Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology, Phillips Academy, Andover, MA, 16840-16841 [05-6466]

Download as PDF 16840 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 62 / Friday, April 1, 2005 / Notices Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe (a nonfederally recognized Indian group), and Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a nonfederally recognized Indian group). In 1930, human remains representing a minimum of one individual were removed from the Herring Weir site (19-PL-249/250), Mattapoisett, Plymouth County, MA, by Ralph Metcalf. The site was located at the top of a bank adjacent to a stream emptying into Mattapoisett Bay. In 1945, Maurice Robbins obtained the human remains and donated them to the Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology in 1950. No known individual was identified. The 23 associated funerary objects are 12 fragments of organic materials, including matting, animal skin, and an animal tooth; 4 copper fragments; 4 animal bones; 2 pyrite fragments; and 1 lot of bark fragments. Other burials at the Herring Weir site contained objects of Euroamerican manufacture. Based on artifact typologies, the Herring Weir Site is dated to the Late Woodland/Early Contact period (circa A.D. 1000-1650). In 1945 and 1949, human remains representing a minimum of three individuals were removed from the Taylor Hill site (19-BN-106), in Wellfleet, Barnstable County, MA, by Howard Torrey and Ripley Bullen and were donated to the Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology at an unknown time. No known individuals were identified. The eight associated funerary objects are one harpoon point, two mollusk shells, one deer-bone awl, two lots of animal bones, one projectile point, and one biface fragment. Based on artifact characteristics and radiocarbon dating, the Taylor Hill site is dated to the Late Middle Woodland to Late Woodland period (circa A.D. 500-1500). Deer bone that was associated with the human remains from the site has been dated to A.D. 976-1010 (calibrated). In 1935, human remains representing a minimum of one individual were removed from the Indian Cove Bluff site (19-BN-104), in Wellfleet, Barnstable County, MA, by Howard Torrey and were donated to the Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology at an unknown time. No known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present Based on artifact characteristics and radiocarbon dating, the Indian Cove Bluff site is dated to the Late Middle Woodland to Late Woodland periods (circa A.D. 500-1500). In 1915, human remains representing a minimum of two individuals were VerDate jul<14>2003 17:15 Mar 31, 2005 Jkt 205001 removed from the Corn Hill site (19-BN-144/45), in Truro, Barnstable County, MA, by Warren K. Moorehead and Fred Luce. Shortly afterwards, Mr. Luce donated the human remains to the Haverhill Historical Society. In 1993, the Haverhill Historical Society transferred the human remains and funerary objects to the Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology. No known individuals were identified. The 53 associated funerary objects are 1 metal blade, approximately 50 iron fragments, 1 lot of soil stained with ochre, and 1 lot of wood and bark fragments stained with ochre. Corn Hill is an historically documented Contact period site (post-A.D. 1500). Increased frequency and longer-term use of coastal areas by Native American people in the outer Cape Cod and Buzzards Bay, MA, area began in the Middle Woodland period. This pattern continued and intensified into the Contact Period. With the formation of highly productive and more stable salt-marsh and estuary environments, long-term occupation became a viable settlement option. The locally focused, year-round exploitation of this environmental diversity first becomes visible in late Middle Woodland sites and continued to characterize Wampanoag subsistence patterns and apparent social organization throughout the Late Woodland/Contact periods. Concomitant with this evidence for year-round occupation are mortuary data that indicate a significantly different pattern than that evident on earlier sites in the same region. Wampanoag descendents are today represented by the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe (a nonfederally recognized Indian group), and Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a nonfederally recognized Indian group). Officials of the Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (9-10), the human remains described above represent the physical remains of seven individuals of Native American ancestry. Officials of the Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(A), the 84 objects described above are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony. Lastly, officials of the Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity PO 00000 Frm 00050 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 that can be reasonably traced between the Native American human remains and associated funerary objects and the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, and there is a cultural relationship between the Native American human remains and associated funerary objects and the Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe (a nonfederally recognized Indian group), and the Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a nonfederally recognized Indian group). Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the human remains and associated funerary objects should contact Malinda S. Blustain, Director, Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology, Phillips Academy, Andover, MA 01810, telephone (978) 749-4490, before May 2, 2005. Repatriation of the human remains and associated funerary objects to the Wampanoag Repatriation Confederation on behalf of the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe (a nonfederally recognized Indian group), and Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a nonfederally recognized Indian group) may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward. The Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology is responsible for notifying the Wampanoag Repatriation Confederation, Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, the Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe (a nonfederally recognized Indian group), and the Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a nonfederally recognized Indian group) that this notice has been published. Dated: February 11, 2005. Sherry Hutt, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. 05–6460 Filed 3–31–05; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–50–S DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology, Phillips Academy, Andover, MA National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: ACTION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate cultural items in the E:\FR\FM\01APN1.SGM 01APN1 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 62 / Friday, April 1, 2005 / Notices possession of the Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology, Phillips Academy, Andover, MA, that meet the definition of unassociated funerary objects under 25 U.S.C. 3001. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. The 25 cultural items are 21 copper beads and 2 brass beads strung on cordage, 1 whale bone spoon, and 1 clay pipe fragment. At an unknown date, a string of 21 copper and 2 brass beads was collected from the Swansea Burial site during excavations undertaken by Maurice Robbins. The site is located in Swansea, Bristol County, MA. In 1941, Mr. Robbins donated the beads to the Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology. Based on the funerary objects present at the site, the Swansea Burial site is considered to date to the postcontact period (post-A.D. 1500). Based on geographical, archeological, ethnographic, and historical evidence, a clear relationship of shared group identity can be demonstrated between the Swansea Burial site and the Wampanoag, who are today represented by the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe (a nonfederally recognized Indian group), and Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a nonfederally recognized Indian group). In 1955, human remains representing two individuals were removed from the Slocum River site in Dartmouth, Bristol County, MA, by Douglas S. Byers and Frederick Johnson under the auspices of the Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology. The human remains were transferred to the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, in 1956. One whale bone spoon and a clay pipe fragment that were associated with these individuals are in the possession of the Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology. Based on artifact typology, the Slocum River site is dated to the Late Woodland/Early Contact period (post-A.D. 1500). The Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology included the two individuals from the Slocum River site in a notice of inventory completion published in the Federal Register on August 14, 2003 (FR Doc. 03-20754, pages 48626-48634). The human VerDate jul<14>2003 17:15 Mar 31, 2005 Jkt 205001 remains were repatriated to the Wampanoag Repatriation Confederation on behalf of the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe (a nonfederally recognized Indian group), and the Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a nonfederally recognized Indian group) on December 4, 2003. The material culture of Native American settlements dating from the Middle Woodland period through the Historic period in southeastern Massachusetts in the area between Buzzards Bay and Narragansett Bay, where the Slocum River site and the Swansea Burial site are located, display many similar traits. Cultural continuity is reflected in settlement and subsistence patterns, material culture, and burial practices. While patterns and practices have changed over time, it is clear that the changes occurred within the original culture and were not results of migration of new groups. The Wampanoag people developed out of these earlier cultures. The Wampanoag are today represented by the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe (a nonfederally recognized Indian group), and Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a nonfederally recognized Indian group). Officials of the Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(B), the 25 cultural items described above are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance of the evidence, to have been removed from a specific burial site of a Native American individual. Officials of the Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the unassociated funerary objects and the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, and there is a cultural relationship between the unassociated funerary objects and the Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe (a nonfederally recognized Indian group) and the Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a nonfederally recognized Indian group). Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should contact Malinda S. Blustain, Director, Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology, Phillips PO 00000 Frm 00051 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 16841 Academy, Andover, MA 01810, telephone (978) 749–4490, before May 2, 2005. Repatriation of the unassociated funerary objects to the Wampanoag Repatriation Confederation on behalf of the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe (a nonfederally recognized Indian group), and Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a nonfederally recognized Indian group) may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward. The Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology is responsible for notifying the Wampanoag Repatriation Confederation, Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe (a nonfederally recognized Indian group), and Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a nonfederally recognized Indian group) that this notice has been published. Dated: February 11, 2005. Sherry Hutt, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. 05–6466 Filed 3–31–05; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–50–S DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology, Phillips Academy, Andover, MA National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: ACTION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the completion of an inventory of an associated funerary object in the possession of the Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology, Phillips Academy, Andover, MA. The associated funerary object was removed from McCurtain County, OK. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native American associated funerary object. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. A detailed assessment of the associated funerary object was made by Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology professional staff in consultation with representatives of the E:\FR\FM\01APN1.SGM 01APN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 70, Number 62 (Friday, April 1, 2005)]
[Notices]
[Pages 16840-16841]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 05-6466]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service


Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Robert S. Peabody 
Museum of Archaeology, Phillips Academy, Andover, MA

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves 
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent 
to repatriate cultural items in the

[[Page 16841]]

possession of the Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology, Phillips 
Academy, Andover, MA, that meet the definition of unassociated funerary 
objects under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). 
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural 
items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the 
determinations in this notice.
    The 25 cultural items are 21 copper beads and 2 brass beads strung 
on cordage, 1 whale bone spoon, and 1 clay pipe fragment.
    At an unknown date, a string of 21 copper and 2 brass beads was 
collected from the Swansea Burial site during excavations undertaken by 
Maurice Robbins. The site is located in Swansea, Bristol County, MA. In 
1941, Mr. Robbins donated the beads to the Robert S. Peabody Museum of 
Archaeology.
    Based on the funerary objects present at the site, the Swansea 
Burial site is considered to date to the postcontact period 
(post[macr]A.D. 1500). Based on geographical, archeological, 
ethnographic, and historical evidence, a clear relationship of shared 
group identity can be demonstrated between the Swansea Burial site and 
the Wampanoag, who are today represented by the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay 
Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe (a 
nonfederally recognized Indian group), and Assonet Band of the 
Wampanoag Nation (a nonfederally recognized Indian group).
    In 1955, human remains representing two individuals were removed 
from the Slocum River site in Dartmouth, Bristol County, MA, by Douglas 
S. Byers and Frederick Johnson under the auspices of the Robert S. 
Peabody Museum of Archaeology. The human remains were transferred to 
the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, 
Cambridge, MA, in 1956. One whale bone spoon and a clay pipe fragment 
that were associated with these individuals are in the possession of 
the Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology.
    Based on artifact typology, the Slocum River site is dated to the 
Late Woodland/Early Contact period (post[macr]A.D. 1500).
    The Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology included the two 
individuals from the Slocum River site in a notice of inventory 
completion published in the Federal Register on August 14, 2003 (FR 
Doc. 03[macr]20754, pages 48626[macr]48634). The human remains were 
repatriated to the Wampanoag Repatriation Confederation on behalf of 
the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, Mashpee 
Wampanoag Tribe (a nonfederally recognized Indian group), and the 
Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a nonfederally recognized Indian 
group) on December 4, 2003.
    The material culture of Native American settlements dating from the 
Middle Woodland period through the Historic period in southeastern 
Massachusetts in the area between Buzzards Bay and Narragansett Bay, 
where the Slocum River site and the Swansea Burial site are located, 
display many similar traits. Cultural continuity is reflected in 
settlement and subsistence patterns, material culture, and burial 
practices. While patterns and practices have changed over time, it is 
clear that the changes occurred within the original culture and were 
not results of migration of new groups. The Wampanoag people developed 
out of these earlier cultures. The Wampanoag are today represented by 
the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, Mashpee 
Wampanoag Tribe (a nonfederally recognized Indian group), and Assonet 
Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a nonfederally recognized Indian group).
    Officials of the Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology have 
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(B), the 25 cultural 
items described above are reasonably believed to have been placed with 
or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part 
of the death rite or ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance of 
the evidence, to have been removed from a specific burial site of a 
Native American individual. Officials of the Robert S. Peabody Museum 
of Archaeology also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 
(2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be 
reasonably traced between the unassociated funerary objects and the 
Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, and there is a 
cultural relationship between the unassociated funerary objects and the 
Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe (a nonfederally recognized Indian group) and 
the Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a nonfederally recognized 
Indian group).
    Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to 
be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should 
contact Malinda S. Blustain, Director, Robert S. Peabody Museum of 
Archaeology, Phillips Academy, Andover, MA 01810, telephone (978) 749-
4490, before May 2, 2005. Repatriation of the unassociated funerary 
objects to the Wampanoag Repatriation Confederation on behalf of the 
Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, Mashpee 
Wampanoag Tribe (a nonfederally recognized Indian group), and Assonet 
Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a nonfederally recognized Indian group) 
may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward.
    The Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology is responsible for 
notifying the Wampanoag Repatriation Confederation, Wampanoag Tribe of 
Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts, Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe (a 
nonfederally recognized Indian group), and Assonet Band of the 
Wampanoag Nation (a nonfederally recognized Indian group) that this 
notice has been published.

    Dated: February 11, 2005.
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 05-6466 Filed 3-31-05; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-S