Special Conditions: Raytheon Aircraft Company Model BAe.125 Series 800A; High-Intensity Radiated Fields (HIRF), 9905-9907 [06-1808]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 39 / Tuesday, February 28, 2006 / Rules and Regulations series airplanes. Should Elliott Aviation Technical Product Development apply at a later date for a supplemental type certificate to modify any other model included on Type Certificate No. A27CEU to incorporate the same or similar novel or unusual design feature, these special conditions would apply to that model as well under the provisions of § 21.101. Conclusion This action affects only certain novel or unusual design features on the Cessna Model 501 and 551 series airplanes modified by Elliott Aviation Technical Product Development. It is not a rule of general applicability and affects only the applicant who applied to the FAA for approval of these features on the airplane. The substance of the special conditions for these airplanes has been subjected to the notice and comment procedure in several prior instances and has been derived without substantive change from those previously issued. Because a delay would significantly affect the certification of the airplane, which is imminent, the FAA has determined that prior public notice and comment are unnecessary and impracticable, and good cause exists for adopting these special conditions upon issuance. The FAA is requesting comments to allow interested persons to submit views that may not have been submitted in response to the prior opportunities for comment described above. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 25 Aircraft, Aviation safety, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. I The authority citation for these special conditions is as follows: sroberts on PROD1PC70 with RULES Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701, 44702, 44704. The Special Conditions I Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the following special conditions are issued as part of the supplemental type certification basis for the Cessna Aircraft Company Model 501 and 551 airplanes modified by Elliott Aviation Technical Product Development, Inc. 1. Protection from Unwanted Effects of High-Intensity Radiated Fields (HIRF). Each electronic and electrical system that performs critical functions must be designed and installed to ensure that the operation and operational capability of these systems to perform critical functions are not adversely affected when the airplane is exposed to high intensity radiated fields. VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:27 Feb 27, 2006 Jkt 208001 2. For the purpose of these special conditions, the following definition applies: Critical Functions: Functions whose failure would contribute to or cause a failure condition that would prevent the continued safe flight and landing of the airplane. Issued in Renton, Washington, on February 9, 2006. Kalene C. Yanamura, Acting Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 06–1810 Filed 2–27–06; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P 9905 Directorate at the address indicated above. You must mark your comments: Docket No. NM388. You can inspect comments in the Rules Docket weekdays, except Federal Holidays, between 7:30 a.m. and 4 p.m. Greg Dunn, FAA, Airplane and Flight Crew Interface Branch, ANM–111, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, Washington 98055–4056; telephone (425) 227–2799; facsimile (425) 227–1320. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Comments Invited Federal Aviation Administration The FAA has determined that notice and opportunity for prior public comment is impracticable because these procedures would significantly delay certification of the airplane and thus delivery of the affected aircraft. In addition, the substance of these special conditions has been subject to the public comment process in several prior instances with no substantive comments received. The FAA therefore finds that good cause exists for making these special conditions effective upon issuance; however, we invite interested persons to take part in this rulemaking by sending written comments, data, or views. The most helpful comments reference a specific portion of the special conditions, explain the reason for any recommended change, and include supporting data. We ask that you send us two copies of written comments. We will file in the docket all comments we receive, as well as a report summarizing each substantive public contact with FAA personnel concerning these special conditions. You may inspect the docket before and after the comment closing date. If you wish to review the docket in person, go to the address in the ADDRESSES section of this preamble between 7:30 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. We will consider all comments we receive by the closing date for comments. We will consider comments filed late if it is possible to do so without incurring expense or delay. We may change these special conditions based on the comments we receive. If you want the FAA to acknowledge receipt of your comments on these special conditions, include with your comments a pre-addressed, stamped postcard on which the docket number appears. We will stamp the date on the postcard and mail it back to you. 14 CFR Part 25 [Docket No. NM338, Special Conditions No. 25–312–SC] Special Conditions: Raytheon Aircraft Company Model BAe.125 Series 800A; High-Intensity Radiated Fields (HIRF) Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final special conditions; request for comments. AGENCY: SUMMARY: These special conditions are issued for Raytheon Aircraft Company Model BAe.125 Series 800A airplanes modified by Duncan Aviation Inc. These modified airplanes will have a novel or unusual design feature when compared to the state of technology envisioned in the airworthiness standards for transport category airplanes. The modification incorporates the installation of the Honeywell Primus Epic CDS/R Display System. The applicable airworthiness regulations do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for protecting these systems from the effects of highintensity radiated fields (HIRF). These special conditions contain the additional safety standards the Administrator considers necessary to establish a level of safety equivalent to that established by the existing airworthiness standards. DATES: The effective date of these special conditions is February 9, 2006. We must receive your comments by March 30, 2006. ADDRESSES: You must mail two copies of your comments to: Federal Aviation Administration, Transport Airplane Directorate, Attention: Rules Docket (ANM–113), Docket No. NM338, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, Washington 98055–4056. You may deliver two copies to the Transport Airplane PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\28FER1.SGM 28FER1 9906 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 39 / Tuesday, February 28, 2006 / Rules and Regulations Background On October 15, 2005, Duncan Aviation, Inc., 3701 Aviation Road, Lincoln, NE 68524, applied for a supplemental type certificate (STC) to modify Raytheon Aircraft Company Model BAe.125 Series 800A airplanes currently approved under Type Certificate No. A3EU. The Model BAe.125 Series 800A airplanes are small transport category airplanes. They are powered by two turbojet engines, with maximum takeoff weight of 31,000 pounds as modified by Modification No. 253379A or 26,866 pounds as modified by Modification No. 25B047A. These airplanes operate with 2-person crew and can seat up to 15 passengers. The proposed modification is to install Honeywell Primus EPIC Cockpit Display System. The avionics/electronics and electrical systems installed in this airplane have the potential to be vulnerable to high-intensity radiated fields (HIRF) external to the airplane. sroberts on PROD1PC70 with RULES Type Certification Basis Under 14 CFR 21.101, Duncan Aviation, Inc. must show the Raytheon Aircraft Company Model BAe.125 Series 800A aircraft, as changed, continue to meet the applicable provisions of the regulations incorporated by reference in Type Certificate No. A3EU. They must also continue to meet the applicable regulations in effect on the date of application for the change. We commonly refer to the regulations incorporated by reference in the type certificate as the ‘‘original type certification basis.’’ The regulations incorporated by reference in Type Certificate No. A3EU include Part 10 of the British Civil Airworthiness Requirements. This certification is equivalent to Civil Air Regulations (CAR) 4b dated December 1953, as amended by Amendment 4b-1 through Amendment 4b-11, exclusive of CAR 4b 350(e). It includes Special Regulation SR 422B. In addition, the certification basis includes certain later amendments to 14 CFR part 25 that are not relevant to these special conditions. If the Administrator finds that the applicable airworthiness regulations (i.e., part 25, amended) do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for the Duncan Aviation, Inc., Raytheon Aircraft Company Model Bae.125, Series 800A airplanes, because of a novel or unusual design feature, special conditions are prescribed under § 21.16. Besides the applicable airworthiness regulations and special conditions, the Raytheon Aircraft Company Model BAe.125, Series 800A airplanes, must comply with the fuel vent exhaust VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:27 Feb 27, 2006 Jkt 208001 emission requirements of 14 CFR part 34. It must also comply with the noise certification requirements of 14 CFR part 36. We issue special conditions, as defined in 14 CFR 11.19, under § 11.38 and they become part of the type certification basis under § 21.101. Special conditions are initially applicable to the model for which they are issued. Should Duncan Aviation Inc., apply later for a supplemental type certificate to modify any other model included on Type Certificate No. A3EU to incorporate the same or similar novel or unusual design feature, these special conditions would also apply to the other model under § 21.101. Novel or Unusual Design Features As noted earlier, the Raytheon Aircraft Company Model BAe.125 Series 800A aircraft, as modified by Duncan Aviation, Inc., will incorporate the Honeywell Primus EPIC Cockpit Display System. The EPIC Displays perform critical functions. These systems may be vulnerable to high-intensity radiated fields external to the airplane. The current airworthiness standards of part 25 do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for the protection of this equipment from the adverse effects of HIRF. Therefore, we consider this system to be a novel or unusual design feature. Discussion There is no specific regulation that addresses protection requirements for electrical and electronic systems from HIRF. Increased power levels from ground-based radio transmitters and the growing use of sensitive avionics/ electronics and electrical systems to command and control airplanes have made it necessary to provide adequate protection. To ensure that a level of safety is achieved equivalent to that intended by the regulations incorporated by reference, special conditions are needed for the Raytheon Aircraft Company Model BAe.125 Series 800A airplanes as modified by Duncan Aviation, Inc. These special conditions require that new avionics/electronics and electrical systems that perform critical functions be designed and installed to preclude component damage and interruption of function because of both the direct and indirect effects of HIRF. High-Intensity Radiated Fields (HIRF) With the trend toward increased power levels from ground-based transmitters, and the advent of space and satellite communications, coupled with electronic command and control of PO 00000 Frm 00010 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 the airplane, the immunity of critical avionics/electronics and electrical systems to HIRF must be established. It is not possible to precisely define the HIRF to which the airplane will be exposed in service. There is also uncertainty concerning the effectiveness of airframe shielding for HIRF. Furthermore, coupling of electromagnetic energy to cockpitinstalled equipment through the cockpit window apertures is undefined. Based on surveys and analysis of existing HIRF emitters, an adequate level of protection exists when compliance with the HIRF protection special condition is shown with either paragraph 1 OR 2 below: 1. A minimum threat of 100 volts rms (root-mean-square) per meter electric field strength from 10 KHz to 18 GHz. a. The threat must be applied to the system elements and their associated wiring harnesses without the benefit of airframe shielding. b. Demonstration of this level of protection is established through system tests and analysis. 2. A threat external to the airframe of the field strengths identified in the table below for the frequency ranges indicated. Both peak and average field strength components from the table are to be demonstrated. Frequency Field strength (volts per meter) Peak 10 kHz–100 kHz ....... 100 kHz–500 kHz ..... 500 kHz–2 MHz ........ 2 MHz–30 MHz ......... 30 MHz–70 MHz ....... 70 MHz–100 MHz ..... 100 MHz–200 MHz ... 200 MHz–400 MHz ... 400 MHz–700 MHz ... 700 MHz–1 GHz ....... 1 GHz–2 GHz ........... 2 GHz–4 GHz ........... 4 GHz–6 GHz ........... 6 GHz–8 GHz ........... 8 GHz–12 GHz ......... 12 GHz–18 GHz ....... 18 GHz–40 GHz ....... 50 50 50 100 50 50 100 100 700 700 2000 3000 3000 1000 3000 2000 600 Average 50 50 50 100 50 50 100 100 50 100 200 200 200 200 300 200 200 The field strengths are expressed in terms of peak of the root-mean-square (rms) over the complete modulation period. The threat levels identified above are the result of an FAA review of existing studies on the subject of HIRF, in light of the ongoing work of the Electromagnetic Effects Harmonization Working Group of the Aviation Rulemaking Advisory Committee. Applicability As discussed above, these special conditions are applicable to Raytheon Aircraft Company Model BAe.125 Series E:\FR\FM\28FER1.SGM 28FER1 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 39 / Tuesday, February 28, 2006 / Rules and Regulations 800A airplanes modified by Duncan Aviation, Inc. Should Duncan Aviation, Inc. apply later for a supplemental type certificate to modify any other model included on Type Certificate No. A3EU to incorporate the same or similar novel or unusual design feature, these special conditions would apply to that model as well under § 21.101. Conclusion This action affects only certain novel or unusual design features on Raytheon Aircraft Company Model BAe.125 Series 800A airplanes as modified by Duncan Aviation, Inc. It is not a rule of general applicability and affects only the applicant who applied to the FAA for approval of these features on the airplane. The substance of these special conditions has been subjected to the notice and comment procedure in several prior instances and has been derived without substantive change from those previously issued. Because a delay would significantly affect the certification of the airplane, which is imminent, the FAA has determined that prior public notice and comment are unnecessary and impracticable, and good cause exists for adopting these special conditions upon issuance. The FAA is requesting comments to allow interested persons to send views that may not have been sent in response to the prior opportunities for comment described above. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 25 Aircraft, Aviation safety, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. The authority citation for these special conditions is as follows: sroberts on PROD1PC70 with RULES Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701, 44702, 44704. The Special Conditions Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the following special conditions are issued as part of the supplemental type certification basis for Raytheon Aircraft Company Model BAe.125 Series 800A airplanes modified by Duncan Aviation, Inc. 1. Protection from Unwanted Effects of High-Intensity Radiated Fields (HIRF). Each electrical and electronic system that performs critical functions must be designed and installed to ensure that the operation and operational capability of these systems to perform critical functions are not adversely affected when the airplane is exposed to high-intensity radiated fields. 2. For the purpose of these special conditions, the following definition VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:27 Feb 27, 2006 Jkt 208001 applies: Critical Functions: Functions whose failure would contribute to or cause a failure condition that would prevent the continued safe flight and landing of the airplane. Issued in Renton, Washington, on February 9, 2006. Kalene C. Yanamura, Acting Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 06–1808 Filed 2–27–06; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Parts 47 and 49 Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. AGENCY: Notice in regards to processes at the FAA, Civil Aviation Registry, Aircraft Registration Branch (Registry), in relation to implementation of the Cape Town Treaty (Treaty). ACTION: SUMMARY: On January 3, 2005, the FAA published final rules implementing the Cape Town Treaty. on February 17, 2006, the FAA published a notice advising that the Cape Town Treaty becomes effective for the United States on March 1, 2006. The FAA is publishing this document to advise interested persons of certain procedures in the Aircraft Registration Branch related to the Cape Town Treaty. Effective Date: March 1, 2006. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Walter Binkley, Manager, Aircraft Registration Branch (AFS–750), Mike Monroney Aeronautical Center, Federal Aviation Administration (AFS–750), Post Office Box 25504, Oklahoma City, OK 73125. Telephone (405) 954–3131. The Cape Town Treaty Implementation Act of 2004, Public Law 108–297, required conforming changes to the regulations concerning registration and deregistration of aircraft, among other things. The amendments have been made and published. The Registry is taking this opportunity to advise interested persons of the Registry’s practices for processing certain documents related to the Cape Town Treaty. These matters are largely procedural in nature. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: PO 00000 Frm 00011 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Acceptance of Instruments for Aircraft Objects Subject to the Treaty Pursuant to amendments made to 14 CFR part 49, to include § 49.63, FAA requires that documents representing transactions meeting the requirements of subpart C of this part accompany the completed Entry Point Filing Form— International Registry, AC Form 8050– 135, unless the form is submitted in connection with a notice of a prospective international interest. Because the Treaty does not enter into force for the United States until March 1, 2006, instruments completed prior to March 1, 2006, will continue to be processed in accordance with the Geneva Convention. Interim List of Eligible Aircraft Federal Aviation Administration, Civil Aviation Registry, Aircraft Registration Branch Practices Related to the Cape Town Treaty DATES: 9907 Article 2 of the Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipment provides for an international interest in certain categories of mobile equipment and associated rights. The convention refers to uniquely identifiable objects as designated in the Aircraft protocol to the Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipment on Matters Specific to Aircraft Equipment (Protocol). Designated aircraft equipment includes: (1) Airframes, that when appropriate aircraft engines are installed thereon, are type certified by the competent aviation authority to transport at least eight (8) persons including crew; or goods in excess of 2750 kilograms; (2) Helicopters, heavier-than-air machines, supported in flight chiefly by the reactions of the air on one or more power-driven rotors on substantially vertical axes and which are type certified by the competent aviation authority to transport at least five (5) persons including crew; or goods in excess of 450 kilograms; and (3) Aircraft engines, powered by jet propulsion or turbine or piston technology and: (a) in the case of jet propulsion aircraft engines, have at least 1750 lb of thrust or its equivalent; and (b) in the case of turbine-powered or piston-powered aircraft engines, have at least 550 rated take-off shaft horsepower or its equivalent. Since a sanctioned comprehensive list prepared by an appropriate authority containing the manufacturer, model and serial number for each aircraft object subject to the Treaty has not yet been provided to the Contracting States; FAA will begin accepting documents related to the Cape Town Treaty on March 1, 2006, based on an interim updatable list of eligible aircraft objects compiled by the FAA. The eligibility of any aircraft E:\FR\FM\28FER1.SGM 28FER1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 71, Number 39 (Tuesday, February 28, 2006)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 9905-9907]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 06-1808]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 25

[Docket No. NM338, Special Conditions No. 25-312-SC]


Special Conditions: Raytheon Aircraft Company Model BAe.125 
Series 800A; High-Intensity Radiated Fields (HIRF)

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Final special conditions; request for comments.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: These special conditions are issued for Raytheon Aircraft 
Company Model BAe.125 Series 800A airplanes modified by Duncan Aviation 
Inc. These modified airplanes will have a novel or unusual design 
feature when compared to the state of technology envisioned in the 
airworthiness standards for transport category airplanes. The 
modification incorporates the installation of the Honeywell Primus Epic 
CDS/R Display System. The applicable airworthiness regulations do not 
contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for protecting these 
systems from the effects of high-intensity radiated fields (HIRF). 
These special conditions contain the additional safety standards the 
Administrator considers necessary to establish a level of safety 
equivalent to that established by the existing airworthiness standards.

DATES: The effective date of these special conditions is February 9, 
2006. We must receive your comments by March 30, 2006.

ADDRESSES: You must mail two copies of your comments to: Federal 
Aviation Administration, Transport Airplane Directorate, Attention: 
Rules Docket (ANM-113), Docket No. NM338, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, 
Washington 98055-4056. You may deliver two copies to the Transport 
Airplane Directorate at the address indicated above. You must mark your 
comments: Docket No. NM388. You can inspect comments in the Rules 
Docket weekdays, except Federal Holidays, between 7:30 a.m. and 4 p.m.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Greg Dunn, FAA, Airplane and Flight 
Crew Interface Branch, ANM-111, Transport Airplane Directorate, 
Aircraft Certification Service, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, 
Washington 98055-4056; telephone (425) 227-2799; facsimile (425) 227-
1320.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Comments Invited

    The FAA has determined that notice and opportunity for prior public 
comment is impracticable because these procedures would significantly 
delay certification of the airplane and thus delivery of the affected 
aircraft. In addition, the substance of these special conditions has 
been subject to the public comment process in several prior instances 
with no substantive comments received. The FAA therefore finds that 
good cause exists for making these special conditions effective upon 
issuance; however, we invite interested persons to take part in this 
rulemaking by sending written comments, data, or views. The most 
helpful comments reference a specific portion of the special 
conditions, explain the reason for any recommended change, and include 
supporting data. We ask that you send us two copies of written 
comments.
    We will file in the docket all comments we receive, as well as a 
report summarizing each substantive public contact with FAA personnel 
concerning these special conditions. You may inspect the docket before 
and after the comment closing date. If you wish to review the docket in 
person, go to the address in the ADDRESSES section of this preamble 
between 7:30 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal 
holidays.
    We will consider all comments we receive by the closing date for 
comments. We will consider comments filed late if it is possible to do 
so without incurring expense or delay. We may change these special 
conditions based on the comments we receive.
    If you want the FAA to acknowledge receipt of your comments on 
these special conditions, include with your comments a pre-addressed, 
stamped postcard on which the docket number appears. We will stamp the 
date on the postcard and mail it back to you.

[[Page 9906]]

Background

    On October 15, 2005, Duncan Aviation, Inc., 3701 Aviation Road, 
Lincoln, NE 68524, applied for a supplemental type certificate (STC) to 
modify Raytheon Aircraft Company Model BAe.125 Series 800A airplanes 
currently approved under Type Certificate No. A3EU. The Model BAe.125 
Series 800A airplanes are small transport category airplanes. They are 
powered by two turbojet engines, with maximum takeoff weight of 31,000 
pounds as modified by Modification No. 253379A or 26,866 pounds as 
modified by Modification No. 25B047A. These airplanes operate with 2-
person crew and can seat up to 15 passengers. The proposed modification 
is to install Honeywell Primus EPIC Cockpit Display System. The 
avionics/electronics and electrical systems installed in this airplane 
have the potential to be vulnerable to high-intensity radiated fields 
(HIRF) external to the airplane.

Type Certification Basis

    Under 14 CFR 21.101, Duncan Aviation, Inc. must show the Raytheon 
Aircraft Company Model BAe.125 Series 800A aircraft, as changed, 
continue to meet the applicable provisions of the regulations 
incorporated by reference in Type Certificate No. A3EU. They must also 
continue to meet the applicable regulations in effect on the date of 
application for the change. We commonly refer to the regulations 
incorporated by reference in the type certificate as the ``original 
type certification basis.'' The regulations incorporated by reference 
in Type Certificate No. A3EU include Part 10 of the British Civil 
Airworthiness Requirements. This certification is equivalent to Civil 
Air Regulations (CAR) 4b dated December 1953, as amended by Amendment 
4b-1 through Amendment 4b-11, exclusive of CAR 4b 350(e). It includes 
Special Regulation SR 422B. In addition, the certification basis 
includes certain later amendments to 14 CFR part 25 that are not 
relevant to these special conditions.
    If the Administrator finds that the applicable airworthiness 
regulations (i.e., part 25, amended) do not contain adequate or 
appropriate safety standards for the Duncan Aviation, Inc., Raytheon 
Aircraft Company Model Bae.125, Series 800A airplanes, because of a 
novel or unusual design feature, special conditions are prescribed 
under Sec.  21.16.
    Besides the applicable airworthiness regulations and special 
conditions, the Raytheon Aircraft Company Model BAe.125, Series 800A 
airplanes, must comply with the fuel vent exhaust emission requirements 
of 14 CFR part 34. It must also comply with the noise certification 
requirements of 14 CFR part 36.
    We issue special conditions, as defined in 14 CFR 11.19, under 
Sec.  11.38 and they become part of the type certification basis under 
Sec.  21.101.
    Special conditions are initially applicable to the model for which 
they are issued. Should Duncan Aviation Inc., apply later for a 
supplemental type certificate to modify any other model included on 
Type Certificate No. A3EU to incorporate the same or similar novel or 
unusual design feature, these special conditions would also apply to 
the other model under Sec.  21.101.

Novel or Unusual Design Features

    As noted earlier, the Raytheon Aircraft Company Model BAe.125 
Series 800A aircraft, as modified by Duncan Aviation, Inc., will 
incorporate the Honeywell Primus EPIC Cockpit Display System. The EPIC 
Displays perform critical functions. These systems may be vulnerable to 
high-intensity radiated fields external to the airplane. The current 
airworthiness standards of part 25 do not contain adequate or 
appropriate safety standards for the protection of this equipment from 
the adverse effects of HIRF. Therefore, we consider this system to be a 
novel or unusual design feature.

Discussion

    There is no specific regulation that addresses protection 
requirements for electrical and electronic systems from HIRF. Increased 
power levels from ground-based radio transmitters and the growing use 
of sensitive avionics/electronics and electrical systems to command and 
control airplanes have made it necessary to provide adequate 
protection.
    To ensure that a level of safety is achieved equivalent to that 
intended by the regulations incorporated by reference, special 
conditions are needed for the Raytheon Aircraft Company Model BAe.125 
Series 800A airplanes as modified by Duncan Aviation, Inc. These 
special conditions require that new avionics/electronics and electrical 
systems that perform critical functions be designed and installed to 
preclude component damage and interruption of function because of both 
the direct and indirect effects of HIRF.

High-Intensity Radiated Fields (HIRF)

    With the trend toward increased power levels from ground-based 
transmitters, and the advent of space and satellite communications, 
coupled with electronic command and control of the airplane, the 
immunity of critical avionics/electronics and electrical systems to 
HIRF must be established.
    It is not possible to precisely define the HIRF to which the 
airplane will be exposed in service. There is also uncertainty 
concerning the effectiveness of airframe shielding for HIRF. 
Furthermore, coupling of electromagnetic energy to cockpit-installed 
equipment through the cockpit window apertures is undefined. Based on 
surveys and analysis of existing HIRF emitters, an adequate level of 
protection exists when compliance with the HIRF protection special 
condition is shown with either paragraph 1 OR 2 below:
    1. A minimum threat of 100 volts rms (root-mean-square) per meter 
electric field strength from 10 KHz to 18 GHz.
    a. The threat must be applied to the system elements and their 
associated wiring harnesses without the benefit of airframe shielding.
    b. Demonstration of this level of protection is established through 
system tests and analysis.
    2. A threat external to the airframe of the field strengths 
identified in the table below for the frequency ranges indicated. Both 
peak and average field strength components from the table are to be 
demonstrated.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       Field strength
                                                      (volts per meter)
                     Frequency                     ---------------------
                                                       Peak     Average
------------------------------------------------------------------------
10 kHz-100 kHz....................................         50         50
100 kHz-500 kHz...................................         50         50
500 kHz-2 MHz.....................................         50         50
2 MHz-30 MHz......................................        100        100
30 MHz-70 MHz.....................................         50         50
70 MHz-100 MHz....................................         50         50
100 MHz-200 MHz...................................        100        100
200 MHz-400 MHz...................................        100        100
400 MHz-700 MHz...................................        700         50
700 MHz-1 GHz.....................................        700        100
1 GHz-2 GHz.......................................       2000        200
2 GHz-4 GHz.......................................       3000        200
4 GHz-6 GHz.......................................       3000        200
6 GHz-8 GHz.......................................       1000        200
8 GHz-12 GHz......................................       3000        300
12 GHz-18 GHz.....................................       2000        200
18 GHz-40 GHz.....................................        600       200
------------------------------------------------------------------------
The field strengths are expressed in terms of peak of the root-mean-
  square (rms) over the complete modulation period.

    The threat levels identified above are the result of an FAA review 
of existing studies on the subject of HIRF, in light of the ongoing 
work of the Electromagnetic Effects Harmonization Working Group of the 
Aviation Rulemaking Advisory Committee.

Applicability

    As discussed above, these special conditions are applicable to 
Raytheon Aircraft Company Model BAe.125 Series

[[Page 9907]]

800A airplanes modified by Duncan Aviation, Inc. Should Duncan 
Aviation, Inc. apply later for a supplemental type certificate to 
modify any other model included on Type Certificate No. A3EU to 
incorporate the same or similar novel or unusual design feature, these 
special conditions would apply to that model as well under Sec.  
21.101.

Conclusion

    This action affects only certain novel or unusual design features 
on Raytheon Aircraft Company Model BAe.125 Series 800A airplanes as 
modified by Duncan Aviation, Inc. It is not a rule of general 
applicability and affects only the applicant who applied to the FAA for 
approval of these features on the airplane.
    The substance of these special conditions has been subjected to the 
notice and comment procedure in several prior instances and has been 
derived without substantive change from those previously issued. 
Because a delay would significantly affect the certification of the 
airplane, which is imminent, the FAA has determined that prior public 
notice and comment are unnecessary and impracticable, and good cause 
exists for adopting these special conditions upon issuance. The FAA is 
requesting comments to allow interested persons to send views that may 
not have been sent in response to the prior opportunities for comment 
described above.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 25

    Aircraft, Aviation safety, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements.
    The authority citation for these special conditions is as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701, 44702, 44704.

The Special Conditions

    Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me by the 
Administrator, the following special conditions are issued as part of 
the supplemental type certification basis for Raytheon Aircraft Company 
Model BAe.125 Series 800A airplanes modified by Duncan Aviation, Inc.
    1. Protection from Unwanted Effects of High-Intensity Radiated 
Fields (HIRF). Each electrical and electronic system that performs 
critical functions must be designed and installed to ensure that the 
operation and operational capability of these systems to perform 
critical functions are not adversely affected when the airplane is 
exposed to high-intensity radiated fields.
    2. For the purpose of these special conditions, the following 
definition applies: Critical Functions: Functions whose failure would 
contribute to or cause a failure condition that would prevent the 
continued safe flight and landing of the airplane.

    Issued in Renton, Washington, on February 9, 2006.
Kalene C. Yanamura,
Acting Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification 
Service.
[FR Doc. 06-1808 Filed 2-27-06; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-13-P