Draft Revised Recovery Plan for the Aga or Mariana Crow (Corvus kubaryi), 1766-1767 [E6-143]

Download as PDF 1766 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 7 / Wednesday, January 11, 2006 / Notices TABLE 1.—SUMMARY OF THE LISTING INFORMATION FOR THE MT. GRAHAM RED SQUIRREL AND LITTLE COLORADO SPINEDACE Common name Scientific name Status Where listed Mt. Graham red squirrel .... Tamiasciurus hudsonicus grahamensis. Lepidomeda vittata ............ Endangered ....................... U.S.A. (Arizona, California) Threatened ........................ U.S.A. (Arizona) ................ Little Colorado spinedace .. Definitions Related to This Notice The following definitions are provided to assist those persons who contemplate submitting information regarding the species being reviewed: A. Species includes any species or subspecies of fish, wildlife, or plant, and any distinct population segment of any species of vertebrate, which interbreeds when mature. B. Endangered means any species that is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range. C. Threatened means any species that is likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range. rmajette on PROD1PC71 with NOTICES How Do We Determine Whether a Species Is Endangered or Threatened? Section 4(a)(1) of the Act establishes that we determine whether a species is endangered or threatened based on one or more of the five following factors: A. The present or threatened destruction, modification, or curtailment of its habitat or range; B. Overutilization for commercial, recreational, scientific, or educational purposes; C. Disease or predation; D. The inadequacy of existing regulatory mechanisms; or E. Other natural or manmade factors affecting its continued existence. Section 4(a)(1) of the Act requires that our determination be made on the basis of the best scientific and commercial data available. What Could Happen as a Result of This Review? If we find that there is new information concerning Mt. Graham red squirrel or Little Colorado spinedace indicating a change in classification may be warranted, we may propose a new rule that could do one of the following: (a) Reclassify the species from endangered to threatened (downlist); (b) reclassify the species from threatened to endangered (uplist); or (c) remove the species from the List. If we determine that a change in classification is not warranted, then these species will remain on the List under their current status. VerDate Aug<31>2005 14:20 Jan 10, 2006 Jkt 208001 Public Solicitation of New Information We request any new information concerning the status of Mt. Graham red squirrel and Little Colorado spinedace. See ‘‘What information is considered in the review?’’ heading for specific criteria. Information submitted should be supported by documentation such as maps, bibliographic references, methods used to gather and analyze the data, and/or copies of any pertinent publications, reports, or letters by knowledgeable sources. Our practice is to make comments, including names and home addresses of respondents, available for public review. Individual respondents may request that we withhold their home addresses from the supporting record, which we will honor to the extent allowable by law. There also may be circumstances in which we may withhold from the supporting record a respondent’s identity, as allowable by law. If you wish us to withhold your name and/or address, you must state this prominently at the beginning of your comment. We will not consider anonymous comments, however. We will make all submissions from organizations or businesses, and from individuals identifying themselves as representatives or officials of organizations or businesses, available for public inspection in their entirety. Authority Dated: November 1, 2005. Larry G. Bell, Acting Regional Director, Region 2, Fish and Wildlife Service. [FR Doc. E6–139 Filed 1–10–06; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4310–55–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Fish and Wildlife Service Draft Revised Recovery Plan for the Aga or Mariana Crow (Corvus kubaryi) Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. PO 00000 Frm 00036 51 FR 10842 (31–MAR– 1986). 52 FR 35054 (16–SEPT– 1987). Notice of document availability for review and comment. ACTION: SUMMARY: The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (‘‘we’’) announces the availability of the Draft Revised Recovery Plan for the Aga or Mariana Crow (Corvus kubaryi) for public review and comment. DATES: Comments on the draft revised recovery plan must be received on or before March 13, 2006. ADDRESSES: Copies of the draft revised recovery plan are available for inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours at the following location: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office, 300 Ala Moana Boulevard, Room 3–122, Box 50088, Honolulu, Hawaii 96850 (phone: 808–792–9400). Requests for copies of the draft revised recovery plan and written comments and materials regarding this plan should be addressed to the Field Supervisor, Ecological Services, at the above Honolulu address. The draft revised plan is currently available on the World Wide Web at http://endangered.fws.gov/recovery/ index.html#plans. Fred Amidon, Fish and Wildlife Biologist, at the above Honolulu address and telephone number. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Background This document is published under the authority of the Endangered Species Act (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.). AGENCY: Final listing rule Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Recovery of endangered or threatened animals and plants is a primary goal of the Endangered Species Act (Act) (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) and our endangered species program. Recovery means improvement of the status of listed species to the point at which listing is no longer required under the criteria set out in section 4(a)(1) of the Act. Recovery plans describe actions considered necessary for the conservation of the species, establish criteria for downlisting or delisting listed species, and estimate time and cost for implementing the measures needed for recovery. The Act requires the development of recovery plans for endangered or threatened species unless such a plan would not promote the conservation of E:\FR\FM\11JAN1.SGM 11JAN1 rmajette on PROD1PC71 with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 7 / Wednesday, January 11, 2006 / Notices the species. Section 4(f) of the Act requires that public notice, and an opportunity for public review and comment, be provided during recovery plan development. We will consider all information presented during the public comment period on each new or revised recovery plan. Substantive comments may result in changes to a recovery plan. Comments regarding recovery plan implementation may not necessarily result in changes to the recovery plans, but will be forwarded to the appropriate Federal agency or other entities so that they can take these comments into account during the course of implementing recovery actions. Individual responses to comments will not be provided. The aga or Mariana crow is native to the islands of Guam and Rota in the Mariana Archipelago of the Pacific Ocean. The aga has been listed as an endangered species by the United States since 1984, and is also listed by the governments of the Territory of Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. The last of the aga on Guam disappeared sometime in 2002 or 2003. Currently, northern Guam has a small population of 10 aga, all individuals translocated from Rota. Estimates for the island of Rota indicate that approximately 85 pairs of aga persist there, but this population is apparently in decline. Aga utilize a wide variety of forested habitats including limestone, strand, ravine, agricultural forest, and secondary forests. However, available evidence suggests that aga are most abundant in native limestone forests. On both Guam and Rota, aga nests have been found exclusively in native species of trees, which also serve as the primary foraging sources for these birds. The introduction of the exotic brown treesnake (Boiga irregularis) to the island of Guam in the late 1940’s is believed to have been the primary cause of the extirpation of aga from that island. Brown treesnakes are not established on Rota. The cause of the observed decline in the aga population on Rota, as well as parallel declines in other forest birds on the island, is not well understood, but may be due to a combination of habitat loss, human persecution, and possibly introduced rats or other exotic predators. Captive propagation of the aga in mainland zoos was attempted in the 1990’s, but was largely unsuccessful. Most of the captive individuals have since been released back on Guam. The translocation of individuals from Rota to Guam has proven a more viable option, and in recent years some of these birds have paired and successfully nested on VerDate Aug<31>2005 14:20 Jan 10, 2006 Jkt 208001 Guam. Since the native aga on Guam have been extirpated, recovery of the species is now entirely dependent upon the remaining population of aga on the island of Rota. This draft revised recovery plan replaces the original recovery plan for the aga, which was published in 1990 and addressed multiple species of native forest birds of Guam and Rota. The draft revised recovery plan was developed by the Mariana Crow Recovery Team, which includes representatives from various Federal agencies, the Guam Division of Aquatic and Wildlife Resources, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands’ Division of Fish and Wildlife, Andersen Air Force Base, the University of Hawaii, and the University of Washington. The primary objective of this draft revised recovery plan is to establish a total of at least three viable, self-sustaining subpopulations of aga in the wild, two on Guam and one on Rota. The recovery program described in this draft revised recovery plan includes active research, habitat management, predator control, translocation, population monitoring, and community involvement. The recovery actions are designed to address threats to the aga in order to achieve the recovery goal of downlisting to threatened status and then eventually delisting (removing from the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants). Public Comments Solicited We solicit written comments on the draft revised recovery plan described. All comments received by the date specified above will be considered prior to approval of this plan. Authority The authority for this action is section 4(f) of the Endangered Species Act, 16 U.S.C. 1533(f). Dated: September 28, 2005. David J. Wesley, Acting Regional Director, Region 1, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1767 DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Indian Affairs Corrections to the Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Cordova Oil Spill Response Facility, Cordova, AK Bureau of Indian Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: SUMMARY: This notice advises the public of two corrections to the Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the proposed Cordova Oil Spill Response Facility, Cordova, Alaska, which was published in the Federal Register on December 22, 2005 (70 FR 76066–76067) and which described the proposed action. These corrections are as follows: • The two-letter abbreviation for Alaska in the Notice heading was incorrectly given as ‘‘AL.’’ The correct abbreviation for Alaska is AK. • The project website in the ADDRESSES section of the Notice was incorrect. The correct Web site is http://www.cordovaresponsefacility. com. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kristin K’eit, (907) 586–7423. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This notice is published in accordance with sections 1503.1, 1506.6 and 1508.22 of the Council of Environmental Quality Regulations (40 CFR, parts 1500 through 1508) implementing the procedural requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, as amended (42 U.S.C. 4371 et seq.), Department of the Interior Manual (516 DM 1–6), and is in the exercise of authority delegated to the Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary—Indian Affairs by 209 DM 8. Dated: January 4, 2006. Michael D. Olsen, Acting Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary— Indian Affairs. [FR Doc. E6–140 Filed 1–10–06; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4310–W7–P Editorial Note: This document was received at the Office of the Federal Register on January 6, 2006. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR [FR Doc. E6–143 Filed 1–10–06; 8:45 am] [WY–030–1310–DB] BILLING CODE 4310–55–P Correction to Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Atlantic Rim Natural Gas Development Project PO 00000 Bureau of Land Management AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. Frm 00037 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\11JAN1.SGM 11JAN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 71, Number 7 (Wednesday, January 11, 2006)]
[Notices]
[Pages 1766-1767]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E6-143]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Fish and Wildlife Service


Draft Revised Recovery Plan for the Aga or Mariana Crow (Corvus 
kubaryi)

AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice of document availability for review and comment.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (``we'') announces the 
availability of the Draft Revised Recovery Plan for the Aga or Mariana 
Crow (Corvus kubaryi) for public review and comment.

DATES: Comments on the draft revised recovery plan must be received on 
or before March 13, 2006.

ADDRESSES: Copies of the draft revised recovery plan are available for 
inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours at the 
following location: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Islands 
Fish and Wildlife Office, 300 Ala Moana Boulevard, Room 3-122, Box 
50088, Honolulu, Hawaii 96850 (phone: 808-792-9400). Requests for 
copies of the draft revised recovery plan and written comments and 
materials regarding this plan should be addressed to the Field 
Supervisor, Ecological Services, at the above Honolulu address. The 
draft revised plan is currently available on the World Wide Web 
athttp://endangered.fws.gov/recovery/index.html#plans.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Fred Amidon, Fish and Wildlife 
Biologist, at the above Honolulu address and telephone number.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Background

    Recovery of endangered or threatened animals and plants is a 
primary goal of the Endangered Species Act (Act) (16 U.S.C. 1531 et 
seq.) and our endangered species program. Recovery means improvement of 
the status of listed species to the point at which listing is no longer 
required under the criteria set out in section 4(a)(1) of the Act. 
Recovery plans describe actions considered necessary for the 
conservation of the species, establish criteria for downlisting or 
delisting listed species, and estimate time and cost for implementing 
the measures needed for recovery.
    The Act requires the development of recovery plans for endangered 
or threatened species unless such a plan would not promote the 
conservation of

[[Page 1767]]

the species. Section 4(f) of the Act requires that public notice, and 
an opportunity for public review and comment, be provided during 
recovery plan development. We will consider all information presented 
during the public comment period on each new or revised recovery plan. 
Substantive comments may result in changes to a recovery plan. Comments 
regarding recovery plan implementation may not necessarily result in 
changes to the recovery plans, but will be forwarded to the appropriate 
Federal agency or other entities so that they can take these comments 
into account during the course of implementing recovery actions. 
Individual responses to comments will not be provided.
    The aga or Mariana crow is native to the islands of Guam and Rota 
in the Mariana Archipelago of the Pacific Ocean. The aga has been 
listed as an endangered species by the United States since 1984, and is 
also listed by the governments of the Territory of Guam and the 
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. The last of the aga on 
Guam disappeared sometime in 2002 or 2003. Currently, northern Guam has 
a small population of 10 aga, all individuals translocated from Rota. 
Estimates for the island of Rota indicate that approximately 85 pairs 
of aga persist there, but this population is apparently in decline.
    Aga utilize a wide variety of forested habitats including 
limestone, strand, ravine, agricultural forest, and secondary forests. 
However, available evidence suggests that aga are most abundant in 
native limestone forests. On both Guam and Rota, aga nests have been 
found exclusively in native species of trees, which also serve as the 
primary foraging sources for these birds.
    The introduction of the exotic brown treesnake (Boiga irregularis) 
to the island of Guam in the late 1940's is believed to have been the 
primary cause of the extirpation of aga from that island. Brown 
treesnakes are not established on Rota. The cause of the observed 
decline in the aga population on Rota, as well as parallel declines in 
other forest birds on the island, is not well understood, but may be 
due to a combination of habitat loss, human persecution, and possibly 
introduced rats or other exotic predators.
    Captive propagation of the aga in mainland zoos was attempted in 
the 1990's, but was largely unsuccessful. Most of the captive 
individuals have since been released back on Guam. The translocation of 
individuals from Rota to Guam has proven a more viable option, and in 
recent years some of these birds have paired and successfully nested on 
Guam. Since the native aga on Guam have been extirpated, recovery of 
the species is now entirely dependent upon the remaining population of 
aga on the island of Rota.
    This draft revised recovery plan replaces the original recovery 
plan for the aga, which was published in 1990 and addressed multiple 
species of native forest birds of Guam and Rota. The draft revised 
recovery plan was developed by the Mariana Crow Recovery Team, which 
includes representatives from various Federal agencies, the Guam 
Division of Aquatic and Wildlife Resources, the Commonwealth of the 
Northern Mariana Islands' Division of Fish and Wildlife, Andersen Air 
Force Base, the University of Hawaii, and the University of Washington. 
The primary objective of this draft revised recovery plan is to 
establish a total of at least three viable, self-sustaining 
subpopulations of aga in the wild, two on Guam and one on Rota. The 
recovery program described in this draft revised recovery plan includes 
active research, habitat management, predator control, translocation, 
population monitoring, and community involvement. The recovery actions 
are designed to address threats to the aga in order to achieve the 
recovery goal of downlisting to threatened status and then eventually 
delisting (removing from the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife 
and Plants).

Public Comments Solicited

    We solicit written comments on the draft revised recovery plan 
described. All comments received by the date specified above will be 
considered prior to approval of this plan.

Authority

    The authority for this action is section 4(f) of the Endangered 
Species Act, 16 U.S.C. 1533(f).

    Dated: September 28, 2005.
David J. Wesley,
Acting Regional Director, Region 1, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

    Editorial Note: This document was received at the Office of the 
Federal Register on January 6, 2006.

[FR Doc. E6-143 Filed 1-10-06; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-55-P