Alternative Fuel Transportation Program; Fischer-Tropsch Diesel Fuels, 7442-7443 [05-2779]

Download as PDF 7442 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 29 / Monday, February 14, 2005 / Proposed Rules (d) District No. 4—The counties of Walla Walla, Columbia, Garfield, and Asotin, plus the South Irrigation District of the Columbia Basin Project, plus the area of Franklin County not included in the South District. (e) District No. 5—All of the remaining counties in the State of Washington not included in Districts No. 1, 2, 3, and 4 of this section. 11. Amend § 946.32 by revising paragraph (a) to read as follows: § 946.32 Nomination. * * * * * (a) Nominations for Committee members and alternate members shall be made at a meeting or meetings of producers held by the Committee or at other industry meetings or events not later than May 1 of each year; or the Committee may conduct nominations by mail not later than May 1 of each year in a manner recommended by the Committee and approved by the Secretary. * * * * * 12. Amend § 946.52 by adding a new paragraph (a)(5) to read as follows: § 946.52 Issuance of regulations. (a) * * * (5) To regulate the size, capacity, weight, dimensions, pack, and marking or labeling of the container, or containers, which may be used in the packing or handling of potatoes, or both. * * * * * 13. In § 946.63, redesignate paragraph (d) as paragraph (e) and add a new paragraph (d) to read as follows: § 946.63 Termination. * * * * * (d) The Secretary shall conduct a referendum six years after the effective date of this paragraph and every sixth year thereafter to ascertain whether producers favor continuance of this part. * * * * * [FR Doc. 05–2743 Filed 2–11–05; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–02–P DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy 10 CFR Part 490 [Docket No. EE–RM–02–200] Alternative Fuel Transportation Program; Fischer-Tropsch Diesel Fuels Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy. AGENCY: VerDate jul<14>2003 16:08 Feb 11, 2005 Jkt 205001 Proposed rule; notice of availability of status review. ACTION: SUMMARY: This document announces the availability of a Department of Energy (DOE) document concerning diesel fuel made from natural gas using the Fischer-Tropsch process which is being added to docket number EE–RM–02– 200. The document is the DOE’s status review of its evaluation of FischerTropsch diesel (FTD) under the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct), undertaken partly in response to three petitions received by DOE requesting rulemakings to designate FTD fuels as alternative fuels. For the reasons identified in the status review document, DOE currently is unable to make the necessary finding that FTD fuel meets the ‘‘yields substantial environmental benefits’’ criterion under section 301(2) and is not undertaking a rulemaking at this time. DOE will keep the rulemaking docket open indefinitely and will periodically review any new submissions received. ADDRESSES: U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies, EE–2G, 1000 Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC 20585–0121. The docket material has been filed under ‘‘EE–RM–02–200.’’ This docket will remain open indefinitely. Copies of the status review, workshop transcript, discussion paper, and related DOE laboratory analyses, petitions, and any public comments can be found at the Web site address https:// www.eere.energy.gov/vehiclesandfuels/ epact/petition/ftd_docket_index.shtml. You may also access this document using a computer in DOE’s Freedom of Information (FOI) Reading Room, U.S. Department of Energy, Forrestal Building, Room 1E–190, 1000 Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC 20585–0121, (202) 586– 3142, between the hours of 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. To request a copy of any of these documents or to arrange onsite access to paper copies or other information in the docket at the Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies, contact Linda Bluestein at the phone number or e-mail address below. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Linda Bluestein on (202) 586–9171 or linda.bluestein@ee.doe.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Introduction a. Statutory Authority Under titles III through V of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (Pub. L. 102– PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 486, 42 U.S.C. 13211 et seq.), DOE is authorized to implement alternative fuel fleet programs covering certain fleets. As part of this responsibility, the Department is also tasked with determining whether fuels may be added to the statutory list of alternative fuels for which vehicles may be acquired under these fleet programs. As it was enacted in 1992, EPAct defined ‘‘alternative fuel’’ as follows: [T]he term ‘‘alternative fuel’’ means methanol, denatured ethanol, and other alcohols; mixtures containing 85 percent or more (or such other percentage, but not less than 70 percent, as determined by the Secretary, by rule, to provide for requirements related to cold start, safety, or vehicle functions) by volume of methanol, denatured ethanol, and other alcohols with gasoline or other fuels; natural gas; liquefied petroleum gas; hydrogen; coal-derived liquid fuels; fuels (other than alcohol) derived from biological materials; electricity (including electricity from solar energy); and any other fuel the Secretary determines, by rule, is substantially not petroleum, and would yield substantial energy security benefits and substantial environmental benefits. Pub. L. 102–486, section 301(2), (emphasis added). The emphasized portion of that definition states the minimum procedural and substantive requirements for adding a new fuel to the list of fuels enumerated or implicitly covered by the provisions of section 301(2). Subsequently, (in Pub. L. 106– 554), section 301(2) of EPAct was amended by inserting, ‘‘including liquid fuels domestically produced from natural gas’’ after ‘‘natural gas.’’ (Note: By rule, effective June 16, 1999, DOE added three specific blends of methyltetrahydrofuran, ethanol, and hydrocarbons known as ‘‘P-series’’ fuels to the regulatory definition of alternative fuel, 64 FR 26822, May 17, 1999. In addition, the Department had earlier specifically identified 100 percent (‘‘neat’’) biodiesel as qualifying under ‘‘fuels (other than alcohol) derived from biological materials’’ within the Alternative Fuel Transportation Program (Program), 61 FR 10621, March 14, 1996.) b. Previous Actions Concerning Designation of Fischer-Tropsch Diesel Fuel as an Alternative Fuel DOE has received three petitions, requesting a rulemaking to determine whether certain Fischer-Tropsch diesel (FTD) fuels should be considered alternative fuel under the program regulations (10 CFR part 490). These petitions were submitted by Mossgas (PTY) Limited (now PetroSA), Syntroleum Corporation, and Rentech, Inc. FTD fuels are diesel fuels made from natural gas or other carbon-bearing E:\FR\FM\14FEP1.SGM 14FEP1 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 29 / Monday, February 14, 2005 / Proposed Rules feedstocks using the Fischer-Tropsch process. The three petitioners proposed that their FTD fuels be designated as ‘‘alternative fuels’’ because the fuels conform to the EPAct requirement (in title III, section 301(2)) of being substantially not petroleum and yielding substantial energy security and environmental benefits. In September of 2002, the Department announced a public workshop and opportunity for public comment on FTD fuels, 67 FR 57347, September 10, 2002. On October 16, 2002, the Department’s Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program held a public workshop to discuss the benefits and detriments of designating natural gas-based non-domestic FTD as an alternative fuel under the program. The Department made available an initial analytical paper for public comment on this topic. A transcript from the workshop is available in the docket. Four organizations presented prepared statements at the workshop, including the three petitioners. Eleven sets of written comments were also received from other organizations. All of the statements and comments can also be found in the docket. to how much the likely increase would be. On the other hand, DOE continues to believe that FTD is likely to reduce emissions of particulate matter and nitrous oxides in premodel year 2007 engines, particularly in premodel year 1998 engines, but the existing data do not provide for reliable quantification of those emission reductions. With respect to fuels that result in any significant potential environmental detriment, it is very difficult to make designations based on judgments that other environmental benefits outweigh the significant potential detriments. At the current time, the Department is unable to find that FTD is likely to yield net environmental benefits, and does not plan to initiate a rulemaking concerning whether FTD fuels should be considered ‘‘alternative fuels’’ under EPAct section 301(2). Any interested party, however, is invited to submit comments, data or information to DOE on this issue and, if warranted at some future time, DOE may take further action on this issue. II. Department of Energy’s Determination DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ‘‘After collecting and evaluating pertinent data and conducting a workshop, DOE is unable to make a finding at this time that FTD yields ‘‘substantial environmental benefits’’ within the meaning of section 301(2) of the Energy Policy Act. A finding that a candidate fuel offers ‘‘substantial environmental benefits’’ is a necessary finding to designate a fuel as an alternative fuel under section 301(2). DOE will keep its FTD rulemaking docket active so that stakeholders desiring to submit new data and information relevant to FTD may do so. DOE will evaluate the data periodically to make future decisions with regard to FTD designation as an alternative fuel’’ (footnote omitted). The Department believes that FTD offers a combination of potential environmental benefits and detriments. Data are currently unavailable or inadequate on a number of FTD-related environmental issues. For example, the Department’s analysis shows that FTD would most likely increase greenhouse gas emissions, but is unclear as 16:08 Feb 11, 2005 BILLING CODE 6450–01–U Federal Aviation Administration After a technical review of relevant data and information, including data and information collected after and during the workshop, the Department prepared a status review of its evaluation of the issues surrounding designation of FTD as an alternative fuel. In today’s document, the Department is announcing availability of that document. As stated in the status review document: VerDate jul<14>2003 Issued in Washington, DC, on January 28, 2005. David K. Garman, Assistant Secretary, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. [FR Doc. 05–2779 Filed 2–11–05; 8:45 am] Jkt 205001 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA–2004–19959; Directorate Identifier 2004–CE–46–AD] RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; DG Flugzeugbau GmbH Model DG–500MB Sailplanes and Glaser-Dirks Flugzeugbau GmbH Model DG–800B Sailplanes Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). AGENCY: SUMMARY: The FAA proposes to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all DG Flugzeugbau GmbH Model DG– 500MB sailplanes equipped with a Solo engine and Glaser-Dirks Flugzeugbau GmbH Model DG–800B sailplanes equipped with a Solo engine. This proposed AD would require you to inspect the propeller for damage, specifically foam core separation, and replace any damaged propeller. This proposed AD results from mandatory continuing airworthiness information (MCAI) issued by the airworthiness authority for Germany. We are issuing this proposed AD to detect and correct damage to the propeller, which could PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 7443 result in failure of the propeller to perform properly. This failure could lead to reduced or loss of control of the sailplane. DATES: We must receive any comments on this proposed AD by March 31, 2005. ADDRESSES: Use one of the following to submit comments on this proposed AD: • DOT Docket Web site: Go to https://dms.dot.gov and follow the instructions for sending your comments electronically. • Government-wide rulemaking Web site: Go to https://www.regulations.gov and follow the instructions for sending your comments electronically. • Mail: Docket Management Facility; U.S. Department of Transportation, 400 Seventh Street, SW., Nassif Building, Room PL–401, Washington, DC 20590– 001. • Fax: 1–202–493–2251. • Hand Delivery: Room PL–401 on the plaza level of the Nassif Building, 400 Seventh Street, SW., Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. To get the service information identified in this proposed AD, contact DG Flugzeugbau, Postbox 41 20, 76625 Bruchsal, Germany; telephone, 49 7257 890; fax, 49 7257 8922. To view the comments to this proposed AD, go to https://dms.dot.gov. This is docket number FAA–2004– 19959. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Gregory Davison, Aerospace Engineer, FAA, Small Airplane Directorate, ACE– 112, Room 301, 901 Locust, Kansas City, Missouri 64106; telephone: 816–329– 4130; facsimile: 816–329–4090. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Comments Invited How do I comment on this proposed AD? We invite you to submit any written relevant data, views, or arguments regarding this proposal. Send your comments to an address listed under ADDRESSES. Include the docket number, ‘‘FAA–2004–19959; Directorate Identifier 2004–CE–46–AD’’ at the beginning of your comments. We will post all comments we receive, without change, to https://dms.dot.gov, including any personal information you provide. We will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal contact with FAA personnel concerning this proposed rulemaking. Using the search function of our docket Web site, anyone can find and read the comments received into any of our dockets, including the name of the individual who sent the comment (or signed the comment on behalf of an association, business, labor union, etc.). This is E:\FR\FM\14FEP1.SGM 14FEP1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 70, Number 29 (Monday, February 14, 2005)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 7442-7443]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 05-2779]


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DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

10 CFR Part 490

[Docket No. EE-RM-02-200]


Alternative Fuel Transportation Program; Fischer-Tropsch Diesel 
Fuels

AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of 
Energy.

ACTION: Proposed rule; notice of availability of status review.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: This document announces the availability of a Department of 
Energy (DOE) document concerning diesel fuel made from natural gas 
using the Fischer-Tropsch process which is being added to docket number 
EE-RM-02-200. The document is the DOE's status review of its evaluation 
of Fischer-Tropsch diesel (FTD) under the Energy Policy Act of 1992 
(EPAct), undertaken partly in response to three petitions received by 
DOE requesting rulemakings to designate FTD fuels as alternative fuels. 
For the reasons identified in the status review document, DOE currently 
is unable to make the necessary finding that FTD fuel meets the 
``yields substantial environmental benefits'' criterion under section 
301(2) and is not undertaking a rulemaking at this time. DOE will keep 
the rulemaking docket open indefinitely and will periodically review 
any new submissions received.

ADDRESSES: U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and 
Renewable Energy, Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies, EE-2G, 
1000 Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC 20585-0121.
    The docket material has been filed under ``EE-RM-02-200.'' This 
docket will remain open indefinitely. Copies of the status review, 
workshop transcript, discussion paper, and related DOE laboratory 
analyses, petitions, and any public comments can be found at the Web 
site address https://www.eere.energy.gov/vehiclesandfuels/epact/
petition/ftd_docket_index.shtml. You may also access this document 
using a computer in DOE's Freedom of Information (FOI) Reading Room, 
U.S. Department of Energy, Forrestal Building, Room 1E-190, 1000 
Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC 20585-0121, (202) 586-3142, 
between the hours of 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, except 
Federal holidays. To request a copy of any of these documents or to 
arrange on-site access to paper copies or other information in the 
docket at the Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies, contact 
Linda Bluestein at the phone number or e-mail address below.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Linda Bluestein on (202) 586-9171 or 
linda.bluestein@ee.doe.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Introduction

a. Statutory Authority

    Under titles III through V of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (Pub. 
L. 102-486, 42 U.S.C. 13211 et seq.), DOE is authorized to implement 
alternative fuel fleet programs covering certain fleets. As part of 
this responsibility, the Department is also tasked with determining 
whether fuels may be added to the statutory list of alternative fuels 
for which vehicles may be acquired under these fleet programs. As it 
was enacted in 1992, EPAct defined ``alternative fuel'' as follows:

    [T]he term ``alternative fuel'' means methanol, denatured 
ethanol, and other alcohols; mixtures containing 85 percent or more 
(or such other percentage, but not less than 70 percent, as 
determined by the Secretary, by rule, to provide for requirements 
related to cold start, safety, or vehicle functions) by volume of 
methanol, denatured ethanol, and other alcohols with gasoline or 
other fuels; natural gas; liquefied petroleum gas; hydrogen; coal-
derived liquid fuels; fuels (other than alcohol) derived from 
biological materials; electricity (including electricity from solar 
energy); and any other fuel the Secretary determines, by rule, is 
substantially not petroleum, and would yield substantial energy 
security benefits and substantial environmental benefits. Pub. L. 
102-486, section 301(2), (emphasis added).

    The emphasized portion of that definition states the minimum 
procedural and substantive requirements for adding a new fuel to the 
list of fuels enumerated or implicitly covered by the provisions of 
section 301(2). Subsequently, (in Pub. L. 106-554), section 301(2) of 
EPAct was amended by inserting, ``including liquid fuels domestically 
produced from natural gas'' after ``natural gas.'' (Note: By rule, 
effective June 16, 1999, DOE added three specific blends of 
methyltetrahydrofuran, ethanol, and hydrocarbons known as ``P-series'' 
fuels to the regulatory definition of alternative fuel, 64 FR 26822, 
May 17, 1999. In addition, the Department had earlier specifically 
identified 100 percent (``neat'') biodiesel as qualifying under ``fuels 
(other than alcohol) derived from biological materials'' within the 
Alternative Fuel Transportation Program (Program), 61 FR 10621, March 
14, 1996.)

b. Previous Actions Concerning Designation of Fischer-Tropsch Diesel 
Fuel as an Alternative Fuel

    DOE has received three petitions, requesting a rulemaking to 
determine whether certain Fischer-Tropsch diesel (FTD) fuels should be 
considered alternative fuel under the program regulations (10 CFR part 
490). These petitions were submitted by Mossgas (PTY) Limited (now 
PetroSA), Syntroleum Corporation, and Rentech, Inc. FTD fuels are 
diesel fuels made from natural gas or other carbon-bearing

[[Page 7443]]

feedstocks using the Fischer-Tropsch process. The three petitioners 
proposed that their FTD fuels be designated as ``alternative fuels'' 
because the fuels conform to the EPAct requirement (in title III, 
section 301(2)) of being substantially not petroleum and yielding 
substantial energy security and environmental benefits. In September of 
2002, the Department announced a public workshop and opportunity for 
public comment on FTD fuels, 67 FR 57347, September 10, 2002.
    On October 16, 2002, the Department's Office of FreedomCAR and 
Vehicle Technologies Program held a public workshop to discuss the 
benefits and detriments of designating natural gas-based non-domestic 
FTD as an alternative fuel under the program. The Department made 
available an initial analytical paper for public comment on this topic. 
A transcript from the workshop is available in the docket. Four 
organizations presented prepared statements at the workshop, including 
the three petitioners. Eleven sets of written comments were also 
received from other organizations. All of the statements and comments 
can also be found in the docket.

II. Department of Energy's Determination

    After a technical review of relevant data and information, 
including data and information collected after and during the workshop, 
the Department prepared a status review of its evaluation of the issues 
surrounding designation of FTD as an alternative fuel. In today's 
document, the Department is announcing availability of that document. 
As stated in the status review document:

    ``After collecting and evaluating pertinent data and conducting 
a workshop, DOE is unable to make a finding at this time that FTD 
yields ``substantial environmental benefits'' within the meaning of 
section 301(2) of the Energy Policy Act. A finding that a candidate 
fuel offers ``substantial environmental benefits'' is a necessary 
finding to designate a fuel as an alternative fuel under section 
301(2). DOE will keep its FTD rulemaking docket active so that 
stakeholders desiring to submit new data and information relevant to 
FTD may do so. DOE will evaluate the data periodically to make 
future decisions with regard to FTD designation as an alternative 
fuel'' (footnote omitted).

    The Department believes that FTD offers a combination of 
potential environmental benefits and detriments. Data are currently 
unavailable or inadequate on a number of FTD-related environmental 
issues. For example, the Department's analysis shows that FTD would 
most likely increase greenhouse gas emissions, but is unclear as to 
how much the likely increase would be. On the other hand, DOE 
continues to believe that FTD is likely to reduce emissions of 
particulate matter and nitrous oxides in pre-model year 2007 
engines, particularly in pre-model year 1998 engines, but the 
existing data do not provide for reliable quantification of those 
emission reductions. With respect to fuels that result in any 
significant potential environmental detriment, it is very difficult 
to make designations based on judgments that other environmental 
benefits outweigh the significant potential detriments. At the 
current time, the Department is unable to find that FTD is likely to 
yield net environmental benefits, and does not plan to initiate a 
rulemaking concerning whether FTD fuels should be considered 
``alternative fuels'' under EPAct section 301(2). Any interested 
party, however, is invited to submit comments, data or information 
to DOE on this issue and, if warranted at some future time, DOE may 
take further action on this issue.

    Issued in Washington, DC, on January 28, 2005.
David K. Garman,
Assistant Secretary, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.
[FR Doc. 05-2779 Filed 2-11-05; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6450-01-U