Incidental Take of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Seismic Retrofit of the Richmond-San Rafael Bridge, San Francisco Bay, CA, 17234-17238 [05-6715]

Download as PDF 17234 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 64 / Tuesday, April 5, 2005 / Notices Dated: March 30, 2005. Joseph A. Spetrini, Acting Assistant Secretary for Import Administration. [FR Doc. E5–1541 Filed 4–4–05; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE: 3510–DS–S DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Vessel-Marking Requirements in Antarctic Fisheries National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: SUMMARY: The Department of Commerce, as part of its continuing effort to reduce paperwork and respondent burden, invites the general public and other Federal agencies to take this opportunity to comment on proposed and/or continuing information collections, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. DATES: Written comments must be submitted on or before June 6, 2005. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Diana Hynek, Departmental Paperwork Clearance Officer, Department of Commerce, Room 6625, 14th and Constitution Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20230 (or via the Internet at dHynek@doc.gov). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional information or copies of the information collection instrument and instructions should be directed to Patsy A. Bearden, (907) 586– 7008 or patsy.bearden@noaa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Abstract The owners of U.S.-flagged vessels participating in Antarctic fisheries must mark the vessel with the vessel’s official number on the port and starboard sides of the deckhouse or hull, and on a weather deck, visible at a distance at sea and from the air. The information on the vessel is used for enforcement of fishery regulations. II. Method of Collection Identification information is displayed on the fishing vessel. No information is collected. III. Data OMB Number: 0648–0368. Form Number: None. Type of Review: Regular submission. Affected Public: Business or other forprofits organizations; individuals or households. VerDate jul<14>2003 19:48 Apr 04, 2005 Jkt 205001 Estimated Number of Respondents: 4. Estimated Time per Response: Fifteen minutes to paint each of the three vessel locations; 45 minutes per vessel. Estimated Total Annual Burden Hours: 3. Estimated Total Annual Cost to Public: $45. IV. Request for Comments Comments are invited on: (a) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information shall have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency’s estimate of the burden (including hours and cost) of the proposed collection of information; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, including through the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Comments submitted in response to this notice will be summarized and/or included in the request for OMB approval of this information collection; they also will become a matter of public record. Dated: March 30, 2005. Gwellnar Banks, Management Analyst, Office of the Chief Information Officer. [FR Doc. 05–6667 Filed 4–4–05; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–22–P DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration [I.D. 030805A] Incidental Take of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Seismic Retrofit of the Richmond-San Rafael Bridge, San Francisco Bay, CA National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce. ACTION: Notice of receipt of application and proposed authorization for an incidental take authorization; request for comments. AGENCY: SUMMARY: NMFS has received a request from the California Department of Transportation (CALTRANS) for a renewal of its Incidental Harassment Authorization (IHA) to take small numbers of marine mammals, by harassment, incidental to seismic retrofit construction of the Richmond- PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 San Rafael Bridge (the Bridge), San Francisco Bay (SFB), CA. Under the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA), NMFS is requesting comments on its proposal to renew an incidental take authorization to CALTRANS to incidentally take, by harassment, small numbers of Pacific harbor seals and possibly California sea lions for 1 year. DATES: Comments and information must be received no later than May 5, 2005. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments on the application and proposed authorization, using the identifier 030805A, by any of the following methods: • E-mail: PR1.030805A@noaa.gov – you must include the identifier 030805A in the subject line of the message. Comments sent via e-mail, including all attachments, must not exceed a 10–megabyte file size. • Hand-delivery or mailing of paper, disk, or CD-ROM comments: Stephen L. Leathery, Chief, Permits, Conservation and Education Division, Office of Protected Resources, National Marine Fisheries Service, 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910– 3225. To help us process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. A copy of the application containing a list of references used in this document may be obtained by writing to the address above or by telephoning the contacts listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Sarah Hagedorn, NMFS, (301) 713–2322 or Monica DeAngelis, NMFS Southwest Region, (562) 980–3232. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background Sections 101(a)(5)(A) and (D) of the MMPA (16 U.S.C. 1361 et seq.) direct the Secretary of Commerce (Secretary) to allow, upon request, the incidental, but not intentional taking of marine mammals by U.S. citizens who engage in a specified activity (other than commercial fishing) within a specified geographical region if certain findings are made and regulations are issued. Permission may be granted if the Secretary finds that the total taking will have a negligible impact on the species or stock(s), will not have an unmitigable adverse impact on the availability of the species or stock(s) for subsistence uses, and that the permissible methods of taking and requirements pertaining to the monitoring and reporting of such taking are set forth. NMFS has defined ‘‘negligible impact’’ in 50 CFR 216.103 as ‘‘an impact resulting from the E:\FR\FM\05APN1.SGM 05APN1 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 64 / Tuesday, April 5, 2005 / Notices specified activity that cannot be reasonably expected to, and is not reasonably likely to, adversely affect the species or stock through effects on annual rates of recruitment or survival.’’ Subsection 101(a)(5)(D) of the MMPA established an expedited process by which citizens of the United States can apply for an authorization to incidentally take small numbers of marine mammals by harassment. Except for certain categories of actions not pertinent here, the MMPA defines ‘‘harassment’’ as: any act of pursuit, torment, or annoyance which (i) has the potential to injure a marine mammal or marine mammal stock in the wild [Level A harassment]; or (ii) has the potential to disturb a marine mammal or marine mammal stock in the wild by causing disruption of behavioral patterns, including, but not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering [Level B harassment]. Summary of Request On December 16, 2004, NMFS received a letter from CALTRANS requesting reauthorization of an IHA that was first issued to it on December 16, 1997 (62 FR 67045, December 23, 1997), was renewed on January 8, 2000 (65 FR 2375, January 14, 2000), September 19, 2001 (66 FR 49165, September 26, 2001), September 23, 2002 (67 FR 61323, September 30, 2002), and November 19, 2003 (68 FR 66076, November 25, 2003). The authorization renewal request is for the possible harassment of small numbers of Pacific harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) and possibly some California sea lions (Zalophus californianus), incidental to seismic retrofit construction of the Bridge. The Bridge is being seismically retrofitted to withstand a future severe earthquake. Construction is scheduled to extend through the year 2005. A detailed description of the work planned is contained in the Final Natural Environmental Study/Biological Assessment for the Richmond-San Rafael Bridge Seismic Retrofit Project (CALTRANS, 1996). As in the previous IHAs, activities will include excavation around pier bases, hydro-jet cleaning, installation of steel casings around the piers with a crane, installation of micropiles, and installation of precast concrete jackets. Foundation construction will require approximately 2 months per pier, with construction occurring on more than one pier at a time. In addition to pier retrofit, superstructure construction and tower retrofit work may also be carried out. Other seismic retrofit work will include: • Installation of isolation bearings, needed to strengthen bridge structure; VerDate jul<14>2003 19:48 Apr 04, 2005 Jkt 205001 • Reinforcement of lower chord members and diagonal trusses by bolting new additional steel members and gusset plates to the existing members; • Cleaning and painting of new and existing steel members; • Removal and replacement of the truss shoe pins; • Deck rehabilitation and joint replacement at various locations on the bridge; and • Installation of temporary bracing prior to the removal of the steel chevron members on the piers followed by the installation of permanent Eccentric Braced Frames to provide additional strength. Because seismic retrofit construction between piers 52 and 57 has the potential to disturb harbor seals hauled out on Castro Rocks, an IHA is warranted. Description of Habitat and Marine Mammals Affected by the Activity A description of SFB ecosystem and its associated marine mammals can be found in the CALTRANS application (CALTRANS, 1997) and in CALTRANS (1996). Castro Rocks are a small chain of rocky islands located next to the Bridge and approximately 1500 ft (460 m) north of the Chevron Long Wharf. They extend in a southwesterly direction for approximately 800 ft (240 m) from pier 55. The rocks start at about 55 ft (17 m) from pier 55 (A rock) and end at approximately 250 ft (76 m) from pier 53 (F rock). The chain of rocks is exposed during low tides and inundated during high tide. Marine Mammals General information on harbor seals and other marine mammal species found in Central California waters can be found in Forney et al. (2000, 2001), which are available at the following URL: http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/ protlres/PR2/ StocklAssessmentlProgram/ sars.html. Please refer to these documents for information on these species. The marine mammals likely to be affected by work in the Bridge area are limited to harbor seals and California sea lions. Harbor seals are widely distributed in the North Atlantic and North Pacific, and is the only marine mammal species expected to be found regularly in the Bridge area. The minimum size of the California harbor seal population is estimated at 25,720 animals (Forney et al., 2003). A more detailed description of harbor seals was provided in the 1997 proposed notification of issuance of an authorization (62 FR 46480 (September PO 00000 Frm 00008 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 17235 3, 1997) with corrections and clarifications provided on December 23, 1997 (62 FR 67045). This information is not repeated here, but may be found in those Federal Register notices. Pups are born in mid- to late-March, peak numbers of pups are observed in early May, and, by the first week in June, all pups are weaned (Kopec and Harvey, 1995). Estimated total pup counts at Castro Rocks were 35 in 1999, 40 in 2000 and 40 in 2001 (A. Bohorquez pers. comm in Green et al., 2001). This represents approximately 22–24 percent of the pups born in SFB. The California sea lion primarily uses the Central SFB area to feed. California sea lions are periodically observed at Castro Rocks. The minimum population size of the California sea lion (U.S. stock) is estimated to be 138,881 (Forney et al., 2003). No pupping or regular haulouts occur in the project area. Potential Effects on Marine Mammals The impact to the harbor seals and California sea lions is expected to be disturbance by the presence of workers, construction noise, and construction vessel traffic. Disturbance from these activities is expected to have only a short-term negligible impact to a small number of harbor seals and sea lions. These disturbances will be reduced to the lowest level practicable by implementation of the proposed work restrictions and mitigation measures (see Mitigation). Marine mammal monitoring under previous IHAs has been conducted at Castro Rocks and at two ‘‘control’’ haulout locations in SFB - Mowry Slough and Yerba Buena Island (Green et al. 2004) since 1998. To date, over 14,000 hours of observations have been conducted at these sites with two-thirds of those hours at Castro Rocks. While disturbances can consist of head alerts, approaches to the water, and flushes into the water, only the latter behavior is considered by NMFS to be Level B harassment. At Castro Rocks, of all flush disturbances monitored during the day, the major harassment sources were watercraft (e.g. motorboats, sailboats, tankers, kayaks and jet skis) with 0.0990 disturbances/hr field time (d/hr); wildlife (seals and birds) with 0.0635 d/ hr; other man-made (debris, workmen on bridge, other people) with 0.0695 d/ hr; and automobiles with 0.0157 d/hr. Construction activities resulted in 0.0165 d/hr. There were fewer flushes observed at night. More detailed information on the extent of disturbance at Castro Rocks by activities other than the requested authorization is available in Green et al. (2004). E:\FR\FM\05APN1.SGM 05APN1 17236 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 64 / Tuesday, April 5, 2005 / Notices During the work period (July 16 through March 1), the incidental harassment of harbor seals and, on rare occasions, California sea lions is expected to occur on a daily basis. In addition, the number of seals disturbed will vary daily depending upon tidal elevations. Monitoring during construction periods by Green et al. (2004) indicates that although overall seal numbers each month of the year are not significantly different across years, there are differences in subsite use by seals at Castro Rocks during both the daytime and nighttime. For example, the average number of seals hauled out on Castro Rocks (rocks A and C) during the fall of 2001 (when construction activity was taking place within the area of the haul-out site) was significantly different than the average number of seals hauled out on Castro Rocks during 1998–2000, prior to the construction period. For a more detailed discussion on the distribution of harbor seals during the work and non-work periods and levels of impact by various natural and anthropogenic disturbance sources, please see Green et al. (2004) which is available upon request (see ADDRESSES.) California sea lions have been shown to react to pile driving noise by porpoising quickly away from the site (SRS Technologies, 2001), but it is not known whether they will react to general construction noise and move away from the rocks during construction activities. However, sea lions are generally thought to be more tolerant of human activities than harbor seals and are, therefore, less likely to be affected. Potential Effects on Habitat Short-term impacts of the activities are expected to result in a temporary reduction in utilization of the Castro Rocks haulout site while work is in progress or until seals acclimate to the disturbance. This will not likely result in any permanent reduction in the number of seals at Castro Rocks. The abandonment of Castro Rocks as a harbor seal haulout and rookery is not anticipated since existing traffic noise from the Bridge, commercial activities at the Chevron Long Wharf used for offloading crude oil, and considerable recreational boating and commercial shipping that currently occur within the area have not caused long-term abandonment. In addition, mitigation measures and work restrictions are designed to preclude abandonment. Therefore, as described in detail in CALTRANS (1996), other than the potential short-term abandonment by harbor seals of part or all of Castro Rocks during retrofit construction, no impact on the habitat or food sources of VerDate jul<14>2003 19:48 Apr 04, 2005 Jkt 205001 marine mammals are likely from this construction project. Mitigation Several mitigation measures to reduce the potential for general noise will be implemented by CALTRANS as part of their activity. With the exception of the Concrete Trestle Section, between 9 p.m. and 7 a.m. no piles will be driven (i.e., no repetitive pounding of piles) on the Bridge and noise levels will not exceed 86 dBA at 50 ft (15 m). Seismic retrofitting will cease in the vicinity of Castro Rocks (piers 52 through 57) during the pupping/molting restriction period (March 1 through July 15). Previous authorizations (1997–2001) required CALTRANS to comply with the following mitigation measures: (1) A February 15 through July 31 restriction on work in the water south of the Bridge center line and retrofit work on the Bridge substructure, towers, superstructure, piers, and pilings from piers 52 through 57; (2) no watercraft will be deployed by CALTRANS employees or contractors during the year within the exclusion zone located between piers 52 and 57 except for when construction equipment is required for seismic retrofitting of piers 52 through 57; and (3) minimize vessel traffic to the greatest extent practicable in the exclusion zone when conducting construction activities between piers 52 and 57. From 1997 through September 2002, the boundary of the exclusion zone was rectangular in shape (1700 ft (518 m) by 800 ft (244 m)), completely enclosing Castro Rocks and piers 52 through 57, inclusive. The northern boundary of the exclusion zone was located 300 ft (91 m) from the most northern tip of Castro Rocks, and the southern boundary was located 300 ft (91 m) from the most southern tip of Castro Rocks. The eastern boundary was located 300 ft (91 m) from the most eastern tip of Castro Rocks, and the western boundary was located 300 ft (91 m) from the most western tip of Castro Rocks. The exclusion zone is restricted as a controlled access area and is marked off with buoys and warning signs for the entire year. In 2002 (see 67 FR 61323, September 30, 2002), NMFS modified the Work/ Boat Exclusion Zone (W/BEZ) so that the eastern boundary was shifted from 100 ft (31 m) east of Pier 57 to 100 ft (31 m) west of Pier 57. This maintains a 400–ft (122–m) ‘‘buffer’’ as opposed to the previous 600–ft (183–m) buffer, between the work at Pier 57 and ‘‘A’’ rock. This modification is reasonable based on observed seal behavior during the construction within the W/BEZ that harbor seals adjusted their location PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 preference on Castro Rocks by moving westerly to rocks further from the construction (see discussion previously in this document). However, CALTRANS notes that there has not been a statistically significant change in the total numbers of animals that utilize the Castro Rocks haulout. The eastern boundary of the exclusion zone will be relocated to its original position at 300 ft (91 m) from the most eastern tip of Castro Rocks upon conclusion of work at Pier 57. This IHA does not include any further changes of the exclusion zone and will be identical to the previous IHA. In addition to shifting the W/BEZ, in 2002, NMFS extended the period in which work was allowed in the vicinity of Castro Rocks from February 15th to March 1st. CALTRANS requested this modification due to unforseen circumstances affecting the ability of the contractor to the seismic retrofit work on Pier 57. The original Work Closure Period (February 15–July 31) was designed to encompass the entire harbor seal pupping and breeding seasons and nearly the entire molting season at Castro Rocks. Thus, the Work Closure Period included the entire pupping season at Castro Rocks and a substantial pre-pupping period when females are moving into pupping areas (see 62 FR 67045, December 23, 1997). Moving the start of the Work Closure Period from February 15th to March 1st still provides a 2–week window prior to the onset of successful pupping (March 15th), and because NMFS did not find scientific evidence indicating that female harbor seals need a ‘‘quiet period’’ from general noise in order to pup successfully, NMFS determined that shifting the Work Closure Period from February 15th to March 1st would not have a significant impact on harbor seal pupping. In 2002, NMFS also modified the date at which work is allowed to start in the vicinity of Castro Rocks from August 1st to a new date of July 16th. As mentioned in previous documents, newborn harbor seal pups are able to swim immediately after birth (Zeiner et al., 1990) and pups are weaned by the first week of June. Therefore, terminating the Closure Period on July 16th is not expected to affect pup survival. Under authorizations issued prior to the current IHA, the July 31st ending date for the Work Closure Period was established to protect harbor seals during the molting season. However, those documents also noted that NMFS believed that it is likely that harbor seals evolved adaptive mechanisms to deal with exposure to the water during the molt. For example, on some harbor seal E:\FR\FM\05APN1.SGM 05APN1 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 64 / Tuesday, April 5, 2005 / Notices haul-outs (such as Castro Rocks) during the molting season seals must enter the water once or even twice a day due to tidal fluctuations limiting access to the haul-out. Also, since harbor seals lose hair in patches during the molt, they are never completely hairless and would not be as vulnerable to heat loss in the water during this period compared to other seals (e.g., elephant seals) that lose their all their hair at one time. Finally, NMFS notes that if the levels of harbor seal disturbance during the molt are relatively high, seals are likely to utilize other local haul-out sites during the molt (DeLong, R., pers. comm. 1997; Hanan, D., pers. comm. 1997; Harvey, J., pers. comm. 1997). Hanan (1996) found that although harbor seals tagged at an isolated southern California haul-out tended to exhibit site-fidelity during the molt, some seals were observed molting at other nearby haul-outs. Based on these reasons therefore, NMFS determined that terminating the Closure Period on July 16th would not significantly affect harbor seals in general or molting seals at Castro Rocks in particular. Monitoring NMFS will require CALTRANS to continue to monitor the impact of seismic retrofit construction activities on harbor seals at Castro Rocks. Monitoring will be conducted by one or more NMFS-approved monitors. CALTRANS is to monitor at least one additional harbor seal haulout within San Francisco Bay to evaluate whether harbor seals use alternative haulout areas as a result of seismic retrofit disturbance at Castro Rocks. The monitoring protocol will be divided into the Work Period Phase (July 16 through February 28) and the Closure Period Phase (March 1 through July 15). During the Work Period Phase and Closure Period Phase, the monitor(s) will conduct observations of seal behavior at least 3 days/week for approximately one tidal cycle each day at Castro Rocks. The following data will be recorded: (1) Number of seals and sea lions on site; (2) date; (3) time; (4) tidal height; (5) number of adults, subadults, and pups; (6) number of individuals with red pelage; (7) number of females and males; (8) number of molting seals; and (9) details of any observed disturbances. Concurrently, the monitor(s) will record general construction activity, location, duration, and noise levels. At least two nights/ week, the monitor will conduct a harbor seal census after midnight at Castro Rocks. In addition, during the Work Period Phase and prior to any construction between piers 52 and 57, VerDate jul<14>2003 19:48 Apr 04, 2005 Jkt 205001 inclusive, the monitor(s) will conduct baseline observations of seal behavior at Castro Rocks and at the alternative site(s) once a day for a period of five consecutive days immediately before the initiation of construction in the area to establish pre-construction behavioral patterns. During the Work Period and Closure Period Phases, the monitor(s) will conduct observations of seal behavior, and collect appropriate data, at the alternative Bay harbor seal haulout at least three days/week (Work Period) and two days/week (Closure Period), during a low tide. In addition, NMFS will require that, immediately following the completion of the seismic retrofit construction of the Bridge, the monitor(s) will conduct observations of seal behavior, at Castro Rocks, at least five days/week for approximately 1 tidal cycle (high tide to high tide) each day, for one week/month during the months of April, July, October, and January. At least two nights/week during this same period, the monitor will conduct an additional harbor seal census after midnight. Reporting Under previous IHAs, CALTRANS has provided monitoring reports (Green et al. (2001, 2002, 2003, 2004). The findings from these reports have been summarized previously in this document. CALTRANS will provide weekly reports to the Southwest Regional Administrator (Regional Administrator), NMFS, including a summary of the previous week’s monitoring activities and an estimate of the number of harbor seals and sea lions that may have been disturbed as a result of seismic retrofit construction activities. These reports will provide dates, time, tidal height, maximum number of harbor seals ashore, number of adults, sub-adults and pups, number of females/males, number of harbor seals with a red pelage, and any observed disturbances. A description of retrofit activities at the time of observation and any sound pressure levels measurements made at the haulout will also be provided. A draft interim report must be submitted to NMFS by September 30, 2005. Because seismic retrofit activities may continue beyond the date of expiration of this IHA (presumably under a new IHA), a draft final report must be submitted to the Regional Administrator within 90 days after the expiration of this IHA. A final report must be submitted to the Regional Administrator within 30 days after receiving comments from the Regional Administrator on the draft final report. If no comments are received from NMFS, the draft final PO 00000 Frm 00010 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 17237 report will be considered to be the final report. CALTRANS will provide NMFS with a follow-up report on the postconstruction monitoring activities within 18 months of project completion in order to evaluate whether haulout patterns are similar to the pre-retrofit haul-out patterns at Castro Rocks. National Environmental Policy Act NMFS prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA) in 1997 that concluded that the impacts of CALTRANS’ seismic retrofit construction of the RichmondSan Rafael Bridge will not have a significant impact on the human environment. A copy of that EA, which includes the Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) is available upon request (see ADDRESSES). This action has not changed significantly from the action analyzed in the 1997 EA. Therefore, this proposed action is not expected to change the analysis or conclusion of the 1997 EA. Endangered Species Act (ESA) On January 27, 1997, NMFS completed consultation under section 7 of the ESA with the Federal Highway Administration on Caltrans’ proposed seismic retrofit work on the RichmondSan Rafael Bridge. That consultation concluded that the project is not likely to adversely affect winter-run chinook salmon. Issuance of this proposed IHA to Caltrans constitutes an agency action that may affect ESA-listed species and, therefore, is subject to section 7 of the ESA. Because the proposed underlying action has not changed significantly from that considered in the consultation, NMFS has preliminarily determined that issuance of an IHA will not lead to any effects to listed species apart from those that were considered in the consultation on FHWA’s action. Preliminary Conclusions NMFS has preliminarily determined that the short-term impact of the seismic retrofit construction of the Bridge, as described in this document, should result, at worst, in the temporary modification in behavior by small numbers of harbor seals and, possibly, by small numbers of California sea lions. While behavioral modifications, including temporarily vacating the haulout, may be made by these species to avoid the resultant visual and acoustic disturbance, this action is expected to have a negligible impact on the animals. In addition, no take by injury and/or death is anticipated, and harassment takes will be at the lowest level practicable due to incorporation of E:\FR\FM\05APN1.SGM 05APN1 17238 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 64 / Tuesday, April 5, 2005 / Notices the mitigation measures mentioned previously in this document. Proposed Authorization NMFS proposes to renew an IHA to CALTRANS for the potential harassment of small numbers of harbor seals and California sea lions incidental to seismic retrofit construction of the Bridge, provided the previously mentioned mitigation, monitoring, and reporting requirements are incorporated. NMFS has preliminarily determined that the proposed activity would result in the harassment of only small numbers of harbor seals and possibly California sea lions and will have no more than a negligible impact on these marine mammal stocks. Information Solicited NMFS requests interested persons to submit comments, information, and suggestions concerning this request (see ADDRESSES). Prior to submitting comments, NMFS recommends reviewers of this document read the responses to comments made previously (see 62 FR 67045, December 23, 1997; 65 FR 2375, January 14, 2000; 66 FR 49165, September 26, 2001; 67 FR 61323, September 30, 2002; and 68 FR 66076, 2003) for this action, as NMFS does not intend to address these issues further without the submission of additional scientific information. Dated: March 28, 2005. Donna Wieting, Acting Director, Office of Protected Resources, National Marine Fisheries Service. [FR Doc. 05–6715 Filed 4–4–05; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–22–S DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration [I.D. 033005B] Pacific Fishery Management Council; Public Meeting National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce. ACTION: Notice of public meeting. AGENCY: SUMMARY: The Pacific Fishery Management Council’s (Council) Highly Migratory Species Advisory Subpanel (HMSAS) will hold a work session, which is open to the public. DATES: The HMSAS will meet on Thursday, April 21, 2005, from 10 a.m. until business for the day is completed. ADDRESSES: The work session will be held in the large conference room at the VerDate jul<14>2003 19:48 Apr 04, 2005 Jkt 205001 California Department of Fish and Game, 4665 Lampson Avenue, Suite C, Los Alamitos, CA 90720; telephone: (562) 342–7100, email: kit.dahl@noaa.gov. Council address: Pacific Fishery Management Council, 7700 NE Ambassador Place, Suite 200, Portland, OR 97220 1384. Dr. Kit Dahl, Pacific Fishery Management Council, telephone: (503) 820–2280. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: The primary purpose of the work session is to review current issues arising from the implementation of the highly migratory species (HMS) fishery management plan, make recommendations to the Council on future action on these issues, and, as appropriate, consider issues pertinent to the General Advisory Committee to the U.S. delegation to the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission. Issues discussed could include the Council’s response to overfishing of bigeye tuna and other HMS species so declared in the future, developing sea turtle bycatch mitigation measures for the West Coast high seas longline fishery, establishing a limited entry program for the West Coast high seas longline fishery, and review of exempted fishing permits, among others. Although non-emergency issues not contained in the HMSAS meeting agenda may come before the HMSAS for discussion, those issues may not be the subject of formal HMSAS action during this meeting. HMSAS action will be restricted to those issues specifically listed in this document and any issues arising after publication of this document that require emergency action under Section 305(c) of the MagnusonStevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act, provided the public has been notified of the HMSAS’s intent to take final action to address the emergency. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Special Accommodations The meeting is physically accessible to people with disabilities. Requests for sign language interpretation or other auxiliary aids should be directed to Ms. Carolyn Porter at (503) 820–2280 at least 5 days prior to the meeting date. Dated: March 31, 2005. Emily Menashes, Acting Director, Office of Sustainable Fisheries, National Marine Fisheries Service. [FR Doc. E5–1522 Filed 4–4–05; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–22–S PO 00000 Frm 00011 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration [I.D. 033005C] Western Pacific Fishery Management Council; Public Meetings National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce. ACTION: Notice of a public meeting. AGENCY: SUMMARY: The Western Pacific Fishery Management Council (Council) will hold its Precious Corals Plan Team (PCPT) meeting in Honolulu, HI. DATES: The meeting of the PCPT will be held on April 29, 2005, from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. ADDRESSES: The PCPT meeting will be held at the Western Pacific Fishery Management Council Office, 1164 Bishop St., Suite 1400, Honolulu, HI 96813. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kitty M. Simonds, Executive Director; telephone: (808) 522–8220. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The PCPT will meet on April 29, 2005 to discuss the following agenda items: 1. Introductions 2. Review of last plan team meeting and recommendations 3. State of Hawaii Black Coral Research 4. Laser Line Scan Survey Project 5. Update on Precious Corals Draft Environmental Impact Statement The order in which agenda items are addressed may change. Public comment periods will be provided throughout the agenda. The Plan Team will meet as late as necessary to complete scheduled business. Although non-emergency issues not contained in this agenda may come before the Plan Team for discussion, those issues may not be the subject of formal action during these meetings. Plan Team action will be restricted to those issues specifically listed in this document and any issue arising after publication of this document that requires emergency action under section 305(c) of the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act, provided the public has been notified of the Council’s intent to take final action to address the emergency. Special Accommodations This meeting is physically accessible to people with disabilities. Requests for sign language interpretation or other auxiliary aids should be directed to E:\FR\FM\05APN1.SGM 05APN1

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[Federal Register Volume 70, Number 64 (Tuesday, April 5, 2005)]
[Notices]
[Pages 17234-17238]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 05-6715]


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DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

[I.D. 030805A]


Incidental Take of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified 
Activities; Seismic Retrofit of the Richmond-San Rafael Bridge, San 
Francisco Bay, CA

AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce.

ACTION: Notice of receipt of application and proposed authorization for 
an incidental take authorization; request for comments.

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SUMMARY: NMFS has received a request from the California Department of 
Transportation (CALTRANS) for a renewal of its Incidental Harassment 
Authorization (IHA) to take small numbers of marine mammals, by 
harassment, incidental to seismic retrofit construction of the 
Richmond-San Rafael Bridge (the Bridge), San Francisco Bay (SFB), CA. 
Under the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA), NMFS is requesting 
comments on its proposal to renew an incidental take authorization to 
CALTRANS to incidentally take, by harassment, small numbers of Pacific 
harbor seals and possibly California sea lions for 1 year.

DATES: Comments and information must be received no later than May 5, 
2005.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments on the application and proposed 
authorization, using the identifier 030805A, by any of the following 
methods:
     E-mail: PR1.030805A@noaa.gov - you must include the 
identifier 030805A in the subject line of the message. Comments sent 
via e-mail, including all attachments, must not exceed a 10-megabyte 
file size.
     Hand-delivery or mailing of paper, disk, or CD-ROM 
comments: Stephen L. Leathery, Chief, Permits, Conservation and 
Education Division, Office of Protected Resources, National Marine 
Fisheries Service, 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910-
3225.
    To help us process and review your comments more efficiently, 
please use only one method. A copy of the application containing a list 
of references used in this document may be obtained by writing to the 
address above or by telephoning the contacts listed under FOR FURTHER 
INFORMATION CONTACT.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Sarah Hagedorn, NMFS, (301) 713-2322 
or Monica DeAngelis, NMFS Southwest Region, (562) 980-3232.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

    Sections 101(a)(5)(A) and (D) of the MMPA (16 U.S.C. 1361 et seq.) 
direct the Secretary of Commerce (Secretary) to allow, upon request, 
the incidental, but not intentional taking of marine mammals by U.S. 
citizens who engage in a specified activity (other than commercial 
fishing) within a specified geographical region if certain findings are 
made and regulations are issued.
    Permission may be granted if the Secretary finds that the total 
taking will have a negligible impact on the species or stock(s), will 
not have an unmitigable adverse impact on the availability of the 
species or stock(s) for subsistence uses, and that the permissible 
methods of taking and requirements pertaining to the monitoring and 
reporting of such taking are set forth. NMFS has defined ``negligible 
impact'' in 50 CFR 216.103 as ``an impact resulting from the

[[Page 17235]]

specified activity that cannot be reasonably expected to, and is not 
reasonably likely to, adversely affect the species or stock through 
effects on annual rates of recruitment or survival.''
    Subsection 101(a)(5)(D) of the MMPA established an expedited 
process by which citizens of the United States can apply for an 
authorization to incidentally take small numbers of marine mammals by 
harassment. Except for certain categories of actions not pertinent 
here, the MMPA defines ``harassment'' as:
    any act of pursuit, torment, or annoyance which (i) has the 
potential to injure a marine mammal or marine mammal stock in the 
wild [Level A harassment]; or (ii) has the potential to disturb a 
marine mammal or marine mammal stock in the wild by causing 
disruption of behavioral patterns, including, but not limited to, 
migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering 
[Level B harassment].

Summary of Request

    On December 16, 2004, NMFS received a letter from CALTRANS 
requesting reauthorization of an IHA that was first issued to it on 
December 16, 1997 (62 FR 67045, December 23, 1997), was renewed on 
January 8, 2000 (65 FR 2375, January 14, 2000), September 19, 2001 (66 
FR 49165, September 26, 2001), September 23, 2002 (67 FR 61323, 
September 30, 2002), and November 19, 2003 (68 FR 66076, November 25, 
2003). The authorization renewal request is for the possible harassment 
of small numbers of Pacific harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) and possibly 
some California sea lions (Zalophus californianus), incidental to 
seismic retrofit construction of the Bridge.
    The Bridge is being seismically retrofitted to withstand a future 
severe earthquake. Construction is scheduled to extend through the year 
2005. A detailed description of the work planned is contained in the 
Final Natural Environmental Study/Biological Assessment for the 
Richmond-San Rafael Bridge Seismic Retrofit Project (CALTRANS, 1996). 
As in the previous IHAs, activities will include excavation around pier 
bases, hydro-jet cleaning, installation of steel casings around the 
piers with a crane, installation of micro-piles, and installation of 
precast concrete jackets. Foundation construction will require 
approximately 2 months per pier, with construction occurring on more 
than one pier at a time. In addition to pier retrofit, superstructure 
construction and tower retrofit work may also be carried out. Other 
seismic retrofit work will include:
     Installation of isolation bearings, needed to strengthen 
bridge structure;
     Reinforcement of lower chord members and diagonal trusses 
by bolting new additional steel members and gusset plates to the 
existing members;
     Cleaning and painting of new and existing steel members;
     Removal and replacement of the truss shoe pins;
     Deck rehabilitation and joint replacement at various 
locations on the bridge; and
     Installation of temporary bracing prior to the removal of 
the steel chevron members on the piers followed by the installation of 
permanent Eccentric Braced Frames to provide additional strength.
    Because seismic retrofit construction between piers 52 and 57 has 
the potential to disturb harbor seals hauled out on Castro Rocks, an 
IHA is warranted.

Description of Habitat and Marine Mammals Affected by the Activity

    A description of SFB ecosystem and its associated marine mammals 
can be found in the CALTRANS application (CALTRANS, 1997) and in 
CALTRANS (1996). Castro Rocks are a small chain of rocky islands 
located next to the Bridge and approximately 1500 ft (460 m) north of 
the Chevron Long Wharf. They extend in a southwesterly direction for 
approximately 800 ft (240 m) from pier 55. The rocks start at about 55 
ft (17 m) from pier 55 (A rock) and end at approximately 250 ft (76 m) 
from pier 53 (F rock). The chain of rocks is exposed during low tides 
and inundated during high tide.

Marine Mammals

    General information on harbor seals and other marine mammal species 
found in Central California waters can be found in Forney et al. (2000, 
2001), which are available at the following URL: http://
www.nmfs.noaa.gov/prot_res/PR2/Stock_Assessment_Program/sars.html. 
Please refer to these documents for information on these species. The 
marine mammals likely to be affected by work in the Bridge area are 
limited to harbor seals and California sea lions.
    Harbor seals are widely distributed in the North Atlantic and North 
Pacific, and is the only marine mammal species expected to be found 
regularly in the Bridge area. The minimum size of the California harbor 
seal population is estimated at 25,720 animals (Forney et al., 2003). A 
more detailed description of harbor seals was provided in the 1997 
proposed notification of issuance of an authorization (62 FR 46480 
(September 3, 1997) with corrections and clarifications provided on 
December 23, 1997 (62 FR 67045). This information is not repeated here, 
but may be found in those Federal Register notices. Pups are born in 
mid- to late-March, peak numbers of pups are observed in early May, 
and, by the first week in June, all pups are weaned (Kopec and Harvey, 
1995). Estimated total pup counts at Castro Rocks were 35 in 1999, 40 
in 2000 and 40 in 2001 (A. Bohorquez pers. comm in Green et al., 2001). 
This represents approximately 22-24 percent of the pups born in SFB.
    The California sea lion primarily uses the Central SFB area to 
feed. California sea lions are periodically observed at Castro Rocks. 
The minimum population size of the California sea lion (U.S. stock) is 
estimated to be 138,881 (Forney et al., 2003). No pupping or regular 
haulouts occur in the project area. Potential Effects on Marine Mammals
    The impact to the harbor seals and California sea lions is expected 
to be disturbance by the presence of workers, construction noise, and 
construction vessel traffic. Disturbance from these activities is 
expected to have only a short-term negligible impact to a small number 
of harbor seals and sea lions. These disturbances will be reduced to 
the lowest level practicable by implementation of the proposed work 
restrictions and mitigation measures (see Mitigation).
    Marine mammal monitoring under previous IHAs has been conducted at 
Castro Rocks and at two ``control'' haul-out locations in SFB - Mowry 
Slough and Yerba Buena Island (Green et al. 2004) since 1998. To date, 
over 14,000 hours of observations have been conducted at these sites 
with two-thirds of those hours at Castro Rocks. While disturbances can 
consist of head alerts, approaches to the water, and flushes into the 
water, only the latter behavior is considered by NMFS to be Level B 
harassment. At Castro Rocks, of all flush disturbances monitored during 
the day, the major harassment sources were watercraft (e.g. motorboats, 
sailboats, tankers, kayaks and jet skis) with 0.0990 disturbances/hr 
field time (d/hr); wildlife (seals and birds) with 0.0635 d/hr; other 
man-made (debris, workmen on bridge, other people) with 0.0695 d/hr; 
and automobiles with 0.0157 d/hr. Construction activities resulted in 
0.0165 d/hr. There were fewer flushes observed at night. More detailed 
information on the extent of disturbance at Castro Rocks by activities 
other than the requested authorization is available in Green et al. 
(2004).

[[Page 17236]]

    During the work period (July 16 through March 1), the incidental 
harassment of harbor seals and, on rare occasions, California sea lions 
is expected to occur on a daily basis. In addition, the number of seals 
disturbed will vary daily depending upon tidal elevations. Monitoring 
during construction periods by Green et al. (2004) indicates that 
although overall seal numbers each month of the year are not 
significantly different across years, there are differences in subsite 
use by seals at Castro Rocks during both the daytime and nighttime. For 
example, the average number of seals hauled out on Castro Rocks (rocks 
A and C) during the fall of 2001 (when construction activity was taking 
place within the area of the haul-out site) was significantly different 
than the average number of seals hauled out on Castro Rocks during 
1998-2000, prior to the construction period. For a more detailed 
discussion on the distribution of harbor seals during the work and non-
work periods and levels of impact by various natural and anthropogenic 
disturbance sources, please see Green et al. (2004) which is available 
upon request (see ADDRESSES.)
    California sea lions have been shown to react to pile driving noise 
by porpoising quickly away from the site (SRS Technologies, 2001), but 
it is not known whether they will react to general construction noise 
and move away from the rocks during construction activities. However, 
sea lions are generally thought to be more tolerant of human activities 
than harbor seals and are, therefore, less likely to be affected.

Potential Effects on Habitat

    Short-term impacts of the activities are expected to result in a 
temporary reduction in utilization of the Castro Rocks haulout site 
while work is in progress or until seals acclimate to the disturbance. 
This will not likely result in any permanent reduction in the number of 
seals at Castro Rocks. The abandonment of Castro Rocks as a harbor seal 
haulout and rookery is not anticipated since existing traffic noise 
from the Bridge, commercial activities at the Chevron Long Wharf used 
for off-loading crude oil, and considerable recreational boating and 
commercial shipping that currently occur within the area have not 
caused long-term abandonment. In addition, mitigation measures and work 
restrictions are designed to preclude abandonment.
    Therefore, as described in detail in CALTRANS (1996), other than 
the potential short-term abandonment by harbor seals of part or all of 
Castro Rocks during retrofit construction, no impact on the habitat or 
food sources of marine mammals are likely from this construction 
project.

Mitigation

    Several mitigation measures to reduce the potential for general 
noise will be implemented by CALTRANS as part of their activity. With 
the exception of the Concrete Trestle Section, between 9 p.m. and 7 
a.m. no piles will be driven (i.e., no repetitive pounding of piles) on 
the Bridge and noise levels will not exceed 86 dBA at 50 ft (15 m). 
Seismic retrofitting will cease in the vicinity of Castro Rocks (piers 
52 through 57) during the pupping/molting restriction period (March 1 
through July 15).
    Previous authorizations (1997-2001) required CALTRANS to comply 
with the following mitigation measures: (1) A February 15 through July 
31 restriction on work in the water south of the Bridge center line and 
retrofit work on the Bridge substructure, towers, superstructure, 
piers, and pilings from piers 52 through 57; (2) no watercraft will be 
deployed by CALTRANS employees or contractors during the year within 
the exclusion zone located between piers 52 and 57 except for when 
construction equipment is required for seismic retrofitting of piers 52 
through 57; and (3) minimize vessel traffic to the greatest extent 
practicable in the exclusion zone when conducting construction 
activities between piers 52 and 57. From 1997 through September 2002, 
the boundary of the exclusion zone was rectangular in shape (1700 ft 
(518 m) by 800 ft (244 m)), completely enclosing Castro Rocks and piers 
52 through 57, inclusive. The northern boundary of the exclusion zone 
was located 300 ft (91 m) from the most northern tip of Castro Rocks, 
and the southern boundary was located 300 ft (91 m) from the most 
southern tip of Castro Rocks. The eastern boundary was located 300 ft 
(91 m) from the most eastern tip of Castro Rocks, and the western 
boundary was located 300 ft (91 m) from the most western tip of Castro 
Rocks. The exclusion zone is restricted as a controlled access area and 
is marked off with buoys and warning signs for the entire year.
    In 2002 (see 67 FR 61323, September 30, 2002), NMFS modified the 
Work/Boat Exclusion Zone (W/BEZ) so that the eastern boundary was 
shifted from 100 ft (31 m) east of Pier 57 to 100 ft (31 m) west of 
Pier 57. This maintains a 400-ft (122-m) ``buffer'' as opposed to the 
previous 600-ft (183-m) buffer, between the work at Pier 57 and ``A'' 
rock. This modification is reasonable based on observed seal behavior 
during the construction within the W/BEZ that harbor seals adjusted 
their location preference on Castro Rocks by moving westerly to rocks 
further from the construction (see discussion previously in this 
document). However, CALTRANS notes that there has not been a 
statistically significant change in the total numbers of animals that 
utilize the Castro Rocks haulout. The eastern boundary of the exclusion 
zone will be relocated to its original position at 300 ft (91 m) from 
the most eastern tip of Castro Rocks upon conclusion of work at Pier 
57. This IHA does not include any further changes of the exclusion zone 
and will be identical to the previous IHA.
    In addition to shifting the W/BEZ, in 2002, NMFS extended the 
period in which work was allowed in the vicinity of Castro Rocks from 
February 15th to March 1st. CALTRANS requested this modification due to 
unforseen circumstances affecting the ability of the contractor to the 
seismic retrofit work on Pier 57. The original Work Closure Period 
(February 15-July 31) was designed to encompass the entire harbor seal 
pupping and breeding seasons and nearly the entire molting season at 
Castro Rocks. Thus, the Work Closure Period included the entire pupping 
season at Castro Rocks and a substantial pre-pupping period when 
females are moving into pupping areas (see 62 FR 67045, December 23, 
1997). Moving the start of the Work Closure Period from February 15\th\ 
to March 1\st\ still provides a 2-week window prior to the onset of 
successful pupping (March 15th), and because NMFS did not find 
scientific evidence indicating that female harbor seals need a ``quiet 
period'' from general noise in order to pup successfully, NMFS 
determined that shifting the Work Closure Period from February 15th to 
March 1st would not have a significant impact on harbor seal pupping.
    In 2002, NMFS also modified the date at which work is allowed to 
start in the vicinity of Castro Rocks from August 1\st\ to a new date 
of July 16\th\. As mentioned in previous documents, newborn harbor seal 
pups are able to swim immediately after birth (Zeiner et al., 1990) and 
pups are weaned by the first week of June. Therefore, terminating the 
Closure Period on July 16\th\ is not expected to affect pup survival. 
Under authorizations issued prior to the current IHA, the July 31st 
ending date for the Work Closure Period was established to protect 
harbor seals during the molting season. However, those documents also 
noted that NMFS believed that it is likely that harbor seals evolved 
adaptive mechanisms to deal with exposure to the water during the molt. 
For example, on some harbor seal

[[Page 17237]]

haul-outs (such as Castro Rocks) during the molting season seals must 
enter the water once or even twice a day due to tidal fluctuations 
limiting access to the haul-out. Also, since harbor seals lose hair in 
patches during the molt, they are never completely hairless and would 
not be as vulnerable to heat loss in the water during this period 
compared to other seals (e.g., elephant seals) that lose their all 
their hair at one time. Finally, NMFS notes that if the levels of 
harbor seal disturbance during the molt are relatively high, seals are 
likely to utilize other local haul-out sites during the molt (DeLong, 
R., pers. comm. 1997; Hanan, D., pers. comm. 1997; Harvey, J., pers. 
comm. 1997). Hanan (1996) found that although harbor seals tagged at an 
isolated southern California haul-out tended to exhibit site-fidelity 
during the molt, some seals were observed molting at other nearby haul-
outs. Based on these reasons therefore, NMFS determined that 
terminating the Closure Period on July 16\th\ would not significantly 
affect harbor seals in general or molting seals at Castro Rocks in 
particular.

Monitoring

    NMFS will require CALTRANS to continue to monitor the impact of 
seismic retrofit construction activities on harbor seals at Castro 
Rocks. Monitoring will be conducted by one or more NMFS-approved 
monitors. CALTRANS is to monitor at least one additional harbor seal 
haulout within San Francisco Bay to evaluate whether harbor seals use 
alternative haulout areas as a result of seismic retrofit disturbance 
at Castro Rocks.
    The monitoring protocol will be divided into the Work Period Phase 
(July 16 through February 28) and the Closure Period Phase (March 1 
through July 15). During the Work Period Phase and Closure Period 
Phase, the monitor(s) will conduct observations of seal behavior at 
least 3 days/week for approximately one tidal cycle each day at Castro 
Rocks. The following data will be recorded: (1) Number of seals and sea 
lions on site; (2) date; (3) time; (4) tidal height; (5) number of 
adults, subadults, and pups; (6) number of individuals with red pelage; 
(7) number of females and males; (8) number of molting seals; and (9) 
details of any observed disturbances. Concurrently, the monitor(s) will 
record general construction activity, location, duration, and noise 
levels. At least two nights/week, the monitor will conduct a harbor 
seal census after midnight at Castro Rocks. In addition, during the 
Work Period Phase and prior to any construction between piers 52 and 
57, inclusive, the monitor(s) will conduct baseline observations of 
seal behavior at Castro Rocks and at the alternative site(s) once a day 
for a period of five consecutive days immediately before the initiation 
of construction in the area to establish pre-construction behavioral 
patterns. During the Work Period and Closure Period Phases, the 
monitor(s) will conduct observations of seal behavior, and collect 
appropriate data, at the alternative Bay harbor seal haulout at least 
three days/week (Work Period) and two days/week (Closure Period), 
during a low tide.
    In addition, NMFS will require that, immediately following the 
completion of the seismic retrofit construction of the Bridge, the 
monitor(s) will conduct observations of seal behavior, at Castro Rocks, 
at least five days/week for approximately 1 tidal cycle (high tide to 
high tide) each day, for one week/month during the months of April, 
July, October, and January. At least two nights/week during this same 
period, the monitor will conduct an additional harbor seal census after 
midnight.

Reporting

    Under previous IHAs, CALTRANS has provided monitoring reports 
(Green et al. (2001, 2002, 2003, 2004). The findings from these reports 
have been summarized previously in this document.
    CALTRANS will provide weekly reports to the Southwest Regional 
Administrator (Regional Administrator), NMFS, including a summary of 
the previous week's monitoring activities and an estimate of the number 
of harbor seals and sea lions that may have been disturbed as a result 
of seismic retrofit construction activities. These reports will provide 
dates, time, tidal height, maximum number of harbor seals ashore, 
number of adults, sub-adults and pups, number of females/males, number 
of harbor seals with a red pelage, and any observed disturbances. A 
description of retrofit activities at the time of observation and any 
sound pressure levels measurements made at the haulout will also be 
provided. A draft interim report must be submitted to NMFS by September 
30, 2005.
    Because seismic retrofit activities may continue beyond the date of 
expiration of this IHA (presumably under a new IHA), a draft final 
report must be submitted to the Regional Administrator within 90 days 
after the expiration of this IHA. A final report must be submitted to 
the Regional Administrator within 30 days after receiving comments from 
the Regional Administrator on the draft final report. If no comments 
are received from NMFS, the draft final report will be considered to be 
the final report.
    CALTRANS will provide NMFS with a follow-up report on the post-
construction monitoring activities within 18 months of project 
completion in order to evaluate whether haulout patterns are similar to 
the pre-retrofit haul-out patterns at Castro Rocks.

National Environmental Policy Act

    NMFS prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA) in 1997 that 
concluded that the impacts of CALTRANS' seismic retrofit construction 
of the Richmond-San Rafael Bridge will not have a significant impact on 
the human environment. A copy of that EA, which includes the Finding of 
No Significant Impact (FONSI) is available upon request (see 
ADDRESSES). This action has not changed significantly from the action 
analyzed in the 1997 EA. Therefore, this proposed action is not 
expected to change the analysis or conclusion of the 1997 EA.

Endangered Species Act (ESA)

    On January 27, 1997, NMFS completed consultation under section 7 of 
the ESA with the Federal Highway Administration on Caltrans' proposed 
seismic retrofit work on the Richmond-San Rafael Bridge. That 
consultation concluded that the project is not likely to adversely 
affect winter-run chinook salmon. Issuance of this proposed IHA to 
Caltrans constitutes an agency action that may affect ESA-listed 
species and, therefore, is subject to section 7 of the ESA. Because the 
proposed underlying action has not changed significantly from that 
considered in the consultation, NMFS has preliminarily determined that 
issuance of an IHA will not lead to any effects to listed species apart 
from those that were considered in the consultation on FHWA's action.

Preliminary Conclusions

    NMFS has preliminarily determined that the short-term impact of the 
seismic retrofit construction of the Bridge, as described in this 
document, should result, at worst, in the temporary modification in 
behavior by small numbers of harbor seals and, possibly, by small 
numbers of California sea lions. While behavioral modifications, 
including temporarily vacating the haulout, may be made by these 
species to avoid the resultant visual and acoustic disturbance, this 
action is expected to have a negligible impact on the animals. In 
addition, no take by injury and/or death is anticipated, and harassment 
takes will be at the lowest level practicable due to incorporation of

[[Page 17238]]

the mitigation measures mentioned previously in this document.

Proposed Authorization

    NMFS proposes to renew an IHA to CALTRANS for the potential 
harassment of small numbers of harbor seals and California sea lions 
incidental to seismic retrofit construction of the Bridge, provided the 
previously mentioned mitigation, monitoring, and reporting requirements 
are incorporated. NMFS has preliminarily determined that the proposed 
activity would result in the harassment of only small numbers of harbor 
seals and possibly California sea lions and will have no more than a 
negligible impact on these marine mammal stocks.

Information Solicited

    NMFS requests interested persons to submit comments, information, 
and suggestions concerning this request (see ADDRESSES). Prior to 
submitting comments, NMFS recommends reviewers of this document read 
the responses to comments made previously (see 62 FR 67045, December 
23, 1997; 65 FR 2375, January 14, 2000; 66 FR 49165, September 26, 
2001; 67 FR 61323, September 30, 2002; and 68 FR 66076, 2003) for this 
action, as NMFS does not intend to address these issues further without 
the submission of additional scientific information.

    Dated: March 28, 2005.
Donna Wieting,
Acting Director, Office of Protected Resources, National Marine 
Fisheries Service.
[FR Doc. 05-6715 Filed 4-4-05; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3510-22-S