Proposed Principles for Federal Support of Graduate and Postdoctoral Education and Training in Science and Engineering, 69563-69565 [05-22744]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 220 / Wednesday, November 16, 2005 / Notices The repository will also contain an authoritative controlled vocabulary for the Agency which can serve in the creation of glossaries for Web pages and documents, a common vocabulary for search engines, and in the development of rules and regulations. OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY I. General Information AGENCY: A. How Can I Get Copies of These Documents and Other Related Information? 1. Docket. EPA has established an official public docket for this action under Docket ID No. OEI–2005–0015. The official public docket is the collection of materials that is available for public viewing at the OEI Docket in the EPA Docket Center, (EPA/DC) EPA West, Room B102, 1301 Constitution Ave., NW., Washington, DC. The EPA Docket Center Public Reading Room is open from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays. The telephone number for the Public Reading Room is (202) 566–1744, and the telephone number for the OEI Docket is (202) 566–1752. 2. Electronic Access. You may access this Federal Register document electronically through the EPA Internet under the ‘‘Federal Register’’ listings at https://www.epa.gov/fedrgstr/. An electronic version of the public docket is available through EPA’s electronic public docket and comment system, EPA Dockets. You may use EPA Dockets at https://www.epa.gov/edocket/ to view public comments, access the index listing of the contents of the official public docket, and to access those documents in the public docket that are available electronically. Although not all docket materials may be available electronically, you may still access any of the publicly available docket materials through the docket facility identified in Unit I.B. Once in the system, select ‘‘search,’’ then key in the appropriate docket identification number. Dated: November 3, 2005. Oscar Morales, Division Director, Collection Strategies Division, Office of Information Collection, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. [FR Doc. 05–22703 Filed 11–15–05; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6560–50–P VerDate Aug<31>2005 13:56 Nov 15, 2005 Jkt 208001 Proposed Principles for Federal Support of Graduate and Postdoctoral Education and Training in Science and Engineering Executive Office of the President, Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP). ACTION: Notice of proposed issuance of principles for Federal programs that provide support for post-baccalaureate education and training in science and engineering. SUMMARY: The proposed principles are intended to increase collaboration and consistency within the Federal agencies in support of graduate and postdoctoral education and training in science and engineering. Principles are: • Federal Support of Graduate and Postdoctoral Education and Training Is a Critical Investment in the Future; • The Federal Investment Portfolio Must Broadly Support Science and Engineering Disciplines; • Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars Must Receive Quality Education and Training; • Federal Contributions toward Graduate and Postdoctoral Education and Training are Provided in Partnership with Academic and Other Non-Federal Institutions; • Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars Should Be Adequately Supported to Encourage Their Pursuit of Science and Engineering Careers; and • Federal Agencies Should Collaborate in Areas of Common Interest. DATES AND ADDRESSES: Comments must be received by January 16, 2006. Electronic comments may be submitted to: MWeiss@ostp.eop.gov. Please include in the subject line the words ‘‘National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) Education and Workforce Development Comments.’’ Please put the full body of your comments in the text of the electronic message and as an attachment. Be certain to include your name, title, organization, postal address, telephone number, and e-mail address in the text of the message. A return message will acknowledge receipt of your comments. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For information regarding this Notice, please call Mark Weiss, Office of Science and Technology Policy, (202) 456–6129; e-mail MWeiss@ostp.eop.gov or fax (202) 456–6027. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: PO 00000 Frm 00056 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 69563 I. Background Information The Federal Government supported approximately 60,000 graduate students and 30,000 postdoctoral scholars in science and engineering in 2001. About 44,000 (or 73%) of the graduate students and 24,000 (or 80%) of the postdoctoral scholars received their support as research assistants or associates on Federal grants and contracts. Most of the remaining 27% of the graduate students and 20% of the postdoctoral scholars received support through Federal agencies’ fellowships or traineeships.1 The Research Business Models Subcommittee of the Committee on Science, a committee of the National Science and Technology Council, conducted regional meetings in 2003 and issued a Federal Register notice asking for comments on ways to improve business practices of Federal research programs. Concern was raised about the lack of consistency among Federal agencies’ support for graduate students and postdoctoral scholars in the nation’s universities and other research organizations. In particular, universities administering Federal support for graduate students and postdoctoral scholars cited difficulties created by agency-to-agency variations in fellowship and traineeship stipends and allowances for educational and other costs. The Committee on Science is proposing the six principles in Section 1 In this document the term ‘‘science and engineering’’ includes, but is not limited to, agricultural, behavioral, biological, computer, engineering, environmental, mathematical, medical/clinical, physical, psychology, social, and veterinary sciences. The data are taken from the 2002 Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering (National Science Foundation/ Division of Science Resources Statistics). Research assistants or associates refer to graduate students or postdoctoral scholars funded through Federal research grants or contracts. The assistants or associates are not selected by the Federal agency, and the host institution determines their level of support. The principle purpose of their employment is the conduct of research, and any limitations imposed by their citizenship status are determined by the policies of the host institution. Graduate students or postdoctoral scholars supported on Traineeships are usually not selected by the Federal agency, but the Federal agency determines their level of support (although in some cases the level of support-may be supplemented by other sources). The principle purpose of their traineeship support is their education and training, and they must be U.S citizens, permanent residents, or meet other policies of the Federal agency. Graduate students or postdoctoral scholars supported on Fellowships are selected by the Federal agency, and the Federal agency determines their level of support (although in some cases their level of support may be supplemented by other sources). The principle purpose of their fellowship support is their education and training, and they must be U.S citizens or permanent residents or meet other policies of the Federal agency. E:\FR\FM\16NON1.SGM 16NON1 69564 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 220 / Wednesday, November 16, 2005 / Notices II of this Supplementary Information Section as part of an effort to address these concerns. The principles are developed to help guide agencies in planning and designing, budgeting, and conducting extramural fellowship and traineeship programs (i.e., Federal fellowship and traineeship programs for which the graduate students and postdoctoral scholars are receiving their education and training in non-Federal institutions). Similarly, these principles should help guide Federal support of graduate students and postdoctoral scholars through other mechanisms, such as research assistantships supported by research grants or contracts, or through intramural programs. The Committee on Science is also considering the establishment of the interagency process described in Section III of this Supplementary Information Section. This process is intended to support the agencies’ use of the six principles on a continuing basis, in order to increase collaboration and consistency within the Federal government for supporting graduate and postdoctoral education and training in science and engineering. II. Proposed Principles for Federal Support of Graduate and Postdoctoral Education and Training in Science and Engineering • Federal Support of Graduate and Postdoctoral Education and Training Is a Critical Investment in the Future. Federal Government support for educating and training graduate and postdoctoral scientists and engineers is an essential investment in the future health, security, and quality of life of our Nation’s citizens. To ensure continued access to the human resources that lie at the foundation of a preeminent research and development enterprise, we must provide encouragement and opportunities for students with the aptitude and desire to pursue advanced degrees in science and engineering. Increasing the participation of underrepresented minorities, women, and persons with disabilities in graduate and postdoctoral education and training is a critical aspect in realizing the full potential of the Nation’s human resources in science and engineering. Federal Government support is critical because: timeframes for realizing the benefits of the education and training are beyond the investment horizons of most corporations; the magnitude of the required support exceeds the collective capacity of foundations and other private sponsors; and the resulting reservoir of talent is a national resource VerDate Aug<31>2005 13:56 Nov 15, 2005 Jkt 208001 upon which all public and private sector employers of scientists and engineers ultimately draw. • The Federal Investment Portfolio Must Broadly Support Science and Engineering Disciplines. The Federal Government-wide investment strategy should support graduate and postdoctoral education and training across a broad spectrum of science and engineering disciplines. It is increasingly the case that advances in knowledge and understanding arise from research in multiple disciplines. Similarly, follow-on development often requires teams of individuals from varying science and engineering fields. A workforce with strengths across disciplines therefore is imperative if experts from differing backgrounds are to be able to bring complementary perspectives to bear on complex problems. Another factor underlying the importance of the disciplinary breadth of the workforce is our inability to predict the areas that will contribute to any given advancement in the future. Even a problem initially raised in the context of a single discipline often is solved due to unanticipated contributions from other disciplines. • Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars Must Receive Quality Education and Training. Graduate students and postdoctoral scholars must receive an experience that combines both a high quality education and robust research training to secure the Nation’s future scientific and engineering enterprise. Attention to their intellectual growth during these critical years requires an environment that includes effective mentoring to promote their career development. Federal agencies should encourage the earliest possible completion of graduate and postdoctoral education and training, as well as efforts that foster the transition to the next step in the graduate student or postdoctoral scholar’s career. As is the case for research programs, making award decisions through the use of merit review based on objective, expert advice promotes excellence in education and training through fellowship and traineeship programs. • Federal Contributions Toward Graduate and Postdoctoral Education and Training are Provided in Partnership With Academic and Other Non-Federal Institutions. Graduate or postdoctoral education and training require a significant investment that includes financial support for the individual graduate student or postdoctoral scholar, and the investment needed for institutions to provide the education and training. PO 00000 Frm 00057 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Generally, a Federal fellowship or traineeship program provides only a portion of this investment, with the balance provided by funds from other sources including, for example, the host institution, other Federal programs, States, private sector organizations, and individual contributions. Consequently, the Federal contribution toward this investment is made in partnership with academic and other institutions or parties. Federal agencies, therefore, should consider the impact on, and consult as appropriate, its partners when designing and conducting fellowship and traineeship programs. Federal agencies should have, and be able to articulate, a rational basis for the level of the Federal program’s contribution toward the education and training of the fellows or trainees. • Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars Should Be Adequately Supported To Encourage Their Pursuit of Science and Engineering Careers. The level of support, including health and other benefits, provided to foster the education and training of graduate students and postdoctoral scholars is an important factor in attracting and retaining talented individuals to pursue careers in science and engineering. Levels of support provided by agencies should be reasonable and commensurate with the level of education and experience of the recipient. Agencies should consider annual adjustments in levels of support to address increases in the cost-of-living. Variances in support levels provided by Federal agencies may, for example, depend on program purpose, program budget constraints, or demand for individuals in critical areas; however, such variations should have clear, rational bases. • Federal Agencies Should Collaborate in Areas of Common Interest. It is important for Federal agencies to coordinate their efforts to support education and training in science and engineering areas of common interest. Efforts among agencies should be synergistic and provide enhanced opportunities for graduate students and postdoctoral scholars. Agencies should collaborate to share data regarding these programs; to exchange information regarding effective practices; and to coordinate the design and conduct of programs, as appropriate. III. Proposed Process for Interagency Coordination The Committee on Science (CoS) is also considering a proposal from its Education and Workforce Development (EWD) Subcommittee to establish a E:\FR\FM\16NON1.SGM 16NON1 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 220 / Wednesday, November 16, 2005 / Notices standing working group with two purposes that promote implementation of the principles cited in Section II above. The first purpose of the working group is to serve as a forum for agencies to exchange information and collaborate with each other on their support of graduate and postdoctoral education and training. The second purpose of the working group is to report through the EWD Subcommittee to the CoS on levels of support provided by Federal extramural fellowship and traineeship programs. IV. Invitation To Comment Input on any aspect of the proposed principles or the proposed process for interagency coordination is encouraged. The following questions indicate particular areas for comment: (a) Are there topics or issues not addressed in the principles that should be? If so, please explain. (b) Are there additional approaches or strategies to achieve the objectives and promote interagency collaboration? If so, please explain. M. David Hodge, Acting Assistant Director for Budget and Administration. [FR Doc. 05–22744 Filed 11–15–05; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3710–W4–P FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments Requested November 7, 2005. SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its continuing effort to reduce paperwork burden invites the general public and other Federal agencies to take this opportunity to comment on the following information collection(s), as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) of 1995, Public Law 104–13. An agency may not conduct or sponsor a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid control number. No person shall be subject to any penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act that does not display a valid control number. Comments are requested concerning (a) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the Commission, including whether the information shall have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the Commission’s VerDate Aug<31>2005 13:56 Nov 15, 2005 Jkt 208001 burden estimate; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on the respondents, including the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. DATES: Written Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) comments should be submitted on or before January 17, 2006. If you anticipate that you will be submitting comments, but find it difficult to do so within the period of time allowed by this notice, you should advise the contact listed below as soon as possible. ADDRESSES: You may submit your Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) comments by e-mail or U.S. postal mail. To submit you comments by e-mail send them to: PRA@fcc.gov. To submit your comments by U.S. mail, mark it to the attention of Judith B. Herman, Federal Communications Commission, 445 12th Street, SW, Room 1–C804, Washington, DC 20554. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For additional information about the information collection(s) send an e-mail to PRA@fcc.gov or contact Judith B. Herman at 202–418–0214. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: OMB Control No.: 3060–0978. Title: Compatibility with E911 Emergency Calling Systems, Fourth Report and Order. Form No.: N/A. Type of Review: Extension of a currently approved collection. Respondents: Business or other forprofit. Number of Respondents: 4,000 respondents; 16,000 responses. Estimated Time Per Response: 2 hours. Frequency of Response: Quarterly reporting requirement. Total Annual Burden: 32,000 hours. Total Annual Cost: N/A. Privacy Act Impact Assessment: N/A. Needs and Uses: This collection of information is needed to ensure persons with hearing and speech disabilities using text telephone (TTY) devices will be able to make 911 emergency calls over digital wireless systems. The Commission will use the information in the quarterly TTY reports to keep track of the carrier’s progress in complying with E911 TTY requirements and also to monitor the progress technology is making towards compatibility with TTY devices. The Commission will submit this information collection to OMB after this 60 day comment period in order to obtain the full three year clearance from OMB. PO 00000 Frm 00058 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 69565 Federal Communications Commission. Marlene H. Dortch, Secretary. [FR Doc. 05–22606 Filed 11–15–05; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6712–01–P FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Notice of Agreement Filed The Commission hereby gives notice of the filing of the following agreement under the Shipping Act of 1984. Interested parties may submit comments on an agreement to the Secretary, Federal Maritime Commission, Washington, DC 20573, within ten days of the date this notice appears in the Federal Register. Copies of agreements are available through the Commission’s Office of Agreements (202–523–5793 or tradeanalysis@fmc.gov). Agreement No.: 011924. Title: CSAL/CMA CGM Cross Slot Charter Agreement. Parties: China Shipping Container Lines Co., Ltd.; China Shipping Container Lines (Hong Kong) Co., Ltd., and CMA CGM, S.A. Filing Party: Paul M. Keane, Esq.; Cichanowicz, Callan, Keane, Vengrow & Textor LLP; 61 Broadway, Suite 3000; New York, NY 10006–2802. Synopsis: The agreement allows the parties to charter space to each other on separate strings in the trades between U.S. Gulf and West Coast ports and ports in the Far East. By order of the Federal Maritime Commission. Dated: November 10, 2005. Bryant L. VanBrakle, Secretary. [FR Doc. 05–22748 Filed 11–15–05; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6730–01–P FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act of 1984 (46 U.S.C. app. 1718) and the regulations of the Commission pertaining to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, effective on the corresponding date shown below: License Number: 017564N. Name: Ace Cargo, Inc. Address: 12534 Raymer Street, North Hollywood, CA 91605. Date Revoked: October 1, 2005. Reason: Failed to maintain a valid bond. E:\FR\FM\16NON1.SGM 16NON1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 70, Number 220 (Wednesday, November 16, 2005)]
[Notices]
[Pages 69563-69565]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 05-22744]


=======================================================================
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY


Proposed Principles for Federal Support of Graduate and 
Postdoctoral Education and Training in Science and Engineering

AGENCY: Executive Office of the President, Office of Science and 
Technology Policy (OSTP).

ACTION: Notice of proposed issuance of principles for Federal programs 
that provide support for post-baccalaureate education and training in 
science and engineering.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The proposed principles are intended to increase collaboration 
and consistency within the Federal agencies in support of graduate and 
postdoctoral education and training in science and engineering. 
Principles are:
     Federal Support of Graduate and Postdoctoral Education and 
Training Is a Critical Investment in the Future;
     The Federal Investment Portfolio Must Broadly Support 
Science and Engineering Disciplines;
     Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars Must Receive 
Quality Education and Training;
     Federal Contributions toward Graduate and Postdoctoral 
Education and Training are Provided in Partnership with Academic and 
Other Non-Federal Institutions;
     Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars Should Be 
Adequately Supported to Encourage Their Pursuit of Science and 
Engineering Careers; and
     Federal Agencies Should Collaborate in Areas of Common 
Interest.

DATES AND ADDRESSES: Comments must be received by January 16, 2006. 
Electronic comments may be submitted to: MWeiss@ostp.eop.gov. Please 
include in the subject line the words ``National Science and Technology 
Council (NSTC) Education and Workforce Development Comments.'' Please 
put the full body of your comments in the text of the electronic 
message and as an attachment. Be certain to include your name, title, 
organization, postal address, telephone number, and e-mail address in 
the text of the message. A return message will acknowledge receipt of 
your comments.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For information regarding this Notice, 
please call Mark Weiss, Office of Science and Technology Policy, (202) 
456-6129; e-mail MWeiss@ostp.eop.gov or fax (202) 456-6027.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Background Information

    The Federal Government supported approximately 60,000 graduate 
students and 30,000 postdoctoral scholars in science and engineering in 
2001. About 44,000 (or 73%) of the graduate students and 24,000 (or 
80%) of the postdoctoral scholars received their support as research 
assistants or associates on Federal grants and contracts. Most of the 
remaining 27% of the graduate students and 20% of the postdoctoral 
scholars received support through Federal agencies' fellowships or 
traineeships.\1\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ In this document the term ``science and engineering'' 
includes, but is not limited to, agricultural, behavioral, 
biological, computer, engineering, environmental, mathematical, 
medical/clinical, physical, psychology, social, and veterinary 
sciences.
    The data are taken from the 2002 Survey of Graduate Students and 
Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering (National Science 
Foundation/Division of Science Resources Statistics).
    Research assistants or associates refer to graduate students or 
postdoctoral scholars funded through Federal research grants or 
contracts. The assistants or associates are not selected by the 
Federal agency, and the host institution determines their level of 
support. The principle purpose of their employment is the conduct of 
research, and any limitations imposed by their citizenship status 
are determined by the policies of the host institution.
    Graduate students or postdoctoral scholars supported on 
Traineeships are usually not selected by the Federal agency, but the 
Federal agency determines their level of support (although in some 
cases the level of support-may be supplemented by other sources). 
The principle purpose of their traineeship support is their 
education and training, and they must be U.S citizens, permanent 
residents, or meet other policies of the Federal agency.
    Graduate students or postdoctoral scholars supported on 
Fellowships are selected by the Federal agency, and the Federal 
agency determines their level of support (although in some cases 
their level of support may be supplemented by other sources). The 
principle purpose of their fellowship support is their education and 
training, and they must be U.S citizens or permanent residents or 
meet other policies of the Federal agency.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Research Business Models Subcommittee of the Committee on 
Science, a committee of the National Science and Technology Council, 
conducted regional meetings in 2003 and issued a Federal Register 
notice asking for comments on ways to improve business practices of 
Federal research programs. Concern was raised about the lack of 
consistency among Federal agencies' support for graduate students and 
postdoctoral scholars in the nation's universities and other research 
organizations. In particular, universities administering Federal 
support for graduate students and postdoctoral scholars cited 
difficulties created by agency-to-agency variations in fellowship and 
traineeship stipends and allowances for educational and other costs.
    The Committee on Science is proposing the six principles in Section

[[Page 69564]]

II of this Supplementary Information Section as part of an effort to 
address these concerns. The principles are developed to help guide 
agencies in planning and designing, budgeting, and conducting 
extramural fellowship and traineeship programs (i.e., Federal 
fellowship and traineeship programs for which the graduate students and 
postdoctoral scholars are receiving their education and training in 
non-Federal institutions). Similarly, these principles should help 
guide Federal support of graduate students and postdoctoral scholars 
through other mechanisms, such as research assistantships supported by 
research grants or contracts, or through intramural programs.
    The Committee on Science is also considering the establishment of 
the interagency process described in Section III of this Supplementary 
Information Section. This process is intended to support the agencies' 
use of the six principles on a continuing basis, in order to increase 
collaboration and consistency within the Federal government for 
supporting graduate and postdoctoral education and training in science 
and engineering.

II. Proposed Principles for Federal Support of Graduate and 
Postdoctoral Education and Training in Science and Engineering

     Federal Support of Graduate and Postdoctoral Education and 
Training Is a Critical Investment in the Future. Federal Government 
support for educating and training graduate and postdoctoral scientists 
and engineers is an essential investment in the future health, 
security, and quality of life of our Nation's citizens. To ensure 
continued access to the human resources that lie at the foundation of a 
preeminent research and development enterprise, we must provide 
encouragement and opportunities for students with the aptitude and 
desire to pursue advanced degrees in science and engineering. 
Increasing the participation of underrepresented minorities, women, and 
persons with disabilities in graduate and postdoctoral education and 
training is a critical aspect in realizing the full potential of the 
Nation's human resources in science and engineering. Federal Government 
support is critical because: timeframes for realizing the benefits of 
the education and training are beyond the investment horizons of most 
corporations; the magnitude of the required support exceeds the 
collective capacity of foundations and other private sponsors; and the 
resulting reservoir of talent is a national resource upon which all 
public and private sector employers of scientists and engineers 
ultimately draw.
     The Federal Investment Portfolio Must Broadly Support 
Science and Engineering Disciplines. The Federal Government-wide 
investment strategy should support graduate and postdoctoral education 
and training across a broad spectrum of science and engineering 
disciplines. It is increasingly the case that advances in knowledge and 
understanding arise from research in multiple disciplines. Similarly, 
follow-on development often requires teams of individuals from varying 
science and engineering fields. A workforce with strengths across 
disciplines therefore is imperative if experts from differing 
backgrounds are to be able to bring complementary perspectives to bear 
on complex problems. Another factor underlying the importance of the 
disciplinary breadth of the workforce is our inability to predict the 
areas that will contribute to any given advancement in the future. Even 
a problem initially raised in the context of a single discipline often 
is solved due to unanticipated contributions from other disciplines.
     Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars Must Receive 
Quality Education and Training. Graduate students and postdoctoral 
scholars must receive an experience that combines both a high quality 
education and robust research training to secure the Nation's future 
scientific and engineering enterprise. Attention to their intellectual 
growth during these critical years requires an environment that 
includes effective mentoring to promote their career development. 
Federal agencies should encourage the earliest possible completion of 
graduate and postdoctoral education and training, as well as efforts 
that foster the transition to the next step in the graduate student or 
postdoctoral scholar's career. As is the case for research programs, 
making award decisions through the use of merit review based on 
objective, expert advice promotes excellence in education and training 
through fellowship and traineeship programs.
     Federal Contributions Toward Graduate and Postdoctoral 
Education and Training are Provided in Partnership With Academic and 
Other Non-Federal Institutions. Graduate or postdoctoral education and 
training require a significant investment that includes financial 
support for the individual graduate student or postdoctoral scholar, 
and the investment needed for institutions to provide the education and 
training. Generally, a Federal fellowship or traineeship program 
provides only a portion of this investment, with the balance provided 
by funds from other sources including, for example, the host 
institution, other Federal programs, States, private sector 
organizations, and individual contributions. Consequently, the Federal 
contribution toward this investment is made in partnership with 
academic and other institutions or parties. Federal agencies, 
therefore, should consider the impact on, and consult as appropriate, 
its partners when designing and conducting fellowship and traineeship 
programs. Federal agencies should have, and be able to articulate, a 
rational basis for the level of the Federal program's contribution 
toward the education and training of the fellows or trainees.
     Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars Should Be 
Adequately Supported To Encourage Their Pursuit of Science and 
Engineering Careers. The level of support, including health and other 
benefits, provided to foster the education and training of graduate 
students and postdoctoral scholars is an important factor in attracting 
and retaining talented individuals to pursue careers in science and 
engineering. Levels of support provided by agencies should be 
reasonable and commensurate with the level of education and experience 
of the recipient. Agencies should consider annual adjustments in levels 
of support to address increases in the cost-of-living. Variances in 
support levels provided by Federal agencies may, for example, depend on 
program purpose, program budget constraints, or demand for individuals 
in critical areas; however, such variations should have clear, rational 
bases.
     Federal Agencies Should Collaborate in Areas of Common 
Interest. It is important for Federal agencies to coordinate their 
efforts to support education and training in science and engineering 
areas of common interest. Efforts among agencies should be synergistic 
and provide enhanced opportunities for graduate students and 
postdoctoral scholars. Agencies should collaborate to share data 
regarding these programs; to exchange information regarding effective 
practices; and to coordinate the design and conduct of programs, as 
appropriate.

III. Proposed Process for Interagency Coordination

    The Committee on Science (CoS) is also considering a proposal from 
its Education and Workforce Development (EWD) Subcommittee to establish 
a

[[Page 69565]]

standing working group with two purposes that promote implementation of 
the principles cited in Section II above. The first purpose of the 
working group is to serve as a forum for agencies to exchange 
information and collaborate with each other on their support of 
graduate and postdoctoral education and training. The second purpose of 
the working group is to report through the EWD Subcommittee to the CoS 
on levels of support provided by Federal extramural fellowship and 
traineeship programs.

IV. Invitation To Comment

    Input on any aspect of the proposed principles or the proposed 
process for interagency coordination is encouraged. The following 
questions indicate particular areas for comment:
    (a) Are there topics or issues not addressed in the principles that 
should be? If so, please explain.
    (b) Are there additional approaches or strategies to achieve the 
objectives and promote interagency collaboration? If so, please 
explain.

M. David Hodge,
Acting Assistant Director for Budget and Administration.
[FR Doc. 05-22744 Filed 11-15-05; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3710-W4-P