (12–SEP–85) PLANTS Bakersfield cactus .......................... Ben Lomond spineflower ............... Butte County meadowfoam ........... California jewelflower ..................... Catalina Island mountain-mahogany. Chorro Creek bog thistle ................ Coachella Valley milk-vetch ........... Colusa grass .................................. Hairy Orcutt grass .......................... Hoffmann’s rock-cress ................... Howell’s spineflower ...................... Indian Knob mountain balm ........... Kern mallow ................................... Lane Mountain milk-vetch .............. Menzies’ wallflower ........................ Monterey gilia ................................. Morro manzanita ............................ Munz’s onion .................................. Otay tarplant .................................. Orcutt’s spineflower ....................... Pismo clarkia .................................. Sacramento Orcutt grass ............... San Jacinto Valley crownscale ...... Santa Cruz Island bush-mallow ..... Santa Rosa Island manzanita ........ Showy Indian clover ....................... Slender-horned spineflower ........... Slender Orcutt grass ...................... Soft-leaved paintbrush ................... Spreading navarretia ...................... Steamboat buckwheat ................... Thread-leaved brodiaea ................. Willowy monardella ........................ Cirsium fontinale var. obispoense Astragalus lentiginosus var. coachellae. Neostapfia colusana .................... Orcuttia pilosa ............................. Arabis hoffmannii ........................ Chorianthe howellii ...................... Eriodictyon altissimum ................ Eremalche kernensis ................... Astragalus jaegerianus ................ Erysimum menziesii .................... Gilia tenuiflora ssp. arenaria ....... Arctostaphylos morroensis .......... Allium munzii ............................... Deinandra (=Hemizonia) conjugens. Chorizanthe orcuttiana ................ Clarkia speciosa ssp. immaculata Orcuttia viscida ............................ Atriplex coronata var. notatior ..... Malacothamnus fasciculatus var. nesioticus. Arctostaphylos confertiflora ......... Trifolium amoenum ..................... Dodecahema leptoceras ............. Orcuttia tenuis ............................. Castilleja mollis ........................... Navarretia fossalis ....................... Eriogonum ovalifolium var. williamsiae. Brodiaea filifolia ........................... Monardella linoides ssp. viminea cprice-sewell on PROD1PC70 with NOTICES What Information Is Considered in the Review? A 5-year review considers all new information available at the time of the review. In conducting these reviews, we consider the best scientific and commercial data that has become available since the current listing VerDate Aug<31>2005 14:47 Mar 21, 2006 Jkt 208001 Endangered Endangered Endangered Endangered Endangered ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... Endangered ...... Endangered ...... Endangered ...... Threatened ....... Endangered ...... Threatened ....... Endangered ...... Threatened ....... Endangered ...... determination or most recent status review, such as: A. Species biology including, but not limited to, population trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics; B. Habitat conditions including, but not limited to, amount, distribution, and suitability; PO 00000 Frm 00047 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 51 FR 24669 (08–JUL–86) C. Conservation measures that have been implemented that benefit the species; D. Threat status and trends (see five factors under heading ‘‘How Do We Determine Whether a Species is Endangered or Threatened?’’); and E. Other new information, data, or corrections including, but not limited to, taxonomic or nomenclatural changes, E:\FR\FM\22MRN1.SGM 22MRN1 14540 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 55 / Wednesday, March 22, 2006 / Notices identification of erroneous information contained in the List, and improved analytical methods. How Do We Determine Whether a Species Is Endangered or Threatened? Section 4(a)(1) of the Act requires that we determine whether a species is endangered or threatened based on one or more of the five following factors: A. The present or threatened destruction, modification, or curtailment of its habitat or range; B. Overutilization for commercial, recreational, scientific, or educational purposes; C. Disease or predation; D. The inadequacy of existing regulatory mechanisms; or E. Other natural or manmade factors affecting its continued existence. Our assessment of these factors is required, under section 4(b)(1) of the Act, to be based solely on the best scientific and commercial data available. What Could Happen as a Result of This Review? If we find information concerning the 56 species listed in Table 1 indicating that a change in classification may be warranted, we may propose a new rule that could do one of the following: (a) Reclassify the species from threatened to endangered; (b) reclassify the species from endangered to threatened; or (c) remove the species from the List. If we find that a change in classification is not warranted, the species will remain on the List under its current status. Public Solicitation of New Information To ensure that these 5-year reviews are complete and based on the best available scientific and commercial information, we solicit new information from the public, concerned governmental agencies, Tribes, the scientific community, environmental entities, industry, and any other interested parties concerning the status of the species. If you wish to provide information for any species included in these 5-year reviews, submit your comments and materials to the Field Supervisors at the appropriate Fish and Wildlife Office as presented in Table 2. Our practice is to make comments, including names and home addresses of respondents, available for public review during regular business hours. Respondents may request that we withhold a respondent’s identity, as allowable by law. If you wish us to withhold your name or address, you must state this request prominently at the beginning of your comment. We will not consider anonymous comments, however. To the extent consistent with applicable law, we will make all submissions from organizations or businesses, and from individuals identifying themselves as representatives or officials of organizations or businesses, available for public inspection in their entirety. Comments and materials received will be available for public inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours at the offices where the comments are submitted. TABLE 2.—ADDRESSES FOR SUBMITTING COMMENTS ON THE 5-YEAR REVIEWS OF 56 SPECIES IN CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA Species Addresses for comments Laguna Mountains skipper ....................................................................... Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office, 6010 Hidden Valley Road, Carlsbad, CA 92009. Information may also be submitted electronically at FW85yr06@fws.gov. cprice-sewell on PROD1PC70 with NOTICES Riverside fairy shrimp San Diego fairy shrimp Catalina Island mountain mahogany Coachella Valley milk-vetch Munz’s onion Orcutt’s spineflower Otay tarplant San Jacinto Valley crownscale Slender-horned spineflower Spreading navarretia Thread-leaved brodiaea Willowy monardella Inyo California towhee .............................................................................. Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office, 2493 Portola Road, Suite B, Ventura, CA 93003. Information may also be submitted electronically at fw1vfwo5year@fws.gov. Tidewater goby Ben Lomond spineflower Chorro Creek bog thistle Hoffmann’s rock-cress Indian Knob mountain balm Lane Mountain milk-vetch Menzies’ wallflower Monterey gilia Morro manzanita Pismo clarkia Santa Cruz Island bush-mallow Santa Rosa Island manzanita Soft-leaved paintbrush VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:56 Mar 21, 2006 Jkt 208001 PO 00000 Frm 00048 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\22MRN1.SGM 22MRN1 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 55 / Wednesday, March 22, 2006 / Notices 14541 TABLE 2.—ADDRESSES FOR SUBMITTING COMMENTS ON THE 5-YEAR REVIEWS OF 56 SPECIES IN CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA—Continued Species Addresses for comments Blunt-nosed leopard lizard ........................................................................ Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office, 2800 Cottage Way, Room W–2605, Sacramento, CA 95825. Information may also be submitted electronically at fw1sfo5year@fws.gov. California freshwater shrimp Conservancy fairy shrimp Delta green ground beetle Fresno kangaroo rat Giant kangaroo rat Kern primrose sphinx moth Longhorn fairy shrimp San Joaquin kit fox Vernal pool fairy shrimp Vernal pool tadpole shrimp Bakersfield cactus Butte County meadowfoam California jewelflower Colusa grass Hairy Orcutt grass Kern mallow Sacramento Orcutt grass Showy Indian clover Slender Orcutt grass Ash Meadows Amargosa pupfish ............................................................. Desert dace Pahrump poolfish Paiute cutthroat trout White River spinedace Steamboat buckwheat Behren’s silverspot butterfly ..................................................................... Modoc sucker ........................................................................................... Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Nevada Fish and Wildlife Office, 1340 Financial Blvd., Suite 234, Reno, NV 89502. Information may also be submitted electronically at fw1nfwo_5yr@fws.gov. Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office, 11655 Heindon Road, Arcata, CA 95521. Information may also be submitted electronically at howellsspineflower@fws.gov for Howell’s spineflower and behrenssilverspot@fws.gov for Behren’s silverspot butterfly. Howell’s spineflower Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Klamath Falls Fish and Wildlife Office, 6610 Washburn Way, Klamath Falls, OR 97603. Information may also be submitted electronically at kfalls@fws.gov. For further information on any of the 56 species, contact the person identified for that species in Table 3. TABLE 3.—INFORMATION CONTACTS FOR 56 SPECIES UNDERGOING 5-YEAR REVIEW IN CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA cprice-sewell on PROD1PC70 with NOTICES Species Information contact Laguna Mountains skipper ....................................................................... Riverside fairy shrimp San Diego fairy shrimp Catalina Island mountain mahogany Coachella Valley milk-vetch Munz’s onion Orcutt’s spineflower Otay tarplant San Jacinto Valley crownscale Slender-horned spineflower Spreading navarretia Thread-leaved brodiaea Willowy monardella Jim Bartel at the Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office at (760) 431–9440. VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:56 Mar 21, 2006 Jkt 208001 PO 00000 Frm 00049 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\22MRN1.SGM 22MRN1 14542 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 55 / Wednesday, March 22, 2006 / Notices TABLE 3.—INFORMATION CONTACTS FOR 56 SPECIES UNDERGOING 5-YEAR REVIEW IN CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA— Continued Species Information contact Inyo California towhee .............................................................................. Mike McCrary at the Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office at (805) 644– 1766. Tidewater goby Connie Rutherford at the Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office at (805) 644– 1766. Ben Lomond spineflower .......................................................................... Chorro Creek bog thistle Hoffmann’s rock-cress Indian Knob mountain balm Lane Mountain milk-vetch Menzies’ wallflower Monterey gilia Morro manzanita Pismo clarkia Santa Cruz Island bush-mallow Santa Rosa Island manzanita Soft-leaved paintbrush Blunt-nosed leopard lizard ........................................................................ California freshwater shrimp Conservancy fairy shrimp Delta green ground beetle Fresno kangaroo rat Giant kangaroo rat Kern primrose sphinx moth Longhorn fairy shrimp San Joaquin kit fox Vernal pool fairy shrimp Vernal pool tadpole shrimp Bakersfield cactus Butte County meadowfoam California jewelflower Colusa grass Hairy Orcutt grass Kern mallow Sacramento Orcutt grass Showy Indian clover Slender Orcutt grass Ash Meadows Amargosa pupfish ............................................................. Desert dace Pahrump poolfish Paiute cutthroat trout White River spinedace Steamboat buckwheat Howell’s spineflower ................................................................................. Behren’s silverspot butterfly ..................................................................... Modoc sucker ........................................................................................... Craig Aubrey at the Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office at (916) 414– 6600. Jody Brown at the Nevada Fish and Wildlife Office at (775) 861–6300. Dave Imper at the Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office at (707) 822–7201. Jim Watkins at the Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office at (707) 822–7201. Ron Larson at the Klamath Falls Fish and Wildlife Office at (541) 885– 8481. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR This document is published under the authority of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.). Bureau of Land Management Dated: February 9, 2006. Paul Henson, Manager, California/Nevada Operations Office, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. [FR Doc. E6–4120 Filed 3–21–06; 8:45 am] cprice-sewell on PROD1PC70 with NOTICES Authority Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Assessment and Notice of Public Hearing for an Alluvial Valley Floor Coal Lease Exchange in Campbell County, WY BILLING CODE 4310–55–P AGENCY: [(WY–060–5410–EQ), WYW3397 & WYW83394] Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice of availability, Notice of public hearing. SUMMARY: The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) received an VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:56 Mar 21, 2006 Jkt 208001 PO 00000 Frm 00050 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 application from Powder River Coal Company, Inc., (PRCC) to exchange portions of two Federal coal leases affecting an alluvial valley floor (AVF) designated as significant to farming. The affected leases are located at the Caballo Mine in Campbell County, Wyoming. The AVF lands will be exchanged for new coal leases adjacent to one or more existing coal leases. This tract, which was applied for as an AVF exchange under the provisions of 43 CFR 3436, is called the Gold Mine Draw Exchange (GMDX) Tract. Consistent with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) regulations, BLM must prepare an environmental analysis prior to E:\FR\FM\22MRN1.SGM 22MRN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 71, Number 55 (Wednesday, March 22, 2006)]
[Notices]
[Pages 14538-14542]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E6-4120]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Fish and Wildlife Service


Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-
Year Reviews of 56 Species in California and Nevada

AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice of review.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, announce the 
initiation of a 5-year review of 56 species under section 4(c)(2)(B) of 
the Endangered Species Act (Act). The purpose of a 5-year review is to 
ensure that the classification of a species as threatened or endangered 
on the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants is 
accurate and based on the best scientific and commercial data available 
at the time of the review. We are requesting submission of any such 
information that has become available since the original listing of 
each of these 56 species. Based on the results of these 5-year reviews, 
we will make the requisite findings under section 4(c)(2)(A) of the 
Act.

DATES: We must receive your information no later than May 22, 2006. 
However, we will continue to accept new information about any listed 
species at any time.

ADDRESSES: See SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION for instructions on how to 
submit information and review the information that we receive on these 
species.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For species-specific information, 
contact the appropriate individual in Table 3 under ``Public 
Solicitation of New Information.''

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

Why Is a 5-Year Review Conducted?

    Under the Endangered Species Act (Act) (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), we 
maintain a List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants at 50 
CFR 17.11 (for animals) and 17.12 (for plants). Section 4(c)(2)(A) of 
the Act requires that we conduct a review of listed species at least 
once every 5 years. Then, on the basis of such reviews under section 
4(c)(2)(B), we determine whether or not any species should be removed 
from the List (delisted), or reclassified from endangered to threatened 
or from threatened to endangered. Delisting a species must be supported 
by the best scientific and commercial data available and only 
considered if such data substantiates that the species is neither 
endangered nor threatened for one or more of the following reasons: (1) 
The species is considered extinct; (2) the species is considered to be 
recovered; and/or (3) the original data available when the species was 
listed, or the interpretation of such data, were in error. Any change 
in Federal classification would require a separate rulemaking process. 
The regulations in 50 CFR 424.21 require that we publish a notice in 
the Federal Register announcing those species currently under active 
review. This notice announces our active review of the 56 species 
listed in Table 1.

                Table 1.--Summary of Listing Information for 56 Species in California and Nevada
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Common name              Scientific name          Status         Where listed      Final listing rule
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            animals
Ash Meadows Amargosa pupfish..  Cyprinodon nevadensis  Endangered......  U.S.A. (NV).....  48 FR 40178 (02-SEP-
                                 mionectes.                                                 83)
Behren's silverspot butterfly.  Speyeria zerene        Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  62 FR 64306 (05-DEC-
                                 behrensii.                                                 97)
Blunt-nosed leopard lizard....  Gambelia silus.......  Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  32 FR 4001 (11-MAR-
                                                                                            67)
California freshwater shrimp..  Syncaris pacifica....  Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  53 FR 43884 (31-OCT-
                                                                                            88)
Conservancy fairy shrimp......  Branchinecta           Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  59 FR 48136 (19-SEP-
                                 conservatio.                                               94)
Delta green ground beetle.....  Elaphrus viridis.....  Threatened......  U.S.A. (CA).....  45 FR 52807 (08-AUG-
                                                                                            80)
Desert dace...................  Eremichthys acros....  Threatened......  U.S.A. (NV).....  50 FR 50304 (10-DEC-
                                                                                            85)
Fresno kangaroo rat...........  Dipodomys nitratoides  Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  50 FR 4222 (30-JAN-
                                 exilis.                                                    85)
Giant kangaroo rat............  Dipodomys ingens.....  Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  52 FR 283 (05-JAN-87)

[[Page 14539]]

 
Inyo California towhee........  Pipilo crissalis       Threatened......  U.S.A. (CA).....  52 FR 28780 (03-AUG-
                                 eremophilus.                                               87)
Kern primrose sphinx moth.....  Euproserpinus euterpe  Threatened......  U.S.A. (CA).....  45 FR 24088 (08-APR-
                                                                                            80)
Laguna Mountains skipper......  Pyrgus ruralis         Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  62 FR 2313 (16-JAN-
                                 lagunae.                                                   97)
Longhorn fairy shrimp.........  Branchinecta           Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  59 FR 48136 (19-SEP-
                                 longiantenna.                                              94)
Modoc sucker..................  Catostomus microps...  Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  50 FR 24526 (11-JUN-
                                                                                            85)
Pahrump poolfish..............  Empetrichthys latos..  Endangered......  U.S.A. (NV).....  32 FR 4001 (11-MAR-
                                                                                            67)
Paiute cutthroat trout........  Oncorhynchus clarki    Threatened......  U.S.A. (CA).....  32 FR 4001 (11-MAR-
                                 seleniris.                                                 67)
Riverside fairy shrimp........  Streptocephalus        Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  58 FR 41384 (03-AUG-
                                 woottoni.                                                  93)
San Diego fairy shrimp........  Branchinecta           Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  62 FR 4925 (03-FEB-
                                 sandiegonensis.                                            97)
San Joaquin kit fox...........  Vulpes macrotis        Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  32 FR 4001 (11-MAR-
                                 mutica.                                                    67)
Tidewater goby................  Eucyclogobius          Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  59 FR 5494 (04-FEB-
                                 newberryi.                                                 94)
Vernal pool fairy shrimp......  Branchinecta lynchi..  Threatened......  U.S.A. (CA, OR).  59 FR 48136 (19-SEP-
                                                                                            94)
Vernal pool tadpole shrimp....  Lepidurus packardi...  Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  59 FR 48136 (19-SEP-
                                                                                            94)
White River spinedace.........  Lepidomeda albivallis  Endangered......  U.S.A. (NV).....  50 FR 37194 (12-SEP-
                                                                                            85)
 
            plants
Bakersfield cactus............  Opuntia treleasei....  Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  55 FR 29361 (19-JUL-
                                                                                            90)
Ben Lomond spineflower........  Chorizanthe pungens    Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  59 FR 5499 (04-FEB-
                                 var. hartwegiana.                                          94)
Butte County meadowfoam.......  Limnanthes floccosa    Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  57 FR 24192 (08-JUN-
                                 ssp. californica.                                          92)
California jewelflower........  Caulanthus             Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  55 FR 29361 (19-JUL-
                                 californicus.                                              90)
Catalina Island mountain-       Cercocarpus traskiae.  Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  62 FR 42692 (08-AUG-
 mahogany.                                                                                  97)
Chorro Creek bog thistle......  Cirsium fontinale      Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  59 FR 64613 (15-DEC-
                                 var. obispoense.                                           94)
Coachella Valley milk-vetch...  Astragalus             Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  63 FR 53596 (06-OCT-
                                 lentiginosus var.                                          98)
                                 coachellae.
Colusa grass..................  Neostapfia colusana..  Threatened......  U.S.A. (CA).....  62 FR 14338 (26-MAR-
                                                                                            97)
Hairy Orcutt grass............  Orcuttia pilosa......  Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  62 FR 14338 (26-MAR-
                                                                                            97)
Hoffmann's rock-cress.........  Arabis hoffmannii....  Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  62 FR 40954 (31-JUL-
                                                                                            97)
Howell's spineflower..........  Chorianthe howellii..  Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  57 FR 27848 (22-JUN-
                                                                                            92)
Indian Knob mountain balm.....  Eriodictyon            Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  59 FR 64613 (15-DEC-
                                 altissimum.                                                94)
Kern mallow...................  Eremalche kernensis..  Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  55 FR 29361 (19-JUL-
                                                                                            90)
Lane Mountain milk-vetch......  Astragalus             Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  63 FR 53596 (06-OCT-
                                 jaegerianus.                                               98)
Menzies' wallflower...........  Erysimum menziesii...  Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  57 FR 27848 (22-JUN-
                                                                                            92)
Monterey gilia................  Gilia tenuiflora ssp.  Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  57 FR 27848 (22-JUN-
                                 arenaria.                                                  92)
Morro manzanita...............  Arctostaphylos         Threatened......  U.S.A. (CA).....  59 FR 64613 (15-DEC-
                                 morroensis.                                                94)
Munz's onion..................  Allium munzii........  Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  63 FR 54975 (13-OCT-
                                                                                            98)
Otay tarplant.................  Deinandra              Threatened......  U.S.A. (CA);      63 FR 54937 (13-OCT-
                                 (=Hemizonia)                             Mexico (B.C.).    98)
                                 conjugens.
Orcutt's spineflower..........  Chorizanthe            Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  61 FR 52370 (07-OCT-
                                 orcuttiana.                                                96)
Pismo clarkia.................  Clarkia speciosa ssp.  Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  59 FR 64613 (15-DEC-
                                 immaculata.                                                94)
Sacramento Orcutt grass.......  Orcuttia viscida.....  Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  62 FR 14338 (26-MAR-
                                                                                            97)
San Jacinto Valley crownscale.  Atriplex coronata      Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  63 FR 54975 (13-OCT-
                                 var. notatior.                                             98)
Santa Cruz Island bush-mallow.  Malacothamnus          Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  62 FR 40954 (31-JUL-
                                 fasciculatus var.                                          97)
                                 nesioticus.
Santa Rosa Island manzanita...  Arctostaphylos         Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  62 FR 40954 (31-JUL-
                                 confertiflora.                                             97)
Showy Indian clover...........  Trifolium amoenum....  Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  62 FR 54791 (22-OCT-
                                                                                            97)
Slender-horned spineflower....  Dodecahema leptoceras  Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  52 FR 36265 (28-SEP-
                                                                                            87)
Slender Orcutt grass..........  Orcuttia tenuis......  Threatened......  U.S.A. (CA).....  62 FR 14338 (26-MAR-
                                                                                            97)
Soft-leaved paintbrush........  Castilleja mollis....  Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA).....  62 FR 40954 (31-JUL-
                                                                                            97)
Spreading navarretia..........  Navarretia fossalis..  Threatened......  U.S.A. (CA);      63 FR 54975 (13-OCT-
                                                                          Mexico (B.C.).    98)
Steamboat buckwheat...........  Eriogonum ovalifolium  Endangered......  U.S.A. (NV).....  51 FR 24669 (08-JUL-
                                 var. williamsiae.                                          86)
Thread-leaved brodiaea........  Brodiaea filifolia...  Threatened......  U.S.A. (CA).....  63 FR 54975 (13-OCT-
                                                                                            98)
Willowy monardella............  Monardella linoides    Endangered......  U.S.A. (CA);      63 FR 54937 (13-OCT-
                                 ssp. viminea.                            Mexico.           98)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

What Information Is Considered in the Review?

    A 5-year review considers all new information available at the time 
of the review. In conducting these reviews, we consider the best 
scientific and commercial data that has become available since the 
current listing determination or most recent status review, such as:
    A. Species biology including, but not limited to, population 
trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics;
    B. Habitat conditions including, but not limited to, amount, 
distribution, and suitability;
    C. Conservation measures that have been implemented that benefit 
the species;
    D. Threat status and trends (see five factors under heading ``How 
Do We Determine Whether a Species is Endangered or Threatened?''); and
    E. Other new information, data, or corrections including, but not 
limited to, taxonomic or nomenclatural changes,

[[Page 14540]]

identification of erroneous information contained in the List, and 
improved analytical methods.

How Do We Determine Whether a Species Is Endangered or Threatened?

    Section 4(a)(1) of the Act requires that we determine whether a 
species is endangered or threatened based on one or more of the five 
following factors:
    A. The present or threatened destruction, modification, or 
curtailment of its habitat or range;
    B. Overutilization for commercial, recreational, scientific, or 
educational purposes;
    C. Disease or predation;
    D. The inadequacy of existing regulatory mechanisms; or
    E. Other natural or manmade factors affecting its continued 
existence.
Our assessment of these factors is required, under section 4(b)(1) of 
the Act, to be based solely on the best scientific and commercial data 
available.

What Could Happen as a Result of This Review?

    If we find information concerning the 56 species listed in Table 1 
indicating that a change in classification may be warranted, we may 
propose a new rule that could do one of the following: (a) Reclassify 
the species from threatened to endangered; (b) reclassify the species 
from endangered to threatened; or (c) remove the species from the List. 
If we find that a change in classification is not warranted, the 
species will remain on the List under its current status.

Public Solicitation of New Information

    To ensure that these 5-year reviews are complete and based on the 
best available scientific and commercial information, we solicit new 
information from the public, concerned governmental agencies, Tribes, 
the scientific community, environmental entities, industry, and any 
other interested parties concerning the status of the species.
    If you wish to provide information for any species included in 
these 5-year reviews, submit your comments and materials to the Field 
Supervisors at the appropriate Fish and Wildlife Office as presented in 
Table 2. Our practice is to make comments, including names and home 
addresses of respondents, available for public review during regular 
business hours. Respondents may request that we withhold a respondent's 
identity, as allowable by law. If you wish us to withhold your name or 
address, you must state this request prominently at the beginning of 
your comment. We will not consider anonymous comments, however. To the 
extent consistent with applicable law, we will make all submissions 
from organizations or businesses, and from individuals identifying 
themselves as representatives or officials of organizations or 
businesses, available for public inspection in their entirety. Comments 
and materials received will be available for public inspection, by 
appointment, during normal business hours at the offices where the 
comments are submitted.

 Table 2.--Addresses for Submitting Comments on the 5-Year Reviews of 56
                    Species in California and Nevada
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Species                       Addresses for comments
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Laguna Mountains skipper...............  Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-
                                          Year Review, U.S. Fish and
                                          Wildlife Service, Carlsbad
                                          Fish and Wildlife Office, 6010
                                          Hidden Valley Road, Carlsbad,
                                          CA 92009.
                                         Information may also be
                                          submitted electronically at
                                          FW85yr06@fws.gov.
Riverside fairy shrimp
San Diego fairy shrimp
Catalina Island mountain mahogany
Coachella Valley milk-vetch
Munz's onion
Orcutt's spineflower
Otay tarplant
San Jacinto Valley crownscale
Slender-horned spineflower
Spreading navarretia
Thread-leaved brodiaea
Willowy monardella
Inyo California towhee.................  Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-
                                          Year Review, U.S. Fish and
                                          Wildlife Service, Ventura Fish
                                          and Wildlife Office, 2493
                                          Portola Road, Suite B,
                                          Ventura, CA 93003.
                                         Information may also be
                                          submitted electronically at
                                          fw1vfwo5year@fws.gov.
Tidewater goby
Ben Lomond spineflower
Chorro Creek bog thistle
Hoffmann's rock-cress
Indian Knob mountain balm
Lane Mountain milk-vetch
Menzies' wallflower
Monterey gilia
Morro manzanita
Pismo clarkia
Santa Cruz Island bush-mallow
Santa Rosa Island manzanita
Soft-leaved paintbrush

[[Page 14541]]

 
Blunt-nosed leopard lizard.............  Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-
                                          Year Review, U.S. Fish and
                                          Wildlife Service, Sacramento
                                          Fish and Wildlife Office, 2800
                                          Cottage Way, Room W-2605,
                                          Sacramento, CA 95825.
                                         Information may also be
                                          submitted electronically at
                                          fw1sfo5year@fws.gov.
California freshwater shrimp
Conservancy fairy shrimp
Delta green ground beetle
Fresno kangaroo rat
Giant kangaroo rat
Kern primrose sphinx moth
Longhorn fairy shrimp
San Joaquin kit fox
Vernal pool fairy shrimp
Vernal pool tadpole shrimp
Bakersfield cactus
Butte County meadowfoam
California jewelflower
Colusa grass
Hairy Orcutt grass
Kern mallow
Sacramento Orcutt grass
Showy Indian clover
Slender Orcutt grass
Ash Meadows Amargosa pupfish...........  Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-
                                          Year Review, U.S. Fish and
                                          Wildlife Service, Nevada Fish
                                          and Wildlife Office, 1340
                                          Financial Blvd., Suite 234,
                                          Reno, NV 89502.
                                         Information may also be
                                          submitted electronically at
                                          fw1nfwo_5yr@fws.gov.
Desert dace
Pahrump poolfish
Paiute cutthroat trout
White River spinedace
Steamboat buckwheat
Behren's silverspot butterfly..........  Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-
                                          Year Review, U.S. Fish and
                                          Wildlife Service, Arcata Fish
                                          and Wildlife Office, 11655
                                          Heindon Road, Arcata, CA
                                          95521.
                                         Information may also be
                                          submitted electronically at
                                          howellsspineflower@fws.gov for
                                          Howell's spineflower and
                                          behrenssilverspot@fws.gov for
                                          Behren's silverspot butterfly.
                                         Howell's spineflower
Modoc sucker...........................  Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-
                                          Year Review, U.S. Fish and
                                          Wildlife Service, Klamath
                                          Falls Fish and Wildlife
                                          Office, 6610 Washburn Way,
                                          Klamath Falls, OR 97603.
                                         Information may also be
                                          submitted electronically at
                                          kfalls@fws.gov.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    For further information on any of the 56 species, contact the 
person identified for that species in Table 3.

 Table 3.--Information Contacts for 56 Species Undergoing 5-Year Review
                        in California and Nevada
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Species                        Information contact
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Laguna Mountains skipper...............  Jim Bartel at the Carlsbad Fish
                                          and Wildlife Office at (760)
                                          431-9440.
Riverside fairy shrimp
San Diego fairy shrimp
Catalina Island mountain mahogany
Coachella Valley milk-vetch
Munz's onion
Orcutt's spineflower
Otay tarplant
San Jacinto Valley crownscale
Slender-horned spineflower
Spreading navarretia
Thread-leaved brodiaea
Willowy monardella

[[Page 14542]]

 
Inyo California towhee.................  Mike McCrary at the Ventura
                                          Fish and Wildlife Office at
                                          (805) 644-1766.
                                         Tidewater goby
Ben Lomond spineflower.................  Connie Rutherford at the
                                          Ventura Fish and Wildlife
                                          Office at (805) 644-1766.
Chorro Creek bog thistle
Hoffmann's rock-cress
Indian Knob mountain balm
Lane Mountain milk-vetch
Menzies' wallflower
Monterey gilia
Morro manzanita
Pismo clarkia
Santa Cruz Island bush-mallow
Santa Rosa Island manzanita
Soft-leaved paintbrush
Blunt-nosed leopard lizard.............  Craig Aubrey at the Sacramento
                                          Fish and Wildlife Office at
                                          (916) 414-6600.
California freshwater shrimp
Conservancy fairy shrimp
Delta green ground beetle
Fresno kangaroo rat
Giant kangaroo rat
Kern primrose sphinx moth
Longhorn fairy shrimp
San Joaquin kit fox
Vernal pool fairy shrimp
Vernal pool tadpole shrimp
Bakersfield cactus
Butte County meadowfoam
California jewelflower
Colusa grass
Hairy Orcutt grass
Kern mallow
Sacramento Orcutt grass
Showy Indian clover
Slender Orcutt grass
Ash Meadows Amargosa pupfish...........  Jody Brown at the Nevada Fish
                                          and Wildlife Office at (775)
                                          861-6300.
Desert dace
Pahrump poolfish
Paiute cutthroat trout
White River spinedace
Steamboat buckwheat
Howell's spineflower...................  Dave Imper at the Arcata Fish
                                          and Wildlife Office at (707)
                                          822-7201.
Behren's silverspot butterfly..........  Jim Watkins at the Arcata Fish
                                          and Wildlife Office at (707)
                                          822-7201.
Modoc sucker...........................  Ron Larson at the Klamath Falls
                                          Fish and Wildlife Office at
                                          (541) 885-8481.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Authority

    This document is published under the authority of the Endangered 
Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.).

    Dated: February 9, 2006.
Paul Henson,
Manager, California/Nevada Operations Office, U.S. Fish and Wildlife 
Service.
[FR Doc. E6-4120 Filed 3-21-06; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-55-P