Special Conditions: Airbus Model A318 Airplanes Equipped With Pratt and Whitney PW6000 Engines; Sudden Engine Stoppage, 56343-56344 [05-19206]

Download as PDF 56343 Rules and Regulations Federal Register Vol. 70, No. 186 Tuesday, September 27, 2005 This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains regulatory documents having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed to and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations, which is published under 50 titles pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 1510. The Code of Federal Regulations is sold by the Superintendent of Documents. Prices of new books are listed in the first FEDERAL REGISTER issue of each week. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 25 [Docket No. NM304; Special Conditions No. 25–299–SC] Special Conditions: Airbus Model A318 Airplanes Equipped With Pratt and Whitney PW6000 Engines; Sudden Engine Stoppage Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final special conditions. AGENCY: SUMMARY: These special conditions are issued for the Airbus Model A318–121 and A318–122 airplanes equipped with Pratt and Whitney PW6000 engines. These airplanes will have novel or unusual design features when compared to the state of technology envisioned in the airworthiness standards for transport category airplanes, associated with engine size and torque load, which affect sudden engine stoppage. The applicable airworthiness regulations do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for this design feature. These special conditions contain the additional safety standards that the Administrator considers necessary to establish a level of safety equivalent to that established by the existing airworthiness standards. EFFECTIVE DATE: October 27, 2005. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Tim Dulin, FAA, International Branch, ANM–116, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, Washington 98055–4056; telephone (425) 227–2141; facsimile (425) 227–1232. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background On December 22, 1998, Airbus submitted an application to the FAA to VerDate Aug<31>2005 14:40 Sep 26, 2005 Jkt 205001 amend Type Certificate No. A28NM to include the new Model A318 airplane equipped with Pratt and Whitney PW6000 engines (Model A318–121 and A318–122) or with optional CFMI CFM56 engines (Model A318–111 and A318–112). On May 14, 2002, Airbus applied for extension of the application for the Model A318 airplanes equipped with PW6000 engines and selected a new reference date of application of November 15, 2001. The Airbus Model A318 airplane is a shortened reduced capacity version of the Model A320–200. The Model A318 will have a maximum passenger capacity of 136 versus a maximum passenger capacity of 179 for the Model A320 series airplanes and 145 for the Model A319 series airplanes. The fuselage length is reduced by four and one half frames (94 inches) compared to the Model A319 series airplanes. The maximum takeoff weight will be 59,000 kg (130,000 pounds) with growth options to 68,000 kg (150,000 pounds) versus maximum takeoff weight range of 68,000 kg to 77,000 kg for the Model A320 series airplanes and 64,000 kg to 75,500 kg for the Model A319 series airplanes. The Model A318 will be powered by all new Pratt and Whitney PW6000 engines or by CFMI CFM56–5B engines all in the 22,000 to 24,000 pound thrust range. Other changes include a new engine/nacelle and pylon adaptation for the PW6000 engine installation. Type Certification Basis Under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 21.101, Airbus must show that the Model A318 airplane, equipped with Pratt and Whitney PW6000 engines, meets the applicable provisions of the regulations incorporated by reference in Type Certificate No. A28NM or the applicable regulations in effect on the date of application for the change to the type certificate. The regulations incorporated by reference in the type certificate are commonly referred to as the ‘‘original type certification basis.’’ If the Administrator finds that the applicable airworthiness regulations (i.e., 14 CFR part 25) do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for the Airbus Model A318 airplane, equipped with Pratt and Whitney PW6000 engines, because of a novel or unusual design feature, special PO 00000 Frm 00001 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 conditions are prescribed under the provisions of § 21.16. In addition to the applicable airworthiness regulations and special conditions, the Airbus Model A318 airplane must comply with the fuel vent and exhaust emission requirements of 14 CFR part 34 and the noise certification requirements of 14 CFR part 36. Special conditions, as defined in 14 CFR 11.19, are issued in accordance with § 11.38 and become part of the type certification basis in accordance with § 21.101. Special conditions are initially applicable to the model for which they are issued. Should the type certificate for that model be amended later to include any other model that incorporates the same novel or unusual design feature, or should any other model already included on the same type certificate be modified to incorporate the same novel or unusual design feature, the special conditions would also apply to the other novel under the provisions of § 21.101. Novel or Unusual Design Features The Airbus Model A318 airplane, equipped with Pratt and Whitney PW6000 engines, will incorporate novel or unusual design features involving engine size torque load that affect sudden engine stoppage conditions. Because of rapid improvements in airplane technology, the applicable airworthiness regulations do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for these design features. The special conditions for the Airbus Model A318 airplane, equipped with Pratt and Whitney PW6000 engines, contain the additional safety standards that the Administrator considers necessary to establish a level of safety equivalent to that established by the existing airworthiness standards. Since 1957, Civil Aviation Regulation 4b.216 and its successors, currently § 25.361(b), have required that engine mounts and supporting structures be designed to withstand the limit engine torque load which is posed by sudden engine stoppage due to malfunction or structural failure, such as compressor jamming. Design torque loads associated with typical failure scenarios were estimated by the engine manufacturer and provided to the airframe manufacturer as limit loads. These limit loads were considered simple, pure E:\FR\FM\27SER1.SGM 27SER1 56344 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 186 / Tuesday, September 27, 2005 / Rules and Regulations static torque loads. However, the size, configuration, and failure modes of jet engines have changed considerably from those envisioned when the engine seizure requirement of § 25.361(b) was first adopted. Current engines are much larger and are now designed with large bypass fans capable of producing much larger torque, if they become jammed. Relative to the engine configurations that existed when the rule was developed in 1957, the present generation of engines is sufficiently different and novel to justify issuance of special conditions to establish appropriate design standards. The latest generation of jet engines is capable of producing, during failure, transient loads that are significantly higher and more complex than those produced by the generation of engines in existence when the current regulation was developed. In order to maintain the level of safety envisioned in § 25.361(b), more comprehensive criteria are needed for the new generation of high bypass engines. The proposed special condition would distinguish between the more common failure events involving transient deceleration conditions with temporary loss of thrust capability and those rare events resulting from structural failures. Associated with these events, the proposed criteria establish design limit and ultimate load conditions. Discussion of Comments Notice of proposed special conditions No. 25–05–03–SC for the Airbus Model A318 airplanes equipped with Pratt and Whitney PW6000 engines, was published in the Federal Register on April 11, 2005 (70 CFR 18321). No comments were received. However, the FAA has reconsidered the inclusion of auxiliary power units in these special conditions. While § 25.361(b) is interpreted to apply to auxiliary power units, the novel or unusual design features identified above do not apply to them. Therefore, auxiliary power units are excluded from those special conditions and would continue to be treated under the current § 25.361(b). Except for the removal of auxiliary power units, these special conditions are adopted as proposed. Applicability As discussed above, these special conditions are applicable to Airbus Model A318–121 and A318–122 airplanes equipped with Pratt and Whitney PW6000 engines. Should Airbus apply at a later date for a change to the type certificate to include other type designs incorporating the same VerDate Aug<31>2005 14:40 Sep 26, 2005 Jkt 205001 novel or unusual design feature, these special conditions would apply to that model as well under the provisions of § 21.101. Condition This action affects certain novel or unusual design features on the Airbus Model A318 airplane equipped with Pratt and Whitney PW6000 engines. It is not a rule of general applicability. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 25 Issued in Renton, Washington, on September 14, 2005. Kalene C. Yanamura, Acting Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 05–19206 Filed 9–26–05; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–M DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 Aircraft, Aviation safety, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. The authority citation for these special conditions is as follows: [Docket No. FAA–2005–22483; Directorate Identifier 2004–NM–236–AD; Amendment 39–14292; AD 2005–19–27] Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701, 44702, 44704. Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A330–200 Series Airplanes RIN 2120–AA64 The Special Conditions AGENCY: Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the following special conditions are issued as part of the type certification basis for Airbus Model A318 airplane equipped with Pratt and Whitney PW6000 engines. For turbine engine installations other than auxiliary power units, in lieu of compliance with § 25.361(b), the following special condition applies: (a) The engine mounts, pylons and adjacent supporting airframe structure must be designed to withstand 1g level flight loads acting simultaneously with the maximum limit torque loads imposed by each of the following: (1) Sudden engine deceleration due to a malfunction which could result in a temporary loss of power or thrust. (2) The maximum acceleration of the engine. (b) For engine supporting structure, an ultimate loading condition must be considered that combines 1g flight loads with the transient dynamic loads resulting from each of the following: (1) The loss of any fan, compressor, or turbine blade. (2) Where applicable to a specific engine design, and separately from the conditions specified in paragraph (b)(1), any other engine structural failure that results in higher loads. (c) The ultimate loads developed from the conditions specified in paragraphs (b)(1) and (b)(2) above are to be multiplied by a factor of 1.0 when applied to engine mounts and pylons and multiplied by a factor of 1.25 when applied to adjacent supporting airframe structure. SUMMARY: The FAA is adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain Airbus Model A330–200 series airplanes. This AD requires inspecting to determine the serial numbers and flight cycles of the fuel jettison valves and removing certain valves as applicable. This AD also requires doing a one-time inspection for cracks of the remaining jettison valves and removing any cracked valves. This AD also requires modifying the diameters of the six attachment holes in the wing bottom skin panel before installing a new or serviceable jettison valve. This AD results from reports of fuel leaks in the fuel jettison system located on the wings. We are issuing this AD to prevent fuel leaks from the fuel jettison outlets, which could result in fuel vapors coming into contact with ignition sources, and consequent fire or explosion. DATES: Effective October 12, 2005. The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference of a certain publication listed in the AD as of October 12, 2005. We must receive comments on this AD by November 28, 2005. ADDRESSES: Use one of the following addresses to submit comments on this AD. • DOT Docket Web site: Go to http://dms.dot.gov and follow the instructions for sending your comments electronically. • Government-wide rulemaking Web site: Go to http://www.regulations.gov and follow the instructions for sending your comments electronically. PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Final rule; request for comments. E:\FR\FM\27SER1.SGM 27SER1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 70, Number 186 (Tuesday, September 27, 2005)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 56343-56344]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 05-19206]



========================================================================
Rules and Regulations
                                                Federal Register
________________________________________________________________________

This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains regulatory documents 
having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed 
to and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations, which is published 
under 50 titles pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 1510.

The Code of Federal Regulations is sold by the Superintendent of Documents. 
Prices of new books are listed in the first FEDERAL REGISTER issue of each 
week.

========================================================================


Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 186 / Tuesday, September 27, 2005 / 
Rules and Regulations

[[Page 56343]]



DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 25

[Docket No. NM304; Special Conditions No. 25-299-SC]


Special Conditions: Airbus Model A318 Airplanes Equipped With 
Pratt and Whitney PW6000 Engines; Sudden Engine Stoppage

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Final special conditions.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: These special conditions are issued for the Airbus Model A318-
121 and A318-122 airplanes equipped with Pratt and Whitney PW6000 
engines. These airplanes will have novel or unusual design features 
when compared to the state of technology envisioned in the 
airworthiness standards for transport category airplanes, associated 
with engine size and torque load, which affect sudden engine stoppage. 
The applicable airworthiness regulations do not contain adequate or 
appropriate safety standards for this design feature. These special 
conditions contain the additional safety standards that the 
Administrator considers necessary to establish a level of safety 
equivalent to that established by the existing airworthiness standards.

EFFECTIVE DATE: October 27, 2005.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Tim Dulin, FAA, International Branch, 
ANM-116, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification 
Service, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, Washington 98055-4056; telephone 
(425) 227-2141; facsimile (425) 227-1232.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Background

    On December 22, 1998, Airbus submitted an application to the FAA to 
amend Type Certificate No. A28NM to include the new Model A318 airplane 
equipped with Pratt and Whitney PW6000 engines (Model A318-121 and 
A318-122) or with optional CFMI CFM56 engines (Model A318-111 and A318-
112). On May 14, 2002, Airbus applied for extension of the application 
for the Model A318 airplanes equipped with PW6000 engines and selected 
a new reference date of application of November 15, 2001.
    The Airbus Model A318 airplane is a shortened reduced capacity 
version of the Model A320-200. The Model A318 will have a maximum 
passenger capacity of 136 versus a maximum passenger capacity of 179 
for the Model A320 series airplanes and 145 for the Model A319 series 
airplanes. The fuselage length is reduced by four and one half frames 
(94 inches) compared to the Model A319 series airplanes. The maximum 
takeoff weight will be 59,000 kg (130,000 pounds) with growth options 
to 68,000 kg (150,000 pounds) versus maximum takeoff weight range of 
68,000 kg to 77,000 kg for the Model A320 series airplanes and 64,000 
kg to 75,500 kg for the Model A319 series airplanes. The Model A318 
will be powered by all new Pratt and Whitney PW6000 engines or by CFMI 
CFM56-5B engines all in the 22,000 to 24,000 pound thrust range. Other 
changes include a new engine/nacelle and pylon adaptation for the 
PW6000 engine installation.

Type Certification Basis

    Under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 
21.101, Airbus must show that the Model A318 airplane, equipped with 
Pratt and Whitney PW6000 engines, meets the applicable provisions of 
the regulations incorporated by reference in Type Certificate No. A28NM 
or the applicable regulations in effect on the date of application for 
the change to the type certificate.
    The regulations incorporated by reference in the type certificate 
are commonly referred to as the ``original type certification basis.''
    If the Administrator finds that the applicable airworthiness 
regulations (i.e., 14 CFR part 25) do not contain adequate or 
appropriate safety standards for the Airbus Model A318 airplane, 
equipped with Pratt and Whitney PW6000 engines, because of a novel or 
unusual design feature, special conditions are prescribed under the 
provisions of Sec.  21.16.
    In addition to the applicable airworthiness regulations and special 
conditions, the Airbus Model A318 airplane must comply with the fuel 
vent and exhaust emission requirements of 14 CFR part 34 and the noise 
certification requirements of 14 CFR part 36.
    Special conditions, as defined in 14 CFR 11.19, are issued in 
accordance with Sec.  11.38 and become part of the type certification 
basis in accordance with Sec.  21.101.
    Special conditions are initially applicable to the model for which 
they are issued. Should the type certificate for that model be amended 
later to include any other model that incorporates the same novel or 
unusual design feature, or should any other model already included on 
the same type certificate be modified to incorporate the same novel or 
unusual design feature, the special conditions would also apply to the 
other novel under the provisions of Sec.  21.101.

Novel or Unusual Design Features

    The Airbus Model A318 airplane, equipped with Pratt and Whitney 
PW6000 engines, will incorporate novel or unusual design features 
involving engine size torque load that affect sudden engine stoppage 
conditions. Because of rapid improvements in airplane technology, the 
applicable airworthiness regulations do not contain adequate or 
appropriate safety standards for these design features. The special 
conditions for the Airbus Model A318 airplane, equipped with Pratt and 
Whitney PW6000 engines, contain the additional safety standards that 
the Administrator considers necessary to establish a level of safety 
equivalent to that established by the existing airworthiness standards.
    Since 1957, Civil Aviation Regulation 4b.216 and its successors, 
currently Sec.  25.361(b), have required that engine mounts and 
supporting structures be designed to withstand the limit engine torque 
load which is posed by sudden engine stoppage due to malfunction or 
structural failure, such as compressor jamming. Design torque loads 
associated with typical failure scenarios were estimated by the engine 
manufacturer and provided to the airframe manufacturer as limit loads. 
These limit loads were considered simple, pure

[[Page 56344]]

static torque loads. However, the size, configuration, and failure 
modes of jet engines have changed considerably from those envisioned 
when the engine seizure requirement of Sec.  25.361(b) was first 
adopted. Current engines are much larger and are now designed with 
large bypass fans capable of producing much larger torque, if they 
become jammed.
    Relative to the engine configurations that existed when the rule 
was developed in 1957, the present generation of engines is 
sufficiently different and novel to justify issuance of special 
conditions to establish appropriate design standards. The latest 
generation of jet engines is capable of producing, during failure, 
transient loads that are significantly higher and more complex than 
those produced by the generation of engines in existence when the 
current regulation was developed.
    In order to maintain the level of safety envisioned in Sec.  
25.361(b), more comprehensive criteria are needed for the new 
generation of high bypass engines. The proposed special condition would 
distinguish between the more common failure events involving transient 
deceleration conditions with temporary loss of thrust capability and 
those rare events resulting from structural failures. Associated with 
these events, the proposed criteria establish design limit and ultimate 
load conditions.

Discussion of Comments

    Notice of proposed special conditions No. 25-05-03-SC for the 
Airbus Model A318 airplanes equipped with Pratt and Whitney PW6000 
engines, was published in the Federal Register on April 11, 2005 (70 
CFR 18321). No comments were received. However, the FAA has 
reconsidered the inclusion of auxiliary power units in these special 
conditions. While Sec.  25.361(b) is interpreted to apply to auxiliary 
power units, the novel or unusual design features identified above do 
not apply to them. Therefore, auxiliary power units are excluded from 
those special conditions and would continue to be treated under the 
current Sec.  25.361(b). Except for the removal of auxiliary power 
units, these special conditions are adopted as proposed.

Applicability

    As discussed above, these special conditions are applicable to 
Airbus Model A318-121 and A318-122 airplanes equipped with Pratt and 
Whitney PW6000 engines. Should Airbus apply at a later date for a 
change to the type certificate to include other type designs 
incorporating the same novel or unusual design feature, these special 
conditions would apply to that model as well under the provisions of 
Sec.  21.101.

Condition

    This action affects certain novel or unusual design features on the 
Airbus Model A318 airplane equipped with Pratt and Whitney PW6000 
engines. It is not a rule of general applicability.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 25

    Aircraft, Aviation safety, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements.
    The authority citation for these special conditions is as follows:

    Authority:  49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701, 44702, 44704.

The Special Conditions

    Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me by the 
Administrator, the following special conditions are issued as part of 
the type certification basis for Airbus Model A318 airplane equipped 
with Pratt and Whitney PW6000 engines.
    For turbine engine installations other than auxiliary power units, 
in lieu of compliance with Sec.  25.361(b), the following special 
condition applies:
    (a) The engine mounts, pylons and adjacent supporting airframe 
structure must be designed to withstand 1g level flight loads acting 
simultaneously with the maximum limit torque loads imposed by each of 
the following:
    (1) Sudden engine deceleration due to a malfunction which could 
result in a temporary loss of power or thrust.
    (2) The maximum acceleration of the engine.
    (b) For engine supporting structure, an ultimate loading condition 
must be considered that combines 1g flight loads with the transient 
dynamic loads resulting from each of the following:
    (1) The loss of any fan, compressor, or turbine blade.
    (2) Where applicable to a specific engine design, and separately 
from the conditions specified in paragraph (b)(1), any other engine 
structural failure that results in higher loads.
    (c) The ultimate loads developed from the conditions specified in 
paragraphs (b)(1) and (b)(2) above are to be multiplied by a factor of 
1.0 when applied to engine mounts and pylons and multiplied by a factor 
of 1.25 when applied to adjacent supporting airframe structure.

    Issued in Renton, Washington, on September 14, 2005.
Kalene C. Yanamura,
Acting Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification 
Service.
[FR Doc. 05-19206 Filed 9-26-05; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-13-M